ELEMENTARY

- -

GRAMMAR

WorKsheets

ANDY and AUDREY JACKSON

~

PHOENIX EL'I'

New York london Toronto Sydoey Tokyo Singapore

Published 1995 by Phoenix ELT

ClUIlPUS 400. Spring way -MaylandsAvenue.1i:~e1 Hempstead l-{ettford,shire. !:IP2 7EZ

A, div:i$if>!I of I;'rentice Hall Intemational

First published 1992 by Prentice HaU lntemaiional

© JntemationalBook Distributors Ltd

Ali rights reserved. No reproduction, copy.or transmission

of this publication may bemade without written permission .or in accordance with the provisions cif the Copy tight, Designs and Patents Act 1988, orunder the terms of any licence pemtitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Read, London, W1P 9HE.

'Iypeset in lO/12pt Century SChoolbook by Taurus Graphics, Abingdon, Oxen

Printed and bound in'Greatlkitain by Redwood Books, Trowbridge; Wiltshire

illustrations by Harry Veruring,

British Library Cataloguing in Publicatipn Data

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

ISBN 0;.13-253295-6

10 9 8 7 6 5 99 98 97 SI6 95.

Contents

'Y futroduction 'vi Glossary

WorkSheet:No: [] I Adjectives: [IJ2

.. [f] 3

m4

!II 5

.. [g] 6 Adverbs:

III 7

[II 8 Articles: !II 9

!IlIO

[] 11 Conjun~tio;n:s .. [Ij12 Nouns,

.. 1II13 Prepositions:

III 14 IIll5

• IIIH3

'_ !Il17

IIlIS

.. 1II~9 .. !Il20 .. !II:21

!II 22

.. 1I123 m 24 1II25 !Il26

.. liJ27 ffi]28 [129 [1.'30 III 31 [1]32

.. [rl33 !II 34- !Il35

.. 1Il36 ffi]87

1:E138 ffiJ,3_9 ffi]40 !II 41 ffi142 liJ4B W.44

Pronouns:

Questions;

countable/uncountable a chair, some [urniture

direction to the house, 'along-the road, down the

s:tairs

for me, with you, by us dthomein bed

at four-o'clock on ,Saturday Is thareanybody there? you andZ

my/mine

'The little girl dressed herself:

position comparison possessive superlative

plus prepositions formation position indefinite definite demonstrative

general place

time

compound personal

possessive . reflexive a.little] a few both lalll none / neither, ., 'lOr

a; lot off m,uch / m,a1tY

so leucl: some/ any too t-enQugh indirect 'who' yeslno

Question tags

Relative clauses: pa:rtk subject part B: obj~ct

so do llneither do 1.

Responses; Verbs;

future with going to future\¥ith. present continuous

future with present simple

future with time

clauses TlZ telll;tim when I see him,

future with will I'll'go, . .

future review talking about the future

gerunds and infinitives J.enjoystudying, HE! offereiil. to help:

have ~ot I've got, , ,

like 'or would like? I like_'dandng. I'd like to dance.

eonditional I conditional II

a tall man, a bigllouse bigger tpan, more intelligent my family, her book

the biggest

I'm interested ltl- .

She plays beautifiilly,

She neuer goes-to-the Cinema. What is this? res alan, . . The Grand Hotel m.London thi:s- and that, these and, thOi~e John and Mary

IVa got a little money.

Tom and J eny both SJleak English

a lot·oftime~ not much time,not riu:m,y minutes

It'snotsc difficult.

IVe got some, Have you g6.t any?

tOO' 'much work and not, enough money I want tok:n9w what time it is.

What is this?

Are ynu a student? This: is easy, isn.'tit?

. i know a girl whdplays. f(i)otball the girl thatI met today

'I like ice-cream.' 'So do t:

it. .

if I were you, . .

lamgoinq to sing.

lam leaving tomorrow ..

The plane leauee at 6 o'Clock ..

Worksheet No: [Il45 Verbs:
II III 46
III 41
1Il48
[gJ49
£1[150
1Il51
III 52
.. [Ij53
III 54
II II] 55
ru56
[E57
1Il58
1I159
[1]60
II ill61
[Ij62
1II63
1Il6~
iII 65
II [Ij66
[fIG7
.. lII68 Irregular verb
table modal auxiliaries

with can I could I Can, I could. . .

modal auxiliaries witb

have tal haue got to I haue to. . .lrve got to.

modal auxiliaries with

may J might We ma'y do that.

.modal auxiliaries with

muetl mustn't l needn't We must do this.

.modal auxiliaries with

:should -. We.should dotbat.

passive, past simple We were understood.

passlve,present simple Weare understood.

past continuous past habitual past-simple with irregular verbs past simple with regular verbs

past simple OT past. continuous?

phrasal verbs. I: look ....

phrasal verbs II: put ...

phrasal verbs ill: general

presenteontUluous present perfect continuous

present perfect simple present perfect or past simple?

present simple

to be

reported speech there is and there are

I was sleeping.

I used to play footbaU.

I carne, he went.

I listened, he talked.

I was reading when she came.

LObklt up!

Put itout!

LOQk aftetthe children. Iamcoinc·

Lha've been. wotkin,.g. Lhaue seen. ...

I have donefI did [ sleep/he sleeps lam .... ,Jtis

He said he would come. There are many things .

• Worksheets marked with this symbol have accompanying cassette.tape drills. The tapescripts for these drills are at the end of the book. They arenumbered 1 to 22.

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Introduction

These worksheets form thefirstlevel of'a 'Structural self-access system. They are intended-for-elementary students of English and deal with mosfrofthe basic grammatical.pointecovered in elementary COUIse books,giving a brief explanation at ill ustratiorr of each point.hefore providing a practice exercise, with the answers -~:verted at the bottom of the p~ge. They present.broad rules, leaving-the exceptions and more complex explanations tbgTamm_ar and COU1'$e books. They are nctintendedaa an alternative to a course book 01' a grammar, which are more comprehensiveintheir explanafionsand exercises, and of which tlier.e:is now a wide choiee on.the market, The purpose is to offer students the opportunityto practise individual grammatical points on their own in.a.simple style, in order to consolidate aninitial.model of the language. Theyarecle-s~gned to be photocopied andplaeed-in self-accees or resources centres, and to b~ written on by bhe students and corrected by themselves. For this reason, they are in A4 format, w-ith simple line drawings.for illustration and ample space for students to Write in their answers .. 'They could also be 'Used by-teachers to follow up lessons, rather than allowing studentsto write in the textbook, where the space provided for writing is often inadequate, In this case, the teachers may wish to cover up the answer section while photocopying, and go over the answers in class.

There is a simple.glossary sheet (overleaf) giving illustrations pfthe terms used which students. should use in associatien with the worksheets, and on sheet'68 there isa list afirregulat"verbswith,a space for students to.WIite-in their translation of the verbs.

The aceompanying cassette provides.simple drille.revisingtnueh of the vocabulary.used ill t:iae exercises, in order to: give students the opportunity to listen to and pronounce newwordsor structures in.associafionwith the writing exercises. Not all the W erksheets have related cassette exercises but teachers are advised to make extra copies of Worksheets with cassette symbols to place in ~eir listening.centre,

N ote that the Worksheets are arranged in alphabetical order for ease of reference.andfor-flling in the resource centre.

Note theW-orksheet_numbers are preceded by[] to indicate Elementary level. Similarly in-the Intermediate and Ad'Vanced Books the numbers are preceded by OJ and I6l respectively. This classification.will.be ofuse If.itis decided, for example, to group all Worksheets dealing with tenses of-the verb together in a self-access-centre.

Glossary

subject

~--------~~~--------~

r "

All

quantifier article adjective. nQunauxiliary u_efb ,!erbarticie adjective

a.djective adverb

article 'auxijiary verb conditional conjunction gerund infinitive modal

noun,

passiv-e phrasal verb ,preposition present tense present perfect -pronoun quantifier

tens,e verb

dogs

the

big

nice; taU, comfortable, greet» easi.ty, often, heavily, fo-st the, a, this

haue, be, do, was, dirl if

and, but, ,so, when, as soon as gOiiJJJJ, writing, playing (toJ-go,_- (to) write

eon.rnust, should

man, idea" table, freedom is done, was done

make for, look after

at, in, under, before, of is doinq,does-

has done, has:been-doing I, ,lJ,Je, them, mysftlf; mine Some; both, a few

is> was) will be

eat, swim, brea,k

Object

~------~~---------,

" - ,

have

large

eaten

The (al lady had a new dress. 'I11;e boys ne_v~r:play quietly. The boy climbed a tree.

They have made a.mistake. Ii will break,ifyou drO:P it:

He smiled as he walked out, He likes singing:

Yon must s.tqy with us.

It mo.)' rain tonight. Thlsbooktell,:;- a good'story.,

The window,wasbroieen last-night. Sbegdt over her illness quickly. I'lJ be in the bouse at six;

He is working hard as he always does. We have beenwciitirLQ fora long time. Shec8Il:dq tt her!!elf

NOne of them has any money,

It usillbe ready when they come. Reworked very herd,

dinner.

nourr

1

Adjectives; position

a tol/rri.an, a big house

This ~s,Mr Adams. He.ls'a policeman, Heisfat,

Mr Adams is a fat policeman,

ThiS is Miss Brookes. She is a:J;LUl"Se_

She is tall.

Miss Brookes liS a tall nurse,

Theseare daisles. 'They are small.

Daisies aresmall.flowers,

Ex:erciseA

Example: Mary J gil-l I yoring 1. DaviQ l man / ()ld

2 New York / city I'big

3 Elephants / animals' I large 4 .Peas / vegetables /green

5 .Marlon Brando factor f famous

Mary .£8. ayoillig girl.

ExereiseB

N~uno?: weights building car birds swimmer sheep men Adjectives: white old heavy tall black fast strong

Use these nouns and adj ectives in the following

sentences:

1

Q ....

,

.

.

~

~~

Theseare _

These are heavy weights .

(adjective) (noun,)

This iaawhite sheep .

(aq;ectiue) (noun)

2

This ie.a _

~p ....

~

·'l'his IS a _

This is 8 _

. Th'ese are _

iSp.lltf1[ll1l!R(l.l~HlS(itf.L!l ·.ru;;1S'i?J RSrS!til " ~.Ja~:a(m-!1s

.R sr SJ1tL8 '.sUWlp1q·{f2'lll· 9)SptL Z". 'U~Ol PlO em 9S<1tJJ. 1 a

·lopB snOUUlJ 1'1 ,S! OpU1'I.l'd u0l,lllJlIl 9 ,g;.lrqJrl(lp&Aua~:~~ ~ad" " '!'liUllI!Ull i:l2~t[ a"i)' s~lI'(I!ttlei:il g :Aif-l3IG ~ SPPOAhl.;;)N: ;:;'U1l0l Plou:e Srp!4l1Cf l V

SlIHMSNV

Adjectives: .comparison

bigger than, 'more lntelliqent

Spelling rules for' comparatives

.• F-ot one syllable words With one vowel and ene.oonsenant.at theend, double the.last consonant and add er big- bigger _fat~ fattei' hot- hotter sad -sadder thin-thinner

• For one.syllable words with one 01" two vowels or ending in two consonants, j ust add er long- - 'longer ,tall- taller black - blocker weak - weaker soon -$OOMr

• For words of one or tWQ syllables ending with e, just add r, nice -rnicer uiide-: widerqimple'-?impZer .

• Forwards of two syllables ending with a consonant and y, change the y to.i and add er. pretty - prettier easy =easier funny - funnier smelly-smellier

• For most three syllablewcirds and, all lenger-ones, use more .

. capable - more capable intelligent - more iintelligent difficult - more difficult

MrAdams A

'Mr Chnreh C

Ms Dangerfield D

Miss Brookes B

E~rrtpZes: MrAdamsis olderthan. .Miss Brookes.

Miss Brookes isprettierrtlian Ms Dangerfield.

Ms Dangerfield is more;.inteUigeTit thanl\l1las Brookes. Mi- Church is more handsome than MrAdatus,

ExerciseA

Make sentences about the people above:

Example: fat A I C Mr Adamsis fatteJrthan M't Chureh, HID

CIA

D./B

J- thin
2 happy
S sad
4 rich CIA DIB AIR CID

5 poor

6 intelligent 7 strong

II Exercise B'

Do Exercise 1 on the cassette.

'PI::IWallinla: SWUll1l1.ra~UOJlS SI~pin.tID.tW b ·sal{90:lg SS!W ulfq:J1u:a,:a!U-aiu:r <J.rour .SrsurepY,]W9 ·'smroo.ra:s~w mnf,pamod !lJ..Playl",l:lllllU SW s'suhrpy xwmro;Pifq:lp·sppmt[a:tW l' ·SootOOJ.HSs:fW _Ugl{~;l:6'(l:pe_s snllaW~lIueC1sJl\tIl '!i:~ J.W U'eq1 iard(il:q s! tp.n'n:!O lJIII· Z ·'PlalJ.IailuBU sWueq~ . .r.auu:q~ srl1al{Qo.ra:ss~w t V

SllaM.-SNV

Adjectives: possessive

II

rnyfornllv. her:book

I~msbook you-> your book

he-his book she - her book

we - our book they - their book

IvIary-Mary's book Jack-Jack's book

The Smith's,t'amuytfee Arthur = Jo'an

Mary = David I

Louise = Fred I

1 [

Sue Peter

r I,

Joe Anne

Fred Mary

Anne

Louise Arthur

'Peter

David

Joan

Sue

Joe

Exercise A

. Diane-is talking to Mary. Use thefamily tree above to fill.in.the gaps. Exanrple:

Diane: Who is themanin the centre?

Mary: Irs __ m"""Y<--- __ husband, David.

No, she's mother!

.No.she'a niece.

No, he's cousin.

He's brother.

wife,

I Is-Joan your sister'!

2 Arid isAnne.yourdaughter? 3 Is Peter her brother?

4 And who's Joe?

5 Is Louise Fred's sister?

6 So is Louise .sister?

7_ And Peter is son?

No.she's _

YfilS;, she- is.

Yes",he is.

B So that means David is, Pater and Sue's uncle?

9 AD,d this person, A:tth u:r, is your,and Louise's brother?

yo~' mother looks very young! 1'!(lIJ:ha,:ve a nice family,

No, he's ....... husband, ->.a,therl

.No, he's ------father.

Tha.nkyou ..

ExerciseB

Do: Exerci~e'2Qn, the cassette.

'mel 6 .~.t!8!P/£\U 8~.ntotL !.mOA 9 :~SJl:r g~.ratI " :.1t;1qg :lw Z .~~l,1;l [ V

. -_ - . .

SRaAtSNV '

Adjectives: superlative

the b~ggest

Spelling rules for superlatives

• For-one syllable words with one vowel and one consonant at the end double the last consonant-and add est

'_b~g - biggest, fat -fatte$t hot ~ hottBSt sad <saddest: thin - thinnest

'. For one syllable words ending in two consonants 'or with two vowels.fust addese. long -lon;gesttalI - tallest blade - blackest weak - weakest

• For words of one or two-syllables-ending ~th e, just add st. nice - nicest unde=undee» simple=simplest

•. For-words of two syllables ending with aconsonantand y, change they tod and add est pretty - prettiest eaS:j' - easiest funn;y - funniest sinelly - smelliest

• For most three syll able words and all Ionger ones, use most.

caprtble - most capable intelligen.t - most intelligent difficult - most:difficult

Exercise,A

Arthur, Brenda" Charles.and Delia.are friends.

Examples: Arthur is. the tallest, of the four; Brenda is the: happiest of the four. Charles is the' 01 dest-of the: foro .. Delia is the most intellig_(m:t of the {our.

Make senteaces like the examples.

1 Charles - fat 2 Delia - slim

3 Arthur - strong' 4: Brenda - elegan t

ExerciseB

Example; Hjgb mounsains (world): .Mont Blanc I Everest / Kilimanj:rro Everest is- the highest mountain in the world,

Make_,!?ente:(lce$' liketh~ example,

1 Long rivers (Elll'ope-):. the-Danube I theRhin.e / the Seine

2 Big animals (Africa): the rhino / the .elephanf I the hippopotamus

3 Busy airi_)orts,fEngland): Gatwick ! Heathrow r Manchester

4 Expehaiveinetals (wodd):pl;;:ttinum I ailver I gold

5 Fa~t passenger planes (world): Concords t the 747 I the.Airbus

_II E'xerciseC

Do Exerciae'B On the cassette,

"PIlar.' ;'41 upmwrd ~ a:i;i1r,i s'lW '-J,S~WBJ Ell{:j:B! "P.lO;}UODS :PPOM "lj_~ .U! [Blfaru a .... ~suad"'" "sorotal.[\} sf~?l\u!re-ld y ·puelllbrt~I:jJ.odi¢1.~aJ.S~q am 9'! 1I'lQ.l1'(~1r,lH S ·Y:>Pi!-V -,:;rlJ3 WJU)lls~JjJj!q a'q~ s:p~l{4<11" "tfiL ,'6

·;:JdQ.ln3:n!Ja ... p'S1~UOl att~ 9!-aqntr8u,al[L 1 II 'moJ f1lflJo ~ul:!~ara ~smn aqf8~ -apmugJl 'lllO] a(,j'lii) ~se;iU_O~~E!al.llS! ,I:nrWV .f!' '.rtro) ;l~Ho l~UJUl'll~ _ath Sl. e-nau '6 ".tJ;IOJ 1Hfj )M9"-11~J att:). s\ sar;mqo t V

. Sar!L\\SNV

--

-

AdJectives: .plus prepositions

I'm interested in .. , ,

$otne'adjecti ves in English are often followed by a special prep,osition.

PLEASEP WITH: l\!1y motherwas. Vf1ry pleased. with me because t passed Jl.ly exams, (person) PLEASED ABOUT: My father was very pleased about his newjob.Ithing)

WORRIED ABOUE: The doctor is worried abo:atlnyhrothet. He'sveryill,

OOOD/BAD .AT; Yokeis verygoo.d at spor~ b1,lt bq.d at languages.

REAI)YFOR: My suitcase is packed and I'm ready for a holiday.

DIFFERENT FROM:, Amel'ican English is-not very different fro m 'British.English; but they'say

'different than' in America! '

INTE.E.ESTED. IN: Peter.is very interested in.fO'i:I,tbal1;he plays twice a-week; AF;RAID OF: M&nY peopleare afrfJ,idofsJliders, but most of them are-not dangerous, TIRED OF: We'lie tired of:thisgilnie, Let's dosomething else.

USED TO.: Don't stay .too.long in the sun until youarf;i!'used td it.

Exercise A

Choose the best adjective and preposition from'the Iistahove fOI:' each sentence.

'1 You don't need to be the-dog: it doesn'ubite,

2 The farmers are theircrops because it Hasn't rained for weeks.

3 My'sis~rwas the presentI got her. She loves it.

4 Ifyouare D()t exercise.youshould go carefully at·first.

5 Your new car is very 'four last one. It's.m ueh better!

6 I'm really tennis: I lese-every gameI play.

7 r'lljust put my shoes tnt andthen I'll be awalk.

8 Our boss was. our hard work, and gave usa holiday.

S She is-SQ. mathematies.ehe .gets 100% ill all.her exams.

lQ If yon are not this kind of'drama, why did yducome to the thea tre?

~you want to usea verb after the adjective and preposition, it must end in~.

]j)iJ;ample.:· I am very interested in wo·t'k~(lbroad. .

Greta is »er» good at play.@ .the violin..

My Frenehfrrendis not used to driv® on the left.inEnglq.,w.,.

ExerciseD

Write til fliecorreet preposition and then choose the-best verb from the list belowto complete.these sentences.

'-- on his, own-so we share a bedroom.

______ her-exams, so she is; working very hard,

_ in an.amateurleague,

1 My little brother is afraid _

.2 Jeanne is worried ,

3 Playing professionalfcotball is very different _

4 BenisPetd 5 I'mtired

______ Lies: He always goes red in the face, ____________ the dinner .. Why don't you do.it today?

failing / coaking' I telling! .sleeping / playing

2~o.o;qo ,9 ~,'(IJHU<i.+ ~If.'''' :g~ij.ld:IllO;IJ C :li:t~!IPlJ: qno'te z:2m.'da<l18:}o 1 B

U! palS a;I;'1l'lq 01. ~ltr pooH 6 ~"fl!M. pilse~ld 8. \IOj't\p!laJ j.. :';J:1l Pll!{_ 9 !llto;IJll.Hlia.!HP 9 !&:j pesn J'!':Ino'ql3' pasea,ld E '~'J:noqe ~Clp'!OM '6'\10 Fre.ya I V 'SH:!L\\SNV

,.-.!' --

Adverbs: formation

She plays beautiiut»,

ADVERB.

+ ly

+ ly = + ly

strongly'

. cheerfully happily

strong cheerful happy

y>i

.Exantple~Susan is a careful driver. She drives carefully.

Exercise A

Make a sentence for each picture ..

~= He
-
lk~ll He
&1"
, He:
;,Q/17
~~1I She·
~.J!_\ She
.v-_ ~
~! He
~ She
b=i!~' She
/~~ He
.~ .
~ It 1 John is a quick runner,

1\

2 Mohammed is a brave fighter,

3 Geof:O:ey is abad writer.

4 Maria is a beautiful singer,

5 Sheila is a-strong swimmer.

6 Andy is a noisy eater.

7 Ilanova is a graceful dancer.

S Ann is a dangerous .driver,

9 Joe is a careless painter.

10 The bird is.a loud singer.

II E~ercise B

Do Exercise 4 on tne cassette.

II

I!

II

, .. . !llrnJaol!.llh~Ju<ip .""[IS l;_'Af\"!OU Slf1'a_ an- 9

'~r3uQJ:jS.S1U!J!6S atjs :9~J!(nnJ!~n1'laq s.ptl~ ,IlIS f ''(r:p-eq sa'lpMaHC '4aha-iq g~:q~g aH Z" ·'<PP!Oh91lT1.H1H I V

S'IDlMSNV·

·5IlJnot~l:r!g~l OJ ·l.'lssilrWi.l-:)·~vred.EiH 6 ·;;!gu0;Ia2t.tl1p.g<lA~.rp a1:l88

Adverbs: position

She n,evergoes to the cinema,

ADVERBS tellns.mcre about the VERB in a sentence. We usually put them after the OBJEOT, if there is one.

Exa.mple~':

Carmen plays the'violin: be,au'ttfuUy.

Julio placed th~,box carefullj on the floor.

The cows walked slowly alongthe road.

However, some adverbs, which tell us how often, come between the'S UBJECT and the VERB.

Here are some of the common ones: '

always I usually ( frequently ( often I sometimes I occasionally / rarely ( .never Exampie«: Banks neuer open on Sundays.

The boss Qccasitma.ll;ycomes to work late.

Rewrite the following lnthe correct order to make good sentences. Example: quickly / the door I Simon / opened

Simon opened the door quickly.

I all day I the soldiers I bravely I fought,

.2 mistakes I our teacher .; rarely / makes

3 on time I never I arrives J thistrain

4, on the floor / Ben Ih.is clothes / carelessly I dropped

5 hisgun I in the air Idan.gerously / waved I the soldie-r

6 brushes I Anna. I 'her teeth I' always I before 'Qed

"1 held I the little ~rl I tightly I hermother's hand

8 the injured man I gently I examined I the doctor

9. neatly / her Cat I between two lorries / parked I Birgit

10 play / tennis I the boys' I on Wednesdays / usually

]1 late I works I Catherine I often

1:2 yesterday I was-shining I the sun I brightly

. '&:l~:ql:lpq llU!U-rqSS13A\ lITIS ,nIl AHpJ';n'P<JJ\. 6[ ';)ll'l! 81POA\ ui'l'\J.oi'm~.I"'l[1Ba U 'sJlBpsaupaA\ uo S'!J:m<il.A~Ii'fJinimf1Tl.sAoq'a4J. 01 ,saJ.uot o~ uaahl;1eq ,{'{leao l'Il'::>:JaJI pa~.rod~~Jm: EI'ApU~ij U13lllpamfur#t'[q [T,I,u!Ul'exa .I0130jJ alJ.l s- '',(nQllll,puIlq S"IaIHom.ltrqpl"''1 [.1]11 aHl!! <l1:jJ, ,I..:

'p'l!la~lOF'q q~a~ .rall:'s<nj\)n.iq_SARM ~ tUlly 9 '·H'S ~tf1 U! ,A[STlQ.rn2uHp 'ttrtl'!S!"lI paM';' UfPlOF elU 9 ',won at{~ uo hts'sal,()J:lj(),sa"41GIO S!q paddo.l.ptr.lS l> '~Ul!11l0 saAp,re ,laAOIu ufll.l"l s].qi 8 'sa~"i1!!s!U, S9}['I'JtU ."Ia,x\l".t .Ifllpe-i¥l-.tT(O Z. "A:tJp [[Il" a[aA,uq 'l-q$nOJ g,WW[OS iHll r

. S~SNV

Adicles: indefinite

Whotis this?-It is a/an,

consonantS

b ~ d f g hj k I m n p q Jr, S t v'w x yz

a man,

a'car

a.woman

:E:x;ercise A

Write anr an. "Example: abed

~

1 __ , house

~.

6 __ taxi

an office

~ ~

-~1-~

/tt ~-.~;:-

lce-cre8.ID4 __ mountain

~.

9 __ ._'. elephant 10 __ ~en

fish 3

5 _' _', igloo ~ ~

2

fl

~.

~

7 _, _,_, ashtray 8 ._ book

E.xerciseB

What is this I that?

Write thequestionand answer.

It

1

_Wh.o.;. at _is_'' _ ._---=tl .... ti ..... :s __ ? ,~

2

What ~;_, _""-th.:.:.>u",,,t __ ? ~

- ---.......'11

-----? ~

t!!!Y

~ ~ GJ

~

'~,

=3r A

3

4 1
5 q
6 ,1
7 .1
8 ?
9 ?
10 ? ~ ~,

vowels

aei o u

an apple

an egg

an island

art orange

a~ r-mbrella

'~UROur

g. s~lll.l6.tN'SJ!l-muA 01 . peel 11 S]: 1 I ,i;s ftfl Sl- ~,~t{M 6, 'esno II s s~ 11 i,~liI'U$Het:tM.,8 '\lIll~a~111\1 S! 1-1 {,s!il.~ sHetjN,. t.

·O.drll~ Ire S! l:W1Wll1S'!-~)l"([M. 9 ''-!sy e S! 11 i,QmrrSnl1l.J..A\ S '-A1UJq:SlHIll S~lEsJlf,l:sJ'.leI.!M J' 'emuqum

tn1 sPI i~~ SJ:jetI.M. B' '~Iroidaratro sp.r Z' ')(ooq 'Il S! :tna: ',e OJ. !rrn 6, !e8 ~Ug /... ~s II '!Ull 'S ~g 1i"!1TI1 R ~B (I ~B 1 V

, , S1ffiA\SNV

u

The Grand Hotel in London

Articles: definite

We use the when we know whichpersonerthing weare talking about. (thegirtouer there) We use the when there ia only que exru:n:p}e.(the President. of Fra nee, thefbpe)

We-use the with the names of hotels; museums, public buildings or rivers.

(the HiU:onHotel / the British Museum / the Central Libraiy' I the Mississipi) BUT

We dEM'lOtuse:the-with the names of£h'eet~, statious, towns, mountains or countries, . (OxfotdStref/. / Vii:;'t9r~ $t_nd_o,n; I Berlin I Everest (Turkey)

Exceptio7i's: We say the UK,·the USA and the:WestIndi_es.

'\ -:» G~~u . ~-:

""-" .... .:~ __ ~_~~~V~.

"-<:~- ... -. --..._

Vlou>lT 1\!l!kIM<l\l.E. . BOS1'.O N

- "<~

~

~~b .~'"~"

Put the, in the gaps in' the text only where necessary,

Miehel Iives in.Cl) __ Rennes.a townin the westof.(2) _- __ __ France. He has a flat on the bank of (3) __ . Rance, a.river whicls flows thra:ugn_ (4,) _. __ ."entre of (-5.) __ town. He is, ajoumalist, and.las_t yeai' h~'vtaitei;l (6) __ Wa$:hi.IlgWn,. r:n __ capitalof (8' __ United state'S. He spenta lot of time in (9) __ . Smithsonian Museum doing research. He saw 0;0) .__ President-outside (n) __ 'WbiteHquse,but.d1dn't meethim. The'D he travelled around [12) _. _. __ , States for- three weeks; visiting places such as HS) __ Mount Rushmore,

(14) Boston.-a.nd.(15) __ Dallas, andhe took a boat trip-on (16) . Missouri.

Oathe wayhorne, he spent 'five days in (17) _. __ UK, 'including two daysin (18) _

London. He. dida.lob pJ:1?bgpping in_(19)' . Oxford. StTeet,"~d stayed in {20) .. Grand

Hotel. He even had time to Visit_ (21) _- __ . SC6tIa'nd,·butwas nc.t able to climb (22) __ Ben

Nevis, because (2'3) weather was t-oo bad, When he got horne-he was- very tire.d!

;i_'ll :f>1'i ~"-ZC; !- lZ·:,!q~ 0(; :~6I '~81 '~<:lq~LI :<lql9T: 91 :-l'J .~--: IiI ~ail1 3l ~a1{1. 'ir ~aJ.!~ or ~<:lqt 6.~a:tP 8 ~tii-q1' L !- 9 !,a;p g- !sq< ,li" ·!1I4J & ~'""" e; !- 1

S1£!IMBNV

Articles: demonstrative

o

this and that these' and those

this bottle

that,bottle

these bottles

those bottles

~

,

- '-.,- '

Exercise A

J\i1r and-Mrs Smith are returning from holiday.

They are going tlltough: customs at the airport.

Examples: What's this?

Wha,t are these?'

lt~s a·ca~mera. They Ire cigarettes.

__________ bottle of whisky. __________ chocolates.

1 ?

2,.;_' ?

3 ?

4 ?

5 ?

_____________ ' presents. __________ watch, __________ box of'cigars.

E~erci$ea

MI··a~d.M:r,:s Tanaka-are on holiday in London.

Theyare talkingto a touristguide.

4

Examples: What's that?

What are 'those?

It's a double-decker bus. They're pigeons.

1 ?

2 ?

3~' ?

4 ?

5 1

___________ taxi.

__________ traffic lights. __________ police officers. _______________ -,' post-box,

,...- bus-stop.

'do;js ·snqe $;lH~-e:q~s~~e_q:M s ·l!:oq.~~pd -e Si,~Hle4_l S,1,e'ttM. v '&looroo {)~rtod,a..1;Amm; l.esQtn a~\l ~,-et:t.ln_s. ",s:jq~!J OYJB.l~ """fia-q,L'leso'1fl e.m1"9ltM. (';: ")Xa'"l e s~r lllUH S,lB1U\ 1 0:

s;rvgFl

JO XOqll' S,~li.SNl"S,1JJLJAIl s "'Pl'llMfI '5, lIiS!l{1l- S,=WI{M, - J' 'B1;u"s_s.ldiJ,.,A3:'1J. i,aS_iJ'IP:nl llf'J.M. S ·sa.~wloo6tP ~.J):iJqJ; i.!3saq:rl;l.Ql:~mtM6 'Al[!l)t[.I>'o,Jo a"fPoq u.,1Il:S!l\l s,ra'4M. I '\0'

SlI{ilM,SN.Y

[gJll

Conjunctions

John and Mary

of

Tom is tall l;mt Carol is short,

I like ice-cream but I 'don't like' fish, Sweden is small butsfron:g.

She is rich but he is poor.

AND

BUT

+

+

+-

John is tall and. Mary is tall.

I like ioe-cream and you like chocolate, Saudi Arabia is hotand sunny.

1 amsad and you .are lonely.

I'm .going' to bed beca use I'm fued.

She stayed at home because it was wet, I e~t ice-cream because I likeJt.

SO (result),

BECAUSE (rea-son)

. ~ .

..(--- .

I'm tired so rm goj.-ngtpbed.

It Was wet. soshe s.tayed at home. I like ice-cream so Leas a lot of it .

. Jcin the pairs of sentencee, Write a to l in the numbered spaces: below.

1 The shop was closed a so we had a long swim.

_2. My father shouted at me b but she bates' sport.

3 The waterwas very warm c and it has green eyes.

4 Our cat has .a:long tail d and bas a big car.

S MikkJ loves pop mu_sie'e bat! haven't finished .

. 6 "The Nileis a very long river f because he. wasvery angry.

7 They missed the bus g so we couldn't buy any cigarettes.

8 My boas was very pleased h because lie is a good Musliin.

9 .Tomeko asked me to a patty i and it flews through many-ecuritries.

10 Mustaphe prays Jive times a day j hut I didn't want togo.

n Tve.heen working very bard k . so they bad to walk

12 H~ Ii ves in a large house 1 because I worked hasd,

4 10

5 11

2

3 9

1 t

~t! & ~ ~ ;21 SHa&\SNV

- ----- -

Al>!I;~dAui!-«>)'.J"d";,,,,; .EJem.Cntm'y Or""""",,,-WoilllffiCitIos 1!luito""IlY:l'!iIaate.1iI t:flTMliceH .. UTnierna!:iimlii (lJKJ hld 1S92.. All ri;i'bis moJ:,idd

12

Nouns: countable/uncountable

a chair, some furniture

All nounsin English-are either countable or uncountable. We'cancQunt tables and chairs, but-wecannof cou.nt furniture. We-can count-newspapers and books but we cannot count information.

COUN'J'ABLE

UNCOUNTABLE

one table (is) abo'ok.(i:s)

an orange (is),

two tables (are) three books (axe) (some) oranges (are)

(somel'furniture (is) (some) information (is) (some) ·fruit (i:;;)

Here.are some common examples;

'COUNTABLE

UNCOUNTABLE

vegetables apples coins

caps

cups

bottles plates matches tables

fruit ink money oil food

golf cheese fu~niture paper cash

liquid sugar tennis

games chairs 'Ilens pencils .notes

Exercise A

Jim:lij;- not married and he lives alone. He has no frlendsJ so he only buys one of everything. Here 1$ a picture of J,im'ir flat." Make a listof'the numbered things in hi§ flat. For c:t)u1,1.ta:ble:things, write c.or an. For uncountablethings, write some' ..

1 _

6 _

2 _

7 ~

3 _

8 _

4 .

9 _

.5 _

1o _

@.

7fiB":'

. .."" t!.:r~

~'-'" ,

~~'~6

'. Exevcise B

Do ExerCise 50n the cassette, Ex~rciseC

If'we want to, count 'uncountable/uouns, W('; have

'tou$e 'an expression likeabottle_ of. . or (1, .kiZo

of·· ..

)Jraw a line tolinlt the, following-uncountable )louns with the correct expression.

[abarorl aJarorl 1 a bottle 'of I a loafof 1 la'hagaf 1 ,I apagketof II a litre of

bre~d ,I s.ugar I petrolch9colate I coffee rriilk fice

!O.I1.Gd,JO e:llH£! ~<lQ!,lJO 1G:ljZll!d E! ~lRii'nsJo llRq !l ~PB;l.Iq JO jl.lol ;11 ~~l!=Joilnloq:iJ ~aa.uooJ) J.H] E!~BW<iOtp.JoJj.q, E! 0

.lod'Eld:'9/MflI (I' Ot ~ dTi:i 96 ~a!TJoq"ll, 8 ~a-lG.:€Imo'9' t. :asaatp <llXws: ~:A<lUOm anros !i :aiC!dlHI13Ji ::fFaqa:t S :elq8lj t1 ('; ::1'(0014.1:1 rv

SH:utS~

13 Th .~.!

Prepositions: direction

II]

to,the house, along the road, down the stairs

r

,

,

THROUGH

. INTO

TOWARDS

TO

UP

~

R' I~ It

. "

s, --:~~--

DOWN

OUT OF

(AWAY) FROM

ALONG

1 ~ ~

n ACROSS

OFF

UNDER

ONTO

OVER

Exercise A

Pierre fsasoldier.He.muet be veryfit. Every-day he has to trainonran assault.eeurse, Fill inthe correct prepositions,

1 At6.30 am Pierre goes the start line.

2 Tlaenhe runs _

atrack . ariver:

3. When.he.reaches.the river, he.climbs a tree.

~,~., .. --

~ .'._ .... ,.~

---. _! ~

~n'_,"",' ... j~ _·.~'\.i. ..... ·I.j

"' ... ~"" :". ; ., . '.

4 Hego~i:j the river on ~ rope-bridge.

5 Then he-climbs a wall and _

6 He:fJoes the tunnel.

7 When he, comes _

.a tunnel.

it, he has iocrawl

barbed wire.

8 Then he runs ~ a hill and jumps

a platform ..

9 He nastojump _

the.platform

the water.

the water and back

10 Finally, he runs _

the start line.

Hals exhausted!

4. a ' ExerciseB

Do ExsrciseB on the cassette.

. m ·q~U0.Ilft 01

:o~tt!.'lI0 6~<Y.luO 'UA\OP 8 ~Iapun '}o:1P.O L !q:<lno.url 9 !O-lU!'.l'MO S' !SSQJ;J'!ILO .l;:lM t :dn Il :Sf;l<U<lO+ 'illI~ ~~01 IV

SRaA\SNV

Prepos;t;ons~' general

forme, with vou oyus

WITH-: I wetit to the ciriemawi,tha friend.

She opened the box with a knife,

WITHDUT-:- Kurt prefers coffu,e withou:t sugar.

I can't do this without help.

BY: ,Julia doesn't Iike.travelling by train.

I c-an do this by myself.

FOR t):'ley'v,e been living here for thre e 'years.

Is-that present for Inga?

OF: We ate halfo(the food.

Thatdress is made of silk,

AT: She's been at. the dentist'steday, The ear was ,travelling at 80' - kilometses art hour.

BECAUSE OF: "I'he match was stopped because oftb~ bad ~~ather.

We were late becaus.eofthe accident,

IN SPITE OF: Sheenjoyed the walk in. spire of the bad weather.

In spite Qfmy father's anger,_! am gping tO'go to the party.

Suzi is orily-M_een-but last week she decided to go to London. Write U1 the correct prepositicns ..

1 Her mother wanted her to go a friend.

2 But she-went herself.

3 She went . bus, because it Was cheaper. She. spent the morning shopping,

4 She boughtajacket; made soft green leather.

5 r t Was expensive, and the cost, she had very little money.left.

-6 It was a very bQt afternoon, but ---'- the.high.

temperature; ,she wore her new Jacket.

7 She walked around-the streets _

8 When it'wasdfi!h;, she waited _

three- hours.

the bus station, hut there was no busbefore.B o'clock.

9 She finally got home _

l_l o'clock. Her-father wasvery.engry,

W 6~le '8 ~.lOJ L ~JO-al!ds· oJ 9~Q%nu:.>aq 9' ~Jo 'J. :Aq S ,~!q, g !qi~ T SlIaMSNV

Prepositions:p.lace

at home in bed

IN

'"

inRome (town Qr'city) in Fr:ance(cormtry)

. ~. . .

at home/work/school at ,the beginning/end at the theatr.~f;ctnem(;l, at the station/airport

at a: patty/dance/concert

in-a car

in a room/house/garden in yourtea/drink

.in. bed/hcepital/prison in the air

Exercise-A

Write in thecorrectprepositions.

1 When~'s John? He'anot _ work today, 2 Where~s your cup?

3 Do you take sugar. _ your coffee?

4 Has the planearrived __ the airport? 5 Where were you last night, __ a party? 6 Have you- seen my football?

'7 Where doyou live?

8 I can't findn;ty shoes,

9 Didyou meet him __ the station? 10 Where'is Mr'Smith?

besidelnexi to on

in

betioeen

ExerciseB

Now.look at the picture and answer the:.qQestions, ' EXdmple:-Where is the car?

1 Where isthe taxi?

2 Where is the plane? (rffj' 3 Where is the bus? 4 Where is the lorry? 5 Where is the.helicopter? 6 Where is the boat?'

7 Wh.erel!:! the bicycle? 8 Wllereisthedog?

ON

on-the table/shelf on: the ground/floor on a bus/train/plane lin the wall/ceiling 011 the leftf.righl:

No, he's __ . bed_ hospital, It's _ the table.

No thanks,

No, it'sstiil __ the , air.

No, I wa$ __ . 'thetheatre __ London', Yea, it',S .__ the grass.__ .fhe garden, _. __ Trento, a-small town _. __ . Italy,

They're . the floor __ . the kitchen.

No; he wasn't the train.

He's _. the third room __ . the left.

above

behind

iii front of under below

It's 'in.frol'bt of the taxi ______ thecar' and the bus. ______ the helicopter ______ the taxi ______ the bus. ______ tbe piane. _____ the lorry, ______ the car. ______ theCal;,

',reo alO't!!' MI S '=.a'G .raprm. s,n l.'WOl.<rql uo f.f;JT9 '<flll'ld atrl MO~q s;n 9 'snq ;:ilfl Q1!·1~U I :apJsaq~,11 f"~Ylf! pfrt.t(sqsin E '.la~di»!1'a4.

alf=!. a¢loq'e· Sj11 t '\ruq iJ.t\1 ptrl1! .i= a):ll ua<lM.:j.aq ~< 1I t a uo 'ur or ~u.o·'re 6 !u!, 'I([O'S ~UJ 'UT k '!u!'lro' I} ~~ 'rrl 'ltg ;U! '1tl ~ ~U~ 8 ~uo t :ur 'lI! ''IE. I V

SmtMSNV

[(]

16

Prepositions: time

otfour 0' clock on Saturday

in July in, 1992 inwinrer

in the morning

AT (timecs / festivals)

ON (riaya / dates)

IN (months lyears/seasons)

a,tfour o'clock ata.I5

at Christmas at the weekend

on,Monday. on 15th May onApril3rd

Exercise A

E;xample: When, does theplan.e;leave?

G)

IT\ V,J

G G)

Q)

It leaves at 6,30,

1 When did you arrive?

2 Whilt time shall we start?

'3 When-do the shops close?

4 VVb.attime does the film. begin?

ExerciseD

:xa= is~::~e~::D:SDay? "<, ::~~ / Ohris""'" D~y is 0" 25th December

,2 When'isAnlericail Independence Day? ~5thDece!n;tber

3: Onwhich clay do Christians go. tochuroh? ls.t January

4 On which da;y: to Muslims ~{) to the mosque? Sunday

Exercis~G

Fill in the gaps in the sentences withmi,iii orat.

I __ Monday. Susan woke up . ,fiveo'clo.ck __ the moming.

2 In EnglaI!d they play football __ winter and cricket __ summer, 3 My sister arrived . __ half past three __ the.afternoon.

4 I usuallyplay badminton __ ~ __ We,dI).esaays and.tennis ~ Saturdays,

• Exerc:ise D

Do Exercise 7 on the cassette.

tW "ttOt ~1;'n·13 1':: :U'! 'J!I .c:::nr '~13 'HO 1. :> ·h13P?i[UO an6sciur'~([l'9'lofl ~mlnsnJ~ 'V '~:iPQ:TlS'UQ l(?.lIUp·ot ,llij sul'l:!~S!Jll.::>S ·,(rnr'lfl.f 'uo s"A'eaaJuilpuadapul

IJ:B3!'-l3UlV 3,,ull!'l.uel' ~S'f TIO S! ABa·s,.rna A MeN r g '~':l0t;),O !lqfl@'1Jl' st:q.B,tlq U· "'Of!'~'_t\l asop'il:i:iqJ, S' '9TL ';Ill: ~~ n,'<lM, ·li. ·1p0{'J,ouaA3S l~pa!r..!-l,tIt·I I :y

S8:!lM.SNV

-

-

-

7

Pronouns: compound

II

ANY""

NO'-"

Is there anybody there?

SOME'"

Positive uerb

Question orr:tegntive verb

Positive verb

l'Biliere'anybody I a~nyone in the house? -There isn'taaybody / anyone inthehouse.,

Thel'El's somebody I someone in the house,

There's .somefhing in the

box. ,-

'I'here's _nobody I no-snein the house.

IS thece anythinginthe box? 'Iheee isn'tatlythmt{ ill tbe box.

There's nothing in the box.

Exereis~A

Complete tl;l.e following with:'

somebodyli59meon~ _anybody/anyone nobody/nt?onesomethingf~ytbinglllothing

1 Lorik! has:jumped into the river!

2 I didn't buy in that-shop.

S Ouch! . in the sandhas bittenme,

4i I'm really hungry but there's in the fridge.

5" Dids,ee that-fib on TV la.st night?

6' SQ.~ was v~l'Ysadbecause _

7 He-didn't; dance- wi th 8 I did.my hOJ;lleworkm-yself.

9 Trn bored, Iive got: _

had remembered her hitthday. ______ "at the :party~

helped me.

for dinner .

_. . ,itU!1:n.a cuo_s ot

~l'IlfIl:r,!O:a:"6 «JU-O,ON {KpoqoN8 !£poq:A:ue ,au-oim;- L'

to do.

10 What are we grifug to eat? I'U have to buy .. .Exercise B

'Do Exercise 8: on the cassette,

-:Apo,qotr J .atlO-ou :9 ~.I:poq~iIg I "uo_Ami S ~'3mtriOU, p ·!;;I~1OIm:OSS :&r~tf+A1:J:g '3" :euO_8tnoS ( ApOq<lUlOS I

SlI:iIA\SNV

Pronouns: ,personal

youand I

subject

oQject

I

me

.No, lam French,

you, you

he him

she her

it it

we us

tht'!yfuem

Fill in the gaps.

1 A; Hello. who axe ?'

B: __ am anew student,

2 A: Welcome to the class. _am David and this is Marla. __ is from Italy,

:3 B: And who is that?

A: Tha.t is Hans. from Germany.

is

to, " ~'. ~~o f;} ~

'.'" ,',', .... ," -e- .&0, ,',',' '""~','

, ~ . , ro v ' ,'0, .,' ;

" ' , .._, (" ,'<1 " , ; ,_j, ',.'

;, "" ..J ' -;, ,\__.....-:-., " ,_

, , ,-rei?' "

1 ~. .. ~ i ,:,

S C and D: Hello, Are __ a 6 .A: Where-is.Q,atai?'

new student? D: ,_, , __ is near Saudi

B: Yes, ' am. Arabia.

Cend I): So are '

__ . art') from Qatar.

4 B: Arid who are 1

A, __ are new students frQID Qatar.'

8 D: Do you knCJW the teacher? 9 C and D: WeU, don't werry.

B: No.Ldon't knew __ ' New you know ,

,8: Yeaandyou know __ d and aoon I win know as well.

'1 D: Do you know Maria?

B; No, I'don't know __ ..

·~l'a-w. ~s:i1 6 .~t:tI!tt B :.wt( to ~'l;I 9:"£ ',MI.'! '[1<14 ,~. ~e£ 'liillli" f:iiH e :aqs'r (l '~I 'it9;i 'I SlI3.M:SNV '

Pronovns: possessIve

my/mine

pronoun

mine yours his hers ours theirs

my your,

his her 'our ,their

ExetdseA

The Sn:rlths"Mru:yandDavid" are going on holiday-with their children', Sue.and Peter.They have fournew $uitca:sesl ared one, a. 'blue one and two brown ones' for the children. They-must take them f1:Qill the bus, Fill.in the. gaps ...

Dauid: Now, this-is my suitcase, isn't it?

1 Mary:, No, it's.not . , it's . I have the-red

one. ' is blue.

2 Daoid: Yours?Well,whereis ?

·3 Peter: Here's ,Daddy,this blue onehere,

4 Sue: NCl, that's not .. It's this one.

5 David: Ah, good:' Yes, this one is . Now, where ate

_____ ---' children?

arebrown, David, I think they are over-there,

6 Mary:

7 Dauid: 'I see .. "Tbe:se ones?

8 Sue: No, Da"ddy. Thoseatenot . The:y'retoopig,These

ones here are' _

9 David: Good, Now we have aU Wherels Mummy's?

10 .Sue: You are-holding _', Daddy.

Daoid: Ohyes, how silly of.tne!

______ _,. One" two, three, ....

• Exercise B

Do' Exercise 9.on the cassette.

S.Iaq Ul. :=0 6 ~s,mo 'smo ~. : ~L .:S~1i;Hm, 9 :smoi"aU"!Ul !l :~ ~ :smo,f g :aU!w & :sm01l. 'aUj'w.'s,mol\: 1 V Sll:U\SNV

ffiJ20

Pronouns: reflexive'

The little girl dressed herself:

l-myself

she-herself

it- itself

he - himself

you -your-se1f(sing~lat ) you - yoursel ves (plural}

we - ourselves they =themselves:

E;fCamples:

Atffi:st,1;he mother feeds-the baby. Then; whe_n the baby is_ older, it can lee(i. itself

- - -,

David often takes a taxi, but sometimes he driues himself:

Ex,erciseA

Finish the sentences, using each of these verbs· once,With thec-oi:rect reflexive pronoun. -hllrl I dress: I kill / clean I k.eap.. warm / teaeh I cut / look. after

J~~ciI, ~)~~I

Patricia is three, She can _

1

2

Bill lit the fire to :3

now.

4

Don't play with that-knife, Roo. You

Weare trying to _

Chinese.

5

will if'you're not careful.

6

IfyOl;l boys.fall, you will _

Don't worry, the children are old enough-

00 __

8

7

If be rides tbat mot6rbike as fastasthat, hewill

surely _

II Exerc~ise B

Do Exercise iO on. the cassette.

The cat -after every meal

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Quantifiers: a little/a ,few

II

l' ve got a little money,

UNCOUNTABLE

..

COUNTABLE,

,a few bottles

a little money

a little sugar

a ~i'ttle milk

There is a little water in the, .glass,

I There are only students ipthe elass, Whel::e ar,e the

others?

2 :There i:ii bread in thecupboard.but.most' efit has gone.

q Can I have , 'sugar in my coffee? 1 d:on't like it without,

4 We ate, sandwiches and-gave the rest to the-birds,

5 -There was snowon the groundthis morning. Winter is

corning.

'6 HCi! on:ly smoked cigarettes today, He's slo'.Vlygtvi'ng up.

7 I gave .the cat milk. It looked thirsty.

8 'There were people on the beach.although i t~was'vety

early,

{I I on:ly have __ ------' money in the bank, so I'm not having a holiday.

10 She's got friends, so she is not usually lonely.

__ -Exercise B

Do Exe:rcise .J 1 on. the cassette.

.a few .peeple

a{ew sweets

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·There area few biscuits on, the plate.

15xerciseA

Complete-the sentences with a few or a little.

Quantifiers: Both/all/none/neither. , .. nor

W2··,2··'·

" ---, - ..

Tom and Jerry both speak English.

~.'."""}-.';;;:;::::::;;n,

-~

Neither Tom. nor Jerry like(s.) fish,

Both Tom arid Jerry Iike.ice-eream.

AIl the children like Ice-cream.

POSr,I'IVE STATEMENTS

NEGATIVE STATEl\fENTS

Both. , . (and. .) (+ plural verb)

Two people

Neither. . . (nor, . .)

( + plural or singular verb)

Morethail two people

All

( + plural verb)

None'

( + plural onsingular veeb)

'.Examples.;

Tom and Jerry are friends.

Beth (oft)l_em) like jcec:(e~.,(Tbey like iee-cream.) Neither of them like(Ii) fish. (They don't like fish.)

Mr and Mrs Finn have five.ehildren.

All of them like ice-cream, (They Iike ice-cream.) Noru: of them like{s) fish. (They: don't like fish.)

Complete the dialogue with both,neither ,_ali or none,

Serge:

Which of these shirts do you like? The red one or the yellow· one?

Catherine: (1) of'fhem, I don't.Iikethe colours,

Well, lUkE! (2) o_fthern. (3) _

made of cottO:il. and 1 ptefer totwn_,

Catherine: Wha~ about this white one, and this grey one'?

Serge:

(4)

______ ofthese colours aresmart .

But 1 don't-want another smart; shirt. -(5)

.......- .. o.f:my

Serge:

shirts aresrnarf .. t6)' ofthem is casual. I need .. a

casual .shirt for the weekends,

Gq.tlierine: Well, (7) . ...... orthese shirts are expensive, 90 why

don't you get(S) of them? Then 'we'll

(9) be satisfied.

$erge:

OK. I'll buy (10), fOUI ofthe:m.

Catiierine: And whenyou wear the yellow one, I'Ll wear my sunglasses 1

~<..~.~c::R,

~.~~

None of the.children likets) fish.

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Quantifiers': a totot/tnucn/motw

a lot of timer not much time, notmanv minutes

NEGATIvE'

STATEMENT

a) Countables:

1 haven't ma;ny friends.

b) Uneountables:

I haven't gut much money.

a) Countables:

I've.got a lot of friends.

b) UnC(juntabie.s: rve.g;ot a lot of money .

Arthttr

John

Fred

Bill

DaVid

Micl,1ael

Exercise A

Janehasapl'oblem. She wants to get married, but doesn'tknow which manto choose. Fill the gaps with,:a,lqtot much or malty.

John's got (1) -ears, but he hasn't got

(2) patience.

David'sget (3) money, but he hasn't got (4) friends.

Michael hasn't got (5) money,hu t he's-got

(6) charm.

Arthur's (7) fun, but hehasn't got (B) sense

of'fashion.

Bill hasn'f got (9) clothes, hut.he's (10) fun.

Sya's got (11) style, but hehasrr't.got

(12) humour.

Fred hasn't got (13) style, but he's .got (14) luck.

Jane Is very lucky, beca use-all the men.love her and' wantto marry her

becauseshe's got (15) charm,

(IG) personalityand-Cl'I) nicefriends. But

she hasn't got (18)

______ money, so she hasn't got

(19) ., clothes, although she dresseswith,

(20) elegance:

'WlILCh man deyou.think.would be: the best.forher?

• Ex:e:t'cise B,

Do Exercise 12 on the cassette,

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Quantifiers: so/such

It's not so difficult.

The eBir was eoexpensioe thatTonycouldn't buy it. It was'such an-expensive. sxsr that Tony couldn't buy it.

H~ ran so quickly that, he won therace,

Th.ere were so many holes in his' shirt thathethrew it away.

SO is followed by an adjective (soexpensive) or an adverb (so quickly) or much. ! many

SlJCH 'isfdDowed bya(n) +adjectioe T noun (an-expenaive car),

Complete the letter, pu,tt.in,g in so or such.

c/Colom Barcelona

19th Mareh

D'earKay,

Bow are you? We" re hav"ing a wondez fu.L time here in Baz ce Lona , It'.5

(ll ____. a beautiful cif:y and the people are (2) ~ .fr·iendly.

The weath'er' bas been (3·} ___;· hot that we' te al're,ady quite hrown. The

si=re·ets aze very ·crc)\..,fded, though, 'l'he.r.e ,;we (4,) many. people that

.i1;:.'3. q.ifficult to cross the road, 'and the Spaniard$ drive (5) _

<quickly that I'm afraid we'll see an acciderit.

I love Spain, tpough. It <s C6)

______ an interestio'g country, with

(7) much t,o see. Our guide is (8) ~ harrdaome and has

(9)

______ a good. sense of humour that I never stop laughing: .. Be .say s my, ------ bad that. he is' gOihg::to give me private lessons

spanish is (10)

... In factr I'm thinkil'lg Qf· 'Staying in $cpain and gettin'g a job he1:;e,1

Ad;i.o:s !.

Love Claire

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Quantifiers: some/any

live ,g,ot some, Have you got any?

Would you 'like a cigarette?

NEGATIVE,

'QUESTION

STATEMENT

a) Plural nouns

I've got some ehocolates.

I'haven't, got ai?Y chocolates.

Have'Yo~ got any chocolates?

b) uncl)untable nouns. I need some meney;

I don't rieedahj money.

Do. you-need any money?

c) Sj~ngu]a'r nouns I'd like a cig,aJlette.

L wouldn't Iike c cigarette.

NOTE In questions where you, expect the answer.yes, we use some instead of any. Example.: Could, yO\! give ~e,SQm(: ad vice?

The.Smiths are going on holiday and are discussing what to take, Fill in -the gapsin their conversation,

Mr Smith: I doni,t need (1) sUnglasses,but-tm taking (2) books to

read.

Mrs.Smi:fA:You d~m't need (3) books. There \Vonlt be (4) .time toread,

~ut don't forget to take (5) shorts for the beach.

Mr Smith: Tlltakemy swimming costume,

Mrs Smith; 'You haven't got (6) . swimming.cestume.

Mr Smith: Oh yes. I must-buy one. Can.you give me (7) . money?

MrsBmUli: Thavea'tgot (8) money left. 1 bought (9) new clothes. this

mornmg;

MrBmlth: More elothes? Haven't you got (J,O)' from last year?

Mrs Smith: Yesofeourse, but Lneeded (11) sandals.and Clz) _. sun

dress.

M,.:Smith: Butyo1i'v~got(la) SUIl d.ressand(14) .sandalsl

MrsSmrth: But they.are last year's fashion.

Mt Smith: OK. OK. But have you put (15) $ports aocksm for me? If'Ltake my sandals,

I'll need (l6) sports socks,

Mrs'Btnith: Yes, hereyou are . .(17) . white ones and (18) . red ones.

Mr$m#h: .No blue. ones?

Mrs Smith: You haven't got (19) blue ones, Shall I buy (20) ?

Mr Smith: No, .dorrt bother. Two pairs are enoug_h.There;probablywon~t he (21) sun while we are there.

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Quan.tifiers: loo/enough

too much work and not enough money

Example:_

It's Uery hot in

the summer, Llike it.

It's too hot forme in the summer ... I hate itl

(Too expresses

a negative idea.)

Too ·and en,daghwithaajectives:

~

E~mples; (too + adjective) It's_loCi hot for me in ~he 5 ummer, The car is too ;expensivi! for me.

(not +cpposite adjective enough)

It's not: cool e;wugh for me in thesummer, The car is not cheap ~nCiugh for me.

Exercise A

Complete the sentences, using·too, .. _ . 01' not ..... enough and one of the adjectives from the list below.

ADJECTIVES.AND THEIR'OPPOSITRS:

hot 1= cool I cold expensive '* cheap fat't- near:

dark oF light high #' 19W .sweet *" sour

poor #' rich comfortable '* uncomfertable . difficult "* easy

Example; The wall is notlow enough for me, to jump. The wall is too high forme til jump.

1 London j:s.n't near enough for.me to visit, London is _

2 Marlinisn't rich enough to buy a Rells-Royce. Martin

_3 This chair is too uncomfortable for.me to sit on. This chair _

4 These apples aren'tsweet ~noug~for me too eat, These apples _

5 It's too dark to play football: It _

6 This exercise 'isn't difficult eno.ugb!This exercise _

______ for me tQ visit,

(not + enou,gh + noun)

*' There'-snot enough mitk in my tea,

#- There al'en.'tenoug7tpeople'at the party.

Too and enough with much / many (see Unit. 23):

Examples: (too + much + noun)

There's too much milk in my tea. There are too many people at the party.

ExerciseB

Completethesentences, using too much ,tOQ·ma.iiY OF enough. Examples: He eats too many c-akes. He doesn't eat enough fruit.

1 You drink beer. 2 You don't.drink

3 -She doesn't do homework. 4 Sbe spend!'! time watching television.

S There are children in the class. 6 There-aren't books for all of them.

7 El(lgland:has rain. _8 It doesn't get -'. sunshine,

______ W-ater.

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Quesfion$: indire_ct

I want to know wtiat time it is,

When we ask a question. we normafly put a verb before the- subject.

Ji)xamples: Where do you live? Wha.t is your name? Are you happy? Is it raining?

But when we ask an indirectquestion, we put the verb ~fter the subject, as in a norm al statement.

Examples: I would like to know where you live" Please tell me if you are happy.

We often use indirectquestions to be more polite. Here are some oliening phrases for indirect questions.

Can.you ten mewhat yow' name is? 'n kn , ThO' " 0 'g?

_, o'you _,', ow _'lt~ralmn.

Oan-you tell me ,. ,. Doyou know .. 0

.I'would liketo know,.. Please could you tell me'. 0

Could you'tel1 me ; . .

Exercise A

British police officers are usually friendly and happytoanswer your questiona. B.utof COUl'Se it-is bestto be polite!

Use the,t:!mases:given above to Change these people's questions into indirect questions,

Whe:n does thel:l~nkopen?

6 I would _

What time is it? I Could

-------------------------?

Where is thenearest post, office?

2'Do _

Can I cross'the road here?

7 Please _

-------------------------?

Are the pubs open?

3 Can , _

When do the shops .elose?

B,Do you -----

-----------------------_1

--------------_--------_1

Is there;3,-toilet nearhere?

4 PIe,ase _

Is €hi&: Oxford' Street? 9 Can

---------------------------?

Where can. I buy some stamps? 10 I would

------------------

How far.isjt to the station?

5 Could _

?

------------------------

• ExerciseB

Do Exercise 13 on the cassette.

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Questions: wh-

'What ls this?

Wlk questions begin.withquestion words Ilk,a What, When, Who, Whose, Why, Which,

Where, and How. - ,

QUESTION

VVhat iSYOUT name?

(verb) (s«bject)

Where are thechildren?

(verb) (s,uby'ect)

When is she coming?

(verb) (subject) (v!';!rb,)

The. verb comes before tbe:subject.

My name is Maria. (sUbject) (ue1·b)

Thechildren are in.the garden.

(subjeCt) (I:!erb)

She_I,seoming atB o'clock.

(subject) (verb)

The verb c_oinesafter the ~bj'fict.

Exercise-A

Write'.the questions,

1 VVhat 1

His uame is-Iuan,

_________________________ ?Th.e pyramids arein Egypt.

__________________________ ? AHlin was sick at the party.

______________ ? ram IeamingEnglishbecause of my job.

____________ 7 She is 20.

______________________ ? Ws my car.

2 ~ere
3 WOO
4 Why
-5 How old
6 Whose cal' PRE-SENTTENSE

PA8.TTENSE

Joan knew Mike. (s_ ab, 'jeet) (verb) ,(,Oble, ct), Joan ~who?

Who did .J~an know?

(object) (subjec"l)

a) Joan (subject) Joan Who does (object)

Joan (subject)

cp

knew NIlke:. (verb) (object)

knew Mike?

p)Joanktie:ws Mike. Csubjec:t) (ve.rb) {object)

qJknowa Mike?

Who knows Mike? (subject) (Verb) (object)

Mid knew Mike?

(subJect) {verb) (object)

Exe,rciseB

Write the questions.

Examples,: Who.arri.ved_at 7 o'clock?

Who -did. he $eeye$terday?

I Where: __;, ?

,2 Hew many books 1

3 Who !

,4 VVhen ?

5 Which car ?

6 What?

-------------------------

7 What?

'8 Whos~ pen?

IT] arrived at 7 o'clock. Hesaw [I]yesterday.

He went to [[] last week.

John bought m books last year. II] bought a new car Iastrnonth. Phyllis-went to ChIn/3.. rn

I like the. [TIcar.

IT] happened.

II] You want?

She took I?'sol pen,

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Questions: yes/no

Are you a student?

( NO.r.mP

Ye,;,itis.

Yes/no questions begin with a verb and exp.t;!ct the answeryes or no.

STATEMENT

QUE S1'IO N

Examples: Rhona is studying law. '/' Is Rhona studying tau;'? Yes, she is .

. Us wenr eo Hcng Eeng Iast.week. J( Did Les.go to Hong Kong last wi?ek?No, he didn't.

Are you-English?' Can she swim?

Is it raining?

Do you smoke? Will. they help me?

. Did we make a mistake?

No, I'm not. Yes, she can, NQ, it isn't. No, I don't:

Yes, they will . Y~s, we did,

You ere Englisb. She can swim. 1t is raining. YOll.smo.ke ..

They will help me. Weinade a mistake.

Exeroise A

Change these statements into questions.

1 Tony has gone to uni ver:sity. X

2 Phyllie likes 'her-new motorbike.?' :/ a Vanessa is going to work hard. . ./'

4- Robert will be two years old next, week. X

ExerciseB Writeihe questions.

Example; Meg I be I an artist?.; 1_ Bill / like / fruit? )(

2 It / rain I yesterd<;l.Y? ./

3 you I watch TV I this @vening? ,/ 4 Kerry I be-born I inEngland? X

,5 Ben I playfeotball I every Sunday? ,.I

'Si'mp

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?

?

Is Meg an. a.r:tist:? Yes, she is.

?

?

?

?

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Question tags

This is easy, isn't It?

Question tags are used to- cheek informatien.

YOW' name is,TOinoko,

. -'isn_;jjit'? ..

Yoti,ca;me,from Tokyo, do&ty'ou?

You haven't-been to tws scltouJ before; have yO"Q.?

p()sitivestatemenbwith n~gative tags e)i(pect.a positive answer.

NEGATIVE TAG

EXPECTED ANSWER

POSITIVE' STATEMENT

Yes, iiJis -. Yes, [am.

y' es, she does, Y~s, he did. Yes; we do.

It israining,

You are Spanish; ~he lives in London, Hewentto the-disco, YOu have.8 car;

isn'tit?

. aren't you? doesn't sJ?,e'? didn't he? don't you?

Negative.statements with positive- tags expect a negative answer.

EXPE.cTE:D ANSWER

NEGATIVE STATEMENT

POSITIVE TAG

is it?

are you? does she? did he? do you?

. No, it isn't. NO,l'm not. .No, she doesn't, No, he didn't. No.wedcn't,

It isn't raining, Yoii.aren't Spriish-,

She doesn't livein London, He didn't go to the_d:is.co,

. .

You don't ha veacan,

Apolice officeris.ehecldng information. about a-suspected tbief.·'Wrlte the. tags,

1 Y.ou're Bill.Grant, _

2 You have a house in Priory Park; _

3· YoU]_"wife~snameisMeg,,..... _

4. You Will be.fifty next year, _

5 You know this area. well, _

6.YOll don't-like police officers,,..... _

7 You went to the 'pub Iast night, _

8Y.ou, didn't go home 1 ast night,

9 You stole a white Rena ult car,

·10 Ytiti're-i1:et telling thetruth, _

------?

?
?
?
1
?
?
?
?
? Doyou think Bill Grant will give the expected

.~nsw~r:s·eveLy time? .

Yes, U. is.

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Relative ctauses: part A,; subject

I know a girl who plays football.

PEOPLE

Agirl plays.football. She lives UM_I me,

(Subject)

Agi1'l who lives near-me playsfootball.

1 know' a girl.- She plays football,

(Suqjeat)

I know a girl wtzo plays football.,

THINGS

The key is on the t~blfi1. It openathe door.

, (Subject)

The key which is on the. table opens the door, The ).{eythat is on t,hetable,CipenS the door.

This is the key, It ,opens the door,

(Su:bject)

This is the key-wHich opens the'door. This is the key thq.t opens-the door.

J bin these sentencesusing who, which OJ;' that.

Example: The men are-here. Theywantto.talk to you. The men wlio want to ttilktoyQU are here.

1 Thedrig is in the garden. rt is very dangerous,

The,d;og

2. J want to meet, the. girls. They did this work.

Iwarttto __

3 A person wanted to see me. Are yon the person?

Are you 4 Somebody has just telephoned, He Was interested in buying'ehe C<;U".

Soml?hody _

5 The train is on platform 4. It goes to.Birmingham, The tram

6 1 am.reading a book. It- is about the life: ofElvjs Presley. 1

"1 We saw a boy. He was standing on hishead.

VVe __

8 There lsthe bouse.Tt ~s for sale.

There _

is very-dangerous;

-----------------------------------------------------------------------1

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, SRaMSNv

the girl that I met today

Relative clauses: part B; object

PEOPLE

This.is the girl I met (Subject)

;,;:

her today.

<Object)

This istpegirlwhol met-tQilay. This is th~gi{J thatJmet today. This is the girll m¢t: ,to day .

THINGS

This "is the key. I found (Subject)

it. (ObjeCt)

This is the key which [found. 'This is the' key that I found. This is the key 1, found.

Write asiagle sentence to join the two short' sentences. Ifit is pcssfhle to do it without who, which .01: that, put the word in brackets ( ).

Exarivple: Hereal'€! the book$ .. You wanted them .. Here ate the boolts (which / tha:t) 'you waiited. 1 Whereare the apples? I bought them.

Where.are

The gid plays football. 1 met (Subject)

her today. (Object)

Thegi.::i·l who Imeft:oda.y·-playsJootbaU. Tl),e_ girl that Lmet today plays football. The girl I me.t: t.fJdily plays football

L I~

The- key opens the door. JJound (Subject)

it. (Object)

The key :which I found _opens the door. The key that [found opensthe door. The key I/bund:opens the door,

-------------------------------------------------------------------?

2 I am looking for the man. TJu; policearrested him.

I am loqking _

3 The book is missing. I bought.it yesterday.

The bOOK is missing,

4Tbe Tv programme is at 8 o'clock, Llike ib,

The TV programme is at 8 o'clock.

5 This is a photograph of the mall. I love him .

. TiUs~-------------------------------------------------------------- __

6 The compact dJ$c-~cost£12~ I bought it.

The compact disc ~. _

7 -This, is the' bus, Lhavebeen waiting for it fOT half an hour:

Tills ~ ..

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··W33

Responses: so do I/neither do I

".I like ice-creorn. I 'So do I.'

••

When someone makes astatement, you can agree bys;ayj:ng So, , . I orNeUher. . . I

(Oerb) (verb)

POSITIVE, STATEMENT

AGREEMENT

So am 1. So was 1. Sodal.

(NOT so liveI.) Sa does she. $0 have they. $0 will he.

POSITIVE STATEMENT

lam hungry,

Iwas here.yesterday, H!3 lives in Paris. They'll be angry.

Iamhungty.

1 was here yesterday. I live in a city.

He lioes in Paris. We've been to Rome. Slie'Ube angry.

,NE9ATIVE STATEMENT

AGREEMENT

I'm not hungry,

I wasn't here yesterday. I don'Hive ina city.

He doesn't. liue in Paris, We harJeJ~'t Qeerlt to .ijome. She WOil,'t be angry,

Neither anil. Neither Was 1. Neither do 1.

(Not Neither live 0 Neither does she. Neither have they. N~ither will he.

When someone makes a statement; you can disagree bysaying (B ut) I.. '. ,

DISAGREEMENT

I'm not.

I WU$n.'t. She doesn..'t-~ We won't.

NEGATIVE STATEMENT

DISAGREEMENT

fm not hungry.

I w.asn.'t here yesterday. He doesn't lwe inParis. They won't, be .angry,

lam. lwas. Redoes. We will,

Exerci~ecA

IVliIm makes-a .stateme_nt. Peter agrees, but.David.disagrees,

Example: " I'Iiveina big house. S~o;:;;.·,.;::;dp=L:...,_ _

My father has a big, car. S:;:;..- o;;.:_,.:_:h.=as=-, ;;_;;m;;;;;i.:_:n.e=-: _

1 ,1 can'tswim, a)
2 I have tW9 cats. a)
3 My siSte,f has a big dog. ael
4 I'm: rune years old. a)
5 I'll he ten next month. a)
6 I don't like girls, a)
7 My football is new. a)
. 8 I've cleaned my shoes . a)
9 I went to school today. a)
10 My mother 'doesn'tsmoke. a) IS Exercise 'B

Do Exercise 14 on the cassette,

'sa'op "'0:111\1 (Q'<lU'Jlll saop JatI'H"'N (6 OJ 'l,ITJIW, nq TPW -s (l1!6 '~,triM,aq:l(!:1 'I Mill{ ()S (a,s, '~;us; <iU!W(q 'i!UjU!S! O:S ee'L ~oP'I(q 1 op~.i.<Jll'll;:iNte9

But I don't;

But mine hasn't.

b) _

b) _

b) ___

b)_. _

b) _

b)

------------

b)

-------------

b) _

b)

-----------------------

b) _

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SlrnMSNV

Verbs: conditional J

"f

l, . ~ . ,j

Conditional! is used when things usuaZl,yhappen, or are likely to happen.

Exercise A

GENERAL CONDITIONS

Example: If you put .milk .into the fridge; it sttiys eold,

ipresent simple ) (present simple)

or; lyI:ilk s:tayscold' if you ptilii'finto th~- fridge,

Choose theeorrsct endings,

1 Water boils if _

2 Ifl am late for-work, ___,-

3 My teacher gets angry if _

4 IfI.feet tired, _

5 I don't.like-driving if

'6 If the weatheriscold,

E:s::erciseB

LIKELY CO~ITIONS

my boss gets very angry Lalwayswear a coat. ' I don't. do my homework the roads.are busy you heat it to 100ciC

I usually go to bedearly

Example; You ·wi:U.catch the bus if'you hurry;

. (jultJfe) (pre-sent tense)

or: lfy,o)1hwry; YQ.U wiUcatch the bus,

(present simple) (fitture)

Chocsethe correct endings.

1 Tfit rains, ;..' _

2 My teacher will be pleased if _

3 If'Lsrudyhard, _

·4 rn be.disappointed.if _

5 If you're-not busy this evening, _

6 The boys will-play football _

1 domy homework tonight will you come to the party?

I won't. go fora walk if-they havetime

1 don't pass my exams. my-EngliSh will impio'le

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'S'n~SNV'

W35

Verbs.~~ conditional 11

if lwere you , . ,

Conditional II is used for imaginary situations, .(,IT situations which-are notli'li:elyto happen, Examples:

Iftmet

(Pas t,·s imple) III married (01': 1 would. buy

a rich youngman, 1 would _marry him. (~iibttld + vetil)

him, I would buy a Iotofclothes,

a lot-of clothes .if I married him.

Exercise A

CQmple.te: the-following sentences,

harder, he ------- the' exam;

(pass)

to America ifshe enough money.

{have)

________ better-weather, mote tourists _' to visit.

Uiave)

(come)'

Co;tiditional_ll is also use~Hor giving advice; Example:

r--------~

If I were you. I'd

sell thatcar!

NH: In apoken English, some people-say

I was, he was-or she was.

I I we I you

he' I she I it I • they were..

If

Exercise B

Give advice to these people.

1 , ~atles~)

2 __

____________________ CSt9P smok,ing)

SMo'r(frlG 15

BAD

foR Yoll ,

3""",- _

_ ""'""'" (go to theden.tf.st)

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SlI:n1SNV

Verbs: future with going to

I am: going to sing,

STA'I'EMENT

QUESTION

SHORT ANSWER

Am Aren't

you

I

am 'm

am not ~mnot

Aren't, we they

Are

are

're t going to sing' , are no ~' .

You We

'Isn't

Theyar.en~t

He is

.She 's

is-not It isn't

I

be she

it

- - - -
Yes, I am.
No,. 'm not.
Yes)' you are.
NQ, we aren't;
they
Ye$, he
she IS.
No, it: isn't. ~aing to sing?

We use going to when we know what. is going to 'happen.or we ,think the other person.knows what is going to happen,

Exampie«:

Whal>:p:re,You go~ng,to dp?

rmgoingto pla,y the piano,

Exe.rciseA

What is going to happen? .1, She I read I a book _2 'They I watch J TV

3· He I not play t the drums

4 She I not.do I her.homework 5 l I do I my homework

6 You I do /your homework? 7 it I rain

8 It I not I rain 9 It / rain?

10 They I not. come ! to the party

II Exercise B

Do Exercise 15 on the cassette,

No, he i,m't,.He's.going to playt,he:'pia.n,o,.

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SU'aMSmr

IXJ37

Verbs: future with present continuous

I am leaving tomorrow.

ST:ATEMENT
1 am
'm
am not
_'mnot
You are'
're
We are-not coming.
They- aren't
He is
She 'so
is -ngt
It isn't QUESTION
Arb I
.Aren't
Are you
Aren't we
they coming?
Is he
Isn't she
it SHOR,T ANSWER
Yes, I am,
Nb, 'mnot,
Yes" you are.
No, we aren't
they
Yes', he is.
she
No, it 'isn't, We use the present continuous to talk a:bout the future when we have plans or arrangements.

Examples:

Sorry, I'm playing tennis' on Monday; b.ut I'm. not,doing anything enTuesday.

Write about-the following plans.

1 She I see I the bank manager at 3 o'clock, 2 He! have runnel' I at 8.30 pm,

3 You I fly I to Paris ItOIDOITO.W?

4 What time I they / 'leave London? 5_ We.f not play ;. golf I onSunday,

6 She I have i a party / next S_aturday.

7 I / meet j my girlfriend / at the cinema. S He I not come / to tea / tomorrow.

9 The new supermarket / open Ion 28th June. 10 I / p;ot-go I to-the dentist I until next year.

, I'm having tea: .wHhmycoRsiIi_on Tuesday. What. are you,d6ingoTh We-dnesday?

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Andy andAudrey,-J""ksoh: Ell!ln'mt.attG'·iin'mai' Worksneets Photocopy Mastctrs Op,..ntiC<l Hall Inte"".tio"_,,lllJK! Lt.d11l92_ All rights,-ese,rvad

W38

Verbs; future withpres,e,n/Simple

The plane leaves at 6 o'clock

does. rl.oest;l-'t.

'STATEMENT

QUESTION'

,SHORT ANSWER

1

D.c' YCiu

Don't we

they

I
Yes, you
No, we
the:y
Yes, he
she
No,. it I

You leave.

We don't leave,

They

do. doa't,

Leave?

He She It:

leaves. 'd~e~'t leave.

We use thepres~l/.t eimple for the future-when we-talk about timetables, programmes and schedules.

Exr;tmpl'e: - ,

( What ,"",,? .~

=:f'.A II'

We_leave tomorrow morning,

Anne and Mary have booked a holiday in Europe. Anne is telling her parents about it. Complete-the conversation.

Mr Smith: What;time

_______ the plane-

atg'.aOam and

_____ ? (lake off)

(land)i.n Paris at

Anne:

It _

10.30,.

MrSmith: Howmany days -you -iriPruis[ (spend)

A]~1l:€: Two. We're staying in a hotel on the Champs Elysees.Then: on Monday morning w.e

a train to Marseilles, (take) t;4,atjollIuey

?"(take)

Mrf$Sm.ith: How long _

OnJy fcur-hours. We

______ at 2.30 pm. (arrive)

Anne:

M I.·S 'smilh: What: about your lunch?

We'll buy scme.sandwiches, Th~ ticket ______ food..(not include)

Anne.:

MrSmith:: How long

Anne:

Four ,days. But-we _

in Marseilles? (have)

Oil d~y trips to Nice and St Tropez, (go)

______ you

,Mrs Smith: How lQve~'Y!

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S'a:!'lA1SNV

Verbs: tutut« with time clauses

./'/1 tell him when I see him.

These eonjunctionscan be used to refer ~O the-future; but. they are fallowed by a verb in the: present tense.

when

as soon. as: before by,the time themoment. until

I'll tell.him when 1 see him, I Whe-Ii I see bini, I1J ten him,

We'll start as·sQon ashe comes. I As soon as hecomes, we'll start. Hell -plion.(! before heleaves, / Before he leaves, he'll phone,

I t'1:1 be dark_QJl the time they arrive. I By the time th.ey am ve, it'll be dark. Th4i!-y'll do it th~ momeni fJ:rey ge~ here. / The moment they gethere, they'lldoit, She'll stay until it ends. (Don 1t start with until)

Exer.eise.A.

Link the two halves of the following. sentences.

i We'll go for a walk

2 Wlien the Sllmmer comes,

3 The te.rtoristwill be-arrested <4 The 'pume won't take off

5 Before he ends the class,

untiLthefog clears.

the.teacher will tell us theanswer, as soon as-itstepsraining,

it'llbe much warmer.

the moment he enters the country.

ExerciseD

Ill. the following sen tenses, choose thecorreet pairs of Verbs frerrrthe list: below and put them in the correct tense.

J My mother very pleased when I her.

2 As soon as I - ,scho.ol, I thearmy.

3 The meeting until they agreement.

4 By the time they here; We :r$"dy fot them.

5 Tlw.boss. beforethe shop _

getlbe leave/jam return/close continue/reach be/Vis.i:t

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SH:iI:M.SNV

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Verbs: future with will

I'll go , . ,

8TATEl\UlNT

come.

t

You We They

will 'll won't

He She It

QUESTION

I

you 'we they

come?

Will

he she it

PREDICTION

We use the future with will to express the following,

ID,:Scotland·lt will rain tomorrow. In the south of Engla.ndit wfll be. sunny,

QUIC.K DECISION

Bxample:

I think 1 I s~ay I in bed totJ1orto~.

1 I don't think she / go I to theparty. 2 The weather / be I sunny inJune, 3 You I help / me?

4 There I not be I enough water next summer. S I think L /go / to the bank.

6 He I pay I Y01;1 tomorrow,

7 I / have I ~<?uP_, please.

S The government says we I have / more money-next year:.

9 You I marry I me?

10 No.J / not lend ( you any money,

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.. .. S1IaM.SNV

S:aORX ANSWER

I you we th~y

will.

Yes,

No,

he she it

won't.

I thini: I'll stay in bed. tomorrow,

talking about the future

I'm not _

_ waah the car,

I'm _

_ clean the windows.

3 Let's tidy this . room.

My parents _

(cQmeJ at8 o'clock.

What time _

their tram _

.(arrive)

____ - (not be) back late.

(/inish) at 10 o'clock,

We The film

7

Look at flrose clouds, it _

he. _

the room that colour?

paint

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I get au aspirin for-you:

4 '"'What would you liM to -~J

1 _

have a Cup of tea, please,

6' DidYOD feed thec<j:t?

No.1 _

do it now.

8

We must come here tomorrow, The

Scroggs (play).

10

I

_____ (be)thirtyttext year!

"as-P.a!d 'u"<r:JJodnoll" a,urq It! V -l?"!.ll1'l tire-llJlat]'P'ilQp "Ul~ 'WJ.lM"liOU!:)~O R1B 2up::(I0;)

-W'll s:jua;md t!:w Ii - 'noil lO] ul-'!dslI UB 19~ (IT & 'SMOpU~

<I1{ltraal~-Olilu!OlhU:,I 'J1n aql tjSCM o~$Lqol'l,ou UrJ "J.

stra:MSNV·

Verbs:- gerunds anctinfiniJives

I enjoy studying. He, offered to help.

He like,s-,-playii\€' football. She eT!-Joys dancing.

They di,sUkejogging. We hate wri tin,g letters.

He:iQl)es cycling.

:1 don'tenJo.Y readi?lg magazines'.

'I'heteacher doesn't like marking homework,

Exercis,¢ A

.

Wrirea:sentence:Core;ach,ofthepidlu'es, Choose a verb from the Jist below:

cook / swim / play tennis / write-letters / play the piann / 'sing / watch TV

J:OHN (like)

SUE (like)

AHMED (hate)

MARY (enjoy)

E':mmpl,e:

John-likes fishing,

2

---------------

3

---------------

1

--------------_

SVEN (tooe)

YOKO {not like}

-4 _

5

----------------

6

-------------- __

7 .....

Some other verbs also have an -ing verb following themrstop / start / keep .I deny + -ing BUT:, thefcllewingverbstaks-ze +infiDitive: want fproInis,e / learn / expect / offer.

ExerciseS

Use the verb given to complete the sentence. wit? either to -iinfinitive or -ing (gerund). Example: Where did you learn to. do that? (do)

1 Youmust stop: It's bad ~(or you. (smoke)

2 When-do youexpect ..... your new car? (get)

S Myboyfiiend.keeps me to many him. (ash),

,4 He has offered .his sister with her work. (help)

5 .My husband promised the meal this evening. (cook)

6 The thief denied the old lady's handbag. (steal)

7 Nobodywants , this exercise. (do)

8 -T'h~ orchestra started when they walke_d iI:l-, (play)

:(Jlnm~ >~'<IPJ uyo,,1,i~·~i,)A:~1~ 01.l()i~tI)f11Id8 :6p:o~ L. ~U-f[g* ,9 :~pOI)Ol :S :clw':rQ.l· f 33u:pfs13 J; _ :~;;I)'! O~ '('I' : lfttplo1.US • I a

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S1UIA1SN:V

Verbs: have got

I've got,

STATEMENT

SHQRTANSWER

QUESTION

I yO.U we

ther

I yon we they

r You

have

've have-not haven't

Yes, No,

have. haven't:

Have

We They

got .... ?

he sh.e it

Yes, No,

he she it.

has. hasn't.

got., .

Has

He She

has has not

It ha r sn:t

Haveyou?

I've:go.~a headache.

H, ave they gO,' ~"" •. '." .",

a car? lli'!SM

foi? ~NO. th",

;tj L~ hav:en~t.·

Example»:

Has he got-a ticket? '

Yes,he has.

Exercise A Write out the following sentences in full.

E:tcu1tple.: Mr and lVl,rs Smith I notgot ! a car, Mr (l,rl:d Nli:f! Smith haven't got a Car.

1 How much money I Anne / .got?

2 What" I you I got / in your hand? 3 My.sister I got / three cats.

4: We I notgot I -much~.

Ii You Jgot J change fbl'.£5?

6 Our friends I n,otgot I a big house.

Bavegot means the same as have,

QUESTION

SHORT ANSwER

STATEMENT

I you we they

1 you we they

I You We -They

have. 've

do not have don't.have

do, don't:

Yes,. No,

Do'

1-----1------1 have .. S

does. doesn't ..

Yes,. No,

he she it

'5' has

doesn't have

he she it

H~ She It

·ExetciseB

Wr~te the first four sentences again, using have insteadoth.~ve got.

Example: .Mn and Mrs S~j_tb /. not have j a 'car Mr and Mrs Smi{hd:on'i: have Q,.car.

1 __

3 ___

2

---------------------------------

4 __

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SmIM'SNV

',rruI:! \j;JnIIl a.h.l!q:'l).roP~M of: 'Soic;> !l0l.tq1 setj_ JOI~S~S AJ.'II 1;. i.pueq:ll1OA'U1 "aJl,eq ilo.{ oP':).'e":t(M_ it, l~A(lq auuys~cipJ.:;)Uoill-rpnUI MOR 1 II

Verbs~·likeol would like?

I like oonclno. 11 dJiketo dance,

We use like to talk about generalthings.

I tcan be followed by a noun: I like pop ill usic,

ora verb with·ing: t bke dancing,

w~ use.wouldlike ('d like) to talk about things we want now. It can be fQilowed by a noun: T .would (I'd) like a cup of coffee,

or averb with to: 1 wqld(lWW like to dance.

ExereiseA,

Fill in the gaps :in these sentences with like(s) me would lii~e.

______ . to stay long-er, but I mnst.go home now.

~ football. He plays every week.

______ to speak to you. ______ another drink?

1 I
2 John
3' Maria
4 Who 5 Most English people

______ tea In t.he afternoon;

ExereiseB

Pu t the' verb in thecorrect form (to. . ... 01' ·i:ng) in the foUowing sentences;

1 My husband doesn't like tothecinema, :Reprefers-.TV. (go)

2 I would like you but I'm rather busy. (help)

3 Idon'tlike early on Sunday mornings. (get up),

4 This.government. weuld.Iike 5 Would you like

______ taxes,

to my'party?

(raise) (come)

=m 9 ''""lIH p, I PlTIOMp ':n[![ P<I P(!lONc £-"s:"'~H &' "~nl!lPi ) p-rn,OM t V

S1!tffi_MSNV

..

[gJ45

Veros: modal auxiliaries can/could

I can, ,I could.

'QUEST:f_;ON

STATElVJ;EN:f'

SHORT-ANSWER

I You We 'ibex :He '$:he, It

1 yOu we they he she it

r you w.e they he she it

Can

Yes,

can

can.

swim?'

can't

No,

Can"'" 1 know how to do' it, or it is.possiblefer metoda it.

Example: Gan ,YOll,Sw:ini?Y-es, I can.Canyoti ski? No, Tean't. Youcan't dive in here.

Exercise A

Write statements with can otcanjt.

1 They .dance.

2 He

_____ ski,

a

Exercise B

The pas.t tense of 6i!Ln_/ oan 't is: eQuld I couldn. 't. Complete these sentences,

1 Last year they dance.

3 Last year-she _

2~ Last year he _

We also use biUt or coiJld for makingrequests, (Could, i'l> very poJi,te;~) Example:

(~X:lTl C" "" Couid you help

m ~e,p~.?

, ,

,

, f::;',

Can Tuse ycur phone?

~~'

ExerciseC

Wrj~ requests using can orcoul,d,

I. Y01:l want to read som eone's newspaper, .2 You want a, friend t(l ,post a let:l;f)r :fO.T yOU .. a You want.someone topassthe salt.

4 You want to watch TV.

l,..<lS'B<lJd' A.Lq~~1l' Nt. IP loo;jJlteO " '(, ilS'B<J]d !q re s i1l.j~ .

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SIrnMSNV

Verbs: modal auxiliaries with have to/nov« golfo

·6

I _

II

STATEMENT QUESTION SHORT_ANSWER
I have to J
You ge, Do you go? Yes, you. do.
W~ don'thave to Don't we No, we don't.
They come, they have tQ come? they
FIe DO.Bs he Yes he does.
-hasto she work? . , she
She work, Doesn't No, doesn't,
It doesn't have :to it it
r bavegotto I I
Yall "'vegatta go. Have you gti? Yes, yo;U have,
We baven't to Haven't we No, we. haven't
They c<?-ffie they gotto come? they
He has .gotto be he
She 's got to work. Has She work? Yes, she has.
It hasn't get to Hasn't it No, it hasn't. Have.got- to and have _te mean ·it. is necessary, usually because of annther.authori ty, The negatives (don't Iuuieto I hi::weii'f; got it) mean it is notnecessary, (See:Wol'kslieet 4,8 on must / mustl1/t).

EXercise A

I don't bave.to go I;() bed-yet.

John is a shep assistant.

Sally is ~ teacher.

Whatd(johey have to-do?"

Example: SrtIZ:Y has togo to university..! go t6 tmiver:sijzy

X John doesn't .have to go to university.

1 --------------X wOT:konSatin·da.ys:.j

2 .1 mark homework

a . .1 write reports

4 X serve, customers

5, 'take money

.. E~erciseB

Do Exercise 16 on the .G:8ssette ...

. !9UQ1,!J9'ljB!I_(011nN-ff,1 D1'SU1jUl[0!" ·iauDW al[a-f (t>I'ldP1,U&O~fl (l1 <l11l?lf7,ilriop i{'rresS' ·il.l'aUlO~SnO ;).l\ja.~(O) 103 ~.l·Oj s-m{'t!'qor-·s"auriJ;ls~ <l1l4"~ (011ofj.~.-Us-t)1{JO'J-af!m[c1,1Js"ap ..:U~s: 1>" ·spodeT'<Jl!.IM (01 ~D-al;us-»m-01 I1(LtXIJ};WarJP trr{0j'-

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·S~SNV

Verbs: modal auxiliaries with may/might

We .moydo that,

might. (not)

go, come', work.

I!You WelThey Helshe/It

.may (not)

We use may.or migh,J w hen we think sometbingds possible.

M4Y is often more,possibie than might.' .

Examples: What are .yougoing to do thi.saftetno'on? We don't know yet. We mai watch a vide-o.

We might not like this video. No, this one-might be better.

Exercise A

Write sentence-s with may (not) andmight (not) for the following situations,

2

GO BY TAXI?

a)It _

b)

a)'They b)

3

4

.PEAOE IN THE WORLD?

ANOTI:IER WAR'!

_~_) There ~ _

.ti)

a) She ~

b)

Exercise.B

Mayl ... ?ni:earis Is itOKifl. .?

Exct1riplec May' I use.yourperi? Yes, here-you are. Ask:

1 You waritto-read.someene's n-ew-spaper. 2 YOtl want tq open a window,

3, You want to turnon the TV.

------------------------?

---------------- 7

---------------------~?

·ltAJ. ~1fIUG·UJ:rl'l I ,{'BW S ,;,.MO;pu~13cuado I At/Jill -g' t'.lal:iTfldS.Mcau .lTI(jA-p¥a.l<r ili_w T H

. ";:p0lI.\amcn:r JaJ;j

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Verbs: modal auxiliaries with must/mustn 't/needn 't

We mustdo this.

I
You go.
We -mus;t
They must not werk,
He mustn't
She be ...
It I don't need to
You need not. go.
We needn't
They work.
He doesn't need to
She need not be ...
It needn't Must or mU3tn~t means it is necessary. Needn't xuesxss i is not-necessruy.

Authority:

You must drive on-the left in England, Yon mustnot drive on the right.

You-must take this medicine. You'needn't stay in bed.

You mustn't walk on-the grass. You needn't go home yet.

Exercise A

Use must / mustn't I needn't. 1

2

you _

Yon - be late for school.

______ when you go to England.

3

4

You change your English money

when you go tp Scotland.

You smoke in, the class-room.

Personal opini(,-n:

Examples z We must hurry or we'll be late. _ I mustn't make any mistakes.

You needn't dean the window; I did.i t yesterday.

ExerciseB

Use must / mustn'i] needn't. 1

2

3

You take an umbrella. I go to the bank.

I

______ be late.

'rooq:JS .lOJ 3::jSj

aq 1.Ulsnm no A & 'ptrnI1'ua oq. 02 no.(' uaqll\ ~od $'e'd e <Jh'sq: ~S(lW: nOA 1 V

S'IDL\\SNV

. 3::js l aq ~,1ll snuq I; 'l{01l,q ,aq~ ~ 02 1= I (; 'au~~qmn U13 a1jll1~I.JIpaau noX r H:

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Verbs: modd/:Quxiliaries "wifhshou/d

We should do that.

should should not shouldn't

LYou We!Th~y He/SbelIt

'We use' shottW w hen ~t is 'a;good thingto do.

. .

Wealsouse 'it to give advice,

-We use'should not'or$li6uldn'twhen.iti~ a: bad,thingtQ do;

go. come. work.

Examplee: You shollildn 't bite-your finger nails! You should study hard and go to university,

Exercise A

Change these ordersinto advice. Emmples: Write to' your mother! Don't put your feet on thetable!

1 I t's a nice day .. Don't stay inthe house! 2 Go for a walk!

3, Visit your aunt!

4 Respect older-people!

5 Don't watch TV all day!

You shou.td umte. ta your mother.

You shou'ldn't- pU,t YOrtr feet on the table.

Exeneise B

Now-use should or s!iouldri'tto,give advice to these people.

SMOKING

KILLS'

fJ

'1 She eat So much,

2 He ; _

~~ .. ~.' .... :':

, .

, .~

, '(

-r-..m&:_. _

to the; p'blice ..

.rTfley .-- __

3 He tot-he dentist.

« He- _

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SH:!W:SNV

Verbs:pOS$;VB, past simple:

~50

We were understood.

STATEMENT'

was was not wasn't

I

You were

understood,

We were not

.They weren't (past

I-""IJ---:",.;"-. ___,I-------i participle). u'" was

'She was, not

It wasn't

The,passive tensei$ need:

a 1 if the su~ject is not known.

QUESTION

Were

I

Was

you

. understood?

we ( t

they P(lS

I-----+""'h-e-=-I parnciple)'

she

it,

Was

SHORT ANSWER

I

was. was not. wasn't,

you we they

were . were net, weren't.

Yes, No,

fie she it

was. was not. wasn't.

Exa'mpIe ,: SQI1J¢pne stole m.y bicYcle yesterday. (AC'J'NE) (subject) /(object)

My bicYole was stolen yesterday. (PASSIVE)

or: b) iithe -qbje:ct is moreimportant than the subject,

Example: Fire destroyed the Smiths' house last week. (;ACTIVE). . / (o_bjectl.

The Smiths'ho~e was dj?strQyed.byfue last week, (PASSIVE)

Exercise A

Change-these sentences from acti va to passive. 1 Bombs killed many people during the war. 2 Someene-madethis car in Japan.

3 the gardener. didn't~utthe grass thismorning,

4 The teacher didn't- correct the. exam papers last night. '5 Did so:Qie:OI):e invite-the Queen to the wedding?

II Exercise B

Do Exermse-17 onuhe cassette,

JltITPpah\ ;)1:n o~ 'Pil1~hU! tTa(mb'~lI!lllom ,$~qNno.~,11S1Wi. sS"ie'~ attLs 'ue\lIlf UrapIlUl ;r1[J~'IlM' 'g .qjJ!ul''S'lIl-papa.I':[()~,'1,!;l'<l.;1all\·S"ladIld.UlllX<l 1'llrJ, t Sl1M .Ir3':)SJqJ, B ·:Z;Il~<lq'l:~P pI'lnPI a,za: ... , "Iaoad ;(uvw: -1 V

SH[![M.SNV

-'"'

Verbs: passive, present simple-

We are understood:

STATEMENT

aID 'm

.am not

Are

QUESTION

Am

I

understood? Cpa/st. I----+-----lpart'ieiple)

yon we they

he she it

- or b) if the object is more important than the sQbject:

SHORT ANSWER

r

Yon We They

Yes, r am.
No, amnot,
Ye-s, you are.
No; we aren't.
they
Yes; he is.
she
No, it isn't. _l;~OOJSS~!:) ,HfltH ~aJ\l.oU1fljju!',l[OIlls.SJ: 9 - ',!Zli1Jg II! ll&oJ:llSlaan.DO 'f'

Example: Someone repairs my car in that gara.ge. (ACTIVE) (SU~Object)

My c-ar is repaired. in that garage. (PASSIVE)

Example: Every year the manager-invites the prince

to the.exhibition, ...-------- (qbj~ct) . (ACl'NE)

Every y~-arthe prince is intJ#ed to the exhibition

(by the manager), (PASSIVE)

Change thesesenteneeafrem aetive.te passive. 1 People speak Ehglishall over the-world.

2 Does the gardener water the flowers everyday? -3 rmsQrrybut we don't .. accept credit cards here, 4 People grow coffee in Brazil.

_5 Does the teacher allew-srnoking in theclassroom? _

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. . SlIaMB.NV

are 're

are not understood,

.aren't(past

I----H ...... e-+-i:s--:---:I participle)

She -'s

'It' 's not, isn'_1;-

The passioe tense is used:

a) iftbe subject is not known:

Verbs: past continuous

1 wos sleeping,

STATEMENT

QUESTION

waS wasn't

I

r

Was Wasn't

reading?

You We They

Were Weren't

Were weren't

reading.

He Sh!'J It

Was Wasn't

was wasn't

SRORTANSWER

I

was. wasn't.

you we t.hey

you Wi? ~hey

Yes; -No,

were. weren't.

he she it

he. she it

was .. wasn't.

Weuse the past aohtiriuoUS tense;to describe what was happening at a particular time.

Saturda.yafternoon

MrsSmirh was cleaningthe bedroom ..

MrSmithwas washing the dishes.

Tll(H:iilldren were watcningTV.

Look at:the picture and answer tlie following questions.

&up:nplfj; What Was tbedqg-doingat3 prof 1 WhatW8.B Mrs Smith doing-at 3.pm'?

2 Wa'sMrSmith sleeping at3 pm?

3 Wliere was the dog lying at 3a,m:?

:4 What wasthe tat doing at 3 am?

5 Were the childrensleeping at3 am?

6 What were 1)[r 'and Mrs Smi th doing at 3 am? 7 Was'tbe cat sleeping at·Sani?

8 What were the children doing at,3 pm? 9 Was the cat chasing the. dog at 3 pm?

10 'What was Mrs Smith cleaning?

Satnrd.ay night

Mr and Mrs Smith were sleeping ..

The children were.sleeping,

·W oo.rpa q a lp- .:3U!1.r(11l[O s!l'~·~qS ql ·~itisl#"A ~fo N 6 ·AJi.gU!tPW~ <liaN. lL<I'tL 8

. '. I

~B-B

The cat was chasmga mouse.

The d.ogwa.sJyillg on the floor.

It wa;s chasing the cat.

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S1:mA\SNV

9

Verbs: pasfhabifua/

I used to playfootbOiill.

She used to dance, but new.she plays golf.

We u.sed to do.somethingregular(y in the past, but we don't do. it now.

He used.to play football but now "he likes. to watch it.

ExerciseA

Lookatbhesepictures and write a sentence about each, using the words given.

, :-..

A~';)~ ~ .

. ~~

.

,

, _~ /""r7h ~~%/~-:/r

tide a motorbike I but now I driveacar 1 John

," "'~

~J..c~J) ,If,'"

,~ i1\\l~~( - '< 1ft:.

work ina bank I but now / teach

'3 She _

be veryslim I hut now I eattoo much

,5 He _

,a Exercise B.

Do Exercise 18 on the cassette,

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- . S1I:!IM.SNV

play tennis I but now } read books.

2 Mary _

live in Faris} but now I live in Rome

41 _

smoke heavily / but now I go jogging

6 They _

~54

I came, he went,

Verbs: past,simple with irregular verbs

STAJ'E ME NT
I got up, 1
wokeup.
You had. .. You
We went. We
drank.
The,Y ate. Tliey
left.
He, tame. He
Sbe. .read. Sbe
It wrote. n getup. wakeup. have •.. go., drink, eat, Ieeve, come. read. write.

didn't

Mr and M..l's Smith, got up.

The children got up.

Mr Sm,ith had his breakfast and then drove to ·worle.

The children ran to school. They didn't go by car.

M.rsSmi~h went L> work,

Mt Smith. drank.a cup of coffee. Tltechilclren didn't drink.anything.

Mr.Smith ate his sandwiches at the office.

we

Did they

Didn't

J

she it

I .you we

get 'up? wake-up? have? gQ? drink? eat? 1~~ve1 e.ome? read? write?

Yes, No, didn:t

th~y did. he

he sheit

The children leJt school,

The Smith family had dinner.

The-children went to bed.

M:J; Smith .read th€l newspaper.

MJ:;s Smith wrote a letter,

Mr-and Mrs Smith went to bed.

What dit;1tlw,S~tl;:Lfamily do today? Fill in the blanks,

Mr Smith: I at 7 o'clock and my breakfast' a~8.30and then , _

work, AtlO,.,30J - a eup of coffee. At 12 Q'clock my sandwiches. In the

to

eveniagI my newspaper and to bedatLl.

My wife, at 7 o'clock and at 9 o'clock to work. She _

____ at 4 o'clock and at 6 o'clack we ., dinner. ,a. letter at 10 o'cloek

and to [Jed at, the s:a..m.€! time as me. Th~childr~n at 8 o'cloek, They -'

tnschoo] at'8A5. didn't _. by car. They, school at 4 and dinner With

us at 6 o'clock. Then at 9 o'Clock to bed.

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S1I~SNV

Verbs:pasf simple with regular \lerbs:

I listened, he- talked,

STATEMENT

I You We They He She It

Jis~ene,d, didn't listen.

QUESTION

I you we. they he she .-it

listen,?

,At 8 ,151he children washed their hands and faces,

Did DidIi~t

SHORT ANSWER

.

I you we _they he, she 'it

Yes, No,

,.dM. diqn:;t

A:t9 o'clock Mr Smith- arrived at the office.

At. W o'clock the Children play¢d with their friends.

At 12.30 :MI- Smith walked to 'the pub for llll'ich. He didn't stay in the office.

1 MrsBmtth: ' you

Famtly: ''Ye-s, _

II Exercise B

Do Exe:n;:ise J9 on ,the:'Casse.tte.,

4. Mr:sSm{th: 'Who theca:r'?'

-,

Family;' _

The,past $-imple tense is used for regular actions in the past, or single_ actions, What .did -the Smith family. do. ye-sterday?

At 3:,30 the children finished school.

118~ls 'II II-~:nD II

At 7 o'clock Mi- Smith cleaned the car.

At 8,'30 the children cleaned their teeth', Theyaiddtbrush theirhair.

At.10 o'clock MrBmithtaIked to his wife:.

Exe .. eise A

Mrs Smith work~Q_ at ,th~ hospital all day, When abe arrived home she, asked the family some questions. Fill in the blanks in tile conversations below.

ycurhande and.faces tJil-.n:ilOrning?'

2 Mrs Smith; fWb:at .you dQ at school?'

Fq.mity: 'We-witb our friends.'

S Mrs Srnith: < ~you in-the.offioe for lunch?'

Fa;mily: 'No, I 1- to the pub:

5 Mrs Smith: ' thechildren ~,th.-eir '(;ee'th·and --'-. their,hair?'

Family: 'Th.ey their t-eeth but their hair,'

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. SU:3:MSNV

Verbs,: p,asf's.imple orpasf continuous?

I was reading when she came,

We use the past simple tense' for completed. actions

We use: the p,ust continuous tense for actions which weren'tcompleted,

While be was eating breakfast the phone rang, He got up and answered it. .

Whiletl-tey wereplaying football it pegqn to.rain,

WhenbegQt'up,

the sun wa.s shining.

Make complete sentences fOl· the following pictures.

1 ,Jack l'walk/ down the street/when I see lanaccid(mt. He /go Ito a phone; box land I cal] l'tnep(:l]ice ..

2 WhileMrand Mrs Smith /wateh/TV, a burglarZeome Zinto the room I and/ steal/their money.

_~ A ,£

• II .. ", ' . Iff; ,

3 John I work / in his room I when /hear ! a noise. He 19o I outside I and / see I his dog. It.z.chase ls: cat.

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S:rrs.M.S;NV

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Verbs: phrasal verbs I: look .... Look it L1P!

A phrasal verbis a verb + prepcaitionis) where the pL'ep6sition:(s)ch,~uigesthe meaning of theoriginal verb.

VERB

'f- PREPOSITION

PHRASAL VERB

look UP.

look round

___ m !f#J1J[ I _~

W~ .. ~,

Iook over

look round

(a museum) (visit)

look over (his work) (check)

More phrasal verbs with look

look lifter (take.care of)

Completethese sentences with one of'the phrasal verbs above.

Iook for (try to find)

1 The policeman the thief'shag,

look forward to (expect with pleasure )

VEI;lB

+ PREPOSITION

look down

look through

2 If you don't know the word you must it _. in the dictionary.

PHRASAL VERB

look'through

(his suitcase) CexamilUl)

<j>'O

.

.

.

3 Mary our dog when we went on holiday.

4 You should not people who are less intelligent than you.

5 Have you seen my pen? I've it. everywhere,

6: Would you like to our new house?

7 I'm thesummer holidays,

8 . Now youshould these se-ntences to "find any mistakes.

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Verbs: phro_saJ verbs ll:-puf..

Put it out!

The vel'bput in.itsoriginal mean"jng, needs a preposition or particle-to teJI us where, We never use put units OWn, arid weean ~Jl question with where?,

I never wear this jacket - where shall Lput it?

Whel'eShallJ put: the car?

In the garage:~, - _ _, ,,'

. . ~.;

. : c·.' , ..

Semetimes the preposition-or partfcle can change the meaningof'the original verb. Then-we cannot ask the-question w.here?

There is "sometirries _aDothei,smgle'vetb wi th the samemeaning,

ExereiseA

Use the dictionary tOllud the meaning of the words or)therigltt,and,thenlink. them to the correct sentence.

1 Thefiremenput the-fire out with water,

2 'I'heyhad to putoff'the football rnateh because it was raining. 3 Lam putting aside ft'littleeve:t'Y)TIonthioT!llyholiday.-

4 The horse was so badly injuredthat.they had to put it down. 5- When I stopped smoking I started toput'on weight ..

({nereas.e) (exti1J.guish) . (postpone) (,Sllve)

(kill}

EXierciSeB

Choose -oneoftbe phrasal verbs in. ExereiseA to eompleteeaehcf'these sentences,

1 The dog was very old. so John hid it _

2 Thi$f dress is very-tight, Lhave . i:l,t least three kilos.

3 .If you can do it today, don't it until tomorrow.

4 Never t-ryto an-electrical fire with water.

S lie is _

______ 10.% of his, $ alary for a pension.

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saaM,SNV

t:;' E:

Foo'

'F-

-

-E:

-

Verbs:phrasctl verbs 11/: General

Look offer the children.

Look at these phrasal verbs ..

1

2

3

4

look after

take off

Iie 'down

switch on,

6

8

break down

hang up

get into

9

.10

n

12

blowup

sit down;

get.up

be-in

N6w use them again' insentences, Make sure you use the correcttense.

1, He wasso tired a.fterthe football game that he

_____ --;, for a rest.

2 She will be late - she hasn't her make-up 'yet.

3 1 fee) rath€!r i.Jl- I must ~ _

4 The weather is too bad for 1;1i8 planestn . _

:5 I droppedmy wallet' asI was ..... the taxi,

on .this chair for a minute.

6 I'm aflralfi MrJones " not at the moment - can you call again?

7 MI' Smith always hiscoaton the hook before he sits down.

S Can you help.me totheae balloons for-the party?

'9 My cousin ,my dogs for me while I was on holiday.

10 My car has five times this winter,

11· I neverenjoy, ver~l early in the: moming,

12 Qui<;lc - the radio ;...' ,.1 want to bear the news!

_. , " , _. ·U?' ' "J;(011Ms ;J. ~du';8~1a3 n:UMOp Ui'll-jO..lq :or

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SR~SNV'

~60

Verbs: present continuous

is, isn't,

STATEMENT

'Q,UESTION

SHORT ANSWER

Am

I

am

'm ;mlwt

,am.

'm not.

I

I

ate

"re -are not ire not

You We They

Are

YElS,

you we they

'are, ,aren't.

you ·we t1iey

going?

going.

is

's

is' not isn't 'snot

Nq,

.he 'she, it

he she it

He She it,

Is

The present [!pn,tinu,ous tel'1.Se'talks about.what is happening now. Look a tthe picture; It's 3 o'clock on Sundayafternoon.

The children are playing: with a'ball.

The fish is swimming,

Grandad is sleeping.

The dog is Chasing the .. cat.

Exampl,es: What t8the fish doing?

Is the fish swimming?

i Wlia:t is Mt:s 'Smith, doing?

2 Is Grandad rt:!ading?

3, Wh::ttU;_thacat doing?'

4 Is the dog sleepin.g?··

5 What are the children playing with? 6 What is the dog doing?

7 Wh:atis Mr Smith doing?

8 Are Mrs Smith and Grandad working? 9 Is' Mr Srriithworking?

10 Are you workmg?!

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. SlIUSNV

~61

Verbs: present perfect continuous

I have been working.

STATEMENT

I You

have'

've ha",enot haven't,

'QUESTION

'Have

I you we they

He' has. She "s

It has not hasn't

We They I-----jf------j been working,

be she it

'Exercise A

Why is abe crying?

She's been chopping onions.

Why is the Smith familytired? 1

Has

'SHORTANSWER

II

F;xerciS'~ B

DoExercise 20 onthe cassette.

I yon we th.ey

Yes, No,

have. haven't.:

he 'she it

Yes, No,

has; hasn't

Thepresentperfect continuous tenseJooks'inthe present at.an action whichstarted in the pastand may .havsfinished or may-becontinuingi

I'm.tired.J'se been pqinting this room allday,

llt

Mr Smith , . (drive)

'Mr.s Smith, ....,. _

3

They're: fed up. They'1)e been. waiting for the bus for SO minutes,

4

The dog ~. (chase) the cat.

The children ,' (play) football,

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Verbs:' present perfect simple

I haveseen.

STATEMENT

QUESTION

SHORT ANSWER

Have

I you we they

He She It

have'

've have-not

haven't- seen ... 1-----+-----1 (past

has pa,rtidj:Jle)

's

has not hasn't

I You We They

I you we

they

have. haven't,

Yes •. No,

-? seen, .. '

(past p'arH:e-iple)

he she it

he she it

has. hasn't.

He's cleaned the car,

She's finished her homework.

They've eaten a Chinese meal.

Fill inthe blanks.

1 What have they done? ___ ----a: film. (see)

3 What 'she done?

________ .aletter, (write)

5 What's he done?

________ the windows. (clean)

2 What, he- done?

____ the dishes. (1,I)a$h)

- I?.(?,"""1.:~~~~

4 Whai's _

the milk. (drink)

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Sll'JlA\SlNV

6 What have-they dene?

the windowl Cbrea-k)

:1 :1

1

Yes,

verbs~·'present'perfect or past ,simple?

Ha veyou ever been to Pads? (thereJ iJ1.1987)

Yes, Thave, Twentt.here i.n 1987.

Have yeu ever eaten snails? (

No.1 haven;t.' ,

'Haveyoueverseen a pen,gum? (one lin

London Zoo} .

Ye;s, I have. I sa_wone in .London Zoo,

We use the presentper(eet te nse to talk about our experience, We use the past simple tense when we say when,

Make a question and answer as in the examples above,

1 climb a high mountain (one! when I was at school)

--------------------------------?

2 swim in the Medite,rranean. Cinit/la,st year)' '?

---------------------------------

3 catch a fish (one/last Sunday afternoon)

---------------------------------?

4 work in a hospital (in onel as a student) ?

5 play baseball (

------------------------------_7

6 win a lot of money (a lothn 1977)

--------------------------------?

7 drink whisl~:y (some/yesterd ay evening)

~-----------------------------?

8 ride a.motorbike (one/whenI wasonholiday)

~----------------------------~?

9 shoot an animal ( )

?

--------------------------------~,.

10 go skiing' (last ¢.hrlstmas)

----------------------------------?

n paint a picture (oDel at primary sohool)

__________________________________ 1

12, sleep in.a tent (in one/lest summer)

------------------------------_1

Yes,

I have done/ I did

Examples:

Yes,

Yes,

YI.';lS,

Yes,

No_.

Yes,

Yes,.

Yes.

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Verbs: present simple

I sleep/ he sleeps

QUESTION

SHORT ANSWER

STATEMENT

NEGATIVE

I you we they

Do

Yes,- I
YQU do.
we
No, they don't,
Yes, he does.
she
No, it doesn't, I ):"ou We 'l'he_y

I You

.. -.

We The.y

sleep.

don't .

sleep.

1----+-----1 sleep?

be Does she it

He -She It

sleeps,

He She rt

doesn't

Thepr-esentsimple tenseis used to describe things we do reglli:=JI1y, every day.

Whl,lt do the Smith family do every day?

At 7 o'clock Mr 'Smith gets up,

Mr Smith reads the newspaper, The children go to bedat 9 o'clock,

The children finish school.

Mr Smith doesn'tflnish work,

At, 8, 30 lVIr Smith_ goes to work,

At'8 o'clock: thechildren get up.

At 10,30 am MrSmith drinks coffee, The children.don't drink coffee; they play.

Use.thedragramahove to anawerthess questions. 1: Whatd:oes'Mr Smith do at 7 o'clock?

,2 Do the children get -q,p at 7 o'clock?

3 What dees Mr E;,mlth daatS.SO am?

4 Do the children drink coffee at'IO.30am? 5 What do the childrendo at 10.30 am?

G Do the-children go home for lunch?

7 Does Mr.Smith 'finish work 'at 3,30 _pm? 8 What does Mr Smjth do in theeveaing? 9 When'~9theChlldren'go to h,ed?

10 Does MrSmith go to bed atll o'clock?

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SHaM.SNV

65

Verbs: to be

• ~ I

It Is ...

10m,

STAT~T

QUESTION snORT ANSWER
Am r ? Yes, I am.
hen~t No, 'mnot -,
-- -- -- 'Yes,
Are you you .are,
Aren't we ? No, we ;aren't:
they they
Is be Yes', he is:
'IsB~t she ? No, she isn't.
it it I

am .

'm .

am not , ..

You are .. ,

We; 're.;.

They aren't, ..

He is, .

She· 's .

It isn't .•.

E,x~r.cis~ A TQ Q"€ + ADJ~CTlVE. Jixa~ple: Be is\ingr,y! Complete the sentences choosing from the' adjectives given below.

cold

rich

strong

beaatiful

tired

happy

1 She __ . _

'it . "~(~~'

3 it _. _?

2 They

~.--- ----

~11

'5 He ._

.~

6, I

4 We_· .. __ .

BxeroiseB

To be + NOUN 'Example: She. isa nurss,

a police 'officer

a champion

fontballers

singers

'a student

a painter

vL -.~.

1 They . .2 She __ .. _. _

8 _ you_ .. __ . 1

~~

6 We _

4" It ,5,

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An<ly and Aodn\y Jackson:.Ele meneary Gram mar -Worksheet. i>b"""""py M ... tees (I pt"nti"" Han .Inr.e;,nationnl (OK) Ltd 1992: AI! rig_hts ",..,rved

Verbs: reported spee-ch

~66

He said he would come.

If the sp-eakin$ verb is in the past tense,' all th e verbs w hieh follow it mustbe irr apasttense,

.mnecr SPEECH

REPORTED SPEECH

SPEAKING VERBS.

.am I is I .are do! does hay~_done

did

Will dd

hes-aid

hetald him they explained weasker:f,

I replied

eWe can use that after the speaking verb, put we often leave it out.I

was'

did hasdone had-done would do

Exa,mple.s:

'I amgoing home', said Maria. (say) Maria said she uias going home;

'Ankara is in Turkey'. my teacher 'said, (tell) My teacher told me that An:kara was in Turkey, 'Is it raining?' she asked. (ask) She'asked ifit was )'ain,ing,

Exercise A

Read this dialogue and change it into reported speech, n Be he I she" hint / her after the first two -sentences. Example: M aria: I'm having a party this evening, Jose. (telf)

Maria told Jose that she lJ)as?wuing a party that evening.

1 Jose: Where are you.havingit? lask)

'2 Maria: It's at the Youth Clnb, Can you come? (reply/ask)

-3J 08e~ Yes, r can, but I don't know where it is, (say)

4 Maria: It's ne-n',tb the Catholic Church, It will start at 9 o'clock. (explain)

5 ,J_ose: r ha vea piano lesson until 9.30 but I'llcome later., (say)

6 Maria: Have youseen Juan? (ask)

7 J.os¢: JJ:lall went to Seville at 9 o'clock but he will be back hy5, (tell)

8 Maria: I wantJ:uaD to come, Will you ask him for me? (explairi/q.:sk)

9 Jose: I will onlyif~ou promise to dance with me. (reply)

10 M aria: I think you-are jealous,J ose, (tell)

II Exercise 'B

Do Exerciliie21 on.the cassette;

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SlI3A\.$NV

Verbs: there;s and there are

There ore.mcnv things.

We use 'fherds ... with singular or uncountable nouns.

There is (There's'l

a tree

in the garden.

some grass

an elephant

a dog

We use Thepe (Ire with plural. nouns:

There are

in the garden.

ttootrees

two trees

same 'flowers

a few people

Two astrenauta have landedon a strangaplanet. They are reportingto Earthabcut what theycan see. Fill iri the blanks with There is or There ·are.

'-.--.- ........ ~ ....... ....;,..-w..-L. Will

~~~.,.. /';f" .

~ ~. ,

ti-~ ,~ J

• • .".' CI u.:.. .....

~ ::. ", -: .~ ~;.--:""., 0"

o ,,\~ ..., ("'j ,----:'" ~.v·~ ./ I I \ '\\

,..... ~ "\

ElI;'lUO, Earth, This planet.is very intermlting.'l can seelots of things-«

1 a dog with two heads,

,2
,3 And
4
5
:6
7 And
8
9 And
10 It:hink ______ some strange trees, ______ two moons in-the sky, _______ snow on the mountains,

a lot nf holes in'the ground.

a few houses in the distance .. ______ some smoke coming from them. ______ s6i:n.e vehicles outside the houses. ______ a lot of noise,

______ apartygoing on!

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68

Irregular vett» table

Exeecise.A

Write the meaning in your ownJangul').~e.

Infinitive Past

p~t Meanil1g Infinitive Past

parti.ciple in YOut

languag~

be was been
begin began 'begun
bite bit bitten
br,?:aK: broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought beught
catch caught caught
choose ~ose chosen
come -cams come
cost cost cost
drink drank drunk
drive dr-ove driven
eat ate- eaten
f;:iiI fell 'fallen
feel felt felt
fud found, found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten-
get got- got.
grve g.ave given
go went: gorie
grow grew grown
have had had
heat heard heard
hold held held
keep kept k.ept
know knew known
leave teft left
let let let -ExerciseB

- . .. -.. . ~

"p_oE~~J;_c:i,s_e: 22 00 the cassette.

Past

- participle in you,r UlDguag~

Meaning

lose

make

meet

pay put read ride

say

see

seU send

show-

shut

sing :sit speak spend stand

swim

take tea:chtell think

lost

made

meant

met

paid put Tead

.ran

saw

sold

sent showed shot

shut

s-ang sat

spoke

spent stood

swam,

took

taught 'told thought

made

meant

met.

paid put read

ridden

run

said

seen

sold

sellt

shown

shot

sung: ~~t spoken

sp_ent stood-

swum

taken taught told thought

wear

understand understood understood

wore

wrote.

worn

written

[~ Tape,sClipt 1

Exercise '1 Adjectives: comparison

Look at Worksheet 2. Listen. to th# eX(lmp_ze~

Whois fatter - MrAdams:or Mr Chureh? ivfr Adams is fatter than Mr: Ch ureh,

Now yo:uo,71swer. First, listento the example again and answer, Who-iS fatter - Mr Adams or Mr Church?

M1" Adams is fatterthan Mr Church.

1 V\7ho.iS: thinner - Miss Brookes or Ms.Dan,gerfield?' Miss Bro-okes is thinner than Ms,Dangerfield,

2 Who_ is happier- Mr Church orMr Adams?

Mr Church. i$, happier than Mr Adams,

3 Who issadder ., M,s Dangerfield or Miss Brookes?

Ms Dangerfield 'is sadder than MjssBrookes,

4, Who is-richer- Mr Church orMr Adams?

Mr church is richer: than- Mr Adams.

5 Who is poorer - .Ms Dangerfield or Miss Brookes?

Ms Dangerfield is poorer-than.Miss Brookes.

6 WhoiB more intelligent.- Mr Adams or Miss Brookes? _Mr Adams is more intelljgent than MiS'sBIlookes~

7 WhO'is strpnger - Mr Church.or Ms Dangerfield?

Mr Church is strongerthan Ms Dangerfield.

[I] Tapescrip12

Exercise 2 Adjectives: possessive

Look at Worksheet 3.

First, listen to the di.alogue from the worksheet. Diane: Who is the man in the centre?

Mary: It's my husband, David.

Diane: Is Joan your sister?

Mary: No- she's my mother!

Diane: And is Anne your daughter?

Mary: No, she's my niece.

Diane: Is Peter her brother?

Mary: No, he's her cousin.

Diane: And who's Joe?

}VIal'Y: He's her,brotl1.er.

Diane: Is Louise Fred's sister?

Ma.ry: No, she's his wife.

Diane: So, is Louise your sister?

Mary: Yes, she is. '

Diane: AndPet.er is your son? Mal)': Yes, be is .

. Diane: So that :r),1eansDavid is Peter and Sue's uncle?

MiU-y: . No! He's my husband - their father.

Diane: And this person, Arthur, isyour and Louise'sbrother?

Mary: No! He's our father!

Diane: Your mother looks-very young ~ you have a verynice.fami1y.

Max)': Thank you>

NQw listen carefu,lly to these examples. Diane: Who does this book belong to? Mary: Me,

Diane: Oh, .so it's your book.

Diane: Who do these shoes belong to?'

Mary: You.

Diane: Oh, so they're my shoes.

Now you answer.

Diane: 1. Who does this book belong to? Mary: Me.

Diane: Oh, so it's your book.

Diane: 2. Who. do these shoes belongto?

Mary: YOU.

Diane: Oh, so they're my shoes.

Diane: 3. Who does this knife belong to?

Mary: David.

Diane: Oh, so it's his knife.

Diane; 4. Who do theseglo~es belong to?

MaJ":Y: Louise.

Diane: Oh •. so they're her glQves. Diane: 5. Who,doesthis car belong to? Mary: Louise and Fred.

Diane: Oh.so it's their car.

Diane; 6. Who do these coats belong to?

Mary: You and me.

Diane: Oh, So they're our coats.

1IJ Tapescripf 3

Exercise 3 Adjectives: superlative

Look at Worksbeet.4. Listen to this example.

A:. Whieh.is the highest mountain in the world - Mount Everest?

B: Yes, Mount Everest is definitely the highest moun tain in the world.

Now you give the answers,

I Which is the longest river in Europe - the. Danube?

Yes, the Danube is definitely the longest-river in Europe.

2, Which is the biggest animal in Africf!. '----< tne elephant?

Yes, the.elephant.ia de;finitely the bigges.t animal ill Africa

B Which is the busiest.airpcrt in England =.Heathrow?

Yes, Heathrow is dellnite~y the busiest airporf in.England,

4 Which is the most expensive metal in the world= platinum?

Yes, plafinum is definitely the most expensive metal in the world"

5 Which is the fastest passenger plane in the world - Concorde?

Yes, Concords is definitely thefastest passenger plane iri the wor ld,

WTapescripf 4

Exercise 4 Adverbs: formation

Look atWorks.heet 6~ Listen to this example.

A; Isn't SUsan a careful driver!

B: Yes, she-always drives carefully.

Now yqu respond in the same way. i Isn't John a quick runner!

Yes,he always runs quickly.

2 Isn't Mohammed a brave fighter!

Yea he always fights bravely.

3 Isn't Geoffrey a bad writerl

Yes, he always writes badly.

4 Isn't Maria a beautiful singer] Yes, she'always.sings beautifully.

5 Isn't Sheila a strong swimmer!

Yes, she always swims strongly.

6 Isn't Andy a noisy eater!

Yes, he always eats noisily.

7 Isn't.Ilanova a graceful.dancer!

Yes she always dances gracefully.

8 Isn't Anne Q. dangerous driver!

Yes, she always drives dangerously.

9 !snft.J oe a careless painter!

Yes, he always paints carelessly.

10 I~l)'t~the bird aloud singer!

Yes, it-always sings loudly.

Let'ssee - I need-somemilk - Two pints; Two pints of milk, Anythfng.else?

Yes. I need aome biscuits ...

OK SOIDe milk and some biscuits. Anything'eIse? Oh ye_s. I need a cabbage.

OK Some.milk, some biscuits and a cabbage. Anythip,gel.s:e?

[IJ Tapes'crip., 5

Exercise 5 Nouns: countable/uncountable

Look_atWorksbeet 12;

Jim is.going shqpping . .Mary wan.ts him. to buysome things/or he r,

Mary; Jim:

Mary:

Jim: 1_1ary:

Jim:

Now you take the part Qf Jim ..

Mary:

Jim:

Mary:

JIm: 'Mary:

Jim; Mary:

Jim:

Maiy: -Jim:

Mary:

Jim:

M,ary:

Jim:

Mary:.

Let's see - I need-some milk - Two pints. Two pints.ef'milk. Anything;else? .

Yes. I need some biscuits.

OIt Some milk and some biscuits. Anything else? Ob yes. I need a cabbage,

O~. Some milk, some biscui ts and a cebbage .. Anything- else? Oh yes, I need some _cheese,

OK Some milk, some biscuits, a. eabbageand.sorne cheese. Anything else?

Dh. yes-I need a chicken. .

OK. Some rn ilk, some biscuits, '8 ca bbage, some cheeseanda chicken; Anything' else? Oh yes-Ineedsomewine.

OK Somemilk, some biscuits, acabbage, some cheese, a chieken and some' wine. Anything else? Ohyes, a n.ewspaper. ._

OK Some .milk,l?ome biscuits, a cabb age , soma cheese, a chicken, some wine and a newspaper.

Anythmg'else? . .

No.fhank you, dear, That's all.

Look at Worksheet 13.

W Tapescripf 6

Exercise 6 Prepositions: direction

Jim knows th.atPierteis very stronljand fit. He umntsio know what he does to get fit; Jim: What does Pierre do every morning?

John: At 6.30 he goes to the start line.

Jim: And what does he do next?

John: He runs along a track towards a river.

NOlJJ you: ,answerth,e questions.

Jim: What does Pierre do every morning? John: At 6.30 he goes to the start line. Jim: And ~hat does he do next?

John: He runs along a track towards a river. Jim: And then what does he do?

John: He'climbs up a tree.

Jim:: Andafterthat?

.John: He goes ;acrossthe river OIl a rope bridge,

Jim: And what does he do next?

John: He climbs over a wall and into a tunnel

Jim:' And then?

John: He goes through the t-unnel.

-Jim: An a what does he do' w hen.he comes out of it? John: He crawls under barbed wire,

Jim: And what does he do after that?

John: He runs down a bill and jumps onto a platform,

Jim: And then?

John: Hejumps off the platformjnto the water.

Jhn: And after that?

John: Haruns through the water and back to the start line.

Jim: Hamust be erazyll

W Tapescr,pt 7

Exercise 7 Prepositions: time

Look at Worksheet 16., Li"s{en tf;l this, dialogue.

A [t's seven o'Clock. Doyougo to work about now? B: No, I never-go to workat.seven o'Clock.

A: rt'§ Sunday. Den'tyou.pley.golf'today?

B:: NO', I never playgoJi~onSujlday,

Now yau.ansioer.

1 It's-seven o'clock, 06 you go to workabout now?

No, Lnever go to work at-seven o'clock.

2 It's SUnday. Don't you play golf today?

No; I never play golf on: Sunday,

3Ws, one o'clock, Don.'t Ybu:have lunch about.now?

No; 1 never ha veluneh at ope> e'elock.

4. .It's winter, Don't you wear a hat?

No, I neverwearsa. hat in wirtter.

5 IVs Christmas, Don'nycunormally g(j toSp?in?

No, L never gam ,spain at Christmas.

6 It's Thursday, Don7t you 'usually go homeearIy?

No, I never goliomeear 1y on Thnrsday, .

7 It'sthe fourth of July; Don'tyou normally have a party today?

No, I never have a. party on the fourth ofJuJy,'

8 It's p;ea.rly ha.Ifpas.teight. Don't you getothe pub about now?

N{),I nevergoto the pub.at half'past eight,

9 It's; Saturday evening, Don't you generally go out'?

No, Lnever go out on Saturil.i:lye'yening,

io It's~a quarter past five .. Don't you usually leave the office about: now?

No, Lnever Ieavethe offiy_e at quarter past five,

Exercise8 Pronouns: compound

[IJ Tapescripf 8

Lookat Worksheet 17.

Mal'yhasjust arrived back from her holiday. John has been looking after her flat. for her. ListensMary: Did anybody phone while I was away?

John: No, nobody phoned.

Mary: Did anything exciting happen While I'was away? John: No, notruhg exciting happened.

Now you. take the part of John.

Mary: Did anybody phone while! was away? -Iohn: No, nobody phoned.

Mary; Did, anything exciting' happen while I was away? J ohn: 'N 0; nothing exlli ting happened.

Mary: Did. anybody Ieaveany messages?'

John: No, nobody left any messages;

Mary: Did anything' arrive for me?

John: No, nothing arrived for you.

Mary: 'Did anybody ask about m.e?

Jolm: No, nobody asked about you,

Mary: Did anybody say anything about-me? John: No, nobody said anything about you. Mary: Did anything go wrong?

John: No.frothingwent wrong.

Mary; w-n, I wishsomething had happened!

Andy-s:nd Audiey .Jackscn: ElI"men\.ary Grllmmar WOdlob"'I$,F'howco[>,I' M.~",1"l () Pr.entlce Hall lruemational [UK) Ltd 1,992. All eli!.'" reserved

i:::1i W Tapescrip,t 9

Exercise 9 Pronouns: possessive

Look at Worksheet 19.

,M,. Brownh,as q bad memory. He's at the airportwith his family trying to'sortQutall the euiteoses.Laten. Mr Brown: Let's sort; put these suitcases, I'can't rem ember whose is whose. What colour did you have,

John?

John: Blue.

Mr Brown: Oh yes" so this-is yours.

John: And Mar:y had a green one.

,MrBrown: Oh yes, so this is hers;

Now you artswerfor Mr Brown.

lVIr Brown: Let's sort out these suitcases: I ean't remember whose is whose, What colour did you have,

John?' - . -

John:- -Blue.

,M:r'Btown: Oh yes, so this is yours.

Ja.hn: And Mary had a green one.

Mr Brown: Oh yes, so this is hers,

John: And thechildren had a black one.

NT Brown: Oh yes, so this is theirs.

John: And M1.rm had a light-bIue one,

Mr Brown: Oh yes, so thls.ishers.

John: And Uncle Charles had a dark brown one.

Mr Brown: Db' yes, so this is his.

John: And you had a light-bn:iWildne.

Mr Brown: Obyee.so this·ismin,e.

John: Arid we also broughtanextra striped one.

M.r Brown:0h yes, so this. is ours. Now, where is the taxi?

[IJ Tapescript 1 0

Exercise 10 Pronouns: reflexive

Look at,Worksheet 20.

John is alwctystry,ingto Aelp everybody. But his father doesn't uan: him to. Listen to the dialogue.,

John: .Shall I help you wash the car, Dad?

Dad: No, thanks, son, I can do it myself.

John: 'WeU, "l}hall1give Mum a hand with thed:inner? Dad: No,thanks, son. She can do it herself.

Now you are John'e Dad.

John: ShaD 1 help you wash the car, Dad? Dad: No, thanks sort. I cando it myself.

John: Well, shall I give Mum a hand with the dinner? Dad: No, thanks, son. She can do it herself.

John: Well, shall 1 help the girls dp their homework? Dad: No.fhanks, son. They can do it themselves. JoQi1: Well, shalilhelp Granda:dlaythe table?

Dad: No.thanks, son . .He can de-it himself

John: W'ell,shall Ihelp the dog find its bone?

Dad: No, thanks, son. It can do it itself.

John: Well, 'shall I help Mum tidy the room?

Dad: No) thanks son. She cando it herself. Jqhn:Well, can I give you a hand with the painting? Dad: No, thanks, son.J can do it myself.

John: Well, can you help me clean my room?

Dad: No; thanks, son. You cando it yourself!

WTapescripf 11

Exercise 11 Quantifiers: a little/a few

Look at Worksheet 21.

Jane and Maryar€ st udi!'nts.They don't hav.emueh money, but J ane'like$ shopping. She·.wants'to buy food; but Mary ,thinks they have ei'/,o"ugh. Listen. '.

Jane: Shall I get some more biscuits'!

Mary: NQ, we've still got a fe\v. We can get some more next week Jane: How about some mote butter?

Mary: No, we've still got a little. We can get some more next week.

Now you answer forMCi1)I.

Jane: Shall I get some more biscuits?

Mary: No, we'~e still got a few. We can get somemore next week Jan'e: How about some.mere butter?

Mary: No, we've stiIi got a little. We can get some morenext weekz Jane: Well, shall I buy some bananas?

Mary: No, we've stdllger afew. We can buy some mote next week. Jane: OK. So rn get some more-cheese,

'l\iary:' No; we've still got.a little. We can get some more next week. Jane: All right.Bo shall r get-some more milk?

Mary: No, we've still got a Httl~. We ean get some more next week. .J ane; If you say so. But how about some mere eggs?

Mary: N.o, we'"'le still got a few, We.can get some more next week. Jane; QK.. What if I get some mote potatoes?

Mazy: No, we've still got a few left. We can get some morenext week. J ane: So what if I go to the bank and get some' more money?

Mary: NOi we've still got ~flittle left. Wf>;,can. get Some more next week. Jane: OK.,So let'sjnststay at home ,and watch the TV!!

[I] Tapescripf 12

Exercise 12 Quantifiers: a lot of lmuch/many

Lo()k at Worksheet 23.

Janeis talking about.her boyfriends with Mary; Jane: I like John. He's got a lot of cars.

Mary: Yes ,but he hasn't got much patience.

Nowyou take the part of Mary.

Jane: I like John. He's got alot of cars. Mary: Yes, but he hasn't got much patience. jane; IUk.e David. He's got a lot of money. Mal'Y: Yes, but he hasn't got many friends. Jane: 1 like Michael, He's got a ~ot of charm. Mary: Yes;'bilt he hasn't got·mucnmoney. Jane: Hike Arthur. He'sa.lot offun,

Mary: Yes, but he hasn't got much: sense offashion J me: I like Bill. He's a.Iot of fun.

Mary: Yes" but he hasn't got many clothes. Jane: I lik~ Syd. He~s got a lotof'style. Mary~ Yes, but he hasn't gotmucnhumo'lU". Jane: I like Fred, He's got. a lot of luck. Mary: Yes, but he hasu't got much style.

Jane: OhJ you're impossible, Mary. You don't like any of my friends I

Look at WorkShe_et- 27.

Maria is in LQfJ-don for thefirsf;'time..She'lte..eds a l,Qt,ofinformation, so she asksapotic~ dffi_Ge-r. Listen,

m Tapescript 13

Exercise 13 Questions: indirect

Maria:

PbnG~office:r:

Maria; _ Police officer:

] wonder what time itis.Tlll,lsk. that police efficen Excuse.me..

Yes:? - -

Could you tellme whattime-it is? Cettainly~ It's.twoc' clock,

Now,yo1,L tak~'ouer the; part of Maria.

1 Maria: 1 wonder what time iti!i. 1'1'1' askthat police officer, Ex.cuse 'me.

Police 'offic er: Yes?

Maria; Could you iellme what time it is?

Polige,.offlcer: Certainly, It's:twoo'cio¢k., '

Maria: Thank you.

2 Maria: I wonder wher¢ the postoffiee is. I'll a_sk that police.officer, Excuse 'me"

Pohce officer; Yes?

Maria: Couldyoutel] me where the post office is?

Police officer: Certainly. It'sjust round the corner on the left.

Maria: Thank you.

g Maria: I wonder if the pubs are open. I'll ask thai policeofficen .. E_xcuseme.

Pg.lice officer: Ye_s?

Maria: Could-you tell me.if'thepubsareopen?

Police officer: C,ertainly. They are open until 3 o'clock,

Maria: Thank you,

" Maria: I wonder tf there's a toilet near here, I'll ask that police officer, Excuse: me ..

Policeofficer: Yes?

Maria: Could you tell me if there is a toilet near here?

Peliee officer: Certainly. There'sonejust over there;

Mana: Than~you.· .

5 Maria: I wonder how far th~_:station is. I'll ask that l_)oli,ce officer. Excuse me .

Police officer; Yes?'

Mana: Could yoU: tell me how far the station.is?

Police officer: . Certainly, It's .about half a mile from here,

Maria: Thankyou.

6' Maria: I wonderwhen the bank opens .. I'll ask that_ police officer. Excuse me :

rolice, officer: Yes?

Maria: Could YOll tell me when the bank opens?

Police officer; ¢_~ml'inJ.y. At. half past nine,

Maria: [11ank,:Ypu.

7 Maria: I wonder if_I tan, crossthe road here. TIl.ask that police officer. Excuse me.

Police officer: Yes?

Maria: Could you tell me if I can cross the road here?

Police officer: Certainly.But wait until thelightsch.ange.

Maria; Thankyou, -

8 Maria: I wonder when the shops close. I'llask that police officer. Excuse me.

-Po:Hceofijcer: Yes?

- Maria: Could yon tell me when the shops close?

Police officer: Certainly, Most of them close at six.

Maria: Tharik YOi:L

Look at Worksheet 33.

Manuel and Giouanni a,re two stu{len,ts; who seem to be like each other. Listen.

Manuel: [ can't swim.

Giovanni: Neither can L

Manuel: I have two cars.

Giovanni: So have I.

Now you take the part of Giovanni. Manuel: 1 can't swim.

aiovancl: Neither can I.

Manuel: I have two cars. Giovani:ri: So ha ve 1.

Manuel: Myfathe» has a big company. Giovanni: So has urine.

Manuel: 1 have two sist-ers ..

Giovanni: So have I.

Manuel:' I'Il.be here until Cbristmae. Giovanni; So willI.

Manuel: Ldon't like English food.

Giovanni: Neither do I.

Manuel: My host family is very friendly. Giovanni: Sois mine.

Manuel: I've done all my homework.

Giovanni: So have L

Manuel: I went to the disco last night.

Giovanni: So did L

Manuel: My teacher doesn't eat meat.

Giovanni: Neither does mine.

W Tapescripf 14'

Exercise 14 Responses: so do t nelther do I

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Exercise,15 Verbs: futurewlth' going to'

.Look at Worksbeet 36.

It's Fridrty afterno6ri. Mary and David are discussing whcit is going to happen this evening; Listen:

Maxy:She aiways.readsa book on Fliday evenings.

David: So that means she's going to reada.book this evening. Mfl'.ry: He never plays the drums on. Fri day evenings. ' 'David: So that means he's not goin:g to play the drums thisevening;

Now yoa take. Da1)id~8 part.

Ma:.i.'Y: She-always reads-a book on Friday evenings .

. David: Sothat means she'egoingto.read' a book tills evening. Mary: He never plays th$ mums on FddiIY eveniugs,

David: So tl1at means he'snot going to play the drums this. evening. Mary: They always watCh'TVon,Fiiday evenings.

David: So that means they're going to wa teh TV this evening. Mary: I'neverdomy homework on Friday evenings.'

'Da,vid:. So that means you're not going-to do your homework this evening, Mary: It always rains on Friday evenings.

David: So that means it's gljingto rain this evening.

W Tapescripf 16

Exercise 16 Verbs: Modal auxiliaries with 'have to' (have gotto'

Look at Worksheet 46.

Sally is a tear:herand John is a sh(jp assistant. They are being interviewed about what·is necessary for their jobs. Listen.

'Interviewer: What,about universi ty, Sally?

Sally: Yes, I've. got to go to universi ty.

Interviewer: And you, John'?

JoOO: . No, Ldon't have to.

Now you answer the interviewer. Interviewer: What:ahout university, Sally?

Sally; Yes,. I've got to go to university.

Interviewer: And you Johh?-

John: No 1 don'thave to.

'Interviewer: And whatahout working on Saturdays, Sally?

Sally; No, I d0I1't have to work on Saturdays.

Interviewer: And you, John?'

John: Yes, I'vegot to.

Interviewer: And what about marking homework?

Sally: Yes, I've got to mark homework.

Interviewer: .And you, John?

John: No, I don't have to.

Interviewer: And what about writing reports, Sally?

Sally: Yes, rYe go~ to ~itereport8.

Iuterviewen And you, John?

John: No, t don't have to.

Interviewer: And what about serving customers, Sally?

Sally: No: I don't have to serve customers.

Interviewer: And you, John?

John: Yes, I've got to.

Interviewer: And what about taking money, Sally?

Sally: No, Ldon't have to take money.

Interviewer: And-you, John?

John: Ye.8, I've got to ..

~ W Tapescripf 17

Exercise 17 Verbs: passive, past simple

Look at Worksheet-50.

Agree!with thespea~~r, btf,fchange the setuence: Listen to tMs eX(1,mple-. A: Bombs killed manypeople during the war.

B: Many people were killed during the war.

Now you respond.

A: Bombs killed many people during the war. B: Many people were killed dunng the war. A: Someone made this tar in Japan.

S: This Car was made in Japan.

A: The gardener didn't cut, the grass this morning. B.: Thegra;ss wasn't cut ~bis'morning.

A; The teacher didn'tcorrect the- exam papers lastnight, B: The'exam papers weren'tcorrected l~st night

A: Did someone invitethe '.QUeen to the 'wedding?'

B: Was the'Queen'iilvited to the wedding?

Look at Worksheet 53.

W Tapescripf 18

Exercise 18 Verbs: past habitual

David and Mike have just met in. a pub. Listen. David: I live in a small fiat.

Mike: Really? I used to Iive in a small fiat, but not now. David: I work in an office.

Mike: Really? Lused to work in an office, but not now .

Now you take the part of Mike.

David: I live in a small flat.

Mike: Really? I used to live in a small fiat, but not now .. David: I work in an office.

Mike: 'ReaI1Y? I used to work in an office, but notnow. David: . I play football every Sa turday,

Mike: Really? I used to' play football, hut.not now, David: I have alotoffriends.

Mike: Really? I used to have a Lot of friends, but not now. David: I drinkbeer.

Mike: Realiy? I used to drink beer, but not-now. David: I wear jeans.

Mike: Really? I used to wear jeans, but notnow. David: I read the Sun newspaper.

Mike: Really? I used to 'read the Sun newspaper, but not now. David: I enjoy life"

Mike: Really? I used to enjoy life, but not now.

W Tapescripf 19

Exercise 19 Verbs: pastsimple with regular verbs

Look at Worksheet 55.

The Smith family do the same things every day. What did they doyester'day? Listen. A: What did the children do at 8.15?

B: They washed their han.ds and faces;

Now you ansiaer.

A: What did the children do at 8.15? ~J3: They washed their hands-and faces, A What didMr Smith do at 90 clock? B: He arrived at the office.

A: What did the children do at 10 o'clock? B: They played with their-friends,

A: What did.Mr Smith do at 12.30?

B: He walked to the pubfor lunch.

A:. Wllat did the children de at 3.30?

B: Theyflnished school,

A: Whan did Mr Smith do at 7 o'clock? B: He cleaned the Car.

A: What did the children do at 8.30? B: They-cleaned their teeth,

A: And what did Mr Smith do at 10 o'clock? B: He talked to his wife,

Look at Worksheet 61.

The SmUhfamily are very tired. They have helm working aa day. Listen.

A: 'Why is Mr Smith, tired?

B: He's been driving all day.

Now you ansuertbe questions.

A: Why-is Mr Smith tired?

:8: He's beendriving.all day.

A: Why is Mrs Smith so tired?

B: She's been gardening all day.

A, Why-ar.e the children so tired?

B: They"v-e been-p1a.ying f(.lotball all day; A: Why is·the dogso tired?

B: It's been chasing the cat all day.

A: Wh-y a:reGrandma and Grandpa so. tired? B: Theive beep walkblginthe park all day.

W Tapescripf 20

Exercise 20 Verbs: present perfect continuous

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W Tapescript21

Ex:ercise 21 Re,ported speech

-

"Look:atWorksheet 66"

Maria uxi« streaking on, thetihonMo Jose What,did-th'ey .say?Liscten.

¥"aria: I'm having a patty this ev.ening) Jose.

Presenter: 'Wh~t d~d she tell him?

A:, She. ,told him tl1llt she was ha ving'a party.

Now Y0'f!. an8l1!er.

Maria: I'm having a party this evening.jf ose.

Presenter: What did 811ete11 him? '

A: She told himthat shewashaving aparty,

JO's.e: Where are you having it?

:1?re!)e;g~r: What- did heYlfsk,.. her?

A~ He.asked .het where she was having it.

Ma.i"ia: It's at'tbe Youth Club;

Presenter: Whandid shereply?

A: She replied "t.hat itwas at the Y outh Grub;

Maria: Can you come?

Presenter: Wha.t,did shea s l\: him?

A: She asked hlmifhe could COme.

Jose: Yes, I can, b_ut I don't know where it is.

Presenter: "Wb$.td..id be say?

A; Hesaid that he could, but he didn't know where it was.

Maria: Wanextto the Catholic'Church,

Presenter: What-did she-explain?

A: She-explainedtha t it was next totl;te Catholic Church.

Maria: It will start -a1:9 o'clock. .

Presenter: What did 'she_tell him?

A: Shetold.him thatlt wouldstattat.90'clock

Jos-e: r have a piano .leaeonuntil 9.30 but I'll.come Iater,

Presenter: What did he say?

A: He said he.had a pianolesson until9.:ao', but he would come later.

"

W Tapescripf 22
Exercise 22 Irregular. verb table
Look at Worksheet 68.
This exercise is to help you to pronounee the parts o{the irregular uerb» . Repeat the parts after the speaker.
be was been begin began begun bite hit bitten
break broke broken bring brought brought buy bought brought
catch caught caught choose Chose chosen come came eorne
cost cost CO!3t chink drank drunk drive drove driven
eat ate eaten fall fell fallen feel felt felt
find found found fly flew flown forget forgot forgotten
get g.ot got glve gave given go went gone
grow grew grown h~v~ had had . bear heard heard
hold held held keep kept kept know knew known
leave Ieft left let let let lose lost lost
make made made mean meant meant meet met met
pay paid· paid put put put read .read read
ride rode ridden. run ran run say said said
see saw seen sell sold Bold send sent, sent
show showed shown shoot shot shot shut shut shut
sing sang sung sit sat sat speak spoke spoken
spend ·spent spent stand, stood stood swim swa:ri:l swum
take took taken teach taught taught tell told told
think thought thought understand understood understood wear wore worn
write wrote written •. 67 photocopiable worksheets on a wide range. of grammatical areas

.' One main grammar point per sheet with simple) clear;

illustrated explanations, followed.bypractice exercises

• Inverted answers at the bottom of each page

• Glossary of grammatical .terrns

• Irregular. verb table

- Accompanying cassette with revision drills • Tapescripts included

-Designed for class or home use and s elf-ac cess or resource centres, with ample space for students to write answers

In this series:

ELEMENTARY' GRAMMAR WORKSHEETS

Book 0·13··253295·6 Cassette 0·13·253287·5

INTERMEDIATE GRAMMAR_WORKSHEETS

Book 0·13·474.610·4

Cassette 0-13-47460Z,3

ADVANCED GRAMMAR WOKKSHEETS

Book 0~13-010646·1

Cassette O·13.~Ol063.8·0

.ISBN 0·13·253295·6

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