(1-2) Matter and its properties Part III

Classification of Matter

Different kinds of matter...
Air
Salad Granite Water sugar in water

Gold

Salt

Matter yes Mixtures
Is the composition uniform? Can it be separated?

No

Pure substances
Can it be decomposed by ordinary chemical means?

yes

No

yes
Compounds

No
Elements

Homogeneous Heterogeneous mixture mixture (Solution)

Based on the previous classification scheme, can you classify the kinds of matter illustrated? • Which can be separated?
Granite

Air
sugar in water

Salad

• So, these are Mixtures! But which type of mixtures? Homogeneous or heterogeneous?

Uniform

Not uniform

Air
Salad
Granite

sugar in water

Homogenous Mixtures

Heterogeneous Mixtures

Now... Those that can’t be separated are Pure Substances

Water

Salt

Gold
Bur are they Compounds or Elements?

Which can be decomposed by chemical means, like heating, electricity...and which cannot? Compounds Elements

Water

Salt

Gold

Summary...
• Matter can be classified into: Mixtures and pure substances. • Mixtures can be homogenous or heterogeneous.
– Homogeneous mixtures: Uniform – Heterogeneous mixtures: Not Uniform

• Pure substances can be elements or compounds.
– Elements can’t be decomposed. – Compounds can be decomposed by chemical means.

The End