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Elective Subject

Elective Subject

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List of Elective

ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGG. ELECTIVE – I 1. 2. 3. 4. TEC 011 TEC 012 TEC 013 TEC 014 Digital System Design Using VHDL Fundamentals of Radar & Navigation Artificial Neural Networks Speech Processing

ELECTIVE – II 1. 2. 3. 4. TEC 021 TEC 022 TEC 023 TEC 024 Principles of Secure Communication Spread Spectrum Systems Filter Design Satellite Communication

ELECTIVE – III 1. 2. 3. 4. TEC 031 TEC 032 TEC 033 TEC 034 Embedded Systems Adaptive Signal Processing Reliability and Quality Management Biomedical Signal Processing

ELECTIVE – IV 1. 2. 3. 4. TEC 041 TEC 042 TEC 043 TEC 044 Random Signal Theory VLSI Design Optical Networks Digital Image Processing


Unit 1

Topic 1. Introduction: Block diagram of optical fiber communication system, Advantages of optical fiber communication 2. Optical fiber waveguides: structure of optical wave guide, light propagation in optical fiber using ray theory, acceptance angle, numerical aperture, skew rays, wave theory for optical propagation, modes in a planar and cylindrical guide, mode volume, single mode fibers, cutoff wavelength, mode field diameter, effective refractive index and group and mode delay factor for single mode fiber. 3. Transmission Characteristics of Optical fiber, Attenuation in optical fibers, intrinsic and extrinsic absorption, linear and non linear scattering losses, fiber bend losses. Dispersion and pulse broadening,

Text Book 1/1 1/2

Lectures 1 7

2.& 3




4& 5

intramodal and intermodal dispersion for step and graded index fibers, modal noise, over all fiber dispersion for multimode and monomode fiber, dispersion shifted fibers, modal birefringence and polarization maintaining fibers 4. Optical Sources: Basic concepts Einstein relations and population inversion optical feedback and threshold conditions, direct and indirect band gap semiconductors spontaneous and stimulated emission in p-n junction, threshold current density, Hetero junction & DH structure, semiconductor injection lasers structure & Characteristics of injection laser. Drawback and advantages of LED, DH, LED, LED structures and characteristics 5.Optical detectors: Requirement for photo detections p-n photodiode, characteristics of photo detections, p-i-n and avalanche photodiodes, phototransistors & photoconductors 6. Direct detection receiver performance considerations: Noise sources in optical fiber communication, noise in p-n, p-i-n and APD receivers, Receiver structures. 7. Optical fiber communication systems: Principal components of an optical fiber communication system, source laminations, optical transmitter circuits, LED and laser drive circuits, optical receiver block diagram, simple circuits for pre-amplifier, automatic gain control and equalization, Regenerative repeater, BER of optical receiver, channel losses, ISI penalty and optical power budgeting for digital optical fiber system, line coding, analog systems, Direct intercity and sub carrier intensity modulation using AM, FM and PM. Block diagram and detection principle of coherent optical fiber system.



1/7 1/8

3 4







Text / Reference Books: Text Book: 1. Optical fiber Communication: John M.S Senior PHI, 2nd Ed. Reference Books: 1. Optical Communication: J. Gowar PHI, 2nd Ed. 2. Optical fiber Communication: G.E. Keiser Mc Graw-Hill, 3rd Ed. 3. Optoelectronics: Wilson & Hawkes PHI, 2nd Ed.
Unit 1& 2 TEC-702 ELECTRONIC SWITCHING Topic 1. Introduction: Message switching, circuits switching, functions of a switching system, register-translator-senders, distribution frames, crossbar switch, a general trunking, electronic switching, Reed electronic system, digital switching systems. 2. Digital switching: Switching functions, space division switching, multiple stage switching, nonblocking switches, blocking probabilities, Lee graphs and Jacobaeus, foulded four wire switches, path dinding, switch matrix control; Time division switching, Text Book 2/3 Lectures 3




space memory switch. J. SPC software. virtual path circuit and fixed path routing. 4. 1/3 &1/4 5 2/8 6 3/10 5 Text / Reference Books: 1. Signal units. digital switching in analog environment. 3. 2. Taub and Schilling. flow control. HDLC protocol. dynamic. PHI.25 protocol. Level3. 4& 5 analog and digital time division switching. the signaling information field. ATM switching . Markov processes. lost calls returned systems and lost calls held system. 1/8 8 2/7. Digital Telephony. Traffic and Networks. centralized SPC. John Wiley. TST switching. grade of service and blocking probability. 4. Poisson arrival process. Telecom Traffic Engineering: Network traffic load and parameters. time stage in general. application software. DCS hierarchy. 6. birth-death processes. two dimensional switching. state transition diagrams. 3rd ed. system software and Language processor. holding time of calls. No. System 75 digital PBX. Delay systems and Erlang C formula. AF junctions and trunk circuits. statistical multiplexing. 5. Reliability availability and security. Bellamy. signal exchanges. a digital memory switch. Digital cross connect systems. integrated cross connect equipment. Common channel signaling.4 ESS Toll switch.3. ATM cell. implementation complexity of TD switches. ATM memory switch. Packet Switching: Packets formats. common control. distributed SPC. ATM service categories. Setting up fiber optics analog Link and verification through voice signal transmission. 3. CCITT signaling system No. SDL. Principles of Communication Systems. Telecommunication switching System and networks. lost calls cleared systems with infinite and finite subscribers. Study of losses in optical fiber. Banyan network switch. outband and inband signalling. J. Transmission of TDM signal using fiber optic digital link 3 . Signalling : Customer line signalling. frame relay. 4. TSSST switches. routing control. Consolidation and segregation. memory-space-memory switch. Stored program control. X. 6 and 7. sequence of operations. STS switching .C. processor architecture. Pearson education. PCM and inter register signalling. zero loss switching. Setting up fiber optic digital link. blocking models and loss estimates.E. TCP/IP. TMH TEC 751 Communication Lab III Experiments on Optical Fiber Communication 1. general principles and network. Level2 and Level-1 processing. multiple stage time and space switching. memory-space. incoming traffic and service time characteristics. 2. Telecommunication switching. modeling switching systems. 3. Thiagarajan Viswanathan. Control of Switching Systems: Call processing functions. Flood.

“Wireless digital communication” 3. space division multiple access. direct sequence spread spectrum (DS-SS). College may add four more experiments in the above list. Use of Monte Carlo Simulation estimate and plot error probability for a binary communication system employing matched filter. handoff strategies. improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems. 2. types of fading.5. 10 7 8 15 4 . non-linear equalisation. linear equaliser. 6. frequency hopped spread spectrum(FHSS). Large scale path loss: propagation models. impulse response model and parameters of multipath channels. 2G.. RAKE receiver. theory of multi-path shape factor for fading wireless channels. diversity techniques. performance of FH-SS. R.Carlo simulation of four phase DPSK system and plot symbol error rate. Willium C. Haykin S & Moher M. “Wireless Communication-Principles and practice”. Y. time division multiple access. vocoders. 4. Determine the error probability for orthogonal signalling using MATLAB employing (a) Hard Decision (b) Softdecision decoding. 3. Rappaport. survey of equalisation techniques. To establish PC to PC communication link using optical glass fiber & RS 232 interface Experiments based on MATLAB 1. channel assignment strategies. equaliser in communication receiver. Kamilo Fehar. “Modern wireless communication”. Find the output of a convolution encoder for a given input sequence using MATLAB. practical link budget design using path loss model. III Characteristics of speech signals. II Spread spectrum modulation techniques: Pseudo-noise sequence. Lee. performance of DS-SS. linear equaliser. wireless standards. and frequency division multiple access. 2005. Pearson Reference Books: 1. Pearson. diffraction. D. Perform Monte-Carlo simulation of a 4PSK Communication system and determine and plot symbol and bit error rates. 5. Small scale fading & multipath propagation and measurements. quantisation techniques. 3G wireless systems. & V interference and system capacity. Implement an adaptive equalizer based on LMS algorithm and study the effect of step size on MSE. scattering. Text Book: 1. IV Frequency reuse. linear predictive coders. reflection.S. modulation performance in fading and multipath channels. fundamentals of equalisation. TEC 801 Wireless Communication Unit I Topic Lectures Evolution of mobile radio communication fundamentals. Introduction to wireless networks. “Mobile communication Design and fundamentals” 2. T. Perform Monte.

framing. TMH. PHI. Forouzan: Data Communications & Networking. Internet Issues: Principles of bridges and routers. Error control. standard logic. Routers. The ALOHA protocols. EIA RS-232C. Other architectures. IEEE-1164. state graph for control networks design of binary multiplier. Flow control. Tanenbaum: Computer Networks. Routing Algorithms. services. multi valued logic and signal resolution. Addressing. VHDL model for a counter. DHCP. PHI India. Polling. Subnetting and network layer protocols.5 10 5 . The Data Link Layer: Basic link protocols. Internetworking. EIA RS-449.Widjaja: Communication Networks.011 Digital System Design Using VHDL Topic INTRODUCTION TO VHDL: VHDL description. VHDL model for multiplexer. The TCP/IP Protocol suite: Overview of TCP/IP. Application layer services: DNS. Andrew S. Unit I TEC . generates statements. Leon-Garcia. SMTP. Connection oriented and connection less services. arrays VHDL operators. Packet switching. Character oriented and bit oriented protocols. WWW. VHDL functions. Hybrid switching. TMH. Bridges. transport and inertial delays.8 Lectures 10 II 1/ 4. FDM & TDM. Gateways and different level switches. William Stallings: Data & Computer Communication. Lectures 11 II 7 III 7 IV &V 11 References: 1. Flow control. Congestion control Algorithms. The Transport Layer: Design Issues. DESIGN OF NETWORKS FOR ARITHMATIC OPERATIONS: Design of serial adder with accumulator. TFTP. modeling a sequential machine. SNMP. codes. Virtual circuit and Data gram Subnet. Pulse code modulation. FTP. example networks. comliance and simulation of VHDL. packages and libraries. The OSI reference model. Prentice Hall. signals and constants. synthesis examples. 4. 3. ADVANCED VHDL: Attributes. modeling flip flop using VHDL. The Network Layer: Design Issues. Ethernet. “ Mobile and personal communication system”. file handling and TEXTIO. R. 2. combinational networks. multiplication of signed binary Text/Ch apter 1/ 2. The Physical Layer: Transmission media. Pandya. Circuit switching. Connection management. synthesis of VHDL codes. HTTP. standardization.802 Data Communication Networks Unit I Topic INTRODUCTION: Network structure. Study of Internet and ATM transport layer protocols.4. operator over loading. network architectures. CCITT X. Subnet concept. variables. VHDL procedures. generic. IEEE standard 802 for LAN.21. TEC .

commutated aerial direction finder. 4th Ed. “Digital System Design using VHDL”. complete microcontroller design. RADIO RANGES: LF/MF four course radio range. Neyman-Pearson detection rule. PHI. FLOATING POINT ARITHMETIC: Representation of floating point numbers. design of binary divider. radar cross section. other floating point operations.7 8 1/9 1/10 6 6 Text Book: 1. variation with angle. spectral models. derivation of SM charts. VOR errors. temporal and spatial correlation of clutter. threshold detection of radar signals. 3. design of microcontroller CPU. floating point multiplication. MEMORY MODELS FOR MEMORIES AND BUSES: Static RAM. Charles H Roth Jr..III IV V numbers. non-coherent integration of nonfluctuating targets. 2007. distributed target forms of range equation. using one hot state assignment. Xinx 4000 series FPGAs. “Fundamentals of digital logic design with VHDL”. ambiguity function. Doppler shift. variation with range. multipath. a simplified 486 bus model. stop and hop assumption. Albersheim and Shnidaman equations. implementation of dice game. RADAR WAVE FORMS: Waveform matched filter of moving targets. Thomson Learning. signal to clutter ratio. adcock and automatic direction finders. Clutter. ambiguity function of the simple matched pulse filter for the pulse burst. 2nd Ed. Book/ chapter 1/ 2 Lectures 10 1/ 4 6 III 1/6 8 IV 2/2 4 2/3 4 6 . TMH. 1/ 6. goniometer. alternative realisation of SM charts using microprogramming. projections. description of MC68HC05 microcontroller. spatial model. Jhon F Wakerly. Stephen Brown & Zvonko Vranesic. errors in direction finding. DESIGN EXAMPLES: UART design. frequency models. “Digital design”. interfacing memory to microprocessor bus. statistical description of radar cross section. VOR. Binary integration. Doppler response and ambiguity function of the pulse burst. DETECTION FUNDAMENTALS: Radar detection as hypothesis testing. range ambiguity. Reference Books: 2. RADIO DIRECTION FINDING: loop direction finder. likelihood ratio test. noise model and signal to noise ratio. DESIGNING WITH PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAYS AND COMPLEX PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC DEVICES: Xinx 3000 series FPGAs. realisation of SM charts. ground equipment & receiver. 2002. pulse by pulse processing. simplifies approach to Doppler shift. DIGITAL DESIGN WITH SM CHART: state machine charts. TEC – 012 Fundamentals of Radar and Navigation Unit I& II Topic RADAR SIGNAL MODELS: Amplitude models. linked state machine. Swerling model.

Radar principles. 1/1 4 4 2/3 2 & Artificial neurons. capacity of TLN. models 1/1 of neuron. non linear separable problems. 2. perceptron learning algorithm. 2/4 2/5 2/6 2/7 2 2 3 3 2/9 4 Text and reference books: 1. signal structure of NAVSTAR broadcasts. Hebbian learning. Backpropogation and other learning algorithms 2/6 2/5 2/4 2 3 5 5 7 . P.. network architecture. doppler frequency equation. Perceptrons and LMS Learning objective of TLN. velocity determination. space of Boolean functions. steepest descent search. Feedforward & feedback architecture. 3. Peebles Jr. perceptron convergence theorem. knowledge representation. SATALLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEM: transit system. adaptation. learning tasks. frequency trackers. components of doppler navigation system. neuron signal function. XOR solution. Fundamentals of radar signal processing. competitive learning. Z. Elements of Electronics Navigation. doppler radar equipment. α – LMS learning. signal flow graph of neuron. DME & TECAN AIDS TO APPROACH AND LANDING: ILS. learning with and without teacher. CW & FMCW Doppler radar. NAVSTAR. binary neurons for pattern classification. S. memory based learning. NAVSTAR receiver. GCA & MLS DOPPLER NAVIGATION: Beam configuration. track stabilisation and doppler spectrum. TMH. TEC – 013 ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Unit Topic Text Book/ Chapter Lectures 1 Introduction Introduction and history. NY. MSE error surface. basic principles of operation.V HYBERBOLIC SYSTEM OF NAVIGATION: LORAN Decca & Omega system. convex sets and convex hulls. μ – LMS and application. mathematical preliminaries. GPS. Nagraja. data message. memory. Artificial intelligence and neural networks. Neural networks and architectures 3 Introduction. human brain. pocket algorithm. Learning Process Error correction learning. pattern space & weight space. feedback. doppler range equation. biological neuron. accuracy of GPS & differential navigation. Wiley. Boltzmann learning. N. Mark A Richards. TMH. Geometry of Binary threshold neurons and their networks Pattern recognition.

practical considerations. Maximal eigenvector filtering. backpropagation learning algorithm. probabilistic interpretation of neuron function. Simon Haykin. Boltzmann machine. interpreting neuron signals as probabilities. Ross. ART 1.” Tata McGraw-Hill.” McGraw-Hill Inc. structure growing algorithms. Digital models for speech signals: Mechanism of speech production & acoustic phoenetics.Multilayered architecture. vector quantization. competitive learning. Timothy J. “ Introduction to Artificial Neural System. Fuzzy sets. 2/12 6 2/11 1 1/11 2 1/5 2 2/7 4 2/13. Text Book 1/3 Lectures 10 8 . 2. comparison of RBF networks & multilayer perceptrons. Fuzzy systems and applications. applications of SOFM. and digital models for speech signals.” Jaico Publishing House. Self Organizing Feature MAP Introduction. lossless tube models. Stochastic Machines Statistical mechanics. simulated annealing. generalized learning laws. SOFM. Text Books 1. Reference Books 1. applications of FFNN. error functions for classification problems. Jack M. Satish Kumar. the acoustic theory of speech production. 2/14 2 TEC-014 SPEECH PROCESSING Unit 1. “Neural Networks.”. 4 Statistical Pattern Recognition Bayes’ theorem. reinforcement learning. generalized RBF networks. maxican hat networks. RBF network for solving XOR problem. RBF Networks Regularization networks. 2. Pearson Education 2nd edition. neural networks and fuzzy logic. “Neural Networks. Topic 1. classical decisions with bayes’ theorem. principal component analysis. Zurada. “Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications. 5 Adaptive Resonance Theory Building blocks of adaptive resonance. multilayered networks & posterior probabilities.

vocoder and channel vocoder . pitch period estimation using parallel processing. Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Systems: Model of SS digital communication system. Speech Analysis. formant estimation. 9 . 4. synthesis and perception by J. discrimination between speech& silence. Rabiner & R. direct sequence spread spectrum signal. Schafer. effect of pulsed interference on DSSS systems. low detectability signal transmission. the autocorrelation method. 3. short time average zero crossing rate. Short time Fourier Analysis: Definition and properties. Linear Predictive Coding of Speech: Basic principles of linear predictive analysis. 1/4 10 3& 4 1/6 10 1/7 6 5.E. 4.L. uncoded DSSS signals. Pearson Education. short time energy and average magnitude. Homomorphic speech processing: Homomorphic system for convolution. Digital Processing of speech signals by R.2. spectrographic displays. N. 2. Generation of PN sequences using m sequence and Gold sequences. error rate performance of the decoder. design of filter banks. 3. short time autocorrelation function & AMDF. SpringerVerlog. excision of narrowband interference in DSSS systems. Voice processing by G. 1/8 10 Text / Reference Books: 1. analysis by synthesis phase. Homomorphic vocoder. Flanagan. Pelton. 2. TEC-021 PRINCIPLES OF SECURE COMMUNICATION Unit 1& 2 Topic Text Book 1/8 Lectures 10 1. complex cepstrum of speech.W. pitch period estimation using autocorrelation function. pitch detection. prediction error and normalized mean square error. acquisition and tracking of DSSS system. Pearson Education. Time Domain methods of speech sampling: Time dependent processing of speech. computation of the gain for the model. processing gain and jamming margin. applications of DSSS signals in anti-jamming. implementation of filter bank summation method using FFT. solution of LPC equations for auto correlation method.L. synthesis of speech from linear predictive parameters. Y. pitch detection using Homomorphic processing. relation between various speech parameters. frequency domain interpretation of mean squared prediction error relation of linear predictive analysis to lossless tube models. application of LPC parameters. Diserete time speech signal Processing: Principles and Practices by Jhomas Quatieri. McGraw –Hill. code division multiple access and multipath channels.

Modulation and demodulation – Balance modulator. frequency synthesis for spread spectrum modulation. PHI Digital Communication by Simon Haykin. 2/10 & 2/11 exchange. base band recovery. 5. multiple encryption and triple DES. code selection and signal spectra. 2/3. Cryptography and Network Security by W. 10 Text / Reference Books: 1. pulse FM(chirp) system. cryptography and cryptanalysts. 3& 4 6 3. differential and linear 2/6 cryptanalysts. Cryptography and secure Communications by M. Time hopping and hybrid SS system. 5. acquisition and tracking of FH SS systems. principles of public key 2/8 & 2/ cryptosystems. Rhee.022 Spread Spectrum Systems Unit Topic Text Book/ Chapter 1/1. phase lock loop. Fermat and Euler’s theorem. stream ciphers and RC4 algorithm. 13 5. Direct sequence system. Substitution techniques.Property of codes for spread spectrum. error detection and correlation codes. slow and fast frequency hopping. Symmetric cipher model. quadriphase modulator. FHSS in CDMA system. costas loop. 2. Public Key Cryptography: Prime numbers. key management Diffie-Hellman key 9. in line and heterodyne correlation. spread spectrum techniques.Y. 3. Frequency Hopped Spread Spectrum Systems: Basic concepts.. discrete algorithms. Stallivgs 4th Ed. 4. Digital Communication by J.2 Lectures I II III Introduction to spread spectrum. Mc Graw Hill TEC.2. block cipher design principles. RSA algorithm.G. Wiley. frequency hopping systems. message authentication requirements and functions. Chinese remainder theorem. Autocorrelation and cross correlation of codes. Coding for communication and ranging. performance of FHSS in AW GN and partial 1/8 & 3/9 band interference. Principle of Communication systems by Taub & Schilling TMH. Cryptographic Techniques : Classical encryption technique. transposition techniques 2/2 3 4. composite codes.2/5 & data encryption standard (DES) strength of DES. Proakis McGraw Hill 2nd Ed. hybrid systems. simplified advanced encryption standard (S-AES). Block cipher modes of operation. Block Cipher and Data Encryption Standard : Block cipher principle. FM 5 1/3 10 1/4 10 10 .

band-pass filter. 2nd Ed. Three amplifier Biquad: Basic low pass and band pass circuit. TEC 024 SATELLITE COMMUNICATION 11 . The switched capacitor. summing of four Amplifier biquad.Van Valkenburg. dynamic range and AGC. propagation medium. 3rd Ed. summers. first order building blocks. 1 1 1 2 2 Text Book: [1] Gobind Daryanani. overall transmitter and receiver design. Reprint 2007. Inverse Chebyshev approximation. synch acquisition. RF link. Bilinear transformation. Schilling. Oxford University Press. sensitivity. Chebyshev approximation. Categorization of filters-Low-pass filter. [2. higher order filters. Switched capacitor filters: The MOS switch. Taube and D. jamming margin. Elementary transconductor building blocks. TEC 023 Filter Design Unit 1 Topic Book 2 3 4 5 Review of op-amps circuits.E. Tata Mc Graw Hill.John Wiley and Sons. Transformation of elements using the FDNR. second order sections. Approximation Theory: Butterworth approximation.Schaumann. types of synchronizers. R. Test and evaluation of spread spectrum systemselectivity. C. band-reject filter. High-pass filter. Frequency Transformations. processing gain. PDM and FH demodulators Need for synchronization. Switched capacitor first and second order filters. and Delay equalizers. cochannel users. “Priciples of Communication systems”. First and second order filters. Passive Ladder structures. 1/7 10 1/10 05 Text Book: R. resistors. realization of the general Biquadratic Functions. Inductor Substitution using Gyrator. amplifiers. sampled data operation. Gain equalizers.Noise figure. L. gyrator. integrators. Basic of sensitivity. “Principles of active network synthesis and design”. “Design of analog filters”. “Spread spectrum systems with commercial application”. Transmitter measurements.IV V feedback. Jhon Wiley. M. Dixen. feed forward three amplifier biquad. Reference Book: H.

look angle and orbit determination. TDM. of Lect. 01 08 Text / Reference Books: 1. orbital effects. linear and cyclic block codes. communication subsystem. Satellite Communications / Dennis Roddy / McGraw-Hill 3. V Introduction of various satellite systems: VSAT. tools introduction. downlink design. Multiple access: FDMA. TEC-031 Embedded System Unit 1. Propagation effects and their impact on satellite-earth links: attenuation and depolarization. DAMA and CDMA.Unit Contents Book/ Chapter No. Geostationary Orbit. uplink design. design life cycle. digital transmission. TTC&M. digital modulation and demodulation. Satellite Communications / Pratt. Introduction: Embedded systems and its applications. cloud and ice effects etc. Allnutt / John Wiley & Sons. S/N ratios for FM video transmission. Bostian. Embedded Operating system. channel capacity./ McGraw-Hill. atmospheric absorption. Hardware Fundamentals for the embedded developers Digital circuit parametersLectures 3 Book/ Chapter 1/1 2 3/2 &3 12 . attitude and orbit control systems. system noise temperature and G/T ratio. rain. 01 / 05 8 01 / 06. 2. pre-emphasis and de-emphasis. low earth orbit and non-geostationary. Design parameters of an embedded system and its significance. design for specified C/N. convolutional codes. Topic 1. Digital Satellite Communications/ Tri T. satellite systems using small earth station. 01 / 03 01 / 04 10 III Modulation and multiplexing techniques for satellite links: FM. direct broadcast satellite television and radio. Ha. launches & launch vehicle. satellite antenna satellite link design: basic transmission theory. error control coding. TDMA. I Elements of Satellite Communication Orbital mechanics. 02/14 01 / 07 08 01 / 08 IV Error control for digital satellite links: error detection and correction. satellite navigation and the global positioning systems. hardware and software partitioning and co-design 2. 02 / 01 02/ 02-03 6 II Satellite subsystems.

Pearson Education @ 1999. Introduction to Microcontrollers and Micoprocessors. decorelection of error and input Text Book / Chapter 1/1 Lectures 1 1/2 3 13 . Hardware design and development. input signal and Weight vectors. 7. John Willey@2005. TEC-032 ADAPTIVE SIGNAL PROCESSING Unit 1& 2 Topic 1. 3.2& 3 4 5. 3. 5. 8. FSMD. Watchdog Timers.Advanced Processor-(only architectures) 80386. An Embedded Software Primer-David E. Key board. Real world Interfacing: LCD. Serial protocols. architecture. desired response and error performance function. Text Books: 2 4 1/2 1/3 2 2/1 15 2/3. Harvard and Von Neumann Architectures. PPI. 10. Latch Interconnection. Tata McGraw-Hill@2005. Embedded versus external memory devices. CISC and RISC processors. Microprocessor Interfacing I/O Addressing. Stepping Motor. Data. Custom Single Purpose Processors: Optimizing program. Adaptive Linear Combiner: General description. I/O ports and memory organization Interrupts Timer/counter and serial communication. Semaphores and shared data. Mailboxes. 4.5. Introduction: Definition and characteristics. PLD’s. Instruction set. Operating system services. 2. Embedded System Design-Frank Vahid/Tony Givargis. gradient and minimum mean square. 4. alternative definition of gradient. Push Buttons. Katson Books@2006. Communication basics. states. Microcontroller (Theory and Applications) Ajay V Deshmukh.General purpose processors and ASIP’s (Application Specific Instruction set Programming): Software and operation of general purpose processors-Programmers View Development Environment-ASIPs Microcontrollers-DSP Chips.&6 3/7 & 7 5 2 4 1/6 6 2/12 1. DAC. Open collector outputs Tristate outputs I/O sinking and Sourcing. Direct memory access. multilevel bus architecture. The 8051 Microcontroller and embedded systems-Muhammad Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie.Simon. Implementation & Programming) Kenneth Hintz. 80486 and ARM (References) 9. 8051 Microcontrollers-Assembly language. Daniel Tabak. general properties open and closed loop adaptation. 8051 Microcontrollers & Embedded Systems 2nd Edition-Sampath Kr. registers. Data path & FSM. Tata McGrawHill@2005. Message queues. References: 1. Addressing modes. ADC. RTOS-Tasks. Microcontrollers (Architecture. 2. 2. Parallel protocols and wireless protocols. LED. 6. 3. Arbitration.

excess MSE. and their geometrical significance. sequential regression algorithm. (ii) Inverse adaptive modeling. update recursion for the sum of weighted error squares. Reliability mathematics: Classical set theory. adaptive lattice predictor. quality. maintainability. Adaptive Filter Structures: Lattice structures. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the correlation matrix. DFT and lattice preprocessors. Adaptive Algorithms: Least mean square algorithm. Adaptive Filter Theory. definition of probability. Theory of Adaptation with Stationary Signals: Input correlation matrix. 5. types of failures. all poles and all zeroes versions. Lattice LMS algorithms. Treichler. 4. Adaptive Signal Processing. Pearson Education Reference Books 1. sample space. Prentice Hall 2. Widrow and Stearns. gradient search by newton’s method and method of steepest descent. Cowan & Grant. on weight vector solution. 1/8 8 4& 5 2/9 5 1/8 6 1/9 & 1/10 8 Text Books: 1. Adaptive Signal Processing by Davisson. of Lectures 06 II 01 / 02 08 14 . John R. random search algorithm. Theory and design of adaptive filters. exponentially weighted RLS algorithm. TEC-033 Reliability & Quality Management Unit I Contents Introduction: Definition of reliability. 7. and lattice SER algorithms. various parameters of system effectiveness. performance comparison of Newton and S. 3. gradient component estimation by derivative measurement. basic properties of Book/ Chapter 01 / 01 No. equalization and deconvolution 1/3.D. Boolean algebra.components. concept of failure modes.1/4 & 1/5 12 3 1/6. methods. time constant and misadjustment. Adaptive Filters. Basic ideas of gradient search methods. convergence analysis of RLS algorithm 6. Simon Haykin. learning curve noise in Weight vector misadjustment and performances of LMS algorithms. PHI. availability. effects of gradient noise. 3. Pearson Education 2. convergence. matrix inversion lemma. difference between MTTR and MTTF. Recursive Least Square Algorithm: Preliminaries. adaptive filters with orthogonal signals. adaptive recursive LMS algorithm. Adaptive Filter Applications: (i) Adaptive modeling and systems identification.

Electronics System Reliability: Reliability of electronic components.probability. essential steps in implementing quality system for ISO: 9000. Ebeling / TMH TEC 034 BIOMEDICAL SIGNAL PROCESSING Unit-1 1. Reliability and Maintainability Engineering / Charles E.Hill. 2. 2..Jain / Tata McGraw. bathtub curve. linear hazard model & exponential hazard model. circuit and system aspects. III Reliability Data Analysis: The reliability function. conditional probability.T. gamma distribution. component types and failure mechanics. Fault tree techniques. binomial distribution. Quality management system & TQC: Quality policy. parameter variation and tolerance. Quality control & Total quality Management / P. reliability of electronic system design. Probability distribution: Exponential distribution. K-out of m systems. Acquisition and Difficulties during Acquisition. component reliability from test data. Introduction to Bio-Medical Signals: Classification. data collection. Basics of Electrocardiography. cost & quality. Electroencephalography. normal distribution and weibull distribution. series –parallel systems.L.Hill. 3/ 3 4 15 . 4. elements of quality systems. systems with components in parallel. Reliability Engineering/ E. Practical Reliability Engineering/ Patrick D. storage & recovery of data. Balagurusamy / Tata McGraw. management of reliability & quality. System Reliability: Systems with components in series. Electromyography & electro-retinography BOOK/CHAPTERS LECTURES 3/ 1&3 2 1/ 2 . and random variables. 3. O’Connor / John Wiley & Sons 4th edition). 02 / 05 08 IV 01 / 09 08 V 03 10 Text / Referencebook: 1. concept of TQM.

Sleep EEG. Study of pattern of brain waves.Introduction. The ARMA Methods. LMS Adaptive Filter. Unit-4 6. EEG:Neurological Signal Processing. Monitoring & Control and image reconstruction in bio-medical field. Role of Computers in the Analysis. 2/ 7 8 1/ 10 8 2/ 5 2 2/ 4 6 1/ 8&9 2/ 6&Appendix B 8 16 . 1/ 1 . Portable Arrhythmia Monitors. Data Reduction: Turning Point algorithm. Adaptive Noise Canceling. Matched Filtering. 3/ 15 2 Unit-2 4. Fan Algorithm. AZTEC Algorithm. Huffman and Modified Huffman Coding. EEG characteristic. ST Segment Analysis. Unit-5 8. EP Estimation: by Signal Averaging. Arrhythmia Analysis. Maximum Likelihood Method. Wavelet Detection:. Unit-3 5. Moving Average Method.General Structures of Adaptive filters. 1/ 12&13 . ECG: Measurement of Amplitude and Time Intervals. Dynamics of Sleep/Wake transition.3. Epilepsy-Transition. QRS Detection(Different Methods). EEG Analysis By Spectral Estimation: The Bt Method. Detection By Structural features. Processing. Adaptive Wavelet Detection. Periodogram. linear prediction theory. -Maximum Entropy Method & AR Method. Adaptive Filtering:. Removal of Baseline Wander And Power line Interferences. Detection of Overlapping Wavelets. detection and Estimation. Run Length Coding. 7.

spectral representation of random processes. spectrum estimation Mean square estimation: prediction. ergodicity. 18 16 17 . moments. john Wiley & Sons Inc. TEC – 041 RANDOM SIGNAL THEORY Unit Topic Text Book/ Chapter 01/ 01-03. Willis J Tomkin. mean and variance. D. Arnon Cohen. Spectral representation and estmation: factorization and innovations. conditional 02/ 01 probability Repeated Trials: Combined experiments. discrete-time processes. 3 density functions. Bernoulli’s Theorem. conditional 02 / 02-03 distributions. Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement. PHI REFERENCE BOOKS: 4. Rangayyan. distribution and 01/ 04-08. Poisson poins and shot noise. filtering and prediction. one function of two random variables. Biomedical Signal Processing.. 2 & Concept of random variable: Introduction. finite-order systems and state variables. joint characteristic functions. 6. specific random variables. power spectrum. cyclostationary processes. Random walks and other applications: random walks. Medical instrumentation Application and Design. volume I & Licrc Press 5 Biomedical Signal Analysis A Case Study Approach. characteristic functions.TEXT BOOKS 1. conditional distributions Multiple random variables. Functions of one random variable: function and distribution of random variable. Phi. Webster. Bernoulli trials. bandlimited processes and sampling theory.Crommwell. two functions of two random variables.Weibel and Pfeifer. Rangaraj M. probability space. Two random variables: Bivariate distributions.C Reddy McGrawhill 3. deterministic signals in noise. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Biomedical Signal Processing. 2. systems with 01/09-13 5 stochastic inputs. john G. sequences of random variables 4 & Concept of stochastic processes: Definition. Lectures 1 Theory of probability 06 Axioms of probability: set theory. Biomedical Digital Signal Processing. joint moments.

pull-up to pull-down ratio. Field Programmable Gate arrays (FPGA) ./TMH TEC 042 VLSI DESIGN Unit 1. Routing. Parasitic Extraction. Markov processes. CMOS inverter and its characteristics. Text / Reference Books 1. sequential circuit design. 18 . Floor planning. MEM. Pillai/4th ed. stick diagrams. branching processes. Ids-Vds relationship. Prentice-Hall of India. n-MOS. Weste. the p-well process. CMOS NAND Gates. CMOS design style. problems associated with VLSI Design. Design Flows. Ayan Banerjee. n-MOS design style. Packaging. Design Methodology and Tools. Papoulis & S. Built-In self Test (BIST) Techniques. Basic VLSI Design by Douglas A. Full Custom Design. Gate delays. Heat dissipation. CMOS NOR gates. David Harris. Package Parasitics. Text Book 1 Lectures 8 2. Semi Custom Design. Yusuf Leblebici. CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits Analysis and Design by Sung-Mo Kang. Current Monitoring IDDQ Test. Scan-Based Techniques . n-well process. A Circuits and Systems Perspective by Neil H. CMOS VLSI Design. Peebles. Design Economics. sheet resistance. twin tub process. Parametric yield. Combinational circuit design. Faults types and Models. AD HOC Design Techniques. Entropy: Basic concepts. 2&3 8 Text Books: 1. Timing Analyses. higher transition probabilities and the Chapman-Kolmogorov equation. Limits of miniaturization. . Controllability and Observability. queueing theory. latch –up in CMOS circuits. MOS transistor figure of merit. Markov chain: introduction. Placement. Scaling models and scaling factors. Pearson Education. Automated Layout Generation. Body effect. Markov processes and Queueing theory: introduction. classification of states. CMOS fabrication. 2. The n-MOS inverter. ApplicationSpecific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) Design for Testability. Bi-CMOS technology. Basic electrical properties of MOS circuits. limitation of scaling. Random Variables & Random Signal Principles/Peyton Z. Probability. stationary distributions and limiting probabilities. transient states and absorption probabilities.Kalman filters. Topic Introduction to integrated circuit technology. Probability. Standard Cell Based Design. random variables and stochastic processes. lambda based design rules . 2 8 5. Random Variables and Stochastic Processes/A. capacitances of layers. 3. 1&2 8 4./TMH 2. Tata Mc-Graw-Hill. 1 8 3. design considerations. Pucknell & Kamran Eshraghian. Programmable Logic structures. Delay estimation. n-MOS. Jr. U. MOS transistor threshed voltage Vt.E. Trans conductance and output conductance. Configurable Logic Block (CLB). logical efforts.

1 6 2 1 7 3 4. Optical Layer Protection.E. Protection in SONET/SDH. Interworking between Layers Access Networks Network Architecture Overview. Wavelength Converters Networks SONET/SDH Multiplexing. Digital Integrated Circuits A Design Perspective by Jab M. Adaptation Layers. Optical Line Amplifiers. Flow Control. Synchronization. Principles of C-MOS VLSI Design A systems Perspective by Neil H. and Routing and wavelength assignment problems. Kumar N. / “Optical Networks a Practical perspective”/ Morgan Kaufmann Publishers / 2nd Ed. Ramaswami. Protection in IP networks. Optical Add/ Drop Multiplexers. 5 Lectures 3 2 3 4 1 3 3 2.References: 1. Header Processing. Pearson Education. Light path Topology Design. 2. 2 Chapter No 1 2 3 4 3 3 3 6. Optical Cross Connects WDM Network Design Cost Trade-offs. Network Survivability Basic Concepts. Signaling and Routing WDM Network Elements Optical Line Terminals. Burst Switching. 3. Rajiv & Sivarajan. Different Schemes. FTTC. Buffering. Deployment Considerations Text Book 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1. Rabaey. Elements of a SONET/SDH Infrastructure ATM Functions of ATM. Topic Name Introduction to Optical Networks Characteristics of Optical Fiber (Emphasis on Non Linear Characteristics) Timing & Synchronization Components Couplers. Multiplexers & Filters. Optical Amplifiers Tunable Lasers Switches. Pearson Education 3. 2. Frame Structure. Weste. Optical Switching OTDM. Dimensioning Wavelength Routing Networks. 1 8 3 1 10 3 1 11 2 5. Uyless / “Optical Networks Third Generation Transport Systems”/ Pearson Educations 19 . Isolators & Circulators. Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Quality of Service. Frame Structure. Enhanced HFC. Application-Specific Integrated Circuits by Michal John Sebastian smith. SONET/ SDH Layers. Anantha Chandra kasan. Physical Layer. Limited. Kamrau Eshraghian. Black. TEC043 Optical Networks Unit No 1. 1 12 4 1 13 3 Text Books: 1. Borivoje Nikolic.

2. Haar. Spatial feature extraction./ “Computer Networks”/ Prentice Hall (India) 2. Inverse & Wiener filtering. Mohan / “WDM Optical Networks Concepts. Rafael C. Transform operations. Anil K Jain. Pixel coding. Histogram modeling. Transforms features. Murthy. Segmentation techniques. Andrew S. Noise reduction in frequency domain. basic relationships between Pixels. Boundary extraction. spatial operations. Edge detection. 20 .Reference Books: 1. 2nd Ed. difference between enhancement & restoration Restoration-spatial filtering. Simple image model. elements of DIP. and Slant & KL transforms. Text Books: 1. 5. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing. Point operations. Design & Algorithms” / Prentice Hall (India) TEC 044 Digital Image Processing Unit 1 &2 Topic Introduction: Fundamental steps in DIP. Predictive coding. Color image model. Hadamard. 3. Siva Ram & Gurusamy. Image Compression: Introduction. C. Sine. 4. Conzalez Richard E Woods. Image Restoration: Introduction. Image observation models. Interframe coding Image Segmentation: Introduction. Tanenbaum. Image Enhancement: Introduction. Digital Image Processing. Transform coding. Image Transforms: One-dimensional & Two-dimensional DFT. Sampling & quantization. Cosine.

VIII) th B. VII & Sem. 21 . (3) Electronics and Telecommunications Engg.P. (1) Electronics Engineering (2) Electronics & Communication Engg. TECH.U. TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY LUCKNOW Syllabus of 4 Year (Sem.

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