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TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING DOC No.

: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1

CONTENTS

Page

0.0 Cover Sheet 1

List of drawings 2-3

1.0 Introduction 4

2.0 Distillation 4-6

3.0 Required Information 6-7

4.0 Sequence of column Piping Study 7-9

5.0 Nozzle Orientation and Level 9 - 10

6.0 Access and Maintenance Facility 10

7.0 Platforms and Ladders 11

Applicable Revision:
Prepared: Checked: Approved:

Date: Date: Date:


First Edition: R0
Prepared: AKB Checked: TNG Approved: RUD

Date:
Date: Date:
File Name: LB1003 Server: PUNE: KUMUS 207 VKO: KUMUS 209
TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

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Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 2

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
SR.NO. DWG.NO. DESCRIPTION
1 CLP1 SCHEMATIC - PROCESS OF DISTILLATION TOWER
2 CLP2 CRUDE DISTILLATION OF PRODUCTS ACROSS
TEMPERATURE RANGE
3 CLP3 FLOW DIAGRAM OF ABSORPTION-STRIPPING SYSTEM
FOR HYDROCARBON RECOVERY FROM GASEOUS
MIXTURE
4 CLP4 SCHEMATIC PROCESS OF FRACTIONATION TOWER
5 CLP5 VACUUM TOWER & STRIPPER
6 CLP6 TRAYED TOWER
7 CLP7 PACKED TOWER
8 CLP8 COUNTER FLOW (SIEVE & VALVE PLATE DISPERSORS)
9 CLP9 CROSS FLOW - TRAY DETAILS
10 CLP10 TRAY TYPES BY LIQUID PATHS
11 CLP11 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM IN TOWER AREA
12 CLP12 SAMPLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM
AROUND A COLUMN
13 CLP13 EVALUATION OF THE FLOW DIAGRAM FOR A
DISTILATION COLUMN TO VISUALISE AN ORDERLY
ARRANGEMENT OF PIPING
14 CLP14 TYPICAL PIPIERACK CROSS-SECTION OF A TOWER
AREA
15 CLP15 TYPICAL NOZZLE LOCATION AND PLATFORM
ELEVATIONS
16 CLP16 PLATFORM WIDTH REQUIREMENTS
17 CLP17 TYPICAL PLATFORM ORIENTATION
18 CLP18 DETAILS OF CIRCULAR PLATFORM BRACKET SPACINGS
19 CLP19 TOWER PLATFORM AND LADDER ELEVATION
REQUIREMENTS
20 CLP20 TYPICAL PLATFORM ARRANGEMENT
21 CLP21 DETAILS OF A TYPICAL DISTILLATION COLUMN
22 CLP22 DETAILS OF TOWER SKIRT
23 CLP23 TYPICAL TOWER AREA DIVISION FOR VARIOUS
FACILITIES
24 CLP24 TYPICAL TOWER PIPING SUPPORT
25 CLP25 TYPICAL ARRANGEMENT OF EXTERNAL PIPING AROUND
COLUMN
26 CLP26 TYPICAL RELIEF VALVE SYSTEM OPEN AND CLOSED
SYSTEM
27 CLP27 PIPING G.A. FOR COLUMN REBOILER PUMP
28 CLP28 NOTES FOR PIPING G.A. FOR COLUMN REBOILER PUMP
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Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 3

SR.NO. DWG.NO. DESCRIPTION


29 CLP29 TYPICAL OPERATOR ACCESS
30 CLP30 NET POSITIVE SUCTION HEAD (NPSH) OF BOTTOMS
PUMP
31 CLP31 TYPICAL TOWER PIPING ARRANGEMENT
32 CLP32 TYPICAL PLAN AND ELEVATION VIEW OF TOWER AREA
33 CLP33 REBOILER CONNECTION
34 CLP34 ARRANGEMENT FOR KETTLE REBOILERS
35 CLP35 TYPICAL INSTRUMENT VESSEL
36 CLP36 TYPICAL ARRANGEMENT FOR LEVEL INSTRUMENT
37 CLP37 TYPICAL TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE INSTRUMENT
NOZZLE LOCATION
38 CLP38 TYPICAL TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE INSTRUMENT
ARRANGEMENTS
39 CLP39 TYPICAL COMMON BRIDLE-LEVEL INSTRUMENT
ARRANGEMENT
40 CLP40 TYPICAL TOWER DAVIT ARRANGEMENT
41 CLP41 TYPICAL TOWER TROLLEY BEAM ARRANGEMENT
TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

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Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 4

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Piping study for the column should start after complete understanding of the following
document:

a) Technical specification of the column


b) P&ID
c) Unit Plot Plan
d) Basic Engineering document highlighting the specific process requirement, platform
requirement and guidelines for the general arrangement of piping around the column.
e) Details of internal arrangements e.g.
for packed type - the packing height, packing support and manhole / hand hole locations,
and for tray type - the nos. of tray, type of tray, downcomer location, manhole location etc.
f) Instrument data sheet.
g) Line list with operating / design conditions of the fluid.

1.1 Some understanding of the process function will facilitate the piping study to meet the
requirements of operation, maintenance, safety and the aesthetics. Various types of column
with their varying functions are in use for refinery and Petrochemical industry.

Generally they are distinguished based on the specific operation for mass transfer viz.
Distillation, Absorption - stripping or Fractionation etc.

2.0 DISTILLATION

The distillation is separation of the constituents of a liquid mixture via partial vaporisation of the
mixture and separate recovery of vapour and residue.

Various kinds of devices called plates or trays are used to bring the two phases into intimate
contact. The trays are stacked one above the other and enclosed in a cylindrical shell to form a
column.

The feed material, which is to be separated into fractions, is introduced at one or more points
along the column shell. Due to difference in gravity between liquid and vapour phases, the
liquid runs down the column, cascading from tray to tray, while vapour goes up the column
contacting the liquid at each tray.

The liquid reaching the bottom of the column is partially vaporised in a heated reboiler to
provide reboil vapour , which is sent back up the column. The remainder of the bottom liquid is
withdrawn as the bottom product.

The vapour reaching the top of column is cooled and condensed to a liquid in the overhead
condenser. Part of this liquid is returned to the column as reflux to provide liquid overflow and
to control the temperature of the fluids in the upper portion of the tower. The remainder of the
overhead stream is withdrawn as the overhead or distillate product.

The Typical distillation process tower is illustrated in Fig.CLP-1 and crude distillation of
products across temperature range is illustrated in Fig.CLP-2.
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2.1 ABSORPTION AND STRIPPING

Many operations in petrochemical plants require the absorption of components from gas
streams into lean oils or solvents. The resultant rich oil is then stripped or denuded of the
absorbed materials. The greatest use of this operation utilises hydrocarbon materials, but the
principles are applicable to other systems provided adequate equilibrium data is available.

A typical flow diagram of absorption-stripping system for hydrocarbon recovery from gaseous
mixture is illustrated in Fig. CLP-3.

2.2 FRACTIONATION

A fractionation column is a type of still. A simple still starts with mixed liquids, such as alcohol
and water produced by fermenting grain etc. and by boiling produces a distillate in which the
concentration of alcohol is many times higher than in feed. In petroleum industry, mixtures of
not only two but a lot many components are dealt with. Crude oil is a typical feed for a
fractionation column and from it, the column can form simultaneously several distillates such as
wax distillate, gas oil, heating oil, naptha and fuel gas. These fractions are termed cuts.

The feed is heated in a furnace before it enters the column. As the feed enters the column,
quantities of vapour are given off by flashing due to release of pressure on the feed.

As the vapours rise up the column, they come into intimate contact with down flowing liquid.
During this contact, some of the heavier components of the vapour are condensed and some of
the higher components of the down flowing liquid are vaporised. This process is termed
refluxing.

If the composition of the feed remains the same and the column is kept in steady operation, a
temperature distribution establishes in the column. The temperature at any tray is the boiling
point of the liquid on the tray. 'Cuts' are not taken from every tray. The P&ID will show cuts that
are to be made, including alternatives. Nozzles on selected trays are piped and nozzles for
alternate operation are provided with line blinds or valves.

The fractionator tower is illustrated in Fig.CPL-4.

The typical vacuum tower and stripper is illustrated in Fig.CLP-5. Stripper is used to strip
lighter materials from bottom of a main or a vacuum tower distilling crude bottom residue under
vacuum.

2.3 INTERNALS

Columns based on internal details are often called as either Plate Columns or Packed
Columns.

Plate Column:
The lighter hydrocarbons vaporise and flow up through the holes in the tray plate, making
contact with the liquids on that tray.

Tray types are: Bubble Cap trays, Valve trays, Sieve trays

Bubble Cap Trays: Bubbling action effects contact. Vapour rises up through 'risers' into
bubble cap, out through slots as bubbles into surrounding liquid on tray. Liquid flow over caps,
outlet weir and downcomer to tray below.
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Valve Trays: Commonly used valve trays are stamped out by big press and these trays come
with small valves attached to them which allow vapour traffic.

Sieve Trays: Sieve trays are perforated flat plates. They are inexpensive for small diameter
vessels but large diameter towers must have extensive supports for these trays. Sieve trays
are used for heavy hydrocarbon fractionation.

All trays have foam on top of liquid. The height of the foam will vary with the process. Foam
may rise a foot or more above the tray liquid.

Liquid-gas contacting is made effective through the above trays by cross-flow or counter flow.
In counter flow plates, liquid and gas utilise the same openings for flow, thus there are no
downcomers.

Perforated plate with liquid cross flow (sieve plate) is the commonly specified tray.
These two types of flow is illustrated in Fig.CLP - 8.

The two most commonly used types of tower viz. the trayed and packed arrangements are
illustrated in Fig.CLP-6 and Fig.CLP-7 respectively.

3.0 REQUIRED INFORMATION

The basic document listed in Cl.1.0 shall be studied thoroughly for conceptual arrangement of
piping around a column.

3.1 The basic layout and general engineering specifications describe :


• The minimum access, walkways, platforms width and headroom requirements.
• Handling facilities for tower internals, manhole covers, line blinds, relief valves.
• Maximum rise of ladders.
• Pipe-system requirements, such as open or closed relieving systems.
• Minimum line-size and required hose-stations.
• Access to valves and instruments.

3.2 Design Standards show:


• Details of ladder dimensions
• Ladder and platform position (Step through or side step landings)
• Toe-plate, handrail and safety-gate details.

3.3 P&ID and Technical specification of column provide :


• Process data showing interconnected equipment and piping.
• Pipe sizes and pipeline components.
• Steam tracing and insulation thickness.
• Tower elevations and differences in related equipment levels.

3.4 Plot Plan gives:


• The physical location of a column and its relationship to other equipment.
• Main access.
• Main pipe run or pipe rack.
• Location of pumps.

A typical cross-section of a piperack running through the tower area of a refinery type plant is
illustrated in Fig.CLP-14.
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A typical plan of equipments located in the refinery type of plants highlighting the maintenance
access is illustrated in Fig.CLP-32.

3.5 Instrument standard shows:


• The location of instrument connections to tower for gauges, level controllers and level
alarms.
• Location of pressure and temperature connections without orientation.
• The instrumentation systems around the tower are depicted in the P&ID.

3.6 Fabrication drawing / detail dimensional drg. of column provides :


• Diameter and height of column.
• Details and dimensions of internals.
• Manhole
• Process-piping connections in elevation (without orientation)
• Drum, pump, exchanger drawings giving details of adjacent process equipment or
equipment supported on column itself.

An integrated piping study should be developed from the above information.

The piping study should take care of all the general recommendations of piping arrangement
around the column and its related equipment and facilities as illustrated in Fig.CLP-25
"Typical arrangement of external piping around column"

4.0 SEQUENCE OF COLUMN PIPING STUDY

4.1 All available information / data from Equipment specification and P&ID shall be written on the
elevation view of the column as illustrated in Fig.CLP-12, CLP-13 & CLP-15.

4.2 The designer now starts thinking about the proper orientation of nozzles and provisions for
access to the points of operation and maintenance.

4.3 Considerations of the pipeline leaving the tower area and the adjacent piping shall be
visualised.

4.4 The first step is to orient the manholes preferably all in same directions. Normally, manholes
shall be oriented towards dropout area within a 30° segment of column as this facilitates the
lowering of tower internals to the main access way. The manhole segment of platform should
not be occupied by any piperack.

4.5 A break in ladder rise (normal 5m, maximum 7m) will occupy another segment of column for
platform.

4.6 The levels of platforms are to be decided on the elevation view based on the manholes and
access to relief valves, instrument for viewing.

4.7 All platform levels in the proper segments of the tower with ladder location should be drawn on
plan view. The manhole shall be shown in proper segment with the angle of orientation, and
the space for the swing of manhole cover taking davit hinge as centre.

4.8 Layout should be started from the top of the column with the designer visualising the layout as a
whole. There will be no difficulty in dropping large overhead line straight down the side of a
column, and leaves the column at a high level and crosses directly to the condenser. This
clears a segment at lower elevations for piping or for a ladder from grade level to the first
platform.
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4.9 Flexibility and thermal load connected with the large-dia overhead lines to the condenser at
grade level or higher level shall be considered. The relief valve protecting the tower is usually
connected to the overhead line. A relief valve discharging to atmosphere should be located on
the highest tower platform.

In a closed relief-line system, the relief-valve should be located on the lowest tower platform
above the relief -system header. This will result in the shortest relief-valve discharge leads to
the flare header. The entire relief-line system should be self-draining.

4.10 From layout point of view, it is preferable to space the platform brackets on the tower equally
and to align the brackets over each other for the entire length of the tower. This will minimise
interferences between piping and structural members.

4.11 Nozzles and piping must meet process requirements while platforms must satisfy maintenance
and operating needs. Access for tower piping, valves and instruments influence placement of
ladders.

4.12 In routing pipelines, the problem is faced to interconnected tower nozzles with other remote
points. The tentative orientation of a given tower nozzle is on the line between tower centre and
the point to which the line is supposed to run. Segments for piping going to equipment at grade
e.g. condenser and reboiler lines are available between ladders and both sides of manhole.
See the Fig. CLP-21 / 31 for overall orientation of a distillation column.
Line approaching the yard/piperack can turn left or right depending on the overall arrangement
of the plant. The respective segments of these lines are between the ladders and 180°. The
segment at 180° is convenient for lines without valves and instruments, because this is the
point farthest from manhole platforms.

The sequence of lines around the tower is influenced by conditions at grade level. Piping
arrangements without lines crossing over each other give a neat appearance and usually a
more convenient installation.

4.13 The correct relationship between process nozzles and tower internals is very important. An
angle is usually chosen between the radial centreline of internals and tower-shell centrelines.
By proper choice of this angle (usually 45° or 90° to the piperack) many hours of work and
future inconvenience can be saved. Tower piping, simplicity of internal piping and manholes
access into the tower are affected by this angle. After this, the information produced by the
designer results in selecting the correct orientation of tower nozzles.

4.14 A davit usually handles heavy equipment such as large-size relief valves and large-diameter
blinds. If the davit is at the top of the tower, it can also serve for lifting and lowering tower
internals to grade.
Clearance for the lifting tackle to all points from which handling is required, and good access
should be provided.

4.15 Very often, interpretation of process requirements inside a tower is more exact than for exterior
piping design. The location of an internal part determines, within strict physical limits, the
location of tower nozzles, instruments, piping and the steelwork. The layout designer have to
concentrate on a large-scale drawing of tower-internal details and arrangement of process
piping to finalise the piping study.

4.16 Access, whether internal or external is very important. This includes accessibility of
connections from ladders and platforms and internal accessibility through shell manholes,
handholes or removable sections of trays. A manhole openings must not be obstructed by
internal piping.
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4.17 Reboiler-line elevations are determined by the draw off and return nozzles and their orientation
is influenced by thermal flexibility considerations. Reboiler lines and the overhead lines should
be as simple and direct as possible.

4.18 Fig.CLP-23 shows the segments of tower circumference allotted to piping, nozzles, manholes,
platform brackets and ladders as normally recommended to develop a well-designed layout.

5.0 NOZZLE ORIENTATION AND LEVEL

Nozzles are located at various levels on the tower to meet the process and intstrumentation
requirements.

5.1 MANHOLES

Nozzles are to be oriented keeping provision for maintenance and operation needs.

Manholes are usually located at bottom, top and intermediate sections of tower. These
access nozzles must not be located at the downcomer sections of the tower or the seal pot
sections of the tower.

Where internal piping is arranged over a tray, manhole shall be provided but it should be
ensured that the internals do not block the maintenance access through the manhole.

Possible location of manhole and handholes within the angular limits of b° are illustrated in
detail-2 of Fig.CLP-21

5.2 REBOILER CONNECTIONS

Reboiler connections are normally located at the bottom section of the tower. Detail-1 of
Fig.CLP-21 shows reboiler draw-off connections for single-flow tray. This connection can be
very important for arranging tray orientation. The simplest, most economical location for
reboiler connections with the alternative location within the angular limits of a° is shown. The
angle a° depends on the size of reboiler draw off nozzle and the width of the boot
(dimension 'b') at the tray down flow.

The return connection from the thermosyphon reboilers is shown in detail-1 of Fig.CLP-21.
These lines should be as simple and as direct as possible, consistant with the requirements of
thermal flexibility.

For horizontally mounted thermosyphon reboiler, the draw off nozzle is located just below the
bottom tray and for vertically mounted recirculating thermosyphon reboiler, the draw off
nozzle is located at the bottom head. For both the systems, the return nozzles are located
just above the liquid level as shown in Fig.CLP-33.

5.3 REFLUX CONNECTIONS

Reflux nozzles are provided with internal pipes that discharge the liquid into the sealpot of the
tray below. Detail 3 of Fig.CLP-21 shows the reflux connections. Care must be taken that
the horizontal leg of the internal pipe clears the tops of bubble caps or weirs. It must be
ensured that the internal pipe can be fabricated for easy removal through a manhole or can
be fabricated inside the tower shell.
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5.4 OVERHEAD CONNECTIONS

The vapour outlet nozzle is usually a vertical nozzle on the top head of tower. In addition, the
vent and relief valve could be located on the top head with a typical platform arrangement for
access to vent, instrument connections and top manhole. In a closed relief line system, relief
valve should be located on the lowest tower platform above the relief system header. This will
result in the shortest relief valve discharge leads. The entire relief line system should be self
draining.

5.5 BOTTOM CONNECTIONS

The liquid outlet is located on the bottom head of the tower. If the tower is supported on skirt,
the nozzle is routed outside the skirt as shown in Fig.CLP-22. The elevation and orientation
of this line is generally dictated by the pump NPSH requirement and the pump suction line
flexibility. (see Fig.CLP-30)

5.6 TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE INSTRUMENT CONNECTIONS / LEVEL INSTRUMENTS

The temperature and pressure instrument connections are located throughout the tower. The
temperature probe must be located in a liquid space and the pressure connection in a vapour
space as shown in Fig.CLP 37.

The level instruments are located in the liquid section of the tower usually at the bottom. The
elevation of the nozzles is decided by the amount of liquid being controlled or measured and
by standard controller and guage glass lengths. Level controllers must be operable from
grade or platform and level guages / switches may be from a ladder if no platform is available.
Fig.CLP-35, 36, 37, 38, 39 illustrates a few instrument connections on tower.

6.0 ACCESS AND MAINTENANCE FACILITY

6.1 Access whether internal or external is very important. This includes accessibility of
connections from ladders and platforms and internal accessibility through shell manholes,
handholes or removable sections of trays.

6.2 Tower maintenance is usually limited to removal of exterior items (e.g. relief or control valves)
and interior components (e.g. trays or packing rings) Handling of these items is achieved by
fixed devices (e.g. davits or trolley beams) or by mobile equipment (e.g. cranes). When
davits or beams are used, they are located at the top of the tower, accessible from a platform
and designed to lower the heaviest removable item to a specific drop out area at grade level.
When mobile equipment is used, a clear space must be provided at the back (side opposite to
piperack) of the tower that is accessible from plant auxiliary road.

Fig.CLP-16, 25, 29, 32 illustrates the access and maintenance facilities to be considered in
the piping arrangement around a tower.

On free-standing columns, access for major maintenance to insulation or painting will usually
require the erection of temporary scaffolding. Space for scaffolding at grade level and
provision of cleats on the shell to facilitate scaffold erection should be considered.

6.3 Utility stations of two services viz. steam and air are usually provided on maintenance platforms.
Steam and air risers should be located during piping study to keep adequate cleats for support.
(see Fig.CLP-20)
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7.0 PLATFORMS AND LADDERS

7.1 Platforms on towers are required for access to valves, instruments, blinds and maintenance
accesses. Platforms are normally circular and supported by brackets attached to the side of
the tower. Generally, access to platforms is by ladder. Fig.CLP-19 illustrates the platform
requirements.

7.2 Platform elevations for towers are set by the items that require operation and maintenance.
The maximum ladder run should not exceed 7m.

7.3 Platform widths are dictated by operator access. The clear space on platform width shall be
min.900mm.

For platforms with control stations, the width of platform shall be 900mm plus the width of
control station.

The platform for manholes and maintenance access, adequate space for swing the cover
flange flange must be provided.

7.4 Top-head platforms for access to vents, instruments and relief valves are supported on head
by trunions.

7.5 Access between towers may be connected by common platforming.

7.6 It is preferrable to space platform brackets on tower equally and to align brackets over each
other over the entire length of shell. This minimises the structural design and interferences
from piping.

7.7 On very wide platforms or those that support heavy piping loads, knee bracing is required in
addition to the usual platform steel. The potential obstruction immediately under the knee
brace must be kept in mind during platform design.

7.8 Fig.CLP 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 illustrates a few platform considerations.
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DWG. NO. : CLP1

DISTILLATION SCHEMATIC PROCESS OF DISTILLATION TOWER

CONDENSER

REFLUX
TRAY
VAPOUR PRODUCT

RECTIFICATION Vr Lr RECEIVER DRUM


SECTION

DISTILLATE PRODUCT

FEED FEED TRAY

Vs Ls

STRIPPING
SECTION

DIRECT STEAM TO
BOTTOMS PRODUCT

REBOILER

BOTTOMS PRODUCT

BOTTOMS PUMP
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DWG. NO. : CLP2

CRUDE DISTILLATION OF PRODUCTS ACROSS


TEMPERATURE RANGE

90°F BUTANE AND


(32°C) LIGHTER GAS

80°F-220°F STRAIGHT RUN


(32°C-104°C) GASOLINE

220°F-315°F NAPHTHA
(104°C-157°C)

315°F-450°F KEROSENE
CRUDE OIL
(157°C-232°C)

450°F-650°F LIGHT GAS


(232°C-343°C) OIL

650°F-800°F HEAVY GAS


(343°C-427°C) OIL

800°F+ STRAIGHT RUN


(427°C)+ RESIDUE

WITH THE RISE IN TEMPERATURE OF CRUDE OIL, INITIAL BOILING POINT IS REACHED.
THE LIGHTEST MATERIAL, BUTANE IS PRODUCED FIRST, JUST BELOW 100°F (38°C).
THE HEAVIEST MATERIALS ARE PRODUCED BELOW 800°F (427°C).
THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE DIFFERENT PRODUCTS AT VARIOUS TEMPERATURE RANGES
ARE SHOWN ABOVE.
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DWG. NO. : CLP3
ABSORPTION &
STRIPPING

FLOW DIAGRAM OF ABSORPTION-STRIPPING SYSTEM FOR


HYDROCARBON RECOVERY FROM GASEOUS MIXTURE

OFFGAS

1
2
3 PREHEATER
CONDENSOR

ABSORBER COOLER STRIPPER RAW GASOLINE

TO
3 FINISHING
LEAN OIL
2
1
WET
GAS
STRIPPING STEAM

RICH OIL
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DWG. NO. : CLP4

FRACTIONATION

SCHEMATIC PROCESS OF FRACTIONATION TOWER

STILL-5 150°F
65°C

160°F
STILL-4
70°C

170°F
STILL-3 CONDENSER
75°C
REFLUX RETURN LINE

180°F
STILL-2
80°C

195°F
STILL-1 90°C

RECEIVER

FEED

FURNACE

PUMP

BOTTOMS PRODUCT
150°F(65°C)
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DWG. NO. : CLP5

VACUUM TOWER & STRIPPER

VACUUM TOWER

STRIPPER
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DWG. NO. : CLP6

TRAYED TOWER

OVERHEAD

MAINTENANCE REFLUX
ACCESS

TRAY

MAINTENANCE
ACCESS DRAN OFF

CHIMNEY

FEED

REBOILER
DRAWOFF REBOILER
RETURN

LEVEL
INSTRUMENTS
MAINTENANCE
ACCESS

BOTTOMS
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DWG. NO. : CLP7

PACKED TOWER

GAS OUTLET

LIQUID INLET

LIQUID DISTRIBUTOR

PACKING

PACKING SUPPORT
BODY FLANGE

MAINTENANCE ACCESS (TYP)

GAS INLET

LEVEL INSTRUMENTS

LIQUID OUTLET
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP8

LIQUID
LIQUID

VAPOUR

VAPOUR

CROSS FLOW COUNTER CURRENT FLOW

COUNTER FLOW

GAS FLOW HOLES DRILLED OR


PUNCHED Ø2"-4"

SIEVE PLATE DISPERSORS

VALVE CLOSED

FROTH
VALVE OPEN

GAS FLOW
HOLES PUNCHED Ø2"-4"

VALVE PLATE DISPERSORS


TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP9

CROSS FLOW

PERFORATED PLATE WITH LIQUID CROSS FLOW (THE SIEVE PLATE) IS COMMONLY
SPECIFIED TRAY FOR NEW DESIGNER

DOWN FLOW

CROSS FLOW REVERSE FLOW

DOUBLE PASS DOUBLE PASS CASCADE FOUR PASS

TRAY ABOVE

SPLASH BAFFLE

CLEAR
LIQUID
DOWN COMER AREA

DOWN COMER AREA

ACTIVE or BUBBLING AREA

FROTH
DOWNCOMER APRON
FOAM

TRAY BELOW
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP10

TRAY TYPES BY LIQUID PATHS

WEIR
LIQUID
FLOW

CAP
CAP AREA CAP AREA
AREA

INLET DOWNCOMER OUTLET DOWNCOMER DOWNCOMER DOWNCOMER OUTLET


(WITH or WITHOUT DOWNCOMER
WEIR or SEAL BOX)

INLET DOWNCOMER INLET DOWNCOMER INLET DOWNCOMER

BAFFLE
WEIR
CAP AREA
CAP AREA CAP AREA

OUTLET DOWNCOMER OUTLET DOWNCOMER OUTLET DOWNCOMER

TRAY PAIRS

(a) (a)
INLET VIEW

(b) (b)
OUTLET VIEW

REVERSE FLOW DOUBLE PASS DOUBLE PASS CASCADE


TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP11

PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM IN TOWER AREA

OVERHEAD
CONDENSER

TRIM COOLER

TOWER

REFLUX DRUM

FEED

PRODUCT

REBOILER

BOTTOMS PUMPS REFLUX PUMPS


TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP12

SAMPLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM AROUND A COLUMN

P-100-18"
RV
TO FLARE RELIEF RV-100-4" TI
VALVE HEADER 3"x4" TIC
100

11/2"VENT Ø10" 105-E


PT OVERHEAD
101 CONDENSER
Ø6"
(AIR COOLER)
TE 1

GRAVITY FEED
101

P-107-8"
T-100
PT STRIPPER
P-101-3"

102

TE 15 CWR-100-8"
102 16
FEED P-102-6" Ø6"(TYP.)
CW-100-8"

FE FCV FE
PT 100
101 101 Ø6"(TYP.)
103
P-104-10"
27 FCV
100 Ø2" P-108-6"
S-100-6"
Ø8" PT
104
TE
Ø8" 103 LC
102 105-D
T P-103-10" LC REFLUX DRUM
LG
C-100-4" 1"STEAM OUT 101 102
3"DRAIN LG
100E-REBOILER
P-110-4"

2"DRAIN 1"STEAM OUT FCV FE


101
101 101

BOTTOMS 2" PRODUCT


P-106-4" P-105-6" P-109-3" P-109-3"

PIC PIC PIC PIC


101 3"(TYP.) 101 100 2"(TYP.) 100
STRAINER(TYP.) STRAINER(TYP.)
4"(TYP.) 3"(TYP.)

103-PA 103-PB 104-PA 104-PB


BOTTOMS PUMP BOTTOMS PUMP REFLUX PUMP REFLUX PUMP

NOTE: REFER CLP31 FOR TYPICAL PIPING.


: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP13

EVALUATION OF THE FLOW DIAGRAM FOR A DISTILLATION


COLUMN TO VISUALISE AN ORDERLY ARRANGEMENT OF PIPING

POSITION THE RELIEF VALVE ON A DROP THE OVERHEAD LINE ALONG


LOWER ELEVATED PLATFORM, BUT FR PRC THE TOWER. ORIFICE CAN BE IN
ABOVE THE RELIEF-LINE HEADER THE VERTICAL RUN, ACCESSIBLE
IN THE PIPE RACK.NOTE THAT A FROM A LOWER ELEVATED PLATFORM
CLOSED RELIEF LINE SYSTEM IS
SPECIFIED. 6"
TAIL GAS

RV PROVIDE PLATFORM FOR LINE BLIND,


VENT AND INSTRUMENTS. LOCATE

4"
HANDLING DAVIT, IF REQUIRED,
TI AND MAKE IT ACCESSIBLE FROM
THIS PLATFORM.

130°F FRC FR
190psig
1 6"

4'
1

(14 TRAYSx27" SPACING)

4"
MANHOLES
PROVIDE AN ACCESS PLATFORM 2 BETWEEN POSITION OF THE ORIFICE AND
FOR ALL MANHOLES THAT ARE TRAYS THE CONTROL SET AT GRADE,
12ft OR HIGHER ABOVE GRADE. 5-6& AFTER THE EXCHANGER-SHELL 115°F
31'-6"

USE THIS MANHOLE PLATFORM 10-11 OUTLET. TI


FOR ACCESS TO VALVES, LINE
BLINDS, AND INSTRUMENTS.
E-11
11,500,000Btu/h
ARRANGE THE TOWER, EXCHANGER 3 2 SHELLS
AND PUMP ADJACENT TO EACH
OTHER FOR A SHORT PUMP CIRCUIT. TI
15
115°F
10'

6" 130°F 4

115°F
MANHOLES
TI BETWEEN
(14 TRAYSx27" SPACING)

TRAYS
5 20-21&
25-26
E-12
950,000Btu/h
31'-6"

8" 6
4"

P-22 11,200 29
bbl/(STREAM)(d) FR
39°API 30
3" 8"
7
15'

LG 134°F LA
ARRANGE THE STRAIGHT RUN FOR 195psig
ORIFICE. PROVIDE ACCESS TO ELEVATE THE TOWER ACCORDING
8"

8in BLIND (INVESTIGATE HANDLING TO THE REQUIRED NPSH AND


OF BLIND). THE LINE APPROACHES SUCTION LINE LOSS. ARRANGE
FROM THE OVERHEAD CONDENSER SUCTION LINE TO PUMP
AND REFLUX DRUM OF ANOTHER TOWER. LOCATED BELOW THE PIPE RACK.
12'-6"

E-10
130.7 MOLES/H
26,000,000
38.3 MOLECULAR WEIGHT
8"

5000 Ib./h 4" Btu/h

P-23 13,000
400°F
bbl/(STREAM)(d)
42.5°API
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : RO
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP14

TYPICAL PIPERACK CROSS-SECTION OF A TOWER AREA

LINES BOTH ENDS HIGHER THAN


TOP YARD BANK LOCATED IN HIGHER LEVEL

TOWER

2000 TO 3000 SINGLE BAY OF 6000 OR 8000 2000 TO 3000


WHERE REQUIREMENT EXCEEDS THE TOWER
ABOVE TWO TIERS OF 6000
RECOMMENDED.
DEPENDING ON
MAX. PIPE DIA
730 TO 1000

FLARE HEADER WHERE IT IS


REQUIRED AT HIGHER ELEVATION DISTANCE BETWEEN
TIERS WILL VARY
EXPANSION LOOPS
ELEVATION OF PIPING
ADJACENT TO EQUIPMENT

ELEVATION OF PIPING
BETWEEN YARD &
ELEVATION OF EXCHANGER
LINES TO ADJACENT
EQUIPMENT

1200
HEAD ROOM

LINES WITH ONE 3000


END BELOW AND MIN.
3000

OTHER END ABOVE


YARD CAN BE
LOCATED ON
EITHER YARD BANK

CONTROL VALVE
PUMP SUCTION PUMPS COULD BE LOCATED ACCESS TO PUMPS PUMP TURBINE
INSIDE OR OUTSIDE WITH
CONSIDERATION TO FREE SPACE
FOR PUMP ACCESS WAY
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP15
TYPICAL NOZZLE LOCATIONS AND PLATFORM ELEVATIONS
NOZZLE ELEVATIONS ARE SET USING THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION-PROCESS VESSEL SKETCH,
TRAY DETAILS, TYPE OF HEADS, BOTTOM TANGENT LINE ELEVATION, NOZZLE SUMMARY,
INSTRUMENT SKETCH, P&ID, LAYOUT REQUIREMENT AND INSULATION REQUIREMENT.

NOTES: LEGENDS:
1. NOZZLES AND PIPING MUST MEET PROCESS REQUIREMENT. A,B,C, - TOWER NOZZLE LOCATION
2. PLATFORM MUST SATISFY MAINTENANCE AND OPERATING NEEDS. AL,BL,AG & BG - INSTRUMENT TAP LOCATION
MH - MANHOLE
TL - TANGENT LINE
C LADDER 300°
L DAVIT 214'-0"
H
SEALPOT #1
270° 300Ib A H FACE OF FLANGE 207'-5"
DA
V T.L. 205'-0" PLATFORM 206'-9"
120 IT
°
A1

MH#1 203'-0"
53°

a 202'-6"
PLATFORM 199'-11"
PLATFORM 206'-9" PLATFORM 198'-11"

MH#5 0°

PLATFORM
157'-3"
C LADDER 60°
C LADDER 300° L
L
PLATFORM MH#4 168'-6"
159'-11"
SEALPOT #16
PLATFORM 165'-9"
270° D 96°

C
12

PLATFORM 157'-3" & 159'-11"

C 162'-0"
MH#7 0°
MH#5 160'-4" D 161'-3"
LC LA PLATFORM 159'-11"
DD TRANSMITTER
ER
300
° C LADDER 60° PLATFORM 157'-3"
L

HOSE
CONNECTION

MH#7 138'-0"

PLATFORM 134'-11"
C PLATFORM 134'-11"
L LAD 0°
DE R6
R3 DE
00° AD
CLL
AG 275°

°
249 TRANSMITTER
AL ORIFICE
G 180°

PLATFORM 120'-11"
AL 126'-0"
AG E 125'-0"
MH#8 0°

DROP OUT AREA


PLATFORM 112'-5" 18"DIA. OPENING
(SKIRT ACCESS) PLATFORM 120'-11"
C
L LAD 60° CG 119'-9"
DE ER
R3 DD CG
00° A 118'-7"
CLL CG 117'-0"
MH#8 115'-0"
BG 275° J DG 113'-6"
J 90° T.L. 113'-0" PLATFORM 112'-5"
263°
CG PLATFORM 111'-5"
G 109'-6"
°
249
BL

PLATFORM
111'-5"
4'-0"WIDE
G 180° 103'-6" 18" DIA. OPENING
(SKIRT ACCESS)

PLATFORM 111'-5" & 112'-5"


100'-6"
GRADE 100'-0"
PLAN ELEVATION
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP16

I.R. 10" 3'-0"MINIMUM (PLATFORM WIDTH)


.250 900

VALVE

PLATFORM

TOE PLATE BRACKET

VESSEL CLIP CLOSURE PLATE

INTERMEDIATE PLATFORM WIDTH REQUIREMENTS

3'-0"MINIMUM
900

HANDRAIL

PLATFORM WIDTH

CONGESTED PLATFORM WIDTH REQUIREMENTS


PLATFORM WIDTHS ARE DECIDED AS PER OPERATOR ACCESS FOR PLATFROM WITH CONTROLS LOCATED AT
THE SIDE OF PLATFORM, THE WIDTH MUST BE 900MM PLUS THE WIDTH OF THE CONTROLS OR PROJECTIONS.

TOP HEAD MAINTENANCE ACCESS

ONE MAINTENANCE DAVIT


ACCESS DIAMETER
MINIMUM

LADDER(TYP)

DAVIT

VIEW-P

'P'

MAINTENANCE ACCESS

MAINTENANCE ACCESS ARRANGEMENTS


AT MAINTENANCE ACCESS PLATFORM, ADEQUATE SPACE TO SWING THE ACCESS COVER FLANGE TO BE PROVIDED.
TOP HEAD MAINTENANCE ACCESS MUST BE FREE FROM THREE SIDES.
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : RO
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP17

TYPICAL PLATFORM ORIENTATION



T-100

T-100
LADDER
CAGE
(TYPICAL)
LADDER

PLATFORM
EL. 178'-1"

PLATFORM
BRACKETS
(TYPICAL)

PLATFORM
PLATFORM EL.178'-1" & ABOVE EL. 169'-0"
123.800
PLATFORM EL.169'-0" TO 178'-1"
121.030 123.800


T-100

T-100

350

PLATFORM PLATFORM
EL. 109'-0" EL. 139'-0"

PLATFORM EL.109'-0" TO 139'-0" PLATFORM EL.139'-0" TO 169'-0"


102.740 111.890 111.890 121.030
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP18

DETAILS OF CIRCULAR PLATFORM


BRACKET SPACINGS

(X°)

(Y°
14" )

C
L LADDER

30°
350
14"
RADIUS
INSIDE

15°
CL MANHOLE
RADIUS
INSIDE

15°
250
10"
3'-0" TO 4'-6"
900 TO 1400

.
AX NG
14" 0 M ACI
180 T SP DGE
KE R E
AC TE
BR T OU
. A
650 MAX G
ANGIN
OVERH

BRACKET SPACING

VESSEL I.D. X° Y°

UPTO TO 1220MM
30° 60°
(Ø4')

1220 TO 2440
22.5° 45°
(4') (8')

2440 TO 5180
15° 30°
(8') (17')

5180 TO 7620
11.25° 11.25°
(17') (25')
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP19

TOWER PLATFORM AND


LADDER ELEVATION REQUIREMENTS

MAINTENANCE ACCESS PLATFORMS WITH


MINIMUM CLEARANCE INDICATED.

TOP HEAD PLATFORM


VENT ACCESS

10"(250)
MINIMUM
MAINTENANCE &
BLIND ACCESS
SPECT. BLIND

PLATFORM TEMPERATURE &


(TYP.) PRESSURE POINT ACCESS BY
LADDER OR PLATFORM

LADDER
(TYP.)

NO ACCESS REQUIRED
(900 TO 1500)
3'-0" TO 5'-0"

MAINTENANCE &
VALVE ACCESS

CMAINTENANCE
L 18" TO 6'-9"
ACCESS (450 TO 2050)

INTERMEDIATE PLATFORM
TO SUIT MAXIMUM
LADDER RUN ALTERNATE VALVE
ACCESS WITH OR
WITHOUT STEM EXTENSION
MINIMUM

12"(300) MINIMUM
T.L.
CONTROL INSTRUMENT &
MAINTENANCE ACCESS

LEVEL GAUGE ACCESS


BY LADDER OR PLATFORM DRAIN VALVE ACCESS
FROM GRADE

GRADE
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP20

TYPICAL PLATFORM ARRANGEMENT

PLATFORMS ARE REQUIRED ON TOWERS FOR ACCESS TO VALVES,


INSTRUMENTS, BLINDS AND MAINTENANCE ACCESS. PLATFORMS ARE
USUALLY CIRCULAR AND SUPPORTED BY BRACKETS ATTACHED TO
THE TOWER. ACCESS TO PLATFORM IS GENERALLY BY LADDER.

PREFERRED LOCATION
PIPING ACCESS NOT REQUIRED
PAST STANDPIPE
& INSTRUMENTS

LEVEL INSTRUMENTS

STEAM & AIR


RISER

SIDE EXIT 350


PREFERRED
LADDER TO
UPPER LEVEL
LADDER
FROM GRADE
AM LADDER CAGE
STE
AIR

UTILITY
STATION

PLATFORM SUPPORT
BRACKETS

PLATFORM MAINTENANCE ACCESS


EL. 109'-0"
102.740
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP21

DETAILS OF A TYPICAL DISTILLATION COLUMN

ORIENTATION
RANGE

NOZZLE Ø
(TWO TRAYS AT

1/4"
+ 5" MIN.
18" SPACING)
8"VAPOUR OUT
3'-6"

1
1 1/2"REFLUX IN a. SIMPLEST REFLUX PIPE b. REFLUX PIPE MUST CLEAR
BUBBLE CAPS AND WEIRS
SEE DETAIL-3
3'

DETAIL 3 : REFLUX CONNECTIONS


2 SEE DETAIL-2a b° c°

3'

3
3'

SIMILIAR TO DETAIL-3a TRAY AREAS


(7TRAYS AT 2'6"SPACING)

b° c° c°
6" FEED
17'-6"

DOWNFLOW AREA
45'-6"

SEALPOT AREA
4 SEE DETAIL-2b

a. SINGLE FLOW TRAY b. DOUBLE FLOW TRAY

DETAIL 2 : MANHOLE LOCATIONS


5'-3"

8" REBOILER DRAWOFF


8'-6"

1" DRAIN

I.D.6'
b

20" REBOILER RETURN


MAX.
SEE DETAIL-1
LIQUID
LEVEL
h
1"STEAMOUT
3'

5 BOTTOM TRAY

REBOILER DRAWOFF
3 = MANHOLES 6" BOTTOMS OUT

TRAPOUT BOOT
REBOILER RETURN
NOZZLE

SINGLE FLOW TRAY

DETAIL 1 : REBOILER CONNECTIONS


TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP22

DETAILS OF TOWER SKIRT

4'-0"
1200

1/4 OF DIAMETER FOR 2:1 HEADS

TANGENT LINE EL. 110'-3"


103.125
BOTTOM OUTLET
.230 .150 .305
12"

OPENING VENT HOLE


6"

Ø6"
9"

BOTTOM LONG RADIUS ELBOW


OUTLET
.305
12"

12"x18"/300x450
MINIMUM
SKIRT ACCESS OPENING
102'-6"/100.750
2.135

OPERATOR
7'.0"

ACCESS
BOLT HOLES
STIFFENING RING
BASE RING
EL. 100'-0"
100.000
POINT OF SUPPORT
101'-0'
100.300
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP23

TYPICAL TOWER AREA DIVISION


FOR VARIOUS FACILITIES

PREFERRED AREAS FOR PIPING, PLATFORMING AND


LADDERS TO BE LOCATED IN CONJUCTION WITH
TRAY, NOZZLE AND PLATFORM ORIENTATION.

PIPE RACK

VERTICAL PIPING AREA

0
60 X.
P PR
A

LADDER LADDER
AREA AREA

PLATFORM OPERATING &


MAINTENANCE AREA
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP24

TYPICAL TOWER PIPING SUPPORT


ADEQUATE SPACE BETWEEN BACK OF PIPING AND
TOWER SHELL TO FACILITATE INSTALLATION OF
PIPE SUPPORTS.

4"/100 MINIMUM
+ INSULATION

RADIAL LOCATED
P PIPING
BO
2'-0
600

"
MIN
.

1 1/2"
UTILITY PIPING

4"/100

8"/200
MIN.
600
2'-0"

(BOP=BACK OF PIPE)
BOP
COMMON BOP
LOCATED PIPING
4"/100
+INSULATION MINIMUM

OVERHEAD
VAPOUR
LINE
MIN.

TRUNNION

SUPPORT

VESSEL
CLIP

GUIDE
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP25
TYPICAL ARRANGEMENT OF EXTERNAL PIPING AROUND COLUMN
DAVIT(FOR HANDLING
TRAYS, VALVES ETC.)

SAFETY RELIEF VALVE

VENT
RELIEF LINE

INSTRUMENT SPACE GUIDE


(GAUGES FOR
TEMPERATURE
AND PRESSURE)

MANHOLE LIGHT CUT


(LIGHTER FRACTIONS)

`CUT' ARE TAKEN


FROM SELECTED
TRAYS IN COLUMN

INTERMEDIATE CUT

HEAVY CUT
(HEAVIER FRACTIONS)

FEED FROM HEATER


TO ADJACENT CONDENSOR
MANHOLE (FOR
SPARGER ACCESS)

RELIEF HEADER

HEAVY CUT

LEVEL GAUGE GUIDE

LIGHT CUT
INTERMEDIATE CUT

VENT
`BOTTOMS'

SKIRT
`BOTTOMS' PUMP
PIPERACK
DRIVER
ACCESS DOOR
VENT
BASE RING

DRAIN ACCESS

ELEVATION
SPACE FOR INSTRUMENT
(OPTIONAL FOR LADDERS) VAPOUR
(TO ADJACENT CONDENSOR)

SPACE FOR PIPING


DAVIT
MOVEMENT LIGHT CUT
RELIEF LINE

DROP-OUT `BOTTOMS'
AREA
HEAVY CUT
SPACE FOR FEED FROM HEATER
MANHOLES AND
`DROPOUTS'
(TRAY AND VALVE
HANDLING)

SPACE FOR LADDERS


AND INSTRUMENTS
PLAN PIPERACK
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP26

TYPICAL RELIEF VALVE SYSTEM


OPEN AND CLOSED SYSTEM
OPEN TO ATMOSPHERE RELIEF VALVE SYSTEM LOCATED ON
THE TOP OF TOWER. CLOSED RELIEF VALVE SYSTEM TO BE
LOCATED AT A MINIMUM DISTANCE ABOVE THE RELIEF HEADER.

ALTERNATE LOCATION

DISTANCE
SAFETY
ATMOSPHERIC RELIEF VALVE
PREFERRED LOCATION

OVERHEAD LINE

CLOSED SYSTEM RELIEF


VALVE PREFERRED LOCATION
(CLOSEST AVAILABLE PLATFORM
ABOVE RELIEF VALVE HEADER)

LADDER
(TYP.)

PLATFORM
(TYP.)

TOWER RELIEF VALVE


HEADER

PIPE RACK
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP27

PIPING G.A. FOR COLUMN-REBOILER PUMP

1 2

PSV

1 2

PSV

OPENING FLG. DIA PLUS


2" ON PIPE DIA PLUS
HEAD
INSULATION PLUS 2" TE CLEARANCE
WHICHEVER IS GREATER.
5 9 21
31
PIPE BRACKET
20
PI
PSV AIR COOLERS
9
30'-0"(MAX) TUBE BUNDLES 13
1 2
C MANWAY
L 22

23 23
VAPOUR
HEADER FOR TE 9 21
AIR COOLER
LG 10 PLATFORM
MAINTENANCE LIQUID
TE 9 21
PLATFORM

LG
LC LG
10
30 10 LT

13
7
25 25

REMOVABLE FE 17
17 FE 4
SPOOL
(TYP)
22 5 13
27
35 3 12
12 16 MAINTENANCE
15 ACCESS
24

23
23
SECTIONAL VIEW

USE PLATF. BRACKETS TYPE K,L,M,N,P,A & DROP OUT AREA LOCATE MANWAY DAVIT PIVOTS PROVIDE
SPACED PER ENG. STDS.
FOR FULL OPENING OF MANWAY COVER.
UNLESS OTHERVISE SPECIFIDED ON INDIV.
CONTRACT.

TEMP. INSTRUMENTS TO BE LOCATED


MANWAYS TO BE BETWEEN THESE ANGLES ON TO FACILITATE REMOVAL OF ELEMENT.
DROP OUT SIDE OF TOWER.

PLATFORM ACCESS REQUIRED FOR VALVES


AVOID USE OD DOUBLE SIDE STEP LADDERS
WITH PLATFORMS AT THE SAME ELEVATION

LADDER ACCESS TO GAGE GLASSES, LEVEL BACKS OF PIPES FOR INSULATED LINES.
CONTROLLERS TEMP. & PRESSURE
INDICATORS IS ACCEPTABLE.

ALL INSTRUMENTS TO BE IN ACCORDANCE


WITH INSTRUMENT DATA SHEET.

PIPING MUST BE KEPT CLEAROF


SKIRT ACCESS OPENING.
300

550

350
300
300

500

PLAN
* FOR NOTES REFER DWG. NO. CLP28
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1
: CLP28

PIPING G.A. FOR COLUMN-REBOILER PUMP

1) ALL RELIEF VALVES THAT DISCHARGE TO A CLOSED SYSTEM SHALL BE LOCATED AS 21) PIPING DESIGNER MUST VERIFY WITH PROCESS ENGINEERING THE LOCATION OF
CLOSE AS POSSIBLE TO THE VESSEL THAT IT PROTECTS, BUT ABOVE THE FLARE HEADER. THERMO WELLS TO BE LOCATED WHETHER IN LIQUID OR VAPOUR SPACE.
DISCHARGE PIPING TO BE SELF DRAINING DOWN TO FLARE HEADER. WHERE RELIEF
VALVES MUST BE LOCATED REMOTE FROM THE VESSEL, APPROVAL MUST BE OBTAINED 22) MANHOLE AND HEAT EXCHANGER CHANNEL COVERS SHALL OPEN AND BACK AGAINST THE
FROM PROCESS ENGINEERING TO ENSURE THAT THE PRESSURE LOSS UP TO INLET OF VESSEL WHERE REQUIRED TO MAINTAIN CLEAR PERSONNEL PASSAGEWAY IN FRONT.
RELIEF VALVE (INCLUDING LOSS IN RELIEF VALVE) DOES NOT EXCEED 3% OF
THE SET PRESSURE. 23) THE MAIN COOLING WATER SUPPLY AND RETURN SYSTEM SHALL BE LOCATED BELOW
GRADE ON BOTH SIDE OF THE UNIT PIPE WAY AS FAR AS PRACTICAL. A SECONDARY
2) PROVIDE SUPPORT ON RELIEF VALVE DISCHARGE PIPING TO MINIMIZE REACTION SUPPLY(COLD SERVICE WATER) AND RETURN SYSTEM WILL BE LOCATED IN THE PIPE
FORCES ON THE VALVE,EQUIPMENT OR ASSOCIATED PIPING. WAY FOR SMALL USERS SUCH PUMPS, SAMPLE COOLER ETC.

3) PROVIDE INTERNAL CLEARANCE FOR TEMPORARY STRAINERS. INSTALL STRAINER AGAINST 24) EXCHANGER FRONT FOOT IS FIXED WHEN COOLING WATER SUPPLY AND RETURN IS
THE FLOW. DO NOT POCKET PUMP SUCTION LINES. USE ECCENTRIC REDUCERS UNDER GROUND.
(TOP FLAT) AT PUMP SUCTION NOZZLES.
25) PIPING AND ELECTRICAL SHALL INFORM CIVIL ENGINEERING OF THE LOCATION OF ANY
4) PROVIDE CANTILEVERED SUPPORT STEEL ABOVE PUMP SUCTION AND DISCHARGE INSERT PLATES REQUIRED FOR ATTACHING AUXILIARY SUPPORTS.
PIPING FOR INSTALLATION OF SPRING SUPPORTS WHERE REQUIRED.
26) USE ACTUAL ELEVATION BASED ON APPROVED DATUM FOR THE PLANT.
5) PROVIDE CHAIN OR EXTENSION STEMS FOR VALVES IF CENTER LINE IS MORE THAN
7'-3" ABOVE OPERATING LEVEL. HOWEVER USE OF CHAIN OPERATED VALVES SHALL 27) PUMP VALVING MUST BE OPERABLE WITHOUT THE USE OF CHAIN OPERATORS.
BE AVOIDED AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. EXTENSION STEMS ARE NOT REQUIRED ON
VALVES NOT NORMALLY OPERATED.
28) PROVIDE REMOVABLE SPOOLS AT EQUIPMENT FOR MAINTENANCE AS REQUIRED.
DO NOT SUPPORT PIPING FROM REMOVABLE SPOOLS.
6) FOR MAINTENANCE BLIND INSTALLATION PROVIDE PLATFORM ACCESS TO ALL VESSEL
NOZZLES 3" AND LARGER WHERE TEMPORARY SCAFFOLDING CAN NOT BE INSTALLED
FOR VESSEL NOZZLES 2" AND SMALLER, LADDER ACCESS IS ACCEPTABLE WHERE 29) REQUIREMENT OF HEADER BOX PLATFORMS SHALL BE AS PER ENGG. STANDARD.
TEMPORARY SCAFFOLDING CAN NOT BE INSTALLED.
30) LOCATION AND ELEVATION OF FLARE HEADER SHALL BE DECIDED ON CASE
TO CASE BASIS FOR EACH UNIT.
7) PLATFORMING REQUIRED WHEN MANWAY CENTRE LINE IS ABOVE 12'-0" FROM GRADE.

31) VALVES 3" AND LARGER ON TOWERS SHALL BE ACCESSIBLE FROM A PLATFORM,
8) DO NOT INSTALL TEMPERATURE OR PRESSURE INSTRUMENTS IN REMOVABLE SPOOLS.
VALVES 2" AND SMALLER SHALL BE ACCESSIBLE FROM PLATFORM OR PERMANENT LADDER.

9) TE'S, PI'S, ETC. ON TOWERS SHALL BE ACCESSIBLE FROM A PERMANENT LADDER OR PLATFORM.
32) PIPE ELEVATIONS IN GENERAL AREA OF RACK COLUMNS. SELECT SPECIFIC
ELEVATIONS SHORT RUNS AT PUMPS, CONT. STATIONS MANIFOLDS ETC. AND THESE
10) FOR CENTRE LINE ELEVATIONS UP TO 5'-0" ORIENT GAGE GLASSES AND LEVEL THROUGHOUT THE UNIT 18'-0" MIN. CLEARANCE TO H.P. OF PAVING.
CONTROLLERS FOR VIEWING FROM OPERATING AISLE. ABOVE 5'-0" ORIENT FOR
VIEWING FROM A PERMANENT LADDER OR PLATFORM. 33) MAXIMUM HIGH POINT OF PAVING SHOULD BE 0'-6" ABOVE LOW POINT, TOP OF
ALL CATCH BASINS SHALL BE 0'-0" ABOVE LOW POINT. THE TOP OF CONCRETE
11) HEIGHT OF SHOES SHALL BE PER ENGG. STANDARD. PEDESTALS FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL COLUMNS SHALL BE 8" ABOVE HIGH POINT OF
FINISHED GRADE. THE HIGH POINT OF BUILDING OF CONTROL ROOM AND SUBSTATION
12) OPERATING AISLE AND MAINTENANCE ACCESS DOES NOT HAVE TO BE IN A STRAIGHT LINE. SHALL BE DESIGNED CONSIDERING REASONABLE CABLE SPACING UNDER THE FLOOR
AND SHALL BE APPROVED BY CLIENT. THE OTHER ENCLOSED BUILDING FLOOR SLABS
SHALL BE NOT LESS THAN 6" ABOVE HIGH POINT OF FINISHED GRADE. ALL
13) PIPE WAY WIDTH AND NUMBER OF PROCESS AND UTILITY DECKS REQUIRED ARE
UNENCLOSED BUILDINGS IN PAVED AREAS SHALL HAVE FLOOR HEIGHT TO MATCH
DETERMINED BY PIPING. INSTRUMENT AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS PLUS PROVISION
ADJACENT PAVING. ALL UNENCLOSED BUILDINGS IN UNPAVED AREAS SHALL HAVE
FOR FUTURE OF 10% TO 15%. PIPING TO REQUEST INTERMEDIATE BEAM SUPPORT
FLOOR HEIGHT 6" ABOVE ADJACENT GRADE. ALL FLOORS SHALL BE SLOPED FOR
FROM CIVIL ONLY AS REQUIRED. HOWEVER, PROVIDE INSERT PLATES AT THESE
DRAINAGE. EQUIPMENT FOUNDATION HEIGHT SHALL BE AS FOLLOWS:
LOCATIONS, IRRESPECTIVE OF PIPING REQUIREMENTS.

14) THE DIMENSION MAY VARY WITH COLUMN DIAMETER. LINE UP COLUMNS ON COMMON (a) THE TOP OF CENTRIFUGAL PUMP FOUNDATION SHALL BE A MINIMUM OF 3" ABOVE
CENTRELINES WHERE PRACTICAL. HIGH POINT OF FINISHED SURFACE.

15) LOCATE CONTROL VALVES ALONG SIDE EQUIPMENT OR AT PIPE WAY COLUMNS. (b) THE TOP OF RECIPROCATING PUMP FOUNDATION SHALL BE MINIMUM OF 12"
WHEREVER POSITION IS BEST FOR THE PIPE RUN AND OTHER CONDITIONS. DO NOT ABOVE HIGH POINT OF FINISHED SURFACE.
POSITION CONTROL VALVES DIRECTLY BEHIND PUMPS. CONTROL VALVES WHICH
CONTROL THE LEVEL IN A VESSEL MUST BE LOCATED SO THAT GAGE GLASS IS (c) THE TOP OF FOUNDATIONS FOR VERTICAL VESSEL SHALL BE 8" ABOVE HIGH POINT
VISIBLE WHILE OPERATING BYPASS VALVE. OF FINISHED SURFACE.

16) PIPING AND STRUCTURES SHALL BE ARRANGED TO PERMIT MOBILE EQUIPMENT TO 34) UTILITY STATION REQUIREMENTS:
APPROACH PUMPS AND MAKE LIFTS WITHOUT OBSTRUCTION. STEAM, AIR AND WATER AT GRADE: SPACED SO THAT ALL AREA CAN BE REACHED
WITH 50'-0" OF HOSE. STEAM AND AIR AT ALTERNATE LEVELS OF STRUCTURES AND
17) A MINIMUM OF 3'-0" CLEAR FOR SINGLE BLOCK VALVE AND 4'-3" CLEAR FOR VESSELS (LOCATE AT LEVELS WITH HANDWAYS). ALL LINES TO UTILITY STATIONS TO
DOUBLE BLOCK VALVE IS REQUIRED FROM ORIFICE FLANGES TO ANY BE 1". PROVIDE GATE VALVE ON EACH LINE AT HOSE CONNECTION. SEE ENGG. STD.
OBSTRUCTION FOR INSTALLING METER LEADS AND ORIFICE TAPS.
VERTICAL RUNS ARE PERMITTED FOR IN WARD FLOW ONLY FOR LIQUIDS AND DOWNWARD 35) "BUILT IN" EQUIPMENT HANDLING FACILITIES TO BE KEPT TO A MINIMUM. EQUIPMENT SHALL
FLOW FOR GASES AND STEAM. PORTABLE LADDER ACCESS TO ORIFICE FLANGES 22'-0" BE SUPPORTED AT OR NEAR GRADE TO PERMIT MAXIMUM USE OF MOBILE EQUIPMENT.
OR LESS ABOVE GRADE, PERMANENT LADDER OR PLATFORM IS REQUIRED OTHERWISE. FOR MAINTENANCE. EXCHANGERS WITH CENTRELINE 12'-0" AND LESS ABOVE GRADE TO
BE HANDLED WITH MOBILE EQUIPMENT. HORIZONTAL EXCHANGERS WITH CENTRELINE
18) THE TYPE OF PIPING CONFIGURATION FOR AIR COOLER INLET AND OUTLET SHALL MORE THAN 12'-0" ABOVE GRADE SHALL HAVE SUITABLE PERMANENT STEEL OR
BE AS INDICATED ON THE P & IDS. REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES. WITH TROLLEY BEAMS AND TROLLEYS
(EXCLUDING HOIST) FOR HANDLING INDIVIDUAL EXCHANGER PARTS. THE DESIGN OF
19) PROVIDE PERMANENT PLATFORMING FOR ACCESS TO UNIT BLOCK VALVES. SUCH STRUCTURES SHALL BE BASED ON THE USE OF MOBILE EQUIPMENT TO PULL
TUBE BUNDLES. THE TROLLEY HOIST WILL ASSIST IN SUPPORTING THE BUNDLE DURING
20) PROVIDE PIPE BRACKETS ON ALL TYPE ON VERTICAL VESSELS AS PER ENGG. STANDARD. PULLING AND WILL BE CAPABLE OF LOWERING IT TO GRADE FOR VERTICAL EXCHANGERS,
MOBILE EQUIPMENT SHALL BE USED FOR HANDLING PARTS AND PULLING BUNDLES.

36) ALL OVERHEAD PUMP SUCTION LINES SHALL DRAIN TOWARD THE PUMP WITHOUT POCKETS.

37) ALL TWO PHASE FLOW PIPING MUST BE NOTED ON P & ID. THIS PIPING MAY REQUIRE
SPECIAL DESIGN CONSIDERATION.

38) ALLOW FOR 1" SHIMS (OR GROUT) ABOVE STEEL (OR CONCRETE). FOR VESSELS
OVER 15'-0" DIAMETER ALLOW 1 1/2" FOR SHIMS (OR GROUT).

* FOR DETAILS REFER DWG. NO. CLP27


: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: R0

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP29

TYPICAL OPERATOR ACCESS

TOWER

OPERATOR
ACCESS

PUMP

TYPICAL MAINTENANCE ACCESS


THE CLEARANCES FOR THE OPERATOR ACCESS
AND MAINTENANCE ACCESS CAN SOMETIMES, BE
THE GUIDELINES FOR TOWER BOTTOM ELEVATION.

TOWER

MAINTENANCE
ACCESS
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP30

NET POSITIVE SUCTION HEAD (NPSH) OF BOTTOM PUMPS


MINIMUM NPSH REQUIREMENT IS A KEY FACTOR
IN DECIDING THE ELEVATION OF THE TOWER.

TOWER

STATIC HEAD

PUMP
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP31

TYPICAL TOWER PIPING ARRANGEMENT


THE PIPING ARRANGEMENT ARE TO BE DESIGNED BASED ON
PROCESS VESSEL SKETCH, TRAY DETAILS, NOZZLE ELEVATION.

8
30°
1 TO 27 T-100

-3"
C TRAYS 0°

01
P-1
Ø1"AIR & STEAM
UTILITY LINES
P1

L
DOWNCOMER °
TRAY#1 67.5

P-100-18"
C LADDER CL LADDER
T-100

L
270° 90°

T1 5°
.
A 90° 247
CLE CE
600

TOP
SPA
AR

DAVIT

VENT
CONTROL STATION 300 CLEAR SPACE IN
CLEAR FRONT OF MANHOLE
180°
M1

PLAN EL.178'-1" & ABOVE PLAN EL.169'-0" TO 178'-1"


123.800 121.030 123.800

P-102-6" C
P-104-10"
T-100

°
55 1
T-100

L RV-100-4"
0° L2
E °
67.5
P3
60

P2
0

°
67.5

270° 90°
D F CL LADDER
P-103-10" P-105-6" 90°

.5°
247 T2
.5°
T3 247
CLE LAD
FRO


22
AR
600 ACE
M

S DAVIT DAVIT
SP ER
D

DRAIN-3"
OPENING

G
180°
SKIRT

M2
180°
M3

PLAN EL.GRADE TO 139'-0" PLAN EL.139'-0" TO 169'-0"


100.000 111.890 111.890 121.030

NOTE : REF.CLP12 FOR TYPICAL P&I DIAGRAM.


TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP32
TYPICAL PLAN AND ELEVATION VIEW OF TOWER AREA

OVERHEAD
CONDENSERS
TOWER

TRIM COOLERS

REBOILER

BOTTOMS PUMP

ELEVATION

PIPE RACK
MAINTENANCE
OVERHEAD CONDENSER
ACCESS WAY

BOTTOMS PUMPS
REFLUX PUMPS
TOWER

REBOILER TRIM COOLERS

(PLAN ABOVE)

MAINTENANCE ROAD

PLAN
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP33

REBOILER CONNECTION

a. HORIZONTAL REBOILER

RETURN

DOWNCOMER
10° 10°
DRAW-OFF (MAXIMUM)

RETURN
DOWNCOMER

HIGH DRAW-OFF
LIQUID
LEVEL ALTERNATE
DRAW-OFF
LOCATION

ALTERNATE
RETURN
REBOILER LOCATION

TOWER

b. VERTICAL REBOILER

RETURN
DOWNCOMER
10° 10°
(MAXIMUM)
RETURN

HIGH DRAW-OFF
LIQUID AT ANY
LEVEL 25 MM GAP ORIENTATION

ALTERNATE
RETURN
LOCATION
DRAW-OFF

TOWER REBOILER
ALTERNATE
DRAW-OFF
LOCATION
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP34

PIPING G.A. FOR COLUMN-REBOILER PUMP

OVERALL
LENGTH

1/2 OVERALL
LENGTH WEIR HEIGHT APPRX.
PI CONN. 2
2/3 DIA REBOILER
1/2 PIPE DIA
SURGE VOLUME BY PROCESS
+300 MIN. 10
(SHOWN ON DATA SHEET)
VAPOR
6

ALTERNATE LOCATIONS OF NOZZLES


1200 MIN.

PI CONN. WILL BE SPECIFIED BY THE PROCESS


4

ENGINEER IF NECESSARY
600

7 (SHOWN ON DATA SHEET)


TANGENT LINE
HEAT MEDIUM IN
300

WEIR HEIGHT

C
L TUBE BUNDLE
2

LC LG
3
SKIRT

LIQUID 9 HEAT MEDIUM OUT


DRAIN
PROCESS
BY
8

11
1

PRODUCT
FOUNDATION
THERMOWELL
HIGH POINT OF PUMP AND OR COOLER
TEMP. INDICATOR
FINISHED SURFACE POSSIBLY BETWEEN REBOILER
AND CONTROL VALVE

DIAGRAMMATIC ELEVATION
(FOR USUAL ARRANGEMENT SEE PLAN BELOW)

NOTES:-
THIS ARRANGEMENT FOR KETTLE REBOILERS, WHICH IS THE TYPE MOST
PLAN COMMONLY USED, HAS MINIMUM LIQUID HELD IN COLUMN AND
OPERATING SURGE IS IN KETTLE.
1) SET KETTLE AT MIN. ELEV. TO SUIT PRODUCT LINE PRESSURE DROP
OR PUMP SUCTION REQUIREMENTS.
2) WEIR HEIGHT DEPENDS ON REBOILER SELECTION.
3) HEAD EQUALS NORMAL PRESSURE DROP FOR LINES AND REBOILER.
4) HEAD AT MAX. LEVEL GIVES 100% SAFETY OVER NORMAL.
5) USUALLY TRAY SPACING + 150MM. PROCESS WILL SPECIFY.
6) PROCESS WILL SET DIMENSION.
7) LG AND LC NOT REQUIRED ON COLUMN FOR THIS HOOK-UP.
8) SET SKIRT HEIGHT TO SATISFY NOTES 1,2 AND 3.
9) ANCHOR LOCATION DEPENDS ON RELATIONSHIP OF REBOILER WITH
COLUMN ANCHOR ONE END ONLY.
10) SURGE VOLUME IS NORMALLY A MIN. OF 2 MINUTES.
11) IF THIS IS THE COLUMN DRAIN. PIPE TO DRAIN FUNNEL.
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP35

TYPICAL INSTRUMENT VESSEL SKETCH

TL = TANGENT LINE
1 THD = THREADED
PT P1 RF = RAISED FACE
T1 TE
101 2
101

15
PT P2
T2 TE
102 16
102

LG
101 1 1/2" 300# RF
3/4"THD LC
101
3"/75

27
PT P3
1200

103
Ø3"

L1

TE T3
1500

103
915

3"/75

L2 3/4"THD
1/2"THD
180

T.L.
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP36

TYPICAL ARRANGEMENT FOR LEVEL INSTRUMENT

COVER SWING AREA Ø11/2" OR Ø2"

LEVEL CONTROLLER
(RIGHT HAND)

900 TO 2050
3/4"DRAIN

PLATFORM

PLAN ELEVATION
SINGLE MOUNTED LEVEL CONTROLLER

1/2"VENT
LEVEL SWITCH

GLASS

1/2"DRAIN Ø3/4"

Ø1"

SWITCH

DRAIN

LEVEL GAUGE

PLAN ELEVATION

SINGLE MOUNTED LEVEL GAUGE AND SWITCH


TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP37

TYPICAL TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE INSTRUMENT NOZZLE LOCATIONS

DOWNCOMER
MINIMUM

DOWNCOMER
2" /50

VAPOUR

PRESSURE
LIQUID
VAPOUR
SPACE
TEMPERATURE
LIQUID SPACE

THERMOWELL
ORIENTATIONS

PRESSURE INSTRUMENT
NOZZLE ORIENTATIONS
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP38

TYPICAL TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE INSTRUMENT ARRANGEMENTS

DOWNCOMER AREA
LOCAL PRESSURE GAUGES

LOCALLY MOUNTED
DIAL THERMOMETER

LADDER
(TYP)

WHEN ORIENTING PROBE


TEMPERATURE NOZZLES
CHECK FOR ADEQUATE BOARD MOUNTED
CLEARANCE OF PROBE THERMOCOUPLE CONDUIT
WITH DOWNCOMER WALL
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP39

TYPICAL COMMON BRIDLE-LEVEL INSTRUMENT ARRANGEMENT


L1 5
Ø3" STANDPIPE L2

LC
101

LG
101

T-100
PLATFORM
EL. 109'-0"
(102.740)
: 29040-PI-UPS-1003

: RO

COLUMN PIPING : 1 OF 1

: CLP40

TYPICAL TOWER DAVIT ARRANGEMENT

ALTERNATIVE DAVIT LOCATION


SUPPORTED FROM PLATFORM

Ø4" TO Ø8"

DAVIT SUPPORT
FROM VESSEL

DAVIT

DROP AREA

PLAN ELEVATION
TRAINING MANUAL - PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1003

Rev. : R0
PIPING STUDY
Uhde India Limited COLUMN PIPING Page : 1 OF 1
DWG. NO. : CLP41

TYPICAL TOWER TROLLEY BEAM ARRANGEMENT

TROLLEY BEAM

8'-0"MIN.
.2435
TROLLEY
BEAM SUPPORTS

TROLLEY
BEAM

DROP AREA

PLAN ELEVATION