I. INTRODUCTTON 1 11. TYPES, NOMENCLATURE, EITTTNG THE THONG 2 A. Types 2 B. Nomenclature 3 C. Fitting the Thong 4 I1I. METHODS OF HOLDING, BLOCKTNG, AND STRIKING BIOI{S 5 A. Control of Baton 5 B. The Long Grip 6 C. The Short Grip 19 D. The Two -Handed Grip 22 IV. MISCET,T.ANEOUS TECHNIQUES 29 A. Move-Along Techniques 29 B. Come-Along Techniques 32 C. Using Thong as Handcuffs 35 D. Strangles 37 E. How to Free Baton When Seized by Opponent 39 BTBLIOGRAPHY 42



The police baton, in the


s of an officer


has been trained in its use, is a very formidable


for defense and counteratcack. Many law enforcement officers share the opinion that the baton, under most circumstances, is a more versatile weapon than the officer's revolver. It is recognized that there are a great many situations in which a police officer would be justified in using the baton, whereas he would not be justified in
using his revolver. The officer who is skilled and practiced in using the baton can adequately cope with most situations where physical force is necessary. The officer who carries a baton as part of his equipment must be trained to use it properly. This wiII
enable him to obtain the desired results when it is
necessary to use it,
and at the same time avoid bringing

criticism upon himself or the agency he represents. The purpose of this booklet is to present material on the technique and use of the baton which meets the needs of thc police officer and yet is consistent with the ethical standards of modern law enforcement. A great deal of the information contained in this manual is the result of consultations with numerous police officcrs who have attended the FBI National Academy.








The baton

or plastic. It is I to I L/2', in diameter, rbunded at both ends, and wil-I vary in length frorn 12 to 36". L. Short baton (biffy). -- This baton varies in Iength from 12 to I8". 2. Medium baton (nightstick). -- This baton ranges in length frpm 20 to 26", tlrc most popular Iength being 24". This is the type of baton frequently carried by the officer on the beat. 3. Long baton (riot stick). -- This baton ranges in length from 28 to 36" and is used predominately in the control of mobs and riots. is

from hard wood

!g!g, The techniques set forth in this booklet are intended for the medium and/or long baton; however, many wiII also apply to the short baton. Some of the tectrriques will not apply to the short baton because of its rather linited


Nomenc I ature (Mediurn Baton andlor Riot Stick) HOL E FOR THONG HANDLE (GROOVED) Flgrrr I -3- .

2.Fittinq the Thong l. but in the opposite direction to adjust the length of the thong to fit the officer's hand. -4Figure 4 . 4. the loop is passed over the thumb and across the back of the hand with the baton hanging down. The other end of the thong is then threaded through the same hole. I Figure 2 ? To adjust the thong to fit the I hand. ( F igurra 4). Figure 3 After marking the proper Iength of the thong. ( h lgure z) . There should be a hole in the baton located 6 to 8" from the butt. The thong is then shortened until the butt of the baton touches the bottom of the hand. (Figure 3).emainder is cut off. the free end of the thong is fastened with a knot and the r. One end of a Ieather thong is threaded through the hole and secured with a strong knot.

Control of Baton l-. Where to carry. Control. . Many officers prefer to carry it on the same side as their revolver. 2. Lt shouLd never be hei-d in such a manner that could enable a person to gain control and use it against him.--The baton should be carried whe re it is easily accessible to the strong hand. Alertness and proper use of the baton insure complete control .III. METHODS OF HOLDING BLOCKING AND STRTKING BLOI{S A. --The officer must be continually alert and have the baton under control at all times. The baton should not be used in the weak hand in order to reserve the strong hand for the revolver.

The thumb can be Figure 5 extended parallel to the baton (Figure 6). F igure 6 F igure I -6- .EI The Long GriP l. How to HoId. or curled down over the index finger (Figure 7). The hand is then turned downward and is cl-oseC on the hend lp to /riD baton.nrvard . ( r'igure 5). Place the thong over the thumb and across the back of the hand with the baton hang ing dov.

(Figure 7a). Figur! ?e . (Figure 5a).5r With the left hand raise baton tip upward causing thong to pass a round back of hand.AITERNATE METHOD. --Place the thong over the thumb and across the front of the hand with the baton hanging downward. Figrrr 8. (Figure 6a). place the fingers bete/een baton handle and thong and grasp handle. Figr|t.

the thong aids the officer in maintaining his grip. However.If gripped in e ithe r manner. if an opponent should seize the baton. The thong should never be looped around the officerts wrist because it would be difficult to release the baton should the opponent succeed in Figurc 9 grabbing it. (Figures 9 and l0). fl Figure l0 -8- . the officer can free hims e lf from the thong by merely re laxing the grip. ( Figure 8 Figure 8).

- { F irtrrrc 13). . I I Figre t3 to thc rear first and then bring l. The right elbow should be approximately 6t' from the body. the officer is "On Guard" for the Two-handed Grip. (Page 23. The "On Guard" Position. l. Figure 45). back ho riflhi. To advance from the I'on guardr' 'i-r.movr: the left foot l. the right hand should be held "chest high". To retroaf .-The general rule concerning footwork is simply that the first foot to move should be the foot nearest the direction you wish to go. ? Figurc | | iii :: Footwork. (Figure 12). (Figure lI) ' NOTE: By reversing the feet and placing the left hand on baton barrel. -9- . and the baton should be pointed upward. move the right foot forward first and then bring up the left. The knees should be slightly bent with the we ight equally distributed on the balls of the feet. It Figure l2 position. --Advance the right foot approximately 12" and simultaneously pivot slightly on the ball of the left foot.2.

move the right foot to the left as you pivot on the ball of the left foot.' ..''' IL":-/ iij '" t'' ll Figr|r! (Figure 14).. -a t-rr. To move sideward . ( Figune 15).Or.?. and then move the right.. and then move the left. circle to the left.. (Figure 17)..\I i. Wtren necessary 'irl . |8 \ri i:l to the left.. i:i. first move the left foot to the left. first move the right foot to the right..circle to the right.'i-'. To t------\ l. t I l.!.r -10- . '-':.- to move sidewerd to the right.. II i:. move the right foot to the right as you pivot on the ball of the left foot. O (Figure 16). To ..

( Figure 20) .inside block. (Figure 18). Against swinging risht . Figure l8 h Agains riahJ- t swrng]. -- a. Flgurr 20 -rl- .out ide block or parry.ng s .4.inside block. How To Block Blows Kicks. ( Figure 'I O\ Agains t swr_ng r-ng left .

(Figure 22). Against swinging left .d. ( Figure 23) . Figlre 22 f. ( Figure 2I). Against right-foot k ick -d os'nward block.out s ide block or parry. Figule 23 11- . Figute 2l Against straight left or right downward block or Parry .

. snappy blows can be delivered quickly and accurately and are difficult to bLock or parry.Against left-foot kick downward block. the force of the blow can be more easily regulated than fulL-swinging "roundhouse" bIows. Figure 24 to Strike Blows--With the exception of the jab. inaccurate. Short. should bc. "Roundhousc" bLorv:. (Figure 24). easily blocked. all bLows should be short and snappy. and make it practically impossible to regulate the force of the blow. Also. bc:cause they are slow. which use the entire arm. utilizing the strength of the wrist and forearm. How -13 - . :rvoided.

'nr.. -- Figure 25 This is a f oreh:rnd bLcw dc1ivered . ?( t7\ Figurc 26 Fiflre 2? -t4- .'ing.'aril in )R a chrnt lF icrrrna.The Shcrt Sr.qides'ard rr ii cr'.

Figur. . ( Figures 28 ar. (Figure 30) . l0 -r5- .d 29) Figrre A An excellent procedure for using this type blow would be to feint a short swing to the opponent's head and strike a backswing blow to his left or riEht knee .h The Backshting.- This blow is similar tc and delivered in much the same manne r as the short swing except it is a backhand blow.

Whe --As a general rule. Blows. blows are deLivered to the soft tissue areas of the t runk and back. and calf. F igure 3 | The baton should be extended and returned quickly to the "on guard" position. shortswing and backswing blows should be directed to those places on the body where bone is close to the skin. The Jab. -tt)- . excluding the head and face. Shortswing and backswing blows can also be directed to the chick muscle groups of the buttocks. This permits the officer to strike additional blows and makes it difficult for the oDDonent to seize the baton. thigh. ( Figure 3r).c. When re to Strike jabbing with the baton. 6. --This blow is delivered by quickly extending the baton forward striking the opponent with the tip.

they will usually raise the hands and arrns in an effort to prrotect the head.ponent might kiII hirn. A blow to the head of one op. b. whereas tte same blow to the head of another could have little or no effect.Blows to the head and face should be avoided for ttre following reasons: a. bob. The officer has no way of determining the thickness of his opponent's skull. Most individuals believe the blows will be aimed at the head. or slip the tre ad causing the baton to miss completely or to hit only a glancing blow. -L7 - . therefore. Without moving his feet the opponent can duck. The head is an elusive target and difficult to hit. The opponent could be killed instead of merely being brouglt under control.

F igulc 3l -t8- . Blows delivered to the head place the baton in a position which is vulnerable to counterattack or a disarming movement .d. etc. Figures 32. Figur€ 32 The police officer should have a thorough of the vulnerable areas of the body and avo id striking those knowledge blows which produce death or pennanent injury. l. 33. --The long grip is best employed when defending against an opponent armed with a knife.lhen to use. bottle. This grip should not be used in the PO!9A!€ FAI^L PO NI' CF rP^CI control of crowds or mobs. of the body and possible fatal points of impact. and 34 show vulne rable areas 7. club. Tho nnnnneni ete nnrrl d rranr ll seize the baton.

Grasp the baton by the upper norti on of 1-hP handle with your index finger extended d ownward on the handle. (Figure 36). --place the thong over the thumb and across the front of the hand and then up and across the back of the hand as depicted in Figures 5a and 6a on page 7. The baton barrel should be held firmLy against the under* side of the forearm. (Figure 37). The Short Grip L. Figurc 36 Figrre 3l -19- . Rotate the baton c ounte rcI ockwise with the 1^c! L^*r arru -race jt ^-r P !< beneath Figure 35 and paraLleL to the right hand with the handle pointing toward the fingers. How to hold.C. Approximately 2 inches of the butt end should extend beyond the index finger. (Figure 35).

(Figure 38). Against swinging left inside block. (See item same B-2. Figurc l0 . (Figure 40) . pages 9-10). page 9). " the Figur€ 33 Against swinging right inside block. 4. Footwork. --When us ing the Figule 38 short grip the footwork is the same as for the long grip. (Figure 39).t The "On cuard" Position. the baton should be considered to be "an extension of f ore arm. --This position is practically the as the "on guarrd" Position for the long grip.mward block. 3. (See item B-3.-- When using the short grip. Against straight right dor. How to Parry and Block.

the extended right index finger is placed around the handle of the baton and th€ right elbow is raised and pointed in the direction of the opponent.--Step forward witn the right foot as you extend the right arm forward striking the opponent vrith the butt end. After striking the blow. 'fhe power for Lhe short-swing blow is derived primarily from the wrist. return quickly to the tron guard" position. (Figure 43). Return the baton Lo the "on guard" position for the short grip" The short-swing blow can also be delivered upward.e 43 -2L- . The bLow is delivered by using the Figure 42 ward-sideward arc. The Jab. . (Figure 41). (Figure 42). h Figwe | | The Short Swing.-Step fonvard with the right foot. F igr.How to strike blows a.

(Figure 44). When How D. ) The left hand grips the barrel of the baton approximat ely Figurc 14 2 to 3" from the tip (or close enough to prevent a person from grasping it) with the knuckles of the left hand turned downward. to hold. This grip can also be used when t tre officer is working in a congested area or moving through a crowd. . to use. The baton is orotected better with the short grip than the long grip. such as a witness at the scene of a crime or an individual who appears suspicious.tL^ ron8 -' _ (See Figures 5 -I0.'.--The short grip can be used while the officer is questioning a person. An alternate method of gripping the baton is to have the knuckles of the Left hand turned upvrard.6. --The baton is gripped in the right hand in the same manner ^^ rn Ene I ^-i grlp. as . This is a particularly effective grasp in crowd control when it is necessary to hold a crowd from surging forward or to push them back. pages 6-8. The Two-HandeC Grip I.

't!j Fig[.t Figure {6 foot to the rear and then bring (Figure 47). The baton is held approximately 6rr in front of the body at a 45 degree angle with the long axis of ttre body.. --To advance trom the rll "on guard" position.. move the' right . ? Figure 15 Footwork. Tc retreat. I 'tt:. The "On Guard" Fosition. ll -23- . . (Figure 45).. The knees should be slightly bent with the weight equally distributed on the balls of the feet. . -Advance tte left foot approxi- mately 12" and simultaneouslY pivot slightly on the ball of the right foot. (Figure 46). move the left foot forrrard and then I bring up the right foot. back the left.

.a Flgu! O circle to the right.t Figure 5| 2' -24- . (Figure 5I). To ':.. (Figure 48).. :. I il. to move sideward to the left.t F s0) ..: . To (Figure 49).. move the left foot to the Ieft as you pivot on the right foot.i. move the left foot to the right as you pivot on the right foot. To move sideward lgurc 50 I I . move the right foot to the right and then move the left.iri a circle to the left. to the right. (Figure When necessary I I I ._J . move the Ieft foot to the left and then move the right.

c.4. Figure 52 a. Against right uppercut ( Figure 54) . to parry and Block. Fi$re 53 Figorc 5l -25- . __By releasing the left hand. Against swinging right ( Figure 52). b. Against straight right (Figure 53). the baton is held in the long grip and blows and kicks can How be blocked and parried as depicted in Figures 18 to 24.

Step fonrard with the left foot as you thrust the baton f omard . Step back quickly to the 'ron guardtr position to be ready to strike another blow and to prevent the opponent f:. How to Strike Blotrts.om seizing the baton. The Jab.d. tlre baton is held in the long grip and blows can be delivered as depicted in Figures 25 to 3I. --This is very similar to the movements used in the ttrrust of a bayonet. The following blows can be s t r:uck us : ing the two-handed Figu?e 55 grip a. -5.kick (Figure 55). ( Figure 56) .--By releasing the left hand. Figu?c 56 -zo- . striking the opponent erith the tip of the baton. Against.

Figwe 5l c . to strike the opponent.-This blow is generally delivered upward or sideward using that portion of the hand Ie below the right hand or the butt of the baton. (Figur6 58 and 59) - Figur. snappy blow delivered either downward or sideward. in which that port ion of the baton barrel above the left hand is used to strike opponent. --This is a short. .58 Figure 59 -27 - . The Butt S tFo.h The Short Sh'ing.ke . (Figure 57).

ided conditions or is confronted by more than one opponent. Several officers employing this push to technique can push or ho Id back a crpwd. is not a a be but technique which can used or hold back an individual . I'lhen to --This is the grip which should be used for mob and riot control.--This bLow as such. therefore.d. The trnto-handed grip makes it extrernely difficult for a person to scize the baton and take it from thc off i. poss ible . -28- . Figu! 80 (Figure 60). it is strongly recommended that this grip be used whenever Use. It should also be used whenever the officer is working in cror. The Push.work.cer. 6.

propel him forward by pushing the baton handle f onrard r^rith your right hand as you shove his left arm forward with your Ie ft hand. Betlreen the Legs. Grab opponentrs left elboi^. Figffe 5l NOTE: Stay to the left of the opponent to avoid be ing stnrck by his right elbow.--There are two variations of this technique and both are effective in an individual a short distance. The officerrs left hand and arm can be used to protect against opponent Left e lbow. -29 ts - . moving a. Baton handle should be outside opponent's Ieft leg. Move-Along Technique s . Tilt the tip of the baton upward. These are techniques which can be used l.IV. with your left hand as you push the barrel of the baton between his legs. to move an individual a short distance while maintaining a certain amount of control over him. MISCELLANEOUS TECHNIQUES A. (Figure 6l).

The art in a stronger position when the knuckles are pointed d ornrn ar this position minimizes the risk of injury to the officer's should the subject suddenly sit dor"m. raising his arm shoulder high. using thong in same manner as for the long grip. Hand and Armpit. Imrnediately rurn his palm upward. Place the baton tip into his Ieft armpit and move him forwardsideward by keeping his left arm high as you shove the baton tip into his Figure 63 armpit.I b. (Figure 63). Insert the baton between opponentrs legs as you grab his clothing at the neck with your left hand.rn. NOTE: The armpit is a vulnerable area and caution should be used in placing the tip of the baton in the armpit. --Grasp cpponent's left hand with your left hand as if shaking hands. NOIE: Whe n the baton ls inserted betlreen opponent's legs I knuckles of the right hand should be pointed dor. Move the opponent forward by raising your right arm against his groin as you lift and push hirn by the Figur€ 52 neck. Grasp the middle of the baton with your right hand. -30 - . ( Figure 62). 2.

Neck and Back Push. APproach oPPonent from rear and iab hirn in the kidney area with the butt.3. ney area. (Figure 64).using the short griP.--GrasP the back of opponent's collar with your left hand. 651 (Figure jab . Figure 6l . ImmediatelY push him on tne back of the left shoulder witn your left trand.Stroulder Push. Continue mov ing him forward witn a fast series of baton jabs and pushe s on the shoulder. etc. -Grasp the baton in Your right hand.push. keeping your left arn fully extended as you place the tip of the baton i:to his kid-. NOTE: You strengthen your right-arm rr gnt elbow close to your body. '11 it ion by holding the . You are able to move hrm fonrard anct keep trim oif bal ance to a certain degree by pull- Fi$re 55 ing him slightly back'tard with your left hand as you push him f orward r^rith the t ip of the baton. Short-Grip .push . Figrlc pos 66 (Figure 66). alternating jab .

Arml-ock . Push the baton barrel through as you move to the side of opponent. Keep opponent's right arm snug to your body and bring him under control by forcing the baton handle dornrnward. Come -Along Technique s These are techniques designed to move an opponent a short distance and to enable the officer to exercise more control over the opponent than is poss.-Approach opponent from his right side lrith tte baton in your right hand. .ible with the move-aIong techniques. 1. Slide your Ieft ann under opponentts right arm and grasp baton handle with your left hand just above the right hand.B. -J2- Fi$rc 5l Figure 68 F igurr 69 . (Figure 68). (Figure 69) . moving his right arrn to the rear. thus applying pressure on the radial bone of the forearm with the baton barrel. (Figure 67). Strike opponent inside his right elbow with the baton barrel. placing your Ieft am over the baton barrel.

(Figure 72). Raise his left arrn about shoulder high as you turn his palm up. The officer can release his right hand from the baton and use it to turrr opponent's right hand to a knuckIes-up position. This brings the baton barreL in direct contact with opponent I s radial bone.NOTE: This technique can be made more effective if the opponent ts right hand is positioned so that the knuckles are turned up.'n as you raise the baton barrel uplard. Step in beside him and place the baton barrel beneath his left elbow as you rest the tip end of the baton in the bend of your left elbow. If you cannot grasp his hand. grab him by the inner side of the wrist. Bring opponent under control by twisting his left hand to thc out s ide and dor. Elbow Lock--Approach opponent from Figure t0 his left side and grasp his left hand as if to shake hands. 2. Figure ll Figre 12 -33- . (Figure 70).(Figure 7l). applying prcssurc to thc back of opponentrs elbow.

--Ap- proach opponent from his left side and grasp his left hand or inner left wrist with your left hand. Figure I3 F igl| re 7l Figule I5 -34- . applying pressure with the baton to the back of his elbow. Bring opponent under control by twisting nis left hand or hrrist to the outside and downward. Insert the baton underrreath opponent's left arm and place baton barrel behind his neck. (Figure 73). Turn his palm up as you raise his arm shoulder high. NOTE: VJtren 3. stay to the side and rear of the opponent to rninirnize ttte effectiveness of a right-hand blow.(Figure 74). (Figure 75). NdIE: This technique can best be used with a baton which is 24" in length or longer. Behind Neck and Eibow Lock.t using this come-along hold. A shorter baton prohibits the effectiveness of this technioue. The back of opponentrs elbow should rest on the baton barrel.

if handcuffs are not available.rr i cf r t Fi orrro l* 76) hv Ti o'hfar1 +. grasping the barreL of the baton with your right or l-ef b hand.nass the Ieather thong around both t.z rolling the thong onto the baton hanJle (Figure 78).a @ The thong can be used as a temporary restraining device. r h6rr ct or'fhor i1 uiih the baton (Figure 77). or b.Lce the baton handLe in the small of opponent's back . PI. The opponent can be temporarily heLd in this position cr he can be moved by exerting pressure into the small of his 'back with the F igure It Figure 18 -35- .'-'^f -'-d Lw!-Lrntt Figur€ ?6 hr. With opponent's hands nlrnod hchinrJ hirrr.

d ovrnward Figure l6a Tighten the thong by pulling s backward as you raise baton tip upward in a circular path and bring baton tip between opponent's hands and his back. Figutc l9 ALTE RNATE METHOD. (Figure 76a).I butt end as you grab the clothing at the back of his neck and pull him slightly backward . --With baton hanging . (Figure 79). F igurc llr -36- . have s':bject insert hands into the loops which are separateci by the baton handle. (Figure opponent hand rs 77a).

(Figure 80).. . pl .rhn ha c o i ttra Y. 1'n hotwcen onnonent IS shoulder bLades as You grasP baton handle in Left hand.Bring baton tiP downward and continue circular Path until thong is tight. Figue 80 .^ l-\af ^n l. OPponent can moveC be Figule l8a under control bv raising baton in the back wjth th. ct.n o berserk or is extremelY violent. (Figure 78a).\.i n Place baton barrei across opponent I s throat and Lhe tip of thc baton in fhe crotch of your left elbow. n qir:r cl l> q The 5atcn can be used quite ofiectively in strangling an ^h h ar: h I r. tip of the baton.Figure handLe as you push him 79a. .\ nrrnar-h onnonent f rom the Figur€ l9a rcar as you grasp baton in your right hand using the I nnrr cr r.

2. An officer rnust exercise good judgment in utilizing techniques which strangle en opponent. Control opponent by flexing both arms. thereby applying pnessure to his throat with tte barrel of the baton.Place your l-eft hand on the back of oPPonentts head and bring him under control bY pushing his head downward with your left hand as You PuIl the baton back with the right hand. ( Figure 83). Grasp baton with ttre right hand' using the long grip. Approach opponent frcm the rear and reach across with your right hand. are dangerous and should be used as a lest resort in controlling a violent opponent. with knuckl-es tumed up. (Figure 8f). s NOTE: S transle Flturr 88 -38 - .e turned down and the right hand is hel<i just outside opponent I s left ear. Reach across opponentrs back and grasp baton Figurc 8l Flgur! t2 tip with your left hand. placing the baton barrel against his throat. (Figure 82). The knuckles of your right hand ar.

( Figr! 85 it toward you as you drive butt of baton forcefullY to your Ieft. steP toward him quickly with your right foot and grasP baton barrel with your left hand. (Figure 86)' NOTE: The officer should be prepared to Figrrc 86 strike a butt stroke should the opponent attempt to seize the officer's revolver. -39 - . Free the baton bY jerking right trand.then upward. (figure 84). PulI baton barrel uPward with your left hand as you drive baton butt downward.How to Free the Baton When Seized bY Opponent l. Step back quickly with Your left foot.--As opponent grabs baton barrel nith either one or both hands. Ewisting Your bodY to the left as You drive baton butt to the outside with your right hand . From the Long GriP. 8l Figure 85 ) .with Your Figt|r.

/' -40- . (Figure 88). (Figure 89). you cause his arms to cross. due to position of officer's hand s on the baton. (Figure 87). From the Two-Handed Grip. Free the baton by ripping it dovrnward. Step forward wi th your left foot as you raise baton tip vrith your left hand. NOTE: By driving batcn tip Figurc 8l F igurc 88 to the outside of opponent . Drive baton tip tor^rard opponent's Ieft shoulder as you twist your body to the right. .Opponent would be forced to grab the center of the baton barrel.2. Figure 89 \'11 f' . raising the butt end lrith the right hand as you lower the baton tip with the left hand. thereby placing him in a weak pos iti on.

a. Bend your ri crhf Lnaa cl.^r.Iled F igure I I -4L - . (Figure 90) . (Figure 9L) . Snap Kick. . n !nr'dh+ J ver F^^+ Bend the Figure 90 right knee and Lean to your risht as vorr del iver a thrust or s i cle k i ck to onnonent ' s knee . uq Prv v r.i----L!v . the officer can free it erith a weIIexecuted kick. --Place both hands on the baton handle and pull it toward you. is not nr. b.-Whether the officer is using the long grip or the two-handed grip' if opponent grabs the baton. Thrust or Side Kick. Free Baton by Kicking..crh-l in maintaining balance as you deliver snap kick to opponentrs knee. --Place both hands on baton handle and puII it toward you as rrn" nirr^t.nn J'.L t-^ +la^ ri crhl. NOTE: The snap kick and the thrust or side kick must be executed quickLy so the oflicer off balance.3.

Federal Bureau of ustice. CaLifornia. D. C. PreDared bv the s@ United States Economic Mission in Peru. Washington. rol-fce ueparEment . Lima.. Harrisburg. Rex. 1962. Crowd and Riot Control. us cflERNMEm pRNTrNc oFrrcl ls?5 o - s05-ra5 -42 - . Prevention and Control of Mobs and Riots. January [y4).BIBLIOGMPHY StackporE-T6:-It54:-Manua I for The Use of The Pclice CLub. Pa. -Tfifi PoIice Baton Training Manual . Los Angeles. L967 The Applegate. Peru. Revised April 3.

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