You are on page 1of 2

Aromatic Compounds Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds

Essential feature: benzene-like rings An example:

O
C C
C C C C CH3O
N
C C C C
H
naphthalene anthracene phenanthrene
C C HO
capsaicin
note the benzene-like rings

pyrene benzo[a]pyrene coronene

Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds Heterocyclic Aromatic Compounds


Essential feature: rings with three conjugated electron pairs
N
N
N N
N N H H
pyridine pyrimidine pyrrole imidazole

N
N

O S N N N
H H
furan thiophene indole purine

C60 or “buckminsterfullerene”

Heterocyclic Aromatic Compounds Nomenclature: Root names


O
NH2 purines CH3 OH OCH3
N
N NH
N
N NH2
N
R
R
adenine guanine toluene styrene phenol anisole

NH2 O NH2 CO2H CHO CN


H3C
N NH
DNA bases
N O N O
R pyrimidines R aniline benzoic acid benzaldehyde benzonitrile

cytosine thymine Memorize!

1
Nomenclature:
Nomenclature: Substituent names
Di-substitution rebus
M.D. M.D. M.D.
M.D.
CH2
M.D.
phenyl benzyl M.D.

OH CO2H ortho-docs para-docs meta-physicians

phenol benzoic acid

Nomenclature:
Nomenclature: Di-substitution
multiple substitution
CH3 OH CH3
OH H 3C
O 2N NO2

Br NO2 CH3
ortho-bromophenol meta-nitrotoluene para-xylene
NO2
2-bromophenol 3-nitrotoluene 1,4-dimethylbenzene 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene 2,6-di-t-butyl- 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene
4-methylphenol
“mesitylene” “TNT”
“BHT”