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Food

Food

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Published by: jmslj on Nov 18, 2010
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Sections

  • Types of Food or Drink
  • Pies and Pastries
  • Cakes and Biscuits
  • Types of Cheese
  • Types of Bread
  • Sandwiches, Rolls and Toast
  • Types of Pasta
  • Savoury Sauces and Vinegars
  • Sweet Sauces
  • Food Spread on Bread
  • Bread Baking and Ingredients
  • Sweets and Other Confectionery
  • Sweet Food and Desserts
  • Types of Milk and Cream
  • Sea Food
  • Offal
  • Fish Eaten as Food
  • Soups
  • Salads and Salad Dressings
  • Herbs, Spices and Condiments
  • Edible Nuts
  • Beans, Lentils and Peas
  • Rice, Wheat and Grain Products
  • Food from around the world
  • Indian Food
  • Mexican Food
  • European and Mediterranean Food
  • Chinese and Japanese Food
  • Middle Eastern Food
  • General Words for Drinks
  • Types and Amounts of Alcoholic Drinks
  • Non-Alcoholic Drinks
  • Spirits and Other Miscellaneous Alcoholic Drinks
  • Beer and Lager
  • Wines and Fortified Wines
  • Whiskey
  • Cocktails and Mixed Alcoholic Drinks
  • Words Used to Describe Drinks
  • Preparing Tea and Coffee Drinks
  • Brewing, Storing and Serving Drinks
  • Relating to Wines and Spirits
  • Types of Meal
  • Prepared Dishes
  • Parts of Meals
  • General Words for Meals or Food
  • Words Used to Describe Meals
  • Fruits
  • Parts of Fruit and Substances in Fruit
  • Types of Fruit
  • Words Used to Describe Fruit and Vegetables
  • Dried Fruit
  • Cook Food or Be Cooked
  • Prepare Food for Cooking or Eating
  • Cooked or Prepared
  • Preserve Food
  • Things Used for Keeping Food Fresh
  • Cooks, Cuisine and Cookery
  • Oils and Fats Used in Cooking
  • Substances Used in Cooking
  • Vegetables
  • Types of Vegetable
  • Parts of Vegetables
  • Processed Vegetables
  • Cooked Potatoes
  • Joints and Cuts of Meat
  • Types of Meat
  • Cooked and Preserved Meats
  • Burgers and Sausages
  • Words Used to Describe Meat
  • Food for Animals
  • Substances and Chemicals in Food and Drink
  • Words Used to Describe Specific Tastes and Flavours
  • Words Used to Describe the State or Consistency of Food
  • Taste, Flavour and Consistency
  • Tasting Good
  • Tasting Bad or Lacking Flavour
  • Tasting Like a Particular Thing
  • Preserved in a Particular Way
  • Amounts and Pieces of Food

Types of Food or Drink

aphrodisiac noun
a food, drink, or drug that makes people want to have sex

baby food noun
special food for babies that has been cut into small pieces and cooked so that it is soft and smooth

base noun
a food or substance that is the main food or substance to which other things are added

burnt offering noun
HUMOROUS

food that someone has burnt by mistake

carbohydrate noun
BIOLOGY

a food that contains carbohydrates

comfort food noun
food that you enjoy very much and often eat when you are feeling sad

confectionery noun
sweet foods such as sweets and chocolates

convenience food noun
food that is quick and easy to prepare such as food that has already been cooked and only needs to be heated. Fast food is food that you can get quickly in a restaurant.

creole adjective creole food has the typical strong flavour of food from the southern US and usually contains tomatoes, peppers, onions, and rice dairy noun
dairy products

dairy adjective
dairy products include milk and foods that are made from milk, for example butter and cheese

delicacy noun
a rare or expensive type of food

dry goods noun
BRITISH goods such as tea, coffee, and flour that contain no liquid

fast food noun
food that is made and served very quickly, especially food such as a take away with you
BURGER

that you can

Frankenfood noun
INFORMAL, SHOWING DISAPPROVAL

food that has been

GENETICALLY MODIFIED

garnish noun

something that you add to a dish of food to make it look more attractive

goodies noun
INFORMAL

things that are nice to eat, such as cakes and chocolates

health food noun
food that is good for you because it does not contain artificial substances

iron rations noun
a supply of emergency food, especially food for the armed forces

junk food noun
food that is not healthy because it contains a lot of fat, salt, and sugar

macrobiotic adjective
macrobiotic foods are considered healthy because they consist of grains, seeds, fruits, and vegetables produced without adding chemicals

meat noun
the flesh of an animal or bird eaten as food

munchies noun
AMERICAN
INFORMAL

small things to eat

nibbles noun
INFORMAL

nuts

small pieces of food eaten at social events with drinks, for example

CRISPS

and

non-dairy adjective
non-dairy foods are not made from milk or cream

non-vegetarian adjective
non-vegetarian foods contain meat or other parts of animals

novel food noun
a type of food that has not been eaten before, including GENETICALLY MODIFIED substances and products that lower CHOLESTEROL used especially in government documents

nutraceutical noun
a food or natural substance that people eat in order to feel more healthy

offal noun
the organs of animals that are eaten as food, for example the kidneys or liver

pap noun
MAINLY

food

AMERICAN

INFORMAL

very soft food for babies or people who are too ill to eat ordinary

perishables noun
food that is perishable

produce noun
fruit, vegetables, and other things that farmers grow

savory
the American spelling of savoury

savoury noun
a small piece of food that tastes of salt or served at parties as snacks .
SPICES

and is not sweet. Savouries are usually

seafood noun
fish and
SHELLFISH

that you can eat

slop noun
INFORMAL

food that is not thick or solid enough and has no taste

soul food noun
MAINLY

AMERICAN food that is traditionally eaten by black people in the southern US

staple noun
an important product, especially a food, that people eat or use regularly

staple diet noun
the main food or foods that a person or animal eats regularly

stodge noun
BRITISH food that is heavy and makes you feel too full

superfood noun
a food that is considered to be very good for your health and that may even help some medical conditions

vegetable noun
a part of a plant used as food, for example a potato, bean, or
CABBAGE

vegetable noun
relating to or produced from vegetables

veggie noun
SPOKEN

a vegetable

wholefood noun
BRITISH food that does not contain artificial substances and has not been treated to make it look better or last longer

Pies and Pastries
apple pie noun
a sweet food made from apples baked in
PASTRY

choux pastry noun
soft, light
PASTRY

containing eggs that is used for making

ECLAIRS

and

PROFITEROLES

cobbler noun
a type of food consisting of vegetables or fruit covered with a soft thick layer of
PASTRY

Cornish pasty noun
BRITISH a small
PIE

for one person, with meat and potatoes inside

pressed into a flat round shape or a ball and cooked in oil sausage roll noun BRITISH a food that consists of a tube of PASTRY with sausage meat inside it shortcrust pastry noun strudel noun a type of PASTRY a type of PASTRY made from flour. usually eaten at Christmas pastry noun a food made by mixing flour. or fruit cooked inside a case of a layer of it PASTRY or below pie crust noun the PASTRY covering of a PIE pork pie noun a British food consisting of cooked pork in a PASTRY case puff noun a type of small PIE made of PASTRY with something soft inside puff pastry noun a type of PASTRY that is very light and has a lot of air in it quiche noun a food that consists of a base made of PASTRY and a top part made by mixing together eggs and cheese. cheese. then baking it pie noun a food that consists of meat. fruit. fat. and water. PASTRY that forms the outer part of a PIE . It is cooked in an oven. The inner part is called the filo pastry noun BRITISH very thin PASTRY mixture of flour and water flaky pastry noun a type of PASTRY that consists of a lot of thin layers flan noun BRITISH a cake or PIE without a top that has a filling of cheese.crust noun a layer of cooked filling . The mixture is rolled flat and used for making PIES and other food. or vegetables mince pie noun a type of PIE that is filled with mincemeat. and water with fruit or nuts inside tart noun . and often other foods. vegetables. pasty noun BRITISH a food made by folding PASTRY around meat. or vegetables. rissole noun a food made from meat or fish cut into very small pieces. butter.

flavoured with GINGER brownie noun a type of flat chocolate cake. filled with fruit vol-au-vent noun a food that consists of a round piece of vegetables PASTRY that is baked and then filled with meat or Cakes and Biscuits baking sheet noun a BAKING TRAY biscuit noun BRITISH a type of small flat dry cake that is usually sweet and round. used on top of or between the layers of a cake cake noun a sweet food made by baking a mixture that usually contains sugar. and butter or oil cake mix noun a powder that you add eggs and milk or water to and then bake in the oven to make a cake centre noun the middle of a chocolate.a PIE that has no top and is filled with vegetables. fruit etc turnover noun a sweet food like a small PIE . soft cheese. eggs. flour. sweet. served in squares bun noun BRITISH a small round cake. The usual American word is cookie brandy snap noun a sweet hard BISCUIT in the shape of a tube. and sometimes fruit Chelsea bun noun a small round cake with dried fruit in it and sugar on the top chocolate chip cookie noun a type of BISCUIT that contains small pieces of chocolate FRUIT CAKE Christmas cake noun BRITISH a heavy eaten at Christmas in the UK cone noun . especially with a sweet sticky surface buttercream noun a soft sweet food made of sugar and butter. or cake cheesecake noun a type of cake made of BISCUITS .

or vegetables . a type of BISCUIT that is made from wheat and is slightly sweet duff noun BRITISH a type of cake Eccles cake noun a type of small cake filled with dried CURRANTS fruit éclair noun a type of cake shaped like a tube with chocolate on top and cream inside fairy cake noun BRITISH a small round cake. fruit etc that forms the inside part of a cake or PIE flan noun BRITISH a cake or PIE without a top that has a filling of cheese. fruit.a cone shape that you put ice cream in and eat cookie noun MAINLY AMERICAN a small sweet BISCUIT cornet noun BRITISH OLD-FASHIONED a CONE for ICE CREAM cracker noun a type of thin dry hard BISCUIT often eaten with cheese cream cracker noun BRITISH a thin dry hard BISCUIT usually eaten with cheese creampuff noun a small light cake that is empty inside and can be filled with WHIPPED CREAM crispbread noun BRITISH a thin hard BISCUIT made from RYE or wheat crumpet noun BRITISH a flat round cake eaten hot with butter cupcake noun a small round cake with ICING a thick sweet substance made from sugar on top Danish noun INFORMAL a DANISH PASTRY Danish pastry noun a flat sweet cake for one person. usually with ICING on top filling noun the cream. containing fruit and nuts and often with top ICING on the devil’s food cake noun a type of chocolate cake often eaten in the US digestive biscuit noun in the UK.

marked with a small cross on the top and traditionally eaten at Easter ice-cream cone noun a hard thin BISCUIT shaped like a with ice cream in it CONE . that you can put ice cream in. and SYRUP fortune cookie noun a hard thin Chinese future on it BISCUIT that has a piece of paper inside with a message about your frosting noun AMERICAN ICING for a cake fruitcake noun a heavy cake containing DRIED FRUIT gateau noun a large cake decorated or filled with sweet foods such as fruit. EGG WHITE . cream. or one of these macaroon noun a type of BISCUIT made from sugar. butter. made from oats pancake noun a small thick round cake made in the same way pastry noun a type of cake made from sweet pastry patisserie noun the cakes that a patisserie sells .flapjack noun BRITISH a BISCUIT made of OATS . and nuts Madeira cake noun BRITISH a type of pale yellow cake muffin noun a small sweet cake that often contains fruit oatcake noun a BISCUIT that people usually eat with cheese and other SAVOURY foods. and chocolate gingerbread noun a type of cake made with GINGER gingerbread man noun a BISCUIT with a GINGER flavour in the shape of a person ginger nut noun a type of BISCUIT that has a strong GINGER flavour glacé icing noun BRITISH a sugar layer for a cake that makes it look smooth and shiny hot cross bun noun a sweet cake for one person.

petit four noun a type of small sweet cake or biscuit piping noun thin lines of cream. flour. Scotch pancake noun BRITISH a small thick flat round cake made of eggs. It is baked in the shape of a stick or a knot and covered with salt. You usually eat scones with butter. traditionally eaten at Easter sponge noun BRITISH SPONGE CAKE sponge cake noun a very light type of cake made with flour. usually eaten with butter shortbread noun a hard sweet BISCUIT made with a large amount of butter shortcake noun BRITISH SHORTBREAD shortcake noun a plain type of cake that is usually served with fruit and cream on top of it simnel cake noun BRITISH a type of cake containing dried fruit. and sugar swiss roll noun BRITISH a cake made by rolling a thin flat cake with a sweet substance such as on top into a shape like a tube JAM spread teacake noun BRITISH a type of small round cake with RAISINS in it tray bake noun a cake made on a BAKING TRAY and cut into square pieces . eggs. and milk. profiterole noun a small round on the top PASTRY shaped like a small ball that is filled with cream and has chocolate rock cake noun BRITISH a small hard cake with a rough surface that has dried fruit inside sandwich noun BRITISH a cake made of two layers with JAM or cream in the middle scone noun a small soft cake that sometimes contains dried fruit. ICING etc put on food as a decoration pretzel noun a type of CRACKER that people often eat between meals or with beer.

wafer noun a very thin BISCUIT waffle noun a flat cake that has deep square marks on both sides water biscuit noun BRITISH a thin light BISCUIT that is often eaten with cheese Types of Cheese blue cheese noun a strong-tasting cheese that is white or pale yellow and has blue lines in it Camembert noun a type of soft round French cheese with a white skin cheddar noun a type of hard yellow cheese cheese noun a solid food made from milk cottage cheese noun a soft white cheese that does not contain much fat cream cheese noun a type of thick soft smooth white cheese that does not have a strong taste Edam noun a round. made in the Netherlands feta noun a white Greek cheese made from the milk of sheep or goats fromage frais noun a soft smooth white cheese used like YOGURT Gorgonzola noun a type of soft white and blue Italian cheese with a strong taste Gouda noun a type of hard yellow cheese with a fairly strong flavour that is made in Holland Gruyère noun a type of hard Swiss cheese with holes in it mozzarella noun a type of soft white Italian cheese with a flavour that is not strong Parmesan noun a hard Italian cheese with a strong flavour. light yellow cheese covered with red WAX . often used on pasta ricotta noun .

and usually YEAST a substance that makes the bread grow larger . Bread is usually sold in a large piece called a loaf or made into smaller pieces called rolls . You usually cut bread into slices to eat it breadcrumbs noun very small pieces of bread that can be used in cooking brioche noun a type of sweet French bread bun noun a small round piece of bread chapati noun a type of thin flat Indian bread ciabatta noun a type of flat Italian bread made with OLIVE OIL cob noun BRITISH a round LOAF of bread croissant noun a type of light bread with a curved shape that is usually eaten for breakfast . often with blue lines through it Swiss cheese noun a type of cheese with a lot of holes in it Types of Bread bagel noun a type of bread that is small and round with a hole in the middle baguette noun a long thin LOAF of bread made in the French style. water. soft inside and hard outside bannock noun SCOTTISH a flat BREAD ROLL made from OATS or BARLEY bap noun BRITISH a large soft BREAD ROLL biscuit noun AMERICAN a small round soft bread roll blini noun a Russian food that is like a thin flat bread made from CAVIAR and SOUR CREAM BUCKWHEAT and is often eaten with bread noun a common food made from flour.a very soft white Italian cheese Stilton noun a type of white cheese.

round.crouton noun a small piece of hard bread served on soup and in salads farmhouse loaf noun BRITISH a large long piece of white bread with a curved top French bread noun bread in the form of a long thin stick that is soft on the inside and hard on the outside French loaf noun a FRENCH STICK French stick noun a long thin LOAF of bread made in the French style. A sliced loaf has been cut into slices before it is sold matzo noun a type of flat bread traditionally eaten by Jewish people during the Passover holiday muffin noun BRITISH a flat round type of bread. or square shape that you cut into SLICES thin flat pieces for eating. naan noun a type of flat bread from India and Central Asia nan another spelling of naan paratha noun a flat Indian bread that you cook in a pan pita bread the American spelling of pitta bread pitta bread noun a type of flat bread that is eaten especially with Middle Eastern food poppadom noun a type of round thin Indian bread that is cooked in hot oil pumpernickel noun a type of dark bread that is made from RYE roll noun bread in the form of a small round or long shape roti noun INDIAN ENGLISH a type of flat round bread . usually cut in half and eaten hot with butter. The American word is English muffin . that is soft on the inside and hard on the outside Granary TRADEMARK BRITISH Granary bread is made with flour that contains whole grains of wheat loaf noun bread in a long.

cooked in a flat round shape. served with drinks at a party club sandwich noun . Rolls and Toast beefburger noun MAINLY AMERICAN a sandwich made of loose minced beef BLT noun a sandwich filled with BACON .rusk noun BRITISH a type of hard dry bread that babies and young children eat rye noun MAINLY AMERICAN bread made from rye grain rye bread noun a type of bread made from rye flour saltine noun AMERICAN a thin dry BISCUIT that usually has salt on top of it sliced bread noun bread that is cut into slices before it is sold sourdough noun a mixture of flour. LETTUCE . or oil and tomatoes. and served in a bread roll burrito noun butty noun BRITISH a type of Mexican food made with a TORTILLA a piece of flat thin bread that is folded over and filled with meat or beans and cheese INFORMAL a SANDWICH 1 canapé noun a small BISCUIT or piece of bread with food such as cheese or meat on top. then TOASTED burger noun meat from a cow cut up into very small pieces that is cooked in a flat round shape and served in a bread roll MINCED BEEF burger noun pieces of meat or vegetable that are pressed together. water. or meat Sandwiches. and tomato bruschetta noun Italian bread spread with oil. beans. and bread YEAST that is allowed to FERMENT and then used for making tortilla noun a type of thin flat Mexican bread that is often rolled or folded and filled with cheese.

cheese. cheese etc round noun BRITISH a sandwich or sandwiches made from two SLICES of bread sandwich noun a light meal that you make by putting a layer of food such as meat. and vegetables on a long narrow piece of bread hot dog noun a sandwich that consists of two narrow pieces of bread with a inside SAUSAGE tube of meat melba toast noun very thin pieces of bread that have been heated until they are hard and break easily open sandwich noun BRITISH a sandwich made using one piece of bread.a thick sandwich that consists of three in between SLICES of bread with two layers of meat or cheese doner kebab noun BRITISH a Middle Eastern meal that consists of flat pieces of cooked BREAD with salad LAMB . with no top piece rarebit noun WELSH RAREBIT roll noun a bread roll filled with meat. served in a PITTA doorstep noun BRITISH INFORMAL a very thick sandwich or piece of bread double-decker noun MAINLY AMERICAN a CLUB SANDWICH enchilada noun a Mexican food consisting of a piece of flat bread rolled up and filled with meat and cheese French toast noun MAINLY AMERICAN bread covered in raw egg and milk and cooked in hot fat hero noun AMERICAN a type of sandwich that consists of meat. cheese. cheese. tomatoes etc on a long narrow piece of bread toast noun bread that has been heated until its outside is brown and hard . or egg between two pieces of bread sanger noun sarnie noun BRITISH SPOKEN AUSTRALIAN INFORMAL a SANDWICH 1 a SANDWICH 1 submarine sandwich noun AMERICAN a sandwich made with meat.

or meat Welsh rarebit noun a meal of cheese sauce poured over bread and cooked wrap noun a type of sandwich made with flat round bread that is wrapped around meat.toastie noun BRITISH a sandwich that has been TOASTED tortilla noun a type of thin flat Mexican bread that is often rolled or folded and filled with cheese. cheese. beans. or vegetables Types of Pasta cannelloni noun tubes of pasta filled with a meat or cheese mixture fettuccine noun pasta in the form of long narrow flat pieces linguine noun a type of pasta in the form of long thin flat pieces macaroni noun a type of pasta in the form of short curved tubes noodle noun a type of pasta in the form of long thin pieces that cook quickly ravioli noun a type of pasta made in small squares with meat. salad. or vegetables inside rigatoni noun a type of pasta in the form of short tubes spaghetti noun a type of pasta in the form of long thin pieces like string tagliatelle noun a type of pasta in the form of long thin flat pieces vermicelli noun a type of pasta like very thin SPAGHETTI Savoury Sauces and Vinegars aioli noun a sauce made from MAYONNAISE and GARLIC aspic noun .

especially meat. SPICES . when you cook it . salt. HERBS VINEGAR . and lemon juice Hollandaise sauce is sometimes simply called hollandaise . and sometimes gravy noun a sauce made from the juices of cooked meat mixed with flour guacamole noun a sauce made from crushed AVOCADO . often eaten with Mexican food hollandaise sauce noun a smooth sauce made with the YOLKS of eggs the yellow part . eaten with meat catsup noun AMERICAN KETCHUP chutney noun a cold food made from fruit. made from oil. before cooking it on a barbecue broth noun a liquid used for giving flavour when cooking brown sauce noun BRITISH a dark cold sauce containing fruit and SPICES . pepper. eaten with meat or cheese coulis noun a smooth sauce made from crushed fruit or vegetables dip noun a thick cold sauce for dipping pieces of food into before eating them dressing noun AMERICAN STUFFING that you put inside meat dripping noun BRITISH fat and juice that is produced by meat when it is cooked French dressing noun a sauce for pouring over salads. and VINEGAR . butter.a clear slightly brown before eating JELLY that you put fish or meat into and allow to become cold balsamic vinegar noun an expensive type of sweet dark VINEGAR barbecue sauce noun a special sauce used for adding flavour to food. especially meat. horseradish noun sauce made from horseradish that is eaten cold with meat jelly noun a sauce that is made with meat juice and is made solid by adding GELATINE juice noun the liquid that comes out of something.

Spanish food CHILLI peppers. and sugar.jus noun a thin sauce made from meat juice ketchup noun a thick red sauce made from tomatoes marinade noun a liquid that you put food into to give it a special flavour before cooking it mayo noun INFORMAL MAYONNAISE mayonnaise noun a thick white sauce made from egg food YOLKS and oil. VINEGAR . and SPICES . served with Mexican or satay noun a sauce made from PEANUTS and served with satay sauce noun a liquid food that you put on other foods to give them a particular flavour soy noun SOY SAUCE . and usually eaten with LAMB or other oyster sauce noun a sauce made with OYSTERS . eaten cold with other cold foods or on sandwiches pickle noun BRITISH a thick sauce consisting of vegetables or fruit preserved in especially with cold food VINEGAR . and PINE NUTS piccalilli noun a thick yellow sauce containing small pieces of onion and other vegetables. BASIL . eaten purée noun food that has been mixed or crushed to form a thick smooth sauce relish noun a cold sauce that you put on food such as BEEFBURGERS salad cream noun BRITISH a yellow sauce similar to MAYONNAISE . onions. used in East Asian cooking pesto noun a thick green sauce made with OLIVE OIL . served on a salad salsa noun a sauce made from tomatoes. eaten especially with salads and cold mint sauce noun a sauce made from meat MINT leaves.

bones. and sugar . eggs. and SPICES vinegar noun a sour liquid made by allowing wine or food CIDER to become acid. and butter wine vinegar noun a type of VINEGAR made from wine Worcester sauce noun a brown sauce with a strong taste that you buy in bottles and use for adding flavour to food Sweet Sauces brandy butter noun BRITISH a thick sweet brandy-flavoured butter that you eat with CHRISTMAS PUDDING butterscotch noun a type of sweet or a sweet sauce that is made by boiling brown sugar and butter together conserve noun large pieces of fruit in a thick SYRUP custard noun a sweet yellow sauce made from milk. or vegetables and used for making soups and sauces stock cube noun a small dried block of meat or vegetable juices stuffing noun food that has been cut into small pieces and placed inside meat or vegetables Tabasco TRADEMARK a red sauce used for adding a strong flavour to foods tartare sauce noun a white sauce that you eat cold with fish vinaigrette noun a sauce for salads and cold vegetables. made from oil. used for adding flavour to wasabi noun a sauce with a very strong taste that is eaten with Japanese food white sauce noun a sauce made from flour.soy sauce noun a dark brown sauce made from SOYA BEANS stock noun a liquid made by boiling meat. milk. VINEGAR .

It can be added to other food in cooking or spread on bread pâté noun a soft food made from meat. and sugar maple syrup noun a thick sweet liquid taken from maple trees and used as a sauce sauce noun a liquid food that you put on other foods to give them a particular flavour syrup noun a sweet thick liquid made from sugar and other sweet substances. or vegetables that you spread on bread peanut butter noun a soft food made by crushing peanuts that you usually spread on bread preserve noun a sweet food made by boiling fruit and sugar together. used as a sauce Food Spread on Bread butter noun a solid yellow food made from cream that you spread on bread or use in cooking caviar noun fish eggs eaten as food. fish.custard noun a soft. A more usual word is jam . In many countries caviar is considered to be a special and expensive food. fish. eggs. or vegetables. firm sweet food made from a mixture of milk. jam noun a sweet sticky food made from boiled fruit and sugar that is usually spread onto bread jelly noun a sweet sticky food that is made from boiled fruit juice and sugar and is often spread on bread lemon curd noun a sweet food containing lemon juice that you spread on bread marmalade noun a sweet food made from cooked fruit such as oranges or lemons that is usually spread onto bread and eaten at breakfast Marmite BRITISH a food made from YEAST and cooked vegetables that is spread onto bread or used for adding flavour to other foods TRADEMARK paste noun a food made by crushing meat. usually spread on bread. eaten mainly by rich people. spread noun .

cakes etc are made or sold crust noun the hard brown outer part of a LOAF of bread crusty adjective crusty bread is covered with a hard CRUST dough noun a mixture of flour. made from YEAST a substance that is used in making bread and alcohol and usually spread on bread TRADEMARK yeast extract noun a dark brown food made from yeast. it increases in size before it is baked because of the YEAST it contains rise verb if something such as bread or a cake rises.soft food that you put on bread and similar foods Vegemite a type of food from Australia. it increases in size and height when it is cooked or when YEAST is added unleavened adjective unleavened bread is flat or heavy because it contains no YEAST yeast noun a white substance used for making bread rise or for making beer . usually spread on bread Bread Baking and Ingredients bake verb to make bread. fat etc that is baked to make bread or PASTRY knead verb to prepare DOUGH or clay by pressing it continuously leaven verb to add YEAST to a bread mixture so that it will contain air and will be bigger and lighter leaven noun a substance such as YEAST that is added to a bread mixture so that it will contain air and will be bigger and lighter poppyseed noun small black seeds from or cakes POPPY flowers that are put on the surface of some types of bread prove verb if bread proves. cakes etc using an oven bakery noun a building where bread. water.

Sweets and Other Confectionery barley sugar noun a hard sweet made from boiled sugar boiled sweet noun BRITISH a hard sweet. butter. that you chew for a long time but do not choc noun BRITISH INFORMAL a CHOCOLATE choccy noun BRITISH INFORMAL a CHOCOLATE chocolate noun a small sweet made from chocolate cotton candy noun AMERICAN CANDYFLOSS dark chocolate noun chocolate that is darker in colour than milk chocolate because it does not have any milk added to it drop noun a small round sweet Easter egg noun a chocolate egg that you give to someone as a present at Easter . especially one that tastes of fruit bubble gum noun a type of brightly coloured CHEWING GUM that you can blow into to form a BUBBLE candy noun AMERICAN sweets or CONFECTIONERY candy noun AMERICAN a sweet candyfloss noun BRITISH a sweet food consisting of very thin strings of sugar wrapped around a stick. usually flavoured with swallow MINT. and milk chew noun BRITISH a hard sweet that you have to chew until it is soft enough to swallow chewing gum noun a type of sweet. caramel noun a sweet made from sugar. The American word is cotton candy .

The American word is jelly baby noun BRITISH a soft brightly coloured sweet with a fruit flavour that is shaped like a person jelly bean noun a soft brightly coloured sweet that is shaped like a bean licorice the American spelling of liquorice liquorice noun a black substance with a strong flavour. Chocolate made without milk is called plain chocolate . ICE CREAM on a stick. mint noun nougat noun a sweet that tastes like PEPPERMINT a sweet food made of sugar.fondant noun a small piece of fondant eaten as a sweet gobstopper noun a large hard round sweet gum noun CHEWING GUM gumdrop noun a firm fruit sweet made of JELLY and covered with sugar humbug noun a type of hard black and white sweet that tastes of PEPPERMINT ice lolly noun BRITISH a piece of sweet flavoured ice or popsicle . used for making sweets and medicines liquorice noun a sweet that is made from liquorice lollipop noun a hard sweet on the end of a stick marshmallow noun a soft pink or white sweet with a thick round shape milk chocolate noun chocolate made with milk. nuts. and small pieces of fruit pastille noun a round sweet with a fruit flavour peppermint noun a sweet with a peppermint flavour plain chocolate noun .

sherbet noun BRITISH powder with a FIZZY taste that is eaten as a sweet sucker noun AMERICAN INFORMAL a LOLLIPOP sweet noun BRITISH a small piece of sweet food made with sugar. Popsicle TRADEMARK AMERICAN an ICE LOLLY praline noun a sweet made by boiling nuts in sugar praline noun a chocolate sweet filled with a soft substance made from sugar and crushed nuts rock noun BRITISH a hard sweet in the shape of a solid tube called a stick Rock is usually sold in SEASIDE towns and has the name of the town written in it . and nuts . and water at a high temperature. cream. sauce. The American word is dark chocolate .BRITISH a type of chocolate made without milk and with very little sugar. or a sweet made of this toffee apple noun an apple covered in toffee and put on a stick truffle noun a soft chocolate sweet that often has alcohol in it tuck noun BRITISH OLD-FASHIONED sweets Turkish delight noun a type of sweet made from square pieces of firm JELLY covered with sugar Sweet Food and Desserts angelica noun stems of a tall plant that are boiled in sugar and used for decorating cakes apple pie noun a sweet food made from apples baked in PASTRY banana split noun a sweet food that consists of a BANANA with ICE CREAM . The usual American word is candy toffee noun a sweet sticky brown food made by cooking sugar. butter.

butter. eggs. shaped like a small block chocolate noun a sweet brown food eaten as a sweet or used for flavouring other food Christmas pudding noun BRITISH a sweet food made with dried fruits and eaten at Christmas SPICES substances that flavour food . and baked in an oven demerara sugar noun BRITISH a type of rough pale brown sugar . used in drinks and in Asian and Caribbean compote noun a sweet food made from fruit cooked with sugar confection noun FORMAL a sweet food. especially a cake crème caramel noun a sweet food made from cream. and sugar.blancmange noun BRITISH a soft sweet food eaten as a DESSERT . eggs. coconut milk noun the sweet thin liquid contained in a cooking COCONUT . brown sugar noun sugar that is brown and has not been REFINED made pure or has been only partly refined cake noun a sweet food made by baking a mixture that usually contains sugar. used especially in cooking castor sugar another spelling of caster sugar choc-ice noun BRITISH an ICE CREAM covered with a layer of chocolate. and sugar crisp noun AMERICAN a CRUMBLE crumble noun BRITISH a sweet food made from pieces of fruit covered with a mixture of flour. and butter or oil caramel noun burnt sugar used for colouring and flavouring food carob noun a sweet brown powder that tastes like chocolate and is made from the seeds of a Mediterranean tree caster sugar noun BRITISH white sugar in the form of very small grains. flour. It is made mainly from milk and sugar.

butter. often with fruit or chocolate added to flavour it ice cream noun BRITISH an amount of ice cream for one person icing noun a substance used to cover or fill cakes. usually eaten as a DESSERT fudge noun a soft brown sweet food made from sugar. Icing is made by mixing sugar with water or butter. used especially for adding to cups of tea and coffee gur noun INDIAN ENGLISH a type of dark brown sugar that you buy in solid pieces. not small grains honey noun a sweet. sticky yellow or brown food made by BEES ice noun BRITISH OLD-FASHIONED an ICE CREAM ice cream noun a frozen sweet food made from cream or milk and sugar. and milk or cream fudge noun MAINLY AMERICAN a sweet soft chocolate that is spread on cakes or poured over ice cream golden syrup noun BRITISH a sweet sticky yellow food made from sugar granulated sugar noun sugar in the form of small white grains. usually spread over cakes as ICING fool noun a sweet food made from crushed cooked fruit mixed with cream and served cold fruit cocktail noun a food consisting of small pieces of different types of fruit.donut noun MAINLY AMERICAN a DOUGHNUT doughnut noun a round sweet food. that is made by cooking dough in oil dumpling noun a sweet food consisting of PASTRY filled with fruit flan noun AMERICAN a CRÈME CARAMEL fondant noun a very soft sweet food made from sugar and water. often sold in TINS fruit salad noun a food consisting of small pieces of different types of fresh fruit. . often in the shape of a ring.

sugar. jaggery noun INDIAN ENGLISH in South Asia. and through and that shakes when you touch it GELATINE that you can see junket noun a sweet food made from milk that was popular in the past knickerbocker glory noun BRITISH ICE CREAM in a tall glass with sweet sauce and cream lolly noun BRITISH an ICE-LOLLY lolly noun BRITISH a LOLLIPOP lump noun a solid piece of sugar with a square shape marzipan noun a sweet food made from sugar and sweets ALMONDS that is used for decorating cakes and making meringue noun a sweet food made from a mixture of sugar and EGG WHITES milk pudding noun BRITISH a sweet food made by cooking a mixture of milk. sugar. and GELATINE jelly noun BRITISH a soft sweet food made from fruit juice. and fruit or chocolate parfait noun AMERICAN a sweet food consisting of layers of fruit and ICE CREAM . brown sugar from SUGAR CANE or from a PALM tree Jell-O TRADEMARK AMERICAN JELLY that is made from fruit juice.icing sugar noun BRITISH a type of sugar that has been made into a powder and is used to make icing to cover cakes. eggs. sugar. used especially to molasses noun AMERICAN TREACLE mousse noun a cold sweet food made with cream. and rice or a similar grain in the oven mincemeat noun a sweet food made by mixing small pieces of make mince pies DRIED FRUIT and SPICES . served in a tall glass pavlova noun . The American word is confectioner’s sugar .

and SYRUP syllabub noun a sweet food made from cream. fruit. sugar. and nuts. and sugar and is eaten hot spotted dick noun a type of sweet PUDDING that has dried fruit such as CURRANTS in it sugar noun a sweet substance consisting of very small white or brown pieces that is added to food or drinks to make them taste sweet sugar cube noun a small hard piece of sugar with six sides that you put in a hot drink sugar lump noun a SUGAR CUBE summer pudding noun BRITISH a sweet food that is made by putting pieces of bread around the sides of a bowl and filling it with a mixture of soft fruits sundae noun ICE CREAM served with a sweet sauce. butter. ice.BRITISH a sweet food that consists of cream and fruit on top of MERINGUE peach melba noun a sweet food that consists of half a PEACH with ICE CREAM and RASPBERRY sauce on top plum pudding noun BRITISH OLD-FASHIONED CHRISTMAS PUDDING pudding noun a soft sweet food that you eat at the end of a meal pudding noun AMERICAN a sweet food like thick cream. usually flavoured with fruit or chocolate. flour. and wine . fruit juice. eaten as a DESSERT MAINLY rice pudding noun a sweet food made from rice cooked with milk and sugar roly-poly noun BRITISH a sweet food made by spreading up and cooked JAM or fruit on a piece of PASTRY that is then rolled semolina noun a sweet food made by cooking grains of crushed wheat with milk and sugar sherbet noun AMERICAN a SORBET sorbet noun a sweet food made from fruit juice. and sugar sponge pudding noun BRITISH a sweet food that is made with eggs.

syrup noun a sweet liquid made from sugar and water syrup noun a sweet thick yellow liquid made from sugar. turnover noun a sweet food like a small PIE . sometimes with fruit yogurt another spelling of yoghurt raspberry chocolate etc ripple ICE-CREAM that has lines of a RASPBERRY chocolate etc flavoured substance in it Types of Milk and Cream clotted cream noun very thick cream made by heating milk until large lumps of cream form condensed milk noun thick sweet milk that is sold in cans cream noun a thick yellowish-white liquid taken from the top of milk creamer noun a white liquid or powder used instead of milk or cream crème fraîche noun a type of thick cream with a slightly sour flavour . filled with fruit tutti frutti noun a type of ICE CREAM that contains small pieces of different types of fruit water ice noun BRITISH OLD-FASHIONED a SORBET whip noun a sweet soft food made with cream and flavours or fruit yoghurt noun a food made from milk that has become thick and slightly added to it SOUR . used especially in cooking treacle noun BRITISH a thick sweet black liquid used in cooking trifle noun a sweet food eaten especially in the UK. made from cake covered with fruit or cold CUSTARD . and sometimes cream JELLY .

goats. and sheep. cheese. Semi-skimmed milk has had about half of its cream removed. and skimmed milk has had almost all of its cream removed. or YOGHURT has had no fat removed half-and-half noun AMERICAN a mixture of equal parts of milk and cream that you put into coffee or tea homogenized adjective homogenized milk has had the cream mixed in so that it will not separate milk noun a white liquid that comes from cows.double cream noun BRITISH thick cream that becomes almost solid when you mix it quickly evaporated milk noun thick milk sold in TINS and often poured on fruit or sweet food full-cream adjective BRITISH full-cream milk has had no cream removed. full-fat adjective BRITISH full-fat milk. it has been heated to a temperature that kills all the harmful bacteria semi-skimmed adjective BRITISH semi-skimmed milk has had a lot of the fat removed single cream noun BRITISH thin cream that has little fat in it skimmed milk noun milk that has had the cream removed from it. The usual American word is skim milk . Cheese and other foods made from milk are called dairy products pasteurized adjective if a liquid such as milk is pasteurized. cream. used as a drink and in cooking UHT milk noun milk that has been heated to a very high temperature so that it stays fresh for longer whipping cream noun a thick type of cream that can be made very stiff semi-skimmed noun Sea Food lobster noun a lobster cooked and eaten as food . sour cream noun thick cream with a sour flavour soya milk noun a white liquid from soya beans. which people drink and use in cooking.

mussel noun a small SHELLFISH with a soft body inside a hard black or green shell. often raw. and neck of POULTRY chickens etc that you remove before you cook it kidney noun the kidney of some animals eaten as food liver noun the liver of some animals eaten as food sweetbread noun the PANCREAS small organ in the body of a young farm animal. often cooked and eaten as food octopus noun this animal eaten as food oyster noun a type of SHELLFISH that has a rough shell and is eaten as food. cooked in hot oil and eaten as food shellfish noun these creatures used as food shrimp noun a shrimp eaten as food squid noun this animal eaten as food winkle noun a type of small SHELLFISH that can be eaten as food Offal brains noun the brain of an animal cooked and eaten as food giblets noun the liver. cooked and eaten tongue noun the tongue of an animal cooked and eaten as food tripe noun the stomach of a cow or a sheep eaten as food . Some types of oyster contain pearls small white jewels . scallop noun a scallop eaten as food scampi noun BRITISH large PRAWNS covered with BREADCRUMBS . heart.

with the bones removed fish noun fish eaten as food. milk or cream. fishcake noun a flat round food made from pieces of fish and potato covered in cooked BREADCRUMBS and then fishcake noun a type of Asian food that is made from fish and is usually served with rice and vegetables fish finger noun BRITISH a food that consists of a long thin piece of fish that is covered in then cooked BREADCRUMBS and haddock noun this fish eaten as food hake noun this fish eaten as food halibut noun . and vegetables cod noun this fish eaten as food eel noun a long thin fish that looks like a snake and can be eaten filet another spelling of fillet 1 fillet noun a single side of the body of a fish. Fish and other sea animals such as SHRIMPS are called seafood .Fish Eaten as Food bass noun this fish eaten as food bloater noun a sea fish that is eaten as food bouillabaisse noun a soup made from fish and vegetables bream noun this fish eaten as food bream noun this fish eaten as food chowder noun a thick soup usually made with fish or SHELLFISH .

usually sold in CANS metal containers plaice noun this fish eaten as food rainbow trout noun a large fish in rivers and lakes that is eaten as food roe noun a group of fish eggs that are found inside a fish.this fish eaten as food herring noun this fish eaten as food kipper noun a HERRING type of fish that has been preserved in salt and smoke lemon sole noun this fish eaten as food lox noun AMERICAN SMOKED SALMON mackerel noun this fish eaten as food mullet noun this fish eaten as food perch noun this fish eaten as food pilchard noun this fish eaten as food. or that are eaten as food rollmop noun a piece of raw HERRING a type of fish that has been rolled up and preserved in VINEGAR salmon noun salmon eaten as food skate noun skate eaten as food smoked salmon noun an expensive food consisting of very thin pieces of SALMON that has been smoked snapper noun this fish eaten as food sole noun this fish eaten as food sprat noun this fish eaten as food sturgeon noun .

this fish eaten as food trout noun this fish eaten as food tuna noun this fish eaten as food turbot noun this fish eaten as food whitebait noun very small fish eaten whole as food whiting noun this fish eaten as food Soups bisque noun a thick soup made from SHELLFISH bouillabaisse noun a soup made from fish and vegetables bouillon noun a clear soup made from meat and vegetables broth noun OLD-FASHIONED soup. milk or cream. eaten mainly in the Irish stew noun a thick soup made from meat. onions. especially when it is considered to be good for you chowder noun a thick soup usually made with fish or SHELLFISH . potatoes. GARLIC and CUCUMBER gumbo noun a thick soup made with chicken or fish and the vegetable southern US OKRA . and vegetables cock-a-leekie noun a type of Scottish soup made from chicken with LEEKS and other vegetables consommé noun a type of clear soup made from meat juices gazpacho noun a cold Spanish soup made mainly with raw tomatoes. and other root vegetables minestrone noun a type of Italian soup made from vegetables and small pieces of pasta mulligatawny noun . onions.

and BARLEY soup noun a liquid food that is made by cooking meat. usually with a sauce. and a DRESSING containing coleslaw noun a type of salad made from raw CABBAGE and CARROTS mixed with MAYONNAISE dressing noun a mixture of liquids such as oil and VINEGAR that you pour over salad Greek salad noun a salad consisting of tomatoes. usually made by mixing oil. LETTUCE . and egg CROUTONS pieces of hard bread . and CUCUMBER green salad noun a salad that consists mainly of LETTUCE a round vegetable with thin green leaves ranch dressing noun AMERICAN a type of SALAD DRESSING salad noun a food containing a mixture of raw vegetables such as usually served with a SALAD DRESSING LETTUCE .a type of clear soup with a hot flavour oxtail noun the tail of an OX eaten as food. oil. served on a salad salad dressing noun a sauce that adds flavour to salads. and served cold salad cream noun BRITISH a yellow sauce similar to MAYONNAISE . salad noun food that has been cut into small pieces and mixed together. FETA cheese. fish. SPICES VINEGAR . often in soup Scotch broth noun BRITISH a thick soup made from vegetables. and CUCUMBERS . meat. OLIVES . and HERBS or slaw noun AMERICAN COLESLAW . lemon juice. vegetables etc with water or milk cream of something a soup containing cream Salads and Salad Dressings Caesar salad noun a salad made with COS LETTUCE . tomatoes.

that you use to add flavour to soups.vinaigrette noun a sauce for salads and cold vegetables. Spices and Condiments allspice noun a powder made from the fruit of a tropical tree that is added to food to give it extra flavour aniseed noun the seed of a plant called anise . cayenne pepper noun a red powder made from a type of pepper that has a strong flavour. CHILLIES . and SPICES Waldorf salad noun a salad that contains nuts. sauces etc when you are cooking caraway noun the seeds of a plant used on or in food such as bread or cakes cardamom noun the seeds of a plant used for giving a particular flavour to food. bay leaf noun a leaf from a BAY TREE that is often used in cooking to add flavour black pepper noun pepper produced from dried crushed pepper seeds and their hard black cover borage noun a plant with rough leaves used for giving a fresh flavour to food. Basil is a herb . VINEGAR . used for adding flavour to food and drink basil noun a plant whose sweet leaves are used in salads and cooking. used for adding a hot flavour to food. It is added to food to make it taste SPICY . especially in dishes containing tomato. Cardamom is a spice . made from oil. Chilli powder is chives noun . chili the American spelling of chilli chilli noun CHILLI POWDER chilli powder noun a red powder made from a type of spice . and CELERY all mixed with MAYONNAISE Herbs. bouquet garni noun a mixture of HERBS in a small bag. Borage is a herb . small pieces of apple.

used for making curry dill noun a type of HERB plant used for giving food a special flavour garam masala noun a mixture of SPICES that make food taste hot. especially sweet food.a plant with long thin leaves that taste like onion and are used for flavouring food cilantro noun AMERICAN CORIANDER cinnamon noun a brown powder or small stick made from the BARK of a tree and used for giving a special taste to food. used for adding flavour to food. The American word is cilantro . pepper. often used in Indian cooking ginger noun a thick light brown root with a strong flavour that is used as a spice in cooking haldi noun INDIAN ENGLISH TURMERIC used in Indian cooking lemon grass noun a plant similar to thick grass that is used in cooking to give a lemon flavour. clove noun a brown dried flower BUD used as a SPICE for adding flavour to food clove noun a small section of the BULB of a GARLIC plant used for adding flavour to food cocoa noun a brown powder made from cocoa beans that is used for making chocolate or chocolate-flavoured foods and drinks condiment noun something such as salt. cumin noun seeds used for adding a special flavour to food. Cinnamon is a spice . . or the plant that produces them. or a sauce that you put on food at the table to make it taste better FORMAL coriander noun BRITISH a plant whose leaves and seeds are used to give flavour to food. curry powder noun a mixture of SPICES in the form of a powder. Cumin is a type of spice . Mace is a spice . especially in Southeast Asian meals mace noun the crushed shell of NUTMEG . marjoram noun a plant whose leaves are used in cooking Marjoram is a herb .

nutmeg noun a brown powder used as a tropical tree .menthol noun a substance that smells and tastes like MINT mint noun a small plant with green leaves that have a strong smell. pepper noun a black or white powder that adds strong flavour to food. Oregano is a herb . SPICE to give flavour to food It comes from the hard seed of a oregano noun a plant whose leaves are used in cooking for giving a special flavour to food. parsley noun a small plant with curly leaves. Salt is dug from the ground. used for adding flavour to food. Parsley is a herb . mustard noun a yellow substance with a hot taste made from the seeds of a plant Mustard is eaten. pepper. It is made from crushed dried fruits called peppercorns . used as a cooking HERB in saffron noun an orange-yellow substance used for adding flavour and colour to food sage noun a plant used to flavour food. paprika noun a red powder used in cooking for adding a slightly hot flavour to food. used for decorating food or for giving it a fresh flavour. or produced from sea water sassafras noun the roots of this tree used in food and drinks sea salt noun large pieces of salt that are produced when sea water EVAPORATES becomes steam seasoning noun salt. salt noun a white substance that is often added to food before or after cooking to improve its flavour. Paprika is a spice . especially with meat. Mint is a herb . rock salt noun pieces of salt used in cooking rosemary noun a bush with narrow leaves that have a strong pleasant smell and taste. or other SPICES that you add to food to improve the taste . Sage is a herb . in small amounts .

wrap in a leaf from the betel plant. and CHEW brazil nut noun a large curved nut that has a hard shell with three sides cashew noun a curved nut eaten as a food chestnut noun a large smooth red-brown nut that you can eat cob noun BRITISH a COBNUT . thyme noun a small plant with very small leaves used for adding flavour to food. for example cakes and the bean of a tropical plant ICE CREAM . Tarragon is a herb . Thyme is a herb . turmeric noun a yellow powder used when cooking for adding flavour and colour to food. vanilla noun a flavour used in some sweet foods. especially CURRY Turmeric is a spice . that comes from white pepper noun pepper in the form of a white powder Edible Nuts almond noun a flat white nut with a brown skin that is often used in cooking betel nut noun the nut of a PALM TREE from Southeast Asia that people cut into pieces.seed noun a seed that you eat or use to give flavour to food sodium chloride noun CHEMISTRY salt sorrel noun a plant with bitter leaves that people use for giving a fresh flavour to food spearmint noun a flavour from the leaves of a plant used in sweets and in TOOTHPASTE spice noun a substance made from plants and added to food to give it a particular flavour tarragon noun the leaves of a small plant that are added to food to give it a special flavour.

cobnut noun a type of HAZELNUT coconut noun a large nut that has white flesh and a hard brown shell covered with fibres like rough hair groundnut noun a PEANUT hazelnut noun a nut from a hazel tree macadamia noun a white nut that grows on a tropical tree monkey nut noun BRITISH INFORMAL a PEANUT before it has had its shell removed peanut noun a type of nut that grows under the ground inside a thin shell and that can be eaten pecan noun a sweet nut with a thin smooth shell. bean noun a dried bean that you and COCOA GRIND make into a powder and use to make drinks such as coffee bean curd noun . for example kidney beans . soya beans . and green beans . Lentils and Peas aduki bean noun a small dark red bean adzuki bean noun an ADUKI BEAN bean noun a seed of various plants that is cooked and eaten There are many different types of beans. pine nut noun the small white seed of some types of PINE that is sometimes used in cooking pistachio noun a small green nut from a Mediterranean or Asian tree walnut noun a nut you can eat that has a round shell KNOBBLY surface covered in small round lumps inside a hard Beans. It grows on a pecan tree .

. and soap coffee noun the crushed beans that you use to make coffee coffee bean noun a brown seed that is ROASTED and crushed to make coffee fava bean noun French bean noun BRITISH a long thin green bean that is eaten whole AMERICAN a BROAD BEAN green bean noun a long thin green vegetable that grows on a tall climbing plant haricot noun a small white bean that you usually buy in dried form and cook in water kidney bean noun a red bean eaten as a vegetable legume noun BIOLOGY a seed such as a PEA or bean that grows in a POD lentil noun a round flat seed that you boil before you eat it. lima bean noun a flat pale green bean that is grown in North and South America mangetout noun BRITISH a small flat green vegetable with very small seeds inside. It is a type of pea and you can eat its skin.a soft white food made from SOYA BEANS bean sprouts noun the young stems growing from the seeds of a bean plant that are eaten as food black-eyed bean noun BRITISH a small bean with a black spot broad bean noun BRITISH a large flat bean with a pale green skin butter bean noun a large pale yellow bean that you sometimes buy in a dried form and then cook in water chickpea noun a round yellow-brown seed that can be cooked and eaten cocoa bean noun the seed of the CACAO tree that is crushed to make cocoa cocoa butter noun a type of fat made from cocoa beans and used in making chocolate. You normally buy lentils in dried form. COSMETICS .

especially in northern England pea noun a very small round green vegetable that grows in a long narrow POD pinto bean noun a small bean with brown spots that you can cook and eat pulses noun seeds that you can cook and eat. and PEAS runner bean noun a long green bean that grows on a tall climbing plant and is cooked and eaten snow pea noun AMERICAN a MANGETOUT soy noun a SOYA BEAN soya bean noun the seed of a plant. LENTILS . eaten as a vegetable. used for making food and oil soybean noun AMERICAN a a dried SOYA BEAN split pea noun PEA that has been divided in half sprouts noun AMERICAN BEAN SPROUTS string bean noun BRITISH a RUNNER BEAN string bean noun AMERICAN a GREEN BEAN Rice.mung bean noun a small round green bean. for example beans. Wheat and Grain Products all-purpose flour noun AMERICAN PLAIN FLOUR arrowroot noun a substance similar to flour that is used in cooking for making liquids thicker basmati noun a type of rice with long grains and a flavour that is not very strong . usually used for producing a bean sprout mushy peas noun BRITISH PEAS that are boiled until they are very soft.

eaten with milk cornflour noun BRITISH white flour made from MAIZE . used in cooking to make liquids thicker cornmeal noun a type of flour made from MAIZE cornstarch noun AMERICAN CORNFLOUR couscous noun crushed wheat that is used in a North African meal with meat and vegetables flour noun a white or brown powder made by crushing grains. pasta etc grain noun the seeds from crops such as wheat. cakes. or CORN . barley etc which are crushed to make flour corn noun the seeds of a corn plant that are cooked as food or fed to animals cornflakes noun a breakfast food made of small flat dried pieces of MAIZE . used especially in Turkish cooking cereal noun a food made from grain.bran noun the outside of the grain of a CEREAL such as wheat or OATS brown rice noun rice that has not had the outer layer of the seed removed buckwheat noun a type of grain that is eaten or fed to animals bulgur noun a type of wheat that has been partly boiled and then dried. often eaten by poor people in the past hominy noun AMERICAN a food made from dried and crushed SWEETCORN . mainly eaten with milk for corn noun the seeds of wheat. especially in the southern US gruel noun a food made by boiling crushed grain in water or milk. rice. or BARLEY that are used for food grits noun AMERICAN a food made from MAIZE a type of grain that has been crushed and boiled in water. Flour is used for making bread. often eaten for breakfast. breakfast OATS . for example wheat.

used in cooking for making liquids thick or mixed with milk to make a DESSERT . eaten with meat or vegetables popcorn noun a food made from dried grains of maize that swell when they are heated rice noun a food consisting of small white or brown grains that are eaten cooked rice paper noun a type of very thin paper that you can eat. polenta noun a soft Italian food made from MAIZE . or a piece of maize oatmeal noun crushed OATS a type of grain . often cooked and eaten with dried beans by black South Africans self-raising flour noun BRITISH a type of flour that contains bake them BAKING POWDER to make bread and cakes RISE when you self-rising flour noun AMERICAN SELF-RAISING FLOUR semolina noun small pieces of crushed wheat that are used for making pasta sweetcorn noun BRITISH the small yellow seeds of some types of a vegetable MAIZE plant that are cooked and eaten as tapioca noun a food in the form of small white grains. used in baking rolled oats noun BRITISH OATS a type of grain that have had their outer layer removed and have then been crushed samp noun SOUTH AFRICAN maize crushed into fairly large pieces. used in cooking oats noun a type of grain that people and animals eat pearl barley noun grains of the BARLEY plant that are eaten as food plain flour noun BRITISH a type of flour that does not contain any substances that will make cakes or BISCUITS rise. used as food for people or animals mealie noun SOUTH AFRICAN MAIZE .meal noun crushed grain. The American word is all-purpose flour .

and biriani noun an Indian meal made from rice and meat. seeds. often eaten with rice . or vegetables mixed with SPICES biryani another spelling of biriani Bombay mix noun an Indian food that is a mixture of nuts. fish. and small pieces of dried foods curry noun an Indian food consisting of meat or vegetables cooked in a sauce with a hot flavour. or food made from them wheatgerm noun the centre part of the wheat grain that people sometimes add to food to make it especially healthy wheatmeal noun BRITISH wheat flour that is a mixture of WHITE FLOUR and WHOLEMEAL flour white adjective white flour is made from grain that has had the outer part removed. usually served in a metal pan bhaji noun an Indian food made from vegetables covered in water and cooked in hot oil BATTER a mixture of flour. eggs.wheat noun wheat grains. including the outer part wholemeal adjective BRITISH wholemeal bread. White bread is bread made with white flour. flour. wholegrain adjective wholegrain food contains all the wheat grain. pasta etc contains all the wheat grain including the outer part wholewheat adjective WHOLEMEAL Food from around the world Indian Food aloo noun INDIAN ENGLISH an Indian food that consists of cooked potato balti noun BRITISH a meal cooked in a Pakistani style.

pakora noun an Indian food made from pieces of meat or vegetables that have been covered in a mixture of flour and egg and cooked in hot oil pilaf noun a Middle Eastern or Indian food consisting mainly of rice mixed with meat or vegetables pilau noun PILAF pilau rice noun flavoured and often coloured rice eaten with Indian food samosa noun an Indian food made with cooked meat or vegetables wrapped in thin in oil PASTRY and cooked tandoori noun an Indian method of cooking in which you use a clay container tandoori noun an Indian meal cooked in a clay container thali noun INDIAN ENGLISH a meal at an Indian restaurant. fish. fried and served in a sugar SYRUP flavoured with roses khichri noun INDIAN ENGLISH a food that consists of rice cooked with onions and SPICES korma noun an Indian food consisting of meat.dal another spelling of dhal dhal noun an Indian food made from cooked LENTILS gulab jamun noun INDIAN ENGLISH a sweet Indian food made from a flour and water mixture. or vegetables in a sauce made with cream or YOGHURT madras noun a type of flavour CURRY an Indian food that consists of meat and vegetables and has a strong hot masala noun a mixture of SPICES used in South Asian food masala noun a sauce made with this mixture of SPICES and cream paan noun INDIAN ENGLISH a food made from a BETEL leaf folded round pieces of betel nut and that you CHEW like a sweet or to give you energy SPICES . consisting of several small dishes .

and SPICES . often eaten with Mexican food nachos noun a type of Mexican food that consists of pieces of beans and cheese on top TORTILLA thin flat bread heated with refried beans noun a food from Mexico that consists of cooked beans that are FRIED with SPICES salsa noun a sauce made from tomatoes. tomatoes.tikka noun an Indian meal that consists of pieces of meat or vegetables cooked in SPICES vindaloo noun a very SPICY Indian CURRY Mexican Food burrito noun a type of Mexican food made with a TORTILLA a piece of flat thin bread that is folded over and filled with meat or beans and cheese chilli noun a Mexican meal made from beans. or meat cooked and then rolled up inside a TORTILLA guacamole noun a sauce made from crushed AVOCADO . beans etc tamale noun a Mexican meal made by rolling cooked meat and peppers in the outer covering of MAIZE . wrapping it in tortilla chips noun small pieces of MAIZE tortilla cooked in oil European and Mediterranean Food . onions. served with Mexican or taco noun a Mexican food consisting of a flat piece of and cooked until it is hard PASTRY that is folded around meat. chillies. all cooked together enchilada noun a Mexican food consisting of a piece of flat bread rolled up and filled with meat and cheese fajitas noun a Mexican meal that consists of thin pieces of chicken. and usually meat. and then cooking it CORNMEAL . onions. Spanish food CHILLI peppers. vegetables.

chocolate. ravioli . eaten with meat or vegetables . There are many different forms of pasta. or hot oil in a container. and lasagne . meat etc on it plat du jour noun a meal that is not included in a restaurant’s usual menu and that is different each day polenta noun a soft Italian food made from MAIZE . cheese. cheese. for example spaghetti . and cheese paella noun a Spanish meal made from rice cooked with vegetables.antipasto noun cold food that you eat at the start of an Italian meal coq au vin noun a French meal made from chicken cooked with red wine fondue noun a meal that consists of hot liquid cheese. AUBERGINES . into which you put small pieces of food using a long fork fricassee noun a meal that consists of pieces of meat cooked in a thick white sauce goulash noun a Hungarian STEW thick soup made from meat and vegetables and hot red pepper houmous another spelling of hummus hummus noun a soft food from Greece and the Middle East that is made from with bread CHICKPEAS and eaten cold humus an American spelling of hummus lasagne noun an Italian meal made with layers of flat pasta with a sauce. and sometimes eggs. chicken. vegetables. and meat or vegetables minestrone noun a type of Italian soup made from vegetables and small pieces of pasta moussaka noun a Greek dish made from layers of meat. pepperoni noun a type of Italian SAUSAGE that is used in foods such as PIZZA pizza noun a food that consists of flat round bread with tomato. SHELLFISH etc pasta noun an Italian food made from flour and water.

sushi noun a Japanese food that consists of small cakes of cold rice with fish. and GARLIC together Chinese and Japanese Food Chinese noun chop suey noun a Chinese meal consisting of meat cut into long thin pieces with vegetables Chinese food chow mein noun a Chinese meal consisting of NOODLES long thin pieces of pasta cooked in oil with small pieces of meat and vegetables dim sum noun a CHINESE meal consisting of a variety of foods miso noun a soft Japanese food made from SOYA BEANS . Ragout is a type of stew . onions. AUBERGINES . peppers. egg. or vegetables on top or inside tempura noun a type of Japanese food consisting of pieces of vegetables or fish cooked in BATTER wasabi noun a sauce with a very strong taste that is eaten with Japanese food .ragout noun a meal consisting of meat and vegetables cooked in a sauce. CUCUMBER . used in VEGETARIAN cooking sashimi noun a Japanese meal consisting of raw fish. usually served with a sauce spring roll noun a Chinese food consisting of a small roll of cooked in hot oil and eaten hot or cold PASTRY filled with meat or fish and vegetables. and COURGETTES sauerkraut noun a German food made from CABBAGE that has been cut into very thin pieces and kept in water with salt to give it a sour flavour tapas noun small amounts of Spanish food served before a meal or with alcoholic drinks at a bar taramasalata noun a soft pink Greek food made from ROE fish eggs tzatziki noun a Greek food made by mixing YOGHURT . together in a pan GARLIC . ratatouille noun a meal made by cooking tomatoes.

Middle Eastern Food doner kebab noun BRITISH a Middle Eastern meal that consists of flat pieces of cooked BREAD with salad LAMB . and SPICES made into balls and cooked felafel another spelling of falafel hummus noun a soft food from Greece and the Middle East that is made from with bread CHICKPEAS and eaten cold pilaf noun pilau noun PILAF a Middle Eastern or Indian food consisting mainly of rice mixed with meat or vegetables pitta bread noun a type of flat bread that is eaten especially with Middle Eastern food Drinks General Words for Drinks drink noun an amount of liquid that someone drinks beverage noun FORMAL a drink drink noun a particular kind of liquid for drinking drop noun INFORMAL a small amount of a drink potion noun a drink that is believed to be magic. served in a PITTA falafel noun a Middle Eastern food made from in oil CHICKPEAS . poisonous. onion. or useful as a medicine nectar noun a drink that tastes very good .

refreshments noun FORMAL something to eat or drink during an event such as a meeting or party drink noun drinks in general infusion noun a drink. medicine. given secretly to someone to make them unconscious VERY INFORMAL dop noun SOUTH AFRICAN INFORMAL a small drink Types and Amounts of Alcoholic Drinks alcohol noun drinks such as wine and beer that can make people drunk alcohol noun the substance in drinks such as wine and beer that makes you drunk alcopop noun BRITISH a drink that contains alcohol but tastes like a SOFT DRINK such as LEMONADE aperitif noun an alcoholic drink that is drunk before a meal bevvy noun BRITISH INFORMAL an alcoholic drink booze noun INFORMAL alcoholic drink . or beauty treatment made by putting something such as leaves or HERBS in hot water pick-me-up noun INFORMAL something such as a drink that makes you feel more lively cup noun the drink contained in a cup fizz noun the small gas BUBBLES that are in some drinks round noun a drink for each of the people in a group philtre noun LITERARY a special drink that is intended to have a magic effect mickey noun VERY INFORMAL a MICKEY FINN Mickey Finn noun a drink with a drug in it.

chaser noun a weak alcoholic drink that you drink immediately after a strong alcoholic drink. or a strong alcoholic drink that you drink immediately after a weak one cocktail noun a drink. especially an alcoholic drink liquid refreshment noun HUMOROUS drinks. especially alcoholic drinks liquor noun FORMAL alcoholic drinks liquor noun MAINLY AMERICAN strong alcoholic drinks mamba noun SOUTH AFRICAN INFORMAL an alcoholic drink made at home measure noun a standard amount of alcohol served in a bar. restaurant etc miniature noun . pronoun BRITISH MAINLY SPOKEN half a PINT of a drink. usually with a lot of alcohol in it. especially WHISKY drink noun an alcoholic drink dumpie noun SOUTH AFRICAN a small bottle of beer firewater noun INFORMAL any strong alcoholic drink frappé noun a sweet alcoholic drink served with a lot of small pieces of ice half adjective. especially drink that is made illegally libation noun HUMOROUS a drink. number. adverb. noun. especially beer hooch noun INFORMAL strong alcoholic drink. especially wine and fruit juice double noun an amount of a strong alcoholic drink that is twice the usual amount dram noun SCOTTISH a small amount of an alcoholic drink. predeterminer. made by mixing different drinks together cup noun an alcoholic drink made from a mixture of two or more drinks.

especially alcoholic SPIRITS stubby noun AUSTRALIAN a small wide bottle of beer sundowner noun INFORMAL an alcoholic drink that people have in the evening tincture noun BRITISH HUMOROUS an alcoholic drink tipple noun . pronoun INFORMAL a glass of alcoholic drink pint noun BRITISH INFORMAL a pint of beer punch noun a sweet drink made with fruit juice and usually alcohol rotgut noun INFORMAL an alcoholic drink that is cheap and not of good quality short noun BRITISH a strong alcoholic drink served in small amounts shot noun a small amount of a strong alcoholic drink slammer noun an alcoholic drink consisting of TEQUILA and after BANGING the glass on the table LEMONADE that you traditionally drink quickly slug noun INFORMAL an amount of a strong alcoholic drink that you drink quickly snifter noun BRITISH INFORMAL OLD-FASHIONED a small amount of an alcoholic drink spirit noun a strong alcoholic drink such as WHISKY or BRANDY strong drink noun alcoholic drinks. especially a spirit moonshine noun MAINLY AMERICAN INFORMAL a strong alcoholic drink that is produced and sold illegally nightcap noun an alcoholic drink that you have just before you go to bed nip noun a small amount of a strong alcoholic drink one determiner.a very small bottle of alcoholic drink. number.

INFORMAL an alcoholic drink that you drink regularly tot noun a small amount of a strong alcoholic drink tube noun AUSTRALIAN INFORMAL a can of drink. or for asking a customer if that is what they want SPOKEN a quick one BRITISH INFORMAL an alcoholic drink that you drink quickly one for the road SPOKEN the hair of the dog (that bit you) HUMOROUS an alcoholic drink that you have quickly before you leave a place an alcoholic drink that makes you feel better when you drank too much alcohol the night before the hard stuff INFORMAL strong alcoholic drinks Non-Alcoholic Drinks americano noun a cup of coffee made by pouring a little ESPRESSO strong Italian coffee on top of hot water angostura noun a bitter substance used to flavour alcoholic drinks barley water noun a drink made from lemons or oranges and BARLEY beef tea noun a hot drink made from beef that people used to drink in the past when they were ill bitter lemon noun BRITISH a type of drink FIZZY drink with gas in it that has a lemon flavour. or a glass of this bitters noun a bitter liquid made from plants or roots that is added to alcoholic drinks to give flavour brew noun BRITISH INFORMAL an amount of tea brewed at one time and served in a pot . especially beer tumbler noun the amount of drink that a tumbler can contain unit noun BRITISH used for measuring the amount of alcohol that people drink the usual noun used in a bar for ordering the same alcoholic drink that you usually have.

or a cup of this drink coffee noun a hot.buttermilk noun the liquid that remains when fat is removed from cream in order to make butter. and sugar. Coffee served without milk is called black coffee. slightly bitter drink made by pouring hot water over brown powder consisting of COFFEE BEANS that have been GROUND crushed into very small pieces . used in cooking or as a drink cappuccino noun strong coffee made with hot milk and often with CINNAMON or chocolate powder on top chai noun sweet flavoured tea of the type often sold in cafés chai noun INDIAN ENGLISH tea that you drink chocolate noun a drink made by pouring hot water or milk over a sweet chocolate powder. cocoa. or a glass of this drink cordial noun BRITISH a sweet fruit-flavoured drink that you mix with water cream soda noun a sweet drink with BUBBLES of gas in it that tastes of VANILLA cuppa noun BRITISH INFORMAL a cup of tea or coffee cyder a British spelling of cider decaf noun . or a glass of this drink club soda noun MAINLY AMERICAN SODA WATER club soda noun MAINLY AMERICAN a glass of club soda cocoa noun a hot chocolate-flavoured drink made from milk. or a cup of this drink cider noun AMERICAN a drink made from apples. or a glass of this drink cola noun a sweet brown FIZZY drink with gas in it . and coffee with milk is white coffee coffee noun a cup of coffee Coke noun TRADEMARK a type of sweet brown FIZZY drink with gas in it .

or a hot drink made with this powder drinking water noun water that is safe to drink dry ginger noun a drink that tastes of GINGER and is often mixed with alcoholic drinks espresso noun a small cup of very strong coffee.INFORMAL decaffeinated coffee. made with fermented ginger ginger beer noun a glass or bottle of ginger beer green tea noun a type of tea that is a pale green colour and comes mainly from China or Japan grenadine noun a sweet thick red liquid that is used in drinks and is made from POMEGRANATES Horlicks TRADEMARK to relax a hot drink made with milk that people drink before going to bed to help them hot chocolate noun a drink made by mixing hot milk or water with chocolate powder hot chocolate noun a cup of hot chocolate ice-cream soda noun a cold sweet drink made from ICE CREAM . a sweet flavoured liquid. or a cup of this drink drinking chocolate noun BRITISH a sweet brown powder that tastes like chocolate. and SODA WATER iced coffee noun . with a stronger flavour. or this type of coffee expresso noun an ESPRESSO float noun AMERICAN a SOFT DRINK with ice cream floating in it frappé noun a cold thick drink made with milk and flavoured with fruit ginger ale noun a sweet drink with a ginger flavour ginger ale noun a glass or bottle of ginger ale ginger beer noun a drink similar to ginger ale.

and sometimes lemon or sugar. or a cup of this drink . clear. or a glass of this drink Irish coffee noun a glass of Irish coffee lassi noun INDIAN ENGLISH a drink made from DAHI or YOGURT thick sour milk mixed with water latte noun a drink made by mixing ESPRESSO strong coffee with hot milk with lots of BUBBLES of air in it lemonade noun BRITISH a sweet. sugar. this drink FIZZY drink with gas in it that tastes slightly of lemon. or a glass of this drink iced tea noun a drink made from tea with ice.a drink made from coffee mixed with ice and milk. and usually glass of this drink ICE CREAM . or a glass of lemonade noun a drink made from lemons. or a mineral noun BRITISH FORMAL a cold drink that does not contain alcohol mineral water noun water containing MINERALS that comes from under the ground and that you can buy in bottles and drink mineral water noun a glass or bottle of mineral water mixer noun a drink without alcohol that you mix with an alcoholic drink mocha noun a type of coffee mocha noun a drink made by mixing coffee and chocolate together. and water. or a glass of this drink lime noun BRITISH a sweet drink made from limes or tasting of limes limeade noun a sweet green drink made from limes or tasting of limes macchiato noun a cup of ESPRESSO with a little hot FROTHY milk added to it malt noun AMERICAN a MILKSHAKE with malt added to it milkshake noun a sweet drink made by mixing milk with chocolate or fruit.

sugar. or a glass of this drink pop noun INFORMAL a sweet drink containing many BUBBLES rooibos noun root beer noun MAINLY SOUTH AFRICAN tea made from the leaves of a plant called good for your health AMERICAN a sweet FIZZY ROOIBOS . and water. or a glass of this drink orange squash noun BRITISH a drink made by adding water to a thick liquid made from oranges and sugar. and ICE CREAM smoothy another spelling of smoothie soda noun SODA WATER soda noun AMERICAN a sweet FIZZY drink soda pop noun MAINLY AMERICAN a sweet FIZZY drink soda water noun water with gas in it that you add to an alcoholic drink such as whisky soft drink noun a cold drink that does not contain any alcohol sports drink noun a type of drink that is not alcoholic that people drink to give them energy . or a glass of this drink orangeade noun a sweet FIZZY drink with gas in it made from oranges. which is thought to be drink that is not alcoholic. or a glass of this drink sarsaparilla noun a sweet drink made from the roots of the SASSAFRAS plant shake noun a MILKSHAKE slush noun a children’s drink made by mixing a sweet liquid with crushed ice smoothie noun a drink made from fruit. milk or cream.OJ noun AMERICAN INFORMAL orange juice orange noun a drink made from or with oranges.

and water tea noun a hot brown drink made by pouring boiling water onto the dried leaves of the tea bush The leaves are called tea leaves and can be bought in small paper bags called tea bags that are put into a cup or teapot tea noun a cup of this drink tea noun a cup of tea tea noun a hot drink made by pouring boiling water onto the dried leaves. often mixed with a strong alcoholic drink. or a glass of this drink Turkish coffee noun very strong coffee served without milk and usually with sugar Spirits and Other Miscellaneous Alcoholic Drinks absinthe noun a very strong green alcoholic drink with a bitter taste chartreuse noun a green or yellow alcoholic drink. often drunk after a meal cider noun BRITISH an alcoholic drink made from apples. fruit. or a glass cyder a British spelling of cider gin noun a strong clear alcoholic drink made from grain and small fruits called add flavour JUNIPER BERRIES to gin noun a glass of gin kirsch noun a strong alcoholic drink made from CHERRIES . especially HERBS tonic noun a type of FIZZY water with gas in it with a bitter taste. or flowers of other plants. sugar. or a glass of this drink cordial noun AMERICAN a sweet thick alcoholic drink crème de menthe noun a sweet green of this drink LIQUEUR an alcoholic drink drunk after a meal with a MINT flavour.squash noun BRITISH a sweet drink made from fruit juice.

or a glass of this drink perry noun an alcoholic drink made from PEARS rum noun a strong alcoholic drink made from SUGAR CANE rum noun a glass of this drink sake noun an alcoholic drink from Japan made from rice schnapps noun a strong alcoholic drink from Germany. or a glass of this drink Beer and Lager ale noun a type of dark-coloured beer without BUBBLES ale noun a glass of ale . clear or yellow alcoholic drink from Mexico tequila noun a glass of tequila vodka noun a strong clear alcoholic drink from Russia or Poland. or a glass of this drink scrumpy noun BRITISH strong CIDER an alcoholic drink made from apples slivovitz noun a strong alcoholic drink made from PLUMS in eastern Europe sloe gin noun a strong alcoholic drink made by adding sloes and sugar to GIN tequila noun a strong.liqueur noun a sweet strong alcoholic drink that you have at the end of a meal maraschino noun a sweet alcoholic drink made from black CHERRIES mead noun a sweet alcoholic drink made from HONEY mother’s ruin noun BRITISH HUMOROUS the alcoholic drink GIN ouzo noun a strong alcoholic drink from Greece with an ANISEED flavour.

or a glass or bottle of this guest beer noun a type of beer that a bar or beers PUB sells for a short period of time. or a glass of this beer mild noun BRITISH a type of dark beer that does not have a strong flavour pale ale noun a type of light-coloured beer pale ale noun a glass of pale ale .amber fluid noun AUSTRALIAN INFORMAL beer beer noun a yellow or brown alcoholic drink made from MALT grain that has been left in water and then dried and HOPS a type of plant . or a drink of beer brown ale noun BRITISH a dark beer with a sweet taste. or a glass of this beer light ale noun a type of beer that is light in colour and does not contain much alcohol. in addition to its usual Guinness TRADEMARK a type of strong dark beer originally made in Ireland heavy noun SCOTTISH a type of strong beer home brew noun beer that people make at home jar noun BRITISH INFORMAL a glass of beer. or a glass of this beer brew noun a type of beer brew noun beer. usually one that is drunk in a PUB keg noun beer served from kegs lager noun a type of light-coloured beer. You make or brew beer beer noun a glass or bottle of this drink bitter noun a type of dark beer that tastes bitter.

made in California champagne noun a type of French SPARKLING wine that people often drink to celebrate special occasions champers noun BRITISH INFORMAL OLD-FASHIONED CHAMPAGNE Chardonnay noun a type of white wine. or the type of GRAPE used to make it Chianti noun a red wine from Tuscany in Italy claret noun a type of red wine.real ale noun BRITISH a type of beer made by traditional methods and without adding any artificial chemicals or gas shandy noun an alcoholic drink made by mixing beer and LEMONADE shandy noun a glass of this drink stout noun a type of dark beer tinnie noun AUSTRALIAN INFORMAL a can of beer Wines and Fortified Wines Bordeaux noun red or white wine from the Bordeaux region of southwest France brandy noun a strong alcoholic drink made from wine brandy noun a glass of this drink bubbly noun INFORMAL CHAMPAGNE burgundy noun a type of wine from Burgundy in France Chablis noun a type of white wine from central France Chablis noun a type of white wine similar to French Chablis. especially from the Bordeaux region of France .

cognac noun
a type of
BRANDY

made in France, or a glass of this brandy

dessert wine noun
a sweet wine that you drink with a
DESSERT

fortified wine noun
an alcoholic drink made by adding a small amount of wine. Sherry and port are fortified wines.
BRANDY

or other alcoholic drink to

hock noun
a type of white wine from Germany

Madeira noun
a type of strong wine that contains
BRANDY

merlot noun
a type of red wine

mulled wine noun
a hot alcoholic drink made of wine mixed with sugar and winter festivals such as Christmas
SPICES

, traditionally drunk at

plonk noun
INFORMAL

cheap wine of low quality

port noun
a strong sweet wine that people sometimes drink at the end of a meal

red noun
red wine

retsina noun
a Greek wine that tastes of
RESIN

rosé noun
a type of wine that is pink

sherry noun
a strong wine from southern Spain, often drunk before a meal

sherry noun
a glass of sherry

table wine noun
an ordinary wine that is not very expensive and that is drunk with meals

vermouth noun
a type of strong white wine that is often mixed with other alcoholic drinks

vino noun
INFORMAL

wine

vintage adjective

vintage wine is excellent in quality and was made several years ago

white adjective
white wine is a yellowish colour. Wine that is a dark purplish colour is called red wine .

white noun
INFORMAL

white wine

wine noun
an alcoholic drink made from grapes. Wine that is dark purple is called red wine , light yellow wine is called white wine , and pink wine is rosé wine

wine noun
a type of wine

wine noun wine noun
a glass of wine a similar alcoholic drink made from any fruit or plant

house wine red white
the least expensive wine in a restaurant, which appears on the wine list without its usual name

Whiskey
bourbon noun
a type of
WHISKY

made in the US, or a glass of this drink

malt noun
MALT WHISKY

malt whisky noun
an expensive type of WHISKY made in Scotland from whisky is often simply called malt .
MALT

, or a glass of this drink. Malt

poteen noun
a type of
WHISKY

from Ireland that is made illegally to avoid paying taxes

rye noun
MAINLY

AMERICAN whiskey made from rye grain

Scotch noun
WHISKY

that is produced in Scotland

Scotch noun
a glass of this drink

whiskey noun
a strong alcoholic drink produced in Ireland and the US, made from grain such as or RYE
BARLEY

whiskey noun
a glass of whiskey

whisky noun
a strong alcoholic drink produced in Scotland, made from
BARLEY

whisky noun
a glass of whisky

Cocktails and Mixed Alcoholic Drinks
Bloody Mary noun
an alcoholic drink made by mixing
VODKA

and tomato juice

Buck’s Fizz noun daiquiri noun eggnog noun
a drink made from eggs mixed with milk, sugar, and alcohol BRITISH an alcoholic drink made from an alcoholic drink made by mixing
CHAMPAGNE

and orange juice

RUM

,

LIME

juice, and sugar

grog noun
an alcoholic drink made with
RUM

, water, sugar, and lemon juice, often served hot

highball noun
AMERICAN an alcoholic drink made by mixing served in a tall glass
MAINLY WHISKY

with water or

SODA

, usually

hot toddy noun
an alcoholic drink made of
WHISKY

with hot water and sugar

ice noun
pieces of ice used for making drinks cold

ice cube noun
a small piece of ice that you put in a drink to make it cold

Irish coffee noun
a hot drink made with coffee, Irish
WHISKEY

, and cream

margarita noun
an alcoholic drink made from is a cocktail .
TEQUILA

and fruit juice, or a glass of this drink. A margarita

martini noun
a strong alcoholic drink made with
GIN

and

VERMOUTH

martini noun
a glass of this drink

mimosa noun
AMERICAN
BUCK’S FIZZ

mint julep noun
MAINLY

AMERICAN an alcoholic drink made from

WHISKY

, sugar, ice, and

MINT

leaves

especially COCKTAILS toddy noun a HOT TODDY wine cooler noun AMERICAN an alcoholic drink made by mixing wine. and fruit juice screwdriver noun an alcoholic drink made from VODKA and orange juice snakebite noun snakebite noun spritzer noun a drink made from white wine and SPARKLING a glass of this drink BRITISH an alcoholic drink that is half LAGER and half CIDER water water with gas in it swizzle stick noun a small plastic stick used for mixing drinks. and FIZZY water Words Used to Describe Drinks alcoholic adjective containing alcohol black adjective tea or coffee that is black has no milk in it carbonated adjective a carbonated drink has small BUBBLES of air in it corked adjective corked wine tastes unpleasant because the has allowed bacteria into the wine CORK in the bottle has been damaged and decaffeinated adjective decaffeinated coffee or tea has had the awake removed CAFFEINE a chemical substance that keeps you drinkable adjective safe to drink dry adjective dry alcoholic drinks are not sweet . fruit.pina colada noun an alcoholic drink made by mixing RUM with PINEAPPLE juice and COCONUT pink gin noun a drink made with a mixture of GIN and a special bitter FLAVOURING that is pink sangria noun a sweet alcoholic drink from Spain that is made with red wine. fruit juice.

This word is sometimes spelt lite on food labels long adjective a long drink is one that is served in a tall glass medium dry adjective medium dry wine or SHERRY is slightly sweet neat adjective a neat alcoholic drink is served without any ice and is not mixed with any other liquid non-alcoholic adjective a non-alcoholic drink does not contain alcohol sparkling adjective sparkling drinks are full of BUBBLES stiff adjective a stiff drink contains a lot of alcohol still adjective without gas BUBBLES straight adjective an alcoholic drink that is straight is not mixed with anything else . BUBBLES .effervescent adjective producing a lot of small BUBBLES of air or gas fizzy adjective BRITISH a fizzy drink is a sweet drink without alcohol that has American word for this is soft drink . for example because you have done a lot of physical exercise light adjective food or drink that is light has less fat or alcohol than other similar food or drink. The usual flat adjective a flat drink has lost its BUBBLES of gas. beer etc has a strong pleasant taste iced adjective an iced drink is very cold and contains pieces of ice intoxicating adjective FORMAL capable of making you drunk isotonic adjective an isotonic drink or other liquid replaces substances that your body needs but has lost. so that it does not taste good frappé adjective cold and with a lot of ice full-bodied adjective a full-bodied wine.

or if you are brewing it.tall adjective a tall drink is served in a tall glass or container and often consists of an alcoholic drink mixed with a lot of a drink that is not alcoholic undrinkable adjective not safe to drink. or used for storing. or tasting too bad to drink vintage adjective vintage wine is excellent in quality and was made several years ago watered-down adjective a watered-down drink has been made weaker with water weak adjective a weak liquid contains a lot of water and not much of a substance that gives it taste or strength white adjective BRITISH white tea or coffee has milk in it on the rocks if an alcoholic drink is served on the rocks. it is made in a container in which hot water passes through coffee powder tea noun the dried cut leaves of the tea bush. used for making tea tea bag noun . or if you percolate it. it is served with ice straight up MAINLY AMERICAN INFORMAL without ice Preparing Tea and Coffee Drinks brew up INFORMAL to make a drink of tea brew verb BRITISH INFORMAL to make a drink of tea or coffee brew verb if tea or coffee is brewing. making. you have made it and left it to develop a stronger flavour coffee noun flavoured with coffee. or drinking coffee grounds noun extremely small pieces of crushed coffee beans. especially after they have been used for making a drink of coffee percolate verb if coffee percolates.

Storing and Serving Drinks brew verb to make beer brewer noun a company that makes beer brewer noun someone whose job is to make beer brewery noun a company that makes beer brewery noun a place where beer is made draught adjective draught beer is served directly from a BARREL rather than in bottles or cans freshen verb if you freshen someone’s drink. you give them more to drink head noun the white BUBBLES on the top of a glass of beer mash noun a mixture of MALT and hot water used for making beer or WHISKY microbrewery noun BUSINESS a small independent company that produces small quantities of special beers pour out to put some drink into a glass or cup from another container stir verb to mix a drink by moving it around with a spoon or a stick tied adjective BRITISH a tied house or PUB is a pub that can only sell beer produced by one company top up to add more liquid to someone’s glass or cup in order to make it full . cut into small pieces. and used for making tea percolation noun put the kettle on to boil water.a small paper bag with tea leaves inside that you put boiling water over to make tea tea leaf noun a leaf from the tea plant that is dried. especially for making tea Brewing.

you open it a short time before you drink it so that the flavour improves decant verb to pour wine out of one container and into another so that the SEDIMENT is left behind distil verb to use this process to make an alcoholic drink such as WHISKY distiller noun a company that makes strong alcoholic drinks such as WHISKY distillery noun a place where strong alcoholic drinks such as WHISKY are made lees noun the thick substance that forms at the bottom of a bottle of wine still noun a piece of equipment used for making strong alcohol to drink tartar noun a red-brown substance that forms inside containers used for storing wine tread verb if someone treads grapes. or the year that it was produced viticulture noun FORMAL the activity or science of growing GRAPES for making wine winery noun MAINLY AMERICAN a place where wine is made . especially food or drink SPOKEN Relating to Wines and Spirits age verb if wine ages or you age it.water verb HUMOROUS to give someone a drink water verb to give water to an animal on draught beer that is on draught is served directly from a BARREL rather than in bottles or cans say when used for telling someone to tell you when you have given them enough of something. they crush them with their feet in order to make wine vintage noun all of the wine produced in a particular year. its taste improves because it is kept for some time breathe verb if you let wine breathe.

often a meal that you invite friends to INFORMAL a BARBECUE BBQ abbreviation barbecue a bite noun a small meal.MEALS Types of Meal banquet noun a formal meal prepared for a large number of people on an important occasion barbecue noun barbie noun AUSTRALIAN a meal at which meat and other food is cooked and eaten outside. especially one that you eat in a hurry box lunch noun AMERICAN a cold meal. usually consisting of cold foods continental breakfast noun . that is given to someone to eat later. followed by a heavy fruit PUDDING called Christmas pudding collation noun OFTEN HUMOROUS a simple meal. especially at a CONFERENCE or meeting braai noun SOUTH AFRICAN a meal at which meat and other food are cooked on a fire outside breakfast noun the first meal you have in the morning breakfast noun a meal consisting of the things people often have for breakfast. such as sandwiches and fruit. for example eggs or BACON breakfast noun used about things you eat for breakfast or use at breakfast time brunch noun a meal that combines breakfast and lunch and is usually served in the late morning buffet noun a meal at which all the food is put on a table and people go and choose what they want carryout noun MAINLY AMERICAN a TAKEAWAY meal or restaurant Christmas dinner noun a traditional meal eaten at Christmas. in the UK often consisting of TURKEY a large bird with vegetables.

especially a formal lunch for a lot of people meal noun an occasion when you eat. between breakfast and lunch English breakfast noun in the UK. usually including eggs. and a late evening meal is sometimes called supper dinner noun a special meal that you have to celebrate a particular occasion dinner noun a formal evening meal arranged by an organization as a social event for a particular purpose elevenses noun BRITISH INFORMAL OLD-FASHIONED something small to eat and drink in the middle of the morning. a large breakfast that includes eggs and from a pig TOURISM BACON thin pieces of meat feast noun a large meal feast noun a large meal for a lot of people. TOAST . A more usual word for a midday meal is lunch . An early evening meal is sometimes called tea . or DINNER .TOURISM a breakfast consisting of bread and butter. eaten in the evening or at midday. and sometimes PASTRIES or CROISSANTS cooked breakfast noun BRITISH a breakfast of cooked food that is traditional in the UK. and tea or coffee cookout noun AMERICAN an informal meal eaten outside with food usually cooked over a fire or on a BARBECUE cream tea noun BRITISH a small meal eaten in the afternoon consisting of tea with SCONES . especially breakfast. coffee or tea. lunch. and cream dinner noun the main meal of the day. BACON . JAM . usually in order to celebrate something high tea noun BRITISH OLD-FASHIONED a small meal served in the late afternoon liquid lunch noun HUMOROUS a lunch in which you drink a lot of alcohol but do not eat very much lunch noun a meal that you eat in the middle of the day luncheon noun FORMAL lunch.

usually an informal meal that you eat at home supper noun BRITISH a very small informal meal that you eat before going to bed takeaway noun BRITISH a meal that you buy in a restaurant or shop and take home to eat.nosh-up noun BRITISH INFORMAL a big meal packed lunch noun BRITISH food that you take with you in a box or bag to work. so that you only have to heat it before eating it school dinner noun BRITISH a meal that a school provides for students in the middle of the day smorgasbord noun a meal of cold food that is put on a table so that people can take what they want snack noun a small amount of food that you eat between meals spread noun INFORMAL a large meal with a lot of different dishes to choose from supper noun the last main meal of the day. The American word is takeout takeout noun MAINLY AMERICAN a TAKEAWAY tea noun BRITISH a meal eaten in the evening tea noun INFORMAL a small meal consisting of sandwiches etc that is eaten in the afternoon with tea tiffin noun INDIAN ENGLISH a small meal that you eat in the middle of the day TV dinner noun a READY MEAL wedding breakfast noun a special meal to which the guests are invited after a wedding stir-fry noun . school etc to eat for lunch picnic noun a meal eaten outside. especially in the countryside ready meal noun BRITISH a meal that you buy already cooked.

covered with BREADCRUMBS . covered with a couscous noun a meal made with meat. and cooked in oil cutlet noun a food made from pieces of vegetables or nuts pressed together into a long flat shape and cooked in oil dish noun food prepared and cooked in a particular way dumpling noun a small solid lump of cooked food made from flour and water. or vegetables pressed into a circular or tube shape. sometimes eaten with meat or added to soup egg noun a chicken’s egg used as food fish and chips noun a meal consisting of fish and long thin pieces of potato.a square meal INFORMAL a large meal that makes you feel satisfied Prepared Dishes bake noun bubble and squeak noun a mixture of different foods baked together in one dish BRITISH a food made from cold cooked potatoes and cooked in a large pan CABBAGE mixed together and then casserole noun food prepared in a casserole dish chilli con carne noun CHILLI made with meat cottage pie noun BRITISH a meal made from small pieces of cooked meat. both cooked in very hot oil flapjack noun AMERICAN a PANCAKE fritter noun a food made by covering a piece of food in BATTER and cooking it in hot fat . especially layer of cooked potato and baked in an oven BEEF . vegetables. meat. and couscous crepe noun a light thin PANCAKE croquette noun a food made from a mixture of pieces of fish.

BACON . and milk patty noun AMERICAN a flat round food made by pressing small pieces of meat. rice. SHELLFISH . bread. eggs.fry-up noun BRITISH INFORMAL a meal of FRIED food. especially consisting of eggs. baked in one piece mixed grill noun BRITISH a meal that consists of different meats and vegetables. seeds. from the southern US . mixed with grain. cooked under a GRILL muesli noun a food consisting of nuts. a meal made from small pieces of meat and potato cooked together hash noun hotpot noun a meal that consists of meat and vegetables cooked slowly in the same container in the oven jambalaya noun a food made from rice. and pushed into a bag to be cooked. and chicken Jambalaya was originally a Cajun food. The bag is traditionally made from a sheep’s stomach. and eggs. kebab noun BRITISH a food consisting of small pieces of meat and vegetables cooked on a stick kedgeree noun a meal made from fish. and SAUSAGES granola noun MAINLY AMERICAN MUESLI haggis noun a Scottish food made from the inner organs of a sheep that are cut up. eaten at breakfast omelette noun a flat round food made by mixing eggs together and cooking them pancake noun BRITISH a thin round flat food made by cooking a mixture of flour. and dried fruit. usually eaten with milk for breakfast mush noun AMERICAN a thick food made by boiling MAIZE FLOUR with water or milk. and eggs macaroni cheese noun BRITISH a meal consisting of macaroni in a cheese sauce masala noun a dish of this food meat loaf noun a type of food made from a mixture of small pieces of meat. fish etc together and cooking them MAINLY . grains.

meat. often eaten at breakfast a meal consisting of a large piece of meat cooked in a container with a small amount of water. usually served with potatoes and vegetables prawn cocktail noun BRITISH cooked prawns that are served cold with a light sauce. often before the main dish of a meal pudding noun BRITISH a meal made of soft PASTRY cooked in a bowl with meat rarebit noun WELSH RAREBIT risotto noun a food made from rice mixed with meat. usually served in a PUB porridge noun pot roast noun BRITISH a hot food made from OATMEAL and milk or water.pie noun a mixture of vegetables. or egg between two pieces of bread sanger noun AUSTRALIAN INFORMAL a SANDWICH 1 sarnie noun BRITISH SPOKEN a SANDWICH 1 satay noun an Indonesian or Malaysian meal that consists of meat or fish that is cooked on long thin sticks over a fire and usually served with PEANUT sauce and rice sauté noun a meal made from food cooked quickly in a small amount of butter or oil schnitzel noun a piece of meat that is covered in oil BREADCRUMBS very small pieces of bread and cooked in Scotch egg noun BRITISH a boiled egg covered with small pieces of bread and meat and cooked in oil scrambled eggs noun eggs that are cooked with their white and yellow parts mixed together shepherd’s pie noun a meal made from small pieces of cooked lamb covered with a layer of and baked in an oven MASHED potato . or fish that is cooked with a layer of food such as potato on top ploughman’s lunch noun BRITISH a meal consisting of bread. fish. or vegetables sandwich noun a light meal that you make by putting a layer of food such as meat. and PICKLE . cheese. cheese.

and usually meat or fish. and eggs mixed together. especially to a particular meal afters noun BRITISH INFORMAL the last part of a meal antipasto noun cold food that you eat at the start of an Italian meal aperitif noun an alcoholic drink that is drunk before a meal appetiser a British spelling of appetizer . mixed with raw egg stew noun a dish made by cooking vegetables. baked in an oven. and usually served with roast BEEF Parts of Meals accompaniment noun something that you provide as a good addition. It is often simply called a kebab . slowly in liquid terrine noun a cold food made by cutting cooked meat. flour.shish kebab noun a meal consisting of small pieces of cooked meat on a stick. milk. shrimp cocktail noun a PRAWN COCKTAIL soufflé noun a food that you make with eggs and bake into a high round shape spaghetti noun a meal consisting of spaghetti and a sauce Spanish omelette noun a flat round food made of eggs mixed with vegetables. fish etc into very small pieces and mixing it with vegetables and HERBS toad-in-the-hole noun a British food made from SAUSAGES cooked in a mixture of eggs. usually cooked potatoes steak tartare noun a food made from and onions STEAK that is MINCED cut very small and eaten raw. and milk Welsh rarebit noun a meal of cheese sauce poured over bread and cooked Yorkshire pudding noun a British dish that consists of flour.

appetizer noun a food that you eat before the main part of a meal cheeseboard noun a number of different cheeses served in a restaurant as part of a meal course noun one of the parts of a meal crudités noun raw vegetables cut into pieces and served before a meal with a thick cold sauce called a dip dessert noun sweet food that you eat after the main part of a meal entrée noun the main part of a meal. especially at a restaurant fixings noun AMERICAN extra things such as vegetables or sauce that are added to a dish of food helping noun an amount of food that is served to one person at a meal hors d’oeuvre noun a food served in small amounts before the main COURSE of a meal leftovers noun the food that remains at the end of a meal after you have finished eating main course noun the biggest part of a meal portion noun the amount of food that one person eats at a meal pud noun BRITISH INFORMAL PUDDING 1 pudding noun BRITISH the last part of a meal when you eat sweet food side dish noun an amount of food served at the same time as the separate plate MAIN COURSE of a meal but on a side order noun an amount of food that a restaurant serves you at the same time as the meal but on a separate plate MAIN COURSE of a starter noun a small amount of food eaten at the start of a meal sweet noun .

a sweet food that you eat at the end of a meal trimmings noun extra parts added to a meal to make it traditional or more interesting General Words for Meals or Food food noun the things that people or animals eat meal noun the food that you serve or eat at one time cooking noun food cooked in a particular way nutrition noun food considered as something that keeps you healthy nourishment noun food or the substances in food that are necessary for life. a restaurant. or a region is well known for and that you cannot always get in other places food noun a particular type of food dish noun the food contained in a dish sitting noun a period of time during which a meal is served speciality noun used about something that is a speciality concoction noun an unusual drink or meal that is made by mixing things in a new way victuals noun an old word meaning ‘food’ ambrosia noun . especially in a restaurant or café speciality noun a food or drink that a person. and health sustenance noun FORMAL food and drink groceries noun food and other goods for the home that you buy regularly fare noun FORMAL the type of food that is available. growth.

usually at a social event special noun something produced for a particular time or day.food that tastes very good platter noun a meal with a particular type of food. for example a type of food in a restaurant or a programme on television viands noun an old word meaning ‘food’ chow noun INFORMAL food foodstuff noun FORMAL a type of food tucker noun AUSTRALIAN OLD-FASHIONED food grub noun VERY INFORMAL food nosh noun BRITISH INFORMAL food repast noun VERY FORMAL a meal provender noun HUMOROUS food nosh noun BRITISH INFORMAL a meal plate noun AMERICAN a PLATTER served in a restaurant specialty noun AMERICAN a SPECIALITY feed noun INFORMAL OLD-FASHIONED a meal Words Used to Describe Meals . served on a large plate in a restaurant tiffin noun INDIAN ENGLISH HUMOROUS a meal eats noun INFORMAL food or meals.

cheap. Apples grow on apple trees . apple noun a hard round fruit that is white inside and has a smooth green. The middle part of the apple containing the seeds is called the core . drink etc is one that you have in order to celebrate a special event frugal adjective a frugal meal is simple. in the open air celebratory adjective a celebratory meal. yellow.alfresco adjective an alfresco meal is eaten outside. which is called peel when it has been removed. and not very big hearty adjective a hearty meal is large heavy adjective a heavy meal is a little too large and you seem to feel it in your stomach for a long time after you have eaten it light adjective a light meal is small and easy to eat satisfying adjective a satisfying meal is one that makes you feel that you have eaten well and have eaten enough set adjective a set meal in a restaurant or hotel offers a limited choice of different foods for a fixed price sit-down adjective a sit-down dinner. meal etc is served to people who are sitting down slap-up adjective BRITISH INFORMAL a slap-up meal is large and very good substantial adjective making you feel full and satisfied untouched adjective a meal that is untouched has not been eaten on the side a food served on the side is an additional food served with the main meal FRUIT Fruits ackee noun a red fruit from West Africa and the Caribbean that is eaten as a vegetable and grows on an ackee tree It is poisonous until it is RIPE has grown to its full size and is ready to eat . . or red skin.

A cantaloupe is a type of melon . cherry noun a small round red or black fruit cherry tomato noun a type of very small tomato citron noun a fruit similar to a large lemon clementine noun a fruit similar to a small orange . a very large seed in the middle.apricot noun a soft fruit with an orange-yellow skin and a large hard seed inside avocado noun a fruit with green or black skin. banana noun a long curved fruit with a yellow skin beef tomato noun BRITISH a type of large firm tomato bilberry noun a small fruit with a dark-blue skin that grows in northern Europe blackberry noun a small soft dark fruit that grows on a bush called a blackberry bush or bramble blackcurrant noun a small soft dark fruit that grows especially in Europe on a bush called a blackcurrant bush blood orange noun a type of orange with red flesh and juice blueberry noun a small dark-blue fruit that grows on a bush and is very common in North America bramble noun a BLACKBERRY breadfruit noun a large round fruit that looks like bread after you have cooked it calabash noun a large tropical fruit whose thick hard skin is dried and used as a container or drum cantaloupe noun a large round fruit with a thick grey-green skin and sweet orange flesh. and pale green flesh that does not taste sweet It is usually eaten raw in salads .

often used for making wine grapefruit noun a fruit like a large orange that is yellow on the outside. and grows on a currant bush damson noun a soft round fruit with purple skin. golden raisin noun AMERICAN a SULTANA gooseberry noun a small green fruit with a sour taste that grows on a bush and can be cooked to make sweet foods gourd noun a type of fruit with a hard thick skin. Some gourds can be cooked and eaten. hip noun a ROSE HIP . guava noun a large tropical fruit with green or yellow skin. like a small PLUM date noun a sweet brown sticky fruit with a hard narrow seed inside that grows on PALM trees eating apple noun an apple that you eat raw. grape noun a small green or purple fruit that grows in BUNCHES on a VINE . and has sour juice greengage noun a soft fruit that has a green skin and a large hard seed inside. It grows on a tree and is a type of plum . It grows on a fig tree . not a cooking apple elderberry noun a small round black fruit that grows on an elder tree fig noun a soft fruit with purple or green skin and a lot of small seeds inside. It is pink inside.coconut noun the white flesh of a coconut cooking apple noun a type of large green apple that tastes very sour and is used in cooking crab apple noun a very small sour apple cranberry noun a small sour red fruit that grows on a bush currant noun a small round fruit that may be red. yellow or red inside. or white. black.

green. Lemons are citrus fruits lime noun a fruit with a hard green skin and sour juice that grows on a lime tree litchi another spelling of lychee loganberry noun a small soft purple fruit that looks like a large RASPBERRY lychee noun a small round white fruit from China mandarin noun a MANDARIN ORANGE mandarin orange noun a fruit similar to a small orange. small black seeds. and a brown skin kumquat noun a fruit like a very small orange lemon noun fruit with a hard yellow skin and sour juice. but with looser skin mango noun a soft sweet tropical fruit with a red or green skin that is yellow inside and has a large hard seed in the middle maraschino noun a MARASCHINO CHERRY maraschino cherry noun a bright red CHERRY stored in maraschino and used as a decoration for drinks or cakes melon noun a large round fruit that has a hard green or yellow skin and soft orange. or white flesh inside mulberry noun .honeydew melon noun a MELON type of large round fruit with yellow skin and sweet white or green flesh huckleberry noun a small purple fruit that grows on bushes in North America jackfruit noun a piece of fruit from the jackfruit tree kiwi noun a KIWI FRUIT kiwi fruit noun a fruit with green flesh. It grows on a lemon tree .

passion fruit noun a sweet juicy fruit with purple skin and lots of seeds inside pawpaw noun a PAPAYA peach noun a fruit with a furry yellowish-pink skin that is yellow inside and has a large hard seed. persimmon noun a soft sweet fruit that looks like a large orange-coloured tomato and grows on a persimmon tree pineapple noun a large fruit that is yellow and points on it JUICY inside and has a thick yellow-brown skin with sharp plantain noun a type of foods BANANA long yellow fruit used as a vegetable in cooking Caribbean and African plum noun a small round fruit with purple. It grows on a plum tree . pear noun a fruit that is smaller towards the stem end. It grows on trees in hot countries. It grows on an orange tree . orange noun a round fruit that has a hard orange-coloured skin called peel . It grows on a pear tree . plum tomato noun a tomato shaped like an egg pomegranate noun a round fruit that has a hard skin and many thick seeds inside prickly pear noun . is white inside. and has yellow.a small purple or white fruit that grows on the mulberry tree navel orange noun a type of orange that has no seeds nectarine noun a fruit with smooth thin skin and a large seed. It grows on an olive tree . papaya noun a fruit with green and yellow skin that has soft. A place where there are a lot of olive trees is called an olive grove . or brown skin. sweet orange flesh and small black seeds inside. It is a type of peach . and that divides into parts called segments . red. or yellow skin and a large hard seed inside. green. It grows on a peach tree . olive noun a small black or green fruit that grows in Mediterranean countries and is eaten as food or used for its oil.

a plant that grows in the desert, with a fruit that is covered with sharp needles, or the fruit of this plant

quince noun
a hard round fruit that looks like a yellow apple and can be eaten only when it is cooked. It is usually used for making jelly .

raspberry noun
a small soft red fruit that grows on a bush

redcurrant noun
a very small soft red fruit

rhubarb noun
a plant with long red or pink stems that people cook and eat as a fruit

rose hip noun
a small red fruit that grows on a rose bush

russet noun
a type of apple with russet coloured skin

satsuma noun
a fruit similar to a small orange but with a loose skin and without seeds

sloe noun
a small sour fruit with a purple skin. It grows on a bush called a
BLACKTHORN

.

starfruit noun
a tropical fruit with soft yellow skin that is the shape of a star when you cut it in half

strawberry noun
a small soft red fruit with a lot of very small seeds on its skin

tamarind noun
a small soft fruit with sticky brown skin

tangerine noun
a fruit similar to a small orange but with loose skin that is more easily removed

tomato noun
a round red fruit eaten as a vegetable raw in salads or cooked

tsamma noun
SOUTH AFRICAN a
WATERMELON

that grows in some parts of South Africa

watermelon noun
a large round fruit that has a hard green skin outside and is red with small black seeds inside

Parts of Fruit and Substances in Fruit
bruising noun
marks on a piece of fruit that has been damaged

core noun
the central part of a fruit such as an apple, containing the seeds or
PIPS

dextrose noun
BIOLOGY

a type of sugar that is found in fruit

flesh noun
the soft part of a fruit or vegetable that is under the skin

hull noun
the part of a soft fruit such as a eat
STRAWBERRY

including the

STALK

and leaves, that you do not

juice noun
the liquid that comes out of fruit or vegetables when you squeeze them and is often used as a drink

nectar noun
a thick juice that comes from some fruits

pectin noun
a substance contained in some fruit, used for making
JAM

thicker

peel noun
the skin of a fruit or vegetable

peelings noun
pieces of skin that have been removed from a fruit or vegetable

pip noun
BRITISH a small seed in a piece of fruit

pit noun
AMERICAN a
STONE

in a piece of fruit

pith noun
the white substance under the skin of oranges and similar fruits

pulp noun
the inside of a fruit or vegetable

rind noun
the outer skin of a fruit such as a lemon or orange

seed noun
AMERICAN a
PIP

from a fruit

segment noun
a part of a fruit such as an orange or a
GRAPEFRUIT

that can easily be separated into parts

skin noun
the outer layer of a fruit or vegetable

stalk noun
a long thin part of a plant with a flower, fruit, or leaf at the end

stone noun

BRITISH a large hard seed inside a piece of fruit

zest noun
the skin of an orange, lemon, or
LIME

when it is used in cooking

Types of Fruit
berry noun
a small fruit that does not have a
STONE

inside it

bunch noun
a group of
BANANAS

,

GRAPES

etc that grow together

citrus noun
relating to fruits such as oranges or lemons, or to the trees that produce them

citrus fruit noun
a fruit such as a lemon or orange

dried fruit noun
fruit that has had the water removed from it, for examples
RAISINS

or

CURRANTS

drupe noun
BIOLOGY PLUMS

a fruit with a STONE surrounded by a soft thick part covered with skin. and CHERRIES are all drupes.

PEACHES

,

fruit noun
a type of food that grows on trees or plants. It tastes sweet and contains seeds or a STONE . Apples and oranges are fruit. Ripe fruit is ready to eat

soft fruit noun
a small fruit that has a soft skin and no stone, for example a
BLACKCURRANT

or a

STRAWBERRY

windfall noun
an apple or other fruit that has fallen from a tree

Words Used to Describe Fruit and Vegetables
candied adjective
candied fruit has been boiled in sugar to preserve it

fleshy adjective
a fleshy plant, fruit, vegetable etc is soft and thick

fruit noun
made from fruit, or relating to fruit

glacé adjective
glacé fruit is covered with a sugar mixture and looks smooth and shiny

green adjective
not yet ready to be eaten

that is crushed to make pepper prune noun a dried PLUM a type of fruit . dry. at this time of year seedless adjective not containing any seeds stoned adjective stoned fruit has had its seed removed sun-dried adjective sun-dried fruit and vegetables have been put in the sun to dry in order to preserve them and give them a strong flavour unripe adjective unripe fruit is hard and not yet ready to eat waxy adjective BRITISH a waxy potato stays firm when it is boiled out of season not grown at the normal time or under normal conditions in season fruit and vegetables that are in season are growing now and are available in large amounts Dried Fruit currant noun a small dark dried fruit often used in cakes nut noun a dry fruit that grows inside a hard shell on some types of tree and bush. especially one that is black. Many kinds of nut can be eaten peppercorn noun a small dried fruit.mealy adjective mealy fruit or vegetables are soft and feel rough. and unpleasant in your mouth overripe adjective overripe fruit is too soft and does not taste very good pitted adjective a pitted fruit has had the seed taken out of it ripe adjective ripe fruit or crops have grown to their full size and are ready to eat or use seasonal adjective used about fruit and vegetables that are available now.

or if you burn it. outside on a barbecue or over a fire baste verb to cover meat with hot fat or its own juices while it cooks boil down to become smaller in quantity after cooking because some of the liquid has turned to gas. then add a small amount of liquid and cook them slowly in a container with a lid on broil verb AMERICAN to GRILL or BARBECUE food brown verb to cook something until it turns brown. it gets spoiled by being cooked for too long or at too high a temperature charbroil verb MAINLY AMERICAN to cook food by putting it over a fire made of charcoal chargrill verb . especially meat. or to make something do this boil verb to cook food in water that is boiling boil verb to be cooked in water that is boiling braai verb SOUTH AFRICAN to cook meat and other food on a fire outside braise verb to cook meat or vegetables quickly in oil.raisin noun a dried GRAPE sultana noun a dried white GRAPE . or to become brown in this way burn verb if food burns. used especially in baking cakes COOKING PREPARING AND PRESERVING FOOD Cook Food or Be Cooked bake verb to cook food in an oven bake verb food that is baking is being cooked in an oven barbecue verb to cook food.

especially butter. it is heated so that it is ready to eat crisp verb to become crisp.to cook food such as meat or fish very quickly over strong heat clarify verb to make a liquid. until every part of it is very hot microwave verb to cook food in a microwave nuke verb INFORMAL to heat or cook something in a MICROWAVE oven overcook verb to spoil food by cooking it for too long overdo verb to cook something for too long parboil verb to boil food until it is only partly cooked poach verb to cook an egg without its shell in water that is boiling gently . clear and pure. by using heat coddle verb to cook an egg with hot water that does not boil cook verb to prepare food and heat it so that it is ready to eat cook verb when food cooks. or to cook something until it becomes crisp curry verb to cook something such as meat or vegetables in a sauce with a hot flavour fry verb to cook food in hot oil or fat fry verb to be cooked in hot oil or fat griddle verb to cook something on a griddle grill verb to cook something over a fire on a flat frame of metal bars grill verb BRITISH to cook something by putting it close to strong heat above or below it heat through to heat food that has already been cooked.

or mixture stands. smell. or to cook something in this way stand verb if a food. or juice of a food from getting out sear verb to heat the surface of a piece of meat for a short time at a very high temperature to keep the juices inside simmer verb to cook slowly at a temperature near boiling. or another liquid that is boiling gently pop verb if you pop corn. milk. or if it pops.poach verb to cook something in water. you heat dried grains of corn until they burst pot verb to cook and store food in a SEALED container in order to preserve it put on to start cooking something reduce verb to make a sauce thicker and increase its flavour by boiling it reheat verb to make food or a drink hot again render verb to heat solid fat to make it liquid. or to boil bones and pieces of meat to produce fat that can be used for cooking roast verb to cook meat or vegetables in an oven or over a fire roast verb to heat nuts or coffee BEANS until they are dry rustle up INFORMAL to quickly produce something such as a meal using whatever is available sauté verb to cook something quickly in a small amount of butter or oil scald verb to heat milk until it is almost boiling scramble verb to mix together the white and yellow parts of an egg and cook it seal in to prevent the flavour. nothing is done to it so that its flavours can develop and become stronger steam verb to cook food with steam . drink.

often in order to make it easier to remove the skin blend verb to mix different foods or other substances together bone verb to remove the bones from meat or fish before cooking it butcher verb to kill an animal and cut it up so that it can be eaten butchery noun the work of cutting up animals to be sold as meat . nuts. cakes etc using an oven beat verb to mix foods such as eggs. cream.stew verb to cook slowly in liquid stir-fry verb to cook food quickly by moving it around in hot oil sweat verb BRITISH to cook meat or vegetables slowly in their own juices sweeten verb to make something taste sweeter by adding sugar or a sweet flavour to it toast verb to make bread into toast toast verb to cook food by putting it close to heat until it turns brown whip up INFORMAL to prepare something to eat very quickly zap verb INFORMAL to cook something in a MICROWAVE precook verb be slaving away over a hot stove HUMOROUS to be cooking Prepare Food for Cooking or Eating bake verb to make bread. This tool or machine can be called a beater . or vegetables into boiling water for a short time. or butter well using a fork or a special tool or machine. blanch verb to put fruit.

or if it chills. or other food into cubes deseed verb to remove the seeds from a fruit or vegetable dice verb to cut food into small square pieces dish up to put food into dishes so that it is ready to be eaten dish out to serve food do verb to prepare a particular kind of food doctor verb to add a substance to food or drink. especially a harmful substance dredge verb to shake something such as sugar or flour over something dress verb to add flavour to a salad by putting a mixture of liquids such as oil and lemon juice on it. or fish before cooking it core verb to take the centre out of a piece of fruit such as an apple cube verb to cut cheese. The mixture is called a dressing . dress verb drizzle verb to prepare something such as a chicken or out the parts that you cannot eat CRAB a sea animal by cleaning it and taking to pour a small amount of liquid over food that you are preparing . it becomes cold enough to be ready to eat or drink chip verb BRITISH to cut potatoes into long thin pieces so that you can cook them in hot oil churn verb to mix milk or cream in a special container in order to make butter clean verb to remove the inside parts of an animal. bread.butter verb to spread butter on something carve verb to cut a large piece of cooked meat into thin pieces before serving it chill verb if you chill food or drink. bird.

you put them into hot water in order to make a drink. or beauty treatment joint verb juice verb to cut meat into large pieces to make juice from a fruit or vegetable . or if they infuse. or if you flake it.enrich verb to make food taste better by adding something fillet verb to prepare fish or meat for cooking by removing the bones fix verb MAINLY AMERICAN to prepare food or drink flake verb if food such as fish flakes. vegetables. medicine. chocolate etc against a pieces GRATER in order to cut them into small grease verb to rub a small amount of oil or fat on the inside of a container before cooking food in it in the oven gut verb to remove the organs from inside a fish before you cook it hull verb to remove the hull from a seed or grain or from a soft fruit ice verb to cover a cake with ICING infuse verb if you infuse something such as leaves or HERBS . it breaks easily into small flat pieces flavour verb to add something to food or drink that changes its taste or gives it a particular taste fold in to use a spoon or knife to add something slowly and gently to a mixture fortify verb to add a substance to food or drink to make it stronger or healthier frost verb MAINLY AMERICAN to put ICING on a cake garnish verb to add something to a dish of food to make it look more attractive get verb to prepare a meal grate verb to rub cheese.

or to become soft in this way marinade verb to MARINATE food marinate verb to put meat. you force it through a special tube pit verb AMERICAN to STONE a piece of fruit pluck verb to pull the feathers off the body of a dead bird so that it can be cooked pod verb to remove PEAS or beans from a pod poison verb to put poison into food or drink because you want to kill someone or make them ill preheat verb to heat an oven to a particular temperature before putting food into it to be cooked prepare verb . or vegetables in a marinade mash verb to crush something. fish. especially food mill verb to crush a substance such as PEPPERCORNS or COFFEE BEANS mince verb to cut meat into very small pieces using a machine pare verb to remove the skin from a fruit or vegetable using a knife peel verb to remove the skin from a fruit or vegetable pepper verb to put pepper on food pipe verb if you pipe cream or onto the food ICING onto food as a decoration. especially solid food such as fruit or vegetables.ladle verb to serve something with a ladle lard verb to put small pieces of fat or BACON on meat before cooking it liquidize verb to crush something. into a liquid macerate verb FORMAL to make food soft by leaving it in a liquid.

pepper. using your fingers salt verb to add salt to food scale verb to remove scales from fish scrape verb BRITISH to remove the skin of a vegetable or fruit with a tool season verb to add salt. or vegetable spice up to add spices to food in order to give it a stronger taste spread verb to cover a surface with a thin layer of a soft food stir verb to move food around in a dish or pan using a spoon or other object stone verb to remove the stone from inside a fruit stuff verb to fill meat or vegetables with small pieces of another type of food . for example by cleaning or cutting it press verb to squeeze fruit or vegetables in order to get juice or oil out of them reconstitute verb to add a liquid to dried food so that you can eat it rub in to mix something such as butter or fat into another substance such as flour. or other foods shred verb to cut or tear food into long thin pieces shuck verb AMERICAN to remove the shell or outer part of something such as a nut or vegetable sift verb to pour a dry substance through a sieve to remove the large pieces skin verb to remove the skin from an animal.to make food ready to be cooked or eaten. PEAS . fruit. or other SPICES to food seed verb to remove the seeds from a plant or fruit shell verb to remove the outer part that covers nuts.

or if you thaw it.sugar verb to add sugar to something. and egg and then cooked . or to cover something with sugar tenderise a British spelling of tenderize tenderize verb to make meat soft by hitting it or putting it in a liquid containing oil thaw verb if frozen food thaws. it becomes softer and ready to cook toss verb to mix food with a liquid so that it becomes covered in the liquid truss verb to tie the legs and wings of a chicken or other bird to its body before cooking it warm through to heat food until it is warm in all parts water down to add water to a drink or liquid in order to make it less strong whip verb to mix a food very quickly in order to put air into it whisk verb to mix something very quickly using a whisk whizz verb INFORMAL to mix food together using a piece of electrical equipment maceration noun purée verb dinner tea etc is up SPOKEN used for saying that food or drink is ready top and tail BRITISH to prepare a vegetable for eating or cooking by cutting the ends off it Cooked or Prepared al dente adjective cooked until slightly firm but not soft au naturel adverb served without being cooked or with nothing added battered adjective covered in a mixture of milk. flour.

especially for use in cooking hard-boiled adjective a hard-boiled egg has been cooked in boiling water until it is solid inside hot adjective cooked and served hot jointed adjective BRITISH a jointed chicken has been cut into pieces so that it can be eaten easily lightly adverb cooked for a short time oven-ready adjective . so that something cooks slowly ground adjective crushed.breaded adjective covered with breadcrumbs and ready to be cooked cold adjective used about food that has been cooked but is not eaten hot cook-chill adjective BRITISH cook-chill meals are cooked and then kept cold before being sold cooked adjective cooked food has been heated and is ready to eat curried adjective cooked in a sauce with a hot flavour deep-fried adjective cooked in a lot of hot oil devilled adjective devilled food has a strong hot flavour done adjective cooked long enough to be eaten dry-roasted adjective cooked in an oven without any oil flambé adjective served covered with a burning alcoholic drink such as BRANDY fried adjective cooked in hot oil frosted adjective MAINLY AMERICAN covered with ICING gentle adjective gentle heat is low.

so that the yellow part is still soft or liquid stewed adjective stewed fruit or meat has been cooked slowly in a liquid sunny-side up adjective an egg that is sunny-side up is cooked on one side only in hot oil. and not turned over uncooked adjective raw. so that you only have to heat it in the oven before you eat it overdone adjective cooked for too long over-easy adjective AMERICAN eggs that are over-easy have been cooked in oil on one side. fish. or other food has a special flavour because it has been kept in a special room full of smoke soft-boiled adjective a soft-boiled egg is cooked for a short time.oven-ready food is already prepared. then a little on the other side piping hot adjective food or drink that is piping hot is very hot precooked adjective precooked food has been cooked or partly cooked so that it can be heated and eaten at a later time rare adjective rare meat has been cooked for only a short time and is red inside roast adjective cooked in an oven or over a fire scalloped adjective baked in a cream sauce smoked adjective smoked meat. or not yet cooked underdone adjective underdone food has not been cooked for long enough well-done adjective well-done meat is meat that has been completely cooked charbroiled adjective chargrilled adjective sauté adjective cooked warmed heated through thoroughly cooked warmed heated .

or other foods by drying them. you can preserve it in this way freeze verb to preserve food or drink by making it extremely cold in a FREEZER homogenize verb to process milk so that the cream will not separate and rise to the top irradiate verb SCIENCE longer to treat food with RADIATION in order to kill bacteria and make the food stay fresh irradiation noun the process of treating food with food stay fresh longer SCIENCE RADIATION in order to kill bacteria and make the pack verb pickle verb pot verb to cook and store food in a SEALED to cover food with a substance inside a container so that it does not decay to preserve food in VINEGAR or salt water container in order to preserve it preserve verb CHEMISTRY to prevent food or wood from decaying by adding a chemical substance to it .done cooked to a turn cooked for exactly the right amount of time Preserve Food bottle verb to put fruit or vegetables into special glass containers so they can be kept for a long time can verb to preserve food in metal containers by storing it without air cure verb to preserve meat. fish. or by using smoke or salt dehydrate verb to remove the water from food as a way of preserving it dehydration noun CHEMISTRY the process of removing water from food as a way of preserving it dry verb to remove the water from food or plants as a way of preserving them flash-freeze verb to freeze food very quickly in order to preserve its fresh taste freeze verb if food freezes.

used in plastic wrap noun AMERICAN CLINGFILM polythene noun BRITISH a strong light plastic used especially to wrap food in and keep it fresh silver foil noun BRITISH very thin sheets of and for wrapping food ALUMINIUM a metal that looks like silver that is used in cooking silver paper noun BRITISH SILVER FOIL tinfoil noun a substance that looks like shiny silver paper. used for wrapping and covering food . for example to keep it fresh for a long time quick-freeze verb to freeze food very quickly before it stops being fresh refrigerate verb to keep food or drinks cold by putting them in a refrigerator smoke verb to preserve and give flavour to fish or other food by hanging it in smoke pasteurization noun pasteurize verb Things Used for Keeping Food Fresh aluminium foil noun a very thin light sheet of shiny metal that you can wrap food in to keep it fresh best-before date noun BRITISH a date printed on a food container to show how long the food remains fresh cellophane noun a very thin clear material used for wrapping things clingfilm noun BRITISH a transparent plastic substance used for wrapping around food to keep it fresh foil noun very light thin sheets of metal used for wrapping things. especially food greaseproof paper noun a special type of paper that does not allow oil or cooking and for wrapping food GREASE to pass through it.process verb to add chemicals or other substances to food.

especially French cooking ingredient noun one of the foods or liquids that you use in making a particular meal . especially a restaurant or hotel culinary adjective relating to food and how to cook it foodie noun someone who enjoys eating or cooking different types of food and who talks a lot about food INFORMAL gastronomic adjective FORMAL relating to skilful cooking and the enjoyment of good food gastronomy noun FORMAL the activity of cooking and enjoying especially good food gourmet adjective a gourmet cook is someone who can make very good food haute cuisine noun very good cooking. especially the style of a particular country or region cuisine noun the food you can eat in a particular place. Cuisine and Cookery Mrs Beeton a British woman who wrote in the 19th century about cooking and taking care of a house and family chef noun someone who cooks food in a restaurant as their job cook noun someone who prepares and cooks food. or suitable for use in cooking cordon bleu adjective relating to the highest standard of quality in cooking cuisine noun a particular style of cooking food. either as their job or for pleasure cookery noun the skill or activity of cooking cooking noun the process of preparing and heating food so that it is ready to eat cooking adjective relating to cooking.Cooks.

used in cooking palm oil noun a thick type of oil produced from the fruit of and making soap PALM TREES that is used especially for cooking . produced by pressing the whole fruit fat noun oil in solid or liquid form that is obtained from plants or animals and used in cooking ghee noun INDIAN ENGLISH butter used in Indian cooking hydrogenated adjective hydrogenated oils and fats have had hydrogen added to them lard noun white fat from pigs that is used in cooking margarine noun a yellow substance made from vegetable oil or animal fat that can be used instead of butter marge noun BRITISH INFORMAL MARGARINE monounsaturated adjective monounsaturated fats and oils are made mainly from vegetable oils. They are considered to be healthier than those made from SATURATED FATS . BIOLOGY olive oil noun a type of oil made from OLIVES .nouvelle cuisine noun a style of cooking from France that uses light sauces and fresh food served in an attractive way preparation noun the process of making food ready for cooking or eating recipe noun a set of instructions for cooking or preparing a particular food short-order cook noun a restaurant worker whose job is to cook food that can be prepared quickly someone can’t even boil an egg HUMOROUS used for saying that someone cannot cook even the simplest food Oils and Fats Used in Cooking copra noun the dried white flesh of a COCONUT that is crushed to make oil extra virgin adjective extra virgin OLIVE OIL is the highest quality of oil.

and in medicines . eggs.polyunsaturated adjective polyunsaturated FATS and oils are made mainly from vegetable oils. It is also mixed with water and drunk as a medicine. and eggs. used in cooking to make liquids become thick and firm glaze noun a thin layer of milk. cream of tartar noun a white substance used in BAKING POWDER egg white noun the clear part of an egg that becomes white when you cook it gelatine noun a clear substance that has no taste. CHEMISTRY shortening noun a solid type of fat that is used especially for making PASTRY suet noun hard fat from around an animal’s kidneys that is used for cooking unsaturated adjective unsaturated fat in food is better for your body than create as much CHOLESTEROL SATURATED fat because it does not polyunsaturate noun Substances Used in Cooking baking powder noun a white powder used in cooking for making cakes RISE while they are baking batter noun a liquid mixture of milk. used in cooking batter noun AMERICAN a thick mixture of flour. They are considered to be healthier than those made from SATURATED FATS . sugar. or egg that you put on foods to make them look smooth and shiny mix noun a powder that you buy and mix with liquid to make a particular type of food oil noun a thick smooth liquid used in cooking and preparing food. sugar. and fat. flour. used for making cakes bicarb noun INFORMAL BICARBONATE OF SODA bicarbonate of soda noun a white chemical powder used in cooking to make cakes rise.

a vegetable consisting of the stems of a young bamboo plant. usually orange or yellow. After cooking it. you pull off each leaf and eat the soft bottom part. The American word is eggplant . used especially in Chinese cooking beet noun AMERICAN a BEETROOT beet noun a SUGAR BEET beetroot noun . used for making sauces sago noun a white substance like a powder. now mainly used for making liquids thicker in cooking table salt noun fine grains of salt that you can put on your food when you eat it white noun the clear part inside an egg that surrounds the yolk the yellow part yolk noun the middle part of an egg that is yellow VEGETABLES Vegetables acorn squash noun a small round of an acorn SQUASH a hard smooth vegetable . in the shape artichoke noun a round green vegetable with thick pointed leaves arranged close together in layers. arugula noun AMERICAN ROCKET .Quorn TRADEMARK BRITISH a substance made from a type of FUNGUS that is used in cooking instead of meat rennet noun a substance added to milk to make cheese roux noun a mixture of flour and butter. eaten in salads asparagus noun a long thin green vegetable whose stems and TIPS pointed ends are eaten aubergine noun bamboo shoots noun BRITISH a vegetable with a smooth dark purple skin and white flesh.

bhindi noun INDIAN ENGLISH OKRA bok choy noun MAINLY AMERICAN PAK CHOI brinjal noun INDIAN ENGLISH an AUBERGINE broccoli noun a vegetable consisting of green stems with many small green or purple BUDS on the ends Brussels sprout noun a small round vegetable consisting of many green leaves wrapped tightly around each other butternut squash noun a long orange vegetable shaped like a bell with a hard skin and solid orange flesh that becomes soft when cooked cabbage noun a hard round vegetable with green or purple leaves that can be eaten raw in salads or cooked calabrese noun a dark green vegetable that is a type of BROCCOLI capsicum noun a red. usually eaten raw in salads chicory noun AMERICAN an ENDIVE . The American word is beet .BRITISH the round dark-purple root of a vegetable that is cooked and eaten cold. or yellow PEPPER carrot noun a long hard orange vegetable that grows under the ground and has green leaves on its top cauliflower noun a vegetable with a hard round white central part surrounded by green leaves celeriac noun a large white vegetable that grows under the ground and is eaten raw or cooked It is a type of CELERY . green. celery noun a pale green vegetable with a group of long stems that are eaten raw or cooked chard noun a vegetable with white stems and large dark green leaves chicory noun BRITISH a vegetable with stiff white leaves that have a bitter taste. especially in salads.

The whole garlic is called a bulb . The American word is zucchini .chilli noun a red or green vegetable with a hot taste. It is usually eaten raw in salads. usually thin and pointed in shape Chinese cabbage noun CHINESE LEAVES Chinese leaves noun a vegetable that has large pale green leaves with thick white eaten raw in salads. STALKS . iceberg lettuce noun a round pale green LETTUCE with leaves that form a tight ball . cooked and eaten as a vegetable cos lettuce noun BRITISH a type of long thin LETTUCE courgette noun BRITISH a long vegetable with dark green skin. globe artichoke noun a round green vegetable in which the leaves grow in a ball shape on a tall stem green bean noun a long thin green vegetable that grows on a tall climbing plant green pepper noun a HOLLOW green vegetable containing small white seeds. It can be cooked or corn on the cob noun the top part of a MAIZE plant. cucumber noun a long thin vegetable that has a dark green skin and is white inside. It can be eaten raw in salads or cooked. eggplant noun AMERICAN an AUBERGINE endive noun a vegetable with curly green leaves eaten in salad endive noun AMERICAN the vegetable CHICORY fennel noun a pale green vegetable with seeds and leaves that are used for flavouring food garden egg noun WEST AFRICAN an AUBERGINE garlic noun a round white vegetable with small sections called cloves which you add to food for a strong pleasant flavour.

It can be eaten raw in salads or cooked. marrow noun BRITISH a large long vegetable that has a dark green skin and is white inside new potato noun a small potato taken from the ground early in the year okra noun a vegetable with long green South Asian cooking PODS seed containers that is used especially in African and onion noun a round vegetable with thin dry skin and many layers inside that tastes and smells very strong pak choi noun a Chinese vegetable with long dark green leaves and white stems parsnip noun a long white hard vegetable that grows under the ground pea noun a very small round green vegetable that grows in a long narrow POD pepper noun a small pepper with a strong hot flavour pepper noun a red. It is a type of pea and you can eat its skin. Kale is a type of cabbage . or yellow vegetable with small white seeds inside. kale noun a vegetable with large curly dark-green leaves. eaten raw in salads or cooked leek noun a long thin vegetable that tastes similar to an onion and is white at one end with green leaves at the other lettuce noun a vegetable with large thin green leaves that you eat raw in a salad mangetout noun BRITISH a small flat green vegetable with very small seeds inside. green. It grows under the ground. pimento noun a small red vegetable that is a type of PEPPER .jalapeño noun a small green or red pepper often used in Mexican cooking for giving food a hot flavour Jerusalem artichoke noun a vegetable with a very pale brown skin and white flesh. kohlrabi noun a hard round vegetable. orange.

plantain noun
a type of foods
BANANA

long yellow fruit used as a vegetable in cooking Caribbean and African

potato noun
a very common hard round vegetable that has a brown, red, or yellow skin and is white or yellow inside. It grows under the ground and can be cooked in many different ways

pumpkin noun
a large round vegetable with a thick orange skin and large seeds

radicchio noun
a vegetable with small purple and white leaves, eaten raw in salads

radish noun
a small pink or red vegetable that is eaten raw in salads

red pepper noun
a red vegetable with small white seeds inside. It can be eaten raw in salads or cooked.

rocket noun
BRITISH a leaf vegetable with a strong flavour, eaten raw in salads

romaine noun
AMERICAN a type of cos lettuce .
MAINLY LETTUCE

with long narrow firm leaves. The usual British word is

russet noun
a type of potato with russet coloured skin

rutabaga noun
AMERICAN a
SWEDE

savoy cabbage noun
a type of
CABBAGE

a round green vegetable whose leaves are curly, not smooth

scallion noun
AMERICAN a
SPRING ONION

shallot noun
a small vegetable similar to an onion

snow pea noun
AMERICAN a
MANGETOUT

spinach noun
a vegetable with dark green leaves that can be cooked or eaten raw in salads

spring greens noun
BRITISH the leaves of young
CABBAGES

spring onion noun
BRITISH a small white onion with a long thin stem with green leaves on it that is often eaten raw in salads

sprout noun
BRITISH a
BRUSSELS SPROUT

spud noun
INFORMAL

a potato

sugar beet noun
a vegetable that grows under the ground and is used for producing sugar

swede noun
BRITISH a hard round yellow vegetable that grows under the ground

sweet pepper noun
a green, red, or yellow vegetable that does not have a strong flavour. Sweet peppers are often simply called peppers .

sweet potato noun
a vegetable with a slightly sweet taste that looks like a potato with pink skin

Swiss chard noun
a vegetable with large green leaves and thick stems

tater noun
VERY INFORMAL

a potato

tattie noun
BRITISH
INFORMAL

a potato

turnip noun
a large round light-coloured root vegetable that grows under the ground

veg noun
BRITISH
INFORMAL

vegetables

water chestnut noun
a small hard white vegetable, often used in Asian cooking

wild rice noun
the seed of a grass that grows in North America, eaten as a vegetable

yam noun yam noun
AMERICAN a
SWEET POTATO

a root vegetable that looks like a long white potato and has a brown skin

zucchini noun
AMERICAN a
COURGETTE

Types of Vegetable
baby adjective
baby vegetables are smaller than usual and have a sweeter taste

greens noun

SPOKEN

the green leaves of vegetables, especially when they have been cooked

root vegetable noun
a vegetable such as a
CARROT

whose root is the part that is eaten

squash noun
a large hard vegetable with very thick skin

out of season
not grown at the normal time or under normal conditions

Parts of Vegetables
cob noun
a
CORNCOB

eye noun
one of the spots on a potato that new growth comes from

flesh noun
the soft part of a fruit or vegetable that is under the skin

floret noun
one of the small parts that make up vegetables such as
BROCCOLI

or

CAULIFLOWER

heart noun
the inner, central part of something such as a vegetable

peel noun
the skin of a fruit or vegetable

peelings noun
pieces of skin that have been removed from a fruit or vegetable

pulp noun
the inside of a fruit or vegetable

skin noun
the outer layer of a fruit or vegetable

spear noun
the long pointed part of a vegetable such as
ASPARAGUS

top noun
the leaves on some vegetables, for example onions

Processed Vegetables
baked beans noun
beans cooked in tomato sauce and sold in a can. Baked beans are often simply called beans .

caper noun

and cooked in oil jacket potato noun BRITISH a potato cooked with its skin on . pressed together. French fries noun MAINLY AMERICAN CHIPS long thin pieces of potato cooked in hot oil fries noun FRENCH FRIES hash browns noun potatoes that are cut into very small pieces.a food with a strong flavour that consists of a small green flower or VINEGAR BUD preserved in salt dill pickle noun a CUCUMBER that has been preserved and given flavour with dill gherkin noun a small green vegetable preserved in VINEGAR and eaten cold with meals mushy peas noun BRITISH PEAS that are boiled until they are very soft. covered with a mixture and cooked in fat pickle noun MAINLY AMERICAN a CUCUMBER or other vegetable preserved in VINEGAR or salt water textured vegetable protein noun TVP tofu noun a soft white food made from SOYA BEANS TVP noun textured vegetable protein: a food that provides protein and is made from SOYA BEANS Cooked Potatoes baked potato noun a potato that is baked and served with its skin on chip noun BRITISH a long thin piece of potato cooked in hot oil. The American word is chip or potato chip . The American word is French fry chip noun AMERICAN a CRISP 1 crisp noun BRITISH a thin flat round piece of potato that has been cooked in fat and is eaten cold. eaten as a vegetable. especially in northern England onion ring noun a thin section of onion that forms a ring.

usually BEEF . or from the front part of the body of some other animals brisket noun meat. and then mixed with milk and butter until they are smooth potato chip noun AMERICAN a CRISP 1 Meat Joints and Cuts of Meat beefsteak noun a large thick piece of good-quality BEEF braising steak noun BEEF that is suitable for braising breast noun meat from a bird’s breast. usually from a sheep or a pig chuck noun CHUCK STEAK chuck steak noun a piece of meat taken from the neck and shoulder of a cow chump noun BRITISH a thick end of a piece of meat cut noun a piece of meat that has been cut from a particular part of the animal cutlet noun a flat piece of meat still connected to a bone.latke noun a traditional Jewish PANCAKE made with potatoes mash noun BRITISH INFORMAL MASHED POTATO mashed potato noun potatoes boiled in water. cooked and eaten as food escalope noun BRITISH a thin piece of meat that you cook in hot fat filet another spelling of fillet 1 . from an animal’s chest chop noun a small piece of meat with a bone in it. crushed. usually a piece of LAMB or VEAL drumstick noun the lower part of the leg of a chicken or other bird.

used as food sirloin noun an expensive piece of BEEF taken from a cow’s lower back spare ribs noun meat that comes from the chest of an animal. or meat from an animal’s leg shoulder noun the upper part of the front leg of an animal. that is cooked and eaten with the bones in . or meat from this part side noun one half of the body of a cow. or other large animal.fillet noun a long thin piece of meat with no bones in it flank noun the side of an animal’s body between its an animal’s body HIP and its RIBS . especially a pig. used as meat hock noun the part above a pig’s back foot that is sometimes eaten as meat knuckle noun a piece of meat from an animal’s lower leg leg noun a piece of meat that comes from an animal’s leg loin noun a piece of meat from the sides or back of an animal. pig. or the meat from this part of haunch noun the upper part of an animal’s leg. sometimes used for adding flavour to soup neck noun the flesh of an animal’s neck when eaten as food pork belly noun a piece of fresh meat from one side of a pig rasher noun a thin flat piece of BACON or HAM rib noun a piece of meat that is attached to the rib of an animal rump steak noun meat that comes from a cow’s RUMP shank noun the lower part of an animal’s leg. near the tail marrow bone noun a bone that has marrow inside it.

eaten as food wishbone noun a bone shaped like a Y in a cooked bird. a rack of lamb pork a large piece of meat from a sheep pig that consists of its chest and RIBS Types of Meat bacon noun meat from a pig that is treated with smoke or salt. and is often cooked in pieces RASHERS thin beef noun the meat from a cow beef noun relating to this meat bushmeat noun the meat of wild animals that have been killed for food chicken noun the meat of a chicken . Traditionally.steak noun the meat from a cow. especially a piece without fat that is high in quality steak noun BRITISH meat from a cow that is cut into small pieces and used for making things like STEW a very thick soup steak noun a large piece of another type of meat or fish T-bone steak noun a thick piece of BEEF containing a bone shaped like the letter T tenderloin noun meat of good quality that is cut from the side of a pig or cow thigh noun the upper part of the leg of a bird. eaten as food topside noun BRITISH BEEF cut from the top outer part of a cow’s leg trotter noun the foot of a pig. sometimes cooked and eaten as food wing noun the meat from the wing of a chicken etc. two people pull the bone and the person who gets the larger piece can make a wish.

crab noun the meat from a crab eaten as food crabmeat noun the meat from a CRAB dark meat noun meat from a part of a bird such as its leg that is darker than the rest Lighter meat is called white meat . duck noun the meat of a duck goose noun the meat of a goose ground beef noun AMERICAN MINCE horseflesh noun HORSE MEAT lamb noun the meat from a young sheep lean noun meat that has very little fat in it meat noun a particular type of meat meatball noun meat that is cut into very small pieces. mincemeat noun minced meat mutton noun the meat from an adult sheep partridge noun the meat from a partridge pheasant noun the meat from a pheasant pork noun the meat from a pig poultry noun meat from birds such as chickens quail noun . that has been cut into very small pieces using a machine. shaped into a ball. especially BEEF . and cooked mince noun BRITISH meat. The American word is ground beef .

white meat noun meat from the top part of a bird. stewing steak noun BEEF meat from a cow that is suitable for cooking in a STEW streaky bacon noun BACON thin pieces of meat from a pig that has lines of fat in it turkey noun the meat of a turkey veal noun meat from a young cow venison noun the meat from a DEER white meat noun meat such as chicken or PORK that is pale after you have cooked it Meat that is dark after cooking is called red meat .this bird eaten as food rabbit noun the meat from a rabbit red meat noun meat such as BEEF or LAMB that is red before it is cooked and dark after you have cooked it. Meat that is pale after you have cooked it is called white meat . wild boar noun the meat of a wild pig Cooked and Preserved Meats biltong noun SOUTH AFRICAN long pieces of meat without much fat that have been dried in the sun. for example from an ANTELOPE or a BUFFALO brawn noun BRITISH meat from a pig’s head that is cooked and pressed into a firm shape. then eaten cold cold cuts noun MAINLY AMERICAN thin pieces of different types of cooked meat that you eat cold corned beef noun cooked BEEF that has been preserved in salt water crackling noun the hard skin on a piece of cooked PORK . for example its breast Meat from the lower part is called dark meat .

preserved using salt or smoke ham noun a large piece of ham jerky noun AMERICAN meat cut in thin STRIPS and dried joint noun a large piece of meat cooked in an oven luncheon meat noun a type of food consisting of pieces of cooked meat pressed together. sold in a container and eaten cold TIN metal parson’s nose noun BRITISH INFORMAL the piece of meat that forms the tail of a chicken when it has been cooked pastrami noun cooked BEEF with a strong flavour that is usually cut into thin pieces and served cold in sandwiches pork scratchings noun BRITISH pieces of pig’s skin cooked in hot fat.faggot noun BRITISH a food in the form of a ball made of small pieces of meat mixed with bread gammon noun BRITISH a type of HAM cooked meat from a pig’s leg that you eat hot ham noun the meat from the top part of the back legs of a pig. for example SAUSAGE and SALAMI wiener noun AMERICAN a FRANKFURTER Burgers and Sausages banger noun BRITISH INFORMAL a SAUSAGE beefburger noun . usually eaten cold prosciutto noun Italian raw HAM that is served cut into thin pieces roast noun a large piece of meat that has been cooked in an oven or over a fire sausage meat noun meat cut into very small pieces so that it can be put into a tube of skin small goods noun AUSTRALIAN prepared meat products.

hot dog noun the type of soft sausage that is used to make a hot dog sandwich liver sausage noun BRITISH a type of SAUSAGE food consisting of small pieces of meat in a tube of skin made using liver. cooked in a flat round shape. often eaten in sandwiches boloney another spelling of baloney burger noun meat from a cow cut up into very small pieces that is cooked in a flat round shape and served in a bread roll MINCED BEEF burger noun pieces of meat or vegetable that are pressed together.BRITISH MINCED BEEF meat from a cow cut up into very small pieces that is cooked in a flat round shape and served in a bread roll beefburger noun MAINLY AMERICAN a sandwich made of loose minced beef black pudding noun a type of thick SAUSAGE made from the meat and blood of a pig. and served in a bread roll cheeseburger noun a type of BURGER that has a piece of cheese on top of the meat chipolata noun BRITISH a small thin SAUSAGE chorizo noun a type of SAUSAGE containing strong SPICES from Spain or Latin America frankfurter noun a long thin SAUSAGE that is often eaten inside a long thin bread roll hamburger noun a food made by pressing small pieces of BEEF meat from a cow into a flat round shape and cooking it in oil. usually cut into thin SLICES and eaten cold liverwurst noun MAINLY AMERICAN another word for LIVER SAUSAGE pepperoni noun a type of Italian SAUSAGE that is used in foods such as PIZZA . Hamburgers are usually eaten in a bread roll and are often called beefburgers or simply burgers . traditionally cut into round pieces and eaten for breakfast boerewors noun SOUTH AFRICAN a large SAUSAGE with a strong hot flavour that people make at home bologna noun AMERICAN a type of SAUSAGE made from different meats.

making it difficult to eat flyblown adjective flyblown meat has flies’ eggs on it jellied adjective jellied meat or fish has been covered with a solid clear substance that you can eat jerk adjective jerk meat has been MARINATED in a mixture of SPICES with a strong flavour lean adjective lean meat has very little fat in it meaty adjective containing a lot of meat skinless adjective skinless meat has had the skin removed from it tough adjective food.salami noun a type of SAUSAGE containing strong SPICES . that is tough is very difficult to cut and CHEW on off the bone with without the bones still in it Food for Animals birdseed noun seeds that you give to birds as food bone meal noun . especially meat. cut thin and served cold sausage noun a food that consists of a tube of skin containing very small pieces of meat mixed with SPICES Vegeburger TRADEMARK a BURGER made of vegetables or beans a quarter-pounder half-pounder a BURGER that weighs a quarter of a pound half a pound Words Used to Describe Meat boneless adjective boneless meat or fish has had the bones removed before it is sold bony adjective fish that is bony has a lot of bones in it.

especially crops grown for horses and cows hay noun long grass that has been cut and dried. used for feeding pigs Substances and Chemicals in Food and Drink . used as food for people or animals millet noun a type of grain often used as food for birds pigswill noun BRITISH waste food that is used for feeding pigs ryegrass noun a type of grass that is used for feeding animals silage noun grass and plants that are preserved and used for feeding farm animals slops noun waste food or drink fed to pigs and other animals on farms swill noun a liquid containing waste food. especially HAY or STRAW . used for feeding animals mash noun a mixture of crushed grains used as food for animals meal noun crushed grain. used as food for animals or for helping plants to grow corn noun the seeds of a corn plant that are cooked as food or fed to animals cud noun food that animals such as cows and sheep bring back into their mouths to after they have swallowed it CHEW again dog biscuit noun a type of hard dry food given to dogs feed noun food given to animals fishmeal noun a powder of dried fish that you use to feed animals or to fertilize the soil to help plants to grow fodder noun food.a substance made of crushed bones. for animals such as cows and horses forage noun food for animals.

additive noun a substance that is added in small amounts to something. and potatoes. in milk. Carbohydrates supply your body with heat and energy. and in blood PLASMA ascorbic acid noun CHEMISTRY VITAMIN C aspartame noun an artificial substance that does not contain many to make it taste sweeter CALORIES that is added to food or drink butterfat noun the fat in milk caffeine noun a substance in coffee and tea that makes you feel awake. look more attractive. Drinks that have had the caffeine removed are decaffeinated or caffeine-free . especially food. or improve it in some way albumin noun BIOLOGY a protein that is in the white part of an egg. BIOLOGY coloring the American spelling of colouring curd noun the solid substance that forms in milk when it starts to become sour E noun INFORMAL an E NUMBER emulsifier noun a substance added to a food or drink to stop liquid and solid parts from separating SCIENCE E number noun a number that represents a chemical that is added to food fat noun a soft white substance on meat fat noun oil found in food fatty acid noun BIOLOGY an acid found in fats and oils in animals and plants fiber the American spelling of fibre fibre noun . in order to make it last longer. carbohydrate noun a substance found in foods such as sugar. bread.

MEDICAL food noun the things that plants need in order to grow fructose noun BIOLOGY a type of sugar found in some fruits and HONEY glucose noun BIOLOGY when CARBOHYDRATES a sugar that is produced in plants through PHOTOSYNTHESIS and in animals’ bodies are separated into the parts they consist of gluten noun a sticky natural substance that is found in some foods.the parts of fruit. It helps food to pass through your body DIGEST change into flavoring the American spelling of flavouring flavouring noun a substance added to food or drink to give it a particular flavour folic acid noun an important B VITAMIN . which is important for good health lactose noun CHEMISTRY milk a type of sugar that is present in milk and is sometimes used in artificial baby mineral noun a natural substance in some foods that you need for good health. found in green vegetables and liver. especially wheat goodness noun substances such as you to stay healthy VITAMINS and proteins that are contained in some foods and that help grease noun fat that comes out of meat when you cook it gristle noun iron noun a strong substance that surrounds the find it in meat JOINTS of animals and is difficult to eat when you small quantities of iron. vegetables. It is especially important for pregnant women. for example iron and CALCIUM monosodium glutamate noun CHEMISTRY MSG MSG noun CHEMISTRY monosodium glutamate: a chemical added to food to improve its flavour niacin noun a type of VITAMIN that exists in milk and other foods . existing in some foods and in your body. and grains that your body cannot substances it can use .

nutrient noun BIOLOGY a substance in food that plants. and milk that people need in order to grow and be healthy RDA noun recommended daily allowance: the amount of something such as a should have every day VITAMIN that you riboflavin noun a substance found in eggs. and other vegetables. and people need to live and grow preservative noun CHEMISTRY a chemical substance used for preventing food or wood from decaying prion noun BIOLOGY BSE a type of and CJD PROTEIN that is believed to be responsible for the serious brain diseases protein noun a substance in food such as meat. It is a type of CARBOHYDRATE that gives you energy. stimulant noun a substance that makes you feel more awake when you eat it or drink it sweetener noun a substance added to food or drink to make it taste sweeter tannin noun a substance in wine that gives it a slightly bitter taste thiamin noun . potatoes. liver. Riboflavin is a VITAMIN . CHEMISTRY sodium bicarbonate noun CHEMISTRY a white powder used for making cakes rise stabiliser a British spelling of stabilizer stabilizer noun a substance added to some prepared foods to stop the taste or appearance from changing starch noun a white substance without any taste that is found in rice. roughage noun fibre that helps food and waste to pass through your body saccharin noun a chemical substance used instead of sugar for making food and drinks sweet saturated fat noun fat from animal food such as meat or milk. eggs. animals. Eating too much saturated fat can lead to high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. milk. and green vegetables that your body needs to stay healthy.

a natural chemical in many types of food that your body uses to make your nerves work correctly. It is also produced by the action of SUNLIGHT on your skin. teeth. and the growth of TISSUE MEDICAL vitamin B noun any one of a group of vitamins found in CEREAL important for growth. for example vitamin C which is found in many fruit and vegetables. and eggs that is important for sight. Each vitamin is given a name using a letter of the alphabet. fish. or tastes like chocolate . milk. bones. MEDICAL trans fat noun a type of solid fat such as MARGARINE produced when vegetable oils are changed by a chemical process These fats are considered bad for your health because they increase your CHOLESTEROL level . It belongs to the VITAMIN B group. A vitamin deficiency is a medical condition caused by lack of vitamins MEDICAL vitamin A noun a vitamin found in some vegetables. vitamin noun natural substances found in food that are necessary to keep your body healthy. and YEAST that is vitamin C noun a vitamin found especially in oranges and lemons and in vegetables with green leaves that is important for your skin. and your nerves MEDICAL GRAINS . your skin. and blood MEDICAL vitamin D noun a vitamin found in fish and eggs that is important for bones and teeth. MEDICAL whey noun a thin liquid that is formed when milk becomes sour Words used to describe the flavours of food or drink Words Used to Describe Specific Tastes and Flavours acid adjective very sour acidic adjective astringent adjective an astringent taste is one that is strong and bitter very sour bitter adjective bitter-sweet adjective brackish adjective chocolate noun brackish water has a slight taste of salt and is therefore not pure made from or tasting of chocolate something that is bitter has a strong sharp taste that is not sweet tasting bitter and sweet at the same time chocolatey adjective chocolatey food has a lot of chocolate in it. LIVER . your blood.

sweet. and sticky spicy food has a strong hot flavour sweet-and-sour food contains both sweet and sour flavours Words Used to Describe the State or Consistency of Food buttery adjective buttery food has a lot of butter in it. wine etc has been left to develop a pleasant strong flavour mild food does not have a strong taste savoury adjective seasoned adjective sharp adjective sour adjective a food that is sharp has a strong and bitter flavour with a taste like a lemon tasting of salt or SPICES and not sweet containing seasonings to improve flavour spicy adjective sweet-and-sour adjective sweetish adjective syrupy adjective tart adjective unsalted adjective watery adjective pale. or not strong tart food or drinks have a slightly sour taste not flavoured with salt a sweetish taste or smell is slightly sweet thick.fiery adjective food that is fiery makes your mouth feel very hot when you eat it flavored flavoured adjective flavoured adjective hot adjective having had something added to give a particular taste hot food contains a lot of SPICES the American spelling of flavoured tasting a particular way or of a particular thing that create a burning feeling in your mouth mature adjective mild adjective ripe adjective robust adjective ripe cheese or wine has a strong flavour robust food or drink has a lot of flavour mature cheese. or tastes as if it has butter in it calorific adjective containing a lot of calories and therefore likely to make you fat caramelised a British spelling of caramelized .

and makes a noise when you bite it crunchy adjective crunchy foods make a loud noise when you bite them crystallized adjective crystallized fruits or sweet foods are covered with sugar CRYSTALS deep pan adjective a deep pan PIZZA has a thick DOUGH base diabetic adjective made for people who have diabetes diet noun containing less sugar or fat than other similar foods digestible adjective food that is digestible is easily changed into substances that your body needs dry adjective dry food contains little or no liquid. such as fat or juice fat-free adjective containing no fat fattening adjective making you fat fatty adjective containing a lot of fat .caramelized adjective caramelized food has a layer of slightly burnt sugar on it chewy adjective chewy food has to be chewed for some time before it is soft enough to swallow chilled adjective chilled food or drink has been made cold in order to make it more pleasant or to keep it fresh cool adjective food that is cool is no longer hot cream noun used about food that contains cream creamy adjective containing or made from cream crisp adjective crisp food is firm in a pleasant way and makes a noise when you bite it crispy adjective food that is crispy is firm in a pleasant way.

or made from herbs iced adjective an iced cake or BISCUIT is covered with ICING indigestible adjective indigestible food is difficult for your body to DIGEST instant adjective instant food or drink can be prepared in a very short time. or prepared fruity adjective containing a lot of fruit GM adjective genetically modified: used for describing crops whose genes have been changed to give them particular qualities. This word is sometimes spelt lite on food labels lite adjective a spelling of ‘light’ that is often used in the names of foods and drinks that contain less sugar or fat than usual . or for describing foods made from them greasy adjective prepared with a lot of oil or fat green adjective made from the green leaves of vegetables heavy adjective food that is heavy is rather solid and not enjoyable herbal adjective connected with HERBS . usually by adding hot water jammy adjective covered and sticky with JAM light adjective food or drink that is light has less fat or alcohol than other similar food or drink.fatty adjective consisting of fat filling adjective food that is filling makes you feel full quickly fleshy adjective containing flesh floury adjective covered with flour fluffy adjective food that is fluffy is soft and light because it contains a lot of air fresh adjective fresh food has been recently picked. caught.

or having the taste of nuts organic adjective organic food or drink is produced using only a small number of artificial chemicals peanut noun containing or made with peanuts .live adjective live YOGHURT contains the living bacteria that are used to make it lo-cal adjective INFORMAL LOW-CALORIE low adjective used about foods that contain a smaller amount of a substance than usual low-cal adjective INFORMAL low-calorie low-calorie adjective low-calorie foods or drinks help people to lose weight because they do not contain many CALORIES low-fat adjective low-fat food contains only a small amount of fat mentholated adjective containing menthol microwavable adjective able to be cooked in a microwave microwaveable another spelling of microwavable milky adjective containing milk or a liquid that looks like milk mushroom noun containing or made from mushrooms non-fat adjective non-fat food and drinks contain no fat or very little fat nourishing adjective providing the food needed to live. and be healthy nutritive adjective a nutritive substance is one that is used by living things to help them to grow and be healthy nutritive adjective connected with NUTRITION nutty adjective containing nuts. grow.

especially if it is not kept cold picnic noun used about the things that you use or eat at a picnic plain adjective plain food is simple and does not have a lot of things added to it raw adjective raw food has not been cooked. eggs.perishable adjective perishable food decays after a short time. or has not been thoroughly cooked rich adjective containing a lot of things such as butter. or cream that make your stomach feel full very quickly skinny adjective MAINLY AMERICAN INFORMAL low in fat slimline adjective BRITISH containing fewer CALORIES than usual in order not to make you fat sloppy adjective sloppy food is not thick or solid enough soupy adjective containing too much liquid soused adjective spoilt adjective kept in a liquid such as VINEGAR or alcohol for a long time spoilt food has started to decay starchy adjective starchy foods have a lot of STARCH in them sticky adjective sticky food contains a lot of sugar and has a sticky surface stodgy adjective stodgy food is heavy and makes you feel too full strained adjective put through a strainer to remove any lumps stringy adjective full of fibres and difficult to cut and eat stuffed adjective stuffed meat or vegetables have been filled with some other type of food sugar-coated adjective covered in sugar tender adjective tender food is soft and easy to cut and eat .

especially meat.tough adjective food. that is tough is very difficult to cut and CHEW unclean adjective unclean food or drink cannot be eaten or drunk by people belonging to a particular religion uneaten adjective not eaten unrefined adjective unrefined products such as sugar and oil have not been changed from their natural state vegetarian adjective relating to or intended for vegetarians warmed-over adjective AMERICAN WARMED-UP for eating warmed-up adjective warmed-up food had gone cold but has been heated again to make it warm enough to eat wheaten adjective BRITISH made using wheat whipped adjective food that is whipped has had air mixed into it. especially a pleasant one sweetness noun the sweet smell or taste of something . so that it is very light aphrodisiac adjective floured adjective scrambled adjective sugared adjective Taste. Flavour and Consistency taste noun the flavour that something creates in your mouth when you eat or drink it flavour noun a pleasant or strong taste tang noun a taste or smell that is strong and bitter in a pleasant way savour noun FORMAL a flavour or smell.

that remains in your mouth after you eat or drink something blandness noun flavor the American spelling of flavour flavour noun ripeness noun staleness noun smokiness noun piquancy noun waxiness noun wholesomeness noun the particular taste that food or drink has Tasting Good tasty adjective tasty food has a nice flavour edible adjective food that is edible is safe or good enough to eat appetizing adjective appetizing food smells or looks very good flavourful adjective tasting especially good delicious adjective with a very pleasant taste or smell juicy adjective juicy food tastes good because it contains a lot of liquid palatable adjective tasting good enough to eat or drink succulent adjective succulent meat.bite noun a pleasant bitter or strong taste body noun the strong flavour of wine or another alcoholic drink texture noun the way that food feels when you are eating it aftertaste noun a taste. usually one that is unpleasant. fruit etc is full of juice and tastes good .

or colour mellow adjective with a smooth full taste delicate adjective a delicate taste. especially to eat or drink eatable adjective good enough to eat. smells. substance. and tastes good delicately adverb in a way that is pleasant and not too strong in flavour.tangy adjective with a taste or smell that is strong and bitter in a pleasant way full adjective a full flavour is strong in a pleasant way fresh adjective still good to eat because of being prepared or produced recently aromatic adjective an aromatic plant. and tastes especially good drinkable adjective tasting good smooth adjective a smooth drink or flavour is not too strong or bitter. or safe to eat toothsome adjective toothsome food looks. smell. or colour is pleasant and not too strong light adjective a cake that is light tastes nice because it has a lot of air in it appetising a British spelling of appetizing flavorful the American spelling of flavourful flavorsome the American spelling of flavoursome gourmet adjective gourmet food is of a very high quality savory the American spelling of savoury . or food smells especially good delectable adjective very pleasant. or tastes good luscious adjective luscious food looks. smells. smell.

smell. see. or feel rancid adjective rancid food contains fats or oils that are no longer fresh and have an unpleasant taste and smell sour adjective .yum interjection INFORMAL used for saying that you like the taste or smell of something mouth-watering adjective mouth-watering food smells or looks very good yummy adjective INFORMAL food that is yummy tastes extremely good flavoursome adjective tasting especially good scrumptious adjective INFORMAL tasting extremely nice savoury adjective pleasant to smell or taste scrummy adjective BRITISH INFORMAL tasting very nice piquant adjective MAINLY LITERARY food or drink that is piquant has a strong and pleasant flavour mm interjection SPOKEN used for showing that you think food looks or tastes good fancy adjective AMERICAN fancy food is of very good quality melt in your mouth if food melts in your mouth. it becomes soft in your mouth and tastes very good nectar of the gods HUMOROUS used for saying that a drink tastes extremely good deliciously adverb appetizingly adverb piquantly adverb Tasting Bad or Lacking Flavour stale adjective stale food such as bread is old and no longer fresh nasty adjective very unpleasant to taste.

and unpleasant in your nose and throat uneatable adjective overpowering adjective rank adjective with a strong unpleasant smell or taste not safe or pleasant to eat an overpowering smell or taste is very strong watery adjective watery food or drink contains a lot of water and has a weak taste sickly adjective something such as a smell or taste that is sickly is so unpleasant that it makes you feel sick light adjective used about foods and drinks that do not have a strong taste unappetizing adjective food that is unappetizing does not taste good or does not have an attractive appearance off adjective. especially because of no longer being fresh inedible adjective too unpleasant or poisonous to eat unpalatable adjective FORMAL unpalatable food tastes unpleasant tasteless adjective having no flavour bland adjective not having a strong taste and therefore not very interesting to eat insipid adjective FORMAL not enjoyable to eat or drink because of having very little taste bad adjective no longer fresh or good to eat or drink pungent adjective a pungent taste or smell is very strong and sharp acrid adjective an acrid smell or taste is very strong. preposition food that is off is no longer fresh and is not good to eat spoiled adjective SPOILT unsavoury adjective food that is unsavoury smells and looks bad . adverb. bitter.with an unpleasant taste or smell.

or tasting of cheese chocolate noun chocolatey adjective fishy adjective tasting or smelling like fish made from or tasting of chocolate chocolatey food has a lot of chocolate in it. or tastes as if it has butter in it chalky adjective feeling or tasting like CHALK cheesy adjective tasting like cheese. look at.stewed adjective BRITISH stewed tea has become too strong and has developed an unpleasant taste icky adjective SPOKEN very unpleasant to touch. or taste tainted adjective MAINLY AMERICAN tainted food is not safe to eat because it is no longer fresh unappetizingly adverb Tasting Like a Particular Thing buttery adjective buttery food has a lot of butter in it. or tastes like chocolate floury adjective like flour in taste or appearance flowery adjective a flowery smell or taste reminds you of flowers fruity adjective tasting or smelling like fruit gamey adjective with the strong flavour of a wild animal or bird gamy another spelling of gamey garlicky adjective smelling or tasting of garlic ginger adjective containing or tasting of ginger honeyed adjective sweet like honey . smell.

or having the taste of nuts peachy adjective similar to a PEACH in colour.metallic adjective with a taste like metal minted adjective flavoured with MINT minty adjective smelling or tasting of MINT nutty adjective containing nuts. or with vanilla added for flavour vinegary adjective tasting of vinegar yeasty adjective Preserved in a Particular Way canned adjective canned food has been preserved in a metal container without air chilled adjective chilled food or drink has been made cold in order to make it more pleasant or to keep it fresh dehydrated adjective dehydrated food has been preserved by having all its water removed . or tasting like salt smoky adjective tasting or smelling of smoke sugary adjective tasting sweet from sugar sweet adjective tasting like sugar vanilla adjective made from vanilla. or smell peppery adjective flavoured with or tasting like pepper plummy adjective similar to a PLUM in colour or flavour salty adjective containing salt. taste.

drinks. or the amount that a bowl contains cake noun a small amount of food formed into a flat round shape and cooked can noun the amount of food. or the amount that a bowl contains bowlful noun the food in a bowl. or smokes . usually as a thick substance tinned adjective BRITISH tinned food has been preserved in metal containers. or flowers have had the water removed from them freeze-dried adjective food that is freeze-dried is made dry very quickly at very low temperatures in order to preserve it frozen adjective preserved by being made extremely cold and stored at a very low temperature pickled adjective preserved in VINEGAR or salt water potted adjective BRITISH preserved in a pot. The American word is canned vacuum-packed adjective food that is vacuum-packed is wrapped using a process in which all the air is removed Amounts and Pieces of Food batch noun an amount of a food that is prepared or baked at one time bed noun a layer of food on which you put other food bite noun a small piece of food prepared so that you can eat it in one bite bite noun an amount of food that you bite with your teeth bowl noun the food in a bowl.desiccated adjective desiccated food has had all the water taken out of it in order to preserve it dried adjective dried substances such as food. milk. paint etc that a metal container holds consumption noun the amount that someone eats. drink.

especially food feast noun a large amount of a particular food that you enjoy eating hamper noun BRITISH a box or basket of food and drink. sometimes given as a present at Christmas jar noun the food contained in a jar. or the amount that a jar contains morsel noun FORMAL a small piece of food mountain noun a large amount of extra food that exists because too much has been produced mouthful noun an amount of food or drink that you put in your mouth at one time nibble noun a small bite of something nugget noun food in the shape of a small lump pat noun a small flat piece of butter plate noun the amount of food that a plate will hold plateful noun the amount of food that a plate will hold punnet noun . used in the US as a unit for measuring quantities of food when you are cooking cupful noun the amount of something that a cup contains dash noun a small amount of a substance added to food or drink to give it a special flavour dice noun small square pieces of food dollop noun INFORMAL a large lump of a soft substance.crumb noun a very small piece that falls off a dry food such as bread or cake crumb noun INFORMAL a very small amount of food cup noun the amount that a cup contains.

round noun a SLICE of bread or other food scraps noun small amounts of food that are left after a meal seconds noun a second amount of the food that you have just eaten serving noun an amount of food for one person slab noun a large piece of food slice noun a flat piece of food that has been cut from something larger strength noun the amount of a substance in food. or the amount that a punnet contains ration noun a limited amount of something. ice cream.BRITISH the food contained in a punnet. drink. for example on a cake. that you are allowed to have. or PIZZA yoghurt noun the amount in a container of this food a stick of butter margarine AMERICAN a long thin piece of butter or MARGARINE that you buy from a shop . especially food. medicine etc sugar noun the amount of sugar that is contained in a TEASPOON taste noun a small amount of food or drink that you eat or drink in order to see what flavour it has tidbit noun AMERICAN a TITBIT titbit noun BRITISH a small piece of food topping noun a layer of food put on top of other food. You do not usually eat the rind. for example when there is not much available or when someone else is controlling it rations noun amounts of food that are provided for people who do not have enough or for people such as soldiers rind noun the hard outer edge of BACON or some types of cheese.

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