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As 201 Press Kit

As 201 Press Kit

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA press kit for first Saturn IB launch
NASA press kit for first Saturn IB launch

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Bob Andrepont on Nov 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Apollo/Saturn IB will be launched from Complex 34 on

an azimuth of 100 degrees east of north, an east-southeast di-

rection from Cape Kennedy. The vehicle will be held on the

pad for about three seconds after the eight first-stage engines


ignite, to assure stable combustion.

After lift-off the vehicle will roll into an azimuth of

105 degrees and begin to pitch or tilt in the direction of the

flight path.

The first-stage engines burn for 2 minutes, 26 seconds

and then the stage is separated. The second stage ignites,

the launch escape tower is jettisoned, and the recoverable

cameras are ejected.

The second-stage engine burns for about 7 minutes, 20

seconds. After burnout the stage and the instrument unit re-

main attached to the spacecraft for about 4 minutes. Attitude

control rockets on the second stage orient the spacecraft so

the apex of the command module is pointing toward the Earth.

During '-he pitch maneuver a signal from the Saturn IB

instrument unit activates the control programmer in the




About 13 minutes and 53 seconds after launch the second

stage and instrument unit separate from the spacecraft.

The command and service modules coast to a peak altitude

of 310 miles above the Earth about 2,750 miles down-range from

the launch pad.

Approximately two minutes later, in the early phase of

the descending flight, the reaction control system rockets in

the service module fire for 30 seconds which will increase the

speed of the spacecraft a few miles per hour. During weight-

lessness thin acceleration will force liquid propellants to

the bottom of the storage tanks and insure ignition of the

service module main propulsion engine. It is called an ullage


The main propulsion engine ignites and burns for three

minutes, adding about 3,100 mph to the spacecraft's velocity.

After a five-second coast another ullage maneuver is performed

and the service module propulsion engine reignites and burns

for 10 seconds.

These maneuvers increase the spacecraft velocity to more

than 18,000 mph, which is greater than reentry speed during

Apollo orbital missions.




A few seconds later the spacecraft pitches over from

command module-forward to service module-forward so the blunt


end of the command module faces Earth when the modules separate.


The service module reaction control engines ignite to separate

the modules. These engines continue to thrust the service

module away from the command module until the fuel is depleted.

After separation the command module pitches and rolls to

reentry attitude and reenters the atmoshpere (4ooooo feet

above the Earth) about 25T minutes after life-off. A two

minute communication blackout begins 30 seconds later.


About four and a half minutes after blackout drogue

parachutes are deployed to stabilize the spacecraft at 25,000

feet. The three main parachutes deploy less than a minute

later at about 12,000 feet.

Splashdown is programmed 39 minutes, 28 seconds after

lift-off approximately 5500 miles from Cape Kennedy and some

200 miles east of Ascension Island.

Department of Defense recovery forces will retrieve the





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