How to Make a Million Dollars.

About the Author
Stephen Leacock (1869-1944) is a Canadian author who is remembered for being a great humorist. Leacock¶s abiding interest was in history and political science. He was a professor at the McGill University in Montreal. His style combines nonsense-writing with biting satire. His well known works include Literary Lapses from which the present essay has been sourced. The most celebrated work of his is Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town. After his death, the government of Canada issued a postage stamp in his honour.

Think

There are so many µHow to«¶ books in the market. Some teach you how to win friends and some others teach you to become a great manager, good husband, hardworking gardener or even as general as a winner. While these books sell in millions the fact that so many people keep buying them is proof enough that the books don¶t take you where they promised they would. Why do you think people still buy them? It is true that for most humans who are not extraordinary ascetics like Mother Teresa or Swami Vivekanada or the Prophet, money does ensure some amount of happiness. In fact it would be difficult to sustain your happiness without some money. But, does lots of money ensure happiness in proportion? Think and discuss.

Stephen Leacock

I mix a good deal with the Millionaires. I like them. I like their faces. I like the way they live. I like the things they eat. The more we mix together the better I like the things we mix.

sir. their grey check trousers. Of course they don't take much account of big money. two of them came into the club the other night just frantic with delight: they said wheat had risen and they'd cleaned up four cents each in less than half an hour. with only an hour and a half for lunch. a hundred thousand dollars at a shot or anything of that sort. he could either take it or leave it--" I just longed to break in and say. . Yes. would be too fagged. No. Why. or half a cent. to either take it or leave it. My! they look nice. Get six or seven of them sitting together in the club and it's a treat to see them. men come and brush it off. They simply read all the time. What I love to do is to walk up and down among them and catch the little scraps of conversation. Even more than what they eat I like their intellectual grasp. or less." Not that these men are careless over money. I'd like to take some of the dust off them myself.Especially I like the way they dress. These men can sit down after office hours and read the Sketch and the Police Gazette and the Pink Un. You've no idea till you know them how anxious they get about a cent. make it a plain million and let's call it done. But little money. "Well. Just watch them read. Do try me once: I know I can: or here. and the signet-rings that they sign their cheques with. Don't think it. I offered him a million and a half and said I wouldn't give a cent more. The other day I heard one lean forward and say. their white check waist-coats. and understand the jokes just as well as I can. Go into the club at any hour and you'll see three or four of them at it. and are glad to. It is wonderful. And the things they can read! You'd think that a man who'd been driving hard in the office from eleven o'clock until three. Not a bit. their heavy gold chains. And if they get the least dust on them. "What! what! a million and a half! Oh! say that again! Offer it to me.

late at night and offering them a quarter of a cent! And yet--did New York get mad? No. and offer it half a dollar. This may seem hard. There is no use in a young man who hopes to make a million dollars thinking he's entitled to get up at 7.30.m. If a young man wants to make a million dollars he's got to be mighty careful about his diet and his living. One thing I'm sure about. "Well. let's call up New York and offer them a quarter of a cent. and the operator only thought I was crazy. Ontario. For years. If you want to be a millionaire you mustn't get up till ten in the morning. nearly five million people. I don't understand it. You can't do it. they wouldn't be? These are awful thoughts. You know." Great heavens! Imagine paying the cost of calling up New York. that I've been studying how the millionaires do it. They never . but how few boys stop to think that if they knew what they don't know instead of being what they will be. One night I heard one man say. drink cold water at lunch. I've been gathering hints on how it is they do it. Of course it's high finance. and go to bed at 10 p. I don't pretend to understand it. I thought it might be helpful to young men just beginning to work and anxious to stop. I've often made twice as much as that writing for the papers and never felt like boasting about it. many a man realizes late in life that if when he was a boy he had known what he knows now. I tried after that to call up Chicago and offer it a cent and a half.They bought a dinner for sixteen on the strength of it. eat force and poached eggs. they took it. of course. All this shows. At any rate. But success is only achieved with pains. and to call up Hamilton. I have. I've seen too many millionaires for that. instead of being what he is he might be what he won't.

it's not easy to do. I nearly did it once. throw them out of window to the dog and tell her to bring you some chilled asparagus and a pint of Moselle. Yes. if you want to get moved on from your present status in business. If I hadn't struck a beer saloon in the suburbs and spent the five cents I might have been rich to-day. . that their faces look positively boiled.do. It would be as much as their business is worth if they were seen on the street at half-past nine. Something on a huge scale: something nobody ever thought of. resolution. For instance. They daren't. That seems to have given them their start. carried it away out of town. very quickly. and then turned and came back at the town with an awful rush. And the old idea of abstemiousness is all wrong. change your life. But one way is this. Then telephone to your employer that you'll be down about eleven o'clock. But you can buy that by the pint. I've seen some of these men with their brains so clear in the morning. I borrowed five cents. they've told me again and again (men with millions and millions) that the first time they struck town they had only five cents. lots of it and all the time. When your landlady brings your bacon and eggs for breakfast. Strike the town with five cents in your pocket. Just how the millionaires make the money is a difficult question. This is what clears the brain for business next day. one man I know told me that once he was down in Mexico without a cent (he'd lost his five in striking Central America) and he noticed that they had no power plants. That and Scotch whisky and soda: you have to sit up nearly all night and drink buckets of it. You will get moved on. my dear young man. To live like this requires. To be a millionaire you need champagne. of course. Of course. Another good plan is to start something. They nearly all do this. I've tried it several times. Therefore.

just like a hyena. that was how. extremely rich. it occurred to him that what was needed were buildings ten stories higher than any that had been put up. So he built two and sold them right away. and as for orphans." Now isn't that simple? I've thought of that conversation often since and I mean to try it. So one evening I asked one of the millionaires how old Bloggs had made all his money. "did he go at it to get it out of them?" "Why. Meantime I am waiting. But how to get them. "he just ground them under his heels. I learned of it just by chance one night at the club. Ever so many millionaires begin in some such simple way as that. But who would have suspected that they had it? "And how. There is." Widows and orphans! I thought what an excellent idea. "How he made it?" he answered with a sneer. There is one old man there. . a much easier way than any of these. I almost hate to tell this." the man answered. I'll grind them quick enough. it must take an awful lot of them. Well. and if I ever get a large bunch of orphans all together. I'll stamp on them and see. with one of the best faces of the lot. of course. Most of the widows I know look pretty solid for that sort of thing. absolutely without a nickel. "Why he made it by taking it out of widows and orphans. Another man that I know was once stranded in New York. because I want to do it myself." I asked pretty cautiously.So he started some and made a mint of money. If I can get hold of them. I never used to know how he had got so rich.

Which are the books that the millionaires read? What does the choice of titles tell us about the tone and intention of the narrator? What do you think the narrator intends to suggest when he says that the millionaire can understand the jokes ³as well as I can´? 3. ³The more we mix together the better I like the things we mix´? 2. fagged: tired little scraps of conversation: little snippets of conversation cleaned up: (here) make a neat profit of boasting: expressing pride. or less. or half a cent. that you can also grind it out of clergymen.I find. But perhaps orphans are easier. too. What is meant by the narrator when he says. ³You've no idea till you know them how anxious they get about a cent.´ i. ii. Why do they get anxious? What is the narrator¶s judgment about them? What do you think they get anxious about? . gloating abstemiousness: sacrificing the pleasures of life for higher or spiritual good Read and Answer 1. Glossary signet-rings: a ring that bears the signature or sign of the person who wears it. They say they grind nicely. on inquiry.

The president oversaw the murder and loot of innocents with the calm of a sage One of the ways of expressing irony is to use words that go against the literal meaning. Would you agree if one were to say that the essay ends with a tone that is angrier than the tone with which it begins? Discuss. iii. What do you think the narrator means when he says. Explain the irony in the following lines taken from the essay. Working with Words Irony Irony is a figure of speech where the intended meaning is concealed by the literal meaning or the meaning that we take at face value. would you trust the narrator in advising you on making a million dollars? Do you think that the narrator himself thinks that he is confident about his ideas? Give reasons for your answer. What happens to the man the narrator knows? Do you think what the narrator says could have actually happened? Think and answer.iii. we often intend to make unpleasant remarks in a manner which is not very obvious. absolutely without a nickel. 5. ii. In other words. After reading this part of the essay. ³Another man that I know was once stranded in New York. ³These are awful thoughts´? Explain the thoughts and the reason for using the expression awful. Does it in anyway contradict the experience the narrator is sharing with us in this extracted line from the essay? 6.´ i. Read the ending of the essay. 4. .

3. Follow the instructions provided with each expression. Now read this sentence: The aeroplane is now ready to take off Here take off means to fly away into the sky. Grammar in Language Phrasal verbs-Separable and Inseparable Read the following expression that occurs in the story take some of the dust off them Here the phrasal verb take off is separated by placing the object in between the verb and the preposition. with one of the best faces of the lot. ii. resolution. Use the following phrasal verbs in sentences. of course. There is one old man there. the meaning changes depending on whether a phrasal verb is separated or not. You cannot write. I've seen some of these men with their brains so clear in the morning that their faces look positively boiled.i. Again in case of some phrasal verbs which are followed by an object cannot be separated. just like a hyena. So. hang out (separate the verb and the preposition) cleaned up(separate the verb and the preposition) write off (separate the verb and the preposition) brush off(separate the verb and the preposition) . 4. 1. She gets the rules around. iii. extremely rich. 2. Read the following sentences She gets around the rules phrasal verb object You cannot separate the phrasal verb and insert the object in between. To live like this requires. But you can buy that by the pint. Here take off means to clean or remove.

The expression I¶m afraid that+ the negative modal is the structure one needs to follow when one refuses requests in an official or business situation. grind out(separate the verb and the preposition) come off (use as an inseparable phrasal verb) get off (separable phrasal verb) get off (inseparable with an object) Language in Practice Saying µNo¶ Politely Practice the following conversation with your classmate Harish: Meenu.5. Can I offer you any of those? The key expression in the above conversation is I¶m afraid that we can¶t offer. However. 6. polite way of saying µno¶. In fact the latter structure should precede the I¶m afraid that structure. Here is another snippet of a conversation where one says a polite µno¶. 7. I just had some in the café. This also means that you take a brief pause after you say a µyes¶ or a µno¶. . we do have a few in the front. thank you. 8. Ramesh: Do you have an aisle seat in the rear of the aeroplane? Airlines Executive: I¶m afraid that we can¶t offer you an aisle seat in the rear. Another way of saying µno¶ politely is by using the I¶m afraid that structure along with a more positive I¶d have loved to but structure. Remember to put a comma after you¶ve written a µno¶ or a µyes¶. can I offer you some tea? Meenu: No.

However. . Imagine that you are to an article for the edit-page of a reputed newspaper. Try to bring in irony in your writing. Imagine that you are a receptionist at a hotel and you keep meeting guests throughout the day. Write your article on the debate surrounding the preparation for the Commonwealth Games.Here is a piece of conversation that includes the structures we have just discussed. Annie: I¶d love to join you but I¶m afraid I¶ve another commitment to keep. Joseph: Would you like to join us for a film this evening. there is also a point of view that much of the development was eyewash and that a city Delhi that reeled under torrential rains hardly does the same for its own citizens. The government of India invested huge amount of money and time in preparing for the games. Writing Using Irony in Writing The Commonwealth Games just got over. The politeness with which you decline a request or invitation depends on the formal nature of the context in which the conversation takes place. Practice a conversation with a friend where one of you is a guest and the other one is a hotel employee. Think of different situations where the employee gets to say µno¶ politely. Remember that direct mockery is sarcasm and is often less effective as a style for criticism than irony. We would also like to go for dinner after the film show is over.

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