HOW TO DRAW A LINE GRAPH

• ONLY 2 MARKS FOR DRAWING GRAPH. • What is LINE GRAPH? • What is VARIABLES? • What is SCALES? • What is PLOT?
BAHASA MELAYU

1 - Determine VARIABLES
st
MANIPULATED VARIABLE = AXIS X

10 20

30

40 50 60

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0

RESPONDING VARIABLE = AXIS Y

2 - Determine SCALES
nd
0 … 10 … 20 … 30 … 40 … 50 … 60 OK!

10 20

30

40 50 60

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0

0 … 0.5 … 1.0… 1.5 … 2.0 … 2.5 … 3.0 … OK!

SCALE NORMAL NUMBER
The mass of load /g Reading of the ruler /cm 10 2.4 20 6.0 30 9.5 40 15.0 50 20

Normal Number  2.4, 6, 9.5, 15, 20.. SCALES  0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20. OK!

SCALE SMALLER NUMBER
The mass of load /g Reading of the ruler /cm 10 0.5 20 1.2 30 1.7 40 2.5 50 3.5

Small Number  0.5, 1.2, 1.7, 2.5, 3.5 SCALES  0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5. OK!

SCALE BIGGER NUMBER
The mass of load /g Reading of the ruler /cm 10 15 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 90

Bigger Number  15, 40, 60, 80, 90.. SCALES  0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90. OK!

3 - DRAW AXIS Y & X
rd
RESPONDING VARIABLE = AXIS Y

MANIPULATED VARIABLE = AXIS X

4 - NAME AXIS Y & X
th

DON’T FORGET TO WRITE DOWN

S. I. UNI TS. .

kg, g, cm, g/cm-3, m, s ….

5 - SCALES AXIS Y & X
th

Reading of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

6 - PLOT AXIS Y & X
th

Reading of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

x x x x x 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 The mass of load, g x

7 - LINE AXIS Y & X
th

Reading of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

x x x x x x 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 The mass of load, g

WHAT IF PLOT AXIS Y & X LOOK LIKE THIS?
Reading of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

x x x

x

x x The mass of load, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

DRAW LIKE THIS…
Reading of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
OK!

x x x

x

x x The mass of load, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

E-STUDENT WEAKNESS

TRY TO AVOID THIS WEAKNESS…!!!

of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10

x

x x

=

0

x

x x The mass of load, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0

of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 o o o 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 o

X

USE

o o The mass of load, g

of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 x x x 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 x x

USING RULER & NOT SMOOTH

x The mass of load, g

of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 x x x
COMPLETE THE LINE

x

x x The mass of load, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

of ruler, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
NOT A GRAPH LINE, THIS IS HISTOGRAM / BAR CHART

x x x

x

x x The mass of load, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

BAGAIMANA MELUKIS GRAF GARIS?
• GRAF GARIS CUMA ADA 2 MARKAH SAHAJA… • APA DIA GRAF GARIS? • APA DIA PEMBOLEHUBAH? • APA DIA SKALA? • APA DIA PLOT?
ENGLIS H VERSIO N

1 – TENTUKAN PEMBOLEHUBAH
st
PEMBOLEHUBAH DIMANIPULASIKAN = PAKSI X (MELINTANG)

Jisim beban /g

10

20

30

40

50

60

Bacaan pada pembaris /cm 0.5 1.0 1.5

2.0 2.5 3.0

PEMBOLEHUBAH BERGERAKBALAS = PAKSI Y (TEGAK)

2 - TENTUKAN SKALA
nd
0 … 10 … 20 … 30 … 40 … 50 … 60 OK!

Jisim beban /g

10

20

30

40

50

60

Bacaan pada pembaris /cm 0.5 1.0 1.5

2.0 2.5 3.0

0 … 0.5 … 1.0… 1.5 … 2.0 … 2.5 … 3.0 … OK!

CONTOH SKALA YANG LAIN…
• NOMBOR BIASA  2, 6, 9, 15, 20.. SKALA  0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20. OK! • NOMBOR BESAR  15, 40, 60, 80, 90.. SKALA  0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90. OK! • NOMBOR KECIL  0.5, 1.2, 1.7, 2.5, 3.2 SKALA  0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5. OK!

3 – LUKIS GARISAN PAKSI Y & X
rd
PEMBOLEHUBAH BERGERAKBALAS = PAKSI Y

PEMBOLEHUBAH DIMANIPULASIKAN = PAKSI X

4 - NAMAKAN PAKSI Y & X
th
JANGAN LUPA TULIS

UNIT S.I ...

kg, g, cm, g/cm-3, m, s ….

Jisim beban, g

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

5 – SKALA PAKSI Y & X
th

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

Jisim beban, g

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

6 - PLOT PAKSI Y & X
th

x x x x x x 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 Jisim beban, g

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

7 - GARISKAN PLOT
th

x x x x x x 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 Jisim beban, g

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

KALAU PLOT PAKSI Y & X?

x x x

x

x x Jisim beban, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

LUKIS MACAM NI…
OK!

x x x

x

x x Jisim beban, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10

BUKAN SIFAR? SALAH!!!

x

x x

0

x

x x Jisim beban, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

PEMBARIS? SALAH!!!
PLOT LURUS BARU BOLEH GUNA PEMBARIS

x x x

x

x x Jisim beban, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

GARISAN HILANG? SALAH!!!

x x x

x

x x

LENGKAPKAN GARIS KE- 0

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

Jisim beban, g

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

TITIK PLOT? SALAH!!
TANDA PANGKAH

o o o

o

X

o o Jisim beban, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

Bacaan pada pembaris, cm 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

CARTA BAR? SALAH!!!

x x x

x

x x Jisim beban, g

0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5