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Precipitating Factor

Bacteria Predisposing Factor

Bedridden Age

Previous CVA Gender

Alcohol Abuse

Staphylococcus
Pneumonia

Organism enter the respiratory


tract through aspiration

Activation of defense
mechanism

Penetrate the sterile


lower respiratory tract
(lungs)

Alveoli

Multiplies Irritation of Airway

Increase goblet
Colonization
cell

Release
damaging toxins

A B C

A B C Increase mucus
production
Increase
Occluded the
mucus
Infection airway
production

Exudates come Crackles Cough


from bacteria Inflammation
Erode the lung

Vasodilatio Airway
Dead n Hyperventilati
constrictio
space on
n
happened
Increase blood
flow
Increase Difficulty
respirator of
Plasma and y breathing
CHON rich fluid
leakage

Impaired Ventilator
Accumulation of O2 and y
edematous fluid CO2 demands
exchange

Inflammation and
fluid filled alveolar
sacs

Alveolar air
sacs become

Decrease
CO2

Lung
consolidation

Hypoxia