You are on page 1of 1


Modeling of The Fluid Solid Interaction during Seismic Event

Jan Vachulka1
Stevenson & Associates , Office in Czech Republic, Vejprnicka 56, Pilsen, Czech
Republic, e-mail:

The fluid solid interaction belongs to one of the important topic in structural design in
nuclear field.
The main aim of this paper is to present acceptable method for determining FSI during
seismic event using standard FEM code without implemented fluid finite elements. The
method is based on assumption that in-vacuum mode shapes of the structure are known and
also the mode shapes of the free liquid surface are known. The mode shapes in vacuum are
determined by standard FEM code and free surface modes are derived analytically or using
BEM. The boundary condition on the fluid-structure interface is obtained semi-analytically
in form of Fourier or Bessel-Fourier series for simple domains or using BEM for
complicated fluid domains. The fluid is assumed to be irrotational and incompressible.
Applying Galerkin method the system of differential equation is obtained. The system of
equations is solved in time domain using Newmark integration scheme. Also short
instruction for choosing of convenient in-vacuum mode shapes is suggested.
The seismic response of the liquid-filled tanks and submerged structure is calculated.
The calculated examples show very good agreement with the previously published.
The method can be used in nuclear technology design.


[1] M. Amabili, M.P. Paidoussis, A.A. Lakis: Vibrations of partially filled circular tanks
with ring stiffeners and flexible bottom. Journal of Sound and Vibration 213 (2),pp. 259-
[2] M. Amabili: Free vibrations of partially filled horizontal cylindrical shells. Journal of
Sound and Vibration 191 (5),pp. 757-780,1996
[3] H.F. Bauer, W.Eidel: Hydroelastic vibrations in a circular cylindrical container with a
flexible bottom in zero gravity. Journal of Fluid and Structures (7), pp.783 -802,1993
[4] Ch.N.Fernholtz, J.H.Robinson: Fully coupled fluid/structure vibration analysis using
MSC/Nastran, NASA 1996
[5] R.J.Fritz: The effect of liquids on dynamic motions of immersed solids. Journal of
Engineering for Industry, 1971
[6] R. K. Gupta, G.L. Hutchinson: Free vibration analysis of liquid storage tanks. Journal
of Sound and Vibration 122 (3) , pp.491-506,1988
[7] J.Vachulka: Fluid solid Interaction during Seismic event. Ph.D. thesis,Prague,2008