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Grammar Review!

Grammar Review!

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Published by: msdrawbond on Nov 12, 2010
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03/24/2014

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Grammar Review!

What makes a complete sentence?

What makes a complete sentence?

To be a complete sentence, it must pass 3 tests:
‡ It must have a subject (who/what) ‡ It must have a verb (what is happening) ‡ It must express a complete thought

So a sentence fragment is«
An incomplete sentence that doesn¶t pass one or more of those tests. Examples: ‡ Has your best interest in mind.
± No subject! Who has your best interest in mind?

‡ People like my mom and sister.
± No verb! What about people like my mom and sister?

‡ Because they love me.
± Not a complete thought! Because they love me what?

So how do we fix a fragment?
‡ You can add a subject:
Has your best interest in mind. A friend has your best interest in mind.

‡ You can add a verb:
People like my mom and sister. I trust people like my mom and sister.

‡ You can make it a complete thought:
Because they love me. Because they love me, they treat me well.

Then what is a run-on sentence?
‡ A run-on sentence means two sentences (independent clauses) are joined incorrectly.

So what?
Having a run-on sentence, like a sentence fragment, is considered a major grammar error, and having several major grammar errors can prevent you from earning high grades on essays and from passing the department final.

Examples of run-ons (AKA fused sentences):
‡ I went to the store I bought some eggs. ‡ I like to ride my bike sometimes I ride to the park. ‡ Brittany goes to LASC she is a good student. ‡ I like to write writing is my favorite hobby.

So how do I fix a run-on?
I¶m glad you asked! ‡ First, try reading the sentence out loud if you can. ‡ Then, try to figure out where one complete idea ends and the other begins. ‡ Last, wherever the first complete thought ends, put a semicolon or period.

So, for these examples«
Here is how the sentences separate into two complete ideas: ‡ I went to the store I bought some eggs. ‡ I like to ride my bike sometimes I ride to the park. ‡ Brittany goes to LASC she is a good student. ‡ I like to write writing is my favorite hobby.

So they should be punctuated like so«
‡ I went to the store. I bought some eggs. OR I went to the store; I bought some eggs. ‡ I like to ride my bike. Sometimes I ride to the park. OR I like to ride my bike; sometimes I ride to the park. ‡ Brittany goes to LASC. She is a good student. OR Brittany goes to LASC; she is a good student. ‡ I like to write. Writing is my favorite hobby. OR I like to write; writing is my favorite hobby.

Well then what is a comma splice?
A comma splice occurs when two sentences are incorrectly joined with just a comma. Examples: ‡ The store is having a sale, I want to go. ‡ I need a purse, I want new shoes. ‡ I wish I could buy more, I am on a budget.

So I suppose you are going to tell me how to fix a comma splice«
Yep! ‡ If what comes before and after the comma is a complete thought that can stand on its own, you can¶t use just a comma! ‡ You can either:
± Add a FANBOYS word (coordinating conjunction) after the comma ± Or change the comma to a semicolon

So the examples should be«
‡ The store is having a sale,so I want to go. OR The store is having a sale; I want to go. ‡ I need a purse, and I want new shoes. OR I need a purse; I want new shoes. ‡ I wish I could buy more, but I am on a budget. OR I wish I could buy more; I am on a budget.

The moral of the story is«
‡ Keep these in mind when you are writing for class or in the lab! ‡ Carefully proofread your work and correct any fragments, run-ons, and comma splices. ‡ Pass English 28 and move on to fame and fortune (and excellent writing skills)!

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