Voice & Accent Training Manual

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Table of Contents DAY-1 Break up timings 30. Mins 1. Hour

Overview of Voice & Accent Pre-assessment of Voice & Accent Recording Exercise Reading Exercise & Extempore (To assess Stress Pattern, Expression & Grammar) Pre-assessment Feedback DAY- 2 Consonant Sound & Articulation Review Sound Practice Reading Exercise Phonetic DAY- 3 Vowel Sound & Neutral Accent Review Sound Practice Reading Exercise Visual Clips Phonetic DAY- 4 Review Session Recap of Sound using Cue Card Reading Group Discussion Listening & Comprehension

1. Hour 30. Mins

45. 45. 45. 45.

Mins Mins Mins Mins

30. 45. 45. 20. 40.

Mins Mins Mins Mins Mins

01. Hour 45. Mins 30. Mins 45. Mins

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Hence. 3 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . All that you need is the desire to change. they choose /i/ as in the word he or meet. Level 3: People understand you. This “transference” occurs mainly for two reasons. and your English is pleasant to listen to Can I reduce my Accent? Anybody with the desire to reduce their accent can reduce their accent. sports or martial arts. proper instruction and most of all practice and training! Accent reduction is about "doing. It involves the training of muscle groups. an accent is the process by which a speaker substitutes a sound from their native language for a sound from English. Studying accent reduction is more like studying dance. Everybody is born with these muscle groups located in our tongue. As a result. when saying the word chip." Reducing your accent is different than other skills such as grammar and vocabulary. What is an "Accent?" We often hear people say. they use the closest sound from their native language instead. Usually." Simply observing or knowing how to. Change begins with the desire to change. " I want to reduce my accent. lips and jaw. we achieve success! The key to learning to speak English clearly and correctly is training and practice." or "He has an accent. is not enough. You use the wrong sounds in English words.Overview of Voice and Accent There are 3 level of English pronunciation: Level 1: People often don't understand what you want to say. For example.they substitute a similar sound which exists in their native language. But what exactly is an accent ? Essentially. but it is unpleasant to listen to you. When we combine our desire with proper instruction and practice. ". music. Level 2: People understand what you want to say. Awareness and knowledge is important but you have to try it in order to be able to actually do it. many students are unaware of the sound /I/ as in the word chip or big. Clear and accurate speech comes from "doing. The first reason is that the speaker is not aware that a specific sound exists in English.

many students are aware of the sound /th/ as in think or that. some people have accents because they put the stress in the wrong places of words and sentences. you must first become aware of all the sounds of English. Don't worry. there are five vowels in the Latin alphabet-A. It's a very simple melody and you don't have to have musical training or a musical ear to learn it. using them habitually in your everyday speech. an accent -not to mention some confusion in mid -conversation. For example. The word that may sound like “zat” or “ dat” The student chooses /z/ or /d/ because it's easier and “close enough. You have to become aware of the melody of English.” Another element of an accent is incorrect intonation. The second reason a speaker substitutes the wrong sound is that he or she may simply find it too difficult to pronounce the correct sound. 4 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . O and U. /z.So a word like chip ends up sounding like cheap and there it is . Once you learn the rules. I. It doesn't involve specific pitches – just knowing when to raise your pitch and when to lower it. English has a melody. Losing your accent involves learning how to properly articulate the vowels and consonant sounds and finally. However the articulation of the sound is just too difficult or feels unnatural The result is that /th/ is pronounced like /s/./ /d/ or /t/. Finally. For example. But there are simple rules to guide you when you're not sure. it gets easier and the stress patterns start to become second nature. In order to lose your accent. However. there are fifteen vowels sounds in English! You are probably already aware of most of them. E. For example instead of saying convince They might say: convince This can be confusing for a listener.

Delta E. Mile N.CONSONANT SOUND AND ARTICULATION Phonetic Alphabet The phonetic alphabet is an internationally recognized set of words used to clarify the letters of the alphabet. Echo F. Whisky X. X-Ray Y. Bravo C. Uniform V. Alpha-Alfah B. India J. Golf H. Victor W. November O. Kilo L. Juliet K. Lettters Phonetic Sound Alphabet A. Lima M. Tango U. Charlie D. Quebec R. Papa Q. Romeo S. Whenever you have to take down a message and check the spelling of the word. use the phonetic alphabet to check that you have got it right. Oscar P. Zulu Letters A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Phonetic Alphabets Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India Juliet Kilo Lima Mike November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Whiskey X-ray Yankee Zulu Sound ALfah BRAHvoh CHARlee DELLtah ECKoh FOCKStrot Golf HohTELL INdeeah JEWleeETT KEYloh LEEmah Mike noVEMber OSScah pahPAH KehBECK ROWmeoh seeAIRrah TANGgo YOUneeform VIKtah WISSkey ECKSray YANGkey ZOOloo 5 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . Hotel I. Sierra T. Yankee Z. Foxtrot G.

CONSONANT Consonants are produced when the airstream is obstructed in the vocal tract. (c) Voicing. which refers to where in the mouth the sound is produced. (b) manner of articulation. 6 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . Consonant sounds can be characterized according to three main phonetic properties: (a) place of articulation. which refers to whether or not there is a vibration of the vocal cords as the sound is produced. which refers to the way the air is obstructed in the mouth while producing the sound.

seal 7 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . occur. ghost. anxiety.Consonants Phonetic Script S. anchor hill. No. example watch. gnat. ticket begged. picture germ. Thames sudden. know brink. suggest summer. shepherd snub. about butter. damn funny. heaped. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sound Word pen bed tank door keen gate chair jump mad not singer Let Other Examples cap. budget. climb. question. played cut.

nephew Bath feather. queen new. crazy. scene. booth loss. garage behave. rhyme. of . ration measure. beauty 8 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Sound Word fit vain think that see cousin shell division he race west yet Other Examples off. buzz machine. language. cement scissors.Phonetic Script S. photo shove. rough. whole worry. No. schedule. write which.

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teeth toothridge hard palate back of throat tongue on soft palate VL VD VL VD VL VD stop fricative affricate nasal liquid glide m p b f v Θ ð VL VD t d s z VL VD VL VD k g ʃ ʒ ʧ ʤ VL h n l r y ŋ w 10 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . lips bottom together lip teeth tongue tongue on .VOICED AND VOICELESS CONSONANTS Voiced Consonants – These are the consonant sounds which is produced from the larynx and the pronunciation of the same will make the vocal chord vibrate Voiceless Consonants – These are the consonant sounds which is produced from the tongue tip and their will be no vibration of vocal chord while pronouncing the same.

g. French [{] and Arabic [q]. e.Places of articulation  Bilabial sounds. [z]. Uvular sounds. which is the final sound in “king”. e. [f] and [v].g. [t]. which are produced by raising the back of the tongue to the uvula. which are produced when the front part of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge and then the hard palate (that part of the mouth which is just behind the alveolar ridge). Velar sounds. which are produced by raising the front part of the tongue to the alveolar ridge. Pharyngeal sounds. e. e. and [m]. and [dZ] as in “jam”.g. [h] and [/]. [l]. Labiodental sounds. e. Alveolar sounds. which are produced at the glottis.g. and [N]. Interdental sounds. [S] as in “shoe”. [k].         11 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . [p]. [g]. which are produced when both lips are brought together. e. [s]. e. [d]. [b].g. Glottal sounds.g.g. e. and [D] as in “this”. e.g. [T] as in “think”. [tS] as in “choose”. which are produced by having the lower lip touch the upper teeth. Alveopalatal sounds. [n]. which are produced at the pharynx. and [r]. which are produced when the tip of the tongue comes between the upper and lower teeth. Arabic [÷]. which are produced by raising the back part of the tongue to the soft palate or the velum.g. [Z] as in “vision”.

g. [t]. e. Affricates: such sounds are produced by a stop closure followed immediately by a slow release of the closure characteristic of the fricative. e. e.g.g. they must always be either followed or preceded by a vowel. where the passage in the mouth through which the air escapes is very narrow. e. Glides: such sounds are produced with little or no obstruction of the air in the mouth. Stops: such sounds are produced by a complete obstruction of the airstream in the mouth. and [N]. [b]. and in their articulation the tongue moves rapidly in a gliding fashion either toward or away from a neighboring vowel. [tS] and [dZ]. [f]. and [Z]. Fricatives: such sounds are produced by a partial obstruction of the airstream. there is some obstruction of the airstream in the mouth. [n]. [z]. [l] and [r]. Nasals: such sounds are produced when the air escapes through the nasal cavity rather than the mouth. [d]. Liquids: In the production of these sounds. e. [v]. When occurring in a word.g. [j] and [w].g. This is referred to as the manner of articulation for the sound. and [g]. [T]. causing friction. [D]. [s].g.Manners of articulation  Speech sounds are also differentiated by the way the airstream is affected as it travels from the lungs up and out of the mouth and nose. e. [p]. but not enough to cause any real constriction or friction. [S]. [m]. [k].       12 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key .

and [s]. pit [p It]. [t]. [d]. spit [spIt] 13 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . e. Compare your pronunciation of the [p]. which is called aspiration. the airstream forces its way through and causes them to vibrate. the voiceless stop is released with a strong puff of air.g. we indicate this difference in aspiration by superscripting the h h aspirated sound with [ ]. [t]. The voiceless stops in the first words are therefore characterized as “aspirated” sounds. if the vocal cords are together. which distinguish them from the unaspirated voiceless stops that do not occur initially. spit (b) tar vs.g.g. school You can easily notice that in the first word of each pair. If the vocal cords are apart when the airstream is pushed from the lungs. In transcription. whereas in the second word of each pair no such aspiration is found. By contrast. and [k] sounds in both words in each of the following pair: (a) pit vs. e. Such sounds are voiced sounds. the air is not obstructed at the glottis and it passes freely into the supraglottal cavities. The sounds produced this way are characterized as voiceless. star (c) cool vs. and [z]. e.   Aspiration A few sounds (specifically the voiceless stops) are produced with an extra puff of air when occurring initially. [b].Voicing  Consonant sounds may be produced either with or without a vibration of vocal cords. [p].

Ya. Ga. Ha. Ng Zsh Zsh Zsh Zsh Ha. Ha.Consonant Drill Consonant . Ng. Ja Ra Ra Ra Ra Da Da Da Da Na Na Na Na Wa. Ga Consonant . Ja. Ga. Wa. Ha Ya. Wa Ng.Voiced Ba Ba Ba Ba Ma Ma Ma Ma Va Va Va Va Th Th Th Th Za Za Za Za La La La La Ja. Wa. Ng. Ya. Ja. Ya Ga.Voiceless Ph Ph Ph Ph Th Th Th Th Sa Sa Sa Sa Ch Ch Ch Ch Fa Fa Fa Fa Ta Ta Ta Ta Sha Sha Sha Sha Ka Ka Ka Ka 14 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key .

(a) ledger: _____________ (b) legion: _____________ 4.Exercises Consonant contrasts that cause difficulty Transcribe and say the following: 1. (a) same: _____________ (b) sea: (c) ass: _____________ ____________ (a) shame: ______________ (b) she: (c) ash: ______________ _____________ (a) doze: ______________ (b) peas: ______________ (c) knees: ______________ (a) whim: _____________ (a) leisure: ______________ (b) lesion: ______________ (a) buzz: ______________ (a) thank: ______________ (b) death: ______________ (c) thought: _____________ (b) ways: ______________ (c) chains: ______________ (b) worse: ______________ (c) west: ______________ 15 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . (a) tank: _____________ (b) debt: _____________ (c) taught: ____________ 2. (a) dose: _____________ (b) peace: _____________ (c) niece: ____________ 6. (a) bridge _____________ (b) wage: _____________ (c) change: ____________ 3. (a) vim: _____________ (b) verse: _____________ (c) vest: ______________ 5.

Twist twice to tie tightly. The teal tee-shirts total thirteen. Those threads the two tikes tied are tight. M. green trees. what's your excuse? Tip and tap. I wish her well forevermore. clickety clackety cluck. Rotten lettuce really reeks. A shout from the south woke the sleeping sherriff.  FOR B: A big black bug bit a big black bear. 16 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . That tike ties together three threads. For the W. Loose. Tongue Twisters For S T C F L Snickety snackety snuck. lip. It is simple and can BE INTERESTING. These teas aren't those teas. Explode that "b. lap. This tike ties threads together twice. P. rap. and W These consonants demand ACTIVE LIPS! Say "Boom". leapy lippy lay. P. Real lemon. the tan tee-shirts total thirty. which would you pick every time? Ribbons rolled. trickety trackety truck. rip." Bring those lips down hard. and sharply for B. Feely filly fay. jaw. hair untied. leafy lettuce reminds me of really pretty. ribbons loose. and tongue EXERCISE and increase your ability to articulate. quick. They make your lips. tap. and she's so sore. pucker the lips.Consonant Tongue Twisters Exercise Twisters with "t" and "th" Those toes aren't these toes. Something sure is fishy in this city. Twisters with "r" and "l" The rickety ladder rattled right and left before it crashed through the glass. rip and rap. Learn to articulate properly. reapy rippy ray. made a big black bear bleed. Thirty tee-shirts are tan. freely frilly fray. Tongue twisters are excellent for sharpening enunciation. Tip. Silver slivers shimmer softly in the sunlight. real lime. and thirteen tee-shirts are tie-dyed teal green. M. Twisters with "s" and "sh" She's so sick. Tongue Twisters For: B. lip and lap.

The tip of it should SHARPLY TOUCH the hard palate—just above the upper teeth. groove it. and R A lazy TONGUE will get you in trouble with these twisters. how much wood would a woodchuck chuck. If Theophilus the thistle sifter sifted a sieve of unsifted thistles. D. FOR Z: Moses supposes his toeses are roses. Non double bubble gum doesn't bubble double. Your tongue should snap as a whip. On the R. The tongue tip should protrude ever so slightly. The first four of these consonants are made alike. FOR D: Double bubble gum bubbles double. For "Wh" purse the lips as you blow the breath through the extended fissure. FOR M: Military malarkey makes monstrous madmen into maligned martyrs. where is the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked. For "Sh" and "Zh" the fissure is broader. if a woodchuck could and would chuck wood? Th (thing) and TH(thou) Touch the tip of the tongue to the rim of the upper teeth.   FOR TH: Theophilus Thistle. the thistle sifter. how much wood would a woodchuck chuck. 17 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . Z.   FOR P: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. but Moses supposes amiss. if a woodchuck would? But if a woodchuck would chuck wood. FOR WH: What whim led Whitey White to whittle near a wharf where a whale might wheel and whirl? T. Force the breath through the narrow fissure. For Moses knowses his toeses aren't roses as Moses supposes. and arch it toward the hard palate. and WH These sounds require extremely tenuous coordination. FOR W: If a woodchuck would chuck wood. where is the sieve of sifted thistles Theophilus the thistle sifter sifted? What dost thou think of those that go thither? S. the entire tongue arches itself along the roof of the mouth—without touching it. sifted a sieve of unsifted thistles. The same for the "Z"—except it is vocalized. N.   FOR T: Thomas Tattertoot took taut twine to tie ten twigs to two tall trees. To pronounce "S" you raise your tongue.    FOR S: Suzy Schell sells sea shells on the seashore. L. If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.

F and V Both F and V are formed by biting lightly the lower inside lip.   FOR F: I never felt felt feel Hat like that felt felt. FOR R: Around the rugged rock the ragged rascal ran. H. If Harry Hugh hid the heel behind the high hill. G is merely the vocalized form of this sound. K requires the back of the tongue to touch the soft palate. When sounding Ng (sing). F is unvocalized and the breath is merely allowed to escape. Say the word "fife. where is the heel Harry Hugh hid? FOR K: Cass Cash can catch a check cashier to cash his un-cashed check. K. But V is vocalized. The breath is then released VERY SHARPLY. FOR V: Vern Verve is well versed in very wordy verb verse. singing singers sang winning songs.   FOR H: Harry Hugh hid the heel behind the high hill. and NG H is simply made by expiring through the mouth. swinging.   FOR N: A snifter of snuff is enough snuff of a sniff for the snuff-sniffer. FOR L: Likeable Lillian loves lovely luminous aluminum linoleum. 18 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . But force the voice through the nasal passage." This is an example. again arch the tongue in the same manner. FOR NG: The ringing.

whereas in back vowels. the tongue is positioned forward in the mouth. such as [i]. the tongue is positioned high in the mouth. Vowel System is determined in terms of common features like: 1) Height (vertical dimension) 2) Backness (horizontal dimension) 3) Roundedness (lip position) Height: Height refers to the vertical position of the tongue relative to either the roof of the mouth or the aperture of the jaw. whereas in low vowels. such as [a]. such as [i] and [u]. and not distinctive. Backness Backness refers to the horizontal tongue position during the articulation of a vowel relative to the back of the mouth. the tongue is positioned towards the back of the mouth. In Round vowels such as [o] and [u] the lips comes together and forward to form round shape. such as [u]. 19 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . the more intense the rounding. Roundedness Roundedness refers to whether the lips are rounded or not. roundedness is a reinforcing feature of mid to high back vowels. Usually the higher a back vowel. in contrast to consonants. In high vowels. the tongue is positioned low in the mouth.Vowel A vowel is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by an open configuration of the vocal tract. In front vowels. some languages treat roundedness and backness separately. However. In most languages. which are characterized by a constriction or closure at one or more points along the vocal tract Articulation The articulatory features that distinguish different vowels in a language are said to determine the Vowel’s quality.

"  .. aw-ful front high seat /iy/ sit /I/ mid say /ey/ central back do /uw/ book /ʊ/ up /ʌ/ schwa /ə/ no /ow/ met /ɛ/ low cat /æ/ my /ay/ stop /a/ ball /ɔ/ now /aw/ 20 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key .. it is produced by not blocking the breath with the lips.A Vowel Sound  .  . The word "vowel" came into English from the Latin vocalis meaning "voice.. is an OPEN sound. ie. teeth. the vocal cords vibrate. ie.. or tongue.. can form a syllable by itself: hell-o. is always voiced (VD)..

because warm. friend hand. said. could group. blue beggar.Vowels Phonetic Script S. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sound Word feet fit send sat ask pot all put food again Other Examples seat . possible 21 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . receive pretty . plait almond . do. aunt. people. money dead . broad. foot. concert. door wolf. what . heart cough. we. women.

trouble serve. bow (bend) boy. fete boat. No 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Sound Word up early Other Examples onion. buoy period. jury. soul isle. journey aim. scarce tour. dear airport. chair. fluent eI ace old ice out oil zero area poor 22 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . idea. word. day. height. buy mouth. does. town. toe.Phonetic Script S.

Vowel Exercises DRILLS oo oop ou oup aw awp aa aap aye ayep ee eep aaow aaowp aai aaip oops oosp oosps oopk oups ousp ousps oupk awps awsp awsps awpk aaps aasp aasps aapk ayeps ayesp ayesps ayepk eeps eesp eesps eepk aaowps aaowsp aaowsps aaowpk aaips aaisp aaisps aaipk SHORT VOWEL SOUNDS EH BET CHECK DESK DEBT FENCE GET KED LET MEN NET I BIT CHICK DID FIT GRIT KILL LIT MILK KNIT PIT OO BOOK COOK PUSH FOOT GOOD COOK LOOK SHOULD NOOK PUT UH BUT CUT DOES FUN GUT CUD LUMP MUCK KNUCKLE PUTT AE BAT CAT THAT FRANK GALLERY CATCH LAMP MAT NATURAL PACK A AGAIN TOGETHER EVER GATHER MOTHER BROTHER ELDER SPONSOR TRAINER TEACHER AW BOUGHT CAUGHT DOT FROCK GOT COT LOTTERY MOCK KNOCK POPCORN 23 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key .

LONG VOWEL SOUND Aa CAR BARK DARK HEART BAR CAR CALM PALM CHARM I BEET QUICHE DEEP HEAT EAT SEAT DEEPER KEEP NEAT Uu SHOE TRUE CLUE DROOL DO FOOL COOL FOOD RUDE Er SHIRT DIRT TURN FERN CHURN BURN CURT BURST SURF awh HALL LONG TALL BROAD LONGER ALL WALLET WALNET WALL Vowel contrasts that cause difficulty Transcribe and say the following: 1(a) buy: _____________ (b) fete: _____________ (c) tie (d) I’ll: : ____________ ____________ (a) boy: ______________ (b) foil: ______________ (c) toy (d) oil: : _____________ ______________ 2(a) sail : _____________ (a) sell: ______________ (b) fail: _____________ (c) paper: ____________ (d) late: _____________ (b) fell: ______________ (c) pepper: ____________ (d) let: _____________ 24 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key .

3(a) low: _____________ (b) show: _____________ (c) so : _____________ (a) law: ______________ (b) snore: ______________ (c) saw: ______________ (d) cork: ______________ (d) coke: _____________ 4(a) hurt: _____________ (b) curt: _____________ (c) shirt: ______________ (d) turn: _____________ (a) hut: (b) cut: (c) shut: (d) fun: _____________ ______________ ______________ _____________ 5(a) green: _____________ (b) meals: _____________ (c) ease: ____________ (a) grin: ______________ (b) mill: ______________ (c) is: ______________ (d) beaten: _____________ (d) bitten: _____________ 6(a) main: _____________ (a) men: ______________ (b) hail: _____________ (c) raid: ____________ (b) hell: ______________ (c) red: (d) wet: ____________ _____________ (d) wait: _____________ 7(a) hate: _____________ (b) made: _____________ (c) rate : _____________ (a) hat: ______________ (b) mad: ______________ (c) rat: ______________ (d) ran: ______________ (d) rain: _____________ 25 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key .

/a/. / /. she bought some better butter. but she said “This butter’s bitter. / / Betty Botter bought some butter. /ay/. Practice with vowel sounds / /. When she put it in her batter. the butter made her batter better. sleepers. Vowel sounds / /. and tiny little creepers. Tins of tiny sardines filled the field. She sells slippers. “If I put it in my batter.8(a) back: _____________ (b) hat: _____________ (c) pack: ______________ (d) cat: _____________ (a) bark: _____________ (b) heart: ______________ (c) park: (d) cart: ______________ _____________ 9(a) pool: _____________ (b) fool: _____________ (c) shooed: ____________ (a) pull: _____________ (b) full: ______________ (c) should: _____________ Vowel Tongue Twister Practice: Twisters with "i" and "ee" Bumblebees briefly buzzed beneath the bins of beans. Phil will hardly ever tell.” So. and really ripped her raincoat. / /. it will make my batter bitter. Gnats are not now gnawing on the nuts at night. Feeling full. better than the bitter butter. / /. /aw/. Treena tripped on the tree root. 26 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . The keen king kissed the quick queen on her green ring. Phyllis didn't eat a bit of the beets. /I/. Feeling ill or feeling well. Practice with /iy/ and /I/ The sheep on the ship slipped on the sheet of sleet. / /. /a/.

and when you learned the language you are speaking and it gives impressions about you to other people. and /aw/ /ay/ Quite nice white mice /aw/ How now brown cow / y/ The spoiled boy foiled the coy boy’s joy by purloining his toy. Neutral Accent 27 Click here to get your free novaPDF Lite registration key . I know that’s not the note that Noel wrote. often without noticing. We change our accents. where. / y/. as we have new life experiences. and do. Most people vary their accent depending on who they are speaking with. It is therefore impossible to speak without an accent Your accent results from how. both consciously and unconsciously. We can control the way we speak. Practice with /ow/ Joe told a joke he wrote on his own. People do not have a single fixed accent which is determined by their experiences.Practice with diphthongs /ay/. The coat from the coast cost more than most Neutral Accent What is Neutral Accent? An accent is a way of pronouncing a language.

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