MANAGING YIELD BROILERS

© 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International, Gainesville, Georgia USA

Vineland Laboratories

Body Weight (g) of Male Broilers

Age 1989 42 49 56

1996

% Change

1970 (4.3 lbs.) 2380 (5.2 lbs.) 21% 2430 (5.3 lbs.) 2900 (6.4 lbs.) 20% 2869 (6.3 lbs) 3430 (7.5 lbs.) 20%

Leeson and Summers, 1997

© 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International, Gainesville, Georgia USA

Vineland Laboratories

Change in Body Weight of Male Broilers AGE (Days) 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 1993 versus 1989 +29 +29 +31 +25 +17 +14 +14 +14 1996 versus 1993 -18 -15 -13 0 +4 +6 +5 +5 Leeson and Summers. Gainesville. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . 1997 © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.

Question Today¶s modern yield type broiler is more or less forgiving of management inconsistencies than yesterday¶s broiler? © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . Gainesville.

Gainesville.Answer YES! Today¶s modern yield type broiler is less forgiving of management inconsistencies than yesterday¶s broiler? © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories .

Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories .5 lb birds a square foot of floor space. Gainesville. ‡square footage per bird is important.USA Intergrator Veterinarian comments «. make sure that for Roasters ‡a high protein starter feed is fed and that the calories in the grower and finisher feeds are not too high.. ‡the ca-p ratio is proper and that no 3-nitro is fed at all. Give 7. © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. o not over crowd. ‡limit the fat in the starter also.

Gainesville.therefore brooding conditions critical © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.Temperature On days 0-14 chickens are Poikilothermic Can t regulate body temperature From days 15 to end are Homeothermic Maintain Body Temp within a narrow range Thermal Neutral Zone = 65-75oF(18-24oC) Hi yield broilers tend to be smaller chicks . Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories .

5) 100.5 hrs @ 65oF (18oC) Time After Stress Young Breeders Old Breeders 24 hrs 48 hrs 72 hrs 96 hrs 95.2) 101.9 (37. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories ..4 (35.9 (36.2) 96.6 (37) 99.1 (35.Body Temp of Chicks After Brief Cold Exposure smaller Hi Yield chicks may be more affected Cold Stress Treatment (2.1 (37.8 (38.3) 97. Gainesville.6) 98.7 (36.3) 99. 1999 © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.8) Weytjens et al.

this restriction is concurrent to high breast meat development and this loss cannot be readily recovered in the remaining time before market. © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. ±however. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . ‡all strains that I've tested should be marketed 7-8 weeks age. ±this loss is only apparent if you are deboning for breast meat.in order to optimize yield potential. etc to enable the "best" performance. then extensive sudden death-ascites mortality invariably occurs (this is not true in a hot production scene-only temparate situations).. ‡mortality can be substancially relieved by imposing growth restriction by one means or another early in development.USA University Nutritionist Comments «. otherwise its not a factor. ‡if you maximize nutrition. environment. Gainesville.

"water belly".. © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.Ascites is more important in Hi-Yield broilers «. Blood becomes more viscous (PCV increases) and backs up throughout body. Gainesville. This is probably because the increase breast muscle mass reduces lung capacity and/or increases oxygen demand. cold temperatures). ‡yield type broilers are more susceptible to ascites. liver enlarges and fluid seeps into the abdomen. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . ventilation) or increased oxygen demand (ex. ‡in chronic right heart failure. fast growth.why does it happens? is caused by reduced oxygen availability (ex.. poorer lung/blood capacity. ‡in some birds right heart fails & sudden death occurs. ‡in response to above the heart works harder and enlarges to try to supply more oxygen.

© 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. excessive gas brooder use. ammonia). vaccination reaction. This is much more important than oxygen availability (ventilation) and can be influenced the quickest and to the greatest degree by the grower. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories .How to prevent Ascites? 1) Avoid cool temperatures and fast early growth. Gainesville. These can directly cause ascites but are unique situations not often encountered. 2) Avoid poor ventilation or other conditions reducing amount of oxygen available (ex. 3) Avoid high salt diets and high altitude. In reality it is very difficult to reduce oxygen levels in a chicken house by ventilation alone. They are the most common cause of ascites because they increase oxygen demand.

21 .69 96.5) 1.5) 80 (26.66 (754) ee o versio 3 eeks iva ility scites Mortality 1.6) 1.75 (795) 75 (23.35 1.88 98.5) 80 (26..8) Bo y Weig t 3 Week 3 eeks l s.Performance of Chicks Brooded at Various Temperatures Broo i g Tem erat re (o ) Week 1 95 (35) 90 (32) 85 (29. Georgia USA Hi yield broilers have more muscle mass therefore more susceptible to Ascites Vineland Laboratories .5 eaton et al.6) Week 2 90 (32) 85 (29.74 (790) 70 (21) 1.33 95.6) 75 (23.83 .8) 1.37 1.42 97. 1996 © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.77 (804) 80 (26.83 .(g) 85 (29.39 1. Gainesville.62 2.

© 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. avoiding pelleting and fats in early feeds.don't sacrifice temperature for ventilation..20% protein).. using low density starter (ex 1275 Kcal/lb. b. restricting lights (ex natural light between 3-21 days).. ‡Don't grow birds excessively fast. Gainesville.Ascites Rules of Thumbs ‡Keep buildings warm.particularly during the 1st 3 weeks of life by.. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . c. a.

and the Ross 508 is different from the Ross 308.. there are some fairly significant differences among the individual breeds. ‡You really need to talk to a nutritionist who knows what he is doing«. ±in my opinion.It is my impression that the higher-yielding breeds ‡need a bit more protein and a bit less energy. ‡ I also think that holding them back a bit at first (usually with lighting programs) is beneficial from the standpoint of livability and skeletal and cardiovascular health. Cobb is without doubt the most tolerant of dietary abuse. ‡Even among the high yield breeds.USA Intergrator Veterinarian Comments . © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. ±Ross and FSY are probably in between.. ‡It probably adversely impacts yield however. ±ex. Gainesville. the Hubbard probably has the highest protein req. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories .

Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . type of bird. Gainesville.Lighting Programs Wide variety of programs that are published and used Effective program depends on type of housing. season. and final weight Program must be simple to assure proper application © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.

Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories .Sample Lighting Program (3) a 0-3 4-14 15-21 22-50 50+ Light 24 Nat ral 0 ar Inten it 20 20 20 24 4 0 20 20 © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. Gainesville.

Inc. Gainesville. © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.Sample Lighting Program ( ) a 0 -2 -4 5.4 5-2 22-28 29.5 Light (hr ) 23 20 18 6 10 14 18 1 4 6 18 14 10 6 ar (hr ) Inten it (lu ) 20 20 20 5 5 5 5 Adapted from Claussen and Goldkist. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories .

.98 0.93 5.976 96.87 avis et al.09 1. / o ems o ti o s Program 3.38 5.609 95.0 1.03 2.787.05 ig t/Dark Program 3. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . Weig t l s. Gainesville.Comparative Broiler Performance Performa ce m er ol Liva ility vg.772. 1997 © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.

e. environment. place.In order to optimize yield potential. all strains that I've tested with should be ‡Employing the average Agri Stat nutrient values is appropriate in providing for good performance. © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . ‡The one "best for the job" depends on age to market. i. Gainesville. ‡Strain-crosses available can differ markedly in their progression and nature of development. and time. this differs for each company.USA University Nutritionist Comments (continued) «. and product objectives.. ‡No one strain-cross remains the same as dramitic changes can occur within two years.

. © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . etc. Gainesville. IP. but for the most part they are less forgiving. ‡I think we still have a lot to learn (about Hi Yield broilers) ‡some of the "new" yielding yeilding breeds seem to be showing a little more hardiness. and yield.USA Intergrator Veterinarian Comments .It is my belief that ‡"better" feed will pay dividends based on processability. not to mention other general pains in the ass such as leg problems.

. ±least cost vs maximum yield ‡generally if one wants to have better performances at a higher cost (but better bottom line at the end = yield) one should push them hard with a higher nutrient levels.Therefore the differences are in live performances. © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International.USA Intergrator Nutritionist Comments «.Basically the high-yielding birds ‡are about the same in yield characteristics. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . ‡how to feed them depends on what you want. Gainesville.

Final Thoughts Hi-Yield broilers are less forgiving may require higher plane of nutrition ~ optimum yield tend to be smaller chicks .may need to manage each strain differently! © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories . Gainesville.brooding is more important tend to be proned to ascites avoid cool temps early slow early growth . feed/lighting programs strains are not all alike ..

Gainesville.Thank you © 11-Nov-10 Lohmann Animal Health International. Georgia USA Vineland Laboratories .

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