# CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T

Released Test Questions

Geometry

Introduction - Geometry

The following released test questions are taken from the Geometry Standards Test. This test is one of the California Standards Tests administered as part of the Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) Program under policies set by the State Board of Education. All questions on the California Standards Tests are evaluated by committees of content experts, including teachers and administrators, to ensure their appropriateness for measuring the California academic content standards in Geometry. In addition to content, all items are reviewed and approved to ensure their adherence to the principles of fairness and to ensure no bias exists with respect to characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, and language. This document contains released test questions from the California Standards Test forms in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008. First on the pages that follow are lists of the standards assessed on the Geometry Test. Next are released test questions. Following the questions is a table that gives the correct answer for each question, the content standard that each question is measuring, and the year each question last appeared on the test. The following table lists each reporting cluster, the number of items that appear on the exam, and the number of released test questions that appear in this document. Some of the released test questions for Geometry are the same test questions found in different combinations on the Integrated Mathematics 1, 2, and 3 California Standards Tests and the Summative High School Mathematics California Standards Test. NUMBER OF QUESTIONS ON EXAM 23 11 16 15 65 NUMBER OF RELEASED TEST QUESTIONS 32 17 24 23 96

REPORTING CLUSTER Logic and Geometric Proofs Volume and Area Formulas Angle Relationships, Constructions, and Lines Trigonometry TOTAL

In selecting test questions for release, three criteria are used: (1) the questions adequately cover a selection of the academic content standards assessed on the Geometry Test; (2) the questions demonstrate a range of difﬁculty; and (3) the questions present a variety of ways standards can be assessed. These released test questions do not reﬂect all of the ways the standards may be assessed. Released test questions will not appear on future tests. For more information about the California Standards Tests, visit the California Department of Education’s Web site at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/sr/resources.asp.

— 1 —

This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T

Geometry

Released Test Questions

**THE LOGIC AND GEOMETRIC PROOFS REPORTING CLUSTER
**

The following seven California content standards are included in the Logic and Geometric Proofs reporting cluster and are represented in this booklet by 32 test questions. These questions represent only some ways in which these standards may be assessed on the Geometry California Mathematics Standards Test. CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS IN THIS REPORTING CLUSTER

Geometry GE1.0* GE2.0* GE3.0* GE4.0* GE5.0 GE6.0 GE7.0* Students demonstrate understanding by identifying and giving examples of undefined terms, axioms, theorems, and inductive and deductive reasoning. Students write geometric proofs, including proofs by contradiction. Students construct and judge the validity of a logical argument and give counterexamples to disprove a statement. Students prove basic theorems involving congruence and similarity. Students prove that triangles are congruent or similar, and they are able to use the concept of corresponding parts of congruent triangles. Students know and are able to use the triangle inequality theorem. Students prove and use theorems involving the properties of parallel lines cut by a transversal, the properties of quadrilaterals, and the properties of circles.

* Denotes key standards

— 2 —

This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T

**Released Test Questions
**

THE VOLUME AND AREA FORMULAS REPORTING CLUSTER

Geometry

The following four California content standards are included in the Volume and Area Formulas reporting cluster and are represented in this booklet by 17 test questions. These questions represent only some ways in which these standards may be assessed on the Geometry California Mathematics Standards Test. CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS IN THIS REPORTING CLUSTER

Geometry GE8.0* GE9.0 Students know, derive, and solve problems involving perimeter, circumference, area, volume, lateral area, and surface area of common geometric figures. Students compute the volumes and surface areas of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones, and spheres; and students commit to memory the formulas for prisms, pyramids, and cylinders. Students compute areas of polygons, including rectangles, scalene triangles, equilateral triangles, rhombi, parallelograms, and trapezoids. Students determine how changes in dimensions affect the perimeter, area, and volume of common geometric figures and solids.

GE10.0* GE11.0

* Denotes key standards

— 3 —

This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T

Geometry

Released Test Questions

**THE ANGLE RELATIONSHIPS, CONSTRUCTIONS, AND LINES REPORTING CLUSTER
**

The following six California content standards are included in the Angle Relationships, Constructions, and Lines reporting cluster and are represented in this booklet by 24 test questions. These questions represent only some ways in which these standards may be assessed on the Geometry California Mathematics Standards Test. CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS IN THIS REPORTING CLUSTER

Geometry GE12.0* GE13.0 GE14.0* GE15.0 GE16.0* Students find and use measures of sides and of interior and exterior angles of triangles and polygons to classify figures and solve problems. Students prove relationships between angles in polygons by using properties of complementary, supplementary, vertical, and exterior angles. Students prove the Pythagorean theorem. Students use the Pythagorean theorem to determine distance and find missing lengths of sides of right triangles. Students perform basic constructions with a straightedge and compass, such as angle bisectors, perpendicular bisectors, and the line parallel to a given line through a point off the line. Students prove theorems by using coordinate geometry, including the midpoint of a line segment, the distance formula, and various forms of equations of lines and circles.

GE17.0*

* Denotes key standards

— 4 —

This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS IN THIS REPORTING CLUSTER
Geometry GE18.0* Students know the definitions of the basic trigonometric functions defined by the angles of a right triangle. Students know the effect of rigid motions on figures in the coordinate plane and space. and inscribed and circumscribed polygons of circles. translations. given an angle and a length of a side.0
GE21. tangents. They also know and are able to use elementary relationships between them.0* GE20.
. tan(x) = sin(x)/cos(x). including rotations. For example. inscribed angles. These questions represent only some ways in which these standards may be assessed on the Geometry California Mathematics Standards Test.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
THE TRIGONOMETRY REPORTING CLUSTER
Geometry
The following five California content standards are included in the Trigonometry reporting cluster and are represented in this booklet by 23 test questions. 60°. Students prove and solve problems regarding relationships among chords.
GE19. and 90° triangles. (sin (x))2 + (cos (x))2 = 1. such as 30°. Students use trigonometric functions to solve for an unknown length of a side of a right triangle. Students know and are able to use angle and side relationships in problems with special right triangles. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. and reflections. 45°. secants. and 90° triangles and 45°. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.0*
GE22. This is NOT an operational test form.0*
* Denotes key standards
— 5 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.

II. He began by assuming that in �ABC. Which theorem will Eduardo use to reach a contradiction? A If two angles of a triangle are equal. the sides opposite the angles are equal. if any. Eduardo is proving the theorem above by contradiction. the angles each measure 90°. This is NOT an operational test form. Every multiple of 4 is even. C The largest angle in a triangle is opposite the longest side. Therefore.
CSG00025
Which of the following conclusions does not have to be true? A B C D ∠3 and ∠4 are supplementary angles.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
1
Which of the following best describes deductive reasoning? A B C D using logic to draw conclusions based on accepted statements accepting the meaning of a term without definition defining mathematical terms to correspond with physical objects inferring a general truth by examining a number of specific examples
CSG00185
Released Test Questions
3
Consider the arguments below.
D
l
1 2
4
Theorem: A triangle has at most one obtuse angle. Therefore. pi is not rational. Which one(s). Pi cannot be written as a repeating decimal. use deductive reasoning? A B C I only II only both I and II neither I nor II
CSG00552
2
In the diagram below.
m
3 4
t
B If two supplementary angles are equal. ∠1 ≅ ∠4. I. 376 is even. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. ∠A and ∠B are both obtuse. A number can be written as a repeating decimal if it is rational. D The sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180°. Line l is parallel to line m. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. ∠1 ≅ ∠3 ∠2 ≅ ∠3
CSG10066
— 6 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. 376 is a multiple of 4.
.

This is NOT an operational test form. 3. 3.
. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. D is the midpoint of AC AD ≅ CD BD ≅ BD � ABD≅�CBD 1. Given
Reason Definition of Midpoint Reflexive Property ?
What reason can be used to prove that the triangles are congruent?
A B C D AAS
ASA
SAS
SSS
CSG10068
— 7 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Given: AB≅BC. D is the midpoint of AC Prove: � ABD≅�CBD
A
D
B
C
Statement 1.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
5
Geometry
Use the proof to answer the question below. 2. AB≅BC. 4. 2. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. 4.

CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
6
In the figure below. A
Released Test Questions
C
B If we assume that m ∠A = m ∠C . This is NOT an operational test form. AB > BC. What conclusion can be drawn from this contradiction? A B C D m ∠A = m ∠B m ∠A ≠ m ∠B m ∠A = m ∠C m ∠A ≠ m ∠C
CSG00524
— 8 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This contradicts the given statement that AB > BC. it follows that AB = BC. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.
. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

Vertical angles are congruent. ∠ 1 ≅ ∠ 2.
. This is NOT an operational test form. Corresponding angles are congruent. Transitive Property
CSG10069
— 9 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. ∠ 3 ≅ ∠ 4 ∠ 1 ≅ ∠ 4 What reason can be used to justify statement 2? A B C D Complements of congruent angles are congruent.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
7
Geometry
Use the proof to answer the question below. ∠ 2 ≅ ∠ 3 2. ? 3.
Reason 1. Given 2. Supplements of congruent angles are congruent. Given: ∠ 2 ≅ ∠ 3
Prove: ∠ 1 ≅ ∠ 4
1 2 3 4
�
m
t
Statement 1. 3.

.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
8
“Two lines in a plane always intersect in exactly one point. Which of the following must be true? A B C D RP ⊥ TA RP �TA RP ≅ TA RP bisects TA
CSG00260
— 10 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.” Which of the following best describes a counterexample to the assertion above? A B C D coplanar lines parallel lines perpendicular lines intersecting lines
CSG00320
Released Test Questions
11
A conditional statement is shown below. This is NOT an operational test form. then the quadrilateral is a parallelogram. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.
If a quadrilateral has perpendicular diagonals. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. B A B C D rectangle rhombus square trapezoid
CSG10194 CSG20216
D
10 Given: TRAP is an isosceles trapezoid with
diagonals RP and TA. then it is a rhombus.
Which of the following is a counterexample to the statement above? A C
9
Which figure can serve as a counterexample to the conjecture below?
If one pair of opposite sides of a quadrilateral is parallel.

This is NOT an operational test form.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
12 Students in a class rewrote theorems in their
own words. AC and DE are parallel.
Geometry
13
Which triangles must be similar? A B C D two obtuse triangles two scalene triangles with congruent bases two right triangles two isosceles triangles with congruent vertex angles
CSG00578
Which figure shows a counterexample to prove the statement false? A
h A b
14
Which of the following facts would be sufficient to prove that triangles ABC and DBE are similar?
B
D b h
C
b C h E B
A B D
b h
CE and BE are congruent. ∠ACE is a right angle.
. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. One student wrote the following statement. ∠ A and ∠ B are congruent. The area of a parallelogram is the product of any base (b) and any height (h).
CSG00544
C D
CSG10102
— 11 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.

�FMG must be congruent to �HMG. �HIG must be an acute triangle. Which of the following statements must be true? A B
�FGI must be an obtuse triangle. which of the following would that XY YZ be sufficient to prove the triangles are similar? A B C D ∠ A ≅ ∠ X
∠ B ≅ ∠Y
∠ C ≅ ∠ Z
∠ X ≅ ∠Y
CSG10218
60°
A B C D
both similar and congruent similar but not congruent congruent but not similar neither similar nor congruent
CSG00478
— 12 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. �GMH must be congruent to �IMF.
.
CSG00559
E
C D
D
C
18
Which pair of triangles can be established to be congruent to prove that ∠DAB ≅∠BCD ? A B C D
Which of the following best describes the triangles shown below?
�ADC and �BCD �AED and �BEC �DAB and �BCD �DEC and �BEA
CSG10146
30°
8
8
16
If � ABC and �XYZ are two triangles such AB BC = . diagonals IG and FH are drawn and intersect at point M.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
15
Parallelogram ABCD is shown below. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.
A B
Released Test Questions
17
In parallelogram FGHI.

D Prove that two angles and an included side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and an included side of the other triangle.
. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. AC ≅ DF and ∠A ≅∠D. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. C Prove that two sides and an included angle of one triangle are congruent to two sides and an included angle of the other triangle. D The corresponding sides of the two triangles must be proportional.
L D E
B The two triangles must have exactly one acute angle.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
19 21
Geometry
In the figure below. C At least one of the sides of the two triangles must be parallel. C
Which of the following statements must be true if �GHI ∼�JKL? H K
A G I F
B
J A The two triangles must be scalene. B Prove all three sets of corresponding angles congruent.
CSG10151
— 13 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form.
CSG20074
Which additional information would be enough to prove that � ABC ≅ �DEF ? A B C D AB ≅ DE AB ≅ BC BC ≅ EF BC ≅ DE
CSG00517
20 Which method listed below could not be used to
prove that two triangles are congruent? A Prove all three sets of corresponding sides congruent.

CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
22
Given: AB and CD intersect at point E.
. ∠ C ≅ ∠ D C
A
1
3
E
4
C
2
A
E
B
D
B Which theorem or postulate can be used to prove � AED ∼�BEC ? A B C D AA SSS ASA SAS
CSG10074
D Which of the following statements must be true? A B C D ∠A ≅∠D ∠ B ≅ ∠C CE ≅ BE AC ≅ BD
CSG10078
24
In the figure below. What is the smallest possible value for n?
n
n
15
A B C D 1 7 8 14
CSG00295
— 14 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. n is a whole number. ∠1 ≅ ∠2
Released Test Questions
23
Given: E is the midpoint of CD. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.

CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
25 27
Geometry
What values of a and b make quadrilateral MNOP a parallelogram?
N 21 O
Which of the following sets of numbers could represent the lengths of the sides of a triangle? A B C D 2. 2. Quadrilateral ABCD is an isosceles trapezoid. Quadrilateral ABCD is a rectangle. which statement must be true? A B C D Quadrilateral ABCD is a square. ∠1 is the supplement of ∠2. Quadrilateral ABCD is a rhombus.
. 5 4. ∠1 and ∠2 are right angles. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. 5. This is NOT an operational test form. b = 1 a= a= 11 34 . parallel lines l and m are cut by transversal t.
CSG00579
D
28
Quadrilateral ABCD is a parallelogram.
CSG20048
— 15 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.b= 7 7 34 11 . ∠1 is the complement of ∠2. 4. b = 5 a = 5. 3. 15
CSG10041
3a – 2b
13
M
26
In the accompanying diagram. t 1 l m
4a + b
P
A
a = 1. If adjacent angles are congruent. 5 3. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. 8 5.b= 7 7
CSG10163
B
2
C
Which statement about angles 1 and 2 must be true? A B C D ∠1 ≅ ∠2.

Point P must be inside the circle. m � n. what is the length of segment BD? B 5 7 6 E C
1
q
2 m What is m∠ 2?
n
p
A A B C D 10 11 12 14
D
A B C D
15°
75°
90°
105°
CSG20041
CSG20236
— 16 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. what is m∠a + m∠c ?
C
c o
B 95o 32o ao A D
Released Test Questions
31
The diameter of a circle is 12 meters. m∠ 1 = 75°
30
If ABCD is a parallelogram.
. and is 6 meters from the center of the circle. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.
CSG00532
A B C D
53° 137° 180° 233°
CSG10162
32
Given:
p � q. This is NOT an operational test form.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
29
For the quadrilateral shown below.
Point P may be either outside the circle or
on the circle. Point P may be either inside the circle or on the circle. If point P is in the same plane as the circle. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. which best describes the location of point P? A B C D Point P must be on the circle.

5π 39 sq in.
176π in.
CSG00053
What is the area of figure ABCD.
10 cm
8 in.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
33 34
Geometry
Figure ABCD is a kite. in square centimeters? A B C D 120 154 168 336
CSG20157
35
If a cylindrical barrel measures 22 inches in diameter.
B
17 cm 8 cm
A right circular cone has radius 5 inches and height 8 inches. 5π 89 sq in. how many inches will it roll in 8 revolutions along a smooth surface? A B C D 121π in. This is NOT an operational test form.
168π in.
228π in.
CSG00564
— 17 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.
10 cm
D
What is the lateral area of the cone? (Lateral area of cone = πrl.
445π sq in. where l = slant height ) A B C D 40π sq in. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.
.
l
A
6 cm 8 cm 17 cm 15 cm
C
5 in.

. What is the area of the circle.
5 centimeters
37
The minute hand of a clock is 5 inches long. in square inches. If the quilt has five rows and five columns. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. This is NOT an operational test form. created as the hand sweeps an hour? A B C D 10π
20π
25π
100π
CSG10223
What will be the volume of the box? A B C D 50 cm 3 75 cm 3 100 cm 3 125 cm 3
CSG00299
— 18 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
36
A sewing club is making a quilt consisting of 25 squares with each side of the square measuring 30 centimeters. what is the perimeter of the quilt? A B C D 150 cm
300 cm
600 cm
900 cm
CSG20111
Released Test Questions
38
The four sides of this figure will be folded up and taped to make an open box.

877
CSG10086
W
X S
60o T
12
A B C D
18 3 36 3 36 48
CSG00227
— 19 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.407 57.
4m 4m 4m 4m
A classroom globe has a diameter of 18 inches. This is NOT an operational test form.1 254. what is the area of WXT? R
40
Vik is constructing a spherical model of Earth for his science fair project. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. in square inches.
. he wanted to paint 75% of his model blue to illustrate this fact. Since roughly 75% of Earth’s surface is covered by water.3 1017. Approximately how many square inches on his model will be painted blue? ( Surface Area = 4πr 2 ) A B C D 5426 7235 43.
4m 4m 4m
4m
Which of the following is the approximate surface area.0 226. what will be the area of the remaining figure? A B C D 136 m2 144 m2 168 m2 184 m2
CSG00012
42
If RSTW is a rhombus. of the globe? ( Surface Area = 4πr 2 ) A B C D 113. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. His model has a radius of 24 inches.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
39 41
Geometry
The rectangle shown below has length 20 meters and width 10 meters.4
CSG20238
If four triangles are removed from the rectangle as shown.

in square inches (in.). of the trapezoid shown below?
y
Released Test Questions
45
What is the area.5 50 100
(12. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. 0)
x
A B C D
28 36 48 72
CSG10047
CSG20226
46
What is the area.
10 in. 5)
0 A B C D 37. in square units. in square meters (m). 5)
(8.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
43
What is the area.
. A B C What is the area. of the triangle below?
44
The figure below is a square with four congruent parallelograms inside. of the trapezoid shown below? 12 m 5m 6m 5m
(0.5 42. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. 5 3 12
10 in. in square units. This is NOT an operational test form. of the shaded portion? A B C D 60 84 114 129
CSG20225
10 in.
25 25 3 50 50 3
CSG10048
D
— 20 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.

The first candle is 15 cm high. What type of polygon is it? A B C D quadrilateral
hexagon
octagon
decagon
CSG00305
— 21 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. How much additional wax was needed to make the taller candle? A B C D 320 cm3 640 cm3 960 cm3 1280 cm3
CSG20116
What is the area.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
47 49
Geometry
Lea made two candles in the shape of right rectangular prisms. This is NOT an operational test form. Which of the following could not be a measure of an exterior angle of the triangle? A B C D 115°
120°
125°
130°
CSG00571
48
The perimeters of two squares are in a ratio of 4 to 9. 8 cm long. What is the ratio between the areas of the two squares? A B C D 2 to 3
4 to 9
16 to 27
16 to 81
CSG00013
51
The sum of the interior angles of a polygon is the same as the sum of its exterior angles. and 8 cm wide. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.
. in square centimeters. of rhombus RSTV if RT = 16 cm and SV = 12 cm?
S T
R
V
A B C D
40 48 96 192
CSG20144
50
Two angles of a triangle have measures of 55° and 65°. The second candle is 5 cm higher but has the same length and width. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

6 x. AB CD. 4 x − 6. in degrees. What is the measure. how many sides does the polygon have? A B C D 3 4 5 6
CSG20204
55
The measures of the interior angles of a pentagon are 2 x. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. A D
(x – 40)º
B x
(x + 40)º
A A B C D
60 35° 60° 85° 95°
25
C B What is the value of x? A B
CSG20086
C
40 50 80 90
CSG00244
C D
53
If the measure of an exterior angle of a regular polygon is 120°. of the largest angle? A B C D 28 106 170 174
CSG10028
— 22 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.
. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. 2 x −16.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
52
What is m∠ x ?
Released Test Questions
54
In the figure below. and 6 x + 2.

. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. What is the measure of each exterior angle? A B C D 15° 30° 45° 60°
CSG00039
V 132º
W
57
What is m∠ 1?
Z 36 o Y 88 o X 52º
A B 1 C D 34° 56° 64° 92°
CSG20179
80° 90° 100° 110°
CSG30022
A B C D
59
What is the measure of an exterior angle of a regular hexagon?
A B C D 30°
60°
120°
180°
CSG00570
— 23 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
56 58
What is m∠ WZX ?
Geometry
A regular polygon has 12 sides. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

.
Which statement would not be used in the proof of the Pythagorean theorem? 1 A The area of a triangle equals ab.
a b
Released Test Questions
61
A right triangle’s hypotenuse has length 5. If one leg has length 2. what is the length of the other leg? A B C D 7
CSG00566
3 21 29
c
62
A new pipeline is being constructed to re-route its oil flow around the exterior of a national wildlife preserve.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
60
A diagram from a proof of the Pythagorean theorem is pictured below. The plan showing the old pipeline and the new route is shown below. 2 B The four right triangles are congruent. C The area of the inner square is equal to half of the area of the larger square. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. D The area of the larger square is equal to the sum of the areas of the smaller square and the four congruent triangles.
CSG10192
32 m
6
s ile NE m ELI 0 IP
W P
ile s
NE
OLD P
IPELIN
E
About how many extra miles will the oil flow once the new route is established? A B C D 24 68 92 160
CSG10016
— 24 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

P
l
Which best describes the construction Marsha is doing? A B C D a line through P parallel to line l a line through P intersecting line l a line through P congruent to line l a line through P perpendicular to line l
CSG00526
— 25 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. B Draw a line segment connecting points B and C. draw equal arcs that intersect at D. D From point A. C From points B and C. draw an arc that intersects the sides of the angle at points B and C.
. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
63 What is the height of this rectangle? 65
Geometry
Given: angle A What is the first step in constructing the angle bisector of angle A?
8
?
B D
7 A B C D 1 unit 6 units 15 units 113 units
CSG00473
A
C
���� A Draw ray AD.
CSG10131
64 Marsha is using a straightedge and compass to
do the construction shown below. This is NOT an operational test form.

B
P l
C
C
P l
A right obtuse scalene equilateral
CSG10135
A
B
D
B
P l
C D
CSG00308
— 26 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. 4. Without changing the opening. Open the compass so that the pencil tip is on point B. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. put the metal tip on point B and draw an arc intersecting the first arc at point C. Draw an arc above AB. Which of the following should be his first step? A
Released Test Questions
67
Which triangle can be constructed using the following steps? 1. This is NOT an operational test form.
P l
2. Put the tip of the compass on point A. 5.
. 3. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Draw AC and BC.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
66
Scott is constructing a line perpendicular to line l from point P.

Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.
y
B
A B
A
C
x
A B C D
an angle bisector a line parallel to a given line an angle congruent to a given angle a perpendicular bisector of a segment
CSG20029
Which statement would prove that � ABC is a right triangle? A B C D
(slope AB)(slope BC ) = 1 (slope AB)(slope BC ) = −1
distance from A to B = distance from B to C distance from A to B = − (distance from B to C)
CSG00475
— 27 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.
. This is NOT an operational test form. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
68 What geometric construction is shown in the
diagram below?
Geometry
69
The diagram shows � ABC.

0)
x
the following must be the radius of the circle? A B 3 10 9 10
CSG30048
What are the coordinates of the point of intersection of the diagonals? A ⎛a ⎜ . This is NOT an operational test form. B(6. ⎜ ⎜ 2 ⎝
D
⎛ ⎞ ⎜a + c .CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
70
Figure ABCO is a parallelogram. 3 )? A B C right equilateral isosceles scalene
CSG10235
A (a. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. 2 ) lies on a circle whose equation is ( x + 3) + ( y + 1) = r 2 . b)
B (a + c. a + b⎟ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 2 ⎝ 2 ⎠
CSG20101
— 28 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Which of
2 2
O
C (c. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.−1). 2 ).
. b)
D
72
The point (−3. and C(−1.
y
Released Test Questions
71
What type of triangle is formed by the points A(4. ⎜ ⎜2 ⎝ ⎛ ⎜c . ⎜ ⎜ ⎝2 b⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎟ 2⎠ b⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎟ 2⎠ b ⎞
⎟ ⎟ ⎟ 2⎠
C D
B
C
⎛a + c ⎜ .

3 . what are 13 cos x and tan x?
What is the length of line segment PQ shown below?
y
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Q
(8. 1)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 . if sin x = .7 21. sin A = 0.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
73 74
Geometry
5 In the figure below.1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9
x
A
cos x =
12 5 and tan x = 13 12 12 12 and tan x = 13 5 13 5 and tan x = 12 12 13 13 and tan x = 12 5
CSG00493
B
cos x =
C
cos x =
A B C D
9 units 10 units 13 units 14 units
CSG00540
D
cos x =
75
In the figure below.2 .7 30 32
CSG00432
A
— 29 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form.7. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. 7)
x
P
(0. C
21
B What is the length of AC ? A B C D 14.
. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.

77 tan 40° ≈ 0.4 16. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.2 BC 10.8 23. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.
.84 A B C D 12.
B 10.6 32º 8.2
A
C
h
Which equation gives the correct value for BC? A sin 32° = cos 32° = tan 58° = sin 58° = BC 8.8
CSG20047
C
D
— 30 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.6
CSG10210
40º 20 ft
B sin 40° ≈ 0.2 BC BC 10.6 8.64 cos 40° ≈ 0.8 15.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
76
Approximately how many feet tall is the streetlight?
Released Test Questions
77
Right triangle ABC is pictured below. This is NOT an operational test form.

This is NOT an operational test form. Which equation could be used to find x in �ABC ? B
x
r
dde
wall 12 ft
13
ft la
A
32° 10 x = 10 sin 32° x = 10 cos 32° x = 10 tan 32° x= 10 cos32°
C
A
5 ft
B
A
5 12 5 13 12 13 13 5
CSG10141
C
D
B
CSG00555
C
D
— 31 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. What is the sine of the angle formed by the ground and the base of the ladder?
Geometry
79
In the accompanying diagram. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
78 A 13-foot ladder is leaning against a brick wall.
. The bottom of the ladder is 5 ft from the bottom of the wall. m∠A = 32° and AC = 10. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.
The top of the ladder touches the wall 12 feet (ft) above the ground.

4 ft 9. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.6 ft
CSG00342
— 32 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.33 A B C D JK 28 28 sin 24° = JK JK cos 24° = 28 28 cos 24° = JK sin 24° =
CSG20031
A B C D
3.
K
24o
L
53°
28
8 ft ?
J
Which equation should be used to find the length of JK ? sin 53° 0. This is NOT an operational test form. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.2 ft 4.80 cos 53° 0. Which is closest to the distance up the wall the ladder reaches?
Released Test Questions
81
Triangle JKL is shown below.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
80
The diagram shows an 8-foot ladder leaning against a wall.60 tan 53° 1. The ladder makes a 53� angle with the wall.
.8 ft 6.

766 cos 50° ≈ 0.2 130. in feet.2 units 4.82 tan 35° ≈ 0. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
82 83
Geometry
What is the approximate value of x in the triangle below?
What is the approximate height.6 119.192 A A B C D 64.7 3.4 units 4.5
CSG20126
sin 35° ≈ 0.3 76.
.57 cos 35° ≈ 0.643 tan 50° ≈ 1.9 units 7. of the tree in the figure below?
100 ft
x
50
35º 6
sin 50° ≈ 0. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.3 units
CSG30029
B C D
— 33 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.

what is the value of b?
a
Released Test Questions
85
What is the value of x in the triangle below?
10
B x
C x
b c
A
A B C A B C D 9 6 3 12 3 18
CSG10052
5 5 2 10 3 20
CSG10056
D
— 34 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
84
If a = 3 3 in the right triangle below. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.
. This is NOT an operational test form.

This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. in inches?
7 in.
E
30o x
D B
A B C D
7 3 14 14 3 21
CSG20099
If AE = 5. What is the ratio of the area of the circle to the area of the square? 1 4
1
2
2
π π 4
CSG00585
D
A
B
C
D
— 35 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. BE = 12.
A C
What is the value of x. and CE = 6.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
86 88
Geometry
In the circle below.
. what is the length of DE? A B C 7 9 10 13
CSG00022
87
A square is circumscribed about a circle. AB and CD are chords intersecting at E. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.

BD is a diameter. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. secant BD intersects circle O at points � � C and D. whose center is A.
A B 70
o
R D
C
25º B
A
O
110
o
D
What is m∠ CBR?
A B C D 50°
65°
90°
130°
CSG20186
What is m∠ABC ?
A B C D 20°
40°
55°
70°
CSG10257
— 36 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. and mCD = 110°. AB is tangent to circle O at ���� point A. mAC = 70°.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
89
���
� RB is tangent to a circle. at point B. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.
. This is NOT an operational test form. C
Released Test Questions
90
���� � In the figure below.

3). 2)
CSG00317
— 37 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. 2). E(0. 0)
D(–1. –2)
D(–2. Q P R
In the circle shown below. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. what are the coordinates of the vertices of �DEF ? A B C D D(0. F(–1. the measure of � = 140° and the measure of ∠ RPQ = 50°. 3). Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. and C(1. This is NOT an operational test form. F(1. E(0. 2). 3)
D(0. E(1. F(–2. E(0.
. PR
P
140º
50º
O
R
Q
What is the measure of � ? PQ A B C D 50° 60° 70° 120°
CSG10003
S � � If mPQR = 106°. 3). and QS ⊥ PR. 1).CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
91 92
Geometry
QS is a diameter of the circle below. 3). 1). If � ABC is translated 1 unit down and 3 units to the left to create �DEF. 4). what is mPS ?
A B C D 53°
74°
106°
127°
CSG20187
93
The vertices of � ABC are A(2. –1). B(3. F(–2. 0).

. − 5)
CSG10096
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9
x
What will be the coordinates of vertex C ′ ? A B C D
(1. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. 1) (8. − 3)
CSG10214
— 38 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
94
If triangle ABC is rotated 180 degrees about the origin. − 4) (−5. This is NOT an operational test form. − 3) (2. y −4)
y B A A C
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1
B
x
D
C
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
A B C D
(−5.
( x. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. 1) (6. what are the coordinates of A′ ?
y
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7
Released Test Questions
95
Trapezoid ABCD below is to be translated to trapezoid A′ B′ C ′D ′ by the following motion rule. y) →( x + 3. 4) (−4. 5) (−4.

Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. −1) ? A B C D 7 units left and 5 units up
7 units right and 5 units up
7 units left and 5 units down
7 units right and 5 units down
CSG20057
— 39 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
96
Geometry
Which expression describes the translation of a
point from ( − 3.
. 4) to ( 4.

0 GE4.0 GE4.0
Released Test Questions
Year of Release 2004 2005 2007 2003 2004 2005 2007 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2003 2004 2005 2005 2006 2007 2007 2008 2003 2004 2008 2003 2007 2003 2004 2005 2006 2006 2008 2008 2003 2005 2006
— 40 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.0 GE4.0 GE2.0 GE4.0 GE5.
.0 GE7.0 GE1.0 GE3.0 GE4.0 GE7.0 GE4.0 GE3.0 GE6.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
Question Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Correct Answer A A C D D D B B D C A D D C C B D A D B A A D C B C B C D A A D D C C Standard GE1.0 GE4.0 GE7.0 GE2.0 GE1. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.0 GE6. This is NOT an operational test form.0 GE7.0 GE4.0 GE3.0 GE8.0 GE2.0 GE3.0 GE5.0 GE8.0 GE5.0 GE3.0 GE7.0 GE7.0 GE8. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.0 GE2.0 GE7.

0 GE9.0 GE9.
.0 GE12.0 GE17.0 GE10. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.0 GE11.0 GE10. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.0 GE10.0 GE16. This is NOT an operational test form.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Released Test Questions
Question Number 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 Correct Answer C C A D A C A C B B B C D A D A C A D C B A A B C B A C A D D D D B C Standard GE8.0 GE10.0 GE12.0 GE16.0 GE10.0 GE13.0 GE16.0 GE15.0 GE13.0 GE11.0 GE10.0 GE9.0 GE10.0 GE13.0 GE12.0 GE12.0 GE16.0 GE17.0 GE12.0 GE8.0 GE12.0 GE14.0 GE12.0 GE15.0 GE15.0 GE16.0 Year of Release 2007 2008 2006 2006 2008 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2007 2008 2004 2005 2003 2003 2005 2005 2006 2007 2008 2005 2006 2007 2004 2003 2004 2008 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2004 2005
Geometry
— 41 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.

0 GE17.0 GE18.
.0 GE19.0 GE21.0 GE21.0 GE19.0 GE18.0 GE22.0 GE17. This is NOT an operational test form.0 GE21.0 GE20.0 GE21.0 GE19.0 GE20.0 GE20. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.0 GE21.0 GE22.CA L I F O R N I A S TA N DA R D S T E S T
Geometry
Question Number 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 Correct Answer D A B A C C C C C B A B B A B A D C B C D D D A D D Standard GE17.0 GE21.0 GE18.0 GE18.0 GE18.0 GE19.0 GE22. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions.0 GE19.0
Released Test Questions
Year of Release 2006 2007 2008 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2003 2005 2006 2007 2008 2004 2005 2007 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2003 2004 2006 2008
— 42 —
This is a sample of California Standards Test questions.0 GE22.