P. 1
Engine Bearing Tribology

Engine Bearing Tribology

|Views: 47|Likes:
Published by Vijaya Kumar

More info:

Published by: Vijaya Kumar on Nov 17, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less






The design of journal bearings is important for the development of internal combustion engines. They experience load that varies both in magnitude and direction, the load being caused by the pressure forces and inertial forces of the crank–slider mechanism. It has been found that the most common causes of premature failure in internal combustion engine bearings are fatigue, sliding surface wear, erosion due to cavitation phenomena and all these effects are directly or indirectly related to the shape of the oil pressure field in shaft-bearing interface. An accurate estimation of oil pressure distribution characteristics and measurement of oil film thickness in the shaft-bearing interface would allow better prediction of the bearing performance and reliability. The goal of this work is to develop a method for calculating the oil film thickness (OFT), oil film pressure (OFP) in the shaft-bearing interface and its validation by experimental results. The detailed analysis of the lubrication condition around the position of minimum oil film thickness conditions is based on finite difference method of integration of the Reynolds equation coupled to the elastic deformations determined by a detailed finite element model. Four non contact eddy current gap sensors mounted on the main bearing of a single cylinder engine are used to measure the oil film thickness and the journal orbit for variable speed and variable loading conditions.

The journal orbit was plotted using Mobility method. The benefit of this model is that is somewhat accurately predicts OFT and the corresponding OFP for the real case of an elastic bearing shell. A correlation was established between the two.Approach To arrive at the OFT. leading to a validation of the elastohydrodynamic lubrication model developed. The loading information thus obtained was applied to a FEM model of the bearing shell in Hypermesh environment coupled to Nastran solver. OFP distribution corresponding to these conditions was calculated by a numerical solution of the Reynolds equation. This was fed back to the instantaneous eccentricity and an iterative technique leading to the OFT under elastohydrodynamic conditions was developed by matching the Load Carrying Capacity at every step. and compared with the experimentally measured orbit. to determine its elastic deformation. . the instantaneous eccentricity was used as a starting point along with the operating and physical parameters.

Flowchart Representing Analysis Methodology .

Flowchart Representing Operation of Matlab Code .

11 kN) .Experimental Bearing Model Results Experimental Bearing Model – OFT Iteration 2 (Load = 3.

Pressure Variation for the Elastic Case Bearing Load = 17 kN (Pressure in MPa) Pressure Distribution along length of bearing Pressure distribution along width of bearing .

Inertia Force and Total Force 1250 rpm and 3 Nm Polar Plots of Bearing Loading 1250 rpm and 3 Nm .Pressure Force.

Results – Oil Film Thickness vs CAD 1250 rpm and 3 Nm .

Journal Orbit 1250 rpm and 3 Nm .Results – Oil Film Thickness vs CAD 1250 rpm and 3 Nm Results .

Indicated Elastic Deformation = 9 μm Results .Displacement Indicated by Finite Element Model 1250 rpm and 3 Nm .

Results – Comparison of Journal Orbit determined by Mobility Method with Experimental Result 1250 rpm and 3 Nm Mobility Method Experimental Result .

By careful detection and filtering. Vibration analysis permits the monitoring of the bearing's progression through each stage and to estimate when failure will actually occur. The frequency signature has changed. Within the background noise particular frequencies start to standout (side bands) and indicate failure is fast approaching. The method of presenting the data is either by visually representing it on an oscilloscope screen (monitor screen) as waves or as a number on a digital display. 4. Most bearing faults occur with the rolling elements. vibration analysis. If the bearing is still in service everyone knows it is time to change it out because they can hear it. This is the time to record its frequency 'signature' and normal operating acceleration and velocity values. Readings start to indicate amplitude changes and the noise moves into the range of human hearing. The velocity spectrum is much higher and much more background noise has developed. By comparing the actual noise to the ideal bearing signature it is possible to highlight problems with the in-service bearing. even those in perfect condition. The bearing housing amplifies the noise to a point where a sensitive accelerometer can 'hear' them. acceleration and frequencies emitted from a rolling bearing it is possible to tell its condition and the likelihood of imminent failure. The Four Stages of Bearing Failure A roller bearing progresses through four stages to failure. If examined at this stage there would be no visible defects. produce 'noise' as the elements roll over the raceways and rub against the internal cage and flanges. bearing life Method of Bearing Vibration Monitoring All bearings. The bearing is new and has no defects. the noise signal can be amplified and represented as a frequency series in real-time. the overall base level noise has risen and the velocity spectrum (graph) has risen higher. In the case of a raceway failure these would be the four progressive stages. The frequency of the fault has a direct relationship with the geometry of the bearing and the relative speed of each individual raceway. This noise is generated at high frequency and low amplitude.Rolling Bearing Vibration Detection ABSTRACT Rolling bearing vibration detection. The extent of the failure increases and grows with more metal coming off in minute sheets (delaminating). By measuring the velocity. cage or raceways. Keywords: out of balance. However under the surface of the raceway sub-surface defects have started. At this point the raceway shows visible signs of surface failure. 1. . 3. Roller bearing vibration measurement is one of the major condition monitoring tools in regular use. Software libraries of noises for bearings in ideal condition are available for the vast number of bearings. More vibration frequencies appear and more velocity side bands develop. The technology is well established and well proven but requires a good understanding of equipment vibration characteristics before a user can draw good interpretations from the results. 2.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->