You are on page 1of 22

Ê  

       
     
    

  
À    
     
 
    

    
  
  
      
      
  

! " #   


$ %&" 
   
 
'(
!  

Ê "# "
$ % 


'  
) 
* 
+  

,
-./-
$ %"

&'( )*  (
(#+ ,-./,

c

    (

‰               
 
  
             

  
                 
                       
     
   
           
   

‰ 
                  
                    


 (

             
                   
            
     
 
  
        
  

  
  
            
     
            
              ‘ 
 
                
  ‰ 
             
             ‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

‘

0
‘

    (
x  

x 

    

   



‘ è 


‘   
  
 

2.1.‘ Chilled iron casting
2.2.‘ Billet steel
‘     
!
‘ "#$     !
0.1.1.‘Merits
0.1.2.‘Demerits
 ‘ %"# !
0.2.1.‘Merits
0.2.2.‘Demerits
‘ &"#  
"# '
0.0.1.‘Merits
0.0.2.‘Demerits
‘ #  
&"# (
‘ &   &"#    )  
 
‘ *       

   
† ‘    

    

         
 ‘     

    

         
 ‘  
     
   

  !
" ‘    
   

 
  

       
 ‘    
  

   


       
# ‘       

  
   

 
     

   #"
‘ Œ$          ##
 

[
 0 
(

‰ + 4-cylinder 8 valves OHV engine ‘

‰  + 4-cylinder 8 valves SOHC engine ‘

‰  + SOHC

‰ : 4-cylinder 16 valves DOHC engine ‘

‰ + DOHC

‰ + Harley Davidson bike (left) and its DOHC design (right)

‰ + Harley Davidson bike (left) and its DOHC design (right)

‰  + Toyota Corolla (left) and its DOHC design (right)

‰ + Toyota Corolla (right) of above specifications
‰ !+ Intake camshaft (0D view)

‰ !+ Cam lobe and holes for lubrication of intake camshaft

‰ ! + Gear attached to intake camshaft (0D view)
‰ !+ Side view of intake camshaft
‰ ,+ 0D view of exhaust camshaft

‰ ,+ Cam lobe and holes for lubrication of exhaust camshaft

‰ , + Side view of exhaust camshaft

‰ '+ A typical cam and its distinct regions

‰ (+ Stress on exhaust camshaft

‰ (+ Displacement on exhaust camshaft

‰ ( + P-level on exhaust camshaft

‰ + Stress on intake camshaft

‰ + Displacement on intake camshaft





/ ‘)  
( 

                 
                   
      
         
 
      


    
       

       
   

- ‘*     

( 

2.1 Chilled iron casting:

                    
        
    
 
 

             
  
     
          
   
 

2.2‘Œillet Steel:

          
 
    
         
     
                     

              
        

    
 
          
    
       
 
    
 [
         [

  
  
           
  
                   
A          
      


A
‘
‘O " ‘‘ ‘
‘
0 1 Push od o OHV:

è                 
  
                 

‰ 0c [     
  ‘

0 1 1 M its:

x 
                  
 

0 1 2 Dm its

è                  
              
  x               
               
‘

0 2‘ OHC o
OHC:

è   
                 
                


†
‰ 0 [      
   ‘

‘
‰ 0  

0 2 1‘ M its:‘

                
     è           
   
           
                
       ‘

0 2 2‘ Dm its:


x 
                
       

0 0‘DOHC‘o ‘ in‘OHC:

è                
           
                  
          

‰ 00 [   cA   
  ‘

è                 
             
               
               
                
 

               ‰ 
  0 A  
     0     [ 
  [      
     0   


‰  0 0 


0.0.1 erits:

                  

                  
  

0.0.2 e erits:

         


1 ‘
  (

        ‰    !   

   ‰  "         Prinz
Heinrich
   #   cc   

    


cc  c0

              per      
        ‰  cc
"  ! " cc0
[ 

  ! " cc[
[   A c
   A 
cA
#    c c0c

c
  
              
             
    x            
  A    x       
    
   c          x  
 

‰               
    
        cA   A   

       c        c[ 
             c[  c  
cA  #   c†         
  

 ‘ 
‘‘ ‘ 
‘
‘  
‘  

‘
‘

‘

‰  
       
 

‘
‰          
 

cc
‰          
 

A ‘á 

‘"    

‘‘O ‘‘ 
‘

‘
Modl:‘ A 
nin: c     
   
  
Ho spo: cA  A 
ou: c   [ 
nsmission:   

‰ A     
   

‘
‘
‘
‘
‘
‘

c 

2 ‘
  
     

 
3 
$ (

‰  †   0   

‰  † 
  
    
    

c0
‰  †  !      0  

‰  †          

c[
À&‘
        

 
3 
$ (

‰   0       

‰   
  
    
      

c
‰            

 ‘ 
   
  (
                   
     
           
                      

  
                   
  
  
    
  

   
          
                    

                  

       
       
               
   

 

cA
‰             

           ‰    
       
          

 
   

             

  
      
A     
c 
 
   0      

  
    
   
    
  
    
        
      

           
      
  
                 

    
           
    
 








/. ‘   
      
  
 
3 
$ ( 

‰  c       

‰  c 
         

c
‰  c  "      


// ‘   
  
   
  
 
3 
$ ( 

‰  cc    


‰  cc 
       

/- ‘  
    
  

         

 
(

   
    
         
   
                 
                     

                       
            
    

              
   

                 
     
               
  
     

      
          
  
               
                
     


                  
         

                

       
              
  
             
          
     


















c

/4 ‘ '  

"(