Holy Bible

New International Version

About the New International Version –
The New International Version was undertaken by an independent committee in after a general consensus that there was a need for a new, contemporary English translation of the Bible. With the help of scholars from all over the world, and multiple reviews from a committee of multiple denominations, the New International Version has earned the widespread respect of all Christians as one of the best translations available.

http://GODoor.net

Old Testament
Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1st Samuel 2nd Samuel 1st Kings 2nd Kings 1st Chronicles 2nd Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi

New Testament
Matthew Mark Luke John Acts Romans 1st Corinthians 2nd Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1st Thessalonians 2nd Thessalonians 1st Timothy 2nd Timothy Titus Philemon Hebrews James 1st Peter 2nd Peter 1st John 2nd John 3rd John Jude Revelation

Genesis 1In the beginning God created the
heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. God called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." And there was evening, and there was morningthe first day. And God said, "Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water." So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so. God called the expanse "sky." And there was evening, and there was morning-the second day. And God said, "Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear." And it was so.
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

God called the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters he called "seas." And God saw that it was good. Then God said, "Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds." And it was so. The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening, and there was morning-the third day. And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth." And it was so. God made two great lights-the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth, to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good.
18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

10

And there was evening, and there was morning-the fourth day. And God said, "Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky." So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. God blessed them and said, "Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth." And there was evening, and there was morning-the fifth day. And God said, "Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind." And it was so. God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground."
26 25 24 23 22 21 20

19

So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. God blessed them and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground." Then God said, "I give you every seedbearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the groundeverything that has the breath of life in it-I give every green plant for food." And it was so. God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning-the sixth day.
31 30 29 28

27

2Thus the heavens and the earth were
completed in all their vast array. By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done. This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created.
4 3 2

When the Lord God made the earth and the heavensand no shrub of the field had yet appeared on the earth and no plant of the field had yet sprung up, for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no man to work the ground, but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the groundthe Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being. Now the Lord God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed. And the Lord God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground-trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.) The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.
13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5

The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Asshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates. The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. And the Lord God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die." The Lord God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him." Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the beasts of the field and all the birds of the air. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name. So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds of the air and all the beasts of the field. But for Adam no suitable helper was found. So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man's ribs and closed up the place with flesh. Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.
22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15

14

The man said, "This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called 'woman, ' for she was taken out of man." For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and they will become one flesh. The man and his wife were both naked, and they felt no shame.
25 24

23

Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves. Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden. But the Lord God called to the man, "Where are you?" He answered, "I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid." And he said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?" The man said, "The woman you put here with me-she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it." Then the Lord God said to the woman, "What is this you have done?" The woman said, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate." So the Lord God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this, "Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8

7

3Now the serpent was more crafty
than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, "Did God really say, 'You must not eat from any tree in the garden'?" The woman said to the serpent, "We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, but God did say, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.' " "You will not surely die," the serpent said to the woman. "For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.
6 5 4 3 2

and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel." To the woman he said, "I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you." To Adam he said, "Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, 'You must not eat of it,' "Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life.
18 17 16

After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.

24

4Adam lay with his wife Eve, and she
became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. She said, "With the help of the Lord I have brought forth a man." Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the Lord . But Abel brought fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The Lord looked with favor on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast. Then the Lord said to Cain, "Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it." Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.
8 7 6 5 4 3 2

It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.

By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return." Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living. The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them. And the Lord God said, "The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever." So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.
23 22 21 20

19

Then the Lord said to Cain, "Where is your brother Abel?" "I don't know," he replied. "Am I my brother's keeper?" The Lord said, "What have you done? Listen! Your brother's blood cries out to me from the ground. Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand. When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth." Cain said to the Lord , "My punishment is more than I can bear. Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me." But the Lord said to him, "Not so ; if anyone kills Cain, he will suffer vengeance seven times over." Then the Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him. So Cain went out from the Lord 's presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden. Cain lay with his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch. To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael
18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

9

was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech. Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah. Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock. His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play the harp and flute. Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged all kinds of tools out of bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain's sister was Naamah. Lamech said to his wives, "Adah and Zillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech, hear my words. I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for injuring me. If Cain is avenged seven times, then Lamech seventy-seven times." Adam lay with his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, saying, "God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him." Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh. At that time men began to call on the name of the Lord .
26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19

5This is the written account of Adam's
line. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God.

He created them male and female and blessed them. And when they were created, he called them "man. " When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Adam lived 930 years, and then he died. When Seth had lived 105 years, he became the father of Enosh. And after he became the father of Enosh, Seth lived 807 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Seth lived 912 years, and then he died. When Enosh had lived 90 years, he became the father of Kenan. And after he became the father of Kenan, Enosh lived 815 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Enosh lived 905 years, and then he died. When Kenan had lived 70 years, he became the father of Mahalalel. And after he became the father of Mahalalel, Kenan lived 840 years and had other sons and daughters.
13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

2

Altogether, Kenan lived 910 years, and then he died. When Mahalalel had lived 65 years, he became the father of Jared. And after he became the father of Jared, Mahalalel lived 830 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Mahalalel lived 895 years, and then he died. When Jared had lived 162 years, he became the father of Enoch. And after he became the father of Enoch, Jared lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Jared lived 962 years, and then he died. When Enoch had lived 65 years, he became the father of Methuselah. And after he became the father of Methuselah, Enoch walked with God 300 years and had other sons and daughters.
23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15

14

Altogether, Enoch lived 365 years.

Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him away. When Methuselah had lived 187 years, he became the father of Lamech. And after he became the father of Lamech, Methuselah lived 782 years and had other sons and daughters.
26 25

24

Altogether, Methuselah years, and then he died.
28

27

lived

969

When Lamech had lived 182 years, he had a son. He named him Noah and said, "He will comfort us in the labor and painful toil of our hands caused by the ground the Lord has cursed." After Noah was born, Lamech lived 595 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Lamech lived 777 years, and then he died. After Noah was 500 years old, he became the father of Shem, Ham and Japheth.
32 31 30 29

The Lord saw how great man's wickedness on the earth had become, and that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time. The Lord was grieved that he had made man on the earth, and his heart was filled with pain. So the Lord said, "I will wipe mankind, whom I have created, from the face of the earth-men and animals, and creatures that move along the ground, and birds of the air-for I am grieved that I have made them." But Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord . This is the account of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked with God. Noah had three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth. Now the earth was corrupt in God's sight and was full of violence. God saw how corrupt the earth had become, for all the people on earth had corrupted their ways. So God said to Noah, "I am going to put an end to all people, for the earth is filled with violence because of them. I am surely going to destroy both them and the earth. So make yourself an ark of cypress wood; make rooms in it and coat it with pitch inside and out.
14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6

5

6When
2

men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them,

the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. Then the Lord said, "My Spirit will not contend with man forever, for he is mortal ; his days will be a hundred and twenty years." The Nephilim were on the earth in those days-and also afterward-when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown.
4 3

This is how you are to build it: The ark is to be 450 feet long, 75 feet wide and 45 feet high. Make a roof for it and finish the ark to within 18 inches of the top. Put a door in the side of the ark and make lower, middle and upper decks. I am going to bring floodwaters on the earth to destroy all life under the heavens, every creature that has the breath of life in it. Everything on earth will perish. But I will establish my covenant with you, and you will enter the ark-you and your sons and your wife and your sons' wives with you. You are to bring into the ark two of all living creatures, male and female, to keep them alive with you. Two of every kind of bird, of every kind of animal and of every kind of creature that moves along the ground will come to you to be kept alive. You are to take every kind of food that is to be eaten and store it away as food for you and for them." Noah did everything just as God commanded him.
22 21 20 19 18 17 16

15

Take with you seven of every kind of clean animal, a male and its mate, and two of every kind of unclean animal, a male and its mate, and also seven of every kind of bird, male and female, to keep their various kinds alive throughout the earth. Seven days from now I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe from the face of the earth every living creature I have made." And Noah did commanded him.
6 5 4 3

2

all

that

the

Lord

Noah was six hundred years old when the floodwaters came on the earth. And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives entered the ark to escape the waters of the flood. Pairs of clean and unclean animals, of birds and of all creatures that move along the ground, male and female, came to Noah and entered the ark, as God had commanded Noah. And after the seven days floodwaters came on the earth.
11 10 9 8 7

the

7The Lord then said to Noah, "Go into
the ark, you and your whole family, because I have found you righteous in this generation.

In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, on the seventeenth day of the second month-on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened. And rain fell on the earth forty days and forty nights.
12

On that very day Noah and his sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, together with his wife and the wives of his three sons, entered the ark. They had with them every wild animal according to its kind, all livestock according to their kinds, every creature that moves along the ground according to its kind and every bird according to its kind, everything with wings. Pairs of all creatures that have the breath of life in them came to Noah and entered the ark. The animals going in were male and female of every living thing, as God had commanded Noah. Then the Lord shut him in. For forty days the flood kept coming on the earth, and as the waters increased they lifted the ark high above the earth. The waters rose and increased greatly on the earth, and the ark floated on the surface of the water. They rose greatly on the earth, and all the high mountains under the entire heavens were covered. The waters rose and covered the mountains to a depth of more than twenty feet. , Every living thing that moved on the earth perished-birds, livestock, wild animals, all the creatures that swarm over the earth, and all mankind.
21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14

13

Everything on dry land that had the breath of life in its nostrils died. Every living thing on the face of the earth was wiped out; men and animals and the creatures that move along the ground and the birds of the air were wiped from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those with him in the ark. The waters flooded the earth for a hundred and fifty days.
24 23

22

8But God remembered Noah and all
the wild animals and the livestock that were with him in the ark, and he sent a wind over the earth, and the waters receded. Now the springs of the deep and the floodgates of the heavens had been closed, and the rain had stopped falling from the sky. The water receded steadily from the earth. At the end of the hundred and fifty days the water had gone down, and on the seventeenth day of the seventh month the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. The waters continued to recede until the tenth month, and on the first day of the tenth month the tops of the mountains became visible. After forty days Noah opened the window he had made in the ark
6 5 4 3 2

and sent out a raven, and it kept flying back and forth until the water had dried up from the earth. Then he sent out a dove to see if the water had receded from the surface of the ground. But the dove could find no place to set its feet because there was water over all the surface of the earth; so it returned to Noah in the ark. He reached out his hand and took the dove and brought it back to himself in the ark. He waited seven more days and again sent out the dove from the ark. When the dove returned to him in the evening, there in its beak was a freshly plucked olive leaf! Then Noah knew that the water had receded from the earth. He waited seven more days and sent the dove out again, but this time it did not return to him. By the first day of the first month of Noah's six hundred and first year, the water had dried up from the earth. Noah then removed the covering from the ark and saw that the surface of the ground was dry. By the twenty-seventh day of the second month the earth was completely dry.
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8

7

Bring out every kind of living creature that is with you-the birds, the animals, and all the creatures that move along the ground-so they can multiply on the earth and be fruitful and increase in number upon it." So Noah came out, together with his sons and his wife and his sons' wives. All the animals and all the creatures that move along the ground and all the birds-everything that moves on the earth-came out of the ark, one kind after another. Then Noah built an altar to the Lord and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it. The Lord smelled the pleasing aroma and said in his heart: "Never again will I curse the ground because of man, even though every inclination of his heart is evil from childhood. And never again will I destroy all living creatures, as I have done. "As long as the earth endures, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night will never cease."
22 21 20 19 18

17

9Then
2

God blessed Noah and his sons, saying to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the earth.

Then God said to Noah, The fear and dread of you will fall upon all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air, upon every creature that moves along the ground, and upon all

"Come out of the ark, you and your wife and your sons and their wives.

16

the fish of the sea; they are given into your hands. Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. "But you must not eat meat that has its lifeblood still in it. And for your lifeblood I will surely demand an accounting. I will demand an accounting from every animal. And from each man, too, I will demand an accounting for the life of his fellow man. "Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed; for in the image of God has God made man. As for you, be fruitful and increase in number; multiply on the earth and increase upon it." Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him: "I now establish my covenant with you and with your descendants after you and with every living creature that was with you-the birds, the livestock and all the wild animals, all those that came out of the ark with you-every living creature on earth. I establish my covenant with you: Never again will all life be cut off by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth." And God said, "This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and
12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come: I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth. Whenever I bring clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become a flood to destroy all life. Whenever the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and all living creatures of every kind on the earth." So God said to Noah, "This is the sign of the covenant I have established between me and all life on the earth." The sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham and Japheth. (Ham was the father of Canaan.) These were the three sons of Noah, and from them came the people who were scattered over the earth. Noah, a man of the soil, proceeded to plant a vineyard. When he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and lay uncovered inside his tent. Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father's nakedness and told his two brothers outside.
22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13

But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it across their shoulders; then they walked in backward and covered their father's nakedness. Their faces were turned the other way so that they would not see their father's nakedness. When Noah awoke from his wine and found out what his youngest son had done to him, he said, "Cursed be Canaan! The lowest of slaves will he be to his brothers." He also said, "Blessed be the Lord , the God of Shem! May Canaan be the slave of Shem. May God extend the territory of Japheth ; may Japheth live in the tents of Shem, and may Canaan be his slave."
28 27 26 25 24

23

The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittim and the Rodanim. (From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.) The Hamites The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put and Canaan. The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. Cush was the father of Nimrod, who grew to be a mighty warrior on the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord ; that is why it is said, "Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord ." The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon, Erech, Akkad and Calneh, in Shinar. From that land he went to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah and Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites. Canaan was the father of Sidon his firstborn, and of the Hittites,
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5

4

After the flood Noah lived 350 years.

Altogether, Noah lived 950 years, and then he died.

29

10This is the account of Shem, Ham
and Japheth, Noah's sons, who themselves had sons after the flood. The Japhethites The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras. The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.
3 2

16

Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,

Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan. The region where they lived stretched from Mesha toward Sephar, in the eastern hill country. These are the sons of Shem by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations. These are the clans of Noah's sons, according to their lines of descent, within their nations. From these the nations spread out over the earth after the flood.
32 31 30

29

17

Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites. Later the Canaanite clans scattered and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations. The Semites Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother was Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber. The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram. The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech. Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber. Two sons were born to Eber: One was named Peleg, because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan. Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19

18

the whole world had one language and a common speech. As men moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there. They said to each other, "Come, let's make bricks and bake them thoroughly." They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. Then they said, "Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth." But the Lord came down to see the city and the tower that the men were building. The Lord said, "If as one people speaking the same language they have
6 5 4 3 2

11Now

Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba,

28

begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other." So the Lord scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. That is why it was called Babel because there the Lord confused the language of the whole world. From there the Lord scattered them over the face of the whole earth. This is the account of Shem. Two years after the flood, when Shem was 100 years old, he became the father of Arphaxad. And after he became the father of Arphaxad, Shem lived 500 years and had other sons and daughters. When Arphaxad had lived 35 years, he became the father of Shelah. And after he became the father of Shelah, Arphaxad lived 403 years and had other sons and daughters. When Shelah had lived 30 years, he became the father of Eber. And after he became the father of Eber, Shelah lived 403 years and had other sons and daughters. When Eber had lived 34 years, he became the father of Peleg.
16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7

And after he became the father of Peleg, Eber lived 430 years and had other sons and daughters. When Peleg had lived 30 years, he became the father of Reu. And after he became the father of Reu, Peleg lived 209 years and had other sons and daughters. When Reu had lived 32 years, he became the father of Serug. And after he became the father of Serug, Reu lived 207 years and had other sons and daughters. When Serug had lived 30 years, he became the father of Nahor. And after he became the father of Nahor, Serug lived 200 years and had other sons and daughters. When Nahor had lived 29 years, he became the father of Terah. And after he became the father of Terah, Nahor lived 119 years and had other sons and daughters. After Terah had lived 70 years, he became the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran. This is the account of Terah. Terah became the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran. And Haran became the father of Lot.
27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18

17

While his father Terah was still alive, Haran died in Ur of the Chaldeans, in the land of his birth. Abram and Nahor both married. The name of Abram's wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor's wife was Milcah; she was the daughter of Haran, the father of both Milcah and Iscah. Now Sarai was barren; she had no children. Terah took his son Abram, his grandson Lot son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, the wife of his son Abram, and together they set out from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to Canaan. But when they came to Haran, they settled there. Terah lived 205 years, and he died in Haran.
32 31 30 29

28

He took his wife Sarai, his nephew Lot, all the possessions they had accumulated and the people they had acquired in Haran, and they set out for the land of Canaan, and they arrived there. Abram traveled through the land as far as the site of the great tree of Moreh at Shechem. At that time the Canaanites were in the land. The Lord appeared to Abram and said, "To your offspring I will give this land." So he built an altar there to the Lord , who had appeared to him. From there he went on toward the hills east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the Lord and called on the name of the Lord . Then Abram set out and continued toward the Negev. Now there was a famine in the land, and Abram went down to Egypt to live there for a while because the famine was severe. As he was about to enter Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai, "I know what a beautiful woman you are. When the Egyptians see you, they will say, 'This is his wife.' Then they will kill me but will let you live. Say you are my sister, so that I will be treated well for your sake and my life will be spared because of you."
13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6

5

Lord had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show you. "I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you." So Abram left, as the Lord had told him; and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he set out from Haran.
4 3 2

12The

When Abram came to Egypt, the Egyptians saw that she was a very beautiful woman. And when Pharaoh's officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh, and she was taken into his palace. He treated Abram well for her sake, and Abram acquired sheep and cattle, male and female donkeys, menservants and maidservants, and camels. But the Lord inflicted serious diseases on Pharaoh and his household because of Abram's wife Sarai. So Pharaoh summoned Abram. "What have you done to me?" he said. "Why didn't you tell me she was your wife? Why did you say, 'She is my sister,' so that I took her to be my wife? Now then, here is your wife. Take her and go!" Then Pharaoh gave orders about Abram to his men, and they sent him on his way, with his wife and everything he had.
20 19 18 17 16 15

14

and where he had first built an altar. There Abram called on the name of the Lord . Now Lot, who was moving about with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents. But the land could not support them while they stayed together, for their possessions were so great that they were not able to stay together. And quarreling arose between Abram's herdsmen and the herdsmen of Lot. The Canaanites and Perizzites were also living in the land at that time. So Abram said to Lot, "Let's not have any quarreling between you and me, or between your herdsmen and mine, for we are brothers. Is not the whole land before you? Let's part company. If you go to the left, I'll go to the right; if you go to the right, I'll go to the left." Lot looked up and saw that the whole plain of the Jordan was well watered, like the garden of the Lord , like the land of Egypt, toward Zoar. (This was before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.) So Lot chose for himself the whole plain of the Jordan and set out toward the east. The two men parted company: Abram lived in the land of Canaan, while Lot lived among the cities of the plain and pitched his tents near Sodom.
12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5

4

13So Abram went up from Egypt to
the Negev, with his wife and everything he had, and Lot went with him. Abram had become very wealthy in livestock and in silver and gold. From the Negev he went from place to place until he came to Bethel, to the place between Bethel and Ai where his tent had been earlier
3 2

Now the men of Sodom were wicked and were sinning greatly against the Lord . The Lord said to Abram after Lot had parted from him, "Lift up your eyes from where you are and look north and south, east and west. All the land that you see I will give to you and your offspring forever. I will make your offspring like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone could count the dust, then your offspring could be counted. Go, walk through the length and breadth of the land, for I am giving it to you." So Abram moved his tents and went to live near the great trees of Mamre at Hebron, where he built an altar to the Lord .
18 17 16 15 14

13

For twelve years they had been subject to Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim and the Horites in the hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran near the desert. Then they turned back and went to En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh), and they conquered the whole territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazazon Tamar. Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) marched out and drew up their battle lines in the Valley of Siddim against Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar-four kings against five. Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits, and when the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some of the men fell into them and the rest fled to the hills. The four kings seized all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food; then they went away. They also carried off Abram's nephew Lot and his possessions, since he was living in Sodom.
12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5

4

this time Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidal king of Goiim went to war against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). All these latter kings joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (the Salt Sea ).
3 2

14At

One who had escaped came and reported this to Abram the Hebrew. Now Abram was living near the great trees of Mamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshcol and Aner, all of whom were allied with Abram. When Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he called out the 318 trained men born in his household and went in pursuit as far as Dan. During the night Abram divided his men to attack them and he routed them, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus. He recovered all the goods and brought back his relative Lot and his possessions, together with the women and the other people. After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley). Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram, saying, "Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth. And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.
20 19 18 17 16 15 14

13

The king of Sodom said to Abram, "Give me the people and keep the goods for yourself." But Abram said to the king of Sodom, "I have raised my hand to the Lord , God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth, and have taken an oath that I will accept nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the thong of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, 'I made Abram rich.' I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share that belongs to the men who went with me-to Aner, Eshcol and Mamre. Let them have their share."
24 23 22

21

After this, the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision: "Do not be afraid, Abram. I am your shield, your very great reward. " But Abram said, "O Sovereign Lord , what can you give me since I remain childless and the one who will inherit my estate is Eliezer of Damascus?" And Abram said, "You have given me no children; so a servant in my household will be my heir." Then the word of the Lord came to him: "This man will not be your heir, but a son coming from your own body will be your heir." He took him outside and said, "Look up at the heavens and count the stars-if
5 4 3 2

15

indeed you can count them." Then he said to him, "So shall your offspring be." Abram believed the Lord , and he credited it to him as righteousness. He also said to him, "I am the Lord , who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to take possession of it." But Abram said, "O Sovereign Lord , how can I know that I will gain possession of it?" So the Lord said to him, "Bring me a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon." Abram brought all these to him, cut them in two and arranged the halves opposite each other; the birds, however, he did not cut in half. Then birds of prey came down on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away. As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a thick and dreadful darkness came over him. Then the Lord said to him, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own, and they will be enslaved and mistreated four hundred years. But I will punish the nation they serve as slaves, and afterward they will come out with great possessions.
14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6

You, however, will go to your fathers in peace and be buried at a good old age. In the fourth generation your descendants will come back here, for the sin of the Amorites has not yet reached its full measure." When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torch appeared and passed between the pieces. On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram and said, "To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphratesthe land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites,
20 19 18 17 16

15

Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites,

Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites."

21

Now Sarai, Abram's wife, had borne him no children. But she had an Egyptian maidservant named Hagar; so she said to Abram, "The Lord has kept me from having children. Go, sleep with my maidservant; perhaps I can build a family through her." Abram agreed to what Sarai said. So after Abram had been living in Canaan ten years, Sarai his wife took her Egyptian maidservant Hagar and gave her to her husband to be his wife.
3 2

16

He slept with Hagar, and she conceived. When she knew she was pregnant, she began to despise her mistress. Then Sarai said to Abram, "You are responsible for the wrong I am suffering. I put my servant in your arms, and now that she knows she is pregnant, she despises me. May the Lord judge between you and me." "Your servant is in your hands," Abram said. "Do with her whatever you think best." Then Sarai mistreated Hagar; so she fled from her. The angel of the Lord found Hagar near a spring in the desert; it was the spring that is beside the road to Shur. And he said, "Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?" "I'm running away from my mistress Sarai," she answered. Then the angel of the Lord told her, "Go back to your mistress and submit to her." The angel added, "I will so increase your descendants that they will be too numerous to count." The angel of the Lord also said to her: "You are now with child and you will have a son. You shall name him Ishmael, for the Lord has heard of your misery. He will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be against everyone and everyone's hand against him, and he will live in hostility toward all his brothers."
12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5

4

She gave this name to the Lord who spoke to her: "You are the God who sees me," for she said, "I have now seen the One who sees me." That is why the well was called Beer Lahai Roi ; it is still there, between Kadesh and Bered. So Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram gave the name Ishmael to the son she had borne. Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore him Ishmael.
16 15 14

13

Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, "I am God Almighty ; walk before me and be blameless. I will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers." Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, "As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. No longer will you be called Abram ; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you.
6 5 4 3 2

17When

I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. The whole land of Canaan, where you are now an alien, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God." Then God said to Abraham, "As for you, you must keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you for the generations to come. This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you. For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner-those who are not your offspring. Whether born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting covenant. Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant."
14 13 12 11 10 9 8

7

God also said to Abraham, "As for Sarai your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah. I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her." Abraham fell facedown; he laughed and said to himself, "Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old? Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?" And Abraham said to God, "If only Ishmael might live under your blessing!" Then God said, "Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year." When he had finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him. On that very day Abraham took his son Ishmael and all those born in his household or bought with his money, every male in his household, and circumcised them, as God told him.
23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16

15

Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised,
25

24

Then he ran to the herd and selected a choice, tender calf and gave it to a servant, who hurried to prepare it. He then brought some curds and milk and the calf that had been prepared, and set these before them. While they ate, he stood near them under a tree. "Where is your wife Sarah?" they asked him. "There, in the tent," he said. Then the Lord said, "I will surely return to you about this time next year, and Sarah your wife will have a son." Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, which was behind him. Abraham and Sarah were already old and well advanced in years, and Sarah was past the age of childbearing. So Sarah laughed to herself as she thought, "After I am worn out and my master is old, will I now have this pleasure?" Then the Lord said to Abraham, "Why did Sarah laugh and say, 'Will I really have a child, now that I am old?' Is anything too hard for the Lord ? I will return to you at the appointed time next year and Sarah will have a son." Sarah was afraid, so she lied and said, "I did not laugh." But he said, "Yes, you did laugh." When the men got up to leave, they looked down toward Sodom, and Abraham walked along with them to see them on their way.
16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8

7

and his son Ishmael was thirteen;

Abraham and his son Ishmael were both circumcised on that same day. And every male in Abraham's household, including those born in his household or bought from a foreigner, was circumcised with him.
27

26

The Lord appeared to Abraham near the great trees of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent in the heat of the day. Abraham looked up and saw three men standing nearby. When he saw them, he hurried from the entrance of his tent to meet them and bowed low to the ground. He said, "If I have found favor in your eyes, my lord, do not pass your servant by. Let a little water be brought, and then you may all wash your feet and rest under this tree. Let me get you something to eat, so you can be refreshed and then go on your way-now that you have come to your servant." "Very well," they answered, "do as you say." So Abraham hurried into the tent to Sarah. "Quick," he said, "get three seahs of fine flour and knead it and bake some bread."
6 5 4 3 2

18

Then the Lord said, "Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do? Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation, and all nations on earth will be blessed through him. For I have chosen him, so that he will direct his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing what is right and just, so that the Lord will bring about for Abraham what he has promised him." Then the Lord said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous that I will go down and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry that has reached me. If not, I will know." The men turned away and went toward Sodom, but Abraham remained standing before the Lord . Then Abraham approached him and said: "Will you sweep away the righteous with the wicked?
24 23 22 21 20 19 18

17

The Lord said, "If I find fifty righteous people in the city of Sodom, I will spare the whole place for their sake." Then Abraham spoke up again: "Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the Lord, though I am nothing but dust and ashes, what if the number of the righteous is five less than fifty? Will you destroy the whole city because of five people?" "If I find forty-five there," he said, "I will not destroy it." Once again he spoke to him, "What if only forty are found there?" He said, "For the sake of forty, I will not do it." Then he said, "May the Lord not be angry, but let me speak. What if only thirty can be found there?" He answered, "I will not do it if I find thirty there." Abraham said, "Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty can be found there?" He said, "For the sake of twenty, I will not destroy it." Then he said, "May the Lord not be angry, but let me speak just once more. What if only ten can be found there?" He answered, "For the sake of ten, I will not destroy it." When the Lord had finished speaking with Abraham, he left, and Abraham returned home.
33 32 31 30 29 28 27

26

What if there are fifty righteous people in the city? Will you really sweep it away and not spare the place for the sake of the fifty righteous people in it?

Far be it from you to do such a thing-to kill the righteous with the wicked, treating the righteous and the wicked alike. Far be it from you! Will not the Judge of all the earth do right?"

25

The two angels arrived at Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the

19

gateway of the city. When he saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the ground. "My lords," he said, "please turn aside to your servant's house. You can wash your feet and spend the night and then go on your way early in the morning." "No," they answered, "we will spend the night in the square." But he insisted so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house. He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast, and they ate. Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom-both young and old-surrounded the house. They called to Lot, "Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we can have sex with them." Lot went outside to meet them and shut the door behind him and said, "No, my friends. Don't do this wicked thing. Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do what you like with them. But don't do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection of my roof." "Get out of our way," they replied. And they said, "This fellow came here as an alien, and now he wants to play the judge! We'll treat you worse than them."
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

They kept bringing pressure on Lot and moved forward to break down the door. But the men inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door. Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, young and old, with blindness so that they could not find the door. The two men said to Lot, "Do you have anyone else here-sons-in-law, sons or daughters, or anyone else in the city who belongs to you? Get them out of here, because we are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the Lord against its people is so great that he has sent us to destroy it." So Lot went out and spoke to his sonsin-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters. He said, "Hurry and get out of this place, because the Lord is about to destroy the city!" But his sons-in-law thought he was joking. With the coming of dawn, the angels urged Lot, saying, "Hurry! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away when the city is punished." When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of his two daughters and led them safely out of the city, for the Lord was merciful to them.
16 15 14 13 12 11 10

As soon as they had brought them out, one of them said, "Flee for your lives! Don't look back, and don't stop anywhere in the plain! Flee to the mountains or you will be swept away!" But Lot said to them, "No, my lords, please! Your servant has found favor in your eyes, and you have shown great kindness to me in sparing my life. But I can't flee to the mountains; this disaster will overtake me, and I'll die. Look, here is a town near enough to run to, and it is small. Let me flee to it-it is very small, isn't it? Then my life will be spared." He said to him, "Very well, I will grant this request too; I will not overthrow the town you speak of. But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it." (That is why the town was called Zoar. ) By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land. Then the Lord rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah-from the Lord out of the heavens. Thus he overthrew those cities and the entire plain, including all those living in the cities-and also the vegetation in the land. But Lot's wife looked back, and she became a pillar of salt.
26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18

17

Early the next morning Abraham got up and returned to the place where he had stood before the Lord . He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace. So when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham, and he brought Lot out of the catastrophe that overthrew the cities where Lot had lived. Lot and his two daughters left Zoar and settled in the mountains, for he was afraid to stay in Zoar. He and his two daughters lived in a cave. One day the older daughter said to the younger, "Our father is old, and there is no man around here to lie with us, as is the custom all over the earth. Let's get our father to drink wine and then lie with him and preserve our family line through our father." That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went in and lay with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up. The next day the older daughter said to the younger, "Last night I lay with my father. Let's get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and lie with him so we can preserve our family line through our father." So they got their father to drink wine that night also, and the younger
35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28

27

daughter went and lay with him. Again he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up. So both of Lot's daughters became pregnant by their father. The older daughter had a son, and she named him Moab ; he is the father of the Moabites of today. The younger daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammi ; he is the father of the Ammonites of today.
38 37 36

conscience, and so I have kept you from sinning against me. That is why I did not let you touch her. Now return the man's wife, for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you and you will live. But if you do not return her, you may be sure that you and all yours will die." Early the next morning Abimelech summoned all his officials, and when he told them all that had happened, they were very much afraid. Then Abimelech called Abraham in and said, "What have you done to us? How have I wronged you that you have brought such great guilt upon me and my kingdom? You have done things to me that should not be done." And Abimelech asked Abraham, "What was your reason for doing this?" Abraham replied, "I said to myself, 'There is surely no fear of God in this place, and they will kill me because of my wife.' Besides, she really is my sister, the daughter of my father though not of my mother; and she became my wife. And when God had me wander from my father's household, I said to her, 'This is how you can show your love to me: Everywhere we go, say of me, "He is my brother." ' " Then Abimelech brought sheep and cattle and male and female slaves and
14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7

Abraham moved on from there into the region of the Negev and lived between Kadesh and Shur. For a while he stayed in Gerar, and there Abraham said of his wife Sarah, "She is my sister." Then Abimelech king of Gerar sent for Sarah and took her. But God came to Abimelech in a dream one night and said to him, "You are as good as dead because of the woman you have taken; she is a married woman." Now Abimelech had not gone near her, so he said, "Lord, will you destroy an innocent nation? Did he not say to me, 'She is my sister,' and didn't she also say, 'He is my brother'? I have done this with a clear conscience and clean hands." Then God said to him in the dream, "Yes, I know you did this with a clear
6 5 4 3 2

20Now

gave them to Abraham, and he returned Sarah his wife to him. And Abimelech said, "My land is before you; live wherever you like." To Sarah he said, "I am giving your brother a thousand shekels of silver. This is to cover the offense against you before all who are with you; you are completely vindicated." Then Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech, his wife and his slave girls so they could have children again, for the Lord had closed up every womb in Abimelech's household because of Abraham's wife Sarah.
18 17 16 15

Sarah said, "God has brought me laughter, and everyone who hears about this will laugh with me." And she added, "Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne him a son in his old age." The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was weaned Abraham held a great feast. But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking, and she said to Abraham, "Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that slave woman's son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac." The matter distressed Abraham greatly because it concerned his son. But God said to him, "Do not be so distressed about the boy and your maidservant. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned. I will make the son of the maidservant into a nation also, because he is your offspring." Early the next morning Abraham took some food and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He set them on her shoulders and then sent her off with the boy. She went on her way and wandered in the desert of Beersheba.
14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7

6

21Now the Lord was gracious to
Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did for Sarah what he had promised. Sarah became pregnant and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the very time God had promised him. Abraham gave the name Isaac to the son Sarah bore him. When his son Isaac was eight days old, Abraham circumcised him, as God commanded him. Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.
5 4 3 2

When the water in the skin was gone, she put the boy under one of the bushes. Then she went off and sat down nearby, about a bowshot away, for she thought, "I cannot watch the boy die." And as she sat there nearby, she began to sob. God heard the boy crying, and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, "What is the matter, Hagar? Do not be afraid; God has heard the boy crying as he lies there. Lift the boy up and take him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation." Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the skin with water and gave the boy a drink. God was with the boy as he grew up. He lived in the desert and became an archer. While he was living in the Desert of Paran, his mother got a wife for him from Egypt. At that time Abimelech and Phicol the commander of his forces said to Abraham, "God is with you in everything you do. Now swear to me here before God that you will not deal falsely with me or my children or my descendants. Show to me and the country where you are living
23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16

15

as an alien the same kindness I have shown to you."
24

Abraham said, "I swear it."

Then Abraham complained to Abimelech about a well of water that Abimelech's servants had seized. But Abimelech said, "I don't know who has done this. You did not tell me, and I heard about it only today." So Abraham brought sheep and cattle and gave them to Abimelech, and the two men made a treaty. Abraham set apart seven ewe lambs from the flock, and Abimelech asked Abraham, "What is the meaning of these seven ewe lambs you have set apart by themselves?" He replied, "Accept these seven lambs from my hand as a witness that I dug this well." So that place was called Beersheba, because the two men swore an oath there. After the treaty had been made at Beersheba, Abimelech and Phicol the commander of his forces returned to the land of the Philistines. Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there he called upon the name of the Lord , the Eternal God.
33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26

25

And Abraham stayed in the land of the Philistines for a long time.

34

my son." And the two of them went on together. When they reached the place God had told him about, Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. He bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. But the angel of the Lord called out to him from heaven, "Abraham! Abraham!" "Here I am," he replied. "Do not lay a hand on the boy," he said. "Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son." Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son. So Abraham called that place The Lord Will Provide. And to this day it is said, "On the mountain of the Lord it will be provided." The angel of the Lord called to Abraham from heaven a second time and said, "I swear by myself, declares the Lord , that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9

time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, "Abraham!" "Here I am," he replied. Then God said, "Take your son, your only son, Isaac, whom you love, and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains I will tell you about." Early the next morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. He took with him two of his servants and his son Isaac. When he had cut enough wood for the burnt offering, he set out for the place God had told him about. On the third day Abraham looked up and saw the place in the distance. He said to his servants, "Stay here with the donkey while I and the boy go over there. We will worship and then we will come back to you." Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and placed it on his son Isaac, and he himself carried the fire and the knife. As the two of them went on together, Isaac spoke up and said to his father Abraham, "Father?" "Yes, my son?" Abraham replied. "The fire and wood are here," Isaac said, "but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?" Abraham answered, "God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering,
8 7 6 5 4 3 2

22Some

in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me." Then Abraham returned to his servants, and they set off together for Beersheba. And Abraham stayed in Beersheba. Some time later Abraham was told, "Milcah is also a mother; she has borne sons to your brother Nahor: Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel (the father of Aram), Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph and Bethuel." Bethuel became the father of Rebekah. Milcah bore these eight sons to Abraham's brother Nahor. His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also had sons: Tebah, Gaham, Tahash and Maacah.
24 23 22 21 20 19 18

Then Abraham rose from beside his dead wife and spoke to the Hittites. He said, "I am an alien and a stranger among you. Sell me some property for a burial site here so I can bury my dead."
5 4

3

The Hittites replied to Abraham,

"Sir, listen to us. You are a mighty prince among us. Bury your dead in the choicest of our tombs. None of us will refuse you his tomb for burying your dead." Then Abraham rose and bowed down before the people of the land, the Hittites. He said to them, "If you are willing to let me bury my dead, then listen to me and intercede with Ephron son of Zohar on my behalf so he will sell me the cave of Machpelah, which belongs to him and is at the end of his field. Ask him to sell it to me for the full price as a burial site among you." Ephron the Hittite was sitting among his people and he replied to Abraham in the hearing of all the Hittites who had come to the gate of his city. "No, my lord," he said. "Listen to me; I give you the field, and I give you the cave that is in it. I give it to you in the presence of my people. Bury your dead."
11 10 9 8 7

6

23Sarah lived to be a hundred and
twenty-seven years old. She died at Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan, and Abraham went to mourn for Sarah and to weep over her.
2

Again Abraham bowed down before the people of the land and he said to Ephron in their hearing, "Listen to me, if you will. I will pay the price of the field. Accept it from me so I can bury my dead there."
14 13

12

Abraham was now old and well advanced in years, and the Lord had blessed him in every way. He said to the chief servant in his household, the one in charge of all that he had, "Put your hand under my thigh. I want you to swear by the Lord , the God of heaven and the God of earth, that you will not get a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living, but will go to my country and my own relatives and get a wife for my son Isaac." The servant asked him, "What if the woman is unwilling to come back with me to this land? Shall I then take your son back to the country you came from?" "Make sure that you do not take my son back there," Abraham said. "The Lord , the God of heaven, who brought me out of my father's household and my native land and who spoke to me and promised me on oath, saying, 'To your offspring I will give this land'-he will send his angel before you so that you can get a wife for my son from there. If the woman is unwilling to come back with you, then you will be released from this oath of mine. Only do not take my son back there."
8 7 6 5 4 3 2

24

Ephron answered Abraham,

"Listen to me, my lord; the land is worth four hundred shekels of silver, but what is that between me and you? Bury your dead." Abraham agreed to Ephron's terms and weighed out for him the price he had named in the hearing of the Hittites: four hundred shekels of silver, according to the weight current among the merchants. So Ephron's field in Machpelah near Mamre-both the field and the cave in it, and all the trees within the borders of the field-was deeded to Abraham as his property in the presence of all the Hittites who had come to the gate of the city. Afterward Abraham buried his wife Sarah in the cave in the field of Machpelah near Mamre (which is at Hebron) in the land of Canaan. So the field and the cave in it were deeded to Abraham by the Hittites as a burial site.
20 19 18 17 16

15

So the servant put his hand under the thigh of his master Abraham and swore an oath to him concerning this matter. Then the servant took ten of his master's camels and left, taking with him all kinds of good things from his master. He set out for Aram Naharaim and made his way to the town of Nahor. He had the camels kneel down near the well outside the town; it was toward evening, the time the women go out to draw water. Then he prayed, "O Lord , God of my master Abraham, give me success today, and show kindness to my master Abraham. See, I am standing beside this spring, and the daughters of the townspeople are coming out to draw water. May it be that when I say to a girl, 'Please let down your jar that I may have a drink,' and she says, 'Drink, and I'll water your camels too'-let her be the one you have chosen for your servant Isaac. By this I will know that you have shown kindness to my master." Before he had finished praying, Rebekah came out with her jar on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah, who was the wife of Abraham's brother Nahor. The girl was very beautiful, a virgin; no man had ever lain with her. She went down to the spring, filled her jar and came up again.
16 15 14 13 12 11 10

9

The servant hurried to meet her and said, "Please give me a little water from your jar." "Drink, my lord," she said, and quickly lowered the jar to her hands and gave him a drink. After she had given him a drink, she said, "I'll draw water for your camels too, until they have finished drinking." So she quickly emptied her jar into the trough, ran back to the well to draw more water, and drew enough for all his camels. Without saying a word, the man watched her closely to learn whether or not the Lord had made his journey successful. When the camels had finished drinking, the man took out a gold nose ring weighing a beka and two gold bracelets weighing ten shekels. Then he asked, "Whose daughter are you? Please tell me, is there room in your father's house for us to spend the night?"
24 23 22 21 20 19 18

17

She answered him, "I am the daughter of Bethuel, the son that Milcah bore to Nahor."

And she added, "We have plenty of straw and fodder, as well as room for you to spend the night." Then the man bowed down and worshiped the Lord ,
26

25

and water for him and his men to wash their feet." let her 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 So he said. 'What if the woman will not come back with me?' "He replied." he said. "Come. you who are blessed by the Lord . 'You must not get a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites. God of my master Abraham. "Drink. and the camels were unloaded. "I am Abraham's servant. "Please let me drink a little water from your jar. "I will not eat until I have told you what I have to say.' "Then I asked my master. Then food was set before him." The girl ran and told her mother's household about these things. "Praise be to the Lord . please grant success to the journey on which I have come. if you will. and camels and donkeys." and if she says to me.' "When I came to the spring today. and he has become wealthy. if a maiden comes out to draw water and I say to her." Laban said. the God of my master Abraham. before whom I have walked. See.saying. The Lord has blessed my master abundantly. And my master made me swear an oath. I said. Straw and fodder were brought for the camels." So the man went to the house. I am standing beside this spring. will send his angel with you and make your journey a success. As for me. He has given him sheep and cattle. Now Rebekah had a brother named Laban. As soon as he had seen the nose ring. "Why are you standing out here? I have prepared the house and a place for the camels. but go to my father's family and to my own clan. who has not abandoned his kindness and faithfulness to my master. when you go to my clan. menservants and maidservants. but he said. and he has given him everything he owns. My master's wife Sarah has borne him a son in her old age." "Then tell us. 'The Lord . Then. so that you can get a wife for my son from my own clan and from my father's family. and had heard Rebekah tell what the man said to her. you will be released from my oath even if they refuse to give her to you-you will be released from my oath. 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 silver and gold. the Lord has led me on the journey to the house of my master's relatives. and he hurried out to the man at the spring. and I'll draw water for your camels too. 35 . 'O Lord . he went out to the man and found him standing by the camels near the spring. and said. and the bracelets on his sister's arms. in whose land I live. and get a wife for my son.

Here is Rebekah.be the one the Lord has chosen for my master's son." When Abraham's servant heard what they said. "I asked her." she said. So they sent their sister Rebekah on her way. Rebekah came out. he also gave costly gifts to her brother and to her mother. 'Please give me a drink." Then they said." But her brother and her mother replied. with her jar on her shoulder. and she watered the camels also. When they got up the next morning. tell me. "Let's call the girl and ask her about it. and I bowed down and worshiped the Lord . so I may know which way to turn. Send me on my way so I may go to my master. as the Lord has directed. 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 Then the servant brought out gold and silver jewelry and articles of clothing and gave them to Rebekah.' So I drank. "This is from the Lord . then you may go. And they blessed Rebekah and said to her. tell me. So the servant took Rebekah and left. the God of my master Abraham. She went down to the spring and drew water.' "Before I finished praying in my heart. and if not. 'The daughter of Bethuel son of Nahor. he said. 'Drink. Then he and the men who were with him ate and drank and spent the night there. take her and go. and let her become the wife of your master's son. we can say nothing to you one way or the other." Laban and Bethuel answered. Now if you will show kindness and faithfulness to my master. "Our sister.' "Then I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her arms. 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 . may your offspring possess the gates of their enemies. who had led me on the right road to get the granddaughter of my master's brother for his son.' "She quickly lowered her jar from her shoulder and said. "Send me on my way to my master. "Will you go with this man?" "I will go. and I'll water your camels too. I praised the Lord . along with her nurse and Abraham's servant and his men. may you increase to thousands upon thousands." But he said to them." So they called Rebekah and asked her. 'Whose daughter are you?' "She said. whom Milcah bore to him. "Do not detain me. now that the Lord has granted success to my journey. "Let the girl remain with us ten days or so." Then Rebekah and her maids got ready and mounted their camels and went back with the man. he bowed down to the ground before the Lord . and I said to her.

Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. he saw camels approaching. These are the names of the sons of Ishmael. Tema. Hadad. Rebekah also looked up and saw Isaac. Ishbak and Shuah. She bore him Zimran. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 took another whose name was Keturah. Kedar. His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah near Mamre. and he loved her. Altogether. the Letushites and the Leummites. Isaac brought her into the tent of his mother Sarah. There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. bore to Abraham. and he married Rebekah. Abraham lived a hundred and seventy-five years. Midian. Mibsam. 15 . So she became his wife. who then lived near Beer Lahai Roi." the servant answered. whom Sarah's maidservant. She got down from her camel and asked the servant. Jetur. Abida and Eldaah. an old man and full of years. in the field of Ephron son of Zohar the Hittite. and as he looked up. Jokshan. and Isaac was comforted after his mother's death. Medan. Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age. the field Abraham had bought from the Hittites. But while he was still living. This is the account of Abraham's son Ishmael.Now Isaac had come from Beer Lahai Roi. God blessed his son Isaac. All these were descendants of Keturah. the descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites. "Who is that man in the field coming to meet us?" "He is my master. So she took her veil and covered herself. he gave gifts to the sons of his concubines and sent them away from his son Isaac to the land of the east. 2 25Abraham wife. and he was gathered to his people. 4 3 Mishma. Hagar the Egyptian. Epher. Hanoch. He went out to the field one evening to meditate. After Abraham's death. 67 66 65 64 63 62 Abraham left everything he owned to Isaac. Massa. The sons of Midian were Ephah. Adbeel. Then the servant told Isaac all he had done. for he was living in the Negev. listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael. Dumah. Naphish and Kedemah.

and the older will serve the younger. 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 The first to come out was red. selling his birthright to Jacob. He said to Jacob. let me have some of that red stew! I'm famished!" (That is why he was also called Edom." "Look. Isaac. Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife. ) Jacob replied. his brother came out. but Rebekah loved Jacob. and he was gathered to his people. The babies jostled each other within her. and two peoples from within you will be separated. His descendants settled in the area from Havilah to Shur. and these are the names of the twelve tribal rulers according to their settlements and camps. and then got up and left. "Swear to me first. staying among the tents. Esau came in from the open country. And they lived in hostility toward all their brothers." When the time came for her to give birth. because she was barren." Esau said. The Lord answered his prayer. Altogether. The Lord said to her. 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 . "Two nations are in your womb. Isaac was sixty years old when Rebekah gave birth to them." So he swore an oath to him. while Jacob was a quiet man. Abraham became the father of Isaac.These were the sons of Ishmael. there were twin boys in her womb. and his whole body was like a hairy garment. He ate and drank. "What good is the birthright to me?" But Jacob said. one people will be stronger than the other. Once when Jacob was cooking some stew. The boys grew up. "First sell me your birthright. who had a taste for wild game. and Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. as you go toward Asshur. "Why is this happening to me?" So she went to inquire of the Lord . After this. near the border of Egypt. Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and some lentil stew. famished. and Esau became a skillful hunter. He breathed his last and died. and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. Ishmael lived a hundred and thirty-seven years. with his hand grasping Esau's heel. so they named him Esau. so he was named Jacob. loved Esau. "Quick. This is the account of Abraham's son Isaac. So Esau despised his birthright. I am about to die. a man of the open country. and she said.

"Do not go down to Egypt. live in the land where I tell you to live. "She is my sister. The man became rich. "She is my wife." Isaac planted crops in that land and the same year reaped a hundredfold." 6 5 4 3 2 you say. The Lord appeared to Isaac and said. "The men of this place might kill me on account of Rebekah. "Because I thought I might lose my life on account of her. and his wealth continued to grow until he became very wealthy. "She is really your wife! Why did 9 8 7 ." When Isaac had been there a long time. Abimelech king of the Philistines looked down from a window and saw Isaac caressing his wife Rebekah. "Move away from us. and I will be with you and will bless you. and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed. my commands. For to you and your descendants I will give all these lands and will confirm the oath I swore to your father Abraham." because he was afraid to say. and you would have brought guilt upon us. because the Lord blessed him. you have become too powerful for us. he said. because Abraham obeyed me and kept my requirements." So Abimelech gave orders to all the people: "Anyone who molests this man or his wife shall surely be put to death. and he gave them the same names his father had given them.26Now there was a famine in the land-besides the earlier famine of Abraham's time-and Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines in Gerar. He had so many flocks and herds and servants that the Philistines envied him. Stay in this land for a while. which the Philistines had stopped up after Abraham died. So all the wells that his father's servants had dug in the time of his father Abraham. the Philistines stopped up. When the men of that place asked him about his wife. 'She is my sister'?" Isaac answered him." He thought. Then Abimelech said to Isaac." So Isaac moved away from there and encamped in the Valley of Gerar and settled there. I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and will give them all these lands." Then Abimelech said. my decrees and my laws. Isaac reopened the wells that had been dug in the time of his father Abraham. "What is this you have done to us? One of the men might well have slept with your wife. So Abimelech summoned Isaac and said. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 So Isaac stayed in Gerar. because she is beautiful. filling them with earth.

He named it Rehoboth." "Here I am. There he pitched his tent." Isaac built an altar there and called on the name of the Lord . so we said. "My son. Abimelech had come to him from Gerar. "Now the Lord has given us room and we will flourish in the land. They were a source of grief to Isaac and Rebekah. and they left him in peace.Isaac's servants dug in the valley and discovered a well of fresh water there. "The water is ours!" So he named the well Esek. That night the Lord appeared to him and said. Isaac asked them." Isaac then made a feast for them. and there his servants dug a well. and also Basemath daughter of Elon the Hittite. Do not be afraid. because they disputed with him. When Esau was forty years old. 2 27 . "We saw clearly that the Lord was with you. with Ahuzzath his personal adviser and Phicol the commander of his forces. he called for Esau his older son and said to him. That day Isaac's servants came and told him about the well they had dug. "Why have you come to me. so he named it Sitnah." he answered. Early the next morning the men swore an oath to each other. Let us make a treaty with you that you will do us no harm. "I am now an old man and don't know the day of my death. I will bless you and will increase the number of your descendants for the sake of my servant Abraham. He moved on from there and dug another well." 23 22 21 20 19 'There ought to be a sworn agreement between us'-between us and you. Then Isaac sent them on their way. and they ate and drank. but they quarreled over that one also. and no one quarreled over it. Then they dug another well. saying. "I am the God of your father Abraham. for I am with you. just as we did not molest you but always treated you well and sent you away in peace. since you were hostile to me and sent me away?" They answered. Meanwhile. and to this day the name of the town has been Beersheba. "We've found water!" He called it Shibah. he married Judith daughter of Beeri the Hittite. And now you are blessed by the Lord . Isaac said. 28 27 26 25 24 When Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he could no longer see. 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 From there he went up to Beersheba. But the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled with Isaac's herdsmen and said. They said.

" he answered. my son?" "The Lord your God gave me success. which she had in the house. "Come near so I can touch you. listen carefully and do what I tell you: Go out to the flock and bring me two choice young goats. "But my brother Esau is a hairy man. Then Isaac said to Jacob. "I am Esau your firstborn. let the curse fall on me. and put them on her younger son Jacob. "Who is it?" Jacob said to his father. I overheard your father say to your brother Esau. Then she handed to her son Jacob the tasty food and the bread she had made. He went to his father and said. to know whether you really are my son Esau or not. so that I may give you my blessing before I die. my son." Isaac asked his son. When Esau left for the open country to hunt game and bring it back. so I can prepare some tasty food for your father. She also covered his hands and the smooth part of his neck with the goatskins. and I'm a man with smooth skin. "My son. "My father. Please sit up and eat some of my game so that you may give me your blessing. I have done as you told me. just the way he likes it." So he went and got them and brought them to his mother. Rebekah said to her son Jacob. and she prepared some tasty food.Now then. Then Rebekah took the best clothes of Esau her older son." 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 His mother said to him." he replied. just the way his father liked it. my son. 'Bring me some game and prepare me some tasty food to eat. Then take it to your father to eat. "Look. get your weapons-your quiver and bow-and go out to the open country to hunt some wild game for me." Jacob said to Rebekah his mother. so that I may give you my blessing in the presence of the Lord before I die. Just do what I say. who touched him and said. "How did you find it so quickly." Jacob went close to his father Isaac. go and get them for me. my son." Now Rebekah was listening as Isaac spoke to his son Esau. Prepare me the kind of tasty food I like and bring it to me to eat. "The voice is 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . What if my father touches me? I would appear to be tricking him and would bring down a curse on myself rather than a blessing.' Now. so that he may give you his blessing before he dies." "Yes.

bring me some of your game to eat. his brother Esau came in from hunting. "My son. Be lord over your brothers. When Isaac caught the smell of his clothes. for his hands were hairy like those of his brother Esau. "Isn't he rightly named Jacob ? He has deceived me these two times: He took my birthright." His father Isaac asked him.the voice of Jacob. His father Isaac answered him. Then he said to 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 him." So he went to him and kissed him. my son. my father!" But he said. May nations serve you and peoples bow down to you. "Bless me-me too. "My father." After Isaac finished blessing him and Jacob had scarcely left his father's presence. "Your dwelling will be away from the earth's 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 . "your firstborn.an abundance of grain and new wine. my son?" Esau said to his father. the smell of my son is like the smell of a field that the Lord has blessed. May God give you of heaven's dew and of earth's richness. so that I may give you my blessing. He too prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. but the hands are the hands of Esau. Then his father Isaac said to him. Then he said. "I have made him lord over you and have made all his relatives his servants. "Who was it. sit up and eat some of my game. so that you may give me your blessing. my father? Bless me too." Jacob brought it to him and he ate. and I have sustained him with grain and new wine. he burst out with a loud and bitter cry and said to his father. "Are you really my son Esau?" he asked. So what can I possibly do for you." He did not recognize him." he answered. that hunted game and brought it to me? I ate it just before you came and I blessed him-and indeed he will be blessed!" When Esau heard his father's words. "I am. my father!" Then Esau wept aloud. and kiss me. "Ah. he blessed him and said. Esau. May those who curse you be cursed and those who bless you be blessed. then." he replied." Isaac trembled violently and said. "Haven't you reserved any blessing for me?" Isaac answered Esau. and may the sons of your mother bow down to you. so he blessed him. and he brought some wine and he drank." Esau said. "Come here. "Do you have only one blessing. "Your brother came deceitfully and took your blessing. "Who are you?" "I am your son. and now he's taken my blessing!" Then he asked.

do what I say: Flee at once to my brother Laban in Haran. then I will kill my brother Jacob. "The days of mourning for my father are near. the land God gave to Abraham. But when you grow restless." 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 Go at once to Paddan Aram. I'll send word for you to come back from there. Take a wife for yourself there. who was the mother of Jacob and Esau. and he went to Paddan Aram. in addition to the wives he already had. to the house of your mother's father Bethuel. so he went to Ishmael and married Mahalath. "Your brother Esau is consoling himself with the thought of killing you. Stay with him for a while until your brother's fury subsides. my son. 28So . Esau then realized how displeasing the Canaanite women were to his father Isaac. from among the daughters of Laban. "Do not marry a Canaanite woman. Now Esau learned that Isaac had blessed Jacob and had sent him to Paddan Aram to take a wife from there." When Rebekah was told what her older son Esau had said. your mother's brother." and that Jacob had obeyed his father and mother and had gone to Paddan Aram. May he give you and your descendants the blessing given to Abraham.richness. When your brother is no longer angry with you and forgets what you did to him. my life will not be worth living." Esau held a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing his father had given him. You will live by the sword and you will serve your brother." Then Isaac sent Jacob on his way. the brother of Rebekah. the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Ishmael son of Abraham. May God Almighty bless you and make you fruitful and increase your numbers until you become a community of peoples. Now then. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him and commanded him: "Do not marry a Canaanite woman. so that you may take possession of the land where you now live as an alien. away from the dew of heaven above. and that when he blessed him he commanded him. from Hittite women like these. Why should I lose both of you in one day?" Then Rebekah said to Isaac. He said to himself. to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean. you will throw his yoke from off your neck. she sent for her younger son Jacob and said to him. "I'm disgusted with living because of these Hittite women. If Jacob takes a wife from among the women of this land.

and you will spread out to the west and to the east. saying. this is the gate of heaven. and the angels of God were ascending and descending on it. where are you from?" "We're from Haran. and I will bring you back to this land. I am with you and will watch over you wherever you go." He was afraid and said." 22 21 20 19 18 Jacob continued on his journey and came to the land of the eastern peoples. with its top reaching to heaven. the shepherds would roll the stone away from the well's mouth and water the sheep. When he reached a certain place. Jacob asked the shepherds. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring. "Surely the Lord is in this place. The stone over the mouth of the well was large. and I was not aware of it. he put it under his head and lay down to sleep. When all the flocks were gathered there. Then they would return the stone to its place over the mouth of the well. the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac." they replied. "If God will be with me and will watch over me on this journey I am taking and will give me food to eat and clothes to wear so that I return safely to my father's house. then the Lord will be my God and this stone that I have set up as a pillar will be God's house. and he said: "I am the Lord . Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth. There he saw a well in the field. I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you. and of all that you give me I will give you a tenth." When Jacob awoke from his sleep. with three flocks of sheep lying near it because the flocks were watered from that well." 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 Early the next morning Jacob took the stone he had placed under his head and set it up as a pillar and poured oil on top of it. he stopped for the night because the sun had set. he thought. There above it stood the Lord . Then Jacob made a vow. 4 3 2 29Then .Jacob left Beersheba and set out for Haran. He called that place Bethel. "My brothers. He had a dream in which he saw a stairway resting on the earth. to the north and to the south. I will give you and your descendants the land on which you are lying. Taking one of the stones there. "How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God. though the city used to be called Luz.

When Jacob saw Rachel daughter of Laban. Water the sheep and take them back to pasture. "I'll work for you seven years in return for your younger daughter Rachel. "Do you know Laban. "and here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep. for she was a shepherdess." Laban said. we know him." So Laban brought together all the people of the place and gave a feast. and there Jacob told him all these things. My time is completed. Then we will water the sheep. Then Jacob asked them. but they seemed like only a few days to him because of his love for her." While he was still talking with them." they said.He said to them." he said." Now Laban had two daughters. Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep aloud. Leah had weak eyes. "Is he well?" "Yes. So she ran and told her father." they answered. and the name of the younger was Rachel. Then Jacob said to Laban. And Laban gave his servant girl Zilpah to his daughter as her maidservant. and Laban's sheep. he took his daughter Leah and gave her to Jacob. it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. Jacob was in love with Rachel and said. should you work for me for nothing? Tell me what your wages should be. "Just because you are a relative of mine. "until all the flocks are gathered and the stone has been rolled away from the mouth of the well." After Jacob had stayed with him for a whole month. "You are my own flesh and blood. "It's better that I give her to you than to some other man." "Look. As soon as Laban heard the news about Jacob. and beautiful. the name of the older was Leah. he went over and rolled the stone away from the mouth of the well and watered his uncle's sheep. But when evening came. 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 Then Laban said to him. "the sun is still high. 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 . He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his home. Stay here with me." "We can't." they replied. his mother's brother. Rachel came with her father's sheep. his sister's son. Nahor's grandson?" "Yes. but Rachel was lovely in form. he is. he hurried to meet him. He had told Rachel that he was a relative of her father and a son of Rebekah." So Jacob served seven years to get Rachel. Laban said to him. "Give me my wife. and I want to lie with her. and Jacob lay with her.

then we will give you the younger one also." So she named him Naphtali. Finish this daughter's bridal week. "This time I will praise the Lord . she became jealous of her sister. my maidservant. "Give me children. "It is not our custom here to give the younger daughter in marriage before the older one. When the Lord saw that Leah was not loved. She named him Reuben." So she named him Judah. and she became pregnant and bore him a son. Rachel's servant Bilhah conceived again and bore Jacob a second son. Leah became pregnant and gave birth to a son. and when she gave birth to a son she said. for she said. or I'll die!" Jacob became angry with her and said." So he was named Levi." Because of this she named him Dan. but Rachel was barren. He finished the week with Leah. and he loved Rachel more than Leah. She conceived again." So she gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife. and when she gave birth to a son she said. "God has vindicated me. "Now at 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 last my husband will become attached to me." And Jacob did so. and I have won. Then Rachel said. didn't I? Why have you deceived me?" Laban replied." She conceived again. Jacob slept with her. 35 When Rachel saw that she was not bearing Jacob any children. Laban gave his servant girl Bilhah to his daughter Rachel as her maidservant. "It is because the Lord has seen my misery. Jacob lay with Rachel also. "Here is Bilhah. Again she conceived." So she named him Simeon. and when she gave birth to a son she said.When morning came. So she said to Jacob. "I have had a great struggle with my sister. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 30 . he opened her womb. because I have borne him three sons. he gave me this one too. in return for another seven years of work. Then Rachel said. "What is this you have done to me? I served you for Rachel. who has kept you from having children?" Then she said. And he worked for Laban another seven years. Sleep with her so that she can bear children for me and that through her I too can build a family. "Am I in the place of God. there was Leah! So Jacob said to Laban. "Because the Lord heard that I am not loved. and then Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. Then she stopped having children. he has listened to my plea and given me a son. Surely my husband will love me now.

" She named him Joseph. which he brought to his mother Leah. "May the Lord add to me another son. and said. This time my husband will treat me with honor.When Leah saw that she had stopped having children. Reuben went out into the fields and found some mandrake plants. You know how much work I've done for you. Give me my wives and children." He added. "Send me on my way so I can go back to my own homeland. she took her maidservant Zilpah and gave her to Jacob as a wife. "Please give me some of your son's mandrakes. "How happy I am! The women will call me happy. Then God remembered Rachel." Rachel said. She became pregnant and gave birth to a son and said. Rachel said to Leah. Leah went out to meet him. Then Leah said. "Name your wages. "God has taken away my disgrace. Leah's servant Zilpah bore Jacob a second son." But she said to her." she said." So she named him Zebulun. Jacob said to Laban. "If I have found favor in your eyes. Some time later she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah. Leah's servant Zilpah bore Jacob a son. and I will pay them. Then Leah said. "God has rewarded me for giving my maidservant to my husband. and she became pregnant and bore Jacob a fifth son. "God has presented me with a precious gift. and I will be on my way. "I have hired you with my son's mandrakes. "Wasn't it enough that you took away my husband? Will you take my son's mandrakes too?" "Very well." But Laban said to him." After Rachel gave birth to Joseph. Then Leah said. for whom I have served you. "What good fortune!" So she named him Gad." So she named him Asher. please stay." So she named him Issachar." So when Jacob came in from the fields that evening." So he slept with her that night." 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 . During wheat harvest. he listened to her and opened her womb. I have learned by divination that the Lord has blessed me because of you. because I have borne him six sons. "he can sleep with you tonight in return for your son's mandrakes. God listened to Leah. Leah conceived again and bore Jacob a sixth son. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 Then Leah said. "You must sleep with me.

So the weak animals went to Laban and the strong ones to Jacob. I will go on tending your flocks and watching over them: Let me go through all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep. "Let it be as you have said.Jacob said to him. Then he put a three-day journey between himself and Jacob. Jacob. In this way the man grew exceedingly prosperous and came to own large flocks. every dark-colored lamb and every spotted or speckled goat. when may I do something for my own household?" "What shall I give you?" he asked. Whenever the stronger females were in heat." "Agreed. And they bore young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. Then he placed the peeled branches in all the watering troughs. Thus he made separate flocks for himself and did not put them with Laban's animals. and the Lord has blessed you wherever I have been. or any lamb that is not darkcolored. and he placed them in the care of his sons. The little you had before I came has increased greatly. but made the rest face the streaked and dark-colored animals that belonged to Laban. he would not place them there. They will be my wages. Any goat in my possession that is not speckled or spotted. and maidservants and menservants. But now. "You know how I have worked for you and how your livestock has fared under my care. however. "But if you will do this one thing for me." Jacob replied. When the flocks were in heat and came to drink." said Laban. but if the animals were weak. whenever you check on the wages you have paid me. almond and plane trees and made white stripes on them by peeling the bark and exposing the white inner wood of the branches." That same day he removed all the male goats that were streaked or spotted. will be considered stolen. Jacob set apart the young of the flock by themselves. and all the speckled or spotted female goats (all that had white on them) and all the dark-colored lambs. and camels and donkeys. "Don't give me anything. took fresh-cut branches from poplar. so that they would be directly in front of the flocks when they came to drink. Jacob would place the branches in the troughs in front of the animals so they would mate near the branches. And my honesty will testify for me in the future. while Jacob 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 continued to tend the rest of Laban's flocks. 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 . they mated in front of the branches.

However. speckled or spotted. So God has taken away your father's livestock and has given them to me. He said to them. I am the God of Bethel. 'Here I am.' " Then Rachel and Leah replied. "Jacob has taken everything our father owned and has gained all this wealth from what belonged to our father.' And he said. Jacob deceived Laban the Aramean by not telling him he was running away. God has not allowed him to harm me. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 The angel of God said to me in the dream." So Jacob sent word to Rachel and Leah to come out to the fields where his flocks were. "Do we still have any share in the inheritance of our father's estate? Does he not regard us as foreigners? Not only has he sold us. 'The speckled ones will be your wages." Then Jacob put his children and his wives on camels. So do whatever God has told you. If he said. but the God of my father has been with me. but he has used up what was paid for us. for I have seen all that Laban has been doing to you. Moreover.' then all the flocks gave birth to speckled young.' then all the flocks bore streaked young. 'Look up and see that all the male goats mating with the flock are streaked. "Go back to the land of your fathers and to your relatives. speckled or spotted. Then the Lord said to Jacob. and if he said.' I answered. Rachel stole her father's household gods. "I see that your father's attitude toward me is not what it was before. Surely all the wealth that God took away from our father belongs to us and our children." And Jacob noticed that Laban's attitude toward him was not what it had been. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 . along with all the goods he had accumulated in Paddan Aram. 'The streaked ones will be your wages. yet your father has cheated me by changing my wages ten times. When Laban had gone to shear his sheep. You know that I've worked for your father with all my strength. and he drove all his livestock ahead of him. to go to his father Isaac in the land of Canaan.31Jacob heard that Laban's sons were saying. 'Jacob. Now leave this land at once and go back to your native land. and I will be with you. "In breeding season I once had a dream in which I looked up and saw that the male goats mating with the flock were streaked. where you anointed a pillar and where you made a vow to me.

so I could send you away with joy and singing to the music of tambourines and harps? You didn't even let me kiss my grandchildren and my daughters goodby. "What is my crime?" he asked Laban. But if you find anyone who has your gods. but he found nothing." Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen the gods. So Laban went into Jacob's tent and into Leah's tent and into the tent of the two maidservants. On the third day Laban was told that Jacob had fled. and Laban and his relatives camped there too. 'Be careful not to say anything to Jacob." So he searched but could not find the household gods. either good or bad. Why did you run off secretly and deceive me? Why didn't you tell me.So he fled with all he had. Then God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and said to him. take it. either good or bad. but last night the God of your father said to me. You have done a foolish thing. because I thought you would take your daughters away from me by force. Now Rachel had taken the household gods and put them inside her camel's saddle and was sitting on them.' 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 Now you have gone off because you longed to return to your father's house. and let them judge between the two of us. my lord. see for yourself whether there is anything of yours here with me. "I was afraid. what have you found that belongs to your household? Put it here in front of your relatives and mine. he shall not live. and if so. But why did you steal my gods?" Jacob answered Laban. Laban searched through everything in the tent but found nothing. "Be careful not to say anything to Jacob. and crossing the River. and you've carried off my daughters like captives in war. I'm having my period. In the presence of our relatives." Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead when Laban overtook him. Rachel said to her father. Taking his relatives with him. he headed for the hill country of Gilead. "Don't be angry. that I cannot stand up in your presence. Jacob was angry and took Laban to task. "What have you done? You've deceived me. he pursued Jacob for seven days and caught up with him in the hill country of Gilead. I have the power to harm you. After he came out of Leah's tent. 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 . "What sin have I committed that you hunt me down? Now that you have searched through all my goods. he entered Rachel's tent. Then Laban said to Jacob.

Yet what can I do today about these daughters of mine. I worked for you fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks. "The women are my daughters. This heap is a witness. "May the Lord keep watch between you and me when we are away from each other. It was like this for the twenty years I was in your household. remember that God is a witness between you and me. Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha. and the flocks are my flocks. I bore the loss myself. nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 He said to his relatives. "Gather some stones. that I will not go past this heap to your side to harm you and that you will not go past this heap and pillar to my side to harm me. and sleep fled from my eyes. This was my situation: The heat consumed me in the daytime and the cold at night. and here is this pillar I have set up between you and me. After they had eaten. All you see is mine. let's make a covenant. Laban said. and Jacob called it Galeed. And you demanded payment from me for whatever was stolen by day or night." So Jacob took an oath in the name of the Fear of his father Isaac. judge between us. the God of their father. and they ate there by the heap." That is why it was called Galeed. because he said. If you mistreat my daughters or if you take any wives besides my daughters. you and I. had not been with me. He offered a sacrifice there in the hill country and invited his relatives to a meal. and you changed my wages ten times. and last night he rebuked you." So they took stones and piled them in a heap." So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a pillar." Laban answered Jacob. "Here is this heap. If the God of my father. I did not bring you animals torn by wild beasts. they spent the night there. But God has seen my hardship and the toil of my hands. 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 . and this pillar is a witness. It was also called Mizpah. you would surely have sent me away empty-handed." Laban also said to Jacob."I have been with you for twenty years now. the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac. May the God of Abraham and the God of Nahor. or about the children they have borne? Come now. even though no one is with us. "This heap is a witness between you and me today. the children are my children. Your sheep and goats have not miscarried. and let it serve as a witness between us.

' I am unworthy of all the kindness and faithfulness you have shown your servant. "O God of my father Abraham. and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. and the angels of God met him. 55 Then Jacob prayed. he said. thirty female camels with their young. I have been staying with Laban and have remained there till now.' " When the messengers returned to Jacob. and from what he had with him he selected a gift for his brother Esau: two hundred female goats and twenty male goats. the country of Edom." 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . I had only my staff when I crossed this Jordan. and keep some space between the herds. When Jacob saw them. Then he left and returned home. 'Go back to your country and your relatives. from the hand of my brother Esau. menservants and maidservants. He put them in the care of his servants. they said. "This is the camp of God!" So he named that place Mahanaim. and four hundred men are with him. But you have said. O Lord . two hundred ewes and twenty rams. and now he is coming to meet you. "Go ahead of me. for I am afraid he will come and attack me. sheep and goats. that I may find favor in your eyes. but now I have become two groups. God of my father Isaac. I have cattle and donkeys. I pray. "If Esau comes and attacks one group.' " He spent the night there. He instructed them: "This is what you are to say to my master Esau: 'Your servant Jacob says. and also the mothers with their children. Now I am sending this message to my lord. 'I will surely make you prosper and will make your descendants like the sand of the sea. which cannot be counted. who said to me. forty cows and ten bulls." In great fear and distress Jacob divided the people who were with him into two groups. "We went to your brother Esau. Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir. Save me. and I will make you prosper.Early the next morning Laban kissed his grandchildren and his daughters and blessed them. each herd by itself." He instructed the one in the lead: "When my brother Esau meets you and asks. and the flocks and herds and camels as well. and said to his servants. and 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 32Jacob also went on his way. 'To whom do you belong. He thought. the group that is left may escape.

But Esau ran to meet Jacob and embraced him. "It is because I saw God face to face. Rachel and the two maidservants. So Jacob was left alone. They are a gift sent to my lord Esau. and who owns all these animals in front of you?' then you are to say. "Let me go. his two maidservants and his eleven sons and crossed the ford of the Jabbok.' " He also instructed the second. he sent over all his possessions. when I see him." Jacob said. he threw his arms 4 3 2 . He himself went on ahead and bowed down to the ground seven times as he approached his brother." But he replied. perhaps he will receive me. "Why do you ask my name?" Then he blessed him there. and Rachel and Joseph in the rear. but he himself spent the night in the camp. for it is daybreak. "I will pacify him with these gifts I am sending on ahead. "What is your name?" "Jacob. 'They belong to your servant Jacob. When the man saw that he could not overpower him." he answered. So Jacob called the place Peniel. Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the tendon attached to the socket of the hip.where are you going. because the socket of Jacob's hip was touched near the tendon. saying." 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 The man asked him. but Israel.' " For he thought. he touched the socket of Jacob's hip so that his hip was wrenched as he wrestled with the man. "I will not let you go unless you bless me. After he had sent them across the stream. 32 31 30 29 28 27 33Jacob looked up and there was Esau. later." So Jacob's gifts went on ahead of him. coming with his four hundred men. Leah and her children next. Then the man said. and he is coming behind us. Then the man said. "Your name will no longer be Jacob. and yet my life was spared. "Please tell me your name. and a man wrestled with him till daybreak. And be sure to say. and he was limping because of his hip. because you have struggled with God and with men and have overcome." The sun rose above him as he passed Peniel. 'Your servant Jacob is coming behind us. so he divided the children among Leah. That night Jacob got up and took his two wives. He put the maidservants and their children in front." But Jacob replied. the third and all the others who followed the herds: "You are to say the same thing to Esau when you meet him.

my brother. the ruler of that area. now that you have received me favorably. When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite. however. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 Dinah. But Esau said. Last of all came Joseph and Rachel." And because Jacob insisted. Then Esau said. went out to visit the women of the land. went to Succoth. "My lord knows that the children are tender and that I must care for the ewes and cows that are nursing their young. "Just let me find favor in the eyes of my lord. he took her and violated her. So let my lord go on ahead of his servant. "Who are these with you?" he asked. For a hundred pieces of silver." So that day Esau started on his way back to Seir. where he built a place for himself and made shelters for his livestock." he said. he bought from the sons of Hamor. Please accept the present that was brought to you. "If I have found favor in your eyes. please!" said Jacob. while I move along slowly at the pace of the droves before me and that of the children. Jacob answered. Next. I'll accompany you. That is why the place is called Succoth. "Then let me leave some of my men with you. Jacob. And they wept. he arrived safely at the city of Shechem in Canaan and camped within sight of the city. "I already have plenty. For to see your face is like seeing the face of God." "But why do that?" Jacob asked. and they too bowed down.around his neck and kissed him. "They are the children God has graciously given your servant. my lord. for God has been gracious to me and I have all I need. 2 34Now . accept this gift from me. After Jacob came from Paddan Aram. If they are 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 driven hard just one day. "Let us be on our way. Esau accepted it. saw her. all the animals will die." Then the maidservants and their children approached and bowed down." Esau said. There he set up an altar and called it El Elohe Israel. Leah and her children came and bowed down. the father of Shechem." "No. the daughter Leah had borne to Jacob. Then Esau looked up and saw the women and children. the plot of ground where he pitched his tent. until I come to my lord in Seir. "What do you mean by all these droves I met?" "To find favor in your eyes. Esau asked. Keep what you have for yourself." But Jacob said to him.

" they said. We will give our consent to you on one condition only: that you become like us by circumcising all your males. the land is open to you. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 and I'll pay whatever you ask me. because Shechem had done a disgraceful thing in Israel by lying with Jacob's daughter-a thing that should not be done. Now Jacob's sons had come in from the fields as soon as they heard what had happened. So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate of their city to speak to their fellow townsmen.His heart was drawn to Dinah daughter of Jacob. who was the most honored of all his father's household. give us your daughters and take our daughters for yourselves. Only give me the girl as my wife. Jacob's sons replied deceitfully as they spoke to Shechem and his father Hamor. Then Shechem's father Hamor went out to talk with Jacob. "My son Shechem has his heart set on your daughter. we'll take our sister and go. and acquire property in it. Intermarry with us. lost no time in doing what they said. They were filled with grief and fury. You can settle among us. They said to them. the land has plenty of room 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . "Let me find favor in your eyes. and I will give you whatever you ask. But if you will not agree to be circumcised. "Let them live in our land and trade in it. so he kept quiet about it until they came home." When Jacob heard that his daughter Dinah had been defiled. his sons were in the fields with his livestock. Please give her to him as his wife." Their proposal seemed good to Hamor and his son Shechem. We'll settle among you and become one people with you. trade in it. and he loved the girl and spoke tenderly to her. The young man. Make the price for the bride and the gift I am to bring as great as you like. But Hamor said to them. because he was delighted with Jacob's daughter." Because their sister Dinah had been defiled. Then we will give you our daughters and take your daughters for ourselves. That would be a disgrace to us." Then Shechem said to Dinah's father and brothers. "These men are friendly toward us. we can't give our sister to a man who is not circumcised. Live in it. "Get me this girl as my wife. And Shechem said to his father Hamor. "We can't do such a thing.

Bethel) in the land of Canaan. took their swords and attacked the unsuspecting city. Jacob and all the people with him came to Luz (that is." But they replied. and if they join forces against me and attack me. who appeared to you when you were fleeing from your brother Esau. Then come. They seized their flocks and herds and donkeys and everything else of theirs in the city and out in the fields." All the men who went out of the city gate agreed with Hamor and his son Shechem. "Go up to Bethel and settle there. Three days later. their property and all their other animals become ours? So let us give our consent to them. Dinah's brothers. I and my household will be destroyed. "You have brought trouble on me by making me a stench to the Canaanites 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 and Perizzites. There he built an altar. killing every male. and the terror of God fell upon the towns all around them so that no one pursued them. We can marry their daughters and they can marry ours. the people living in this land. Won't their livestock. who answered me in the day of my distress and who has been with me wherever I have gone. and build an altar there to God. because it was 7 6 5 4 3 2 . two of Jacob's sons. and they will settle among us. and every male in the city was circumcised. Then they set out. where I will build an altar to God. "Get rid of the foreign gods you have with you. while all of them were still in pain. Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi. They put Hamor and his son Shechem to the sword and took Dinah from Shechem's house and left.for them. taking as plunder everything in the houses." So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him. Simeon and Levi. We are few in number." So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods they had and the rings in their ears. let us go up to Bethel. and he called the place El Bethel. But the men will consent to live with us as one people only on the condition that our males be circumcised. "Should he have treated our sister like a prostitute?" 31 35Then God said to Jacob. The sons of Jacob came upon the dead bodies and looted the city where their sister had been defiled. They carried off all their wealth and all their women and children. as they themselves are. and Jacob buried them under the oak at Shechem. and purify yourselves and change your clothes.

Levi. "Don't be afraid. Jacob came home to his father Isaac in Mamre. God appeared to him again and blessed him." Then God went up from him at the place where he had talked with him." As she breathed her last-for she was dying-she named her son Ben-Oni. The sons of Rachel's maidservant Bilhah: Dan and Naphtali. and kings will come from your body. 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 And as she was having great difficulty in childbirth. but you will no longer be called Jacob. So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is. the midwife said to her. So it was named Allon Bacuth. While they were still some distance from Ephrath. Israel moved on again and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. Reuben went in and slept with his father's concubine Bilhah. Bethlehem). your name will be Israel. The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. " So he named him Israel. he also poured oil on it. Judah. near Kiriath Arba (that is. and to this day that pillar marks Rachel's tomb. and Israel heard of it. Jacob called the place where God had talked with him Bethel. God said to him. After Jacob returned from Paddan Aram. These were the sons of Jacob. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 . But his father named him Benjamin. and he poured out a drink offering on it. and I will give this land to your descendants after you. Rebekah's nurse. Rachel began to give birth and had great difficulty. "Your name is Jacob. be fruitful and increase in number. Simeon. The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you. While Israel was living in that region. Jacob set up a stone pillar at the place where God had talked with him.there that God revealed himself to him when he was fleeing from his brother. for you have another son. The sons of Leah's maidservant Zilpah: Gad and Asher. Now Deborah. Issachar and Zebulun. Over her tomb Jacob set up a pillar. Then they moved on from Bethel. Hebron). Jacob had twelve sons: The sons of Leah: Reuben the firstborn of Jacob. where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. who were born to him in Paddan Aram. died and was buried under the oak below Bethel. A nation and a community of nations will come from you. And God said to him. "I am God Almighty .

Korah. Basemath bore Reuel. Edom) settled in the hill country of Seir. The sons of Esau's son Reuel: Chiefs Nahath. The sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah: Chiefs Jeush. Shammah and Mizzah. they were grandsons of Esau's wife Basemath. So Esau (that is. Zepho. Esau took his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite. Edom). The sons of Eliphaz: Teman. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in Edom. Zepho. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . Esau took his wives and sons and daughters and all the members of his household. and Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivitealso Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth. These were the chiefs among Esau's descendants: The sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau: Chiefs Teman. Omar. Their possessions were too great for them to remain together. These 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 Then he breathed his last and died and was gathered to his people. Omar. These were grandsons of Esau's wife Adah. they were grandsons of Adah.28 Isaac lived a hundred and eighty years. This is the account of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir. 29 36This is the account of Esau (that is. And his sons Esau and Jacob buried him. whom she bore to Esau: Jeush. old and full of years. as well as his livestock and all his other animals and all the goods he had acquired in Canaan. The sons of Reuel: Nahath. the son of Esau's wife Basemath. and moved to a land some distance from his brother Jacob. These were grandsons of Esau's wife Basemath. The sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon. Jalam and Korah. Kenaz. These are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz. who were born to him in Canaan. Zerah. Esau's son Eliphaz also had a concubine named Timna. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in Edom. Gatam and Kenaz. Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau. Shammah and Mizzah. Gatam and Amalek. the land where they were staying could not support them both because of their livestock. Zerah. the son of Esau's wife Adah. Jalam and Korah. and Reuel. Jalam and Korah. and Oholibamah bore Jeush. who bore him Amalek. These were the sons of Esau.

Anah. Timna was Lotan's sister. These were the sons of Seir the Horite. 42 . The sons of Lotan: Hori and Homam. 30 29 Oholibamah. The children of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah daughter of Anah. Edom). These sons of Seir in Edom were Horite chiefs. When Husham died. who defeated Midian in the country of Moab. by name. Hadad succeeded him as king. When Shaul died. who were living in the region: Lotan. Manahath. Teman. 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 These were the kings who reigned in Edom before any Israelite king reigned : Bela son of Beor became king of Edom. Mibzar. the daughter of Me-Zahab. in the land of Seir. and his wife's name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred. This is the Anah who discovered the hot springs in the desert while he was grazing the donkeys of his father Zibeon. Alvah. His city was named Dinhabah. The sons of Ezer: Bilhan. Ezer and Dishan. according to their divisions. 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 The sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran. His city was named Pau. Ithran and Keran. and these were their chiefs. Husham from the land of the Temanites succeeded him as king. Shobal. according to their clans and regions: Timna. The sons of Dishon : Hemdan. When Baal-Hanan son of Acbor died. Anah. Eshban. The sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. Ezer and Dishan. When Samlah died. When Jobab died. Dishon. Jetheth. Zibeon. Shobal. These were the Horite chiefs: Lotan. The sons of Shobal: Alvan. These were the sons of Esau (that is. These were the Horite chiefs. These were the chiefs descended from Esau. succeeded him as king. Elah. Shaul from Rehoboth on the river succeeded him as king. Hadad son of Bedad. Baal-Hanan son of Acbor succeeded him as king. When Hadad died. Pinon. When Bela died. His city was named Avith.were the chiefs descended from Esau's wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah. Dishon. Ebal. Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah succeeded him as king. Shepho and Onam. Samlah from Masrekah succeeded him as king. Kenaz. Zibeon. Zaavan and Akan.

a young man of seventeen. Can you tell me where they are grazing their flocks?" 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed. "Listen. Now Israel loved Joseph more than any of his other sons. his father's wives. "What are you looking for?" He replied. Then he had another dream. and bring word back to me. and he made a richly ornamented robe for him. "I'm looking for my brothers. according to their settlements in the land they occupied. because he had been born to him in his old age." When he told his father as well as his brothers. Come. they hated him all the more. a man found him wandering around in the fields and asked him. while your sheaves gathered around mine and bowed down to it." Then he sent him off from the Valley of Hebron. This is the account of Jacob. Joseph. they hated him and could not speak a kind word to him. Joseph had a dream." His brothers said to him. "Do you intend to reign over us? Will you actually rule us?" And they hated him all the more 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 37 . This was Esau the father of the Edomites. and when he told it to his brothers. Now his brothers had gone to graze their father's flocks near Shechem. and Israel said to Joseph. These were the chiefs of Edom. He said to them." he replied. When his brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them. but his father kept the matter in mind. and he told it to his brothers. "What is this dream you had? Will your mother and I and your brothers actually come and bow down to the ground before you?" His brothers were jealous of him. I am going to send you to them. his father rebuked him and said. and he brought their father a bad report about them. 43 because of his dream and what he had said. and this time the sun and moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me. your brothers are grazing the flocks near Shechem. the land of Canaan. So he said to him." "Very well. When Joseph arrived at Shechem. "Listen to this dream I had: We were binding sheaves of grain out in the field when suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright." he said. was tending the flocks with his brothers. "Go and see if all is well with your brothers and with the flocks. the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah.Magdiel and Iram. "As you know. "I had another dream.

" the man answered. As they sat down to eat their meal. "It is my son's robe! Some ferocious animal has devoured him. slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood." he said. but don't lay a hand on him. balm and myrrh. after all." When Reuben heard this." His brothers agreed." Reuben said this to rescue him from them and take him back to his father. who took him to Egypt. put on sackcloth and mourned for his son many days. Throw him into this cistern here in the desert. "We found this. When Reuben returned to the cistern and saw that Joseph was not there. he is our brother. So when Joseph came to his brothers. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Judah said to his brothers. he tried to rescue him from their hands. Now the cistern was empty. let's kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns and say that a ferocious animal devoured him. they looked up and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. He went back to his brothers and said. and before he reached them. they stripped him of his robe-the richly ornamented robe he was wearingand they took him and threw him into the cistern. All his sons and daughters came to comfort him. let's sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay our hands on him." He recognized it and said. but he refused to be 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 . there was no water in it. and they were on their way to take them down to Egypt. "Don't shed any blood. "Come now. "Let's not take his life. his brothers pulled Joseph up out of the cistern and sold him for twenty shekels of silver to the Ishmaelites. 'Let's go to Dothan. Joseph has surely been torn to pieces. our own flesh and blood." Then Jacob tore his clothes. Then we'll see what comes of his dreams. they plotted to kill him. So when the Midianite merchants came by. "What will we gain if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? Come. But they saw him in the distance. "The boy isn't there! Where can I turn now?" Then they got Joseph's robe. Examine it to see whether it is your son's robe. They took the ornamented robe back to their father and said. "I heard them say."They have moved on from here.' " So Joseph went after his brothers and found them near Dothan. Their camels were loaded with spices. he tore his clothes. "Here comes that dreamer!" they said to each other.

She conceived again and gave birth to a son and named him Onan. he spilled his semen on 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 38At . For she saw that. "Your father-inlaw is on his way to Timnah to shear his sheep. "No. was wicked in the Lord 's sight. so he put him to death also. Not realizing that she was his daughter-in-law. "Live as a widow in your father's house until my son Shelah grows up. When Judah had recovered from his grief. which is on the road to Timnah. and her name was Tamar. died. his firstborn." he said. who was named Er. and his friend Hirah the Adullamite went with him. When Tamar was told. 36 the ground to keep from producing offspring for his brother." For he thought. to the men who were shearing his sheep. Judah got a wife for Er. "in mourning will I go down to the grave to my son. he went up to Timnah." So Tamar went to live in her father's house. so the Lord put him to death. Then Judah said to Onan." But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his. But Er." So his father wept for him. the daughter of Shua. the captain of the guard." she took off her widow's clothes. "He may die too. let me sleep with you. he thought she was a prostitute. just like his brothers. He married her and lay with her. the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar. There Judah met the daughter of a Canaanite man named Shua. and then sat down at the entrance to Enaim. Judah then said to his daughter-in-law Tamar. She gave birth to still another son and named him Shelah." "And what will you give me to sleep with you?" she asked. After a long time Judah's wife. Judah's firstborn. What he did was wicked in the Lord 's sight. though Shelah had now grown up. one of Pharaoh's officials. "Lie with your brother's wife and fulfill your duty to her as a brother-in-law to produce offspring for your brother. When Judah saw her. she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. It was at Kezib that she gave birth to him. 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 that time. for she had covered her face. he went over to her by the roadside and said.comforted. Meanwhile. she had not been given to him as his wife. Judah left his brothers and went down to stay with a man of Adullam named Hirah. so whenever he lay with his brother's wife. "Come now. covered herself with a veil to disguise herself.

And she added." they said. The Lord was with Joseph and he prospered. and he lived in the house of his Egyptian master." Judah recognized them and said." But when he drew back his hand. Then his brother. and she became pregnant by him. "Bring her out and have her burned to death!" As she was being brought out. came out and he was given the name Zerah. He asked the men who lived there. but he did not find her. Besides. After all. an Egyptian who was one of Pharaoh's officials. so the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his wrist and said. "See if you recognize whose seal and cord and staff these are. and as a result she is now pregnant. "Where is the shrine prostitute who was beside the road at Enaim?" "There hasn't been any shrine prostitute here."I'll send you a young goat from my flock. "She is more righteous than I.' " Then Judah said. 30 29 28 27 26 Joseph had been taken down to Egypt. 'There hasn't been any shrine prostitute here. the captain of the guard. there were twin boys in her womb." And he did not sleep with her again. she took off her veil and put on her widow's clothes again. So he went back to Judah and said. his brother came out. After she left. "So this is how you have broken out!" And he was named Perez. So he gave them to her and slept with her. bought him from the Ishmaelites who had taken him there. one of them put out his hand." he said. "Let her keep what she has. As she was giving birth. Meanwhile Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite in order to get his pledge back from the woman. who had the scarlet thread on his wrist. the men who lived there said." she answered. "Will you give me something as a pledge until you send it?" she asked. "What pledge should I give you?" "Your seal and its cord. but you didn't find her. "This one came out first. "Your daughter-in-law Tamar is guilty of prostitution. I did send her this young goat." Judah said. When the time came for her to give birth. When his master saw that the Lord was with him and that the Lord gave him success in everything he did. Potiphar." she said. or we will become a laughingstock." About three months later Judah was told. "I didn't find her. she sent a message to her father-in-law. since I wouldn't give her to my son Shelah. He said. 3 2 39Now . and the staff in your hand. "I 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 am pregnant by the man who owns these. and she said.

Joseph found favor in his eyes and became his attendant. with Joseph in charge. he left his cloak beside me and ran out of the house. saying. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 . So he left in Joseph's care everything he had. When he heard me scream for help. "Come to bed with me!" But he refused. everything he owns he has entrusted to my care. From the time he put him in charge of his household and of all that he owned." She kept his cloak beside her until his master came home. Now Joseph was well-built and handsome. he did not concern himself with anything except the food he ate. "This is how your slave treated me. "my master does not concern himself with anything in the house. but I screamed. "Look. because you are his wife. he left his cloak beside me and ran out of the house. But while Joseph was there in the prison. he refused to go to bed with her or even be with her. "With me in charge. Potiphar put him in charge of his household." she said to them." he burned with anger. No one is greater in this house than I am. The blessing of the Lord was on everything Potiphar had. How then could I do such a wicked thing and sin against God?" And though she spoke to Joseph day after day. both in the house and in the field. the place where the king's prisoners were confined. and none of the household servants was inside. When she saw that he had left his cloak in her hand and had run out of the house. My master has withheld nothing from me except you. the Lord was with him. he showed him kindness and granted him favor in the eyes of the prison warden. and after a while his master's wife took notice of Joseph and said. "this Hebrew has been brought to us to make sport of us! He came in here to sleep with me. But as soon as I screamed for help. the Lord blessed the household of the Egyptian because of Joseph. One day he went into the house to attend to his duties. "Come to bed with me!" But he left his cloak in her hand and ran out of the house." When his master heard the story his wife told him." he told her. Joseph's master took him and put him in prison. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 She caught him by his cloak and said. she called her household servants. and he entrusted to his care everything he owned. Then she told him this story: "That Hebrew slave you brought us came to me to make sport of me.

As soon as it budded. remember me and show me kindness. "Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell me your dreams. the king of Egypt. it blossomed. In the top basket were all kinds of baked goods for Pharaoh. For I was forcibly carried off from the land of the Hebrews. and even here I have done nothing to deserve being put in a dungeon. mention me to Pharaoh and get me out of this prison. But when all goes well with you. 23 22 Then Joseph said to them. The warden paid no attention to anything under Joseph's care. and on the vine were three branches. After they had been in custody for some time. and I took the grapes. and you will put Pharaoh's cup in his hand. he saw that they were dejected." they answered. who were being held in prison-had a dream the same night. "In my dream I saw a vine in front of me. He said to him. and put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard. he said to Joseph. the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. Within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your position. and each dream had a meaning of its own." 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 40 . The captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph. Pharaoh was angry with his two officials. "I too had a dream: On my head were three baskets of bread. "Why are your faces so sad today?" "We both had dreams. the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their master." Joseph said to him. and its clusters ripened into grapes. but the birds 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 Some time later. Pharaoh's cup was in my hand. each of the two men-the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt. in the same prison where Joseph was confined." "This is what it means. just as you used to do when you were his cupbearer. and he attended them. When Joseph came to them the next morning.So the warden put Joseph in charge of all those held in the prison. So he asked Pharaoh's officials who were in custody with him in his master's house." So the chief cupbearer told Joseph his dream. because the Lord was with Joseph and gave him success in whatever he did. and he was made responsible for all that was done there. "The three branches are three days." When the chief baker saw that Joseph had given a favorable interpretation. "but there is no one to interpret them. squeezed them into Pharaoh's cup and put the cup in his hand.

We told him our dreams. but he hanged the chief baker. Now a young Hebrew was there with us. and they grazed among the reeds. fat cows. Each of us had a dream the same night." Now the third day was Pharaoh's birthday. and each dream had a meaning of its own. "The three baskets are three days. Within three days Pharaoh will lift off your head and hang you on a tree. and he gave a feast for all his officials. In the morning his mind was troubled. ugly and gaunt. when out of the river there came up seven cows. did not remember Joseph. Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 When two full years had passed. The chief cupbearer. just as Joseph had said to them in his interpretation. After them. but no one could interpret them for him. He fell asleep again and had a second dream: Seven heads of grain. 3 2 41 ." Joseph said." "This is what it means. Then Pharaoh woke up. so that he once again put the cup into Pharaoh's hand. And the birds will eat away your flesh. giving each man the interpretation of his dream. healthy and good. however.were eating them out of the basket on my head. so he sent for all the magicians and wise men of Egypt. "Today I am reminded of my shortcomings. 23 22 21 20 19 18 And the cows that were ugly and gaunt ate up the seven sleek. seven other heads of grain sprouted-thin and scorched by the east wind. a servant of the captain of the guard. were growing on a single stalk. Pharaoh was once angry with his servants. and he imprisoned me and the chief baker in the house of the captain of the guard. Then Pharaoh woke up. and he interpreted them for us. The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy. After them. full heads. Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile. he forgot him. Pharaoh told them his dreams. it had been a dream. came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. seven other cows. sleek and fat. He lifted up the heads of the chief cupbearer and the chief baker in the presence of his officials: He restored the chief cupbearer to his position.

growing on a single stalk. and the seven good heads of grain are seven years. ugly cows that came up afterward are seven years. "In my dreams I also saw seven heads of grain. " So Pharaoh sent for Joseph. full and good. "It is just as I said to Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do." "I cannot do it. seven other heads sprouted-withered and thin and scorched by the east wind. he came before Pharaoh. The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads. and no one can interpret it. and the famine will ravage the land. when out of the river there came up seven cows. After them. and so are the seven worthless heads of grain scorched by the east wind: They are seven years of famine. because the famine that follows it will be so severe. Then all the abundance in Egypt will be forgotten. Pharaoh said to Joseph." Joseph replied to Pharaoh. "In my dream I was standing on the bank of the Nile. I told this to the magicians. and they grazed among the reeds. 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 After them. God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do. The reason the dream was given to Pharaoh in two forms is that the matter 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 . and he was quickly brought from the dungeon. But I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it. but none could explain it to me. I had never seen such ugly cows in all the land of Egypt. no one could tell that they had done so. The abundance in the land will not be remembered. they looked just as ugly as before. "I had a dream. it is one and the same dream. "The dreams of Pharaoh are one and the same.And things turned out exactly as he interpreted them to us: I was restored to my position. When he had shaved and changed his clothes. fat and sleek. but seven years of famine will follow them." Then Joseph said to Pharaoh. The seven good cows are seven years. "but God will give Pharaoh the answer he desires. But even after they ate them. and the other man was hanged. Then I woke up. Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the land of Egypt. The lean. The seven lean. seven other cows came up-scrawny and very ugly and lean." Then Pharaoh said to Joseph. ugly cows ate up the seven fat cows that came up first.

" 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and put it on Joseph's finger. and God will do it soon. to be his wife. "I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt. You shall be in charge of my palace. priest of On.has been firmly decided by God. He dressed him in robes of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck. to be used during the seven years of famine that will come upon Egypt. Then Pharaoh said to Joseph. there is no one so discerning and wise as you. Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you. Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. In each city he put the food grown in the fields surrounding it. Joseph stored up huge quantities of grain. Let Pharaoh appoint commissioners over the land to take a fifth of the harvest of Egypt during the seven years of abundance. two sons were born to Joseph by Asenath daughter of Potiphera. So Pharaoh asked them. "I am Pharaoh. Joseph collected all the food produced in those seven years of abundance in Egypt and stored it in the cities. This food should be held in reserve for the country. They should collect all the food of these good years that are coming and store up the grain under the authority of Pharaoh. but without your word no one will lift hand or foot in all Egypt. to be kept in the cities for food. "Can we find anyone like this man. And Joseph went out from Pharaoh's presence and traveled throughout Egypt. priest of On." So Pharaoh said to Joseph. and all my people are to submit to your orders." The plan seemed good to Pharaoh and to all his officials. it was so much that he stopped keeping records because it was beyond measure. "Make way !" Thus he put him in charge of the whole land of Egypt. so that the country may not be ruined by the famine. and men shouted before him. one in whom is the spirit of God ?" Then Pharaoh said to Joseph. He had him ride in a chariot as his second-in-command. And Joseph went throughout the land of Egypt. During the seven years of abundance the land produced plentifully. "And now let Pharaoh look for a discerning and wise man and put him in charge of the land of Egypt. Before the years of famine came. like the sand of the sea. 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 ." Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah and gave him Asenath daughter of Potiphera. "Since God has made all this known to you.

for the famine was severe throughout Egypt. "to buy food. "You have come to see where our land is unprotected." 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 42When Jacob learned that there was grain in Egypt. the one who sold grain to all its people. There was famine in all the other lands. he recognized them. "Why do you just keep looking at each other?" He continued. We are all the sons of one man. but he pretended to be a stranger and spoke harshly to them. "It is because God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering." When the famine had spread over the whole country." "No. the people cried to Pharaoh for food. they did not recognize him. because he was afraid that harm might come to him. "You are spies! You have come to see where our land is unprotected. and the seven years of famine began.Joseph named his firstborn Manasseh and said. Go down there and buy some for us. Then he remembered his dreams about them and said to them. "From the land of Canaan. "It is because God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father's household. "Your servants have come to buy food. And all the countries came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph. with the others." The second son he named Ephraim and said. When all Egypt began to feel the famine. "Where do you come from?" he asked. As soon as Joseph saw his brothers. So when Joseph's brothers arrived." 2 . Then Pharaoh told all the Egyptians. 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 Then ten of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. they bowed down to him with their faces to the ground. Joseph's brother. he said to his sons." they answered. my lord." Although Joseph recognized his brothers. "Go to Joseph and do what he tells you. Joseph opened the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians. for the famine was in the land of Canaan also. "I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Your servants are honest men." they replied. So Israel's sons were among those who went to buy grain." "No!" he said to them. because the famine was severe in all the world. But Jacob did not send Benjamin. not spies." The seven years of abundance in Egypt came to an end. so that we may live and not die. just as Joseph had said. but in the whole land of Egypt there was food. Now Joseph was the governor of the land.

27 26 25 24 23 22 grain on their At the place where they stopped for the night one of them opened his sack to get feed for his donkey. But you must bring your youngest brother to me. Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain. On the third day. "Here it is in my sack." 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 Reuben replied. If you are not. since he was using an interpreter. and to give them provisions for their journey. They said to one another. but then turned back and spoke to them again.But they replied. "My silver has been returned. "What is this that God has done to us?" When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. "The man who is lord over the land spoke harshly to us and treated us as though we were spying on the land. for I fear God: If you are honest men. while the rest of you go and take grain back for your starving households. they loaded their donkeys and left. He had Simeon taken from them and bound before their eyes." They did not realize that Joseph could understand them. but we would not listen. They said. After this was done for them. so that your words may be tested to see if you are telling the truth." Their hearts sank and they turned to each other trembling and said. "Do this and you will live. that's why this distress has come upon us. "Didn't I tell you not to sin against the boy? But you wouldn't listen! Now we must give an accounting for his blood. "Surely we are being punished because of our brother. they told him all that had happened to them. The youngest is now with our father. then as surely as Pharaoh lives. so that your words may be verified and that you may not die. and he saw his silver in the mouth of his sack." This they proceeded to do. 30 29 28 . and one is no more. "Your servants were twelve brothers. Send one of your number to get your brother. let one of your brothers stay here in prison. Joseph said to them. "It is just as I told you: You are spies! And this is how you will be tested: As surely as Pharaoh lives. you are spies!" And he put them all in custody for three days. the rest of you will be kept in prison." he said to his brothers. to put each man's silver back in his sack. the sons of one man. you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here. who lives in the land of Canaan. We saw how distressed he was when he pleaded with us for his life." Joseph said to them. He turned away from them and began to weep.

But we said to him. their father said to them. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . Then I will give your brother back to you. 'This is how I will know whether you are honest men: Leave one of your brothers here with me. So when they had eaten all the grain they had brought from Egypt.' " As they were emptying their sacks. Everything is against me!" Then Reuben said to his father. "You have deprived me of my children. Their father Jacob said to them." 43Now the famine was still severe in the land.' If you will send our brother along with us. and now you want to take Benjamin. 'We are honest men." But Judah said to him. One is no more. "My son will not go down there with you.' " Israel asked. 'Do you have another brother?' We simply answered his questions. we are not spies." But Jacob said. But bring your youngest brother to me so I will know that you are not spies but honest men. and you can trade in the land. Entrust him to my care. sons of one father. "Send the boy along with me and we will go at once. 'You will not see my face again unless your brother is with you. his brother is dead and he is the only one left.' "Then the man who is lord over the land said to us. you will bring my gray head down to the grave in sorrow. there in each man's sack was his pouch of silver! When they and their father saw the money pouches. so that we and you and our children may live and not die. "The man warned us solemnly. 'You will not see my face again unless your brother is with you. 'Bring your brother down here'?" Then Judah said to Israel his father. and I will bring him back. and the youngest is now with our father in Canaan. 'Is your father still living?' he asked us. Joseph is no more and Simeon is no more. If harm comes to him on the journey you are 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 taking. we will not go down. because the man said to us. "You may put both of my sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. "Go back and buy us a little more food. they were frightened. and take food for your starving households and go. "Why did you bring this trouble on me by telling the man you had another brother?" They replied. "The man questioned us closely about ourselves and our family. How were we to know he would say. we will go down and buy food for you. But if you will not send him. We were twelve brothers.

"Don't be afraid. and Benjamin also." he said. I received your silver." Then their father Israel said to them." So the men took the gifts and double the amount of silver. I am bereaved. We have also brought additional silver with us to buy food. He wants to attack us and overpower us and seize us as slaves and take our donkeys. As it is. They thought. some pistachio nuts and almonds. we could have gone and returned twice." Then he brought Simeon out to them. Your God.I myself will guarantee his safety. because they had heard that they were to eat there. As for me. Take your brother also and go back to the man at once." 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 The man did as Joseph told him and took the men to Joseph's house. But at the place where we stopped for the night we opened our sacks and each of us found his silver-the exact weight-in the mouth of his sack. "Take these men to my house. if I am bereaved. If I do not bring him back to you and set him here before you. Now the men were frightened when they were taken to his house. you can hold me personally responsible for him. When Joseph saw Benjamin with them. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 . for you must return the silver that was put back into the mouths of your sacks. "We were brought here because of the silver that was put back into our sacks the first time. "we came down here the first time to buy food. "If it must be." "It's all right. "Please. has given you treasure in your sacks. Perhaps it was a mistake. They prepared their gifts for Joseph's arrival at noon. So we have brought it back with us. They hurried down to Egypt and presented themselves to Joseph. We don't know who put our silver in our sacks. if we had not delayed. Take double the amount of silver with you. slaughter an animal and prepare dinner." So they went up to Joseph's steward and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. I will bear the blame before you all my life. And may God Almighty grant you mercy before the man so that he will let your other brother and Benjamin come back with you. sir. they are to eat with me at noon. some spices and myrrh. he said to the steward of his house. the God of your father. The steward took the men into Joseph's house. gave them water to wash their feet and provided fodder for their donkeys." they said. then do this: Put some of the best products of the land in your bags and take them down to the man as a gift-a little balm and a little honey.

He went into his private room and wept there. They had not gone far from the city when Joseph said to his steward." And he did as Joseph said. 'Why have you repaid good with evil? Isn't this the cup my master drinks from and also uses for divination? This is a wicked thing you have done. he repeated these words to them. and then he said. Joseph hurried out and looked for a place to weep." And they bowed low to pay him honor." They served him by himself. in the mouth of the youngest one's sack. and they bowed down before him to the ground. "God be gracious to you.When Joseph came home. the brothers by themselves. said. and put each man's silver in the mouth of his sack. the one you told me about?" And he said. because Egyptians could not eat with Hebrews. As he looked about and saw his brother Benjamin. "Why does my lord say such things? Far be it from your servants to do anything like that! We even brought back to you from the land of Canaan the silver we found inside the mouths of our sacks. they presented to him the gifts they had brought into the house. and they looked at each other in astonishment. "Go after those men at once. Benjamin's portion was five times as much as anyone 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 else's. Then put my cup. the men were sent on their way with their donkeys. the silver one. from the firstborn to the youngest. When portions were served to them from Joseph's table. and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves. As morning dawned. along with the silver for his grain. Joseph gave these instructions to the steward of his house: "Fill the men's sacks with as much food as they can carry. "Is this your youngest brother. his own mother's son. my son. and when you catch up with them." Deeply moved at the sight of his brother. So why would we steal silver or gold from your master's house? 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 44Now . But they said to him. "Serve the food. say to them. "How is your aged father you told me about? Is he still living?" They replied. After he had washed his face. for that is detestable to Egyptians. controlling himself. He asked them how they were. "Your servant our father is still alive and well. he asked. he came out and.' " When he caught up with them. So they feasted and drank freely with him. The men had been seated before him in the order of their ages.

' 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 . Joseph said to them. Only if our youngest brother is with us will we go. his father will die. Whoever is found to have it will become my slave.' When we went back to your servant my father. My lord asked his servants.' But you told your servants." But Joseph said. Joseph was still in the house when Judah and his brothers came in. and there is a young son born to him in his old age." Each of them quickly lowered his sack to the ground and opened it. "Far be it from me to do such a thing! Only the man who was found to have the cup will become my 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 slave." "Very well. they tore their clothes. and he is the only one of his mother's sons left. 'Unless your youngest brother comes down with you. 'Go back and buy a little more food. Do not be angry with your servant. 'Bring him down to me so I can see him for myself. At this. Then the steward proceeded to search. you will not see my face again. the rest of you will be free from blame. let your servant speak a word to my lord. Then they all loaded their donkeys and returned to the city. "What can we say? How can we prove our innocence? God has uncovered your servants' guilt. And the cup was found in Benjamin's sack. "Then our father said. beginning with the oldest and ending with the youngest. 'Do you have a father or a brother?' And we answered. 'We cannot go down. and they threw themselves to the ground before him." Then Judah went up to him and said: "Please. go back to your father in peace. "What is this you have done? Don't you know that a man like me can find things out by divination?" "What can we say to my lord?" Judah replied. and his father loves him.' But we said. he will die. We cannot see the man's face unless our youngest brother is with us.If any of your servants is found to have it. and the rest of us will become my lord's slaves." he said. we told him what my lord had said. "let it be as you say. if he leaves him.' "Then you said to your servants. 'The boy cannot leave his father. The rest of you. though you are equal to Pharaoh himself. then. my lord. We are now my lord's slaves-we ourselves and the one who was found to have the cup. 'We have an aged father.' And we said to my lord. His brother is dead.

your flocks and herds. You shall live in the region of Goshen and be near me-you. "Come close to me. Joseph said to his brothers. and for the next five years there will not be plowing and reaping. please let your servant remain here as my lord's slave in place of the boy. don't delay. Then Joseph said to his brothers. he will die. How can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? No! Do not let me see the misery that would come upon my father. your children and grandchildren. One of them went away from me. "I am your brother Joseph. and all you have. He made me father to Pharaoh. I said. do not be distressed and do not be angry with yourselves for selling me here. he said." And I have not seen him since. if the boy is not with us when I go back to your servant my father and if my father. because it was to save lives that God sent me ahead of you."Your servant my father said to us. 10 9 . For two years now there has been famine in the land. and let the boy return with his brothers. my father. lord of his entire household and ruler of all Egypt. Joseph could no longer control himself before all his attendants. 45Then Now hurry back to my father and say to him. Your servant guaranteed the boy's safety to my father. Your servants will bring the gray head of our father down to the grave in sorrow. If you take this one from me too and harm comes to him. all my life!' "Now then. the one you sold into Egypt! And now.' "So now. whose life is closely bound up with the boy's life. Come down to me. "He has surely been torn to pieces. "Have everyone leave my presence!" So there was no one with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers. "I am Joseph! Is my father still living?" But his brothers were not able to answer him. 'You know that my wife bore me two sons. I will bear the blame before you. sees that the boy isn't there. 'This is what your son Joseph says: God has made me lord of all Egypt. and I said. 'If I do not bring him back to you. But God sent me ahead of you to preserve for you a remnant on earth and to save your lives by a great deliverance. and he cried out. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 "So then. you will bring my gray head down to the grave in misery. but God. because they were terrified at his presence." 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 And he wept so loudly that the Egyptians heard him. it was not you who sent me here." When they had done so. and Pharaoh's household heard about it.

But when they told him everything Joseph had said to them. and he also gave them provisions for their journey. that it is really I who am speaking to you. because the best of all Egypt will be yours. And he kissed all his brothers and wept over them. When the news reached Pharaoh's palace that Joseph's brothers had come. but to Benjamin he gave three hundred shekels of silver and five sets of clothes. the spirit of their father Jacob revived. I will go and see him before I die. and when he saw the carts Joseph had sent to carry him back." Then he threw his arms around his brother Benjamin and wept. Then he sent his brothers away. and get your father and come. Pharaoh said to Joseph." Jacob was stunned. and ten female donkeys loaded with grain and bread and other provisions for his journey. They told him. "I'm convinced! My son Joseph is still alive. because five years of famine are still to come. and so can my brother Benjamin. "Don't quarrel on the way!" So they went up out of Egypt and came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. Joseph gave them carts. he is ruler of all Egypt." 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 . and as they were leaving he said to them. 'Do this: Take some carts from Egypt for your children and your wives. Tell my father about all the honor accorded me in Egypt and about everything you have seen. To each of them he gave new clothing. and bring your father and your families back to me. he did not believe them. Otherwise you and your household and all who belong to you will become destitute. 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 Never mind about your belongings. 'Do this: Load your animals and return to the land of Canaan. as Pharaoh had commanded. "Joseph is still alive! In fact. Pharaoh and all his officials were pleased. "Tell your brothers. And Israel said.' " So the sons of Israel did this.' "You can see for yourselves. I will give you the best of the land of Egypt and you can enjoy the fat of the land. and Benjamin embraced him.I will provide for you there. And bring my father down here quickly. And this is what he sent to his father: ten donkeys loaded with the best things of Egypt. weeping. Afterward his brothers talked with him.' "You are also directed to tell them.

" he replied. and I will surely bring you back again. Ohad. Arodi and Areli. for I will make you into a great nation there. The sons of Reuben: Hanoch. priest of On. The sons of Perez: Hezron and Hamul. The sons of Judah: Er." he said. Hezron and Carmi. Jashub and Shimron. In Egypt. These were the children born to Jacob by Zilpah. Manasseh and Ephraim were born to Joseph by Asenath daughter of Potiphera. The sons of Gad: Zephon. Shuni. besides his daughter Dinah. And God spoke to Israel in a vision at night and said. The sons of Zebulun: Sered. Perez and Zerah (but Er and Onan had died in the land of Canaan). These are the names of the sons of Israel (Jacob and his descendants) who went to Egypt: Reuben the firstborn of Jacob. Onan. Pallu. The sons of Levi: Gershon. "I am God. Elon and Jahleel. and Jacob and all his offspring went to Egypt. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 The sons of Simeon: Jemuel. Their sister was Serah. Shelah. These were the sons Leah bore to Jacob in Paddan Aram. Jamin. Ezbon. The sons of Beriah: Heber and Malkiel. Haggi. And Joseph's own hand will close your eyes. The sons of Issachar: Tola. the God of your father. and Israel's sons took their father Jacob and their children and their wives in the carts that Pharaoh had sent to transport him. he offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac." Then Jacob left Beersheba. He took with him to Egypt his sons and grandsons and his daughters and granddaughters-all his offspring. I will go down to Egypt with you. Ishvah. "Jacob! Jacob!" "Here I am. Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. and when he reached Beersheba. The sons of Asher: Imnah. Ishvi and Beriah. They also took with them their livestock and the possessions they had acquired in Canaan. Jakin. Eri. Puah. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 . The sons of Jacob's wife Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.46So Israel set out with all that was his. "Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt. These sons and daughters of his were thirty-three in all. Kohath and Merari. whom Laban had given to his daughter Leah-sixteen in all.

All those who went to Egypt with Jacob-those who were his direct descendants. Israel said to Joseph. Pharaoh asked the brothers. because the famine is severe in Canaan and your servants' flocks have no pasture. 'My brothers and my father's household. "We have come to live here awhile. whom Laban had given to his daughter Rachel-seven in all. Ehi." He chose five of his brothers and presented them before Pharaoh.' Then you will be allowed to settle in the region of Goshen." they replied to Pharaoh. since I have seen for myself that you are still alive. "just as our fathers were. Rosh. 'What is your occupation?' you should answer.The sons of Benjamin: Bela. he threw his arms around his father and wept for a long time. Now Jacob sent Judah ahead of him to Joseph to get directions to Goshen. which went to Egypt. 23 22 21 and speak to Pharaoh and will say to him." Then Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's household. Huppim and Ard. 'Your servants have tended livestock from our boyhood on. Joseph had his chariot made ready and went to Goshen to meet his father Israel. "What is your occupation?" "Your servants are shepherds. As soon as Joseph appeared before him. "I will go up 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 Joseph went and told Pharaoh.' When Pharaoh calls you in and asks. Jezer and Shillem. So now. have come to me. Muppim. and they have brought along their flocks and herds and everything they own. were seventy in all. just as our fathers did. not counting his sons' wives-numbered sixty-six persons. When they arrived in the region of Goshen. they tend livestock. "My father and brothers." 34 33 32 The son of Dan: Hushim. Gera. Beker. The men are shepherds. These were the sons born to Jacob by Bilhah. "Your father and your brothers have come to you." They also said to him. These were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob-fourteen in all. please let your servants settle in Goshen. the members of Jacob's family. with their flocks and herds and everything they own. "Now I am ready to die. With the two sons who had been born to Joseph in Egypt. The sons of Naphtali: Jahziel. 5 4 3 2 47 . for all shepherds are detestable to the Egyptians. who were living in the land of Canaan. have come from the land of Canaan and are now in Goshen." Pharaoh said to Joseph. Naaman. Ashbel. Guni.

and they do not equal the years of the pilgrimage of my fathers. sold their fields." said Joseph." So Joseph bought all the land in Egypt for Pharaoh. "We cannot hide from our lord the fact that since our money is gone and our livestock belongs to you. Why should we perish before your eyes-we and our land as well? Buy us and our land in exchange for food. Joseph collected all the money that was to be found in Egypt and Canaan in payment for the grain they were buying. both Egypt and Canaan wasted away because of the famine. "I will sell you food in exchange for your livestock. and Joseph reduced the people to servitude. settle your father and your brothers in the best part of the land. and we with our land will be in bondage to Pharaoh. My years have been few and difficult. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 . their cattle and donkeys. because the famine was too severe for them. in the whole region because the famine was severe. as Pharaoh directed. And if you know of any among them with special ability. After Jacob blessed Pharaoh. put them in charge of my own livestock.and the land of Egypt is before you. they came to him the following year and said. There was no food. from one end of Egypt to the other. however. "How old are you?" And Jacob said to Pharaoh. Why should we die before your eyes? Our money is used up. When that year was over. and that the land may not become desolate. Pharaoh asked him. one and all. their sheep and goats." Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from his presence." So they brought their livestock to Joseph. Let them live in Goshen. and he gave them food in exchange for their horses. Joseph also provided his father and his brothers and all his father's household with food. The land became Pharaoh's. "The years of my pilgrimage are a hundred and thirty. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 When the money of the people of Egypt and Canaan was gone. The Egyptians. according to the number of their children. And he brought them through that year with food in exchange for all their livestock. "Give us food." "Then bring your livestock. the district of Rameses. and he brought it to Pharaoh's palace. So Joseph settled his father and his brothers in Egypt and gave them property in the best part of the land. Give us seed so that we may live and not die." Then Joseph brought his father Jacob in and presented him before Pharaoh. since your money is gone. there is nothing left for our lord except our bodies and our land. all Egypt came to Joseph and said.

6 5 4 3 2 . he called for his son Joseph and said to him. "Your father is ill. carry me out of Egypt and bury me where they are buried. "Now that I have bought you and your land today for Pharaoh. "If I have found favor in your eyes. your two sons born to you in Egypt before I came to you here will be reckoned as mine. give a fifth of it to Pharaoh. "God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan. Do not bury me in Egypt. That is why they did not sell their land. "Your son Joseph has come to you. and there he blessed me and said to me." he said. we will be in bondage to Pharaoh. I will make you a community of peoples. and the years of his life were a hundred and forty-seven. Now the Israelites settled in Egypt in the region of Goshen. The other four-fifths you may keep as seed for the fields and as food for yourselves and your households and your children. here is seed for you so you can plant the ground." So Joseph established it as a law concerning land in Egypt-still in force today-that a fifth of the produce belongs to Pharaoh. It was only the land of the priests that did not become Pharaoh's. They acquired property there and were fruitful and increased greatly in number. 31 30 48Some time later Joseph was told." So he took his two sons Manasseh and Ephraim along with him." "You have saved our lives. When Jacob was told. Any children born to you after them will be yours. he did not buy the land of the priests. but when I rest with my fathers. Then Joseph swore to him. "May we find favor in the eyes of our lord. 'I am going to make you fruitful and will increase your numbers. "Swear to me." they said. just as Reuben and Simeon are mine. in the territory they inherit they will be reckoned under the names of their brothers.However.' "Now then. put your hand under my thigh and promise that you will show me kindness 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 and faithfulness. and I will give this land as an everlasting possession to your descendants after you." "I will do as you say. But when the crop comes in. When the time drew near for Israel to die." Israel rallied his strength and sat up on the bed. Ephraim and Manasseh will be mine. and Israel worshiped as he leaned on the top of his staff. because they received a regular allotment from Pharaoh and had food enough from the allotment Pharaoh gave them." he said. Joseph said to the people. Jacob said to Joseph. Jacob lived in Egypt seventeen years.

"May the God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked. my son. May they be called by my name and the names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac. "I am about to die. "I never expected to see your face again. But Israel reached out his right hand and put it on Ephraim's head. put your right hand on his head. He too will become a people. he put his left hand on Manasseh's head. And Joseph took both of them. "No. even though Manasseh was the firstborn. Bethlehem). and his father kissed them and embraced them. so he took hold of his father's hand to move it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head." Joseph said to his father. a little distance from Ephrath. to my sorrow Rachel died in the land of Canaan while we were still on the way. Then Israel said to Joseph. Nevertheless. but God will be with you and take you back to the land of your fathers. he asked.' " So he put Ephraim ahead of Manasseh. and may they increase greatly upon the earth. Then Israel said. and he too will become great." But his father refused and said. Israel said to Joseph. "I know. I know.As I was returning from Paddan. So Joseph brought his sons close to him. Ephraim on his right toward Israel's left hand and Manasseh on his left toward Israel's right hand. the God who has been my shepherd all my life to this day. the Angel who has delivered me from all harm -may he bless these boys." Then Joseph removed them from Israel's knees and bowed down with his face to the ground. and now God has allowed me to see your children too. "Who are these?" "They are the sons God has given me here." Now Israel's eyes were failing because of old age. and brought them close to him. though he was the younger. his younger brother will be greater than he. and crossing his arms. When Israel saw the sons of Joseph. and he could hardly see. "Bring them to me so I may bless them. So I buried her there beside the road to Ephrath" (that is. Joseph said to him. this one is the firstborn. "In your name will Israel pronounce this blessing: 'May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 ." When Joseph saw his father placing his right hand on Ephraim's head he was displeased. my father. and his descendants will become a group of nations. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 Then he blessed Joseph and said." He blessed them that day and said.

onto my couch and defiled it. your father's sons will bow down to you. sons of Jacob. nor the ruler's staff from between his feet." 22 he crouches and lies down. He will tether his donkey to a vine. your hand will be on the neck of your enemies. excelling in power. for you went up onto your father's bed. so fierce. but he will attack them at their heels. "Judah. Dan will be a serpent by the roadside. his robes in the blood of grapes. my son. 19 . O Judah. a viper along the path. His eyes will be darker than wine. excelling in honor. When he sees how good is his resting place and how pleasant is his land. for they have killed men in their anger and hamstrung oxen as they pleased. Let me not enter their council.their swords are weapons of violence. as one who is over your brothers. You are a lion's cub. that bites the horse's heels so that its rider tumbles backward. he will wash his garments in wine. "Assemble and listen. listen to your father Israel. O Lord . "Reuben.And to you. you will no longer excel. he will bend his shoulder to the burden and submit to forced labor. Turbulent as the waters. Like a lion 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 49 "I look for your deliverance. his teeth whiter than milk. the first sign of my strength. and their fury. my might. your brothers will praise you. "Simeon and Levi are brothers. "Gad will be attacked by a band of raiders. his border will extend toward Sidon. let me not join their assembly. so cruel! I will scatter them in Jacob and disperse them in Israel. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 Then Jacob called for his sons and said: "Gather around so I can tell you what will happen to you in days to come. until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his. I give the ridge of land I took from the Amorites with my sword and my bow. you are my firstborn. like a lioness-who dares to rouse him? The scepter will not depart from Judah. "Dan will provide justice for his people as one of the tribes of Israel. his colt to the choicest branch. you return from the prey. "Issachar is a rawboned donkey lying down between two saddlebags. "Zebulun will live by the seashore and become a haven for ships. Cursed be their anger.

because of the hand of the Mighty One of Jacob. So the physicians embalmed him. the cave in the field of Machpelah. bury me in the 5 4 3 2 50Joseph . "Joseph is a fruitful vine. along with the field. the Rock of Israel. giving each the blessing appropriate to him. And the Egyptians mourned for him seventy days."Asher's food will be rich. " When Jacob had finished giving instructions to his sons. whose branches climb over a wall. blessings of the breast and womb. Let all these rest on the head of Joseph. "If I have found favor in your eyes. blessings of the deep that lies below. "Benjamin is a ravenous wolf. and this is what their father said to them when he blessed them. in the morning he devours the prey. they shot at him with hostility. he will provide delicacies fit for a king. than the bounty of the ageold hills. breathed his last and was gathered to his people. Then Joseph directed the physicians in his service to embalm his father Israel. there Isaac and his wife Rebekah were buried. taking a full forty days. "Naphtali is a doe set free that bears beautiful fawns. in the evening he divides the plunder. 33 32 31 30 29 threw himself upon his father and wept over him and kissed him. speak to Pharaoh for me. Bury me with my fathers in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite. on the brow of the prince among his brothers. who blesses you with blessings of the heavens above. who helps you. he drew his feet up into the bed. Tell him. The field and the cave in it were bought from the Hittites. 'My father made me swear an oath and said. because of the Almighty. because of your father's God. 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 Then he gave them these instructions: "I am about to be gathered to my people." All these are the twelve tribes of Israel. a fruitful vine near a spring. near Mamre in Canaan. When the days of mourning had passed. There Abraham and his wife Sarah were buried. because of the Shepherd. Joseph said to Pharaoh's court. But his bow remained steady. "I am about to die. which Abraham bought as a burial place from Ephron the Hittite. for that was the time required for embalming. With bitterness archers attacked him. his strong arms stayed limber. Your father's blessings are greater than the blessings of the ancient mountains. and there I buried Leah.

It was a very large company. Joseph wept. His brothers then came and threw themselves down before him." they said." That is why that place near the Jordan is called Abel Mizraim. they lamented loudly and bitterly. "We are your slaves. Am I in the place of God? You intended to harm me. He lived a hundred and ten years 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 . near Mamre. When Joseph's brothers saw that their father was dead. they said. Chariots and horsemen also went up with him. which Abraham had bought as a burial place from Ephron the Hittite. together with his brothers and all the others who had gone with him to bury his father. Joseph stayed in Egypt. don't be afraid." And he reassured them and spoke kindly to them. but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done. then I will return. But Joseph said to them. the saving of many lives. "The Egyptians are holding a solemn ceremony of mourning." When their message came to him." Now let me go up and bury my father. I will provide for you and your children. Joseph returned to Egypt. along with the field.' " Pharaoh said. "Don't be afraid. 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 After burying his father. and there Joseph observed a seven-day period of mourning for his father.' Now please forgive the sins of the servants of the God of your father. Only their children and their flocks and herds were left in Goshen. When the Canaanites who lived there saw the mourning at the threshing floor of Atad. All Pharaoh's officials accompanied himthe dignitaries of his court and all the dignitaries of Egyptbesides all the members of Joseph's household and his brothers and those belonging to his father's household." So Joseph went up to bury his father. So Jacob's sons did as he had commanded them: They carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave in the field of Machpelah. When they reached the threshing floor of Atad. they said. near the Jordan. So then.tomb I dug for myself in the land of Canaan. saying. along with all his father's family. "Your father left these instructions before he died: 'This is what you are to say to Joseph: I ask you to forgive your brothers the sins and the wrongs they committed in treating you so badly. "Go up and bury your father. as he made you swear to do. "What if Joseph holds a grudge against us and pays us back for all the wrongs we did to him?" So they sent word to Joseph.

Also the children of Makir son of Manasseh were placed at birth on Joseph's knees. "God will surely come to your aid. "I am about to die. And after they embalmed him. 26 25 . and then you must carry my bones up from this place. Isaac and Jacob. But God will surely come to your aid and take you up out of this land to the land he promised on oath to Abraham." 24 23 And Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath and said. Then Joseph said to his brothers.and saw the third generation of Ephraim's children. he was placed in a coffin in Egypt." So Joseph died at the age of a hundred and ten.

"When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool. Then a new king. whose names were Shiphrah and Puah. Dan and Naphtali. but if it is a girl. they are vigorous and give birth before the midwives arrive. The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives. Joseph was already in Egypt. Levi and Judah. and worked them ruthlessly. the more they multiplied and spread. "the Israelites have become much too numerous for us. kill him. they let the boys live. Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died. who did not know about Joseph. "Look. feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do. however. we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and. each with his family: 2 they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh. will join our enemies. "Hebrew women are not like Egyptian women." he said to his people. let her live. Gad and Asher. if war breaks out. in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly. fight against us and leave the country. and 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 They made their lives bitter with hard labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields." The midwives. so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites 13 12 Reuben. "Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?" The midwives answered Pharaoh." So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor." 19 18 17 16 15 14 . 3 4 The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy in all. Issachar. but the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous. Simeon. if it is a boy. But the more they were oppressed. Come. Zebulun and Benjamin. came to power in Egypt.Exodus 1These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob. Then the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them. so that the land was filled with them.

and her attendants were walking along the river bank. but let every girl live. "This is one of the Hebrew babies. she hid him for three months. he tried to kill Moses. And because the midwives feared God. And the girl went and got the baby's mother. he went out to where his own people were and watched them at their hard labor. He was crying. His sister stood at a distance to see what would happen to him. he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand. "Take this baby and nurse him for me." When Pharaoh heard of this. and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. Glancing this way and that and seeing no one. and she felt sorry for him. She named him Moses. Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Every boy that is born you must throw into the Nile. "Why are you hitting your fellow Hebrew?" The man said. she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch." 22 21 20 Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?" "Yes." So the woman took the baby and nursed him. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her slave girl to get it. she took him to Pharaoh's daughter and he became her son. "Shall I go and get one of the 7 6 5 4 3 2 . The next day he went out and saw two Hebrews fighting. where he sat down by a well. "Who made you ruler and judge over us? Are you thinking of killing me as you killed the Egyptian?" Then Moses was afraid and thought." One day. "What I did must have become known. "I drew him out of the water. When she saw that he was a fine child. She opened it and saw the baby. But when she could hide him no longer.So God was kind to the midwives and the people increased and became even more numerous. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 2Now a man of the house of Levi married a Levite woman. one of his own people. after Moses had grown up. go. Then Pharaoh's daughter went down to the Nile to bathe. Pharaoh's daughter said to her. but Moses fled from Pharaoh and went to live in Midian." she said. He asked the one in the wrong. He saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew. he gave them families of their own. and I will pay you. saying. When the child grew older." she answered. Then his sister asked Pharaoh's daughter.

" "Do not come any closer. saying. God called to him from within the bush. for the place where you are standing is holy ground. the God of Abraham. because he was afraid to look at God. "I will go over and see this strange sight-why the bush does not burn up. but Moses got up and came to their rescue and watered their flock." Moses agreed to stay with the man. the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters. "Take off your sandals. he asked them. and they came to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father's flock. the mountain of God. a land flowing with milk and honey-the home of the 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 ." During that long period. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 3Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law. Moses hid his face. "Why have you returned so early today?" They answered." God said. "Why did you leave him? Invite him to have something to eat." When the Lord saw that he had gone over to look. "An Egyptian rescued us from the shepherds. The Lord said. with Isaac and with Jacob. So I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land into a good and spacious land. and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God. who gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses in marriage. "Here I am. "I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out. When the girls returned to Reuel their father. He even drew water for us and watered the flock. and I am concerned about their suffering. "I am the God of your father. There the angel of the Lord appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush." Then he said. the king of Egypt died. and he led the flock to the far side of the desert and came to Horeb. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. "I have become an alien in a foreign land." At this. Zipporah gave birth to a son. So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them." "And where is he?" he asked his daughters. "Moses! Moses!" And Moses said. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers. God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham. Some shepherds came along and drove them away. the priest of Midian. and Moses named him Gershom. So Moses thought.

he will let you go. 'The Lord . Perizzites." But Moses said to God. Every woman is to ask her neighbor and any woman living in her house for articles of silver and gold and for clothing. "Who am I. has met with us. 'What is his name?' Then what shall I tell them?" God said to Moses. you will worship God on this mountain. assemble the elders of Israel and say to them. And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me. the name by which I am to be remembered from generation to generation. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt. Hivites and Jebusites-a land flowing with milk and honey." 22 21 20 19 18 17 4Moses answered. So now. "What if they do not believe me or listen to me and say. 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you. the God of the Hebrews. Isaac and Jacob-appeared to me and said: I have 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt.' "The elders of Israel will listen to you.' and they ask me.' This is my name forever. 'The Lord ." Moses said to God. "I am who I am . So I will stretch out my hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders that I will perform among them. 'The Lord did not appear to you'?" .' But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him. Perizzites. Amorites. and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt. the God of your fathers-the God of Abraham.' " God also said to Moses. Hivites and Jebusites. Let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the Lord our God. Hittites.Canaanites. And I have promised to bring you up out of your misery in Egypt into the land of the Canaanites. "Go. Then you and the elders are to go to the king of Egypt and say to him. Amorites. Hittites. which you will put on your sons and daughters. "Say to the Israelites. the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob-has sent me to you. that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?" And God said. 'The Lord . After that. the God of your fathers-the God of Abraham. "I will be with you. "Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them. "And I will make the Egyptians favorably disposed toward this people. And so you will plunder the Egyptians. go. so that when you leave you will not go empty-handed. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: 'IAM has sent me to you.

I am slow of speech and tongue. He will speak to the people for you. and his heart will be glad when he sees you. "Reach out your hand and take it by the tail. He is already on his way to meet you. please send someone else to do it. the God of their fathers-the God of Abraham." But Moses said. "Put your hand inside your cloak. I have never been eloquent." Moses said to the Lord .Then the Lord said to him. and when he took it out. The Lord said. "Throw it on the ground. "O Lord." he said. "Now put it back into your cloak." said the Lord . it was leprous. But if they do not believe these two signs or listen to you. like snow. "What about your brother. "This." Then the Lord said. "O Lord. So Moses put his hand back into his cloak. and when he took it out. "is so that they may believe that the Lord ." So Moses reached out and took hold of the snake and it turned back into a staff in his hand." So Moses put his hand into his cloak. "Go. The water you take from the river will become blood on the ground." Jethro said. like the rest of his flesh. it was restored." 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 . But take this staff in your hand so you can perform miraculous signs with it. "What is that in your hand?" "A staff. I will help both of you speak and will teach you what to do. they may believe the second. the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob-has appeared to you. the Lord ? Now go." Moses threw it on the ground and it became a snake. I will help you speak and will teach you what to say. Then the Lord said to him. "Go back to Egypt. Then the Lord said. Aaron the Levite? I know he can speak well. neither in the 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 past nor since you have spoken to your servant. "Who gave man his mouth? Who makes him deaf or mute? Who gives him sight or makes him blind? Is it not I. "If they do not believe you or pay attention to the first miraculous sign." Then Moses went back to Jethro his father-in-law and said to him." he replied. and it will be as if he were your mouth and as if you were God to him. and he ran from it." Now the Lord had said to Moses in Midian." Then the Lord 's anger burned against Moses and he said. You shall speak to him and put words in his mouth. for all the men who wanted to kill you are dead. take some water from the Nile and pour it on the dry ground. and I wish you well. "Let me go back to my own people in Egypt to see if any of them are still alive." The Lord said to him.

" she said So the Lord let him alone. "Who is the Lord . "Go into the desert to meet Moses. Then say to Pharaoh. see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. cut off her son's foreskin and touched [Moses'] feet with it." Then they said. that I should obey him and let Israel go? I do not know the Lord and I will not let Israel go. "When you return to Egypt. so that they may hold a festival to me in the desert. He also performed the signs before the people. (At that time she said "bridegroom of blood. 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 Moses and Aaron brought together all the elders of the Israelites. why are you taking the people away from their labor? Get back to your work!" Then Pharaoh said. "Look. 31 30 29 5Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said. But Zipporah took a flint knife. the Lord met [Moses] and was about to kill him. "Let my son go.' " Pharaoh said. and you are stopping them from working." So he met Moses at the mountain of God and kissed him." That same day Pharaoh gave this order to the slave drivers and foremen in charge of the people: 6 5 4 3 2 . The Lord said to Moses. so he may worship me. and they believed.) The Lord said to Aaron. so I will kill your firstborn son. the God of Israel. "Moses and Aaron." referring to circumcision. And he took the staff of God in his hand. "The God of the Hebrews has met with us. put them on a donkey and started back to Egypt." But you refused to let him go.So Moses took his wife and sons. "Surely you are a bridegroom of blood to me. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go." But the king of Egypt said. Then Moses told Aaron everything the Lord had sent him to say. or he may strike us with plagues or with the sword. And when they heard that the Lord was concerned about them and had seen their misery.' " At a lodging place on the way. the people of the land are now numerous. "This is what the Lord . and I told you. 'This is what the Lord says: Israel is my firstborn son. says: 'Let my people go. Now let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the Lord our God. and Aaron told them everything the Lord had said to Moses. and also about all the miraculous signs he had commanded him to perform. they bowed down and worshiped.

"O Lord. that is why they are crying out." 2 God also said to Moses." Then the slave drivers and the foremen went out and said to the people.' Now get to work. and you have not rescued your people at all. "May the Lord look upon you and judge you! You have made us a stench to Pharaoh and his officials and have put a sword in their hand to kill us. but the fault is with your own people. they found Moses and Aaron waiting to meet them. yet you must produce your full quota of bricks. let them go and gather their own straw." The Israelite foremen realized they were in trouble when they were told. because of my mighty hand he will drive them out of his country. 'Let us go and sacrifice to the Lord . don't reduce the quota. You will not be given any straw. "Lazy. saying. as before?" Then the Israelite foremen went and appealed to Pharaoh: "Why have you treated your servants this way? Your servants are given no straw." When they left Pharaoh. just as when you had straw.' " So the people scattered all over Egypt to gather stubble to use for straw. that's what you are-lazy! That is why you keep saying." The Israelite foremen appointed by Pharaoh's slave drivers were beaten and were asked. Go and get your own straw wherever you can find it. he has brought trouble upon this people. "You are not to reduce the number of bricks required of you for each day. The slave drivers kept pressing them. why have you brought trouble upon this people? Is this why you sent me? Ever since I went to Pharaoh to speak in your name." Pharaoh said.' Make the work harder for the men so that they keep working and pay no attention to lies. "This is what Pharaoh says: 'I will not give you any more straw." Moses returned to the Lord and said. 'Make bricks!' Your servants 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 are being beaten. but your work will not be reduced at all." 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 6Then the Lord said to Moses. yet we are told. and they said. They are lazy. "Complete the work required of you for each day. "Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh: Because of my mighty hand he will let them go. "Why didn't you meet your quota of bricks yesterday or today. But require them to make the same number of bricks as before. . "I am the Lord ."You are no longer to supply the people with straw for making bricks. 'Let us go and sacrifice to our God.

These were the clans of Simeon.' " Moses reported this to the Israelites. Ohad. I will give it to you as a possession. Levi lived 137 years. and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 Pharaoh listen to me. Kohath and Merari. Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. "If the Israelites will not listen to me. 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 Then the Lord said to Moses. and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. Hezron and Carmi. These were the names of the sons of Levi according to their records: Gershon. were Libni and Shimei. why would 12 11 . Jakin. Izhar. The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. Elzaphan and Sithri. I will free you from being slaves to them. since I speak with faltering lips ?" Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron about the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt. Nepheg and Zicri. These were the heads of their families : The sons of Reuben the firstborn son of Israel were Hanoch and Pallu. tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the Israelites go out of his country. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God. to Isaac and to Jacob. say to the Israelites: 'I am the Lord ." But Moses said to the Lord . "Therefore. Hebron and Uzziel.I appeared to Abraham. Amram married his father's sister Jochebed. The sons of Izhar were Korah. Moreover. "Go. I am the Lord . but they did not listen to him because of their discouragement and cruel bondage. The sons of Kohath were Amram. to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty. who bore him Aaron and Moses. The sons of Uzziel were Mishael. The sons of Simeon were Jemuel. And I will bring you to the land I swore with uplifted hand to give to Abraham. I will take you as my own people. I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan. These were the clans of Reuben. and I have remembered my covenant. but by my name the Lord I did not make myself known to them. These were the clans of Levi according to their records. and he commanded them to bring the Israelites out of Egypt. whom the Egyptians are enslaving. and I will be your God. Kohath lived 133 years. Amram lived 137 years. The sons of Gershon. where they lived as aliens. I have heard the groaning of the Israelites. who brought you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. Jamin. by clans.

Pharaoh then summoned wise men and sorcerers.Aaron married Elisheba." But Moses said to the Lord . and she bore him Phinehas. and though I multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in Egypt. Now when the Lord spoke to Moses in Egypt. 'Perform a miracle. he will not listen to you. why would Pharaoh listen to me?" 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 Pharaoh to let the Israelites go out of his country. These were the heads of the Levite families. Elkanah and Abiasaph. 'Take your staff and throw it down before Pharaoh." They were the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt about bringing the Israelites out of Egypt. and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. "I am the Lord . Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty-three when they spoke to Pharaoh. he said to him. and it became a snake. Tell Pharaoh king of Egypt everything I tell you. It was the same Moses and Aaron. and she bore him Nadab and Abihu. And the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord when I stretch out my hand against Egypt and bring the Israelites out of it. It was this same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said. But I will harden Pharaoh's heart. "Bring the Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions. clan by clan.' then say to Aaron.' and it will become a snake." Moses and Aaron did just as the Lord commanded them. daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon. Aaron threw his staff down in front of Pharaoh and his officials. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and with mighty acts of judgment I will bring out my divisions. my people the Israelites. and your brother Aaron is to tell 2 ." So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and did just as the Lord commanded. 8 7 6 5 4 3 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron. "See. The sons of Korah were Assir. I have made you like God to Pharaoh. These were the Korahite clans. Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel. Eleazar and Ithamar. and the Egyptian magicians also did the same things by their secret arts: 11 10 9 7Then the Lord said to Moses. "Since I speak with faltering lips. "When Pharaoh says to you. You are to say everything I command you.

over the ponds and all the reservoirs'-and they will turn to blood. But the Egyptian magicians did the same things by their secret arts. Go to Pharaoh in the morning as he goes out to the water. If you refuse to let them go. But Aaron's staff swallowed up their staffs. "Pharaoh's heart is unyielding. into the houses of your officials and on your 3 2 . and the river will stink. Then the Lord said to Moses. But until now you have not listened. The fish in the Nile died. so that they may worship me in the desert. The fish in the Nile will die." 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 Moses and Aaron did just as the Lord had commanded. has sent me to say to you: Let my people go. and take in your hand the staff that was changed into a snake. This is what the Lord says: By this you will know that I am the Lord : With the staff that is in my hand I will strike the water of the Nile. He raised his staff in the presence of Pharaoh and his officials and struck the water of the Nile. 'The Lord . 'Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt-over the streams and canals. even in the wooden buckets and stone jars. "Go to Pharaoh and say to him. Blood was everywhere in Egypt. "Tell Aaron. 'This is what the Lord says: Let my people go. Wait on the bank of the Nile to meet him. Instead. and it will be changed into blood. just as the Lord had said. just as the Lord had said. And all the Egyptians dug along the Nile to get drinking water. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed. Seven days passed after the Lord struck the Nile. I will plague your whole country with frogs. 25 24 23 22 21 20 8Then the Lord said to Moses.' " The Lord said to Moses. he would not listen to Moses and Aaron. so that they may worship me. and Pharaoh's heart became hard. Blood will be everywhere in Egypt. and all the water was changed into blood. Then say to him. because they could not drink the water of the river. Yet Pharaoh's heart became hard and he would not listen to them. and the river smelled so bad that the Egyptians could not drink its water. the God of the Hebrews.Each one threw down his staff and it became a snake. he turned and went into his palace. The Nile will teem with frogs. the Egyptians will not be able to drink its water. he refuses to let the people go. and did not take even this to heart.

"Pray to the Lord to take the frogs away from me and my people. they also made frogs come up on the land of Egypt. "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh's heart was hard and he would not listen. Moses cried out to the Lord about the frogs he had brought on Pharaoh. All the dust throughout the land of Egypt became gnats. just as the Lord had said.' " So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt. except for those that remain in the Nile. But the magicians did the same things by their secret arts. Moses replied. But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief. And the Lord did what Moses asked.' and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats. 4 your ovens and After Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh. "Get up early in the morning and confront Pharaoh as he goes to the water and say to him. he hardened his heart and would not listen to Moses and Aaron. just as the Lord had said. "It will be as you say." Moses said to Pharaoh. The frogs died in the houses. 'This is what the Lord says: 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 The frogs will go up on you and your people and all your officials. 'Stretch out your hand with your staff over the streams and canals and ponds. Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said.people. The frogs will leave you and your houses. They were piled into heaps. your officials and your people. And the gnats were on men and animals. and into kneading troughs. and when Aaron stretched out his hand with the staff and struck the dust of the ground. "I leave to you the honor of setting the time for me to pray for you and your officials and your people that you and your houses may be rid of the frogs. 'Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the ground. But when the magicians tried to produce gnats by their secret arts. Then the Lord said to Moses." 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 . and the frogs came up and covered the land." "Tomorrow. and the land reeked of them." They did this. so that you may know there is no one like the Lord our God. and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt." Pharaoh said. and I will let your people go to offer sacrifices to the Lord . in the courtyards and in the fields. they could not. gnats came upon men and animals.' " Then the Lord said to Moses. they will remain only in the Nile. "Tell Aaron. Then the Lord said to Moses. The magicians said to Pharaoh. "Tell Aaron.

If you do not let my people go. The sacrifices we offer the Lord our God would be detestable to the Egyptians. says: "Let my people go. so that no animal belonging to the Israelites will die. and throughout Egypt the land was ruined by the flies." Then Moses left Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord . as he commands us. so that they may worship me. "Go. And if we offer sacrifices that are detestable in their eyes. on your people and into your houses. the Lord . where my people live. Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said. and even the ground where they are. "Go to Pharaoh and say to him. the hand of the Lord will bring a terrible plague on your livestock in the field-on your horses and donkeys and camels and on your cattle and sheep and goats. "That would not be right. but you must not go very far. But the Lord will make a distinction between the livestock of Israel and that of Egypt.Let my people go. will they not stone us? We must take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the Lord our God. and the Lord did what Moses asked: The flies left Pharaoh and his officials and his people. "I will let you go to offer sacrifices to the Lord your God in the 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 desert. 'This is what the Lord . so that they may worship me." If you refuse to let them go and continue to hold them back. and tomorrow the flies will leave Pharaoh and his officials and his people. This miraculous sign will occur tomorrow. no swarms of flies will be there. I will make a distinction between my people and your people. so that you will know that I. Now pray for me. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies. Only be sure that Pharaoh does not act deceitfully again by not letting the people go to offer sacrifices to the Lord .' " 4 3 2 . " 'But on that day I will deal differently with the land of Goshen. Dense swarms of flies poured into Pharaoh's palace and into the houses of his officials. the God of the Hebrews.' " And the Lord did this." Moses answered. But this time also Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not let the people go. I will pray to the Lord . I will send swarms of flies on you and your officials." Pharaoh said. am in this land. 32 31 30 29 9Then the Lord said to Moses. sacrifice to your God here in the land." But Moses said. not a fly remained. "As soon as I leave you.

Pharaoh sent men to investigate and found that not even one of the animals of the Israelites had died. Give an order now to bring your livestock and everything you have in the field to a place of shelter. 'This is what the Lord . or this time I will send the full force of my plagues against you and against your officials and your people. but not one animal belonging to the Israelites died. and they will die. that I might show you my power and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.The Lord set a time and said. Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron. and festering boils broke out on men and animals. For by now I could have stretched out my hand and struck you and your people with a plague that would have wiped you off the earth. Then the Lord said to Moses. at this time tomorrow I will send the worst hailstorm that has ever fallen on Egypt. But those who ignored the word of the Lord left their slaves and livestock in the field. "Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh. But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron. just as the Lord had said to Moses. so that they may worship me. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 . from the day it was founded till now. and festering boils will break out on men and animals throughout the land. It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt.' " Those officials of Pharaoh who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their slaves and their livestock inside. "Get up early in the morning. But I have raised you up for this very purpose. because the hail will fall on every man and animal that has not been brought in and is still out in the field. Yet his heart was unyielding and he would not let the people go. 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 the God of the Hebrews." So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh. Therefore. The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils that were on them and on all the Egyptians. so you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. "Tomorrow the Lord will do this in the land. Moses tossed it into the air. You still set yourself against my people and will not let them go. confront Pharaoh and say to him. says: Let my people go." And the next day the Lord did it: All the livestock of the Egyptians died.

The only place it did not hail was the land of Goshen. "This is what the Lord . you don't have to stay any longer. I will let you go. "The Lord is in the right. and I and my people are in the wrong. Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron." he said to them. were not destroyed. So the Lord rained hail on the land of Egypt. so you may know that the earth is the Lord 's. It was the worst storm in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. where the Israelites were. the thunder and hail stopped. "Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that hail will fall all over Egypt-on men and animals and on everything growing in the fields of Egypt. says: 'How long will you refuse to humble yourself 3 2 .Then the Lord said to Moses. He spread out his hands toward the Lord . 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 But I know that you and your officials still do not fear the Lord God. and lightning flashed down to the ground. When Pharaoh saw that the rain and hail and thunder had stopped. and that you may know that I am the Lord . the Lord sent thunder and hail. since the barley had headed and the flax was in bloom. the God of the Hebrews. Pray to the Lord . hail fell and lightning flashed back and forth. for we have had enough thunder and hail. The wheat and spelt. Throughout Egypt hail struck everything in the fields-both men and animals." (The flax and barley were destroyed. it beat down everything growing in the fields and stripped every tree. I will spread out my hands in prayer to the Lord . just as the Lord had said through Moses. "This time I have sinned. he sinned again: He and his officials hardened their hearts. because they ripen later." Moses replied." So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him. "When I have gone out of the city.) Then Moses left Pharaoh and went out of the city. for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his officials so that I may perform these miraculous signs of mine among them that you may tell your children and grandchildren how I dealt harshly with the Egyptians and how I performed my signs among them. however. "Go to Pharaoh. 35 34 33 32 31 30 10Then the Lord said to Moses. The thunder will stop and there will be no more hail. and the rain no longer poured down on the land. So Pharaoh's heart was hard and he would not let the Israelites go." When Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky.

Now forgive my sin once more and pray to the Lord your God to take this deadly plague away from me." So Moses stretched out his staff over Egypt.' " Then Moses turned and left Pharaoh." Then Moses and 11 10 9 8 7 6 . 5 4 Aaron were driven out of Pharaoh's presence. and with our flocks and herds. "How long will this man be a snare to us? Let the people go. Pharaoh's officials said to him. Never before had there been such a plague of locusts." Pharaoh said. Pharaoh quickly summoned Moses and Aaron and said. "Stretch out your hand over Egypt so that locusts will swarm over the land and devour everything growing in the fields. they invaded all Egypt and settled down in every area of the country in great numbers." Moses then left Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord . "We will go with our young and old. Nothing green remained on tree or plant in all the land of Egypt. including every tree that is growing in your fields. with our sons and daughters." he said. nor will there ever be again. "I have sinned against the Lord your God and against you. which caught up the locusts and carried them into the 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 They will cover the face of the ground so that it cannot be seen. and worship the Lord . "The Lord be with you-if I let you go. since that's what you have been asking for. They covered all the ground until it was black. because we are to celebrate a festival to the Lord . and the Lord made an east wind blow across the land all that day and all that night. And the Lord said to Moses. worship the Lord your God. By morning the wind had brought the locusts. If you refuse to let them go. They will devour what little you have left after the hail. No! Have only the men go. along with your women and children! Clearly you are bent on evil. "But just who will be going?" Moses answered. so that they may worship me.before me? Let my people go. I will bring locusts into your country tomorrow. And the Lord changed the wind to a very strong west wind. They devoured all that was left after the hail-everything growing in the fields and the fruit on the trees. everything left by the hail. so that they may worship the Lord their God. Do you not yet realize that Egypt is ruined?" Then Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. They will fill your houses and those of all your officials and all the Egyptianssomething neither your fathers nor your forefathers have ever seen from the day they settled in this land till now. "Go.

and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days. and he was not willing to let them go. Pharaoh said to Moses." But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart. "Go. "I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. We have to use some of them in worshiping the Lord our God. and all the firstborn of the cattle as well. "This is what the Lord says: 'About midnight I will go throughout Egypt. Even your women and children may go with you.Red Sea. Every firstborn son in Egypt will die.) So Moses said. "I will never appear before you again. to the firstborn son of the slave girl. 20 locust was left before me again! The day you see my face you will die." (The Lord made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people. Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said. After that. Tell the people that men and women alike are to ask their neighbors for articles of silver and gold. from the firstborn son of Pharaoh. not a hoof is to be left behind. But among the Israelites not a dog will bark at any man or animal. There will be loud wailing throughout Egypt-worse than there has ever been or ever will be again. and until we get there we will not know what we are to use to worship the Lord . No one could see anyone else or leave his place for three days.' Then you will know that the Lord makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel." But Moses said. worship the Lord . and Moses himself was highly regarded in Egypt by Pharaoh's officials and by the people. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived. who sits on the throne. who is at her hand mill. 7 6 5 4 3 2 . he will let you go from here." Moses replied. Then the Lord said to Moses. he will drive you out completely. "Get out of my sight! Make sure you do not appear 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 11Now the Lord had said to Moses. Our livestock too must go with us." 29 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart. Not a anywhere in Egypt. only leave your flocks and herds behind. "Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that darkness will spread over Egyptdarkness that can be felt." "Just as you say. and he would not let the Israelites go. and when he does. "You must allow us to have sacrifices and burnt offerings to present to the Lord our God." So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky.

No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt." Then Moses. you and all the people who follow you!' After that I will leave. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. hot with anger. Do not eat the meat raw or cooked in water. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt. If any household is too small for a whole lamb. 'Go. I will pass over you. Do not leave any of it till morning. when all the people of 6 5 4 3 2 12The . if some is left till morning. The animals you choose must be yearold males without defect. and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. I am the Lord . and he would not let the Israelites go out of his country. having taken into account the number of people there are.All these officials of yours will come to me. "This month is to be for you the first month. Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family. This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt. Eat it in haste. and when I see the blood. your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are. the first month of your year. you must burn it. it is the Lord 's Passover. Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs. 10 9 8 the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. "On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstbornboth men and animals-and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord -a lasting ordinance. and bread made without yeast. bowing down before me and saying. legs and inner parts. they must share one with their nearest neighbor. along with bitter herbs. left Pharaoh." Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh. "Pharaoh will refuse to listen to you-so that my wonders may be multiplied in Egypt. "This is a day you are to commemorate. That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire. one for each household. The Lord had said to Moses. but roast it over the fire-head. Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month. but the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart.

and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down. who sat on the throne. observe this ceremony. and the firstborn of all the livestock as well. The Israelites did just what the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. "Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance for you and your descendants. Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live. to the firstborn of the prisoner. Not one of you shall go out the door of his house until morning. When the Lord goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians. for there was not a house without someone dead. When you enter the land that the Lord will give you as he promised. for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses. from the firstborn of Pharaoh. On the first day hold a sacred assembly. And whoever eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off from the community of Israel. and there was loud wailing in Egypt. he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway. 'What does this ceremony mean to you?' then tell them. Take a bunch of hyssop. "Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Do no work at all on these days.' " Then the people bowed down and worshiped. and another one on the seventh day." Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them. whether he is an alien or native-born. Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night. because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. At midnight the Lord struck down all the firstborn in Egypt. who was in the dungeon. "Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb. 'It is the Passover sacrifice to the Lord . dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 the doorframe. In the first month you are to eat bread made without yeast. And when your children ask you. from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day. who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians. except to prepare food for everyone to eat-that is all you may do. For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 . you must eat unleavened bread. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast.

The Lord said to Moses and Aaron. And also bless me. The same law applies to the nativeborn and to the alien living among you. "For otherwise. both flocks and herds. as well as large droves of livestock. you and the Israelites! Go. The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth. 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years. "An alien living among you who wants to celebrate the Lord 's Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said." All the Israelites did just what the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. and they gave them what they asked for. "Up! Leave my people. then he may take part like one born in the land. "It must be eaten inside one house. Because the Lord kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt. "These are the regulations for the Passover: "No foreigner is to eat of it. to the very day. Do not break any of the bones. and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing. all the Lord 's divisions left Egypt. Take your flocks and herds. they baked cakes of unleavened bread. "we will all die!" So the people took their dough before the yeast was added. so they plundered the Egyptians. At the end of the 430 years. With the dough they had brought from Egypt. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot. No uncircumcised male may eat of it. and go. worship the Lord as you have requested. besides women and children." The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country." they said. but a temporary resident and a hired worker may not eat of it. take none of the meat outside the house. as you have said. Any slave you have bought may eat of it after you have circumcised him. The Lord had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people. 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 . The whole community of Israel must celebrate it. on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the Lord for the generations to come. The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing. Many other people went up with them.

The first offspring of every womb among the Israelites belongs to me. Redeem every firstborn among your sons. whether man or animal. nor shall any yeast be seen anywhere within your borders. Redeem with a lamb every firstborn donkey. "Consecrate to me every firstborn male. out of the land of slavery. You must keep this ordinance at the appointed time year after year. Eat unleavened bread during those seven days. in the month of Abib. but if you do not redeem it. 'I do this because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt. when your son asks you. because the Lord brought you out of it with a mighty hand. Hittites." Then Moses said to the people. All the firstborn males of your livestock belong to the Lord ." When Pharaoh let the people go.And on that very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions. On that day tell your son. as he promised on oath to you and your forefathers. out of the land of slavery. God did not lead them on the road through 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 . you are leaving. the day you came out of Egypt. Hivites and Jebusites-the land he swore to your forefathers to give you. 'With a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt. For the Lord brought you out of Egypt with his mighty hand.' 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 This observance will be for you like a sign on your hand and a reminder on your forehead that the law of the Lord is to be on your lips. Today. When the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites. Eat nothing containing yeast. both man and animal. When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go. "In days to come. 51 13The Lord said to Moses. the Lord killed every firstborn in Egypt. 'What does this mean?' say to him. you are to give over to the Lord the first offspring of every womb. break its neck. "After the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites and gives it to you. This is why I sacrifice to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons. "Commemorate this day. a land flowing with milk and honey-you are to observe this ceremony in this month: For seven days eat bread made without yeast and on the seventh day hold a festival to the Lord . Amorites.' And it will be like a sign on your hand and a symbol on your forehead that the Lord brought us out of Egypt with his mighty hand. nothing with yeast in it is to be seen among you.

opposite Baal Zephon." So God led the people around by the desert road toward the Red Sea. "God will surely come to your aid. They are to encamp by the sea. Pharaoh will think. and he will pursue them. and there were the Egyptians." After leaving Succoth they camped at Etham on the edge of the desert. "Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp near Pi Hahiroth.the Philistine country. between Migdol and the sea. He took six hundred of the best chariots. They said to Moses. But I will gain glory for myself through Pharaoh and all his army. Moses took the bones of Joseph with him because Joseph had made the sons of Israel swear an oath. The Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people. so that he pursued the Israelites. "Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die? What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt? 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 14Then the Lord said to Moses. the Israelites looked up. marching after them. so that they could travel by day or night. though that was shorter. As Pharaoh approached. The Egyptians-all Pharaoh's horses and chariots. and then you must carry my bones up with you from this place. hemmed in by the desert. By day the Lord went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light. who were marching out boldly. They were terrified and cried out to the Lord . Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds about them and said. The Israelites went up out of Egypt armed for battle. For God said. He had said. and the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord . 22 21 20 19 18 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart. When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled. horsemen and troopspursued the Israelites and overtook them as they camped by the sea near Pi Hahiroth. directly opposite Baal Zephon. with officers over all of them. "What have we done? We have let the Israelites go and have lost their services!" So he had his chariot made ready and took his army with him." So the Israelites did this. along with all the other chariots of Egypt. they might change their minds and return to Egypt. 'The Israelites are wandering around the land in confusion. "If they face war.' 3 2 .

The pillar of cloud also moved from in front and stood behind them. and all that night the Lord drove the sea back with a strong east wind and turned it into dry land.Didn't we say to you in Egypt. you need only to be still. so neither went near the other all night long." Moses stretched out his hand over the sea. And the Egyptians said." Then the angel of God. and the Lord swept them into the sea. through his chariots and his horsemen. The Egyptians you see today you will never see again. The Egyptians pursued them. He made the wheels of their chariots come off so that they had difficulty driving. During the last watch of the night the Lord looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion. withdrew and went behind them. "Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen. his chariots and his horsemen. The Egyptians were fleeing toward it." Then the Lord said to Moses. "Let's get away from the Israelites! The Lord is fighting for them against Egypt. let us serve the Egyptians'? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!" Moses answered the people. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness to the one side 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 and light to the other side. who had been traveling in front of Israel's army. Raise your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground. The waters were divided. The Lord will fight for you. and at daybreak the sea went back to its place. Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea. 'Leave us alone. The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen-the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 . and all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and horsemen followed them into the sea. and the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground. "Why are you crying out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. "Do not be afraid." Then the Lord said to Moses. The Egyptians will know that I am the Lord when I gain glory through Pharaoh. And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army. I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them. Stand firm and you will see the deliverance the Lord will bring you today. with a wall of water on their right and on their left.

the leaders of Moab will be seized with 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 Moses and the Israelites sang this song to the Lord : "I will sing to the Lord . I will divide the spoils. "Who among the gods is like you. and I will exalt him. I will gorge myself on them. O Lord ? Who is like you. "The enemy boasted. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea. Pharaoh's chariots and his army he has hurled into the sea. they sank to the depths like a stone. By the blast of your nostrils the waters piled up. my father's God. I will draw my sword and my hand will destroy them. And when the Israelites saw the great power the Lord displayed against the Egyptians. the Lord is his name. The best of Pharaoh's officers are drowned in the Red Sea.' But you blew with your breath. with a wall of water on their right and on their left. was majestic in power.majestic in holiness. They sank like lead in the mighty waters. The Lord is a warrior. he has become my salvation. and I will praise him. That day the Lord saved Israel from the hands of the Egyptians. The chiefs of Edom will be terrified. O Lord . the people feared the Lord and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant. awesome in glory.Israelites into the sea. working wonders? You stretched out your right hand and the earth swallowed them. shattered the enemy. In your strength you will guide them to your holy dwelling. anguish will grip the people of Philistia. "In your unfailing love you will lead the people you have redeemed. The Lord is my strength and my song. 5 4 3 2 15Then . O Lord . 'I will pursue. In the greatness of your majesty you threw down those who opposed you. The nations will hear and tremble. You unleashed your burning anger. 31 30 29 "Your right hand. and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore. it consumed them like stubble. Your right hand. He is my God. I will overtake them. Not one of them survived. for he is highly exalted. The deep waters have covered them. The surging waters stood firm like a wall. But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground. and the sea covered them. the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.

The people are to go out each day and gather enough for that day. who heals you. (That is why the place is called Marah." Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea and they went into the Desert of Shur. O Lord . Miriam sang to them: "Sing to the Lord . He threw it into the water. chariots and horsemen went into the sea. they could not drink its water because it was bitter. and there he tested them. took a tambourine in her hand. In the desert the whole community grumbled against Moses and Aaron. 27 26 25 The Lord will reign for ever and ever. for I am the Lord . and they camped there near the water. for he is highly exalted. your hands established. ) So the people grumbled against Moses. where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees. He said. the sanctuary. For three days they traveled in the desert without finding water. on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had come out of Egypt. saying. I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians. but you have brought us out into this desert to starve this entire assembly to death. There the Lord made a decree and a law for them. but the Israelites walked through the sea on dry ground. and the Lord showed him a piece of wood. terror and dread will fall upon them. 18 17 16 Then Moses cried out to the Lord . you made for your dwelling. if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees.trembling. the people of Canaan will melt away.until your people pass by. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea. "I will rain down bread from heaven for you." Then the Lord said to Moses. until the people you bought pass by. Then Miriam the prophetess. with tambourines and dancing. In this way I will test them and see whether they will follow my instructions. the Lord brought the waters of the sea back over them.the place. The Israelites said to them." When Pharaoh's horses. and the water became sweet. "What are we to drink?" 24 23 22 21 20 19 16The whole Israelite community set out from Elim and came to the Desert of Sin. O Lord. You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain of your inheritance. By the power of your arm they will be as still as a stone. 4 3 2 . When they came to Marah. "If you listen carefully to the voice of the Lord your God and do what is right in his eyes. "If only we had died by the Lord 's hand in Egypt! There we sat around pots of meat and ate all the food we wanted. O Lord ." Then they came to Elim. which is between Elim and Sinai. and all the women followed her. Aaron's sister.

and that is to be twice as much as they gather on the other days. Each morning everyone gathered as much as he needed. "I have heard the grumbling of the Israelites." However. he who gathered much did not have too much. Each one gathered as much as he needed. but it was full of maggots and began to smell. they looked toward the desert." So Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites.' " The Israelites did as they were told. Who are we. because he has heard your grumbling against him. When the Israelites saw it. "No one is to keep any of it until morning. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 That evening quail came and covered the camp. and there was the glory of the Lord appearing in the cloud.' " While Aaron was speaking to the whole Israelite community. And when they measured it by the omer. but against the Lord . "You will know that it was the Lord when he gives you meat to eat in the evening and all the bread you want in the morning. "What is it?" For they did not know what it was. because he has heard your grumbling against him.On the sixth day they are to prepare what they bring in. Who are we? You are not grumbling against us. So Moses was angry with them. it melted away. they kept part of it until morning. Take an omer for each person you have in your tent. "It is the bread the Lord has given you to eat. some of them paid no attention to Moses. some little. and when the sun grew hot. and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. that you should grumble against us?" Moses also said. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God. Then Moses said to them. "Say to the entire Israelite community. This is what the Lord has commanded: 'Each one is to gather as much as he needs." Then Moses told Aaron. 'At twilight you will eat meat. On the sixth day. they said to each other.' " 12 . Tell them. When the dew was gone. thin flakes like frost on the ground appeared on the desert floor. Moses said to them. and he who gathered little did not have too little. for he has heard your grumbling. "In the evening you will know that it was the Lord who brought you out of Egypt. they gathered twice as much-two omers for each person-and 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 The Lord said to Moses. some gathered much. and in the morning you will be filled with bread. and in the morning you will see the glory of the Lord . 'Come before the Lord .

the leaders of the community came and reported this to Moses. 36 35 34 33 32 (An omer is one tenth of an ephah. no one is to go out. until they came to a land that was settled. "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you put the Lord to the test?" But the people were thirsty for water there. Six days you are to gather it.' " So they saved it until morning. You will not find any of it on the ground today. there will not be any. So they quarreled with Moses and said. they ate manna until they reached the border of Canaan. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey. So bake what you want to bake and boil what you want to boil. "Give us water to drink." As the Lord commanded Moses. Everyone is to stay where he is on the seventh day. They camped at Rephidim.) 17The whole Israelite community set out from the Desert of Sin. Then the Lord said to Moses.' " So Moses said to Aaron. "because today is a Sabbath to the Lord . "How long will you refuse to keep my commands and my instructions? Bear in mind that the Lord has given you the Sabbath. the Sabbath. 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 Moses said." Nevertheless. Save whatever is left and keep it until morning. The Israelites ate manna forty years." So the people rested on the seventh day. and they grumbled against Moses. Aaron put the manna in front of the Testimony. "Take a jar and put an omer of manna in it. "This is what the Lord has commanded: 'Take an omer of manna and keep it for the generations to come. They said. that is why on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days. traveling from place to place as the Lord commanded. Then place it before the Lord to be kept for the generations to come." Moses said. as Moses commanded. "This is what the Lord commanded: 'Tomorrow is to be a day of rest. "Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to make us and our children and livestock die of thirst?" 3 2 . but there was no water for the people to drink. The people of Israel called the bread manna. that it might be kept. "Eat it today. but on the seventh day. so they can see the bread I gave you to eat in the desert when I brought you out of Egypt. but they found none." Moses replied. He said to them. a holy Sabbath to the Lord . some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather it. and it did not stink or get maggots in it.

" 16 15 14 13 18Now Jethro. "My father's God was my helper. the Amalekites were winning. because I will completely blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven. the Israelites were winning. Strike the rock. Moses said to Joshua. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hands.Then Moses cried out to the Lord ." Moses built an altar and called it The Lord is my Banner. and how the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt. "What am I to do with these people? They are almost ready to stone me. and water will come out of it for the people to drink. and go. "I have become an alien in a foreign land". One son was named Gershom. After Moses had sent away his wife Zipporah. the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses. one on the other-so that his hands remained steady till sunset. He said. "Walk on ahead of the people. "Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it. The Lord will be at war against the Amalekites from generation to generation. but whenever he lowered his hands. he saved me from the sword of Pharaoh. his father-in-law Jethro received her and her two sons. As long as Moses held up his hands. and Moses. and the other was named Eliezer. So Joshua overcame the Amalekite army with the sword." 4 3 2 ." The Lord answered Moses. heard of everything God had done for Moses and for his people Israel. "For hands were lifted up to the throne of the Lord . for Moses said." So Joshua fought the Amalekites as Moses had ordered. Aaron and Hur held his hands 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 up-one on one side. I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb. And he called the place Massah and Meribah because the Israelites quarreled and because they tested the Lord saying. Aaron and Hur went to the top of the hill." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel. Take with you some of the elders of Israel and take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile. they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. "Is the Lord among us or not?" The Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim. Then the Lord said to Moses. When Moses' hands grew tired. for he said. "Choose some of our men and go out to fight the Amalekites.

brought a burnt offering and other sacrifices to God. "What is this you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge. They greeted each other and then went into the tent. You must be the people's representative before God and bring their disputes to him. and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law in the presence of God. he said. Moses' father-in-law. Jethro was delighted to hear about all the good things the Lord had done for Israel in rescuing them from the hand of the Egyptians. for he did this to those who had treated Israel arrogantly. and who rescued the people from the hand of the Egyptians. Jethro had sent word to him. When his father-in-law saw all that Moses was doing for the people. "Praise be to the Lord . "What you are doing is not good.Jethro. The work is too heavy for you. came to him in the desert. Moses told his father-in-law about everything the Lord had done to Pharaoh and the Egyptians for Israel's sake and about all the hardships they had met along the way and how the Lord had saved them. and may God be with you. it is brought to me. fifties and tens. He said. trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain-and appoint them as officials over thousands." Then Jethro. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 The next day Moses took his seat to serve as judge for the people. am coming to you with your wife and her two sons. But select capable men from all the people-men who fear God. you cannot handle it alone. and they stood around him from morning till evening. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . where he was camped near the mountain of God. your father-in-law Jethro. You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out." So Moses went out to meet his fatherin-law and bowed down and kissed him. and show them the way to live and the duties they are to perform. Now I know that the Lord is greater than all other gods. who rescued you from the hand of the Egyptians and of Pharaoh. Whenever they have a dispute. together with Moses' sons and wife. Listen now to me and I will give you some advice. "Because the people come to me to seek God's will. and I decide between the parties and inform them of God's decrees and laws. Moses' father-in-law. "I. Teach them the decrees and laws." Moses' father-in-law replied. while all these people stand around you from morning till evening?" Moses answered him. hundreds.

He chose capable men from all Israel and made them leaders of the people. because they will share it with you. officials over thousands. hundreds. the simple cases they can decide themselves. Have them wash their clothes and be ready by the third day. and all these people will go home satisfied. and Israel camped there in the desert in front of the mountain. but the simple ones they decided themselves. so that the people will hear me speaking with you and will always put their trust in you. If you do this and God so commands.' These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites.Have them serve as judges for the people at all times. That will make your load lighter. The difficult cases they brought to Moses. and the Lord called to him from the mountain and said." Then Moses told the Lord what the people had said. they entered the Desert of Sinai. and Jethro returned to his own country. fifties and tens. 27 26 25 24 23 22 'You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt. Put limits for the people around the mountain and tell them." Moses listened to his father-in-law and did everything he said. you will be able to stand the strain. "This is what you are to say to the house of Jacob and what you are to tell the people of Israel: 3 2 19In . After they set out from Rephidim. then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession." So Moses went back and summoned the elders of the people and set before them all the words the Lord had commanded him to speak. "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. Although the whole earth is mine. The people all responded together. Then Moses went up to God. because on that day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. Then Moses sent his father-in-law on his way. The Lord said to Moses. "We will do everything the Lord has said. They served as judges for the people at all times. and how I carried you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself. but have them bring every difficult case to you. Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant. you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. And the Lord said to Moses. 'Be careful that you do not go up the mountain or touch 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 the third month after the Israelites left Egypt-on the very day-they came to the Desert of Sinai. "I am going to come to you in a dense cloud." So Moses brought their answer back to the Lord .

Then Moses spoke and the voice of God answered him. Whether man or animal. and a very loud trumpet blast. or the Lord will break out against them. because you yourself warned us. You shall not bow down to them or worship them. the Lord your God. not a hand is to be laid on him. must consecrate themselves." After Moses had gone down the mountain to the people." So Moses went down to the people and told them. or he will break out against them. "Go down and bring Aaron up with you. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death. he consecrated them. Even the priests. But the priests and the people must not force their way through to come up to the Lord . 25 24 23 22 21 20And God spoke all these words: "I am the Lord your God." Moses said to the Lord . punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the 5 4 3 2 . Abstain from sexual relations. because the Lord descended on it in fire. who approach the Lord . "Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see the Lord and many of them perish. with a thick cloud over the mountain. and they washed their clothes. for I. Then he said to the people. 'Put limits around the mountain and set it apart as holy. "You shall have no other gods before me. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace." On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning. he shall not be permitted to live. Mount Sinai was covered with smoke. Everyone in the camp trembled.' Only when the ram's horn sounds a long blast may they go up to the mountain. He shall surely be stoned or shot with arrows. The Lord descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. "You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.the foot of it.' " The Lord replied. and the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder. Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God. "Prepare yourselves for the third day. who brought you out of Egypt. "The people cannot come up Mount Sinai. am a jealous God. So Moses went up 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 and the Lord said to him. out of the land of slavery. the whole mountain trembled violently. and they stood at the foot of the mountain.

Then the Lord said to Moses. so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you. If you make an altar of stones for me. "You shall not commit adultery. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth.third and fourth generation of those who hate me. 9 8 7 6 "You shall not covet your neighbor's house." When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet and saw the mountain in smoke. "You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God. for you will defile it if you use a tool on it. so that the fear of God will be with you to keep you from sinning. for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name. "You shall not steal. do not build it with dressed stones. the sea. Wherever I cause my name to be honored. "Honor your father and your mother. But do not have God speak to us or we will die. "Do not be afraid. On it you shall not do any work. 13 12 11 10 "You shall not murder. "Speak to us yourself and we will listen. nor your manservant or maidservant. neither you." Moses said to the people. they trembled with fear. nor your animals. God has come to test you. or his manservant or maidservant. but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. "Remember the keeping it holy. but he rested on the seventh day. or anything that belongs to your neighbor. and all that is in them. his ox or donkey. but showing love to a thousand [generations] of those who love me and keep my commandments. nor your son or daughter. your sheep and goats and your cattle. 14 15 "You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. while Moses approached the thick darkness where God was. They stayed at a distance and said to Moses. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. I will come to you and bless you. nor the alien within your gates. 16 . 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Sabbath day by Six days you shall labor and do all your work." The people remained at a distance. "Tell the Israelites this: 'You have seen for yourselves that I have spoken to you from heaven: Do not make any gods to be alongside me. do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gods of gold. " 'Make an altar of earth for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.

but God lets it happen. If he comes alone. "Anyone who attacks his father or his mother must be put to death. he must grant her the rights of a daughter. He has no right to sell her to foreigners. she is not to go free as menservants do. clothing and marital rights. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . and only the man shall go free. "If a man sells his daughter as a servant.' then his master must take him before the judges. "If men quarrel and one hits the other with a stone or with his fist and he does not die but is confined to bed. Then he will be his servant for life. the one who struck the blow will not be held responsible if the other gets up and walks around outside with his staff. 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 21"These are the laws you are to set before them: "If you buy a Hebrew servant. he is to flee to a place I will designate. she is to go with him. If he marries another woman. he is to go free alone. he is to serve you for six years. he must let her be redeemed. But if a man schemes and kills another man deliberately. He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. take him away from my altar and put him to death. If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters.And do not go up to my altar on steps. however. he must pay the injured man for the loss of his time and see that he is completely healed.' 26 If he selects her for his son. "But if the servant declares. without any payment of money. However. if he does not do it intentionally. 'I love my master and my wife and children and do not want to go free. the woman and her children shall belong to her master. "Anyone who kidnaps another and either sells him or still has him when he is caught must be put to death. "Anyone who strikes a man and kills him shall surely be put to death. without paying anything. she is to go free. But in the seventh year. lest your nakedness be exposed on it. he shall go free. he must not deprive the first one of her food. but if he has a wife when he comes. because he has broken faith with her. If he does not provide her with these three things. If she does not please the master who has selected her for himself. "Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.

they are to sell the live one and divide both the money and the dead animal equally. he must pay its owner. However. however. However. bruise for bruise. if it was known that the bull had the habit of goring. you are to take life for life. the bull must be stoned to death. he must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep. animal for animal. the owner must pay thirty shekels of silver to the master of the slave. the bull must be stoned and the owner also must be put to death. foot for foot."If a man beats his male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies as a direct result. he may redeem his life by paying whatever is demanded. tooth for tooth. wound for wound. he must be punished. he must let the servant go free to compensate for the eye. yet the owner did not keep it penned up. and the dead animal will be his. "If a man uncovers a pit or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it. he must let the servant go free to compensate for the tooth. and its meat must not be eaten. This law also applies if the bull gores a son or daughter. the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 and it kills a man or woman. and the bull must be stoned. the owner must pay. the owner of the pit must pay for the loss. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible. 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 22"If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it. But if there is serious injury. and the dead animal will be his. if payment is demanded of him. "If a man hits a manservant or maidservant in the eye and destroys it. "If a man's bull injures the bull of another and it dies. but he is not to be punished if the slave gets up after a day or two. since the slave is his property. If the bull gores a male or female slave. If. hand for hand. burn for burn. the offender must be fined whatever the woman's husband demands and the court allows. . "If a bull gores a man or a woman to death. And if he knocks out the tooth of a manservant or maidservant. "If men who are fighting hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely but there is no serious injury. eye for eye.

The one whom the judges 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 declare guilty must pay back double to his neighbor. "If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 . 'This is mine. But if the animal was stolen from the neighbor. "If a man borrows an animal from his neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present. and no restitution is required. an ox. If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him. a sheep. he must still pay the brideprice for virgins. the borrower will not have to pay."If a thief is caught breaking in and is struck so that he dies. the issue between them will be settled by the taking of an oath before the Lord that the neighbor did not lay hands on the other person's property. In all cases of illegal possession of an ox. "If a man gives a donkey. he is guilty of bloodshed. The owner is to accept this. he shall bring in the remains as evidence and he will not be required to pay for the torn animal. he must make restitution to the owner. the one who started the fire must make restitution. the defender is not guilty of bloodshed. he must make restitution. or any other lost property about which somebody says. But if the thief is not found. the owner of the house must appear before the judges to determine whether he has laid his hands on the other man's property.' both parties are to bring their cases before the judges. but if he has nothing. and she shall be his wife. must pay back double. he must pay the bride-price. if he is caught. "If a man gives his neighbor silver or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor's house. a sheep or any other animal to his neighbor for safekeeping and it dies or is injured or is taken away while no one is looking. a garment. But if the owner is with the animal. he must make restitution from the best of his own field or vineyard. but if it happens after sunrise. "A thief must certainly make restitution. a donkey. "If the stolen animal is found alive in his possession-whether ox or donkey or sheep-he must pay back double. the thief. "If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and they graze in another man's field. If the animal was hired. he must be sold to pay for his theft. "If a fire breaks out and spreads into thornbushes so that it burns shocks of grain or standing grain or the whole field. If it was torn to pieces by a wild animal. the money paid for the hire covers the loss.

do not be like a moneylender. be sure to take it back to him. and I will kill you with the sword. "If you come across your enemy's ox or donkey wandering off. Let them stay with their mothers for seven days. Do not help a wicked man by being a malicious witness. "Do not mistreat an alien or oppress him. do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd. do not leave it there. 31 30 23"Do not spread false reports. If you do and they cry out to me. and do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit. your wives will become widows and your children fatherless. I will certainly hear their cry.18 "Do not allow a sorceress to live. "You must give me the firstborn of your sons. "Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats. for I am compassionate. "Do not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people. for I will not acquit the guilty. "Anyone who has sexual relations with an animal must be put to death. but give them to me on the eighth day. be sure you help him with it. return it to him by sunset. throw it to the dogs. If you see the donkey of someone who hates you fallen down under its load. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . "You are to be my holy people. "Do not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits. If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge. I will hear. "Do not take advantage of a widow or an orphan. "Whoever sacrifices to any god other than the Lord must be destroyed. "Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong. So do not eat the meat of an animal torn by wild beasts. charge him no interest. What else will he sleep in? When he cries out to me. for you were aliens in Egypt. Have nothing to do with a false charge and do not put an innocent or honest person to death. for a bribe blinds those who see and twists the words of the righteous. "Do not accept a bribe. When you give testimony in a lawsuit. "If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy. My anger will be aroused. 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 Do the same with your cattle and your sheep. because his cloak is the only covering he has for his body.

"See. but during the seventh year let the land lie unplowed and unused. Then the poor among your people may get food from it. and the alien as well. You must demolish them and break their sacred stones to pieces. 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 "Three times a year all the men are to appear before the Sovereign Lord . If you listen carefully to what he says and do all that I say. Hivites and Jebusites. "Three times a year you are to celebrate a festival to me. Canaanites. "The fat of my festival offerings must not be kept until morning. "For six years you are to sow your fields and harvest the crops. I will be an enemy to your enemies and will oppose those who oppose you. "Celebrate the Feast of Harvest with the firstfruits of the crops you sow in your field. Do not bow down before their gods or worship them or follow their practices. "Do not offer the blood of a sacrifice to me along with anything containing yeast. Do not rebel against him. you yourselves know how it feels to be aliens. but on the seventh day do not work. for in that month you came out of Egypt. "Six days do your work. when you gather in your crops from the field. because you were aliens in Egypt. Perizzites. since my Name is in him."Do not oppress an alien. My angel will go ahead of you and bring you into the land of the Amorites. and his blessing will be on your food and water. "Do not cook a young goat in its mother's milk. Do the same with your vineyard and your olive grove. "Celebrate the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year. so that your ox and your donkey may rest and the slave born in your household. and I will wipe them out. Do not invoke the names of other gods. he will not forgive your rebellion. may be refreshed. Worship the Lord your God. I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared. "Be careful to do everything I have said to you. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 . Hittites. do not let them be heard on your lips. for seven days eat bread made without yeast. as I commanded you. "Bring the best of the firstfruits of your soil to the house of the Lord your God. and the wild animals may eat what they leave. "Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread. I will take away sickness from among you. "No one is to appear before me empty-handed. Pay attention to him and listen to what he says. Do this at the appointed time in the month of Abib.

"I will send my terror ahead of you and throw into confusion every nation you encounter. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it to the people. I will hand over to you the people who live in the land and you will drive them out before you. or they will cause you to sin against me. they responded with one voice." Moses and Aaron. "Everything the Lord has said we will do. You are to worship at a distance. and the seventy elders of Israel went up and saw the God of Israel." Moses then took the blood. I will make all your enemies turn their backs and run. I will send the hornet ahead of you to drive the Hivites. Nadab and Abihu. clear as the sky itself. They responded. "Come up to the Lord . and the other half he sprinkled on the altar. because the land would become desolate and the wild animals too numerous for you. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 24Then he said to Moses." Moses then wrote down everything the Lord had said. Then he sent young Israelite men. But I will not drive them out in a single year. "This is the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words. until you have increased enough to take possession of the land. I will give you a full life span. "We will do everything the Lord has said." When Moses went and told the people all the Lord 's words and laws. you and Aaron. Moses took half of the blood and put it in bowls. and from the desert to the River. Do not make a covenant with them or with their gods. and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as fellowship offerings to the Lord . because the worship of their gods will certainly be a snare to you. . And the people may not come up with him. Little by little I will drive them out before you. "I will establish your borders from the Red Sea to the Sea of the Philistines. and seventy of the elders of Israel. He got up early the next morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain and set up twelve stone pillars representing the twelve tribes of Israel.and none will miscarry or be barren in your land. we will obey. Canaanites and Hittites out of your way. the others must not come near. sprinkled it on the people and said. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of sapphire. Do not let them live in your land." 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 but Moses alone is to approach the Lord . Nadab and Abihu.

and Moses went up on the mountain of God. spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense. ram skins dyed red and hides of sea cows . and make a gold molding around it. and they ate and drank. they saw God. These are the offerings you are to receive from them: gold. The Lord said to Moses. Then Moses entered the cloud as he went on up the mountain. with the law and commands I have written for their instruction. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 for me from each man whose heart prompts him to give. and on the seventh day the Lord called to Moses from within the cloud.But God did not raise his hand against these leaders of the Israelites. and the glory of the Lord settled on Mount Sinai. "Wait here for us until we come back to you. "Tell the Israelites to bring me an offering. olive oil for the light. acacia wood. He said to the elders." Then Moses set out with Joshua his aide. And he stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights. a cubit and a half wide. 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 25The Lord said to Moses. and I will give you the tablets of stone. both inside and out. the cloud covered it. "Come up to me on the mountain and stay here. Cast four gold rings for it and fasten them to its four feet. "Have them make a chest of acacia wood-two and a half cubits long. Aaron and Hur are with you. and I will dwell among them. Then make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold. blue. purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen. For six days the cloud covered the mountain. silver and bronze." When Moses went up on the mountain. with two rings on one side and two rings on the other. You are to receive the offering 2 . goat hair. Overlay it with pure gold. To the Israelites the glory of the Lord looked like a consuming fire on top of the mountain. Make this tabernacle and all its furnishings exactly like the pattern I will show you. "Then have them make a sanctuary for me. and a cubit and a half high. and onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece. and anyone involved in a dispute can go to them.

The cherubim are to have their wings spread upward. Three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms are to be on one branch. Overlay it with pure gold and make a gold molding around it. where the four legs are. a cubit wide and a cubit and a half high.Insert the poles into the rings on the sides of the chest to carry it. The poles are to remain in the rings of this ark. And on the lampstand there are to be four cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms. three on the next branch. Place the cover on top of the ark and put in the ark the Testimony. as well as its pitchers and bowls for the pouring out of offerings. Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lampstand-three on one side and three on the other. Make four gold rings for the table and fasten them to the four corners. base and shaft. And make two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover. overlay them with gold and carry the table with them. which I will give you. I will meet with you and give you all my commands for the Israelites. "Make an atonement cover of pure gold-two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. The cherubim are to face each other. and the same for all six branches extending from the lampstand. its flowerlike cups. at the two ends. "Make a table of acacia wood-two cubits long. "Make a lampstand of pure gold and hammer it out. overshadowing the cover with them. Put the bread of the Presence on this table to be before me at all times. they are not to be removed. buds and blossoms shall be of one piece with it. There. And make its plates and dishes of pure gold. Then put in the ark the Testimony. make the cherubim of one piece with the cover. which I will give you. above the cover between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the Testimony. Make the poles of acacia wood. 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 Also make around it a rim a handbreadth wide and put a gold molding on the rim. 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 . One bud shall be under the first pair of branches extending from the lampstand. looking toward the cover. The rings are to be close to the rim to hold the poles used in carrying the table. Make one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other.

All the curtains are to be the same sizetwenty-eight cubits long and four cubits wide. Its wick trimmers and trays are to be of pure gold. See that you make them according to the pattern shown you on the mountain. Join five of the curtains together into one set and the other six into another set. 5 4 3 2 26"Make . All eleven curtains are to be the same size-thirty cubits long and four cubits wide. and do the same with the end curtain in the other set.a second bud under the second pair. Fold the sixth curtain double at the front of the tent. hammered out of pure gold. Then make fifty bronze clasps and put them in the loops to fasten the tent together as a unit. 40 39 38 37 36 Then make fifty gold clasps and use them to fasten the curtains together so that the tabernacle is a unit. what is left will hang over the sides of the tabernacle so as to cover it. "Make upright frames of acacia wood for the tabernacle. and do the same with the other five. purple and scarlet yarn. Make loops of blue material along the edge of the end curtain in one set. and a third bud under the third pair-six branches in all. the half curtain that is left over is to hang down at the rear of the tabernacle. Make fifty loops along the edge of the end curtain in one set and also along the edge of the end curtain in the other set. with the loops opposite each other. "Then make its seven lamps and set them up on it so that they light the space in front of it. Join five of the curtains together. with cherubim worked into them by a skilled craftsman. The tent curtains will be a cubit longer on both sides. and over that a covering of hides of sea cows. A talent of pure gold is to be used for the lampstand and all these accessories. Make fifty loops on one curtain and fifty loops on the end curtain of the other set. As for the additional length of the tent curtains. Make for the tent a covering of ram skins dyed red. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 the tabernacle with ten curtains of finely twisted linen and blue. The buds and branches shall all be of one piece with the lampstand. "Make curtains of goat hair for the tent over the tabernacle-eleven altogether.

one under each projection. Make gold hooks for this curtain and five posts of acacia wood overlaid with gold. So there will be eight frames and sixteen silver bases-two under each frame. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 The center crossbar is to extend from end to end at the middle of the frames. 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 . The curtain will separate the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place. both shall be like that. with cherubim worked into it by a skilled craftsman. Make all the frames of the tabernacle in this way. purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen-the work of an embroiderer. "Also make crossbars of acacia wood: five for the frames on one side of the tabernacle. "Make a curtain of blue. Place the table outside the curtain on the north side of the tabernacle and put the lampstand opposite it on the south side. "For the entrance to the tent make a curtain of blue. Make twenty frames for the south side of the tabernacle and make forty silver bases to go under them-two bases for each frame. that is. the west end of the tabernacle. At these two corners they must be double from the bottom all the way to the top. with two projections set parallel to each other. Hang it with gold hooks on four posts of acacia wood overlaid with gold and standing on four silver bases. And cast five bronze bases for them.Each frame is to be ten cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. Put the atonement cover on the ark of the Testimony in the Most Holy Place. "Set up the tabernacle according to the plan shown you on the mountain. at the far end of the tabernacle. Make six frames for the far end. and fitted into a single ring. Also overlay the crossbars with gold. purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen. five for those on the other side. make twenty frames and forty silver bases-two under each frame. and five for the frames on the west. For the other side. the north side of the tabernacle. Hang the curtain from the clasps and place the ark of the Testimony behind the curtain. and make two frames for the corners at the far end. Overlay the frames with gold and make gold rings to hold the crossbars.

"For the entrance to the courtyard. All the other articles used in the service of the tabernacle. It is to be made just as you were shown on the mountain. toward the sunrise. are to be of bronze. and curtains fifteen cubits long are to be on the other side. The courtyard shall be a hundred cubits long and fifty cubits wide. with three posts and three bases. of blue. meat forks and firepans. and bronze bases. Put it under the ledge of the altar so that it is halfway up the altar. Make a horn at each of the four corners. Make poles of acacia wood for the altar and overlay them with bronze. three cubits high. so that the horns and the altar are of one piece. with ten posts and ten bases. a bronze network. "Make a courtyard for the tabernacle. and overlay the altar with bronze. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 The north side shall also be a hundred cubits long and is to have curtains. out of boards. Make all its utensils of bronze-its pots to remove the ashes. five cubits long and five cubits wide. with twenty posts and twenty bronze bases and with silver hooks and bands on the posts. whatever their function. The south side shall be a hundred cubits long and is to have curtains of finely twisted linen. purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen-the work of an embroiderer-with four posts and four bases. provide a curtain twenty cubits long. The poles are to be inserted into the rings so they will be on two sides of the altar when it is carried. All the posts around the courtyard are to have silver bands and hooks. Make a grating for it. sprinkling bowls. and make a bronze ring at each of the four corners of the network. with curtains of finely twisted linen five cubits high.27"Build an altar of acacia wood. with three posts and three bases. including all the tent pegs for it and those for the courtyard. 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 . Make the altar hollow. Curtains fifteen cubits long are to be on one side of the entrance. with twenty posts and twenty bronze bases and with silver hooks and bands on the posts. "The west end of the courtyard shall be fifty cubits wide and have curtains. and its shovels. On the east end. and with bronze bases. it is to be square. the courtyard shall also be fifty cubits wide.

purple and scarlet yarn. a robe. so they may serve me as priests. In the Tent of Meeting. 6 5 4 3 2 Make gold filigree settings and two braided chains of pure gold. and of blue. "Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel in the order of their birth-six names on one stone and the remaining six on the other. a woven tunic. an ephod. purple and scarlet yarn. and with blue. Aaron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the Lord . This is to be a lasting ordinance among the Israelites for the generations to come. Aaron and his sons are to keep the lamps burning before the Lord from evening till morning. like a rope. and of finely twisted linen-the work of a skilled craftsman. purple and scarlet yarn. Eleazar and Ithamar. "Make the ephod of gold. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons. and fine linen. "Fashion a breastpiece for making decisions-the work of a skilled craftsman. It is to be square-a span long and a span wide-and folded double. and with finely twisted linen. to give him dignity and honor. and blue. 16 15 14 . a turban and a sash. and attach the chains to the settings. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings and fasten them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Have them use gold. and of finely twisted linen. Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. purple and scarlet yarn. so it can be fastened. outside the curtain that is in front of the Testimony."Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning. and of blue. 21 20 It is to have two shoulder pieces attached to two of its corners. 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 28"Have Aaron your brother brought to you from among the Israelites. Make it like the ephod: of gold. These are the garments they are to make: a breastpiece. Its skillfully woven waistband is to be like it-of one piece with the ephod and made with gold. so they may serve me as priests. along with his sons Nadab and Abihu. Tell all the skilled men to whom I have given wisdom in such matters that they are to make garments for Aaron. Make sacred garments for your brother Aaron. for his consecration. so he may serve me as priest.

so that the breastpiece will not swing out from the ephod. There shall be a woven edge like a collar around this opening. a sapphire and an emerald. Mount them in gold filigree settings. one for each of the names of the sons of Israel. Fasten the two gold chains to the rings at the corners of the breastpiece.Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. in the fourth row a chrysolite. like a rope. close to the seam just above the waistband of the ephod. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 The rings of the breastpiece are to be tied to the rings of the ephod with blue cord. Aaron must wear it when he ministers. There are to be twelve stones. in the third row a jacinth. connecting it to the waistband. Make two gold rings and attach them to the other two corners of the breastpiece on the inside edge next to the ephod. in the second row a turquoise. and the other ends of the chains to the two settings. Thus Aaron will always bear the means of making decisions for the Israelites over his heart before the Lord . so that it will not tear. an onyx and a jasper. "For the breastpiece make braided chains of pure gold. Make two more gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod. The gold bells and the pomegranates are to alternate around the hem of the robe. Make pomegranates of blue. 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 . he will bear the names of the sons of Israel over his heart on the breastpiece of decision as a continuing memorial before the Lord . The sound of the bells will be heard when he enters the Holy Place before the Lord and when he comes out. attaching them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front. a topaz and a beryl. with an opening for the head in its center. so they may be over Aaron's heart whenever he enters the presence of the Lord . an agate and an amethyst. "Make the robe of the ephod entirely of blue cloth. Also put the Urim and the Thummim in the breastpiece. In the first row there shall be a ruby. purple and scarlet yarn around the hem of the robe. Make two gold rings for it and fasten them to two corners of the breastpiece. with gold bells between them. so that he will not die. each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes. "Whenever Aaron enters the Holy Place.

make bread. Slaughter it in the Lord 's presence at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. Make tunics. and wafers spread with oil. Fasten a blue cord to it to attach it to the turban. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Bring his sons and dress them in tunics and put headbands on them. Take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it on his head. so that they will not incur guilt and die. After you put these clothes on your brother Aaron and his sons. Take the garments and dress Aaron with the tunic. It will be on Aaron's forehead continually so that they will be acceptable to the Lord . Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons. In this way you shall ordain Aaron and his sons. whatever their gifts may be. Put them in a basket and present them in it-along with the bull and the two rams. Fasten the ephod on him by its skillfully woven waistband. Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and wash them with water. Take some of the bull's blood and put it on the horns of the altar with your 12 11 10 9 "This is what you are to do to consecrate them. the robe of the ephod. And from fine wheat flour. 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 as priests: Take a young bull and two rams without defect. without yeast. the ephod itself and the breastpiece. so they may serve me 29 . "Make linen undergarments as a covering for the body. Consecrate them so they may serve me as priests. "Bring the bull to the front of the Tent of Meeting. anoint and ordain them. The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance. "Weave the tunic of fine linen and make the turban of fine linen. Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred diadem to the turban. it is to be on the front of the turban. and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head. sashes and headbands for Aaron's sons. and he will bear the guilt involved in the sacred gifts the Israelites consecrate. reaching from the waist to the thigh."Make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it as on a seal:HOLY TO THE Lord . to give them dignity and honor. The sash is to be the work of an embroiderer. It will be on Aaron's forehead. and cakes mixed with oil. "This is to be a lasting ordinance for Aaron and his descendants. Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place.

and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head. After you take the breast of the ram for Aaron's ordination.finger. Then sprinkle blood against the altar on all sides. an offering made to the Lord by fire. and a cake made with oil. an offering made to the Lord by fire. and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head. wave it before the Lord as a wave offering. and both kidneys with the fat on them. Cut the ram into pieces and wash the inner parts and the legs. take some of its blood and put it on the lobes of the right ears of Aaron and his sons. But burn the bull's flesh and its hide and its offal outside the camp. Slaughter it and take the blood and sprinkle it against the altar on all sides. the fat tail. The son who succeeds him as priest and comes to the Tent of Meeting to 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 . both kidneys with the fat on them. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 "Take from this ram the fat. (This is the ram for the ordination. Put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons and wave them before the Lord as a wave offering. which is before the Lord . Then take all the fat around the inner parts. This is always to be the regular share from the Israelites for Aaron and his sons. the fat around the inner parts. putting them with the head and the other pieces. It is the contribution the Israelites are to make to the Lord from their fellowship offerings. and the right thigh. and a wafer. and pour out the rest of it at the base of the altar. the covering of the liver. Slaughter it. It is a sin offering. "Consecrate those parts of the ordination ram that belong to Aaron and his sons: the breast that was waved and the thigh that was presented. Then burn the entire ram on the altar. on the thumbs of their right hands. take a loaf. It is a burnt offering to the Lord . Then take them from their hands and burn them on the altar along with the burnt offering for a pleasing aroma to the Lord . a pleasing aroma. and it will be your share. And take some of the blood on the altar and some of the anointing oil and sprinkle it on Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments. and on the big toes of their right feet. "Take one of the rams. Then he and his sons and their garments will be consecrated. "Aaron's sacred garments will belong to his descendants so that they can be anointed and ordained in them. "Take the other ram.) From the basket of bread made without yeast. the covering of the liver. and burn them on the altar.

because it is sacred. taking seven days to ordain them. For seven days make atonement for the altar and consecrate it. 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives. They are to eat these offerings by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. "Do for Aaron and his sons everything I have commanded you. But no one else may eat them. an offering made to the Lord by fire. and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering. Then the altar will be most holy. And if any of the meat of the ordination ram or any bread is left over till morning. There I will meet you and speak to you. "This is what you are to offer on the altar regularly each day: two lambs a year old. I am the Lord their God. Purify the altar by making atonement for it. a cubit long and a cubit wide. Aaron and his sons are to eat the meat of the ram and the bread that is in the basket. "Take the ram for the ordination and cook the meat in a sacred place. Sacrifice the other lamb at twilight with the same grain offering and its drink offering as in the morning-a pleasing aroma. and anoint it to consecrate it. "So I will consecrate the Tent of Meeting and the altar and will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests. Sacrifice a bull each day as a sin offering to make atonement. because they are sacred. Offer one in the morning and the other at twilight. and the place will be consecrated by my glory. 2 30 . who brought them out of Egypt so that I might dwell among them. It must not be eaten. "For the generations to come this burnt offering is to be made regularly at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting before the Lord . and whatever touches it will be holy. At the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 "Make an altar of acacia wood for burning incense. and two cubits high -its horns of one piece with it. there also I will meet with the Israelites. burn it up.minister in the Holy Place is to wear them seven days. Then I will dwell among the Israelites and be their God. They will know that I am the Lord their God. It is to be square.

This annual atonement must be made with the blood of the atoning sin offering for the generations to come. and make a gold molding around it. "When you take a census of the Israelites to count them. Also. Put the altar in front of the curtain that is before the ark of the Testimonybefore the atonement cover that is over the Testimony-where I will meet with you. Each one who crosses over to those already counted is to give a half shekel. according to the sanctuary shekel. It is most holy to the Lord ." 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 time he is counted. making atonement for your lives. It will be a memorial for the Israelites before the Lord . "Aaron must burn fragrant incense on the altar every morning when he tends the lamps. "Make a bronze basin. Make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold. Place it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar. All who cross over." 17 16 15 14 13 Then the Lord said to Moses. with its bronze stand. Make two gold rings for the altar below the molding-two on opposite sides-to hold the poles used to carry it. He must burn incense again when he lights the lamps at twilight so incense will burn regularly before the Lord for the generations to come. they shall wash with water so that they will not die. This is to be a 21 20 19 18 Then the Lord said to Moses. each one must pay the Lord a ransom for his life at the 12 . they shall wash their hands and feet so that they will not die. Aaron and his sons are to wash their hands and feet with water from it. This half shekel is an offering to the Lord . which weighs twenty gerahs. Once a year Aaron shall make atonement on its horns. are to give an offering to the Lord .Overlay the top and all the sides and the horns with pure gold. The rich are not to give more than a half shekel and the poor are not to give less when you make the offering to the Lord to atone for your lives. when they approach the altar to minister by presenting an offering made to the Lord by fire. Then no plague will come on them when you number them. and put water in it. those twenty years old or more. and do not pour a drink offering on it. for washing. Receive the atonement money from the Israelites and use it for the service of the Tent of Meeting. Do not offer on this altar any other incense or any burnt offering or grain offering. Whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting.

and I have filled him with the Spirit of God. Say to the Israelites. of the tribe of Judah. where I will meet with you. and make a fragrant blend of incense. half as much (that is. "Take fragrant spices-gum resin. the son of Hur. Do not make any incense with this formula for yourselves. Whoever makes perfume like it and whoever puts it on anyone other than a priest must be cut off from his people. and the basin with its stand. the lampstand and its accessories. I have chosen Bezalel son of Uri. Grind some of it to powder and place it in front of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting. "See. silver and bronze. 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 31Then the Lord said to Moses." 38 37 36 35 34 33 Then the Lord said to Moses. consider it holy to the Lord . the work of a perfumer. "Take the following fine spices: 500 shekels of liquid myrrh. 4 3 2 . 250 shekels) of fragrant cinnamon. You shall consecrate them so they will be most holy. Whoever makes any like it to enjoy its fragrance must be cut off from his people.lasting ordinance for Aaron and his descendants for the generations to come. the ark of the Testimony. It will be the sacred anointing oil. ability and knowledge in all kinds of craftsto make artistic designs for work in gold. the altar of incense. Then use it to anoint the Tent of Meeting. 500 shekels of cassia-all according to the sanctuary shekel-and a hin of olive oil. and you are to consider it sacred." 22 It is sacred. with skill. 250 shekels of fragrant cane. Make these into a sacred anointing oil. It shall be most holy to you. a fragrant blend. Do not pour it on men's bodies and do not make any oil with the same formula.' " Then the Lord said to Moses. "Anoint Aaron and his sons and consecrate them so they may serve me as priests. the table and all its articles. all in equal amounts. 'This is to be my sacred anointing oil for the generations to come. and whatever touches them will be holy. the work of a perfumer. onycha and galbanum-and pure frankincense. the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils. It is to be salted and pure and sacred.

to work in wood. I have appointed Oholiab son of Ahisamach. the altar of incense." So all the people took off their earrings and brought them to Aaron. "Come. and bring them to me." Aaron answered them. he gave him the two tablets of the Testimony. and to engage in all kinds of craftsmanship. the basin with its standand also the woven garments. and all the other furnishings of the tentthe table and its articles. Moreover. The Israelites are to observe the Sabbath. make us gods who will go before us. they gathered around Aaron and said. For six days. They are to make them just as I commanded you. Also I have given skill to all the craftsmen to make everything I have commanded you: the Tent of Meeting. 18 17 16 15 Then the Lord said to Moses." 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 work on that day must be cut off from his people. celebrating it for the generations to come as a lasting covenant. It will be a sign between me and the Israelites forever. 3 2 32 "Say to the Israelites. but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest. your sons and your daughters are wearing. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come. for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day must be put to death. so you may know that I am the Lord . because it is holy to you. whoever does any 14 13 . who makes you holy. the tablets of stone inscribed by the finger of God. When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain. Anyone who desecrates it must be put to death. the pure gold lampstand and all its accessories. of the tribe of Dan. " 'Observe the Sabbath. "Take off the gold earrings that your wives. 'You must observe my Sabbaths. and on the seventh day he abstained from work and rested. the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils. work is to be done. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt. we don't know what has happened to him. the ark of the Testimony with the atonement cover on it. both the sacred garments for Aaron the priest and the garments for his sons when they serve as priests. and the anointing oil and fragrant incense for the Holy Place. to help him. holy to the Lord .to cut and set stones.' " When the Lord finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai.

They were inscribed on both sides. Then I will make you into a great nation. he built an altar in front of the calf and announced.' "I have seen these people.He took what they handed him and made it into an idol cast in the shape of a calf. Then they said. relent and do not bring disaster on your people. to kill them in the mountains and to wipe them off the face of the earth'? Turn from your fierce anger. Then the Lord said to Moses. fashioning it with a tool. "These are your gods. "There is the sound of war in the camp. "why should your anger burn against your people. Afterward they sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in revelry. because your people. his anger burned and he threw the tablets 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 . "Go down. 'These are your gods. "and they are a stiffnecked people. Remember your servants Abraham. front and back. "O Lord . They have bowed down to it and sacrificed to it and have said. whom you brought up out of Egypt. engraved on the tablets." So the next day the people rose early and sacrificed burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings." When Moses approached the camp and saw the calf and the dancing. who brought you up out of Egypt. Now leave me alone so that my anger may burn against them and that I may destroy them. 'It was with evil intent that he brought them out. O Israel. The tablets were the work of God. the writing was the writing of God.' " Then the Lord relented and did not bring on his people the disaster he had threatened. it is not the sound of defeat. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 whom you brought out of Egypt with great power and a mighty hand? Why should the Egyptians say. Isaac and Israel." the Lord said to Moses. it is the sound of singing that I hear. have become corrupt. Moses turned and went down the mountain with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands." he said. They have been quick to turn away from what I commanded them and have made themselves an idol cast in the shape of a calf. he said to Moses." When Aaron saw this. O Israel. When Joshua heard the noise of the people shouting. and it will be their inheritance forever. "Tomorrow there will be a festival to the Lord . who brought you up out of Egypt. to whom you swore by your own self: 'I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and I will give your descendants all this land I promised them." But Moses sought the favor of the Lord his God." Moses replied: "It is not the sound of victory.

"This is what the Lord . each killing his brother and friend and neighbor. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt. my lord. 'Whoever has any gold jewelry. "Whoever is for the Lord . However. you and the people you brought up out of Egypt. But now. and go up to the land I promised on oath to 33Then . "Whoever has sinned against me I will blot out of my book. when the time comes for me to punish. But now I will go up to the Lord . "Leave this place. we don't know what has happened to him. They said to me.' So I told them. He said to Aaron. "You have been set apart to the Lord today. then he ground it to powder. and that day about three thousand of the people died. the God of Israel.out of his hands. 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 the Lord said to Moses. lead the people to the place I spoke of. what a great sin these people have committed! They have made themselves gods of gold. please forgive their sin-but if not. and I threw it into the fire. that you led them into such great sin?" "Do not be angry. "Oh. says: 'Each man strap a sword to his side." And the Lord struck the people with a plague because of what they did with the calf Aaron had made.' " 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 The Levites did as Moses commanded. and he has blessed you this day." The next day Moses said to the people." Aaron answered. Then he said to them. for you were against your own sons and brothers. 'Make us gods who will go before us." And all the Levites rallied to him. "You have committed a great sin. "You know how prone these people are to evil. So he stood at the entrance to the camp and said. Go back and forth through the camp from one end to the other.' Then they gave me the gold. breaking them to pieces at the foot of the mountain. Then Moses said. "What did these people do to you. Now go. perhaps I can make atonement for your sin. scattered it on the water and made the Israelites drink it." So Moses went back to the Lord and said. and out came this calf!" Moses saw that the people were running wild and that Aaron had let them get out of control and so become a laughingstock to their enemies. take it off. and my angel will go before you. then blot me out of the book you have written. I will punish them for their sin. come to me." The Lord replied to Moses. And he took the calf they had made and burned it in the fire.

" The Lord replied. Isaac and Jacob. saying. 'You are a stiff-necked people. each at the entrance to his tent. "If your Presence does not go with us.' I will send an angel before you and drive out the Canaanites.' but you have not let me know whom you will send with me. 'I know you by name and you have found favor with me." When the people heard these distressing words." Anyone inquiring of the Lord would go to the tent of meeting outside the camp. "You have been telling me.' " So the Israelites stripped off their ornaments at Mount Horeb. And whenever Moses went out to the tent." 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 . because I am pleased with you and I know you by name. How will anyone know that you are pleased with me and with your people unless you go with us? What else will distinguish me and your people from all the other people on the face of the earth?" And the Lord said to Moses. do not send us up from here. Remember that this nation is your people. Then Moses would return to the camp. all the people rose and stood at the entrances to their tents. But I will not go with you.Abraham. Perizzites. I might destroy you. The Lord would speak to Moses face to face. the pillar of cloud would come down and stay at the entrance. Moses said to the Lord . because you are a stiff-necked people and I might destroy you on the way. Hivites and Jebusites. "Tell the Israelites. and I will give you rest. Amorites. as a man speaks with his friend." Then Moses said to him. Go up to the land flowing with milk and honey. "My Presence will go with you. they began to mourn and no one put on any ornaments. For the Lord had said to Moses. while the Lord spoke with Moses. watching Moses until he entered the tent. Now take off your ornaments and I will decide what to do with you. teach me your ways so I may know you and continue to find favor with you.' If you are pleased with me. "I will do the very thing you have asked. If I were to go with you even for a moment. Now Moses used to take a tent and pitch it outside the camp some distance away. 'I will give it to your descendants. calling it the "tent of meeting. 'Lead these people. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Whenever the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance to the tent. they all stood and worshiped. but his young aide Joshua son of Nun did not leave the tent. Hittites. You have said. As Moses went into the tent.

and forgiving wickedness." Moses bowed to the ground at once and worshiped. "There is a place near me where you may stand on a rock. rebellion and sin. "then let the Lord go with us. "Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones." Then the Lord said. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished. But. and he carried the two stone tablets in his hands. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 34The Lord said to Moses." 23 22 21 20 19 18 So Moses chiseled out two stone tablets like the first ones and went up Mount Sinai early in the morning. Before all your people I will do wonders never before done in any nation in all the world. When my glory passes by. the Lord . the Lord . The people you live among will see how awesome is the work that I." 3 2 . maintaining love to thousands." Then the Lord said: "I am making a covenant with you. "O Lord. not even the flocks and herds may graze in front of the mountain. proclaiming." he said. forgive our wickedness and our sin. and I will proclaim my name. for no one may see me and live. the Lord . and take us as your inheritance. Then the Lord came down in the cloud and stood there with him and proclaimed his name. the Lord . and I will write on them the words that were on the first tablets. No one is to come with you or be seen anywhere on the mountain. and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. And he passed in front of Moses. Present yourself to me there on top of the mountain. I will put you in a cleft in the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by.Then Moses said. will do for you. Although this is a stiff-necked people." he said. "I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of you." And the Lord said. and then come up on Mount Sinai. "The Lord . "you cannot see my face. in your presence. "Now show me your glory. Be ready in the morning. which you broke. abounding in love and faithfulness. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy. the compassionate and gracious God. as the Lord had commanded him. slow to anger. if I have found favor in your eyes. Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back. but my face must not be seen. he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation.

Canaanites. for in that month you came out of Egypt. I will drive out nations before you and enlarge your territory. they will invite you and you will eat their sacrifices. and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year. "No one is to appear before me emptyhanded. "Six days you shall labor. I will drive out before you the Amorites. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 Redeem the firstborn donkey with a lamb. Hivites and Jebusites. they will lead your sons to do the same. smash their sacred stones and cut down their Asherah poles. "Write down these words. Do not worship any other god. For seven days eat bread made without yeast. for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them. for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel. is a jealous God. but if you do not redeem it. for the Lord ." Moses was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights without eating 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 "Do not make cast idols. "Do not cook a young goat in its mother's milk. "Celebrate the Feast of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest. 19 18 . Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land where you are going. or they will be a snare among you. And when you choose some of their daughters as wives for your sons and those daughters prostitute themselves to their gods. as I commanded you. and no one will covet your land when you go up three times each year to appear before the Lord your God. "Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land. Three times a year all your men are to appear before the Sovereign Lord . even during the plowing season and harvest you must rest. including all the firstborn males of your livestock. and do not let any of the sacrifice from the Passover Feast remain until morning. whether from herd or flock. "Do not offer the blood of a sacrifice to me along with anything containing yeast.Obey what I command you today. Redeem all your firstborn sons. Do this at the appointed time in the month of Abib. Perizzites. but on the seventh day you shall rest. "Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread. the God of Israel." Then the Lord said to Moses. whose name is Jealous. Break down their altars. "The first offspring of every womb belongs to me. break its neck. "Bring the best of the firstfruits of your soil to the house of the Lord your God. Hittites.

blue. and onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece. but the seventh day shall be your holy day. When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands. they saw that his face was radiant. he removed the veil until he came out. posts and bases. his face was radiant. "All who are skilled among you are to come and make everything the Lord has commanded: the tabernacle with its tent and its covering. frames. silver and bronze. so Aaron and all the leaders of the community came back to him. 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 For six days. "These are the things the Lord has commanded you to do: 35Moses . take an offering for the Lord . When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses. Afterward all the Israelites came near him. and he gave them all the commands the Lord had given him on Mount Sinai. goat hair. acacia wood. clasps. the ark with its poles and the atonement cover and the curtain that shields it. But Moses called to them. Everyone who is willing is to bring to the Lord an offering of gold. Then Moses would put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with the Lord . Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day. he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the Lord . spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense. ram skins dyed red and hides of sea cows . Whoever does any work on it must be put to death. and they were afraid to come near him. But whenever he entered the Lord 's presence to speak with him. he put a veil over his face. crossbars.bread or drinking water. And when he came out and told the Israelites what he had been commanded. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant-the Ten Commandments. When Moses finished speaking to them. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 assembled the whole Israelite community and said to them. and he spoke to them. purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen. olive oil for the light." Moses said to the whole Israelite community. "This is what the Lord has commanded: From what you have. work is to be done. a Sabbath of rest to the Lord .

They all presented their gold as a wave offering to the Lord . the woven garments worn for ministering in the sanctuary-both the sacred garments for Aaron the priest and the garments for his sons when they serve as priests. lamps and oil for the light. came and brought gold jewelry of all kinds: brooches. and the curtain for the entrance to the courtyard. the curtains of the courtyard with its posts and bases. ability and knowledge in all kinds of craftsto make artistic designs for work in gold. and for the sacred garments. its poles and all its utensils. the Lord has chosen Bezalel son of Uri. ram skins dyed red or hides of sea cows brought them. men and women alike. and their ropes. 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 Everyone who had blue. the son of Hur. purple or scarlet yarn or fine linen. "See. the altar of burnt offering with its bronze grating. of the tribe of Judah. the altar of incense with its poles. Then Moses said to the Israelites. 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 .the table with its poles and all its articles and the bread of the Presence. rings and ornaments. All the Israelite men and women who were willing brought to the Lord freewill offerings for all the work the Lord through Moses had commanded them to do. earrings. All who were willing. or goat hair. Those presenting an offering of silver or bronze brought it as an offering to the Lord . for all its service. the bronze basin with its stand. the anointing oil and the fragrant incense. And all the women who were willing and had the skill spun the goat hair. the curtain for the doorway at the entrance to the tabernacle. Every skilled woman spun with her hands and brought what she had spunblue. The leaders brought onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece. purple or scarlet yarn or fine linen. the tent pegs for the tabernacle and for the courtyard. and he has filled him with the Spirit of God. and everyone who was willing and whose heart moved him came and brought an offering to the Lord for the work on the Tent of Meeting. They also brought spices and olive oil for the light and for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense. and everyone who had acacia wood for any part of the work brought it." Then the whole Israelite community withdrew from Moses' presence. the lampstand that is for light with its accessories. silver and bronze. with skill.

with cherubim worked into them by a skilled craftsman. embroiderers in blue. He has filled them with skill to do all kinds of work as craftsmen. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 Bezalel. 35 34 33 Then Moses gave an order and they sent this word throughout the camp: "No man or woman is to make anything else as an offering for the sanctuary." 5 4 3 2 36So ." Then Moses summoned Bezalel and Oholiab and every skilled person to whom the Lord had given ability and who was willing to come and do the work." And so the people were restrained from bringing more. So all the skilled craftsmen who were doing all the work on the sanctuary left their work and said to Moses. They also made fifty loops on one curtain and fifty loops on the end curtain of the other set. "The people are bringing more than enough for doing the work the Lord commanded to be done. Oholiab and every skilled person to whom the Lord has given skill and ability to know how to carry out all the work of constructing the sanctuary are to do the work just as the Lord has commanded. They joined five of the curtains together and did the same with the other five. They made curtains of goat hair for the tent over the tabernacle-eleven altogether. because what they already had was more than enough to do all the work. And the people continued to bring freewill offerings morning after morning. They received from Moses all the offerings the Israelites had brought to carry out the work of constructing the sanctuary. All the skilled men among the workmen made the tabernacle with ten curtains of finely twisted linen and blue. All the curtains were the same sizetwenty-eight cubits long and four cubits wide. of the tribe of Dan. Then they made fifty gold clasps and used them to fasten the two sets of curtains together so that the tabernacle was a unit. designers.to cut and set stones. and weavers-all of them master craftsmen and designers. purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen. Then they made loops of blue material along the edge of the end curtain in one set. and the same was done with the end curtain in the other set. with the loops opposite each other. And he has given both him and Oholiab son of Ahisamach. to work in wood and to engage in all kinds of artistic craftsmanship. purple and scarlet yarn. the ability to teach others.

Then they made for the tent a covering of ram skins dyed red. with two projections set parallel to each other. They made the center crossbar so that it extended from end to end at the middle of the frames. At these two corners the frames were double from the bottom all the way to the top and fitted into a single ring. and over that a covering of hides of sea cows. that is. They made all the frames of the tabernacle in this way. They overlaid the frames with gold and made gold rings to hold the crossbars. They made twenty frames for the south side of the tabernacle and made forty silver bases to go under them-two bases for each frame. 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 . They made the curtain of blue. purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen. the west end of the tabernacle. They also overlaid the crossbars with gold. Each frame was ten cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. and two frames were made for the corners of the tabernacle at the far end. at the far end of the tabernacle.All eleven curtains were the same size-thirty cubits long and four cubits wide. They also made crossbars of acacia wood: five for the frames on one side of the tabernacle. For the other side. They made fifty bronze clasps to fasten the tent together as a unit. They joined five of the curtains into one set and the other six into another set. one under each projection. and five for the frames on the west. Then they made fifty loops along the edge of the end curtain in one set and also along the edge of the end curtain in the other set. They made upright frames of acacia wood for the tabernacle. they made twenty frames and forty silver bases-two under each frame. the north side of the tabernacle. So there were eight frames and sixteen silver bases-two under each frame. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 They made six frames for the far end. with cherubim worked into it by a skilled craftsman. They made gold hooks for them and cast their four silver bases. five for those on the other side. They made four posts of acacia wood for it and overlaid them with gold. both were made alike.

The poles for carrying the table were made of acacia wood and were overlaid with gold. and they made five posts with hooks for them. its flowerlike cups. They cast four gold rings for the table and fastened them to the four corners. And he inserted the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry it. He overlaid it with pure gold. a cubit and a half wide. both inside and out. purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen-the work of an embroiderer. base and shaft. He cast four gold rings for it and fastened them to its four feet. looking toward the cover. where the four legs were. and a cubit and a half high. He made one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other. They overlaid the tops of the posts and their bands with gold and made their five bases of bronze. and made a gold molding around it. And they made from pure gold the articles for the table-its plates and dishes and bowls and its pitchers for the pouring out of drink offerings. Then he made two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover. at the two ends he made them of one piece with the cover. overshadowing the cover with them.For the entrance to the tent they made a curtain of blue. 38 37 The cherubim had their wings spread upward. The cherubim faced each other. with two rings on one side and two rings on the other. The rings were put close to the rim to hold the poles used in carrying the table. a cubit wide. Then they overlaid it with pure gold and made a gold molding around it. Then he made poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold. Three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms were on 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 Bezalel made the ark of acacia wood-two and a half cubits long. buds and blossoms were of one piece with it. and a cubit and a half high. He made the atonement cover of pure gold-two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 37 . They made the lampstand of pure gold and hammered it out. Six branches extended from the sides of the lampstand-three on one side and three on the other. They also made around it a rim a handbreadth wide and put a gold molding on the rim. They made the table of acacia woodtwo cubits long.

and made a gold molding around it. shovels. They made two gold rings below the molding-two on opposite sides-to hold the poles used to carry it. out of boards. They made the lampstand and all its accessories from one talent of pure gold. meat forks and firepans. They made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with bronze. so that the horns and the altar were of one piece.one branch. And on the lampstand were four cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms. They made it hollow. three on the next branch and the same for all six branches extending from the lampstand. They made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold. and a third bud under the third pair-six branches in all. a cubit long and a cubit wide. They cast bronze rings to hold the poles for the four corners of the bronze grating. It was square. fragrant incense-the work of a perfumer. They made all its utensils of bronze-its pots. They made its seven lamps. a bronze network. The south side was a hundred cubits long and had curtains of finely twisted linen. Next they made the courtyard. 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 They built the altar of burnt offering of acacia wood. sprinkling bowls. three cubits high. of pure gold. One bud was under the first pair of branches extending from the lampstand. and they overlaid the altar with bronze. as well as its wick trimmers and trays. with twenty posts and twenty bronze bases. and two cubits high -its horns of one piece with it. They overlaid the top and all the sides and the horns with pure gold. They made the altar of incense out of acacia wood. it was square. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 38 . and with silver hooks and bands on the posts. a second bud under the second pair. They made the bronze basin and its bronze stand from the mirrors of the women who served at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. five cubits long and five cubits wide. halfway up the altar. to be under its ledge. hammered out of pure gold. They made a horn at each of the four corners. They inserted the poles into the rings so they would be on the sides of the altar for carrying it. The buds and the branches were all of one piece with the lampstand. They made a grating for the altar. They also made the sacred anointing oil and the pure.

the priest. Their hooks and bands were silver. of the tribe of Dan-a craftsman and designer. and curtains fifteen cubits long were on the other side of the entrance to the courtyard. It was twenty cubits long and. according to the sanctuary shekel. the son of Hur. Curtains fifteen cubits long were on one side of the entrance. The curtain for the entrance to the courtyard was of blue. according to the sanctuary shekel. The silver obtained from those of the community who were counted in the census was 100 talents and 1. with three posts and three bases. and their tops were overlaid with silver.The north side was also a hundred cubits long and had twenty posts and twenty bronze bases. so all the posts of the courtyard had silver bands. The east end. with ten posts and ten bases. twenty years old or more. with silver hooks and bands on the posts. purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen.) The total amount of the gold from the wave offering used for all the work on the sanctuary was 29 talents and 730 shekels. like the curtains of the courtyard. with him was Oholiab son of Ahisamach. one talent for each base. according to the sanctuary shekelone beka per person. The west end was fifty cubits wide and had curtains.550 men. (Bezalel son of Uri. five cubits high. and an embroiderer in blue. a total of 603. made everything the Lord commanded Moses. half a shekel. The 100 talents of silver were used to cast the bases for the sanctuary and for the curtain-100 bases from the 100 talents. purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen-the work of an embroiderer. the tabernacle of the Testimony. and their tops were overlaid with silver. The hooks and bands on the posts were silver. that is. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 .775 shekels. from everyone who had crossed over to those counted. was also fifty cubits wide. These are the amounts of the materials used for the tabernacle. with three posts and three bases. with four posts and four bronze bases. All the curtains around the courtyard were of finely twisted linen. of the tribe of Judah. 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 20 All the tent pegs of the tabernacle and of the surrounding courtyard were bronze. with silver hooks and bands on the posts. The bases for the posts were bronze. toward the sunrise. which were recorded at Moses' command by the Levites under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron.

and of finely twisted linen. They made the ephod of gold. and to make their bands. each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes. so it could be fastened. There were twelve stones. 31 30 29 28 They mounted the onyx stones in gold filigree settings and engraved them like a seal with the names of the sons of Israel. to overlay the tops of the posts. and of blue. It was square-a span long and a span wide-and folded double. They made it like the ephod: of gold. Then they fastened them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. They used it to make the bases for the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. purple and scarlet yarn. the bases for the surrounding courtyard and those for its entrance and all the tent pegs for the tabernacle and those for the surrounding courtyard. and of blue. They made two gold filigree settings and two gold rings. purple and scarlet yarn. one for each of the names of the sons of Israel. an onyx and a jasper. in the fourth row a chrysolite. They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut strands to be worked into the blue. as the Lord commanded Moses. They also made sacred garments for Aaron. They made shoulder pieces for the ephod. purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen-the work of a skilled craftsman. like a rope. a topaz and a beryl. and with finely twisted linen. In the first row there was a ruby. as the Lord commanded Moses. and of finely twisted linen. Its skillfully woven waistband was like it-of one piece with the ephod and made with gold.775 shekels to make the hooks for the posts. which were attached to two of its corners.They used the 1. as the Lord commanded Moses. purple and scarlet yarn they made woven garments for ministering in the sanctuary. the bronze altar with its bronze grating and all its utensils. The bronze from the wave offering was 70 talents and 2. in the third row a jacinth.400 shekels. and with blue. in the second row a turquoise. For the breastpiece they made braided chains of pure gold. a sapphire and an emerald. They fashioned the breastpiece-the work of a skilled craftsman. and fastened the 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 39From the blue. an agate and an amethyst. purple and scarlet yarn. 5 4 3 2 . They were mounted in gold filigree settings. Then they mounted four rows of precious stones on it.

They fastened the two gold chains to the rings at the corners of the breastpiece. posts and bases. They made the robe of the ephod entirely of blue cloth-the work of a weaverwith an opening in the center of the robe like the opening of a collar. They tied the rings of the breastpiece to the rings of the ephod with blue cord. Then they brought the tabernacle to Moses: the tent and all its furnishings. The sash was of finely twisted linen and blue. out of pure gold and engraved on it. so that it would not tear. Then they fastened a blue cord to it to attach it to the turban. frames. They made pomegranates of blue. and the other ends of the chains to the two settings. The bells and pomegranates alternated around the hem of the robe to be worn for ministering. was completed. For Aaron and his sons. attaching them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front. purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen around the hem of the robe. connecting it to the waistband so that the breastpiece would not swing out from the ephod-as the Lord commanded Moses. purple and scarlet yarn-the work of an embroiderer-as the Lord commanded Moses. So all the work on the tabernacle. the linen headbands and the undergarments of finely twisted linen. They made two gold rings and attached them to the other two corners of the breastpiece on the inside edge next to the ephod. as the Lord commanded Moses. its clasps. the Tent of Meeting. Then they made two more gold rings and attached them to the bottom of the shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod. close to the seam just above the waistband of the ephod. 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 . like an inscription on a seal: HOLY TO THE Lord . the covering of hides of sea cows and the shielding curtain. and a band around this opening. 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 And they made bells of pure gold and attached them around the hem between the pomegranates. crossbars. as the Lord commanded Moses. they made tunics of fine linen-the work of a weaverand the turban of fine linen. The Israelites did everything just as the Lord commanded Moses.rings to two of the corners of the breastpiece. the covering of ram skins dyed red. They made the plate. the sacred diadem.

Moses inspected the work and saw that they had done it just as the Lord had commanded. all the furnishings for the tabernacle. Anoint the basin and its stand and consecrate them. "Place the altar of burnt offering in front of the entrance to the tabernacle.the ark of the Testimony with its poles and the atonement cover. the anointing oil. the curtains of the courtyard with its posts and bases. consecrate the altar. both the sacred garments for Aaron the priest and the garments for his sons when serving as priests. the bronze altar with its bronze grating. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 40Then the Lord said to Moses: . the pure gold lampstand with its row of lamps and all its accessories. "Bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and wash them with water. on the first day of the first month. the basin with its stand. the Tent of Meeting. consecrate it and all its furnishings. and it will be most holy. So Moses blessed them. place the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar and put water in it. and the oil for the light. the fragrant incense. the ropes and tent pegs for the courtyard. Then bring in the lampstand and set up its lamps. Then anoint the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils. and the curtain for the entrance to the courtyard. "Take the anointing oil and anoint the tabernacle and everything in it. Bring in the table and set out what belongs on it. and the curtain for the entrance to the tent. the gold altar. The Israelites had done all the work just as the Lord had commanded Moses. the table with all its articles and the bread of the Presence. and the woven garments worn for ministering in the sanctuary. the Tent of Meeting. Place the gold altar of incense in front of the ark of the Testimony and put the curtain at the entrance to the tabernacle. the Tent of Meeting. 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 "Set up the tabernacle. its poles and all its utensils. Set up the courtyard around it and put the curtain at the entrance to the courtyard. and it will be holy. Place the ark of the Testimony in it and shield the ark with the curtain.

Then dress Aaron in the sacred garments. as the Lord commanded him. Anoint them just as you anointed their father. So the tabernacle was set up on the first day of the first month in the second year. attached the poles to the ark and put the atonement cover over it. Then Moses set up the courtyard around the tabernacle and altar and put up the curtain at the entrance to the courtyard. inserted the crossbars and set up the posts. They washed whenever they entered the Tent of Meeting or approached the altar. Moses placed the table in the Tent of Meeting on the north side of the tabernacle outside the curtain 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 and set out the bread on it before the Lord . Bring his sons and dress them in tunics. as the Lord commanded him. And so Moses finished the work. as the Lord commanded him. as the Lord commanded him. the Tent of Meeting. Then he brought the ark into the tabernacle and hung the shielding curtain and shielded the ark of the Testimony. so they may serve me as priests. Then he spread the tent over the tabernacle and put the covering over the tent. Their anointing will be to a priesthood that will continue for all generations to come. Then he put up the curtain at the entrance to the tabernacle. as the Lord commanded him. The Glory of the Lord 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 . and offered on it burnt offerings and grain offerings. erected the frames. as the Lord commanded him. and Moses and Aaron and his sons used it to wash their hands and feet. He placed the basin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar and put water in it for washing. anoint him and consecrate him so he may serve me as priest. He took the Testimony and placed it in the ark. Moses placed the gold altar in the Tent of Meeting in front of the curtain and burned fragrant incense on it. He placed the lampstand in the Tent of Meeting opposite the table on the south side of the tabernacle and set up the lamps before the Lord . When Moses set up the tabernacle. he put the bases in place." Moses did everything just as the Lord commanded him. as the Lord commanded Moses. He set the altar of burnt offering near the entrance to the tabernacle.

38 37 36 . whenever the cloud lifted from above the tabernacle. and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. but if the cloud did not lift. Moses could not enter the Tent of Meeting because the cloud had settled upon it. in the sight of all the house of Israel during all their travels. and fire was in the cloud by night. they would set out. 35 34 In all the travels of the Israelites.Then the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting. they did not set out-until the day it lifted. So the cloud of the Lord was over the tabernacle by day. and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

and the priest is to bring all of it and burn it on the altar. and it will be accepted on his behalf to make atonement for him. on the burning wood that is on the altar. and then Aaron's sons the priests shall bring the blood and sprinkle it against the altar on all sides at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. including the head and the fat. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 He is to wash the inner parts and the legs with water. He is to lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering. It is a burnt offering. and the priest shall arrange them. " 'If the offering is a burnt offering from the flock. He must present it at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting so that it will be acceptable to the Lord . 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 . and Aaron's sons the priests shall sprinkle its blood against the altar on all sides. wring off the head and burn it on the altar. an offering made by fire. he is to offer a male without defect. " 'If the offering is a burnt offering from the herd. Then Aaron's sons the priests shall arrange the pieces.Leviticus 1The Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the Tent of Meeting. " 'If the offering to the Lord is a burnt offering of birds. bring as your offering an animal from either the herd or the flock. from either the sheep or the goats. He is to slaughter the young bull before the Lord . It is a burnt offering. The sons of Aaron the priest are to put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire. including the head and the fat. and the priest is to burn all of it on the altar. he is to offer a dove or a young pigeon. He is to wash the inner parts and the legs with water. He is to slaughter it at the north side of the altar before the Lord . its blood shall be drained out on the side of the altar. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When any of you brings an offering to the Lord . He is to remove the crop with its contents and throw it to the east side of the altar. where the ashes are. an offering made by fire. an aroma pleasing to the Lord . on the burning wood that is on the altar. he is to offer a male without defect. He is to skin the burnt offering and cut it into pieces. The priest shall bring it to the altar. an aroma pleasing to the Lord . He is to cut it into pieces. He said.

" 'If you bring a grain offering of firstfruits to the Lord . not severing it completely. He shall take out the memorial portion from the grain offering and burn it on the altar as an offering made by fire. it is to be made of fine flour and oil. it is to consist of fine flour: cakes made without yeast and mixed with oil. Crumble it and pour oil on it. The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons. You may bring them to the Lord as an offering of the firstfruits. If your grain offering is cooked in a pan. it is a grain offering. 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 2" 2 'When someone brings a grain offering to the Lord . for you are not to burn any yeast or honey in an offering made to the Lord by fire. It is a burnt offering. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings. together with all the incense. " 'Every grain offering you bring to the Lord must be made without yeast. put incense on it and take it to Aaron's sons the priests. 7 6 5 4 3 . Put oil and incense on it. an offering made by fire. present it to the priest. an aroma pleasing to the Lord . an offering made by fire. offer crushed heads of new grain roasted in the fire. and without yeast. The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons. Season all your grain offerings with salt. who shall take it to the altar. together with all the incense. The priest shall take a handful of the fine flour and oil. it is a most holy part of the offerings made to the Lord by fire. an aroma pleasing to the Lord . it is to be made of fine flour mixed with oil. " 'If you bring a grain offering baked in an oven. If your grain offering is prepared on a griddle. and then the priest shall burn it on the wood that is on the fire on the altar. but they are not to be offered on the altar as a pleasing aroma. as an offering made to the Lord by fire.He shall tear it open by the wings. it is a grain offering. 17 Bring the grain offering made of these things to the Lord . an aroma pleasing to the Lord . or wafers made without yeast and spread with oil. his offering is to be of fine flour. add salt to all your offerings. and burn this as a memorial portion on the altar. He is to pour oil on it. The priest shall burn the memorial portion of the crushed grain and the oil. it is a most holy part of the offerings made to the Lord by fire.

an offering made by fire. an aroma pleasing to the Lord . and he offers an animal from the herd. which he will remove with the kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar as food. he is to offer a male or female without defect. he is to present before the Lord an animal without defect. wherever you live: You must not eat any fat or any blood. the entire fat tail cut off close to the backbone. and the covering of the liver. Then Aaron's sons shall sprinkle its blood against the altar on all sides. He is to lay his hand on its head and slaughter it in front of the Tent of Meeting. and the covering of the liver. all the fat that covers the inner parts or is connected to them. The priest shall burn them on the altar as food. He is to lay his hand on the head of his offering and slaughter it at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. and the covering of the liver. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 From the fellowship offering he is to bring a sacrifice made to the Lord by fire: its fat. whether male or female. From what he offers he is to make this offering to the Lord by fire: all the fat that covers the inner parts or is connected to them. which he will remove with the kidneys. both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins. He is to lay his hand on the head of his offering and slaughter it in front of the Tent of Meeting. " 'This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.' " 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 4The Lord said to Moses. an offering made to the Lord by fire.3" 'If someone's offering is a fellowship offering. From the fellowship offering he is to bring a sacrifice made to the Lord by fire: all the fat that covers the inner parts or is connected to them. Then Aaron's sons the priests shall sprinkle the blood against the altar on all sides. " 'If his offering is a goat. he is to present it before the Lord . both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins. which he will remove with the kidneys. All the fat is the Lord 's. " 'If he offers an animal from the flock as a fellowship offering to the Lord . as an offering made by fire. Then Aaron's sons shall sprinkle its blood against the altar on all sides. If he offers a lamb. a pleasing aroma. he is to present it before the Lord . both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins. Then Aaron's sons are to burn it on the altar on top of the burnt offering that is on the burning wood. .

he must bring to the Lord a young bull without defect as a sin offering for the sin he has committed. which he will remove with the kidneysjust as the fat is removed from the ox sacrificed as a fellowship offering. The rest of the bull's blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. He shall dip his finger into the blood and sprinkle it before the Lord seven times in front of the curtain. even though the community is unaware of the matter. He shall remove all the fat from the bull of the sin offering-the fat that covers the inner parts or is connected to them. The elders of the community are to lay their hands on the bull's head before the Lord . He is to dip his finger into the blood and sprinkle some of it seven times before the Lord . all the rest of the bull-he must take outside the camp to a place ceremonially clean. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 . bringing guilt on the people. He is to lay his hand on its head and slaughter it before the Lord . But the hide of the bull and all its flesh. the assembly must bring a young bull as a sin offering and present it before the Tent of Meeting. When they become aware of the sin they committed. they are guilty. " 'If the whole Israelite community sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord 's commands. Then the anointed priest shall take some of the bull's blood and carry it into the Tent of Meeting. both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins. and burn it in a wood fire on the ash heap. as well as the head and legs. and the covering of the liver. The rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. He is to put some of the blood on the horns of the altar that is before the Lord in the Tent of Meeting. The priest shall then put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of fragrant incense that is before the Lord in the Tent of Meeting."Say to the Israelites: 'When anyone sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord 's commands" 'If the anointed priest sins. in front of the curtain of the sanctuary. and the bull shall be slaughtered before the Lord . the inner parts and offalthat is. where the ashes are thrown. He is to present the bull at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting before the Lord . Then the anointed priest is to take some of the bull's blood into the Tent of Meeting. Then 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 the priest shall burn them on the altar of burnt offering.

When he is made aware of the sin he committed. he is guilty. and he will be forgiven. and he will be forgiven. He shall remove all the fat. He shall burn all the fat on the altar as he burned the fat of the fellowship offering. " 'When a leader sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the commands of the Lord his God. He is to lay his hand on the goat's head and slaughter it at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered before the Lord . In this way the priest will make atonement for them. Then the priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. Then the priest is to take some of the blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. This is the sin offering for the community. He shall remove all the fat.He shall remove all the fat from it and burn it on the altar. and do with this bull just as he did with the bull for the sin offering. He is to lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter it at the place of the burnt offering. " 'If he brings a lamb as his sin offering. Then he shall take the bull outside the camp and burn it as he burned the first bull. he must bring as his offering for the sin he committed a female goat without defect. he must bring as his offering a male goat without defect. and the priest shall burn it on the altar as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . and they will be forgiven. In this way the priest will make atonement for him. It is a sin offering. " 'If a member of the community sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord 's commands. he is to bring a female without defect. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 When he is made aware of the sin he committed. just as the fat is removed from the fellowship offering. just as the fat is removed from the lamb of the fellowship offering. and the priest shall burn it on the altar on top of the offerings made to the Lord by fire. In this way the priest will make atonement for the man's sin. Then the priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. In this way the priest will make atonement for 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 . He is to lay his hand on its head and slaughter it for a sin offering at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered. he is guilty.

he has become unclean and is guilty. as a penalty for the sin he has committed. the rest of the blood must be drained out at the base of the altar. He is to wring its head from its neck. as in the case of the grain offering. and he will be forgiven. " 'If. He is to bring them to the priest. he cannot afford two doves or two young pigeons. " 'Or if a person touches anything ceremonially unclean-whether the carcasses of unclean wild animals or of unclean livestock or of unclean creatures that move along the groundeven though he is unaware of it. " 'If he cannot afford a lamb. " 'Or if he touches human uncleannessanything that would make him uncleaneven though he is unaware of it. and he will be forgiven. he will be held responsible. he must bring to the Lord a female lamb or goat from the flock as a sin offering. he must confess in what way he has sinned and. and is to sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering against the side of the altar. It is a sin offering. " 'When anyone is guilty in any of these ways. he is to bring as an offering for his sin a tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering.' " 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 5" 'If a person sins because he does not speak up when he hears a public charge to testify regarding something he has seen or learned about. when he learns of it he will be guilty. He must not put oil or incense on it. and he will be forgiven. " 'Or if a person thoughtlessly takes an oath to do anything. in any case when he learns of it he will be guilty.him for the sin he has committed. He is to bring it to the priest. he is to bring two doves or two young pigeons to the Lord as a penalty for his sin-one for 7 6 5 4 3 2 The Lord said to Moses: . and the priest shall make atonement for him for his sin. a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. It is a sin offering. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest. however. who shall take a handful of it as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar on top of the offerings made to the Lord by fire. because it is a sin offering. The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed way and make atonement for him for the sin he has committed. In this way the priest will make atonement for him for any of these sins he has committed. who shall first offer the one for the sin offering. whether good or evil-in any matter one might carelessly swear about-even though he is unaware of it. not severing it completely.

and he will be forgiven for any of these things he did that made him guilty. or what was entrusted to him. The priest shall then put on his linen clothes. and he will be forgiven. who will make atonement for him with the ram as a guilt offering. or the lost property he found. or if he finds lost property and lies about it."When a person commits a violation and sins unintentionally in regard to any of the Lord 's holy things. he is to bring to the Lord as a penalty a ram from the flock. he must return what he has stolen or taken by extortion. and the fire must be kept burning on the altar. or whatever it was he swore falsely about. till morning. and shall remove the ashes of the burnt offering that the fire has consumed on the altar and place them beside the altar. Then he is to take off these clothes and put on others. In this way the priest will make atonement for him for the wrong he has committed unintentionally. It is a guilt offering. He must make restitution in full. even though he does not know it. one without defect and of the proper value. or if he swears falsely. or if he cheats him. he has been guilty of wrongdoing against the Lord . one without defect and of the proper value in silver. he is guilty and will be held responsible. his guilt offering." 8 7 6 5 4 The Lord said to Moses: 6The Lord said to Moses: "If anyone sins and is unfaithful to the Lord by deceiving his neighbor about something entrusted to him or left in his care or stolen. add a fifth of the value to that and give it all to the priest. And as a penalty he must bring to the priest. one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for him before the Lord ." 19 18 17 16 15 commits any such sin that people may dowhen he thus sins and becomes guilty. that is. "If a person sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord 's commands. It is a guilt offering. He is to bring to the priest as a guilt offering a ram from the flock. with linen undergarments next to his body. or if he 3 2 "Give Aaron and his sons this command: 'These are the regulations for the burnt offering: The burnt offering is to remain on the altar hearth throughout the night. He must make restitution for what he has failed to do in regard to the holy things. and he will be forgiven. to the Lord . according to the sanctuary shekel. add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day he presents his guilt offering. and carry the ashes 11 10 9 . a ram from the flock.

outside the camp to a place that is ceremonially clean. in front of the altar. The clay pot the meat is cooked in must be broken. It must not be baked with yeast. but if it is cooked in a bronze pot. ' " 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 he is anointed: a tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a regular grain offering. Any male descendant of Aaron may eat it. " 'These are the regulations for the grain offering: Aaron's sons are to bring it before the Lord . it is to be eaten in a holy place. it is most holy. The priest who offers it shall eat it. together with all the incense on the grain offering. you must wash it in a holy place. the pot is to be scoured and rinsed with water. The son who is to succeed him as anointed priest shall prepare it. It is the Lord 's regular share and is to be burned completely. they are to eat it in the courtyard of the Tent of Meeting. "This is the offering Aaron and his sons are to bring to the Lord on the day 20 . bring it well-mixed and present the grain offering broken in pieces as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . The fire on the altar must be kept burning. The priest is to take a handful of fine flour and oil. and burn the memorial portion on the altar as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . it must not go out. Prepare it with oil on a griddle. Every grain offering of a priest shall be burned completely." 24 23 22 21 The Lord said to Moses. and if any of the blood is spattered on a garment. The fire must be kept burning on the altar continuously. it is most holy. Like the sin offering and the guilt offering. but it is to be eaten without yeast in a holy place. I have given it as their share of the offerings made to me by fire. Whatever touches any of the flesh will become holy. It is his regular share of the offerings made to the Lord by fire for the generations to come. "Say to Aaron and his sons: 'These are the regulations for the sin offering: The sin offering is to be slaughtered before the Lord in the place the burnt offering is slaughtered. Whatever touches them will become holy. it must not go out. it is most holy. 29 28 27 26 25 The Lord also said to Moses. Any male in a priest's family may eat it. Aaron and his sons shall eat the rest of it. in the courtyard of the Tent of Meeting. half of it in the morning and half in the evening. it must not be eaten. Every morning the priest is to add firewood and arrange the burnt offering on the fire and burn the fat of the fellowship offerings on it.

but it must be eaten in a holy place. the 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 7" 'These are the regulations for the guilt offering. then along with this thank offering he is to offer cakes of bread made without yeast and mixed with oil. 30 and every grain offering. Any male in a priest's family may eat it. but anything left over may be eaten on the next day. belongs equally to all the sons of Aaron. whether mixed with oil or dry. a contribution to the Lord .But any sin offering whose blood is brought into the Tent of Meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place must not be eaten. " 'The same law applies to both the sin offering and the guilt offering: They belong to the priest who makes atonement with them. Any meat of the sacrifice left over till the third day must be burned up. and the covering of the liver. the sacrifice shall be eaten on the day he offers it. and its blood is to be sprinkled against the altar on all sides. The priest who offers a burnt offering for anyone may keep its hide for himself. Along with his fellowship offering of thanksgiving he is to present an offering with cakes of bread made with yeast. it is most holy. which is most holy: The guilt offering is to be slaughtered in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered. It is a guilt offering. it belongs to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the fellowship offerings. which is to be removed with the kidneys. " 'If. All its fat shall be offered: the fat tail and the fat that covers the inner parts. If any meat of the fellowship offering is eaten on the third day. both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins. " 'These are the regulations for the fellowship offering a person may present to the Lord : " 'If he offers it as an expression of thankfulness. however. He is to bring one of each kind as an offering. Every grain offering baked in an oven or cooked in a pan or on a griddle belongs to the priest who offers it. wafers made without yeast and spread with oil. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . he must leave none of it till morning. it must be burned. it will not be accepted. The priest shall burn them on the altar as an offering made to the Lord by fire. his offering is the result of a vow or is a freewill offering. It will not be credited to the one who offered it. and cakes of fine flour wellkneaded and mixed with oil. The meat of his fellowship offering of thanksgiving must be eaten on the day it is offered. for it is impure.

With his own hands he is to bring the offering made to the Lord by fire. . I have taken the breast that is waved and the thigh that is presented and have given them to Aaron the priest and his sons as their regular share from the Israelites. it must be burned up. that person must be cut off from his people. and wave the breast before the Lord as a wave offering. he is to bring the fat. The priest shall burn the fat on the altar. together with the breast. the sin 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 The Lord said to Moses. On the day they were anointed. the Lord commanded that the Israelites give this to them as their regular share for the generations to come. are the regulations for the burnt offering. And wherever you live. detestable thing-and then eats any of the meat of the fellowship offering belonging to the Lord . You are to give the right thigh of your fellowship offerings to the priest as a contribution.' " 28 27 26 25 24 23 The Lord said to Moses. the grain offering. If anyone touches something uncleanwhether human uncleanness or an unclean animal or any unclean.' " 22 21 20 19 "Say to the Israelites: 'Anyone who brings a fellowship offering to the Lord is to bring part of it as his sacrifice to the Lord . you must not eat the blood of any bird or animal. that person must be cut off from his people. that person must be cut off from his people. As for other meat. "Say to the Israelites: 'Do not eat any of the fat of cattle. The son of Aaron who offers the blood and the fat of the fellowship offering shall have the right thigh as his share. From the fellowship offerings of the Israelites. " 'Meat that touches anything ceremonially unclean must not be eaten. These. sheep or goats. but you must not eat it. If anyone eats blood.person who eats any of it will be held responsible. then. anyone ceremonially clean may eat it. The fat of an animal found dead or torn by wild animals may be used for any other purpose. but the breast belongs to Aaron and his sons.' " This is the portion of the offerings made to the Lord by fire that were allotted to Aaron and his sons on the day they were presented to serve the Lord as priests. But if anyone who is unclean eats any meat of the fellowship offering belonging to the Lord . Anyone who eats the fat of an animal from which an offering by fire may be made to the Lord must be cut off from his people.

the guilt offering.offering. Then Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and everything in it. and the assembly gathered at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. Moses also took all the fat around the inner parts. So he consecrated it to make atonement for it. the covering of the liver. their garments. He put the tunic on Aaron. tied sashes around them and put headbands on them. Moses slaughtered the bull and took some of the blood. and both kidneys and their fat. He poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head and anointed him to consecrate him. and with his finger he put it on all the horns of the altar to purify the altar. as the Lord commanded Moses. anointing the altar and all its utensils and the basin with its stand. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8The Lord said to Moses. tied the sash around him. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . the bull for the sin offering. and so consecrated them. "This is what the Lord has commanded to be done. But the bull with its hide and its flesh and its offal he burned up outside the camp. He sprinkled some of the oil on the altar seven times. put tunics on them. on the front of it. to consecrate them. as the Lord commanded Moses. the anointing oil. Moses said to the assembly. as the Lord commanded Moses. so it was fastened on him. in the Desert of Sinai. He placed the breastpiece on him and put the Urim and Thummim in the breastpiece. clothed him with the robe and put the ephod on him. the two rams and the basket containing bread made without yeast. "Bring Aaron and his sons. the sacred diadem." Moses did as the Lord commanded him. which the Lord gave Moses on Mount Sinai on the day he commanded the Israelites to bring their offerings to the Lord . and burned it on the altar. He poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on its head. He also tied the ephod to him by its skillfully woven waistband. and gather the entire assembly at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. the ordination offering and the fellowship offering. He then presented the bull for the sin offering." Then Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward and washed them with water. 38 Then he placed the turban on Aaron's head and set the gold plate. Then he brought Aaron's sons forward.

the ram for the ordination. and one made with oil. He washed the inner parts and the legs with water and burned the whole ram on the altar as a burnt offering. as the Lord commanded Moses. the covering of the liver. Then Moses slaughtered the ram and sprinkled the blood against the altar on all sides. Then Moses took them from their hands and burned them on the altar on top of the burnt offering as an ordination offering. 'Aaron and his sons are to eat it. the pieces and the fat. He also took the breast-Moses' share of the ordination ram-and waved it before the Lord as a wave offering. saying. Moses then said to Aaron and his sons.He then presented the ram for the burnt offering. So he consecrated Aaron and his garments and his sons and their garments. a pleasing aroma. an offering made to the Lord by fire.' Then burn up the rest of the meat and the bread. Do not leave the entrance to the Tent of Meeting for seven days. he took a cake of bread. which was before the 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 Lord . and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on its head. He then presented the other ram. Moses slaughtered the ram and took some of its blood and put it on the lobe of Aaron's right ear. he put these on the fat portions and on the right thigh. for your ordination will last seven days. an offering made to the Lord by fire. on the thumbs of their right hands and on the big toes of their right feet. as the Lord commanded Moses. 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 . He put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons and waved them before the Lord as a wave offering. He took the fat. until the days of your ordination are completed. a pleasing aroma. all the fat around the inner parts. the fat tail. "Cook the meat at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and eat it there with the bread from the basket of ordination offerings. Then Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood from the altar and sprinkled them on Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments. He cut the ram into pieces and burned the head. on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot. as I commanded. Moses also brought Aaron's sons forward and put some of the blood on the lobes of their right ears. both kidneys and their fat and the right thigh. and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on its head. Then from the basket of bread made without yeast. Then he sprinkled blood against the altar on all sides. and a wafer.

"Take a bull calf for your sin offering and a ram for your burnt offering. for that is what I have been commanded. as the Lord has commanded." So Aaron and his sons did everything the Lord commanded through Moses. a calf and a lambboth a year old and without defect-for a burnt offering. He took the goat for the people's sin offering and slaughtered it and offered it for a sin offering as he did with the first one. His sons handed him the blood. For today the Lord will appear to you. 36 35 34 Moses said to Aaron. sacrifice the offering that is for the people and make atonement for them. so you will not die. and an ox and a ram for a fellowship offering to sacrifice before the Lord . and the entire assembly came near and stood before the Lord . Then Moses said. Then he slaughtered the burnt offering. They handed him the burnt offering piece by piece. both without defect. and present them before the Lord ." So Aaron came to the altar and slaughtered the calf as a sin offering for himself. "This is what the Lord has commanded you to do.What has been done today was commanded by the Lord to make atonement for you. His sons brought the blood to him. including the head. as the Lord commanded Moses.' " They took the things Moses commanded to the front of the Tent of Meeting. so that the glory of the Lord may appear to you. the rest of the blood he poured out at the base of the altar. Aaron then brought the offering that was for the people. the flesh and the hide he burned up outside the camp. and he burned them on the altar. the kidneys and the covering of the liver from the sin offering." 6 5 4 3 2 . together with a grain offering mixed with oil. He washed the inner parts and the legs and burned them on top of the burnt offering on the altar. and he sprinkled it against the altar on all sides. "Come to the altar and sacrifice your sin offering and your burnt offering and make atonement for yourself and the people. He said to Aaron. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 9On the eighth day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel. and he dipped his finger into the blood and put it on the horns of the altar. You must stay at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting day and night for seven days and do what the Lord requires. On the altar he burned the fat. Then say to the Israelites: 'Take a male goat for a sin offering.

. he stepped down. contrary to his command. And when all the people saw it. Fire came out from the presence of the Lord and consumed the burnt offering and the fat portions on the altar. outside the camp.He brought the burnt offering and offered it in the prescribed way. and he sprinkled it against the altar on all sides. And having sacrificed the sin offering. away from the front of the sanctuary. carry your cousins outside the camp. and said to them. took a handful of it and burned it on the altar in addition to the morning's burnt offering. Aaron waved the breasts and the right thigh before the Lord as a wave offering. Moses summoned Mishael and Elzaphan. But your relatives. still in their tunics. But the fat portions of the ox and the ram-the fat tail. When they came out. put fire in them and added incense. and do not tear your clothes. Do not leave the entrance to the Tent of Meeting or you will die. they shouted for joy and fell facedown. "This is what the Lord spoke of when he said: " 'Among those who approach me I will show myself holy. as Moses commanded. the layer of fat. "Come here. Moses then said to Aaron." So they did as Moses said. 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers. because the Lord 's anointing oil is on you. or you will die and the Lord will be angry with the whole community. as Moses ordered. "Do not let your hair become unkempt. in the sight of all the people I will be honored. sons of Aaron's uncle Uzziel." So they came and carried them. Moses and Aaron then went into the Tent of Meeting. they blessed the people. His sons handed him the blood. the burnt offering and the fellowship offering. Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar. He also brought the grain offering.' " Aaron remained silent. and the glory of the Lord appeared to all the people. Then Aaron lifted his hands toward the people and blessed them. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 10 Then the Lord said to Aaron. all the house of Israel. may mourn for those the Lord has destroyed by fire. So fire came out from the presence of the Lord and consumed them. and they offered unauthorized fire before the Lord . He slaughtered the ox and the ram as the fellowship offering for the people. and then Aaron burned the fat on the altar. and they died before the Lord . the kidneys and the covering of the liverthese they laid on the breasts.

This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. between the unclean and the clean. for so I have been commanded. though it 4 3 2 11 . Since its blood was not taken into the Holy Place. Eat them in a ceremonially clean place. these are the ones you may eat: You may eat any animal that has a split hoof completely divided and that chews the cud. it was given to you to take away the guilt of the community by making atonement for them before the Lord . as the Lord has commanded. Would the Lord have been pleased if I had eaten the sin offering today?" When Moses heard this. but such things as this have happened to me. "Say to the Israelites: 'Of all the animals that live on land. Eat it in a holy place. he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar. or you will die. But you and your sons and your daughters may eat the breast that was waved and the thigh that was presented. The camel. to be waved before the Lord as a wave offering. "Why didn't you eat the sin offering in the sanctuary area? It is most holy. Aaron's remaining sons. because it is your share and your sons' share of the offerings made to the Lord by fire. "Take the grain offering left over from the offerings made to the Lord by fire and eat it prepared without yeast beside the altar. "Today they sacrificed their sin offering and their burnt offering before the Lord . This will be the regular share for you and your children. but you must not eat them. for it is most holy. they have been given to you and your children as your share of the Israelites' fellowship offerings. You must distinguish between the holy and the common. he was satisfied. and you must teach the Israelites all the decrees the Lord has given them through Moses."You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the Tent of Meeting. Eleazar and Ithamar. The thigh that was presented and the breast that was waved must be brought with the fat portions of the offerings made by fire. as I commanded." Moses said to Aaron and his remaining sons. 20 19 18 17 16 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron. " 'There are some that only chew the cud or only have a split hoof." 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 When Moses inquired about the goat of the sin offering and found that it had been burned up. you should have eaten the goat in the sanctuary area. and asked." Aaron replied to Moses.

it is unclean for you. the white owl. There are.chews the cud. they are unclean for you. the hoopoe and the bat. does not have a split hoof. the screech owl. The rabbit. though it chews the cud. does not have a split hoof. the cormorant. " 'These are the birds you are to detest and not eat because they are detestable: the eagle. though it chews the cud. it is unclean for you. you must not eat their meat and you must detest their carcasses. But all creatures in the seas or streams that do not have fins and scales-whether among all the swarming things or among all the other living creatures in the water-you are to detest. And the pig. cricket or grasshopper. some winged creatures that walk on all fours that you may eat: those that have jointed legs for hopping on the ground. You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses. the horned owl. you may eat any that have fins and scales. though it has a split hoof completely divided. The coney. it is unclean for you. And since you are to detest them. the little owl. any kind of hawk. whoever touches the carcass of any of them will be unclean. Whoever picks up one of their carcasses must wash his clothes. Of these you may eat any kind of locust. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 the red kite. the vulture. however. the great owl. the stork. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 15 any kind of raven. and he will be unclean till evening. " 'Every animal that has a split hoof not completely divided or that does not chew the cud is unclean for you. " 'All flying insects that walk on all fours are to be detestable to you. any kind of black kite. whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean till evening. the desert owl. it is ceremonially unclean for you. But all other winged creatures that have four legs you are to detest. katydid. . the black vulture. any kind of heron. does not chew the cud. " 'Of all the creatures living in the water of the seas and the streams. " 'You will make yourselves unclean by these. Anything living in the water that does not have fins and scales is to be detestable to you. the osprey. the gull. does not have a split hoof.

and any liquid that could be drunk from it is unclean. the monitor lizard. Any food that could be eaten but has water on it from such a pot is unclean. " 'If an animal that you are allowed to eat dies. the rat. Anyone who picks up their carcasses must wash his clothes. everything in it will be unclean. those that walk on their paws are unclean for you. " 'Of the animals that move about on the ground. however. any kind of great lizard. Of all those that move along the ground. I am the Lord your God. When one of them dies and falls on something. They 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 are unclean. and he will be unclean till evening. and then it will be clean. the gecko. and he will be unclean till evening. and you are to regard them as unclean. Do not make yourselves unclean 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 . But if water has been put on the seed and a carcass falls on it. Put it in water. consecrate yourselves and be holy. and he will be unclean till evening. If one of them falls into a clay pot. whether it is made of wood. anyone who touches the carcass will be unclean till evening. You are not to eat any creature that moves about on the ground. they remain clean. Anyone who eats some of the carcass must wash his clothes. whether it moves on its belly or walks on all fours or on many feet. it is detestable. If a carcass falls on any seeds that are to be planted. Anything that one of their carcasses falls on becomes unclean. these are unclean for you: the weasel. the skink and the chameleon. Anyone who picks up the carcass must wash his clothes. " 'Every creature that moves about on the ground is detestable. the wall lizard.Of all the animals that walk on all fours. an oven or cooking pot must be broken up. and you must break the pot. will be unclean. but anyone who touches one of these carcasses is unclean. cloth. these are unclean for you. that article. it is unclean for you. it will be unclean till evening. Do not make yourselves unclean by means of them or be made unclean by them. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean till evening. because I am holy. They are unclean for you. whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean till evening. whatever its use. or a cistern for collecting water remains clean. A spring. hide or sackcloth. it is not to be eaten. Do not defile yourselves by any of these creatures.

If the spot on his skin is white but does not appear to be more than skin deep and the hair in it has not turned white. "Say to the Israelites: 'A woman who becomes pregnant and gives birth to a son will be ceremonially unclean for seven days. " 'These are the regulations concerning animals. for two weeks the woman will be unclean. 5 4 3 2 13The Aaron. she is to bring to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting a year-old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a dove for a sin offering. and she will be clean. and then she will be ceremonially clean from her flow of blood. as during her period. between living creatures that may be eaten and those that may not be eaten. I am the Lord who brought you up out of Egypt to be your God. On the eighth day the boy is to be circumcised. every living thing that moves in the water and every creature that moves about on the ground.' " 8 7 6 12The Lord said to Moses. it is an infectious skin disease.' " 47 46 45 " 'When the days of her purification for a son or daughter are over. Then the woman must wait thirty-three days to be purified from her bleeding. birds. he shall pronounce him ceremonially unclean. If she cannot afford a lamb. just as she is unclean during her monthly period. and if the hair in the sore has turned white and the sore appears to be more than skin deep. she is to bring two doves or two young pigeons. he must be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons who is a priest. because I am holy. If she gives birth to a daughter. The priest is to examine the sore on his skin. 4 3 . He shall offer them before the Lord to make atonement for her. " 'These are the regulations for the woman who gives birth to a boy or a girl. one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering. 2 Lord said to Moses and "When anyone has a swelling or a rash or a bright spot on his skin that may become an infectious skin disease. She must not touch anything sacred or go to the sanctuary until the days of her purification are over. Then she must wait sixty-six days to be purified from her bleeding. You must distinguish between the unclean and the clean. therefore be holy.by any creature that moves about on the ground. In this way the priest will make atonement for her. When the priest examines him.

he shall pronounce him unclean. it is only a rash. The priest is to examine it. and if the sores have turned white. The man must wash his clothes. the priest is to examine him. the priest shall pronounce the infected person clean. The priest is to examine him. he shall pronounce that person clean. he must go to the priest. Since it has all turned white. and he will be clean. he must present himself to the priest. The priest is to examine him. and if the rash has spread in the skin. he will be unclean. "If the disease breaks out all over his skin and. "When someone has a boil on his skin and it heals. But if the rash does spread in his skin after he has shown himself to the priest to be pronounced clean. and if it appears to be more than skin deep and the hair in it has turned white. so far as the priest can see. The raw flesh is unclean. because he is already unclean. he is clean. and in the place where the boil was. Should the raw flesh change and turn white. It is an infectious skin disease that has broken out where the boil was. the priest shall pronounce him clean. it 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 covers all the skin of the infected person from head to foot. a white swelling or reddish-white spot appears. he has an infectious disease. when the priest examines it. he shall pronounce him unclean. it is an infectious disease. and if the sore has faded and has not spread in the skin. and if he sees that the sore is unchanged and has not spread in the skin.the priest is to put the infected person in isolation for seven days. On the seventh day the priest is to examine him. he is to keep him in isolation another seven days. it is a chronic skin disease and the priest shall pronounce him unclean. He is not to put him in isolation. then he will be clean. he must appear before the priest again. But whenever raw flesh appears on him. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . But if. he must be brought to the priest. The priest is to examine him. "When anyone has an infectious skin disease. When the priest sees the raw flesh. the priest shall pronounce him unclean. On the seventh day the priest is to examine him again. and if the disease has covered his whole body. and if there is a white swelling in the skin that has turned the hair white and if there is raw flesh in the swelling. there is no white hair in it and it is not more than skin deep and has faded.

On the seventh day the priest is to examine the itch. But if the priest examines it and there is no white hair in the spot and if it is not more than skin deep and has faded. and he will be clean. "If a man or woman has a sore on the head or on the chin. in his judgment it is unchanged and black hair has grown in it. He is clean. and the priest shall pronounce him clean. and the priest shall pronounce him clean. He must wash his clothes. the priest is to examine the spot. he must be shaved except for the diseased area. the priest does not need to look for yellow hair. it is only a scar from the burn. the person is unclean. the priest shall pronounce him unclean. then the priest is to put him in isolation for seven days. then the priest is to put the infected person in isolation for seven days. and if the hair in it has turned white. "When someone has a burn on his skin and a reddish-white or white spot appears in the raw flesh of the burn. the priest shall pronounce him unclean. The priest shall pronounce him unclean. and if the itch has not spread and there is no yellow hair in it and it does not appear to be more than skin deep. it is only a scar from the boil. an infectious disease of the head or chin. it does not seem to be more than skin deep and there is no black hair in it. the priest shall pronounce him clean. it is an infectious disease that has broken out in the burn. If it is spreading in the skin. But if the itch does spread in the skin after he is pronounced clean. it is an infectious skin disease. and it appears to be more than skin deep. On the seventh day the priest is to examine the sore. If. it is infectious. the itch is healed. the spot is unchanged and has not spread in the skin but has faded. But if the spot is unchanged and has not spread. it is an itch. and if it appears to be more than skin deep and the hair in it is yellow and thin. when the priest examines this kind of sore. and if it has not spread in the skin and appears to be no more than skin deep. however. and the priest shall pronounce him clean. and the priest is to keep him in isolation another seven days.then the priest is to put him in isolation for seven days. the priest shall pronounce that person unclean. the priest is to examine him. But if. it is a swelling from the burn. 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 the priest is to examine the sore. On the seventh day the priest is to examine him. however. If. it is an infectious skin disease. and if it is spreading in the skin. 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 . and if the itch has spread in the skin.

the man is diseased and is unclean. He must live alone. the mildew has not spread in the clothing. "When a man has lost his hair and is bald. the priest is to examine them. and if the mildew has not changed its appearance. or leather. it is unclean. or the woven or knitted material. he shall order that the contaminated article be washed. If he has lost his hair from the front of his scalp and has a bald forehead. that person is clean. it is an infectious disease breaking out on his head or forehead. or the leather. any leather or anything made of leatherand if the contamination in the clothing. let his hair be unkempt. After the affected article has been washed. or woven or knitted material. it is a spreading mildew and must be shown to the priest. or any leather article. The priest is to examine him. The priest is to examine the mildew and isolate the affected article for seven days. or the woven or knitted material of wool or linen. and if the swollen sore on his head or forehead is reddish-white like an infectious skin disease. He must burn up the clothing. cover the lower part of his face and cry out. or any leather article that has the contamination in it. Then he is to isolate it for another seven days. or the leather article."When a man or woman has white spots on the skin. the article is unclean. On the seventh day he is to examine it. The priest shall pronounce him unclean because of the sore on his head. Burn it with fire. "The person with such an infectious disease must wear torn clothes. 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 any woven or knitted material of linen or wool. when the priest examines it. 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 . he is clean. "If any clothing is contaminated with mildew-any woolen or linen clothing. it is a harmless rash that has broken out on the skin. the priest is to examine it. But if he has a reddish-white sore on his bald head or forehead. 'Unclean! Unclean!' As long as he has the infection he remains unclean. and if the mildew has spread in the clothing. he is clean. or the woven or knitted material. and if the spots are dull white. even though it has not spread. it is a destructive mildew. whatever its use. whether the mildew has affected one side or the other. "But if. is greenish or reddish. the article must be burned up. because the mildew is destructive. he must live outside the camp.

or any leather article. The priest who pronounces him clean shall present both the one to be cleansed and his offerings before the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. and one log of oil. the mildew has faded after the article has been washed. must be washed again. "The person to be cleansed must wash his clothes. or the leather. If the person has been healed of his infectious skin disease. "These are the regulations for the diseased person at the time of his ceremonial cleansing. 4 3 2 . Seven times he shall sprinkle the one to be cleansed of the infectious disease and pronounce him clean. On the seventh day he must shave off all his hair. he must shave his head. The clothing. the scarlet yarn and the hyssop. each without defect. Then he is to release the live bird in the open fields. But if it reappears in the clothing. or in the leather article. along with three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering. "On the eighth day he must bring two male lambs and one ewe lamb a year old. he is to tear the contaminated part out of the clothing. He is then to take the live bird and dip it. and it will be clean. when he is brought to the priest: The priest is to go outside the camp and examine him. or the woven or knitted material. into the blood of the bird that was killed over the fresh water. and whatever has the mildew must be burned with fire. for pronouncing them clean or unclean. then he will be ceremonially clean. or the woven or knitted material. After this he may come into the camp. He must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water. when the priest examines it." These are the regulations concerning contamination by mildew in woolen or linen clothing. the priest shall order that two live clean birds and some cedar wood. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 14The Lord said to Moses. his eyebrows and the rest of his hair. or any leather article that has been washed and is rid of the mildew. 59 58 57 56 Then the priest shall order that one of the birds be killed over fresh water in a clay pot.If. together with the cedar wood. and he will be clean. but he must stay outside his tent for seven days. it is spreading. woven or knitted material. his beard. shave off all his hair and bathe with water. or in the woven or knitted material. scarlet yarn and hyssop be brought for the one to be cleansed.

one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. He is to slaughter the lamb in the holy place where the sin offering and the burnt offering are slaughtered."Then the priest is to take one of the male lambs and offer it as a guilt offering. and wave them before the Lord as a wave offering. pour it in the palm of his own left hand. the guilt offering belongs to the priest. together with the log of oil. "On the eighth day he must bring them for his cleansing to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. The priest shall then take some of the log of oil. "Then the priest is to sacrifice the sin offering and make atonement for the one to be cleansed from his uncleanness. and make atonement for him. along with the log of oil. together with a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering. Like the sin offering. he must take one male lamb as a guilt offering to be waved to make atonement for him. The priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed. he shall wave them before the Lord as a wave offering. and two doves or two young pigeons. The priest is to put some of the oil remaining in his palm on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed. on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot. 24 23 22 21 20 The priest is to take the lamb for the guilt offering. the priest shall slaughter the burnt offering 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 and offer it on the altar. and with his right forefinger sprinkle some of the oil from his palm seven times before the Lord . however. it is most holy. and with his finger sprinkle some of it before the Lord seven times. dip his right forefinger into the oil in his palm. which he can afford. and he will be clean. The rest of the oil in his palm the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed and make atonement for him before the Lord . on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot. on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot. a log of oil. "If. on top of the blood of the guilt offering. on the 28 27 26 25 . After that. together with the grain offering. The priest is to pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand. Some of the oil in his palm he is to put on the same places he put the blood of the guilt offering-on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed. He shall slaughter the lamb for the guilt offering and take some of its blood and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed. he is poor and cannot afford these. before the Lord .

thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot. It must be torn down-its stones. If the mildew has spread on the walls. which the person can afford. 33 32 31 30 29 depressions that appear to be deeper than the surface of the wall. After this the priest is to go in and inspect the house. 'I have seen something that looks like mildew in my house. together with the grain offering. to make atonement for him before the Lord . 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron. it is a destructive mildew. the house is unclean. and I put a spreading mildew in a house in that land. "When you enter the land of Canaan. "If the mildew reappears in the house after the stones have been torn out and the house scraped and plastered. He is to examine the mildew on the walls. the priest shall go out the doorway of the house and close it up for seven days. the priest is to go and examine it and. "Anyone who goes into the house while it is closed up will be unclean till evening.' The priest is to order the house to be emptied before he goes in to examine the mildew. On the seventh day the priest shall return to inspect the house. He must have all the inside walls of the house scraped and the material that is scraped off dumped into an unclean place outside the town. he is to order that the contaminated stones be torn out and thrown into an unclean place outside the town. Then he shall sacrifice the doves or the young pigeons." These are the regulations for anyone who has an infectious skin disease and who cannot afford the regular offerings for his cleansing. timbers and all the plaster-and taken out of the town to an unclean place. In this way the priest will make atonement before the Lord on behalf of the one to be cleansed. Then they are to take other stones to replace these and take new clay and plaster the house. which I am giving you as your possession. so that nothing in the house will be pronounced unclean. The rest of the oil in his palm the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed. Anyone who sleeps or eats in the house must wash his clothes. if the mildew has spread in the house. and if it has greenish or reddish 37 36 35 34 . one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering. the owner of the house must go and tell the priest.

and sprinkle the house seven times. that person must wash his clothes and bathe with water. " 'Everything the man sits on when riding will be unclean. it will make him unclean. because the mildew is gone. and he will be unclean till evening. To purify the house he is to take two birds and some cedar wood. the discharge is unclean. the cedar wood. This is how his discharge will bring about uncleanness: " 'Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean. " 'If the man with the discharge spits on someone who is clean. a rash or a bright spot. for an itch. 57 56 . to determine when something is clean or unclean. the hyssop."But if the priest comes to examine it and the mildew has not spread after the house has been plastered. he shall pronounce the house clean. These are the regulations for infectious skin diseases and mildew. the hyssop and the scarlet yarn. the live bird. dip them into the blood of the dead bird and the fresh water. Anyone who touches his bed must wash his clothes and bathe with water. 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron. Whether it continues flowing from his body or is blocked. and it will be clean. and he will be unclean till evening. Then he is to release the live bird in the open fields outside the town. and he will be unclean till evening. Then he is to take the cedar wood. and for a swelling. and whoever touches any of the things that were under him will be unclean till evening. whoever picks up those things 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 15 for mildew in clothing or in a house. and anything he sits on will be unclean. He shall kill one of the birds over fresh water in a clay pot. He shall purify the house with the bird's blood. scarlet yarn and hyssop. the fresh water. In this way he will make atonement for the house. " 'Whoever touches the man who has a discharge must wash his clothes and bathe with water." These are the regulations for any infectious skin disease. Whoever sits on anything that the man with a discharge sat on must wash his clothes and bathe with water. the scarlet yarn and the live bird. and he will be unclean till evening. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When any man has a bodily discharge.

" 'Anyone the man with a discharge touches without rinsing his hands with water must wash his clothes and bathe with water. as is her bed during her monthly period. he will be unclean till evening. and they will be unclean till evening. and anything she sits on will be unclean. When a man lies with a woman and there is an emission of semen. " 'When a woman has her regular flow of blood. and he will be unclean till evening. he must wash his clothes and bathe himself with fresh water. " 'When a man is cleansed from his discharge. and he will be unclean till evening. and he will be unclean till evening. " 'If a man lies with her and her monthly flow touches him. he will be unclean for seven days. and anyone who touches her will be unclean till evening. as during her period. both 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 must bathe with water. Whether it is the bed or anything she was sitting on. she will be unclean as long as she has the discharge. just as in the days of her period. Any clothing or leather that has semen on it must be washed with water. On the eighth day he must take two doves or two young pigeons and come before the Lord to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and give them to the priest. and he will be unclean till evening. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 . the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. any bed he lies on will be unclean. In this way he will make atonement before the Lord for the man because of his discharge. " 'Anything she lies on during her period will be unclean. The priest is to sacrifice them. " 'When a man has an emission of semen.must wash his clothes and bathe with water. when anyone touches it. Whoever touches anything she sits on must wash his clothes and bathe with water. and it will be unclean till evening. and anything she sits on will be unclean. and he will be clean. " 'When a woman has a discharge of blood for many days at a time other than her monthly period or has a discharge that continues beyond her period. and any wooden article is to be rinsed with water. and he will be unclean till evening. the impurity of her monthly period will last seven days. he must bathe his whole body with water. Any bed she lies on while her discharge continues will be unclean. he is to count off seven days for his ceremonial cleansing. " 'A clay pot that the man touches must be broken. Whoever touches her bed must wash his clothes and bathe with water.

He is to cast lots for the two goats-one lot for the Lord and the other for the scapegoat. or else he will die. " 'When she is cleansed from her discharge. 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 chooses into the Most Holy Place behind the curtain in front of the atonement cover on the ark. From the Israelite community he is to take two male goats for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. The priest is to sacrifice one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. and after that she will be ceremonially clean. In this way he will make atonement for her before the Lord for the uncleanness of her discharge. "This is how Aaron is to enter the sanctuary area: with a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. and he will be unclean till evening. he must wash his clothes and bathe with water. with linen undergarments next to his body. so they will not die in their uncleanness for defiling my dwelling place. The Lord said to Moses: "Tell your brother Aaron not to come whenever he 2 16 .Whoever touches them will be unclean. for a woman in her monthly period. he is to tie the linen sash around him and put on the linen turban. "Aaron is to offer the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household. and for a man who lies with a woman who is ceremonially unclean. which is among them. for a man or a woman with a discharge. because I appear in the cloud over the atonement cover. He is to put on the sacred linen tunic. for anyone made unclean by an emission of semen. But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the Lord to be used for making 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron who died when they approached the Lord . Then he is to take the two goats and present them before the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the Lord and sacrifice it for a sin offering. she must count off seven days. " 'You must keep the Israelites separate from things that make them unclean. These are sacred garments. so he must bathe himself with water before he puts them on. On the eighth day she must take two doves or two young pigeons and bring them to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.' " These are the regulations for a man with a discharge.

he shall bring forward the live goat. He shall bathe himself with water in a holy place and put on his regular garments. and he is to leave them there. the Tent of Meeting and the altar. No one is to be in the Tent of Meeting from the time Aaron goes in to make 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 atonement in the Most Holy Place until he comes out. He shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times to cleanse it and to consecrate it from the uncleanness of the Israelites. and he is to slaughter the bull for his own sin offering. and the smoke of the incense will conceal the atonement cover above the Testimony. "Aaron shall bring the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household. He is to take some of the bull's blood and with his finger sprinkle it on the front of the atonement cover. having made atonement for himself. his household and the whole community of Israel. In this way he will make atonement for the Most Holy Place because of the uncleanness and rebellion of the Israelites.atonement by sending it into the desert as a scapegoat. He shall send the goat away into the desert in the care of a man appointed for the task. He is to put the incense on the fire before the Lord . He is to do the same for the Tent of Meeting. He shall take some of the bull's blood and some of the goat's blood and put it on all the horns of the altar. Then he shall come out and 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 . whatever their sins have been. and the man shall release it in the desert. so that he will not die. "Then Aaron is to go into the Tent of Meeting and take off the linen garments he put on before he entered the Most Holy Place. which is among them in the midst of their uncleanness. The goat will carry on itself all their sins to a solitary place. "Then he shall come out to the altar that is before the Lord and make atonement for it. then he shall sprinkle some of it with his finger seven times before the atonement cover. He is to take a censer full of burning coals from the altar before the Lord and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense and take them behind the curtain. He is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites-all their sins-and put them on the goat's head. "He shall then slaughter the goat for the sin offering for the people and take its blood behind the curtain and do with it as he did with the bull's blood: He shall sprinkle it on the atonement cover and in front of it. "When Aaron has finished making atonement for the Most Holy Place.

He shall also burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar. "The man who releases the goat as a scapegoat must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water. afterward he may come into the camp. that is. "This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement is to be made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites.sacrifice the burnt offering for himself and the burnt offering for the people. The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high priest is to make atonement. before the Lord . and for the priests and all the people of the community. must be taken outside the camp. flesh and offal are to be burned up. Then. The priest is to sprinkle the blood against the altar of the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and burn the fat as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . It is a sabbath of rest. afterward he may come into the camp. their hides. They must bring them to the priest. "This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month you must deny yourselves and not do any work-whether native-born or an alien living among youbecause on this day atonement will be made for you. you will be clean from all your sins. as the Lord commanded Moses. to the Lord . he has shed blood and must be cut off from his people." And it was done. it is a lasting ordinance. and you must deny yourselves. This is so the Israelites will bring to the Lord the sacrifices they are now making in the open fields. to cleanse you. "Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: 'This is what the Lord has commanded: Any Israelite who sacrifices an ox. to make atonement for himself and for the people. at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and sacrifice them as fellowship offerings. He is to put on the sacred linen garments 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 and make atonement for the Most Holy Place. whose blood was brought into the Most Holy Place to make atonement. The man who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water. The bull and the goat for the sin offerings. for the Tent of Meeting and the altar. 6 5 4 3 2 . a lamb or a goat in the camp or outside of it instead of bringing it to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting to present it as an offering to the Lord in front of the tabernacle of the Lord -that man shall be considered guilty of bloodshed. 34 33 17The Lord said to Moses.

because the life of every creature is its blood. anyone who eats it must be cut off. I am the Lord . But if he does not wash his clothes and bathe himself. who eats anything found dead or torn by wild animals must wash his clothes and bathe with water. Do not follow their practices.They must no longer offer any of their sacrifices to the goat idols to whom they prostitute themselves.' " 16 15 18The Lord said to Moses. for the man who obeys them will live by them. I am the Lord .' "Say to them: 'Any Israelite or any alien living among them who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice and does not bring it to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting to sacrifice it to the Lord -that man must be cut off from his people. Keep my decrees and laws. and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves on the altar. You must obey my laws and be careful to follow my decrees." 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 " 'Anyone. That is why I have said to the Israelites. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . that would dishonor your father. then he will be clean. whether native-born or alien. it is the blood that makes atonement for one's life. "You must not eat the blood of any creature. " 'Do not dishonor your father by having sexual relations with your mother. because the life of every creature is its blood. This is to be a lasting ordinance for them and for the generations to come. and he will be ceremonially unclean till evening." " 'Any Israelite or any alien living among you who hunts any animal or bird that may be eaten must drain out the blood and cover it with earth. For the life of a creature is in the blood. Therefore I say to the Israelites. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'I am the Lord your God. " 'No one is to approach any close relative to have sexual relations. You must not do as they do in Egypt. and you must not do as they do in the land of Canaan. " 'Any Israelite or any alien living among them who eats any blood-I will set my face against that person who eats blood and will cut him off from his people. "None of you may eat blood. where you used to live. nor may an alien living among you eat blood. She is your mother. I am the Lord your God. where I am bringing you. he will be held responsible. do not have relations with her. " 'Do not have sexual relations with your father's wife.

that would dishonor you. that would dishonor your brother. " 'Do not give any of your children to be sacrificed to Molech. that is detestable." 'Do not have sexual relations with your sister. " 'Do not have sexual relations with an animal and defile yourself with it. for all these things were done by the people who lived in the land before you. " 'Do not have sexual relations with your daughter-in-law. That is wickedness. she is your aunt. " 'Do not have sexual relations with your son's daughter or your daughter's daughter. she is your sister. because she is your mother's close relative. " 'Do not have sexual relations with your father's sister. born to your father. " 'Do not have sexual relations with the daughter of your father's wife. " 'Do not dishonor your father's brother by approaching his wife to have sexual relations. because this is how the nations that I am going to drive out before you became defiled. " 'Do not have sexual relations with your brother's wife. and the land became defiled. " 'Do not have sexual relations with both a woman and her daughter. whether she was born in the same home or elsewhere. " 'Do not have sexual relations with your neighbor's wife and defile yourself with her. and the land vomited out its inhabitants. that is a perversion. She is your son's wife. The native-born and the aliens living among you must not do any of these detestable things. she is your father's close relative. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 . " 'Do not defile yourselves in any of these ways. " 'Do not approach a woman to have sexual relations during the uncleanness of her monthly period. do not have relations with her. " 'Do not lie with a man as one lies with a woman. Do not have sexual relations with either her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter. so I punished it for its sin. Even the land was defiled. they are her close relatives. But you must keep my decrees and my laws. " 'Do not have sexual relations with your mother's sister. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 " 'Do not take your wife's sister as a rival wife and have sexual relations with her while your wife is living. A woman must not present herself to an animal to have sexual relations with it. for you must not profane the name of your God. I am the Lord . either your father's daughter or your mother's daughter.

Do not go over your vineyard a second time or pick up the grapes that have fallen. I am the Lord .' " 30 29 28 Whoever eats it will be held responsible because he has desecrated what is holy to the Lord . " 'Do not turn to idols or make gods of cast metal for yourselves. Keep my requirements and do not follow any of the detestable customs that were practiced before you came and do not defile yourselves with them. " 'Do not defraud your neighbor or rob him. 7 6 5 4 3 2 . " 'Do not hold back the wages of a hired man overnight. " 'Everyone who does any of these detestable things-such persons must be cut off from their people. the Lord your God. It shall be eaten on the day you sacrifice it or on the next day. " 'Do not swear falsely by my name and so profane the name of your God. " 'Do not lie. " 'When you sacrifice a fellowship offering to the Lord . it will vomit you out as it vomited out the nations that were before you. it is impure and will not be accepted. I am the Lord your God. " 'Do not steal. If any of it is eaten on the third day. " 'Each of you must respect his mother and father. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 19The Lord said to Moses. anything left over until the third day must be burned up. do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. " 'Do not go about spreading slander among your people. " 'Do not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in front of the blind. do not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great. " 'Do not do anything that endangers your neighbor's life. but judge your neighbor fairly. but fear your God. I am the Lord your God.And if you defile the land. " 'When you reap the harvest of your land. I am the Lord . am holy. I am the Lord . " 'Do not hate your brother in your heart. " 'Do not deceive one another. I am the Lord your God. that person must be cut off from his people. " 'Do not pervert justice. "Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: 'Be holy because I. sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf. Leave them for the poor and the alien. and you must observe my Sabbaths. Rebuke your neighbor frankly so you will not share in his guilt. I am the Lord your God.

I am the Lord your God. " 'Do not plant your field with two kinds of seed. however. because she had not been freed. In this way your harvest will be increased. an honest ephah and an honest hin. I am the Lord . I am the Lord . regard its fruit as forbidden. " 'Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard. for you were aliens in Egypt. I am the Lord . there must be due punishment. " 'Rise in the presence of the aged. " 'Do not cut your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves. " 'Do not use dishonest standards when measuring length. I am the Lord ." 'Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against one of your people. In the fourth year all its fruit will be holy. weight or quantity. but love your neighbor as yourself. " 'When you enter the land and plant any kind of fruit tree. " 'Keep my decrees. " 'When an alien lives with you in your land. For three years you are to consider it forbidden . do not mistreat him. The alien living with you must be treated as one of your native-born. Yet they are not to be put to death. Use honest scales and honest weights. " 'Do not turn to mediums or seek out spiritists. " 'Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. must bring a ram to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting for a guilt offering to the Lord . The man. " 'If a man sleeps with a woman who is a slave girl promised to another man but who has not been ransomed or given her freedom. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 " 'Do not eat any meat with the blood still in it. I am the Lord your God. I 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 . show respect for the elderly and revere your God. or the land will turn to prostitution and be filled with wickedness. Love him as yourself. for you will be defiled by them. " 'Do not mate different kinds of animals. I am the Lord your God. With the ram of the guilt offering the priest is to make atonement for him before the Lord for the sin he has committed. it must not be eaten. and his sin will be forgiven. " 'Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material. " 'Do not practice divination or sorcery. " 'Do not degrade your daughter by making her a prostitute. But in the fifth year you may eat its fruit. an offering of praise to the Lord .

" 'If a woman approaches an animal to have sexual relations with it. their blood will be on their own heads. 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 20The Lord said to Moses. he has dishonored his father. kill both the woman and the animal. He has cursed his father or his mother. Keep my decrees and follow them. They must be put to death. " 'If a man commits adultery with another man's wife-with the wife of his neighbor-both the adulterer and the adulteress must be put to death. " 'If a man sleeps with his father's wife. both of them must be put to death. and you must kill the animal. he must be put to death. their blood will be on their own heads. If the people of the community close their eyes when that man gives one of his children to Molech and they fail to put him to death. " 'If a man marries both a woman and her mother. I am the Lord . and I will cut him off from his people. who brought you out of Egypt. for by giving his children to Molech. their blood will be on their own heads. " 'If a man lies with a man as one lies with a woman. "Say to the Israelites: 'Any Israelite or any alien living in Israel who gives any of his children to Molech must be put to death.' " 37 " 'If anyone curses his father or mother. Both he and they must be burned in the fire. I will set my face against that man and I will cut him off from his people. he has defiled my sanctuary and profaned my holy name. because I am the Lord your God. " 'If a man sleeps with his daughter-inlaw. They must be put to death. both of them have done what is detestable. so that no wickedness will be among you. he must be put to death. " 'Keep all my decrees and all my laws and follow them. What they have done is a perversion. The people of the community are to stone him. I am the Lord . 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . their blood will be on their own heads. Both the man and the woman must be put to death. who makes you holy. " 'Consecrate yourselves and be holy. it is wicked. " 'If a man has sexual relations with an animal. I will set my face against that man and his family and will cut off from their people both him and all who follow him in prostituting themselves to Molech. " 'I will set my face against the person who turns to mediums and spiritists to prostitute himself by following them.am the Lord your God. and his blood will be on his own head.

he has dishonored his uncle. and so defile himself. " 'If a man lies with a woman during her monthly period and has sexual relations with her. I will give it to you as an inheritance. They will be held responsible. "Speak to the priests. he has exposed the source of her flow. who has set you apart from the nations. He must not make himself unclean for people related to him by marriage. " 'You must therefore make a distinction between clean and unclean animals and between unclean and clean birds. " 'If a man sleeps with his aunt. Do not defile yourselves by any animal or bird or anything that moves along the ground-those which I have set apart as unclean for you. they will die childless. the daughter of either his father or his mother. You are to be holy to me because I. You are to stone them. and say to them: 'A priest must not make himself ceremonially unclean for any of his people who die. such as his mother or father. They must be cut off before the eyes of their people." 'If a man marries his sister. They will be childless. " 'Do not have sexual relations with the sister of either your mother or your father. 5 4 3 2 21 . and she has also uncovered it. " 'If a man marries his brother's wife. their blood will be on their own heads. both of you would be held responsible. " 'Keep all my decrees and laws and follow them. the Lord . " 'Priests must not shave their heads or shave off the edges of their beards or cut their bodies. so that the land where I am bringing you to live may not vomit you out.' " 27 26 25 The Lord said to Moses. He has dishonored his sister and will be held responsible. and I have set you apart from the nations to be my own. Both of them must be cut off from their people." I am the Lord your God. his son or daughter. it is a disgrace. " 'A man or woman who is a medium or spiritist among you must be put to death. or an unmarried sister who is dependent on him since she has no husband-for her he may make himself unclean. I abhorred them. am holy. he has dishonored his brother. "You will possess their land. and they have sexual relations. a land flowing with milk and 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 honey. You must not live according to the customs of the nations I am going to drive out before you. But I said to you. his brother. except for a close relative. it is an act of impurity. for that would dishonor a close relative. Because they did all these things. the sons of Aaron.

she must be burned in the fire. nor leave the sanctuary of his God or desecrate it. or who is hunchbacked or dwarfed. he must not come near to offer the food of his God. Because they present the offerings made to the Lord by fire. but only a virgin from his own people. Regard them as holy. and so desecrate my sanctuary. " 'The woman he marries must be a virgin. I am the Lord . he must not go near the curtain or approach the altar. " 'If a priest's daughter defiles herself by becoming a prostitute. He must not marry a widow. because priests are holy to their God. No man who has any defect may come near: no man who is blind or lame. or a woman defiled by 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 prostitution. because I the Lord am holy-I who make you holy. she disgraces her father. ' " So Moses told this to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites. because he has been dedicated by the anointing oil of his God. " 'The high priest. He must not enter a place where there is a dead body. or who has festering or running sores or damaged testicles. even for his father or mother. He has a defect. so he will not defile his offspring among his people.They must be holy to their God and must not profane the name of their God. who makes them holy. ' " 16 15 The Lord said to Moses. Consider them holy. "Say to Aaron: 'For the generations to come none of your descendants who has a defect may come near to offer the food of his God. who makes him holy. disfigured or deformed. or who has any eye defect. the one among his brothers who has had the anointing oil poured on his head and who has been ordained to wear the priestly garments. I am the Lord . as well as the holy food. a divorced woman. must not let his hair become unkempt or tear his clothes. He may eat the most holy food of his God. yet because of his defect. He must not make himself unclean. because they offer up the food of your God. the food of their God. they are to be holy. I am the Lord . " 'They must not marry women defiled by prostitution or divorced from their husbands. 19 18 17 no man with a crippled foot or hand. 24 23 22 21 20 . No descendant of Aaron the priest who has any defect is to come near to present the offerings made to the Lord by fire.

He must not eat any of the sacred offerings unless he has bathed himself with water. If a priest's daughter marries anyone other than a priest. "Tell Aaron and his sons to treat with respect the sacred offerings the Israelites consecrate to me. may eat any of it.22The Lord said to Moses. When the sun goes down. " 'If anyone eats a sacred offering by mistake. He will also be unclean if he touches something defiled by a corpse or by anyone who has an emission of semen. that person must be cut off from my presence. so they will not profane my holy name. and so become unclean through it. " 'If a descendant of Aaron has an infectious skin disease or a bodily discharge. yet has no children. "Say to them: 'For the generations to come. she may eat of her father's food. I am the Lord . that slave may eat his food. I am the Lord . or if he touches any crawling thing that makes him unclean. The priests must not desecrate the sacred offerings the Israelites present to the Lord by allowing them to eat the sacred offerings and so bring upon them guilt requiring payment. and after that he may eat the sacred offerings. who makes them holy. The one who touches any such thing will be unclean till evening. he will be clean. or any person who makes him unclean. I am the Lord . .' " 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 The Lord said to Moses. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 " 'The priests are to keep my requirements so that they do not become guilty and die for treating them with contempt. he may not eat the sacred offerings until he is cleansed. who makes them holy. " 'No one outside a priest's family may eat the sacred offering. No unauthorized person. whatever the uncleanness may be. or if a slave is born in his household. she may not eat any of the sacred contributions. if any of your descendants is ceremonially unclean and yet comes near the sacred offerings that the Israelites consecrate to the Lord . he must make restitution to the priest for the offering and add a fifth of the value to it. for they are his food. But if a priest buys a slave with money. He must not eat anything found dead or torn by wild animals. I am the Lord . and she returns to live in her father's house as in her youth. I am the Lord . however. nor may the guest of a priest or his hired worker eat it. But if a priest's daughter becomes a widow or is divorced.

it will be acceptable as an offering made to the Lord by fire. Do not place any of these on the altar as an offering made to the Lord by fire. you must present a male without defect from the cattle. leave none of it till morning. I am the Lord . either to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering. which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies. it is to remain with its mother for seven days. I must be acknowledged as holy by the Israelites. and you must not accept such animals from the hand of a foreigner and offer them as the food of your God. sheep or goats in order that it may be accepted on your behalf.' " 26 The Lord said to Moses. You must not offer to the Lord an animal whose testicles are bruised. "Keep my commands and follow them. "When you sacrifice a thank offering to the Lord . but it will not be accepted in fulfillment of a vow. When anyone brings from the herd or flock a fellowship offering to the Lord to fulfill a special vow or as a freewill offering. I am the Lord . torn or cut. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 because they are deformed and have defects."Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: 'If any of you-either an Israelite or an alien living in Israel-presents a gift for a burnt offering to the Lord . crushed. "When a calf. who makes you holy and who brought you out of Egypt to be your God. I am the Lord . You may. Do not profane my holy name. sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf. They will not be accepted on your behalf. it must be without defect or blemish to be acceptable. however. the injured or the maimed. It must be eaten that same day. Do not bring anything with a defect. present as a freewill offering an ox or a sheep that is deformed or stunted. From the eighth day on." 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 23The Lord said to Moses. You must not do this in your own land. the appointed feasts of the Lord . "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'These are my appointed feasts. because it will not be accepted on your behalf. Do not slaughter a cow or a sheep and its young on the same day. or anything with warts or festering or running sores. a lamb or a goat is born. 2 . Do not offer to the Lord the blind. I am the Lord .

On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. " 'From the day after the Sabbath. together with their grain offerings and drink offerings-an offering made by fire. Then sacrifice one male goat for a sin offering and two lambs. They are a sacred offering to the Lord for the priest. You must not eat any bread. For seven days present an offering made to the Lord by fire. bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest. On the day you wave the sheaf. wherever you live. a pleasing aroma-and its drink offering of a quarter of a hin of wine. and then present an offering of new grain to the Lord . for seven days you must eat bread made without yeast. until the very day you bring this offering to your God. the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering. wherever you live. Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath. The priest is to wave the two lambs before the Lord as a wave offering. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest. but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest. it is a Sabbath to the Lord . you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the Lord a lamb a year old without defect. each a year old. " 'These are the Lord 's appointed feasts. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times: The Lord 's Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.' " 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 together with its grain offering of twotenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil-an offering made to the Lord by fire. From wherever you live. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 The Lord said to Moses. He is to wave the sheaf before the Lord so it will be accepted on your behalf. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. as a wave offering of firstfruits to the Lord . On the fifteenth day of that month the Lord 's Feast of Unleavened Bread begins. You are not to do any work. an aroma pleasing to the Lord . the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath. or roasted or new grain. one young bull and two rams. for a fellowship offering." 'There are six days when you may work. bring two loaves made of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour. a day of sacred assembly. count off seven full weeks. Present with this bread seven male lambs. They will be a burnt offering to the Lord . 12 11 10 . together with the bread of the firstfruits. baked with yeast. each a year old and without defect.

celebrate 39 38 37 36 35 34 The Lord said to Moses. Do no regular work. This is to be for the generations you live. The first day is a sacred assembly. Leave them for the poor and the alien. and it lasts for seven days. It is a sabbath of rest for you. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come." 33 32 31 " 'When you reap the harvest of your land. and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering made to the Lord by fire. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves. which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing offerings made to the Lord by fire-the burnt offerings and grain offerings. and you must deny yourselves. do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. The Lord said to Moses.' " 23 The Lord said to Moses. sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day. do no regular work. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath. "Say to the Israelites: 'On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of rest. and present an offering made to the Lord by fire. Anyone who does not deny himself on that day must be cut off from his people. I am the Lord your God. 30 29 28 27 . It is the closing assembly. a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. For seven days present offerings made to the Lord by fire. after you have gathered the crops of the land. I will destroy from among his people anyone who does any work on that day. because it is the Day of Atonement.) " 'So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month. wherever You shall do no work at all. when atonement is made for you before the Lord your God. (" 'These are the Lord 's appointed feasts. These offerings are in addition to those for the Lord 's Sabbaths and in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings you give to the Lord . wherever you live. Do no work on that day. "The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. 22 21 you are to proclaim and do no regular a lasting ordinance to come. do no regular work.' " 26 25 24 "Say to the Israelites: 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the Lord 's Feast of Tabernacles begins.On that same day a sacred assembly work. but present an offering made to the Lord by fire.

using two-tenths of an ephah for each loaf. 44 43 42 41 40 The lamps on the pure gold lampstand before the Lord must be tended continually. so they brought him to Moses. "Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning continually. Sabbath after Sabbath. as a lasting covenant. (His mother's name was Shelomith. because it is a most holy part of their regular share of the offerings made to the Lord by fire. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.' " So Moses announced to the Israelites the appointed feasts of the Lord . 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 24The Lord said to Moses. It belongs to Aaron and his sons. celebrate it in the seventh month. The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name with a curse. and a fight broke out in the camp between him and an Israelite. and the eighth day also is a day of rest. On the first day you are to take choice fruit from the trees. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. leafy branches and poplars. and rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. Outside the curtain of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting. Live in booths for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in booths so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt. on behalf of the Israelites. who are to eat it in a holy place. continually. This bread is to be set out before the Lord regularly. six in each row. on the table of pure gold before the Lord . the daughter of Dibri the Danite. and palm fronds. the first day is a day of rest." A Blasphemer Stoned Now the son of an Israelite mother and an Egyptian father went out among the Israelites. Aaron is to tend the lamps before the Lord from evening till morning.the festival to the Lord for seven days. "Take fine flour and bake twelve loaves of bread. Set them in two rows. 3 2 Then the Lord said to Moses: . Along each row put some pure incense as a memorial portion to represent the bread and to be an offering made to the Lord by fire.) They put him in custody until the will of the Lord should be made clear to them. I am the Lord your God. Celebrate this as a festival to the Lord for seven days each year.

' " Then Moses spoke to the Israelites. but whoever kills a man must be put to death. Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month. anyone who blasphemes the name of the Lord must be put to death. The land is to have a year of rest. Whether an alien or native-born. Do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the grapes of your untended vines. he will be held responsible. As he has injured the other. The Israelites did as the Lord commanded Moses. If anyone injures his neighbor. your manservant and maidservant."Take the blasphemer outside the camp. Whatever the land yields during the sabbath year will be food for you-for yourself. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land. Say to the Israelites: 'If anyone curses his God. tooth for tooth. Whoever kills an animal must make restitution. I am the Lord your God. he must be put to death. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards. and they took the blasphemer outside the camp and stoned him. a sabbath to the Lord . 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 25The Lord said to Moses on Mount Sinai. and the hired worker and temporary resident who live among you. the land itself must observe a sabbath to the Lord . But in the seventh year the land is to have a sabbath of rest. You are to have the same law for the alien and the native-born. and the entire assembly is to stone him. eye for eye. Whatever the land produces may be eaten. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When you enter the land I am going to give you. For six years sow your fields. " 'If anyone takes the life of a human being. and for six years prune your vineyards and gather their crops. as well as for your livestock and the wild animals in your land. Anyone who takes the life of someone's animal must make restitution-life for life. whatever he has done must be done to him: fracture for fracture. so he is to be injured. All those who heard him are to lay their hands on his head. " 'Count off seven sabbaths of yearsseven times seven years-so that the seven sabbaths of years amount to a period of forty-nine years. he must be put to death. The entire assembly must stone him. when he blasphemes the Name.

each one of you is to return to his family property and each to his own clan. and you will eat your fill and live there in safety. But if he does not acquire the means to repay him.Consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. Throughout the country that you hold as a possession. you are to increase the price. " 'The land must not be sold permanently. For it is a jubilee and is to be holy for you. I am the Lord your God. The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you. you will eat from the old crop and will continue to eat from it until the harvest of the ninth year comes in. " 'If you sell land to one of your countrymen or buy any from him. "What will we eat in the seventh year if we do not plant or harvest our crops?" I will send you such a blessing in the sixth year that the land will yield enough for three years. but fear your God. because what he is really selling you is the number of crops. You are to buy from your countryman on the basis of the number of years since the Jubilee. do not sow and do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the untended vines. you are to decrease the price. because the land is mine and you are but aliens and my tenants. eat only what is taken directly from the fields. however. " 'In this Year of Jubilee everyone is to return to his own property. It shall be a jubilee for you. you must provide for the redemption of the land. " 'Follow my decrees and be careful to obey my laws. While you plant during the eighth year. and when the years are few. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 Then the land will yield its fruit. do not take advantage of each other. If. And he is to sell to you on the basis of the number of years left for harvesting crops. he can then go back to his own property. what he sold will remain in the possession of the buyer until the 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 . When the years are many. he is to determine the value for the years since he sold it and refund the balance to the man to whom he sold it. a man has no one to redeem it for him but he himself prospers and acquires sufficient means to redeem it. his nearest relative is to come and redeem what his countryman has sold. " 'If one of your countrymen becomes poor and sells some of his property. and you will live safely in the land. You may ask. Do not take advantage of each other.

whom I brought out of Egypt. " 'If a man sells a house in a walled city. It will be returned in the Jubilee. If it is not redeemed before a full year has passed. " 'Your male and female slaves are to come from the nations around you. He is to be treated as a hired worker or a temporary resident among you. During that time he may redeem it. because the houses in the towns of the Levites are their property among the Israelites. help him as you would an alien or a temporary resident. but fear your God. and he can then go back to his property. he is to work for you until the Year of Jubilee. a house sold in any town they hold-and is to be returned in the Jubilee. and they are to be returned in the Jubilee. the house in the walled city shall belong permanently to the buyer and his descendants. But the pastureland belonging to their towns must not be sold. it is their permanent possession. and he will go back to his own clan and to the property of his forefathers. But houses in villages without walls around them are to be considered as open country. 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 . who brought you out of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God. he retains the right of redemption a full year after its sale. but fear your God. 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 Do not take interest of any kind from him. They can be redeemed. do not make him work as a slave. You must not lend him money at interest or sell him food at a profit. they must not be sold as slaves. so that your countryman may continue to live among you. Then he and his children are to be released. and they will become your property. which they possess. Because the Israelites are my servants. " 'If one of your countrymen becomes poor and is unable to support himself among you. " 'The Levites always have the right to redeem their houses in the Levitical towns.Year of Jubilee. So the property of the Levites is redeemable-that is. You may also buy some of the temporary residents living among you and members of their clans born in your country. " 'If one of your countrymen becomes poor among you and sells himself to you. I am the Lord your God. from them you may buy slaves. Do not rule over them ruthlessly. It is not to be returned in the Jubilee. so he can continue to live among you.

and you will lie down and no one will make you afraid. " 'I will grant peace in the land. They are my servants. " 'Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. and you will eat all the food you want and live in safety in your land. " 'If an alien or a temporary resident among you becomes rich and one of your countrymen becomes poor and sells himself to the alien living among you or to a member of the alien's clan. and the ground will yield its crops and the trees of the field their fruit. he retains the right of redemption after he has sold himself. He is to be treated as a man hired from year to year. He and his buyer are to count the time from the year he sold himself up to the Year of Jubilee. and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it. If many years remain. If only a few years remain until the Year of Jubilee. One of his relatives may redeem him: An uncle or a cousin or any blood relative in his clan may redeem him. and a hundred of you will chase ten thousand. I am the Lord your God. " 'If you follow my decrees and are careful to obey my commands. I will remove savage beasts from the land. I am the Lord your God. you must see to it that his owner does not rule over him ruthlessly. and your enemies will fall by the sword before you. 55 " 'Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves. Five of you will chase a hundred. The price for his release is to be based on the rate paid to a hired man for that number of years. he is to compute that and pay for his redemption accordingly. I am the Lord . whom I brought out of Egypt. and the sword will not pass through your country. Or if he prospers.You can will them to your children as inherited property and can make them slaves for life. and they will fall by the sword before you. " 'Even if he is not redeemed in any of these ways. I will send you rain in its season. Your threshing will continue until grape harvest and the grape harvest will continue until planting. he may redeem himself. but you must not rule over your fellow Israelites ruthlessly. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 26 . You will pursue your enemies. 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 for the Israelites belong to me as servants. he and his children are to be released in the Year of Jubilee. he must pay for his redemption a larger share of the price paid for him.

I will punish you for your sins seven times over. and if you reject my decrees and abhor my laws and fail to carry out all my commands and so violate my covenant. but you will not be satisfied. " 'If in spite of these things you do not accept my correction but continue to be hostile toward me. because your soil will not yield its crops. and I will not abhor you. I will send wild animals against you. I will put my dwelling place among you. I broke the bars of your yoke and enabled you to walk with heads held high. " 'But if you will not listen to me and carry out all these commands. as your sins deserve. and they will dole out the bread by weight. nor will the trees of the land yield their fruit. Your strength will be spent in vain. then I will do this to you: I will bring upon you sudden terror. and you will be given into enemy hands. I will break down your stubborn pride and make the sky above you like iron and the ground beneath you like bronze. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 . ten women will be able to bake your bread in one oven. those who hate you will rule over you. " 'If you remain hostile toward me and refuse to listen to me. You will still be eating last year's harvest when you will have to move it out to make room for the new. wasting diseases and fever that will destroy your sight and drain away your life. I myself will be hostile toward you and will afflict you for your sins seven times over. When you withdraw into your cities. I will multiply your afflictions seven times over. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 " 'If after all this you will not listen to me. because your enemies will eat it. I will set my face against you so that you will be defeated by your enemies. and you will flee even when no one is pursuing you. And I will bring the sword upon you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. and I will keep my covenant with you. and they will rob you of your children. destroy your cattle and make you so few in number that your roads will be deserted. I am the Lord your God. and you will be my people. I will walk among you and be your God. When I cut off your supply of bread. You will plant seed in vain. who brought you out of Egypt so that you would no longer be slaves to the Egyptians. I will send a plague among you." 'I will look on you with favor and make you fruitful and increase your numbers. You will eat.

and I will abhor you. the land of your enemies will devour you. 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 They will run as though fleeing from the sword. which made me hostile toward them so that I sent them into the land of their enemies-then when their uncircumcised hearts are humbled and they pay for their sin. For the land will be deserted by them and will enjoy its sabbaths while it lies desolate without them. and your cities will lie in ruins. I will destroy your high places. even though no one is pursuing them. " 'But if they will confess their sins and the sins of their fathers-their treachery against me and their hostility toward me. I will make their hearts so fearful in the lands of their enemies that the sound of a windblown leaf will put them to flight. They will stumble over one another as though fleeing from the sword. when they are in the land of their enemies. I will lay waste the land. the land will have the rest it did not have during the sabbaths you lived in it. and I will remember the land." 'If in spite of this you still do not listen to me but continue to be hostile toward me. You will perish among the nations. then the land will rest and enjoy its sabbaths. even though no one is pursuing them. I will not reject them or abhor them so as to destroy 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 . so that your enemies who live there will be appalled. I will remember my covenant with Jacob and my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham. also because of their fathers' sins they will waste away. All the time that it lies desolate. I will turn your cities into ruins and lay waste your sanctuaries. Your land will be laid waste. So you will not be able to stand before your enemies. and they will fall. and I myself will punish you for your sins seven times over. " 'As for those of you who are left. They will pay for their sins because they rejected my laws and abhorred my decrees. Yet in spite of this. Then the land will enjoy its sabbath years all the time that it lies desolate and you are in the country of your enemies. Those of you who are left will waste away in the lands of their enemies because of their sins. cut down your incense altars and pile your dead bodies on the lifeless forms of your idols. I will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you. and I will take no delight in the pleasing aroma of your offerings. then in my anger I will be hostile toward you. You will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters.

its value is to be set 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 27The Lord said to Moses. set the value of a male between the ages of twenty and sixty at fifty shekels of silver. " 'If what he vowed is an animal that is acceptable as an offering to the Lord . so it will remain. both it and the substitute become holy. the laws and the regulations that the Lord established on Mount Sinai between himself and the Israelites through Moses. 7 6 5 4 3 2 . " 'If a man dedicates his house as something holy to the Lord . set her value at thirty shekels. he is to present the person to the priest. if he should substitute one animal for another. If the owner wishes to redeem the animal. 46 45 If anyone making the vow is too poor to pay the specified amount. If it is a person sixty years old or more. If what he vowed is a ceremonially unclean animal-one that is not acceptable as an offering to the Lord the animal must be presented to the priest. breaking my covenant with them. according to the sanctuary shekel .' " These are the decrees. and if it is a female. who will judge its quality as good or bad.them completely. such an animal given to the Lord becomes holy. I am the Lord their God. Whatever value the priest then sets. set the value of a male at five shekels of silver and that of a female at three shekels of silver. and the house will again become his. I am the Lord . If it is a person between one month and five years. He must not exchange it or substitute a good one for a bad one. he must add a fifth to its value. If it is a person between the ages of five and twenty. Whatever value the priest then sets. or a bad one for a good one. But for their sake I will remember the covenant with their ancestors whom I brought out of Egypt in the sight of the nations to be their God. who will set the value for him according to what the man making the vow can afford. set the value of a male at fifteen shekels and of a female at ten shekels. he must add a fifth to its value. the priest will judge its quality as good or bad. If the man who dedicates his house redeems it. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'If anyone makes a special vow to dedicate persons to the Lord by giving equivalent values. that is what it will be. set the value of a male at twenty shekels and of a female at ten shekels. " 'If a man dedicates to the Lord part of his family land.

" 'But nothing that a man owns and devotes to the Lord -whether man or animal or family land-may be sold or redeemed. If a man redeems any of his tithe. it is the Lord 's. When the field is released in the Jubilee. it is to be sold at its set value. If he dedicates his field during the Year of Jubilee. it can never be redeemed. he may buy it back at its set value. In the Year of Jubilee the field will revert to the person from whom he bought it. 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Every value is to be set according to the sanctuary shekel. " 'No person devoted to destruction may be ransomed. " 'If a man dedicates to the Lord a field he has bought. twenty gerahs to the shekel. If he does make a substitution. however. He must not pick out the good from the bad or make any substitution. The entire tithe of the herd and flockevery tenth animal that passes under the shepherd's rod-will be holy to the Lord .according to the amount of seed required for it-fifty shekels of silver to a homer of barley seed. the one whose land it was. " 'A tithe of everything from the land. both the animal and its substitute become holy and cannot be redeemed. But if he dedicates his field after the Jubilee. he must add a fifth of the value to it. he must be put to death. he must add a fifth to its value. adding a fifth of the value to it. If it is one of the unclean animals. belongs to the Lord . If. since the firstborn already belongs to the Lord . it will become the property of the priests. the priest will determine the value according to the number of years that remain until the next Year of Jubilee.' " 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 . the priest will determine its value up to the Year of Jubilee. and the field will again become his. the value that has been set remains. however. " 'No one. or if he has sold it to someone else. everything so devoted is most holy to the Lord . and the man must pay its value on that day as something holy to the Lord . If the man who dedicates the field wishes to redeem it. and its set value will be reduced. it is holy to the Lord . whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees. which is not part of his family land. it will become holy. If he does not redeem it. like a field devoted to the Lord . he does not redeem the field. whether an ox or a sheep. may dedicate the firstborn of an animal.

.These are the commands the Lord gave Moses on Mount Sinai for the 34 Israelites.

listing every man by name. The number from the tribe of Reuben was 46. from Gad. 21 20 19 18 17 16 Shelumiel son of Nahshon son of from Issachar. one by one. Zurishaddai. 13 12 Ahiezer son of from Asher. the leaders of their ancestral tribes. . from Manasseh. Elishama son of Ammihud. from Judah. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 from Dan. They were the heads of the clans of Israel. one by one. from Naphtali. and the men twenty years old or more were listed by name. Pagiel son of Ocran. You and Aaron are to number by their divisions all the men in Israel twenty years old or more who are able to serve in the army. as the Lord commanded Moses. is to help you. Gamaliel son of Pedahzur. each the head of his family. 11 10 from Benjamin. Moses and Aaron took these men whose names had been given. Eliasaph son of Deuel. He said: "Take a census of the whole Israelite community by their clans and families. Ammishaddai. according to the records of their clans and families. One man from each tribe. 9 from the sons of Joseph: from Ephraim. Abidan son of Gideoni. These are the names of the men who are to assist you: from Reuben. from Simeon. and they called the whole community together on the first day of the second month. Amminadab. And so he counted them in the Desert of Sinai: From the descendants of Reuben the firstborn son of Israel: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name. Ahira son of Enan. The people indicated their ancestry by their clans and families. Nethanel son of Zuar. Elizur son of Shedeur." 14 15 These were the men appointed from the community. from Zebulun. one by one.500.Numbers 1The Lord spoke to Moses in the Tent of Meeting in the Desert of Sinai on the first day of the second month of the second year after the Israelites came out of Egypt. Eliab son of Helon.

The number from the tribe of Simeon was 59.300. 36 35 34 33 32 31 the tribe of From the descendants of Benjamin: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name. according to the records of their clans and families. From the descendants of Issachar: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name. From the sons of Joseph: From the descendants of Ephraim: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name. according to the records of their clans and families.400. according to the records of their clans and families. according to the records of their clans and families. The number from the tribe of Dan was 62. The number from the tribe of Issachar was 54. The number from the tribe of Gad was 45. From the descendants of Gad: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name. The number from the tribe of Benjamin was 35. From the descendants of Judah: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name. From the descendants of Dan: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name.700.400.650. according to the records of their clans and families.200. according to the records of their clans and families.600. according to the records of their clans and families. 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 The number from the tribe of Zebulun was 57. The number from the tribe of Ephraim was 40. From the descendants of Manasseh: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name. one by one. according to the records of their clans and families.400. From the descendants of Asher: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were 40 39 38 37 . From the descendants of Zebulun: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name.500.From the descendants of Simeon: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were counted and listed by name. according to the records of their clans and families. The number from Manasseh was 32. The number from the tribe of Judah was 74.

however.600. The number from the tribe of Naphtali was 53. From the descendants of Naphtali: All the men twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army were listed by name. 54 53 52 51 2The Lord said to Moses and Aaron: "The Israelites are to camp around the Tent of Meeting some distance from it. The number from the tribe of Asher was 41. according to the records of their clans and families. 46 45 44 43 42 41 furnishings. the Levites shall do it. These were the men counted by Moses and Aaron and the twelve leaders of Israel. according to the records of their clans and families. each man under his standard with the banners of his family. Anyone else who goes near it shall be put to death. were not counted along with the others. The leader of the people of Judah is Nahshon son of Amminadab. The families of the tribe of Levi. are to set up their tents around the tabernacle of the Testimony so that wrath will not fall on the Israelite community. Whenever the tabernacle is to move. All the Israelites twenty years old or more who were able to serve in Israel's army were counted according to their families. they are to take care of it and encamp around it. Instead. appoint the Levites to be in charge of the tabernacle of the Testimony-over all its furnishings and everything belonging to it.550. 5 The tribe of Issachar will camp next to them.listed by name. 48 47 The Lord had said to Moses: "You must not count the tribe of Levi or include them in the census of the other Israelites. each one representing his family. and whenever the tabernacle is to be set up. the Levites are to take it down. The leader of the people of Issachar is Nethanel son of Zuar. 4 3 2 The total number was 603. The Israelites are to set up their tents by divisions. each man in his own camp under his own standard.500." On the east. . the divisions of the camp of Judah are to encamp under their standard." The Israelites did all this just as the Lord commanded Moses.400. toward the sunrise. however. The Levites. The Levites are to be responsible for the care of the tabernacle of the Testimony. They are to carry the tabernacle and all its 50 49 His division numbers 74.

The leader of the people of Dan is Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai. 19 18 His division numbers 40.500. 30 29 His division numbers 53. number 151. number 186. All the men assigned to the camp of Judah. 15 14 His division numbers 62.450.400.500. The leader of the people of Reuben is Elizur son of Shedeur.400. They will set out in the same order as they encamp. 23 22 His division numbers 46. 13 12 All the men assigned to the camp of Ephraim. The leader of the people of Ephraim is Elishama son of Ammihud. They will set out second. On the south will be the divisions of the camp of Reuben under their standard.700. number 108. The tribe of Benjamin will be next. The leader of the people of Gad is Eliasaph son of Deuel. according to their divisions. 26 25 24 His division numbers 59. 8 7 On the west will be the divisions of the camp of Ephraim under their standard.200.500. 17 16 The tribe of Asher will camp next to them. His division numbers 57. All the men assigned to the camp of Reuben. each in his own place under his standard. under their standard.100. The tribe of Naphtali will be next.300.400.650. 11 10 9 The tribe of Manasseh will be next to them. They will set out first. His division numbers 45. The tribe of Zebulun will be next.400. The tribe of Simeon will camp next to them. The leader of the people of Benjamin is Abidan son of Gideoni. according to their divisions. The leader of the people of Simeon is Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai. . 28 27 His division numbers 41. according to their divisions. Then the Tent of Meeting and the camp of the Levites will set out in the middle of the camps. The leader of the people of Asher is Pagiel son of Ocran. His division numbers 35. The tribe of Gad will be next. The leader of the people of Manasseh is Gamaliel son of Pedahzur.400. 21 20 His division numbers 32. The leader of the people of Naphtali is Ahira son of Enan.6 His division numbers 54. On the north will be the divisions of the camp of Dan. They will set out third. The leader of the people of Zebulun is Eliab son of Helon.

They are to perform duties for him and for the whole community at the Tent of Meeting by doing the work of the tabernacle. whether man or animal. Count every male a month old or more. ." So Moses counted them. 5 4 3 2 The Lord also said to Moses. Give the Levites to Aaron and his sons. They had no sons." 11 10 9 8 7 6 3This is the account of the family of Aaron and Moses at the time the Lord talked with Moses on Mount Sinai. I am the Lord .All the men assigned to the camp of Dan number 157." The Lord said to Moses in the Desert of Sinai. These are the Israelites. however. I set apart for myself every firstborn in Israel. and that is the way they set out. were not counted along with the other Israelites. When I struck down all the firstborn in Egypt. The names of the sons of Aaron were Nadab the firstborn and Abihu. under their standards.600. All those in the camps. fell dead before the Lord when they made an offering with unauthorized fire before him in the Desert of Sinai. So the Israelites did everything the Lord commanded Moses. Eleazar and Ithamar. for all the firstborn are mine. Nadab and Abihu. The Levites. fulfilling the obligations of the Israelites by doing the work of the tabernacle.550. They will set out last. each with his clan and family. as he was commanded by the word of the Lord . "I have taken the Levites from among the Israelites in place of the first male offspring of every Israelite woman. The Levites are mine. 16 15 14 13 12 The Lord said to Moses. they are the Israelites who are to be given wholly to him. "Count the Levites by their families and clans. however. Appoint Aaron and his sons to serve as priests. number 603. Those were the names of Aaron's sons. by their divisions. They are to be mine. 34 33 32 31 "Bring the tribe of Levi and present them to Aaron the priest to assist him. so only Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests during the lifetime of their father Aaron. They are to take care of all the furnishings of the Tent of Meeting. as the Lord commanded Moses. the anointed priests. who were ordained to serve as priests. that is the way they encamped under their standards. anyone else who approaches the sanctuary must be put to death. counted according to their families.

These were the Levite clans. the priest.These were the names of the sons of Levi: Gershon. The leader of the families of the Gershonites was Eliasaph son of Lael. bases. the curtain at the entrance to the courtyard surrounding the tabernacle and altar. Hebronites and Uzzielites. the lampstand. these were the Merarite clans. The leader of the families of the Merarite clans was Zuriel son of Abihail.200. its crossbars. posts. these were the Kohathite clans. The Kohathite clans: Amram. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 The number of all the males a month old or more was 8. The number of all the males a month old or more who were counted was 7. the curtain. they were to camp on the north side of the tabernacle. 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 . The number of all the males a month old or more who were counted was 6. all its equipment. The Kohathites were responsible for the care of the sanctuary. the curtains of the courtyard. the curtain at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. behind the tabernacle. according to their families. The Merarites were appointed to take care of the frames of the tabernacle. The Gershonite clans were to camp on the west.600. the articles of the sanctuary used in ministering. and everything related to their use.500. The Kohathite clans were to camp on the south side of the tabernacle. To Merari belonged the clans of the Mahlites and the Mushites. and the ropes-and everything related to their use. Izharites. Kohath and Merari. its coverings. To Kohath belonged the clans of the Amramites. To Gershon belonged the clans of the Libnites and Shimeites. Hebron and Uzziel. The chief leader of the Levites was Eleazar son of Aaron. He was appointed over those who were responsible for the care of the sanctuary. The Merarite clans: Mahli and Mushi. The leader of the families of the Kohathite clans was Elizaphan son of Uzziel. these were the Gershonite clans. and everything related to their use. At the Tent of Meeting the Gershonites were responsible for the care of the tabernacle and tent. These were the names of the Gershonite clans: Libni and Shimei. Izhar. the altars. They were responsible for the care of the ark. the table.

"Count all the firstborn Israelite males who are a month old or more and make a list of their names. 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 The Levites are to be mine.as well as the posts of the surrounding courtyard with their bases.000. From the firstborn of the Israelites he collected silver weighing 1. The total number of Levites counted at the Lord 's command by Moses and Aaron according to their clans. collect five shekels for each one.273. toward the sunrise. which weighs twenty gerahs.365 shekels. They were responsible for the care of the sanctuary on behalf of the Israelites. Moses and Aaron and his sons were to camp to the east of the tabernacle. Give the money for the redemption of the additional Israelites to Aaron and his sons. listed by name." So Moses collected the redemption money from those who exceeded the number redeemed by the Levites. To redeem the 273 firstborn Israelites who exceed the number of the Levites. 45 . Count all the men from thirty to fifty years of age who come to serve in the work in the Tent of Meeting. When the camp is to move. Aaron and his sons are to go in and take down the 5 4 3 2 The Lord also said to Moses. Anyone else who approached the sanctuary was to be put to death. tent pegs and ropes. and the livestock of the Levites in place of their livestock. I am the Lord . as he was commanded by the word of the Lord . and the livestock of the Levites in place of all the firstborn of the livestock of the Israelites. according to the sanctuary shekel. was 22. was 22. Take the Levites for me in place of all the firstborn of the Israelites. "This is the work of the Kohathites in the Tent of Meeting: the care of the most holy things. including every male a month old or more. in front of the Tent of Meeting." So Moses counted all the firstborn of the Israelites. according to the sanctuary shekel. "Take the Levites in place of all the firstborn of Israel. The total number of firstborn males a month old or more. The Lord said to Moses. 51 50 49 48 47 46 4The Lord said to Moses and Aaron: "Take a census of the Kohathite branch of the Levites by their clans and families. I am the Lord . Moses gave the redemption money to Aaron and his sons. as the Lord commanded him.

14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 including the firepans. wrap them in a blue cloth. But the Kohathites must not go in to look at the holy things. He is to be in charge of the entire tabernacle and everything in it. and when the camp is ready to move. "They are to take all the articles used for ministering in the sanctuary. "Take a census also of the Gershonites by their families and clans. meat forks. the Kohathites are to come to do the carrying. do this for them: Aaron and his sons are to go into the sanctuary and assign to each man his work and what he is to carry. together with its lamps. and the jars for drink offerings." 17 16 15 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron. The Kohathites are to carry those things that are in the Tent of Meeting. spread a cloth of solid blue over that and put the poles in place. "Over the table of the Presence they are to spread a blue cloth and put on it the plates. "Eleazar son of Aaron. its wick trimmers and trays. Over it they are to spread a covering of hides of sea cows and put its poles in place. the bread that is continually there is to remain on it.shielding curtain and cover the ark of the Testimony with it. dishes and bowls. "They are to take a blue cloth and cover the lampstand that is for light. the regular grain offering and the anointing oil." 21 20 19 18 The Lord said to Moses. "After Aaron and his sons have finished covering the holy furnishings and all the holy articles. 22 . is to have charge of the oil for the light. Then they are to wrap it and all its accessories in a covering of hides of sea cows and put it on a carrying frame. even for a moment. including its holy furnishings and articles. So that they may live and not die when they come near the most holy things. Then they are to cover this with hides of sea cows. "They are to remove the ashes from the bronze altar and spread a purple cloth over it. But they must not touch the holy things or they will die. Over these they are to spread a scarlet cloth. "Over the gold altar they are to spread a blue cloth and cover that with hides of sea cows and put its poles in place. "See that the Kohathite tribal clans are not cut off from the Levites. and all its jars for the oil used to supply it. the priest. cover that with hides of sea cows and put them on a carrying frame. the fragrant incense. Then they are to place on it all the utensils used for ministering at the altar. cover that with hides of sea cows and put its poles in place. or they will die. shovels and sprinkling bowls.

the priest.Count all the men from thirty to fifty years of age who come to serve in the work at the Tent of Meeting. The Gershonites are to do all that needs to be done with these things. This was the total of all those in the Kohathite clans who served in the Tent of Meeting. Moses and Aaron counted them according to the Lord 's command. You shall assign to them as their responsibility all they are to carry. its crossbars. Moses and Aaron counted them according to the Lord 's command through Moses. all their equipment and everything related to their use. This is the service of the Merarite clans as they work at the Tent of Meeting under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron. counted by their clans and families. the curtains of the courtyard surrounding the tabernacle and altar. This is the service of the Gershonite clans at the Tent of Meeting. were 2. the Tent of Meeting. All their service. This was the total of those in the Gershonite clans who served at the Tent of Meeting." Moses.750. Aaron and the leaders of the community counted the Kohathites by their clans and families. ropes. were 2. Their duties are to be under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron. tent pegs. All the men from thirty to fifty years of age who came to serve in the work at the Tent of Meeting. The Gershonites were counted by their clans and families.630. its covering and the outer covering of hides of sea cows. Count all the men from thirty to fifty years of age who come to serve in the work at the Tent of Meeting. the curtains for the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. "This is the service of the Gershonite clans as they work and carry burdens: They are to carry the curtains of the tabernacle. the curtain for the entrance. is to be done under the direction of Aaron and his sons. posts and bases. This is their duty as they perform service at the Tent of Meeting: to carry the frames of the tabernacle. whether carrying or doing other work. the ropes and all the equipment used in its service. "Count the Merarites by their clans and families. All the men from thirty to fifty years of age who came to serve in the work in the Tent of Meeting. 36 35 34 33 32 counted by clans. 41 40 39 38 37 . 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 as well as the posts of the surrounding courtyard with their bases. Assign to each man the specific things he is to carry. the priest.

Send away male and female alike. Aaron and the leaders of Israel counted all the Levites by their clans and families. They did just as the Lord had instructed Moses. "Command the Israelites to send away from the camp anyone who has an infectious skin disease or a discharge of any kind. but what he gives to the priest will belong to the priest. Moses and Aaron counted them according to the Lord 's command through Moses. This was the total of those in the Merarite clans. Thus they were counted. But if that person has no close relative to whom restitution can be made for the wrong. So Moses. add one fifth to it and give it all to the person he has wronged. each was assigned his work and told what to carry. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'If a man's wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him by sleeping with another man. they sent them outside the camp. All the sacred contributions the Israelites bring to a priest will belong to him. as the Lord commanded Moses. He must make full restitution for his wrong. and this is hidden from her husband and her impurity is undetected (since there is no 13 12 . Each man's sacred gifts are his own. All the men from thirty to fifty years of age who came to serve in the work at the Tent of Meeting. that person is guilty and must confess the sin he has committed. along with the ram with which atonement is made for him.580. All the men from thirty to fifty years of age who came to do the work of serving and carrying the Tent of Meeting 48 47 46 45 "Say to the Israelites: 'When a man or woman wrongs another in any way and so is unfaithful to the Lord . send them outside the camp so they will 3 2 Then the Lord said to Moses." The Israelites did this.200.The Merarites were counted by their clans and families. 5 4 counted by their clans. The Lord said to Moses. 49 5The Lord said to Moses. were 3. At the Lord 's command through Moses. or who is ceremonially unclean because of a dead body. 44 43 42 not defile their camp. the restitution belongs to the Lord and must be given to the priest. where I dwell among them.' " 11 10 9 8 7 6 numbered 8.

" 'The priest shall bring her and have her stand before the Lord . He must not pour oil on it or put incense on it. she will be cleared of guilt and will be able to have children. he is to have the woman drink the water. her abdomen will swell and her thigh waste away. it will go into her and cause bitter suffering. After the priest has had the woman stand before the Lord . If she has defiled herself and been unfaithful to her husband. Then the priest shall put the woman under oath and say to her. because it is a grain offering for jealousy. "Amen. If. he shall loosen her hair and place in her hands the reminder offering. He shall have the woman drink the bitter water that brings a curse." " 'The priest is to write these curses on a scroll and then wash them off into the bitter water. and if feelings of jealousy come over her husband and he suspects his wife and she is impure-or if he is jealous and suspects her even though she is not impurethen he is to take his wife to the priest. and she will become accursed among her people. a reminder offering to draw attention to guilt. however. the grain offering for jealousy. and this water will enter her and cause bitter suffering. while he himself holds the bitter water that brings a curse. may this bitter water that brings a curse not harm you. after that. The priest is to take from her hands the grain offering for jealousy. So be it. " " 'Then the woman is to say. the woman has not defiled herself and is free from impurity. The priest is then to take a handful of the grain offering as a memorial offering and burn it on the altar. wave it before the Lord and bring it to the altar. 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 . But if you have gone astray while married to your husband and you have defiled yourself by sleeping with a man other than your husband"20 19 18 17 16 15 14 here the priest is to put the woman under this curse of the oath-"may the Lord cause your people to curse and denounce you when he causes your thigh to waste away and your abdomen to swell. May this water that brings a curse enter your body so that your abdomen swells and your thigh wastes away. then when she is made to drink the water that brings a curse. Then he shall take some holy water in a clay jar and put some dust from the tabernacle floor into the water. He must also take an offering of a tenth of an ephah of barley flour on her behalf.witness against her and she has not been caught in the act). "If no other man has slept with you and you have not gone astray and become impure while married to your husband.

The priest is to have her stand before the Lord and is to apply this entire law to her. he must let the hair of his head grow long. is the law of jealousy when a woman goes astray and defiles herself while married to her husband. because he became defiled during his separation. thus defiling the hair he has dedicated. not even the seeds or skins. Then on the eighth day he must bring two doves or two young pigeons to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. but the woman will bear the consequences of her sin. There he is to present his offerings to the Lord : a year-old male lamb without defect for a burnt offering. He is to be brought to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. " 'Now this is the law for the Nazirite when the period of his separation is over. he must abstain from wine and other fermented drink and must not drink vinegar made from wine or from other fermented drink. because the symbol of his separation to God is on his head. The husband will be innocent of any wrongdoing. a year-old ewe lamb without defect for a sin 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6The Lord said to Moses. a vow of separation to the Lord as a Nazirite. he must shave his head on the day of his cleansing-the seventh day. The priest is to offer one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering to make atonement for him because he sinned by being in the presence of the dead body. As long as he is a Nazirite. That same day he is to consecrate his head. or when feelings of jealousy come over a man because he suspects his wife. Throughout the period of his separation to the Lord he must not go near a dead body. He must not drink grape juice or eat grapes or raisins. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'If a man or woman wants to make a special vow. " 'During the entire period of his vow of separation no razor may be used on his head. 6 5 4 3 2 .' " 31 30 29 Even if his own father or mother or brother or sister dies." 'This. Throughout the period of his separation he is consecrated to the Lord . He must be holy until the period of his separation to the Lord is over. he must not eat anything that comes from the grapevine. he must not make himself ceremonially unclean on account of them. then. " 'If someone dies suddenly in his presence. He must dedicate himself to the Lord for the period of his separation and must bring a year-old male lamb as a guilt offering. The previous days do not count.

a ram without defect for a fellowship offering. He is to take the hair and put it in the fire that is under the sacrifice of the fellowship offering." ' "So they will put my name on the Israelites. according to the law of the Nazirite. 'This is how you are to bless the Israelites. and a basket of bread made without yeast-cakes made of fine flour mixed with oil. " 'The priest is to present them before the Lord and make the sin offering and the burnt offering. the Lord make his face shine upon you and be gracious to you. both made without yeast. 4 3 2 The Lord said to Moses. in addition to whatever else he can afford." 27 26 25 7When Moses finished setting up the tabernacle. He is to present the basket of unleavened bread and is to sacrifice the ram as a fellowship offering to the Lord . He also anointed and consecrated the altar and all its utensils. the priest is to place in his hands a boiled shoulder of the ram. made offerings. they are holy and belong to the priest. he anointed it and consecrated it and all its furnishings. the Nazirite must shave off the hair that he dedicated. They brought as their gifts before the Lord six covered carts and twelve oxenan ox from each leader and a cart from every two. that they may be used in the work at the Tent of 5 . the heads of families who were the tribal leaders in charge of those who were counted.offering. and a cake and a wafer from the basket. together with their grain offerings and drink offerings. together with the breast that was waved and the thigh that was presented. together with its grain offering and drink offering. " 'After the Nazirite has shaved off the hair of his dedication. the Nazirite may drink wine. the Lord turn his face toward you and give you peace. Then the leaders of Israel. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 He must fulfill the vow he has made. and I will bless them. and wafers spread with oil. " 'This is the law of the Nazirite who vows his offering to the Lord in accordance with his separation. Say to them: 24 23 " ' "The Lord bless you and keep you. The priest shall then wave them before the Lord as a wave offering. These they presented before the tabernacle. After that. "Accept these from them. "Tell Aaron and his sons. " 'Then at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.' " 22 The Lord said to Moses.

for a burnt offering. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. "Each day one leader is to bring his offering for the dedication of the altar. and two oxen." The one who brought his offering on the first day was Nahshon son of Amminadab of the tribe of Judah. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. and two oxen. On the third day. for a burnt offering. the leader of Issachar. On the second day Nethanel son of Zuar. the leaders brought their offerings for its dedication and presented them before the altar. This was the offering of Nethanel son of Zuar. 16 15 one male goat for a sin offering. 22 21 20 19 18 17 one male goat for a sin offering. brought his offering. as their work required. Eliab son of Helon. both according to the sanctuary shekel. But Moses did not give any to the Kohathites. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. He gave two carts and four oxen to the Gershonites. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering." So Moses took the carts and oxen and gave them to the Levites. brought his offering. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. for which they were responsible. both according to the sanctuary shekel. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. For the Lord had said to Moses. When the altar was anointed. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. as their work required. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 one young bull. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. They were all under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron. five rams. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. one ram and one male lamb a year old. the priest. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. 25 24 23 . The offering he brought was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. one young bull. and he gave four carts and eight oxen to the Merarites. five rams. the leader of the people of Zebulun. Give them to the Levites as each man's work requires. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. filled with incense. filled with incense. because they were to carry on their shoulders the holy things. This was the offering of Nahshon son of Amminadab.Meeting. one ram and one male lamb a year old.

one ram and one male lamb a year old. the leader of the people of Simeon. 46 45 44 43 42 41 one male goat for a sin offering. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. filled with incense. 34 33 32 31 30 29 one male goat for a sin offering. for a burnt offering. filled with incense. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. for a burnt offering. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. for a burnt offering. and two oxen. one young bull. the leader of the people of Gad. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. one young bull. both according to the sanctuary shekel. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. and two oxen. brought his offering. the leader of the people of Reuben. . brought his offering. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. On the fourth day Elizur son of Shedeur. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. 28 27 26 On the fifth day Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai. On the sixth day Eliasaph son of Deuel. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. five rams.and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. for a burnt offering. This was the offering of Eliab son of Helon. both according to the sanctuary shekel. filled with incense. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. This was the offering of Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. five rams. 40 39 38 37 36 one male goat for a sin offering. one young bull. both according to the sanctuary shekel. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. This was the offering of Elizur son of Shedeur. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. and two oxen. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. both according to the sanctuary shekel. brought his offering. one ram and one male lamb a year old. filled with incense. one ram and one male lamb a year old. five rams. 35 one male goat for a sin offering. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. one young bull. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. one ram and one male lamb a year old.

and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. brought his offering. On the tenth day Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai. 52 51 50 49 48 47 one gold dish weighing ten shekels. brought his offering. both according to the sanctuary shekel. On the seventh day Elishama son of Ammihud. the leader of the people of Ephraim. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. filled with incense. On the eighth day Gamaliel son of Pedahzur. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. the leader of the people of Benjamin. one young bull. This was the offering of Eliasaph son of Deuel. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. for a burnt offering. This was the offering of Elishama son of Ammihud. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. This was the offering of Gamaliel son of Pedahzur. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. one ram and one male lamb a year old. the leader of the people of Manasseh. This was the offering of Abidan son of Gideoni. 55 54 53 one male goat for a sin offering. filled with incense. 58 57 56 one male goat for a sin offering. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. five rams. and two oxen. and two oxen. 66 65 . both according to the sanctuary shekel. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. one ram and one male lamb a year old. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. five rams. 64 63 62 61 60 59 one male goat for a sin offering. five rams. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. one ram and one male lamb a year old. On the ninth day Abidan son of Gideoni. brought his offering.and two oxen. one young bull. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. for a burnt offering. filled with incense. both according to the sanctuary shekel. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. for a burnt offering. the leader of the people of Dan. five rams. and two oxen. one young bull. brought his offering. one gold dish weighing ten shekels.

76 75 74 73 72 71 one male goat for a sin offering. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. brought his offering. Altogether. and each sprinkling bowl seventy shekels. one ram and one male lamb a year old. These were the offerings of the Israelite leaders for the dedication of the altar when it was anointed: twelve silver plates. one ram and one male lamb a year old. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. filled with incense. both according to the sanctuary shekel. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. according to the sanctuary shekel. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. for a burnt offering. 86 85 84 83 one male goat for a sin offering. 70 69 68 67 This was the offering of Pagiel son of Ocran. The twelve gold dishes filled with incense weighed ten shekels each. for a burnt offering. and two oxen. one young bull. the leader of the people of Asher. Each silver plate weighed a hundred and thirty shekels. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. one young bull. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. both according to the sanctuary shekel. This was the offering of Ahira son of Enan. one young bull. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. five rams. On the eleventh day Pagiel son of Ocran. On the twelfth day Ahira son of Enan. five rams. five rams. filled with incense. five male goats and five male lambs a year old. 82 81 80 79 78 one male goat for a sin offering. twelve silver sprinkling bowls and twelve gold dishes. and two oxen. brought his offering. and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing seventy shekels. 77 .His offering was one silver plate weighing a hundred and thirty shekels. This was the offering of Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai. both according to the sanctuary shekel. for a burnt offering. the leader of the people of Naphtali. and two oxen. filled with incense. one ram and one male lamb a year old. each filled with fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering. the silver dishes weighed two thousand four hundred shekels. one gold dish weighing ten shekels. to be sacrificed as a fellowship offering. one gold dish weighing ten shekels.

twelve rams and twelve male lambs a year old. This is how the lampstand was made: It was made of hammered gold-from its base to its blossoms. sixty male goats and sixty male lambs a year old. In this way you are to set the Levites apart from the other Israelites. and the Levites will be mine. do this: Sprinkle the water of cleansing on them. Altogether. And he spoke with him. they are to light the area in front of the lampstand.according to the sanctuary shekel. and the Israelites are to lay their hands on them. he heard the voice speaking to him from between the two cherubim above the atonement cover on the ark of the Testimony. the gold dishes weighed a hundred and twenty shekels. and so purify themselves. To purify them. Have the Levites stand in front of Aaron and his sons and then present them as a wave offering to the Lord . 89 88 87 5 The Lord said to Moses: "Take the Levites from among the other Israelites and make them ceremonially clean. to make atonement for the Levites. You are to bring the Levites before the Lord . then have them shave their whole bodies and wash their clothes. These were the offerings for the dedication of the altar after it was anointed. Bring the Levites to the front of the Tent of Meeting and assemble the whole Israelite community. The lampstand was made exactly like the pattern the Lord had shown Moses. then you are to take a second young bull for a sin offering. together with their grain offering. Aaron is to present the Levites before the Lord as a wave offering from the Israelites. 4 3 2 . so that they may be ready to do the work of the Lord . The total number of animals for the burnt offering came to twelve young bulls. "After the Levites lay their hands on the heads of the bulls. The total number of animals for the sacrifice of the fellowship offering came to twenty-four oxen. When Moses entered the Tent of Meeting to speak with the Lord . just as the Lord commanded Moses. 'When you set up the seven lamps. Have them take a young bull with its grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil. sixty rams. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 8The Lord said to Moses. Twelve male goats were used for the sin offering. use the one for a sin offering to the Lord and the other for a burnt offering. "Speak to Aaron and say to him. he set up the lamps so that they faced forward on the lampstand.' " Aaron did so.

is mine. I have given the Levites as gifts to Aaron and his sons to do the work at the Tent of Meeting on behalf of the Israelites and to make atonement for them so that no plague will strike the Israelites when they go near the sanctuary. Then Aaron presented them as a wave offering before the Lord and made atonement for them to purify them. but they themselves must not do the work. Aaron and the whole Israelite community did with the Levites just as the Lord commanded Moses. They may assist their brothers in performing their duties at the Tent of Meeting. 3 Celebrate it at the appointed time. the first male offspring from every Israelite woman."After you have purified the Levites and presented them as a wave offering. whether man or animal. They are the Israelites who are to be given wholly to me. The Israelites did everything just as the Lord commanded Moses. Of all the Israelites. When I struck down all the firstborn in Egypt." So Moses told the celebrate the Passover. He said. I set them apart for myself. I have taken them as my own in place of the firstborn. And I have taken the Levites in place of all the firstborn sons in Israel. the Levites came to do their work at the Tent of Meeting under the supervision of Aaron and his sons. After that. they are to come to do their work at the Tent of Meeting. "This applies to the Levites: Men twenty-five years old or more shall come to take part in the work at the Tent of Meeting. 5 4 Israelites to and they did so in the Desert of Sinai at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month." Moses." 26 25 24 9The 2 Lord spoke to Moses in the Desert of Sinai in the first month of the second year after they came out of Egypt. Every firstborn male in Israel. But some of them could not celebrate the Passover on that day because they were ceremonially unclean on account 6 . but at the age of fifty. They did with the Levites just as the Lord commanded Moses. The Levites purified themselves and washed their clothes. is how you are to assign the responsibilities of the Levites. in accordance with all its rules and regulations. This. 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 23 The Lord said to Moses. they must retire from their regular service and work no longer. at twilight on the fourteenth day of this month. then. the "Have the Israelites celebrate Passover at the appointed time.

But if a man who is ceremonially clean and not on a journey fails to celebrate the Passover. Whenever the cloud lifted from above the Tent. " 'An alien living among you who wants to celebrate the Lord 's Passover must do so in accordance with its rules and 14 13 12 11 10 . When the cloud remained over the tabernacle a long time. At the Lord 's command the Israelites set out. they set out. whenever the cloud lifted. but why should we be kept from presenting the Lord 's offering with the other Israelites at the appointed time?" Moses answered them. You must have the same regulations for the alien and the nativeborn. They are to eat the lamb. Whether by day or by night. and at night it looked like fire. So they came to Moses and Aaron that same day and said to Moses. they must follow all the regulations. and at his command they encamped. and when it lifted in the morning. the cloud covered it. As long as the cloud stayed over the tabernacle. From evening till morning the cloud above the tabernacle looked like fire. wherever the cloud settled. they set out. at the Lord 's command they would encamp. They are to celebrate it on the fourteenth day of the second month at twilight. That man will bear the consequences of his sin. the Tent of the Testimony. That is how it continued to be. they may still celebrate the Lord 's Passover. "Wait until I find out what the Lord commands concerning you. "Tell the Israelites: 'When any of you or your descendants are unclean because of a dead body or are away on a journey. They must not leave any of it till morning or break any of its bones. Whether the cloud stayed over the tabernacle for two days or a month or a 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 Then the Lord said to Moses. the cloud covered it. and then at his command they would set out. Sometimes the cloud stayed only from evening till morning. the Israelites set out.of a dead body. that person must be cut off from his people because he did not present the Lord 's offering at the appointed time. the Israelites obeyed the Lord 's order and did not set out. "We have become unclean because of a dead body. the Israelites encamped. Sometimes the cloud was over the tabernacle only a few days. they remained in camp. When they celebrate the Passover." 9 8 7 regulations. together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. was set up.' " On the day the tabernacle.

in accordance with his command through Moses. Nahshon son of Amminadab was in command. Nethanel son of Zuar was over the division of the tribe of Issachar. Also at your times of rejoicing-your appointed feasts and New Moon festivals-you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. and the Gershonites and Merarites. and they will be a memorial for you before your God. but when it lifted. They set out. Then the Israelites set out from the Desert of Sinai and traveled from place to place until the cloud came to rest in the Desert of Paran. and at the Lord 's command they set out. the camps on the south are to set out. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 10The Lord said to Moses: "Make two trumpets of hammered silver. the Israelites would remain in camp and not set out. the leaders-the heads of the clans of Israel-are to assemble before you. the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. When a trumpet blast is sounded. They obeyed the Lord 's order. Then the tabernacle was taken down. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . When both are sounded. at the Lord 's command through Moses. To gather the assembly. sound a blast on the trumpets. If only one is sounded. 23 When you go into battle in your own land against an enemy who is oppressing you. Then you will be remembered by the Lord your God and rescued from your enemies. who carried it. At the sounding of a second blast. this first time. set out. "The sons of Aaron. The divisions of the camp of Judah went first. blow the trumpets. The blast will be the signal for setting out. they would set out. but not with the same signal. are to blow the trumpets. and use them for calling the community together and for having the camps set out. This is to be a lasting ordinance for you and the generations to come. At the Lord 's command they encamped.year. the priests. and Eliab son of Helon was over the division of the tribe of Zebulun. the cloud lifted from above the tabernacle of the Testimony. under their standard. I am the Lord your God. the tribes camping on the east are to set out." On the twentieth day of the second month of the second year.

Now Moses said to Hobab son of Reuel the Midianite. I am going back to my own land and my own people. the divisions of the camp of Dan set out. Moses said. I will not go. Then the Kohathites set out.' Come with us and we will treat you well. Gamaliel son of Pedahzur was over the division of the tribe of Manasseh. to the countless thousands of Israel. for the Lord has promised good things to Israel. as the rear guard for all the units. and you can be our eyes. under their standard. "We are setting out for the place about which the Lord said. and Ahira son of Enan was over the division of the tribe of Naphtali. Finally." So they set out from the mountain of the Lord and traveled for three days. and Abidan son of Gideoni was over the division of the tribe of Benjamin. This was the order of march for the Israelite divisions as they set out." He answered." 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 Now the people complained about their hardships in the hearing of the Lord . Moses' father-inlaw. he said. The cloud of the Lord was over them by day when they set out from the camp. 11 . "No. Elishama son of Ammihud was in command. and when he heard them his anger was aroused. "Rise up.The divisions of the camp of Reuben went next. 'I will give it 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 to you. carrying the holy things. O Lord . Then fire from the Lord burned among them and consumed some of the outskirts of the camp. The ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them during those three days to find them a place to rest. Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai was over the division of the tribe of Simeon. O Lord ! May your enemies be scattered. may your foes flee before you. Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai was in command. Whenever the ark set out. The tabernacle was to be set up before they arrived. Pagiel son of Ocran was over the division of the tribe of Asher." But Moses said. "Return. "Please do not leave us. You know where we should camp in the desert." Whenever it came to rest. The divisions of the camp of Ephraim went next. under their standard. and Eliasaph son of Deuel was over the division of the tribe of Gad. Elizur son of Shedeur was in command. If you come with us. under their standard. we will share with you whatever good things the Lord gives us.

They cooked it in a pot or made it into cakes. Moses heard the people of every family wailing. 'Give us meat to eat!' I cannot carry all these people by myself. He asked the Lord . and Moses was troubled. They will help you carry the burden of the people so that you will not have to carry it alone. because fire from the Lord had burned among them.When the people cried out to Moses. put me to death right now-if I have found favor in your eyes-and do not let me face my own ruin. Quail From the Lord The rabble with them began to crave other food. melons." The Lord said to Moses: "Bring me seventy of Israel's elders who are known to you as leaders and officials among the people. "Tell the people: 'Consecrate yourselves in preparation for tomorrow. I will come down and speak with you there. Have them come to the Tent of Meeting. as a nurse carries an infant. the manna also came down. 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 . leeks. When the dew settled on the camp at night. And it tasted like something made with olive oil. or five. If this is how you are going to treat me. "Why have you brought this trouble on your servant? What have I done to displease you that you put the burden of all these people on me? 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Did I conceive all these people? Did I give them birth? Why do you tell me to carry them in my arms. we never see anything but this manna!" The manna was like coriander seed and looked like resin. and you will eat it. You will not eat it for just one day. or two days. to the land you promised on oath to their forefathers? Where can I get meat for all these people? They keep wailing to me. onions and garlic. So that place was called Taberah. The Lord heard you when you wailed. ten or twenty days. each at the entrance to his tent. But now we have lost our appetite. the burden is too heavy for me. The Lord became exceedingly angry. when you will eat meat. "If only we had meat to eat! We were better off in Egypt!" Now the Lord will give you meat. The people went around gathering it. he prayed to the Lord and the fire died down. that they may stand there with you. and then ground it in a handmill or crushed it in a mortar. "If only we had meat to eat! We remember the fish we ate in Egypt at no cost-also the cucumbers. and again the Israelites started wailing and said. and I will take of the Spirit that is on you and put the Spirit on them.

Therefore the place was named Kibroth Hattaavah. as far as a day's walk in any direction. and they prophesied in the camp. and have wailed before him. Then the Lord came down in the cloud and spoke with him. All that day and night and all the next day the people went out and gathered quail. but did not go out to the Tent. No one gathered less than ten homers. From Kibroth Hattaavah the people traveled to Hazeroth and stayed there. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 A young man ran and told Moses. they prophesied. "Is the Lord 's arm too short? You will now see whether or not what I say will come true for you. two men. and he struck them with a severe plague. However. who is among you. because there they buried the people who had craved other food. and he took of the Spirit that was on him and put the Spirit on the seventy elders. It brought them down all around the camp to about three feet above the ground. "Here I am among six hundred thousand men on foot. who had been Moses' aide since youth. When the Spirit rested on them. Then they spread them out all around the camp. But while the meat was still between their teeth and before it could be consumed." Joshua son of Nun. Now a wind went out from the Lord and drove quail in from the sea. saying. 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 . stop them!" But Moses replied.but for a whole month-until it comes out of your nostrils and you loathe itbecause you have rejected the Lord . whose names were Eldad and Medad. and you say. but they did not do so again. "Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp. Yet the Spirit also rested on them. my lord. spoke up and said. 'I will give them meat to eat for a whole month!' Would they have enough if flocks and herds were slaughtered for them? Would they have enough if all the fish in the sea were caught for them?" The Lord answered Moses. "Moses. "Why did we ever leave Egypt?" ' " But Moses said. "Are you jealous for my sake? I wish that all the Lord 's people were prophets and that the Lord would put his Spirit on them!" Then Moses and the elders of Israel returned to the camp. had remained in the camp. He brought together seventy of their elders and had them stand around the Tent. the anger of the Lord burned against the people." So Moses went out and told the people what the Lord had said. They were listed among the elders.

" So the three of them came out. and he said to Moses. "Hasn't he also spoken through us?" And the Lord heard this.12Miriam and Aaron began to talk against Moses because of his Cushite wife. When the cloud lifted from above the Tent. and he left them. please heal her!" The Lord replied to Moses. do not hold against us the sin we have so foolishly committed. After that. Why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?" The anger of the Lord burned against them. there stood Miriam-leprous. 3 2 . With him I speak face to face. Then the Lord came down in a pillar of cloud. From each ancestral tribe send one of its leaders. "Please. "Has the Lord spoken only through Moses?" they asked. for he had married a Cushite. and the people did not move on till she was brought back. "Send some men to explore the land of Canaan. All of them were leaders of the Israelites. he sees the form of the Lord . "Come out to the Tent of Meeting. all three of you. would she not have been in disgrace for seven days? Confine her outside the camp for seven days. my lord. When both of them stepped forward. he stood at the entrance to the Tent and summoned Aaron and Miriam. Do not let her be like a stillborn infant coming from its mother's womb with its flesh half eaten away.) At once the Lord said to Moses. "O God. Aaron turned toward her and saw that she had leprosy." So Moses cried out to the Lord . he is faithful in all my house. more humble than anyone else on the face of the earth. "If her father had spit in her face. which I am giving to the Israelites. after that she can be brought back. But this is not true of my servant Moses. Aaron and Miriam. "Listen to my words: "When a prophet of the Lord is among you. the people left Hazeroth and encamped in the Desert of Paran. 16 15 14 13 12 11 13The Lord said to Moses. I reveal myself to him in visions. clearly and not in riddles. I speak to him in dreams. he said. (Now Moses was a very humble man." So Miriam was confined outside the camp for seven days. like 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 snow." So at the Lord 's command Moses sent them out from the Desert of Paran.

from the tribe of Simeon. Gaddiel son of Sodi. Sheshai and Talmai. Palti son of Raphu. (Hebron had been built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.) So they went up and explored the land from the Desert of Zin as far as Rehob. "Go up through the Negev and on into the hill country. from the tribe of Asher. Igal son of Joseph. Gaddi son of Susi. Nahbi son of Vophsi. from the tribe of Benjamin. from the tribe of Issachar. See what the land is like and whether the people who live there are strong or weak. from the tribe of Naphtali. from the tribe of Manasseh (a tribe of Joseph).) When they reached the Valley of Eshcol. along with some pomegranates and figs. from the tribe of Ephraim.) 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 When Moses sent them to explore Canaan.These are their names: from the tribe of Reuben. from the tribe of Gad. from the tribe of Dan. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 . These are the names of the men Moses sent to explore the land. they cut off a branch bearing a single cluster of grapes." (It was the season for the first ripe grapes. from the tribe of Judah. (Moses gave Hoshea son of Nun the name Joshua. Sethur son of Michael. from the tribe of Zebulun. Shammua son of Zaccur. What kind of land do they live in? Is it good or bad? What kind of towns do they live in? Are they unwalled or fortified? How is the soil? Is it fertile or poor? Are there trees on it or not? Do your best to bring back some of the fruit of the land. Hoshea son of Nun. where Ahiman. he said. Ammiel son of Gemalli. They went up through the Negev and came to Hebron. the descendants of Anak. Caleb son of Jephunneh. At the end of forty days they returned from exploring the land. Shaphat son of Hori. Two of them carried it on a pole between them. lived. Geuel son of Maki. few or many. toward Lebo Hamath. That place was called the Valley of Eshcol because of the cluster of grapes the Israelites cut off there.

All the people we saw there are of great size. and the cities are fortified and very large. who were among those who had explored the land. But the people who live there are powerful. We even saw descendants of Anak there. the Hittites. "If only we had died in Egypt! Or in this desert! Why is the Lord bringing us to this land only to let us fall by the sword? Our wives and children will be taken as plunder. and the Canaanites live near the sea and along the Jordan. "We can't attack those people. "The land we passed through and explored is exceedingly good. There they reported to them and to the whole assembly and showed them the fruit of the land. Do not be afraid of them. they are stronger than we are." 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 14 . and the whole assembly said to them." And they spread among the Israelites a bad report about the land they had explored. Their protection is gone. They said. If the Lord is pleased with us. for we can certainly do it. "We should choose a leader and go back to Egypt." Then Moses and Aaron fell facedown in front of the whole Israelite assembly gathered there. but the Lord is with us. because we will swallow them up. a land flowing with milk and honey. We saw the Nephilim there (the descendants of Anak come from the Nephilim). They gave Moses this account: "We went into the land to which you sent us.They came back to Moses and Aaron and the whole Israelite community at Kadesh in the Desert of Paran. "The land we explored devours those living in it. Wouldn't it be better for us to go back to Egypt?" And they said to each other. Only do not rebel against the Lord ." 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 That night all the people of the community raised their voices and wept aloud. and we looked the same to them. We seemed like grasshoppers in our own eyes. And do not be afraid of the people of the land. Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh. Jebusites and Amorites live in the hill country. All the Israelites grumbled against Moses and Aaron. The Amalekites live in the Negev. he will lead us into that land." Then Caleb silenced the people before Moses and said. "We should go up and take possession of the land. tore their clothes and said to the entire Israelite assembly. and will give it to us." But the men who had gone up with him said. and it does flow with milk and honey! Here is its fruit.

Nevertheless." Moses said to the Lord . Since the Amalekites and Canaanites are living in the valleys. have been seen face to face. O Lord . so he slaughtered them in the desert. abounding in love and forgiving sin and rebellion. he punishes the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation. "How long will these people treat me with contempt? How long will they refuse to believe in me. not one of the men who saw my glory and the miraculous signs I performed in Egypt and in the desert but who disobeyed me and tested me ten timesnot one of them will ever see the land I promised on oath to their forefathers. The Lord said to Moses.But the whole assembly talked about stoning them. No one who has treated me with contempt will ever see it. And they will tell the inhabitants of this land about it. I will bring him into the land he went to. the nations who have heard this report about you will say." The Lord replied. They have already heard that you. in spite of all the miraculous signs I have performed among them? I will strike them down with a plague and destroy them. 'The Lord was not able to bring these people into the land he promised them on oath. turn back tomorrow and set out toward the desert along the route to the Red Sea. "I have forgiven them. forgive the sin of these people. But because my servant Caleb has a different spirit and follows me wholeheartedly. are with these people and that you. and that you go before them in a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night. just as you have declared: 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 'The Lord is slow to anger. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished. and his descendants will inherit it. but I will make you into a nation greater and stronger than they. " 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron: . as you asked. Then the glory of the Lord appeared at the Tent of Meeting to all the Israelites.' In accordance with your great love. just as you have pardoned them from the time they left Egypt until now. "Then the Egyptians will hear about it! By your power you brought these people up from among them. as surely as I live and as surely as the glory of the Lord fills the whole earth. that your cloud stays over them. O Lord .' "Now may the Lord's strength be displayed. If you put these people to death all at one time.

here they will die. Because you have turned away from the Lord . which has banded together against me. "We will go up to the place the Lord promised. I will bring them in to enjoy the land you have rejected. For forty years-one year for each of the forty days you explored the land-you will suffer for your sins and know what it is like to have me against you. Not one of you will enter the land I swore with uplifted hand to make your home. So tell them. Early the next morning they went up toward the high hill country. only Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh survived. in their presumption they went up toward the high hill country."How long will this wicked community grumble against me? I have heard the complaints of these grumbling Israelites." they said. 'As surely as I live. I will do to you the very things I heard you say: In this desert your bodies will fall-every one of you twenty years old or more who was counted in the census and who has grumbled against me. for the Amalekites and Canaanites will face you there." Nevertheless. and I will surely do these things to this whole wicked community. Of the men who went to explore the land. "We have sinned. until the last of your bodies lies in the desert. have spoken. though neither Moses nor the ark of the Lord 's covenant moved from the camp. they mourned bitterly.' I. because the Lord is not with you. But you-your bodies will fall in this desert." But Moses said." 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 So the men Moses had sent to explore the land. suffering for your unfaithfulness. except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun. They will meet their end in this desert. Then the Amalekites and Canaanites who lived in that hill country came down 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 . declares the Lord . he will not be with you and you will fall by the sword. who returned and made the whole community grumble against him by spreading a bad report about itthese men responsible for spreading the bad report about the land were struck down and died of a plague before the Lord . As for your children that you said would be taken as plunder. the Lord . When Moses reported this to all the Israelites. Your children will be shepherds here for forty years. "Why are you disobeying the Lord 's command? This will not succeed! Do not go up. You will be defeated by your enemies.

an aroma pleasing to the Lord . Each bull or ram. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When you enter the land to which I am taking you and you eat the food of the land. Do this for each one. present a portion as an offering to the Lord . for a special vow or a fellowship offering to the Lord . " 'Everyone who is native-born must do these things in this way when he brings an offering made by fire as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . It will be an offering made by fire. You and the alien shall be the same before the Lord : The same laws and regulations will apply both to you and to the alien living among you. and a third of a hin of wine as a drink offering. as an aroma pleasing to the Lord whether burnt offerings or sacrifices. " 'When you prepare a young bull as a burnt offering or sacrifice. Also bring half a hin of wine as a drink offering. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 The Lord said to Moses. for as many as you prepare. each lamb or young goat. " 'With a ram prepare a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with a third of a hin of oil. prepare a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering.' " 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 15The Lord said to Moses. for special vows or freewill offerings or festival offeringsthen the one who brings his offering shall present to the Lord a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil. bring with the bull a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with half a hin of oil. from the herd or the flock. he must do exactly as you do. whenever an alien or anyone else living among you presents an offering made by fire as an aroma pleasing to the Lord .and attacked them and beat them down all the way to Hormah. With each lamb for the burnt offering or the sacrifice. this is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. The community is to have the same rules for you and for the alien living among you. Offer it as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'After you enter the land I am giving you as a home and you present to the Lord offerings made by fire. For the generations to come. is to be prepared in this manner. 19 18 .

he must bring a year-old female goat for a sin offering. and a male goat for a sin offering. for it was not intentional and they have brought to the Lord for their wrong an offering made by fire and a sin offering. he will be forgiven. and they kept him in custody. whether he is a native-born Israelite or an alien. and that person must be cut off from his people. "The man must die. because it was not clear what should be done to him. whether native-born or alien. as the Lord commanded Moses. " 'But anyone who sins defiantly. because all the people were involved in the unintentional wrong. Throughout the generations to come you are to give this offering to the Lord from the first of your ground meal. blasphemes the Lord . The priest is to make atonement for the whole Israelite community. Because he has despised the Lord 's word and broken his commands." So the assembly took him outside the camp and stoned him to death. and when atonement has been made for him.' " While the Israelites were in the desert. a man was found gathering wood on the Sabbath day. then the whole community is to offer a young bull for a burnt offering as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . that person must surely be cut off. The whole Israelite community and the aliens living among them will be forgiven. The whole assembly must stone him outside the camp. Then the Lord said to Moses. along with its prescribed grain offering and drink offering. 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 The Lord said to Moses. and they will be forgiven. One and the same law applies to everyone who sins unintentionally. his guilt remains on him. " 'But if just one person sins unintentionally. from the day the Lord gave them and continuing through the generations to comeand if this is done unintentionally without the community being aware of it. " 'Now if you unintentionally fail to keep any of these commands the Lord gave Mosesany of the Lord 's commands to you through him. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 The priest is to make atonement before the Lord for the one who erred by sinning unintentionally. .Present a cake from the first of your ground meal and present it as an offering from the threshing floor. Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and the whole assembly.

the sons of Eliab. he fell . "We will not come! Isn't it enough that you have brought us up out of a land flowing with milk and honey to kill us in the desert? And now you also want to lord it over us? 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 Korah son of Izhar. that you may obey them and not prostitute yourselves by going after the lusts of your own hearts and eyes. and On son of Peleth-became insolent and rose up against Moses. with a blue cord on each tassel. every one of them. You will have these tassels to look at and so you will remember all the commands of the Lord . Then you will remember to obey all my commands and will be consecrated to your God. The man the Lord chooses will be the one who is holy. and he will have that person come near him. and certain Reubenites-Dathan and Abiram. They came as a group to oppose Moses and Aaron and said to them. Why then do you set yourselves above the Lord 's assembly?" When Moses facedown. "Now listen. Korah. who brought you out of Egypt to be your God. the son of Kohath. But they said. I am the Lord your God. the son of Levi. The man he chooses he will cause to come near him.' " 41 40 39 38 Then he said to Korah and all his followers: "In the morning the Lord will show who belongs to him and who is holy. you Levites! Isn't it enough for you that the God of Israel has separated you from the rest of the Israelite community and brought you near himself to do the work at the Lord 's tabernacle and to stand before the community and minister to them? He has brought you and all your fellow Levites near himself."Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'Throughout the generations to come you are to make tassels on the corners of your garments. and the Lord is with them. With them were 250 Israelite men. It is against the Lord that you and all your followers have banded together. and all your followers are to do this: Take censers and tomorrow put fire and incense in them before the Lord . You Levites have gone too far!" Moses also said to Korah. 4 3 2 16 heard this. but now you are trying to get the priesthood too. "You have gone too far! The whole community is holy. Who is Aaron that you should grumble against him?" Then Moses summoned Dathan and Abiram. You. well-known community leaders who had been appointed members of the council. I am the Lord your God. sons of Eliab.

and stood with Moses and Aaron at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. "Do not accept their offering. "Separate yourselves from this assembly so I can put an end to them at once. Dathan and Abiram had come out and were standing with their wives. children and little ones at the entrances to their tents. Then Moses said." Moses said to Korah. or you will be swept away because of all their sins. with everything that belongs to them. will you be angry with the entire assembly when only one man sins?" 22 21 . "This is how you will know that the Lord has sent me to do all these things and that it was not my idea: If these men die a natural death and experience only what usually happens to men." So they moved away from the tents of Korah. and the earth opens its mouth and swallows them." So each man took his censer. and the elders of Israel followed him. He warned the assembly. When Korah had gathered all his followers in opposition to them at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. 'Move away from the tents of Korah." But Moses and Aaron fell facedown and cried out. "You and all your followers are to appear before the Lord tomorrow-you and they and Aaron. "Say to the assembly. then you will know that these men have treated the Lord with contempt. the ground under them split apart and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them. put fire and incense in it.Moreover. "Move back from the tents of these wicked men! Do not touch anything belonging to them. "O God. then the Lord has not sent me. You and Aaron are to present your censers also. Each man is to take his censer and put incense in it-250 censers in all-and present it before the Lord . Dathan and Abiram. Dathan and Abiram. you haven't brought us into a land flowing with milk and honey or given us an inheritance of fields and vineyards. God of the spirits of all mankind. nor have I wronged any of them.' " Moses got up and went to Dathan and Abiram. we will not come!" Then Moses became very angry and said to the Lord . with their households 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 23 Then the Lord said to Moses. I have not taken so much as a donkey from them." As soon as he finished saying all this. and they go down alive into the grave. But if the Lord brings about something totally new. Will you gouge out the eyes of these men? No. the glory of the Lord appeared to the entire assembly.

36 35 34 33 The next day the whole Israelite community grumbled against Moses and Aaron." So Eleazar the priest collected the bronze censers brought by those who had been burned up.700 people died from the plague. for they were presented before the Lord and have become holy. 40 39 38 37 "Get away from this assembly so I can put an end to them at once. and the plague stopped." So Aaron did as Moses said." And they fell facedown. but Aaron offered the incense and made atonement for them." they said. He stood between the living and the dead. along with fire from the altar. But when the assembly gathered in opposition to Moses and Aaron and turned toward the Tent of Meeting. This was to remind the Israelites that no one except a descendant of Aaron should come to burn incense before the Lord . and hurry to the assembly to make atonement for them. and ran into the midst of the assembly. "You have killed the Lord 's people. the earth closed over them. "Tell Eleazar son of Aaron.and all Korah's men and all their possessions. Then Moses said to Aaron. The Lord said to Moses. 44 43 42 41 and the Lord said to Moses. Then Aaron returned to Moses at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. suddenly the cloud covered it and the glory of the Lord appeared. Wrath has come out from the Lord . the priest. "Take your censer and put incense in it. and they perished and were gone from the community. "The earth is going to swallow us too!" And fire came out from the Lord and consumed the 250 men who were offering the incense. 50 49 48 47 46 45 . The plague had already started among the people. But 14. shouting. Let them be a sign to the Israelites. Then Moses and Aaron went to the front of the Tent of Meeting. with everything they owned. the plague has started. and he had them hammered out to overlay the altar. to take the censers out of the smoldering remains and scatter the coals some distance away. for the censers are holythe censers of the men who sinned at the cost of their lives. in addition to those who had died because of Korah. They went down alive into the grave. as the Lord directed him through Moses. for the plague had stopped. Hammer the censers into sheets to overlay the altar. or he would become like Korah and his followers. all the Israelites around them fled. At their cries.

The staff belonging to the man I choose will sprout. They are to be responsible to you and are to perform all the duties of the Tent. The next day Moses entered the Tent of the Testimony and saw that Aaron's staff. and you and your sons alone are to bear the responsibility for offenses against the priesthood. blossomed and produced almonds. or both they and you will die. which represented the house of Levi. Then Moses brought out all the staffs from the Lord 's presence to all the Israelites. and their leaders gave him twelve staffs. Moses placed the staffs before the Lord in the Tent of the Testimony. Bring your fellow Levites from your ancestral tribe to join you and assist you when you and your sons minister before the Tent of the Testimony. one for the leader of each of their ancestral tribes. Are we all going to die?" 13 18The Lord said to Aaron. "You. so that they will not die. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 The Lord said to Moses. This will put an end to their grumbling against me. and Aaron's staff was among them." Moses did just commanded him. Write the name of each man on his staff. "Speak to the Israelites and get twelve staffs from them. we are all lost! Anyone who even comes near the tabernacle of the Lord will die. Place them in the Tent of Meeting in front of the Testimony. had not only sprouted but had budded. On the staff of Levi write Aaron's name. "We will die! We are lost. so that wrath will not fall on the Israelites again. They are to join you and be responsible for the care of the Tent of Meeting-all the work at the Tent-and no one else may come near where you are. 12 11 10 as the Lord The Israelites said to Moses.17The Lord said to Moses. They looked at them. but they must not go near the furnishings of the sanctuary or the altar. where I meet with you. 5 4 3 2 . your sons and your father's family are to bear the responsibility for offenses against the sanctuary. to be kept as a sign to the rebellious. one from the leader of each of their ancestral tribes. "Put back Aaron's staff in front of the Testimony. and each man took his own staff. "You are to be responsible for the care of the sanctuary and the altar. and I will rid myself of this constant grumbling against you by the Israelites." So Moses spoke to the Israelites. for there must be one staff for the head of each ancestral tribe.

I am your share and your inheritance among the Israelites. you must redeem them at the redemption price set at five shekels of silver. "I give you all the finest olive oil and all the finest new wine and grain they give the Lord as the firstfruits of their harvest. When they are a month old. It is an everlasting covenant of salt before the Lord for both you and your offspring." The Lord said to Aaron. all the holy offerings the Israelites give me I give to you and your sons as your portion and regular share. "This also is yours: whatever is set aside from the gifts of all the wave offerings of the Israelites. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . Eat it as something most holy. Their meat is to be yours. dedicated to the Lord to do the work at the Tent of Meeting. Sprinkle their blood on the altar and burn their fat as an offering made by fire. You must regard it as holy. whether grain or sin or guilt offerings. But you must redeem every firstborn son and every firstborn male of unclean animals. I give this to you and your sons and daughters as your regular share. both man and animal." Then the Lord said to Aaron. a sheep or a goat. Whatever is set aside from the holy offerings the Israelites present to the Lord I give to you and your sons and daughters as your regular share. nor will you have any share among them. "You will have no inheritance in their land.I myself have selected your fellow Levites from among the Israelites as a gift to you. "But you must not redeem the firstborn of an ox. Everyone in your household who is ceremonially clean may eat it. "I myself have put you in charge of the offerings presented to me. which weighs twenty gerahs. You are to have the part of the most holy offerings that is kept from the fire. Everyone in your household who is ceremonially clean may eat it. that is offered to the Lord is yours. an aroma pleasing to the Lord . "Everything in Israel that is devoted to the Lord is yours. every male shall eat it. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 All the land's firstfruits that they bring to the Lord will be yours. I am giving you the service of the priesthood as a gift. according to the sanctuary shekel. From all the gifts they bring me as most holy offerings. The first offspring of every womb. But only you and your sons may serve as priests in connection with everything at the altar and inside the curtain. just as the breast of the wave offering and the right thigh are yours. that part belongs to you and your sons. they are holy. Anyone else who comes near the sanctuary must be put to death.

It is the Levites who are to do the work at the Tent of Meeting and bear the responsibility for offenses against it.' " 32 31 30 29 19The Aaron: 2 Lord said to Moses and The Lord said to Moses. it is to be taken outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence. for it is your wages for your work at the Tent of Meeting. By presenting the best part of it you will not be guilty in this matter. Instead. the heifer is to be burned-its hide. While he watches. then you will not defile the holy offerings of the Israelites. Your offering will be reckoned to you as grain from the threshing floor or juice from the winepress.' " 25 24 23 22 21 You must present as the Lord 's portion the best and holiest part of everything given to you.' "Say to the Levites: 'When you present the best part. 28 27 26 "This is a requirement of the law that the Lord has commanded: Tell the Israelites to bring you a red heifer without defect or blemish and that has never been under a yoke. They will receive no inheritance among the Israelites. I give to the Levites as their inheritance the tithes that the Israelites present as an offering to the Lord . or they will bear the consequences of their sin and will die. From these tithes you must give the Lord 's portion to Aaron the priest. You and your households may eat the rest of it anywhere. flesh. it will be reckoned to you as the product of the threshing floor or the winepress."I give to the Levites all the tithes in Israel as their inheritance in return for the work they do while serving at the Tent of Meeting. you must present a tenth of that tithe as the Lord 's offering. In this way you also will present an offering to the Lord from all the tithes you receive from the Israelites. and you will not die. From now on the Israelites must not go near the Tent of Meeting. The priest is to take some cedar wood. Give it to Eleazar the priest. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. hyssop and scarlet wool and throw them onto the burning heifer. 6 5 4 3 . Then Eleazar the priest is to take some of its blood on his finger and sprinkle it seven times toward the front of the Tent of Meeting. blood and offal. "Speak to the Levites and say to them: 'When you receive from the Israelites the tithe I give you as your inheritance. That is why I said concerning them: 'They will have no inheritance among the Israelites.

will be unclean for seven days. That person must be cut off from Israel. The water of cleansing has not been sprinkled on him.After that. He may then come into the camp. and that evening he will be clean. and he too will be unclean till evening. dip it in the water and sprinkle the tent and all the furnishings and the people who were there. he is unclean. The person being cleansed must wash his clothes and bathe with water. 20 19 18 17 16 15 . "This is the law that applies when a person dies in a tent: Anyone who 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 enters the tent and anyone who is in it will be unclean for seven days. the priest must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water. Whoever touches the dead body of anyone and fails to purify himself defiles the Lord 's tabernacle. He must also sprinkle anyone who has touched a human bone or a grave or someone who has been killed or someone who has died a natural death. his uncleanness remains on him. he must be cut off from the community. then he will be clean. Then a man who is ceremonially clean is to take some hyssop. But if a person who is unclean does not purify himself. but he will be ceremonially unclean till evening. "Anyone out in the open who touches someone who has been killed with a sword or someone who has died a natural death. he will not be clean. They shall be kept by the Israelite community for use in the water of cleansing. "Whoever touches the dead body of anyone will be unclean for seven days. "A man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer and put them in a ceremonially clean place outside the camp. put some ashes from the burned purification offering into a jar and pour fresh water over them. and he is unclean. and on the seventh day he is to purify him. He must purify himself with the water on the third day and on the seventh day. The man who burns it must also wash his clothes and bathe with water. it is for purification from sin. The man who is clean is to sprinkle the unclean person on the third and seventh days. Because the water of cleansing has not been sprinkled on him. The man who gathers up the ashes of the heifer must also wash his clothes. "For the unclean person. and every open container without a lid fastened on it will be unclean. because he has defiled the sanctuary of the Lord . But if he does not purify himself on the third and seventh days. This will be a lasting ordinance both for the Israelites and for the aliens living among them. and he too will be unclean till evening. or anyone who touches a human bone or a grave.

and we lived there many years. And there is no water to drink!" Moses and Aaron went from the assembly to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and fell facedown. 7 6 5 4 3 2 20 The Lord said to Moses. Our forefathers went down into Egypt. just as he commanded him. Now there was no water for the community." 22 21 together. Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom. grapevines or pomegranates. "Because you did not trust in me enough to honor me as holy in the sight of the Israelites. and anyone who touches it becomes unclean till evening. must we bring you water out of this rock?" Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock twice with his staff. and they stayed at Kadesh. that we and our livestock should die here? Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to this terrible place? It has no grain or figs. Water gushed out. He and Aaron gathered the assembly together in front of the rock and Moses said to them. "Take the staff. saying: "This is what your brother Israel says: You know about all the hardships that have come upon us. you will not bring this community into the land I give them." These were the waters of Meribah. where the Israelites quarreled with the Lord and where he showed himself holy among them. and you and your brother Aaron gather the assembly 8 . The Egyptians mistreated us and our fathers. and the people gathered in opposition to Moses and Aaron. he heard our cry and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt. They quarreled with Moses and said. but when we cried out to the Lord . you rebels. "The man who sprinkles the water of cleansing must also wash his clothes. "Now we are 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 In the first month the whole Israelite community arrived at the Desert of Zin." So Moses took the staff from the Lord 's presence. Speak to that rock before their eyes and it will pour out its water. There Miriam died and was buried. and the community and their livestock drank. "Listen. "If only we had died when our brothers fell dead before the Lord ! Why did you bring the Lord 's community into this desert. Anything that an unclean person touches becomes unclean.This is a lasting ordinance for them. and anyone who touches the water of cleansing will be unclean till evening. You will bring water out of the rock for the community so they and their livestock can drink. But the Lord said to Moses and Aaron. and the glory of the Lord appeared to them.

Then Israel made this vow to the Lord : "If you will deliver these people into our hands. heard that Israel was coming along the road to Atharim." Then Edom came out against them with a large and powerful army. "Aaron will be gathered to his people. he will die there. He will not enter the land I give the Israelites. a town on the edge of your territory. 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Get Aaron and his son Eleazar and take them up Mount Hor. At Mount Hor. We will travel along the king's highway and not turn to the right or to the left until we have passed through your territory. Since Edom refused to let them go through their territory. The whole Israelite community set out from Kadesh and came to Mount Hor." Again they answered: "You may not pass through. the entire house of Israel mourned for him thirty days. he attacked the Israelites and captured some of them." Moses did as the Lord commanded: They went up Mount Hor in the sight of the whole community. And Aaron died there on top of the mountain. Remove Aaron's garments and put them on his son Eleazar. We will not go through any field or vineyard." The Lord listened to Israel's plea and gave the Canaanites over to them. to go around 4 3 2 . if you try. 29 28 27 26 25 21When the Canaanite king of Arad." But Edom answered: "You may not pass through here.here at Kadesh. we will pay for it. we will totally destroy their cities. or drink water from any well. We only want to pass through on foot-nothing else. Then Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain. They traveled from Mount Hor along the route to the Red Sea. the Lord said to Moses and Aaron." The Israelites replied: "We will go along the main road. so the place was named Hormah. because both of you rebelled against my command at the waters of Meribah. Please let us pass through your country. for Aaron will be gathered to his people. Moses removed Aaron's garments and put them on his son Eleazar. near the border of Edom. Israel turned away from them. They completely destroyed them and their towns. we will march out and attack you with the sword. and if we or our livestock drink any of your water. who lived in the Negev. and when the whole community learned that Aaron had died.

O well! Sing about it. But the people grew impatient on the way. which is in the desert extending into Amorite territory. that the nobles of the people sank. From there they moved on and camped in the Zered Valley. The Lord said to Moses.the nobles with scepters and staffs. they bit the people and many Israelites died. We will travel along the king's highway until we have passed through your territory. "Gather the people together and I will give them water. and said. from Mattanah to Nahaliel to Bamoth. Israel sent messengers to say to Sihon king of the Amorites: "Let us pass through your country. or drink water from any well.Edom." So Moses prayed for the people. anyone who is bitten can look at it and live." But Sihon would not let Israel pass through his territory. That is why the Book of the Wars of the Lord says: "?Waheb in Suphah and the ravines. We will not turn aside into any field or vineyard. They set out from there and camped alongside the Arnon. The Israelites moved on and camped at Oboth. between Moab and the Amorites. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 Nahaliel. Pray that the Lord will take the snakes away from us. the well where the Lord said to Moses." Then they went from the desert to Mattanah." So Moses made a bronze snake and put it up on a pole. Then they set out from Oboth and camped in Iye Abarim." From there they continued on to Beer. "Make a snake and put it up on a pole. he lived. The people came to Moses and said. "Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the desert? There is no bread! There is no water! And we detest this miserable food!" Then the Lord sent venomous snakes among them. He mustered his 23 22 21 ." Then Israel sang this song: "Spring up. 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 The Arnon is the border of Moab. "We sinned when we spoke against the Lord and against you. the Arnon and the slopes of the ravines that lead to the site of Ar and lie along the border of Moab. from and from Bamoth to the valley in Moab where the top of Pisgah overlooks the wasteland. they spoke against God and against Moses. Then when anyone was bitten by a snake and looked at the bronze snake. in the desert that faces Moab toward the sunrise. about the well that the princes dug.

That is why the poets say: "Come to Heshbon and let it be rebuilt. together with his sons and his whole army. O people of Chemosh! He has given up his sons as fugitives and his daughters as captives to Sihon king of the Amorites. because their border was fortified. Indeed. 35 34 33 32 Then the Israelites traveled to the plains of Moab and camped along the Jordan across from Jericho. Woe to you. Israel. who reigned in Heshbon. however. Heshbon was the city of Sihon king of the Amorites. the Israelites captured its surrounding settlements and drove out the Amorites who were there. And they took possession of his land. "But we have overthrown them. the citizens of Arnon's heights. a blaze from the city of Sihon. who was king of Moab at that time. "Fire went out from Heshbon. as an ox licks up the grass of the field. It consumed Ar of Moab. "Do not be afraid of him. Do to him what you did to Sihon king of the Amorites." So Balak son of Zippor. We have demolished them as far as Nophah. The Lord said to Moses. but only as far as the Ammonites. and Moab was terrified because there were so many people. Moab was filled with dread because of the Israelites. which extends to Medeba. with his whole army and his land. Israel captured all the cities of the Amorites and occupied them. who was at Pethor. for I have handed him over to you. let Sihon's city be restored. "This horde is going to lick up everything around us. leaving them no survivors. Now Balak son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites. including Heshbon and all its surrounding settlements." So Israel settled in the land of the Amorites. who had fought against the former king of Moab and had taken from him all his land as far as the Arnon. sent messengers to summon Balaam son of Beor. and Og king of Bashan and his whole army marched out to meet them in battle at Edrei. O Moab! You are destroyed. Heshbon is destroyed all the way to Dibon. When he reached Jahaz. The Moabites said to the elders of Midian. 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 After Moses had sent spies to Jazer. Then they turned and went up along the road toward Bashan. put him to the sword and took over his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok. he fought with Israel. near 5 4 3 2 22 ." So they struck him down.entire army and marched out into the desert against Israel.

Balak said: "A people has come out of Egypt. king of Moab. Perhaps then I will be able to defeat them and drive them out of the country." So the Moabite princes returned to Balak and said." That night God came to Balaam and said. in his native land. "and I will bring you back the answer the Lord gives me.' " But God said to Balaam. "Go back to your 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 own country. taking with them the fee for divination. because they are blessed. sent me this message: 'A people that has come out of Egypt covers the face of the land. because I will reward you handsomely and do whatever you say. because they are too powerful for me. for the Lord has refused to let me go with you." The next morning Balaam got up and said to Balak's princes." But Balaam answered them. Now come and put a curse on these people. "Since these men have come to summon you.the River. they cover the face of the land and have settled next to me. They came to Balaam and said: "This is what Balak son of Zippor says: Do not let anything keep you from coming to me. I could not do anything great or small to go beyond the command of the Lord my God. they told him what Balak had said. Balaam was riding 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 ." Then Balak sent other princes. God came to Balaam and asked. but do only what I tell you. "Who are these men with you?" Balaam said to God. But God was very angry when he went. go with them. Now stay here tonight as the others did. and those you curse are cursed." Balaam said to them. "Spend the night here. "Balak son of Zippor." So the Moabite princes stayed with him. Now come and put a curse on them for me. When they came to Balaam. Perhaps then I will be able to fight them and drive them away. You must not put a curse on those people. saddled his donkey and went with the princes of Moab. "Even if Balak gave me his palace filled with silver and gold. and the angel of the Lord stood in the road to oppose him. "Do not go with them. For I know that those you bless are blessed. "Balaam refused to come with us." Balaam got up in the morning. and I will find out what else the Lord will tell me." The elders of Moab and Midian left. more numerous and more distinguished than the first. Come and put a curse on these people for me.

and he was angry and beat her with his staff. When Balak heard that Balaam was coming. "But can I say just anything? I must speak only what God puts in my mouth. and she said to Balaam. When the donkey saw the angel of the Lord . he went out to meet him at the Moabite town on the Arnon border." The angel of the Lord said to Balaam. When the donkey saw the angel of the Lord standing in the road with a drawn sword in his hand. at the edge of his territory. The donkey saw me and turned away from me these three times. she lay down under Balaam. Then the Lord opened the donkey's mouth. So he beat her again. and his two servants were with him. Balak said to Balaam. So he bowed low and fell facedown. Now if you are displeased. I would certainly have killed you by now. crushing Balaam's foot against it. I would kill you right now. I will go back. to this day? Have I been in the habit of doing this to you?" "No. Balaam beat her to get her back on the road." Balaam said to the angel of the Lord . she turned off the road into a field. "Did I not send you an urgent summons? Why didn't you come to me? Am I really not able to reward you?" "Well." he said. with walls on both sides. "I have sinned. but speak only what I tell you. which you have always ridden. The angel of the Lord asked him.on his donkey. "Am I not your own donkey. I did not realize you were standing in the road to oppose me." So Balaam went with the princes of Balak. "Why have you beaten your donkey these three times? I have come here to oppose you because your path is a reckless one before me." The donkey said to Balaam. she pressed close to the wall." Balaam replied. "What have I done to you to make you beat me these three times?" Balaam answered the donkey. 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 Then the Lord opened Balaam's eyes. Then the angel of the Lord moved on ahead and stood in a narrow place where there was no room to turn. I have come to you now. either to the right or to the left. Then the angel of the Lord stood in a narrow path between two vineyards. but I would have spared her. If she had not turned away. "Go with the men. "You have made a fool of me! If I had a sword in my hand. When the donkey saw the angel of the Lord ." 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 . and he saw the angel of the Lord standing in the road with his sword drawn.

"What have you done to me? I brought you to curse my enemies. from the heights I view them. with all the princes of Moab. Whatever he reveals to me I will tell you. "Stay here beside your offering while I go aside. "Come with me to another place where you can see them. I see a people who live apart and do not consider themselves one of the nations.Then Balaam went with Balak to Kiriath Huzoth. come." So he went back to him and found him standing beside his offering. the king of Moab from the eastern mountains. and on each altar I have offered a bull and a ram.' 8 for me.' he 7 6 5 4 3 2 23Balaam . Perhaps the Lord will come to meet with me. curse them for me." The Lord put a message in Balaam's mouth and said. and the two of them offered a bull and a ram on each altar. and there he built seven altars and offered a bull and a ram on each altar. 'curse Jacob denounce Israel. 41 40 39 said." Then he went off to a barren height. Who can count the dust of Jacob or number the fourth part of Israel? Let me die the death of the righteous. The next morning Balak took Balaam up to Bamoth Baal. "Go back to Balak and give him this message. "Build me seven altars here. and gave some to Balaam and the princes who were with him. you will see only a part but not all of them. Then Balaam said to Balak." So he took him to the field of Zophim on the top of Pisgah. God met with him. "Stay here beside your offering while I meet with him over there. Balak sacrificed cattle and sheep. and from there he saw part of the people. And from there. and prepare seven bulls and seven rams for me. "I have prepared seven altars. How can I curse those whom God has not cursed? How can I denounce those whom the Lord has not denounced? From the rocky peaks I see them. Then Balaam uttered his oracle: "Balak brought me from Aram." The Lord met with Balaam and put a message in his mouth and said. and may my end be like theirs!" Balak said to Balaam. 'Come. and Balaam said. but you have done nothing but bless them!" He answered. Balaam said to Balak. "Must I not speak what the Lord puts in my mouth?" Then Balak said to him." Balak did as Balaam said. "Go 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 said.

nor a son of man. 30 29 28 27 when Balaam saw that it pleased the Lord to bless Israel. no divination against Israel.back to Balak and give him this message. "Did I not tell you I must do whatever the Lord says?" 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Then Balak said to Balaam. your dwelling places. let me take you to another place. "No misfortune is seen in Jacob. with the princes of Moab. that he should lie. they have the strength of a wild ox. but turned his face toward the desert. and listen. the oracle of one who hears the words of God. Balak asked him. When Balaam looked out and saw Israel encamped tribe by tribe. Balaam said. God is not a man. no misery observed in Israel. who sees a vision from the Almighty. "Neither curse them at all nor bless them at all!" Balaam answered. 'See what God has done!' The people rise like a lioness. O Jacob. the shout of the King is among them. and whose eyes are opened: "How beautiful are your tents." So he went to him and found him standing beside his offering. son of Zippor. There is no sorcery against Jacob. "Build me seven altars here." And Balak took Balaam to the top of Peor. Balak. "Come. the oracle of one whose eye sees clearly. and prepare seven bulls and seven rams for me." Balak did as Balaam had said. and offered a bull and a ram on each altar." Then Balak said to Balaam. that he should change his mind. 6 5 4 3 2 24Now . Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not fulfill? I have received a command to bless. The Lord their God is with them. Perhaps it will please God to let you curse them for me from there. the Spirit of God came upon him and he uttered his oracle: "The oracle of Balaam son of Beor. overlooking the wasteland. they rouse themselves like a lion that does not rest till he devours his prey and drinks the blood of his victims. hear me. "What did the Lord say?" Then he uttered his oracle: "Arise. he did not resort to sorcery as at other times. like aloes planted by the Lord . It will now be said of Jacob and of Israel. he has blessed. God brought them out of Egypt. who falls prostrate. O Israel! "Like valleys they spread out. like gardens beside a river. and I cannot change it. like cedars beside the waters.

but he will come to ruin at last. He struck his hands together and said to him. Like a lion they crouch and lie down. they have the strength of a wild ox. but the Lord has kept you from being rewarded.Water will flow from their buckets. the skulls of all the sons of Sheth. "Did I not tell the messengers you sent me. A ruler will come out of Jacob and destroy the survivors of the city. they will subdue Asshur and Eber. who has knowledge from the Most High. but Israel will grow strong. I could not do anything of my own accord. who falls prostrate." Then Balaam got up and returned home and Balak went his own way. who can live when God does this? Ships will come from the shores of Kittim. but not now. good or bad. but they too will come to ruin." 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 Then he uttered his oracle: "The oracle of Balaam son of Beor. "God brought them out of Egypt. but come. "Their king will be greater than Agag. A star will come out of Jacob. I behold him. and whose eyes are opened: "I see him. 'Even if Balak gave me his palace filled with silver and gold. Seir. his enemy. They devour hostile nations and break their bones in pieces. the oracle of one who hears the words of God. yet you Kenites will be destroyed when Asshur takes you captive. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 . He will crush the foreheads of Moab. to go beyond the command of the Lord and I must say only what the Lord says'? Now I am going back to my people. your nest is set in a rock. let me warn you of what this people will do to your people in days to come. a scepter will rise out of Israel. their kingdom will be exalted." Then he saw the Kenites and uttered his oracle: "Your dwelling place is secure. "I summoned you to curse my enemies. who sees a vision from the Almighty. with their arrows they pierce them. their seed will have abundant water. but you have blessed them these three times." Balaam answered Balak. will be conquered." Then he uttered his oracle: "Ah. like a lioness-who dares to rouse them? "May those who bless you be blessed and those who curse you be cursed!" Then Balak's anger burned against Balaam. Now leave at once and go home! I said I would reward you handsomely. but not near. the oracle of one whose eye sees clearly. Edom will be conquered." Then Balaam saw Amalek and uttered his oracle: "Amalek was first among the nations.

but those who died in the plague numbered 24." Then an Israelite man brought to his family a Midianite woman right before the eyes of Moses and the whole assembly of Israel while they were weeping at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. a tribal chief of a Midianite family." The name of the Israelite who was killed with the Midianite woman was Zimri son of Salu. the men began to indulge in sexual immorality with Moabite women. the leader of a Simeonite family. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 10 The Lord said to Moses. because he was zealous for the honor of his God and made atonement for the Israelites. kill them and expose them in broad daylight before the Lord . "Take all the leaders of these people. has turned my anger away from the Israelites. the priest. "Each of you must put to death those of your men who have joined in worshiping the Baal of Peor. The Lord said to Moses. because they treated you as enemies when they deceived you in the affair of Peor and their sister Cozbi. So Israel joined in worshiping the Baal of Peor. Therefore tell him I am making my covenant of peace with him. He drove the spear through both of them-through the Israelite and into the woman's body. the woman who was killed when the plague came as a result of Peor. saw this. took a spear in his hand and followed the Israelite into the tent. 16 15 14 13 12 11 The Lord said to Moses. he left the assembly." 18 17 . so that in my zeal I did not put an end to them.25While Israel was staying in Shittim. the priest. who invited them to the sacrifices to their gods. the daughter of a Midianite leader. When Phinehas son of Eleazar. And the name of the Midianite woman who was put to death was Cozbi daughter of Zur. Then the plague against the Israelites was stopped. the son of Aaron. so that the Lord 's fierce anger may turn away from Israel. for he was as zealous as I am for my honor among them." So Moses said to Israel's judges. the son of Aaron. And the Lord 's anger burned against them. "Treat the Midianites as enemies and kill them. "Phinehas son of Eleazar. He and his descendants will have a covenant of a lasting priesthood. The people ate and bowed down before these gods.000.

the Zephonite clan. The descendants of Judah by their clans were: through Shelah. 20 19 and the sons of Eliab were Nemuel. the Oznite clan. the Zerahite clan. the firstborn son of Israel. those numbered were 43.730. there were 22. And they served as a warning sign. Jaminite clan. The same Dathan and Abiram were the community officials who rebelled against Moses and Aaron and were among Korah's followers when they rebelled against the Lord . through Pallu.200 men. The son of Pallu was Eliab. The descendants of Simeon by clans were: through Nemuel. The earth opened its mouth and swallowed them along with Korah. 13 12 11 their the the the through Zerah. as the Lord commanded Moses." These were the Israelites who came out of Egypt: The descendants of Reuben. through Shuni. "Take a census of the men twenty years old or more. those numbered were 40. through Perez. the Erite clan." So on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho. The line of Korah. Er and Onan were sons of Judah. the Palluite clan.26After the plague the Lord said to Moses and Eleazar son of Aaron. however. whose followers died when the fire 10 9 . the Shaulite clan. The descendants of Gad by their clans were: through Zephon. the Haggite clan. through Shaul. These were the clans of Gad. through Ozni. These were the clans of Simeon. "Take a census of the whole Israelite community by families-all those twenty years old or more who are able to serve in the army of Israel. through Jamin. through Zerah. through Carmi. Dathan and Abiram. the Arodite through Areli. through Hezron. Nemuelite clan. did not die out. through Eri. but they died in Canaan. the Hezronite clan. the Carmite clan. the Perezite clan. the priest. the Arelite clan. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 devoured the 250 men. through Arodi. the Shelanite clan. through Jakin. the Hanochite clan. were: through Hanoch. Moses and Eleazar the priest spoke with them and said.500. the Zerahite clan. through Haggi. 18 17 16 15 14 clan. the Shunite clan. Jakinite clan. These were the clans of Reuben.

32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 (Zelophehad son of Hepher had no sons. These were the descendants of Dan by their clans: through Shuham. the Shemidaite clan. through Puah. These were the clans of Judah. the Hepherite clan. through Hepher. the Ardite clan. the Hezronite clan. the Eranite clan. through Asriel. the Makirite clan (Makir was the father of Gilead). The descendants of Bela through Ard and Naaman were: through Ard. These were the descendants of Gilead: through Iezer. through Helek. the Elonite clan. the Jashubite clan. These were the clans of Ephraim. through Beker. the 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 . These were the descendants of Ephraim by their clans: through Shuthelah. the Seredite clan. the Huphamite clan. through Shimron. the Bekerite clan. through Gilead. These were the clans of Zebulun. The descendants of Benjamin by their clans were: through Bela.) These were the clans of Manasseh. through Jahleel. those numbered were 52. the Puite clan. These were the descendants of Joseph by their clans.500. those numbered were 32. the Hamulite clan. those numbered were 76. those numbered were 45. the Shuphamite clan. the Iezerite clan. through Jashub.700. the Tahanite clan. The descendants of Issachar by their clans were: through Tola. through Tahan. These were the clans of Benjamin. the Belaite clan. the Tolaite clan.500. those numbered were 60. These were the clans of Issachar. whose names were Mahlah. The descendants of Joseph by their clans through Manasseh and Ephraim were: The descendants of Manasseh: through Makir. These were the descendants of Shuthelah: through Eran.300. The descendants of Zebulun by their clans were: through Sered. Milcah and Tirzah. the Shimronite clan. those numbered were 64. Hoglah. through Ashbel.500. the Shechemite clan. through Naaman. the Jahleelite clan. through Shemida. the Naamite clan. he had only daughters.600. through Shupham.The descendants of Perez were: through Hezron. through Hamul. through Elon. the Helekite clan. the Ahiramite clan. through Shechem. the Asrielite clan. the Shuthelahite clan. through Hupham. the Gileadite clan. Noah. through Ahiram. the Ashbelite clan.

Moses and their sister Miriam. They were not counted along with the other Israelites because they received no inheritance among them.) These were the clans of Asher.400. the Heberite clan. who was born to the Levites in Egypt. But Nadab and Abihu died when they made an offering before the Lord with unauthorized fire. (Kohath was forefather of Amram. the Shillemite clan. the Jahzeelite clan. 59 58 57 56 55 (Asher had a daughter named Serah. the Kohathite clan. Mahlite clan. each is to receive its inheritance according to the number of those listed. a descendant of Levi. Korahite clan. through Jezer. through Ishvi. Be sure that the land is distributed by lot. The descendants of Asher by their clans were: through Imnah. the Gershonite clan. and those numbered were 64.730. Eleazar and Ithamar. through Merari. These also were Levite clans: Libnite clan. the Jezerite clan. the Mushite clan. through Shillem. To Amram she bore Aaron. 62 61 60 The Lord said to Moses. the Ishvite clan. the Beriite clan.Shuhamite clan. and through the descendants of Beriah: through Heber. the Merarite clan. and to a smaller group a 54 53 . Each inheritance is to be distributed by lot among the larger and smaller groups.000. the Imnite clan.400. those numbered were 45. through Beriah. through Guni. the Hebronite clan. To a larger group give a larger inheritance. These were the clans of Dan: All of them were Shuhamite clans. those numbered were 53. The descendants of Naphtali by their clans were: through Jahzeel. Aaron was the father of Nadab and Abihu. the Gunite clan. "The land is to be allotted to them as an inheritance based on the number of names. The total number of the men of Israel was 601. the Malkielite clan. through Malkiel.) All the male Levites a month old or more numbered 23." These were the Levites who were counted by their clans: through Gershon. 46 45 44 43 smaller one. These were the clans of Naphtali. through Kohath. What each group inherits will be according to the names for its ancestral tribe. 52 51 50 49 48 47 the the the the the name of Amram's wife was Jochebed.400.

"Say to the Israelites. He was not among Korah's followers. you too will be gathered to your people. After you have seen it. in the Desert of Zin. for when the community rebelled at the waters in the Desert of Zin. "Go up this mountain in the Abarim range and see the land I have given the Israelites. the son of Manasseh." So Moses brought their case before the Lord 5 4 3 2 27 Moses said to the Lord .These are the ones counted by Moses and Eleazar the priest when they counted the Israelites on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho. You must certainly give them property as an inheritance among their father's relatives and turn their father's inheritance over to them. Eleazar the priest. . If his father had no brothers. the leaders and the whole assembly. as the Lord commanded Moses. The names of the daughters were Mahlah. "Our father died in the desert. and said. For the Lord had told those Israelites they would surely die in the desert. give his inheritance to his brothers. that he may possess it. give his inheritance to his father's brothers. give his inheritance to the nearest relative in his clan. If he has no daughter. turn his inheritance over to his daughter. Hoglah." (These were the waters of Meribah Kadesh. and not one of them was left except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun. Why should our father's name disappear from his clan because he had no son? Give us property among our father's relatives. They approached the entrance to the Tent of Meeting and stood before Moses. who banded together against the Lord .) 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 The daughters of Zelophehad son of Hepher. Not one of them was among those counted by Moses and Aaron the priest when they counted the Israelites in the Desert of Sinai. the son of Makir. belonged to the clans of Manasseh son of Joseph. but he died for his own sin and left no sons. both of you disobeyed my command to honor me as holy before their eyes. If he has no brothers. Noah. the son of Gilead. 65 64 63 6 and the Lord said to him.' " Then the Lord said to Moses. 'If a man dies and leaves no son. Milcah and Tirzah. This is to be a legal requirement for the Israelites. as your brother Aaron was. "What Zelophehad's daughters are saying is right.

Prepare one lamb in the morning and the other at twilight. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 28The Lord said to Moses. This is the burnt offering for every Sabbath. "Give this command to the Israelites and say to them: 'See that you present to me at the appointed time the food for 2 . and lay your hand on him. The accompanying drink offering is to be a quarter of a hin of fermented drink with each lamb. He took Joshua and had him stand before Eleazar the priest and the whole assembly. and at his command they will come in. along with the same kind of grain offering and drink offering that you prepare in the morning. He is to stand before Eleazar the priest. "Take Joshua son of Nun. Give him some of your authority so the whole Israelite community will obey him. a man in whom is the spirit. Prepare the second lamb at twilight. who will obtain decisions for him by inquiring of the Urim before the Lord . one who will lead them out and bring them in. Then he laid his hands on him and commissioned him." So the Lord said to Moses. Have him stand before Eleazar the priest and the entire assembly and commission him in their presence. as a regular burnt offering each day." Moses did as the Lord commanded him. This is an offering made by fire. At his command he and the entire community of the Israelites will go out.' Say to them: 'This is the offering made by fire that you are to present to the Lord : two lambs a year old without defect. as the Lord instructed through Moses. so the Lord 's people will not be like sheep without a shepherd. in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering. the God of the spirits of all mankind. together with a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives. " 'On the Sabbath day. an aroma pleasing to the Lord ."May the Lord . Pour out the drink offering to the Lord at the sanctuary. as an aroma pleasing to me. together with its drink offering and a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. This is the regular burnt offering instituted at Mount Sinai as a pleasing aroma. 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 my offerings made by fire. make an offering of two lambs a year old without defect. appoint a man over this community to go out and come in before them. an offering made to the Lord by fire.

two-tenths. a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. with the ram. On the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. a pleasing aroma. one ram and seven male lambs a year old as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . one-tenth. Prepare these in addition to the regular morning burnt offering. for seven days eat bread made without yeast. 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 . a third of a hin . and with each lamb. On the fifteenth day of this month there is to be a festival. Present a burnt offering of two young bulls. with the ram. hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. one ram and seven male lambs a year old. a quarter of a hin. With each bull there is to be a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. This is the monthly burnt offering to be made at each new moon during the year. " 'On the fourteenth day of the first month the Lord 's Passover is to be held. with the ram. With each bull there is to be a drink offering of half a hin of wine. With each bull there is to be a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. Include one male goat as a sin offering to make atonement for you. it is to be prepared in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering. Present to the Lord an offering made by fire. In this way prepare the food for the offering made by fire every day for seven days as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . Besides the regular burnt offering with its drink offering. " 'On the day of firstfruits. and with each lamb. This is for a burnt offering. a burnt offering of two young bulls. 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 With each bull prepare a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. present to the Lord a burnt offering of two young bulls. with the ram. an offering made to the Lord by fire. two-tenths. On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. one male goat is to be presented to the Lord as a sin offering. one ram and seven male lambs a year old. all without defect. and with each of the seven lambs. a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. all without defect. one-tenth. and with each of the seven lambs." 'On the first of every month. when you present to the Lord an offering of new grain during the Feast of Weeks.

They are offerings made to the Lord by fire-a pleasing aroma. in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. one ram and seven male lambs a year old. all without defect. a burnt offering of thirteen young bulls. Include one male goat as a sin offering to make atonement for you. " 'On the second day prepare twelve young bulls. with each of the two rams. one-tenth. " 'On the tenth day of this seventh month hold a sacred assembly. Include one male goat as a sin offering. two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old. With the bull prepare a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. 31 30 With the bull prepare a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. It is a day for you to sound the trumpets. two-tenths . all without defect. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old. two-tenths. " 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh month. You must deny yourselves and do no work. Be sure the animals are without defect. and their drink offerings. with the ram. onetenth. all without defect. With each of the thirteen bulls prepare a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil. Present as an aroma pleasing to the Lord a burnt offering of one young bull. and with each of the seven lambs. one-tenth. prepare their grain offerings and drink 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 29" 'On the first day of the seventh month hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. in addition to the sin offering for atonement and the regular burnt offering with its grain offering. prepare a burnt offering of one young bull. These are in addition to the monthly and daily burnt offerings with their grain offerings and drink offerings as specified. Include one male goat as a sin offering. hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. As an aroma pleasing to the Lord . Celebrate a festival to the Lord for seven days. With the bulls. all without defect. Prepare these together with their drink offerings. Present an offering made by fire as an aroma pleasing to the Lord .Include one male goat to make atonement for you. rams and lambs. and with each of the seven lambs. two-tenths. in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering. one ram and seven male lambs a year old. and with each of the fourteen lambs. with the ram.

two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old. all without defect. With the bull. two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old. prepare their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old. in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering. prepare their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. the ram and the lambs. With the bulls. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 . rams and lambs. prepare their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. prepare their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. all without defect.offerings according specified. Present an offering made by fire as an aroma pleasing to the Lord . " 'On the fifth day prepare nine bulls. two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old. 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 Include one male goat as a sin offering. two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old. a burnt offering of one bull. With the bulls. all without defect. Include one male goat as a sin offering. rams and lambs. " 'On the seventh day prepare seven bulls. in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. With the bulls. and their drink offerings. rams and lambs. With the bulls. in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. prepare their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. 19 to the number Include one male goat as a sin offering. " 'On the third day prepare eleven bulls. all without defect. Include one male goat as a sin offering. in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. prepare their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. one ram and seven male lambs a year old. rams and lambs. " 'On the fourth day prepare ten bulls. in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. Include one male goat as a sin offering. Include one male goat as a sin offering. rams and lambs. all without defect. With the bulls. all without defect. " 'On the eighth day hold an assembly and do no regular work. " 'On the sixth day prepare eight bulls.

the Lord will release her because her father has forbidden her. he must not break his word but must do everything he said. then he confirms all her vows or the pledges binding on her. then none of the vows or pledges that came from her lips will stand. "If she marries after she makes a vow or after her lips utter a rash promise by which she obligates herself 6 5 4 3 2 . prepare these for the Lord at your appointed feasts: your burnt offerings. He confirms them by saying nothing to her when he hears about them. he nullifies the vow that obligates her or the rash promise by which she obligates herself. Her husband has nullified them. But if her husband forbids her when he hears about it. none of her vows or the pledges by which she obligated herself will stand. then all her vows or the pledges by which she obligated herself will stand. But if her husband says nothing to her about it from day to day. in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. and the Lord will release her. Her husband may confirm or nullify any vow she makes or any sworn pledge to deny herself. then all her vows and every pledge by which she obligated herself will stand. But if her father forbids her when he hears about it.Include one male goat as a sin offering. 40 39 38 and her husband hears about it but says nothing to her. " 'In addition to what you vow and your freewill offerings. "When a young woman still living in her father's house makes a vow to the Lord or obligates herself by a pledge and her father hears about her vow or pledge but says nothing to her. drink offerings and fellowship offerings. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 30Moses said to the heads of the tribes of Israel: "This is what the Lord commands: When a man makes a vow to the Lord or takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge. grain offerings. "Any vow or obligation taken by a widow or divorced woman will be binding on her. But if her husband nullifies them when he hears about them. "If a woman living with her husband makes a vow or obligates herself by a pledge under oath and her husband hears about it but says nothing to her and does not forbid her. ' " Moses told the Israelites all that the Lord commanded him. and the Lord will release her. then her vows or the pledges by which she obligated herself will stand.

They took all the plunder and spoils. Rekem. the priest. Among their victims were Evi." So twelve thousand men armed for battle. however. by the Jordan across from Jericho. a thousand from each tribe. Moses sent them into battle. along with Phinehas son of Eleazar. but save for yourselves every girl who has never slept with a man. Send into battle a thousand men from each of the tribes of Israel. then he is responsible for her guilt. Hur and Reba-the five kings of Midian. as the Lord commanded Moses. Eleazar the priest and all the leaders of the community went to meet them outside the camp. were supplied from the clans of Israel. and between a father and his young daughter still living in his house. including the people and animals. "Arm some of your men to go to war against the Midianites and to carry out the Lord 's vengeance on them. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 31The Lord said to Moses. "They were the ones who followed Balaam's advice and were the means of turning the Israelites away from the Lord in what happened at Peor.If. 16 15 The Israelites captured the Midianite women and children and took all the Midianite herds. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . After that. who took with him articles from the sanctuary and the trumpets for signaling. They burned all the towns where the Midianites had settled. and brought the captives. so that a plague struck the Lord 's people. Now kill all the boys. as well as all their camps. And kill every woman who has slept with a man. flocks and goods as plunder. Moses. spoils and plunder to Moses and Eleazar the priest and the Israelite assembly at their camp on the plains of Moab. and killed every man." These are the regulations the Lord gave Moses concerning relationships between a man and his wife. "Have you allowed all the women to live?" he asked them. Zur. They also killed Balaam son of Beor with the sword. Moses was angry with the officers of the army-the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds-who returned from the battle. a thousand from each tribe. you will be gathered to your people. he nullifies them some time after he hears about them." So Moses said to the people. "Take vengeance on the Midianites for the Israelites. They fought against Midian.

"You and Eleazar the priest and the family heads of the community are to count all the people and animals that were captured. "This is the requirement of the law that the Lord gave Moses: 22 21 20 19 Take this tribute from their half share and give it to Eleazar the priest as the Lord 's part." So Moses and Eleazar the priest did as the Lord commanded Moses. Divide the spoils between the soldiers who took part in the battle and the rest of the community. Then you may come into the camp. Purify every garment as well as everything made of leather.000 cattle. From the soldiers who fought in the battle." Then Eleazar the priest said to the soldiers who had gone into battle. bronze.000 women who had never slept with a man." 25 24 23 72. 61. tin. and then it will be clean. On the third and seventh days you must purify yourselves and your captives. silver. 33 32 31 30 29 Gold. of which the tribute for the Lord was 675. 16.500 sheep. 30. cattle. whether persons. donkeys. whether persons.000 cattle. goats or other animals. sheep or goats. lead and anything else that can withstand fire must be put through the fire. sheep. donkeys. And whatever cannot withstand fire must be put through that water. iron. set apart as tribute for the Lord one out of every five hundred. The plunder remaining from the spoils that the soldiers took was 675. From the Israelites' half. of which the tribute for the Lord was 72. Give them to the Levites. 28 27 26 . But it must also be purified with the water of cleansing. of which the tribute for the Lord was 61."All of you who have killed anyone or touched anyone who was killed must stay outside the camp seven days. 40 39 38 37 36 35 The Lord said to Moses. of which the tribute for the Lord was 32.000 donkeys 34 and 32. cattle.000 sheep. 36. select one out of every fifty.500 donkeys.000 people. On the seventh day wash your clothes and you will be clean. who are responsible for the care of the Lord 's tabernacle. goat hair or wood. The half share of those who fought in the battle was: 337.

Moses selected one out of every fifty persons and animals. Then the officers who were over the units of the army-the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds-went to Moses and said to him." Moses said to the Gadites and Reubenites.500 donkeys and 16. 45 46 From the Israelites' half. and your servants have livestock. If we have found favor in your eyes. The half belonging to the Israelites. saw that the lands of Jazer and Gilead were suitable for livestock. Moses and Eleazar the priest accepted the gold from the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds and brought it into the Tent of Meeting as a memorial for the Israelites before the Lord . as the Lord commanded him.000 people. earrings and necklaces-to make atonement for ourselves before the Lord . which Moses set apart from that of the fighting menthe community's sheep.Moses gave the tribute to Eleazar the priest as the Lord 's part. Nimrah. Elealeh.000 cattle. who had very large herds and flocks.750 shekels. signet rings. and gave them to the Levites. So we have brought as an offering to the Lord the gold articles each of us acquired-armlets. Nebo and Beonthe land the Lord subdued before the people of Israel-are suitable for livestock. 30. and not one is missing. as the Lord commanded Moses. So they came to Moses and Eleazar the priest and to the leaders of the community.500 36. Sebam. Each soldier had taken plunder for himself. "let this land be given to your servants as our possession." Moses and Eleazar the priest accepted from them the gold-all the crafted articles. who were responsible for the care of the Lord 's tabernacle. "Ataroth." they said. 51 50 49 48 47 The Reubenites and Gadites. "Your servants have counted the soldiers under our command. bracelets. "Shall your countrymen go to war while you sit here? 6 5 4 3 2 32 . 54 53 52 half-was 337. Heshbon. Jazer. Dibon. and said. Do not make us cross the Jordan. 44 43 42 41 All the gold from the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds that Moses and Eleazar presented as a gift to the Lord weighed 16.

" Then Moses said to them. "If you will do this-if you will arm yourselves before the Lord for battle. you will be sinning against the Lord . And this land will be your possession before the Lord . standing in the place of your fathers and making the Lord even more angry with Israel. "But if you fail to do this. The Lord 's anger was aroused that day and he swore this oath: 'Because they have not followed me wholeheartedly. they discouraged the Israelites from entering the land the Lord had given them. a brood of sinners. We will not return to our homes until every Israelite has received his inheritance. "And here you are. We will not receive any inheritance with them on the other side of the Jordan." 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 Then they came up to him and said. and you may be sure that your sin will find you out. Isaac and Jacobnot one except Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua son of Nun. because our inheritance has come to us on the east side of the Jordan. but do what you have promised. But we are ready to arm ourselves and go ahead of the Israelites until we have brought them to their place. for protection from the inhabitants of the land. and if all of you will go armed over the Jordan before the Lord until he has driven his enemies out before himthen when the land is subdued before the Lord . you may return and be free from your obligation to the Lord and to Israel. Meanwhile our women and children will live in fortified cities. and you will be the cause of their destruction. for they followed the Lord wholeheartedly. until the whole generation of those who had done evil in his sight was gone. and pens for your flocks." 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 . not one of the men twenty years old or more who came up out of Egypt will see the land I promised on oath to Abraham. After they went up to the Valley of Eshcol and viewed the land.' The Lord 's anger burned against Israel and he made them wander in the desert forty years. he will again leave all this people in the desert.Why do you discourage the Israelites from going over into the land the Lord has given them? This is what your fathers did when I sent them from Kadesh Barnea to look over the land. Build cities for your women and children. "We would like to build pens here for our livestock and cities for our women and children. If you turn away from following him.

cross over the Jordan with you before the Lord ." Then Moses gave orders about them to Eleazar the priest and Joshua son of Nun and to the family heads of the Israelite tribes. every man armed for battle. 35 34 Atroth Shophan. But if they do not cross over with you armed. "Your servants will do what the Lord has said. 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 The Gadites built up Dibon. Ataroth." The Gadites and Reubenites answered." Then Moses gave to the Gadites. as well as Nebo and Baal Meon (these names were changed) and Sibmah. the descendants of Manasseh. He said to them. every man armed for battle. Jogbehah. just as our lord says. "If the Gadites and Reubenites. And Nobah captured Kenath and its surrounding settlements and called it Nobah after himself. Jair. will cross over to fight before the Lord . the Reubenites and the half-tribe of Manasseh son of Joseph the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan-the whole land with its cities and the territory around them. captured their settlements and called them Havvoth Jair. they must accept their possession with you in Canaan. . but the property we inherit will be on this side of the Jordan. But your servants. and built pens for their flocks. And the Reubenites rebuilt Heshbon. Beth Nimrah and Beth Haran as fortified cities. and they settled there. our flocks and herds will remain here in the cities of Gilead. So Moses gave Gilead to the Makirites. Aroer. Our children and wives. give them the land of Gilead as their possession. Elealeh and Kiriathaim. then when the land is subdued before you. They gave names to the cities they rebuilt. captured it and drove out the Amorites who were there. 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 33Here are the stages in the journey of the Israelites when they came out of Egypt by divisions under the leadership of Moses and Aaron. We will cross over before the Lord into Canaan armed.The Gadites and Reubenites said to Moses. The descendants of Makir son of Manasseh went to Gilead. "We your servants will do as our lord commands. Jazer. a descendant of Manasseh.

They left Kibroth camped at Hazeroth. They left Rephidim and camped in the Desert of Sinai. where there was no water for the people to drink. whom the Lord had struck down among them. They left Marah and went to Elim. who were burying all their firstborn. They left Elim and camped by the Red Sea. and they camped there. They left Rithmah and camped at Rimmon Perez. to the east of Baal Zephon. and when they had traveled for three days in the Desert of Etham. They left the Desert of Sin and camped at Dophkah. They left Makheloth and camped at Tahath. They left Haradah and camped at Makheloth. the day after the Passover. They left the Red Sea and camped in the Desert of Sin. They left Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah. 12 11 10 9 8 7 They left Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah. They left Pi Hahiroth and passed through the sea into the desert. They marched out boldly in full view of all the Egyptians. where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees. turned back to Pi Hahiroth. 18 17 16 15 14 13 Rameses and Hattaavah and They left Succoth and camped at Etham. on the edge of the desert. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 . They left Etham.At the Lord 's command Moses recorded the stages in their journey. They left Libnah and camped at Rissah. 6 5 4 3 2 They left Dophkah and camped at Alush. They left the Desert of Sinai and camped at Kibroth Hattaavah. The Israelites left camped at Succoth. This is their journey by stages: The Israelites set out from Rameses on the fifteenth day of the first month. They left Rimmon Perez and camped at Libnah. and camped near Migdol. for the Lord had brought judgment on their gods. They left Rissah and camped at Kehelathah. they camped at Marah. They left Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher. They left Alush and camped at Rephidim.

They left Zalmonah and camped at Punon. 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 They left Punon and camped at Oboth. heard that the Israelites were coming. They left Ezion Geber and camped at Kadesh. 43 42 41 40 They left Mithcah and camped at Hashmonah. On the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho the Lord said to Moses. Aaron was a hundred and twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor. They left Oboth and camped at Iye Abarim. near Nebo. "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When you cross the Jordan into Canaan. They left Almon Diblathaim and camped in the mountains of Abarim. They left Iyim and camped at Dibon Gad. where he died on the first day of the fifth month of the fortieth year after the Israelites came out of Egypt. They left Jotbathah and camped at Abronah. They left Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth. At the Lord 's command Aaron the priest went up Mount Hor. They left the mountains of Abarim and camped on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho. 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 . They left Hor Haggidgad and camped at Jotbathah. They left Dibon Gad and camped at Almon Diblathaim. They left Moseroth and camped at Bene Jaakan. who lived in the Negev of Canaan. They left Bene Jaakan and camped at Hor Haggidgad. They left Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor. in the Desert of Zin. 29 28 The Canaanite king of Arad. on the border of Edom.27 They left Tahath and camped at Terah. They left Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah. on the border of Moab. Terah and camped at They left Mithcah. They left Abronah and camped at Ezion Geber. There on the plains of Moab they camped along the Jordan from Beth Jeshimoth to Abel Shittim.

run a line from the Great Sea to Mount Hor and from Mount Hor to Lebo Hamath. your southern boundary will start from the end of the Salt Sea. Destroy all their carved images and their cast idols. This will be your boundary on the north. continue on to Zin and go south of Kadesh 4 3 2 . The boundary will go down from Shepham to Riblah on the east side of Ain and continue along the slopes east of the Sea of Kinnereth. and demolish all their high places. Whatever falls to them by lot will be theirs. Then it will go to Hazar Addar and over to Azmon. Then the boundary will go to Zedad. the tribe of Gad and the halftribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance. They will give you trouble in the land where you will live. and to a smaller group a smaller one. Take possession of the land and settle in it. according to your clans. The Lord has ordered that it be given to the nine and a half tribes. " 'For your northern boundary. cross south of Scorpion Pass. where it will turn.' " 56 55 54 53 52 Barnea. " 'But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land. And then I will do to you what I plan to do to them. run a line from Hazar Enan to Shepham.drive out all the inhabitants of the land before you. "Command the Israelites and say to them: 'When you enter Canaan. the land that will be allotted to you as an inheritance will have these boundaries: " 'Your southern side will include some of the Desert of Zin along the border of Edom. On the east. Then the boundary will go down along the Jordan and end at the Salt Sea. " 'Your western boundary will be the coast of the Great Sea. Distribute it according to your ancestral tribes. " 'For your eastern boundary.' " Moses commanded the Israelites: "Assign this land by lot as an inheritance. To a larger group give a larger inheritance. Distribute the land by lot. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 34The Lord said to Moses. because the families of the tribe of Reuben. for I have given you the land to possess. This will be your boundary on the west. those you allow to remain will become barbs in your eyes and thorns in your sides. join the Wadi of Egypt and end at the Sea. with its boundaries on every side. " 'This will be your land. continue to Ziphron and end at Hazar Enan.

Then they will have towns to live in and pasturelands for their cattle. the leader from the tribe of Asher. the leader from the tribe of Naphtali.These two and a half tribes have received their inheritance on the east side of the Jordan of Jericho. three thousand on the south side. "Command the Israelites to give the Levites towns to live in from the inheritance the Israelites will possess. 7 6 5 4 3 2 . Shemuel son of Ammihud. Elizaphan son of Parnach. "The pasturelands around the towns that you give the Levites will extend out fifteen hundred feet from the town wall. give them forty-two other towns. from the tribe of Judah. with the town in the center. toward the sunrise. Elidad son of Kislon. the leader from the tribe of Issachar. And appoint one leader from each tribe to help assign the land. flocks and all their other livestock. 29 28 The Lord said to Moses. Bukki son of Jogli. Paltiel son of Azzan. They will have this area as pastureland for the towns." 16 15 Pedahel son of Ammihud. Hanniel son of Ephod." These are the men the Lord commanded to assign the inheritance to the Israelites in the land of Canaan. And give them pasturelands around the towns. Ahihud son of Shelomi. from the tribe of Simeon. the leader from the tribe of Manasseh son of Joseph. measure three thousand feet on the east side. the leader from the tribe of Ephraim son of Joseph. together with their pasturelands. These are their names: Caleb son of Jephunneh. to which a person who has killed someone may flee. "Six of the towns you give the Levites will be cities of refuge. In all you must give the Levites fortyeight towns. the Lord said to Moses. the leader from the tribe of Dan. Kemuel son of Shiphtan. "These are the names of the men who are to assign the land for you as an inheritance: Eleazar the priest and Joshua son of Nun. from the tribe of Benjamin. Outside the town. three thousand on the west and three thousand on the north. In addition. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 35On the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho. the leader from the tribe of Zebulun.

They will be places of refuge from the avenger. he is a murderer. The assembly must protect the one accused of murder from the avenger of blood and send him back to the city of refuge to which he fled. drops a stone on him that could kill him. " 'But if without hostility someone suddenly shoves another or throws something at him unintentionally or. the assembly must judge between him and the avenger of blood according to these regulations. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 . The avenger of blood shall put the murderer to death. then since he was not his enemy and he did not intend to harm him. the murderer shall be put to death. he shall put him to death. He must stay there until the death of the high priest. Give three on this side of the Jordan and three in Canaan as cities of refuge. aliens and any other people living among them.The towns you give the Levites from the land the Israelites possess are to be given in proportion to the inheritance of each tribe: Take many towns from a tribe that has many." 9 8 Or if anyone has a wooden object in his hand that could kill. and he dies. These six towns will be a place of refuge for Israelites. The avenger of blood shall put the murderer to death when he meets him. he is a murderer. If anyone with malice aforethought shoves another or throws something at him intentionally so that he dies or if in hostility he hits him with his fist so that he dies. but few from one that has few. so that anyone who has killed another accidentally can flee there. These six towns you give will be your cities of refuge. the murderer shall be put to death. and he hits someone so that he dies. who was anointed with the holy oil. Or if anyone has a stone in his hand that could kill. select some towns to be your cities of refuge. when he meets him. without seeing him. to which a person who has killed someone accidentally may flee. the murderer shall be put to death. and he strikes someone so that he dies. so that a person accused of murder may not die before he stands trial before the assembly. he is a murderer. he is a murderer. " 'But if the accused ever goes outside the limits of the city of refuge to which he has fled 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 Then the Lord said to Moses: "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When you cross the Jordan into Canaan. that person shall be put to death. " 'If a man strikes someone with an iron object so that he dies.

Do not defile the land where you live and where I dwell.' " 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 the descendants of Joseph. And so part of the inheritance allotted to us will be taken away. No inheritance in Israel is to pass from tribe to tribe. for every Israelite shall keep the tribal land inherited from his forefathers. and atonement cannot be made for the land on which blood has been shed. the son of Manasseh.and the avenger of blood finds him outside the city. The accused must stay in his city of refuge until the death of the high priest. Bloodshed pollutes the land." Then at the Lord 's command Moses gave this order to the Israelites: "What the tribe of the descendants of Joseph is saying is right. " 'These are to be legal requirements for you throughout the generations to come. Every daughter who inherits land in any Israelite tribe must marry someone in 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 36The family heads of the clan of Gilead son of Makir. " 'Do not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer. he ordered you to give the inheritance of our brother Zelophehad to his daughters. the Lord . and their property will be taken from the tribal inheritance of our forefathers. came and spoke before Moses and the leaders. the heads of the Israelite families. When the Year of Jubilee for the Israelites comes. " 'Anyone who kills a person is to be put to death as a murderer only on the testimony of witnesses. for I. " 'Do not accept a ransom for anyone who has fled to a city of refuge and so allow him to go back and live on his own land before the death of the high priest. wherever you live. This is what the Lord commands for Zelophehad's daughters: They may marry anyone they please as long as they marry within the tribal clan of their father. "When the Lord commanded my lord to give the land as an inheritance to the Israelites by lot. then their inheritance will be taken from our ancestral inheritance and added to that of the tribe they marry into. only after the death of the high priest may he return to his own property. Now suppose they marry men from other Israelite tribes. who were from the clans of . He must surely be put to death. But no one is to be put to death on the testimony of only one witness. who deserves to die. the avenger of blood may kill the accused without being guilty of murder. dwell among the Israelites. They said. their inheritance will be added to that of the tribe into which they marry. except by the blood of the one who shed it. " 'Do not pollute the land where you are.

They married within the clans of the descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph. Hoglah. 11 10 9 married their cousins on their father's side. and their inheritance remained in their father's clan and tribe. so that every Israelite will possess the inheritance of his fathers. for each Israelite tribe is to keep the land it inherits. Zelophehad's Tirzah." So Zelophehad's daughters did as the Lord commanded Moses.her father's tribal clan. No inheritance may pass from tribe to tribe. These are the commands and regulations the Lord gave through Moses to the Israelites on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho. 13 12 daughters-Mahlah. Milcah and Noah- .

in the Negev and along the coast. to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon.) In the fortieth year." You answered me. "What you propose to do is good. the Euphrates. in the mountains. Go in and take possession of the land that the Lord swore he would give to your fathers-to Abraham. increase you a thousand times and bless you as he has promised! But how can I bear your problems and your burdens and your disputes all by myself? Choose some wise. And I charged your judges at that time: Hear the disputes between your brothers and judge fairly. and I will set them over you. "You have stayed long enough at this mountain. (It takes eleven days to go from Horeb to Kadesh Barnea by the Mount Seir road." At that time I said to you. who reigned in Ashtaroth. of fifties and of tens and as tribal officials. Isaac and Jacoband to their descendants after them. and at Edrei had defeated Og king of Bashan. of hundreds. Moses proclaimed to the Israelites all that the Lord had commanded him concerning them. Laban. in the western foothills. May the Lord . wise and respected men. go to all the neighboring peoples in the Arabah. "You are too heavy a burden for me to carry alone. whether the case is between brother Israelites or between one of them and an alien. between Paran and Tophel. The Lord your God has increased your numbers so that today you are as many as the stars in the sky. Moses began to expound this law. I have given you this land." So I took the leading men of your tribes.Deuteronomy 1These are the words Moses spoke to all Israel in the desert east of the Jordan-that is. who reigned in Heshbon. 7 6 5 4 3 2 See. 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 . the God of your fathers. in the Arabah-opposite Suph. saying: The Lord our God said to us at Horeb. East of the Jordan in the territory of Moab. Break camp and advance into the hill country of the Amorites. and appointed them to have authority over you-as commanders of thousands. on the first day of the eleventh month. This was after he had defeated Sihon king of the Amorites. understanding and respected men from each of your tribes. as far as the great river. Hazeroth and Dizahab.

we set out from Horeb and went toward the hill country of the Amorites through all that vast and dreadful desert that you have seen. the God of your fathers. "Let us send men ahead to spy out the land for us and bring back a report about the route we are to take and the towns we will come to." In spite of this. told you. And at that time I told you everything you were to do. with walls up to the sky. When the Lord heard what you said." But you were unwilling to go up. There you saw how the Lord your God carried you. and came to the Valley of Eshcol and explored it. and in the desert. Go up and take possession of it as the Lord . Taking with them some of the fruit of the land. and I will hear it. in fire by night and in a cloud by day. 'The people are stronger and taller than we are. will fight for you. Do not be afraid of any man. hear both small and great alike. and so we reached Kadesh Barnea. The Lord your God. so I selected twelve of you.Do not show partiality in judging. They say. Do not be afraid. to search out places for you to camp and to show you the way you should go. Then. as the Lord our God commanded us. as a father carries his son. "Do not be terrified. all the way you went until you reached this place. "The Lord hates us." Then all of you came to me and said. do not be discouraged. "It is a good land that the Lord our God is giving us." The idea seemed good to me. do not be afraid of them. as he did for you in Egypt. They left and went up into the hill country. for judgment belongs to God. before your very eyes. We even saw the Anakites there. he was angry and solemnly swore: 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 . See. so he brought us out of Egypt to deliver us into the hands of the Amorites to destroy us. the Lord your God has given you the land. who is going before you. Where can we go? Our brothers have made us lose heart. you rebelled against the command of the Lord your God. one man from each tribe. which the Lord our God is giving us. you did not trust in the Lord your God. "You have reached the hill country of the Amorites. who went ahead of you on your journey. they brought it down to us and 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 reported. Then I said to you. the cities are large. You grumbled in your tents and said. Bring me any case too hard for you.' " Then I said to you.

" Then you replied. You will be defeated by your enemies. Do not provoke them to war. because he will lead Israel to inherit it. 'Do not go up and fight. but be very careful. 2 Then the Lord said to me. Encourage him. now turn north. You rebelled against the Lord 's 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 command and in your arrogance you marched up into the hill country. The Amorites who lived in those hills came out against you. I will give it to them and they will take possession of it. turn around and set out toward the desert along the route to the Red Sea. I have given Esau the hill country of Seir as his own. as the Lord had directed me. You are to pay them in silver for the food you eat and the water you drink.' " 6 5 4 3 . not even enough to put your foot on. because I will not be with you. Give the people these orders: 'You are about to pass through the territory of your brothers the descendants of Esau. You came back and wept before the Lord . And the little ones that you said would be taken captive. thinking it easy to go up into the hill country. as the Lord our God commanded us. "We have sinned against the Lord . "You have made your way around this hill country long enough.' " So I told you. who live in Seir. except Caleb son of Jephunneh. But your assistant. He will see it. But the Lord said to me. will enter it. for I will not give you any of their land." So every one of you put on his weapons. For a long time we made our way around the hill country of Seir." Because of you the Lord became angry with me also and said. We will go up and fight. 46 45 44 2Then we turned back and set out toward the desert along the route to the Red Sea. Joshua son of Nun. but you would not listen. They will be afraid of you. your children who do not yet know good from bad-they will enter the land. they chased you like a swarm of bees and beat you down from Seir all the way to Hormah. And so you stayed in Kadesh many days-all the time you spent there. because he followed the Lord wholeheartedly. either. and I will give him and his descendants the land he set his feet on. But as for you. but he paid no attention to your weeping and turned a deaf ear to you. "You shall not enter it. "Tell them."Not a man of this evil generation shall see the good land I swore to give your forefathers.

who live in Seir. they too were considered Rephaites. for I will not give you possession of any land belonging to the Ammonites. They destroyed the Horites from before them and settled in their place. as the Lord had sworn to them. for I will not give you any part of their land. just as Israel did in the land the Lord gave them as their possession. the Caphtorites coming out from Caphtor destroyed them and settled in their place. When you come to the Ammonites. when he destroyed the Horites from before them. who drove them out and settled in their place. The Lord 's hand was against them until he had completely eliminated them from the camp.The Lord your God has blessed you in all the work of your hands. that entire generation of fighting men had 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 perished from the camp. which comes up from Elath and Ezion Geber." (That too was considered a land of the Rephaites. I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession. but the Moabites called them Emites. Horites used to live in Seir. The Lord destroyed them from before the Ammonites. "Now get up and cross the Zered Valley. The Lord had done the same for the descendants of Esau. and as tall as the Anakites. Now when the last of these fighting men among the people had died. but the Ammonites called them Zamzummites. These forty years the Lord your God has been with you. but the descendants of Esau drove them out. Thirty-eight years passed from the time we left Kadesh Barnea until we crossed the Zered Valley. Then the Lord said to me. "Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war." So we crossed the valley. He has watched over your journey through this vast desert." (The Emites used to live there-a people strong and numerous. So we went on past our brothers the descendants of Esau. 17 16 15 the Lord said to me. "Today you are to pass by the region of Moab at Ar. We turned from the Arabah road. By then. Like the Anakites. who used to live there.) 23 22 21 20 19 18 .) And the Lord said. and traveled along the desert road of Moab. and you have not lacked anything. They were a people strong and numerous. And as for the Avvites who lived in villages as far as Gaza. They drove them out and have lived in their place to this day. who lived in Seir. and as tall as the Anakites. do not harass them or provoke them to war. I have given it as a possession to the descendants of Lot.

who live in Ar. Now begin to conquer and possess his land. For the Lord your God had made his spirit stubborn and his heart obstinate in order to give him into your hands. Sell us food to eat and water to drink for their price in silver. They will hear reports of you and will tremble and be in anguish because of you. even as far as Gilead. We left no survivors. "See. But the livestock and the plunder from the towns we had captured we carried off for ourselves. who reigned in Heshbon. See. From Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Gorge. This very day I will begin to put the terror and fear of you on all the nations under heaven. together with his sons and his whole army. and from the town in the gorge. neither the land along the course of the Jabbok nor that around the towns in the hills. we will not turn aside to the right or to the left. 3 2 . you did not encroach on any of the land of the Ammonites. and Og king of Bashan with his whole army marched out to meet us in battle at Edrei. But in accordance with the command of the Lord our God." When Sihon and all his army came out to meet us in battle at Jahaz. did for us-until we cross the Jordan into the land the Lord our God is giving us. The Lord said to me. women and children. "Do not be afraid of him. I have begun to deliver Sihon and his country over to you. as he has now done. for I have handed him over to you with his whole army and his land. Do to him what you did to Sihon king of the Amorites. who live in Seir."Set out now and cross the Arnon Gorge." From the desert of Kedemoth I sent messengers to Sihon king of Heshbon offering peace and saying. We struck them down. king of Heshbon. and his country. At that time we took all his towns and completely destroyed them-men. We will stay on the main road. 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 the Lord our God delivered him over to us and we struck him down. leaving no survivors. Begin to take possession of it and engage him in battle. Only let us pass through on footas the descendants of Esau." But Sihon king of Heshbon refused to let us pass through. I have given into your hand Sihon the Amorite. not one town was too strong for us. The Lord said to me. 37 36 35 34 33 3Next we turned and went up along the road toward Bashan." So the Lord our God also gave into our hands Og king of Bashan and all his army. The Lord our God gave us all of them. and the Moabites. "Let us pass through your country.

(Only Og king of Bashan was left of the remnant of the Rephaites. took the whole region of Argob as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites. which is the border of the Ammonites. the Amorites call it Senir. and there were also a great many unwalled villages.At that time we took all his cities. women and children. so that to this day Bashan is called Havvoth Jair. a descendant of Manasseh. However. below the slopes of Pisgah. There was not one of the sixty cities that we did not take from them-the whole region of Argob. (Hermon is called Sirion by the Sidonians. 19 18 17 16 . His bed was made of iron and was more than thirteen feet long and six feet wide. The rest of Gilead and also all of Bashan. your children and your livestock (I know you have much livestock) may stay in the towns I have given you. from the Arnon Gorge as far as Mount Hermon. Jair. destroying every city-men. ) 15 14 13 And I gave Gilead to Makir. We completely destroyed them. towns of Og's kingdom in Bashan. So at that time we took from these two kings of the Amorites the territory east of the Jordan. It is still in Rabbah of the Ammonites. including half the hill 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 country of Gilead.) We took all the towns on the plateau. together with its towns. the kingdom of Og. your wives. and all Gilead. But to the Reubenites and the Gadites I gave the territory extending from Gilead down to the Arnon Gorge (the middle of the gorge being the border) and out to the Jabbok River. (The whole region of Argob in Bashan used to be known as a land of the Rephaites. Its western border was the Jordan in the Arabah. I gave to the half tribe of Manasseh. But all the livestock and the plunder from their cities we carried off for ourselves. and all Bashan as far as Salecah and Edrei. But all your ablebodied men. from Kinnereth to the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea ). must cross over ahead of your brother Israelites. armed for battle. I gave the Reubenites and the Gadites the territory north of Aroer by the Arnon Gorge. it was named after him. All these cities were fortified with high walls and with gates and bars. I commanded you at that time: "The Lord your God has given you this land to take possession of it.) Of the land that we took over at that time. Og's kingdom in Bashan. as we had done with Sihon king of Heshbon.

but all of you who held fast to the Lord your God are still alive today. Look at the land with your own eyes. you have begun to show to your servant your greatness and your strong hand. and they too have taken over the land that the Lord your God is giving them. Do not add to what I command you and do not subtract from it. Follow them so that you may live and may go in and take possession of the land that the Lord . the God of your fathers. but keep the commands of the Lord your God that I give you." the Lord said. "Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people. Go up to the top of Pisgah and look west and north and south and east. and encourage and strengthen him. the Lord your God himself will fight for you." At that time I commanded Joshua: "You have seen with your own eyes all that the Lord your God has done to these two kings. See." So we stayed in the valley near Beth Peor. "That is enough. I have taught you decrees and laws as the Lord my God commanded me. After that.until the Lord gives rest to your brothers as he has to you. for he will lead this people across and will cause them to inherit the land that you will see. You saw with your own eyes what the Lord did at Baal Peor. across the Jordan. for this will show your wisdom and understanding to the nations. Do not be afraid of them. so that you may follow them in the land you are entering to take possession of it. each of you may go back to the possession I have given you. For what god is there in heaven or on earth who can do the deeds and mighty works you do? Let me go over and see the good land beyond the Jordan-that fine hill country and Lebanon. The Lord your God destroyed from among you everyone who followed the Baal of Peor. "Do not speak to me anymore about this matter. O Israel. is giving you." 6 5 4 3 2 At that time I pleaded with the Lord : "O Sovereign Lord . the decrees and laws I am about to teach you. who will hear about all these decrees and say." But because of you the Lord was angry with me and would not listen to me. 27 26 25 24 . Observe them carefully. since you are not going to cross this Jordan." 23 22 21 20 But commission Joshua. 29 28 4Hear now. The Lord will do the same to all the kingdoms over there where you are going.

"Assemble the people before me to hear my words so that they may learn to revere me as long as they live in the land and may teach them to their children. and watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen or let them slip from your heart as long as you live. an image of any shape. when he said to me. Teach them to your children and to their children after them. and he solemnly swore that I would not cross the Jordan and enter the good land the Lord your God is giving you as your inheritance. I will die in this land. do not make for yourselves an idol 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 . as you now are. And the Lord directed me at that time to teach you the decrees and laws you are to follow in the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess. the Lord took you and brought you out of the iron-smelting furnace. there was only a voice. or like any creature that moves along the ground or any fish in the waters below. but you are about to cross over and take possession of that good land. Be careful not to forget the covenant of the Lord your God that he made with you. the Ten Commandments. with black clouds and deep darkness. He declared to you his covenant. Therefore watch yourselves very carefully. Remember the day you stood before the Lord your God at Horeb. whether formed like a man or a woman. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 You saw no form of any kind the day the Lord spoke to you at Horeb out of the fire. out of Egypt. But as for you. Then the Lord spoke to you out of the fire. to be the people of his inheritance. or like any animal on earth or any bird that flies in the air. You heard the sound of words but saw no form. The Lord was angry with me because of you. the moon and the stars-all the heavenly array-do not be enticed into bowing down to them and worshiping things the Lord your God has apportioned to all the nations under heaven.What other nation is so great as to have their gods near them the way the Lord our God is near us whenever we pray to him? And what other nation is so great as to have such righteous decrees and laws as this body of laws I am setting before you today? Only be careful. so that you do not become corrupt and make for yourselves an idol. I will not cross the Jordan. And when you look up to the sky and see the sun." You came near and stood at the foot of the mountain while it blazed with fire to the very heavens. which he commanded you to follow and then wrote them on two stone tablets.

then in later days you will return to the Lord your God and obey him. Ask now about the former days. to drive out before you nations greater and stronger than you and to bring you into their land to give it to you for your inheritance. or has anything like it ever been heard of? Has any other people heard the voice of God speaking out of fire. The Lord will scatter you among the peoples. 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 . by a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. you will find him if you look for him with all your heart and with all your soul. and only a few of you will survive among the nations to which the Lord will drive you. When you are in distress and all these things have happened to you. Has anything so great as this ever happened. by war. as it is today. ask from one end of the heavens to the other. doing evil in the eyes of the Lord your God and provoking him to anger. From heaven he made you hear his voice to discipline you. After you have had children and grandchildren and have lived in the land a long time-if you then become corrupt and make any kind of idol. There you will worship man-made gods of wood and stone. You will not live there long but will certainly be destroyed. besides him there is no other. On earth he showed you his great fire. and lived? Has any god ever tried to take for himself one nation out of another nation. a jealous God. I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you this day that you will quickly perish from the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess. by miraculous signs and wonders. But if from there you seek the Lord your God. For the Lord your God is a consuming fire. Because he loved your forefathers and chose their descendants after them. he brought you out of Egypt by his Presence and his great strength. he will not abandon or destroy you or forget the covenant with your 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 forefathers. or by great and awesome deeds. which he confirmed to them by oath. like all the things the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your very eyes? You were shown these things so that you might know that the Lord is God. For the Lord your God is a merciful God.in the form of anything the Lord your God has forbidden. as you have. which cannot see or hear or eat or smell. long before your time. and you heard his words from out of the fire. from the day God created man on the earth. by testings.

The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. and Golan in Bashan.) And he said: "I am the Lord your God. so that it may go well with you and your children after you and that you may live long in the land the Lord your God gives you for all time. The cities were these: Bezer in the desert plateau. These are the stipulations. with all of us who are alive here today. The Lord spoke to you face to face out of the fire on the mountain. but with us. Hermon). as far as the Sea of the Arabah. He could flee into one of these cities and save his life. decrees and laws Moses gave them when they came out of Egypt and were in the valley near Beth Peor east of the Jordan.Acknowledge and take to heart this day that the Lord is God in heaven above and on the earth below. out of the land of slavery. It was not with our fathers that the Lord made this covenant. and included all the Arabah east of the Jordan. for the Gadites. which I am giving you today. the two Amorite kings east of the Jordan. to which anyone who had killed a person could flee if he had unintentionally killed his neighbor without malice aforethought. Ramoth in Gilead. because you were afraid of the fire and did not go up the mountain. Keep his decrees and commands. for the Manassites. who reigned in Heshbon and was defeated by Moses and the Israelites as they came out of Egypt. There is no other. Then Moses set aside three cities east of the Jordan. in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites. the decrees and laws I declare in your hearing today. O Israel. who brought you out of Egypt. for the Reubenites. Learn them and be sure to follow them. This land extended from Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Gorge to Mount Siyon (that is. 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 They took possession of his land and the land of Og king of Bashan. This is the law Moses set before the Israelites. 7 6 5 4 3 2 . 49 48 47 5Moses summoned all Israel and said: Hear. below the slopes of Pisgah. "You shall have no other gods before me. (At that time I stood between the Lord and you to declare to you the word of the Lord .

neither you. am a jealous God. You shall not set your desire on your neighbor's house or land. your donkey or any of your animals. Therefore the Lord your God has 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 commanded you Sabbath day. as you do. 18 19 "You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. all the leading men of your tribes and your elders came to me. "You shall not covet your neighbor's wife. "The Lord our God has shown us his glory and his majesty. his ox or donkey. punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me. Today we have seen that a man can live even if God speaks with him." These are the commandments the Lord proclaimed in a loud voice to your whole assembly there on the mountain from out of the fire. nor the alien within your gates. You shall not bow down to them or worship them. but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. or anything that belongs to your neighbor. nor your manservant or maidservant. Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and that the Lord your God brought you out of there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. while the mountain was ablaze with fire. 17 "You shall not murder. On it you shall not do any work. for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name. 24 23 22 21 20 . "You shall not steal. the cloud and the deep darkness. 16 to observe the "Honor your father and your mother. as the Lord your God has commanded you. so that your manservant and maidservant may rest. and we have heard his voice from the fire. the Lord your God. and he added nothing more. as the Lord your God has commanded you. When you heard the voice out of the darkness. but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments. Then he wrote them on two stone tablets and gave them to me. nor your son or daughter. so that you may live long and that it may go well with you in the land the Lord your God is giving you. "Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. And you said. nor your ox."You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. his manservant or maidservant. for I. "You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God. "You shall not commit adultery.

Hear. Everything they said was good. do not turn aside to the right or to the left. and survived? Go near and listen to all that the Lord our God says.But now. Oh. and we will die if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any longer. These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. to 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 "Go. and so that you may enjoy long life. Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates. When the Lord your God brings you into the land he swore to your fathers. decrees and laws the Lord your God directed me to teach you to observe in the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess. the God of your fathers. Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. promised you. so that you. For what mortal man has ever heard the voice of the living God speaking out of fire. that their hearts would be inclined to fear me and keep all my commands always. your children and their children after them may fear the Lord your God as long as you live by keeping all his decrees and commands that I give you. why should we die? This great fire will consume us." So be careful to do what the Lord your God has commanded you." The Lord heard you when you spoke to me and the Lord said to me. 33 32 31 . so that you may live and prosper and prolong your days in the land that you will possess. so that it might go well with them and their children forever! 30 29 28 27 26 25 6These are the commands. We will listen and obey. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road. Hear. Walk in all the way that the Lord your God has commanded you. decrees and laws you are to teach them to follow in the land I am giving them to possess. as we have. Then tell us whatever the Lord our God tells you. "I have heard what this people said to you. tell them to return to their tents. O Israel: The Lord our God. the Lord is one. O Israel. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. when you lie down and when you get up. Impress them on your children. and be careful to obey so that it may go well with you and that you may increase greatly in a land flowing with milk and honey. But you stay here with me so that I may give you all the commands. just as the Lord .

when your son asks you. to give youa land with large. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 decrees and laws the Lord our God has commanded you?" tell him: "We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt. but the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand. houses filled with all kinds of good things you did not provide. and he will destroy you from the face of the land. Perizzites. and vineyards and olive groves you did not plant-then when you eat and are satisfied. as the Lord said. And if we are careful to obey all this law before the Lord our God. Girgashites. Hivites and Jebusites. is a jealous God and his anger will burn against you. Isaac and Jacob.Abraham. and show them no mercy. Canaanites. Amorites. be careful that you do not forget the Lord . seven nations larger and stronger than youand when the Lord your God has delivered them over to you and you have defeated them. Do not follow other gods. Make no treaty with them. wells you did not dig." 25 24 23 22 21 7When the Lord your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations-the Hittites. Fear the Lord your God. Be sure to keep the commands of the Lord your God and the stipulations and decrees he has given you. the gods of the peoples around you. for the Lord your God. thrusting out all your enemies before you. so that we might always prosper and be kept alive. who is among you. "What is the meaning of the stipulations. flourishing cities you did not build. so that it may go well with you and you may go in and take over the good land that the Lord promised on oath to your forefathers. The Lord commanded us to obey all these decrees and to fear the Lord our God. as he has commanded us. who brought you out of Egypt. then you must destroy them totally. Before our eyes the Lord sent miraculous signs and wonders-great and terrible-upon Egypt and Pharaoh and his whole household. Do what is right and good in the Lord 's sight. that will be our righteousness. But he brought us out from there to bring us in and give us the land that he promised on oath to our forefathers. as is the case today. Do not test the Lord your God as you did at Massah. out of the land of slavery. serve him only and take your oaths in his name. In the future. 2 .

"These nations are stronger than we are. take care to follow the commands. Do not give your daughters to their sons or take their daughters for your sons. Know therefore that the Lord your God is God. But those who hate him he will repay to their face by destruction. The Lord your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people. for you were the fewest of all peoples. for that will be a snare to you. 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 . none of your men or women will be childless. But it was because the Lord loved you and kept the oath he swore to your forefathers that he brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the land of slavery. as he swore to your forefathers. The Lord will keep you free from every disease. He will love you and bless you and increase your numbers. for they will turn your sons away from following me to serve other gods. You may say to yourselves. The Lord did not set his affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than other peoples. How can we drive them out?" But do not be afraid of them. decrees and laws I give you today. You must destroy all the peoples the Lord your God gives over to you. he is the faithful God. If you pay attention to these laws and are careful to follow them. keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commands. from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt. and the Lord 's anger will burn against you and will quickly destroy you. You saw with your own eyes the great trials. cut down their Asherah poles and burn their idols in the fire. he will not be slow to repay to their face those who hate him. his treasured possession. This is what you are to do to them: Break down their altars. smash their sacred stones. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 Therefore. Do not look on them with pity and do not serve their gods. the crops of your land-your grain. but he will inflict them on all who hate you. new wine and oil-the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks in the land that he swore to your forefathers to give you. remember well what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt. the miraculous signs and wonders. He will not inflict on you the horrible diseases you knew in Egypt. For you are a people holy to the Lord your God.Do not intermarry with them. You will be blessed more than any other people. nor any of your livestock without young. then the Lord your God will keep his covenant of love with you. He will bless the fruit of your womb.

causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna.the mighty hand and outstretched arm. for the Lord your God. walking in his ways and revering him. with springs flowing in the valleys and hills. Do not bring a detestable thing into your house or you. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 8Be careful to follow every command I am giving you today. or you will be ensnared by it. which neither you nor your fathers had known. the Lord your God will send the hornet among them until even the survivors who hide from you have perished. to teach you that man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord . Remember how the Lord your God led you all the way in the desert these forty years. The Lord your God will do the same to all the peoples you now fear. will be set apart for destruction. a land with wheat and barley. Utterly abhor and detest it. pomegranates. Do not be terrified by them. Do not covet the silver and gold on them. to humble you and to test you in order to know what was in your heart. so that you may live and increase and may enter and possess the land that the Lord promised on oath to your forefathers. little by little. But the Lord your God will deliver them over to you. for it is detestable to the Lord your God. and do not take it for yourselves. The images of their gods you are to burn in the fire. whether or not you would keep his commands. No one will be able to stand up against you. vines and fig trees. is a great and awesome God. He humbled you. Know then in your heart that as a man disciplines his son. or the wild animals will multiply around you. You will not be allowed to eliminate them all at once. Your clothes did not wear out and your feet did not swell during these forty years. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . like it. so the Lord your God disciplines you. with which the Lord your God brought you out. olive oil and honey. For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land-a land with streams and pools of water. Moreover. throwing them into great confusion until they are destroyed. and you will wipe out their names from under heaven. Observe the commands of the Lord your God. who is among you. He will give their kings into your hand. for it is set apart for destruction. you will destroy them. The Lord your God will drive out those nations before you.

" No. that thirsty and waterless land. praise the Lord your God for the good land he has given you. when you eat and are satisfied. as it is today. He led you through the vast and dreadful desert. a land where the rocks are iron and you can dig copper out of the hills. his laws and his decrees that I am giving you this day. He brought you water out of hard rock. 20 19 18 9Hear. with large cities that have walls up to the sky. Be careful that you do not forget the Lord your God. He will destroy them. and so confirms his covenant. do not say to yourself. which he swore to your forefathers.a land where bread will not be scarce and you will lack nothing. it is on account of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is going to drive them out before you. and when your herds and flocks grow large and your silver and gold increase and all you have is multiplied. After the Lord your God has driven them out before you. something your fathers had never known. as the Lord has promised you. so you will be destroyed for not obeying the Lord your God. The people are strong and tallAnakites! You know about them and have heard it said: "Who can stand up against the Anakites?" But be assured today that the Lord your God is the one who goes across ahead of you like a devouring fire. O Israel. for it is he who gives you the ability to produce wealth. with its venomous snakes and scorpions. 4 3 2 . failing to observe his commands. he will subdue them before you. then your heart will become proud and you will forget the Lord your God. When you have eaten and are satisfied. I testify against you today that you will surely be destroyed. "My power and the strength of my hands have produced this wealth for me. And you will drive them out and annihilate them quickly. when you build fine houses and settle down. out of the land of slavery." 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 But remember the Lord your God. to humble and to test you so that in the end it might go well with you. If you ever forget the Lord your God and follow other gods and worship and bow down to them. Otherwise. Like the nations the Lord destroyed before you. You are now about to cross the Jordan to go in and dispossess nations greater and stronger than you. You may say to yourself. He gave you manna to eat in the desert. who brought you out of Egypt. "The Lord has brought me here to take possession of this land because of my righteousness.

They have turned away quickly from what I commanded them and have made a cast idol for themselves. on the day of the assembly. doing what was evil in the Lord 's sight and so provoking him to anger. because of all the sin you had committed. Remember this and never forget how you provoked the Lord your God to anger in the desert. From the day you left Egypt until you arrived here. then. and they are a stiff-necked people indeed! Let me alone. The Lord gave me two stone tablets inscribed by the finger of God. When I went up on the mountain to receive the tablets of stone. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 . for you are a stiff-necked people. So I took the two tablets and threw them out of my hands. "I have seen this people. the tablets of the covenant that the Lord had made with you. you had made for yourselves an idol cast in the shape of a calf. "Go down from here at once. but on account of the wickedness of these nations. to Abraham. And I will make you into a nation stronger and more numerous than they. so that I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven. I stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights. And the two tablets of the covenant were in my hands. You had turned aside quickly from the way that the Lord had commanded you. the tablets of the covenant. I ate no bread and drank no water." And the Lord said to me. you have been rebellious against the Lord . Isaac and Jacob. to accomplish what he swore to your fathers.It is not because of your righteousness or your integrity that you are going in to take possession of their land. that it is not because of your righteousness that the Lord your God is giving you this good land to possess. Then once again I fell prostrate before the Lord for forty days and forty nights. the Lord your God will drive them out before you. I saw that you had sinned against the Lord your God. At Horeb you aroused the Lord 's wrath so that he was angry enough to destroy you. because your people whom you brought out of Egypt have become corrupt. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 Then the Lord told me. breaking them to pieces before your eyes. At the end of the forty days and forty nights. On them were all the commandments the Lord proclaimed to you on the mountain out of the fire. I ate no bread and drank no water." So I turned and went down from the mountain while it was ablaze with fire. the Lord gave me the two stone tablets. Understand. When I looked.

28 their Otherwise." 29 10At that time the Lord said to me. the Ten Commandments he had proclaimed to you on the mountain. You have been rebellious against the Lord ever since I have known you. Then I came back down the mountain and put the tablets in the ark I had made. and because he hated them. wickedness and their sin. and they are there now. Also make a wooden chest. Then you are to put them in the chest. Also I took that sinful thing of yours. he brought them out to put them to death in the desert.' But they are your people. he said. I lay prostrate before the Lord those forty days and forty nights because the Lord had said he would destroy you. out of the fire." So I made the ark out of acacia wood and chiseled out two stone tablets like the first ones. but at that time I prayed for Aaron too. and I went up on the mountain with the two tablets in my hands. I prayed to the Lord and said. the country from which you brought us will say. But again the Lord listened to me. "Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones and come up to me on the mountain. which you broke. the calf you had made. Overlook the 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 stubbornness of this people. 'Because the Lord was not able to take them into the land he had promised them. The Lord wrote on these tablets what he had written before. You did not trust him or obey him." But you rebelled against the command of the Lord your God. And when the Lord sent you out from Kadesh Barnea. 2 I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets. at Massah and at Kibroth Hattaavah. as the Lord commanded me. "Go up and take possession of the land I have given you. on the day of the assembly.I feared the anger and wrath of the Lord . 5 4 3 . your inheritance that you brought out by your great power and your outstretched arm. your own inheritance that you redeemed by your great power and brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand. And the Lord gave them to me. Then I crushed it and ground it to powder as fine as dust and threw the dust into a stream that flowed down the mountain. and burned it in the fire. do not destroy your people. Isaac and Jacob. And the Lord was angry enough with Aaron to destroy him. You also made the Lord angry at Taberah. for he was angry enough with you to destroy you. "O Sovereign Lord . Remember your servants Abraham.

Circumcise your hearts. as the Lord your God told them. for you yourselves were aliens in Egypt. as it is today. to stand before the Lord to minister and to pronounce blessings in his name. the earth and everything in it. as they still do today. At that time the Lord set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord . the Lord is their inheritance. above all the nations. what does the Lord your God ask of you but to fear the Lord your God. to love him. so that they may enter and possess the land that I swore to their fathers to give them.) Now I had stayed on the mountain forty days and nights. He is your praise. "Go. For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords. their descendants. giving him food and clothing. even the highest heavens. Hold fast to him and take your oaths in his name. O Israel. he is your God." And now. and loves the alien. 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 Love the Lord your God and keep his requirements. That is why the Levites have no share or inheritance among their brothers." the Lord said to me. therefore. Fear the Lord your God and serve him. and do not be stiff-necked any longer. He defends the cause of the fatherless and the widow. as I did the first time. the great God. his decrees. Yet the Lord set his affection on your forefathers and loved them. and now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars in the sky. From there they traveled to Gudgodah and on to Jotbathah. 11 . to walk in all his ways. and to observe the Lord 's commands and decrees that I am giving you today for your own good? 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 To the Lord your God belong the heavens. "and lead the people on their way. and the Lord listened to me at this time also. a land with streams of water. his laws and his commands always.(The Israelites traveled from the wells of the Jaakanites to Moserah. who shows no partiality and accepts no bribes. mighty and awesome. And you are to love those who are aliens. who performed for you those great and awesome wonders you saw with your own eyes. and he chose you. It was not his will to destroy you. There Aaron died and was buried. Your forefathers who went down into Egypt were seventy in all. and Eleazar his son succeeded him as priest. to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul.

when the earth opened its mouth right in the middle of all Israel and swallowed them up with their households. Observe therefore all the commands I am giving you today. both autumn and spring rains. It was not your children who saw what he did for you in the desert until you arrived at this place. to its horses and chariots. Then the Lord 's anger will burn against you. tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. and you will soon perish from the good land the Lord is giving you. new wine and oil. I will provide grass in the fields for your cattle. and how the Lord brought lasting ruin on them. Fix these words of mine in your hearts and minds. where you planted your seed and irrigated it by foot as in a vegetable garden. what he did to the Egyptian army. the signs he performed and the things he did in the heart of Egypt. sons of Eliab the Reubenite. the eyes of the Lord your God are continually on it from the beginning of the year to its end. how he overwhelmed them with the waters of the Red Sea as they were pursuing you. and what he did to Dathan and Abiram. from which you have come. and he will shut the heavens so that it will not rain and the ground will yield no produce. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 .Remember today that your children were not the ones who saw and experienced the discipline of the Lord your God: his majesty. a land flowing with milk and honey. So if you faithfully obey the commands I am giving you today-to love the Lord your God and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soulthen I will send rain on your land in its season. his mighty hand. Be careful. or you will be enticed to turn away and worship other gods and bow down to them. both to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his whole country. and so that you may live long in the land that the Lord swore to your forefathers to give to them and their descendants. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 The land you are entering to take over is not like the land of Egypt. It is a land the Lord your God cares for. so that you may have the strength to go in and take over the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess. so that you may gather in your grain. But it was your own eyes that saw all these great things the Lord has done. their tents and every living thing that belonged to them. his outstretched arm. and you will eat and be satisfied. But the land you are crossing the Jordan to take possession of is a land of mountains and valleys that drinks rain from heaven.

The Lord your God. you are to proclaim on Mount Gerizim the blessings. the God of your fathers. and you will dispossess nations larger and stronger than you. Every place where you set your foot will be yours: Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon. when you lie down and when you get up. No man will be able to stand against you. to walk in all his ways and to hold fast to himthen the Lord will drive out all these nations before you. west of the road. I am setting before you today a blessing and a cursethe blessing if you obey the commands of the Lord your God that I am giving you today. Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates. talking about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road. as he promised you. will put the terror and fear of you on the whole land. cut down the idols of 3 2 12 . these mountains are across the Jordan. be sure that you obey all the decrees and laws I am setting before you today. the curse if you disobey the commands of the Lord your God and 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 turn from the way that I command you today by following other gods. which you have not known. If you carefully observe all these commands I am giving you to follow-to love the Lord your God. toward the setting sun. Destroy completely all the places on the high mountains and on the hills and under every spreading tree where the nations you are dispossessing worship their gods. 32 31 30 29 These are the decrees and laws you must be careful to follow in the land that the Lord . Break down their altars. and from the Euphrates River to the western sea. in the territory of those Canaanites living in the Arabah in the vicinity of Gilgal. has given you to possess-as long as you live in the land. as many as the days that the heavens are above the earth. You are about to cross the Jordan to enter and take possession of the land the Lord your God is giving you. As you know. and on Mount Ebal the curses.Teach them to your children. wherever you go. When the Lord your God has brought you into the land you are entering to possess. When you have taken it over and are living there. smash their sacred stones and burn their Asherah poles in the fire. See. so that your days and the days of your children may be many in the land that the Lord swore to give your forefathers. near the great trees of Moreh.

your tithes and special gifts. and the firstborn of your herds and flocks. and he will give you rest from all your enemies around you so that you will live in safety. everyone as he sees fit. in the presence of the Lord your God. your sons and daughters. or your freewill offerings or special gifts. you are to eat them in the presence of the Lord your God at the place the Lord your God will choose-you. or the firstborn of your herds and flocks. But you are to seek the place the Lord your God will choose from among all your tribes to put his Name there for his dwelling. and the Levites from your towns-and you are to rejoice before the Lord your God in everything you put your hand to. your sons and daughters. according to the blessing the Lord your God gives you. Offer them only at the place the Lord will choose in one of your tribes. there bring your burnt offerings and sacrifices. you may slaughter your animals in any of your towns and eat as much of the meat as you want. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 And there rejoice before the Lord your God. Be careful not to sacrifice your burnt offerings anywhere you please. You are not to do as we do here today. But you will cross the Jordan and settle in the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. You must not eat in your own towns the tithe of your grain and new wine and oil. Instead. Then to the place the Lord your God will choose as a dwelling for his Namethere you are to bring everything I command you: your burnt offerings and sacrifices. you and your families shall eat and shall rejoice in everything you have put your hand to. and all the choice possessions you have vowed to the Lord . as if it were gazelle or deer.their gods and wipe out their names from those places. you. what you have vowed to give and your freewill offerings. You must not worship the Lord your God in their way. and the Levites from your towns. your menservants and maidservants. and there observe everything I command you. But you must not eat the blood. 18 17 16 . There. To that place you must go. who have no allotment or inheritance of their own. 15 14 13 12 Nevertheless. because the Lord your God has blessed you. your menservants and maidservants. Both the ceremonially unclean and the clean may eat it. pour it out on the ground like water. since you have not yet reached the resting place and the inheritance the Lord your God is giving you. your tithes and special gifts. or whatever you have vowed to give.

appears among you and announces to you a miraculous sign or wonder." you must not listen to the words of that prophet or dreamer. Eat them as you would gazelle or deer. because in worshiping their gods. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 Be careful to obey all these regulations I am giving you. See that you do all I command you. "I would like some meat. When the Lord your God has enlarged your territory as he promised you. because the blood is the life. But take your consecrated things and whatever you have vowed to give. They even burn their sons and daughters in the fire as sacrifices to their gods. But be sure you do not eat the blood. pour it out on the ground like water. and go to the place the Lord will choose." You must not worship the Lord your God in their way. and you must not eat the life with the meat. but you may eat the meat. do not add to it or take away from it. so that it may always go well with you and your children after you. Present your burnt offerings on the altar of the Lord your God. Do not eat it. If the place where the Lord your God chooses to put his Name is too far away from you. so that it may go well with you and your children after you. because you will be doing what is good and right in the eyes of the Lord your God. be careful not to be ensnared by inquiring about their gods. and he says. as I have commanded you. and after they have been destroyed before you. "How do these nations serve their gods? We will do the same. Both the ceremonially unclean and the clean may eat. they do all kinds of detestable things the Lord hates.Be careful not to neglect the Levites as long as you live in your land. you may slaughter animals from the herds and flocks the Lord has given you. 32 31 30 29 28 13If a prophet. The Lord your God is testing you to find out whether you 3 2 . You must not eat the blood. and in your own towns you may eat as much of them as you want." then you may eat as much of it as you want. because you will be doing what is right in the eyes of the Lord . The Lord your God will cut off before you the nations you are about to invade and dispossess. saying. both the meat and the blood. or one who foretells by dreams. "Let us follow other gods" (gods you have not known) "and let us worship them. and if the sign or wonder of which he has spoken takes place. But when you have driven them out and settled in their land. The blood of your sacrifices must be poured beside the altar of the Lord your God. and you crave meat and say.

None of those condemned things shall be found in your hands. because he tried to turn you away from the Lord your God. Show him no pity. saying. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 Then all Israel will hear and be afraid. Gather all the plunder of the town into the middle of the public square and completely burn the town and all its plunder as a whole burnt offering to the Lord your God. and him you must revere. never to be rebuilt. or your closest friend secretly entices you. "Let us go and worship other gods" (gods you have not known). 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 . Destroy it completely. That prophet or dreamer must be put to death. as he promised on oath to your forefathers. have compassion on you. And if it is true and it has been proved that this detestable thing has been done among you. Do not spare him or shield him. You must certainly put him to death. you must certainly put to the sword all who live in that town. and no one among you will do such an evil thing again. or your son or daughter. Stone him to death. serve him and hold fast to him. because he preached rebellion against the Lord your God. he will show you mercy. If your very own brother. and then the hands of all the people. or the wife you love. Your hand must be the first in putting him to death. whether near or far. Keep his commands and obey him. so that the Lord will turn from his fierce anger. saying. keeping all his commands that I am giving you today and doing what is right in his eyes. It is the Lord your God you must follow. because you obey the Lord your God. probe and investigate it thoroughly. out of the land of slavery. do not yield to him or listen to him. he has tried to turn you from the way the Lord your God commanded you to follow. then you must inquire.love him with all your heart and with all your soul. gods of the peoples around you. who brought you out of Egypt. from one end of the land to the other). You must purge the evil from among you. If you hear it said about one of the towns the Lord your God is giving you to live in that wicked men have arisen among you and have led the people of their town astray. who brought you out of Egypt and redeemed you from the land of slavery. It is to remain a ruin forever. both its people and its livestock. and increase your numbers. "Let us go and worship other gods" (gods that neither you nor your fathers have known.

the rabbit or the coney. the deer. they are ceremonially unclean for you. All flying insects that swarm are unclean to you. any kind of falcon. of those that chew the cud or that have a split hoof completely divided you may not eat the camel. But anything that does not have fins and scales you may not eat. the red kite. for you are a people holy to the Lord your God. Eat the tithe of your grain. You may give it to an alien living in any of your towns. the goat. the screech owl. the hoopoe and the bat. But any winged creature that is clean you may eat. But you are a people holy to the Lord your God. the black kite. the gazelle. do not eat them. the horned owl. you may eat any that has fins and scales. Out of all the peoples on the face of the earth. the wild goat. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 owl. and he may eat it. or you may sell it to a foreigner. it does not chew the cud. the Lord has chosen you to be his treasured possession. the the stork. You are not to eat their meat or touch their carcasses. Of all the creatures living in the water. the little owl. any kind of heron.14You are the children of the Lord your God. they do not have a split hoof. 14 13 12 any kind of raven. You may eat any animal that has a split hoof divided in two and that chews the cud. 3 2 11 You may eat any clean bird. the osprey. for you it is unclean. the ibex. the black vulture. new wine and oil. Do not cut yourselves or shave the front of your heads for the dead. Do not eat anything you find already dead. the gull. But these you may not eat: the eagle. 18 17 16 15 These are the animals you may eat: the ox. any kind of hawk. Do not cook a young goat in its mother's milk. The pig is also unclean. the roe deer. although it has a split hoof. However. the antelope and the mountain sheep. and the firstborn of your herds and flocks in the presence of the Lord 23 22 21 20 19 . the great owl. Although they chew the cud. the vulture. Be sure to set aside a tenth of all that your fields produce each year. Do not eat any detestable thing. the sheep. the white owl. the desert cormorant.

for in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess as your inheritance. bring all the tithes of that year's produce and store it in your towns. 29 28 27 26 25 24 This is how it is to be done: Every creditor shall cancel the loan he has made to his fellow Israelite. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 15At the end of every seven years you must cancel debts. You will rule over many nations but none will rule over you. He may then appeal to the Lord against you. do not be hardhearted or tightfisted toward your poor brother. sheep. then exchange your tithe for silver. Use the silver to buy whatever you like: cattle. or anything you wish. there should be no poor among you. because the Lord 's time for canceling debts has been proclaimed. If there is a poor man among your brothers in any of the towns of the land that the Lord your God is giving you. and you will be found guilty of sin. and so that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hands. . and take the silver with you and go to the place the Lord your God will choose. However. Be careful not to harbor this wicked thought: "The seventh year. He shall not require payment from his fellow Israelite or brother. Rather be openhanded and freely lend him whatever he needs. Then you and your household shall eat there in the presence of the Lord your God and rejoice. and you will lend to many nations but will borrow from none. You may require payment from a foreigner. he will richly bless you.your God at the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name. is near. if only you fully obey the Lord your God and are careful to follow all these commands I am giving you today. For the Lord your God will bless you as he has promised. so that you may learn to revere the Lord your God always. so that the Levites (who have no allotment or inheritance of their own) and the aliens. But if that place is too distant and you have been blessed by the Lord your God and cannot carry your tithe (because the place where the Lord will choose to put his Name is so far away). the year for canceling debts. the fatherless and the widows who live in your towns may come and eat and be satisfied. And do not neglect the Levites living in your towns. for they have no allotment or inheritance of their own. wine or other fermented drink. At the end of every three years." so that you do not show ill will toward your needy brother and give him nothing. but you must cancel any debt your brother owes you.

because his service to you these six years has been worth 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 twice as much as that of a hired hand. And when you release him. then take an awl and push it through his ear lobe into the door. If a fellow Hebrew. or has any serious flaw. Give to him as the Lord your God has blessed you. as if it were gazelle or deer. Both the ceremonially unclean and the clean may eat it. But you must not eat the blood. Sacrifice as the Passover to the Lord your God an animal from your flock or herd at the place the Lord will choose as a dwelling for his Name. is lame or blind." because he loves you and your family and is well off with you. 23 22 21 20 19 16Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover of the Lord your God. because you left Egypt in haste-so that all the days of your life you may 3 2 . Set apart for the Lord your God every firstborn male of your herds and flocks. a man or a woman. but for seven days eat unleavened bread. Each year you and your family are to eat them in the presence of the Lord your God at the place he will choose. Do not put the firstborn of your oxen to work. sells himself to you and serves you six years. Do not eat it with bread made with yeast. But if your servant says to you. "I do not want to leave you. do not send him away empty-handed. because in the month of Abib he brought you out of Egypt by night. Do the same for your maidservant. That is why I give you this command today. your threshing floor and your winepress. And the Lord your God will bless you in everything you do. Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and the Lord your God redeemed you. you must not sacrifice it to the Lord your God. There will always be poor people in the land. in the seventh year you must let him go free. pour it out on the ground like water. Supply him liberally from your flock. the bread of affliction. and he will become your servant for life. If an animal has a defect. and do not shear the firstborn of your sheep. then because of this the Lord your God will bless you in all your work and in everything you put your hand to.Give generously to him and do so without a grudging heart. Therefore I command you to be openhanded toward your brothers and toward the poor and needy in your land. You are to eat it in your own towns. Do not consider it a hardship to set your servant free.

the fatherless and the widows who live in your towns. and follow carefully these decrees. Be joyful at your Feast-you. and they shall judge the people fairly. for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the righteous. Celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days after you have gathered the produce of your threshing floor and your winepress. Then in the morning return to your tents. your sons and daughters. For seven days celebrate the Feast to the Lord your God at the place the Lord will choose. your sons and daughters. and your joy will be complete. Do not accept a bribe. and the Levites. 7 6 5 4 Remember that you were slaves in Egypt. and the aliens. sacrifice the Passover when the sun goes anniversary of your Egypt. the fatherless and the widows living among you. your menservants and maidservants. the aliens. 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 will choose as a There you must in the evening. the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles. You must not sacrifice the Passover in any town the Lord your God gives you except in the place he dwelling for his Name. Three times a year all your men must appear before the Lord your God at the place he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Appoint judges and officials for each of your tribes in every town the Lord your God is giving you. And rejoice before the Lord your God at the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name-you. your menservants and maidservants. on the departure from Roast it and eat it at the place the Lord your God will choose.remember the time of your departure from Egypt. the Levites in your towns. down. For six days eat unleavened bread and on the seventh day hold an assembly to the Lord your God and do no work. 11 10 9 8 . Do not pervert justice or show partiality. Count off seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain. For the Lord your God will bless you in all your harvest and in all the work of your hands. Let no yeast be found in your possession in all your land for seven days. No man should appear before the Lord emptyhanded: Each of you must bring a gift in proportion to the way the Lord your God has blessed you. Do not let any of the meat you sacrifice on the evening of the first day remain until morning. Then celebrate the Feast of Weeks to the Lord your God by giving a freewill offering in proportion to the blessings the Lord your God has given you.

and contrary to my command has worshiped other gods. and then the hands of all the people. but no one shall be put to death on the testimony of only one witness. lawsuits or assaults-take them to the place the Lord your God will choose. and to the judge who is in office at that time. for that would be detestable to him. The man who shows contempt for the judge or for the priest who stands ministering there to the Lord your God must be put to death. and do not erect a sacred stone. Inquire of them and they will give you the verdict. take the man or woman who has done this evil deed to your city gate and stone that person to death. so that you may live and possess the land the Lord your God is giving you. On the testimony of two or three witnesses a man shall be put to death. bowing down to them or to the sun or the moon or the stars of the sky. and will not be contemptuous again. for these the Lord your God hates. Do not turn aside from what they tell you. You must purge the evil from among you. If a man or woman living among you in one of the towns the Lord gives you is found doing evil in the eyes of the Lord your God in violation of his covenant. If cases come before your courts that are too difficult for you to judge-whether bloodshed. You must purge the evil from Israel.Follow justice and justice alone. who are Levites. If it is true and it has been proved that this detestable thing has been done in Israel. All the people will hear and be afraid. 22 21 20 The hands of the witnesses must be the first in putting him to death. Go to the priests. to the right or to the left." be sure to appoint over you the king the Lord your God chooses. then you must investigate it thoroughly. Act according to the law they teach you and the decisions they give you. When you enter the land the Lord your God is giving you and have taken possession of it and settled in it. Be careful to do everything they direct you to do. 6 5 4 3 2 . He must be 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 17Do not sacrifice to the Lord your God an ox or a sheep that has any defect or flaw in it. and this has been brought to your attention. You must act according to the decisions they give you at the place the Lord will choose. "Let us set a king over us like all the nations around us. and you say. Do not set up any wooden Asherah pole beside the altar you build to the Lord your God.

The king. as he promised them. interprets omens. taken from that of the priests. the Lord is their inheritance. You are to give them the firstfruits of your grain. one who is not a brother Israelite. "You are not to go back that way again. 2 18The . He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold. even though he has received money from the sale of family possessions. and comes in all earnestness to the place the Lord will choose. who are Levitesindeed the whole tribe of Levi-are to have no allotment or inheritance with Israel. Then he and his descendants will reign a long time over his kingdom in Israel. When he takes the throne of his kingdom. and because of these detestable practices the Lord your 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 priests. for the Lord your God has chosen them and their descendants out of all your tribes to stand and minister in the Lord 's name always. Anyone who does these things is detestable to the Lord . When you enter the land the Lord your God is giving you. Do not place a foreigner over you. If a Levite moves from one of your towns anywhere in Israel where he is living. or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead. He is to share equally in their benefits. do not learn to imitate the detestable ways of the nations there.from among your own brothers. They shall live on the offerings made to the Lord by fire. engages in witchcraft. for the Lord has told you. the jowls and the inner parts. who are Levites. must not acquire great numbers of horses for himself or make the people return to Egypt to get more of them. he may minister in the name of the Lord his God like all his fellow Levites who serve there in the presence of the Lord . and the first wool from the shearing of your sheep. who practices divination or sorcery. or his heart will be led astray. moreover. 20 19 18 17 16 This is the share due the priests from the people who sacrifice a bull or a sheep: the shoulder. It is to be with him. and he is to read it all the days of his life so that he may learn to revere the Lord his God and follow carefully all the words of this law and these decrees and not consider himself better than his brothers and turn from the law to the right or to the left. They shall have no inheritance among their brothers. for that is their inheritance. new wine and oil. or casts spells. Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire. he is to write for himself on a scroll a copy of this law." He must not take many wives.

must be put to death. 6 5 4 3 2 19 . since he did it to his neighbor without malice aforethought. If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name. "Let us not hear the voice of the Lord our God nor see this great fire anymore. and as he swings his ax to fell a tree. and when you have driven them out and settled in their towns and houses.God will drive out those nations before you. "How can we know when a message has not been spoken by the Lord ?" 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 When the Lord your God has destroyed the nations whose land he is giving you. 14 13 If what a prophet proclaims in the name of the Lord does not take place or come true." You may say to yourselves. the Lord your God has not permitted you to do so. Otherwise. For instance. That prophet has spoken presumptuously. I will put my words in his mouth. and kill him even though he is not deserving of death. The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. without malice aforethought. You must be blameless before the Lord your God. I myself will call him to account." The Lord said to me: "What they say is good. I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers. a man may go into the forest with his neighbor to cut wood. overtake him if the distance is too great. Build roads to them and divide into three parts the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. But as for you. This is the rule concerning the man who kills another and flees there to save his life-one who kills his neighbor unintentionally. You must listen to him. the head may fly off and hit his neighbor and kill him. so that anyone who kills a man may flee there. or we will die. That man may flee to one of these cities and save his life. then set aside for yourselves three cities centrally located in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess. or a prophet who speaks in the name of other gods. 22 The nations you will dispossess listen to those who practice sorcery or divination. But a prophet who presumes to speak in my name anything I have not commanded him to say. For this is what you asked of the Lord your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly when you said. Do not be afraid of him. that is a message the Lord has not spoken. the avenger of blood might pursue him in a rage. and he will tell them everything I command him.

One witness is not enough to convict a man accused of any crime or offense he may have committed. assaults and kills him. Do this so that innocent blood will not be shed in your land. do not be afraid of them. He shall say: "Hear. and so that you will not be guilty of bloodshed. O Israel. If a malicious witness takes the stand to accuse a man of a crime. Show no pity: life for life. and hand him over to the avenger of blood to die. hand for hand. the elders of his town shall send for him. 21 20 19 18 17 16 When you go to war against your enemies and see horses and chariots and an army greater than yours. today you are going into battle against your enemies. tooth for tooth. and if the witness proves to be a liar. You must purge from Israel the guilt of shedding innocent blood. If the Lord your God enlarges your territory. The rest of the people will hear of this and be afraid. But if a man hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him. eye for eye. the two men involved in the dispute must stand in the presence of the Lord before the priests and the judges who are in office at the time. and gives you the whole land he promised them. as he promised on oath to your forefathers. which the Lord your God is giving you as your inheritance. The judges must make a thorough investigation. and never again will such an evil thing be done among you. A matter must be 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 established by the testimony of two or three witnesses. then do to him as he intended to do to his brother.This is why I command you to set aside for yourselves three cities. giving false testimony against his brother. because the Lord your God. Do not be fainthearted or 3 2 20 . You must purge the evil from among you. Show him no pity. and then flees to one of these cities. When you are about to go into battle. foot for foot. so that it may go well with you. because you carefully follow all these laws I command you today-to love the Lord your God and to walk always in his ways-then you are to set aside three more cities. bring him back from the city. the priest shall come forward and address the army. Do not move your neighbor's boundary stone set up by your predecessors in the inheritance you receive in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess. who brought you up out of Egypt. will be with you.

Otherwise. As for the women. If they refuse to make peace and they engage you in battle. When you lay siege to a city for a long time. do not destroy its trees by putting an ax to them. Do not cut them down. Are the trees of the field people. If they accept and open their gates. that you should besiege them? However. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . lay siege to that city. or he may die in battle and someone else may dedicate it. do not be terrified or give way to panic before them. Hivites and Jebusites-as the Lord your God has commanded you. Completely destroy them-the Hittites. because you can eat their fruit. the children." When the officers have finished speaking to the army. When you march up to attack a city. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 When the Lord your God delivers it into your hand. Has anyone become pledged to a woman and not married her? Let him go home. fighting against it to capture it. in the cities of the nations the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance.afraid. However. Perizzites." The officers shall say to the army: "Has anyone built a new house and not dedicated it? Let him go home. or he may die in battle and someone else enjoy it. For the Lord your God is the one who goes with you to fight for you against your enemies to give you victory. they shall appoint commanders over it. they will teach you to follow all the detestable things they do in worshiping their gods. and you will sin against the Lord your God. put to the sword all the men in it. This is how you are to treat all the cities that are at a distance from you and do not belong to the nations nearby. do not leave alive anything that breathes. And you may use the plunder the Lord your God gives you from your enemies. or he may die in battle and someone else marry her. Amorites. all the people in it shall be subject to forced labor and shall work for you. make its people an offer of peace. Has anyone planted a vineyard and not begun to enjoy it? Let him go home. the livestock and everything else in the city." Then the officers shall add. you may cut down trees that you know are not fruit trees and use them to build siege works until the city at war with you falls. you may take these as plunder for yourselves. "Is any man afraid or fainthearted? Let him go home so that his brothers will not become disheartened too. Canaanites.

he must not give the rights of the firstborn to the son of the wife he loves in preference to his actual firstborn. since you have dishonored her. There in the valley they are to break the heifer's neck. the sons of Levi. The priests. if you notice among the captives a beautiful woman and are attracted to her. Then all the elders of the town nearest the body shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley. let her go wherever she wishes. When you go to war against your enemies and the Lord your God delivers them into your hands and you take captives. when he wills his property to his sons." And the bloodshed will be atoned for. He must acknowledge the son of his unloved wife as the firstborn by giving him a double share of all he has. Accept this atonement for your people Israel. lying in a field in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess. you may take her as your wife. nor did our eyes see it done. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 So you will purge from yourselves the guilt of shedding innocent blood. If you are not pleased with her.21If a man is found slain. your elders and judges shall go out and measure the distance from the body to the neighboring towns. trim her nails and put aside the clothes she was wearing when captured. and they shall declare: "Our hands did not shed this blood. Then the elders of the town nearest the body shall take a heifer that has never been worked and has never worn a yoke and lead her down to a valley that has not been plowed or planted and where there is a flowing stream. Bring her into your home and have her shave her head. and both bear him sons but the firstborn is the son of the wife he does not love. the son of the wife he does not love. and he loves one but not the other. O Lord . and it is not known who killed him. since you have done what is right in the eyes of the Lord . If a man has two wives. then you may go to her and be her husband and she shall be your wife. That 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 . for the Lord your God has chosen them to minister and to pronounce blessings in the name of the Lord and to decide all cases of dispute and assault. You must not sell her or treat her as a slave. After she has lived in your house and mourned her father and mother for a full month. whom you have redeemed. and do not hold your people guilty of the blood of an innocent man. shall step forward.

11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 22If you see your brother's ox or sheep straying." Then all the men of his town shall stone him to death. He will not obey us. 23 22 21 20 19 18 comes looking for it. If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him. A woman must not wear men's clothing. "This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious. take it home with you and keep it until he 2 . They shall say to the elders. You may take the young. Then give it back to him. but be sure to let the mother go. Be sure to bury him that same day. If you come across a bird's nest beside the road. Do not plant two kinds of seed in your vineyard. make a parapet around your roof so that you may not bring the guilt of bloodshed on your house if someone falls from the roof. If you see your brother's donkey or his ox fallen on the road. All Israel will hear of it and be afraid. do not ignore it. If the brother does not live near you or if you do not know who he is. do not take the mother with the young. Do the same if you find your brother's donkey or his cloak or anything he loses. do not ignore it but be sure to take it back to him. either in a tree or on the ground. When you build a new house. The right of the firstborn belongs to him. his father and mother shall take hold of him and bring him to the elders at the gate of his town. Help him get it to its feet. Do not ignore it. if you do. If a man guilty of a capital offense is put to death and his body is hung on a tree. you must not leave his body on the tree overnight. He is a profligate and a drunkard. You must purge the evil from among you.son is the first sign of his father's strength. because anyone who is hung on a tree is under God's curse. and the mother is sitting on the young or on the eggs. so that it may go well with you and you may have a long life. for the Lord your God detests anyone who does this. Do not wear clothes of wool and linen woven together. not only the crops you plant but also the fruit of the vineyard will be defiled. You must not desecrate the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. nor a man wear women's clothing. Do not plow with an ox and a donkey yoked together.

both the man who slept with her and the woman must die. however. only the man who has done this shall die. You must purge the evil from Israel. for the man found the girl out in the country.Make tassels on the four corners of the cloak you wear. but he dislikes her. But if out in the country a man happens to meet a girl pledged to be married and rapes her. he shall pay the girl's father fifty shekels of silver. If a man happens to meet a virgin who is not pledged to be married and rapes her and they are discovered. he must not divorce her as long as he lives. If. Now he has slandered her and said. This case is like that of someone who attacks and murders his neighbor. there was no one to rescue her. and the elders shall take the man and punish him. the charge is true and no proof of the girl's virginity can be found." Then her parents shall display the cloth before the elders of the town. He must marry the girl. "I married this woman. you shall take both of them to the gate of that town and stone them to death-the girl because she was in a town and did not scream for help. 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 . You must purge the evil from among you. and the man because he violated another man's wife. I did not find proof of her virginity. They shall fine him a hundred shekels of silver and give them to the girl's father. saying. 'I did not find your daughter to be a virgin. She has done a disgraceful thing in Israel by being promiscuous while still in her 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 father's house. You must purge the evil from among you.' But here is the proof of my daughter's virginity. She shall continue to be his wife. If a man is found sleeping with another man's wife. but when I approached her. If a man happens to meet in a town a virgin pledged to be married and he sleeps with her. for he has violated her. If a man takes a wife and. "I gave my daughter in marriage to this man. Do nothing to the girl. after lying with her. she shall be brought to the door of her father's house and there the men of her town shall stone her to death. dislikes her and slanders her and gives her a bad name. she has committed no sin deserving death. because this man has given an Israelite virgin a bad name. and though the betrothed girl screamed. He can never divorce her as long as he lives. The girl's father will say to the elders." then the girl's father and mother shall bring proof that she was a virgin to the town elders at the gate.

Do not oppress him. and when you relieve yourself. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 23No . and they hired Balaam son of Beor from Pethor in Aram Naharaim to pronounce a curse on you. even down to the tenth generation. For the Lord your God moves about in your camp to protect you and to deliver your enemies to you. 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 one who has been emasculated by crushing or cutting may enter the assembly of the Lord . You must not bring the earnings of a female prostitute or of a male prostitute into the house of the Lord your God to pay any vow. because the Lord your God detests them both. Let him live among you wherever he likes and in whatever town he chooses. 30 When you are encamped against your enemies. so that he will not see among you anything indecent and turn away from you. Do not abhor an Edomite. Do not seek a treaty of friendship with them as long as you live. As part of your equipment have something to dig with. keep away from everything impure. However. because the Lord your God loves you. Do not abhor an Egyptian. But as evening approaches he is to wash himself. even down to the tenth generation. he is to go outside the camp and stay there. Designate a place outside the camp where you can go to relieve yourself. because you lived as an alien in his country. The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the Lord . If a slave has taken refuge with you. dig a hole and cover up your excrement. Your camp must be holy. do not hand him over to his master. No Israelite man or woman is to become a shrine prostitute. No Ammonite or Moabite or any of his descendants may enter the assembly of the Lord . the Lord your God would not listen to Balaam but turned the curse into a blessing for you.A man is not to marry his father's wife. For they did not come to meet you with bread and water on your way when you came out of Egypt. No one born of a forbidden marriage nor any of his descendants may enter the assembly of the Lord . he must not dishonor his father's bed. for he is your brother. If one of your men is unclean because of a nocturnal emission. and at sunset he may return to the camp.

you may pick kernels with your hands. gives it to her and sends her from his house. You must purge the evil from among you. whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest. and he writes her a certificate of divorce. who are Levites. Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam along the way after you came out of Egypt. If a man is caught kidnapping one of his brother Israelites and treats him as a slave or sells him. If you enter your neighbor's vineyard. you will not be guilty. If you make a vow to the Lord your God. do not go into his house to get what he is offering as a pledge. because that would be taking a man's livelihood as security. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 24If a man marries a woman who becomes displeasing to him because he finds something indecent about her. he must not be sent to war or have any other duty laid on him. and if after she leaves his house she becomes the wife of another man. If a man has recently married. 2 . you may eat all the grapes you want. who divorced her. In cases of leprous diseases be very careful to do exactly as the priests. But if you refrain from making a vow. instruct you. then her first husband.Do not charge your brother interest. Whatever your lips utter you must be sure to do. If you enter your neighbor's grainfield. so that the Lord your God may bless you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess. That would be detestable in the eyes of the Lord . When you make a loan of any kind to your neighbor. because you made your vow freely to the Lord your God with your own mouth. You may charge a foreigner interest. Do not bring sin upon the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. You must follow carefully what I have commanded them. for the Lord your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin. but you must not put a sickle to his standing grain. gives it to her and sends her from his house. but do not put any in your basket. but not a brother Israelite. is not allowed to marry her again after she has been defiled. For one year he is to be free to stay at home and bring happiness to the wife he has married. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 and her second husband dislikes her and writes her a certificate of divorce. the kidnapper must die. or if he dies. do not be slow to pay it. Do not take a pair of millstones-not even the upper one-as security for a debt.

5 4 3 2 . the judge shall make him lie down and have him flogged in his presence with the number of lashes his crime deserves. Leave what remains for the alien. If the man is poor. Do not take advantage of a hired man who is poor and needy. 22 21 20 25When men have a dispute. do not go back to get it. each is to die for his own sin. the fatherless and the widow. When you are harvesting in your field and you overlook a sheaf. acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty. whether he is a brother Israelite or an alien living in one of your towns. When you harvest the grapes in your vineyard. Her husband's brother shall take her and marry her and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her.Stay outside and let the man to whom you are making the loan bring the pledge out to you. That is why I command you to do this. nor children put to death for their fathers. and it will be regarded as a righteous act in the sight of the Lord your God. That is why I command you to do this. Do not deprive the alien or the fatherless of justice. so that the 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hands. or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge. Fathers shall not be put to death for their children. If he is flogged more than that. If the guilty man deserves to be beaten. Then he will thank you. When you beat the olives from your trees. Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain. the fatherless and the widow. do not go over the branches a second time. Pay him his wages each day before sunset. If brothers are living together and one of them dies without a son. the fatherless and the widow. because he is poor and is counting on it. do not go to sleep with his pledge in your possession. and you will be guilty of sin. Return his cloak to him by sunset so that he may sleep in it. Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and the Lord your God redeemed you from there. do not go over the vines again. they are to take it to court and the judges will decide the case. his widow must not marry outside the family. your brother will be degraded in your eyes. Remember that you were slaves in Egypt. Otherwise he may cry to the Lord against you. but he must not give him more than forty lashes. Leave what remains for the alien. Leave it for the alien.

and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts. you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven. If he persists in saying. take off one of his sandals. one small. When you were weary and worn out. For the Lord your God detests anyone who does these things. He will not fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to me. "My husband's brother refuses to carry on his brother's name in Israel. spit in his face and say. However. "This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother's family line. she shall go to the elders at the town gate and say." 3 2 . Do not forget! 19 18 17 16 26When you have entered the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance and have taken possession of it and settled in it. if a man does not want to marry his brother's wife.The first son she bears shall carry on the name of the dead brother so that his name will not be blotted out from Israel." Then the elders of his town shall summon him and talk to him. Then go to the place the Lord your God will choose as a dwelling for his Name and say to the priest in office at the time. Remember what the Amalekites did to you along the way when you came out of Egypt. so that you may 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you. When the Lord your God gives you rest from all the enemies around you in the land he is giving you to possess as an inheritance. Do not have two differing measures in your house-one large. You must have accurate and honest weights and measures. Do not have two differing weights in your bag-one heavy. "I declare today to the Lord your God that I have come to the land the Lord swore to our forefathers to give us. you shall cut off her hand. one light. If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant. anyone who deals dishonestly. they met you on your journey and cut off all who were lagging behind." That man's line shall be known in Israel as The Family of the Unsandaled. they had no fear of God. "I do not want to marry her. Show her no pity." his brother's widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders. take some of the firstfruits of all that you produce from the soil of the land the Lord your God is giving you and put them in a basket.

I have not turned aside from your commands nor have I forgotten any of them. So the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. that you will keep his decrees. the God of our fathers. But the Egyptians mistreated us and made us suffer. Look down from heaven. He brought us to this place and gave us this land. you shall give it to the Levite. putting us to hard labor. nor have I offered any of it to the dead. according to all you commanded. a land flowing with milk and honey. the fatherless and the widow. When you have finished setting aside a tenth of all your produce in the third year. I have not eaten any of the sacred portion while I was in mourning. commands and laws. Then you shall declare before the Lord your God: "My father was a wandering Aramean. and that you will obey him. carefully observe them with all your heart and with all your soul. and bless your people Israel and the land you have given us as you promised on oath to our forefathers. the alien. fame and honor high above all 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . and the Lord heard our voice and saw our misery. the year of the tithe. toil and oppression. Then say to the Lord your God: "I have removed from my house the sacred portion and have given it to the Levite. powerful and numerous. I have obeyed the Lord my God. have given me. and now I bring the firstfruits of the soil that you." Place the basket before the Lord your God and bow down before him. You have declared this day that the Lord is your God and that you will walk in his ways. Then we cried out to the Lord . He has declared that he will set you in praise." The Lord your God commands you this day to follow these decrees and laws. a land flowing with milk and honey. And you and the Levites and the aliens among you shall rejoice in all the good things the Lord your God has given to you and your household. the alien. with great terror and with miraculous signs and wonders. O Lord . And the Lord has declared this day that you are his people. your holy dwelling place. I have done everything you commanded me. his treasured possession as he promised. nor have I removed any of it while I was unclean. the fatherless 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 and the widow.The priest shall take the basket from your hands and set it down in front of the altar of the Lord your God. and he went down into Egypt with a few people and lived there and became a great nation. and that you are to keep all his commands. so that they may eat in your towns and be satisfied.

the work of the craftsman's hands-and sets it up in secret." Then all the people shall say. said to all Israel. Issachar. the God of your fathers. And when you have crossed the Jordan. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who dishonors his father or his mother. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who leads the blind astray on the road.the nations he has made and that you will be a people holy to the Lord your God. Zebulun. And you shall write very clearly all the words of this law on these stones you have set up." Then all the people shall say. set up some large stones and coat them with plaster. a land flowing with milk and honey. an altar of stones. Do not use any iron tool upon them. "Amen!" 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 27Moses and the elders of Israel commanded the people: "Keep all these commands that I give you today." On the same day Moses commanded the people: When you have crossed the Jordan. as he promised. Asher. Judah. and coat them with plaster. Then Moses and the priests. Sacrifice fellowship offerings there. Gad." 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . Levi. eating them and rejoicing in the presence of the Lord your God. And these tribes shall stand on Mount Ebal to pronounce curses: Reuben. set up these stones on Mount Ebal. and listen! You have now become the people of the Lord your God. Joseph and Benjamin." Then all the people shall say. who are Levites." Then all the people shall say. When you have crossed the Jordan into the land the Lord your God is giving you. Dan and Naphtali. The Levites shall recite to all the people of Israel in a loud voice: "Cursed is the man who carves an image or casts an idol-a thing detestable to the Lord . "Be silent. Build the altar of the Lord your God with fieldstones and offer burnt offerings on it to the Lord your God. Build there an altar to the Lord your God. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who moves his neighbor's boundary stone. as I command you today. promised you. Write on them all the words of this law when you have crossed over to enter the land the Lord your God is giving you. Obey the Lord your God and follow his commands and decrees that I give you today. just as the Lord . these tribes shall stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people: Simeon. O Israel.

"Amen!" "Cursed is the man who kills his neighbor secretly." Then all the people shall say." Then all the people shall say. the young of your livestock and the crops of your ground-in the land he swore to your forefathers to give you. They will come at you from one direction but flee from you in seven. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who has sexual relations with any animal. . You will be blessed when you come in and blessed when you go out. if you keep the commands of the Lord your God and walk in his ways. the fatherless or the widow. The Lord your God will bless you in the land he is giving you." Then all the people shall say." Then all the people shall say." Then all the people shall say. the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother. The fruit of your womb will be blessed. and they will fear you." Then all the people shall say. and the crops of your land and the young of your livestock-the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks. The Lord will establish you as his holy people. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 28If you fully obey the Lord your God and carefully follow all his commands I give you today. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who sleeps with his father's wife." Then all the people shall say. The Lord will send a blessing on your barns and on everything you put your hand to. the Lord your God will set you high above all the nations on earth. Your basket and your kneading trough will be blessed. for he dishonors his father's bed. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who sleeps with his mother-in-law. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out."Cursed is the man who withholds justice from the alien. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who sleeps with his sister. "Amen!" "Cursed is the man who accepts a bribe to kill an innocent person. The Lord will grant you abundant prosperity-in the fruit of your womb." Then all the people shall say. as he promised you on oath. "Amen!" 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 All these blessings will come upon you and accompany you if you obey the Lord your God: 3 2 You will be blessed in the city and blessed in the country. The Lord will grant that the enemies who rise up against you will be defeated before you. Then all the peoples on earth will see that you are called by the name of the Lord .

The Lord will afflict you with the boils of Egypt and with tumors. The Lord will turn the rain of your country into dust and powder. Your carcasses will be food for all the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth. and you will become a thing of horror to all the kingdoms on earth. all these curses will come upon you and overtake you: You will be cursed in the city and cursed in the country. However. Your basket and your kneading trough will be cursed. and the crops of your land. with scorching heat and drought. which will plague you until you perish. not the tail. and the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks. with no one to rescue you. following other gods and serving them. You will be cursed when you come in and cursed when you go out. until you are destroyed and come to sudden ruin because of the evil you have done in forsaking him. Do not turn aside from any of the commands I give you today. the storehouse of his bounty. festering sores and the itch.The Lord will open the heavens. it will come down from the skies until you are destroyed. the ground beneath you iron. and there will be no one to frighten them away. blindness and confusion of mind. The sky over your head will be bronze. The Lord will afflict you with madness. The Lord will cause you to be defeated before your enemies. The fruit of your womb will be cursed. If you pay attention to the commands of the Lord your God that I give you this day and carefully follow them. confusion and rebuke in everything you put your hand to. The Lord will make you the head. if you do not obey the Lord your God and do not carefully follow all his commands and decrees I am giving you today. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 The Lord will plague you with diseases until he has destroyed you from the land you are entering to possess. The Lord will strike you with wasting disease. with fever and inflammation. You will lend to many nations but will borrow from none. day after day you will be oppressed and robbed. At midday you will grope about like a blind man in the dark. The Lord will send on you curses. with blight and mildew. 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 . never at the bottom. to send rain on your land in season and to bless all the work of your hands. to the right or to the left. you will always be at the top. from which you cannot be cured. You will be unsuccessful in everything you do. You will come at them from one direction but flee from them in seven.

You will build a house. but another will take her and ravish her. He will lend to you. powerless to lift a hand. and you will wear out your eyes watching for them day after day. All these curses will come upon you. because you did not obey the Lord your God and observe the commands and decrees he gave you. because worms will eat them. You will have olive trees throughout your country but you will not use the oil. Your ox will be slaughtered before your eyes. You will have sons and daughters but you will not keep them. He will be the head. The Lord will drive you and the king you set over you to a nation unknown to you or your fathers. You will plant vineyards and cultivate them but you will not drink the wine or gather the grapes. You will plant a vineyard. because the olives will drop off. Swarms of locusts will take over all your trees and the crops of your land. Because you did not serve the Lord your God joyfully and gladly in the time of prosperity. 37 36 35 . You will become a thing of horror and an object of scorn and ridicule to all the nations where the Lord will drive you. Your sheep will be given to your enemies. but you will not live in it. and no one will rescue them. The alien who lives among you will rise above you higher and higher. 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 The sights you see will drive you mad. There you will worship other gods. gods of wood and stone. but you will sink lower and lower. and you will have nothing but cruel oppression all your days. They will be a sign and a wonder to you and your descendants forever. 34 33 32 31 30 You will sow much seed in the field but you will harvest little. Your donkey will be forcibly taken from you and will not be returned. but you will be the tail. because locusts will devour it. but you will eat none of it. The Lord will afflict your knees and legs with painful boils that cannot be cured. because they will go into captivity. spreading from the soles of your feet to the top of your head. but you will not lend to him. A people that you do not know will eat what your land and labor produce. but you will not even begin to enjoy its fruit. Your sons and daughters will be given to another nation.You will be pledged to be married to a woman. They will pursue you and overtake you until you are destroyed.

They will besiege all the cities throughout the land the Lord your God is giving you. you will serve the enemies the Lord sends against you. which are written in this book. until you are destroyed. you will eat the fruit of the womb. It will be all he has left because 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 of the suffering your enemy will inflict on you during the siege of all your cities. and severe and lingering illnesses. They will leave you no grain. nor any calves of your herds or lambs of your flocks until you are ruined. and he will not give to one of them any of the flesh of his children that he is eating. He will put an iron yoke on your neck until he has destroyed you. so 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 . and they will cling to you. For she intends to eat them secretly during the siege and in the distress that your enemy will inflict on you in your cities. harsh and prolonged disasters. because you did not obey the Lord your God. and do not revere this glorious and awesome name-the Lord your Godthe Lord will send fearful plagues on you and your descendants. from the ends of the earth. They will lay siege to all the cities throughout your land until the high fortified walls in which you trust fall down. The most gentle and sensitive woman among you-so sensitive and gentle that she would not venture to touch the ground with the sole of her foot-will begrudge the husband she loves and her own son or daughter the afterbirth from her womb and the children she bears. The Lord will also bring on you every kind of sickness and disaster not recorded in this Book of the Law. a nation whose language you will not understand. Just as it pleased the Lord to make you prosper and increase in number. They will devour the young of your livestock and the crops of your land until you are destroyed. Because of the suffering that your enemy will inflict on you during the siege. He will bring upon you all the diseases of Egypt that you dreaded. a fierce-looking nation without respect for the old or pity for the young. If you do not carefully follow all the words of this law. the flesh of the sons and daughters the Lord your God has given you. You who were as numerous as the stars in the sky will be left but few in number. like an eagle swooping down.therefore in hunger and thirst. in nakedness and dire poverty. The Lord will bring a nation against you from far away. new wine or oil. Even the most gentle and sensitive man among you will have no compassion on his own brother or the wife he loves or his surviving children.

never sure of your life. in addition to the covenant he had made with them at Horeb. your clothes did not wear out. "If only it were morning!"-because of the terror that will fill your hearts and the sights that your eyes will see. When you reached this place. You will live in constant suspense. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 are the terms of the covenant the Lord commanded Moses to make with the Israelites in Moab. those miraculous signs and great wonders. But to this day the Lord has not given you a mind that understands or eyes that see or ears that hear. but no one will buy you. There you will worship other gods-gods of wood and stone. The Lord will send you back in ships to Egypt on a journey I said you should never make again. and the aliens living in your camps who chop your wood and carry your water. together with your children and your wives. There the Lord will give you an anxious mind. Carefully follow the terms of this covenant. Sihon king of Heshbon and Og king of Bashan came out to fight against us. During the forty years that I led you through the desert. but we defeated them. so that you may prosper in everything you do. the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh. eyes weary with longing. Among those nations you will find no repose. We took their land and gave it as an inheritance to the Reubenites. Then the Lord will scatter you among all nations. With your own eyes you saw those great trials. I did this so that you might know that I am the Lord your God. Moses summoned all the Israelites and said to them: Your eyes have seen all 2 29These . You ate no bread and drank no wine or other fermented drink. filled with dread both night and day. which neither you nor your fathers have known. and a despairing heart. All of you are standing today in the presence of the Lord your God-your leaders and chief men. There you will offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves. 68 67 66 65 64 that the Lord did in Egypt to Pharaoh. to all his officials and to all his land. your elders and officials. nor did the sandals on your feet. You will be uprooted from the land you are entering to possess. no resting place for the sole of your foot. from one end of the earth to the other. In the morning you will say. and all the other men of Israel. "If only it were evening!" and in the evening.it will please him to ruin and destroy you.

All the nations will ask: "Why has the Lord done this to this land? Why this fierce. no vegetation growing on it. make sure there is no root among you that produces such bitter poison. he invokes a blessing on himself and therefore thinks. clan or tribe among you today whose heart turns away from the Lord our God to go and worship the gods of those nations. gods they did not know. Admah and Zeboiim. gods he had not given them. The whole land will be a burning waste of salt and sulfur-nothing planted. burning anger?" And the answer will be: "It is because this people abandoned the covenant of the Lord . nothing sprouting. The Lord will single him out from all the tribes of Israel for disaster. with its oath. not only with you who are standing here with us today in the presence of the Lord our God but also with those who are not here today. Abraham. which the Lord overthrew in fierce anger. his wrath and zeal will burn against that man. They went off and worshiped other gods and bowed down to them. Isaac and Jacob. so that he brought on it all the curses written in this book.You are standing here in order to enter into a covenant with the Lord your God. You yourselves know how we lived in Egypt and how we passed through the countries on the way here. of silver and gold. "I will be safe. and the Lord will blot out his name from under heaven. a covenant the Lord is making with you this day and sealing with an oath. The Lord will never be willing to forgive him. All the curses written in this 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 book will fall upon him. Therefore the Lord 's anger burned against this land. the God of their fathers. even though I persist in going my own way." This will bring disaster on the watered land as well as the dry. Make sure there is no man or woman. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 . to confirm you this day as his people. It will be like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. I am making this covenant. You saw among them their detestable images and idols of wood and stone. When such a person hears the words of this oath. according to all the curses of the covenant written in this Book of the Law. that he may be your God as he promised you and as he swore to your fathers. Your children who follow you in later generations and foreigners who come from distant lands will see the calamities that have fallen on the land and the diseases with which the Lord has afflicted it. the covenant he made with them when he brought them out of Egypt.

the young of your livestock and the crops of your land. so that you have to ask. He will bring you to the land that belonged to your fathers. "Who will cross the sea to get it and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?" No. and you will take possession of it.In furious anger and in great wrath the Lord uprooted them from their land and thrust them into another land. as it is now. He will make you more prosperous and numerous than your fathers. and live. Even if you have been banished to the most distant land under the heavens. You will again obey the Lord and follow all his commands I am giving you today. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 all these blessings and curses I have set before you come upon you and you take them to heart wherever the Lord your God disperses you among the nations. The Lord your God will put all these curses on your enemies who hate and persecute you. It is not up in heaven. then the Lord your God will restore your fortunes and have compassion on you and gather you again from all the nations where he scattered you." The secret things belong to the Lord our God. from there the Lord your God will gather you and bring you back. but the things revealed belong to us and to our children forever. The Lord will again delight in you and make you prosperous. The Offer of Life or Death Now what I am commanding you today is not too difficult for you or beyond your reach. 29 28 with all your heart and with all your soul. and when you and your children return to the Lord your God and obey him with all your heart and with all your soul according to everything I command you today. so that you may love him 6 5 4 3 2 30When . Then the Lord your God will make you most prosperous in all the work of your hands and in the fruit of your womb. The Lord your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants. if you obey the Lord your God and keep his commands and decrees that are written in this Book of the Law and turn to the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul. "Who will ascend into heaven to get it and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?" Nor is it beyond the sea. so that you have to ask. that we may follow all the words of this law. the word is very near you. just as he delighted in your fathers. it is in your mouth and in your heart so you may obey it.

See. Then Moses commanded them: "At the end of every seven years. for the Lord your God goes with you. for you must go with this people into the land that the Lord swore to their forefathers to give them." Then Moses summoned Joshua and said to him in the presence of all Israel. Isaac and Jacob. The Lord has said to me. the kings of the Amorites." So Moses wrote down this law and gave it to the priests. Now choose life. 20 19 18 17 16 15 The Lord your God himself will cross over ahead of you. Do not be afraid. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 31Then Moses went out and spoke these words to all Israel: "I am now a hundred and twenty years old and I am no longer able to lead you. The Lord himself goes before you and will be with you. and if you are drawn away to bow down to other gods and worship them. do not be discouraged. and to keep his commands. and the Lord your God will bless you in the land you are entering to possess. he will never leave you nor forsake you. so that you and your children may live and that you may love the Lord your God.' 2 . He will destroy these nations before you. and hold fast to him. the sons of Levi. This day I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death. But if your heart turns away and you are not obedient. For I command you today to love the Lord your God. Be strong and courageous. and he will give you many years in the land he swore to give to your fathers. then you will live and increase. I declare to you this day that you will certainly be destroyed. and you must do to them all that I have commanded you. Do not be afraid or terrified because of them. For the Lord is your life. and you must divide it among them as their inheritance. to walk in his ways. and you will take possession of their land. he will never leave you nor forsake you. in the year for canceling debts. during the Feast of Tabernacles. 'You shall not cross the Jordan. Joshua also will cross over ahead of you. You will not live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to enter and possess. decrees and laws. The Lord will deliver them to you. "Be strong and courageous. whom he destroyed along with their land. as the Lord said. Abraham. And the Lord will do to them what he did to Sihon and Og. I set before you today life and prosperity. and to all the elders of Israel. death and destruction. blessings and curses. who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord . listen to his voice.

and the aliens living in your towns-so they can listen and learn to fear the Lord your God and follow carefully all the words of this law. so that it may be a witness for me against them." So Moses and Joshua came and presented themselves at the Tent of Meeting. and they will be destroyed. where I will commission him. I will hide my face from them." After Moses finished writing in a book the words of this law from beginning to end. The Lord gave this command to Joshua son of Nun: "Be strong and courageous. 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 . When I have brought them into the land flowing with milk and honey. you shall read this law before them in their hearing. and on that day they will ask. this song will testify against them. On that day I will become angry with them and forsake them. "Now write down for yourselves this song and teach it to the Israelites and have them sing it. Many disasters and difficulties will come upon them. because it will not be forgotten by their descendants. And the Lord said to Moses: "You are going to rest with your fathers. Then the Lord appeared at the Tent in a pillar of cloud." So Moses wrote down this song that day and taught it to the Israelites. and when they eat their fill and thrive. women and children. the land I promised on oath to their forefathers. and I myself will be with you. must hear it and learn to fear the Lord your God as long as you live in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess. rejecting me and breaking my covenant. even before I bring them into the land I promised them on oath. and these people will soon prostitute themselves to the foreign gods of the land they are entering. for you will bring the Israelites into the land I promised them on oath." The Lord said to Moses. Assemble the people-men. And when many disasters and difficulties come upon them. "Now the day of your death is near. Call Joshua and present yourselves at the Tent of Meeting. 'Have not these 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 disasters come upon us because our God is not with us?' And I will certainly hide my face on that day because of all their wickedness in turning to other gods. Their children. and the cloud stood over the entrance to the Tent. They will forsake me and break the covenant I made with them. I know what they are disposed to do. who do not know this law. they will turn to other gods and worship them.when all Israel comes to appear before the Lord your God at the place he will choose.

his works are perfect. O foolish and unwise people? Is he not your Father. to their shame they are no longer his children. like showers on new grass. For the Lord 's portion is his people. Is this the way you repay the Lord .he gave this command to the Levites who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord : "Take this Book of the Law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God." And Moses recited the words of this song from beginning to end in the hearing of the whole assembly of Israel: 30 29 28 27 26 25 I will proclaim the name of the Lord . so that I can speak these words in their hearing and call heaven and earth to testify against them. praise the greatness of our God! He is the Rock. when he divided all mankind. your Creator. how much more will you rebel after I die! Assemble before me all the elders of your tribes and all your officials. and all his ways are just. 2 32Listen. Let my teaching fall like rain and my words descend like dew. he set up boundaries for the peoples according to the number of the sons of Israel. . who made you and formed you? Remember the days of old. hear. O earth. like abundant rain on tender plants. In days to come. Ask your father and he will tell you. There it will remain as a witness against you. the words of my mouth. that spreads its wings to catch them and carries them on its pinions. consider the generations long past. They have acted corruptly toward him. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 O heavens. For I know how rebellious and stiffnecked you are. Jacob his allotted inheritance. disaster will fall upon you because you will do evil in the sight of the Lord and provoke him to anger by what your hands have made. in a barren and howling waste. and I will speak. If you have been rebellious against the Lord while I am still alive and with you. A faithful God who does no wrong. but a warped and crooked generation. upright and just is he. For I know that after my death you are sure to become utterly corrupt and to turn from the way I have commanded you. When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance. and they will explain to you. he guarded him as the apple of his eye. In a desert land he found him. like an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young. Oh. your elders. He shielded him and cared for him.

the Lord has not done all this. but I dreaded the taunt of the enemy. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 They made me jealous by what is no god and angered me with their worthless idols. They sacrificed to demons. I will send against them the fangs of wild beasts. I will make them envious by those who are not a people. he became heavy and sleek. with choice rams of Bashan and the finest kernels of wheat. It will devour the earth and its harvests and set afire the foundations of the mountains. He made him ride on the heights of the land and fed him with the fruit of the fields. and with oil from the flinty crag. Young men and young women will perish. in their homes terror will reign. filled with food. If only they were wise and would understand this and discern what their end will be! 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 . infants and gray-haired men. gods your fathers did not fear. "I will hide my face from them. for they are a perverse generation. The Lord saw this and rejected them because he was angered by his sons and daughters. consuming pestilence and deadly plague. one that burns to the realm of death below. I said I would scatter them and blot out their memory from mankind. who fathered you. 'Our hand has triumphed. Jeshurun grew fat and kicked. you forgot the God who gave you birth. lest the adversary misunderstand and say. For a fire has been kindled by my wrath. You deserted the Rock. there is no discernment in them. I will send wasting famine against them." he said. no foreign god was with him. In the street the sword will make them childless. He nourished him with honey from the rock.' " They are a nation without sense. I will make them angry by a nation that has no understanding. children who are unfaithful. You drank the foaming blood of the grape. They made him jealous with their foreign gods and angered him with their detestable idols. He abandoned the God who made him and rejected the Rock his Savior. with curds and milk from herd and flock and with fattened lambs and goats. "and see what their end will be. "I will heap calamities upon them and spend my arrows against them. the venom of vipers that glide in the dust. which are not God. gods that recently appeared.gods they had not known.The Lord alone led him.

How could one man chase a thousand. the land I am 49 . "Take to heart all the words I have solemnly declared to you this day. In due time their foot will slip. "Go up into the Abarim Range to Mount Nebo in Moab." The Lord will judge his people and have compassion on his servants when he sees their strength is gone and no one is left. Moses came with Joshua son of Nun and spoke all the words of this song in the hearing of the people. he said to them. the heads of the enemy leaders. They are not just idle words for youthey are your life. and view Canaan. slave or free. he will take vengeance on his enemies and make atonement for his land and people. for he will avenge the blood of his servants. I will repay. By them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess. Their grapes are filled with poison. Their vine comes from the vine of Sodom and from the fields of Gomorrah. or two put ten thousand to flight. Their wine is the venom of serpents. "Have I not kept this in reserve and sealed it in my vaults? It is mine to avenge. their day of disaster is near and their doom rushes upon them. across from Jericho. . the gods who ate the fat of their sacrifices and drank the wine of their drink offerings? Let them rise up to help you! Let them give you shelter! "See now that I myself am He! There is no god besides me. I put to death and I bring to life." Rejoice. as even our enemies concede. I will make my arrows drunk with blood. When Moses finished reciting all these words to all Israel. and their clusters with bitterness. O nations." 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 On that same day the Lord told Moses. when I sharpen my flashing sword and my hand grasps it in judgment. the deadly poison of cobras. I have wounded and I will heal. unless the Lord had given them up? For their rock is not like our Rock. He will say: "Now where are their gods. while my sword devours flesh: the blood of the slain and the captives. with his people. and no one can deliver out of my hand. unless their Rock had sold them. 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 I lift my hand to heaven and declare: As surely as I live forever. so that you may command your children to obey carefully all the words of this law. I will take vengeance on my adversaries and repay those who hate me. the rock they took refuge in.

He teaches your precepts to Jacob and your law to Israel. just as your brother Aaron died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people. You tested him at Massah. Bless all his skills.giving the Israelites possession. 'I have no regard for them. you will not enter the land I am giving to the people of Israel. and from you receive instruction. but he watched over your word and guarded your covenant. Oh. the law that Moses gave us." About Joseph he said: "May the Lord bless his land with the precious dew from heaven above and with the deep waters that lie below. 50 as their own "Let Reuben live and not die. and be pleased with the work of his hands. Surely it is you who love the people. He said: "The Lord came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir." 52 51 33This is the blessing that Moses the man of God pronounced on the Israelites before his death. be his help against his foes!" About Levi he said: "Your Thummim and Urim belong to the man you favored." About Benjamin he said: "Let the beloved of the Lord rest secure in him. the cry of Judah. all the holy ones are in your hand." And this he said about Judah: "Hear. He offers incense before you and whole burnt offerings on your altar. He came with myriads of holy ones from the south. O Lord . along with the tribes of Israel. for he shields him all day long. you will see the land only from a distance. This is because both of you broke faith with me in the presence of the Israelites at the waters of Meribah Kadesh in the Desert of Zin and because you did not uphold my holiness among the Israelites. He said of his father and mother. and the one the Lord loves rests between his shoulders. He was king over Jeshurun when the leaders of the people assembled. the possession of the assembly of Jacob. you contended with him at the waters of Meribah. bring him to his people. from his mountain slopes. he shone forth from Mount Paran.' He did not recognize his brothers or acknowledge his own children. 5 4 3 2 . strike his foes till they rise no more. nor his men be few. Therefore. Smite the loins of those who rise up against him. With his own hands he defends his cause. O Lord . 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 There on the mountain that you have climbed you will die and be gathered to your people. At your feet they all bow down.

" About Zebulun he said: "Rejoice. The eternal God is your refuge. he carried out the Lord 's righteous will. and underneath are the everlasting arms. saying. In majesty he is like a firstborn bull. where the heavens drop dew. Issachar. The bolts of your gates will be iron and bronze. the leader's portion was kept for him." About Asher he said: "Most blessed of sons is Asher. tearing at arm or head. even those at the ends of the earth. Zebulun. "There is no one like the God of Jeshurun. 'Destroy him!' So Israel will live in safety alone. 34 . Such are the ten thousands of Ephraim. He chose the best land for himself." 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 About Naphtali he said: "Naphtali is abounding with the favor of the Lord and is full of his blessing. in your going out. He will drive out your enemy before you. Jacob's spring is secure in a land of grain and new wine. his horns are the horns of a wild ox. and let him bathe his feet in oil. they will feast on the abundance of the seas. and your strength will equal your days. on the brow of the prince among his brothers. and you will trample down their high places. with the best gifts of the earth and its fullness and the favor of him who dwelt in the burning bush. O Israel! Who is like you. Let all these rest on the head of Joseph. and you. with the choicest gifts of the ancient mountains and the fruitfulness of the everlasting hills. When the heads of the people assembled. in your tents. springing out of Bashan. They will summon peoples to the mountain and there offer sacrifices of righteousness. on the treasures hidden in the sand. With them he will gore the nations. let him be favored by his brothers.with the best the sun brings forth and the finest the moon can yield. Blessed are you. such are the thousands of Manasseh. Your enemies will cower before you." About Dan he said: "Dan is a lion's cub. who rides on the heavens to help you and on the clouds in his majesty. a people saved by the Lord ? He is your shield and helper and your glorious sword. There the Lord showed him the whole land-from Gilead to Dan. and his judgments concerning Israel. he will inherit southward to the lake. " 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 Then Moses climbed Mount Nebo from the plains of Moab to the top of Pisgah." About Gad he said: "Blessed is he who enlarges Gad's domain! Gad lives there like a lion. across from Jericho.

' I have let you see it with your eyes. Then the Lord said to him. the Negev and the whole region from the Valley of Jericho. Isaac and Jacob when I said. 'I will give it to your descendants. who did all those miraculous signs and wonders the Lord sent him to do in Egypt-to Pharaoh and to all his officials and to his whole land. 12 11 10 9 8 . "This is the land I promised on oath to Abraham. yet his eyes were not weak nor his strength gone. as far as Zoar. no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses. Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died. as the Lord had said.all of Naphtali. in the valley opposite Beth Peor. For no one has ever shown the mighty power or performed the awesome deeds that Moses did in the sight of all Israel. Since then. the territory of Ephraim and Manasseh. 7 6 5 4 3 2 The Israelites grieved for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days. all the land of Judah as far as the western sea. Now Joshua son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom because Moses had laid his hands on him. but you will not cross over into it. So the Israelites listened to him and did what the Lord had commanded Moses. the City of Palms. He buried him in Moab." And Moses the servant of the Lord died there in Moab. whom the Lord knew face to face. until the time of weeping and mourning was over. but to this day no one knows where his grave is.

so that you may be careful to do 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 everything written in it. do not be discouraged. Now then. Moses' aide: "Moses my servant is dead. the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun. Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon. fully armed. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you. Be strong and very courageous. the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh. Do not let this Book of the Law depart from your mouth. 'Get your supplies ready. I will never leave you nor forsake you. the Euphrates-all the Hittite country-to the Great Sea on the west. that you may be successful wherever you go. your children and your livestock may stay in the land that Moses gave you east of the Jordan. Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go. do not turn from it to the right or to the left.' Your wives. get ready to cross the Jordan River into the land I am about to give to them-to the Israelites. so I will be with you. Three days from now you will cross the Jordan here to go in and take possession of the land the Lord your God is giving you for your own. "Remember the command that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you: 'The Lord your God is giving you rest and has granted you this land. as I promised Moses. and until they too have taken possession of the land that the Lord your God is giving them. but all your fighting men.' " But to the Reubenites. because you will lead these people to inherit the land I swore to their forefathers to give them. and from the great river. Joshua said. must cross over ahead of your brothers. "Be strong and courageous. Then you will be prosperous and successful. meditate on it day and night. No one will be able to stand up against you all the days of your life. After that. you and all these people." So Joshua ordered the officers of the people: "Go through the camp and tell the people. which Moses the servant of 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 . I will give you every place where you set your foot. as he has done for you. Do not be terrified. you may go back and occupy your own land. You are to help your brothers until the Lord gives them rest. As I was with Moses.Joshua 1After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord .

look over the land." Then they answered Joshua. Now then. whom you completely destroyed. and that you will save us from death. At dusk. whatever you may command them. "especially Jericho. for the Lord your God is God in heaven above and on the earth below. "Go. Just as we fully obeyed Moses." (But she had taken them up to the roof and hidden them under the stalks of flax she had laid out on the roof." he said. and as soon as the pursuers had gone out. so that all who live in this country are melting in fear because of you. Only be strong and courageous!" 18 17 16 which way they went. We have heard how the Lord dried up the water of the Red Sea for you when you came out of Egypt." 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 2Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. the men came to me. When we heard of it. Only may the Lord your God be with you as he was with Moses. Give me a sure sign that you will spare the lives of my father and mother. please swear to me by the Lord that you will show kindness to my family. I don't know 5 4 3 2 . and what you did to Sihon and Og. because I have shown kindness to you." So the king of Jericho sent this message to Rahab: "Bring out the men who came to you and entered your house. You may catch up with them. because they have come to spy out the whole land." But the woman had taken the two men and hidden them. she went up on the roof and said to them. the gate was shut. and all who belong to them.) So the men set out in pursuit of the spies on the road that leads to the fords of the Jordan. Before the spies lay down for the night. Go after them quickly. and wherever you send us we will go. She said. so we will obey you. my brothers and sisters. the two kings of the Amorites east of the Jordan. "Whatever you have commanded us we will do." So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there. when it was time to close the city gate. "Yes.the Lord gave you east of the Jordan toward the sunrise. "I know that the Lord has given this land to you and that a great fear of you has fallen on us. will be put to death. the men left. "Look! Some of the Israelites have come here tonight to spy out the land. Whoever rebels against your word and does not obey your words. our hearts melted and everyone's courage failed because of you. The king of Jericho was told. but I did not know where they had come from.

"Take up the ark of the covenant and pass on ahead of the people. do not go near it. "Consecrate yourselves. for the house she lived in was part of the city wall. Then the two men started back."Our lives for your lives!" the men assured her. giving orders to the people: "When you see the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God. and unless you have brought your father and mother." Joshua said to the priests. forded the river and came to Joshua son of Nun and told him everything that had happened to them." Joshua told the people. we will not be responsible. when we enter the land. If anyone goes outside your house into the street. Then you will know which way to go. all the people are melting in fear because of us. your brothers and all your family into your house. carrying it. his blood will be on his own head. and then go on your way. "If you don't tell what we are doing." So she sent them away and they departed. "Go to the hills so the pursuers will not find you. But keep a distance of about a thousand yards between you and the ark. And she tied the scarlet cord in the window." 24 23 3Early in the morning Joshua and all the Israelites set out from Shittim and went to the Jordan. where they camped before crossing over. you are to move out from your positions and follow it." So they took it up and went ahead of them. But if you tell what we are doing. they went into the hills and stayed there three days. who are Levites. you have tied this scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down. They went down out of the hills. They said to Joshua." she replied. his blood will be on our head if a hand is laid on him. After three days the officers went throughout the camp. "Let it be as you say. and the priests. we will treat you kindly and faithfully when the Lord gives us the land. Now she had said to them. until the 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 pursuers had searched all along the road and returned without finding them. since you have never been this way before. "The Lord has surely given the whole land into our hands." So she let them down by a rope through the window. for tomorrow the Lord will do amazing things among you." "Agreed. we will be released from the oath you made us swear. Hide yourselves there three days until they return." The men said to her. As for anyone who is in the house with you. "This oath you made us swear will not be binding on us unless. When they left. 6 5 4 3 2 .

"Today I will begin to exalt you in the eyes of all Israel. when your children ask you." So when the people broke camp to cross the Jordan. Hivites. "Go over before the ark of the Lord your God into the middle of the Jordan. 17 16 4When the whole nation had finished crossing the Jordan. And as soon as the priests who carry the ark of the Lord -the Lord of all the earth-set foot in the Jordan. Yet as soon as the priests who carried the ark reached the Jordan and their feet touched the water's edge. Now the Jordan is at flood stage all during harvest. See. the priests carrying the ark of the covenant went ahead of them. Girgashites. the Lord said to Joshua. and tell them to take up twelve stones from the middle of the Jordan from right where the priests stood and to carry them over with you and put them down at the place where you stay tonight. and said to them. Perizzites. "Come here and listen to the words of the Lord your God.And the Lord said to Joshua. Each of you is to take up a stone on his shoulder. go and stand in the river. 'What do these stones mean?' 6 5 4 3 2 . while all Israel passed by until the whole nation had completed the crossing on dry ground." So Joshua called together the twelve men he had appointed from the Israelites. one from each tribe. Amorites and Jebusites. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 the water from upstream stopped flowing. at a town called Adam in the vicinity of Zarethan. This is how you will know that the living God is among you and that he will certainly drive out before you the Canaanites. so they may know that I am with you as I was with Moses. In the future. So the people crossed over opposite Jericho. according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites. It piled up in a heap a great distance away. while the water flowing down to the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea ) was completely cut off. one from each tribe. Hittites. to serve as a sign among you. "Choose twelve men from among the people. its waters flowing downstream will be cut off and stand up in a heap. choose twelve men from the tribes of Israel. Tell the priests who carry the ark of the covenant: 'When you reach the edge of the Jordan's waters.' " Joshua said to the Israelites. the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth will go into the Jordan ahead of you. The priests who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord stood firm on dry ground in the middle of the Jordan. Now then. one from each tribe.

"Come up out of the Jordan. and they carried them over with them to their camp. as Moses had directed them. The Lord your God did to the Jordan just what he had done to the Red Sea when he dried it up before us until we had crossed over. 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 That day the Lord exalted Joshua in the sight of all Israel. The men of Reuben. 15 14 Then the Lord said to Joshua. These stones are to be a memorial to the people of Israel forever.tell them that the flow of the Jordan was cut off before the ark of the covenant of the Lord . according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites. Joshua set up the twelve stones that had been in the middle of the Jordan at the spot where the priests who carried the ark of the covenant had stood." And the priests came up out of the river carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord . the ark of the Lord and the priests came to the other side while the people watched. No sooner had they set their feet on the dry ground than the waters of the Jordan returned to their place and ran at flood stage as before. Now the priests who carried the ark remained standing in the middle of the Jordan until everything the Lord had commanded Joshua was done by the people. They took twelve stones from the middle of the Jordan. armed. the waters of the Jordan were cut off. and as soon as all of them had crossed.' For the Lord your God dried up the Jordan before you until you had crossed over. And Joshua set up at Gilgal the twelve stones they had taken out of the Jordan. About forty thousand armed for battle crossed over before the Lord to the plains of Jericho for war. where they put them down. and they revered him all the days of his life. When it crossed the Jordan. And they are there to this day. 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 . 'Israel crossed the Jordan on dry ground. The people hurried over. "In the future when your descendants ask their fathers. On the tenth day of the first month the people went up from the Jordan and camped at Gilgal on the eastern border of Jericho. in front of the Israelites." So the Israelites did as Joshua commanded them. as the Lord had told Joshua. "Command the priests carrying the ark of the Testimony to come up out of the Jordan." So Joshua commanded the priests. 'What do these stones mean?' tell them. Gad and the halftribe of Manasseh crossed over. He said to the Israelites. just as they had revered Moses. just as Moses had directed Joshua.

The day after the Passover. and asked him." So the place has been called Gilgal to this day. there was no longer any manna for the Israelites." So Joshua made flint knives and circumcised the Israelites at Gibeath Haaraloth." Then Joshua fell facedown to the ground in reverence." he replied. that very day. and these were the ones Joshua circumcised. 6 5 4 3 2 . "What message does my Lord have for his servant?" 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 5Now when all the Amorite kings west of the Jordan and all the Canaanite kings along the coast heard how the Lord had dried up the Jordan before the Israelites until we had crossed over. Now when Joshua was near Jericho. And after the whole nation had been circumcised. their hearts melted and they no longer had the courage to face the Israelites. they ate some of the produce of the land: unleavened bread and roasted grain." 24 So he raised up their sons in their place. but that year they ate of the produce of Canaan. he looked up and saw a man standing in front of him with a drawn sword in his hand. Then the Lord said to Joshua. All the people that came out had been circumcised. At that time the Lord said to Joshua. but all the people born in the desert during the journey from Egypt had not. Joshua went up to him and asked. a land flowing with milk and honey. "Today I have rolled away the reproach of Egypt from you.He did this so that all the peoples of the earth might know that the hand of the Lord is powerful and so that you might always fear the Lord your God. The Israelites had moved about in the desert forty years until all the men who were of military age when they left Egypt had died. "Are you for us or for our enemies?" "Neither. They were still uncircumcised because they had not been circumcised on the way. On the evening of the fourteenth day of the month. "Make flint knives and circumcise the Israelites again. they remained where they were in camp until they were healed. while camped at Gilgal on the plains of Jericho. Now this is why he did so: All those who came out of Egypt-all the men of military age-died in the desert on the way after leaving Egypt. since they had not obeyed the Lord . For the Lord had sworn to them that they would not see the land that he had solemnly promised their fathers to give us. the Israelites celebrated the Passover. "but as commander of the army of the Lord I have now come. The manna stopped the day after they ate this food from the land.

the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets before the Lord went forward.The commander of the Lord 's army replied. every man straight in. So on the second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. Then shout!" So he had the ark of the Lord carried around the city. for the place where you are standing is holy. March around the city once with all the armed men. 8 7 6 5 4 3 . But Joshua had commanded the people. I have delivered Jericho into your hands. The armed guard marched ahead of the priests who blew the trumpets. when the priests sounded the trumpet blast." And Joshua did so. No one went out and no one came in. On the seventh day." So Joshua son of Nun called the priests and said to them. except that on that day they circled the city seven times. The seven priests carrying the seven trumpets went forward. march around the city seven times. Joshua got up early the next morning and the priests took up the ark of the Lord . while the trumpets kept sounding. 15 blowing their trumpets. The seventh time around. The armed men went ahead of them and the rear guard followed the ark of the Lord . with the priests blowing the trumpets. When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets. do not raise your voices. Then the Lord said to Joshua. All this time the trumpets were sounding. They did this for six days. Then the people returned to camp and spent the night there. and the ark of the Lord 's covenant followed them." And he ordered the people. have all the people give a loud shout. circling it once. "See. "Do not give a war cry. On the seventh day. marching before the ark of the Lord and blowing the trumpets. "Take off your sandals. and the rear guard followed the ark. "Advance! March around the city. Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams' horns in front of the ark. with the armed guard going ahead of the ark of the Lord . 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 6Now 2 Jericho was tightly shut up because of the Israelites. Do this for six days. do not say a word until the day I tell you to shout." When Joshua had spoken to the people. "Take up the ark of the covenant of the Lord and have seven priests carry trumpets in front of it. then the wall of the city will collapse and the people will go up. along with its king and its fighting men. they got up at daybreak and marched around the city seven times in the same manner.

when the people gave a loud shout." So the Lord was with Joshua. At that time Joshua pronounced this solemn oath: "Cursed before the Lord is the man who undertakes to rebuild this city." So the young men who had done the spying went in and brought out Rahab. young and old. the wall collapsed. the son of Zimri. so that you will not bring about your own destruction by taking any of them. They devoted the city to the Lord and destroyed with the sword every living thing in it-men and women. Joshua said to the two men who had spied out the land. When they returned to Joshua. and they took the city. because she hid the men Joshua had sent as spies to Jericho-and she lives among the Israelites to this day. "Shout! For the Lord has given you the city! The city and all that is in it are to be devoted to the Lord . But keep away from the devoted things. They brought 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 out her entire family and put them in a place outside the camp of Israel. 27 26 25 24 7But the Israelites acted unfaithfully in regard to the devoted things .Joshua commanded the people. the people shouted. in accordance with your oath to her. because she hid the spies we sent. Jericho: "At the cost of his firstborn son will he lay its foundations. but they put the silver and gold and the articles of bronze and iron into the treasury of the Lord 's house. But Joshua spared Rahab the prostitute. at the cost of his youngest will he set up its gates. the son of Zerah. so every man charged straight in. they said. and at the sound of the trumpet. cattle. of the tribe of Judah. So the Lord 's anger burned against Israel. her father and mother and brothers and all who belonged to her. and his fame spread throughout the land. Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai. "Go into the prostitute's house and bring her out and all who belong to her. All the silver and gold and the articles of bronze and iron are sacred to the Lord and must go into his treasury. and told them. "Not all the people will have to go 3 2 . Otherwise you will make the camp of Israel liable to destruction and bring trouble on it. which is near Beth Aven to the east of Bethel. Achan son of Carmi. "Go up and spy out the region." So the men went up and spied out Ai. with her family and all who belonged to her. Then they burned the whole city and everything in it." When the trumpets sounded. took some of them. sheep and donkeys. Only Rahab the prostitute and all who are with her in her house shall be spared.

for only a few men are there. present yourselves tribe by tribe. and Judah was taken. they have put them with their own possessions. now that Israel has been routed by its enemies? The Canaanites and the other people of the country will hear about this and they will surround us and wipe out our name from the earth. which I commanded them to keep. says: That which is devoted is among you. Sovereign Lord . I will not be with you anymore unless you destroy whatever among you is devoted to destruction. O Israel. They chased the Israelites from the city gate as far as the stone quarries and struck them down on the slopes. they have lied.up against Ai. who killed about thirty-six of them. 17 16 15 14 13 12 . "Stand up! What are you doing down on your face? Israel has sinned. along with all that belongs to him. and the family that the Lord takes shall come forward man by man. but they were routed by the men of Ai. and he took the Zerahites. why did you ever bring this people across the Jordan to deliver us into the hands of the Amorites to destroy us? If only we had been content to stay on the other side of the Jordan! O Lord. Tell them. remaining there till evening. " 'In the morning. The tribe that the Lord takes shall come forward clan by clan. the clan that the Lord takes shall come forward family by family. "Ah. You cannot stand against your enemies until you remove it. Send two or three thousand men to take it and do not weary all the people. "Go. what can I say. At this the hearts of the people melted and became like water. That is why the Israelites cannot stand against their enemies. What then will you do for your own great name?" The Lord said to Joshua. and sprinkled dust on their heads. The clans of Judah came forward. 'Consecrate yourselves in preparation for tomorrow. Then Joshua tore his clothes and fell facedown to the ground before the ark of the Lord . for this is what the Lord . He who is caught with the devoted things shall be destroyed by fire. and Zimri was taken. consecrate the people. He had the clan of the Zerahites come forward by families. They have taken some of the 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 devoted things. the God of Israel. The elders of Israel did the same. they have stolen. they turn their backs and run because they have been made liable to destruction. they have violated my covenant. He has violated the covenant of the Lord and has done a disgraceful thing in Israel!' " Early the next morning Joshua had Israel come forward by tribes." So about three thousand men went up. And Joshua said.

the robe. "It is true! I have sinned against the Lord . Then Joshua said to Achan. with the silver underneath. they burned them. Then Joshua. and when the men come out against us. Therefore that place has been called the Valley of Achor ever since. except that you may carry off their plunder and livestock for yourselves. his tent and all that he had. the gold wedge. do not be discouraged. took Achan son of Zerah.Joshua had his family come forward man by man. Joshua said. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 Over Achan they heaped up a large pile of rocks. was taken. donkeys and sheep. the God of Israel. "Why have you brought this trouble on us? The Lord will bring trouble on you today. They took the things from the tent. Take the whole army with you. brought them to Joshua and all the Israelites and spread them out before the Lord . This is what I have done: When I saw in the plunder a beautiful robe from Babylonia. Set an ambush behind the city. All of you be on the alert. as they did before. Don't go very far from it. of the tribe of Judah. Tell me what you have done. He chose thirty thousand of his best fighting men and sent them out at night with these orders: "Listen carefully. we will flee from them. 'They are running away from us as they did before. and go up and attack Ai. for they will say. "Do not be afraid. with the silver underneath. I coveted them and took them. to the Valley of Achor. and Achan son of Carmi. his cattle. and give him the praise. which remains to this day." So Joshua and the whole army moved out to attack Ai. the son of Zimri. I and all those with me will advance on the city. and there it was. They will pursue us until we have lured them away from the city. 26 8Then the Lord said to Joshua.' So when we flee from them. you are to rise up from ambush and take the city. the son of Zerah." Then all Israel stoned him. give glory to the Lord . together with all Israel. You shall do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king. his sons and daughters. You are to set an ambush behind the city. the God of Israel. hidden in his tent. two hundred shekels of silver and a wedge of gold weighing fifty shekels. the silver. For I have delivered into your hands the king of Ai. The Lord your God will give it into your hand. "My son." So Joshua sent messengers. and they ran to the tent. his people. and after they had stoned the rest. his city and his land. They are hidden in the ground inside my tent. do not hide it from me." Achan replied. Then the Lord turned from his fierce anger. 7 6 5 4 3 2 .

As soon as he did this. but they had no chance to escape in any direction. The men of the ambush also came out of the city against them. But he did not know that an ambush had been set against him behind the city. with Israelites on both sides. Do what the Lord has commanded. with the valley between them and the city. the men in the ambush rose quickly from their position and rushed forward. set it on fire. for into your hand I will deliver the city. The entire force that was with him marched up and approached the city and arrived in front of it. you have my orders. Then the Lord said to Joshua. They left the city open and went in pursuit of Israel." So Joshua held out his javelin toward Ai. That night Joshua went into the valley. 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 . They set up camp north of Ai. Early the next morning Joshua mustered his men. and they pursued Joshua and were lured away from the city. They had the soldiers take up their positions-all those in the camp to the north of the city and the ambush to the west of it. leaving them neither survivors nor fugitives. But they took the king of Ai alive and brought him to Joshua. They entered the city and captured it and quickly set it on fire. and they fled toward the desert. they turned around and attacked the men of Ai. Joshua had taken about five thousand men and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai. so that they were caught in the middle. The men of Ai looked back and saw the smoke of the city rising against the sky. Joshua and all Israel let themselves be driven back before them. Israel cut them down. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 All the men of Ai were called to pursue them. "Hold out toward Ai the javelin that is in your hand. and he and the leaders of Israel marched before them to Ai. to the west of Ai-but Joshua spent that night with the people." Then Joshua sent them off. When the king of Ai saw this. to the west of the city.When you have taken the city. See to it. Not a man remained in Ai or Bethel who did not go after Israel. For when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city and that smoke was going up from the city. and they went to the place of ambush and lay in wait between Bethel and Ai. for the Israelites who had been fleeing toward the desert had turned back against their pursuers. he and all the men of the city hurried out early in the morning to meet Israel in battle at a certain place overlooking the Arabah.

For Joshua did not draw back the hand that held out his javelin until he had destroyed all who lived in Ai. So Joshua burned Ai and made it a permanent heap of ruins. At sunset. facing those who carried it-the priests. On it they offered to the Lord burnt offerings and sacrificed fellowship offerings. the God of Israel. All Israel. Joshua ordered them to take his body from the tree and throw it down at the entrance of the city gate. and along the entire coast of the Great Sea as far as Lebanon (the kings of the Hittites. all the Israelites returned to Ai and killed those who were in it. Joshua copied on stones the law of Moses. Afterward. in the western foothills. Perizzites.When Israel had finished killing all the men of Ai in the fields and in the desert where they had chased them. Canaanites. in the presence of the Israelites. There was not a word of all that Moses had commanded that Joshua did not read to the whole assembly of Israel. 3 2 . on which no iron tool had been used. who were Levites. which he had written. and the aliens who lived among them. Joshua read all the words of the law-the blessings and the cursesjust as it is written in the Book of the Law. Hivites and Jebusites)they came together to make war against Joshua and Israel. were standing on both sides of the ark of the covenant of the Lord . as Moses the servant of the Lord had formerly commanded when he gave instructions to bless the people of Israel. 35 34 33 32 9Now when all the kings west of the Jordan heard about these things-those in the hill country. officials and judges. Half of the people stood in front of Mount Gerizim and half of them in front of Mount Ebal. And they raised a large pile of rocks over it. However. aliens and citizens alike. He hung the king of Ai on a tree and left him there until evening. with their elders. 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 There. which remains to this day. a desolate place to this day. including the women and children. But Israel did carry off for themselves the livestock and plunder of this city. Twelve thousand men and women fell that day-all the people of Ai. and when every one of them had been put to the sword. as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded the Israelites. when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai. Amorites. as the Lord had instructed Joshua. He built it according to what is written in the Book of the Law of Moses-an altar of uncut stones. Then Joshua built on Mount Ebal an altar to the Lord .

the God of Israel. For we have heard reports of him: all that he did in Egypt. go and meet them and say to them. "We are your servants. cracked and mended. and the leaders of the assembly ratified it by oath." The men of Israel sampled their provisions but did not inquire of the Lord . But now see how dry and moldy it is. But the Israelites did not attack them. "We have given them our oath by the Lord . All the bread of their food supply was dry and moldy. "But perhaps you live near us. the Israelites heard that they were neighbors. Kephirah. How then can we make a treaty with you?" "We are your servants. Three days after they made the treaty with the Gibeonites. who reigned in Ashtaroth. This is what we will do to them: We will let them live. The men put worn and patched sandals on their feet and wore old clothes. the God of Israel.they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation whose donkeys were loaded with worn-out sacks and old wineskins. but all the leaders answered. But Joshua asked. because the leaders of the assembly had sworn an oath to them by the Lord ." they said to Joshua. and we cannot touch them now. And our elders and all those living in our country said to us. Then Joshua made a treaty of peace with them to let them live. So the Israelites set out and on the third day came to their cities: Gibeon. but see how cracked they are. The whole assembly grumbled against the leaders. living near them. "Who are you and where do you come from?" They answered: "Your servants have come from a very distant country because of the fame of the Lord your God. "We have come from a distant country." ' This bread of ours was warm when we packed it at home on the day we left to 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 come to you. And these wineskins that we filled were new. 'Take provisions for your journey. make a treaty with us." 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 ." The men of Israel said to the Hivites. and all that he did to the two kings of the Amorites east of the Jordan-Sihon king of Heshbon. Then they went to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal and said to him and the men of Israel. and Og king of Bashan. And our clothes and sandals are worn out by the very long journey. so that wrath will not fall on us for breaking the oath we swore to them. make a treaty with us. Beeroth and Kiriath Jearim.

because Gibeon was an important city. and all its men were good fighters. but let them be woodcutters and water carriers for the entire community." After an all-night march from Gilgal. Jarmuth. "Your servants were clearly told how the Lord your God had commanded his servant Moses to give you the whole land and to wipe out all its inhabitants from before you. I have given them into your hand.They continued. The Gibeonites then sent word to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal: "Do not abandon your servants. Do to us whatever seems good and right to you." Then the five kings of the Amorites-the kings of Jerusalem. and they did not kill them. like one of the royal cities. including all the best fighting men. We are now in your hands. Japhia king of Lachish and Debir king of Eglon." he said." So Joshua marched up from Gilgal with his entire army. That day he made the Gibeonites woodcutters and water carriers for the community and for the altar of the Lord at the place the Lord would choose. Come up to us quickly and save us! Help us. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Now Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had taken Ai and totally destroyed it. Piram king of Jarmuth. it was larger than Ai. and that the people of 10 ." So the leaders' promise to them was kept. So Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem appealed to Hoham king of Hebron. "Why did you deceive us by saying. Then Joshua summoned the Gibeonites and said. doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king. "Do not be afraid of them. because all the Amorite kings from the hill country have joined forces against us. And that is what they are to this day. and that is why we did this. "because it has made peace with Joshua and the Israelites. "Come up and help me attack Gibeon. 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 Gibeon had made a treaty of peace with Israel and were living near them. Hebron.' while actually you live near us? You are now under a curse: You will never cease to serve as woodcutters and water carriers for the house of my God. The Lord said to Joshua. Not one of them will be able to withstand you." They answered Joshua. Lachish and Eglon-joined forces. "Let them live." So Joshua saved them from the Israelites. They moved up with all their troops and took up positions against Gibeon and attacked it. So we feared for our lives because of you. 'We live a long way from you. Joshua took them by surprise. He and his people were very much alarmed at this.

and more of them died from the hailstones than were killed by the swords of the Israelites. Lachish and Eglon. he summoned all the men of Israel and said to the army commanders who had come with him. O moon. and the moon stopped. and 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 ." So Joshua and the Israelites destroyed them completely-almost to a man-but the few who were left reached their fortified cities. On the day the Lord gave the Amorites over to Israel. Joshua said to them." Then Joshua struck and killed the kings and hung them on five trees. Be strong and courageous. attack them from the rear and don't let them reach their cities. But don't stop! Pursue your enemies. a day when the Lord listened to a man. and no one uttered a word against the Israelites. The whole army then returned safely to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah. "Do not be afraid. as it is written in the Book of Jashar. do not be discouraged. When they had brought these kings to Joshua. "Come here and put your feet on the necks of these kings. Israel pursued them along the road going up to Beth Horon and cut them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah. stand still over Gibeon. and post some men there to guard it.The Lord threw them into confusion before Israel. who defeated them in a great victory at Gibeon. "Open the mouth of the cave and bring those five kings out to me. Joshua said. Jarmuth. over the Valley of Aijalon. Surely the Lord was fighting for Israel! Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal." So the sun stood still." So they came forward and placed their feet on their necks. till the nation avenged itself on its enemies. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 he said. As they fled before Israel on the road down from Beth Horon to Azekah. "Roll large rocks up to the mouth of the cave. When Joshua was told that the five kings had been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah. This is what the Lord will do to all the enemies you are going to fight. Now the five kings had fled and hidden in the cave at Makkedah." So they brought the five kings out of the cave-the kings of Jerusalem. The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day. There has never been a day like it before or since. the Lord hurled large hailstones down on them from the sky. Hebron. Joshua said to the Lord in the presence of Israel: "O sun. for the Lord your God has given them into your hand.

At sunset Joshua gave the order and they took them down from the trees and threw them into the cave where they had been hiding. he took up positions against it and attacked it. Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Libnah to Lachish. They captured it that same day and put it to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it. they totally destroyed it and everyone in it. At the mouth of the cave they placed large rocks. Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to Hebron and attacked it. They took the city and put it to the sword. the God of Israel. together with all their kings. He left no survivors. which are there to this day. just as the Lord .they were left hanging on the trees until evening. 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Lachish to Eglon. That day Joshua took Makkedah. The Lord handed Lachish over to Israel. had commanded. just as he had done to Libnah. Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Makkedah to Libnah and attacked it. He left no survivors there. the Negev. He totally destroyed all who breathed. He put the city and its king to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it. He left no survivors. its villages and everyone in it. They left no survivors. The city and everyone in it he put to the sword. Meanwhile. Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned around and attacked Debir. the western foothills and the mountain slopes. The city and everyone in it Joshua put to the sword. but Joshua defeated him and his army-until no survivors were left. They left no survivors. They took the city. 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 . just as they had done to Lachish. including the hill country. Joshua subdued them from Kadesh Barnea to Gaza and from the whole region of Goshen to Gibeon. they took up positions against it and attacked it. and Joshua took it on the second day. They did to Debir and its king as they had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron. Just as at Eglon. its king and its villages. and put them to the sword. together with its king. Everyone in it they totally destroyed. Horam king of Gezer had come up to help Lachish. And he did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho. And he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho. So Joshua subdued the whole region. The Lord also gave that city and its king into Israel's hand.

) 11 10 9 8 11When Jabin king of Hazor heard of this. not sparing anyone that breathed. He totally destroyed them. They came out with all their troops and a large number of horses and chariots-a huge army. "Do not be afraid of them. so Moses commanded Joshua. and to the Valley of Mizpah on the east. and to the Hivites below Hermon in the region of Mizpah. he sent word to Jobab king of Madon. which Joshua burned. to the Amorites. not sparing anything that breathed. and to the northern kings who were in the mountains. They defeated them and pursued them all the way to Greater Sidon. but all the people they put to the sword until they completely destroyed them. to Misrephoth Maim. slain. The Lord said to Joshua. You are to hamstring their horses and burn their chariots. Joshua took all these royal cities and their kings and put them to the sword. 43 42 and the Lord gave them into the hand of Israel. All these kings joined forces and made camp together at the Waters of Merom. The Israelites carried off for themselves all the plunder and livestock of these cities. to the kings of Shimron and Acshaph. he left nothing undone of all that the Lord commanded Moses." So Joshua and his whole army came against them suddenly at the Waters of Merom and attacked them. the God of Israel. Yet Israel did not burn any of the cities built on their mounds-except Hazor. Perizzites and Jebusites in the hill country. as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded. At that time Joshua turned back and captured Hazor and put its king to the sword. to the Canaanites in the east and west. Hittites. (Hazor had been the head of all these kingdoms. because the Lord . Joshua did to them as the Lord had directed: He hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots. As the Lord commanded his servant Moses. 15 14 13 12 . in the western foothills and in Naphoth Dor on the west. and Joshua did it. in the Arabah south of Kinnereth. as numerous as the sand on the seashore. because by this time tomorrow I will hand all of them over to Israel. to fight against Israel. 7 6 5 4 3 2 Everyone in it they put to the sword. fought for Israel. until no survivors were left. Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal. and he burned up Hazor itself.All these kings and their lands Joshua conquered in one campaign. They totally destroyed them.

For it was the Lord himself who hardened their hearts to wage war against Israel. He captured all their kings and struck them down. the whole region of Goshen. the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh to be their possession. He ruled over Mount Hermon.So Joshua took this entire land: the hill country. to Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. Joshua totally destroyed them and their towns. This included half of Gilead. and half of Gilead to the border of Sihon king of Heshbon. the western foothills. which rises toward Seir (their 7 6 5 4 3 2 12 . exterminating them without mercy. He ruled from Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Gorgefrom the middle of the gorge-to the Jabbok River. only in Gaza. Salecah. as the Lord had commanded Moses. And the territory of Og king of Bashan. which is the border of the Ammonites. No Anakites were left in Israelite territory. who took them all in battle. These are the kings of the land that Joshua and the Israelites conquered on the west side of the Jordan. from the Arnon Gorge to Mount Hermon. all the Negev. 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 These are the kings of the land whom the Israelites had defeated and whose territory they took over east of the Jordan. one of the last of the Rephaites. which rises toward Seir. and then southward below the slopes of Pisgah. just as the Lord had directed Moses. from all the hill country of Judah. putting them to death. And Moses the servant of the Lord gave their land to the Reubenites. the Arabah and the mountains of Israel with their foothills. He also ruled over the eastern Arabah from the Sea of Kinnereth to the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea ). At that time Joshua went and destroyed the Anakites from the hill country: from Hebron. So Joshua took the entire land. from Mount Halak. and the Israelites conquered them. from Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon to Mount Halak. so that he might destroy them totally. including all the eastern side of the Arabah: Sihon king of the Amorites. Debir and Anab. Then the land had rest from war. Except for the Hivites living in Gibeon. who reigned in Heshbon. not one city made a treaty of peace with the Israelites. and from all the hill country of Israel. Gath and Ashdod did any survive. and he gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their tribal divisions. who reigned in Ashtaroth and Edrei. all of Bashan to the border of the people of Geshur and Maacah. Moses. Joshua waged war against all these kings for a long time. to Beth Jeshimoth. the servant of the Lord .

the Lord said to him. the region of the Amorites. from Arah of the Sidonians as far as Aphek. "This is the land that remains: all the regions of the Philistines and Geshurites: from the Shihor River on the east of Egypt to the territory of Ekron on the north. all of it counted as Canaanite (the territory of the five Philistine rulers in Gaza. Ashdod. 24 23 22 21 20 13When Joshua was old and well advanced in years.lands Joshua gave as an inheritance to the tribes of Israel according to their tribal divisionsthe hill country. all the land of the Canaanites. Canaanites. "You are very old. Perizzites. and all Lebanon to the east. from Baal Gad below Mount Hermon to Lebo Hamath. from the south. and there are still very large areas of land to be taken over. 5 4 3 2 . Gath and Ekron-that of the Avvites). Ashkelon. Amorites. the western foothills. the desert and the Negev-the lands of the Hittites. the area of the Gebalites . Hivites and Jebusites): the king of Jericho one the king of Ai (near Bethel) one the king of Jerusalem one the king of Hebronp one the king of Jarmuth one the king of Lachish one the king of Eglon one the king of Gezer one the king of Debir one the king of Geder one the king of Hormah one the king of Arad one the king of Libnah one the king of Adullam one the king of Makkedah one the king of Bethel one the king of Tappuah one the king of Hepher one the king of Aphek one the king of Lasharon one the king of Madon one the king of Hazor one 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 the king of Shimron Meron one the king of Acshaph one the king of Taanach one the king of Megiddo one the king of Kedesh one the king of Jokneam in Carmel one the king of Dor (in Naphoth Dor ) one the king of Goyim in Gilgal one the king of Tirzah one thirty-one kings in all. the mountain slopes. the Arabah.

including Dibon. the servant of the Lord . the Israelites had put to the sword Balaam son of Beor. as he promised them. all the Sidonians. These towns 23 22 21 20 19 . and Beth Jeshimoth -all the towns on the plateau and the entire realm of Sihon king of the Amorites. 18 17 16 15 14 Jahaz. the territory of the people of Geshur and Maacah. are their inheritance. the Reubenites and the Gadites had received the inheritance that Moses had given them east of the Jordan. and the whole plateau past Medeba to Heshbon and all its towns on the plateau. Beth Baal Meon. In addition to those slain in battle. Rekem. who had reigned in Ashtaroth and Edrei and had survived as one of the last of the Rephaites. Moses had defeated him and the Midianite chiefs. out to the border of the Ammonites. clan by clan: The territory from Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Gorge." The other half of Manasseh. and divide it as an inheritance among the nine tribes and half of the tribe of Manasseh. Hur and Rebaprinces allied with Sihon-who lived in that country. It extended from Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Gorge. so they 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 continue to live among the Israelites to this day. as he. Zereth Shahar on the hill in the valley. Sibmah. the slopes of Pisgah. Kiriathaim. The boundary of the Reubenites was the bank of the Jordan. Zur. that is. This is what Moses had given to the tribe of Reuben. the God of Israel. I myself will drive them out before the Israelites. and from the town in the middle of the gorge. and from the town in the middle of the gorge. Bamoth Baal. Kedemoth. But to the tribe of Levi he gave no inheritance. who ruled in Heshbon. as I have instructed you. Beth Peor. Be sure to allocate this land to Israel for an inheritance. Evi. since the offerings made by fire to the Lord . Moses had defeated them and taken over their land. But the Israelites did not drive out the people of Geshur and Maacah. who practiced divination. had assigned it to them."As for all the inhabitants of the mountain regions from Lebanon to Misrephoth Maim. and all the towns of Sihon king of the Amorites. Mephaath. all of Mount Hermon and all Bashan as far as Salecahthat is. and included the whole plateau of Medeba as far as Dibon. It also included Gilead. the whole kingdom of Og in Bashan. who ruled at Heshbon.

and Ashtaroth and Edrei (the royal cities of Og in Bashan). 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 This is the inheritance Moses had given when he was in the plains of Moab across the Jordan east of Jericho. Their inheritances were assigned by lot to the nine-and-a-half tribes. is their inheritance. clan by clan: The territory extending from Mahanaim and including all of Bashan. This is what Moses had given to the tribe of Gad. near Rabbah. 33 32 these are the areas the Israelites received as an inheritance in the land of Canaan. Moses had given no inheritance.and their villages were the inheritance of the Reubenites. This is what Moses had given to the half-tribe of Manasseh. with pasturelands for their flocks and herds. Now the men of Judah approached Joshua at Gilgal. Joshua son of Nun and the heads of the tribal clans of Israel allotted to them. Succoth and Zaphon with the rest of the realm of Sihon king of Heshbon (the east side of the Jordan. which Eleazar the priest. So the Israelites divided the land. But to the tribe of Levi. as he promised them. as the Lord had commanded through Moses. Moses had granted the two-and-a-half tribes their inheritance east of the Jordan but had not granted the Levites an inheritance among the rest. clan by clan. clan by clan. the entire realm of Og king of Bashan-all the settlements of Jair in Bashan. Beth Nimrah. and from Mahanaim to the territory of Debir. for the sons of Joseph had become two tribes-Manasseh and Ephraim. just as the Lord had commanded Moses. These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the Gadites. the territory up to the end of the Sea of Kinnereth ). The Levites received no share of the land but only towns to live in. the Lord . sixty towns. clan by clan. Beth Haram. the God of Israel. and in the valley. all the towns of Gilead and half the Ammonite country as far as Aroer. that is. 6 5 4 3 2 14Now . half of Gilead. to half the family of the descendants of Manasseh. and Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite said to him. and from Heshbon to Ramath Mizpah and Betonim. "You know what the Lord said to Moses the man of God at Kadesh Barnea about you and me. This was for the descendants of Makir son of Manasseh-for half of the sons of Makir. clan by clan: The territory of Jazer.

wholeheartedly. while Israel moved about in the desert.) Then the land had rest from war. You yourself heard then that the Anakites were there and their cities were large and fortified. It then passed along to Azmon and joined the Wadi of Egypt. 15 allotment for the tribe of Judah. crossed south of Scorpion Pass. eighty-five years old! I am still as strong today as the day Moses sent me out. however. It continued along to the waters of En Shemesh and came out at En Rogel. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 because he followed the Lord . he has kept me alive for forty-five years since the time he said this to Moses. to the Desert of Zin in the extreme south. The boundary then went up to Debir from the Valley of Achor and turned north to Gilgal. The northern boundary started from the bay of the sea at the mouth of the Jordan. 'The land on which your feet have walked will be your inheritance and that of your children forever. ending at the sea. 7 6 5 4 3 2 15The . just as the Lord promised. This is their southern boundary. but my brothers who went up with me made the hearts of the people melt with fear. I. Now give me this hill country that the Lord promised me that day. I will drive them out just as he said. went up to Beth Hoglah and continued north of Beth Arabah to the Stone of Bohan son of Reuben. Their southern boundary started from the bay at the southern end of the Salt Sea. followed the Lord my God wholeheartedly. the Lord helping me. continued on to Zin and went over to the south of Kadesh Barnea.I was forty years old when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me from Kadesh Barnea to explore the land. I'm just as vigorous to go out to battle now as I was then. The eastern boundary is the Salt Sea as far as the mouth of the Jordan. who was the greatest man among the Anakites." Then Joshua blessed Caleb son of Jephunneh and gave him Hebron as his inheritance.' "Now then. but. clan by clan. And I brought him back a report according to my convictions. because you have followed the Lord my God wholeheartedly. extended down to the territory of Edom. So on that day Moses swore to me. which faces the Pass of Adummim south of the gorge. So Hebron has belonged to Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite ever since. So here I am today. (Hebron used to be called Kiriath Arba after Arba. Then it ran past Hezron up to Addar and curved around to Karka. the God of Israel.

took it." Othniel son of Kenaz. One day when she came to Othniel. Hazar Gaddah. 27 . Telem. so Caleb gave his daughter Acsah to him in marriage. Ziph. Shema. Dimonah." So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs. Eder. Adadah. Then it curved westward from Baalah to Mount Seir. came out at the towns of Mount Ephron and went down toward Baalah (that is. ran along the northern slope of Mount Jearim (that is. It went to the northern slope of Ekron. Hebron. (Arba was the forefather of Anak. Moladah. Caleb's brother. The western boundary is the coastline of the Great Sea.) From Hebron Caleb drove out the three Anakites-Sheshai. 23 24 Hazor Hadattah. turned toward Shikkeron. Jagur. In accordance with the Lord 's command to him. Ithnan. continued down to Beth Shemesh and crossed to Timnah. From there he marched against the people living in Debir (formerly called Kiriath Sepher). Kedesh. Since you have given me land in the Negev. give me also springs of water. Hazor. Joshua gave to Caleb son of Jephunneh a portion in JudahKiriath Arba. From there it climbed to the top of the hill west of the Hinnom Valley at the northern end of the Valley of Rephaim. "Do me a special favor. "What can I do for you?" She replied.Then it ran up the Valley of Ben Hinnom along the southern slope of the Jebusite city (that is. Kesalon). passed along to Mount Baalah and reached Jabneel. she urged him to ask her father for a field. Caleb asked her. When she got off her donkey. that is. Bealoth. 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 Kinah. Kiriath Jearim). Heshmon. Ahiman and Talmai-descendants of Anak. Jerusalem). Hazor). Beth Pelet. These are the boundaries around the people of Judah by their clans. 26 25 Amam. clan by clan: The southernmost towns of the tribe of Judah in the Negev toward the boundary of Edom were: Kabzeel. Kerioth Hezron (that is. From the hilltop the boundary headed toward the spring of the waters of Nephtoah. This is the inheritance of the tribe of Judah. "I will give my daughter Acsah in marriage to the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher. The boundary ended at the sea. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 And Caleb said.

52 51 Arab. Ashnah. west of Ekron. Kesil. Madmannah. Iim. Carmel. Debir). all that were in the vicinity of Ashdod. Eshan.28 Hazar Shual. Beth Anoth and Eltekon-six towns and their villages. Joktheel. 44 Maarath. Aphekah. Ziph. Biziothiah. its settlements and villages. Giloh-eleven 35 50 Shaaraim. Anim. Jezreel. Jokdeam. Ain and Rimmon-a total of twenty-nine towns and their villages. and Gaza. 34 33 32 Zanoah. Dumah. Beersheba. 49 48 47 46 45 29 30 31 Lebaoth. Dannah. En Gannim. Enam. Gederoth. 53 38 39 Humtah. Ashdod. Kiriath Arba (that is. Tappuah. Eglon. Socoh. Lachish. as far as the Wadi of Egypt and the coastline of the Great Sea. Zorah. Adullam. Hebron) and Zior-nine towns and their villages. Ziklag. Jattir. Anab. 58 57 Libnah. Iphtah. 55 54 40 Maon. 37 36 Goshen. 42 41 56 Kain. Socoh. Ashnah. Sansannah. Beth Dagon. Beth Tappuah. Kitlish. Jarmuth. with its surrounding settlements and villages. Aczib and Mareshah-nine towns and their villages. 59 . Kiriath Sannah (that is. Beth Zur. Juttah. Ekron. Nezib. In the hill country: Shamir. together with their villages. Migdal Gad. Ether. Adithaim and Gederah (or Gederothaim) -fourteen towns and their villages. Janim. Gedor. Mizpah. Azekah. In the western foothills: Eshtaol. Naamah and Makkedah-sixteen towns and their villages. Baalah. Hadashah. Eshtemoh. Ashan. Zanoah. Bozkath. Halhul. Dilean. Ezem. Cabbon. Holon and towns and their villages. Zenan. Lahmas. Shilhim. Gibeah and Timnah-ten towns and their villages. its surrounding settlements and villages. Hormah. Eltolad. 43 Keilah.

It went on from Bethel (that is. This was the territory of Ephraim. the son of Manasseh. Hepher and Shemida. These are the other male descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph by their clans. So this allotment was for the rest of the people of Manasseh-the clans of Abiezer. Kiriath Jearim) and Rabbah-two towns and their villages. the descendants of Joseph. So Manasseh and Ephraim. Now Zelophehad son of Hepher. for Makir. 63 62 61 60 eastward to Taanath Shiloh. Judah could not dislodge the Jebusites. Luz). Secacah. From Micmethath on the north it curved 6 5 4 3 2 17This was the allotment for the tribe of Manasseh as Joseph's firstborn. They did not dislodge the Canaanites living in Gezer. Asriel. had no sons but only 3 2 . descended westward to the territory of the Japhletites as far as the region of Lower Beth Horon and on to Gezer. Shechem. passing by it to Janoah on the east. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the Ephraimites. crossed over to the territory of the Arkites in Ataroth. It also included all the towns and their villages that were set aside for the Ephraimites within the inheritance of the Manassites. Manasseh's firstborn. to this day the Jebusites live there with the people of Judah. Makir was the ancestor of the Gileadites. that is. In the desert: Beth Arabah. the son of Gilead. east of the waters of Jericho. Middin. who had received Gilead and Bashan because the Makirites were great soldiers. clan by clan: The boundary of their inheritance went from Ataroth Addar in the east to Upper Beth Horon and continued to the sea. to this day the Canaanites live among the people of Ephraim but are required to do forced labor. clan by clan. and went up from there through the desert into the hill country of Bethel.Kiriath Baal (that is. Then it went down from Janoah to Ataroth and Naarah. 10 9 8 7 16The allotment for Joseph began at the Jordan of Jericho. the City of Salt and En Gedisix towns and their villages. ending at the sea. who were living in Jerusalem. Helek. received their inheritance. the son of Makir. Nibshan. touched Jericho and came out at the Jordan. From Tappuah the border went west to the Kanah Ravine and ended at the sea.

on the boundary of Manasseh.daughters. when the Israelites grew stronger." The people of Joseph replied. go up into the forest and clear land for yourselves there in the land of the Perizzites and Rephaites. "The hill country is not enough for us. because the daughters of the tribe of Manasseh received an inheritance among the sons. The people of Joseph said to Joshua." "If you are so numerous. on the north to Manasseh. and all the Canaanites who live in the plain have iron chariots." Joshua answered. "Why have you given us only one allotment and one portion for an inheritance? We are a numerous people and the Lord has blessed us abundantly. There were towns belonging to Ephraim lying among the towns of Manasseh. Milcah and Tirzah. On the south the land belonged to Ephraim. but Tappuah itself. Joshua son of Nun. both those in Beth Shan and its settlements and those in the Valley of Jezreel. "and if the hill country of Ephraim is too small for you. Ibleam and the people of Dor. but the boundary of Manasseh was the northern side of the ravine and ended at the sea. Noah.) Then the boundary continued south to the Kanah Ravine. Yet the Manassites were not able to occupy these towns. Taanach and Megiddo." But Joshua said to the house of Joseph-to Ephraim and Manasseh-"You 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 . Hoglah. according to the Lord 's command. they subjected the Canaanites to forced labor but did not drive them out completely. belonged to the Ephraimites. However. Endor. They went to Eleazar the priest. (Manasseh had the land of Tappuah. The territory of Manasseh extended from Asher to Micmethath east of Shechem. Manasseh's share consisted of ten tracts of land besides Gilead and Bashan east of the Jordan. The boundary ran southward from there to include the people living at En Tappuah. The territory of Manasseh reached the sea 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 and bordered Asher on the north and Issachar on the east. and the leaders and said. The land of Gilead belonged to the rest of the descendants of Manasseh." So Joshua gave them an inheritance along with the brothers of their father. whose names were Mahlah. Manasseh also had Beth Shan. "The Lord commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brothers. together with their surrounding settlements (the third in the list is Naphoth ). for the Canaanites were determined to live in that region. Within Issachar and Asher.

The country was brought under their control. The lot came up for the tribe of Benjamin. Judah is to remain in its territory on the south and the house of Joseph in its territory on the north. though the Canaanites have iron chariots and though they are strong. From the hill facing Beth Horon on the south the boundary turned south along 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 whole assembly of the Israelites gathered at Shiloh and set up the Tent of Meeting there. Then return to me. and there he distributed the land to the Israelites according to their tribal divisions. the God of your fathers. clan by clan. Bethel) and went down to Ataroth Addar on the hill south of Lower Beth Horon. because the priestly 7 6 5 4 3 2 18The ." 18 service of the Lord is their inheritance. passed the northern slope of Jericho and headed west into the hill country. And Gad. however. do not get a portion among you. Moses the servant of the Lord gave it to them. you can drive them out. Then they will return to me. bring them here to me and I will cast lots for you in the presence of the Lord our God." So the men left and went through the land. Joshua instructed them. After you have written descriptions of the seven parts of the land. Clear it. Their allotted territory lay between the tribes of Judah and Joseph: On the north side their boundary began at the Jordan. "Go and make a survey of the land and write a description of it. and returned to Joshua in the camp at Shiloh.are numerous and very powerful. in seven parts. and I will cast lots for you here at Shiloh in the presence of the Lord . The Levites. You will have not only one allotment but the forested hill country as well. town by town. has given you? Appoint three men from each tribe. So Joshua said to the Israelites: "How long will you wait before you begin to take possession of the land that the Lord . I will send them out to make a survey of the land and to write a description of it. Joshua then cast lots for them in Shiloh in the presence of the Lord . They wrote its description on a scroll. Reuben and the half-tribe of Manasseh have already received their inheritance on the east side of the Jordan. according to the inheritance of each. but there were still seven Israelite tribes who had not yet received their inheritance." As the men started on their way to map out the land. and its farthest limits will be yours. From there it crossed to the south slope of Luz (that is. coming out at the desert of Beth Aven. You are to divide the land into seven parts.

which faces the Pass of Adummim. Rekem. Haeleph. Kiriath Jearim). 3 2 19 Hazar Shual. The tribe of Benjamin. and ran down to the Stone of Bohan son of Reuben.the western side and came out at Kiriath Baal (that is. Jerusalem). Taralah. and the boundary came out at the spring of the waters of Nephtoah. Beeroth. continued to Geliloth. It included: Beersheba (or Sheba). These were the boundaries that marked out the inheritance of the clans of Benjamin on all sides. Moladah. Bethel. Mozah. 4 5 Beth Lebaoth and Sharuhen-thirteen towns and their villages. Mizpah. It continued down the Hinnom Valley along the southern slope of the Jebusite city and so to En Rogel. This was the western side. The Jordan formed the boundary on the eastern side. at the mouth of the Jordan in the south. Avvim. Hazar Susah. Zemaraim. had the following cities: Jericho. Ether and Ashan-four towns and their villages7 6 . Ziklag. Their inheritance lay within the territory of Judah. north of the Valley of Rephaim. Emek Keziz. 25 24 Gibeon. Beth Hoglah. It then went to the northern slope of Beth Hoglah and came out at the northern bay of the Salt Sea. The southern side began at the outskirts of Kiriath Jearim on the west. This was the inheritance of Benjamin for its clans. Kephirah. a town of the people of Judah. Ain. It continued to the northern slope of Beth Arabah and on down into the Arabah. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 22 Beth Arabah. the Jebusite city (that is. Bethul. It then curved north. Beth Marcaboth. Gibeah and Kiriathfourteen towns and their villages. Ophrah. Ophni and Gebatwelve towns and their villages. The boundary went down to the foot of the hill facing the Valley of Ben Hinnom. Ezem. Eltolad. 23 Kephar Ammoni. 26 27 Zelah. This was the southern boundary. Irpeel. Hormah. went to En Shemesh. clan by clan. Ramah. Parah. clan by clan. Balah. 28 The second lot came out for the tribe of Simeon. Rimmon.

It then turned east toward Beth Dagon. The fifth lot came out for the tribe of Asher. Shimron. clan by clan. and extended to the ravine near Jokneam. Their territory included: Helkath. These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Issachar. The third lot came up for Zebulun. Then it continued eastward to Gath Hepher and Eth Kazin. passing Cabul on the left. Shahazumah and Beth Shemesh. En Haddah and Beth Pazzez. There were twelve towns and their villages. It turned east from Sarid toward the sunrise to the territory of Kisloth Tabor and went on to Daberath and up to Japhia. turned toward Hosah and came out at the sea in the region of Aczib. Allammelech. because Judah's portion was more than they needed. touched Zebulun and the Valley of Iphtah El. touched Dabbesheth. and ended at the Jordan. and went north to Beth Emek and Neiel. Shunem. 20 Remeth. clan by clan. The boundary then turned back toward Ramah and went to the fortified city of Tyre. 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 . Rabbith. Anaharath.and all the villages around these towns as far as Baalath Beer (Ramah in the Negev). Ebez. Nahalal. There were sixteen towns and their villages. Idalah and Bethlehem. clan by clan: The boundary of their inheritance went as far as Sarid. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 Their territory included: Kesulloth. 19 18 Jezreel. Hali. These towns and their villages were the inheritance of Zebulun. The inheritance of the Simeonites was taken from the share of Judah. Amad and Mishal. Acshaph. Kishion. clan by clan. Hammon and Kanah. The fourth lot came out for Issachar. Rehob. Shion. clan by clan. Going west it ran to Maralah. as far as Greater Sidon. Hapharaim. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the Simeonites. There the boundary went around on the north to Hannathon and ended at the Valley of Iphtah El. En Gannim. it came out at Rimmon and turned toward Neah. So the Simeonites received their inheritance within the territory of Judah. Beten. clan by clan. It went to Abdon. The boundary touched Tabor. On the west the boundary touched Carmel and Shihor Libnath. Included were Kattath.

Aphek and Rehob. Asher on the west and the Jordan on the east. Jehud. They gave him the town he asked for-Timnath Serah in the hill country of Ephraim. Ithlah. Ir Shemesh. clan by clan: Their boundary went from Heleph and the large tree in Zaanannim. Hazor. clan by clan. It touched Zebulun on the south. Eltekeh. 42 41 40 39 38 20Then the Lord said to Joshua: Shaalabbin. 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 43 Elon. These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Naphtali. And he built up the town and settled there. En Hazor. The territory of their inheritance included: Zorah. so they went up and attacked Leshem. Timnah. 37 Iron. When they had finished dividing the land into its allotted portions. Edrei. passing Adami Nekeb and Jabneel to Lakkum and ending at the Jordan. 51 50 49 48 47 46 Adamah. There were twenty-two towns and their villages. The seventh lot came out for the tribe of Dan. clan by clan. Hammath. 44 45 Me Jarkon and Rakkon. Beth Anath and Beth Shemesh. with the area facing Joppa. Joshua son of Nun and the heads of the tribal clans of Israel assigned by lot at Shiloh in the presence of the Lord at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Asher. Gibbethon. Kedesh. Ekron. clan by clan.) These towns and their villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Dan. Bene Berak. The sixth lot came out for Naphtali. (But the Danites had difficulty taking possession of their territory. Aijalon. Rakkath. The fortified cities were Ziddim. the Israelites gave Joshua son of Nun an inheritance among them. Zer. put it to the sword and occupied it. Ramah. Horem. These are the territories that Eleazar the priest. Gath Rimmon. Baalath. Kinnereth. . Migdal El.Ummah. clan by clan. They settled in Leshem and named it Dan after their forefather. took it. And so they finished dividing the land. as the Lord had commanded. The boundary ran west through Aznoth Tabor and came out at Hukkok. Eshtaol. There were nineteen towns and their villages.

so that anyone who kills a person accidentally and unintentionally may flee there and find protection from the avenger of blood. Naphtali and the half-tribe of Manasseh in Bashan. Asher. as the Lord had commanded. 9 Now the family heads of the Levites approached Eleazar the priest. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Any of the Israelites or any alien living among them who killed someone accidentally could flee to these designated cities and not be killed by the avenger of blood prior to standing trial before the assembly. as I instructed you through Moses. clan by clan." So they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali. Then they are to admit him into their city and give him a place to live with them. received twelve towns from the tribes of Reuben. "When he flees to one of these cities. they must not surrender the one accused. Dan and half of Manasseh. with pasturelands for our livestock. Gad and Zebulun. he is to stand in the entrance of the city gate and state his case before the elders of that city. Ramoth in Gilead in the tribe of Gad. Then he may go back to his own home in the town from which he fled. The descendants of Merari. If the avenger of blood pursues him. clan by clan."Tell the Israelites to designate the cities of refuge. and the heads of the other tribal families of Israel at Shiloh in Canaan and said to them. "The Lord commanded through Moses that you give us towns to live in. and Kiriath Arba (that is. and Golan in Bashan in the tribe of Manasseh. Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim." So. The Levites who were descendants of Aaron the priest were allotted thirteen towns from the tribes of Judah. the Israelites gave the Levites the following towns and pasturelands out of their own inheritance: The first lot came out for the Kohathites. The rest of Kohath's descendants were allotted ten towns from the clans of the tribes of Ephraim. because he killed his neighbor unintentionally and without malice aforethought. 7 6 5 4 3 2 21 . Hebron) in the hill country of Judah. He is to stay in that city until he has stood trial before the assembly and until the death of the high priest who is serving at that time. Joshua son of Nun. The descendants of Gershon were allotted thirteen towns from the clans of the tribes of Issachar. On the east side of the Jordan of Jericho they designated Bezer in the desert on the plateau in the tribe of Reuben. Simeon and Benjamin.

Holon. Eshtemoa. From the tribes of Judah and Simeon they allotted the following towns by name (these towns were assigned to the descendants of Aaron who were from the Kohathite clans of the Levites. Also from the tribe of Dan they received Eltekeh. Gibbethon. in the hill country of Judah. Libnah.) But the fields and villages around the city they had given to Caleb son of Jephunneh as his possession. with its surrounding pastureland. the descendants of Aaron. From half the tribe of Manasseh they received Taanach and Gath Rimmon. Golan in Bashan (a city of refuge for one accused of murder) and Be Eshtarah. together with their pasturelands-four towns. Daberath. as the Lord had commanded through Moses. And from the tribe of Benjamin they gave them Gibeon. 18 17 16 . Kishion. Hebron). from the tribe of Issachar. 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 Jattir. together with their pasturelands-nine towns from these two tribes. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 All the towns for the priests. because the first lot fell to them): They gave them Kiriath Arba (that is.So the Israelites allotted to the Levites these towns and their pasturelands. Debir. All these ten towns and their pasturelands were given to the rest of the Kohathite clans. (Arba was the forefather of Anak. together with their pasturelands-four towns. So to the descendants of Aaron the priest they gave Hebron (a city of refuge for one accused of murder). together with their pasturelands-four towns. The Levite clans of the Gershonites were given: from the half-tribe of Manasseh. Jarmuth and En Gannim. 15 Ain. Juttah and Beth Shemesh. Kibzaim and Beth Horon. were thirteen. Geba. together with their pasturelands-two towns. The rest of the Kohathite clans of the Levites were allotted towns from the tribe of Ephraim: In the hill country of Ephraim they were given Shechem (a city of refuge for one accused of murder) and Gezer. together with their pasturelands. together with their pasturelands-two towns. Aijalon and Gath Rimmon. together with their pasturelands-four towns. Anathoth and Almon.

Helkath and Rehob. together with their pasturelands. Kartah. The Merarite clans (the rest of the Levites) were given: from the tribe of Zebulun. every one was fulfilled. All the towns allotted to the Merarite clans. and they took possession of it and settled there.30 from the tribe of Asher. Mahanaim. return to your homes in the land that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you on the other side of the Jordan. For a long time now-to this very dayyou have not deserted your brothers but have carried out the mission the Lord your God gave you. Hammoth Dor and Kartan. 36 35 34 33 32 31 Each of these towns had pasturelands surrounding it. 41 40 39 38 37 . from the tribe of Naphtali. "You have done all that Moses the servant of the Lord commanded. Mishal. Kedesh in Galilee (a city of refuge for one accused of murder). together with their pasturelands-four towns. the Lord handed all their enemies over to them. The Lord gave them rest on every side. The towns of the Levites in the territory held by the Israelites were forty-eight in all. Abdon. Not one of their enemies withstood them. the Gadites and the halftribe of Manasseh and said to them. Bezer. But be very careful to keep the commandment and the law that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you: to love 5 4 3 2 22Then Kedemoth and Mephaath. together with their pasturelands-four towns in all. together with their pasturelands-four towns. Heshbon and Jazer. So the Lord gave Israel all the land he had sworn to give their forefathers. 45 44 43 42 from the tribe of Reuben. Joshua summoned the Reubenites. were twelve. All the towns of the Gershonite clans were thirteen. Dimnah and Nahalal. together with their pasturelands. together with their pasturelands-four towns. this was true for all these towns. just as he had sworn to their forefathers. Jahaz. who were the rest of the Levites. Jokneam. Ramoth in Gilead (a city of refuge for one accused of murder). Not one of all the Lord 's good promises to the house of Israel failed. and you have obeyed me in everything I commanded. together with their pasturelands-three towns. Now that the Lord your God has given your brothers rest as he promised. from the tribe of Gad.

and share the land with us." Then Joshua blessed them and sent them away. one for each of the tribes of Israel. to walk in all his ways. to hold fast to him and to serve him with all your heart and all your soul. the whole assembly of Israel gathered at Shiloh to go to war against them. If the land you possess is defiled. tomorrow he will be angry with the whole community of Israel. he blessed them. with silver. each the head of a family division among the Israelite clans. to obey his commands. But do not rebel against the Lord or against us by building an altar for yourselves. other than the altar of the Lord our God. the Reubenites.) When Joshua sent them home. did not wrath come upon the whole 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . the priest. bronze and iron. the Gadites and the halftribe of Manasseh built an imposing altar there by the Jordan. which they had acquired in accordance with the command of the Lord through Moses. When Achan son of Zerah acted unfaithfully regarding the devoted things. and to the other half of the tribe Joshua gave land on the west side of the Jordan with their brothers. When they came to Geliloth near the Jordan in the land of Canaan. When they went to Gilead-to Reuben. (To the half-tribe of Manasseh Moses had given land in Bashan.the Lord your God. the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh left the Israelites at Shiloh in Canaan to return to Gilead. Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh-they said to them: "The whole assembly of the Lord says: 'How could you break faith with the God of Israel like this? How could you turn away from the Lord and build yourselves an altar in rebellion against him now? Was not the sin of Peor enough for us? Up to this very day we have not cleansed ourselves from that sin. gold. With him they sent ten of the chief men. even though a plague fell on the community of the Lord ! And are you now turning away from the Lord ? " 'If you rebel against the Lord today. And when the Israelites heard that they had built the altar on the border of Canaan at Geliloth near the Jordan on the Israelite side." So the Reubenites. to the land of Gileadto Reuben. and they went to their homes. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 So the Israelites sent Phinehas son of Eleazar. come over to the Lord 's land. and a great quantity of clothing-and divide with your brothers the plunder from your enemies. Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh. their own land. "Return to your homes with your great wealth-with large herds of livestock. where the Lord 's tabernacle stands. saying.

God. the Lord ! The Mighty One.' " Then Reuben." Then Phinehas son of Eleazar. 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 . not for burnt offerings and sacrifices. Then in the future your descendants will not be able to say to ours. Gad and Manasseh had to say. do not spare us this day. we will answer: Look at the replica of the Lord 's altar. "Today we know that the Lord is with us.' So your descendants might cause ours to stop fearing the Lord ." When Phinehas the priest and the leaders of the community-the heads of the clans of the Israelites-heard what Reuben. they were pleased. but as a witness between us and you. And the Reubenites and the Gadites gave the altar this name: A Witness Between Us that the Lord is God. may the Lord himself call us to account. because you have not acted unfaithfully toward the Lord in this matter. it is to be a witness between us and you and the generations that follow. said to Reuben. They were glad to hear the report and praised God. other than the altar of the Lord our God that stands before his tabernacle. God. Now you have rescued the Israelites from the Lord 's hand. "No! We did it for fear that some day your descendants might say to ours. 'What do you have to do with the Lord . 'If they ever say this to us. and the leaders returned to Canaan from their meeting with the Reubenites and Gadites in Gilead and reported to the Israelites. 'You have no share in the Lord .' 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 "And we said.' On the contrary. grain offerings and sacrifices. 'Let us get ready and build an altar-but not for burnt offerings or sacrifices. Gad and Manasseh.' "Far be it from us to rebel against the Lord and turn away from him today by building an altar for burnt offerings. And they talked no more about going to war against them to devastate the country where the Reubenites and the Gadites lived. If we have built our own altar to turn away from the Lord and to offer burnt offerings and grain offerings. the Lord ! He knows! And let Israel know! If this has been in rebellion or disobedience to the Lord . sacrifices and fellowship offerings. "That is why we said. which our fathers built. Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh replied to the heads of the clans of Israel: "The Mighty One. or to sacrifice fellowship offerings on it. the God of Israel? The Lord has made the Jordan a boundary between us and you-you Reubenites and Gadites! You have no share in the Lord .community of Israel? He was not the only one who died for his sin. that we will worship the Lord at his sanctuary with our burnt offerings. the priest. or to our descendants. And Phinehas son of Eleazar. the priest.

the Lord 's anger will burn 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 drive them take Lord "Be very strong. just as he promised. it was the Lord your God who fought for you. they will become snares and traps for you. Do not associate with these nations that remain among you. You yourselves have seen everything the Lord your God has done to all these nations for your sake. But you are to hold fast to the Lord your God. But just as every good promise of the Lord your God has come true. summoned all Israel-their elders. do not invoke the names of their gods or swear by them. Remember how I have allotted as an inheritance for your tribes all the land of the nations that remain-the nations I conquered-between the Jordan and the Great Sea in the west. You know with all your heart and soul that not one of all the good promises the Lord your God gave you has failed. until he has destroyed you from this good land he has given you. not one has failed. Every promise has been fulfilled. He will push out before you. then you may be sure that the Lord your God will no longer drive out these nations before you. Instead. and you will possession of their land. If you violate the covenant of the Lord your God. One of you routs a thousand. whips on your backs and thorns in your eyes. so the Lord will bring on you all the evil he has threatened. 6 5 4 3 2 "The Lord has driven out before you great and powerful nations. judges and officials-and said to them: "I am old and well advanced in years. because the Lord your God fights for you. Joshua. which he commanded you. without turning aside to the right or to the left. "Now I am about to go the way of all the earth. "But if you turn away and ally yourselves with the survivors of these nations that remain among you and if you intermarry with them and associate with them. 8 7 .23After a long time had passed and the Lord had given Israel rest from all their enemies around them. which the Lord your God has given you. be careful to obey all that is written in the Book of the Law of Moses. So be very careful to love the Lord your God. by then old and well advanced in years. until you perish from this good land. and go and serve other gods and bow down to them. to this day no one has been able to withstand you. You must not serve them or bow down to them. as the your God promised you. as you have until now. leaders. The Lord your God himself will them out of your way.

But I took your father Abraham from the land beyond the River and led him throughout Canaan and gave him many descendants. the king of Moab. He summoned the elders. but I gave them into your hands. and to Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau. and serve the Lord . leaders. and they presented themselves before God. which drove them out before you-also the two Amorite kings.' "Now fear the Lord and serve him with all faithfulness. but I gave them into your hands. prepared to fight against Israel. says: 'Long ago your forefathers. so he blessed you again and again. " 'Then I sent Moses and Aaron. and he put darkness between you and the Egyptians. Hivites and Jebusites. as did also the Amorites. he sent for Balaam son of Beor to put a curse on you. including Terah the father of Abraham and Nahor. and I delivered you out of his hand. I sent the hornet ahead of you. judges and officials of Israel. whether the gods your forefathers 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 . and the Egyptians pursued them with chariots and horsemen as far as the Red Sea. you came to the sea. lived beyond the River and worshiped other gods. Then you lived in the desert for a long time. Hittites. But I would not listen to Balaam. but Jacob and his sons went down to Egypt. You saw with your own eyes what I did to the Egyptians. and I brought you out.against you. and you will quickly perish from the good land he has given you. and you took possession of their land. Perizzites. But if serving the Lord seems undesirable to you. Canaanites. 7 6 5 4 3 2 " 'I brought you to the land of the Amorites who lived east of the Jordan. But they cried to the Lord for help. Throw away the gods your forefathers worshiped beyond the River and in Egypt. I gave him Isaac. he brought the sea over them and covered them. the God of Israel. I destroyed them from before you. When I brought your fathers out of Egypt. The citizens of Jericho fought against you. When Balak son of Zippor. "This is what the Lord . Girgashites. then choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve. They fought against you. and I afflicted the Egyptians by what I did there. Joshua said to all the people. You did not do it with your own sword and bow. So I gave you a land on which you did not toil and cities you did not build." 24Then Joshua assembled all the tribes of Israel at Shechem. " 'Then you crossed the Jordan and came to Jericho. I assigned the hill country of Seir to Esau. and you live in them and eat from vineyards and olive groves that you did not plant.

He will not forgive your rebellion and your sins. It has heard all the words the Lord has said to us. After these things." And the people said to Joshua. because he is our God. "No! We will serve the Lord . Joshua son of Nun. at Timnath Serah in the hill country of Ephraim. we will serve the Lord . Israel served the Lord throughout the lifetime of Joshua and of the elders who outlived him and who had experienced everything the Lord had done for Israel. And the Lord drove out before us all the nations. after he has been good to you. he will turn and bring disaster on you and make an end of you. But as for me and my household." Then Joshua sent the people away. He is a holy God." said Joshua. in whose land you are living. "Far be it from us to forsake the Lord to serve other gods! It was the Lord our God himself who brought us and our fathers up out of Egypt. And Joshua recorded these things in the Book of the Law of God. And Joseph's bones. "See!" he said to all the people. "You are not able to serve the Lord . "We will serve the Lord our God and obey him. which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt. We too will serve the Lord . "You are witnesses against yourselves that you have chosen to serve the Lord . we are witnesses. "throw away the foreign gods that are among you 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 and yield your hearts to the Lord . Then he took a large stone and set it up there under the oak near the holy place of the Lord . north of Mount Gaash. It will be a witness against you if you are untrue to your God." Then Joshua said. and performed those great signs before our eyes. including the Amorites." On that day Joshua made a covenant for the people. "This stone will be a witness against us. He protected us on our entire journey and among all the nations through which we traveled.served beyond the River. the God of Israel." they replied. he is a jealous God. the servant of the Lord ." But the people said to Joshua. and there at Shechem he drew up for them decrees and laws. or the gods of the Amorites. And they buried him in the land of his inheritance. "Now then." "Yes. who lived in the land. If you forsake the Lord and serve foreign gods. were buried at Shechem in the tract of 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 ." Joshua said to the people. died at the age of a hundred and ten. from that land of slavery. each to his own inheritance." Then the people answered.

This became the inheritance of Joseph's descendants. which had been allotted to his son Phinehas in the hill country of Ephraim. 33 .land that Jacob bought for a hundred pieces of silver from the sons of Hamor. the father of Shechem. And Eleazar son of Aaron died and was buried at Gibeah.

"Judah is to go. to fight against the Canaanites. And Caleb said. After that. I have given the land into their hands. Now God has paid me back for what I did to them. Ahiman and Talmai." Othniel son of Kenaz. putting to rout the Canaanites and Perizzites. Caleb asked her. 7 6 5 4 3 . and he died there.Judges 1After 2 the death of Joshua. "Do me a special favor. Since you have given me land in the Negev. They put the city to the sword and set it on fire. Then Adoni-Bezek said. "I will give my daughter Acsah in marriage to the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher. and cut off his thumbs and big toes. When she got off her donkey. "Come up with us into the territory allotted to us. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 The LORD answered. One day when she came to Othniel. "Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off have picked up scraps under my table. she urged him to ask her father for a field. the Negev and the western foothills. They advanced against the Canaanites living in Hebron (formerly called Kiriath Arba) and defeated Sheshai. but they chased him and caught him. took it." Then the men of Judah said to the Simeonites their brothers. the men of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites living in the hill country. "Who will be the first to go up and fight for us against the Canaanites?" The men of Judah attacked Jerusalem also and took it. When Judah attacked. give me also springs of water. the Israelites asked the LORD . "What can I do for you?" She replied. It was there that they found AdoniBezek and fought against him." Then Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs. so Caleb gave his daughter Acsah to him in marriage. the LORD gave the Canaanites and Perizzites into their hands and they struck down ten thousand men at Bezek." They brought him to Jerusalem. Caleb's younger brother." So the Simeonites went with them. We in turn will go with you into yours. Adoni-Bezek fled. From there they advanced against the people living in Debir (formerly called Kiriath Sepher).

Neither did Naphtali drive out those living in Beth Shemesh or Beth Anath. went up from the City of Palms with the men of Judah to live among the people of the Desert of Judah in the Negev near Arad. and they put the city to the sword but spared the man and his whole family. who drove from it the three sons of Anak. the spies saw a man coming out of the city and they said to him. but they were unable to drive the people from the plains. and because of this the people of Asher lived among the Canaanite inhabitants of the land. who were living in Jerusalem. and the LORD was with them. They took possession of the hill country. but the Naphtalites too lived among the Canaanite inhabitants of the land. failed to dislodge the Jebusites. for the Canaanites were determined to live in that land. they pressed the Canaanites into forced labor but never drove them out completely. But Manasseh did not drive out the people of Beth Shan or Taanach or Dor or Ibleam or Megiddo and their surrounding settlements. to this day the Jebusites live there with the Benjamites. because they had iron chariots. The men of Judah also took Gaza. The Benjamites. which is its name to this day. and they totally destroyed the city. and 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 . Neither did Zebulun drive out the Canaanites living in Kitron or Nahalol. Nor did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites living in Gezer. who remained among them. Ashkelon and Ekron-each city with its territory. As Moses had promised. but they did subject them to forced labor. The LORD was with the men of Judah. When they sent men to spy out Bethel (formerly called Luz). Nor did Asher drive out those living in Acco or Sidon or Ahlab or Aczib or Helbah or Aphek or Rehob. Now the house of Joseph attacked Bethel. but the Canaanites continued to live there among them. When Israel became strong.The descendants of Moses' father-inlaw." 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 So he showed them. Therefore it was called Hormah. Hebron was given to Caleb. Then the men of Judah went with the Simeonites their brothers and attacked the Canaanites living in Zephath. "Show us how to get into the city and we will see that you are treated well. where he built a city and called it Luz. the Kenite. He then went to the land of the Hittites. however.

Why have you done this? Now therefore I tell you that I will not drive them out before you. but when the power of the house of Joseph increased. They followed and worshiped various gods of the peoples around them. The boundary of the Amorites was from Scorpion Pass to Sela and beyond.' Yet you have disobeyed me. but you shall break down their altars. north of Mount Gaash. The people served the LORD throughout the lifetime of Joshua and of the elders who outlived him and who had seen all the great things the LORD had done for Israel. and you shall not make a covenant with the people of this land. died at the age of a hundred and ten. whom they were no longer able to resist. they went to take possession of the land. 'I will never break my covenant with you. They forsook the LORD . Joshua son of Nun. 36 35 34 After Joshua had dismissed the Israelites. another generation grew up. Then the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD and served the Baals. In his anger against Israel the LORD handed them over to raiders who plundered them. who knew neither the LORD nor what he had done for Israel. not allowing them to come down into the plain." When the angel of the LORD had spoken these things to all the Israelites. There they offered sacrifices to the LORD . and they called that place Bokim. He sold them to their enemies all around. After that whole generation had been gathered to their fathers. they will be thorns in your sides and their gods will be a snare to you. I said. the God of their fathers. And the Amorites were determined also to hold out in Mount Heres. 5 4 3 2 . each to his own inheritance. the people wept aloud. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 2The angel of the LORD went up from Gilgal to Bokim and said. who had brought them out of Egypt. They provoked the LORD to anger because they forsook him and served Baal and the Ashtoreths. And they buried him in the land of his inheritance. "I brought you up out of Egypt and led you into the land that I swore to give to your forefathers. they too were pressed into forced labor. Aijalon and Shaalbim. the servant of the LORD . The Amorites confined the Danites to the hill country.those living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath became forced laborers for them. at Timnath Heres in the hill country of Ephraim.

Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel and said." The LORD had allowed those nations to remain. 7 6 5 4 3 2 . Yet they would not listen to their judges but prostituted themselves to other gods and worshiped them. Whenever the LORD raised up a judge for them. the people returned to ways even more corrupt than those of their fathers. for the LORD had compassion on them as they groaned under those who oppressed and afflicted them. Then the LORD raised up judges. who saved them out of the hands of these raiders. Hivites and Jebusites. They were left to test the Israelites to see whether they would obey the LORD 's commands. "Because this nation has violated the covenant that I laid down for their forefathers and has not listened to me. all the Canaanites. Amorites. and served their gods. But when the judge died. following other gods and serving and worshiping them. They took their daughters in marriage and gave their own daughters to their sons. just as he had sworn to them. the way of obedience to the LORD 's commands. 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 I will use them to test Israel and see whether they will keep the way of the LORD and walk in it as their forefathers did. They refused to give up their evil practices and stubborn ways. 23 22 3These are the nations the LORD left to test all those Israelites who had not experienced any of the wars in Canaan (he did this only to teach warfare to the descendants of the Israelites who had not had previous battle experience): the five rulers of the Philistines. and the Hivites living in the Lebanon mountains from Mount Baal Hermon to Lebo Hamath.Whenever Israel went out to fight. he was with the judge and saved them out of the hands of their enemies as long as the judge lived. they quickly turned from the way in which their fathers had walked. I will no longer drive out before them any of the nations Joshua left when he died. which he had given their forefathers through Moses. they forgot the LORD their God and served the Baals and the Asherahs. Unlike their fathers. The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD . Perizzites. Hittites. he did not drive them out at once by giving them into the hands of Joshua. the hand of the LORD was against them to defeat them. the Sidonians. The Israelites lived among the Canaanites. They were in great distress.

which came out his back. Now Ehud had made a double-edged sword about a foot and a half long. "I have a secret message for you. drew the sword from his right thigh and plunged it into the king's belly. who overpowered him. "Quiet!" And all his attendants left him. Once again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD . and because they did this evil the LORD gave Eglon king of Moab power over Israel. Getting the Ammonites and Amalekites to join him. the son of Gera the Benjamite. After he had gone. to whom the Israelites were subject for eight years. and they took possession of the City of Palms. Ehud did not pull the sword out. O king. until Othniel son of Kenaz died. he shut the doors of the upper room behind him and locked them. who was a very fat man. and he gave them a delivererEhud. and the fat closed in over it. but when he did not open the doors of the room. At the idols near Gilgal he himself turned back and said. Othniel son of Kenaz. the servants came and found the doors of the upper room locked. "He must be relieving himself in the inner room of the house. The Israelites sent him with tribute to Eglon king of Moab. so that he became Israel's judge and went to war." The king said. 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 . There they saw their Lord fallen to the floor. "I have a message from God for you. dead. The Spirit of the LORD came upon him. Ehud then approached him while he was sitting alone in the upper room of his summer palace and said." As the king rose from his seat. The LORD gave CushanRishathaim king of Aram into the hands of Othniel. Ehud reached with his left hand. Eglon came and attacked Israel. they took a key and unlocked them. But when they cried out to the LORD . Even the handle sank in after the blade. Then Ehud went out to the porch . he raised up for them a deliverer. Caleb's younger brother. After Ehud had presented the tribute." They waited to the point of embarrassment. Again the Israelites cried out to the LORD . They said. who saved them. he sent on their way the men who had carried it. The Israelites were subject to Eglon king of Moab for eighteen years.The anger of the LORD burned against Israel so that he sold them into the hands of Cushan-Rishathaim king of Aram Naharaim. which he strapped to his right thigh under his clothing. 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 He presented the tribute to Eglon king of Moab. a left-handed man. So the land had peace for forty years.

a prophetess. "If you go with me. He too saved Israel. the honor will not be yours. with his chariots and his troops to the Kishon River and give him into your hands. "I will go with you. But because of the way you are going about this. the Israelites once again did evil in the eyes of the LORD . who lived in Harosheth Haggoyim. the commander of Jabin's army. Ten thousand men followed him. for the LORD will hand Sisera over to a woman. taking possession of the fords of the Jordan that led to Moab. into your hands. your enemy." So Deborah went with Barak to Kedesh. and the Israelites went down with him from the hills." he ordered. a king of Canaan. they allowed no one to cross over. and the Israelites came to her to have their disputes decided. not a man escaped. That day Moab was made subject to Israel. take with you ten thousand men of Naphtali and Zebulun and lead the way to Mount Tabor. At that time they struck down about ten thousand Moabites. The commander of his army was Sisera. "Follow me. 31 30 29 28 27 26 Deborah. I will go. all vigorous and strong." So they followed him down and. So the LORD sold them into the hands of Jabin. the God of Israel. but if you don't go with me. they cried to the LORD for help. who reigned in Hazor. where he summoned Zebulun and Naphtali. commands you: 'Go.' " Barak said to her. the wife of Lappidoth. who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad. the descendants of Hobab. After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath. Ehud got away. Now Heber the Kenite had left the other Kenites. "for the LORD has given Moab. and pitched his tent by the great tree in Zaanannim near Kedesh. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 4After Ehud died. I will lure Sisera. he blew a trumpet in the hill country of Ephraim. was leading Israel at that time. "The LORD . She held court under the Palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim.While they waited. Moses' brother-in-law. and Deborah also went with him. When he arrived there. She sent for Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him. 3 2 . and the land had peace for eighty years. I won't go." Deborah said. with him leading them." "Very well. He passed by the idols and escaped to Seirah. Because he had nine hundred iron chariots and had cruelly oppressed the Israelites for twenty years.

before the Israelites. until they destroyed him. "I'm thirsty. the heavens poured. and he died. "Go! This is the day the LORD has given Sisera into your hands. before the LORD ." So he entered her tent. The mountains quaked before the LORD . Barak came by in pursuit of Sisera. "Come. All the troops of Sisera fell by the sword." she said." She opened a skin of milk. At Barak's advance. and covered him up. the God of Israel. And the hand of the Israelites grew stronger and stronger against Jabin. the Canaanite king. the wife of Heber the Kenite. "O LORD . "Stand in the doorway of the tent. gave him a drink." So he went in with her. however. "If someone comes by and asks you. because there were friendly relations between Jabin king of Hazor and the clan of Heber the Kenite. "Come. "I will show you the man you're looking for." he said.praise the LORD ! "Hear this. come right in. the Canaanite king. and Jael went out to meet him. when you marched from the land of Edom. Sisera. Sisera gathered together his nine hundred iron chariots and all the men with him. my Lord . Then Deborah said to Barak. 5 4 3 2 . I will make music to the LORD . She drove the peg through his temple into the ground. exhausted. when the people willingly offer themselves. On that day God subdued Jabin.' " 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 But Jael. the LORD routed Sisera and all his chariots and army by the sword. from Harosheth Haggoyim to the Kishon River. the God of Israel." he told her. picked up a tent peg and a hammer and went quietly to him while he lay fast asleep. But Barak pursued the chariots and army as far as Harosheth Haggoyim. and there lay Sisera with the tent peg through his temple-dead. the earth shook. Heber's wife. you kings! Listen. you rulers! I will sing to the LORD . and she put a covering over him. I will sing. "Please give me some water. followed by ten thousand men. Don't be afraid. 24 23 22 21 5On that day Deborah and Barak son of Abinoam sang this song: "When the princes in Israel take the lead. the One of Sinai. Jael went out to meet Sisera and said to him. the clouds poured down water. fled on foot to the tent of Jael. Has not the LORD gone ahead of you?" So Barak went down Mount Tabor. 'Is anyone here?' say 'No.When they told Sisera that Barak son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor. when you went out from Seir. not a man was left. and Sisera abandoned his chariot and fled on foot.

14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 The princes of Issachar were with Deborah. Village life in Israel ceased. When they chose new gods. because they did not come to help the LORD . in the days of Jael. galloping go his mighty steeds. 'Curse its people bitterly. Issachar was with Barak. yes. consider the voice of the singers at the watering places. Why did you stay among the campfires to hear the whistling for the flocks? In the districts of Reuben there was much searching of heart. From the heavens the stars fought. In the districts of Reuben there was much searching of heart. and you who walk along the road. from Zebulun those who bear a commander's staff. O Barak! Take captive your captives. the righteous acts of his warriors in Israel. no plunder. wake up. with the willing volunteers among the people. sitting on your saddle blankets. why did he linger by the ships? Asher remained on the coast and stayed in his coves."In the days of Shamgar son of Anath. Deborah. but they carried off no silver. to help the LORD against the mighty. my soul. They recite the righteous acts of the LORD . My heart is with Israel's princes. O son of Abinoam. and not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Israel. the river Kishon. And Dan. Some came from Ephraim. break out in song! Arise. arose a mother in Israel. The river Kishon swept them away. 'Curse Meroz. the kings of Canaan fought at Taanach by the waters of Megiddo.' "Then the men who were left came down to the nobles. war came to the city gates. "Then the people of the LORD went down to the city gates. arose. the people of the LORD came to me with the mighty. The people of Zebulun risked their very lives. the roads were abandoned. travelers took to winding paths. the age-old river.' said the angel of the LORD . "Kings came. Deborah! Wake up. Praise the LORD ! "You who ride on white donkeys. Gilead stayed beyond the Jordan. ceased until I. from their courses they fought against Sisera. whose roots were in Amalek. From Makir captains came down. rushing after him into the valley. they fought.' 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 . 'Wake up. wake up. be strong! Then thundered the horses' hoofsgalloping. so did Naphtali on the heights of the field. Benjamin was with the people who followed you. March on.

he fell. she shattered and pierced his temple. . It was impossible to count the men and their camels. 'Are they not finding and dividing the spoils: a girl or two for each man. "This is what the LORD . When the Israelites cried to the LORD because of Midian. O LORD ! But may they who love you be like the sun when it rises in its strength. there he fell-dead. her right hand for the workman's hammer. in a bowl fit for nobles she brought him curdled milk. 'I am the LORD your God. where he sank. Amalekites and other eastern peoples invaded the country. and for seven years he gave them into the hands of the Midianites. he sent them a prophet. colorful garments as plunder for Sisera. 'Why is his chariot so long in coming? Why is the clatter of his chariots delayed?' The wisest of her ladies answer her."Most blessed of women be Jael. He asked for water. they invaded the land to ravage it. They came up with their livestock and their tents like swarms of locusts. Midian so impoverished the Israelites that they cried out to the LORD for help. says: I brought you up out of Egypt. who said. "Through the window peered Sisera's mother." 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 6Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD . the Israelites prepared shelters for themselves in mountain clefts. in whose land you live. Whenever the Israelites planted their crops. do not worship the gods of the Amorites. the wife of Heber the Kenite. neither sheep nor cattle nor donkeys. I snatched you from the power of Egypt and from the hand of all your oppressors. highly embroidered garments for my neck. out of the land of slavery. he fell. caves and strongholds.all this as plunder?' "So may all your enemies perish. She struck Sisera. most blessed of tent-dwelling women." Then the land had peace forty years. I said to you. the God of Israel. and she gave him milk. At her feet he sank. Her hand reached for the tent peg. They camped on the land and ruined the crops all the way to Gaza and did not spare a living thing for Israel. 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 Because the power of Midian was so oppressive. indeed. she crushed his head. At her feet he sank. she keeps saying to herself. behind the lattice she cried out. there he lay.' But you have not listened to me. I drove them from before you and gave you their land. colorful garments embroidered. the Midianites.

Fire flared from the rock. You are not going to die.The angel of the LORD came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite. "how can I save Israel? My clan is the weakest in Manasseh. "The LORD is with you." And the LORD said. Putting the meat in a basket and its broth in a pot. And the angel of the LORD disappeared. The angel of God said to him." 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 . That same night the LORD said to him. "I will be with you. place them on this rock. and from an ephah of flour he made bread without yeast. Am I not sending you?" "But Lord ." "But sir. consuming the meat and the bread. "I will wait until you return. "Go in the strength you have and save Israel out of Midian's hand. he brought them out and offered them to him under the oak. "if the LORD is with us. offer the second bull as a burnt offering. he exclaimed. "If now I have found favor in your eyes." The LORD answered. prepared a young goat. and I am the least in my family." So Gideon built an altar to the LORD there and called it The LORD is Peace. where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to keep it from the Midianites." 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 Gideon went in. Then build a proper kind of altar to the LORD your God on the top of this height. Sovereign LORD ! I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face!" But the LORD said to him. When the angel of the LORD appeared to Gideon. give me a sign that it is really you talking to me. and you will strike down all the Midianites together." Gideon replied. To this day it stands in Ophrah of the Abiezrites. 'Did not the LORD bring us up out of Egypt?' But now the LORD has abandoned us and put us into the hand of Midian. Using the wood of the Asherah pole that you cut down. With the tip of the staff that was in his hand." Gideon replied. Tear down your father's altar to Baal and cut down the Asherah pole beside it. "Take the second bull from your father's herd. and pour out the broth. the angel of the LORD touched the meat and the unleavened bread." The LORD turned to him and said. the one seven years old. "Peace! Do not be afraid. he said." And Gideon did so. mighty warrior. Please do not go away until I come back and bring my offering and set it before you. "Take the meat and the unleavened bread. " Gideon asked. why has all this happened to us? Where are all his wonders that our fathers told us about when they said. When Gideon realized that it was the angel of the LORD . "Ah.

he did it at night rather than in the daytime. Amalekites and other eastern peoples joined forces and crossed over the Jordan and camped in the Valley of Jezreel. "Who did this?" When they carefully investigated. "If you will save Israel by my hand as you have promisedlook. "Let Baal contend with him. Zebulun and Naphtali. The camp of Midian was north of them in the valley near the hill of Moreh. . He sent messengers throughout Manasseh. Then Gideon said to God. then I will know that you will save Israel by my hand. Only the fleece was dry. there was Baal's altar. all the ground was covered with dew. summoning the Abiezrites to follow him. 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 7Early in the morning. they were told. and also into Asher." So that day they called Gideon "JerubBaal. Gideon) and all his men camped at the spring of Harod. But because he was afraid of his family and the men of the town. Let me make just one more request. and he blew a trumpet. Allow me one more test with the fleece." The men of the town demanded of Joash. because he has broken down Baal's altar and cut down the Asherah pole beside it. with the Asherah pole beside it cut down and the second bull sacrificed on the newly built altar! They asked each other. he can defend himself when someone breaks down his altar. 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon. Gideon said to God. calling them to arms. "Gideon son of Joash did it. so that they too went up to meet them. "Bring out your son. he squeezed the fleece and wrung out the dew-a bowlful of water. In the morning when the men of the town got up." And that is what happened.So Gideon took ten of his servants and did as the LORD told him. "Are you going to plead Baal's cause? Are you trying to save him? Whoever fights for him shall be put to death by morning! If Baal really is a god. "Do not be angry with me. If there is dew only on the fleece and all the ground is dry. Now all the Midianites." But Joash replied to the hostile crowd around him. This time make the fleece dry and the ground covered with dew. " saying. demolished. as you said." because he broke down Baal's altar. Jerub-Baal (that is. I will place a wool fleece on the threshing floor. Gideon rose early the next day. He must die." That night God did so.

'This one shall not go with you. The Midianites. It struck the tent with such force that the tent overturned and collapsed. Now the camp of Midian lay below him in the valley. All the rest got down on their knees to drink. because I am going to give it into your hands. the Israelite. 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 . If I say. each to his own place. 'This one shall go with you." So Gideon took the men down to the water. who took over the provisions and trumpets of the others. but if I say. with torches inside." So he and Purah his servant went down to the outposts of the camp. "There are still too many men. go down to the camp with your servant Purah and listen to what they are saying. and I will sift them for you there. Their camels could no more be counted than the sand on the seashore. thick as locusts. "With the three hundred men that lapped I will save you and give the Midianites into your hands." So Gideon sent the rest of the Israelites to their tents but kept the three hundred. "A round loaf of barley bread came tumbling into the Midianite camp. He returned to the camp of Israel and called out. he placed trumpets and empty jars in the hands of all of them. he worshiped God.' he shall go. "This can be nothing other than the sword of Gideon son of Joash. while ten thousand remained.' " So twentytwo thousand men left.' he shall not go." When Gideon heard the dream and its interpretation. "Get up! The LORD has given the Midianite camp into your hands. 'Anyone who trembles with fear may turn back and leave Mount Gilead. Take them down to the water. There the LORD told him. But the LORD said to Gideon. "I had a dream. the Amalekites and all the other eastern peoples had settled in the valley. "Get up. "Separate those who lap the water with their tongues like a dog from those who kneel down to drink. "You have too many men for me to deliver Midian into their hands.The LORD said to Gideon. Gideon arrived just as a man was telling a friend his dream." His friend responded. In order that Israel may not boast against me that her own strength has saved her." Three hundred men lapped with their hands to their mouths. announce now to the people. Afterward. you will be encouraged to attack the camp. If you are afraid to attack. Let all the other men go. go down against the 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 camp." Dividing the three hundred men into three companies. During that night the LORD said to Gideon. God has given the Midianites and the whole camp into his hands. The LORD said to Gideon." he was saying.

came to the Jordan and crossed it. When the three hundred trumpets sounded. The three companies blew the trumpets and smashed the jars. They killed Oreb at the rock of Oreb. the Midianite leaders. Oreb and Zeeb. He said to the men of Succoth. Gideon sent messengers throughout the hill country of Ephraim. 'For the LORD and for Gideon. and Zeeb at the winepress of Zeeb. "Come down against the Midianites and 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 seize the waters of the Jordan ahead of them as far as Beth Barah. 25 8Now the Ephraimites asked Gideon. The army fled to Beth Shittah toward Zererah as far as the border of Abel Meholah near Tabbath. But he answered them. When I get to the edge of the camp. they are worn out. When I and all who are with me blow our trumpets. Asher and all Manasseh were called out. "A sword for the LORD and for Gideon!" While each man held his position around the camp. "What have I accomplished compared to you? Aren't the gleanings of Ephraim's grapes better than the full grape harvest of Abiezer? God gave Oreb and Zeeb. just after they had changed the guard. their resentment against him subsided. Grasping the torches in their left hands and holding in their right hands the trumpets they were to blow. into your hands. the kings of Midian. crying out as they fled. who was by the Jordan. the LORD caused the men throughout the camp to turn on each other with their swords. "Why have you treated us like this? Why didn't you call us when you went to fight Midian?" And they criticized him sharply. saying. They blew their trumpets and broke the jars that were in their hands. They pursued the Midianites and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon. exhausted yet keeping up the pursuit." But the officials of Succoth said. and they pursued the Midianites. do exactly as I do. then from all around the camp blow yours and shout. and I am still pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna." So all the men of Ephraim were called out and they took the waters of the Jordan as far as Beth Barah. "Do you already have the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna in your possession? Why should we give bread to your troops?" 6 5 4 3 2 . "Follow my lead. Gideon and his three hundred men. They also captured two of the Midianite leaders. they shouted. What was I able to do compared to you?" At this. Israelites from Naphtali."Watch me." he told them. all the Midianites ran. "Give my troops some bread.' " Gideon and the hundred men with him reached the edge of the camp at the beginning of the middle watch.

a hundred and twenty thousand swordsmen had fallen. "Rule over us-you. and the young man wrote down for him the names of the seventy-seven officials of Succoth. He caught a young man of Succoth and questioned him. but he pursued them and captured them. "I will not rule over you. So he said to the men of Peniel. Gideon son of Joash then returned from the battle by the Pass of Heres." they answered. and took the ornaments off their camels' necks. "Kill them!" But Jether did not draw his sword." From there he went up to Peniel and made the same request of them. that each of you give me an earring from 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 . your son and your grandson-because you have saved us out of the hand of Midian. about whom you taunted me by saying." Turning to Jether.Then Gideon replied. The Israelites said to Gideon. "Just for that. I will tear down this tower. Zebah and Zalmunna said. "When I return in triumph. Then he asked Zebah and Zalmunna. because he was only a boy and was afraid. so is his strength. "Those were my brothers. As surely as the LORD lives. routing their entire army. The LORD will rule over you. he said. fled. do it yourself." But Gideon told them. 'As is the man. all that were left of the armies of the eastern peoples. "each one with the bearing of a prince. I will tear your flesh with desert thorns and briers. the two kings of Midian. the elders of the town. when the LORD has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand. Zebah and Zalmunna. "What kind of men did you kill at Tabor?" "Men like you. the sons of my own mother." Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with a force of about fifteen thousand men." Gideon replied. nor will my son rule over you. his oldest son. but they answered as the men of Succoth had. 'Do you already have the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna in your 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 possession? Why should we give bread to your exhausted men?' " He took the elders of the town and taught the men of Succoth a lesson by punishing them with desert thorns and briers. "I do have one request. I would not kill you. if you had spared their lives.' " So Gideon stepped forward and killed them. Then Gideon came and said to the men of Succoth. He also pulled down the tower of Peniel and killed the men of the town." And he said. "Here are Zebah and Zalmunna. "Come. Gideon went up by the route of the nomads east of Nobah and Jogbehah and fell upon the unsuspecting army.

or just one man?' Remember. the land enjoyed peace forty years. They also failed to show kindness to the family of Jerub-Baal (that is. 35 34 33 9Abimelech son of Jerub-Baal went to his mother's brothers in Shechem and said to them and to all his mother's clan. "He is our brother. 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 No sooner had Gideon died than the Israelites again prostituted themselves to the Baals.) They answered. He had seventy sons of his own. who had rescued them from the hands of all their enemies on every side. During Gideon's lifetime. and each man threw a ring from his plunder onto it. Then all the citizens of Shechem and Beth Millo gathered beside the great 6 5 4 3 2 . escaped by hiding.your share of the plunder. His concubine. the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Midian or the chains that were on their camels' necks. who became his followers. All Israel prostituted themselves by worshiping it there. also bore him a son. 'Which is better for you: to have all seventy of Jerub-Baal's sons rule over you. "Ask all the citizens of Shechem. whom he named Abimelech. they were inclined to follow Abimelech. who lived in Shechem. which he placed in Ophrah. for he had many wives. Thus Midian was subdued before the Israelites and did not raise its head again. He went to his father's home in Ophrah and on one stone murdered his seventy brothers. and Abimelech used it to hire reckless adventurers. I am your flesh and blood. and it became a snare to Gideon and his family. The weight of the gold rings he asked for came to seventeen hundred shekels. not counting the ornaments. Jerub-Baal son of Joash went back home to live. Gideon made the gold into an ephod. "We'll be glad to give them. the sons of Jerub-Baal. Gideon) for all the good things he had done for them. the youngest son of Jerub-Baal. Gideon son of Joash died at a good old age and was buried in the tomb of his father Joash in Ophrah of the Abiezrites. But Jotham. for they said." So they spread out a garment." When the brothers repeated all this to the citizens of Shechem. They set up Baal-Berith as their god and did not remember the LORD their God." (It was the custom of the Ishmaelites to wear gold earrings." They gave him seventy shekels of silver from the temple of Baal-Berith. his town.

One day the trees went out to anoint a king for themselves. then let fire come out of the thornbush and consume the cedars of Lebanon!' 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 "Now if you have acted honorably and in good faith when you made Abimelech king. and made Abimelech. so that God may listen to you. too! But if you have not. to hold sway over the trees?' "Next. he climbed up on the top of Mount Gerizim and shouted to them. and he lived there because he was afraid of his brother Abimelech. and may you be his. king over the citizens of Shechem because he is your brother)if then you have acted honorably and in good faith toward Jerub-Baal and his family today. and consume Abimelech!" Then Jotham fled. which cheers both gods and men. 'Come and be our king. 'Come and be our king.tree at the pillar in Shechem to crown Abimelech king. risked his life to rescue you from the hand of Midian (but today you have revolted against my father's family. to hold sway over the trees?' "Then the trees said to the vine. may Abimelech be your joy. come and take refuge in my shade. who acted treacherously against Abimelech. let fire come out from Abimelech and consume you. After Abimelech had governed Israel three years.' "But the fig tree replied. They said to the olive tree. 'Should I give up my oil. 'Should I give up my wine. to hold sway over the trees?' "Finally all the trees said to the thornbush.' "But the olive tree answered. citizens of Shechem and Beth Millo. 'Should I give up my fruit. but if not. When Jotham was told about this. God did this in order that the crime against Jerub-Baal's seventy sons. citizens of Shechem. and let fire come out from you. and if you have treated him as he deservesand to think that my father fought for you. 'Come and be our king.' "The thornbush said to the trees.' "But the vine answered. citizens of Shechem and Beth Millo. the trees said to the fig tree. the son of his slave girl. "Listen to me. 'If you really want to anoint me king over you. by which both gods and men are honored. so good and sweet. 'Be our king. escaping to Beer. the 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 . and if you have been fair to JerubBaal and his family. murdered his seventy sons on a single stone. God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the citizens of Shechem.

people are coming down from the center of the land. "Who is Abimelech. "Gaal son of Ebed and his brothers have come to Shechem and are stirring up the city against you. When Gaal saw them. I would say to Abimelech. and this was reported to Abimelech. Then Gaal son of Ebed said. In the morning at sunrise. Shechem's father! Why should we serve Abimelech? If only this people were under my command! Then I would get rid of him. and a company is coming from the direction of the soothsayers' tree. advance against the city. "Where is your big talk now. Now Gaal son of Ebed had gone out and was standing at the entrance to the city gate just as Abimelech and his soldiers came out from their hiding place. saying. "Look.shedding of their blood. he said to Zebul. 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 Now then. and its citizens put their confidence in him. you who said. In opposition to him these citizens of Shechem set men on the hilltops to ambush and rob everyone who passed by. and isn't Zebul his deputy? Serve the men of Hamor. Under cover he sent messengers to Abimelech. 'Who is Abimelech that we should be subject to him?' Aren't these the men you ridiculed? Go out and fight them!" So Gaal led out the citizens of Shechem and fought Abimelech. 'Call out your whole army!' " When Zebul the governor of the city heard what Gaal son of Ebed said. "You mistake the shadows of the mountains for men. people are coming down from the tops of the mountains!" Zebul replied. might be avenged on their brother Abimelech and on the citizens of Shechem. and many fell wounded in the flight-all the way to the entrance to the gate. Abimelech chased him." But Gaal spoke up again: "Look. during the night you and your men should come and lie in wait in the fields. 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 ." Then Zebul said to him. that we should be subject to him? Isn't he Jerub-Baal's son. and who is Shechem. Now Gaal son of Ebed moved with his brothers into Shechem." So Abimelech and all his troops set out by night and took up concealed positions near Shechem in four companies. While they were eating and drinking. who had helped him murder his brothers. they cursed Abimelech. After they had gone out into the fields and gathered the grapes and trodden them. they held a festival in the temple of their god. do whatever your hand finds to do. he was very angry. When Gaal and his men come out against you.

All that day Abimelech pressed his attack against the city until he had captured it and killed its people. Abimelech went to the tower and stormed it. a woman dropped an upper millstone on his head and cracked his skull. about a thousand men and women. and this was reported to Abimelech.' " So his servant ran him through. divided them into three companies and set an ambush in the fields. he rose to attack them. the son of Dodo. the citizens in the tower of Shechem went into the stronghold of the temple of El-Berith.Abimelech stayed in Arumah. So all the people 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 in the tower of Shechem. When the Israelites saw that Abimelech was dead. God also made the men of Shechem pay for all their wickedness. so that they can't say. Tola son of Puah. Thus God repaid the wickedness that Abimelech had done to his father by murdering his seventy brothers. 'A woman killed him. He lived in Shamir. The curse of Jotham son of Jerub-Baal came on them. Abimelech and the companies with him rushed forward to a position at the entrance to the city gate. He took an ax and cut off some branches. and he died. When he saw the people coming out of the city. was a strong tower. rose to save Israel. Then two companies rushed upon those in the fields and struck them down. On hearing this. They locked themselves in and climbed up on the tower roof. 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 After the time of Abimelech a man of Issachar. They piled them against the stronghold and set it on fire over the people inside. The next day the people of Shechem went out to the fields. Hurriedly he called to his armor-bearer. in the hill country of Ephraim. He ordered the men with him. Then he destroyed the city and scattered salt over it. which he lifted to his shoulders. also died. and Zebul drove Gaal and his brothers out of Shechem. When Abimelech heard that they had assembled there. 10 . "Quick! Do what you have seen me do!" So all the men cut branches and followed Abimelech. But as he approached the entrance to the tower to set it on fire. "Draw your sword and kill me. Inside the city. however. to which all the men and womenall the people of the city-fled. So he took his men. they went home. he and all his men went up Mount Zalmon. Next Abimelech went to Thebez and besieged it and captured it.

but please rescue us now. "When the Egyptians. did I not save you from their hands? But you have forsaken me and served other gods. the Israelites assembled and camped at Mizpah. and the gods of Aram. Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD . He sold them into the hands of the Philistines and the Ammonites. Then the Israelites cried out to the LORD . who rode thirty donkeys.He led Israel twenty-three years. and when they were grown up. Let them save you when you are in trouble!" But the Israelites said to the LORD . "We have sinned against you. And he could bear Israel's misery no longer. he was buried in Kamon. And because the Israelites forsook the LORD and no longer served him." 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 the Gileadite was a mighty warrior. He had thirty sons." Then they got rid of the foreign gods among them and served the LORD . They controlled thirty towns in Gilead. The leaders of the people of Gilead said to each other. Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. and Israel was in great distress. who that year shattered and crushed them. he became angry with them. the gods of Sidon. He was followed by Jair of Gilead. For eighteen years they oppressed all the Israelites on the east side of the Jordan in Gilead. so I will no longer save you. Benjamin and the house of Ephraim. the Ammonites." 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 The LORD replied. his mother was a prostitute. The Ammonites also crossed the Jordan to fight against Judah. forsaking our God and serving the Baals. who led Israel twenty-two years. the gods of the Ammonites and the gods of the Philistines. the Sidonians. the land of the Amorites. When Jair died. "We have sinned. the gods of Moab. They served the Baals and the Ashtoreths. Gilead's wife also bore him sons. the Amorites. then he died. the Amalekites and the Maonites oppressed you and you cried to me for help. they drove 2 11Jephthah . "Whoever will launch the attack against the Ammonites will be the head of all those living in Gilead. the Philistines. Do with us whatever you think best. When the Ammonites were called to arms and camped in Gilead. and was buried in Shamir. His father was Gilead. which to this day are called Havvoth Jair.

" they said. Then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom. "Come. "Didn't you hate me and drive me from my father's house? Why do you come to me now. when you're in trouble?" The elders of Gilead said to him. saying. saying: "This is what Jephthah says: Israel did not take the land of Moab or the land of the Ammonites. Israel went through the desert to the Red Sea and on to Kadesh. "The LORD is our witness. skirted the lands of Edom and Moab. But when they came up out of Egypt. "Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites. who ruled in 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 . all the way to the Jordan. the elders of Gilead went to get Jephthah from the land of Tob. Some time later. "Suppose you take me back to fight the Ammonites and the LORD gives them to me-will I really be your head?" The elders of Gilead replied. and you will be our head over all who live in Gilead. when the Ammonites made war on Israel. they took away my land from the Arnon to the Jabbok. and he refused. Then Jephthah sent messengers to the Ammonite king with the question: "What do you have against us that you have attacked our country?" The king of the Ammonites answered Jephthah's messengers. for the Arnon was its border. 'Give us permission to go through your country. And he 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 repeated all his words before the LORD in Mizpah.' but the king of Edom would not listen." Jephthah sent back messengers to the Ammonite king. come with us to fight the Ammonites. "be our commander. we will certainly do as you say." Jephthah answered. They sent also to the king of Moab. we are turning to you now." Jephthah said to them.Jephthah away." they said. They did not enter the territory of Moab. and camped on the other side of the Arnon." So Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead. "Nevertheless." So Jephthah fled from his brothers and settled in the land of Tob. Now give it back peaceably. So Israel stayed at Kadesh. "because you are the son of another woman. passed along the eastern side of the country of Moab. "Next they traveled through the desert. so we can fight the Ammonites. and the people made him head and commander over them. "You are not going to get any inheritance in our family. "When Israel came up out of Egypt. where a group of adventurers gathered around him and followed him.

"Oh! My daughter! You have made me miserable and wretched. who should come out to meet him but his daughter. dancing to the sound of tambourines! She was an only child. "Now since the LORD . we will possess. Why didn't you retake them during that time? I have not wronged you. has driven the Amorites out before his people Israel. And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD : "If you give the Ammonites into my hands. Aroer. the God of Israel. but you are doing me wrong by waging war against me. and I will sacrifice it as a burnt offering. the God of Israel. He mustered all his men and encamped at Jahaz and fought with Israel. did not trust Israel to pass through his territory. When he saw her. He crossed Gilead and Manasseh.' Sihon. however. and from there he advanced against the Ammonites. king of Moab? Did he ever quarrel with Israel or fight with them? For three hundred years Israel occupied Heshbon. the surrounding settlements and all the towns along the Arnon. as far as Abel Keramim. paid no attention to the message Jephthah sent him. Let the LORD . the Judge. Thus Israel subdued Ammon. however. Except for her he had neither son nor daughter. and the LORD gave them into his hands. gave Sihon and all his men into Israel's hands. decide the dispute this day between the Israelites and the Ammonites." 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 . Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah." Then Jephthah went over to fight the Ammonites." 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 The king of Ammon. When Jephthah returned to his home in Mizpah. "Then the LORD . and said to him. because I have made a vow to the LORD that I cannot break. He devastated twenty towns from Aroer to the vicinity of Minnith. he tore his clothes and cried. passed through Mizpah of Gilead. capturing all of it from the Arnon to the Jabbok and from the desert to the Jordan. 'Let us pass through your country to our own place. what right have you to take it over? Will you not take what your god Chemosh gives you? Likewise. whatever comes out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in triumph from the Ammonites will be the LORD 's.Heshbon. Are you better than Balak son of Zippor. and they defeated them. whatever the LORD our God has given us. Israel took over all the land of the Amorites who lived in that country.

and was buried in a town in Gilead. "you have given your word to the LORD . 3 2 12 After him.' " If he said." she said." because he could not pronounce the word correctly. now that the LORD has avenged you of your enemies. Jephthah led Israel six years. 40 39 38 37 36 Now why have you come up today to fight me?" Jephthah then called together the men of Gilead and fought against Ephraim. And he let her go for two months. "Are you an Ephraimite?" If he replied. the Ammonites. Then Jephthah the Gileadite died. "Let me cross over. "All right. "I and my people were engaged in a great struggle with the Ammonites. Ibzan led Israel seven years." "You may go. She and the girls went into the hills and wept because she would never marry. "You Gileadites are renegades from Ephraim and Manasseh. From this comes the Israelite custom that each year the young women of Israel go out for four days to commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite." the men of Gilead asked him. Then Ibzan died." Jephthah answered. And she was a virgin. Elon the Zebulunite led Israel ten years. because I will never marry."My father. and was buried in Bethlehem. and the LORD gave me the victory over them. When I saw that you wouldn't help." he said. "No. "Sibboleth. But grant me this one request." The Gileadites captured the fords of the Jordan leading to Ephraim. "Why did you go to fight the Ammonites without calling us to go with you? We're going to burn down your house over your head. Forty-two thousand Ephraimites were killed at that time. you didn't save me out of their hands. and although I called. and whenever a survivor of Ephraim said. After him." she replied." they said. I took my life in my hands and crossed over to fight the Ammonites. After the two months. crossed over to Zaphon and said to Jephthah. say 'Shibboleth. Ibzan of Bethlehem led Israel. He had thirty sons and thirty daughters. "Give me two months to roam the hills and weep with my friends. they seized him and killed him at the fords of the Jordan. 8 7 6 5 4 The men of Ephraim called out their forces. He gave his daughters away in marriage to those outside his clan. The Gileadites struck them down because the Ephraimites had said. and for his sons he brought in thirty young women as wives from outside his clan. she returned to her father and he did to her as he had vowed. Do to me just as you promised. 11 10 9 .

had a wife who was sterile and remained childless. because the boy is to be a Nazirite. Then Abdon son of Hillel died.' " Then Manoah prayed to the LORD : "O Lord . he said." God heard Manoah. and was buried in Aijalon in the land of Zebulun. who rode on seventy donkeys. very awesome. "He's here! The man who appeared to me the other day!" Manoah got up and followed his wife." he said. 15 14 13 12 me. He looked like an angel of God. what is to be the rule for the boy's life and work?" The angel of the LORD answered. let the man of God you sent to us come again to teach us how to bring up the boy who is to be born. so the LORD delivered them into the hands of the Philistines for forty years. No razor may be used on his head." Then the woman went to her husband and told him. and was buried at Pirathon in Ephraim. When he came to the man. from Pirathon. from the clan of the Danites. He had forty sons and thirty grandsons. nor drink any wine or other fermented drink nor eat 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD . I beg you. set apart to God from birth. Now then. "A man of God came to 6 5 4 3 2 13 . in the hill country of the Amalekites. and the angel of God came again to the woman while she was out in the field. and he will begin the deliverance of Israel from the hands of the Philistines. The angel of the LORD appeared to her and said. named Manoah. The woman hurried to tell her husband. "When your words are fulfilled. "You are sterile and childless. drink no wine or other fermented drink and do not eat anything unclean. I didn't ask him where he came from. He led Israel eight years. Now see to it that you drink no wine or other fermented drink and that you do not eat anything unclean. because the boy will be a Nazirite of God from birth until the day of his death. So Manoah asked him. "Your wife must do all that I have told her. because you will conceive and give birth to a son. led Israel. but her husband Manoah was not with her. A certain man of Zorah. but you are going to conceive and have a son. After him. But he said to me. She must not eat anything that comes from the grapevine. 'You will conceive and give birth to a son. "Are you the one who talked to my wife?" "I am. and he didn't tell me his name.Then Elon died. Abdon son of Hillel.

As they approached the vineyards of Timnah. for at that time they were ruling over Israel. But if you prepare a burnt offering. now get her for me as my wife." (His parents did not know that this was from the LORD . between Zorah and Eshtaol. he said to his father and mother. "I have seen a Philistine woman in Timnah. When the angel of the LORD did not show himself again to Manoah and his wife. When he returned. Manoah and his wife fell with their faces to the ground. he would not have accepted a burnt offering and grain offering from our hands. I will not eat any of your food. "If the LORD had meant to kill us. "What is your name. suddenly a young lion came roaring toward him." The angel of the LORD replied. "We have seen God!" 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 But his wife answered. Seeing this.anything unclean. "Why do you ask my name? It is beyond understanding. Manoah realized that it was the angel of the LORD . offer it to the LORD . And the LORD did an amazing thing while Manoah and his wife watched: As the flame blazed up from the altar toward heaven. "Isn't there an acceptable woman among your relatives or among all our people? Must you go to the uncircumcised Philistines to get a wife?" But Samson said to his father. She's the right one for me." His father and mother replied.) Samson went down to Timnah together with his father and mother. "We are doomed to die!" he said to his wife.) Then Manoah inquired of the angel of the LORD . He grew and the LORD blessed him. the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame. She must everything I have commanded her. together with the grain offering. 25 24 23 went down to Timnah and saw there a young Philistine woman." The woman gave birth to a boy and named him Samson. "Even though you detain me. and sacrificed it on a rock to the LORD ." (Manoah did not realize that it was the angel of the LORD ." 15 do Manoah said to the angel of the LORD . "Get her for me. "We would like you to stay until we prepare a young goat for you. 5 4 3 2 14Samson . and the Spirit of the LORD began to stir him while he was in Mahaneh Dan. " Then Manoah took a young goat. nor shown us all these things or now told us this. so that we may honor you when your word comes true?" He replied. who was seeking an occasion to confront the Philistines.

14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 something sweet. But he did not tell them that he had taken the honey from the lion's carcass. "so why should I explain it to you?" She cried the whole seven days of the feast. he went up to his father's house." "I haven't even explained it to my father or mother. something to eat. "If you had not plowed with my heifer. Did you invite us here to rob us?" Then Samson's wife threw herself on him.The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power so that he tore the lion apart with his bare hands as he might have torn a young goat. struck down thirty of their men. stripped them of their belongings and gave their clothes to those who had explained the riddle." he replied. and they too ate it." they said. When he rejoined his parents. But he told neither his father nor his mother what he had done." He replied. "Let's hear it. out of the strong. In it was a swarm of bees and some honey. "You hate me! You don't really love me. and he liked her. he gave them some." For three days they could not give the answer. but you haven't told me the answer. when he went back to marry her. Burning with anger. Before sunset on the seventh day the men of the town said to him. And Samson made a feast there. When he appeared. "Coax your husband into explaining the riddle for us. which he scooped out with his hands and ate as he went along. She in turn explained the riddle to her people. as was customary for bridegrooms. 20 19 18 17 16 15 . Now his father went down to see the woman. because she continued to press him. or we will burn you and your father's household to death. And Samson's wife was given to the friend who had attended him at his wedding. "If you can give me the answer within the seven days of the feast. he turned aside to look at the lion's carcass. He went down to Ashkelon. he was given thirty companions. "What is sweeter than honey? What is stronger than a lion?" Samson said to them. Then he went down and talked with the woman. they said to Samson's wife. On the fourth day. you would not have solved my riddle. You've given my people a riddle. sobbing. "Out of the eater. you must give me thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes. So on the seventh day he finally told her. "Let me tell you a riddle. Some time later." "Tell us your riddle. I will give you thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes." Samson said to them. If you can't tell me the answer." Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power.

Then he went down and stayed in a cave in the rock of Etam. he grabbed it and struck down a thousand men. I will really harm them." Then three thousand men from Judah went down to the cave in the rock of Etam and said to Samson." they answered." They said to him. the Timnite's son-in-law. As he approached Lehi. "to do to him as he did to us. Samson said to them. lit the torches and let the foxes loose in the standing grain of the Philistines." Samson said. and the bindings dropped from his hands. "Samson." So they bound him with two new ropes and led him up from the rock. The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power. "We've come to tie you up and hand you over to the Philistines." Samson said to them.15Later on. We will not kill you. together with the vineyards and olive groves. "Who did this?" they were told." So the Philistines went up and burned her and her father to death. "Why have you come to fight us?" "We have come to take Samson prisoner. "We will only tie you up and hand you over to them. "With a donkey's jawbone I have made donkeys of them. "Swear to me that you won't kill me yourselves. He burned up the shocks and standing grain. "This time I have a right to get even with the Philistines. I won't stop until I get my revenge on you. The ropes on his arms became like charred flax. He then fastened a torch to every pair of tails. "Don't you realize that the Philistines are rulers over us? What have you done to us?" He answered." But her father would not let him go in. He said. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 The Philistines went up and camped in Judah. spreading out near Lehi. at the time of wheat harvest." He attacked them viciously and slaughtered many of them. "Since you've acted like this." he said. With a donkey's jawbone I have killed a thousand men. "I merely did to them what they did to me. Samson took a young goat and went to visit his wife. Isn't her younger sister more attractive? Take her instead. because his wife was given to his friend." 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 . Finding a fresh jawbone of a donkey." they answered. The men of Judah asked." So he went out and caught three hundred foxes and tied them tail to tail in pairs. "that I gave her to your friend. "I'm going to my wife's room. the Philistines came toward him shouting. When the Philistines asked. Then Samson said. "I was so sure you thoroughly hated her." "Agreed.

Then. I'll become as weak as any other man. together with the two posts. 4 3 2 . saying. you lied to me. 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 16One day Samson went to Gaza. and the place was called Ramath Lehi. "Samson. bar and all." So Delilah took new ropes and tied him with them. 20 19 18 17 The rulers of the Philistines went to her and said. With men hidden in the room. "Tell me the secret of your great strength and how you can be tied up and subdued. So the spring was called En Hakkore. she called to him. Come now." He said. she called to him. "You have given your servant this great victory." But Samson lay there only until the middle of the night. and she tied him with them." Then the rulers of the Philistines brought her seven fresh thongs that had not been dried. Must I now die of thirst and fall into the hands of the uncircumcised?" Then God opened up the hollow place in Lehi. "Samson. his strength returned and he revived. Because he was very thirsty. Some time later. Samson led Israel for twenty years in the days of the Philistines. and tore them loose. They made no move during the night. Then he got up and took hold of the doors of the city gate. When Samson drank. So the secret of his strength was not discovered." So Delilah said to Samson. and it is still there in Lehi. he threw away the jawbone. the Philistines are upon you!" But he snapped the thongs as easily as a piece of string snaps when it comes close to a flame. "If anyone ties me securely with new ropes that have never been used. Then Delilah said to Samson. He went in to spend the night with her. he fell in love with a woman in the Valley of Sorek whose name was Delilah. tell me how you can be tied. "See if you can lure him into showing you the secret of his great strength and how we can overpower him so we may tie him up and subdue him. Each one of us will give you eleven hundred shekels of silver. "You have made a fool of me. and water came out of it. He lifted them to his shoulders and carried them to the top of the hill that faces Hebron.When he finished speaking." Samson answered her. where he saw a prostitute. "If anyone ties me with seven fresh thongs that have not been dried. with men hidden in the room. The people of Gaza were told. "Samson is here!" So they surrounded the place and lay in wait for him all night at the city gate. I'll become as weak as any other man. "At dawn we'll kill him. he cried out to the LORD .

saying.the Philistines are upon you!" But he snapped the ropes off his arms as if they were threads." he said. she called a man to shave off the seven braids of his hair. with the fabric. "Our god has delivered Samson." So they called Samson out of the prison. "If you weave the seven braids of my head into the fabric on the loom and tighten it with the pin. 'I love you. Again she called to him." When the people saw him. she sent word to the rulers of the Philistines." But he did not know that the LORD had left him. the Philistines are upon you!" He awoke from his sleep and thought. If my head were shaved. you have been making a fool of me and lying to me. and so began to subdue him. 18 17 16 15 14 13 Having put him to sleep on her lap. "Until now. they set him to grinding in the prison. Then she called. Delilah then said to Samson." 26 25 24 . "Samson. "Bring out Samson to entertain us. When they stood him among the pillars. "No razor has ever been used on my head. and he performed for them." While they were in high spirits. But the hair on his head began to grow again after it had been shaved. Samson said to the servant who held his hand. wove them into the fabric and tightened it with the pin. Binding him with bronze shackles. they shouted." With such nagging she prodded him day after day until he was tired to death. gouged out his eyes and took him down to Gaza. Then the Philistines seized him. into our hands. "Samson. so that I may lean against them. Delilah took the seven braids of his head." He replied. Then she said to him. "Come back once more. I'll become as weak as any other man. "because I have been a Nazirite set apart to God since birth." So the rulers of the Philistines returned with the silver in their hands. the Philistines are upon you!" He awoke from his sleep and pulled up the pin and the loom. my strength would leave me. Tell me how you can be tied." When Delilah saw that he had told her everything. "I'll go out as before and shake myself free. saying. So he told her everything.' when you won't confide in me? This is the third time you have made a fool of me and haven't told me the secret of your great strength. they praised their god. the one who laid waste our land and multiplied our slain. 23 22 21 20 19 Now the rulers of the Philistines assembled to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god and to celebrate. "How can you say." So while he was sleeping. and I would become as weak as any other man. our enemy. And his strength left him. he has told me everything. "Put me where I can feel the pillars that support the temple. "Our god has delivered our enemy into our hands.

"and I'm looking for a place to stay. O God. "Live with me and be my father and priest. Thus he killed many more when he died than while he lived. all the rulers of the Philistines were there. In those days Israel had no king. Then Samson prayed to the LORD . your clothes and your food.Now the temple was crowded with men and women. remember me." So he returned the silver to his mother. his right hand on the one and his left hand on the other. And they were put in Micah's house. who had been living within the clan of Judah. Then his brothers and his father's whole family went down to get him. They brought him back and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the tomb of Manoah his father. He had led Israel twenty years. and I'll give you ten shekels of silver a year. On his way he came to Micah's house in the hill country of Ephraim. and let me with one blow get revenge on the Philistines for my two eyes. 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 17Now a man named Micah from the hill country of Ephraim said to his mother. "The eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from you and about which I heard you utter a curse-I have that silver with me. "The LORD bless you. and on the roof were about three thousand men and women watching Samson perform. "O Sovereign LORD . who made them into the image and the idol. my son!" 2 ." Then his mother said." So the Levite agreed to live with him. I will give it back to you." Then Samson reached toward the two central pillars on which the temple stood. I took it. Samson said. "I solemnly consecrate my silver to the LORD for my son to make a carved image and a cast idol. "Let me die with the Philistines!" Then he pushed with all his might. and the young man was to him like one of his sons. please strengthen me just once more. Micah asked him. A young Levite from Bethlehem in Judah. Bracing himself against them. everyone did as he saw fit. and down came the temple on the rulers and all the people in it. left that town in search of some other place to stay." Then Micah said to him." he said. Now this man Micah had a shrine. "Where are you from?" "I'm a Levite from Bethlehem in Judah. 31 30 29 28 27 When he returned the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother. she said. and he made an ephod and some idols and installed one of his sons as his priest. and she took two hundred shekels of silver and gave them to a silversmith.

their brothers asked them. let's attack them! We have seen that the land is very good." Then they said to him. "Do you know that one of these houses has an ephod. "Go in peace. they lived a long way from the Sidonians and had no relationship with anyone else. "How did you find things?" They answered. These men represented all their clans. since this Levite has become my priest. From there they went on to the hill country of Ephraim and came to Micah's house. And since their land lacked nothing. They told them. armed for battle. so they turned in there and asked him. And Micah said. "Go. When they were near Micah's house. Then the five men who had spied out the land of Laish said to their brothers. like the Sidonians. they recognized the voice of the young Levite." The priest answered them. set out from Zorah and Eshtaol. When they returned to Zorah and Eshtaol." 13 12 So the five men left and came to Laish." Then six hundred men from the clan of the Danites. When you get there. So the Danites sent five warriors from Zorah and Eshtaol to spy out the land and explore it. a land that lacks nothing whatever. explore the land. Your journey has the LORD 's approval. where they spent the night. they were prosperous.Then Micah installed the Levite. "He has hired me and I am his priest. "Now I know that the LORD will be good to me. other household gods. because they had not yet come into an inheritance among the tribes of Israel. On their way they set up camp near Kiriath Jearim in Judah. Aren't you going to do something? Don't hesitate to go there and take it over." 6 5 4 3 2 ." The men entered the hill country of Ephraim and came to the house of Micah. This is why the place west of Kiriath Jearim is called Mahaneh Dan to this day. "Please inquire of God to learn whether our journey will be successful. "Who brought you here? What are you doing in this place? Why are you here?" He told them what Micah had done for him. And in those days the tribe of the Danites was seeking a place of their own where they might settle. Also. and the young man became his priest and lived in his house. and said." 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 18In those days Israel had no king. you will find an unsuspecting people and a spacious land that God has put into your hands. "Come on. where they saw that the people were living in safety. unsuspecting and secure. a carved image and a cast idol? Now you know what to do.

turned around and went back home. 'What's the matter with you?' " The Danites answered. and be our father and priest.So they turned in there and went to the house of the young Levite at Micah's place and greeted him. When they had gone some distance from Micah's house. stood at the entrance to the gate. their livestock and their possessions in front of them. armed for battle. the Danites turned and said to Micah. and Jonathan son of Gershom. Putting their little children. "You took the gods I made. and went away. As they shouted after them." So the Danites went their way. the son of Moses. the ephod. 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 . They attacked them with the sword and burned down their city. The six hundred Danites. and went on to Laish. Then they took what Micah had made. the other household gods and the cast idol while the priest and the six hundred armed men stood at the entrance to the gate. and my priest. who was born to Israelthough the city used to be called Laish. they turned away and left. "Don't argue with us. the other household gods and the carved image and went along with the people. seeing that they were too strong for him. and Micah. the ephod. "What are you doing?" They answered him. They named it Dan after their forefather Dan. 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 "What's the matter with you that you called out your men to fight?" He replied. He took the ephod. and his sons were priests for the tribe of Dan until the time of the captivity of the land. The city was in a valley near Beth Rehob. There was no one to rescue them because they lived a long way from Sidon and had no relationship with anyone else. and you and your family will lose your lives. Isn't it better that you serve a tribe and clan in Israel as priest rather than just one man's household?" Then the priest was glad. against a peaceful and unsuspecting people. What else do I have? How can you ask. When these men went into Micah's house and took the carved image. or some hot-tempered men will attack you. "Be quiet! Don't say a word. The Danites rebuilt the city and settled there. the priest said to them. The five men who had spied out the land went inside and took the carved image. the other household gods and the cast idol. the men who lived near Micah were called together and overtook the Danites. There the Danites set up for themselves the idols. and his priest. Come with us.

but the girl's father said to his son-in-law. it's almost evening." And when the man got up to go. when he rose to go. Afterward the girl's father said. let's stop at this city of the Jebusites and spend the night. with his concubine and his servant. the girl's father said. Spend the night here. Stay and enjoy yourself.They continued to use the idols Micah had made. the girl's father. the girl's father." He added. She left him and went back to her father's house in Bethlehem." So they went on. so he remained with him three days. Now a Levite who lived in a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim took a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah. said. "Now look. who was living in Gibeah (the men of the place were 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 19In those days Israel had no king. whose people are not Israelites. eating and drinking. On the fourth day they got up early and he prepared to leave. the man left and went toward Jebus (that is. all the time the house of God was in Shiloh. Early tomorrow morning you can get up and be on your way home. let's try to reach Gibeah or Ramah and spend the night in one of those places. He had with him his servant and two donkeys. Jerusalem). That evening an old man from the hill country of Ephraim. then you can go. prevailed upon him to stay. the servant said to his master. her husband went to her to persuade her to return." But. His father-in-law. "Please stay tonight and enjoy yourself. "Refresh yourself with something to eat. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 . On the morning of the fifth day. We will go on to Gibeah. We won't go into an alien city. his father-in-law persuaded him. After she had been there four months. Then when the man." So the two of them sat down to eat and drink together. 31 "Refresh yourself. "No. When they were near Jebus and the day was almost gone. and the sun set as they neared Gibeah in Benjamin. got up to leave. the day is nearly over. with his two saddled donkeys and his concubine. They went and sat in the city square. he gladly welcomed him. Wait till afternoon!" So the two of them ate together." His master replied. There they stopped to spend the night. She took him into her father's house. so he stayed there that night. "Come. and when her father saw him. But she was unfaithful to him. Judah. unwilling to stay another night. "Come. and sleeping there. his father-in-law. but no one took them into his home for the night.

"Get up. came in from his work in the fields. "Bring out the man who came to your house so we can have sex with him. When her master got up in the morning and opened the door of the house and stepped out to continue on his way. I have been to Bethlehem in Judah and now I am going to the house of the LORD . your maidservant. "Where are you going? Where did you come from?" He answered. he took a knife and cut up his concubine. there lay his concubine. here is my virgin daughter. fallen in the doorway of the house. After they had washed their feet. and the young man with us. let's go. Pounding on the door. don't do this disgraceful thing." But there was no answer. don't do such a disgraceful thing. Look. some of the wicked men of the city surrounded the house. He said to her. Everyone who saw it said. When he looked and saw the traveler in the city square. they had something to eat and drink. I will bring them out to you now. and his concubine." So he took him into his house and fed his donkeys. with her hands on the threshold. "No. While they were enjoying themselves." "You are welcome at my house. When he reached home. they shouted to the old man who owned the house. Then the man put her on his donkey and set out for home. But to this man. Think about it! Consider it! Tell us what to do!" 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 . "Let me supply whatever you need. and you can use them and do to them whatever you wish. the old man asked. fell down at the door and lay there until daylight." the old man said. Only don't spend the night in the square." The owner of the house went outside and said to them. We have both straw and fodder for our donkeys and bread and wine for ourselves your servants-me. So the man took his concubine and sent her outside to them.Benjamites). my friends. into twelve parts and sent them into all the areas of Israel. "We are on our way from Bethlehem in Judah to a remote area in the hill country of Ephraim where I live." But the men would not listen to him. and they raped her and abused her throughout the night. don't 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 be so vile. not since the day the Israelites came up out of Egypt. and at dawn they let her go. "Such a thing has never been seen or done. No one has taken me into his house. Since this man is my guest. We don't need anything. limb by limb. At daybreak the woman went back to the house where her master was staying.

said. apart from Benjamin. saying. The leaders of all the people of the tribes of Israel took their places in the assembly of the people of God. not one of us will return to his house." So all the men of Israel got together and united as one man against the city.) Then the Israelites said. "Who of us shall go first to fight against the 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 . The Israelites went up to Bethel and inquired of God. and a thousand from ten thousand. four hundred thousand soldiers armed with swords. But now this is what we'll do to Gibeah: We'll go up against it as the lot directs. "What about this awful crime that was committed among you? Now surrender those wicked men of Gibeah so that we may put them to death and purge the evil from Israel. to get provisions for the army. I took my concubine. Then. all you Israelites. it can give them what they deserve for all this vileness done in Israel. "I and my concubine came to Gibeah in Benjamin to spend the night. "Tell us how this awful thing happened. No." All the people rose as one man." But the Benjamites would not listen to their fellow Israelites. speak up and give your verdict. Among all these soldiers there were seven hundred chosen men who were left-handed. intending to kill me. saying. and she died. in addition to seven hundred chosen men from those living in Gibeah. At once the Benjamites mobilized twenty-six thousand swordsmen from their towns. when the army arrives at Gibeah in Benjamin. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 We'll take ten men out of every hundred from all the tribes of Israel. mustered four hundred thousand swordsmen. The tribes of Israel sent men throughout the tribe of Benjamin. because they committed this lewd and disgraceful act in Israel. each of whom could sling a stone at a hair and not miss.20Then all the Israelites from Dan to Beersheba and from the land of Gilead came out as one man and assembled before the LORD in Mizpah. and a hundred from a thousand. (The Benjamites heard that the Israelites had gone up to Mizpah. From their towns they came together at Gibeah to fight against the Israelites. They raped my concubine. Israel. "None of us will go home. cut her into pieces and sent one piece to each region of Israel's inheritance. Now. They said. the husband of the murdered woman." So the Levite. all of them fighting men. During the night the men of Gibeah came after me and surrounded the house.

"Go up against them. "Let's retreat and draw them away from the city to the roads. They fasted that day until evening and presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings to the LORD . with Phinehas son of Eleazar. and they inquired of the LORD . ministering before it. the son of Aaron. 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 . They began to inflict casualties on the Israelites as before. The fighting was so heavy that the Benjamites did not realize how near disaster was. "Shall we go up again to battle against the Benjamites. and the Israelite ambush charged out of its place on the west of Gibeah." the Israelites were saying. But the men of Israel encouraged one another and again took up their positions where they had stationed themselves the first day. all the people. all of them armed with swords.) They asked. they cut down another eighteen thousand Israelites. so that about thirty men fell in the open field and on the roads-the one leading to Bethel and the other to Gibeah. (In those days the ark of the covenant of God was there. "We are defeating them as before. The men of Israel went out to fight the Benjamites and took up battle positions against them at Gibeah. for tomorrow I will give them into your hands." All the men of Israel moved from their places and took up positions at Baal Tamar. They went up against the Benjamites on the third day and took up positions against Gibeah as they had done before. The Israelites went up and wept before the LORD until evening.Benjamites?" The LORD replied. Then the Israelites." The next morning the Israelites got up and pitched camp near Gibeah. or not?" The LORD responded. our brothers?" The LORD answered." Then the Israelites drew near to Benjamin the second day. "Shall we go up again to battle with Benjamin our brother. "Go. "Judah shall go first. While the Benjamites were saying. This time. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 And the Israelites inquired of the LORD ." Then Israel set an ambush around Gibeah. Then ten thousand of Israel's finest men made a frontal attack on Gibeah. They said. when the Benjamites came out from Gibeah to oppose them. The Benjamites came out of Gibeah and cut down twenty-two thousand Israelites on the battlefield that day. and there they sat weeping before the LORD . The Benjamites came out to meet them and were drawn away from the city. went up to Bethel.

And the men of Israel who came out of the towns cut them down there. where they stayed four months. and on that day the Israelites struck down 25. because they realized that disaster had come upon them. Then the Benjamites saw that they were beaten. 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 They surrounded the Benjamites. and then the men of Israel would turn in the battle. The Benjamites had begun to inflict casualties on the men of Israel (about thirty)." The people went to Bethel. but they could not escape the battle. all armed with swords. all of them valiant fighters. As they turned and fled toward the desert to the rock of Rimmon. all of them valiant fighters. and they said. So they fled before the Israelites in the direction of the desert." But when the column of smoke began to rise from the city. Now the men of Israel had given way before Benjamin. "why has this happened to Israel? Why should one tribe be missing from Israel today?" 3 2 . the God of Israel. including the animals and everything else they found. But six hundred men turned and fled into the desert to the rock of Rimmon.The LORD defeated Benjamin before Israel. 48 47 46 45 44 43 21The men of Israel had taken an oath at Mizpah: "Not one of us will give his daughter in marriage to a Benjamite. and the men of Benjamin were terrified. The men of Israel went back to Benjamin and put all the towns to the sword.100 Benjamites. On that day twenty-five thousand Benjamite swordsmen fell. because they relied on the ambush they had set near Gibeah. the Benjamites turned and saw the smoke of the whole city going up into the sky. "O LORD . the Israelites cut down five thousand men along the roads. raising their voices and weeping bitterly. They kept pressing after the Benjamites as far as Gidom and struck down two thousand more. spread out and put the whole city to the sword. where they sat before God until evening. The men who had been in ambush made a sudden dash into Gibeah." they cried. All the towns they came across they set on fire. "We are defeating them as in the first battle. chased them and easily overran them in the vicinity of Gibeah on the east. Eighteen thousand Benjamites fell. Then the men of Israel turned on them. The men of Israel had arranged with the ambush that they should send up a great cloud of smoke from the city.

Then the whole assembly sent an offer of peace to the Benjamites at the rock of Rimmon. and to the south of Lebonah. Then the Israelites asked. "Kill every male and every woman who is not a virgin. So the assembly sent twelve thousand fighting men with instructions to go to Jabesh Gilead and put to the sword those living there. saying. "With the women of Benjamin destroyed. We can't give them our daughters as wives. and east of the road that goes from Bethel to Shechem. When the girls of Shiloh come out to join in the dancing. the Benjamites. "Who from all the tribes of Israel has failed to assemble before the LORD ?" For they had taken a solemn oath that anyone who failed to assemble before the LORD at Mizpah should certainly be put to death. For when they counted the people." they said. And the elders of the assembly said. they found that none of the people of Jabesh Gilead were there. "Today one tribe is cut off from Israel. there is the annual festival of the LORD in Shiloh.Early the next day the people built an altar and presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings." they said. to the north of Bethel. "This is what you are to do. "Go and hide in the vineyards and watch. "so that a tribe of Israel will not be wiped out. since we have taken an oath by the LORD not to give them any of our daughters in marriage?" Then they asked. how shall we provide wives for the men who are left? The Benjamite survivors must have heirs. Now the Israelites grieved for their brothers. But there were not enough for all of them. since we Israelites have taken this oath: 'Cursed be anyone who gives a wife to a Benjamite. including the women and children. then 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . and they took them to the camp at Shiloh in Canaan." They found among the people living in Jabesh Gilead four hundred young 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 women who had never slept with a man." So they instructed the Benjamites.' But look. So the Benjamites returned at that time and were given the women of Jabesh Gilead who had been spared. "How can we provide wives for those who are left. "Which one of the tribes of Israel failed to assemble before the LORD at Mizpah?" They discovered that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come to the camp for the assembly. The people grieved for Benjamin." they said. because the LORD had made a gap in the tribes of Israel.

and you are innocent.rush from the vineyards and each of you seize a wife from the girls of Shiloh and go to the land of Benjamin. At that time the Israelites left that place and went home to their tribes and clans. because we did not get wives for them during the war. When their fathers or brothers complain to us. 'Do us a kindness by helping them. each man 23 22 caught one and carried her off to be his wife. Then they returned to their inheritance and rebuilt the towns and settled in them. since you did not give your daughters to them. 25 24 . each to his own inheritance. While the girls were dancing. everyone did as he saw fit. we will say to them.' " So that is what the Benjamites did. In those days Israel had no king.

They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem. and she was left with her two sons. May the Lord grant that each of you will find rest in the home of another husband. my daughters. Why would you come with me? Am I going to have any more sons. After they had lived there about ten years. When she heard in Moab that the Lord had come to the aid of his people by providing food for them. Where you go I will go. one named Orpah and the other Ruth. because the Lord 's hand has gone out against me!" At this they wept again. May the Lord show kindness to you. Now Elimelech. "Go back." But Naomi said. Go back with her. The man's name was Elimelech." said Naomi. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law good-by. "Look. to your 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 mother's home. Then Naomi said to her two daughtersin-law. who could become your husbands? Return home. and a man from Bethlehem in Judah. my daughters. and where you 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 . and Naomi was left without her two sons and her husband. "We will go back with you to your people. And they went to Moab and lived there. "Don't urge me to leave you or to turn back from you. each of you." But Ruth replied. there was a famine in the land.Ruth 1In the days when the judges ruled. together with his wife and two sons. died. and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. my daughters. his wife's name Naomi. Judah. "your sister-in-law is going back to her people and her gods. both Mahlon and Kilion also died. "Return home. They married Moabite women. Even if I thought there was still hope for me-even if I had a husband tonight and then gave birth to sonswould you wait until they grew up? Would you remain unmarried for them? No. but Ruth clung to her. Naomi and her daughters-in-law prepared to return home from there. With her two daughters-in-law she left the place where she had been living and set out on the road that would take them back to the land of Judah." Then she kissed them and they wept aloud and said to her. It is more bitter for me than for you. as you have shown to your dead and to me. Naomi's husband. I am too old to have another husband. went to live for a while in the country of Moab.

Just then Boaz arrived from Bethlehem and greeted the harvesters." At this. Your people will be my people and your God my God. a man of standing. and there I will be buried. whose name was Boaz. listen to me. I went away full. " she told them. She said. "Call me Mara. 'Please let me glean and gather among the sheaves behind the harvesters. arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest was beginning. the whole town was stirred because of them. the Almighty has brought misfortune upon me. Boaz asked the foreman of his harvesters. and follow along after the girls. So the two women went on until they came to Bethlehem. And Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi. "The Lord be with you!" "The Lord bless you!" they called back. May the Lord deal with me. "My daughter. "Whose young woman is that?" The foreman replied. As it turned out. except for a short rest in the shelter. if anything but death separates you and me. "Let me go to the fields and pick up the leftover grain behind anyone in whose 2 . "Go ahead. Where you die I will die." When Naomi realized that Ruth was determined to go with her. Don't go and glean in another field and don't go away from here. she found herself working in a field belonging to Boaz.' She went into the field and has worked steadily from morning till now. be it ever so severely. she stopped urging her. but the Lord has brought me back empty. 22 21 20 19 18 17 eyes I find favor. "She is the Moabitess who came back from Moab with Naomi. She exclaimed. go and get a drink from the water jars the men have filled. because the Almighty has made my life very bitter. Why call me Naomi? The Lord has afflicted me." So Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the Moabitess.stay I will stay. her daughter-in-law. "Can this be Naomi?" "Don't call me Naomi. Watch the field where the men are harvesting. who was from the clan of Elimelech. my daughter." So Boaz said to Ruth. When they arrived in Bethlehem. and the women exclaimed. she bowed down with her face to the ground. "Why 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2Now Naomi had a relative on her husband's side. Stay here with my servant girls." Naomi said to her. I have told the men not to touch you. from the clan of Elimelech. And whenever you are thirsty." So she went out and began to glean in the fields behind the harvesters.

under whose wings you have come to take refuge. "My daughter. "Even if she gathers among the sheaves." At mealtime Boaz said to her. 'Stay with my workers until they finish harvesting all my grain. "I've been told all about what you have done for your mother-inlaw since the death of your husbandhow you left your father and mother and your homeland and came to live with a people you did not know before. my lord." When she sat down with the harvesters." she said. She ate all she wanted and had some left over. my daughter." So Ruth gleaned in the field until evening." She added. pull out some stalks for her from the bundles and leave them for her to pick up. And she lived with her mother-in-law. and it amounted to about an ephah. Rather. May you be richly rewarded by the Lord . Ruth also brought out and gave her what she had left over after she had eaten enough. "That man is our close relative. "It will be good for you. he is one of our kinsman-redeemers." "May I continue to find favor in your eyes. "Where did you glean today? Where did you work? Blessed be the man who took notice of you!" Then Ruth told her mother-in-law about the one at whose place she had been working. Boaz gave orders to his men. and her mother-in-law saw how much she had gathered. don't embarrass her. Her mother-in-law asked her.have I found such favor in your eyes that you notice me-a foreigner?" Boaz replied." So Ruth stayed close to the servant girls of Boaz to glean until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. where you will be well provided for? . 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 She carried it back to town. Then she threshed the barley she had gathered. "The Lord bless him!" Naomi said to her daughter-in-law. he offered her some roasted grain. "Come over here.' " Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-inlaw." Then Ruth the Moabitess said." she said. As she got up to glean. "You have given me comfort and have spoken kindly to your servant-though I do not have the standing of one of your servant girls. the God of Israel. Have some bread and dip it in the wine vinegar. and don't rebuke her. 23 22 21 20 19 18 3One day Naomi her mother-in-law said to her. "He even said to me. should I not try to find a home for you. to go with his girls. May the Lord repay you for what you have done. because in someone else's field you might be harmed. "The name of the man I worked with today is Boaz. "He has not stopped showing his kindness to the living and the dead.

He will tell you what to do. "Who are you?" he asked. Ruth approached quietly. whether rich or poor. note the place where he is lying. let him redeem. All my fellow townsmen know that you are a woman of noble character. and he turned and discovered a woman lying at his feet. When Ruth came to her mother-in-law. When he lies down. When Boaz had finished eating and drinking and was in good spirits. and in the morning if he wants to redeem. he poured into it six measures of barley and put it on her. uncovered his feet and lay down. since you are a kinsman-redeemer. until you find out what happens." she said." "I will do whatever you say. my daughter." he replied." "The Lord bless you. "Don't let it be known that a woman came to the threshing floor. Lie here until morning." When she did so. a kinsman of ours? Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. "This kindness is greater than that which you showed earlier: You have not run after the younger men.' " Then Naomi said. But if he is not willing." 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 ." Ruth answered. my daughter. "Wait. 'Don't go back to your mother-in-law emptyhanded. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 And now. don't be afraid. Stay here for the night. my daughter?" Then she told her everything Boaz had done for her and added. Then go down to the threshing floor. "How did it go. Then go and uncover his feet and lie down. but got up before anyone could be recognized. there is a kinsman-redeemer nearer than I. saying. Although it is true that I am near of kin. In the middle of the night something startled the man. as surely as the Lord lives I will do it. I will do for you all you ask. "I am your servant Ruth. Wash and perfume yourself. and put on your best clothes.Is not Boaz. Naomi asked. So she went down to the threshing floor and did everything her mother-in-law told her to do. my daughter. but don't let him know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking. with whose servant girls you have been. "He gave me these six measures of barley. For the man will not rest until the matter is settled today. he went over to lie down at the far end of the grain pile. good." He also said. Then he went back to town. "Bring me the shawl you are wearing and hold it out. and he said. "Spread the corner of your garment over me." So she lay at his feet until morning.

But if you will not. This was the method of legalizing transactions in Israel. "Sit here. may your family be like that of Perez. I thought I should bring the matter to your attention and suggest that you buy it in the presence of these seated here and in the presence of the elders of my people. For no one has the right to do it except you. "We are witnesses. and sit down. Then Boaz announced to the elders and all the people. for the redemption and transfer of property to become final. tell me. the kinsman-redeemer said. Boaz took ten of the elders of the town and said.4Meanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate and sat there. "Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate." And he removed his sandal." he said. The women said to Naomi: "Praise be to the Lord . in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property. May the Lord make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah. and the Lord enabled her to conceive. "Come over here. May you have standing in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem. who together built up the house of Israel. you acquire the dead man's widow. For your daughter-in15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 . and she gave birth to a son." So he went over and sat down." (Now in earlier times in Israel. who has come back from Moab. If you will redeem it. "Buy it yourself. You redeem it yourself. May he become famous throughout Israel! He will renew your life and sustain you in your old age. "Today you are witnesses that I have bought from Naomi all the property of Elimelech. Then he went to her. Then he said to the kinsman-redeemer. Through the offspring the Lord gives you by this young woman. and I am next in line. Today you are witnesses!" Then the elders and all those at the gate said." "I will redeem it. Mahlon's widow. Then Boaz said. Boaz said. who this day has not left you without a kinsman-redeemer. is selling the piece of land that belonged to our brother Elimelech. When the kinsmanredeemer he had mentioned came along. "On the day you buy the land from Naomi and from Ruth the Moabitess. in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property. I cannot do it." and they did so.) 7 6 5 4 3 2 So the kinsman-redeemer said to Boaz. as my wife." So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. so that his name will not disappear from among his family or from the town records. my friend." At this. whom Tamar bore to Judah. "Naomi. Kilion and Mahlon. do so. one party took off his sandal and gave it to the other. I have also acquired Ruth the Moabitess. so I will know.

"Naomi has a son. and Jesse the father of David.law. who loves you and who is better to you than seven sons. Amminadab the father of Nahshon. He was the father of Jesse. 22 21 20 19 ." Then Naomi took the child. Obed the father of Jesse. 18 17 16 Hezron the father of Ram. the father of David. Salmon the father of Boaz. Boaz the father of Obed. This. has given him birth. Ram the father of Amminadab. laid him in her lap and cared for him. The women living there said. is the family line of Perez: Perez was the father of Hezron." And they named him Obed. then. Nahshon the father of Salmon.

Whenever the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice." "Not so. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the Lord . her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her. saying. and not forget your servant but give her a son. and the Lord had closed her womb. Elkanah her husband would say to her. a Zuphite from the hill country of Ephraim. one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Eli observed her mouth. And because the Lord had closed her womb." Hannah replied. "I am a woman who is deeply troubled. I have not been drinking wine or beer. why are you weeping? Why don't you eat? Why are you downhearted? Don't I mean more to you than ten sons?" Once when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. 7 6 5 4 3 2 . the son of Elihu. and her lips were moving but her voice was not heard. And she made a vow. the son of Zuph. I was pouring out my soul to the Lord . Year after year this man went up from his town to worship and sacrifice to the Lord Almighty at Shiloh. whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham. then I will give him to the Lord for all the days of his life. Hannah was praying in her heart. the two sons of Eli. This went on year after year. an Ephraimite. if you will only look upon your servant's misery and remember me. "How long will you keep on getting drunk? Get rid of your wine. Peninnah had children.1st Samuel 1There was a certain man from Ramathaim. were priests of the Lord . and no razor will ever be used on his head. her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat. the son of Tohu. my lord. "Hannah. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 He had two wives. But to Hannah he gave a double portion because he loved her. he would give portions of the meat to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters. Now Eli the priest was sitting on a chair by the doorpost of the Lord 's temple. but Hannah had none. Eli thought she was drunk and said to her." As she kept on praying to the Lord . "O Lord Almighty. In bitterness of soul Hannah wept much and prayed to the Lord . where Hophni and Phinehas. Hannah stood up.

and may the God of Israel grant you what you have asked of him. and her face was no longer downcast. "The bows of the warriors are broken. there is no Rock like our God." "Do what seems best to you. and she said to him. I will take him and present him before the Lord ." Then she went her way and ate something. saying. young as he was. along with a three-year-old bull. My mouth boasts over my enemies. "Because I asked the Lord for him. When they had slaughtered the bull." So the woman stayed at home and nursed her son until she had weaned him. "There is no one holy like the Lord . and brought him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh. So now I give him to the Lord . Those who were full hire themselves out for food. there is no one besides you." Eli answered. but those who stumbled are armed with strength. only may the Lord make good his word. For his whole life he will be given over to the Lord . I am the woman who stood here beside you praying to the Lord . for I delight in your deliverance. she took the boy with her. 5 4 3 2 . After he was weaned. "Stay here until you have weaned him. they brought the boy to Eli. "As surely as you live. Hannah did not go. So in the course of time Hannah conceived and gave birth to a son." Elkanah her husband told her. "May your servant find favor in your eyes. Elkanah lay with Hannah his wife. and he will live there always. She named him Samuel. I have been praying here out of my great anguish and grief. Early the next morning they arose and worshiped before the Lord and then went back to their home at Ramah. an ephah of flour 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 and a skin of wine." She said. but she who has had many sons pines away. "Do not keep talking so proudly or let your mouth speak such arrogance. I prayed for this child. She who was barren has borne seven children. 28 27 26 25 2Then Hannah prayed and said: "My heart rejoices in the Lord . and the Lord remembered her." When the man Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow. She said to her husband.Do not take your servant for a wicked woman. my lord. "After the boy is weaned. but those who were hungry hunger no more." And he worshiped the Lord there. and by him deeds are weighed. for the Lord is a God who knows. "Go in peace. and the Lord has granted me what I asked of him. in the Lord my horn is lifted high.

Each year his mother made him a little robe and took it to him when she went up with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. he brings down to the grave and raises up. the servant of the priest would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand. He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the needy from the ash heap. Now Eli. "May the Lord give you children by this woman to take the place of the one she prayed for and gave to the Lord ." This sin of the young men was very great in the Lord 's sight. "For the foundations of the earth are the Lord 's." Then Elkanah went home to Ramah." If the man said to him. But even before the fat was burned. hand it over now. who was very old. saying. and then take whatever you want. but only raw. This is how they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh. "It is not by strength that one prevails. those who oppose the Lord will be shattered. he seats them with princes and has them inherit a throne of honor. "He will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed. heard about everything his sons were doing to 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 . but the wicked will be silenced in darkness. the boy Samuel grew up in the presence of the Lord . the Lord will judge the ends of the earth. they had no regard for the Lord . she conceived and gave birth to three sons and two daughters. for they were treating the Lord 's offering with contempt. Meanwhile. But Samuel was ministering before the Lord -a boy wearing a linen ephod. And the Lord was gracious to Hannah. The Lord sends poverty and wealth." Then they would go home. the servant of the priest would come and say to the man who was sacrificing. he won't accept boiled meat from you. Eli's sons were wicked men. "Let the fat be burned up first. if you don't. Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife. "No. He will guard the feet of his saints. upon them he has set the world. He would plunge it into the pan or kettle or caldron or pot. he humbles and he exalts. and the priest would take for himself whatever the fork 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 brought up."The Lord brings death and makes alive. but the boy ministered before the Lord under Eli the priest. I'll take it by force. He will thunder against them from heaven." the servant would then answer. Now it was the practice of the priests with the people that whenever anyone offered a sacrifice and while the meat was being boiled. "Give the priest some meat to roast.

who will intercede for him?" His sons. Then everyone left in your family line will come and bow down before him for a piece of silver and a crust of bread and plead. declares: 'I promised that your house and your father's house would minister before me forever. in your family line there will never be an old man. I will firmly establish his house. " 'And what happens to your two sons. it is not a good report that I hear spreading among the Lord 's people. my sons. however. Now a man of God came to Eli and said to him.' But now the Lord declares: 'Far be it from me! Those who honor me I will honor. the God of Israel. I also gave your father's house all the offerings made with fire by the Israelites. In those days the . and to wear an ephod in my presence. Although good will be done to Israel. for it was the Lord 's will to put them to death. "This is what the Lord says: 'Did I not clearly reveal myself to your father's house when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh? I chose your father out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest. did not listen to their father's rebuke. will be a sign to you-they will both die on the same day.all Israel and how they slept with the women who served at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. Why do you scorn my sacrifice and offering that I prescribed for my dwelling? Why do you honor your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choice parts of every offering made by my people Israel?' 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 "Therefore the Lord . but if a man sins against the Lord . If a man sins against another man. No. who will do according to what is in my heart and mind. And the boy Samuel continued to grow in stature and in favor with the Lord and with men. but those who despise me will be disdained. So he said to them. to burn incense. Hophni and Phinehas. to go up to my altar. I will raise up for myself a faithful priest. Every one of you that I do not cut off from my altar will be spared only to blind your eyes with tears and to grieve your heart. so that there will not be an old man in your family line and you will see distress in my dwelling. "Appoint me to some priestly office so I can have food to eat." ' " 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 3The boy Samuel ministered before the Lord under Eli. and he will minister before my anointed one always. The time is coming when I will cut short your strength and the strength of your father's house. God may mediate for him. and all your descendants will die in the prime of life. "Why do you do such things? I hear from all the people about these wicked deeds of yours.

if you hide from me anything he told you. One night Eli. "Here I am. and Samuel got up and went to Eli and said. for your servant is listening. there were not many visions. I swore to the house of Eli. and he failed to restrain them. Therefore. "Here I am." Then Eli realized that the Lord was calling the boy. and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the Lord . you called me. go back and lie down. Then Eli said. "I did not call.' " So Samuel went and lay down in his place. Lord . you called me. "Samuel. For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about. where the ark of God was." And he ran to Eli and said." So Samuel told him everything. "I did not call. hiding nothing from him. for your servant is listening." Eli said. say. 'Speak. "Do not hide it from me. "Here I am. was lying down in his usual place. whose eyes were becoming so weak that he could barely see. but Eli called him and said. So Eli told Samuel." "My son." So he went and lay down. you called me. I am about to do something in Israel that will make the ears of everyone who hears of it tingle.word of the Lord was rare. let him do what is good in his eyes. "He is the Lord . Again the Lord called. Then the Lord called Samuel." Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord : The word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him. and if he calls you. "Here I am." And the Lord said to Samuel: "See." But Eli said. "Go and lie down. his sons made themselves contemptible. At that time I will carry out against Eli everything I spoke against his familyfrom beginning to end." 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 ." "What was it he said to you?" Eli asked. The Lord came and stood there.' " Samuel lay down until morning and then opened the doors of the house of the Lord . He was afraid to tell Eli the vision. "Samuel! 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Samuel!" Then Samuel said. go back and lie down. "Here I am. "Samuel!" And Samuel got up and went to Eli and said. "Speak. May God deal with you. 'The guilt of Eli's house will never be atoned for by sacrifice or offering." Samuel answered. my son. The Lord called Samuel a third time. be it ever so severely. Samuel answered. calling as at the other times. The lamp of God had not yet gone out.

were there with the ark of the covenant of God. so that it may go with us and save us from the hand of our enemies. Philistines! Be men. "We're in trouble! Nothing like this has happened before. who is enthroned between the cherubim. all Israel raised 5 4 3 2 .The Lord was with Samuel as he grew up. The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel. Hearing the uproar. Israel was defeated by the Philistines. and as the battle spread. and the Philistines at Aphek. Woe to us! Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? They are the gods who struck the Egyptians with all kinds of plagues in the desert. the Philistines asked. because his heart feared for the ark of God. his clothes torn and dust on his head. Be strong. Be men. 21 20 19 such a great shout that the ground shook. watching. and there he revealed himself to Samuel through his word. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. When the man entered the town and told what had happened. That same day a Benjamite ran from the battle line and went to Shiloh. "Why did the Lord bring defeat upon us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark of the Lord 's covenant from Shiloh." So the people sent men to Shiloh." they said. When the ark of the Lord 's covenant came into the camp. or you will be subject to the Hebrews. the Philistines were afraid. and fight!" So the Philistines fought. who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield. And Eli's two sons. Israel lost thirty thousand foot soldiers. and Eli's two sons. The Lord continued to appear at Shiloh. as they have been to you. and they brought back the ark of the covenant of the Lord Almighty. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer. 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 4And Samuel's word came to all Israel. "A god has come into the camp. And all Israel from Dan to Beersheba recognized that Samuel was attested as a prophet of the Lord . and he let none of his words fall to the ground. died. Hophni and Phinehas. the whole town sent up a cry. there was Eli sitting on his chair by the side of the road. When the soldiers returned to camp. The ark of God was captured. The slaughter was very great. and the Israelites were defeated and every man fled to his tent. the elders of Israel asked. Hophni and Phinehas. When he arrived. "What's all this shouting in the Hebrew camp?" When they learned that the ark of the Lord had come into the camp.

there was Dagon. you have given birth to a son. I fled from it this very day. he brought devastation upon them and afflicted them with tumors. she went into labor and gave birth. His daughter-in-law. Also your two sons. they took it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. The Lord 's hand was heavy upon the people of Ashdod and its vicinity. When the people of Ashdod rose early the next day. who was ninety-eight years old and whose eyes were set so that he could not see. His neck was broken and he died. She named the boy Ichabod. "Don't despair. He told Eli." When he mentioned the ark of God. She said. and the ark of God has been captured. Eli fell backward off his chair by the side of the gate. But the following morning when they rose. That is why to this day neither the priests of Dagon nor any others who enter Dagon's temple at Ashdod step on the threshold. "The ark of the god of Israel must not stay here with us." Eli asked. was pregnant and near the time of delivery. there was Dagon. for he was an old man and heavy. only his body remained. Hophni and Phinehas. When she heard the news that the ark of God had been captured and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead. He had led Israel forty years. Then they carried the ark into Dagon's temple and set it beside Dagon. "Israel fled before the Philistines. but was overcome by her labor pains. "What happened. my son?" The man who brought the news replied.Eli heard the outcry and asked. they said. are dead. fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord ! They took Dagon and put him back in his place. As she was dying. "The glory has departed from Israel. for the ark of God has been captured. "What is the meaning of this uproar?" The man hurried over to Eli." 22 5After the Philistines had captured the ark of God. because his hand is heavy upon us and upon Dagon our god. "I have just come from the battle line." 7 6 5 4 3 2 . saying. When the men of Ashdod saw what was happening. the women attending her said. the wife of Phinehas. "The glory has departed from Israel"because of the capture of the ark of God 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 and the deaths of her father-in-law and her husband. fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord ! His head and hands had been broken off and were lying on the threshold." But she did not respond or pay any attention. and the army has suffered heavy losses.

throwing it into a great panic. then we will know that it was not his hand that struck us and that it happened to us by chance. "Send the ark of the god of Israel away. the Lord 's hand was against that city. Take the ark of the Lord and put it on the cart. get a new cart ready. "What shall we do with the ark of the Lord ? Tell us how we should send it back to its place. If it goes up to its own territory. toward Beth Shemesh. and pay honor to Israel's god. But if it does not. and in a chest beside it put the gold objects you are sending back to him as a guilt offering. according to the number of the Philistine rulers." For death had filled the city with panic." 9 8 7 6 5 4 6When the ark of the Lord had been in Philistine territory seven months. with an outbreak of tumors." So they moved the ark of the God of Israel. but by all means send a guilt 3 . Send it on its way.So they called together all the rulers of the Philistines and asked them. But after they had moved it. and you will know why his hand has not been lifted from you. "If you return the ark of the god of Israel. or it will kill us and our people. but keep watching it. Hitch the cows to the cart. with two cows that have calved and have never been yoked. "Five gold tumors and five gold rats. do not send it away empty. Then you will be healed. 2 the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners and said." They answered. "Have the ark of the god of Israel moved to Gath. because the same plague has struck both you and your rulers. both young and old. Perhaps he will lift his hand from you and your gods and your land. then the Lord has brought this great disaster on us. the people of Ekron cried out. Those who did not die were afflicted with tumors. did they not send the Israelites out so they could go on their way? "Now then. "What guilt offering should we send to him?" They replied. So they sent the ark of God to Ekron. let it go back to its own place. Make models of the tumors and of the rats that are destroying the country." So they called together all the rulers of the Philistines and said. 12 11 10 9 8 offering to him. but take their calves away and pen them up. God's hand was very heavy upon it. "They have brought the ark of the god of Israel around to us to kill us and our people. Why do you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh did? When he treated them harshly. "What shall we do with the ark of the god of Israel?" They answered. As the ark of God was entering Ekron. and the outcry of the city went up to heaven. He afflicted the people of the city." The Philistines asked.

then rid yourselves of the foreign gods and the Ashtoreths and commit yourselves to the Lord and 3 2 . Come down and take it up to your place. Gaza. But God struck down some of the men of Beth Shemesh. they did not turn to the right or to the left. Now the people of Beth Shemesh were harvesting their wheat in the valley. this holy God? To whom will the ark go up from here?" Then they sent messengers to the people of Kiriath Jearim. They took it to Abinadab's house on the hill and consecrated Eleazar his son to guard the ark of the Lord ." 21 20 19 18 7So the men of Kiriath Jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord . twenty years in all. together with the chest containing the gold objects. "If you are returning to the Lord with all your hearts. It was a long time. The large rock. They placed the ark of the Lord on the cart and along with it the chest containing the gold rats and the models of the tumors. And Samuel said to the whole house of Israel. Ashkelon. The rulers of the Philistines followed them as far as the border of Beth Shemesh. and when they looked up and saw the ark. On that day the people of Beth Shemesh offered burnt offerings and made sacrifices to the Lord . The people mourned because of the heavy blow the Lord had dealt them. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 And the number of the gold rats was according to the number of Philistine towns belonging to the five rulers-the fortified towns with their country villages. The cart came to the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh. they rejoiced at the sight. "Who can stand in the presence of the Lord .So they did this. saying. on which they set the ark of the Lord . and the men of Beth Shemesh asked. is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh. Then the cows went straight up toward Beth Shemesh. The Levites took down the ark of the Lord . and there it stopped beside a large rock. These are the gold tumors the Philistines sent as a guilt offering to the Lord -one each for Ashdod. and placed them on the large rock. They took two such cows and hitched them to the cart and penned up their calves. putting seventy of them to death because they had looked into the ark of the Lord . that the ark remained at Kiriath Jearim. The five rulers of the Philistines saw all this and then returned that same day to Ekron. keeping on the road and lowing all the way. The people chopped up the wood of the cart and sacrificed the cows as a burnt offering to the Lord . and all the people of Israel mourned and sought after the Lord . "The Philistines have returned the ark of the Lord . Gath and Ekron.

When the Philistines heard that Israel had assembled at Mizpah. "Thus far has the Lord helped us." And Samuel was leader of Israel at Mizpah. And he built an altar there to the Lord . and they served at Beersheba. Throughout Samuel's lifetime. "We have sinned against the Lord . From year to year he went on a circuit from Bethel to Gilgal to Mizpah. judging Israel in all those places." So the Israelites put away their Baals and Ashtoreths. they were afraid because of the Philistines. Samuel continued as judge over Israel all the days of his life. and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites. he appointed his sons as judges for Israel. He cried out to the Lord on Israel's behalf. and the Lord answered him. "Do not stop crying out to the Lord our God for us. slaughtering them along the way to a point below Beth Car. they drew water and poured it out before the Lord . and Israel delivered the neighboring territory from the power of the Philistines." Then Samuel took a suckling lamb and offered it up as a whole burnt offering to the Lord . the rulers of the Philistines came up to attack them. The towns from Ekron to Gath that the Philistines had captured from Israel were restored to her. the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines.serve him only." When they had assembled at Mizpah. where his home was. He named it Ebenezer. and served the Lord only. saying. On that day they fasted and there they confessed. But he always went back to Ramah. But that day the Lord thundered with loud thunder against the Philistines and threw them into such a panic that they were routed before the Israelites. the Philistines drew near to engage Israel in battle. Then Samuel took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and Shen. "Assemble all Israel at Mizpah and I will intercede with the Lord for you. and there he also judged Israel. that he may rescue us from the hand of the Philistines. The name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second was Abijah." So the Philistines were subdued and did not invade Israelite territory again. 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 8When 2 Samuel grew old. While Samuel was sacrificing the burnt offering. And when the Israelites heard of it. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 The men of Israel rushed out of Mizpah and pursued the Philistines. . Then Samuel said. They said to Samuel.

but they have rejected me as their king. and they will run in front of his chariots. "Listen to them and give them a king." Then Samuel 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 will of assign to be thousands and . As they have done from the day I brought them up out of Egypt until this day. and you yourselves will become his slaves. He will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers. with a king to lead us and to go out before us and fight our battles. The Lord answered. Some he commanders 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 commanders of fifties. He will take a tenth of your flocks. and the Lord will not answer you in that day. They turned aside after dishonest gain and accepted bribes and perverted justice." this displeased Samuel.But his sons did not walk in his ways. "No!" they said. and others to plow his ground and reap his harvest. So all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah." But the people refused to listen to Samuel. He said. it is not you they have rejected. he repeated it before the Lord . and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now listen to them. When that day comes. now appoint a king to lead us." When Samuel heard all that the people said. "This is what the king who will reign over you will do: He will take your sons and make them serve with his chariots and horses. so he prayed to the Lord . forsaking me and serving other gods. but warn them solemnly and let them know what the king who will reign over them will do. and still others to make weapons of war and equipment for his chariots. "We want a king over us. He will take the best of your fields and vineyards and olive groves and give them to his attendants. such as all the other nations have. you will cry out for relief from the king you have chosen. Your menservants and maidservants and the best of your cattle and donkeys he will take for his own use. "Give us a king to lead us." But when they said. so they are doing to you. Then we will be like all the other nations." Samuel told all the words of the Lord to the people who were asking him for a king. And the Lord told him: "Listen to all that the people are saying to you. 15 14 13 He will take a tenth of your grain and of your vintage and give it to his officials and attendants. "You are old. They said to him.

or my father will stop thinking about the donkeys and start worrying about us. there was Samuel. Perhaps he will tell us what way to take." (Formerly in Israel. those who are invited will eat. but they did not find them. because he must bless the sacrifice. and Kish said to his son Saul. for the people have a sacrifice at the high place. Saul said to the servant who was with him. "Take one of the servants with you and go and look for the donkeys. the son of Zeror. the son of Aphiah of Benjamin." Saul said to his servant. Then he passed through the territory of Benjamin. "Come. Hurry now." So they set out for the town where the man of God was. "Look.) "Good. He had a son named Saul. but they did not find them. in this town there is a man of God. "If we go. "I have a quarter of a shekel of silver. "Come. As they were going up the hill to the town. coming toward them on his way up to the high place. "Everyone go back to his town. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 9There was a Benjamite. let's go back. the son of Becorath. We have no gift to take to the man of God. what can we give the man? The food in our 7 6 . Go up now. afterward. they met some girls coming out to draw water. an impressive young man without equal among the Israelites-a head taller than any of the others. What do we have?" The servant answered him again. if a man went to inquire of God. Now the donkeys belonging to Saul's father Kish were lost." So he passed through the hill country of Ephraim and through the area around Shalisha. he would say. "He's ahead of you. "Come." sacks is gone. a man of standing. Let's go there now." he said." Saul said to his servant. let us go to the seer. and as they were entering it.said to the men of Israel." They went up to the town. you should find him about this time. 5 4 3 2 When they reached the district of Zuph." they answered. The people will not begin eating until he comes. I will give it to the man of God so that he will tell us what way to take. As soon as you enter the town. and they asked them. "Is the seer here?" "He is. you will find him before he goes up to the high place to eat. whose name was Kish son of Abiel. and everything he says comes true. he has just come to our town today. but the donkeys were not there. he is highly respected. They went on into the district of Shaalim." because the prophet of today used to be called a seer." But the servant replied. let's go. "Look.

As for the donkeys you lost three days ago. He is 2 . And now your father has stopped thinking about them and is worried about you. the Lord said to him.' " And Saul dined with Samuel that day. I have looked upon my people. "Tell the servant to go on ahead of us"-and the servant did so-"but you stay here awhile. he will govern my people. Eat. at Zelzah on the border of Benjamin. "Here is what has been kept for you. "Bring the piece of meat I gave you. the one I told you to lay aside. "Get ready. "This is the man I spoke to you about. Samuel said to Saul. "But am I not a Benjamite. 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 Samuel said to the cook." When Saul got ready. "Has not the Lord anointed you leader over his inheritance? When you leave me today. for today you are to eat with me. from the smallest tribe of Israel. from the time I said. the Lord had revealed this to Samuel: "About this time tomorrow I will send you a man from the land of Benjamin. And to whom is all the desire of Israel turned. Samuel talked with Saul on the roof of his house." Samuel replied. do not worry about them. he and Samuel went outside together. 'I have invited guests. so that I may give you a message from God. he will deliver my people from the hand of the Philistines." 27 26 25 24 23 10Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on Saul's head and kissed him. Anoint him leader over my people Israel.Now the day before Saul came. After they came down from the high place to the town. They rose about daybreak and Samuel called to Saul on the roof." When Samuel caught sight of Saul." So the cook took up the leg with what was on it and set it in front of Saul. "Would you please tell me where the seer's house is?" "I am the seer. saying. and in the morning I will let you go and will tell you all that is in your heart. because it was set aside for you for this occasion. you will meet two men near Rachel's tomb. As they were going down to the edge of the town. they have been found. "Go up ahead of me to the high place. for their cry has reached me. if not to you and all your father's family?" Saul answered. and I will send you on your way. and is not my clan the least of all the clans of the tribe of Benjamin? Why do you say such a thing to me?" Then Samuel brought Saul and his servant into the hall and seated them at the head of those who were invitedabout thirty in number. 'The donkeys you set out to look for have been found." Saul approached Samuel in the gateway and asked. They will say to you. Samuel said.

the God of Israel." As Saul turned to leave Samuel. the Spirit of God came upon him in power. another three loaves of bread. "What shall I do about my son?" ' "Then you will go on from there until you reach the great tree of Tabor. "This is what the Lord .asking. "After that you will go to Gibeah of God." But he did not tell his uncle what Samuel had said about the kingship. They will greet you and offer you two loaves of bread. tambourines. flutes and harps being played before them. God changed Saul's heart. and another a skin of wine. As you approach the town. for God is with you. I will surely come down to you to sacrifice burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. and all these signs were fulfilled that day. and he joined in their prophesying. "But when we saw they were not to be found." Saul's uncle said." Saul replied. and they will be prophesying. they asked each other." he said. a procession of prophets met him. and I delivered you from the power of Egypt and all the kingdoms that oppressed you. and you will be changed into a different person. Three men going up to God at Bethel will meet you there. "And who is their father?" So it became a saying: "Is Saul also among the prophets?" After Saul stopped prophesying. Once these signs are fulfilled. "Go down ahead of me to Gilgal. "Where have you been?" "Looking for the donkeys. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 When they arrived at Gibeah. One will be carrying three young goats. we went to Samuel. "He assured us that the donkeys had been found. Now Saul's uncle asked him and his servant. and you will prophesy with them. do whatever your hand finds to do. he went to the high place.' 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 . you will meet a procession of prophets coming down from the high place with lyres. says: 'I brought Israel up out of Egypt. "What is this that has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?" A man who lived there answered. Samuel summoned the people of Israel to the Lord at Mizpah and said to them. but you must wait seven days until I come to you and tell you what you are to do. When all those who had formerly known him saw him prophesying with the prophets. The Spirit of the Lord will come upon you in power. "Tell me what Samuel said to you. where there is a Philistine outpost. which you will accept from them.

and he asked." The elders of Jabesh said to him. And you have said. accompanied by valiant men whose hearts God had touched. 27 Nahash the Ammonite went up and besieged Jabesh Gilead. each to his own home. He took a pair of oxen. proclaiming. he was not to be found. Then he brought forward the tribe of Benjamin. So they inquired further of the Lord . He wrote them down on a scroll and deposited it before the Lord . Samuel said to all the people. "Give us seven days so we can send messengers throughout Israel. "Has the man come here yet?" And the Lord said. "What is wrong with the people? Why are they weeping?" Then they repeated to him what the men of Jabesh had said. and as he stood among the people he was a head taller than any of the others. "How can this fellow save us?" They despised him and brought him no gifts. Just then Saul was returning from the fields. if no one comes to rescue us. "Yes. "Long live the king!" Samuel explained to the people the regulations of the kingship. Saul also went to his home in Gibeah. and Matri's clan was chosen. set a king over us. And all the men of Jabesh said to him. the tribe of Benjamin was chosen. "Make a treaty with us." They ran and brought him out. "This is what will be done to the oxen of anyone who does not follow 7 6 5 4 3 2 11 . and sent the pieces by messengers throughout Israel. 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 But some troublemakers said." When the messengers came to Gibeah of Saul and reported these terms to the people. cut them into pieces. we will surrender to you. behind his oxen. When Saul heard their words.' So now present yourselves before the Lord by your tribes and clans. and we will be subject to you.But you have now rejected your God. the Spirit of God came upon him in power. "I will make a treaty with you only on the condition that I gouge out the right eye of every one of you and so bring disgrace on all Israel. Finally Saul son of Kish was chosen. and he burned with anger. they all wept aloud. who saves you out of all your calamities and distresses. "Do you see the man the Lord has chosen? There is no one like him among all the people. clan by clan." When Samuel brought all the tribes of Israel near." Then the people shouted. But Saul kept silent. 'No. But when they looked for him." But Nahash the Ammonite replied. he has hidden himself among the baggage. Then Samuel dismissed the people.

I have been your leader from my youth until this day. "You have not taken anything from anyone's hand. Here I stand." Then Samuel said to the people. the men of Israel numbered three hundred thousand and the men of Judah thirty thousand. 'Shall Saul reign over us?' Bring these men to us and we will put them to death. stand here. because I am going to confront you with evidence 7 6 5 4 3 2 12 . "Come. during the last watch of the night they broke into the camp of the Ammonites and slaughtered them until the heat of the day. "Tomorrow we will surrender to you. The people then said to Samuel. and Saul and all the Israelites held a great celebration. Those who survived were scattered. "Who was it that asked." they said. they were elated. "Say to the men of Jabesh Gilead. "It is the Lord who appointed Moses and Aaron and brought your forefathers up out of Egypt." The next day Saul separated his men into three divisions." 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 So all the people went to Gilgal and confirmed Saul as king in the presence of the Lord ." they replied. Whose ox have I taken? Whose donkey have I taken? Whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed? From whose hand have I accepted a bribe to make me shut my eyes? If I have done any of these.' " When the messengers went and reported this to the men of Jabesh." "You have not cheated or oppressed us.Saul and Samuel. let us go to Gilgal and there reaffirm the kingship. As for me. so that no two of them were left together. I am old and gray." "He is witness. "No one shall be put to death today. and also his anointed is witness this day. for this day the Lord has rescued Israel. When Saul mustered them at Bezek. Testify against me in the presence of the Lord and his anointed." Samuel said to them. and you can do to us whatever seems good to you. 'By the time the sun is hot tomorrow. and they turned out as one man. I will make it right. you will be delivered. and my sons are here with you. They said to the Ammonites." Then the terror of the Lord fell on the people. Then Samuel said to the people. "I have listened to everything you said to me and have set a king over you. Now then. They told the messengers who had come. Now you have a king as your leader. There they sacrificed fellowship offerings before the Lord . "The Lord is witness against you. that you have not found anything in my hand. 15 Samuel said to all Israel." But Saul said.

Do not turn away after useless idols. and if both you and the king who reigns over you follow the Lord your God-good! 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 But if you do not obey the Lord ." "Do not be afraid.before the Lord as to all the righteous acts performed by the Lord for you and your fathers. for we have added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king. They cried out to the Lord and said. "After Jacob entered Egypt. we have forsaken the Lord and served the Baals and the Ashtoreths. and he delivered you from the hands of your enemies on every side. they cried to the Lord for help. "You have done all this evil. see. But now deliver us from the hands of our enemies. "Now then. and if you rebel against his commands. "But they forgot the Lord their God. Barak. the one you asked for. the commander of the army of Hazor. but serve the Lord with all your heart. and we will serve you. "But when you saw that Nahash king of the Ammonites was moving against you. so that you lived securely. 'We have sinned. The people all said to Samuel. and into the hands of the Philistines and the king of Moab.' Then the Lord sent Jerub-Baal. stand still and see this great thing the Lord is about to do before your eyes! Is it not wheat harvest now? I will call upon the Lord to send thunder and rain. the Lord has set a king over you. his hand will be against you. because they are useless. For the sake of his great name the Lord will not reject his people. as it was against your fathers. "Pray to the Lord your God for your servants so that we will not die. If you fear the Lord and serve and obey him and do not rebel against his commands." Then Samuel called upon the Lord . so he sold them into the hand of Sisera. far be it from me that I should sin against the Lord by failing to 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 . and the Lord sent Moses and Aaron. we want a king to rule over us'-even though the Lord your God was your king. who fought against them. They can do you no good. and that same day the Lord sent thunder and rain. yet do not turn away from the Lord . And you will realize what an evil thing you did in the eyes of the Lord when you asked for a king. Now here is the king you have chosen. who brought your forefathers out of Egypt and settled them in this place. Jephthah and Samuel. nor can they rescue you. So all the people stood in awe of the Lord and of Samuel. you said to me. As for me. because the Lord was pleased to make you his own." Samuel replied. 'No.

two thousand were with him at Micmash and in the hill country of Bethel. They went up and camped at Micmash. with three thousand chariots. I thought. and Saul went out to greet him. the time set by Samuel. Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost at Geba." "You have not kept the Lord your God gave you. the Lord has sought out a man after his .two years. and that you did not come at the set time. Saul chose three thousand men from Israel. and now Israel has become a stench to the Philistines. And I will teach you the way that is good and right. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes. they hid in caves and thickets.pray for you." 25 24 When the men of Israel saw that their situation was critical and that their army was hard pressed. but Samuel did not come to Gilgal. Yet if you persist in doing evil. would have established over Israel for all time. and all the troops with him were quaking with fear. and in pits and cisterns. Samuel arrived. 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal. "Bring me the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings. and Saul's men began to scatter. six thousand charioteers. Saul remained at Gilgal. east of Beth Aven. and he reigned over Israel forty. and that the Philistines were assembling at Micmash. and I have not sought the Lord 's favor. consider what great things he has done for you. So he said. and soldiers as numerous as the sand on the seashore. But be sure to fear the Lord and serve him faithfully with all your heart. and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin. "What have you done?" asked Samuel." And the people were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.' So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering. The Philistines assembled to fight Israel. command the if you had. among the rocks. Then Saul had the trumpet blown throughout the land and said. 5 4 3 2 Samuel said. and the Philistines heard about it." "You acted foolishly. he your kingdom But now your kingdom will not endure. Some Hebrews even crossed the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Just as he finished making the offering. "Let the Hebrews hear!" So all Israel heard the news: "Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost. both you and your king will be swept away. 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 13Saul was thirty years old when he became king. Saul replied. "When I saw that the men were scattering. " And Saul offered up the burnt offering. He waited seven days.

Not a blacksmith could be found in the whole land of Israel. 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 Now a detachment of Philistines had gone out to the pass at Micmash." But he did not tell his father. let's go over to the Philistine outpost on the other side. because the Philistines had said. Saul and his son Jonathan and the men with them were staying in Gibeah in Benjamin. Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. "Go ahead. With him were about six hundred men. 23 14One day Jonathan son of Saul said to the young man bearing his armor." 7 6 5 4 3 2 . mattocks. because you have not kept the Lord 's command. Nothing can hinder the Lord from saving. only Saul and his son Jonathan had them." "Do all that you have in mind. One cliff stood to the north toward Micmash. "Come. and the other Seneh. and a third of a shekel for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads. let's go over to the outpost of those uncircumcised fellows. So on the day of the battle not a soldier with Saul and Jonathan had a sword or spear in his hand.own heart and appointed him leader of his people." his armor-bearer said. "Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears!" So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plowshares. Jonathan said to his young armorbearer. I am with you heart and soul. axes and sickles sharpened. and Saul counted the men who were with him. Saul was staying on the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree in Migron. the son of Eli. another toward Beth Horon. one was called Bozez. The price was two thirds of a shekel for sharpening plowshares and mattocks. among whom was Ahijah. He was a son of Ichabod's brother Ahitub son of Phinehas. "Come. Perhaps the Lord will act in our behalf. One turned toward Ophrah in the vicinity of Shual. who was wearing an ephod. while the Philistines camped at Micmash. the other to the south toward Geba. On each side of the pass that Jonathan intended to cross to reach the Philistine outpost was a cliff." Then Samuel left Gilgal and went up to Gibeah in Benjamin. and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboim facing the desert. the Lord 's priest in Shiloh. They numbered about six hundred. whether by many or by few. No one was aware that Jonathan had left.

it was Jonathan and his armor-bearer who were not there. Saul said to Ahijah. "Bring the ark of God. "Withdraw your hand. and his armor-bearer followed and killed behind him.Jonathan said. "Muster the forces and see who has left us. If they say to us." So Jonathan said to his armor-bearer. "Cursed be any man who eats food before 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 ." Then Saul and all his men assembled and went to the battle. saying. But if they say. because Saul had bound the people under an oath." The men of the outpost shouted to Jonathan and his armor-bearer. "Climb up after me." Jonathan climbed up. with his armor-bearer right behind him. we will cross over toward the men and let them see us. the tumult in the Philistine camp increased more and more. So Saul said to the priest. 'Come up to us.' we will climb up." So both of them showed themselves to the Philistine outpost. striking each other with their swords. The Philistines fell before Jonathan. Then Saul said to the men who were with him. "Come up to us and we'll teach you a lesson. 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 Saul's lookouts at Gibeah in Benjamin saw the army melting away in all directions. So the Lord rescued Israel that day.' we will stay where we are and not go up to them. 'Wait there until we come to you. Those Hebrews who had previously been with the Philistines and had gone up with them to their camp went over to the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan." (At that time it was with the Israelites. "Look!" said the Philistines. using his hands and feet. "The Hebrews are crawling out of the holes they were hiding in. because that will be our sign that the Lord has given them into our hands." When they did. In that first attack Jonathan and his armor-bearer killed some twenty men in an area of about half an acre. "Come. they joined the battle in hot pursuit. and the battle moved on beyond Beth Aven. Now the men of Israel were in distress that day. the Lord has given them into the hand of Israel.) While Saul was talking to the priest. It was a panic sent by God. then. and those in the outposts and raiding parties-and the ground shook. They found the Philistines in total confusion. Then panic struck the whole armythose in the camp and field. When all the Israelites who had hidden in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were on the run.

" they replied. "Go out among the men and tell them. and there was honey on the ground. cattle and calves. it was the first time he had done this. Then someone said to Saul. 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 . even if it lies with my son Jonathan. But the priest said. Then one of the soldiers told him. 'Cursed be any man who eats food today!' That is why the men are faint." But not one of the men said a word. As surely as the Lord who rescues Israel lives. together with the blood." he said. 'Each of you bring me your cattle and sheep. But Jonathan had not heard that his father had bound the people with the oath." "You have broken faith. See how my eyes brightened when I tasted a little of this honey. saying. "Roll a large stone over here at once. he must die. and his eyes brightened. Do not sin against the Lord by eating meat with blood still in it. "Your father bound the army under a strict oath. "My father has made trouble for the country. and let us not leave one of them alive. yet no one put his hand to his mouth. He raised his hand to his mouth. They pounced on the plunder and.' " So everyone brought his ox that night and slaughtered it there. the men are sinning against the Lord by eating meat that has blood in it. "Let us inquire of God here. Saul therefore said. taking sheep. "Look. Saul said. Then Saul built an altar to the Lord . "Let us go down after the Philistines by night and plunder them till dawn." Then he said. before I have avenged myself on my enemies!" So none of the troops tasted food. after the Israelites had struck down the Philistines from Micmash to Aijalon. all you who are leaders of the army. How much better it would have been if the men had eaten today some of the plunder they took from their enemies." "Do whatever seems best to you. because they feared the oath. "Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will you give them into Israel's hand?" But God did not answer him that day. Would not the slaughter of the Philistines have been even greater?" That day." Jonathan said. so he reached out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it into the honeycomb. they 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 butchered them on the ground and ate them. and slaughter them here and eat them. they were exhausted. and let us find out what sin has been committed today. When they went into the woods." So Saul asked God. The entire army entered the woods.evening comes. "Come here. they saw the honey oozing out.

and Ner was Saul's uncle. Saul said." the men replied. Ishvi and Malki-Shua." And Jonathan was taken." So Jonathan told him. The name of his older daughter was Merab. not a hair of his head will fall to the ground. His wife's name was Ahinoam daughter of Ahimaaz. so listen now to the message from the Lord .Saul then said to all the Israelites. All the days of Saul there was bitter war with the Philistines. and that of the younger was Michal. and he was not put to death. "Give me the right answer. the kings of Zobah." And Jonathan and Saul were taken by lot. Then Saul said to Jonathan." But the men said to Saul. children and infants. and the men were cleared. delivering Israel from the hands of those who had plundered them. for he did this today with God's help. he fought against their enemies on every side: Moab. I and Jonathan my son will stand over here. After Saul had assumed rule over Israel. Then Saul prayed to the Lord . The name of the commander of Saul's army was Abner son of Ner. And now must I die?" Saul said. "You stand over there. "I merely tasted a little honey with the end of my staff. "I am the one the Lord sent to anoint you king over his people Israel. the Ammonites. be it ever so severely." So the men rescued Jonathan. cattle and sheep. the God of Israel. Do not spare them." "Do what seems best to you. "Cast the lot between me and Jonathan my son. put to death men and women. he inflicted punishment on them. and they withdrew to their own land. Saul's sons were Jonathan. Then Saul stopped pursuing the Philistines. This is what the Lord Almighty says: 'I will punish the Amalekites for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as they came up from Egypt. Now go. 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 He fought valiantly and defeated the Amalekites. Wherever he turned.' " So Saul summoned the men and mustered them at Telaim-two hundred 4 3 2 . if you do not die. Jonathan. Saul's father Kish and Abner's father Ner were sons of Abiel. and whenever Saul saw a mighty or brave man. and the Philistines. "Should Jonathan die-he who has brought about this great deliverance in Israel? Never! As surely as the Lord lives. he took him into his service. attack the Amalekites and totally destroy everything that belongs to them. Edom. "Tell me what you have done. "May God deal with me. 52 51 50 49 48 15Samuel said to Saul. camels and donkeys.

'Go and completely destroy those wicked people. because he has turned away from me and has not carried out my instructions." "Stop!" Samuel said to Saul. And he sent you on a mission. "Go away. and all his people he totally destroyed with the sword. make war on them until you have wiped them out. But Saul and the army spared Agag and the best of the sheep and cattle. Saul said. Samuel said. they spared the best of the sheep and cattle to sacrifice to the Lord your God. but everything that was despised and weak they totally destroyed.' Why did you not obey the Lord ? Why did you pounce on the plunder and do evil in the eyes of the Lord ?" "But I did obey the Lord . "The Lord bless you! I have carried out the Lord 's instructions. but he was told. did you not become the head of the tribes of Israel? The Lord anointed you king over Israel. I completely destroyed the Amalekites and brought back Agag their king. "Let me tell you what the Lord said to me last night. the Amalekites." When Samuel reached him. but we totally destroyed the rest. He took Agag king of the Amalekites alive. leave the Amalekites so that I do not destroy you along with them. Saul went to the city of Amalek and set an ambush in the ravine." Saul replied." "Tell me. "The soldiers brought them from the Amalekites. saying. Then Saul attacked the Amalekites all the way from Havilah to Shur." Samuel was troubled. and he cried out to the Lord all that night. 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 . the fat calves and lambs-everything that was good. for you showed kindness to all the Israelites when they came up out of Egypt." So the Kenites moved away from the Amalekites. Then the word of the Lord came to Samuel: "I am grieved that I have made Saul king. "What then is this bleating of sheep in my ears? What is this lowing of cattle that I hear?" Saul answered. "Although you were once small in your own eyes. "I went on the mission the Lord assigned me. These they were unwilling to destroy completely. Then he said to the Kenites." Saul said. Early in the morning Samuel got up and went to meet Saul. There he has set up a monument in his own honor 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 and has turned and gone on down to Gilgal.thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand men from Judah." But Samuel said. "Saul has gone to Carmel. to the east of Egypt.

but Saul went up to his home in Gibeah of Saul. Saul caught hold of the hem of his robe." The Lord said. "How can I go? Saul will hear about it and kill me. and arrogance like the evil of idolatry. he did not go to see