Compact Water Treatment Plants

Water Turbidity>100

At glance:
The Water Turbidity>100-treatment plant is: A compact unit No structure is needed Easy to operate Low operational cost The plant treating and purifying water for drinking purposes Source of row water can be river water or borehole water The plant does not treat salty water The plant can treat 15 M3 of water per hour equal to 360 M3 in 24 Hours

The Company Compact Water Package Treatment Plant is completely factory built and delivered in steel shell package (containers). convenient for transportation and requiring minimal on–site assembly and installation work. Cost saving technology. The Company produces safe. This prefabricated construction and ODIS manufacturing capacity offer a speedy delivery and installation of plants with different capacities and lot of varieties for flocculation. The Company integrates conventional physico-chemical treatment of the raw water by coagulation-flocculation.The Company Compact Water Package Treatment Plants are designed to supply high quality and safe water for small and medium communities. . solids removal by settling. The Company package plant is based on standard and customized improved design criteria. simplicity and reliability of performances are its main characteristics. The Company is able to treat water with a variable and broad range of suspended solids and turbidity. filtration and disinfections. The Company Compact Water Package Treatment Plants are fully automatic and all operating modes controlled by Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). filtration and disinfecting. (According to the water specifications). Technological advances are utilized both in clarifier and filtration units and low detention times and high efficiencies are obtained. quality water having an effluent quality assurance that meets international and local drinking water standards. The Company compact and modular concept ensures to meet water quality requirements and potable water production.

Raw water: Source water – Raw water quality surface water approved by local rules for drinking water. water with high turbidity from surface sources like rivers.Compact Water Treatment Plants The Company series is produced by factory in respect with the rules of ISO. Residual chlorine concentration . . settling. filtration and disinfections. enhanced clarification in DECA (developed in Israel) and fines filtration of the water in deep bed multi media filters. The installation required: • Connection of power (electrical energy supply). • Placement of the filter media.2 PPM. for filtered water distribution and for drainage). The typical flow configuration consists of coarse solids separation. The plants are based on chemical treatment. The systems are delivered in steel shell package (containers) and are ready for on-site installation.. Up to 24 h/day Hours of operation: Chemicals – according to FDA regulations for drinking water. Provision for the feed of special chemical may be ordered. Guaranteed quality of the treated water: Turbidity less than 1 NTU (in compliance with WHO drinking water standards). prior to clarification. free from heavy metals or toxic substances.0. The filtered water is disinfected using Hypochlorite solution. lakes etc. • Connection of piping system (for raw water supply. The plants ensure a reliable approach for standard processes and customized needs. chemical addition.

Installation – The treatment plants are packed in steel shell containers. and mobility.Disinfections – Hypochlorite solution Modularity – The treatment plants are modular and easy expandable. Operation – Reliable functioning and low operating cost. which allow convenient transportation. simple on-site installation. .

The purpose of the DECA clarifier is to separate the heavy loads of suspended solids and colloidal matter from the raw water. In this unit the sludge is separated from the clarified water in a settling zone then recycled to a mixing zone. Coagulation is injected to bring about bridging between the particles and to further improve the separation. • Clarification (Coagulation and Settling): takes place in the DECA Clarifier. Effluent water quality less than 1 NTU. The systems backwash automatically by OP or when a preset time interval elapses. . The sand and coarse solids separated by hydrocyclones are drained through an automatic valve. The disinfecting unit is fully automatic and controlled by residual chlorine controller. • Automation and Control: the systems are equipped with PLC (Programmable Logic Controller).  • Disinfection: injects Hypochlorite to remove all pathogenic microorganisms from the treated water. The effluent from the DECA Clarifier is pumped through a booster pump to the filtration stage.System Description • Primary Separation: takes place in cyclonic separators (hydrocyclones) of 5000 series and a clarifier/flocculator tanks. • Multimedia Depth Filtration: performed by an array of multimedia filters with high depth media bed for final effluent polish at relatively low filtration rate. • Coagulation: Coagulant is injected ahead of the cyclonic separator in order to destabilize the colloidal particles in suspension and to bring about agglomeration. which supervises the entire automatic functioning of the separation and filtration process.

). reservoir etc. protecting the pump from clogging or getting damages by the debris resulting in increased pump efficiency and reducing maintenance costs. lake. The screen is kept clean by the continuously rotating jets (using pump pressure through the return line) blowing away the debris from the screen. It is connected to the pump inlet and submerged in the water source (river. All the pumped water flows through the strainer and the debris are stopped on the screen.Main Elements of the System Self-Cleaning Suction Strainer (optional) The Company self-cleaning suction strainer is designed to protect the pump clogging by debris. . trash and solids dirt.

The hydro cyclone separates sand and other solids matter with very little head loss and 90% or better efficiency no head loss build up and no clogging by solids being separated. while clean liquid moves upward to the center of the spiral. enhancing the centrifugal forces and moving solid particles outwards. It has no moving parts or screens. easy to operate and maintain.Hydro cyclone Separator The ODIS Hydro cyclone separator is a simple device. . The Hydro cyclone use tangential injection flow process. towards the top outlet. The dispersed particles move downwards in a spiral path into the underflow chamber.

The water to be treated. The resulting sludge “enrichment” allows rapid flocculation and formation of the dense precipitate. This way the liquid is forced to flow downward precipitating heavier particles. mixed with flocculent. The conical floor of the unit help the sludge slide toward the ejector for re-circulation. where a separation between sludge and the effluent water is achieved. Intermediate cylinder. . The Clarifier consists of three chambers: - Flocculation (reaction) chamber is a central conical chamber. to reach a good growth of the flock. Concentrated sludge is collected at the bottom hopper and periodically released to drain. Settling chamber. The sludge deposited in the settling chamber returns to the reaction chamber by induced flow. The “DECA” Clarifier operates continuously. The effluent flows over the truncated conical collector into the intermediate tank for further treatment. The up-stream flow of flocculated particles over close to the top to the intermediate cylinder chamber. to provide required effluent water quality. enter the DECA Clarifier through a venturi type online flocculator placed in the bottom of internal (reaction) chamber. pecially designed to accelerate reactions through methodical recirculation of the precipitates formed by the flocculent and influent water.“DECA” Clarifier (optional) The Company “DECA” Clarifier is an automatic hydraulic device. The “DECA” Clarifier has no moving parts. where influent water ejected through special nozzle.

the filter resumes its normal filtering mode as clean as a new filter. The upper chamber contains the multi media and the lower chamber is empty and collects the filtered water. The filter particularly suitable for back flushing – a process involving reversal of the water flow. The disperse of water uniformly. effectively fluidizing the entire media volume during backwash. The Company filtration nozzles model E400-720 . slotted conical units. using effectively the whole media volume avoiding the occurrence of channeling caking when operated correctly. divided by a welded reinforced steel plate.Multi Media Filters The Company Multi media filters use combination of media layers as gravel. The nozzles disperse the water uniformly. which are plastic. The flushes out the entrapped debris effectively. The plate is covered by “mushroom” filtration nozzles. The plate is covered by “mushroom” diffusers. Double Bottom Chamber ODIS DW series filters employ a unique design of a double bottom chamber. The upper chamber contains the media. which are plastic slotted conical units. the lower chamber is empty and collects the filtered water. Multi media filters (DW series with total media height 1000 mm) use a unique design of a double bottom chamber divided by a welded reinforced steel plate. The back flush process activated automatically by controller or manually according to manufacturer instructions. After the back flushing is completed. causing a turbulent expansion of the media as a fluidized bed. sand and anthracite as a bed that captures the suspended matter in the water flowing through.

The Company filtration nozzles model E400-720 .Type L prevent the occurrence of channeling or caking thus ensuring long service life and less frequent media replacement.

6 mm Media Height (mm) 100 550 350 Chemical Treatment The water treatment plant integrates three types of chemical treatment: • Coagulant: Alum (a coagulant) is injected into the raw water in order to destabilize the colloidal matter and into flock. • Flocculent (optional): Anionic polymer is injected into the mixing zone of the clarifier/flocculator to create the bridging mechanism and to further improve the separation of suspended solids.8-1.8 mm 0.Media Chart Media Type Basalt Quartz Anthracite Media Particle Size 1. . • Disinfection: Chlorine (a disinfectant) is injected at the end of the process in order to kill harmful pathogenic microorganisms and supply disinfected drinking water.2 mm 1.2-1.2-1.

The Diesel Generator system includes a fuel tank that is stored inside an attached shade to prevent any damage to the system.Diesel Generator The Company system includes Diesel Generator as a backup system in cases of electricity failure (in this case the Diesel system will start working automatically) or in cases of no available electricity power on site. Capacity: 50 KVA Motor: Diesel .

thus controlling the start and stop of the filtration pump. chemicals dosing pumps. Electrical Connection: Three Phases 3X400V (3X440V 60Hz may be ordered) . the electric valves (with solenoids) and different controllers. sludge withdrawal. other pumps.Automation and Control The water treatment plant is fully automatic and all operating modes are controlled by a PLC (Programmable Logic Controller). filtration mode and backwash mode. The PLC receives signals from the floating levels.

which are shot blast cleaned.Reservoir Volume Chart In order to ensure effective disinfections. System flow rate ( l/sec ) 4 10 15 20 25 30 50 Minimum Required Tank Volume 7.5 m3 18 m3 27 m3 36 m3 45 m3 54 m3 90 m3 Connecting Accessories The water treatment plant elements are connected with manifolds and couplers. are easily disassembled / reassembled and are designed for long lasting operating life. phosphatized and lined with extremely corrosion proof polyester electrostatic spay. The connecting accessories employed by ODIS produce user-friendly system which requires minimal maintenance. retention time of 30 minutes is required after the chlorine injection. View inside the Plant .

The manifolds.the high quality. washers and jointing materials is supplied and installed as part of the Company Compact Water Treatment Plants. . fully tested equipment. The internal and external coating of manifolds and accessories is suitable for withstanding the effects of local climatic conditions. British Standard or ISO or other equivalent Standard approved by client. the quality of the water and other corrosive factors. nuts. The manifolds are made of plated carbon steel and have a 100-micron protective coating of extra durable polyester applied electro-statically and oven cured on a zinc-phosphate layer for maximal anti-corrosion protection. Structure Materials The water treatment plant filters and separators are manufactured from robust first use carbon steel ST 37 ensuring long lasting system operating life. couplers and connection elements conform to ASA.Manifolds All manifolds including bolts. Valves and Other Accessories All valves and accessories are used in the WaterPoint® Compact Water Treatment Plants .

. The lining process is performed in seven stages as follows: • Stage 1: automated shot blast cleaning to a level of SA 2 ½ as per ISO 8501 • Stage 2: phosphatization – adds a protective layer of zinc-phosphate • Stage 3: rinsing • Stage 4: sealing • Stage 5: drying • Stage 6: electrostatic polyester spraying • Stage 7: oven curing This lining process creates a perfectly coated product with a protective layer of 150 micron. rust and chemicals.Lining Process The water treatment plant filters and separators lining employs maximum anti-corrosion protection safeguarding the parts from weather.

Indicating Instruments The indicating Instruments comply with IEC specifications. etc. are supplied ready for operation.Electrical Equipment All the electrical and electromechanical equipment including the required switchboards. The colors of the caps indicate the function of the light as follows: Green: For normal operation of unit Red: For malfunction or alarm light Blue and Yellow: For other functions . The Company provide all indicating lights with colored.. cables. The electrical and electromechanical equipment incorporated in The Company Compact Water Treatment Plants is manufactured in accordance with the standards and codes of IEC or VDE and with the other relevant standards and codes. sub-boards. control and indicating panels. electric motors. The electrical equipment is of standard heavy design. suitable for operation under the existing climatic conditions and the duties set out in this specification. transparent caps. starters.

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Scope of Supply: Description • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Feeding pump Cyclone mixer DECA Clarifier/Separator unit .stage 2 Coagulation unit Connecting manifolds Hydraulic valves Flow limiting valves Water meter Pneumatic valves Control panel with PLC controller Control accessories Chlorinating unit Eye wash safety device Compressor Diesel Generator Air blower 40’ mobile steel structure .stag Multi media filters .