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# UNIT I ENERGY PRINCIPLES

## Strain energy and strain energy density – Strain energy in

traction, shear in flexure and torsion – Castigliano’s
theorems – Principle of virtual work – Application of energy
theorems for computing deflections in beams and trusses –
Maxwell’s reciprocal
theorems

## 1) Define strain energy?

2) Define resilience?
3) Define proof resilience and modulus of resilience?
4) State the two methods for analyzing the statically
indeterminate structure?
5) Define Castigliano’s first and second theorem?
6) State the principles of virtual work?
7) What is the strain energy stored in a rod length (l) and axial
rigidity AE to an axial force P?
8) State the various methods for computing the joint deflection
of a perfect frame?
9) State the difference between unit load and strain energy
method in the determination of structures?
11) State the comparison of Castigliano’s first theorem and
12) State Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem.
13) Define degree of redundancy?
14) Define perfect frame?
15) State the two types of strain energies?
16) State in which cases, the Castigliano’s theorem can be
used?
18) Write the formulae for strain energy stored in the body in
case of bending?
19) The shear stress in a material is 60N/mm2. Calculate the
strain energy per unit volume assuming C to be 8 x 104
N/mm2.
20) Distinguish between the suddenly applied load and impact
21) Write the formulae for strain energy stored in a body due
to shear stress?
22) The proof stress inn a specimen is 20 N/mm2 and the
young’s modulus is 2 x 105 N/mm2. What is the modulus of
resilience?
23) Write the formulae for stress induced in a body by the
24) Write the formulae for stress induced in a body due to
torsion?
25) State the application of Castigliano’s theorem.
26) State the law of conservation of energy?
27) State Engessor’s theorem.
28) What is Williot – Mohr’s diagram?
29) What is the strain energy due to
• Axial stress
• Bending moment
30) Find the equation for the strain energy due to bending
moment of a simply supported beam carrying load ‘W’
spread over its entire length uniformly.

## UNIT II INDETERMINATE BEAMS

Propped cantilever and fixed beams-fixed end moments and
reactions for concentrated
and maximum at end) – Theorem of three moments –
Analysis of continuous beams –
shear force and bending moment diagrams for continuous
beams – Slope deflections in
Continuous beams (qualitative study only)..

## 1) Define statically indeterminate structure.

2) Define fixed beam?
over a simply supported beam?
4) Define propped cantilever?
5) Define fixed beam?
6) Define continuous beam?
7) What are the merits and demerits of a continuous beam?
8) Give the fixed end moments of the different types of loading?
9) Give the deflection for the fixed beam with different types of
10)

## UNIT III COLUMNS

Eccentrically loaded short columns – Middle third rule – Core
section – Columns of
unsymmetrical sections – (angle channel sections) – Euler’s
theory of long columns –
critical loads for prismatic columns with different end
conditions – Rankine-Gordon
Formula for eccentrically loaded columns – Thick cylinders –
Compound cylinders.

## UNIT IV STATE OF STRESS IN THREE DIMENSIONS

Spherical and deviatory components of stress tensor –
Determination of principal stresses
and principal planes – Volumetric strain – Dilatation and
distortion – Theories of failure
– Principal stress dilatation – Principal strain – Shear stress –
Strain energy and distortion
energy theories – Application in analysis of stress, load
carrying capacity and design of
Members – Residual stresses.

## UNIT V ADVANCED TOPICS IN BENDING OF BEAMS

Unsymmetrical bending of beams of symmetrical and
unsymmetrical sections – Curved
Beams – Winkler Bach formula – Stress concentration – Shear
flow – Center.