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Core1 More Sequences and Series 121110

Core1 More Sequences and Series 121110

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More sequences and series

12/11/1 a

~~~~~~~~~~I

Un = a + (n - 1 )d Sn = ~ (a + /) Sn = ~ (2a + (n - 1 )d)

1

A seque .nce '1~ x . '1~"" . is d efined by

........ 1Ij,)-- ,' ... ,.1\'1' ,.1\'2' ,.1\'3' , ... , .lIt.. ._ .. ,.w. . ,- .. '

Given that x3=<D

(c) find the possible values of G_ fA - S) (g.~'L ) =- 0 .. "

:. CJ\ ~ , - . ..•• t). -=- .... 2.

= Q. I) - 3/ =~, 3

= CA:(l - :,

X - a,,_'" 3' . n" ~' ...... > -1'

n + 1 - ,·.·.··'A,n - ~ ... ,; -r"

,

'L'\ ~ ; (A ..... Jt-"'" J

M d ·

. .. .... .. .... .. ..

O· r··e······ .. ···· s··: e······ .. ····q' u· e······:, n'" '.' C e's···· 8:·" n'" rr: s····· e·······:·· r"1 e·"<'s··:

',.: '.' '.' _'.' ' .. : '. . . . .... '.' '", .. :'.' ".. '. . ' .. : ' .... ' ~'" ", .. ". ', ... ". . .' ~'" ',.: '. . ..: ' .... ' ~'.'

12/11/1 a

( 1·)····d n····· n'" (... ) ...

- + .' . .... .... '. ."

Un - a n -i Sn = 2 (a + /) Sn = 2. 2a + (n - 1 )di

2 . A sequence is given by: l; = 1,. .. where p is a C onstan . (p :;i: 0··· ..

);"" _. X (· .... P +. x):, .... .'

'n+ 1. _.. ... n ',' I .... n ...... , .

(a) Find X2 in tenus ofp. ')l.'L ~ ~\ (~ -\-.)( l~

... -

Gi vie 11 that :r], =: 1 ,

(d) write down the value of X2IJO,8· e > -i. l tJ . . 6JfJI\ J.. . .

)L ~ -=- J( \. f.\-:>C t I =f -t l) r -+ f ~ \

.. ~ ... :. (f ~1)(2., .}- i);t I"; ,

~ :'1f 1. -l- ~f ~ \ :£1.~~i,

P (Z.p .,.l)-c 0 11 ~ I

+ ( n 1 )d Sn n (a + /)
un - a
- - : : -
.. -
. 2
Mo····· r··e···:···:··· seq ... .., uences 8:···· nd series 1:' 2.···.:.:/:.···1:· 1:' 1.,"1:' 0.· .....

",'_, ) .... : ".' . ".' ~'.' .... : " ... '. ...•. .~..... ".:',' .... ",". ' .. : ' .... ' ~'., ", .... . .... ". . " ~., ' .. : " .. :',. _.

~~~~~~~~~'

S n = 8 (2a + (n - 1)d)

3.

A S·'1e'"'q';I ue m tee a a a:":' '1"'~; d Iefined bv

. . JI,. ". .'. 1 ~ '.. 2::""],::··· . ~~ . . .J

Q' .. k where l: is a positive intezer

".., : '.' '

(9) Write down IDl expression for ,Q2 ill terms of k.

(c) (I)Fmd La r mtenns ofr. ~ ",-,..1: . ;31lt~) ~ ~

... r=1 4 .......•..... ~s) :Gt~~I("'(

... (ii) Show that >:a r is divisible by 10.

<ll :.qt.tlO

~= ~otl ~s-

:: l(ctJc ..... ZO)+S

~ ==2."11<+ SS

M d ·

. .. .... .. .... .. ..

O· r··e······ .. ···· s··: e······ .. ····q' u· e······:, n'" '.' C e's···· 8:·" n'" rr: s····· e·······:·· r"1 e·"<'s··:

',.: '.' '.' _'.' ' .. : '. . . . .... '.' '", .. :'.' ".. '. . ' .. : ' .... ' ~'" ", .. ". ', ... ". . .' ~'" ',.: '. . ..: ' .... ' ~'.'

12/11/1 a

( 1·)····d n····· n'" (... ) ...

- + .' . .... .... '. ."

Un - a n -i Sn = 2 (a + /) Sn = 2. 2a + (n - 1 )di

4 TIlle fir~ .. ·.· ... 1"11][1 of all arithmetic sequence is 301 and the common difference ills -1.5

. Find the value of the 25th term. lAlS : u, . . .. '2A:J.

.' , ': ~O c).. ~ -.~ ="&0 .. 2Ax ,. S

The rth term of the sequence is 0., .

z 10 '3'

'·'1' - _'V' ,~. JO

' •. ,~--/ ··2 .. ··4 ... -.~ <.4..,. =--7'4., --.~

'£:) b." '.' \)c... '~"C-'-" .

The Slum . of the first n te11118 of the sequence is J.S:~.

(.2)

(b) Find the value 0 f r.

u, ._ 0······.. (2)

IJ·tII . ~, .....

"' . ., ,.., .

SO ~z"

<>~O(e .. , tt""" ~O •. ·· .. , ... , •........•••........•. ,

.:: '0 (6o-l, .f).O' l·r !: 1> l~

M d ·

. .. .... .. .... .. ..

O· r··e······ .. ···· s··: e······ .. ····q' u· e······:, n'" '.' C e's···· 8:·" n'" rr: s····· e·······:·· r"1 e·"<'s··:

',.: '.' '.' _'.' ' .. : '. . . . .... '.' '", .. :'.' .,.. '. . ',.: ' .... ' ~'" ", .. ". ', ... ". . .' ~'" ',.: '. . ..: ' .... ' ~'.'

12/11/1 a

( at) Find tile amount she saves fun Week 200. '. .. '.' .

(At,OO -: U \ + 9, '\ d.. ': 5.+q"ll'l.

... . (b ~cakumate her total savings over the complete 200 week period. :: 5-+3 '\ q (3)

~~O =&03 .

S2oo<) t . 0) . So sk j~j Ml"

.. ZDC> -: l.. .. .. .. .. ., ~A.o3 .

- laO x.40 ~ .. \4\ .,.,~

-4'ogoo

LA.. m .

(rD'rI'- .

,A ,girl ..... "aves mcney over a period of ,200 weeks, She saves 5p ill Week 1 ~ 7p ill. Week 2" 9P'''1 Week 3~ and so on until Week 2100,. Her weekly savings form all. arithmetic

.. ' S ." ct····· ••. _""")

V' ,.,' ' .. ,~ ~

. n ( )

S n = '-2 ..•• • •• 2a + (n - 1)d .••••.

( 1 ')"" d n"'·'

- + .' . '.'. ....

Un - a n -i S n = 2 (a + /)

. 7

. - ,,", . ",

- .

Uz.:: 1A\:.q

5.

(3)

M d ·

. .. .... .. .... .. ..

O· r··e······ .. ···· s··: e······ .. ····q' u· e······:, n'" '.' C e's···· 8:·" n'" rr: s····· e·······:·· r"1 e·"<'s··:

',.: '.' '.' _'.' ' .. : '. . . . .... '.' '", .. :'.' ".. '. . ' .. : ' .... ' ~'" ", .. ". ', ... ". . .' ~'" ',.: '. . ..: ' .... ' ~'.'

12/11/1 a

Sn = n (a + /) Sn = 8 (2a + (n - 1 )d)

Un = a + (n - 1)d

6.

Jill ,g,'.' , II':Y' to a charity over at ,20-)!ear period, fiTHITh. Year 1 to Year 20 inclusive.

Sl'ga'l'; .l 50 ill. Year 1, ,f 160 in. Year .2" £.1 70 in Yea]:' 3, and so on" so' that tlle amounts

..•.... m.ey set ~a~t~de~ fO~1~l6~tlllnlA;s~T!;lO fD c{ ~ I 0

(a"" Find the amount of money she gave in Year 10.

lA ,"O-:.lA \ q ol ':' a>+ q \( '0 -2Ao (2)

(b,CJc~t~e ~al {Duntil;~;) she \~e~;) Ie ~OrOa1'l~~'+ . &to) (3)

~. ~. .,

:',>,00

He gave ;L4. in Year 1 and the amounts of IIIOIle)! :t1,e gave each year increds ed forming an

arithmeti c se quence with common difference £30.

The total amount of 111ll011eV that Kevin gave over the ,20-'y::ear period was rwlce the total

.I' .' t- I "

amount of money that nn gave. (A t :.. A d. -:..10 5'10:: ~ 4'\00

C;L calclilaqh~:;e ofAz.O .I.: .= q g-oo

~Za-. OL r .:: .••.• .•.•• ll.A.... ~,..) 0) . ~ 0 .

q(oo : ton« SO) .~ '1iOO: 20 "Pf() -? ' ....• :, 1105

M d ·

. .. .... .. .... .. ..

O· r··e······ .. ···· S,,: e······ .. ····q' u· e······:, n'" '.' C e's···· 8:·" n'" rr: s····· e·······:·· r"1 e·"<'S,,:

',.: '.' '.' _'.' ' .. : '. . . . .... '.' '", .. :'.' ".. '. . ' .. : ' .... ' ~'" ", .. ". ', ... ". . .' ~'" ',.: '. . ..: ' .... ' ~'.'

12/11/1 a

( 1·)····d n·····

- + .' . .... ....

Un - a n -i S n = . 2 (a + /)

. n ( )

S n = '-2 ..•• • •• 2a + (n - 1)d .••••.

7 The l Sth term of the series is 25 and the 21 st term of the series is 3,2 .~ "

• lA 2-<)'" 12' ~ -

. .' .. ' '. . ,fA '. ' •.....

'. . .. ' > '" \ ~ ,_ /.: U 2" ~'/. . ' .. '

........... (a) Use this information to write down two equations for o and d.

ZS- = a. ot (9 ()..~ 1 1· S"'= ex··. 20

(b)' S" i . , , 1 th . t -l7' ~ rd f .... ·' d th·· , '}I I .. f d

: .. :. 10" I. lllaJJ a == -, .'. ".~J alIt.IIl' I,e va. ue '0 u:

@ -(9 -7 .... l·~ ~ sol ~ ~~2.~

Tile Sl'IID' '. 0': f the fi rst n terms '0'" f the s erie s '1S 2" 7" '5' ,,01

, . . ..' .. I ., : .. '., .... ':. . .. i::J. .':: ..' ... .llL1II.~_.', .. ' . '. ..' :' .. '. .', " .:, r . ',~ .: ...•

2 '.' .' 0"

n -15,n 55 x4:1•

( d) Hence :find the value of n.

(3)

(4)

M A r··e······· .. ···• s···:e······· .. ···.q.······ u·· e······ .. ·, n·: '! ' C e······'s····· 8:· •.. n·: ... d s······ e···;···:·· r···1 e··· .. 's··:

',.. '. .' -' . ". '.' ' ' ~., . .. ',...... .' ~'" ',.. '. . '.. ' ' ~'.'

12/11/1 a

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiil

Un = a + (n - 1 )d Sn = .~ (a + /) Sn = ~ (2a + (n - 1 )d)

i\ ... (: ')'. (. .

.. , 11\. - .... ' .. Crl.....- . . 2.-l'~( +"-1)' 1·(

. -\ . I ')V - 2. . .

0-

&1 ~C' 2 ····1r+ 2~\", -L,r)

~'\O .~ -~ (Z·~~ -1" c) " (00 - (\ (1, ~ ~ Y\ . 11- \' )

«;6'00 - 2·S"(l-1/·r~

~ S-"toO - 2. ~1...., »).( ff\ .

rS-x 40 -e; n .. I (" ias( !,,,,,,~.f,) ..

M 0····· r··,e··:···:··· ·s··: 'e······ .. ·····q······ u e··:···:, n': '.' C 'e·····'s···· 8:· .. ' n': '.' d ·s····· 'e··:···:·· r···1 e·····;'s··:

",'_, ) ".' . ".' _',' ". . . . .~..... ' .. ',. . ", ' ' ~'., ", ,", " ~., " . " .. ',,' ~.

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii~'

Un = a + (n - 1 )d Sn = .~ (a + /) Sn = ~ (2a + (n - 1 )d)

12/11/1 a

V\ 'l_ l ') tI\. - ~~)(,. 40

,,_ ,. (. \

.... . l \ lA· :<;\;1.4..0,- 0

... {\ - \ <; ... t\. _.\.. A:i> '::. 0

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