'Bp~ ro' "N' J. "II' 11"'irli'C-O A-' N'D' "D" Ji;, '~nt.

'" MO:-;'IO"'m;"'L'

~I·. I". ··· .• B.L £_L .1 : ..... :<t_ ... ~_. - .. In.ra.,I··Y:~ ,:,'_ 1,./, .. ~ .

'.

o 'THE G, OBALWOIBLD SYSTEM

S,TRA,TEG~ FOR SURV,[~'A.L PROJECT'

0,( the IC/~'b ,oJ Rome

X'ptember .17 J 11~t7]

Wlrn' c

_ w.1Bm I' . looper

1.. :M,[onivadoD and Objectives

The wodd JJl'oblem'atiqu" formulated b, the 'C'L'UB O'F 'ROME is not lonI,y gh:l,baJ ill nature involving [actors 'traditi,onaUy considered as unrelated, 'but also points to the crisis si~ lUll lO'DS whi,c:h are dev'e:topinB in spite of the noblest of in~entions and; ~ndeed, as 'their corollary i, To p-oj nt out the problematiq ue and the spectrum 0" critical and

Ii lIP SI 'I I m- - atie ""I" tu ~,iiI' ions i;~ Ilion tails ';it" DOlt ..... nOII'I~'b'· the "i!ilo";ii"\;QipiIi'''Jio i"ii il-~e 0 fit'!"',;:;, reali Iio"" 0 f' I' it.. ... IlL ~ DIU I I'" _ ,. ~ ~"I~._: lpll __ u~w ~, ~~1dti.~ ~ W~I .;! .... ~ ~:';!I!' .," "'I~~;I:W; . J~jll . ~~,~'~'~. ~~Il!I~"_' .: I I~ 1l]1'I!r.' 11~",!Lj .'.~ ~.~ Ifll.i.

problematique MUST BE 'fOLl!OiWED BY CH,A,NG'ES, IF TH'E CONCERN '[S N'OT TO REMA[NP'URELY A:C,A,'D[:EM~C" It is necessary" !:h,ere:Forre:~ ~!O present the issues wwthin the ,1'11"0 blematiq rue: in spttrn fie and :[iellf!.vamJ terms 'wb lch [i~qu ires regional ~ Il:leflp':fietatio,n of the global :i ssues, Furt hermore, a basis sheu ld be pluvi,d~d r or th e resolution of clO·,n:fficcs (ime'vihlbl.y ,a,ccompaJDyinG the prob- emadque=type s~tu~,truon'SJ through cooperation rather than con f rOlltadon m These' factora have' ,pn)iy~ded '[ he 'm(:nivatWQin for j'nhiatio:n of the S,l,ral'egy /011' SU,.V'i'~Q'1 .prQj:e.ci' which calls -rCN~ the OQJ1snrlu:t.ion of a regionalized and ,ada.p~ive model, 0 r the total world system~ w iii h '[ he faUo/wing s,:pecific obiectives:

(i) TO ENABLE TH1~ IM'P'LEM'ENTAT:fO'N OF SCE'N,t\'R10IS FO:R THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OIF THE W'OB,LD SYSTEM 'V4'hith represent 'i~ris:iOlls o~ t he' world, future st~mmhng from diflfel'enl cultures aad value sys1!ems and reflecting hopes a'od fears in drn fferen.t regions 0 f the wadd"

(U) To develop a, planning and optiens-assessment '~O o~ :folt 100g- range issues, and t.he.reby TO ,P'R,IOV],DE A B.,AS,IS :FOR. CO'NF'lJ.CT .R.ESOLUT,I,ION by cooperatlon rather than con frOU(lli,on ~

2,. 'Basic S:I ruetu re 0 f the ' .•. odel

The lbuic charaererlsr ics of Una' model are:

(:i) THE Won;D[ SYS,TEM I[S REp: ·,ES,ENTED in 1!elU'IDS of interacting regions 'wit, provisions made to invest isa~e any individual country or su bregion in the context Q ~ rel~()inal and Iloba1 development, Presently ~ be' world s,:Y5~lem Is represented BY T ~ .. UG,(ON':S: N'O:RTH AMERI'CA,,~ WESTERN E'LTR,OPE", EASTER'N E HOP J,AP'A,Nf.' ... ST 10'17 DEVELOPED WOR'Dtl L,ATIN ,AMEBl[CA'11 MIDDLE E· I.

REST O-·F A' 'Fa: CA.' SO TH' A- ND SO·U . EAST A- SIA A'ND CIII'NA-

"."_ .",' '. I' . : "".J. '.' • [ -.'" . .... I ", •

I . ...:.1 I. '.'[ 'j-'~. f·' "'_, ·-l'-., ,: , "~I :~, "" .. " I,., : __;·-.11 _.~-:.". '>"11 ," ;'" .. ' .".:_ " "', ,',' ~

'(~i,) In OJ'ldeF ~:[Ol be: a'ble 'to d,eal wi:llb 'the ,t:o:mpJex o'F fa£~,ors ,in,y,ol,vled in p,roble,mal i .

Wll. a way whi,ch ~s sound, I~ifednb~e and. svstemarlc, a hrueran:ble:a] structure has ~ ado1pted f Of ~h,[e model ,in, which ,e'acih leve~ in 'the hi,erarthy represents (be evo'hmtio n 0:the 'wlodd system within ,3. c'On~,[ext deflned by ,8; gruven set of" ~a,ws and principles SpecificaUy ~ the level s in vol ved are':

G:EO~P'HY'Sl[CAL, E'COI[)OG],C,A: ., TEC'HNO:lOGICAL (MAN~MA:DE ENERG"I:

-. ND 'M·'·- ·SS T"R - N'S'FE"RS) 'IE'CO··'N· OM· rc ir'N· ST'IrT'UT'IIONAl. SO· C~O

.A._. ,.~, A··.: ,- "A... . .',<1., I~ ~" ... ;',_1 [ .. ~'-" !t,' ,'Il - ....... I··· •. ,:. 'jl : J ...

POLITI,C,Al." V'ALU'E-,CU:L TURA.L .A,N:D ,H:U':M,A,N-Bl:O:lOGICAL." Such ':" ap preach enables an opdma~ use o f confirmed scient inc k nowledge and available d ,- ~

(Hi) An adequate vruew of the eoadlrlons in whi.ch the pro,,ble,m'(uiquf is eme rgi fiJ", ~ II mdem- which n he solutinns must be~ foand require the' recognition of the pu r . ~ asoects of the h!I'm-·QiI·11 co m··, rmmit 'IIJ and adaptiveness 0-·"" 1Ii,.''Ulmi an 114':':"lTII"g'~ TLiI'!i' model """'17

~ . ~.~~ ~ v.. _ ~"¥ ., ,lU' ,,(IL, ~.' . _"_= "_ ~ ~ ~ _ ~ QW m.· !o.._ 0\· .1 Y"!k;, .,.;~. _ l.Il. 1lJ-~ loW J 1~!. IIJ.J~ . .IlW~.l ,. Illllk; rqjI JI!i.r, Y

wodd system win have, therefore, 'two parts: (,~)I the so-called causal 'part, represeeuing dynamlca! processes which foHow' h:is~o . IMU terns of development and (.2) '[ h~ so- called goal-seek ins: part wh kh repres """",. ..._..,. purposive changes under rn.e'w eendirions. The goal - seeking part w,n turn includes t ...

APPENDIXB

New World Order

lC\<Iie1:s: the decislon-maki nIl" or' act io.n8: '~eve~ am,a the norms level ~ the forme:r :flepresen'ts ~ he pur p ostve '!['e~l!oD'Se '0." the sysi,~m 'wtli~~' t'he J aU~r n~p(fleslen'rS Ithe values and OO',nrui which constrain and condition sucb a response.

3,. :Progress in 'the Model C'o',ns~fuc't~on

The consrrucrion 0,( tbe model as described j n Sec" 2 and wit h Ule 0 bj eeti -,~ IS S'Pt~Gi,fied in Sec, I is cerlMl1l!,y it 'f~t.hti 'com'ple~, task: and the research is: organized 110 proceed ,iin pam-idlel in seyelfa.i~ d i ree tions, The overall assess ment of 'the m,oo.ei slatus is the :foUo,wing:

The m'o,dld him been de;vt:lO;pea' :up' to' thE!: ,sl.age WheTi? [,f can b'e' used/OI"!J'(jI.lir:;y' O'lUlIySB ,r~IQt(!d · It) 10 numbe« of ent iCl1l ' issues. such. as: ,en,frgy resaurc€~; utiliztl fion and lechM'I(}.,lagy (J$$I!,ssmenr food demtznd ,and' produt:t,ion~·' ,P(}p'u,ta,I'~(Jn g",--oWIn. ond the' affect 10/ timing of b',irth co "0':0" ,prO:I'.nruml.~ I edu et ion' oj ,"nequil. tes in ltegiOI/li(ll economic de ~eJO:'Pmen'tslj' ,dep'ieti:o,r1 dynamiCs 0/ certai« sesourees, part icuta,rt) oil '€S~'rva~~ pIU:lsphonl$ use OS Jertili'zier,' regioll,al unetnplo yment; C·Ollsl,'llints on ,ro w,t,h due to

Itl,florjl e":fr,gy iQ.,r exoort ,U,11'i,j;,l.tll ion, etc.

Spec:i'fic de'!JeJoprnlents 'whiich enable use' of the w!odel as descdbed ,abov~ in,~!ud~ th~ r oUawl lI1g~

'I.. A COM ·'UT,IEB, M,OD,EL 10F 'l"Ht: WOlfL'D E'C'O'NOM1C' Slf'STEM :H,AS ,BlEE_,··' D',ElIlE' O,PED A,,:.'~D' 'V'ALIDAT~D BY A,N '~"T:I,NS~V·E SET Of DA,TA" 'lb~ model has two levels - macro Ind. micro, On ~he' rvIACRO LEVEL the "lode] clf e-a.cb region I,NICLUDES T,KE 'GR',QSS RBGlONA,L PR'O.'[)UCT i' TOTAL lM'PO'R,TS A_ D lE"X,P'Oi,RTS, CAPIT'A,l A'·I',n LA . .BOR, P,R.ODU'CT'lV,ITY AN"D 'VARIOUS 'CO'M'PONENTS IQf- 'FINA'l D,EMAND SIU'CH ,AS 'PUBLI~ ICONSUMPTIO'_,' 'I GO'VERNM'ENrT EXPEND1"TURIE, AND, T'O'T',Ai lNVES1ME·· T., ION' THE MICRO LEVEL EIGHT 'PR,ODUCTFION SECTORS ARE R.E,COGNIZ'ED~,

AO,·uIC'·-"-U-LTu'nE ~M'AN·'UI"[;;'AC·-TU'R'~'N"-·G··' FOO·'···D F'R' 0'· C·' 'li::'S·SIII'N-G··' '[J' 'E- R'·O· Y

, .1\.,,'. . . "I. .1\., - , . .' .' ,,_ . . JI; .. 1_ . . _ < jJ ,... ..' .:!! .• . . . , .. .. '_' .... L:.: .... ,II. ... .'. 'i ,~." . .:. . ,,'Ii

M]::N]N(l, S.1ERVI'C,ES~ 'B,AN'KIN,(j, ,AN·D, TRAD'E'I' A,ND R,ESIDENT[AL 100 NSTR IU'Cf rIQ'N,. The ~," pu~-ou~,p:ut: r ramework is used for the int.e'rnwtiia'te. dema.nds. ,,', 'VUL~- SCALE Ml' ,'0 T,RADE MA,TR .. X, AUlO HAS ,8'-',[[-<-'

O:EV,lEtOPED.

2'iiA WORI .. :D'PO,P"ULATI:O:·· MOD'EL'H'A.SB ~ENCON·TR· CTlEDl···. TER' .,. '0,' THE SME 'R~GII,O'····'S, AS THE -:VONOi, rc MODEL~ The' modell has bet"31~dl,I:£d b)" t hie dalD a ¥a.i~IBb,le,. In eadt, region '~.be 'OpU'~itiroD 51JUc~u re is l'e',p,reseDII~ed m, 'terDlcS, o,'f' fo II rage i,f(nJ P$ w.i~:h ap P'I1j'pris'te de~la)~'s wh~e'h IllBke pO!!lSi b~le LueiSmll1t 0:1 ~p,u~atioft _oDlenlu:n.1 :8!l1d aHessmen~: 0" ~'lrl.t~, le,ffe,cU v,e:llei'iS O:f' i nJ,p~ e meo'I'a'li 0, __ 10' yan'ODS ipop11llIa,d:on COllJitro,1 Dlif.asu~~

,3;. A".' EN _ RIG,¥' MO,DEL HAS ,BEEN ,eo:··. STRU'CTED whichl glVf-.s for .. 'fb.

"' regl·on I,M'it'OnSlImptliDIi1I a:n dllP:rod u~'UDn 0 r en er:· .. Bl1Ild in lerr,.iilon all ex[ba nl;' of' eloe - reseueees as; a :FuncUon of econlom.~c' 'ftu!tors, .. En,erg,' 'it., tft;ft,1~d bO,lh in ~,ompo Ite 1"1i:i1 ~'iC: and iin reference '10 ~nd,i¥lidua~1 e~efl.y s.ur~@'s~ :namrl,.. ~o~ildl f1tlel, Uq,uid 'fuel~ III -~"'._II ~, Iga~, tlDd h,dl'n~

4.. A, ,QO"D 'P' ,\ OO,UClION ,AND A'RABLE ,: AND -. S, MOiDI,EL, ~ 'CO,NST.RU'CTED 'w h icb I1UOWS ~ h 1:' RMeS'SJMJeJm,t (d' 'B numbi:1i 0'[: 'fJ Oi(l d1 fl.

'i nc~udiD,I'i. rh e' ,n fed an,d a,v;li la,bi U I}~ of plhosp,h oms, req u i red flO r iaito . i\( AN,D T ~ ~ CO:NS'EQUE-'CES 'OF" TIMING ANDI M',AG,N,ITUD ;., IO~ DIS,AST'ERS '<U'C:H AS, D',OUG,HT~ 'CROP F lLUR, ,~' DC,E T'D DI-

., Ie T '.:~ ,!II •

,A,-~,'\'l._ '. BJDi'H- -0'''1" 'D',:·, A'" P( 'A: 'f 'to He-: ~'O'" :;n~p'

~~~ - _~ ',,·· .. ·~b_.· .[' I,,"-:_:'~ .. _ .. ,'f\.CJI~

'W'-"']"]-I'~ - C' 'n - - -

"'l. lam,',' ovoper'

S., ,1\, ,MAl"OR CON'CERN lN' T,HE APP.'LJC'ATIO'N os 'THE COM]~'UTER MOD,EL i s its :p,ropel' uljl~zadoD, so as to a'y,oid dependenee on the determiuistic aspeClL.! lof' model operation, In order to a,vo,id this an in~er.acUy'e method of oom'pUler 'simu~ation IUlalysis has been dJev,el,oped. THE METHIO,D ,REPRES:EN"IS A

S·Y-'·.I'L'iiiO:!IIS'-' 0';- F ~."-,,.:, N' ·ii.N-·':--O'· 'C"OM'" PU-yw'R' 'IN- ''I"liIDIC'''H T-UI&'" C" 0' -M' ·p"U"irlIi::"'D

l: Ji"\&D' .I~I _~" ... I .} - lLT1n'-. , .... "~. .' ". '." -'" ~ .. ',. D. .... J :. 'n·,·· ,_ :J, ~,__!~L I .... '.' .. ,~I, . __ ,_I ,!I,La

DHO"V1m'IIi'\E. TDlF '[.1' 06:-'" 'IC··· ... ND :-N~·U··,illw'RlCAL C"-A:".' ·'I!I'[L~ WHI-'LE "M" ' .•. ' -

.- _;~ I,~ '-~,~ _'.' .}, ".' ~ ~ '. , ,-< "'II.\I~ > I ':'~' : '," '~" '.ILI! I'" ,I.' _' . A!iI'"

'P'R·'·D .. ·~V"-m· 'Ei"iC! TI'UIl:i'J V .·L'U-' · ... i~ 'INTU- --rrc--- '0- N "'·N·:-ID 1Iii"V"D '£"-Ul"'li" N' 'CE. TiIio. 1iIi!t.. AI -1iiI,;1ii,:~_

, . " I" . 00 ,_' . ~T ,I.':i,.. ' ,~" ': __:' '_ "II n.< ___.:_ ,£;,..11.££.0' I "~I, _ ',~, ,1Il1e BUhilliJ,'O .. UlulUiC)

aD IQUen ~pRift~MfloD, 8,Rd .I,ectiou PniJ;lfaDlI whltb eAablui ~,be''IUc;! B:n'Btlys~ mr

d -'-' ,~ - - - ... ,I~r-' - .. II' !I,D 1Ii'- .• iC:".- -~ .. " ._ ,-" ',' 1-'1 -11i ... - 'f 'I:'" '. d - .10'"- IiII '. '.

ectSU)II-mtllllC_ 1,0 eV9IJUI"", alll~e_lIu, e 'OlPtiO',Il!i iO'D VRlflOtlS e.'em Or _!lIe ,eclll,O __ Pfil~ '_ '-_ ~

i,,,'e'~ t wi;l,h ,fiapect ~.o ,1,0&15" is'-ra'tcgit,s\, ~:a&:liCI . Bnd iim,plemenrtaiiOQal f8£~)lJnii SPECIAL

Aii=-·' .E:; ..' 'T'IOc, 'N' IS '-P'AID TO" . T-'HE- ! '0-'" C-H' M" ' rH .&. Nr'I' "'G" P8'0'- ;l""TE"iii:!IS'E',~

I ,iI '...::: J ,I.. . ".: '_ ' '.' L... ,_ ,:..:_ _'_:_ I~ -l"i;~, 11.:1' ' .. '. _:_. c__, _:,':..:_ "-"~ _I~~

4\ ~ rllog)re-SS '~n A'ppUea:lon

TH'IE; MODEL HAS, 'lEE', . U,SEDI lie'll) 'fair' 'the asRSS.en~ olf al~enuJJ~~'fe Ke,Darim 'f'or fu~uq reg~,onIJ and g)O'II1. d~efo,meD,ts '(,Iunder differeD 1: ",.ooal c'l(!jlDlfillo{os)-· w -'III ,g~ ,iM ,[',1Ii., -, iil\'l'~:e~'lltii'=l!'.iIlio -Iil"'d"" ll2_a'le£diITi'-n I."" n.m.Ii~[i!!:'If oPltiJJ;o'nI'lIi:l. 1'''''lIi'IiI~~'''icalI1il' f' '0:- tbe e'n,eFtHl ., e II ~ 1I!.!I!II, lUe -~- - ~;g1l:' .... 1!!!? gJ'V ~ ~ - - _1!Il!! 0'111 F'!II!I! -~. ·1 - ~~ ~lI!"~iIllil - -,--;iJ IT' _ .. !bl'

erises :i:S8U,es ln ,dc¥elopecll RI~ons) ~

OUR, EF OR,TS ,I,N THE IM:MED'lA.,T.lE ,FUTURE 'WIl,L BlE CO:,:."CE'·· TRA,'I,ED

0- FUR---IIl'R US -'F TH- LD'ICi',&.= 'DE1I1'lUlIO'·P·I?D 'lI;"ODE'1'L' THE Pl.A '"

',N .' .1' ,TH~ P", E O. . " ,'. !,E A . ~D'y , •.• '", ,LILo' '. !~ il l'lfiJ.',Eo\ .. - . ~ ~ I _ . .. .•.. ,

'IN'CLUDE EMPHA,SIS :I.N THE :FO,LLOWING T.H:ltE'l~~ ,DI.BECTIONS::

(i) A,ss-e.u'ment: in the ,luJ'nges (JIY"" time (J/I:ne span' ,fJlopif'io,ns a,r(J'!::tabJe to sDlve sam

m,ujo'f crisis ,fJm'blelft3~ .

(Ii) IMPLEMENT,A,TION 10./ tht' regional.' m1ode,ls in differen',l parts oj th'e 'world ,(In'f) {'h'eiT conneaion ~'iQ' ,a salellite' c-ommu'RiQ1!fion netwo,rk fOf the pU:fPOSre' of joilfJi tBSt$8ment of the lo,ng term' glo,btll ful,u.r-e by tlelJm3 from th,e )J;(Jrious rer'iol'ls.

(/j,ij ,/m:ple:m'e'UtJt io,,, o! the 'vision. for the future ,outlined by- leade:rs from I~ una.erdeveloped region in' '()l"tiel' TO' ASSE SS wll'h the m,(J,f/:el ,EXJSTlNG 'O,BST,AC ' ES ,t\N'O T;H,E 'M.RA'NS W·HBREB'y' ',[H.E 'V'~S.lO,N M'I,GiHT B'ECOME REALrry.

AP'PENDIX ,J:

New 'Wor~d (bider

!tK"J'N' 'G""'D"'O"':"M'~'~ C"-L'U'-B' 0'" "F D'O"'M' ·'E"'S· 'TEN"I G' "LO" "B'A"'L G' 'ROU'PS

.,,:' ,1.<:1:. <.'.· .. ·.u.l' : '_', :',.",:. '~" .: ,., '.'~'::I" ._ '" ,' .. ' , .1.:\ :'_:> .1.:, .. , 0',1

Canada

GRO""n 2\u:.r-;\i\ ---- D ,--,',-,v,1f"'- .~~' "' &'iOJ,ie:m- ~umpe

Andorra, Austria .Be~gi.um Denmark

'F ederal Rep1J'lbl~c of Germany Finland

France

'Great Brrutain Greece Iceland Jreland

Italy' Liechtenstein

L' n.r:e:.mlll..:i"iilurp ~ .. lUu J~~

:M',alf,a

.MorulCO Netherlands 'N',orwa.y

Portugal Sam, 'Marino

S ..

,:piU:n

Sw,ede:1 SWrut zerland TUr',t,ley Yugoslavla

,Aus~raJia Israel

'New Zeablnd

'Oce.an-ia Siouth Africa Tasmania

A~ban:ia, Bulgana

C hi. ki

. me - ostova ··Ia,

'G"" . erm :' an D:' em ' o .... ~Ii'i'!iidlil"li, R·' e nil' 1I..1,;,~

__ . g , . 1 .~IJ ~J ~",. ,!F,uIU,llJlll!ir.

Hungary' Polan dJ R'umania Soviet Union

'-G. ~R-:-':O, ' 10 ,Ii: ~ Esst:J!I<li!fiE"'IIi\III'II',~.fiI.

. .- .. ' vir J.!111 : '. _ ~ 1'1, .~~ U'r'~

4M • BEHOlD,A,PA'LEHORSE

WllHam, Cooper

~R'O"" ,I"lD "" if" , g,.... AI -~'_ - U'_;:,' .. u:r- Ig<:,' ,,,...a~RI .t'I.".'nCU

(Juyana, H',aiti 'Hondu,I[,as j'(lmwca M,exico N:icaragua, Panizma P'3'F,agu,a, Peru Su.rhladll

T'finid'ad :31nD, l"IOllag,O Uru,gua,y

Venezuela

Ad,'W] Dh,ab~ ,Adm Algeria, Ba:br,aJI0 'CY,p,rus, DrIl,ba~,

E,IYP£

Iran

Iraq Jordan Kuwait

GR'OUP 7 .. " North A_Jric.a an~d ,th'e Mi'dtlle Esn Lebanon Libya

:"'AJ.asq"a,t -Oman Moroccol IQa~ar

S-ludi .. ,N,lbi,a,

Sy;ria

Trueial Oman Tunisia Yemen

Angolla, Burundi Cabinda Cameroon

Central .Af dean Repu b it; Cbad

Daho:me.y

Ethiopia

French So':mali Coast

10" '~lb-'-iI"'i;ii!'!i1 .. ia .. :.: UtilI

Gamb j,;:",

~~- -~

Ghana Guin.ea, IYQry Coast Ken:ya Liberia

Malagasy lte',pubHc M:a,~awi

'I.,AI 'II"

,IYila~l

Maurirtan.ia. ,M:auri~;us M:olZ3;mbique

APP~ND-'~' In

. _' ,D " .. JlA ~

N'ig,e!f N:~,gerLa

Portuguese Guinea Republic of Congo R!eu~don

:Rho desia

Rwanda

Sene:ga'i

Sierra Le-one SomaJl~,

S01JI~h Africa,

,A fgh,anJst an Bangmadesh Burma Cambodia Cey~,on, ,~.nd~a,

I nd oaesia Laos

New' World lamer

South Wes~: Africa Spanish Gublea Spanish Sa'ha-r,1 S,udallli,

T .

~~rnmr.iUa

TOIC Uganda U'pp-er 'Vlo"lta, Za:\T.\! l.a:mbwa

16RO UP ,.~ Sou.th tln'd' South,etISt A sf'll Mala~sia N,epa~

P ~.'

_ ",a~ ~stan

PhUlpphles S-oill,th :KJ~;ln~a l!:',n,IIIi'[- b 'V· o~n- am

~ u ~ W II Il'WIl.· ,

T'~iW3J."1 Thailand

GR'O,UI' ,ltk Cen.t',aIJy Plan.ned .A liQ

'N'Qirfn V wet aam

People's ,R,epu.b~'ic 101'f Chi'fU~

4156

BIEH,:' '0'-" 'L' 'DI A: D',A,r iC H: -iIO",ln;~'E"-'"

_I :._: ..... ' _'.' ,',' ,I~'~ .... _.:I~ I

Iii
j' ..
.. .. ~ . " •
~ ..
'.
~ en
, ~ .
..
. ,
'i'
,r.
.' " '.'t:'·'·'TOP' S

"W' Wi-" -", Co

I' '. . _' .. ,

_,am,·_.ope

:~

'.

e ''11

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