Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW

Best Practice for Solution Management
Version Date: May 2006 The newest version of this Best Practice can always be obtained through the SAP Solution Manager or the SAP Service Marketplace. Contents Applicability, Goals, and Requirements ....................................................................................................2 Best Practice Procedure and Verification .................................................................................................3 Preliminary Tasks ...............................................................................................................................3 Procedure ...........................................................................................................................................3 General Tasks ..............................................................................................................................3 Monitoring - Basis.........................................................................................................................5 Monitoring - Application................................................................................................................6 Performance.................................................................................................................................7 Data Management......................................................................................................................12 Data Consistency .......................................................................................................................20 Further Information .................................................................................................................................21

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Applicability, Goals, and Requirements
To ensure that this Best Practice is the one you need, consider the following goals and requirements.

Goal of Using this Service
This service provides recommendations about jobs and tasks that have to be performed on a regular basis to ensure system performance and stability in a BW system.

Alternative Practices
You can get SAP experts to deliver this Best Practice if you order the Solution Management Optimization (SMO) service known as System Administration Workshop. For further details concerning this service, please refer to SAP Service Marketplace SAP System Administration.

Staff and Skills Requirements
For optimal benefit you should make sure that you have experience in the following areas: • • • • • Knowledge of standard SAP application and database monitors Practical experience with the SAP BW Administrator Workbench Experience with monitoring of data uploads Experience with monitoring of SAP BW queries Experience in job scheduling in a SAP environment

System Requirements
This document refers to BW 3.x and Netweaver 2004s (BI) systems. In order for it to be of relevance and benefit to all BW administrators, it will not cover features or restrictions that belong to any particular database or operating system.

Duration and Timing
Periodic jobs and tasks have to be performed in a BW system on an ongoing basis. The time required for the periodic jobs and tasks depends therefore on the objects being used and the data volume being loaded.

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Best Practice Procedure and Verification
Preliminary Tasks
It is recommended that this Best Practice be first read completely before any given recommendations are implemented. We strongly advise against direct changes in the production environment, and recommend first testing any changes in a test system.


General Tasks
EarlyWatch Alert
Frequency: Weekly The free SAP EarlyWatch Alert service can be used to facilitate BW maintenance. It offers a unique application and basis perspective on the system. Utilize the SAP EarlyWatch alert as part of the system monitoring strategy. It is also a good information source and checklist which can be used in meetings between the application and basis teams.

Support Package Strategy
Frequency: Quarterly To keep the system up-to-date, SAP recommends implementing Support Packages and / or Patches into the system landscape on a regular basis. This should prevent already known and fixed bugs affecting your business and you can make use of product improvements. To guarantee an optimal level of support from the SAP side, the system has to have an up-to-date status. Corrections for BW (front-end, server, Plug-in or Add-on) are only made available in the before mentioned Support Packages. With the exception of individual cases, no description of the correction (table entries, coding) is given in the notes. In general SAP does not carry out any corrections directly in customer systems. Therefore, a periodical maintenance window has to be planned by the application team in cooperation with the IT department to implement and test these Support Packages or Patches in the Customer specific Business Scenario (at least each quarter of a year). It is recommended to apply Support Package Stacks, which are usually delivered quarterly (see Corrections are only brought out in notes, if problems are caused by applying SAP Support Packages or Patches. In such cases as these, the matter is referred to in the SAPBWNEWS. SAPBWNEWS is brought up-to-date with every BW Support Package stored as notes in SAP Service Marketplace. For more detailed information please check the current information in the SAP Service Marketplace: Services & Implementation News SAP BW Support

Backup Strategy
Frequency: Daily © 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW A backup and restore concept needs to be created. This concept should define how to backup and restore each individual system component. A B&R concept must also take into account possible procedures in case of a point-in-time recovery of one of the system components. A procedure must be defined and tested to handle cases of where specific application data is lost in one of the systems. A vital factor for the operability of a restore in case of an emergency is a thorough testing of procedures and training of administrators on restore and recovery scenarios. For details, please refer to the Best Practice document "Backup and Restore for" that is available either through the SAP Solution Manager in the SAP Service Marketplace This document lists, among many other contents, suggestions and recommendations on: • • • Backup and recovery procedures for all individual components of your system landscape Procedures for performing a landscape-wide backup and recovery Dealing with point-in-time restores


The document also contains an example of how to set up a viable Backup and Recovery procedure in a landscape.

Transport Window
Frequency: Weekly Transports and SAP Notes should be applied to the productive BW system in a defined time window when no data uploads are taking place. There should be clearly defined guidelines for the conditions which require the productive system to be opened for emergency corrections - this should only be done on an exceptional basis. In general all changes (except the explicitly allowed ones in the BW transport system) should be made in the development system and transported via the quality assurance and test systems to the productive environment. Well defined and documented test scenarios should be used, and if necessary adapted to ensure the quality of all transports released to the productive environment. When transports, notes or support packages are applied in SAP R/3, this may also have an effect on the extraction structures or extraction process for SAP BI. Fields and/or programs can be changed or simply deactivated. It can be the case that some BI extractions do not work after these changes or that deltas may be lost. The BI team may also lose valuable time investigating these issues due to the fact that they were not aware of these standard program modifications. There should be procedure in place to inform people from the BI team before notes are applied in SAP source systems that may have an influence on extraction or updating. The BI team has to have the possibility to take necessary actions (e.g. load delta data). As this dependency may not always be mentioned in the note itself, awareness of these interactions should be created in the SAP source system team. There should be a special awareness of notes in components • • • BW-BCT* (affecting extraction logic) BC-BW (affecting delta queue and/or Service-API) All components where data is extracted from SAP systems.

These notes should be investigated very carefully in order to verify if there are changes in structures or updating or extraction logic. It is very important to note that prior to support package and Plug In upgrades in the source system, it is necessary to empty the delta queues for all DataSources.

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Monitoring - Basis
Basis Jobs
Frequency: Hourly to monthly, depending on the specific job. There are a number of jobs that have to run periodically in a live BW installation, for example, to delete outdated jobs. You can easily schedule these jobs as follows: Transaction SM36, press button 'Standard jobs'.

Please refer to SAP Note 16083 for details.

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Basis Monitoring
Frequency: Daily The normal basis monitoring also has to be performed on a BW system, including (among others) the following logs and monitors: • • • • System Log (transaction SM21) ABAB Runtime Errors (transaction ST22) Operation System Monitor (transaction ST06) Tune Summary (transaction ST02)

Monitoring - Application
Monitor Data Staging
Frequency: Daily Please evaluate the monitoring strategy for the production BW system. If there are reports or data which need to be available at a certain agreed time, then the upload process for this data needs to be analyzed and it should be decided if it is necessary to monitor the jobs during the night or at the weekend. Uploads and reports should be assigned a business priority status and then a monitoring strategy appropriate to the priority can be defined. E.g., high priority reports could be the daily Logistics report. A priority period could be the period end closing. When the monitoring is performed in the morning one hour before the query users start working, this strategy is cost effective and often sufficient for many uploads but may cause severe delays in data and report availability if priority uploads need to be restarted. In the case of failed extractions it can also mean that when the extraction processes is restarted in the morning it causes an extra load on the source system during online working hours. A successful BW monitoring strategy requires close co-operation between both application and basis teams. In BW, in comparison to R/3, these two areas of expertise are more closely linked and the teams are interdependent. As BW uploads involve extractions in other systems, it is also necessary to ensure that communication and monitoring is as seamless as possible between the BW and source system teams. If the monitoring will be performed by Basis individuals, then further training in BW will be necessary or vice-versa. Close co-operation could mean assigning priority to certain BW jobs and documentation which details the correct course of action and contact people if the job were to fail. Automation methods include adding notification processes (available as standard) to critical Process Chains. The following monitors and tools are important for Data Staging: • Process Chain Overview: For the application-side analysis of the processes executed via process chain you can use the Process Chain Overview (RSPC). Here you have an overview about the progress of your process chains and which processes are taking place at the moment. You see an overview about the process steps done so far for each process. From here, you can jump to more detailed monitors of single processes (Open Hub Monitor, Upload Monitor) or to the job log of the processes. Open Hub Monitor: For problems with Open Hub Service and InfoSpokes you can use the Open Hub Monitor. Similar to the Upload Monitor the Open Hub Monitor shows the progress of each request and the single process steps. Upload Monitor: To have an overview about all upload processes running on your BW system, you should use the Upload Monitor (RSMO). In the detail-monitor of each request (upload process) the progress of this upload and the single process steps are shown.

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW • Changerun Monitor: For problems with changeruns you can use the monitor for changeruns (transaction CHANGERUNMONI).


Monitor Query Performance
Frequency: Weekly To improve end-user satisfaction, SLRs (service level requirements) should be defined for all new queries and a pro-active query performance monitoring should be set up. It should not be the standard procedure that long running queries are only identified by the end users in the functional department and reported to the technical department. Classify and prioritize the queries. Based on the outcome of this categorization, ensure that appropriate monitoring and tuning procedures are in place to guarantee the maximum performance and availability of these queries. This should include: • • Having a minimal system load when the query runs or when the associated data is uploaded. Having the responsible people on call during a critical load and ensuring that the correct procedures are in place to contact that person.

SLRs should be defined by the functional department for all new queries. The technical department should check if it is possible to meet these requirements by testing the queries in the development system, therefore it is necessary to have a comparable data volume in the development and production systems respectively. If aggregates are not suitable or do not improve the performance of these queries to the level required, consider if queries could be tuned by pre-filling the OLAP cache with the Reporting Agent. Note that usually only a restricted number of queries can be pre-calculated, therefore a prioritization is necessary and the performance of these important queries should be monitored. As the amount of data being read by the query and the reporting behaviour of the end-users may change over the time, it is important to also monitor the query performance regularly, e. g. weekly or when a high amount of data is loaded to the InfoProvider. In NetWeaver 2004s (BI) you can use the AdminCockpit to monitor query performance; in BW 3.5 you can use the Technical Content and/or transaction ST03 (The workload monitor).

Frequency: Daily InfoCubes should be compressed regularly. Uncompressed cubes increase data volume and have negative effect on query and aggregate build performance. If too many uncompressed requests are allowed to build up in an InfoCube, this can eventually cause unpredictable and severe performance problems. Basically the F-fact table is optimized for writing (upload) and the E-fact table is optimized for reading (queries). A well run and high performing BW system is not possible unless there is regular compression of InfoCubes and aggregates. A regular compression strategy should be defined with the business data owners. In line with the requirements of the business process, data in the F fact table should be compressed regularly. For more information refer to the documentation in the SAP Help Portal: SAP NetWeaver Workbench Managing Data Targets Technical description During the upload of data, a full request will always be inserted into the F-fact table. Each request gets its own request ID and partition (DB dependent), which is contained in the 'package' dimension. This feature enables you, for example, to delete a request from the F-fact table after the upload. However, this may result in several entries in the fact table with the same values for all characteristics except the © 2004 SAP AG Business Information Warehouse Administrator Managing InfoCubes InfoCube Compression

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW request ID. This will increase the size of the fact table and number of partitions (DB dependent) unnecessarily and consequently decrease the performance of your queries. During compression, these records are summarized to one entry with the request ID '0'. Once the data has been compressed, some functions are no longer available for this data (for example, it is not possible to delete the data for a specific request ID). Transactional InfoCubes in a BPS environment You should compress your InfoCubes regularly, especially the transactional InfoCubes. In a BPS planning process, a request is closed when the open request contains 50.000 records or when it is switched manually between loading and planning mode.


For transactional InfoCubes that are used for BPS there is another advantage through compression (on ORACLE databases): The F-fact table has a B-tree index and is partitioned according to request ID, whereas the E-fact table has a bitmap index and partitioning according to your settings (time characteristics). Read accesses to the E-fact table are faster than those to the F-fact table because Btree indices are favorable for data write processes but not for read processes. Please check note 217397 for details. The BPS delete function is used to remove data from the selected planning package. The records are not directly deleted from the InfoCube. Instead, the system creates additional records with offsetting values. The original and offsetting record are deleted when the InfoCube is compressed.

Calculate Statistics
Frequency: Daily For database performance reasons, it is essential to ensure that the database optimizer statistics are collected at the optimum time and in the recommended way. Collect the database optimizer statistics after changes in the data. In a BW system, this means that optimizer statistics should be scheduled after the data loading.

Typical Data Load Cycle
Load into PSA Load into ODS

Activate Data in ODS

Data Load Monitor

Drop Indices

Roll up Aggregates

Build DB Statistics Load into Cube

Data Target Maintenance
© SAP AG 2005, BW System Administration / 3

Build Indices

It can be the case that there is not enough time to run a system wide statistics collection after the data loading has been completed. This might be due to the fact that the users start running queries directly after the data loads have been completed or that certain loads take much longer to complete than © 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW others. If this is the case then consider integrating a statistics collection method into the relevant Process Chain(s). Statistics collection comes as a standard process in the Process Chain maintenance.


Index maintenance and monitoring
Frequency: Weekly The type of indexes and the administration possibilities can be quite different in SAP BW compared to R/3. Assign responsibility for the creation, maintenance and monitoring of indexes. Responsible team members should have a good understanding of the performance values of indexes, but also the maintenance costs. They should also have a good awareness of the data flows and should regularly check for missing and degenerated indexes. Tools and logs which can be used to detect degenerated indexes include: • • • • Transaction RSRV The Administrator workbench Transaction DB14 Transaction DB02 Right click on the InfoCube Manage Performance tab

Log for statistics collection Missing indexes

Further information on index fragmentation is available in SAP Note 771929. A detailed description of index usage in BW is contained in the SAP Education course BW360.

Frequency: Monthly Running report SAP_INFOCUBE_DESIGNS shows the database tables of an InfoCube, the number of records in these tables and the ratio of the dimension table size to the Fact table size. If dimension tables are too large then they can cause badly performing table joins on database level. As the data volume grows and the data allocation changes over the time, this check should be executed regularly. When loading transaction data, IDs have to be generated in the dimension table for the entries. If you do have a large dimension, this number range operation can negatively affect performance. In the InfoCube star schema, a dimension table can be omitted if the InfoObject is defined as a line item. This means that SQL-based queries become easier. In many cases, the database optimizer can select better run schedules. However, this also has one disadvantage: You cannot include additional characteristics in a dimension that is marked as a line item at a later date. This is only possible with normal dimensions. If a dimension table has more than one characteristic with a high granularity then consider placing these characteristics into separate dimension tables. Example: A line item is an InfoObject, for example, an order number, for each of whose features one or a few facts in the fact table of the InfoCube are listed. Guidelines how to limit the number of records in dimension tables 1. If an InfoObject has almost as many distinct values as there are entries in the fact table, define the dimension of the InfoObject as a line item dimension. If defined in this manner, the system will write the data directly to the fact table (a field with the data element RSSID, which immediately shows the SID table of the InfoObject, is written in the fact table) instead of creating a dimension table that has almost as many entries as the fact table. 2. Only group related characteristics into one dimension. Unrelated characteristics can use too much disk space and cause performance problems (for example, 10,000 customers and 10,000 materials may result in 100,000,000 records). 3. Avoid characteristics with a high granularity, that is, many distinct entries compared with the number © 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


of entries in the fact table. 4. If you cannot avoid characteristics with a high granularity and most of your queries do not use these characteristics, create an aggregate that stores summarized information. Do not use characteristics with a high granularity in this aggregate. Please note that the LineItem flag can have negative performance impact on F4 help usage (for which the setting 'Only Values in InfoProvider' is used (transaction RSD1 Tab 'Business Explorer')). 5. It is also worthwhile to try the checks in transaction RSRV. Use for example RSRV All Elementary Tests Transaction Data Entries Not Used in the Dimension of an InfoCube. Implementation Regarding Line Item Dimensions: When creating the dimensions as part of InfoCube maintenance, flag the relevant dimension as a line item. You can assign this dimension to exactly one InfoObject. To check which InfoObject has the highest cardinality in the Dimension, you can look at the fields of the Dimension table highlighted in report SAP_INFOCUBE_DESIGNS. E.g. Transaction DB02 => Detailed Analysis (Tables and Indexes section) => Enter Dimension table name => Check for the field with the most distinct objects. The table below shows a list of InfoCubes with large dimension tables:

Prefilling Cache
Frequency: Daily By using the OLAP Cache, the load on the database server is reduced. Cached queries, especially those that are cached in the main memory and in flat files, do not cause a database access or at least the database accesses are reduced. Because of this reduction, there are fewer displacements in the database buffer and therefore the cache has a positive impact on the overall database performance and the network load. With query execution, the runtime for reading the data is reduced by the cache especially for queries reading a huge data volume. To meet the business requirements in reporting performance, pre-calculation of some important queries could be necessary. This means you can "warm up" the OLAP cache for these queries directly instead of it being filled "indirectly" by the reporting in question. Then the result can be read out of the OLAP Cache and this is much faster than from the database. This function is not explicitly provided with BW3.x. However, you can use the method that is described in "How to ...Performance Tuning with the OLAP Cache" with certain restrictions. In BI 7.0, you can use the BEx Broadcaster to fill the OLAP Cache. Call the broadcaster from the Query Designer:

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Choose “Create New Setting” Choose “Fill OLAP Cache”. Select the filter navigation. When the query uses variables, also a variant has to be maintained; otherwise the variable could not be filled in the background job. Save and schedule the job: You can either schedule the pre-filling of the OLAP Cache to run at predefined times or with each data change in the InfoProvider.

When the pre-filling of the OLAP Cache is scheduled to run with each data change in the InfoProvider, an event has to be raised in the process chain which loads the data to this InfoProvider. When the © 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


process chain executes the process “Trigger Event Data Change (for Broadcaster)”, an event is raised to inform the Broadcaster that the query can be filled in the OLAP cache.

Create Aggregates
Frequency: When the service level requirements of the queries are not met, when you encounter increasing I/O or bad data hit ratio on the database server. If the query runtime is mainly spent on the database, suitable aggregates should be created. The ratio between rows selected and rows transferred indicates potential performance improvements with aggregates. It should be investigated which queries are performing badly; and then, which of them can be tuned by aggregates. Define responsibilities for aggregate creation in order to ensure that the queries are performing well. Further information is available on the SAP Service Marketplace: Performance Aggregates

We also recommend ordering the TEWA50 “Empowering Workshop: SAP BW - Query Tuning with Aggregates. “ This workshop contains information about: • • • • Concept of aggregates Find queries that can be tuned with aggregates Create suitable aggregates Maintain aggregates efficiently

Delete Aggregates
Frequency: Quarterly There are several reasons, why an aggregate might be unnecessary: • • • There can be very similar aggregates that might be combined into one new aggregate. There can be aggregates which are never used and which are no basis aggregates. There can be aggregates with an insufficient reduction factor compared to the InfoCube.

As aggregates contain redundant data and are especially created for performance reasons, unnecessary aggregates need disk space and have to be regularly maintained via roll-up and/or change run. Check regularly the usage of your aggregates. It can be the case that the merging of similar aggregates is possible. Some aggregates may not be used at all, or some aggregates could be similar in size to the InfoCubes and lead to no performance improvement. The EarlyWatch Report can also be checked for aggregates to be deleted.

Data Management
Archive Data
Frequency: Depending on the retention period of your data. Without archiving, unused data is stored in the database and ODS-Objects and InfoCubes can grow unrestricted. This can lead to a deterioration of general performance. Establish a BW data archiving project to identify InfoCube and ODS-Objects that can be archived as well as to plan and estimate data storage to determine data storage requirements and the cost involved. The benefits of BW archiving include: • Reduction of online disk storage © 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW • • • • • • • • • • • • Improvement in BW query performance Increased data availability as rollup, change runs and backup times will be shorter Reduced hardware consumption during loading and queries


An archiving strategy should include the following points and tasks: Periodical archiving of objects Estimation of required data storage Identification of InfoCube and ODS-Objects that can be archived Mapping of Data targets to archiving objects Validation of archived data Read capability from archived data Retention period of archived and deleted data Time to adjust or rebuild aggregates Timings for locking the data target whilst deletion is taking place.

For more information refer to the SAP Notes 643541 and 653393. There is a SAP service for data management and archiving that can be ordered in the SAP service marketplace. There is information available on the SAP Help Portal: SAP NetWeaver SAP Business Information Warehouse System Administration Tasks Data Archiving There is also information available on the SAP Service Marketplace: BI InfoIndex Archiving Release

Delete Persistant Staging Area (PSA) data
Frequency: Weekly Determine a defined data retention period for data in the PSA tables. This will depend on the type of data involved and data uploading strategy. As part of this policy, establish a safe method to periodically delete the data. If the PSA data is not deleted on a regular basis, the PSA tables grow unrestricted. Very large tables increase the cost of data storage, the downtime for maintenance tasks and the performance of data upload. From BW 3.X, request deletion is integrated in Process Chains. For further information on how to delete requests from the PSA, refer to the SAP Help Portal documentation: SAP NetWeaver SAP Business Information Warehouse Release Administrator Workbench Administration Monitoring Persistent Staging Area Deleting Requests from the PSA

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Delete Changelog data
Frequency: Weekly For change logs which are also PSA tables, the deletion can be done from ODS-Objects / DataStore Objects Manage Environment Delete change log data:

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Please note that only already updated change log requests can be deleted and that after the deletion a reconstruction of requests for subsequent data targets using the ODS / DataStore change log will not be possible.

Delete DTP Temporary Storage
Frequency: Weekly This task is only relevant for BI 7.0. The DataTransfer Process (DTP) can be set up from the temporary storage in case of a problem. You can view and verify the data in the temporary storage in case of problems. The deletion of temporary storage can be set from DTP Maintenance Temporary Storage Delete Temporary Storage: Goto Settings for DTP

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Here you can choose for each DTP: • • • For which steps you want to have a temporary storage The level of detail for the temporary storage The retention time of the temporary storage.

Archive / Delete Administration Tables
Frequency: Weekly SAP Note 706478 (and the referenced sub notes) provides an overview of administrative basis tables that may considerably increase in size and cause problems as a result, if the entries are not regularly archived or deleted. Growing administration tables increase the total size of the system and negatively impact performance, for example during monitoring the requests. © 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW Affected tables are (among others): • • • • Application Log Tables (BAL*) IDoc Tables (EDI*) BW Monitoring Tables for requests and process chains (Archiving only possible with BI 7.0) Job Tables (TBTCO, TBTCP)


Archive or delete entries in these tables as described in the note.

Delete BW Statistic Tables
Frequency: Quarterly The BW statistic tables RSDDSTAT* and the BPS statistic tables UPC_STATISTIC* have to be deleted regularly. Please follow the notes 211940,195157,179046,366869 before deleting or archiving. For the BW statistic tables RSDDSTAT*, the deletion of records older than x days can be done in transaction RSA1. To delete data, call transaction RSA1, choose 'Tools' 'BW statistics for InfoProvider' and select 'Delete data':

The time period for data, which should be deleted, can now be entered. Please read note 309955 for information on usage and errors in the BW Statistics. For the BPS statistic tables UPC_STATISTIC*, the deletion of records older than x days can be done in transaction BPS_STAT0:

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Delete tRFC Queues
Frequency: Weekly In BW and all connected source systems, check all outbound tRFC queues (transaction SM58) from time to time to see whether they contain old unsent data packages or Info-IDocs. The reason for these leftover entries could be that they have already been processed in BW, and therefore cannot be processed again, or they contain old requests that cannot be sent following the system copy or RFC connection change. You should then delete these tRFC requests from the queue, not only to reduce the data volume in your system but primarily to prevent from accidentally sending these old entries again to BW data targets:

In the RFC destination (transaction SM59) from the source system to BW, the connection should be set up to prevent a terminated transfer from being restarted automatically and, most importantly, to prevent periodic automatic activation of incorrectly sent data:

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Delete unused Queries / Workbooks
Frequency: Quarterly Unused/unnecessary Queries can lead to higher times in the 'Open' cause an unnecessary allocation of disk space. 'Query' dialog. They also

Check regularly whether queries are really still in use. The 'Last Used' field in transaction RSZDELETE (Delete Objects) is related to table RSZCOMPDIR. 'Last Used' is updated in table RSZCOMPDIR with the exact timestamp of when queries are executed with the BEx Analyzer or Web Frontend.

Delete Temporary Query Views
Frequency: Monthly The BW System uses different temporary objects for query execution, compression and other processes. The system often generates them outside of the ABAP DDIC for performance reasons or because they cannot be defined there (as stored procedures or triggers). In general these temporary objects are deleted when the processing of the query is finished, but in case of an abortion of a query residual entries can persist. Run report SAP_DROP_TMPTABLES and function RSDDTMPTAB_CLEANUP (with parameter I_NAMETYPE = 03) to remove the temporary query views (“/BI0/03xxx”). Make sure that no query execution, compression, aggregate roll-up or data extraction runs while the report SAP_DROP_TMPTABLES is executed, otherwise this can result in terminations of the processes. For further details, please see SAP Note 449891. © 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Data Consistency
Schedule RSRV Checks
Frequency: Weekly, important checks daily. Use transaction RSRV to analyze the important BW Objects in the system. This transaction also provides repair functionality for some tests. These tests only check the intrinsic technical consistency of BW Objects such as foreign key relations of the underlying tables, missing indexes etc. They do not analyze any business logic or semantic correctness of data. Missing table indexes or inconsistencies in master or transactional data can have a negative impact on your system performance or lead to missing information in your BW reporting. You can schedule the tests in RSRV to be run regularly in the background by defining a specific test package for your core business process and needs. Weekly checking (e.g. on the weekend) should be adequate in general, but important checks (e.g. missing table indexes) could be also performed on a more frequent basis (e.g. daily). Another option is to start these checks based on an event (e.g. tests are triggered after data loading). If you do so, make sure that the application log is checked regularly for the results and recommended necessary corrections are made in time. For further information please read note 619760 containing the latest news about RSRV checks: A detailed description of the test Information as to whether repair functionality is available in the check. When the results of the checks are displayed in the application log, you can double click on the message. You will then see the message again on the right hand side with additional buttons for long texts and details (scroll to the right side) if applicable. For more general information on data consistency within your BW project refer also to the SAP Service Marketplace: Data Consistency

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Further Information
Overview about jobs and tasks
The table below lists all the jobs and tasks discussed in this Best Practice.

Area General Tasks

Job / Task EarlyWatch Alert Support Package Strategy Backup Strategy Transport Window

Frequency Weekly Quarterly Daily Weekly Hourly to monthly, depending on the specific job. Daily Daily Weekly Daily Daily Weekly Monthly Daily When the service level requirements of the queries are not met, when you encounter increasing I/O or bad data hit ratio on the database server. Quarterly Depending on the retention period of your data. Weekly Weekly Weekly Weekly Quarterly Weekly

Monitoring - Basis

Basis Jobs Basis Monitoring

Monitoring - Application

Monitor Data Staging Monitor Query Performance


Compression Calculate Statistics Index maintenance and monitoring Report SAP_INFOCUBE_DESIGNS Prefilling Cache Create Aggregates

Data Management

Delete Aggregates Archive Data Delete PSA data Delete Changelog data Delete DTP Temporary Storage Archive / Delete Administration Tables Delete BW Statistic Tables Delete tRFC Queues

© 2004 SAP AG

Best Practice: Periodic Jobs and Tasks in SAP BW


Delete unused Queries / Workbooks Delete Temporary Query Views Data Consistency Schedule RSRV Checks

Quarterly Monthly Weekly, important checks daily.

Feedback and Questions
Send any feedback by formulating an SAP customer message to component SV-SMG at in the SAP Service Marketplace.

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