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Week 1 - Human Digestion

Week 1 - Human Digestion

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Published by: ljaddison on Nov 16, 2010
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SCI 220 Human Nutrition

University of Phoenix Material
Human Digestion Worksheet

The Digestive System and its Functions
Review the diagram located on p. 1. In the space provided below, write the name of each organ or part, and explain the function of each one as it relates to digestion and absorption. Explanations must be
Page 1 of 2 sci220r5

Please make sure that you identify each organ or part below with the corresponding number located in the diagram. Epiglottis The epiglottis is the valve-like flap of tissue that prevents food from entering the lungs. Salivary Glands Salivary glands are internal structures that produce and secrete the saliva needed to aid in digestion. Esophagus The esophagus is a portion of the gastrointestinal tract that connects the pharynx to the stomach. Spleen Stomach The stomach is an organ responsible for mixing food and secreting gastric juices to partially digest foods. Pharynx The pharynx is a passageway for food and air that is responsible for swallowing. The large intestine is an area of the digestive tract that includes the colon and rectum. The anus is the lower opening of the digestive tract in which feces is expelled. some water and vitamin absorption takes place in this area.SCI 220 Human Nutrition written as complete sentences. 9 10 11 Small Intestine 12 Liver 13 Gallbladder 14 15 Pancreas 16 17 Appendix 18 Large Intestine 19 Rectum 20 Anus Page 2 of 2 sci220r5 . The gallbladder is an organ that stores bile produced by the liver. The small intestine is a tube shaped organ which completes the digestion of ingested food and the area in which nutrient absorption occurs. The pancreas is the organ that secretes digestive enzymes and bicarbonate into the small intestine during digestion. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 DIGESTIVE ANATOMY FUNCTION Mouth The mouth is where food enters the body/digestive tract.

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