P. 1
Falcons Tor FDS User Guide

Falcons Tor FDS User Guide

|Views: 584|Likes:
Published by David Fahr

More info:

Published by: David Fahr on Nov 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/28/2011

pdf

text

original

Sections

  • Introduction
  • How FDS works
  • Concepts and components
  • Installation
  • Pre-configured physical appliance setup
  • Pre-configured appliance - Delivered components
  • Physical appliance - Mount the FDS appliance
  • Physical appliance - Connect to your storage network
  • Software appliance kit setup
  • System requirements
  • Install an operating system
  • Set network information for your FDS appliance
  • Install FDS server software
  • Getting Started
  • Run the FalconStor Management Console
  • Launch the web-based console
  • Install and launch the console on an administrative computer
  • Connect to your FDS server
  • Configure your FDS server using the configuration wizard
  • Step 1: Enter license keys
  • Step 2: Set up network
  • Step 3: Set hostname
  • Step 4: Prepare physical devices
  • Step 5: Set up FDS
  • Step 6: Configure deduplication
  • Step 7: Create resources
  • Step 8: Create share
  • Set the security mode for Windows clients
  • Domain mode configuration
  • Map/mount shares
  • Windows clients
  • NFS clients
  • Add NFS clients
  • The FDS Console
  • Understanding the objects in the tree
  • FDS Servers
  • FDS server object
  • FDS Clients
  • Physical Resources
  • Logical Resources
  • Console options
  • System maintenance
  • Rescan physical devices
  • Administrators
  • Event Log
  • Reports
  • Server properties
  • Directory properties
  • Software patch updates
  • SNMP traps
  • Mirror the configuration database and resources
  • If you need to replace a disk that is part of an active mirror configuration:
  • Deduplication
  • Reclaim disk space
  • Check integrity of deduplicated data
  • Add repository resources
  • Exclude folders from deduplication
  • Integration examples
  • Veritas™ NetBackup™
  • Symantec™ Backup Exec™
  • Statistics
  • FDS Resources statistics
  • Resource-level statistics
  • Share and folder-level statistics
  • Repository statistics
  • Replication
  • Configure incoming replication
  • Configure outgoing replication
  • Check replication status
  • Recover files from a replica
  • Exclude folders from replication
  • Change replication properties
  • Manually start replication
  • Suspend/resume replication
  • Multipathing
  • Load distribution
  • Path management
  • Enable load balancing
  • NIC Port Bonding
  • Enable NIC Port Bonding
  • Change IP address
  • Email Alerts
  • Configure Email Alerts
  • Modify Email Alerts properties
  • Script/program trigger information
  • Customize email for a specific trigger
  • Appendix
  • Firewall ports
  • Maximum number of data streams per FalconStor appliance
  • Index

FalconStor® File-interface Deduplication System User Guide Version 1.15

FalconStor Software, Inc. 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Suite 2S01 Melville, NY 11747 Phone: 631-777-5188 Fax: 631-501-7633 Web site: www.falconstor.com

Copyright © 2009-2010 FalconStor Software. All Rights Reserved. FalconStor Software, FalconStor, and IPStor are registered trademarks of FalconStor Software, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. FalconStor Software reserves the right to make changes in the information contained in this publication without prior notice. The reader should in all cases consult FalconStor Software to determine whether any such changes have been made. This product is protected by United States Patents Nos. 7,093,127 B2; 6,715,098; 7,058,788 B2; 7,330,960 B2; 7,055,008 B2; 7,469,337 and additional patents pending.

080510.6576

Contents
Introduction
How FDS works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Concepts and components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

Installation
Pre-configured physical appliance setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Pre-configured appliance - Delivered components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Physical appliance - Mount the FDS appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Physical appliance - Connect to your storage network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Software appliance kit setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 System requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Install an operating system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Set network information for your FDS appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Install FDS server software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

Getting Started
Run the FalconStor Management Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Launch the web-based console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Install and launch the console on an administrative computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Connect to your FDS server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Configure your FDS server using the configuration wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Step 1: Enter license keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Step 2: Set up network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Step 3: Set hostname . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Step 4: Prepare physical devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Step 5: Set up FDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Step 6: Configure deduplication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Step 7: Create resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Step 8: Create share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Set the security mode for Windows clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Domain mode configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Map/mount shares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Windows clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 NFS clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Add NFS clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

The FDS Console
Understanding the objects in the tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 FDS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 FDS server object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 FDS Clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
FDS User Guide 1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Logical Resources . . .55 Sample FDS Statistics Summary report .67 Add repository resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Network configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Replace a disk that is part of an active mirror configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Physical Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Export data from a report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Print the Event Log . . . . . . . .48 Reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Set hostname . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 Create a report or report schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 System maintenance . . . .51 Filter the Event Log. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Delete a report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Halt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Swap the primary disk with the mirrored copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Rescan physical devices . . . . . . . . . .64 Suspend/resume mirroring . . . . . . .64 Deduplication Reclaim disk space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Print a report . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Restart network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Restart FDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 SNMP traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 Replace a failed disk. . .63 Fix a minor disk failure . . . . . . . . . . .66 Check integrity of deduplicated data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Sample FDS Detailed Statistics report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73 Exclude folders from deduplication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Refresh report display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Console options . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Export data from the Event Log . . .64 Rebuild a mirror . . . . . . . . . . .47 Bond IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 View a report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 Server properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 Mirror the configuration database and resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 Software patch updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Sort the Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Administrators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 Check mirroring status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Directory properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Change a report schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74 FDS User Guide 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 IPMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91 Exclude folders from replication .92 Change replication properties . . . . . . .99 Change IP address . . . . . . . . . . . .75 Veritas™ NetBackup™ . . . . . .79 Share and folder-level statistics .80 Repository statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107 Customize email for a specific trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 Configure outgoing replication . . . . . . . .108 Maximum number of data streams per FalconStor appliance . .96 Path management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101 Modify Email Alerts properties . . . . . . .94 Multipathing Load distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93 Suspend/resume replication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109 Index FDS User Guide 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97 NIC Port Bonding Enable NIC Port Bonding . . . . . .107 Appendix Firewall ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Integration examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 Replication Configure incoming replication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 Symantec™ Backup Exec™ . . . . .92 Manually start replication . . .96 Enable load balancing . .100 Email Alerts Configure Email Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76 Statistics FDS Resources statistics . . .90 Recover files from a replica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87 Check replication status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106 Script/program trigger information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 Resource-level statistics . . . . . . .

CA ARCserve. Arkeia Network Backup. such as: Vizioncore vRanger Pro. EMC NetWorker. BakBone NetVault. etc. and VMware Consolidated Backup. Archiving applications. FDS User Guide 1 . Third-party disk backup software. and Enigma Data Solutions' SmartMove. Symantec Backup Exec. storing older files. such as: IBM Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM). such as: Oracle RMAN and SQL-BackTrack. such as FalconStor FileSafeTM. FDS can also function as a nearline data repository for project archives. providing bandwidth savings. Database backup utilities. Smaller offices and remote sites can eliminate tape backup entirely using the FDS repository. Data restoration is quick and efficient from native format files rather than from tape backup formats. Any other mechanism for delivering data to a network share. and Idera SQL safe backup. Arkivio® auto-stor.Introduction The FalconStor® File-interface Deduplication System (FDS) is a block-level data deduplication solution that provides a space-efficient repository for data from: • Third-party tape backup software. such as: MimosaTM Systems NearPointTM. Symantec Enterprise Vault. CommVault Simpana Archive. you can reduce your disk storage needs dramatically. • • • • With FDS. allowing you to maintain far more data on disk while incurring minimal additional storage costs. CommVault Simpana. providing a cost-effective Disaster Recovery (DR) solution. Idera SharePoint backup. Only deduplicated data is sent over the WAN. Veritas NetBackup. FDS supports many-to-one data replication.

making it far more effective at reducing storage consumption than file-based deduplication. The process then passes only single instances of unique data to the FDS repository and replaces each deduplicated file with a small file (called a stub file).Introduction How FDS works FDS uses standard network protocols such as Common Internet File System (CIFS) or Network File System (NFS) to present a simple. restoring data can be faster and easier with FDS. network-based file share as the target for backed up data. making it compatible with any application that uses an IP network to store data. Based on user policy. Restoring data copied by archiving software is as simple as copying the necessary files from a share back to the appropriate location. Even after deduplication occurs. During deduplication. Each FDS file share holds incoming data. whose function is to point to the repository and is used to retrieve stored data. Because it uses network-based file shares for backed up data. Block-level deduplication examines small sub-blocks. deduplication is performed at the block level. Even though the user interface is file-based. The administrator has direct access to all files without the need for a restore job. pointers (stub files) on the share point to the full file in the repository. Connection to FDS is a simple matter of mapping to a share. the system analyzes blocks of data and determines whether the data is unique or has already been copied to the FDS repository (virtualized disks that hold deduplicated data). deduplication occurs at the scheduled time or on an as-needed basis. not at a file level. acting as a "disk" for disk-to-disk (D2D) backup. FDS User Guide 2 .

Clients access shares using either the NFS or CIFS network protocol. These components all sit on the same network segment. and monitor resources and deduplication. FalconStor Management Console . the storage network. • • • FDS User Guide 3 .An industry-standard server that provides all data deduplication functions. This Java application can be used on a variety of platforms and allows administrators to create shares. The appliance can function as a standalone appliance with internal storage or it can function as a gateway to storage on an existing network.Backup servers or application servers that use an FDS share to store data. Solaris. FDS shares . • FalconStor FDS appliance . configure deduplication. etc. Storage resources appear to client operating systems (Windows.) as network-attached devices. Linux.Logical resources presented to clients via the IP network. FDS storage is used to store the original data as well as the unique data blocks and the indexes to the data.Introduction Concepts and components The primary components of the FDS solution are listed below.The FDS administration tool. FDS Clients .

install FDS server software.A ready-to-use appliance with FDS already installed. If you have FDS virtual appliance software. FDS resources. FDS User Guide 4 . set network information for your appliance. The appliance includes a pre-configured repository. FDS Software Appliance Kit (SAK) .Installation You will have received FDS in one of the following ways: • Pre-configured FDS appliance . and configure your FDS system. and FDS shares and was designed to get you running in a minimal amount of time.Software only to be installed on a physical appliance. You will need to install an operating system. • This chapter explains how to get started with a pre-configured appliance or SAK and how to install the FDS Console. refer to your FDS Virtual Appliance Getting Started Guide.

rail kit. Physical appliance . SAS interconnect cables. each storage capacity unit will occupy 3U (maximum of six units). 1. If your appliance includes a Fibre Channel card. verify that you have received the following items: • • FalconStor FDS appliance with installed hard drives. you will probably want to rack-mount the system. the following instructions are general and can be used for any appliance. and manufacturer’s documentation. Product keycode certificates (if you have a pre-configured appliance. connect a FC cable from your switch to each of the FC ports on the rear of the appliance.Installation Pre-configured physical appliance setup Pre-configured appliance .Connect to your storage network If you received a pre-configured appliance from FalconStor. 1. The Linux operating system will automatically detect USB devices upon system startup. 2. up to three storage capacity units. Install the slide rails and system in the rack according to the provided rack installation documentation.Mount the FDS appliance If you are using a physical appliance. 2. You may also connect the keyboard to a USB port instead of a PS/2 port. Connect a monitor and keyboard to the appliance. Connect an Ethernet cable to the appropriate port. follow the instructions in the FalconStor Hardware QuickStart Guide supplied with the appliance to complete the physical connections. If you received a pre-configured appliance from FalconStor. two power cords. product keycodes have already been installed). You may use a KVM device if necessary. Stabilize your rack unit before installing the appliance into the rack.Delivered components If you received a pre-configured appliance. Physical appliance . • Contact your FalconStor representative if any items are missing. and manufacturer’s documentation. 3. rail kit. FDS User Guide 5 . For some FDS systems. Unless otherwise noted. each with two power cords. the FDS appliance will occupy 2U.

On the FDS appliance. be sure to use all power cords. set the storage mode switch on the front panel of each unit to the unified position. 6. You do not need to log in to the server. If your FDS system includes storage capacity units. connect both power cords from a standard AC outlet to the appliance. 5. If your FDS system includes storage capacity units. you will see a login prompt. Note: To ensure redundancy.Installation 4. do not power on the appliance. Power-on the FDS appliance using the power button on the front of the appliance. FDS User Guide 6 . You will continue FDS configuration using Web Setup and the FalconStor Management Console for FDS. When the server has completed the startup process.

CPU Minimum: Four CPU cores (for example.Installation Software appliance kit setup FDS has been designed for quick setup. SAS. 2+GHZ The amount of memory required depends upon the size of your FDS repository resources. • FDS resources . QLogic FC HBAs Fibre Channel. Memory Operating system Network Interface Card Fibre Channel Host Bus Adapter Hard Disk FDS User Guide 7 . • Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 Update 3 • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.Must be greater than your largest single backup data set. or SATA hard drives: • Operating system disk . 2+GHZ Recommended: Eight CPU cores (for example. • Index and folder disks .50 GB.3 • CentOS 5. you may want to consult with FalconStor Professional Services to assist you in pre-deployment sizing. • Data disks . Each LUN can be a maximum of 16 TB. Since each environment is unique. System requirements The following table lists the minimum FDS server requirements. two dual-core or one quad-core) Intel/AMD processor. Note: An additional 200 GB is required if you are using the Hosted Backup option. SCSI. two quadcore) Intel/AMD processor.At least 8% of the total data disks. The following steps guide you through preparing your FDS appliance for the FDS software. Please contact your FalconStor representative to properly size your FDS system. The minimum amount of memory is 8 GB.3 Check the FalconStor website certification matrix for a list of network cards that are supported.Depends upon the amount of data backed up and the retention time.

Installation Install an operating system You must install a certified operating system on your FDS appliance before you install FDS. To do this: 1.html. Manually install You can download this guide from the USB_Images_Site_Map. Click the pdf link under Manual OS Install. Download the appropriate zip file containing the USB key image for your hardware.falconstor. along with the MD5 checksum to verify that the download was successful. you will need to manually install the operating system. FDS User Guide 8 . • Install from a FalconStor USB key You will need to download an appropriate image for your FalconStor certified hardware.html. Click the If a USB key for your hardware platform does not exist. The operating system CD and several scripts are available on FalconStor’s FTP site to help you do this. You can download this guide from the USB_Images_Site_Map.falconstor. There are several ways to do this: • If you are using FalconStor certified hardware. Connect to the FalconStor FTP site: ftp://goldkey1.html. Connect to the FalconStor FTP site: ftp://goldkey1. Follow the steps in the FalconStor Operating System Installation Guide to manually install the Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 Update 3 operating system. Follow the steps in the FalconStor USB OS Installation Guide to install the Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 Update 3 operating system from the USB key. 4. If available. 3. and software for an appliance. Download the CD zip file and the scripts from Manual OS Install.com/ • User name: ftpuser1 • Password: gold_key2 2. management utilities. 3. USB key images are the fastest and easiest way to install the operating system. pdf link under USB OS Install. 4.com/ • User name: ftpuser1 • Password: gold_key2 2. If an appropriate image exists. you can download it from FalconStor’s FTP site. Select USB_Images_Site_Map. you will need to manually install the operating system. To do this: 1. you can use a FalconStor USB key. Look under /USB_Images for the hardware manufacturer of your appliance. If a USB key for your hardware platform does not exist.

default gateway. Power up your FDS appliance and log in. You will need to have a monitor and keyboard to access the FDS appliance. Change the IP address. FDS User Guide 9 . netmask. and primary name server to what your network administrator provided to you. 2. Type service network restart for these changes to take effect. 4. 3. Contact your network administrator to obtain the following for your FDS appliance in order to connect your FDS appliance to your storage network: • IP address • Netmask • Default gateway • Primary name server information. You can type system-config-network-tui to load a utility that allows you to change them.Installation Set network information for your FDS appliance If you haven’t done this already: 1.

Type Y to continue. select to configure Network Time Protocol on the FDS appliance.Installation Install FDS server software To do this: 1.sh or log out (using the logout command) and then log back in. qlogicnpiv. At the # prompt. FDS User Guide 10 . 5. indicate the type of Fibre Channel HBAs you are using. 2. 10. 9. type . /etc/.is. Type Y to accept the configuration when you see the screen that summarizes the FDS appliance configuration. or q (if no HBA). Log in to the FDS appliance. click Enter to accept the default maximum number of LUNs per adapter. Reload the environment variables. When prompted. When prompted. 7. click Enter to accept the default maximum number of SCSI disks to scan./fdsinstall. When prompted. When prompted. 4. qlogic. 6. Mount the FDS CD. # mount /dev/cdrom /media # cd /media 3. 8. Type .

Run the FalconStor Management Console The FalconStor Management Console for FDS is the graphical administration tool that enables you to manage FDS. follow the instructions in this section to configure FDS. right-click it and select Connect. basic configuration will already have been done for you. Install and launch the console on an administrative computer To install the FalconStor Management Console software from Web Setup. open a browser from any machine and enter the IP address of the FDS server (for example: http://10. Connect to your FDS server If your server already appears in the tree.15 --> FDS Console. select the Go button next to Install Management Software and Guides and click the Launch Console link. If not. for example: http://10.2:81/ to launch the console. Right-click the Servers object and select Add. You can install the FalconStor Management Console onto any machine. because it communicates directly with the server and clients (CIFS and NFS backup servers or application servers). Select the Go button next to Install Management Software and Guides and click the Install Windows Console link. Note that if you are installing the console on a Windows machine. There are two ways to run the FDS console. to skip going through Web Setup.0. open a browser from any machine and enter the IP address of the FDS server (for example: http://10.0. To launch the console after installation. select Start --> Programs --> FalconStor --> FDS 1.0.2) and the console will launch. If you have Web Setup.Getting Started If you received a pre-configured FDS appliance from FalconStor.0.0. The computer that runs the FDS console needs connectivity to the network segment where FDS is running. do the following to add it: 1. you must be a Power User or Administrator. Launch the web-based console To launch a web-based version of the console. open a browser from any machine and enter the IP address of the FDS server followed by :81.2). as long as that machine has a Graphical User Interface and the Java Runtime Environment. you may want to save the location as a Favorite or Bookmark.0. If your server does not appear in the tree. FDS User Guide 11 . In the future. For easier access.

If you want to be able to add accounts or set network configuration in the console. the server icon will change to show that you are connected.0. the configuration wizard launches. The username and password are case sensitive. log into your appliance with the “root” user and password (default “IPStor101”). When the hostname appears in the navigation tree. Type the FDS Server name or address (for example.2) and enter a valid user name and password (both are case sensitive) to log in. The default password is IPStor101 but this may have been changed in Web Setup. If your system is not already configured. If you purchased an appliance from FalconStor.0. Once you are connected to a server. you can right-click the FDS Servers object and select Discover to detect FDS servers in a range of IP addresses. FDS User Guide 12 . 10. 2. log in with fsadmin as the User Name.Getting Started If you are running on a Windows machine. right-click it and select Connect. You should then specify the subnet range of your FDS server and wait for the FDS server hostname to appear in the navigation tree.

Be sure to enter keycodes for all options you have purchased. press Skip. Each FDS option requires that a keycode be entered before the option can be configured and used. Step 1: Enter license keys Click the Add button and enter the keycodes shown on your Product Keycode certificates. the configuration wizard will be launched when you connect to it. Click Next to begin the steps in the wizard. If you want to skip a step. one at a time. FDS User Guide 13 . you can right-click your FDS server appliance and select License. will be configured via Web Setup. if you need to add license keys. such as FDS storage appliances.Getting Started Configure your FDS server using the configuration wizard FDS provides a convenient wizard that leads you through your FDS configuration. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. Some appliances. If your FDS server has not been configured yet.

Default gateway . Append suffix to DNS lookup . NIC .Getting Started Step 2: Set up network 1.IP address of your Domain Name Server. it will be appended to the machine name for name resolution.List of Ethernet cards in the server. Domain name . FDS User Guide 14 . Enter information about your network configuration.Internal domain name.If a domain name is entered. DNS .IP address of your default gateway.

you can right-click your FDS server appliance and select System Maintenance --> Configure Network. If you select Static. Click Config to configure each network interface card (NIC). The server will automatically reboot when the hostname is changed. set this value to 9000 for jumbo frames. Step 3: Set hostname Enter a valid name for your FDS appliance. If your card supports it. underscore. if you need to change the name again. you can right-click your FDS server appliance and select System Maintenance --> Set Hostname. numbers. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. you must click the Add button to add IP addresses and subnet masks. MTU . Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. or dash. Valid characters are letters. if you need to change these settings.Set the maximum transfer unit of each IP packet. FDS User Guide 15 .Getting Started 2.

4. you can right-click Physical Resources and select Prepare Disks. These devices will be used to create logical resources (repository resources and shares). if you add new hardware that you need to prepare. Type YES to confirm that you want to delete all data on these devices. 1. FDS User Guide 16 . 2. 3. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. Click the Select All button to select all physical devices. Select Virtualize.Getting Started Step 4: Prepare physical devices Prepare physical devices for use with FDS. Click Finish to confirm.

Select the virtualized disk(s) that will be used as repository resources for the configuration database. and data disks. 2. FDS User Guide 17 . 1. Select Physical Device as the storage type. The configuration database contains FDS configuration information.Getting Started Step 5: Set up FDS Select the physical devices that you prepared in the previous step for your FDS index. folder.

2. The minimum size disk recommended for these resources is at least 8% of the total size of the FDS data disks. Folders store information relating to the contents of each deduplication session. Select the virtualized disk(s) that will serve as repository resources for the FDS index and folder disks. 4. 8. or 16 disks). The selected LUN(s) must be of sufficient size to contain these resources. FDS User Guide 18 . The number of physical data disks should be a power of two (i.Getting Started 3. The index points to the data on FDS storage.e. Select the device(s) that will be used as repository resources for data storage. The selected disks should all be the same size. 4..

lastly. 4. there are nine disks and these are the possible groupings. the system looks at the viable configurations and then determines which wastes the fewest drives and. In the above example. a single column is best. which contains the most columns.Getting Started 5. if each column is on its own RAID controller. FDS User Guide 19 . The recommended scenario is selected by default. In the above example. select how your data devices will be organized. A column represents the y axis in a graph while a row represents the x axis. To determine this. Your storage devices will be grouped into one or more columns. the single column configuration would be selected by default. If you have one RAID group. and 8 column configurations. How do the number of columns affect performance? Performance will be better with multiple columns. For performance purposes. The ninth disk is not used in the 2.

each with four 2 TB disks. Click Finish to confirm. 6. the wizard will determine that the best configuration is two columns. Example #2: If two 8 TB physical LUNs are available. the wizard will determine that the best configuration is one column with four 2 TB virtual devices.Getting Started Example #1: If a single 8 TB physical LUN is available. FDS User Guide 20 . This column will have 16 slices (aka “hash”) in the range of 0~F. Each column will have eight of the 16 slices in ranges of 0~7 and 8~F. The console shows that the Data Repository has been configured in one column with a capacity of 8 TB across all sixteen slices/hashes. The console shows that the Data Repository has been configured into two columns with a capacity of 16 TB across all sixteen slices/hashes.

Getting Started Step 6: Configure deduplication Configure when deduplication should occur and determine if you want to exclude specific files and folders: 1. You can set it to occur automatically. or manually. Specify when deduplication should occur. minutes after files are detected. FDS User Guide 21 . on a scheduled basis.

optionally. Also specify the frequency. or months during which deduplication should not occur. 3. FDS User Guide 22 . when it should end.Getting Started 2. select Set exclusion. If you selected to schedule deduplication. If you want to exclude specific days/hours/months. set the schedule. If you selected Set exclusion. days. select the hours. Specify when deduplication should begin and.

Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. Note that files smaller than 8 KB are excluded by default because the file that replaces a deduplicated file and points to data in the repository (called the stub file) is at least 8 KB in size. you can right-click your server and select Deduplication --> Configure. or files based on when they were last modified or last accessed. FDS User Guide 23 . Determine what types of files to deduplicate. small files. Therefore. if you need to change your global deduplication policy. there is no benefit to deduplicating files smaller than 8 KB.Getting Started 4. You can exclude specific file types.

• -b size=4096 .Preserves the maximum filesystem metadata space (16 TB) for later filesystem resize.Getting Started Step 7: Create resources FDS resources are virtualized disks that are used to create FDS shares. each file will minimally be 4k in size. • -m 0 . Create one or more FDS resources. If you need to change the default Format Options or Mount Options. • -v . click the Advanced button.Format in verbose. ext3 or ext2. • user_xattr .Forces the format regardless of what is on the drive. Select your file system or click Next to accept the defaults. if you keep the default of 4096. • -I 256 .Sets the journal size to 128 MB for resize purposes. FDS User Guide 24 .Increases the inode size from 128 bytes (default) to 256 bytes. • nosuid . For example. You will then create FDS shares from these resources.Reserve 0% of the filesystem blocks for the super-user.These options are used when the drive is formatted.Creates the filesystem with an ext3 journal.FDS automatically detects the supported file system.Supports “user” extended attributes. Mount Options . • -J size=128 . The default settings include: • rw . The default settings include: • -F . 1. • -j . File System .Block Size determines the minimum amount of space to use for each file.These options are used when the drive is mounted.Allows read/write access. • -E resize=16383G . Format Options .Disallows set-user-id execution.

FDS User Guide 25 . 3.Getting Started 2. Batch lets you create multiple FDS resources at one time. Select the creation method and size of FDS resources. These FDS resources will all be the same size. Express lets you designate how much space to allocate and then automatically creates an FDS resource using an available device. Custom lets you select which physical device(s) to use and lets you designate how much space to allocate from each. Select the physical device(s) from which to create this FDS resource.

This may take a while. you can right-click the FDS Resources object and select New. (Express and Custom only) Enter a name for the new FDS resource. Confirm that all information is correct and then click Finish to create the FDS resource. Larger resources take significantly longer to format than smaller resources. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. If you need to create OpenStorage resources. depending upon the size of the resource(s) being created. Resource names cannot use blanks or contain the following characters: < > / \ " %#:. You should wait until the FDS resource is attached and mounted before creating shares. if you need to create FDS resources. FDS User Guide 26 . you can right-click the OpenStorage Resources object and select New.|*?&$'()` 5.Getting Started 4.

FDS uses share mode for authentication. refer to ’Set the security mode for Windows clients’ before creating your shares. If you want to use domain mode. FDS User Guide 27 . Enter a share name and indicate if you want Windows clients to have access to this share. By default. 1. 2. Enter a folder name.Getting Started Step 8: Create share Create shared folders (called shares) into which your backup software or other application can put files. The folder name cannot exceed 238 characters.

Select if you want to use both types of permissions. Set access rights for this client. Share authentication mode window Select if you want all Windows clients to have the same type of permission. FDS User Guide 28 . 3. The password for full access must be different from the read only password. (Windows clients) Enter permissions for the Windows clients who will access the share.Getting Started Share names cannot start with a dot or contain the following characters: < > / \ " %#:. Domain authentication mode window Select the clients who should have access to the share.|*?[]=+.

Squash can be used to map user IDs to nobody. UID=0 (root user) is remapped to nfsnobody:nasgrp (default). Select insecure if your client’s operating system does not use a reserved port for NFS (an Internet port less than IPPORT_RESERVED -. you can assign clients to it by right-clicking and selecting Sharing. You can click the Add button to add an NFS client. Any time after creating the folder. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. You can also select New Folder. Refer to ’Map/mount shares’ for more information. root_squash X X all_squash X Action No UIDs mapped. you can right-click an FDS resource or a folder and select New Share. 5. Click Finish to confirm.Getting Started 4. All UIDs are mapped to nfsnobody:nasgrp. (NFS clients) Enter permissions for the NFS clients who will access the share. AIX is an example of an operating system that needs to select insecure.1024). if you need to create additional shares. FDS User Guide 29 .

Server is resolvable by DNS FDS User Guide 30 . You should check /etc/hosts afterward to make sure it was updated correctly. edit / etc/ntp/step-tickers and add just the domain controller IP address. The FDS Server and all clients must belong to the domain controlled by this Domain Controller. You can add a time server through the console (right-click the server and select System Maintenance --> Configure Network).conf files should have been updated accordingly). If your server’s hostname is resolvable by a DNS machine. Therefore. However. If they are not synchronized. refer to ’Server is not resolvable’ below. Refer to ’Update /etc/hosts’ below if you need to update it manually. If no time server is available. the DNS server should have been configured via Web Setup (and the /etc/hosts and /etc/resolv. we recommend that you use an automated synchronization service to adjust the system’s clock. By default.conf on the FDS server and add ‘server [DC IP address]’. FDS uses share mode. you can add it manually by right-clicking on your server in the console and selecting System Maintenance --> Configure Network. Domain mode .The authentication server must be a Domain Controller. Domain mode configuration You must do the following if you will be using domain mode for authentication: Synchronize clocks Your FDS server and your Windows domain controller must have their clocks synchronized to within five minutes of each other. Make sure each FDS server has a valid DNS entry created in the Microsoft DNS (part of the Active Directory you plan to join) with a valid PTR resource record (DNS reverse lookup zone must contain this record). you need to manually add it to /etc/hosts.Authentication is done by passwords (a full access password and/or a read only password) that are set when you create the share. Also. If you want to use domain mode. Otherwise. you can use the date command on your FDS server to adjust the date and time. Refer to ’Update /etc/hosts’ below for details. you can use the IP address of the domain controller (DC).Getting Started Set the security mode for Windows clients There are two security modes that you can use to authenticate users/groups trying to access FDS shares: • • Share mode . Note: It is important that you do not change your authentication mode once you begin using your FDS system. you will lose all of your share assignments. Server is not resolvable If your server’s hostname is not resolvable by a DNS machine. If you do change it. you will need to follow the instructions below. You need to edit /etc/ntp. If the DNS server was not configured. the system clock on a PC can “drift” over time. Refer to the ntpd service on Linux and the Windows Time service on Windows for more information.

net 2.Getting Started Update /etc/hosts If your server’s hostname is not resolvable by a DNS machine. Add the following lines to /etc/hosts: 192. If you will be using Active Directory. FDS User Guide 31 .15. 1.net" or "fds-server" are already part of another entry.168. such as: 127. if necessary.145 Domain being joined: abc.168.168.168.145 fds-server. Your FDS server and your Active Directory Server must have their clocks synchronized to within five minutes of each other.15. For example.15.abc.localdomain fds-server.151 192.0.15. • Select domain mode as the security mode To select domain mode: 1.This account should have minimal security.net windows-domain. you need to manually add it to /etc/hosts.net Active Directory If your Domain controller is running Windows 2003 or Windows 2008.1 192. Refer to the nptd service on Linux and the Windows Time service on Windows for more information. similar to that of the guest account.abc.151 192.151 Primary Authentication Server: windows-domain Primary Authentication Server IP address: 192.168. Even if your server is resolvable. We recommend that you use an automated synchronization service (NTP server) to adjust the system’s clock. you can limit this account to have read-only access to the Organizational Units (OUs) that will be browsed by FDS.145 fds-server localhost.localdomain localhost localhost fds-server windows-domain Remove the fds-server entry from that line and add the other lines: localhost. your environment looks like this: FDS server name: fds-server FDS server IP address: 192.abc.net windows-domain. the FDS server can be configured to utilize Microsoft’s Active Directory to obtain users and groups. For a more secure account.168.net fds-server windows-domain If "fds-server. we recommend checking /etc/hosts file and updating. Use the command vi /etc/hosts to edit /etc/hosts on your FDS server. you will need the following: • Account for FDS .0.0. The account will be used by FDS to access the active directory that FDS will browse to identify the users/groups that will have access to FDS shares.15. In the FDS console.abc.15.1 127.abc.0. right-click Windows Clients and select Set Security Mode.

Enter the domain that the FDS server must join. Primary Authentication Server . This is the name of the domain that the Primary Authentication Server and Backup Authentication Server belong to.Getting Started 2. Enter your authentication server. Domain .Enter the name of the server (not an IP address) from which the FDS server will get the user account information. The server's name must be resolvable. If you are using Active Directory you will not see this field. 3. Select Domain Mode and indicate if you are using Active Directory.You can optionally enter a server name (not an IP address) to use for authentication if the primary authentication server is not available. The server's name must be resolvable. FDS User Guide 32 . The FDS server will use this server to authenticate users when they try to share an FDS resource. Backup Authentication Server .

In this case.Enter the account FDS will use to log into Active Directory. User . Bind Point . Password . enter a Bind Point to direct FDS to a starting point or a single tree such as the /Engineering or /Accounting tree.” when you click Next. (Domain mode with Active Directory) Enter information about the account FDS will use to log into Active Directory. the Windows primary authentication server name and IP address are not in the /etc/hosts file or are not resolvable. Windows Domain Controller.Getting Started 4. the clocks on your FDS Server. • FDS User Guide 33 . FDS cannot see anything in the tree. Without this access. If you leave this field blank or enter “/”. Please synchronize server and active directory clocks. If you see the message “Failed to locate the authentication server” when you click Next. FDS will start at the root of this OU.You can use the Bind Point to mark where in the OU tree FDS will start browsing from. This is useful if FDS’s user account does not have root access to the entire OU tree. Use the date command or an automated synchronization service to adjust the system’s clock. Notes: • If you see the message “Unable to connect to active directory due to excessive clock skew. and your Active Directory Server are not synchronized to within five minutes of each other.Enter a valid password for this account.

6. it will de-select that OU. By default. If you click the checkbox next to the OU.Getting Started 5. FDS User Guide 34 . In order to select only certain OUs. (Domain mode with Active Directory) Select the organizational units to which you will offer FDS shares. then select the OUs to which you want to offer FDS shares. This description of the FDS Server will be displayed in the Comment field of Windows Explorer. Click in the checkbox next to the OUs to which you want to offer FDS shares. you should click the root first. Enter a descriptive comment. such as when you see a list of computers under My Network Places. everything is selected.

FDS User Guide 35 . Additional ranges can be added.000.Getting Started Indicate if you want to preserve current users/groups. 7. UIDs are associated with users on your system. The range cannot start with a number below 10. Manual Selection lets you select which range(s) to use. Reserved ranges cannot be removed. Be sure to select a big enough range to handle the number of users you have. Select how you want to reserve User IDs (UIDs). Auto Selection lets you set the maximum number of UIDs that FDS should use for authentication of FDS users and automatically reserves an unused range. This field appears when existing UID or GUID ranges must be cleared or preserved (for instance when you switch from share mode to domain mode and then back to share mode). You will need to select an available UID range and designate a starting and ending UID.

Select how you want to reserve Group IDs (GIDs). Auto Selection lets you set the maximum number of GIDs that FDS should use for authentication of FDS groups and automatically reserves an unused range. You will need to select an available GID range and designate a starting and ending GID.000. FDS User Guide 36 . Be sure to select a big enough range to handle the number of groups you have. Manual Selection lets you select which range(s) to use. Reserved ranges cannot be removed.Getting Started 8. Additional ranges can be added. The range cannot start with a number below 10. Enter an administrative username and password. 9. GIDs are associated with groups on your system.

Confirm all information and click Finish. the Console will try to join the domain as an Active Directory Member Server even if no username/password is supplied. FDS User Guide 37 . 10. FDS will try to join the domain as a legacy Windows NT 4 server. If that fails. If you are using Active Directory.Getting Started This name/password will be used to create a computer account for the FDS Server in the domain.

Locate the following key in the registry: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa 2. Locate Network Security: LAN Manager authentication level in the right pane. Open a DOS command prompt and type. Locate Local Computer Policy --> Computer Configuration --> Windows Settings --> Security Settings --> Local Policies --> Security Options. Right-click in the right pane to create a new DWORD (32-bit) or DWORD (64bit). Windows 7 Home edition 1. you will need to set the authentication mode on that machine.Getting Started Map/mount shares Windows clients Set authentication Windows 7 and Windows 2008 client machines use NTLMv2 authentication with FDS shares when using share mode authentication. Set the LmCompatibilityLevel value to 2. 5. Set the path to the shared folder. gpupdate /force to force the policy to be applied. Launch gpedit. You do not need to do this for older versions of Windows or if you are using domain mode for authentication. 3.msc from a command line. Select Tools --> Map Network Drive. If you are using share mode and you want to connect to a share from a Windows 7 or Windows 2008 client. Change the value to Send LM & NTLM . 3. 4. 2. Do the following on each Windows client: 1. 4. Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate editions and Windows 2008 1. 2. Open Windows Explorer (or My Computer). The path is: \\hostname\sharename FDS User Guide 38 . This launches Microsoft’s Local Group Policy Editor. The procedure to set authentication is different depending upon the version of Windows you are using.use NTLMv2 session security if negotiated and click OK and quit. Reboot the machine in order for the changes to take effect. Map a share You should map a share for each Windows client to allow access to the share. 3.

proto=tcp.vers=3. the user name is always guest.llock. fdsresource is the name of the FDS device. mount the share. FDS User Guide 39 . For Windows Vista/Windows 2008/Windows 7 clients. combehind. folder is the full folder name.vers=3.hard. Enter the password you set when you created the share. as set in step 1. Note: In the path above. For example: mount FSDEFDS35:/nas/FDSDisk-00001/fds/Data1/mnt/share Client mount options We recommend using the following mount options for NFS clients: AIX 5.rsize=65536. /nas/ and /fds/ are not variables and must be included in the path. enter the user’s full account name (Domain\username) and the user’s password that is defined at the Active Directory level.intr.rsize=65536.intr. For Domain mode. and mount_point is a directory the NFS share can be accessed from. wsize=65536 hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point Note: We highly recommend using the “llock” mount option with Solaris NFS clients. the user name is filled out (and grayed out).Getting Started where hostname is the FDS Server’s name or IP address and sharename is the name of the shared folder. Locally. For Windows 2000/2003 clients. Do the following on each NFS client: 1. wsize=65536 hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point Solaris 9 and 10 mount -F nfs -o hard. mount hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point where hostname is the FDS Server’s name or IP address. Enter login information.llock.x mount -v nfs -o proto=tcp. For example: \\server1\Data1 4. NFS clients Mount a share You should mount a share for each NFS client to allow access to the share. For example: /mnt/share 2. Create a directory to mount the NFS share to. For share mode. in this case /mnt/share. you may need to type the user name as: WORKGROUP\guest.

nfsvers=3.wsize=65536.hard hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point Linux mount -t nfs -o hard.nolock.tcp.wsize=65536.rsize=65536. FDS User Guide 40 .bg hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point Note: We highly recommend using the “nolock” mount option with Linux NFS clients.Getting Started HP-UX 11v2 and 11v3 mount -F nfs -o rsize=65536.intr.

a fully qualified domain name. You can enter an abbreviated name that can be resolved. Expand FDS Clients. right-click the NFS Clients object. The format to do this is: subnet/netmask (for example: 192. the list of users comes from the authentication server.Getting Started Add NFS clients There are two types of FDS clients: • • Windows clients . NFS clients .0.0). or an IP address for a machine.255.This is the name displayed in the console for this group of one or more NFS clients. Wildcard characters are not supported in machine names or domain names. You can also access this dialog and add NFS clients while creating an FDS share. and select Add. Name .These clients use the Common Internet File System (CIFS) protocol. You do not need to add Windows clients. If you are using the Share authentication mode. For example. You can also enter a subnet and netmask if you want to grant FDS share access to an entire subnet. 2. To add NFS clients: 1.The machine that will become an NFS client.255. FDS User Guide 41 .0/255. Enter information as applicable. any Windows client can access a share (provided he/she knows the password).168. In Domain authentication mode. you may want to enter NetBackup to identify these clients.These are usually Unix clients using the Network File System (NFS) protocol. Machine .

when a share is accessed via NFS. combo. the kernel converts hostnames to lower case. uppercase. HP-UX.Getting Started Comment .e. or both). This is because. Solaris. Note: You should verify that the hostnames listed in the /etc/hosts files on both the FDS server and NFS clients (Linux. FDS User Guide 42 . while NFS uses hostnames as typed (i.You can optionally enter a description or explanation in this field. This can result in errors on the NFS clients. IBM AIX) are lowercase only. This information will be displayed in the right pane of the console for this client. lowercase.

You can select one of the tabs for more information. set server properties. If you close and restart the console. You can expand or collapse the display to show only the information that you wish to view. FDS User Guide 43 . The tree allows you to navigate the FDS server and its configuration objects. and run/view reports. monitor FDS activity.The FDS Console The FalconStor Management Console for FDS allows you to manage your FDS system. users. organized in a familiar Explorer-like tree view. create FDS shares. configure your deduplication policy. The console remembers the servers to which the console has successfully connected. the right-hand pane contains detailed information about the object. The FDS console displays FDS server configuration. Double-clicking an item will toggle the expanded/collapsed view of the item. the servers will still be displayed in the tree but you will not be connected to them. You need to connect to a server before you can expand the server object. monitor deduplication. and administrators. When you highlight any object in the tree.

Displays configuration information. configure server-level options such as deduplication. Version Info . the type and number of processors.These clients use the Common Internet File System (CIFS) protocol. Integrity Check Status . NFS clients . including the version of the FDS software. OpenStorage. There are two types of FDS clients: • Windows clients . refresh the connection. run a server connectivity test.Displays the status (or current progress) of an integrity check job. From the NFS Clients object.The FDS Console Understanding the objects in the tree FDS Servers This object allows you to add FDS servers to the navigation tree in the console. Excluded Paths . From the Windows Clients object.These are usually Unix clients using the Network File System (NFS) protocol. you can manage user/administrator accounts. generate an x-ray file.Displays the server and console version and lists any installed patches. FDS server object From the server object. replication. • FDS User Guide 44 . and update user accounts and authentication servers.Displays the folders that have been excluded from deduplication and replication. add/remove licenses. amount of physical and swappable memory. • • • • • FDS Clients Clients are the backup servers and application servers that use an FDS share to store data. reset passwords. Event Log . You do not need to add Windows clients. and email alerts. you will see the following tabs: • General . and network adapter information. When you are connected to a server.Displays system events and errors. and set server properties. you can modify the security settings defined during initial FDS configuration. the list of users comes from the authentication server. review properties.Displays information about repository usage and amounts of data written/stored over time. any Windows client can access a share. Global Deduplication Statistics . perform system maintenance. If you are using the Share authentication mode. you can add clients. In Domain authentication mode.

Logical Resources Logical resources are all of the resources defined on the FDS server: • Repository Resources . There is also an Event Log available from the FDS Resources object that displays events and errors related specifically to the FDS resources. index disks. In order for FDS resources to be accessible by a client. refer to your FalconStor OpenStorage Option User Guide. virtualized disks that are used with the FalconStor OpenStorage Option (a software interface between a VeritasTM NetBackupTM Media or Master server and your FalconStor FDS Server). you can prepare new physical devices for use with FDS and rescan disks. assign the folders to clients.The FDS Console Physical Resources Physical resources are the actual physical adapters and storage devices attached to the FDS server. Configuration Database .allocation and configuration Disk space usage Repository resource allocation FDS statistics FDS User Guide 45 . Each resource can be mirrored for high availability. you will see an FDS Replica object in the tree beneath the resource being used to hold incoming replication. and folder disks) for deduplicated data. For more information about using the OpenStorage option.Virtualized disks configured as storage (data disks. • • • Reports FDS provides reports that offer a variety of information: • • • • • Throughput Physical resources .Logical resources that have been defined as folders and FDS shares that are presented to clients.OpenStorage Resources represent Logical Storage Units (LSUs). FDS Resources . and provide authentication information to clients. From this object.This object contains FDS configuration information and can be mirrored for high availability. Each resource can be mirrored for high availability. the FDS administrator needs to add shares. OpenStorage Resources . If this server receives replicated data from another FDS server.

you will have to reconnect to it. 2. only when you are viewing it. Remember password for session . The console log is displayed at the very bottom of the console screen. If you need to access the server again.The console log (fdsconsole. you will be prompted for a password for every server you try to open. Select Tools --> Console Options. Automatically time out servers after nn minute(s) . You should not remember passwords when the console is being shared by different users.Do not maintain a console log.Do not write to log file . when you attempt to open a subsequent server.Overwrite the information from the last console session when you start a new session.Keep all session information.Append to log file .log) is kept on the local machine and stores information about the local version of the console. Select the options you want to use. . FDS User Guide 46 .If the console is already connected to a server. Console Log Options . . Enter 0 minutes to disable the timeout.The console will collapse a server that has been idle for the number of minutes you specify. If this option is unchecked.The console will update the event log by the frequency you specify.The FDS Console Console options To set options for the console: 1.Overwrite log file . the console will use the credentials from the last successful connection. . The default is 10 minutes. Automatically refresh the event log every nn second(s) . The options affect how information for each console session will be maintained.

Information is updated every five minutes but you can click the Refresh button to update more frequently. You can click the Setting button to see the current settings.Lets you change the IP address. IP Bonding is a load balancing/path redundancy feature that enables you to configure your FDS server to load balance network traffic across two or more network connections creating redundant data paths throughout the network. Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a hardware level interface that monitors various hardware functions on a server. Using any other third-party utilities will not update the information correctly. Only the root user can access the system maintenance options. you will see several IPMI options on the System Maintenance --> IPMI sub-menu. and Filter. If you do make a change. Monitor. Notes: • • Bond IP The system maintenance options are hardware-dependent. you must make these changes using Configure Network. netmask. Network configuration IPMI Monitor . Refer to your hardware documentation for specific information. Config. Config . we recommend using a static IP address on a separate management subnet. FDS User Guide 47 . You will see a red warning icon in the first column if there is a problem with a component. IPMI is used for remote management and access to the server. Refer to ’Set up network’ for more information.Displays the hardware information that is presented to FDS. and default gateway for your IPMI card. If FDS detects IPMI when the server boots up. Refer to “NIC Port Bonding” for more information.The FDS Console System maintenance The FDS console gives you a convenient way to perform system maintenance for your FDS Server. If you need to change FDS Server IP addresses.

Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Restart FDS to restart the Server processes.The FDS Console Filter .You can filter out components you do not want to monitor. You must enter the Name of the component being monitored exactly as it appears in the hardware monitor above. Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Reboot to reboot your server. Set hostname Restart FDS Restart network Reboot Halt Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Set Hostname to change your hostname. such as when you do not have the hardware that is being monitored. This may be useful for hardware you do not care about or erroneous errors. Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Halt to turn off the server without restarting it. The server will automatically reboot when the hostname is changed. Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Restart Network to restart your local network configuration. FDS User Guide 48 .

FDS User Guide 49 . If you are discovering new devices. Auto detect FC HBA SCSI ID scans QLogic HBAs. If you only want to scan on a specific adapter. set the range of adapters.The system sends a SCSI request to LUN 0 and asks for a list of LUNs. and LUNs that you want to scan. Use Report LUNs . Use this option only if all of your LUNs are sequential. 2. right-click Physical Resources and select Rescan. Note that this SCSI command is not supported by all devices. It ignores the range of SCSI IDs specified and automatically detects the SCSI IDs with persistent binding. right-click that adapter and select Rescan.The FDS Console Rescan physical devices 1.This option will scan LUNs sequentially and then stop after the last LUN is found. Determine what you want to rescan. To rescan all devices. Stop scan when a LUN without a device is encountered . SCSI IDs.

2. Right-click the server and select User Accounts. Refer to your operating system’s documentation for naming restrictions. change an administrator’s password. The fsadmin administrator is created by default. When you add an administrator. FDS User Guide 50 . They are not authorized to make changes. The default password for fsadmin is IPStor101 (case sensitive). Select the appropriate option. 1.FDS Administrators are authorized for full console access (except that only the root user can add or delete an FDS administrator.FDS Users are only permitted to view information in the console. or access the system maintenance options). .The FDS Console Administrators Only the root user can add or delete an FDS administrator or change an administrator’s password. the name must adhere to the naming convention of the operating system running on your FDS Server. There are two types of administrators: .

The date and time on which the event occurred. Events are listed in chronological order. Date & Time ID Event Message The Event Log is refreshed every x seconds.The FDS Console Event Log The Event Log details significant occurrences during the operation of the FDS Server. if you click on the ID heading. No action is required. If you want to reverse the order or change the way the information is displayed. Right-click your server and select Event Log --> Filter. records that contain/do not contain specific text. This allows you to read messages without the screen scrolling. Sort the Event Log When you initially view the Event Log. all information is displayed in chronological order (most recent at the top). Specify your search criteria. By default. category types. The columns displayed in the Event Log are: Type I: This is an informational message. For example. If you are anywhere else in the Event Log. E: This is an error that indicates a failure has occurred such that a device is not available.000 records will be displayed in the Event Log. and errors are displayed. If you are at the top of the Event Log when new events are added. You can view the Event Log in the FDS console when you highlight a server or the FDS Resources object in the tree and select the Event Log tab in the right pane. You can also specify the number of lines to display. the screen will automatically scroll down to accommodate the new events. all informational system messages. This is the message number. This can help you identify how often a particular event occurs. However. or a licensing violation. W: This is a warning message that states that something occurred that may require maintenance or corrective action. You can search for specific message types. C: These are critical errors that stop the system from operating properly. click on a column heading to re-sort the information. the FDS system is still operational. A maximum of 10. an operation has failed. Information displayed in the Event Log comes from the /var/log/messages file on the FDS server. your current view will not change when new events are added. This is a text description of the event describing what has occurred. Filter the Event Log FDS User Guide 51 . Corrective action should be taken to resolve the cause of the error. and/or time or date range for messages. 2. based on how you set it (Tools --> Console Options). To filter the information that is displayed: 1. you can sort the events numerically. warnings.

Right-click your server and select Event Log --> Print to print the Event Log to a printer.csv) or tab delimited (.The FDS Console Export data from the Event Log Print the Event Log You can save the data from the Event Log in one of the following formats: comma delimited (. FDS User Guide 52 .txt) text. Right-click your server and select Event Log --> Export to export information.

Repository Resources Allocation Report . size.Lists the physical resources on the FDS server. SCSI Device Throughput Report .Shows the disk space usage and layout for each physical disk that can be allocated by the system. Depending upon which report you select. 2. FDS Disk Space Usage Report . FDS Statistics Summary Report . including the physical device that holds the resource. 4. schedule how frequently you want to create this report and how long each should be kept before being purged. FDS User Guide 53 .Displays all of the files that were deduplicated and/or replicated in each active deduplication/replication session. SCSI Channel Throughput Report . 3. Physical Resource Allocation Report . To create a report. repository resources. and/or SCSI devices to include in the report. including the physical adapters and physical devices. Select a report.The FDS Console Reports The FDS console provides you with the following pre-defined reports: Report Server Throughput Report . FDS Detailed Statistics Report .Displays information about the utilization of the selected physical SCSI storage device on the FDS server for a specific date or range of dates. sectors. Physical Resources Configuration Report . additional windows appear to allow you to filter the information for the report.Shows the disk space usage and layout for a specific disk that can be allocated by the system. devices. If applicable. Can be Scheduled Yes Yes Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Create a report or report schedule Each report can be created for a specific server. 1.Displays information about each repository resource. Physical Resources Allocation Report .Displays information about the amount of disk space that each SCSI adapter is currently using and how much is available. right-click the Reports object and select New.Displays the deduplication and/or replication session summary information and settings for each active deduplication/replication session.Displays information about data going through the selected SCSI adapter on the FDS server for a specific date or range of dates. and percent of physical resource allocated. If applicable.Provides information about the overall throughput of the FDS server for a specific date or range of dates. set the date or date range for the report and indicate which adapters. SCSI address.

5. This is useful if you have scheduled reports that have run while you are in the console. View a report After a report is created. Refresh report display Delete a report FDS User Guide 54 . To change a schedule. select Replication Client Info. When you select an existing report in the tree. Print a report Change a report schedule Export data from a report To print a report. or Past 7 Days will create reports that generate data relative to the time of execution. For replication. right-click a report that is generated and select Export. Select the schedule you want to change or remove and click the appropriate button. you can right-click a specific report or the Reports object and select Delete. Enter a name for the report.The FDS Console Selecting Past 30 Days. 6. To access the delete option. The data can be saved in one of the following formats: comma delimited (. Expand the Reports object and the report type to see the existing reports. Confirm all information and click Finish to create the report. it is categorized by report type in the tree. indicate if you want to include deduplication and/or replication information in the report. right-click the Reports object and select Schedule. For FDS statistics reports. right-click a report that is generated and select Print. if you want to see information about the source FDS server. To do this. the report is displayed in the righthand pane. You can refresh the list of reports that are displayed. 7. To see information about the target FDS server.txt) text. right-click Reports and select Refresh. You can save the data from the server and device throughput and usage reports. You can delete one or more reports. Reports larger than 30 pages are broken into smaller sections for easier viewing. To export information.csv) and tab delimited (. select Replication Server Info.

The following is a sample portion of a report: FDS User Guide 55 .The FDS Console Sample FDS Detailed Statistics report The FDS Detailed Statistics Report displays all of the files that were deduplicated and/or replicated in each active deduplication/replication session.

The FDS Console Sample FDS Statistics Summary report The FDS Statistics Summary Report displays the deduplication and/or replication session summary information and settings for each active deduplication/replication session. FDS User Guide 56 .

Mirror Synchronization: Use [n] outstanding commands of [n] KB . You can set your system to automatically replicate your system configuration to an FTP server on a regular basis. Select the Auto Save Config tab and enter information automatically saving your FDS server system configuration. number of errors etc. that resynchronization policy will apply instead. This must be a multiple of the sector size.The number of commands being processed at one time and the I/O size. On the Activity Database Maintenance tab. If a mirror is suspended because the lag time exceeds the acceptable limit. 5. You should not enter an absolute path like c:fdsconfig. data written. You should only need to change the settings for special situations. Right-click the server and select Properties. indicate how often the FDS activity data should be purged.Determine how often the system should check and attempt to resynchronize active out-of-sync mirrors. The target server you specify in the Ftp Server Name field must have FTP server installed and enabled. 6. FDS User Guide 57 . 4. If necessary. number of read commands. The Target Directory is the directory on the FTP server where the files will be stored. such as if your mirror is remotely located. and whether or not to include replica mirrors. Auto Save takes a point-in-time snapshot of the FDS server configuration prior to replication.The FDS Console Server properties To set properties for a specific server: 1. how often it should retry synchronization if it fails to complete. On the Statistics Log Option tab. The Activity Log is a database that tracks all system activity. 3. On the SNMP Maintenance tab. The settings on this tab affect system performance. select which reports to enable. 2. set FDS to send traps to your SNMP manager. These setting will only be used for active mirrors. The directory name you enter here (such as fdsconfig) is a directory on the FTP server (for example ftp\fdsconfig). This information is used to generate information for the FDS reports. Synchronize Out-of-Sync Mirrors . Click the word Edit in the Properties column to change purge and schedule settings. Refer to ’SNMP traps’ for more information. write commands. The defaults should be optimal for most configurations. change settings for mirror resynchronization on the Performance tab. including all data read.

Depending upon how frequently you make configuration changes to FDS. highlight your FDS server in the tree. To do this. enter information about the location of this server and who is responsible for maintaining it. The oldest copy will be deleted as each new copy is added. FDS User Guide 58 . enter the maximum copies to keep.JPG/. 7. determine how often to replicate the configuration. On the Location tab. You must create this user on the FTP site.The FDS Console The Username is the user that the system will log in as. This user must have read/write access to the directory named here. In the Interval field. select File menu --> Save Configuration. set the interval accordingly. You can also include a . You can always save manually in between if needed. In the Number of Copies field.JPEG format photograph of the appliance or its location.

Set the appropriate properties. Setting a directory with a sticky bit gives it additional security by requiring that users own the file or directory. Right-click the directory and select Directory Properties. 2. groups. or be the root user if they want to remove or rename a file.The FDS Console Directory properties To set properties for a specific directory: 1. Group must be a valid group on your FDS server. and others. FDS User Guide 59 . have write permissions. Include subdirectories applies the permissions to all subdirectories beneath the current one. You can set specific permissions for owners.

you can apply patches to your FDS server through the console.The FDS Console Software patch updates The Version Info tab displays the current version of the FDS server and console. 2. Download the patch onto the computer where the console is installed. 3. Locate the patch file and click Open. Select the patch and click OK. 5. Confirm that you want to continue. Highlight an FDS server in the tree. 4. 3. Highlight an FDS server in the tree. FDS User Guide 60 . With this information. Add patch To apply a patch: 1. 4. Confirm that you want to continue. The patch will be copied to the server and installed. 2. Select Tools menu --> Add Patch. Rollback patch To remove (uninstall) a patch and restore the original files: 1. Select Tools menu --> Rollback Patch.

FDS User Guide 61 . • Error – Errors (failure such as a resource is not available or an operation has failed) and critical errors will be sent. Click Add to enter the name of your SNMP server and a valid SNMP community name. CA Unicenter. 5. To verify that SNMP traps are set up properly. 2. IBM Tivoli NetView. and critical errors will be sent. 4. event log messages will not be sent. right-click your FDS server and select Properties. By default. • Informational – Informational messages. To configure SNMP: 1. and critical error messages will be sent. 3. Select the SNMP Maintenance tab. • Critical – Only critical errors that stop the system from operating properly will be sent. The procedure to do this will vary by SNMP manager. • Warning – Warnings (something occurred that may require maintenance or corrective action). MIB files can be found at the following location: $ISHOME/etc/snmp/mibs 6. or BMC Patrol. Specify the type of message that should be sent. such as HP OpenView. Five levels of messages are available: • None – No messages will be sent. errors. In the console. warnings. errors. but you may want to configure FDS to send certain types of messages. You should see an SNMP trap for the event.The FDS Console SNMP traps FDS provides Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) support to integrate FDS management into an existing enterprise management solution. Compile the appropriate MIBs into your SNMP manager. set the level to Informational and then do anything that causes an entry to be added to the event log (such as logging into the FDS console or creating a new FDS resource).

Express automatically creates the mirror using available disk segments. To mirror a group of resources. repository resources. 2. On systems with very low I/O. OpenStorage resource. or the Configuration Database object and select Mirror --> Add. FC. To set mirroring: 1. .Specify an acceptable lag time.Select drives from different adapter/channel . Select how you want to create the mirror.Select different drive . Right-click a repository. Determine if you want to monitor the mirroring process. a higher number may help get a more accurate representation. The mirror can be defined with disks that are not necessarily identical to each other in terms of vendor. and data. In the event that the primary resource is unusable.The FDS Console Mirror the configuration database and resources You can mirror the configuration database. the I/O performance is evaluated to decide if I/O to the mirror disk is lagging beyond an acceptable limit. index. mirroring will be suspended so it does not impact the primary storage.Look for space on another hard disk. FDS Resources. right-click the Repository Resources. or OpenStorage Resources object. you must have at least two physical devices (preferably on different controllers) because the mirror cannot be on the same disk as the FDS database/resource.Specify how frequently the system should check the lag time (delay between I/O to the primary disk and the mirror).Look for space on any disk. Custom lets you select which disk segments to use. the same data is simultaneously written to the mirrored copy. 4. If it is. FDS resources.Look for space on another hard disk only if it is on a separate adapter/channel. iSCSI). Select an available physical device that is the same size or larger than the selected resource. or even interface (SCSI. and OpenStorage resources in order to protect your FDS configuration. If you select to monitor the mirroring process. Checking more or less frequently will not impact system performance. . FDS seamlessly swaps to the mirrored copy. FDS User Guide 62 . FDS resource. Mirroring an FDS resource means that each time data is written to that resource. including the original. type. . The mirror disk maintains an exact copy of the data. In order to mirror a resource or database.Select any available drive . Maximum lag time for mirror I/O . This option is useful if you have mapped a device (such as a RAID device) that looks like a single physical device. Monitor mirroring process every n seconds . 3.

you must also specify how many times the system should retry the re-synchronization if it fails to complete.Both disks are synchronized. Confirm that all information is correct and then click Finish to create the mirror. 8. With a 20% failure rate. FDS User Guide 63 . Not synchronized .Specify what percentage of I/O must pass the lag time test. FDS swaps to the mirrored copy. The failed disk is always the mirrored copy because if the primary database disk fails. For example. If you select both. If mirroring is suspended.Specify the minimum number of I/Os that can be outstanding. specify when re-synchronization should be attempted. During the test period. If you are using Throughput Control. If there is a failure in the primary database. you set the percentage to 10% and the maximum lag time to 15 milliseconds. the time will be applied first before the I/O activity level. 6. Specify if you want to use Throughput Control to monitor the synchronization process. mirroring would be suspended. Physically replace the failed disk. Suspend mirroring when the outstanding I/Os reach .A failure in one of the disks has occurred or synchronization has not yet started. 3. you will see a progress bar along with the percentage that is completed. 5. 7. 2. 100 I/O occurred and 20 of them took longer than 15 milliseconds to update the mirror disk. Check mirroring status You can see the current status of your mirroring configuration by checking the General tab of the resource. If you select one or both re-synchronization methods.The FDS Console Suspend mirroring when the failure threshold reaches n% . If you do not select either. • • Synchronized . Right-click the resource and select Mirror --> Remove to remove the mirroring configuration. Re-synchronization can be started based on time (every n minutes/hours default is every four hours) and/or I/O activity (when I/O is less than n KB/MB). FDS swaps the primary with the mirrored copy. If the synchronization is occurring. the mirror will stay suspended until you manually synchronize it. You can see the layout on the Layout tab of the resource. This is the normal state. set the policy. Right-click the resource and select Mirror --> Add to create a new mirroring configuration. • Replace a failed disk If one of the mirrored disks has failed and needs to be replaced: 1.

You will need to do this if you are going to perform maintenance on the primary database disk or if you need to remove the primary database disk. The Rebuild option rebuilds a mirror from beginning to end and starts the mirroring process once it is synchronized. Fix the problem (turn the power back on. the system will not attempt to re-synchronize. Suspend/ resume mirroring You can suspend mirroring for an individual resource or for multiple resources. the mirror is out of sync. re-synchronizing the disks and restarting the mirroring. Select Mirror --> Remove to cancel mirroring. right-click the database and select Mirror --> Swap to reverse the roles of the disks and make it a mirrored copy. Replace the disk. If you need to replace the primary database’s disk. 3. such as a storm or power outage. Before you rebuild a mirror. You can see the current settings by checking the Mirror Synchronization Status field on the General tab of the resource. 2. even if you have a re-synchronization policy. This copies differences to the mirror disk. Right-click the resource and select Mirror --> Synchronize. right-click a resource and select Mirror --> Rebuild. The rebuild feature is useful if the mirror disk you want to synchronize is from a different server. Once the problem is resolved. A rebuild might be necessary if your disaster recovery site has been servicing clients due to some type of issue. you must stop all client activity. the local storage server must rebuild the mirror from beginning to end. After rebuilding the mirror. When you manually suspend a mirror. such as a power loss: 1. at your primary data center. swap the mirror so that the primary data center can service clients again. 4. To rebuild the mirror.The FDS Console Fix a minor disk failure If one of the mirrored disks has a minor failure. plug the drive in. Right-click the database and select Mirror --> Add to create a new mirroring configuration. You will have to resume the mirror in order to synchronize. 2. Replace a disk that is part of an active mirror configuration If you need to replace a disk that is part of an active mirror configuration: 1. FDS User Guide 64 . Swap the primary disk with the mirrored copy Rebuild a mirror Right-click the database and select Mirror --> Swap to reverse the roles of the primary database disk and the mirrored copy. etc.). Because the mirror disk is located on a different storage server in a remote location.

or OpenStorage Resources object and select the appropriate resources. To suspend/resume mirroring right-click a resource and select Mirror --> Suspend (or Resume). the system will monitor the process and check lag time. FDS User Guide 65 . During the synchronization. mirroring will be suspended if the lag time gets above the acceptable limit. right-click the Repository Resources.The FDS Console When you resume mirroring. the mirror is synchronized before mirroring is resumed. FDS Resources. Depending upon your monitoring policy. For multiple resources.

You can also run the process manually. There are three independent thresholds (repository object.FDS User Guide Deduplication The FalconStor® File-interface Deduplication System (FDS) is a block-level data deduplication solution offering high performance. formatted. and global block-level data deduplication. diskto-disk (D2D) data protection. the pointers to deduplication storage are deleted but the actual deduplicated data is not. Reclamation thresholds The system will run a reclamation process automatically whenever a threshold is met. Over time. and data disk) and the reclamation processes run independently for each. FDS automatically reclaims unneeded space on the FDS Index disk and FDS Data disk. enterprise-level functionality. right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Start Space Reclamation. checking the integrity of deduplicated data. It is also possible that you may have manually deleted stub files. To see the status of your thresholds. When a stub file is eliminated. files can be erased. integrated replication. The numbers are adjusted after each reclamation and can grow depending upon how much space was reclaimed and how much space is currently available. Type the following at a command line on the FDS server if you want to force reclamation to run now regardless of the status of the thresholds: fdscli reclamation start -d -F FDS User Guide 66 . Reclaim disk space During the deduplication process. index disk. only single instances of unique data are passed to the deduplication repository. Contact FalconStor for a Best Practices Guide for these and other backup applications. or overwritten by your backup application. and excluding folders from deduplication. The pre-configured initial threshold is 80% for the repository object capacity and 50% for the index disk capacity and data disk capacity. The original file is replaced with a stub file pointing to deduplication storage. This chapter provides information about reclaiming disk space. Manual reclamation Force reclamation To manually run reclamation. adding new disks to an existing system. It also provides integration examples for some common backup applications and FDS. highlight your server and select the Global Deduplication Statistics tab.

The integrity check can be run on an as-needed basis or can be scheduled to occur automatically. FDS User Guide 67 . the configuration options will still be used when you manually run an integrity check.Deduplication Check integrity of deduplicated data During deduplication. If you do not select to schedule integrity checks. whose function is to point to the repository and is used to retrieve stored data. • Enable integrity checking When you enable integrity checking. You can run an integrity check to confirm that the stub files and the unique data stored in the repository are valid and that the stub file can generate source data correctly. the system analyzes blocks of data and determines whether the data is unique or has already been copied to the FDS repository. integrity verification will only apply to those files deduplicated after integrity checking has been enabled. Performing an integrity check is a resource-intensive operation that may affect the performance of other operations on the FDS server. Therefore. all of the configuration options that you set are part of a policy. This process passes single instances of unique data to the FDS repository and replaces each deduplicated file with a small stub file. Right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Enable. Notes: • The integrity check will only be able to validate stub files and source data deduplicated after integrity checking has been enabled. 1.

3. when it should end. optionally.Deduplication 2. set the schedule. If you want to exclude specific days/hours/ months. FDS User Guide 68 . Specify when the integrity check should begin and. select Set exclusion. Specify when the integrity check should be run. If you selected to schedule the integrity check. Also specify the frequency.

5. days. select the hours. FDS User Guide 69 . If you selected Set exclusion. or months during which the integrity check should not run. Specify if you want to include all paths in the integrity check or if you want to select specific paths to include.Deduplication 4.

Select a folder that you want to include and click the Add Path button. select what paths to include/exclude from the integrity check. Specify the validation criteria.Deduplication 6. Confirm all information and click Finish. You can select to validate stub pointers only or include source data validation as well. The left pane lists all FDS resources and OpenStorage resources. FDS User Guide 70 . 7. 8. The newly added row in the table shows the detailed path. If you selected Custom.

If you created an integrity check policy. To temporarily suspend an integrity check that is running. right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Start. you can see the status on the Integrity Check Status tab of the server. right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Suspend. When you want to resume the job. Stop/suspend a integrity check To stop an integrity check that is running. right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Stop. FDS User Guide 71 . right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Resume. View integrity check status While the integrity check is occurring.Deduplication Manually run an integrity check To manually run an integrity check. all of the configuration options that you set will be used when you manually run an integrity check.

You will need to type “Yes” to confirm. FDS User Guide 72 . right-click the server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Configure.Deduplication Change integrity check properties To change the configuration. right-click the server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Disable. Disable integrity checking To disable integrity checking.

For index or folder storage. index. Right-click the server object and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Add data disks. 2. physical or virtual.Deduplication Add repository resources If your FDS appliance has additional physical disks. or folders. FDS User Guide 73 . Note: You may have to purchase a capacity expansion kit in order to add physical disks to your system. 3. Select an available device. select Add Index and Folder Disks. you can create additional logical resources for storage of FDS data. 4. Confirm information about your selection and click Finish. Select the type of device. 1.

Exclude If you want to exclude a folder (and its sub-folders) from deduplication. right-click the folder and select Deduplication --> Include in Deduplication. you can right-click the folder and select Deduplication --> Exclude from Deduplication. You will see an amber X icon on every folder that is excluded. If this folder is also excluded from replication.Deduplication Exclude folders from deduplication By default. the icon will be half amber and half gray. all folders are included for deduplication. FDS User Guide 74 . Include To include a folder that was previously excluded. You can see a list of all excluded folders on the Excluded Paths tab of your FDS server.

In addition if you are using shared mode for authentication. This NetBackup user must have access to the CIFS share in order to use it as a storage unit. NetBackup Client Service and NetBackup Remote Manager and Monitor Service. 2. Map a CIFS share to your NetBackup machine. in order to ensure that NetBackup will have access to the FDS share. the current user (generally the administrator) is used by default. Configure NetBackup to work with FDS. Contact FalconStor for a Best Practices Guide for these and other backup applications. This user will need to start two NetBackup services. you must have a previouslycreated user (such as a Guest user) that has access to the FDS share and is a member of the Administrators and Backup Operators groups. It is not meant to provide NetBackup installation instructions and does not offer any fine-tuning tips. The following is the general procedure for configuring NetBackup to work with FDS. FDS User Guide 75 . Integrating FDS into a NetBackup environment is an easy process that just requires IP connections to your IP network. contact FalconStor for the FalconStor FDS Best Practices Guide for NetBackup. When installing NetBackup software on a Windows platform. Veritas™ NetBackup™ Do the following to configure Veritas NetBackup on Windows Server 2003/2008 to back up files to an FDS share: 1. If you are interested in optimizing your FDS/NetBackup configuration.Deduplication Integration examples The following examples provide integration information for some common backup applications and FDS.

Note the name of the . • Launch the Backup Wizard (click the Backup button/tab on the left) and create a backup job with custom settings.bkf extension that contains the backup data and two . You will see a set of files created by Backup Exec.Deduplication 3. Notes: • • If you are using multiple shares with Backup Exec. Monitor the deduplication process. 5. FDS User Guide 76 . 3. Run the backup job. Accept all default settings except that you must select the Backup-toDisk resource created above as the target device. 2. all of the shares must have the same password. • In your Backup Exec console.bkf file. Monitor the deduplication process. To monitor the backup job in Backup Exec. Backup Exec can only configure an FDS share if the share is created with the same password as the administrator's password that is used on the client side. click the Job Monitor button/tab and double-click your job. Map the CIFS share to your Backup Exec machine. contact FalconStor for the FalconStor FDS Best Practices Guide for Backup Exec. Use NetBackup to back up data to the FDS share. If you are interested in optimizing your FDS/Backup Exec configuration. Symantec™ Backup Exec™ Do the following to configure Symantec Backup Exec to back up files to an FDS share: 1. except set Allocate number of backup sets per backup-to disk file to 1. 4. 4. Use the default settings. if desired. Use NetBackup to create a new Storage Unit and point it to your FDS share by putting the UNC path to the share. Integrating FDS into a Backup Exec environment is an easy process that just requires IP connections to your IP network. if desired. and check deduplication results. Select folders/files to back up. a file with a .cfg files. Configure Backup Exec to work with FDS. It is not meant to provide Backup Exec installation instructions and does not offer any fine-tuning tips. you will need to set up a Backup-to-Disk folder in the Devices tab. and then check deduplication results. The following is the general procedure for configuring Backup Exec to work with FDS.

Statistics From the console. and files awaiting deduplication. files that were excluded.Total number of files. you can view the following: • • • Status of active deduplication and replication jobs Deduplication and replication history and statistics Repository statistics FDS Resources statistics From the FDS Resources object. which includes the aggregate of all FDS resources. you can see the status in the bottom section of the screen. FDS User Guide 77 . you can see the status of active jobs as well as deduplication and replication statistics. If deduplication is currently taking place. Deduplication statistics Highlight the Deduplication tab to see deduplication statistics for all FDS resources as well as your deduplication settings. Files . This includes files that have been deduplicated.

Status includes when deduplication started.Statistics Deduplicated Files .Total size of data stored in the repository. how many were actually deduplicated.Total size of files copied to all FDS resources (including those that have not yet been deduplicated). and the file currently being processed. Space Used by Files Awaiting Deduplication . how long it has been running. Represented Data . total data size represented. how many files were processed. This is a cumulative ratio across all FDS resources. Files Awaiting Deduplication . amount of unique data.Total number of files that have been deduplicated. Unique Data .Total amount of data represented / (divided by) the total amount of unique data stored. If deduplication is currently taking place.Total size of files that have not yet been deduplicated. This does not include excluded files (smaller than 8 KB or user-configured exclusions). Replication statistics Highlight the Replication tab to see replication statistics for all FDS resources as well as your replication settings. FDS User Guide 78 . Deduplication Ratio .Total number of files that have not yet been deduplicated. current throughput. you can see the status in the bottom section of the screen (below your deduplication settings).

Statistics

Files - Total number of files. This includes files that have been replicated, files that were excluded, and files awaiting replication. Replicated Files - Total number of files replicated. Depending upon how replication was configured, this may not include excluded files. Files Awaiting Replication - Total number of files that have not yet been replicated. Space Used by Files Awaiting Replication - Total size of files that have not yet been replicated. Data Replicated - Total amount of data replicated. Unique Data Replicated - Total amount of unique data replicated. If replication is currently taking place, you can see the status in the bottom section of the screen (below your replication settings). Status includes when replication started, how long it has been running, how many files were processed, how many were actually replicated, total data size represented, amount of unique data, current throughput, and the file currently being processed.

Resource-level statistics
When you select the Device Statistics tab for an FDS resource, you will see how much physical storage you have and how much is used as well as deduplication and replication statistics. The deduplication and replication status is the same type of information that is presented at the FDS Resources object level except that here it is only for the shares on this FDS resource. Refer to ’FDS Resources statistics’ for a description of the fields listed here.

FDS User Guide

79

Statistics

Share and folder-level statistics
General tab When you highlight a folder or share, the General tab displays information about that share/folder. Here, you will find the path for the share, which can be useful for mapping/mounting shares. Additional information is displayed if the folder has been shared, including share settings.

FDS User Guide

80

Statistics

Aggregate Statistics tab

When you highlight a folder, share, or directory, the Aggregate Statistics tab displays deduplication and replication statistics for the folder/share/directory and all subdirectories below that share/folder. The information here is similar to the information that is presented for the resource or at the FDS Resources object level. Refer to ’FDS Resources statistics’ for a description of the fields listed on the Aggregate Statistics tab.

FDS User Guide

81

Stub size . FDS User Guide 82 . Replication Status .A stub file is a small file that replaces the deduplicated file and points to the stored data in the repository. Original Size . File Name .The amount of unique data that has been moved to the repository.The name of the file or folder.Indicates whether the file has been deduplicated yet. While deduplication is occurring. The minimum stub file size is 8 KB. Deduplication Status .The size of the file before deduplication. If you see a ratio of ALL:1.The date and time the file was last modified. This field is only valid for files.Indicates whether the file has been replicated yet. Last Modified Time . you will see a progress bar for the file currently being deduplicated. Unique data . Deduplication ratio . the Deduplication & Replication tab displays a list of all files and folders in that folder.The ratio between the original file size and the amount of unique data moved to the repository. the file’s data was already in the repository and no new unique data was stored for this file.Statistics Deduplication & Replication tab When you highlight a folder or share.

Statistics Repository statistics To view repository statistics. These statistics can be different from the ones that appear at the FDS Resources object level due to files being deleted or re-written or FDS resources being deleted or added. There are three sections in the statistics pane: • • • Repository usage Deduplication results Global Deduplication statistics FDS User Guide 83 . select your FDS server and select the Global Deduplication Statistics tab in the right panel.

resulting in a redundancy elimination ratio of 2. The values displayed for Data written represent data scanned in FDS. the system refreshes the graphics. while shades of yellow represent space used before/ after reclamation. Green represents free space. Use the arrow buttons to scan through accumulated data. Data stored values represent the amount of unique data stored in the FDS repository. and how much space is available.Statistics Repository usage This section of the display graphically shows the current state of FDS storage. 2 minutes. FDS User Guide 84 . the graphs in this section resemble a dashboard. 45 GB of data was unique and therefore stored in the repository. Deduplication results This section of the display combines data written and data stored statistics for all accumulated data and shows deduplication activity over time. how much space has been used. You can identify how quickly you are using your repository disk space and when you are likely to need to add more. 1 hour. Usage values show how much space has been allocated to each FDS storage component and how much space has been used. statistics might reflect 7 days. Select Refresh to include activity that has occurred since the last refresh. For example. during which 125 GB of data was scanned by FDS. Viewing data in this way allows you to calculate the redundancy elimination ratio for any period of time. how much space has been used. Reviewing deduplication operations for successive weeks of full backup reveals the true redundancy ratios of week-to-week data evolution and can be used to accurately forecast repository requirements. Index disk capacity shows the capacity of the FDS index disk. Global Deduplication statistics This section of the display shows current statistics: a view of the redundancy elimination ratio based on deduplication jobs performed since a user last reset the display. Repository object capacity indicates the percentage of total FDS index space that has been used and how much space is available. Data disk capacity shows the capacity of the FDS data disk. Values are based on all deduplication jobs performed during the life span of the selected server. Select Refresh to include activity that has occurred since the last refresh. and 2 seconds of deduplication processing. When reclamation is enabled. Select a Unit of time from the drop-down list to adjust the granularity of the graph. Click Refresh to include data for deduplication activity that has occurred since the last refresh. The “needle” indicator shows the current threshold. The Redundancy elimination ratio (frequently referred to in the industry as the Deduplication Ratio) represents this formula: [(data scanned)(data stored)]. After each reclamation.8:1. and how much space is available.

Subsequent updates will reflect activity since the reset.Statistics Statistics are automatically updated every 30 seconds. If you view the display after a few minutes. You can click the Reset button to reset values to zero and reset the time to the current time. FDS User Guide 85 . Select Reset to restart the clock in this display. the redundancy elimination ratio will reflect deduplication jobs currently occurring.

Configure incoming replication Do the following if you want this server to hold replicated files from another server: 1. Note: Replication only applies to data on FDS resources. Right-click the server object and select Replication --> Incoming --> Select Volume. FDS supports many-to-one data replication. At prescribed intervals. Once replicated data has been received on this server. you will see a new FDS Replica object in the tree beneath the volume being used to hold incoming replication. Replication of OST resources is handled by the FalconStor OpenStorage Option plug-in. Note: If you are using the FalconStor OpenStorage Option.Replication Replication protects data on FDS resources by maintaining a copy of it on another FDS server. new data from the source server is transmitted to the target server so that the FDS resources are synchronized. FDS User Guide 86 . Smaller offices and remote sites can eliminate tape backup entirely using the FDS repository. Data restore is quick and efficient from native format files rather than from tape backup formats. Only deduplicated data is sent over the WAN. you must select ANY VOLUME in order for NetBackup replication to complete successfully. providing bandwidth savings. 2. Select the resource to use for the replicated data. providing a cost-effective disaster recovery solution.

Right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Enable.Replication Configure outgoing replication Do the following on the source server (the server from which you will replicate files): 1. Enter information about the replica server (the server that will hold the replicated data) and determine if you want to use encryption during replication. FDS User Guide 87 . 2. 3. Determine when replication should occur.

hours. Also specify the frequency. If you want to exclude specific days/hours/months. you can right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Start. select Set exclusion. Specify when replication should begin and. If you selected to schedule replication. 5. FDS User Guide 88 . optionally. If you selected Set exclusion. set the schedule. when it should end. Replication will run based on the schedule you set. or months during which replication should not occur. If you need to start it manually.Replication 4. select the days.

Confirm all information and click Finish to configure replication. 7. Note that small files (<8K) will be replicated even if they did not get deduplicated. FDS User Guide 89 . Determine if you want to only include deduplicated files and files too small to be deduplicated or if you want to replicate all files regardless of whether or not they have been deduplicated. Determine what types of files to replicate.Replication 6.

Replication Check replication status While replication is occurring. FDS User Guide 90 . you can see the status on the Replication tab of the FDS Resources object on the source server.

Map/mount the share.Replication Recover files from a replica To recover files. enter a new share name if desired. Right-click the desired FDS replica resource and select Sharing. or both. you simply need to share the replica folder that is on the target server and then map/mount the appropriate share. and set login information. You can set this folder as a Windows or NFS share. FDS User Guide 91 . Do the following on the target server: 1. 2. 3. select Enable Windows Share. On the Windows share. You can now recover files from the share.

Exclude To exclude a specific folder (and its sub-folders). If necessary. the icon will be half amber and half gray. right-click the folder and select Replication --> Exclude from Replication. Change replication properties You can change the following for your replication configuration: • • • • IP address and login information for your target server Replication schedule Replication criteria Encryption To change the configuration. You will see a gray X icon on every folder that is excluded. all folders are included by default. You can see a list of all excluded folders on the Excluded Paths tab of your FDS server. If this folder is also excluded from deduplication. right-click the server and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Configure. Include To include a folder that was previously excluded. you can exclude specific folders from replication. right-click the folder and select Replication --> Include in Replication. FDS User Guide 92 .Replication Exclude folders from replication When you configure outgoing replication.

you can perform a synchronization to save space on the replica. This replicates all files in the selected folder (including sub-folders) regardless of whether or not this path is normally excluded from replication. right-click an FDS resource or folder and select Replication --> Start Replication. Synchronize FDS User Guide 93 . Normal replication gives you the chance to recover files from the replica that may have been deleted from the source. If you want synchronize a specific resource or folder. the file will be deleted from the replica. Note: If replication is already occurring. including excluded paths. right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Start. right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Synchronize --> Start. files are replicated to the replica but nothing is deleted from the replica. Your saved replication configuration parameters. files/directories between the source and replica server will be synchronized. will be used. your manual replication request will fail. Once you are sure that deleted files will never need to be recovered. In normal replication mode. System-wide replication To perform global replication. When you perform synchronization. If a replicated file has been deleted from the source. right-click an FDS resource or folder and select Replication --> Synchronize.Replication Manually start replication There are several options to manually start replication. Specific resource or folder To replicate a specific resource or folder. If you want to perform global synchronization.

You can see the current settings by checking the Replication tab for the FDS Resources object. To suspend/resume replication. This will not stop a replication that is currently in progress. right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Suspend (or Resume). Replication suspended Replication running normally FDS User Guide 94 . You can still manually start the replication process while the schedule is suspended.Replication Suspend/resume replication You can suspend future replications from automatically being triggered.

FDS User Guide 95 .FDS User Guide Multipathing The Multipathing option allows the storage server to intelligently distribute I/O traffic across multiple Fibre Channel (FC) ports to maximize efficiency and enhance system performance. The multiple paths cause the same LUN to have multiple instances in the storage server. FDS can transparently reroute the I/O traffic to an alternate storage path to ensure business continuity in the event of a storage path failure. Multipathing is possible due to the existence of multiple HBAs in the FDS gateway and/or multiple storage controllers in the storage systems that can access the same physical LUN. Because it uses parallel active storage paths between the storage server and storage arrays.

enhancing performance by automatically and equally dispersing data access across all of the available active paths. the path will be added back to the load balanced group. In most cases when the deployment is an active/passive storage array with an FDS Gateway.Multipathing Load distribution Automatic load distribution allows for two or more storage paths to be simultaneously used for read/write operations. it will be removed from the load balanced group and will not be re-used after the path is restored unless there are no more good paths available or a manual rescan is performed. there are two load balancing groups. Path management Each path has either a good or bad state. If either occurs. • Single load balancing group: Once the path is determined to be defective. FDS User Guide 96 .

sh enable If FDS is running. Standby . use the command: $ISHOME/bin/configlb. Enable To enable load balancing. you see the following: • • Current. This script modifies the settings in $ISHOME/etc/. the device will fail over to the passive load balancing group. meaning the passive path becomes active and the formally-active path becomes passive. use the command: $ISHOME/bin/configlb.isuperm.env. you must restart it in order for the change to take effect.sh is used to enable (and disable) load balancing.Multipathing • Two load balancing groups: If there are two load balanced groups (one is active and the other is passive) for the physical device. Connectivity status Preferred path • • Enable load balancing Load balancing is disabled by default. Disable To disable load balancing. you must restart it in order for the change to take effect. The script $ISHOME/bin/configlb. use the command: $ISHOME/bin/configlb. then when there are no more “good” paths left in the active load balanced group. 255: error FDS User Guide 97 .sh status You will get one of the following return codes: • • • 0 : load-balancing is disabled. 1 : load-balancing is enabled. Standby .Passive. For each device. or Load Balancing path Load Balancing (Active) vs. the alias module will fail over to the passive group.sh disable If FDS is running.Passive path . then when there are no more good paths left in the active load balanced group.A passive path cannot be used until the LUN is trespassed. Note: If there are two load balanced groups (one active and one passive) for the physical device. Status To check the current setting. You can see multipathing information from the console by checking the Alias tab for a LUN (under Fibre Channel Devices).

To the system and the network. NIC Port Bonding offers a new level of data accessibility and improved performance for storage systems by eliminating the point of failure represented by a single input/ output (I/O) path between servers and storage systems and permits I/O to be distributed across multiple paths. NIC Port Bonding detects faults anywhere from the NIC out into the network path and provides dynamic failover in the event of a failure. FDS User Guide 98 . Also.FDS User Guide NIC Port Bonding NIC Port Bonding is a load balancing/path redundancy feature that enables you to configure your storage server to load balance network traffic across two or more network connections creating redundant data paths throughout the network. However. NIC Port Bonding allows you to group network interfaces into a single group. throughput is increased by a factor equal to the number of adapters in the group. You can think of this group as a single virtual adapter that is actually made up of multiple physical NIC adapters. it appears as a single interface with one IP address.

2. tuned mode that uses IEEE 802. 3.NIC Port Bonding Enable NIC Port Bonding You may have already configured NIC Port Bonding through Web Setup when you first received your FDS appliance. the system will have to remove the bonding and restart network services before continuing. FDS User Guide 99 . To enable NIC Port Bonding in the FDS console: 1. Bond Ethernet interfaces into two groups . Enter an IP address and netmask for each bond group. 5. Round-Robin mode . Bond Ethernet interfaces into one group . round-robin order using standard switches. 4.A more dedicated.Combines all discovered NIC ports into a single Bond Group 0. each group with half of the discovered NIC ports. Link Aggregation mode .Creates Bond Group 0 and Bond Group 1. Select how many bonding groups to use.1AX-capable switches to optimize traffic. Note: If you have previously set NIC Port Bonding. Select System Maintenance --> NIC Port Bonding.The default mode that transmits data in a sequential. Select the bond type. Right-click your FDS server.

NIC Port Bonding Change IP address To modify a bonded IP address of a server. FDS User Guide 100 . you will need to remove the bonding configuration (System Maintenance --> NIC Port Bonding --> Yes to remove) and then rebond using the new IP addresses.

critical system components (memory. specify the user account that will be used by Email Alerts to log FDS User Guide 101 . Email Alerts monitors a set of predefined.If you enabled the authentication option on the SMTP server. 2. system administrators are able to take corrective measures within the shortest amount of time. administrators can easily register new elements to be monitored by these scripts. SMTP Username/Password . SCSI drive errors. Configure Email Alerts 1. disk.Specify the mail server that Email Alerts should use to send out notification emails.). In the console. right-click your FDS server and select Email Alerts --> Enable. Using pre-configured scripts (called triggers). offline device. With Email Alerts. Email Alerts generates an email and sends it to a system administrator. Enter general information for your Email Alerts configuration. etc. SMTP Port .Specify the mail server port that Email Alerts should use.FDS User Guide Email Alerts FDS includes a unique customer support utility that proactively identifies and diagnoses potential system or component failures and automatically notifies system administrators via email. When an error is triggered. SMTP Server . ensuring optimum service uptime and IT efficiency. With its open architecture.

From . To .Specify any other email accounts that should receive emails from Email Alerts. enter the contact information that should appear in each Email Alerts email.Specify the text that should appear on the subject line.Click the Test button to send a test Email Alerts email. FDS User Guide 102 . CC . Test . In the Signature dialog.Specify the email account that will be used in the “From” field of emails sent by Email Alerts. This will be used in the “To” field of emails sent by Email Alerts. Interval . Email Alerts may not work if the SMTP username and password are set without authentication. 3.Email Alerts into the mail server.Specify the email address of the account that will receive emails from Email Alerts. Subject .Specify how frequently the Email Alerts triggers and the System Log should be checked.

sh 5 (Memory check) . swapcheck. and sends an email report but does not send the compressed core file (which can still be large). deletes the original.sh / 95 (Disk usage check) .This script checks to see if the maximum number of memory pages has been set.This script takes in a percentage as the parameter and checks whether the available system memory is below this percentage. set the triggers that will cause Email Alerts to send an email.pl 80 (Memory swap usage check) . the script checks the available memory pages. If yes. Email Alerts sends an email report. If the percentage is lower than specified percentage (default is 10). If the current percentage is over the specified percentage (default is 95). Email Alerts sends an email report. Email Alerts compresses it. If not. and relevant new entries in the system log. diskusagechk. Email Alerts sends an email report.This script checks memory swap usage. By default.This script checks the disk space usage of the root file system. low disk space. If there are more than 10 (variable) compressed core files. Email Alerts sends an email report. In the Trigger dialog. If it exceeds the specified value (default 80).sh 10 (FDS memory management check) . they will all be deleted.This script checks to see if a new core file has been created by the operating system in the bin directory of FDS. You can add FDS User Guide 103 . The following are the default scripts that are provided: chkcore.Email Alerts 4.sh 10 (Core file check) . kfsnmem. Triggers are the scripts/programs that perform various types of error checking. If a core file is found. memchk. FalconStor includes scripts/programs that check for low system memory. If it is set. Email Alerts sends an email report with the total swap space and the swap usage.

This is determined by information specified in the System Log Check dialog. Email Alerts sends an email report. Email Alerts sends an email report. refer to ‘Script/program trigger information’ for more information.pl (Configuration database check) . If there are. If the current usage is above the trigger levels. If it is. If it is.This script checks to see if there are any logs generated by IPMI for hardware errors. Email Alerts sends an email report. If you need to modify an existing script. FDS User Guide 104 . /home could be used in another trigger).sh (IPMI hardware check) .This script checks usage of the index repository and data repository. configdbcheck.This script looks at the system log for specific entries that it needs to report on. serverstatus. Email Alerts sends an email report. If a problem is found. activity.sh (Server status check) . If matches are found. FDSmonitor.sh (System log check) . If so.pl (Activity check) . You cannot delete the predefined triggers.pl (Heartbeat check) . reportheartbeat.This script checks to see if server is active.This script checks to see an activity file (which contains statistics) exists. ipmichk.This script checks the consistency of the configuration database. Email Alerts sends an email report with the activity file attached. Email Alerts sends an email report.This script calls “fds status” and checks if any module of FDS has stopped.sh triggers for different mount points (for example.sh (FDS status check) . Email Alerts sends an email report with the logs attached.Email Alerts multiple diskusagechk. syslogchk.

6. including those generated by FDS. In the Email Alerts Attachment dialog. indicate the terms that should be tracked in the system log by Email Alerts. FDS User Guide 105 . The system log records important events or errors that occur in the system. indicate what files should be attached to each email alert. In the System Log Check dialog.Email Alerts 5.

Each line is a regular expression. The trigger for monitoring the system log is syslogchk. In the System Log Ignore dialog. Click the appropriate tab to update the desired information. regardless of whether or not they are relevant to FDS. Indicate which categories of internal messages should not be included. Entries that do not match the entries here will be ignored. 8. To inform the trigger of which specific log entries need to be captured. The regular expression rules follow the pattern for AWK (a standard Unix utility). and to list the types of log entries generated by FDS that Email Alerts needs to examine. If a category is checked. Confirm all information and click Finish to enable Email Alerts. Modify Email Alerts properties Once Email Alerts is enabled. Select the Customized System Log Ignore tab to exclude system log entries that were included on the previous dialog. Each line is a regular expression.Email Alerts This dialog allows you to rule out entries in the system log that have nothing to do with FDS. The regular expression rules follow the pattern for AWK (a standard Unix utility). You can enter terms to ignore.sh. thereby eliminating entries that will cause Email Alerts to send out email reports. FDS User Guide 106 . you can modify the information by right-clicking on your FDS server and selecting Email Alerts --> Configure. you can specify the general types of entries that need to be inspected by Email Alerts. you will still receive error messages but will not receive detailed internal messages. 7.

4.Email Alerts Script/program trigger information Email Alerts uses script/program triggers to perform various types of error checking. Therefore. FalconStor includes several scripts/programs that check for low system memory. 5. FDS User Guide 107 . regardless of the return code. Right-click your FDS server and select Email Alerts --> Configure. it overrides the return code. Customize email for a specific trigger You can specify an email address to override the default To address or a text subject to override the default Subject. Enter the alternate email address or subject. highlight the trigger and click Edit. no attachment will be sent. By default. To do this: 1. Check the Redirect Notification Without Attachment checkbox. 3. and relevant new entries in the system log. Select the Trigger tab. 2. changes to the FDS XML configuration file. For an existing trigger. If you specify an email address.

Network firewalls should allow access through these ports for successful communications. you should review the following chart to see which ports are used by FDS. The ports required by FDS are: Port # 111 111 137 138 139 139 161 161 2049 2049 11576 18651 18652 389 389 5001 8773 11577 11580 11676 11762 18720 23489 Protocol TCP UDP UDP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP Description rpcbind RPC program number mapper (NFS) rpcbind RPC program number mapper (NFS) ipstornmbd NETBIOS Name Service (CIFS) ipstornmbd NETBIOS Datagram Service (CIFS) ipstorsmbd NETBIOS session service (CIFS) ipstorsmbd NETBIOS Session Service (CIFS) SNMP (SNMPD) SNMP (SNMPD) nfsd NFS server (NFS) nfsd NFS server (NFS) ipstorcomm SecureRPC channel to Console and Client. to configure and retrieve server configuration Replication (unencrypted) Replication (encrypted) LDAP LDAP TTCP FDS OST test port IOCore port RPC FO port CLI proxy port SIR node port FDS OST port FDS repository server FDS User Guide 108 .Appendix This appendix contains information about firewall ports and system performance. Firewall ports Before implementing FDS with a firewall.

Appendix

Maximum number of data streams per FalconStor appliance
Each file written to or read from a FalconStor appliance is a data stream. The following table shows the maximum number of concurrent writes or reads that can be sustained for each FDS appliance: Appliance Model
FDS Virtual Appliance FDS RA101/SA101 Storage Appliance FDS SA102 Storage Appliance FDS SA304 Storage Appliance FDS SA307 Storage Appliance FDS SA311 Storage Appliance FDS SA318 Storage Appliance FDS SA622 Storage Appliance FDS SA634 Storage Appliance FDS SA645 Storage Appliance FDS SA657 Storage Appliance FDS SA668 Storage Appliance FDS GA700F Gateway Appliance

Maximum Concurrent Writes
16 32 32 32 90 90 180 180 240 260 260 390 390 8 8 8 8

Maximum Concurrent Reads

30 30 50 50 50 60 60 80 80

FDS User Guide

109

FDS User Guide

Index
Rescan 49 Domain mode 30 Configuration 30 Group IDs 36 User IDs 35

A
Active Directory 31 Activity Log 57 Administrator Management 50 Types 50 Authentication Domain mode 30 Share mode 30 Auto Save 57

E
Email Alerts 101 Configuration 101 Modifying properties 106 System log check 105 Triggers 103, 107 Customize email 107 Event Log 51 Export 52 Filter information 51 Print 52 Sort information 51 Exclude Folders 74 Hours, days, months 22, 69 Exclusions 21

B
Backup software Symantec Backup Exec 76 Veritas NetBackup 75 Bond IP 47 Bonding NICs 98 Change IP address 100

C
Configuration 11 Configuration database 45 Mirror 62 Configuration wizard 13 Connectivity test 44 Console Administrator Management 50 Connect to FDS server 11 Discover servers 12 Install 11 Objects in tree 44 Rescan devices 49 Run 11 Server Properties 57 Set options 46 System maintenance 47 Web-based Launch 11

F
FDS Components 3 Concepts 3 How it works 2 Overview 1 FDS Console Log 46 FDS devices Configure 17 FDS resources 45 Create 24 Mirror 62 fdsconsole.log 46 Firewall ports 108 Folders 18

D
Deduplication Add repository resources 73 Reclaim disk space 66 Schedule 21 Devices

H
Halt server 48 Hostname 15 Change 48 How FDS works 2

FDS User Guide

110

Index

I
Index 18 Install FDS server software 10 Integration example Symantec Backup Exec 76 Veritas NetBackup 75 Integrity check 67 Change properties 72 Disable 72 Enable 67 Run 71 Status 71 Introduction 1 IPMI 47 Config 47 Filter 48 Monitor 47

Path switching 96

N
Network configuration 14 Network information 9 NFS client Add 41 Mount share 39 NIC port bonding 98 Change IP address 100

O
OpenStorage resources 45 Create 24 Mirror 62 Operating system installation 8 Manually install 8

J
Jumbo frames 15

P
Passwords Add/delete administrator password 50 Change administrator password 50 Default 12 Patch Apply 60 Rollback 60 Performance Data streams 109 Physical appliance Connect to storage network 5 Delivered components 5 Mount appliance 5 Ports 5 Setup 5 Ports 5

L
License keycodes 13 Location 58 Logs 46

M
Map share Windows client 38 Messages SNMP 61 Mirror 62 Add 62 Fix minor disk failure 64 Monitor 62 Rebuild 64 Replace disk in active configuration 64 Replace failed disk 63 Resume 64 Status 63 Suspend 64 Swap 64 Mount share NFS client 39 MTU 15 Multipathing 95 Load distribution 96 Path management 96

R
Reboot server 48 Reclamation 66 Replication 86 Change properties 92 Configure ingoing 86 Configure outgoing 87 Include/exclude 92 Recover files 91 Reports 53 Resume 94 Statistics 77 Status 90
FDS User Guide 111

Index Suspend 94 Reports 53 Change schedule 54 Create 53 Delete 54 Export data 54 Print 54 Refresh 54 View 54 Repository resources 45 Mirror 62 Rescan Devices 49 Restart FDS 48 Restart network 48 Set hostname 48 System requirements 7 System security 108 T Traps 61 U User name Default 12 S Schedule 21 Security mode 30 Domain mode 30 Share mode 30 Server Location 58 Properties 57 Setup Physical appliance 5 Share mode 30 Shares Create 27 Map 38 Mount 39 SNMP 61 Traps 57 Software updates Add patch 60 Rollback patch 60 Statistics Aggregate 81 Deduplication 77 Deduplication & replication 82 FDS resources 77 General 80 Replication 77 Repository 83 Resource-level 79 Share and folder level 80 System maintenance 47 Bond IP 47 Halt 48 IPMI 47 Reboot 48 W Windows client Map share 38 FDS User Guide 112 .

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->