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January 2005

6678 Mechanics M2
Mark Scheme

Question
Scheme Marks
Number

1. (a) M(A) W × 4a = T × 8a sin θ M1 A1


Y T Using a value of sin θ and solving M1
θ T = 56 W  cso A1 4
X
W (b) → X = T cos θ M1 A1
= 23 W A1 3 7

2. (a) circle rectangle plate


Mass ratios 9π 200; 200 − 9π B1; B1ft
Centres of mass 6 10 x B1

9π × 6 + ( 200 − 9π ) x = 200 ×10 M1


x ≈ 10.7 (cm) cao A1 5

5
(b) tan θ = ft their x M1 A1ft
10.7
θ ≈ 25° cao A1 3 8
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

KE lost is 12 × 0.6 × ( 10 − 9 )( = 5.7 J )


2 2
3. (a) B1
PE lost is 0.6 × 9.8 ×12sin 30° ( = 35.28 J ) B1
Total loss in energy is 41.0 (J) accept 41 M1 A1 4

(b) R = 0.6 × 9.8 × cos 30° ( ≈ 5.09 ) B1


WE 40.98 = µ × 0.6 × 9.8 × cos 30°×12 ft their (a) M1 A1ft
µ ≈ 0.67 or 0.671 M1 A1 5 9

Alternative for (b)


92 − 102  19 
a=  = ( −)  awrt 0.79 B1
2 ×12  24 
N2L mg sin 30° − µ mg cos 30° = m ( − 19
24 ) ft their a M1 A1ft
µ ≈ 0.67 or 0.671 M1 A1 5

4. (a) r&= 6i + ( 2t + 3) j
& B1
F = 0.4 ( 6i + 11j) 0.4× something obtained by M1
differentiation, with t = 4
F = √ ( 2.42 + 4.42 ) modulus of a vector M1
≈ 5.0 accept more accurate answers A1 4

(b) ( ) ( )
r = 3t 2 + 4t i + 13 t 3 + 32 t 2 j ( + C) M1

Using boundary values, r = ( 3t + 4t − 3) i + ( t + t + 4 ) j


2 1 3
3
3 2
2 A1
t = 4, r = 61i + 49 13 j A1
(
OS = √ 612 + 49 13
2
) ≈ 78 (m) accept more accurate answers M1 A1 5 9
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

5. (a) 50 000 = F × 25 ( F = 2000 ) or equivalent M1


→ F = R + 750 M1
R = 1250  cso A1 3

(b) N2L 1500 + 2000 = 2500a ignore sign of a M1 A1


a = 1.4 ( m s −2 ) cao A1 3

(c) Trailer: T + R = 1500 ×1.4 or Car: T − 1500 − 750 = 1000 × −1.4 M1


T = 850 ( N ) A1 2

(d) 252 = 2 × 1.4 × s ( s = 223.2...) M1


W = 1500 × s ft their s M1 A1ft
= 335 (kJ) accept 330 A1 4

(e) Resistances vary with speeds B1 1 13

6. 2u u (a) LM 6mu − 2mu = 3mx + 2my M1 A1


NEL y − x = 3eu B1
3m 2m Solving to y = 15 u ( 9e + 4 )  cso M1 A1 5

x y (b) Solving to x = 25 u ( 2 − 3e ) oe M1 A1
x<0 ⇒ e> 3 2
M1 A1
3 <e
2
1 ft their e for glb A1ft 5

(c) 2m  15 u ( 9e + 4 ) + u  = 32
5 mu M1 A1
Solving to e = 7
9 awrt 0.78 M1 A1 4 14
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

7. (a) ↑ u y = 32 × 35 ( = 19.2 ) B1
−20 = 19.2t − 4.9t 2
−1 each error M1 A2(1, 0)
t ≈ 4.8 or 4.77 (s) A1 5

(b) → u x = 32 × 54 ( = 25.6 ) B1
d = 25.6 × 4.77... M1
≈ 120 or 122 ( m ) A1 3

↑ v y = 19.2 + 2 × 9.8 × 4  vy = 447.04, vy ≈ 21.14 


2 2 2
(c) M1
V 2 = 447.04 + 25.62 M1 A1
V = 33 or 33.2 ( m s −1 ) A1 4

21.14  25.6 
(d) tan θ =  or cos θ = , ...  ft their components M1 A1ft
25.6  33.2 
or resultant
θ ≈ 40° or 39.6° A1 3 15

Alternative for (c)


2 m ( V − 32 ) = mg × 4
1 2 2
M1 A1
V 2 = 1102.4 M1
V = 33 or 33.2 ( m s −1 ) A1 4

There is a maximum penalty of one mark per question for not


rounding to appropriate accuracy.