Speaker Roles in Asian Parliamentary Debate

[Edit]

Government:
Prime Minister (PM)

• •

• •

Define context and parameters of debate. For example, in an open motion like "This House Would Support Musicians", the debate could be contextualized into whether music should be a commodity for trade, or it should be available gratis (i.e. free music download and transfer) Provide concise background or history leading to the issue Give framework of government bench's case. I.e. mechanisms (if any), argumentation flow (what the government's first argument is and what the Deputy Prime Minister will talk about) Introduce 1st argument Assert Government stand

Deputy Prime Minister (DPM)
• • • •

Rebut first argument from Leader of Opposition Rebut rebuttals to PM's argument Introduce 2nd and 3rd argument Reassert Government stand and case

Government Whip
• • • • • •

Rebut Deputy Leader of Opposition, and Leader of Opposition Rebut rebuttals to DPM and PM arguments Provide a deeper level of analysis for previous arguments and rebuttals No new arguments, but new angles of arguments should be given Brief summary of entire case of Government Reassert Government stand and case

[Edit]

Opposition:
Leader of Opposition

• •

• •

Agree or disagree with context/ parameters of debate (any definitional challenges, accusations of squirreling, or unfair set up should be made from the LO speech and no later) Rebut Prime Minister's argument Give framework for Opposition case (if Opp agrees to problem, then their case should provide solution, or at least effectively highlight how Government proposal will worsen the situation) Introduce first Opposition argument Assert Opposition stand

Deputy Leader of Opposition
• • • •

Rebut DPM and PM arguments Rebut rebuttals to LO arguments Introduce 1st and 2nd (if any) argument Reassert Opposition stand and case

Opposition Whip
• • • • •

Rebut DPM and PM arguments Rebut rebuttals to LO & DLO arguments Provide a deeper level of analysis for previous arguments and rebuttals No new arguments, but new angles of arguments should be given Reassert Opposition stand and case

[Edit]

Reply Speech:
• • • • •

Can only be done by either 1st or 2nd speaker from each bench Provide a biased 'oral adjudication' of why the debate should go to own bench Highlight issues you think your side won, carefully tiptoe around issues you think you lost New examples to expand on discussed examples is usually allowed and makes the reply speech sound fresh as opposed to verbal regurgitation Reassert stand

--Most importantly, try to have fun while you're doing all this. ;)

Strategies & Tips for Limited Preparation Debating
[Edit]

Read Widely
Even just skimming a few international news websites, like BBC news, Al Jazeera or The New York Times will help keep you abreast of international issues. If you have a computer, set one of these sites as your homepage so that global issues "sink in" each time you open your browser. A great weekly read for sheer breadth is the The Economist.

[Edit]

Research Timely Issues
If there is an issue that is dominating the news and you have a debate tournament coming up, you can be sure that there will be a motion on that topic. Split tasks with your partners and teammates and create briefs on these issues before the tournament so that everyone can be up to speed. Keep these briefs throughout the year so that you can update them as events change.

[Edit]

Research Key Countries and Organizations
Some countries are global players and will enter nearly any international debate in which you find yourself. Being even passingly familiar with the political structures and current situations of these countries - or groups of countries - can help you win debates. Some good places to start are: China, the US, Russia, the EU and Japan. International organizations, especially the UN, feature prominently in many debates as well. Knowing the decision-making machinery of these organizations, their jurisdiction and their activities will help you immensely. In addition to the UN, you may want to look into NATO, ASEAN, the WTO and the G8. [Edit]

Use IDEA's Free Resources
Debatepedia (the wiki you are on right now) is a free resource open to anyone with internet access. It is a great place to get a sense of an issue and begin constructing arguments. You may want to dig deeper into important events and controversies, but with thousands of articles, Debatepedia is a good place to start.

Asian Parliamentary Debate
Teams: There two opposing teams in an Asians format of debate: 1. Government side- proposes and defends the motion; 2. Opposition side- refute and negates the motion. Each each side is composed of three members. The Members of the government side are the following: 1. Prime minister (PM)- opens the debate, defines the motion and advances arguments; 2. Deputy prime Minister(DPM)- refute at first instance the case of the opposition, re-establish the government's claim, and advances arguments; 3. Government whip(GW)- makes an issue-based rebuttal of the opposition's case and summarizes the case of the government. The Members of the Opposition side are the following: 1. Leader of the Opposition(LO)- responds directly to the case of the government by giving a direct clash, and advances arguments. May challenge the motion if the definition is challengeable; 2. Deputy Leader of the Opposition(DPL)- refutes the case of the DPM, reestablishes the case of the opposition, and advances an argument; 3. Opposition Whip (OW)- makes an issues-based rebuttal of the government's and summarizes the case of the opposition. Time of Speeches: Each speaker is allocated seven minutes to deliver their constructive speeches. One speaker from each side (For the Government:PM/DPM, for Opposition:LO/DLO) is given four minutes to deliver a reply speech. The speakers will be speaking in the following order: 1. Prime Minister 2. Leader of the opposition 3. Deputy Prime Minister 4. Deputy Leader of the Opposition 5. Government Whip 6. Opposition whip 7. Opposition Reply

The aim of the speech is to give a bias judgment as to why should the people support the team's claim.substance of the debate. Matter. there are 2 teams . Manner (40). depending on the tournament.the style of delivery. 3.is charged with giving a 4 minute reply speech that clarifies the debate from the Government perspective without bringing forth new arguments. roughly 30 minutes before the debate. Overview of Asian Parliamentary Debate In Asian Parliamentary Style. POI may be refused or accepted by the speaker. the persuasion skills. the arguments and evidence presented. During reply speeches. Matter (40). and the conduct of the debaters.either the Prime Minister or Deputy Prime Minister . The format is a limited preparation format. Each team has 3 members and each team gives 4 speeches. The 3 members of the Government should defend the motion.8. and the observance of the rules of debate. Government Reply During the constructive speeches. Method (20). Manner. no POI may be raised. The 3 members of the team. are: .the response to the dynamics of the debate. 2. meaning that the topic is announced. each of which gives a 7 minute speech. Reply Speech: Reply speech is a comparative analysis of the strength and weaknesses of the case of both sides. The speech is first delivered by the opposition side and followed by the government side who will close the debate.Government and Opposition. Point of Information (POI) may be raised by the opposing side after the first minute up to the sixth minute. Method: Asian Parliamentary Debate is assessed by an Adjudicator Panel composed of an odd number according to the following criteria: 1. The 3 members of the Opposition team should negate the motion and refute arguments brought forth by the Government. The 3 members of the team. and the logical reasoning and presentation of said arguments. are: • • • 1) Prime Minister 2) Deputy Prime Minister 3) Government Whip One speaker from the Government team . each of which gives a 7 minute speech.

09 januar 2008 # of people in the debate: 6 # of people in a team: 3 .7 minutes Government Whip .7 minutes Deputy Leader of Opposition . one speaker from the Opposition team .• • • 1) Leader of Opposition 2) Deputy Leader of Opposition 3) Opposition Whip Like the Government team. A complete list of Debatepedia articles related to this topic can be found at Category:Asian Parliamentary Debate.4 minutes Asian Parliamentary Debate format sreda.4 minutes Government Reply Speech .7 minutes Leader of Opposition . A POI should be a brief question or comment and not a long-winded monologue or back and forth cross examination session.either the Leader of Opposition or Deputy Leader of Opposition . the opposing team can stand up and ask for Points of Information (POI) after the first minute and until the sixth minute.7 minutes Opposition Whip .7 minutes Opposition Reply Speech .is charged with giving a 4 minute reply speech that clarifies the debate from the Opposition perspective without bringing forth new arguments. Times and Order of Asian Parliamentary Debate Speeches • • • • • • • • Prime Minister .7 minutes Deputy Prime Minister . In the 7 minute speeches.

The speakers speak in the following order: Prime minister Leader of opposition Deputy prime minister Deputy leader of opposition Government whip Opposition whip All these speeches are seven minutes long. Leader of opp presents its own arguments and rebuttals the gov's.# of teams in the debate: 2 Duration of the speeches: Constructive and whip speeches 7 minutes. and the opp whip is not allowed to do that. The speeches should focus on the great ideas. replies 4 minutes Questions format: Points of information This debate format is mainly used in the Asia (news Sherlock :D) and is also the basics of the World schools debate format. own previous arguments. of course he/she should not forget that she has to speak about the arguments of the PM and reafirm them. but the format is currently spreading to the high school and poo poo poo levels as well. the Parliamentary style is not related to debates in governmental parliaments. Despite the name. arguments. rebuttal. meaning new argument(s). Parliamentary debate From Wikipedia. The government whip is allowed to present "new matter" but is advised not to. Deputy PM has also his own argument(s) and makes some rebuttal. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. Prime minister presents the case. Many university level institutions in English speaking nations sponsor parliamentary debate teams. Deputy leader of opp has the same task. search Parliamentary Debate is an academic debate event. The speeches are given by the first or the second speaker from each side. clashes in the debate and present them. Now follow two reply speeches. . first the oppositional and then the governmental reply.

and has gained major support in the United Kingdom. sometimes called factions. each faction is considered to be one of two parties in a coalition. the two sides are called the Government and Opposition. during which no POI may be offered. and the number of speakers. They must therefore differentiate themselves from the other team on their side of the case in order to succeed in their own right. since this style is based on parliamentary debate. Europe. POIs are particularly important in British Parliamentary style. Philippines and United States.Contents [hide] • • • • • • 1 British Parliamentary Debate 2 Parliamentary Debate Books 3 American Parliamentary Debate 4 World Schools Style 5 See also 6 External links [edit] British Parliamentary Debate Main article: British Parliamentary Style British Parliamentary Debate is very widespread. there are variations in speaking time. The debate consists of four teams of two speakers. All speakers are expected to offer Points of Information (POIs) to their opponents. both the leader of the Opposition and the Prime Minister offer a short summary as the last two speakers. For example. Speeches are usually between five and seven minutes in duration. in New Zealand. Depending on the country. and the last two teams to introduce their arguments early in the debate. while the speakers take their titles from those of their parliamentary equivalents (such as the opening Government speaker. as it allows the first two teams to maintain their relevance during the course of the debate. The first and last minute of each speech is considered "protected time". Ireland. Because of the style's origins in British parliamentary procedure. Africa. Furthermore. speaking order. with two teams on either side of the case. called the Prime Minister). It has also been adopted as the official style of the World Universities Debating Championship and the European Universities Debating Championship (at which the speakers are given only fifteen minutes' notice of the motion). [edit] Parliamentary Debate Books .

com/Strategic-Argumentation-Parliamentary-DebateRobertson/dp/0557135370 The blog of Eric Robertson is http://ericjamesrobertson.com/Burden-Proof-IntroductionArgumentation-Parliamentary/dp/0759315841/ref=sr_1_1? ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1264153767&sr=1-1 Meany. Leader of the Opposition (LO) 2. Eric. the National Parliamentary Tournament of Excellence (NPTE). 3.fArt.amazon. Argument. ebook and in the Apple Ibookstore) http://parlidebatebook.amazon. Government 1.info (direct purchase) or http://www.On that point.com/That-Point-Introduction-ParliamentaryDebate/dp/0972054111/ref=pd_sim_b_2 [edit] American Parliamentary Debate American Parliamentary Debate is supported by a number of organizations in the United States at the tertiary and secondary levels. the Lincoln Parliamentary League (LPL).Burden of Proof http://www. Member of the Government (MG) 2.amazon.Robertson. Prime Minister: 7 minutes Leader of the Opposition: 8 minutes Member of the Government: 8 minutes Member of the Opposition: 8 minutes Leader of the Opposition Rebuttal: 4 minutes Prime Minister Rebuttal: 5 minutes .amazon. 5. in which they are allowed additional time to respond to the opposing team's arguments and sum up their own case. Therefore.An introduction to parliamentary debate http://www. with the following speakers: 1.Strategic Argumentation in Parliamentary Debate (available in hard copy. Mark. and Advocacy: Mastering Parliamentary Debate http://www. 4. The National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA). Member of the Opposition (MO) American Parliamentary style debating includes an additional speech from the Leader of each team. 2. 6. but may not introduce new arguments. John. the American Parliamentary Debate Association (APDA). and the National Forensic League (NFL). all offer collegiate parliamentary debate. This style consists of two teams.com Meany. John. Opposition 1. the speaking order and timings of each debate is generally: 1.com/Art-Argument-Advocacy-MasteringParliamentary/dp/0970213077/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1264153788&sr=1-2 Crossman. Prime Minister (PM) 2.

the opposing team may interrupt the speaker during a Rebuttal Speech in order to offer one of two kinds of point: • • Points of Order. Points of Information are permitted in all six speeches. The World Schools Debating Championships is attended by many countries. and is in this format. then both teams deliver a "reply speech" lasting four minutes. As in British Parliament. anyone in the room (excluding the judge) may cheer or hiss . the individual timings may vary between organizations.the first two are substansive matter and the third a rebuttal speech. Points of Personal Privilege. The speaker may refuse these. knock in approval or "shame" in disapproval . these limits are changed to about 5 minutes. In most variations on the style. Points of Information may be asked of the speaker during the first four speeches. The audience is encouraged to show their fervor during Parliamentary Debate. is known as the Asian Parliamentary Format and is used by the United Asian Debating Championships . speeches are 7 minutes. [edit] World Schools Style Main article: World Schools Style Debating This is a combination of the British Parliamentary and Australian formats. A similar format. but should take at least one or two points during his or her speech. with 7 minute speeched and Points-of-Information. which results in a debate comprising eight speeches delivered by two three-member teams (the Proposition and the Opposition). There is not much room for re-definition. Topics can be supplied long in advance. No points of order or Privilege are used. Depending on the variation of the style. Under California High School Speech Association (CHSSA) rules. except during the first and last minute of each speech (this is known as protected time). The spirit of Parliamentary Debate is debate that can be taken to the streets. or grossly mischaracterizing arguments. no matter the audience member's expertise of the resolution. and squirreling is strictly prohibited. and in some local competitions. the opposing party may offer "points of information". Between the end of the first and the beginning of the last minute of an eight-minute speech.alternatively. This means that it is easy to understand and educational to all at the same time. when the speaker is introducing a new argument during a rebuttal speech. Each speaker delivers an eight-minute speech . when the speaker makes offensive claims or personal attacks.As with any debating style. In junior debates. or may be given 45 minutes or an hour before the debate begins. with the last word being reserved for the Proposition.at any point during a round.

Dalam hal ini. cari Debat adalah kegiatan adu argumentasi antara dua pihak atau lebih. ensiklopedia bebas Belum Diperiksa Langsung ke: navigasi. Debat kompetitif adalah debat dalam bentuk permainan yang biasa dilakukan di tingkat sekolah dan universitas. . Debat disaksikan oleh satu atau beberapa orang juri yang ditunjuk untuk menentukan pemenang dari sebuah debat. Secara formal. Dalam hal ini. Contoh lain debat yang diselenggarakan secara formal adalah debat antar kandidat legislatif dan debat antar calon presiden/wakil presiden yang umum dilakukan menjelang pemilihan umum. baik secara perorangan maupun kelompok. dalam mendiskusikan dan memutuskan masalah dan perbedaan. debat dilakukan sebagai pertandingan dengan aturan ("format") yang jelas dan ketat antara dua pihak yang masing-masing mendukung dan menentang sebuah pernyataan. debat dilakukan menuruti aturan-aturan yang jelas dan hasil dari debat dapat dihasilkan melalui voting atau keputusan juri. terutama di negaranegara yang menggunakan sistem oposisi. Pemenang dari debat kompetitif adalah tim yang berhasil menunjukkan pengetahuan dan kemampuan debat yang lebih baik.[edit] See also • • Public debate International university debating o World Universities Debating Championship o American Parliamentary Debate Association o Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate o North American Debating Championship o North American Public Speaking Championship o National Parliamentary Debate Association o National Parliamentary Tournament of Excellence International high school debating o World Schools Debating Championships o World Individual Debating and Public Speaking Championship • o • Debate#Australia-Asia debateDebate Spin room • Other o Debat Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia. debat banyak dilakukan dalam institusi legislatif seperti parlemen.

.2 Moot court 3 Lihat pula • [sunting] Debat kompetitif dalam pendidikan Tidak seperti debat sebenarnya di parlemen.1 Debat kompetitif di Indonesia o 1.2 Berbagai gaya debat parlementer  1.1 Australian Parliamentary/Australasian Parliamentary ("Australs")  1. Kompetisi debat bertaraf internasional umumnya menggunakan bahasa Inggris sebagai pengantar.3.1 Model United Nations o 2. Dari sinilah muncul istilah "debat parlementer" sebagai salah satu gaya debat kompetitif yang populer. Namun demikian.ESL). Tidak ada bantuan penerjemah bagi peserta manapun. mendengarkan pendapat yang berbeda. debat kompetitif tidak bertujuan untuk menghasilkan keputusan namun lebih diarahkan untuk mengembangkan kemampuankemampuan tertentu di kalangan pesertanya.2. seperti kemampuan untuk mengutarakan pendapat secara logis.1 Debat Proposal  1.2. jelas dan terstruktur.2. Ada berbagai format debat parlementer yang masingmasing memiliki aturan dan organisasinya sendiri. Namun demikian.2.3 British Parliamentary ("BP")  1.2 Lincoln-Douglas Debate 2 Kegiatan lain yang serupa o 2.2 Asian Parliamentary ("Asians")  1. dan kemampuan berbahasa asing (bila debat dilakukan dalam bahasa asing).5 American Parliamentary o 1.4 Format World Schools  1. Kejuaraan debat kompetitif parlementer tingkat dunia yang paling diakui adalah World Universities Debating Championship (WUDC) dengan gaya British Parliamentary di tingkat universitas dan World Schools Debating Championship (WSDC) untuk tingkat sekolah menengah atas.Daftar isi [sembunyikan] • • 1 Debat kompetitif dalam pendidikan o 1. beberapa format yang digunakan dalam debat kompetitif didasarkan atas debat formal yang dilakukan di parlemen.2. beberapa kompetisi memberikan penghargaan khusus kepada tim yang berasal dari negara-negara yang hanya menggunakan bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa kedua (English as Second Language .3.3 Debat kompetitif selain debat parlementer  1.

sebuah format mengatur hal-hal antara lain: • • • • • • • • • • jumlah tim dalam satu debat jumlah pembicara dalam satu tim giliran berbicara lama waktu yang disediakan untuk masing-masing pembicara tatacara interupsi mosi dan batasan-batasan pendefinisian mosi tugas yang diharapkan dari masing-masing pembicara hal-hal yang tidak boleh dilakukan oleh pembicara jumlah juri dalam satu debat kisaran penilaian Selain itu. sebuah tim bisa menang 3-0 atau 21) .apakah diberikan jauh hari sebelumnya atau hanya beberapa saat sebelum debat dimulai (impromptu) lama waktu persiapan . Australia. Kejuaraan debat se-Indonesia yang pertama adalah Indonesian Varsity English Debate (IVED) 1998 di Universitas Indonesia. dan diikuti oleh tim-tim dari berbagai wilayah di P. Kejuaraan debat parlementar pertama di tingkat universitas adalah Java Overland Varsities English Debate (JOVED) yang diselenggarakan tahun 1997 di Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. debat kompetitif sudah mulai berkembang. [sunting] Debat kompetitif di Indonesia Artikel Utama: Debat kompetitif di Indonesia Di Indonesia. Bandung. namun ada juga yang menghitung selisih (margin) nilai yang diraih kedua tim atau jumlah vote juri (mis. Hingga kini (2006). Jawa. untuk panel beranggotakan 3 juri. Irlandia.untuk debat impromptu. Indonesia telah mengirimkan delegasi ke WSDC. Sejak 2001. berbagai kompetisi juga memiliki aturan yang berbeda mengenai: • • • penentuan topik debat (mosi) .beberapa debat hanya menggunakan victory point (VP) untuk menentukan peringkat. waktu persiapan berkisar antara 15 menit (WUDC) hingga 1 jam (WSDC) perhitungan hasil pertandingan . walaupun masih didominasi oleh kompetisi debat berbahasa Inggris. dan Amerika Serikat. Di Asia. [sunting] Berbagai gaya debat parlementer Dalam debat kompetitif. Delegasi tersebut dipilih setiap tahunnya melalui Indonesian Schools Debating Championship (ISDC) yang diselenggarakan oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional bekerjasama dengan Association for Critical Thinking (ACT). negara yang dianggap relatif kuat antara lain Filipina dan Singapura. kedua kompetisi tersebut diselenggarakan setiap tahun secara bergilir di universitas yang berbeda.Negara-negara yang terkenal dengan tim debatnya antara lain Inggris.

(Sidang Dewan percaya bahwa) Globalisasi meminggirkan masyarakat miskin. satu tim mewakili Pemerintah (Government) dan satu tim mewakili Oposisi (Opposition).7 menit Pembicara ketiga pihak Oposisi .7 menit Pembicara kedua pihak Pemerintah . Pidato penutup dibawakan oleh pembicara pertama atau kedua dari masing-masing tim (tidak boleh pembicara ketiga). baru Pemerintah. dalam babak penyisihan.sistem gugur biasanya hanya digunakan dalam babak elimiasi (perdelapan final. dengan urutan sebagai berikut: 1. tim Negatif (yang menentang mosi) disebut Oposisi (Opposition) pembicara pertama dipanggil sebagai Perdana Menteri (Prime Minister).7 menit Pidato penutup pihak Oposisi .7 menit Pembicara kedua pihak Oposisi . Pembicara pertama pihak Pemerintah . .5 menit Pidato penutup (Reply speech) menjadi ciri dari format ini. semifinal dan final). perempat final. 5. 6. Dalam format ini.7 menit Pembicara pertama pihak Oposisi .7 menit Pembicara ketiga pihak Pemerintah . 2. Mosi dalam format ini diberikan dalam bentuk pernyataan yang harus didukung oleh pihak Pemerintah dan ditentang oleh Pihak Oposisi.• sistem kompetisi . dan sebagainya pemimpin/wasit debat (chairperson) dipanggil Speaker of The House penonton/juri dipanggil Members of the House (Sidang Dewan yang Terhormat) interupsi disebut Points of Information (POI) [sunting] Australian Parliamentary/Australasian Parliamentary ("Australs") Gaya debat ini digunakan di Australia. sehingga akhirnya disebut sebagai format Australasian Parliamentary.5 menit Pidato penutup pihak Pemerintah . namun pengaruhnya menyebar hingga ke kompetisikompetisi yang diselenggarakan di Asia. 8. dua tim beranggotakan masing-masing tiga orang berhadapan dalam satu debat. 4. Pidato penutup dimulai oleh Oposisi terlebih dahulu. sistem yang biasa digunakan adalah power matching Format debat parlementer sering menggunakan peristilahan yang biasa dipakai di debat parlemen sebenarnya: • • • • • • topik debat disebut mosi (motion) tim Afirmatif (yang setuju terhadap mosi) sering disebut juga Pemerintah (Government). contoh: (This House believes that) Globalization marginalizes the poor. 3. 7.

6. 2.Leader of the Opposition . format ini termasuk yang pertama kali dikenal sehingga cukup populer terutama di kalangan universitas. format ini digunakan dalam ALSA English Competition (e-Comp) yang diselenggarakan (hampir) setiap tahun oleh ALSA LC [[Universitas Indonesia]. Kompetisi debat di Indonesia yang menggunakan format ini adalah Java Overland Varsities English Debate (JOVED) dan Indonesian Varsity English Debate (IVED). empat tim beranggotakan masing-masing dua orang bertarung dalam satu debat. Dalam format ini. dua tim mewakili Pemerintah (Government) dan dua lainnya Oposisi (Opposition). [sunting] British Parliamentary ("BP") Gaya debat parlementer ini banyak dipakai di Inggris namun juga populer di banyak negara.7 menit Member of the Opposition . 4. Prime Minister . setiap juri memberikan voting-nya tanpa melalui musyawarah. Di Indonesia.Mosi tersebut dapat didefinisikan oleh pihak Pemerintah dalam batasan-batasan tertentu dengan tujuan untuk memperjelas debat yang akan dilakukan. Ada aturan-aturan yang cukup jelas dalam hal apa yang boleh dilakukan sebagai bagian dari definisi dan apa yang tidak boleh dilakukan. Juri (adjudicator) dalam format Australs terdiri atas satu orang atau satu panel berjumlah ganjil.Opposition Whip Urutan berbicara adalah sebagai berikut: 1.7 menit Member of the Government .Member of the Government . Dengan demikian.7 menit Deputy Prome Minister . [sunting] Asian Parliamentary ("Asians") Format ini merupakan pengembangan dari format Australs dan digunakan dalam kejuaraan tingkat Asia. 5. Format ini juga mirip dengan World Schools Style yang digunakan di WSDC. tidak pada pidato penutup).Government Whip Opening Opposition: . sebab format inilah yang digunakan di kejuaraan dunia WUDC.7 menit Deputy Leader of the Opposition .Member of the Opposition . Tidak ada interupsi dalam format ini. Dalam panel.Prime Minister . Perbedaannya dengan format Australs adalah adanya interupsi (Points of Information) yang boleh diajukan antara menit ke-1 dan ke-6 (hanya untuk pidato utama. 3. keputusan panel dapat bersifat unanimous ataupun split decision. Di Indonesia.Deputy Prime Minister Closing Government: .7 menit . dengan susunan sebagai berikut: Opening Government: .7 menit Leader of the Opposition .Deputy Leader of the Opposition Closing Opposition: .

Ketua Panel akan membuat keputusan terakhir. Di Indonesia. Di Indonesia. Setiap debat terdiri atas dua tim. juri menentukan urutan kemenangan dari peringkat 1 sampai 4 untuk debat tersebut. Pembicara pertama Proposisi . beranggotakan masing-masing tiga orang.8 menit Pembicara kedua Oposisi . 5. format ini digunakan dalam kompetisi Founder's Trophy yang diselenggarakan oleh Komunitas Debat Bahasa Inggris Universitas Indonesia setiap tahun. Di akhir debat.8 menit Pidato penutup Oposisi . 7. 2. Aturan untuk interupsi (Points of Information . keputusan sebisanya diambil berdasarkan mufakat. 6. 8. Bila diterima. Proposisi dan Oposisi. format ini digunakan dalam kejuaraan Indonesian Schools Debating Championship (ISDC). pembicara dari pihak lawan dapat mengajukan interupsi (Points of Information). Dalam panel.8 menit Pembicara kedua Proposisi . POI hanya dapat diberikan antara menit ke-1 dan ke-7 pidato utama dan tidak ada POI dalam pidato penutup. [sunting] American Parliamentary Debat parlementer di Amerika Serikat diikuti oleh dua tim untuk setiap debatnya dengan susunan sebagai berikut: . 3. Juri dalam debat BP bisa satu orang atau satu panel berjumlah ganjil.4 menit Pidato penutup Proposisi .7 menit Setiap pembicara diberi waktu 7 menit untuk menyampaikan pidatonya. Beberapa SMU di Indonesia yang pernah mengadakan kompetisi debat juga menggunakan format ini.8 menit Pembicara ketiga Proposisi . Urutan pidato adalah sebagai berikut: 1.7 menit 8. 4.4 menit Pidato penutup (reply speech) dibawakan oleh pembicara pertama atau kedua masing-masing tim (tidak boleh pembicara ketiga) dan didahului oleh pihak Oposisi dan ditutup oleh pihak Proposisi.8 menit Pembicara ketiga Oposisi . Government Whip . Di antara menit ke-1 dan ke-6. [sunting] Format World Schools Format yang digunakan dalam turnamen World Schools Debating Championship (WSDC) dapat dianggap sebagai kombinasi BP dan Australs.POI) mirip dengan format BP.7. pembicara yang mengajukan permintaan interupsi tadi diberikan waktu maksimal 15 detik untuk menyampaikan sebuah pertanyaan yang kemudian harus dijawab oleh pembicara tadi sebelum melanjutkan pidatonya. Opposition Whip .8 menit Pembicara pertama Oposisi . Bila mufakat tidak tercapai.

American Parliamentary Debate Association (APDA). [sunting] Debat kompetitif selain debat parlementer [sunting] Debat Proposal Dalam gaya Debat Proposal (Policy Debate). format debat ini belum populer dan belum ada kompetisi reguler yang menggunakannya.7 menit Member of the Government .7 menit Member of the Opposition . keenam pidato semuanya dapat diinterupsi. interupsi berupa pertanyaan dapat ditanyakan kepada pembicara keempat pidato pertama. kecuali pada menit pertama dan terakhir pidato.7 menit Leader of the Opposition .7 menit Leader of the Opposition Rebuttal . National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA).7 menit Leader of the Opposition . Dalam format CHSSA.• • Government o Prime Minister (PM) o Member of the Government (MG) Opposition o Leader of the Opposition (LO) o Member of the Opposition (MO) Debat parlementer diadakan oleh beberapa organisasi berbeda di Amerika Serikat di tingkat pendidikan menengah dan tinggi.5 menit Dalam semua format tersebut kecuali CHSSA.8 min Leader of the Opposition Rebuttal . Kedua tim biasanya memainkan peran Afirmatif (mendukung proposal) dan Negatif (menentang proposal).8 menit Member of the Government . dua tim menjadi penganjur dan penentang sebuah rencana yang berhubungan dengan topik debat yang diberikan.5 menit Prime Minister Rebuttal .5 min California High School Speech Association (CHSSA) dan National Parliamentary Debate League (NPDL) menyelenggarakan debat parlementer tingkat sekolah menengah dengan susunan pidato sebagai berikut: • • • • • • Prime Minister . Topik yang diberikan umumnya mengenai perubahan kebijakan yang diinginkan dari pemerintah.8 min Member of the Opposition . Pada .4 min Prime Minister Rebuttal . Di Indonesia. dan National Parliamentary Tournament of Excellence (NPTE) menyelenggarakan debat parlementer tingkat universitas dengan susunan pidato sebagai berikut: • • • • • • Prime Minister .

sebuah proposal alternatif (counterplan) yang membuat proposal utama menjadi tidak diperlukan dapat menjadi sebuah argumen dalam debat ini. format debat ini belum populer dan belum ada kompetisi reguler yang menggunakannya. sehabis setiap pidato konstruktif. pemenang tiap babak umumnya didasari atas siapa yang telah "memenangkan" argumen sesuai dengan fakta pendukung dan logika yang diberikan. Debat Proposal adalah tipe debat yang lebih populer dibandingkan debat parlementer. Debat LD kurang menekankan pada fakta pendukung (evidence) dan lebih mengutamakan logika dan penjelasan. Walaupun retorika juga penting dan ikut mempengaruhi nilai setiap pembicara. Debat ini juga memiliki persepsi yang lebih luas mengenai argumen. debat ini diselenggarakan oleh National Debate Tournament (NDT). 5. format debat ini belum populer dan belum ada kompetisi reguler yang menggunakannya. Bila dibandingkan dengan debat parlementer. Debat Proposal tingkat SMU diselenggarakan oleh NFL dan NCFL. atau 6 menit) yang tidak boleh berisi argumen baru namun dapat berisi fakta pendukung baru untuk membantu sanggahan. Argumen dalam debat ini terpusat pada filosofi dan nilai-nilai abstrak. Misalnya. sehingga sering disebut sebagai debat nilai (value debate). Setiap isu yang tidak ditanggapi oleh pihak lawan dianggap sudah diterima dalam debat. Setiap pembicara membawakan dua pidato. kebanyakan acara debat tipe ini hanya memiliki satu topik yang sama yang berlaku selama setahun penuh atau selama jangka waktu lainnya yang sudah ditetapkan. National Educational Debate Association.prakteknya. Di tingkat universitas. Setiap debat gaya ini diikuti oleh dua pedebat yang bertarung satu sama lain. juri kadang-kadang membutuhkan waktu yang lama untuk mengambil keputusan karena semua fakta pendukung harus diperiksa terlebih dahulu. Sebagai konsekuensinya. Di Amerika Serikat. satu pidato konstruktif (8 atau 9 menit) yang berisi argumen-argumen baru dan satu pidato sanggahan (4. Cross Examination Debate Association (CEDA). pihak lawan diberikan kesempatan untuk melakukan pemeriksaan silang (cross-examination) atas pidato tersebut. [sunting] Kegiatan lain yang serupa . Di AS. Biasanya. Dewan juri secara seksama mencatat semua pernyataan yang dibuat dalam suatu babak (sering disebut flow). dan Great Plains Forensic Conference. Debat Proposal terdiri atas dua tim beranggotakan masing-masing dua orang dalam tiap debatnya. debat proposal lebih mengandalkan pada hasil riset atas fakta-fakta pendukung (evidence). Kegiatan ini juga telah dicoba dikembangkan di Eropa dan Jepang dan gaya debat ini ikut mempengaruhi bentuk-bentuk debat lain. [sunting] Lincoln-Douglas Debate Nama gaya debat ini diambil dari debat-debat terkenal yang pernah dilakukan di Senat Amerika Serikat antara kedua kandidat Lincoln dan Douglas. Di Indonesia. Di Indonesia.

Universitas Gadjah Mada (EDSUGM) Kompetisi internasional tingkat universitas o World Universities Debating Council Kompetisi internasional tingkat sekolah menengah o World Schools Debating Championships Organisasi Debat Internasional o International Debate Education Association o International Public Debate Association o Australasian Intervarsity Debating Association o Australasian Intervarsity Debating Association (2002-3) Lain-lain o 'Debating': A free online 'how-to' guide (A free 200-page debating book written by a former winner of the World Schools Debating Championhip) o Debate Network (Arguments for and against a wide variety of debate topics) o Associated Leaders of Urban Debate (A national organization promoting debate to the general public) (US.[sunting] Model United Nations Model United Nations adalah kegiatan yang banyak dilakukan di tingkat sekolah dan universitas di dunia. K-12. kegiatan ini relatif belum berkembang. [sunting] Lihat pula • Debat kompetitif di Indonesia o Indonesian Varsity English Debate o Java Overland Varsities English Debate o Indonesian Schools Debating Championship o Parahyangan English Debate Society o Homepage English Debating Society . Di Indonesia. Namun. sebuah sekolah internasional di ibukota. [sunting] Moot court Kompetisi Moot court biasa dilakukan oleh mahasiswa hukum di tingkat universitas. negara yang diwakili umumnya bukan negara asal sebenarnya dari tim tersebut). Jakarta International School (JIS). Dalam kegiatan ini. peserta memainkan peran sebagai delegasi Perserikatan Bangsabangsa (PBB) yang mewakili negara tertentu (dalam kompetisi internasional. collegiate) o World Debate Website Information about university debating events around the globe o Oxford Union (Oxford University) • • • • . memiliki kegiatan ekstrakurikuler ini.

collegiate) National Parliamentary Debate Association (U. Tagged since April 2010. Includes video from the Dartmouth Debate Institute Debatepoint dot com Web-based debate software New Zealand Schools Debating Council Website of the New Zealand Schools Debating Council.S. search This article has multiple issues.o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o American Parliamentary Debating Association (U..Parli Grand Nationals (U.S. collegiate) Cross Examination Debate Association (U. who organise schools debating in New Zealand Slovak Debate Associaton ARDOR . collegiate) British Debate Information about school and university debating in Britain Debating SA Helpful resources for Primary and Secondary School debaters in Australia Debate Central Wide ranging debate training website. • • It needs additional references or sources for verification. secondary school) Planet Debate An online store for debate resources run by Harvard Debate.. secondary and middle school) National Forensic League (U.S.S. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. DebateRoom... secondary school) National Christian Forensics and Communications Association (U. Tagged since April 2010...com Debate forums for a variety of issues.com Website for high school and college debaters run by former debater Phil Kerpen. secondary school) Cross-X.S.S. United Asian Debating Championships From Wikipedia..S..Romanian National Debate Association ASDV Bonaparte is the academic debating society in Amsterdam Parliamentary Debate League .. secondary school) eDebate Mailing list for high school and college debate coaches.S. National Debate Coaches Association (U. It needs sources or references that appear in third-party publications. Includes several online videos National Association of Urban Debate Leagues (U. Debate Outreach Network A resource for starting a debate team. collegiate) National Debate Tournament Home Page (U.S. . secondary school) National Parliamentary Debate League (U. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation..S.

it may be listed for deletion or removed. Tagged since April 2010.• The notability of this article's subject is in question. with over 600 participants. The UADC holds debates in the Asian 3-on-3 format Parliamentary Debating. It will be the largest inter-varsity Parliamentary Debate tournament in Asia. University Parliamentary Debating World Universities Debating Championship Regional & National Championships Australasia · Canada · Europe · Ireland · John Smith Memorial Mace · North America · United Asian Debating Championships Organizations APDA · CUSID · English-Speaking Union · NPDA · CEDA · NDT · NCFCA Styles Australasian · British Parliamentary Societies Aberystwyth · Alberta · Auckland · Brown · Cambridge · UCC Law · UCC Philosoph · Durham · Galway · Glasgow · Limerick · Manchester · Otago · Ottawa · Oxford · Pitt · Princeton · St Andrews · Sydney · TCD-Hist · TCD-Phil · Tilbury · Toronto · UBC · UCD-L&H · UCD-LawSoc · Victoria · VirginiaJeff · Virginia-Wash · Western Ontario · Yale This box: view • talk • edit The United Asian Debating Championship (UADC) is an annual debating tournament for teams from universities in Asia. and thus.The Asian Universities Debating Championship (AUDC) and the All-Asian Intervarsity Debating Championships (AIDC or "AllAsians"). Thailand in Bangkok from 12–19 May 2010. create a single debate . If notability cannot be established. The decision to unite the two competing tournaments. The 1st UADC will be hosted by Assumption University. The UADC was created after a decision to merge the two separate championships that were held after the Asian Debating community split in 2005 .

[4] which was not accepted by the AUDC Council. Philippines. including a proposal to have an Asian Unity Tournament in Multimedia University.[3] Since then. The process of scoring and pairing these teams is known as tabbing. many universities in Asia with strong debating traditions – most notably universities from the Philippines and Singapore. After many overtures. The next edition of the tournament will be hosted by the University of Macau. like the AUDC and the All-Asians. One team (of 3 speakers each) forms the government and the other as the opposition. matching the strongest-performing teams against each other. 2011. Bangladesh in 2009. [edit] Format of the event The UADC. which become power-paired as the tournament progresses.[1] Assumption won the right to host the tournament against a rival bid made by De La Salle University.championship for Asia was taken at the last Asian Universities Debating Championships hosted by East West University in Dhaka. 2010. most of whom are students or former students from the competing institutions. is held annually in May. in Manila. The scoring of teams is done by judges. The competition involves eight preliminary rounds. including all except one of the institutions who won the All-Asian championships up to 2004 – had chosen not to participate in the All-Asian Intervarsity Championships and have instead entered teams in the Asian Universities Debating Championship. It was decided here in Council that the two tournaments would unite in the next edition. UADC represents the results of efforts to bridge the schism that emerged in Asian debating. and the tournament took place from the 12th to the 19th of May. which made it impractical for teams to attend both tournaments. which is a variation of the Australs format. Institutions who were unhappy about aspects of the organisation of the All-Asian Intervarsity Debating Championships established the Asian Universities Debating Championship in 2005 as an alternative to the All-Asians Championship. Assumption University won the right to host after bidding. who return ballots . Malaysia. and the name of this new tournament would be the United Asian Debating Championships. The debates follow the Asian 3-on-3 format. While not necessarily intended to be a rival tournament. The first edition of this tournament is slated to be held in Assumption University in Bangkok. Thailand from 12 to 19 May. the last three AUDCs coincided with the schedule of the All-Asian Championship.[2] [edit] Origin Arising out of a unification of the Asian Universities Debating Championship as well as the AllAsian Intervarsity Debating Championships. it was agreed that the All-Asian Universities would attend the AUDC Championships held in 2009 in Dhaka hosted by East West University.

led by a Chief Adjudicator (CA) who is assisted by one or more deputies (DCAs). Deputy Leader of the Opposition (DPL) . reestablishes the case of the opposition.responds directly to the case of the government by giving a direct clash. The preliminary rounds are followed by a "Break Nite Party". 6. at which the teams proceeding to elimination rounds are announced. Each each side is composed of three members. break rounds are judged by panels of five. May challenge the motion if the definition is challengeable.with their scores to the adjudication team.com/group/AUDC/message/1. http://groups. ^ "Invitation to the First AUDC". and advances arguments. Teams: There two opposing teams in an Asians format of debate: 1. Deputy prime Minister (DPM) . and advances arguments. defines the motion and advances arguments.opens the debate.refute at first instance the case of the opposition. Retrieved 2007-06-05. and the finals by a panel of nine. 2. [1]. Prime minister (PM).makes an issue-based rebuttal of the opposition's case and summarizes the case of the government. 32 teams proceed to octo-finals. reestablish the government's claim. ^ 2009 EWU AUDC Union Meeting Minutes. Opposition side.makes an issues-based rebuttal of the government's and summarizes the case of the opposition.refutes the case of the DPM. Governments whip (GW) . Asian Parliamentary Debate 8. While preliminary rounds are usually judged by up to three judges. 3. and advances an argument. Leader of the Opposition(LO). 7. The Members of the government side are the following: 1. Debate or debating is a formal method of interactive and representational argument.refute and negates the motion. Opposition Whip (OW) . 3. The Members of the Opposition side are the following: 1.yahoo. 4.proposes and defends the motion. [edit] References 1. ^ UADC 2010 website 2. . Government side. Separate breaks are announced for English-as-a-foreign language (EFL) team competition. ^ MMU Unity Bid Document 5. 3. 2. 2.

For a related article. The aim of the speech is to give a bias judgment as to why should the people support the team's claim.the response to the dynamics of the debate. and the observance of the rules of debate. During reply speeches. search "Discussion" redirects here. Prime Minister (7 minutes) 2. and the conduct of the debaters. Point of Information (POI) may be raised by the opposing side after the first minute up to the sixth minute. Manner. and the logical reasoning and presentation of said arguments. One speaker from each side (For the Government: PM/DPM. Debate From Wikipedia. POI may be refused or accepted by the speaker. Opposition whip (7 minutes) 7.substance of the debate. The speakers will be speaking in the following order: 1. see Discourse. the persuasion skills. Deputy Leader of the Opposition (7 minutes) 5. Government Reply(4 minutes) During the constructive speeches. Matter. 2. no POI may be raised. Method: Asian Parliamentary Debate is assessed by an Adjudicator Panel composed of an odd number according to the following criteria: 1. Manner (40) . Government Whip (7 minutes) 6. Leader of the opposition (7minutes) 3. 3. Deputy Prime Minister (7 minutes) 4. the arguments and evidence presented. Opposition Reply (4 minutes) 8. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation.Time of Speeches: Each speaker is allocated seven minutes to deliver their constructive speeches. Method (20) . for Opposition: LO/DLO) is given four minutes to deliver a reply speech. The speech is first delivered by the opposition side and followed by the government side that will close the debate. Matter (40).the style of delivery. Reply Speech: Reply speech is a comparative analysis of the strength and weaknesses of the case of both sides. .

Informal debate is a common occurrence. This article needs additional citations for verification. In a formal debating contest. Debate is a broader form of argument than logical argument. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. factual accuracy and some degree of emotional appeal to the audience are important elements of the art of persuasion. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. within a framework defining how they will interact.For discussion in Wikipedia. see Wikipedia:Talk page. which is far more subtle and strategic. one side often prevails over the other side by presenting a superior "context" and/or framework of the issue. . in debating. Though logical consistency. and factual argument. which only examines consistency from axiom. which only examines what is or isn't the case or rhetoric which is a technique of persuasion. there are rules for people to discuss and decide on differences. (January 2009) University Parliamentary Debating World Universities Debating Championship Regional & National Championships Australasia · Canada · Europe · Ireland · John Smith Memorial Mace · North America · United Asian Debating Championships Organizations APDA · CUSID · English-Speaking Union · NPDA · CEDA · NDT · NCFCA Styles Australasian · British Parliamentary Societies Aberystwyth · Alberta · Auckland · Brown · Cambridge · UCC Law · UCC Philosoph · Durham · Galway · Glasgow · Limerick · Manchester · Otago · Ottawa · Oxford · Pitt · Princeton · St Andrews · Sydney · TCD-Hist · TCD-Phil · Tilbury · Toronto · UBC · UCD-L&H · UCD-LawSoc · Victoria · VirginiaJeff · Virginia-Wash · Western Ontario · Yale This box: view • talk • edit Debate or debating is a formal method of interactive and representational argument.

are common in democracies.2 Mace Debate o 2. it is not. particularly at the US highschool level. Although this implies that facts are based on consensus.1 Parliamentary (Parli) debate o 2.17 Paris Style Debating 3 Other forms of debate o 3. presidential debates o 3. or by some combination of the two. However one large misconception about debate is that it is all about strong beliefs.12 Karl Popper debate o 2.3 Jes Debate o 2.15 Moot court and mock trial o 2. Formal debates between candidates for elected office.S. to experienced debaters.10 Extemporaneous debate o 2.8 Policy debate o 2.14 Impromptu debate o 2.11 Lincoln-Douglas debate o 2. Deliberative bodies such as parliaments. legislative assemblies. Debates are sometime organized for purely competitive purposes.5 Australasia debate o 2. presidential election debates.S. such as the leaders debates and the U.9 Classical debate o 2. some propositions appear easier to defend or to attack. but also in other English-speaking countries.the quality and depth of a debate improves with knowledge and skill of its participants as debaters. any proposition can be defended or attacked after the same amount of preparation time.2 U. The major goal of the study of debate as a method or art is to develop one's ability to play from either position with equal ease.6 World Universities Peace Invitational Debate (WUPID) o 2.1 Online debating o 3.13 Simulated legislature o 2. To inexperienced debaters.7 Asian Universities Debating Championship o 2. even if the facts appear against them. and meetings of all sorts engage in debates.[citation needed] Lawyers argue forcefully on behalf of their client. which is not factual. The outcome of a debate may be decided by audience vote.1 Moral High Ground . usually quite short. by judges. Contents [hide] • • • • 1 Competitive debate 2 Forms of debate o 2.16 Public Forum (Po Fo) Debate o 2.4 Public Debate o 2.3 Comedy debate 4 Debate Strategies o 4.

Ireland.Not formal. moot or Resolution) which if adopted would change something with the exception allowed to define the scope of the proposition.[1] It is popular in English-speaking universities and high schools around the world. i. the United States. is conducted in the British Parliamentary style. . however. and even by using some rules to break other rules. Canada. This is usually very formal. Greece and most other nations. To further illustrate the importance of rules. and are not required to propose any alternative solutions. Each side is either in favor ("for. British Parliamentary style is not used exclusively.Sort of formal. the World Universities Debating Championship. or opposed to ("against. It may be presided over by one or more judges. It borrows terms such as "government" and "opposition" from the British parliament (although the term "proposition" is sometimes used rather than "government" when debating in the United Kingdom). It features the competition of individuals in a multi-person setting. parliamentary debate is what most countries know as "debating". competing at the local. and is the primary style practiced in the United Kingdom. 'Negative' "). India. is an organized to argue with other teams. while simultaneously using British Parliamentary format for the national universities championships.2 Model Construction / Destruction 5 See also 6 References o 7 External links [edit] Competitive debate Competitive debate.e. Australia. they choose what it will mean if adopted. it takes the form of a contest with explicit rules. the English-Speaking Union runs the national championships for schools in a unique format. also known as a debate contest. [edit] Forms of debate [edit] Parliamentary (Parli) debate Main article: Parliamentary debate Parliamentary Debate (sometimes referred to as "parli" in the United States) is conducted under rules derived from British parliamentary procedure. those opposed must destroy these arguments sufficiently to warrant not adopting the proposition. known as the 'Mace' format after the name of the competition. national. Even within the United Kingdom. most notably in South Africa. In schools and colleges. often. 'Affirmative' "). Each side seeks to win. by following the rules.• • • 4. a statement (proposition. The premier event in the world of parliamentary debate. Throughout the world. and New Zealand. the United Kingdom. and international level. Many different styles of debate occur under a variety of organizations and rules. within limits.

In many forms of the activity rhetoric and style. "This house would give prisoners the right to vote. emphasis is typically on analytical skills. and the Opposition may dispute the definition if it feels it violates fair play. Developed in Coláiste Iognáid (Galway) over the last ten years. In the Mace format. entertainment. However after 6 minutes. in which members of the audience will put questions to the teams. And in Canada. 2nd Proposition.In the United States the American Parliamentary Debate Association is the oldest national parliamentary debating organization.") which one team will propose and the other will oppose. 1st Opposition. After the floor debate. POI's are used to pull the speaker up on a weak point. The National Parliamentary Debate League (NPDL) is the umbrella organization for all parliamentary debating at the secondary school level in the United States. The winning team will typically have excelled in all of these areas. [edit] Mace Debate This style of debate is prominent in Britain at schools level. After the first minute of each speech. The Government must be sure the definitions does not give them an unfair advantage. If the speaker accepts they are permitted to ask a question.A ten minute open house will also be adjudicated. based on the East Coast and including all of the Ivy League. the format has five speakers: two teams and a single 'sweep speaker' on each side. 1st Proposition. the Government could define it in any way which it feel suitable. Each speaker will make a seven minute speech in the order. Topics in parliamentary debate can either be set by the tournament or determined by the debaters as the "Government" side begins. one speaker from each team (traditionally the first speaker). [edit] Jes Debate This style of debate is particularly popular in Ireland at Secondary School level. at the secondary school level. It has been widely labeled as the most democratic form of debate. Speeches last 4:30 minutes with 30 seconds protected from POIs at either end of the debate. In these summary speeches it is typical for the speaker to answer the questions posed by the floor. although the more recently founded National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA) is now the largest collegiate sponsor. Traditionally.g. THIS IS A FORMAL EVENT.[citation needed] . no more POI's are permitted. members of the opposing team may request a 'point of information' (POI). for example. the Canadian Student Debating Federation (CSDF) has the same function. the motion is always opposed in the final vote. or to argue against something the speaker has said. can play a significant role in determining the victor with marks shared equally between matter and manner. as well as the more traditional knowledge and research. Two teams of two debate an affirmative motion (e. the Canadian Universities Society for Intercollegiate Debating (CUSID) is the umbrella organization for all university-level debating. only during wartime. before summarising his or her own key points. if the topic was "This House Would Bomb Cultural Sites". After all four have spoken the debate will be opened to the floor. answer any questions the opposition may have put forward. and excluding religious cultural sites. Adjudication will depend on BP marking. 2nd Opposition. style and strength of argument. will speak for 4 minutes. For example. but with particular recognition of principled debating.

IPDA offers both team debate where two teams of two debate and individual debate." The subject of topics varies from region to region. [edit] Australasia debate Main article: Australia-Asia debate Australasia style debates consist of two teams who debate over an issue. the central focus of IPDA is to promote a debate format that emphasizes public speaking and real-world persuasion skills over the predominate use of evidence and speed. and Oklahoma. Most topics however. one affirming the resolution and one negating the resolution. Furthermore. Florida. Among universities. IPDA also awards the best speakers within each tournament. Each team has three members. the third speaker for example has the opportunity to make a rebuttal towards the opposing teams argument introducing new evidence to add to their position. Mary's University (Texas) in San Antonio. more commonly called a topic or proposition. for example. The issue. and closing remarks for the round." or "This House". IPDA is the fastest growing debate association within the United States. To further this goal. A striking negotiation ensues to pick a topic. are usually region specific to facilitate interest by both the participants and their audiences. The last speaker is called the "Team Advisor/Captain". IPDA predominantly uses lay judges in order to encourage an audience-centered debate style. depending on the terminology used. "That cats are better than dogs. Each of the speakers' positions is based around a specific role. inaugurated on February 15. Each of the six speakers (three affirmative and three negative) speak in succession to each other beginning with the . Using this style. Tennessee. In both team and individual debate a list of topics are given to the two sides thirty minutes before the start of the round. for example. participation in IPDA tournaments is open to anyone whose education level is equivalent to seventh-grade or higher. While most member programs the International Public Debate Association are associated with colleges or universities. Washington. although the main goal of the debater is to persuade the judge. Kansas. Mississippi. Although evidence is used. 1997 at St. is a national debate league currently active in the states of Arkansas. the debate is finished with a closing argument by each of the first speakers from each team and new evidence may not be introduced. Texas. is presented in the form of an affirmative statement beginning with "That". a cross-examination of the other side. Louisiana. "This House would establish a world government. then prepare an opening speech. Idaho. For instance the second speaker of the affirmative team to speak is called the "Second Affirmative Speaker" or "Second Proposition Speaker". Alabama. by convention. The sides. each of whom is named according to their team and speaking position within his/her team.[edit] Public Debate Main article: Public debate The International Public Debate Association (IPDA). Oregon. Texas.

The third WUPID will be held in University Putra Malaysia (UPM) in December 2009. The debate ends when the proposition ends the reply speech. where teams from the Middle East to Japan come to debate. If any or some of the teams cannot participate than replacements would be called in from the top 60 teams or based on strong recommendations from senior members of the University Debating community. Second Negative. the opposition bench will give the reply speech. The context in which the Australasia style of debate is used varies. The only difference is that each speaker is given 7 minutes of speech time and there will be points of information (POI) offered by the opposing team between the 2nd to 6th minutes of the speech. The speaking order is as follows: First Affirmative. Asian debates are largely an adaptation of the Australasian format. They were all former debaters for UPM who took part at all possible levels of debating from the Malaysian nationals to the World Championship. 4 minutes is allocated for the reply speech and no POI's can be offered during this time. ranging from small informal one-off intra-school debates to larger more formal inter-school competitions with several rounds and a finals series which occur over a year. and finally Third Negative. This alternating speech will go on until the third opposition.Affirmative Team. Second Affirmative. The second installation in 2008 saw Monash taking the trophy home. Third Affirmative. but in Australia and New Zealand is mostly used at the Primary and Secondary school level. This means that the 1st and 7th minute is considered the 'protected' period where no POIs can be offered to the speaker. [edit] Asian Universities Debating Championship This is the biggest debating tournament in Asia. In the reply speech. the opposition goes first and then the proposition. First Negative. Saiful Amin Jalun and Muhammad Yunus Zakariah. [edit] Policy debate . It invites the top 30 debating institutions in accordance to the list provided by the World Debate Website administered by Colm Flynn. [edit] World Universities Peace Invitational Debate (WUPID) WUPID is an invitational tournament that employs the BP or Worlds format of debating. WUPID was first held in December 2007 with Sydney University being crowned champion. The first two tournaments were cohosted by Univerisiti Kuala Lumpur (UNIKL). WUPID was the brainchild of Daniel Hasni Mustaffa. Following this. It is traditionally hosted in southeast Asia where participation is usually highest compared to other parts of Asia. The debate will commence with the Prime Minister's speech (first proposition) and will be continued by the first opposition.

and debate about the theoretical standards of the activity itself. first created and primarily practiced in the state of Minnesota. or CX debate). In effect. classical debate is simpler: one resolution is chosen at the beginning of the season. law. Certain judges and coaches felt that the development of Policy had led it to become an extremely specialized form of debate with heavy reliance on near-incomprehensible speed in speaking and less emphasis on real-world arguments in favor of "strategic" arguments that often bordered on the near-absurd. It was formed as an alternative to Policy debating. academia. debaters may "speed" (speak very rapidly). Colombia. spread out over many topics. entertainment. Classical debate emphasizes logic and real-world discussion. The National Association for Urban Debate Leagues. critical theory. including politics. and the various individual debate leagues. The emphasis on depth instead of breadth provided by the restriction can make for interesting rounds that often come down to arguments that might otherwise pale in other formats. Venezuela. As opposed to Policy. the debater presents so much information. in order to present as much evidence and information as possible and counter the other side. Successful high school policy debaters are frequently recruited for and offered college scholarships for their policy debate experience. there is a fixed topic for an entire year or another set period. although it has been attempted in Europe. are set up in order to provide students of all economic backgrounds an opportunity to experience and succeed in this life-changing activity. [edit] Extemporaneous debate . For this reason. Additionally. that the opponent does not have time to cover everything and must ignore arguments that the original team then focuses on. While rhetoric is important and reflected in the "speaker points" given to each debater. policy debate relies more on researched evidence and tends to have a larger sphere of what is considered legitimate argument. Former policy debaters have also credit their success in virtually every field. People speed read in the attempt to "spread" the opponent out of a speech. which the Affirmative affirms and Negative negates. where each Affirmative proposes a new plan. in certain segments of the activity. [edit] Classical debate Classical debate is a relatively new debate format. including counterplans. and more. In most forms of the activity.Main article: Policy Debate Policy Debate is a style of debating where two teams of two debaters advocate or oppose a plan derived from a resolution that usually calls for a change in policy by a government. each round is usually decided based on who has "won" the argument according to the evidence and logic presented. and compete in rounds as either "affirmative" or "negative". In comparison to parliamentary debate. and Japan and has certainly influenced other forms of debate. Teams normally alternate. business. it is often nicknamed "Policy Lite". Policy Debate is mostly practiced in the United States (where it is sometimes referred to as Cross-Examination. With a structure similar to that of Policy.

[edit] Karl Popper debate . These speeches are each four minutes long. which changes bimonthly. usage. It begins with an affirmative first-speaker constructive speech. then an affirmative and negative second-speaker constructive speech respectively. No new points can be brought into the debate during the rebuttals. which attacks it. Policy and Lincoln-Douglas debate tournaments are often held concurrently at the same school. There is then an affirmative and negative first-speaker rebuttal. followed by a negative. respectively. and a negative and affirmative second-speaker rebuttal.Extemporaneous debate is a style that involves no planning in advance. a strong backlash movement). Traditional L-D debate attempts to be free of policy debate "jargon". Though established as an alternative to policy debate. and those who vehemently oppose them. though still much less than in policy debate. In order for the affirmative side to win. Lincoln-Douglas speeches can range from a conversational pace to well over 300 wpm (when trying to maximize the number of arguments and depth of each argument's development). While a majority of judges will allow debaters to cite current events and various statistics (of which opponents may question the credibility) the only research permitted are one or more articles given to the debaters along with the resolution shortly before the debate. all of the negative contentions must be defeated. or "sign posted". and two teams with a first and second speaker. or "negative". counterplans. and coaches who advocate or accept these changes. [edit] Lincoln-Douglas debate Main article: Lincoln-Douglas debate Lincoln-Douglas debate is primarily a form of United States high school debate (though it also has a college form called NFA LD) named after the Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858. is that extemporaneous debate focuses less on the implementation of the resolution. This style of debate generally centers around three main contentions. although a team can occasionally use two or four. and kritiks have all reached more than occasional. and are followed by two minutes of cross examination. if not yet universal. critical theory. Plans. postmodern theory. which upholds the resolution. There is also a growing emphasis on carded evidence. and all of the affirmative contentions must be left standing. debate about the theoretical basis and rules of the activity itself. judges. Most of the information presented in the debate must be tied in to support one of these contentions. asks whether a certain policy or action conforms to a specific value. one main difference. however. The resolution. Much of extemporaneous debate is similar to policy debate. it is a one-on-one event focused mainly on applying philosophical theories to real world issues. there has been a strong movement to embrace certain techniques that originated in policy debate (and. Debaters normally alternate sides from round to round as either the "affirmative". correspondingly. These trends have created a serious rift within the activity between the debaters. This technique is known as speed. Each of these speeches are six minutes in length.

[edit] Impromptu debate Main article: Impromptu debate Impromptu debate is a relatively informal style of debate. Since its introduction by the National Forensic League into high school debate in the United States. The other 4 speakers each have 5 minutes to deliver a speech supporting their team's main arguments. A ten-minute discussion period. The first speakers of each side have 6 minutes to present their constructive cases. Nations from all around the world attend this Forum for the tournament. [edit] Moot court and mock trial In the United Kingdom the national mooting championships are run by the English-Speaking Union. It focuses on relevant and often deeply divisive propositions. The topic for the debate is given to the participants between fifteen and twenty minutes before the debate starts. is a widely used debate format in Eastern European and Central Asian high schools. during which the opposing team has a chance to clarify what was stated in the preceding speech. similar to other formats' "open cross-examination" time follows. debaters work together in teams of three. when compared to other highly structured formats. the International Debate Education Association hosts an annual Youth Forum. Following the break. named after the famed philosopher. To facilitate these goals. European Youth Parliament. and must research both sides of each issue. Originally created by the Open Society Institute as a more flexible team debate format. each side is given the opportunity to offer arguments and direct questions to the opposing side. [edit] Simulated legislature High school debate events such as Student Congress. during which the Karl Popper World Championships are held. Each year. each team gives a 4-minute rebuttal. Junior State of America and the American Legion's Boys State and Girls State events are activities which are based on the premise of simulating a mock legislature environment. with shorter speech lengths. alternating sides. it .Karl Popper debate. as well as the 2 week debate training camp. and tolerance for differing viewpoints. Constructed similarly to the Lincoln-Douglas debate format. [edit] Public Forum (Po Fo) Debate Public Forum combines aspects of both Policy debate and Lincoln-Douglas debate. called "cross-fires". and then a five-minute break (comparable to other formats' preparation time). emphasizing the development of critical thinking skills. The debate format is relatively simple. Model United Nations. each team member of each side speaks for five minutes. Karl Popper debate has risen greatly in popularity as the first format that many high school students learn. or in the negative's case a rebuttal. There is also an allotted 3 minutes after each of the first 4 speeches for cross-examination. of interaction between the debaters. but longer periods.

presidential debates Main article: United States presidential election debates Since the 1976 general election. there do exist formalized debating websites. many times for debate in formal debates (such as the ones listed above) or for fun arguments with friends. the teamwork. The debate is judged on the quality of the arguments. and rules are not independently defined. no more than 5 days between posts. the ability to think on one's feet and. specifically French format. etc.S. which the speaker may accept or reject as he wishes (although he is supposed to accept at least 2). then the second speaker of the Proposition and so on.. differing opinions arise frequently. One side is supposed to defend the motion while the other must defeat it. Unlike debates sponsored at the high school or collegiate level. the charisma of the speaker. The debate style is interesting. or drop their weaker opinions on things. followed by the first speaker of the Opposition (Shadow Prime Minister). which consist primarily of assertions. the participants.). [edit] U. Nevertheless. format. of course. as research and well thought out points and counterpoints are possible because of the obvious lack of time restraints (although practical time restraints usually are in effect. [edit] Other forms of debate [edit] Online debating With the increasing popularity and availability of the Internet. Many people use this to strengthen their points. presidential campaigns. Two teams of five debate on a given motion. After the first minute and before the last minute. [edit] Paris Style Debating This is a new.has exploded in popularity in some parts of the country due to its accessibility to both debaters and audiences through its simplistic emphasis on logical persuasion (supported by evidence as appropriate) and due to its ability to help develop real-world argumentation and speaking skills. typically in the form of online forums or bulletin boards. The French Debating Association[2] organizes its National Debating Championship upon this style. Every speaker speaks for 6 minutes. in a campaign season . debaters from the opposite team may ask Points of Information. e. The ease-of-use and friendly environments make new debaters welcome to share their opinions in many communities. the quality of the humor. Though they are often expressed via flaming and other forms of argumentation. the strength of the rhetoric. debates between presidential candidates have been a part of U.g.Forums are Moderated and welcome online debaters in a friendly format so all may speak their pros and cons.S. The first speaker of the Proposition (Prime Minister) opens the debate.

All forms of debate. 1980. with a more voter-centric role in the definition of the participants. they still offer a rare opportunity for citizens to see and hear the major candidates side-by-side. in announcing its withdrawal from sponsoring the debates. A debate could also potentially be between two or more competing propositions or actions. The presidential debates were initially moderated in 1976. there are certain strategies that are commonly used to shape the direction of a debate. whether consciously or not. sponsored all the presidential debates in 1988. the League of Women Voters stated that it was withdrawing "because the demands of the two campaign organizations would perpetrate a fraud on the American voter. which is a nonprofit. Or debate could also be a purely performative exercise of charisma and emotion with no assumption of fixed advocacy. [edit] Moral High Ground . The core concept of argumentation theory is the notion of advocacy. at least one side in a debate needs to maintain the truth of some proposition or advocate some sort of personal or political change or action. make certain assumptions about argumentation theory. talk radio.heavily dominated by television advertisements. While comedy debates are not generally mainstream events. 1984 by the League of Women Voters. 1996. forbidding participants to ask each other questions and restricting discussion of particular topics to short time frames. nonpartisan corporation. 1992. In most cases. and are often popular fixtures among experienced debaters. sound bites. the Citizens' Debate Commission was formed in the hope of establishing an independent sponsor for presidential debates. See also: Leaders debate [edit] Comedy debate Main article: Comedy debate With the growing popularity of debate among the general public. Its primary purpose is to sponsor and produce debates for the United States presidential and vice presidential candidates and to undertake research and educational activities relating to the debates. though defined differently in every election. is typically more restrictive than many traditional formats. The organization. However. involving aspects from showmanship to critical thinking. comedy debates have developed as a form of entertainment with an often educational twist. 2000 and 2004. [edit] Debate Strategies While debating is an art. and rules. The format of the presidential debates. but The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) was established in 1987 by the Republican and Democratic parties. but it would possibly lose much of its coherence. format. they have gained significant popular support at occasions such as the Melbourne International Comedy Festival." In 2004. and spin.

[edit] See also Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Debate • • • CreateDebate Debates Dialectics International high-school debating • • • Harvard Model United Nations World Individual Debating and Public Speaking Championships World Schools Debating Championships International university debating • Debate camp#Popular camps/institutes • Australasian Intervarsity Debating Championships • American Parliamentary Debate Association • Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate • Harvard World Model United Nations • • • • National Association of Urban Debate Leagues North American Debating Championship North American Public Speaking Championship World Universities Debating Championship • International Public Debate Association . each party will need to build a conceptual model of the topic on which to base the debate. [edit] Model Construction / Destruction Often. consigning the other parties to appear weak. the social backlash that could happen. i. e. the party will try to illustrate the moral benefits that their side of the debates bring to the table. Floodgate effect that can follow a policy. Thus merits will be given to the team with the better model. The model can be assessed on the following count.e. more environmentally aware. in the process of debates. unethical.g. • • • completeness timeliness feasibility A model can be attacked as well by highlighting undesirable effects. In this strategy. pro-human rights etc.One such strategy is to adopt the Moral High Ground.

Motions You are Unprepared For Famous debater for Ateneo de Manilla. Click to view or right click to save to your hard drive: http://bankskripsi. Parliamentary Debate is not connected to debates that occur in government houses of Parliament. Korea. or put it on another computer. .com/2007/07/lecture-parliamentary-debatemotions. watch it in full screen mode. Parliamentary Debate features two teams. plus a person who serves as judge. There are three ways to watch this video.Lecture: Parliamentary Debate . known as the government and the opposition. in the order we suggest you use: 1. Click on the link and watch it in a small browser window while it downloads. 2009 Parliamentary Debate is an academic debate event that is popular in English-speaking universities as well as some high schools. eHow Contributor updated: August 18.blo gspot. Although the event pits two teams.com/archive/http://debatevideoblog.html Parliamentary Debate Rules By Shane Hall. 2. Philippines. 3. save it for later. Right click on the link to download and then watch it using your QuickTime application. Right click on the link to download. Eleanor Uy gives this talk at the 2005 Asian Debate Institute in Seoul. drag it into your iTunes application. Once it is downloaded you can watch it now.

Following the Opposition Leader. Member of Government. the debater must stand. the Government member speaks. According to the American Parliamentary Debate Association. Point of Information 5.Identification 1. The debate round begins with a speech by the Prime Minister. The two team members--Government and Opposition--have eight minutes each for their speeches. by its arguments and speeches. beginning with the Opposition leader and ending with the Prime Minister. consists of the Opposition Leader and Opposition Member. The debater who is speaking may recognize the point by saying "on that point. the Prime Minister's opening speech is limited to seven minutes. Opposition Leader or Opposition Member. The second team." then allow the questioner to speak. place a hand on top of her head and raise her other arm to signal. The Government team begins the debate by presenting a specific statement or resolution. must show the Government team's position to be incorrect. A debate round involves a series of speeches presented by the debaters. During the speeches by the Prime Minister. If the debater does not wish to recognize the point of information. . Each team in a Parliamentary Debate event has two debaters. According to the National Parliamentary Debate Association. The Leader of the Opposition then replies with an opening speech. then the Opposition member. This is known as a point of information. which it must demonstrate to be correct. To raise a point of information. Structure of Debate 3. Types 2. and the Opposition Leader has a limit of eight minutes. Rebuttal speeches then follow. The judge of the debate is known as the Speaker. other debaters may rise to ask a question of the person speaking or to make a point." at which point the questioner sits. Timing 4. the resolution or topic of a debate centers on current affairs or a question of philosophy. known as the Opposition. The rebuttals are four minutes for the Opposition Leader and five minutes for the Prime Minister. he says "no thank you. The Government team consists of a prime minister and a member of government. The Opposition.

I. The debater can continue if the Speaker rules the point to be "not well taken. known as the Speaker. "Point of order. The judge of the debate round. free music download and transfer) Provide concise background or history leading to the issue Give framework of government bench’s case. 2009 abinadakhairiyah Leave a comment Go to comments (taken from http://wiki. in an open motion like “This House Would Support Musicians”.ehow.e.idebate. she can stand and say. or it should be available gratis (i. deciding if it is "well taken" or "not well taken.Points of Order and Personal Privilege 6. mechanisms (if any)." Although rarely used. When a debater believes a rule of debate has been broken.com/about_5315301_parliamentary-debaterules.html#ixzz153Cyn9hI Speaker Roles in Asian Parliamentary Debate November 13.org) Government: Prime Minister (PM) • • • • • Define context and parameters of debate. a debater can raise a "point of personal privilege" if she has been personally insulted during a debate.e. the speaker rules whether the point is well taken or not well taken. For example. Read more: Parliamentary Debate Rules | eHow. As with points of order." A "well taken" point means the debater must conclude his speech." The debater who is speaking must then stop and allow the debater who rose to state what rule has been violated. argumentation flow (what the government’s first argument is and what the Deputy Prime Minister will talk about) Introduce 1st argument Assert Government stand Deputy Prime Minister (DPM) • • • Rebut first argument from Leader of Opposition Rebut rebuttals to PM’s argument Introduce 2nd and 3rd argument .com http://www. then rules on the point of order. the debate could be contextualized into whether music should be a commodity for trade.

then their case should provide solution. but new angles of arguments should be given Reassert Opposition stand and case Reply Speech: • • • Can only be done by either 1st or 2nd speaker from each bench Provide a biased ‘oral adjudication’ of why the debate should go to own bench Highlight issues you think your side won. or unfair set up should be made from the LO speech and no later) Rebut Prime Minister’s argument Give framework for Opposition case (if Opp agrees to problem.• Reassert Government stand and case Government Whip • • • • • • Rebut Deputy Leader of Opposition. accusations of squirreling. or at least effectively highlight how Government proposal will worsen the situation) Introduce first Opposition argument Assert Opposition stand Deputy Leader of Opposition • • • • Rebut DPM and PM arguments Rebut rebuttals to LO arguments Introduce 1st and 2nd (if any) argument Reassert Opposition stand and case Opposition Whip • • • • • Rebut DPM and PM arguments Rebut rebuttals to LO & DLO arguments Provide a deeper level of analysis for previous arguments and rebuttals No new arguments. carefully tiptoe around issues you think you lost . but new angles of arguments should be given Brief summary of entire case of Government Reassert Government stand and case Opposition: Leader of Opposition • • • • • Agree or disagree with context/ parameters of debate (any definitional challenges. and Leader of Opposition Rebut rebuttals to DPM and PM arguments Provide a deeper level of analysis for previous arguments and rebuttals No new arguments.

try to have fun while you’re doing all this.Member of The Government. . 1st opposition. Government reply .” with the ‘House’ referring to a governing body debating the particular motion. Member of Opposition 7. the Asian Parliamentary has two opposing sides. whose role is to effectively rebut the case delivered by the opposition. 3rd government. Deputy Prime Minister 4. A time constrain of 4 (four) minutes is given for reply speeches. Teams and Speaker Responsibilities Similar to any forms of debates. whose role is similar to the Member of The Government.Deputy Prime Minister. taking the opposition’s perspective Each speaker is 7 (seven) minutes to deliver a speech. 2nd government. to propose and defend the motion and the opposition. The order of speeches would go as follows: 1. whose role is to provide the interpretation of the motion and setup a ground for the debate. Each of these two teams comprise of three speakers with distinct roles and responsibilities. A reply speech is a speech that concludes the debate and state why a particular team’s case is better than the opposing one. Deputy Leader of Opposition 5. whose role is to refute the opposition’s whole case by summarizing the entire debate from the government’s perspective and give final analysis on why the government should win The speakers of the opposition side are: . The speakers of the government side are: . respond to the initial case brought by the government and open the case for the opposition .Deputy Leader of The Opposition. 1st government. whose role is quite similar to the Deputy Prime Minister. as well as open the case for the government . Leader of Opposition 3. the government. whose role is to state where the opposition’s position in the particular debate. The speakers allowed to deliver a reply speech would be either the first or the second speaker of each team.Leader of The Opposition.) Motion A motion is the term used as a referral of the topic about to be debated in the Asian Parliamentary system. amplify the arguments initiated by the previous speaker of the team and later advances the government’s case by delivering a new argument . 2nd opposition. each team will be given the chance to give a reply speech. 3rd opposition. Most motions in the system begin with the phrase “This House….• • New examples to expand on discussed examples is usually allowed and makes the reply speech sound fresh as opposed to verbal regurgitation Reassert stand Most importantly. taking the opposition’s perspective .Prime Minister. Prime Minister 2. After all speakers have spoken. Member of Government 6. to oppose and negate the motion.Member of The Opposition.

Matter. although it is highly recommended for a speaker to accept one or two during a speech to create a good dynamic in the debate. POIs can only be raised between the first and the sixth minute of the speech.Method. Opposition reply Point of Information During the speeches (except for the reply). Earlier than one and later than six are called the protected time and POIs cannot be raised. the opposing team may offer Point of Informations. It can also be a quick rebuttal. which looks at speaker role and responsibility fulfillment . A POI cannot exceed 15 (fifteen) seconds. with the number usually increasing as the tournament progresses into more advanced and crucial rounds. usually looking at how clear and convincing a speech is . which is how the points are delivered. The decision made by adjudicators is based on three criteria: . A speaker has the right to refuse a POI.Manner.8. which is the quality of the arguments brought and the logic behind them . The adjudicator may comprise of a single person or an odd number of persons. meaning that the point brought has to be concise and sharp to ensure maximum effectively. Adjudication The victor of an Asian Parliamentary debating system will be determined by adjudicators. question directed to a point brought by the speaker. usually shortened POI. but not always. is a form of interruption delivered to challenge a case brought by the speaker delivering a speech. A Point of Information. A POI is most commonly.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful