Speaker Roles in Asian Parliamentary Debate

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Government:
Prime Minister (PM)

• •

• •

Define context and parameters of debate. For example, in an open motion like "This House Would Support Musicians", the debate could be contextualized into whether music should be a commodity for trade, or it should be available gratis (i.e. free music download and transfer) Provide concise background or history leading to the issue Give framework of government bench's case. I.e. mechanisms (if any), argumentation flow (what the government's first argument is and what the Deputy Prime Minister will talk about) Introduce 1st argument Assert Government stand

Deputy Prime Minister (DPM)
• • • •

Rebut first argument from Leader of Opposition Rebut rebuttals to PM's argument Introduce 2nd and 3rd argument Reassert Government stand and case

Government Whip
• • • • • •

Rebut Deputy Leader of Opposition, and Leader of Opposition Rebut rebuttals to DPM and PM arguments Provide a deeper level of analysis for previous arguments and rebuttals No new arguments, but new angles of arguments should be given Brief summary of entire case of Government Reassert Government stand and case

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Opposition:
Leader of Opposition

• •

• •

Agree or disagree with context/ parameters of debate (any definitional challenges, accusations of squirreling, or unfair set up should be made from the LO speech and no later) Rebut Prime Minister's argument Give framework for Opposition case (if Opp agrees to problem, then their case should provide solution, or at least effectively highlight how Government proposal will worsen the situation) Introduce first Opposition argument Assert Opposition stand

Deputy Leader of Opposition
• • • •

Rebut DPM and PM arguments Rebut rebuttals to LO arguments Introduce 1st and 2nd (if any) argument Reassert Opposition stand and case

Opposition Whip
• • • • •

Rebut DPM and PM arguments Rebut rebuttals to LO & DLO arguments Provide a deeper level of analysis for previous arguments and rebuttals No new arguments, but new angles of arguments should be given Reassert Opposition stand and case

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Reply Speech:
• • • • •

Can only be done by either 1st or 2nd speaker from each bench Provide a biased 'oral adjudication' of why the debate should go to own bench Highlight issues you think your side won, carefully tiptoe around issues you think you lost New examples to expand on discussed examples is usually allowed and makes the reply speech sound fresh as opposed to verbal regurgitation Reassert stand

--Most importantly, try to have fun while you're doing all this. ;)

Strategies & Tips for Limited Preparation Debating
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Read Widely
Even just skimming a few international news websites, like BBC news, Al Jazeera or The New York Times will help keep you abreast of international issues. If you have a computer, set one of these sites as your homepage so that global issues "sink in" each time you open your browser. A great weekly read for sheer breadth is the The Economist.

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Research Timely Issues
If there is an issue that is dominating the news and you have a debate tournament coming up, you can be sure that there will be a motion on that topic. Split tasks with your partners and teammates and create briefs on these issues before the tournament so that everyone can be up to speed. Keep these briefs throughout the year so that you can update them as events change.

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Research Key Countries and Organizations
Some countries are global players and will enter nearly any international debate in which you find yourself. Being even passingly familiar with the political structures and current situations of these countries - or groups of countries - can help you win debates. Some good places to start are: China, the US, Russia, the EU and Japan. International organizations, especially the UN, feature prominently in many debates as well. Knowing the decision-making machinery of these organizations, their jurisdiction and their activities will help you immensely. In addition to the UN, you may want to look into NATO, ASEAN, the WTO and the G8. [Edit]

Use IDEA's Free Resources
Debatepedia (the wiki you are on right now) is a free resource open to anyone with internet access. It is a great place to get a sense of an issue and begin constructing arguments. You may want to dig deeper into important events and controversies, but with thousands of articles, Debatepedia is a good place to start.

Asian Parliamentary Debate
Teams: There two opposing teams in an Asians format of debate: 1. Government side- proposes and defends the motion; 2. Opposition side- refute and negates the motion. Each each side is composed of three members. The Members of the government side are the following: 1. Prime minister (PM)- opens the debate, defines the motion and advances arguments; 2. Deputy prime Minister(DPM)- refute at first instance the case of the opposition, re-establish the government's claim, and advances arguments; 3. Government whip(GW)- makes an issue-based rebuttal of the opposition's case and summarizes the case of the government. The Members of the Opposition side are the following: 1. Leader of the Opposition(LO)- responds directly to the case of the government by giving a direct clash, and advances arguments. May challenge the motion if the definition is challengeable; 2. Deputy Leader of the Opposition(DPL)- refutes the case of the DPM, reestablishes the case of the opposition, and advances an argument; 3. Opposition Whip (OW)- makes an issues-based rebuttal of the government's and summarizes the case of the opposition. Time of Speeches: Each speaker is allocated seven minutes to deliver their constructive speeches. One speaker from each side (For the Government:PM/DPM, for Opposition:LO/DLO) is given four minutes to deliver a reply speech. The speakers will be speaking in the following order: 1. Prime Minister 2. Leader of the opposition 3. Deputy Prime Minister 4. Deputy Leader of the Opposition 5. Government Whip 6. Opposition whip 7. Opposition Reply

The format is a limited preparation format. 2. the persuasion skills. During reply speeches. The 3 members of the team. The 3 members of the Government should defend the motion. depending on the tournament. The 3 members of the Opposition team should negate the motion and refute arguments brought forth by the Government.substance of the debate. no POI may be raised. Manner. The aim of the speech is to give a bias judgment as to why should the people support the team's claim. are: • • • 1) Prime Minister 2) Deputy Prime Minister 3) Government Whip One speaker from the Government team . and the conduct of the debaters. are: . and the observance of the rules of debate. meaning that the topic is announced.8.the style of delivery. each of which gives a 7 minute speech. and the logical reasoning and presentation of said arguments. Matter (40). there are 2 teams .either the Prime Minister or Deputy Prime Minister . Reply Speech: Reply speech is a comparative analysis of the strength and weaknesses of the case of both sides.Government and Opposition. Government Reply During the constructive speeches. Manner (40). each of which gives a 7 minute speech. 3. roughly 30 minutes before the debate. Matter. the arguments and evidence presented. The 3 members of the team.the response to the dynamics of the debate. The speech is first delivered by the opposition side and followed by the government side who will close the debate. Each team has 3 members and each team gives 4 speeches. Method: Asian Parliamentary Debate is assessed by an Adjudicator Panel composed of an odd number according to the following criteria: 1.is charged with giving a 4 minute reply speech that clarifies the debate from the Government perspective without bringing forth new arguments. Method (20). POI may be refused or accepted by the speaker. Point of Information (POI) may be raised by the opposing side after the first minute up to the sixth minute. Overview of Asian Parliamentary Debate In Asian Parliamentary Style.

4 minutes Asian Parliamentary Debate format sreda.either the Leader of Opposition or Deputy Leader of Opposition . Times and Order of Asian Parliamentary Debate Speeches • • • • • • • • Prime Minister .7 minutes Deputy Leader of Opposition . A POI should be a brief question or comment and not a long-winded monologue or back and forth cross examination session. In the 7 minute speeches.7 minutes Leader of Opposition . the opposing team can stand up and ask for Points of Information (POI) after the first minute and until the sixth minute.7 minutes Government Whip .• • • 1) Leader of Opposition 2) Deputy Leader of Opposition 3) Opposition Whip Like the Government team.is charged with giving a 4 minute reply speech that clarifies the debate from the Opposition perspective without bringing forth new arguments.7 minutes Opposition Reply Speech . A complete list of Debatepedia articles related to this topic can be found at Category:Asian Parliamentary Debate. one speaker from the Opposition team .7 minutes Deputy Prime Minister .7 minutes Opposition Whip . 09 januar 2008 # of people in the debate: 6 # of people in a team: 3 .4 minutes Government Reply Speech .

own previous arguments. The speeches are given by the first or the second speaker from each side. replies 4 minutes Questions format: Points of information This debate format is mainly used in the Asia (news Sherlock :D) and is also the basics of the World schools debate format. first the oppositional and then the governmental reply. The speeches should focus on the great ideas. but the format is currently spreading to the high school and poo poo poo levels as well. The speakers speak in the following order: Prime minister Leader of opposition Deputy prime minister Deputy leader of opposition Government whip Opposition whip All these speeches are seven minutes long. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. . Despite the name. Parliamentary debate From Wikipedia.# of teams in the debate: 2 Duration of the speeches: Constructive and whip speeches 7 minutes. arguments. rebuttal. Deputy PM has also his own argument(s) and makes some rebuttal. The government whip is allowed to present "new matter" but is advised not to. Prime minister presents the case. of course he/she should not forget that she has to speak about the arguments of the PM and reafirm them. Many university level institutions in English speaking nations sponsor parliamentary debate teams. Leader of opp presents its own arguments and rebuttals the gov's. meaning new argument(s). search Parliamentary Debate is an academic debate event. Deputy leader of opp has the same task. the Parliamentary style is not related to debates in governmental parliaments. and the opp whip is not allowed to do that. clashes in the debate and present them. Now follow two reply speeches.

with two teams on either side of the case. while the speakers take their titles from those of their parliamentary equivalents (such as the opening Government speaker. Speeches are usually between five and seven minutes in duration. It has also been adopted as the official style of the World Universities Debating Championship and the European Universities Debating Championship (at which the speakers are given only fifteen minutes' notice of the motion). Europe. Depending on the country. as it allows the first two teams to maintain their relevance during the course of the debate.Contents [hide] • • • • • • 1 British Parliamentary Debate 2 Parliamentary Debate Books 3 American Parliamentary Debate 4 World Schools Style 5 See also 6 External links [edit] British Parliamentary Debate Main article: British Parliamentary Style British Parliamentary Debate is very widespread. and has gained major support in the United Kingdom. sometimes called factions. both the leader of the Opposition and the Prime Minister offer a short summary as the last two speakers. For example. there are variations in speaking time. Philippines and United States. Because of the style's origins in British parliamentary procedure. the two sides are called the Government and Opposition. and the number of speakers. All speakers are expected to offer Points of Information (POIs) to their opponents. Ireland. since this style is based on parliamentary debate. The debate consists of four teams of two speakers. each faction is considered to be one of two parties in a coalition. speaking order. They must therefore differentiate themselves from the other team on their side of the case in order to succeed in their own right. and the last two teams to introduce their arguments early in the debate. The first and last minute of each speech is considered "protected time". Africa. called the Prime Minister). in New Zealand. [edit] Parliamentary Debate Books . during which no POI may be offered. Furthermore. POIs are particularly important in British Parliamentary style.

Eric. John.fArt. 5. Prime Minister (PM) 2. Therefore.amazon. 2.amazon.com Meany.com/That-Point-Introduction-ParliamentaryDebate/dp/0972054111/ref=pd_sim_b_2 [edit] American Parliamentary Debate American Parliamentary Debate is supported by a number of organizations in the United States at the tertiary and secondary levels. Mark.info (direct purchase) or http://www. Opposition 1. Government 1. in which they are allowed additional time to respond to the opposing team's arguments and sum up their own case. all offer collegiate parliamentary debate.amazon. Member of the Government (MG) 2.com/Art-Argument-Advocacy-MasteringParliamentary/dp/0970213077/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1264153788&sr=1-2 Crossman. with the following speakers: 1.Robertson. 6. but may not introduce new arguments. 3. The National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA).com/Strategic-Argumentation-Parliamentary-DebateRobertson/dp/0557135370 The blog of Eric Robertson is http://ericjamesrobertson. Prime Minister: 7 minutes Leader of the Opposition: 8 minutes Member of the Government: 8 minutes Member of the Opposition: 8 minutes Leader of the Opposition Rebuttal: 4 minutes Prime Minister Rebuttal: 5 minutes .com/Burden-Proof-IntroductionArgumentation-Parliamentary/dp/0759315841/ref=sr_1_1? ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1264153767&sr=1-1 Meany. the Lincoln Parliamentary League (LPL). Leader of the Opposition (LO) 2. John.An introduction to parliamentary debate http://www. ebook and in the Apple Ibookstore) http://parlidebatebook. the speaking order and timings of each debate is generally: 1.Burden of Proof http://www. and the National Forensic League (NFL). This style consists of two teams.amazon. and Advocacy: Mastering Parliamentary Debate http://www. the American Parliamentary Debate Association (APDA).On that point. Argument.Strategic Argumentation in Parliamentary Debate (available in hard copy. Member of the Opposition (MO) American Parliamentary style debating includes an additional speech from the Leader of each team. the National Parliamentary Tournament of Excellence (NPTE). 4.

Depending on the variation of the style. A similar format. Points of Information may be asked of the speaker during the first four speeches. and in some local competitions.As with any debating style. or may be given 45 minutes or an hour before the debate begins. Between the end of the first and the beginning of the last minute of an eight-minute speech. which results in a debate comprising eight speeches delivered by two three-member teams (the Proposition and the Opposition). Under California High School Speech Association (CHSSA) rules. and is in this format. As in British Parliament. no matter the audience member's expertise of the resolution. In junior debates. In most variations on the style. Points of Information are permitted in all six speeches. The audience is encouraged to show their fervor during Parliamentary Debate. Points of Personal Privilege. the opposing party may offer "points of information". when the speaker is introducing a new argument during a rebuttal speech. is known as the Asian Parliamentary Format and is used by the United Asian Debating Championships . knock in approval or "shame" in disapproval . when the speaker makes offensive claims or personal attacks. No points of order or Privilege are used. or grossly mischaracterizing arguments. There is not much room for re-definition. Each speaker delivers an eight-minute speech . the opposing team may interrupt the speaker during a Rebuttal Speech in order to offer one of two kinds of point: • • Points of Order. these limits are changed to about 5 minutes. but should take at least one or two points during his or her speech. with the last word being reserved for the Proposition. [edit] World Schools Style Main article: World Schools Style Debating This is a combination of the British Parliamentary and Australian formats. speeches are 7 minutes. then both teams deliver a "reply speech" lasting four minutes. The World Schools Debating Championships is attended by many countries. Topics can be supplied long in advance.at any point during a round.alternatively. The spirit of Parliamentary Debate is debate that can be taken to the streets. This means that it is easy to understand and educational to all at the same time. except during the first and last minute of each speech (this is known as protected time). with 7 minute speeched and Points-of-Information. anyone in the room (excluding the judge) may cheer or hiss . and squirreling is strictly prohibited. The speaker may refuse these. the individual timings may vary between organizations.the first two are substansive matter and the third a rebuttal speech.

Contoh lain debat yang diselenggarakan secara formal adalah debat antar kandidat legislatif dan debat antar calon presiden/wakil presiden yang umum dilakukan menjelang pemilihan umum. baik secara perorangan maupun kelompok. debat dilakukan menuruti aturan-aturan yang jelas dan hasil dari debat dapat dihasilkan melalui voting atau keputusan juri. dalam mendiskusikan dan memutuskan masalah dan perbedaan. Dalam hal ini. debat banyak dilakukan dalam institusi legislatif seperti parlemen. Pemenang dari debat kompetitif adalah tim yang berhasil menunjukkan pengetahuan dan kemampuan debat yang lebih baik. debat dilakukan sebagai pertandingan dengan aturan ("format") yang jelas dan ketat antara dua pihak yang masing-masing mendukung dan menentang sebuah pernyataan. . Debat kompetitif adalah debat dalam bentuk permainan yang biasa dilakukan di tingkat sekolah dan universitas. cari Debat adalah kegiatan adu argumentasi antara dua pihak atau lebih.[edit] See also • • Public debate International university debating o World Universities Debating Championship o American Parliamentary Debate Association o Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate o North American Debating Championship o North American Public Speaking Championship o National Parliamentary Debate Association o National Parliamentary Tournament of Excellence International high school debating o World Schools Debating Championships o World Individual Debating and Public Speaking Championship • o • Debate#Australia-Asia debateDebate Spin room • Other o Debat Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia. Dalam hal ini. Secara formal. ensiklopedia bebas Belum Diperiksa Langsung ke: navigasi. terutama di negaranegara yang menggunakan sistem oposisi. Debat disaksikan oleh satu atau beberapa orang juri yang ditunjuk untuk menentukan pemenang dari sebuah debat.

2 Moot court 3 Lihat pula • [sunting] Debat kompetitif dalam pendidikan Tidak seperti debat sebenarnya di parlemen.3 Debat kompetitif selain debat parlementer  1. .2.1 Model United Nations o 2.2. Namun demikian.Daftar isi [sembunyikan] • • 1 Debat kompetitif dalam pendidikan o 1. Kompetisi debat bertaraf internasional umumnya menggunakan bahasa Inggris sebagai pengantar. beberapa kompetisi memberikan penghargaan khusus kepada tim yang berasal dari negara-negara yang hanya menggunakan bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa kedua (English as Second Language . Dari sinilah muncul istilah "debat parlementer" sebagai salah satu gaya debat kompetitif yang populer. jelas dan terstruktur. Tidak ada bantuan penerjemah bagi peserta manapun. mendengarkan pendapat yang berbeda. Kejuaraan debat kompetitif parlementer tingkat dunia yang paling diakui adalah World Universities Debating Championship (WUDC) dengan gaya British Parliamentary di tingkat universitas dan World Schools Debating Championship (WSDC) untuk tingkat sekolah menengah atas.3 British Parliamentary ("BP")  1.1 Australian Parliamentary/Australasian Parliamentary ("Australs")  1.2 Asian Parliamentary ("Asians")  1.2.5 American Parliamentary o 1. debat kompetitif tidak bertujuan untuk menghasilkan keputusan namun lebih diarahkan untuk mengembangkan kemampuankemampuan tertentu di kalangan pesertanya.2 Berbagai gaya debat parlementer  1.2.1 Debat Proposal  1.1 Debat kompetitif di Indonesia o 1. seperti kemampuan untuk mengutarakan pendapat secara logis.2 Lincoln-Douglas Debate 2 Kegiatan lain yang serupa o 2. Ada berbagai format debat parlementer yang masingmasing memiliki aturan dan organisasinya sendiri.3.3. beberapa format yang digunakan dalam debat kompetitif didasarkan atas debat formal yang dilakukan di parlemen. Namun demikian.4 Format World Schools  1. dan kemampuan berbahasa asing (bila debat dilakukan dalam bahasa asing).ESL).2.

Jawa. sebuah format mengatur hal-hal antara lain: • • • • • • • • • • jumlah tim dalam satu debat jumlah pembicara dalam satu tim giliran berbicara lama waktu yang disediakan untuk masing-masing pembicara tatacara interupsi mosi dan batasan-batasan pendefinisian mosi tugas yang diharapkan dari masing-masing pembicara hal-hal yang tidak boleh dilakukan oleh pembicara jumlah juri dalam satu debat kisaran penilaian Selain itu. [sunting] Debat kompetitif di Indonesia Artikel Utama: Debat kompetitif di Indonesia Di Indonesia. namun ada juga yang menghitung selisih (margin) nilai yang diraih kedua tim atau jumlah vote juri (mis. Indonesia telah mengirimkan delegasi ke WSDC. Irlandia. Kejuaraan debat se-Indonesia yang pertama adalah Indonesian Varsity English Debate (IVED) 1998 di Universitas Indonesia. debat kompetitif sudah mulai berkembang. Hingga kini (2006). Bandung. Kejuaraan debat parlementar pertama di tingkat universitas adalah Java Overland Varsities English Debate (JOVED) yang diselenggarakan tahun 1997 di Universitas Katolik Parahyangan.Negara-negara yang terkenal dengan tim debatnya antara lain Inggris. kedua kompetisi tersebut diselenggarakan setiap tahun secara bergilir di universitas yang berbeda. dan Amerika Serikat. negara yang dianggap relatif kuat antara lain Filipina dan Singapura. Sejak 2001. untuk panel beranggotakan 3 juri.apakah diberikan jauh hari sebelumnya atau hanya beberapa saat sebelum debat dimulai (impromptu) lama waktu persiapan .beberapa debat hanya menggunakan victory point (VP) untuk menentukan peringkat. [sunting] Berbagai gaya debat parlementer Dalam debat kompetitif. Australia. walaupun masih didominasi oleh kompetisi debat berbahasa Inggris. waktu persiapan berkisar antara 15 menit (WUDC) hingga 1 jam (WSDC) perhitungan hasil pertandingan . dan diikuti oleh tim-tim dari berbagai wilayah di P. Di Asia. sebuah tim bisa menang 3-0 atau 21) . Delegasi tersebut dipilih setiap tahunnya melalui Indonesian Schools Debating Championship (ISDC) yang diselenggarakan oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional bekerjasama dengan Association for Critical Thinking (ACT). berbagai kompetisi juga memiliki aturan yang berbeda mengenai: • • • penentuan topik debat (mosi) .untuk debat impromptu.

7 menit Pembicara kedua pihak Pemerintah . satu tim mewakili Pemerintah (Government) dan satu tim mewakili Oposisi (Opposition). sistem yang biasa digunakan adalah power matching Format debat parlementer sering menggunakan peristilahan yang biasa dipakai di debat parlemen sebenarnya: • • • • • • topik debat disebut mosi (motion) tim Afirmatif (yang setuju terhadap mosi) sering disebut juga Pemerintah (Government). Pidato penutup dimulai oleh Oposisi terlebih dahulu.• sistem kompetisi . 8. dua tim beranggotakan masing-masing tiga orang berhadapan dalam satu debat.5 menit Pidato penutup (Reply speech) menjadi ciri dari format ini.7 menit Pidato penutup pihak Oposisi . sehingga akhirnya disebut sebagai format Australasian Parliamentary. namun pengaruhnya menyebar hingga ke kompetisikompetisi yang diselenggarakan di Asia.7 menit Pembicara ketiga pihak Oposisi . dan sebagainya pemimpin/wasit debat (chairperson) dipanggil Speaker of The House penonton/juri dipanggil Members of the House (Sidang Dewan yang Terhormat) interupsi disebut Points of Information (POI) [sunting] Australian Parliamentary/Australasian Parliamentary ("Australs") Gaya debat ini digunakan di Australia. contoh: (This House believes that) Globalization marginalizes the poor. . (Sidang Dewan percaya bahwa) Globalisasi meminggirkan masyarakat miskin.7 menit Pembicara pertama pihak Oposisi . 3. dalam babak penyisihan. baru Pemerintah. dengan urutan sebagai berikut: 1. tim Negatif (yang menentang mosi) disebut Oposisi (Opposition) pembicara pertama dipanggil sebagai Perdana Menteri (Prime Minister). 5. Dalam format ini. semifinal dan final). Mosi dalam format ini diberikan dalam bentuk pernyataan yang harus didukung oleh pihak Pemerintah dan ditentang oleh Pihak Oposisi.7 menit Pembicara ketiga pihak Pemerintah . perempat final. 7.7 menit Pembicara kedua pihak Oposisi .5 menit Pidato penutup pihak Pemerintah . 4. 6. 2.sistem gugur biasanya hanya digunakan dalam babak elimiasi (perdelapan final. Pembicara pertama pihak Pemerintah . Pidato penutup dibawakan oleh pembicara pertama atau kedua dari masing-masing tim (tidak boleh pembicara ketiga).

empat tim beranggotakan masing-masing dua orang bertarung dalam satu debat.7 menit Member of the Opposition .7 menit . Ada aturan-aturan yang cukup jelas dalam hal apa yang boleh dilakukan sebagai bagian dari definisi dan apa yang tidak boleh dilakukan.Mosi tersebut dapat didefinisikan oleh pihak Pemerintah dalam batasan-batasan tertentu dengan tujuan untuk memperjelas debat yang akan dilakukan. 4. Di Indonesia.7 menit Member of the Government . Kompetisi debat di Indonesia yang menggunakan format ini adalah Java Overland Varsities English Debate (JOVED) dan Indonesian Varsity English Debate (IVED). Tidak ada interupsi dalam format ini. 3. 5. Dalam panel.Deputy Prime Minister Closing Government: .Opposition Whip Urutan berbicara adalah sebagai berikut: 1. Juri (adjudicator) dalam format Australs terdiri atas satu orang atau satu panel berjumlah ganjil. Dengan demikian. Dalam format ini.Prime Minister . dengan susunan sebagai berikut: Opening Government: . setiap juri memberikan voting-nya tanpa melalui musyawarah. sebab format inilah yang digunakan di kejuaraan dunia WUDC.7 menit Deputy Leader of the Opposition . format ini termasuk yang pertama kali dikenal sehingga cukup populer terutama di kalangan universitas. Prime Minister . tidak pada pidato penutup). Di Indonesia. Perbedaannya dengan format Australs adalah adanya interupsi (Points of Information) yang boleh diajukan antara menit ke-1 dan ke-6 (hanya untuk pidato utama.Member of the Opposition . 2.Leader of the Opposition .7 menit Leader of the Opposition .Government Whip Opening Opposition: . dua tim mewakili Pemerintah (Government) dan dua lainnya Oposisi (Opposition).7 menit Deputy Prome Minister . Format ini juga mirip dengan World Schools Style yang digunakan di WSDC. format ini digunakan dalam ALSA English Competition (e-Comp) yang diselenggarakan (hampir) setiap tahun oleh ALSA LC [[Universitas Indonesia]. [sunting] Asian Parliamentary ("Asians") Format ini merupakan pengembangan dari format Australs dan digunakan dalam kejuaraan tingkat Asia. 6. [sunting] British Parliamentary ("BP") Gaya debat parlementer ini banyak dipakai di Inggris namun juga populer di banyak negara. keputusan panel dapat bersifat unanimous ataupun split decision.Member of the Government .Deputy Leader of the Opposition Closing Opposition: .

5.7. 8. 2. Proposisi dan Oposisi. [sunting] American Parliamentary Debat parlementer di Amerika Serikat diikuti oleh dua tim untuk setiap debatnya dengan susunan sebagai berikut: . Aturan untuk interupsi (Points of Information . 3. format ini digunakan dalam kejuaraan Indonesian Schools Debating Championship (ISDC). 7. Ketua Panel akan membuat keputusan terakhir. POI hanya dapat diberikan antara menit ke-1 dan ke-7 pidato utama dan tidak ada POI dalam pidato penutup.7 menit 8. keputusan sebisanya diambil berdasarkan mufakat. 6. 4. Beberapa SMU di Indonesia yang pernah mengadakan kompetisi debat juga menggunakan format ini. beranggotakan masing-masing tiga orang. Bila mufakat tidak tercapai. pembicara yang mengajukan permintaan interupsi tadi diberikan waktu maksimal 15 detik untuk menyampaikan sebuah pertanyaan yang kemudian harus dijawab oleh pembicara tadi sebelum melanjutkan pidatonya.4 menit Pidato penutup Proposisi . pembicara dari pihak lawan dapat mengajukan interupsi (Points of Information). Di Indonesia.4 menit Pidato penutup (reply speech) dibawakan oleh pembicara pertama atau kedua masing-masing tim (tidak boleh pembicara ketiga) dan didahului oleh pihak Oposisi dan ditutup oleh pihak Proposisi.7 menit Setiap pembicara diberi waktu 7 menit untuk menyampaikan pidatonya. Di akhir debat. Bila diterima. Opposition Whip .8 menit Pembicara ketiga Oposisi .8 menit Pidato penutup Oposisi . [sunting] Format World Schools Format yang digunakan dalam turnamen World Schools Debating Championship (WSDC) dapat dianggap sebagai kombinasi BP dan Australs.8 menit Pembicara pertama Oposisi . Setiap debat terdiri atas dua tim. Government Whip . Di Indonesia. Di antara menit ke-1 dan ke-6.8 menit Pembicara ketiga Proposisi . Dalam panel.POI) mirip dengan format BP. juri menentukan urutan kemenangan dari peringkat 1 sampai 4 untuk debat tersebut.8 menit Pembicara kedua Proposisi . format ini digunakan dalam kompetisi Founder's Trophy yang diselenggarakan oleh Komunitas Debat Bahasa Inggris Universitas Indonesia setiap tahun. Juri dalam debat BP bisa satu orang atau satu panel berjumlah ganjil. Urutan pidato adalah sebagai berikut: 1. Pembicara pertama Proposisi .8 menit Pembicara kedua Oposisi .

• • Government o Prime Minister (PM) o Member of the Government (MG) Opposition o Leader of the Opposition (LO) o Member of the Opposition (MO) Debat parlementer diadakan oleh beberapa organisasi berbeda di Amerika Serikat di tingkat pendidikan menengah dan tinggi. dua tim menjadi penganjur dan penentang sebuah rencana yang berhubungan dengan topik debat yang diberikan.7 menit Leader of the Opposition . dan National Parliamentary Tournament of Excellence (NPTE) menyelenggarakan debat parlementer tingkat universitas dengan susunan pidato sebagai berikut: • • • • • • Prime Minister . kecuali pada menit pertama dan terakhir pidato. interupsi berupa pertanyaan dapat ditanyakan kepada pembicara keempat pidato pertama. National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA).8 menit Member of the Government .7 menit Leader of the Opposition . American Parliamentary Debate Association (APDA).8 min Member of the Opposition . format debat ini belum populer dan belum ada kompetisi reguler yang menggunakannya.7 menit Member of the Opposition . Topik yang diberikan umumnya mengenai perubahan kebijakan yang diinginkan dari pemerintah.5 min California High School Speech Association (CHSSA) dan National Parliamentary Debate League (NPDL) menyelenggarakan debat parlementer tingkat sekolah menengah dengan susunan pidato sebagai berikut: • • • • • • Prime Minister .7 menit Member of the Government . [sunting] Debat kompetitif selain debat parlementer [sunting] Debat Proposal Dalam gaya Debat Proposal (Policy Debate).5 menit Prime Minister Rebuttal . Dalam format CHSSA.8 min Leader of the Opposition Rebuttal .4 min Prime Minister Rebuttal . keenam pidato semuanya dapat diinterupsi.7 menit Leader of the Opposition Rebuttal . Pada .5 menit Dalam semua format tersebut kecuali CHSSA. Di Indonesia. Kedua tim biasanya memainkan peran Afirmatif (mendukung proposal) dan Negatif (menentang proposal).

debat ini diselenggarakan oleh National Debate Tournament (NDT). debat proposal lebih mengandalkan pada hasil riset atas fakta-fakta pendukung (evidence). Bila dibandingkan dengan debat parlementer. pemenang tiap babak umumnya didasari atas siapa yang telah "memenangkan" argumen sesuai dengan fakta pendukung dan logika yang diberikan. Di Indonesia. Debat Proposal adalah tipe debat yang lebih populer dibandingkan debat parlementer. Debat ini juga memiliki persepsi yang lebih luas mengenai argumen. Debat LD kurang menekankan pada fakta pendukung (evidence) dan lebih mengutamakan logika dan penjelasan. Debat Proposal tingkat SMU diselenggarakan oleh NFL dan NCFL. juri kadang-kadang membutuhkan waktu yang lama untuk mengambil keputusan karena semua fakta pendukung harus diperiksa terlebih dahulu. Di tingkat universitas. Setiap debat gaya ini diikuti oleh dua pedebat yang bertarung satu sama lain. 5. dan Great Plains Forensic Conference. format debat ini belum populer dan belum ada kompetisi reguler yang menggunakannya. Kegiatan ini juga telah dicoba dikembangkan di Eropa dan Jepang dan gaya debat ini ikut mempengaruhi bentuk-bentuk debat lain.prakteknya. Di AS. Walaupun retorika juga penting dan ikut mempengaruhi nilai setiap pembicara. Di Amerika Serikat. Sebagai konsekuensinya. Cross Examination Debate Association (CEDA). Setiap pembicara membawakan dua pidato. kebanyakan acara debat tipe ini hanya memiliki satu topik yang sama yang berlaku selama setahun penuh atau selama jangka waktu lainnya yang sudah ditetapkan. Biasanya. format debat ini belum populer dan belum ada kompetisi reguler yang menggunakannya. Misalnya. sehingga sering disebut sebagai debat nilai (value debate). Setiap isu yang tidak ditanggapi oleh pihak lawan dianggap sudah diterima dalam debat. Dewan juri secara seksama mencatat semua pernyataan yang dibuat dalam suatu babak (sering disebut flow). [sunting] Kegiatan lain yang serupa . pihak lawan diberikan kesempatan untuk melakukan pemeriksaan silang (cross-examination) atas pidato tersebut. Di Indonesia. [sunting] Lincoln-Douglas Debate Nama gaya debat ini diambil dari debat-debat terkenal yang pernah dilakukan di Senat Amerika Serikat antara kedua kandidat Lincoln dan Douglas. satu pidato konstruktif (8 atau 9 menit) yang berisi argumen-argumen baru dan satu pidato sanggahan (4. Argumen dalam debat ini terpusat pada filosofi dan nilai-nilai abstrak. National Educational Debate Association. Debat Proposal terdiri atas dua tim beranggotakan masing-masing dua orang dalam tiap debatnya. sehabis setiap pidato konstruktif. atau 6 menit) yang tidak boleh berisi argumen baru namun dapat berisi fakta pendukung baru untuk membantu sanggahan. sebuah proposal alternatif (counterplan) yang membuat proposal utama menjadi tidak diperlukan dapat menjadi sebuah argumen dalam debat ini.

[sunting] Model United Nations Model United Nations adalah kegiatan yang banyak dilakukan di tingkat sekolah dan universitas di dunia. peserta memainkan peran sebagai delegasi Perserikatan Bangsabangsa (PBB) yang mewakili negara tertentu (dalam kompetisi internasional. Di Indonesia. Dalam kegiatan ini.Universitas Gadjah Mada (EDSUGM) Kompetisi internasional tingkat universitas o World Universities Debating Council Kompetisi internasional tingkat sekolah menengah o World Schools Debating Championships Organisasi Debat Internasional o International Debate Education Association o International Public Debate Association o Australasian Intervarsity Debating Association o Australasian Intervarsity Debating Association (2002-3) Lain-lain o 'Debating': A free online 'how-to' guide (A free 200-page debating book written by a former winner of the World Schools Debating Championhip) o Debate Network (Arguments for and against a wide variety of debate topics) o Associated Leaders of Urban Debate (A national organization promoting debate to the general public) (US. K-12. memiliki kegiatan ekstrakurikuler ini. negara yang diwakili umumnya bukan negara asal sebenarnya dari tim tersebut). kegiatan ini relatif belum berkembang. [sunting] Moot court Kompetisi Moot court biasa dilakukan oleh mahasiswa hukum di tingkat universitas. sebuah sekolah internasional di ibukota. Jakarta International School (JIS). collegiate) o World Debate Website Information about university debating events around the globe o Oxford Union (Oxford University) • • • • . Namun. [sunting] Lihat pula • Debat kompetitif di Indonesia o Indonesian Varsity English Debate o Java Overland Varsities English Debate o Indonesian Schools Debating Championship o Parahyangan English Debate Society o Homepage English Debating Society .

secondary school) National Christian Forensics and Communications Association (U. collegiate) National Parliamentary Debate Association (U.. search This article has multiple issues. .S. Includes several online videos National Association of Urban Debate Leagues (U. secondary school) National Parliamentary Debate League (U.com Debate forums for a variety of issues. collegiate) Cross Examination Debate Association (U.. Tagged since April 2010.. Tagged since April 2010.S. Debate Outreach Network A resource for starting a debate team.o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o American Parliamentary Debating Association (U.com Website for high school and college debaters run by former debater Phil Kerpen.Parli Grand Nationals (U. United Asian Debating Championships From Wikipedia..S.. secondary school) Planet Debate An online store for debate resources run by Harvard Debate.S. DebateRoom. secondary school) eDebate Mailing list for high school and college debate coaches. It needs sources or references that appear in third-party publications.. secondary school) Cross-X. • • It needs additional references or sources for verification.. collegiate) National Debate Tournament Home Page (U..S. Includes video from the Dartmouth Debate Institute Debatepoint dot com Web-based debate software New Zealand Schools Debating Council Website of the New Zealand Schools Debating Council..S.Romanian National Debate Association ASDV Bonaparte is the academic debating society in Amsterdam Parliamentary Debate League . who organise schools debating in New Zealand Slovak Debate Associaton ARDOR .S. secondary and middle school) National Forensic League (U. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. National Debate Coaches Association (U. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation.S. collegiate) British Debate Information about school and university debating in Britain Debating SA Helpful resources for Primary and Secondary School debaters in Australia Debate Central Wide ranging debate training website.S..S.

it may be listed for deletion or removed.The Asian Universities Debating Championship (AUDC) and the All-Asian Intervarsity Debating Championships (AIDC or "AllAsians"). The decision to unite the two competing tournaments. and thus. If notability cannot be established. Tagged since April 2010. The UADC was created after a decision to merge the two separate championships that were held after the Asian Debating community split in 2005 . The UADC holds debates in the Asian 3-on-3 format Parliamentary Debating. It will be the largest inter-varsity Parliamentary Debate tournament in Asia. create a single debate .• The notability of this article's subject is in question. Thailand in Bangkok from 12–19 May 2010. University Parliamentary Debating World Universities Debating Championship Regional & National Championships Australasia · Canada · Europe · Ireland · John Smith Memorial Mace · North America · United Asian Debating Championships Organizations APDA · CUSID · English-Speaking Union · NPDA · CEDA · NDT · NCFCA Styles Australasian · British Parliamentary Societies Aberystwyth · Alberta · Auckland · Brown · Cambridge · UCC Law · UCC Philosoph · Durham · Galway · Glasgow · Limerick · Manchester · Otago · Ottawa · Oxford · Pitt · Princeton · St Andrews · Sydney · TCD-Hist · TCD-Phil · Tilbury · Toronto · UBC · UCD-L&H · UCD-LawSoc · Victoria · VirginiaJeff · Virginia-Wash · Western Ontario · Yale This box: view • talk • edit The United Asian Debating Championship (UADC) is an annual debating tournament for teams from universities in Asia. The 1st UADC will be hosted by Assumption University. with over 600 participants.

2010. UADC represents the results of efforts to bridge the schism that emerged in Asian debating. The process of scoring and pairing these teams is known as tabbing. which is a variation of the Australs format. which become power-paired as the tournament progresses. The debates follow the Asian 3-on-3 format. One team (of 3 speakers each) forms the government and the other as the opposition. which made it impractical for teams to attend both tournaments. Malaysia. most of whom are students or former students from the competing institutions. Assumption University won the right to host after bidding. and the name of this new tournament would be the United Asian Debating Championships. including a proposal to have an Asian Unity Tournament in Multimedia University. Institutions who were unhappy about aspects of the organisation of the All-Asian Intervarsity Debating Championships established the Asian Universities Debating Championship in 2005 as an alternative to the All-Asians Championship. It was decided here in Council that the two tournaments would unite in the next edition. who return ballots .championship for Asia was taken at the last Asian Universities Debating Championships hosted by East West University in Dhaka. matching the strongest-performing teams against each other. including all except one of the institutions who won the All-Asian championships up to 2004 – had chosen not to participate in the All-Asian Intervarsity Championships and have instead entered teams in the Asian Universities Debating Championship. the last three AUDCs coincided with the schedule of the All-Asian Championship. Bangladesh in 2009.[3] Since then. Thailand from 12 to 19 May. The competition involves eight preliminary rounds. like the AUDC and the All-Asians.[4] which was not accepted by the AUDC Council. 2011. The first edition of this tournament is slated to be held in Assumption University in Bangkok. in Manila.[1] Assumption won the right to host the tournament against a rival bid made by De La Salle University. Philippines. The next edition of the tournament will be hosted by the University of Macau. The scoring of teams is done by judges. [edit] Format of the event The UADC. After many overtures. and the tournament took place from the 12th to the 19th of May. While not necessarily intended to be a rival tournament.[2] [edit] Origin Arising out of a unification of the Asian Universities Debating Championship as well as the AllAsian Intervarsity Debating Championships. it was agreed that the All-Asian Universities would attend the AUDC Championships held in 2009 in Dhaka hosted by East West University. is held annually in May. many universities in Asia with strong debating traditions – most notably universities from the Philippines and Singapore.

break rounds are judged by panels of five. 3. 6.makes an issue-based rebuttal of the opposition's case and summarizes the case of the government.proposes and defends the motion. and the finals by a panel of nine. Retrieved 2007-06-05. 3. ^ "Invitation to the First AUDC". [edit] References 1. Governments whip (GW) .opens the debate. The Members of the government side are the following: 1. The preliminary rounds are followed by a "Break Nite Party". Teams: There two opposing teams in an Asians format of debate: 1. Debate or debating is a formal method of interactive and representational argument. Each each side is composed of three members.refute and negates the motion. May challenge the motion if the definition is challengeable.with their scores to the adjudication team. Leader of the Opposition(LO). Asian Parliamentary Debate 8. ^ UADC 2010 website 2. defines the motion and advances arguments.yahoo. ^ 2009 EWU AUDC Union Meeting Minutes.makes an issues-based rebuttal of the government's and summarizes the case of the opposition. While preliminary rounds are usually judged by up to three judges. . 7. Opposition Whip (OW) . Government side. Deputy Leader of the Opposition (DPL) .refutes the case of the DPM. [1]. 2.responds directly to the case of the government by giving a direct clash. and advances an argument. 3.refute at first instance the case of the opposition. Opposition side. 2. at which the teams proceeding to elimination rounds are announced. 2. 4.com/group/AUDC/message/1. reestablishes the case of the opposition. 32 teams proceed to octo-finals. Deputy prime Minister (DPM) . reestablish the government's claim. led by a Chief Adjudicator (CA) who is assisted by one or more deputies (DCAs). http://groups. The Members of the Opposition side are the following: 1. ^ MMU Unity Bid Document 5. Separate breaks are announced for English-as-a-foreign language (EFL) team competition. and advances arguments. Prime minister (PM). and advances arguments.

During reply speeches. Point of Information (POI) may be raised by the opposing side after the first minute up to the sixth minute. Opposition Reply (4 minutes) 8. Prime Minister (7 minutes) 2. Debate From Wikipedia. The speakers will be speaking in the following order: 1. Deputy Prime Minister (7 minutes) 4. One speaker from each side (For the Government: PM/DPM. Reply Speech: Reply speech is a comparative analysis of the strength and weaknesses of the case of both sides. and the conduct of the debaters. The speech is first delivered by the opposition side and followed by the government side that will close the debate.the style of delivery. 3. and the logical reasoning and presentation of said arguments. Government Reply(4 minutes) During the constructive speeches. see Discourse. Manner. no POI may be raised. The aim of the speech is to give a bias judgment as to why should the people support the team's claim. for Opposition: LO/DLO) is given four minutes to deliver a reply speech. Manner (40) . the arguments and evidence presented. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation.Time of Speeches: Each speaker is allocated seven minutes to deliver their constructive speeches. Matter. Opposition whip (7 minutes) 7. Method (20) . POI may be refused or accepted by the speaker. Government Whip (7 minutes) 6. Method: Asian Parliamentary Debate is assessed by an Adjudicator Panel composed of an odd number according to the following criteria: 1. For a related article. the persuasion skills. Leader of the opposition (7minutes) 3. 2. and the observance of the rules of debate. Deputy Leader of the Opposition (7 minutes) 5.substance of the debate. search "Discussion" redirects here. .the response to the dynamics of the debate. Matter (40).

and factual argument. which is far more subtle and strategic. Debate is a broader form of argument than logical argument. there are rules for people to discuss and decide on differences. which only examines what is or isn't the case or rhetoric which is a technique of persuasion. factual accuracy and some degree of emotional appeal to the audience are important elements of the art of persuasion. This article needs additional citations for verification. one side often prevails over the other side by presenting a superior "context" and/or framework of the issue. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. within a framework defining how they will interact. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. which only examines consistency from axiom. (January 2009) University Parliamentary Debating World Universities Debating Championship Regional & National Championships Australasia · Canada · Europe · Ireland · John Smith Memorial Mace · North America · United Asian Debating Championships Organizations APDA · CUSID · English-Speaking Union · NPDA · CEDA · NDT · NCFCA Styles Australasian · British Parliamentary Societies Aberystwyth · Alberta · Auckland · Brown · Cambridge · UCC Law · UCC Philosoph · Durham · Galway · Glasgow · Limerick · Manchester · Otago · Ottawa · Oxford · Pitt · Princeton · St Andrews · Sydney · TCD-Hist · TCD-Phil · Tilbury · Toronto · UBC · UCD-L&H · UCD-LawSoc · Victoria · VirginiaJeff · Virginia-Wash · Western Ontario · Yale This box: view • talk • edit Debate or debating is a formal method of interactive and representational argument. Informal debate is a common occurrence. . Though logical consistency. see Wikipedia:Talk page.For discussion in Wikipedia. In a formal debating contest. in debating.

To inexperienced debaters. The major goal of the study of debate as a method or art is to develop one's ability to play from either position with equal ease.3 Comedy debate 4 Debate Strategies o 4. and meetings of all sorts engage in debates.14 Impromptu debate o 2.15 Moot court and mock trial o 2. Formal debates between candidates for elected office. particularly at the US highschool level.the quality and depth of a debate improves with knowledge and skill of its participants as debaters. Contents [hide] • • • • 1 Competitive debate 2 Forms of debate o 2.6 World Universities Peace Invitational Debate (WUPID) o 2.2 U. Debates are sometime organized for purely competitive purposes. The outcome of a debate may be decided by audience vote.9 Classical debate o 2. However one large misconception about debate is that it is all about strong beliefs.2 Mace Debate o 2. even if the facts appear against them.10 Extemporaneous debate o 2. usually quite short.1 Moral High Ground .16 Public Forum (Po Fo) Debate o 2.1 Online debating o 3. such as the leaders debates and the U. presidential election debates. any proposition can be defended or attacked after the same amount of preparation time. it is not.S. which is not factual.3 Jes Debate o 2. Deliberative bodies such as parliaments. some propositions appear easier to defend or to attack. presidential debates o 3.12 Karl Popper debate o 2.7 Asian Universities Debating Championship o 2.1 Parliamentary (Parli) debate o 2.4 Public Debate o 2.[citation needed] Lawyers argue forcefully on behalf of their client.13 Simulated legislature o 2. legislative assemblies. or by some combination of the two. to experienced debaters. are common in democracies. but also in other English-speaking countries.8 Policy debate o 2. Although this implies that facts are based on consensus. by judges.17 Paris Style Debating 3 Other forms of debate o 3.5 Australasia debate o 2.11 Lincoln-Douglas debate o 2.S.

it takes the form of a contest with explicit rules.• • • 4. Each side is either in favor ("for. Each side seeks to win. It features the competition of individuals in a multi-person setting. also known as a debate contest. parliamentary debate is what most countries know as "debating". is conducted in the British Parliamentary style. . however. the World Universities Debating Championship. The premier event in the world of parliamentary debate. competing at the local. It may be presided over by one or more judges.[1] It is popular in English-speaking universities and high schools around the world. within limits. British Parliamentary style is not used exclusively. In schools and colleges. the English-Speaking Union runs the national championships for schools in a unique format. Canada.2 Model Construction / Destruction 5 See also 6 References o 7 External links [edit] Competitive debate Competitive debate. Many different styles of debate occur under a variety of organizations and rules.Sort of formal. a statement (proposition. is an organized to argue with other teams.Not formal.e. 'Negative' "). those opposed must destroy these arguments sufficiently to warrant not adopting the proposition. and are not required to propose any alternative solutions. To further illustrate the importance of rules. 'Affirmative' "). i. India. moot or Resolution) which if adopted would change something with the exception allowed to define the scope of the proposition. by following the rules. the United Kingdom. and even by using some rules to break other rules. This is usually very formal. or opposed to ("against. often. It borrows terms such as "government" and "opposition" from the British parliament (although the term "proposition" is sometimes used rather than "government" when debating in the United Kingdom). they choose what it will mean if adopted. national. and international level. and is the primary style practiced in the United Kingdom. while simultaneously using British Parliamentary format for the national universities championships. the United States. Greece and most other nations. most notably in South Africa. Throughout the world. Australia. [edit] Forms of debate [edit] Parliamentary (Parli) debate Main article: Parliamentary debate Parliamentary Debate (sometimes referred to as "parli" in the United States) is conducted under rules derived from British parliamentary procedure. known as the 'Mace' format after the name of the competition. Ireland. Even within the United Kingdom. and New Zealand.

After the first minute of each speech.[citation needed] . one speaker from each team (traditionally the first speaker). Traditionally. no more POI's are permitted. as well as the more traditional knowledge and research. In these summary speeches it is typical for the speaker to answer the questions posed by the floor. based on the East Coast and including all of the Ivy League. will speak for 4 minutes. but with particular recognition of principled debating. answer any questions the opposition may have put forward. can play a significant role in determining the victor with marks shared equally between matter and manner.A ten minute open house will also be adjudicated. Each speaker will make a seven minute speech in the order. the motion is always opposed in the final vote. for example. However after 6 minutes. the Canadian Universities Society for Intercollegiate Debating (CUSID) is the umbrella organization for all university-level debating. In the Mace format.") which one team will propose and the other will oppose. [edit] Jes Debate This style of debate is particularly popular in Ireland at Secondary School level. [edit] Mace Debate This style of debate is prominent in Britain at schools level. 1st Proposition. and the Opposition may dispute the definition if it feels it violates fair play. 2nd Opposition. at the secondary school level. members of the opposing team may request a 'point of information' (POI). in which members of the audience will put questions to the teams. In many forms of the activity rhetoric and style. style and strength of argument. emphasis is typically on analytical skills. The Government must be sure the definitions does not give them an unfair advantage.g. the Government could define it in any way which it feel suitable. if the topic was "This House Would Bomb Cultural Sites". or to argue against something the speaker has said. the format has five speakers: two teams and a single 'sweep speaker' on each side. The winning team will typically have excelled in all of these areas. After all four have spoken the debate will be opened to the floor. For example. Topics in parliamentary debate can either be set by the tournament or determined by the debaters as the "Government" side begins. Speeches last 4:30 minutes with 30 seconds protected from POIs at either end of the debate. only during wartime. and excluding religious cultural sites. After the floor debate. THIS IS A FORMAL EVENT. "This house would give prisoners the right to vote. 2nd Proposition. If the speaker accepts they are permitted to ask a question. It has been widely labeled as the most democratic form of debate. entertainment. The National Parliamentary Debate League (NPDL) is the umbrella organization for all parliamentary debating at the secondary school level in the United States. And in Canada. although the more recently founded National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA) is now the largest collegiate sponsor. the Canadian Student Debating Federation (CSDF) has the same function. Adjudication will depend on BP marking. before summarising his or her own key points. Developed in Coláiste Iognáid (Galway) over the last ten years. 1st Opposition.In the United States the American Parliamentary Debate Association is the oldest national parliamentary debating organization. Two teams of two debate an affirmative motion (e. POI's are used to pull the speaker up on a weak point.

Each of the speakers' positions is based around a specific role. Furthermore. Oregon. participation in IPDA tournaments is open to anyone whose education level is equivalent to seventh-grade or higher. The last speaker is called the "Team Advisor/Captain". IPDA also awards the best speakers within each tournament. each of whom is named according to their team and speaking position within his/her team. [edit] Australasia debate Main article: Australia-Asia debate Australasia style debates consist of two teams who debate over an issue. Alabama. Most topics however. A striking negotiation ensues to pick a topic. 1997 at St. Using this style. Each team has three members. one affirming the resolution and one negating the resolution. a cross-examination of the other side. While most member programs the International Public Debate Association are associated with colleges or universities. Kansas. by convention. Among universities." or "This House". for example. for example. depending on the terminology used. is presented in the form of an affirmative statement beginning with "That". although the main goal of the debater is to persuade the judge.[edit] Public Debate Main article: Public debate The International Public Debate Association (IPDA). For instance the second speaker of the affirmative team to speak is called the "Second Affirmative Speaker" or "Second Proposition Speaker". the central focus of IPDA is to promote a debate format that emphasizes public speaking and real-world persuasion skills over the predominate use of evidence and speed. Each of the six speakers (three affirmative and three negative) speak in succession to each other beginning with the . IPDA predominantly uses lay judges in order to encourage an audience-centered debate style. Although evidence is used. Florida. inaugurated on February 15. The issue. Idaho. IPDA is the fastest growing debate association within the United States. is a national debate league currently active in the states of Arkansas. Texas. Mississippi. Tennessee. the third speaker for example has the opportunity to make a rebuttal towards the opposing teams argument introducing new evidence to add to their position. Mary's University (Texas) in San Antonio. To further this goal. and Oklahoma. then prepare an opening speech. "That cats are better than dogs. Washington. the debate is finished with a closing argument by each of the first speakers from each team and new evidence may not be introduced." The subject of topics varies from region to region. The sides. "This House would establish a world government. IPDA offers both team debate where two teams of two debate and individual debate. more commonly called a topic or proposition. In both team and individual debate a list of topics are given to the two sides thirty minutes before the start of the round. and closing remarks for the round. Louisiana. Texas. are usually region specific to facilitate interest by both the participants and their audiences.

4 minutes is allocated for the reply speech and no POI's can be offered during this time. and finally Third Negative. Third Affirmative. Saiful Amin Jalun and Muhammad Yunus Zakariah. Following this.Affirmative Team. the opposition bench will give the reply speech. ranging from small informal one-off intra-school debates to larger more formal inter-school competitions with several rounds and a finals series which occur over a year. where teams from the Middle East to Japan come to debate. It invites the top 30 debating institutions in accordance to the list provided by the World Debate Website administered by Colm Flynn. The only difference is that each speaker is given 7 minutes of speech time and there will be points of information (POI) offered by the opposing team between the 2nd to 6th minutes of the speech. Asian debates are largely an adaptation of the Australasian format. WUPID was first held in December 2007 with Sydney University being crowned champion. The speaking order is as follows: First Affirmative. the opposition goes first and then the proposition. [edit] World Universities Peace Invitational Debate (WUPID) WUPID is an invitational tournament that employs the BP or Worlds format of debating. In the reply speech. First Negative. The third WUPID will be held in University Putra Malaysia (UPM) in December 2009. The debate ends when the proposition ends the reply speech. but in Australia and New Zealand is mostly used at the Primary and Secondary school level. Second Affirmative. They were all former debaters for UPM who took part at all possible levels of debating from the Malaysian nationals to the World Championship. It is traditionally hosted in southeast Asia where participation is usually highest compared to other parts of Asia. The second installation in 2008 saw Monash taking the trophy home. The first two tournaments were cohosted by Univerisiti Kuala Lumpur (UNIKL). The debate will commence with the Prime Minister's speech (first proposition) and will be continued by the first opposition. This alternating speech will go on until the third opposition. Second Negative. WUPID was the brainchild of Daniel Hasni Mustaffa. [edit] Policy debate . The context in which the Australasia style of debate is used varies. [edit] Asian Universities Debating Championship This is the biggest debating tournament in Asia. This means that the 1st and 7th minute is considered the 'protected' period where no POIs can be offered to the speaker. If any or some of the teams cannot participate than replacements would be called in from the top 60 teams or based on strong recommendations from senior members of the University Debating community.

Certain judges and coaches felt that the development of Policy had led it to become an extremely specialized form of debate with heavy reliance on near-incomprehensible speed in speaking and less emphasis on real-world arguments in favor of "strategic" arguments that often bordered on the near-absurd. there is a fixed topic for an entire year or another set period. Colombia.Main article: Policy Debate Policy Debate is a style of debating where two teams of two debaters advocate or oppose a plan derived from a resolution that usually calls for a change in policy by a government. where each Affirmative proposes a new plan. in order to present as much evidence and information as possible and counter the other side. although it has been attempted in Europe. including politics. While rhetoric is important and reflected in the "speaker points" given to each debater. It was formed as an alternative to Policy debating. The National Association for Urban Debate Leagues. are set up in order to provide students of all economic backgrounds an opportunity to experience and succeed in this life-changing activity. the debater presents so much information. which the Affirmative affirms and Negative negates. that the opponent does not have time to cover everything and must ignore arguments that the original team then focuses on. In effect. As opposed to Policy. spread out over many topics. in certain segments of the activity. In comparison to parliamentary debate. business. Policy Debate is mostly practiced in the United States (where it is sometimes referred to as Cross-Examination. entertainment. The emphasis on depth instead of breadth provided by the restriction can make for interesting rounds that often come down to arguments that might otherwise pale in other formats. debaters may "speed" (speak very rapidly). Former policy debaters have also credit their success in virtually every field. [edit] Classical debate Classical debate is a relatively new debate format. and Japan and has certainly influenced other forms of debate. law. Successful high school policy debaters are frequently recruited for and offered college scholarships for their policy debate experience. Classical debate emphasizes logic and real-world discussion. In most forms of the activity. academia. first created and primarily practiced in the state of Minnesota. each round is usually decided based on who has "won" the argument according to the evidence and logic presented. critical theory. or CX debate). For this reason. Venezuela. Teams normally alternate. [edit] Extemporaneous debate . and debate about the theoretical standards of the activity itself. People speed read in the attempt to "spread" the opponent out of a speech. classical debate is simpler: one resolution is chosen at the beginning of the season. and more. and compete in rounds as either "affirmative" or "negative". With a structure similar to that of Policy. it is often nicknamed "Policy Lite". including counterplans. Additionally. policy debate relies more on researched evidence and tends to have a larger sphere of what is considered legitimate argument. and the various individual debate leagues.

and two teams with a first and second speaker. No new points can be brought into the debate during the rebuttals. which changes bimonthly. Traditional L-D debate attempts to be free of policy debate "jargon". postmodern theory. The resolution. and coaches who advocate or accept these changes. Each of these speeches are six minutes in length. It begins with an affirmative first-speaker constructive speech. or "sign posted". debate about the theoretical basis and rules of the activity itself. usage. Debaters normally alternate sides from round to round as either the "affirmative". counterplans. correspondingly. which upholds the resolution. a strong backlash movement). critical theory. followed by a negative. There is also a growing emphasis on carded evidence. This style of debate generally centers around three main contentions. Lincoln-Douglas speeches can range from a conversational pace to well over 300 wpm (when trying to maximize the number of arguments and depth of each argument's development). or "negative". asks whether a certain policy or action conforms to a specific value. one main difference. respectively. and kritiks have all reached more than occasional. is that extemporaneous debate focuses less on the implementation of the resolution. and all of the affirmative contentions must be left standing. judges. and a negative and affirmative second-speaker rebuttal. Much of extemporaneous debate is similar to policy debate. While a majority of judges will allow debaters to cite current events and various statistics (of which opponents may question the credibility) the only research permitted are one or more articles given to the debaters along with the resolution shortly before the debate. if not yet universal. and those who vehemently oppose them. In order for the affirmative side to win. although a team can occasionally use two or four.Extemporaneous debate is a style that involves no planning in advance. Plans. all of the negative contentions must be defeated. This technique is known as speed. Most of the information presented in the debate must be tied in to support one of these contentions. [edit] Karl Popper debate . These trends have created a serious rift within the activity between the debaters. These speeches are each four minutes long. Though established as an alternative to policy debate. There is then an affirmative and negative first-speaker rebuttal. Policy and Lincoln-Douglas debate tournaments are often held concurrently at the same school. it is a one-on-one event focused mainly on applying philosophical theories to real world issues. which attacks it. then an affirmative and negative second-speaker constructive speech respectively. and are followed by two minutes of cross examination. though still much less than in policy debate. there has been a strong movement to embrace certain techniques that originated in policy debate (and. [edit] Lincoln-Douglas debate Main article: Lincoln-Douglas debate Lincoln-Douglas debate is primarily a form of United States high school debate (though it also has a college form called NFA LD) named after the Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858. however.

emphasizing the development of critical thinking skills. and then a five-minute break (comparable to other formats' preparation time). The first speakers of each side have 6 minutes to present their constructive cases. called "cross-fires". named after the famed philosopher. Since its introduction by the National Forensic League into high school debate in the United States. alternating sides. with shorter speech lengths. The topic for the debate is given to the participants between fifteen and twenty minutes before the debate starts. of interaction between the debaters. Model United Nations. the International Debate Education Association hosts an annual Youth Forum. Karl Popper debate has risen greatly in popularity as the first format that many high school students learn. Nations from all around the world attend this Forum for the tournament. To facilitate these goals. and tolerance for differing viewpoints. during which the Karl Popper World Championships are held. each team gives a 4-minute rebuttal. it . each team member of each side speaks for five minutes. [edit] Public Forum (Po Fo) Debate Public Forum combines aspects of both Policy debate and Lincoln-Douglas debate. during which the opposing team has a chance to clarify what was stated in the preceding speech. The debate format is relatively simple. or in the negative's case a rebuttal. Constructed similarly to the Lincoln-Douglas debate format. similar to other formats' "open cross-examination" time follows. Junior State of America and the American Legion's Boys State and Girls State events are activities which are based on the premise of simulating a mock legislature environment. Each year. There is also an allotted 3 minutes after each of the first 4 speeches for cross-examination. each side is given the opportunity to offer arguments and direct questions to the opposing side. [edit] Impromptu debate Main article: Impromptu debate Impromptu debate is a relatively informal style of debate. A ten-minute discussion period. [edit] Simulated legislature High school debate events such as Student Congress. Following the break. is a widely used debate format in Eastern European and Central Asian high schools. Originally created by the Open Society Institute as a more flexible team debate format. but longer periods. The other 4 speakers each have 5 minutes to deliver a speech supporting their team's main arguments. as well as the 2 week debate training camp. and must research both sides of each issue.Karl Popper debate. It focuses on relevant and often deeply divisive propositions. debaters work together in teams of three. [edit] Moot court and mock trial In the United Kingdom the national mooting championships are run by the English-Speaking Union. when compared to other highly structured formats. European Youth Parliament.

typically in the form of online forums or bulletin boards. followed by the first speaker of the Opposition (Shadow Prime Minister). which the speaker may accept or reject as he wishes (although he is supposed to accept at least 2).has exploded in popularity in some parts of the country due to its accessibility to both debaters and audiences through its simplistic emphasis on logical persuasion (supported by evidence as appropriate) and due to its ability to help develop real-world argumentation and speaking skills. Two teams of five debate on a given motion. [edit] U. the strength of the rhetoric. no more than 5 days between posts. [edit] Other forms of debate [edit] Online debating With the increasing popularity and availability of the Internet. many times for debate in formal debates (such as the ones listed above) or for fun arguments with friends. there do exist formalized debating websites. The debate is judged on the quality of the arguments. specifically French format.).. debaters from the opposite team may ask Points of Information. The ease-of-use and friendly environments make new debaters welcome to share their opinions in many communities.g. the teamwork. and rules are not independently defined. which consist primarily of assertions. differing opinions arise frequently. The debate style is interesting.S. The first speaker of the Proposition (Prime Minister) opens the debate. then the second speaker of the Proposition and so on. the quality of the humor. e. Unlike debates sponsored at the high school or collegiate level. The French Debating Association[2] organizes its National Debating Championship upon this style. as research and well thought out points and counterpoints are possible because of the obvious lack of time restraints (although practical time restraints usually are in effect. debates between presidential candidates have been a part of U. the ability to think on one's feet and. or drop their weaker opinions on things. Though they are often expressed via flaming and other forms of argumentation. presidential debates Main article: United States presidential election debates Since the 1976 general election. of course. etc. format. the participants. One side is supposed to defend the motion while the other must defeat it. the charisma of the speaker. Nevertheless. After the first minute and before the last minute. in a campaign season . [edit] Paris Style Debating This is a new. Many people use this to strengthen their points. Every speaker speaks for 6 minutes.Forums are Moderated and welcome online debaters in a friendly format so all may speak their pros and cons.S. presidential campaigns.

but it would possibly lose much of its coherence. though defined differently in every election. [edit] Debate Strategies While debating is an art. is typically more restrictive than many traditional formats. whether consciously or not. Its primary purpose is to sponsor and produce debates for the United States presidential and vice presidential candidates and to undertake research and educational activities relating to the debates. talk radio. The core concept of argumentation theory is the notion of advocacy. comedy debates have developed as a form of entertainment with an often educational twist." In 2004. forbidding participants to ask each other questions and restricting discussion of particular topics to short time frames. but The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) was established in 1987 by the Republican and Democratic parties. 1996. The format of the presidential debates. sound bites. in announcing its withdrawal from sponsoring the debates. However. sponsored all the presidential debates in 1988. at least one side in a debate needs to maintain the truth of some proposition or advocate some sort of personal or political change or action. and spin. and rules. 2000 and 2004. format. The presidential debates were initially moderated in 1976. 1992. All forms of debate. The organization. which is a nonprofit. the Citizens' Debate Commission was formed in the hope of establishing an independent sponsor for presidential debates. make certain assumptions about argumentation theory. A debate could also potentially be between two or more competing propositions or actions. See also: Leaders debate [edit] Comedy debate Main article: Comedy debate With the growing popularity of debate among the general public. [edit] Moral High Ground . Or debate could also be a purely performative exercise of charisma and emotion with no assumption of fixed advocacy. they still offer a rare opportunity for citizens to see and hear the major candidates side-by-side. they have gained significant popular support at occasions such as the Melbourne International Comedy Festival. While comedy debates are not generally mainstream events. nonpartisan corporation. and are often popular fixtures among experienced debaters. the League of Women Voters stated that it was withdrawing "because the demands of the two campaign organizations would perpetrate a fraud on the American voter. with a more voter-centric role in the definition of the participants.heavily dominated by television advertisements. 1984 by the League of Women Voters. there are certain strategies that are commonly used to shape the direction of a debate. In most cases. 1980. involving aspects from showmanship to critical thinking.

e.One such strategy is to adopt the Moral High Ground. in the process of debates. the party will try to illustrate the moral benefits that their side of the debates bring to the table. Floodgate effect that can follow a policy. Thus merits will be given to the team with the better model. consigning the other parties to appear weak.e. [edit] Model Construction / Destruction Often. • • • completeness timeliness feasibility A model can be attacked as well by highlighting undesirable effects. each party will need to build a conceptual model of the topic on which to base the debate. the social backlash that could happen. unethical. pro-human rights etc. i. more environmentally aware. [edit] See also Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Debate • • • CreateDebate Debates Dialectics International high-school debating • • • Harvard Model United Nations World Individual Debating and Public Speaking Championships World Schools Debating Championships International university debating • Debate camp#Popular camps/institutes • Australasian Intervarsity Debating Championships • American Parliamentary Debate Association • Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate • Harvard World Model United Nations • • • • National Association of Urban Debate Leagues North American Debating Championship North American Public Speaking Championship World Universities Debating Championship • International Public Debate Association . The model can be assessed on the following count.g. In this strategy.

Right click on the link to download. 2009 Parliamentary Debate is an academic debate event that is popular in English-speaking universities as well as some high schools.Lecture: Parliamentary Debate . Click to view or right click to save to your hard drive: http://bankskripsi. Parliamentary Debate features two teams.Motions You are Unprepared For Famous debater for Ateneo de Manilla. watch it in full screen mode. 2. Once it is downloaded you can watch it now. Philippines. . eHow Contributor updated: August 18. known as the government and the opposition. Eleanor Uy gives this talk at the 2005 Asian Debate Institute in Seoul. or put it on another computer. drag it into your iTunes application. Parliamentary Debate is not connected to debates that occur in government houses of Parliament.com/2007/07/lecture-parliamentary-debatemotions. plus a person who serves as judge. save it for later. Click on the link and watch it in a small browser window while it downloads. in the order we suggest you use: 1. Right click on the link to download and then watch it using your QuickTime application.com/archive/http://debatevideoblog. Korea.blo gspot. 3. Although the event pits two teams. There are three ways to watch this video.html Parliamentary Debate Rules By Shane Hall.

Rebuttal speeches then follow." then allow the questioner to speak. The Government team begins the debate by presenting a specific statement or resolution. . beginning with the Opposition leader and ending with the Prime Minister. Types 2. The Opposition. The debate round begins with a speech by the Prime Minister. the debater must stand. Opposition Leader or Opposition Member. then the Opposition member. If the debater does not wish to recognize the point of information. This is known as a point of information. A debate round involves a series of speeches presented by the debaters. Point of Information 5." at which point the questioner sits. The two team members--Government and Opposition--have eight minutes each for their speeches. According to the American Parliamentary Debate Association. The second team. To raise a point of information. Following the Opposition Leader. consists of the Opposition Leader and Opposition Member. and the Opposition Leader has a limit of eight minutes. The Government team consists of a prime minister and a member of government.Identification 1. Member of Government. he says "no thank you. The rebuttals are four minutes for the Opposition Leader and five minutes for the Prime Minister. Timing 4. According to the National Parliamentary Debate Association. The debater who is speaking may recognize the point by saying "on that point. The judge of the debate is known as the Speaker. must show the Government team's position to be incorrect. the Government member speaks. by its arguments and speeches. The Leader of the Opposition then replies with an opening speech. place a hand on top of her head and raise her other arm to signal. During the speeches by the Prime Minister. other debaters may rise to ask a question of the person speaking or to make a point. Each team in a Parliamentary Debate event has two debaters. the Prime Minister's opening speech is limited to seven minutes. which it must demonstrate to be correct. Structure of Debate 3. the resolution or topic of a debate centers on current affairs or a question of philosophy. known as the Opposition.

Read more: Parliamentary Debate Rules | eHow. For example. or it should be available gratis (i. then rules on the point of order. argumentation flow (what the government’s first argument is and what the Deputy Prime Minister will talk about) Introduce 1st argument Assert Government stand Deputy Prime Minister (DPM) • • • Rebut first argument from Leader of Opposition Rebut rebuttals to PM’s argument Introduce 2nd and 3rd argument . deciding if it is "well taken" or "not well taken. free music download and transfer) Provide concise background or history leading to the issue Give framework of government bench’s case." A "well taken" point means the debater must conclude his speech.org) Government: Prime Minister (PM) • • • • • Define context and parameters of debate. "Point of order.e. in an open motion like “This House Would Support Musicians”. The judge of the debate round.html#ixzz153Cyn9hI Speaker Roles in Asian Parliamentary Debate November 13. a debater can raise a "point of personal privilege" if she has been personally insulted during a debate. the debate could be contextualized into whether music should be a commodity for trade. I. she can stand and say.e. mechanisms (if any).com http://www." Although rarely used. 2009 abinadakhairiyah Leave a comment Go to comments (taken from http://wiki. The debater can continue if the Speaker rules the point to be "not well taken.idebate.com/about_5315301_parliamentary-debaterules." The debater who is speaking must then stop and allow the debater who rose to state what rule has been violated.Points of Order and Personal Privilege 6.ehow. known as the Speaker. As with points of order. the speaker rules whether the point is well taken or not well taken. When a debater believes a rule of debate has been broken.

accusations of squirreling. then their case should provide solution. carefully tiptoe around issues you think you lost . or at least effectively highlight how Government proposal will worsen the situation) Introduce first Opposition argument Assert Opposition stand Deputy Leader of Opposition • • • • Rebut DPM and PM arguments Rebut rebuttals to LO arguments Introduce 1st and 2nd (if any) argument Reassert Opposition stand and case Opposition Whip • • • • • Rebut DPM and PM arguments Rebut rebuttals to LO & DLO arguments Provide a deeper level of analysis for previous arguments and rebuttals No new arguments.• Reassert Government stand and case Government Whip • • • • • • Rebut Deputy Leader of Opposition. but new angles of arguments should be given Brief summary of entire case of Government Reassert Government stand and case Opposition: Leader of Opposition • • • • • Agree or disagree with context/ parameters of debate (any definitional challenges. but new angles of arguments should be given Reassert Opposition stand and case Reply Speech: • • • Can only be done by either 1st or 2nd speaker from each bench Provide a biased ‘oral adjudication’ of why the debate should go to own bench Highlight issues you think your side won. and Leader of Opposition Rebut rebuttals to DPM and PM arguments Provide a deeper level of analysis for previous arguments and rebuttals No new arguments. or unfair set up should be made from the LO speech and no later) Rebut Prime Minister’s argument Give framework for Opposition case (if Opp agrees to problem.

the Asian Parliamentary has two opposing sides. taking the opposition’s perspective .Prime Minister.Leader of The Opposition.• • New examples to expand on discussed examples is usually allowed and makes the reply speech sound fresh as opposed to verbal regurgitation Reassert stand Most importantly. 2nd government. to propose and defend the motion and the opposition.Member of The Government. The speakers allowed to deliver a reply speech would be either the first or the second speaker of each team. each team will be given the chance to give a reply speech. whose role is to state where the opposition’s position in the particular debate.Deputy Prime Minister. Deputy Leader of Opposition 5. whose role is to provide the interpretation of the motion and setup a ground for the debate. Most motions in the system begin with the phrase “This House…. Member of Government 6. Teams and Speaker Responsibilities Similar to any forms of debates. 2nd opposition. Deputy Prime Minister 4. to oppose and negate the motion. 3rd opposition. whose role is similar to the Member of The Government. whose role is quite similar to the Deputy Prime Minister. 3rd government. Prime Minister 2.Deputy Leader of The Opposition. Each of these two teams comprise of three speakers with distinct roles and responsibilities. the government. taking the opposition’s perspective Each speaker is 7 (seven) minutes to deliver a speech. Leader of Opposition 3. . The speakers of the government side are: . A time constrain of 4 (four) minutes is given for reply speeches. respond to the initial case brought by the government and open the case for the opposition . as well as open the case for the government .Member of The Opposition. After all speakers have spoken.) Motion A motion is the term used as a referral of the topic about to be debated in the Asian Parliamentary system. whose role is to refute the opposition’s whole case by summarizing the entire debate from the government’s perspective and give final analysis on why the government should win The speakers of the opposition side are: . Government reply .” with the ‘House’ referring to a governing body debating the particular motion. try to have fun while you’re doing all this. A reply speech is a speech that concludes the debate and state why a particular team’s case is better than the opposing one. whose role is to effectively rebut the case delivered by the opposition. Member of Opposition 7. 1st opposition. amplify the arguments initiated by the previous speaker of the team and later advances the government’s case by delivering a new argument . 1st government. The order of speeches would go as follows: 1.

8. It can also be a quick rebuttal. The adjudicator may comprise of a single person or an odd number of persons. A POI is most commonly. with the number usually increasing as the tournament progresses into more advanced and crucial rounds. usually shortened POI. Opposition reply Point of Information During the speeches (except for the reply). although it is highly recommended for a speaker to accept one or two during a speech to create a good dynamic in the debate. the opposing team may offer Point of Informations. question directed to a point brought by the speaker.Method. Adjudication The victor of an Asian Parliamentary debating system will be determined by adjudicators. The decision made by adjudicators is based on three criteria: . meaning that the point brought has to be concise and sharp to ensure maximum effectively.Matter. but not always.Manner. which is how the points are delivered. A Point of Information. which looks at speaker role and responsibility fulfillment . POIs can only be raised between the first and the sixth minute of the speech. usually looking at how clear and convincing a speech is . which is the quality of the arguments brought and the logic behind them . A POI cannot exceed 15 (fifteen) seconds. A speaker has the right to refuse a POI. Earlier than one and later than six are called the protected time and POIs cannot be raised. is a form of interruption delivered to challenge a case brought by the speaker delivering a speech.

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