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BONJNSHA Co, LTO. Lesson 1 EWU. b> [sig =» kh 1 }-———8#0ls&U (Lectures on Kanji) APS CELBF -1- (Kanji made from pictures - 1 -) The ancient Chinese drew pictures of various things around them. These pictures have gradually been simplified and have taken on a square shape to make them easier to write. This is how the present Kanji characters were made. Each Kanji, therefore, carries a specific meaning. Look at the following picture. WA ANNA Ml Guess the meanings of the Kanji characters below. 1. 2. Jil) 3. fa 4.4% 5. 6.4 7K 8. 9. HH 10. FA Lesson 1 These Kanji characters were made from very primitive pictures as follows. Usually each Kanji has at least two ways of being read; the so-called ‘KUN YOMI’ (Japanese reading) and ‘ON YOMI’ (Chinese reading) . Picture _ Kanji ¢ 4 1 4 -O- t T 4 e- 4H R- A K- * do- wi vl 7) ~O 4 +E ae ~H= B R 0 & BAD Dr Hi PA @ ee i > Ht 4 4 0 4 ‘KUN’ ‘ON’ uo (NICHO 2% (GETSU] & ([MOKU] ([BOKU] PE [SAN] web ( [SEN] ) rt [DEN] BE (JIN] [NIN] <6 (KOU] KBE [SHA] (He) (MoN] Meaning sun day moon month tree mountain river rice field man person mouth car gate (+) reading is rarely used. When a single Kanji is used alone as a word, we usually read it by its ‘KUN YOMI’ (Japanese reading) which gives its meaning. When Kanji are used together with other Kanji to make a word, we often read them by their ‘ON YOMI’ (Chinese reading). Generally speaking, however, the way of reading Kanji should be decided according to each individual word.