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APA 5th Edition Made Easy

APA 5th Edition Made Easy

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Published by: Cristal Stevens Case on Nov 16, 2010
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APA 5th Edition Made Easy: How a Scholarly Paper Should Look

The following are basic formatting points regarding use of APA:
• •

The preferred font is 12-point Times New Roman or Courier. The margins should be 1 in. all around. The right margin should be ragged, but the left margin can be 1.5 in. if the instructor has requested the paper to be bound. All text within the paper is double-spaced, including quotations and the reference list.

The APA 5th edition requires specific formatting techniques. The following areas indicate where usage errors are most commonly found in students’ papers. The page number in the APA 5th edition is included to allow you to refer to it for more detail. Structure of an APA Paper Title Page The title page includes a page number in the header. The header should include two or three words from the title, then five spaces, and then the page number. Refer to page 296.

Headings Headings convey a hierarchical structure, similar to the levels of an outline. Most papers and dissertations will need only three levels of headings, such as Levels 1, 3, and 4. Refer to pages 113-115.

References The reference page follows the text and should list all in-text citations. For instance, if you have five different citations within the text, you should have the same five references listed on the reference page. (Refer to pages 207-214 for citation formatting guidelines.) Other reference tips: Watch reference indentations–the first line is flush left with remaining lines of the reference indented five spaces. • Double-space the entire list.

pages 231 and 274 Same author. When citing electronic sources that do not provide page numbers. Short quotations consist of fewer than 40 words. page 214 Electronically retrieved material. For a block quotation. Refer to page 120. Various citation forms are used when quoting an author’s exact words. Quotations To properly cite a quotation. Elements in an APA Paper Properly cited sources add to the researcher’s credibility. the punctuation goes outside the in-text citation. figure. and then cite the source in parentheses. Refer to pages 117-121. pages 219-221 Same author. Do not use quotation marks. same year of publication. cite the source in parentheses immediately after the quotation marks. table. different year of publication. Following are explanations and examples of different types of quotations used in APA. and continue the sentence. Refer to pages 213-214. then end the passage with quotation marks. pages 219-221 Personal communications. If a quotation ends the sentence. you must provide the page number(s). page 249 o Anonymous works. which contains more than 40 words. no author or editor. are incorporated into the text. Refer to page 121. please refer to the following pages: • • • • • No author. you will also need to include the chapter. . If the quotation occurs midsentence. pages 231 and 268-281 Refer to page 219 for specifics regarding how to arrange reference listings and page 313 regarding how your finished reference page should appear. reference citation o Book.For additional explanations and examples of references. and are enclosed by quotation marks. pages 221-222 o No author. use either the paragraph symbol or the abbreviation para. With some sources. Web citation. or equation. insert the final punctuation mark.

Often-used quotations may qualify for this rule as well. Washington. Tables Versus Figures Generally. DC: Author. Refer to pages 116-117. . is the capital of the United States—does not need a citation even if you had to look up the data.).). such as Washington. Refer to pages 147-201. DC. use lowercase letters (not italicized) in parentheses. Common Knowledge Common knowledge–a commonly known fact. Refer to page 100. (2001). and figures are used to display graphics. . . and use four points between two sentences. Itemized Conclusions Use Arabic numerals rather than bullets for itemizing conclusions or procedural steps. Both tables and figures are more commonly used in dissertations than in other types of formal written assignments. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed. The ellipsis includes spaces between periods (. Do not put the terms in quotation marks. Ellipsis or Spaced Periods When omitting material from the original source. use three spaced periods (ellipsis points) within a sentence. Refer to pages 115-116.Emphasizing Words Italicize key terms or technical terms and labels for emphasis. References American Psychological Association. tables are used to display numbers. Refer to page 119. Seriation When using a series of elements within a sentence or paragraph.

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