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ANALELE BANATULUI, S.N.

, Arheologie - Istorie, XIV, 2, 2006


http://www.infotim.ro/mbt/publicatii/ab.htm

DESPRE PRIMA ATESTARE A DENUMIRII


BANATVS TIMISVARIENSIS (1685)

Sorin )RU LX

Cuvinte cheie: Banat, nume, hart , Trans-Tisiensis, Casa de Baden-


Baden, 0DUHOH5 ]ERLFRQWUD2WRPDQLORU-1699
Keywords: Banat, name, map, Trans-Tisiensis, House of Baden-Baden,
the War of the Holy League 1683-1699

ÍQ LVWRULRJUDILD E Q HDQ  V-D vQFHW HQLW RSLQLD F  GHQXPLUHD GH


Banat de 7LPLüRDUDGLQFDUHSULQFRQWUDF LHDUH]XOWDWXOWHULRUQXPHOHGH
Banat pentru WHULWRULXOP UJLQLWODQRUGGHUkXO0XUHüODYHVWde râul Tisza,
la sud de fluviul 'XQ UHDüLODHVWGHPXQ LL&DUSD LDDS UXWGRDUvQ -'99
ILLQGOHJDW GLUHFW de actele tratatului de la Karlowitz1 iar Luigi Ferdinando,
conte MARSIGLI2 DU IL QDüXO $FHDVW  RSLQLH SRDWH IL XUP ULW  FD XQ ILU
URüXvQF GLQ]RULLLVWRULRJUDILHLE Q HQHüLSkQ D]LPESTY Frigyes (1868) -
SZENTKLÁRAY -HQ    - 3DWULFLX '5 * /,1$   - I. D. SUCIU
(1981) -,RDQ+$ (*$1 (1997, 2003).
) U  D LQWUD vQ DP QXQWH3 V  QRWDP F  R VXUV  LPSRUWDQW  GH
LQIRUPD LHRIHULW deFDUWRJUDILDVIkUüLWXOXLGHVHFRO;9,,- iar cartografierea
PLOLWDU DIRVWGHVFKL] WRUXOGHGUXPXUL -QXDIRVWYDORULILFDW SkQ DFXP
pentru a FODULILFD FRQWH[WXO vQ FDUH D IRVW IRORVLW  SHQWUX SULPD GDW 
denumirea de Banat (GH7LPLüRDUD). Chiar o sumaU WUHFHUHvQUHYLVW DDFHVWHL
QRLUHVXUVHQHDUDW F 0$56,*/,DIRORVLWGHMDvQF GLQGHQXPLUHDGH
BANATVS TIMISVAR SH GRX  K U L4 ale sale dar üL denumirea de Dacia
RipenseSHXQDGLQK U LOHGLQ5, pe cea de VlascaSHDOWHK U LDOHVDOH
din 16896üL8 ori Dominio di Temisuar în 16999. Denumirile de Banatvs10
üLBanatvs Temisvariensis11 apar üLSHDOWHK U L12GDWDWHüL
Dar prima atestare a denumirii Banatvs13 Timisvariensis / Banatul
GH7LPLüRDUDVHDIO SHRKDUW 14GDWDW SkQ vQDFHVWPRPHQWcirca 168715.
De aceea am considerat important s  Yedem GDF  VH SRDWH FRQILUPD

67
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

folosirea denumiri Banat cu aproape 15 ani mai devreme decât s-D üWLXW
SkQ DFXPüLvQWU-un cu totul alt context istoric decât s-DFUH]XWSkQ DFXP

Denumirea
În 1933, Dr. GLASER Lajos16 PHQ LRQHD] F DFHDVW KDUW este Sine
Titulus I U WLWOX- OO üLRGHQXPHüWH17 "Tiszántúl (s.m.) térképe majdnem
Temesvárig és Debrecenig. .DUWHTranstibisciens (s.m.)." / harta (regiunii
de) dincolo de Tisza, aproapHSkQ OD7LPLüRDUDüL'HEUHFHQüL18 "Nagyvárad
környékének térképe.  .DUWH GHU Umgebung von Nagyvárad." / harta
vPSUHMXULPLORURUDüXOXL2UDGHD
Alfons SCHÄFER (1971) üL .,6$5, %$//$ *\|UJ\   SUHLDX QHFULWLF
apoi DFHVWHGHQXPLULvQOXFU ULOHORU19.
'DUHVWHLQH[SOLFDELOGHFHKDUWDDIRVWGHQXPLW Transtibisciens20 /
GLQFRORGH7LPLüFkQGFHOPDLVXGLFUkXGHSHKDUW HVWH0XUHüXOmaros f.21.
'HQXPLULOHUkXOXL7LV]D PDJKLDU VXQW7LVD URPkQ  7LVD VkUE 
, 7\VD XFUDLQHDQ  7LVD VORYDF  7KHL‰ JHUPDQ  ÍQ DQWLFKLWDWH
IRUPDFHDPDLX]XDO a fost TisiaGDUH[LVW üLYDULDQWHOHTibisis, Pathissus,
Parthiscus22, Tissus, etc. 3HQWUXFHUFHW WRULL români Tibiscus este denumirea
vQOLPEDODWLQ DUkXOXL7LPLü / Temes (PDJKLDU 'DU pentru o parte din
FHUFHW WRULL PDJKLDUL23 Tibiscus GH XQGH SURYLQH üL Trans)tibisciens, este
GHQXPLUHDvQOLPEDODWLQ DUkXOXLTisza'HDFHHDFKLDUGDF vQF GLQ
s-a folosit constant24 denumirea de TranstibisciensSHQWUXDFHVW KDUW FUHG
F HDHVWHQHDGHFYDW ILLQGJHQHUDWRDUHGHPDULFRQIX]LL0XOWPDLSRWULYLW 
este denumirea de Carta Trans-Tisiensis25 / harta (regiunii) dincolo de Tisza.
$FHDVWD HVWH vQ FRQFRUGDQ  üL FX GHQXPLUHD K U LL vQ OLPED PDJKLDU 
(Tiszántúl).
7UHEXLH PHQ LRQDW WRWXüL F  üL GHQXPLUHD Trans-Tisiensis are
GH]DYDQWDMXO F  QX DFRSHU  vQWUHDJD UHDOLWDWH JHRJUDILF  GHRDUHFH SH
DFHDVW KDUW QXDSDUUHJLXQLOHFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHSRU LXQLORUGHODL]YRDUHOH
UkXOXL 7LV]D üL SkQ  OD ORFDOLWDWHD 7LV]DIUHG +8 SUHFXP üL FHD GH OD
6]HJHG +8 SkQ  OD Y UVDUHD UkXOXL 7LV]D vQ 'XQ UH vQ GUHSWXO ORFDOLW LL
Slankamen, RS.
1X SXWHP V  GHQXPLP KDUWD VLPSOX Partium26 FKLDU GDF 
denumirea DOMINIVM PARTIVM REGNI VNGARIÆ GRPLQ  FHQWUXO
K U LL SHQWUX F  KDUWD QX DFRSHU  vQWUHDJD UHJLXQH FXQRVFXW  VXE DFHVW
QXPHODVIkUüLWXOVHFROXOXL;9,,

68
Istoric
Azi, Carta Trans-Tisiensis VH DIO  GHSR]LWDW  OD Generallandesarchiv
GLQ .DUOVUXKH '( XQGH H[LVW  XQ IRQG DUKLYLVWLF LPSUHVLRQDQW27
reprezentat de K U L üL SODQXUL GHVHQDWH PDQXDO UHIHULWRDUe la istoria
U ]ERDLHORUHXURSHQHGLQVHFROHOH;9,-XIX. "În unele cazuri este vorba despre
FHDPDLYHFKHüLH[DFW FDUWRJUDILHUHDDFHORUORFDOLW LüLUHJLXQL"28I FXW GHF WUH
H[SHU LL imperiali în timpul Marelui 5 ]ERL FRQWUD 2WRPDQLORU29 purtat între
1683üL99$FHDVW FROHF LHDIRVWFRQVWLWXLW SH VFKHOHWXOPRüWHQLULLO VDWH
GHFRQ LL%DGHQ-%DGHQüL%DGHQ-Durlach.
(VWHFXQRVFXWIDSWXOF GRLPHPEULLDL&DVHLGH%DGHQ-%DGHQFRQ LL
+HUPDQQüL/XGZLJ:LOKHOP,DXGH LQXWUDQJXULPLOLWDUHla vârf în timpul
DFHVWXLU ]ERLÍQWUH-'89, contele Hermann30 a fost GeneralfeldmarschallüL
SUHüHGLQWH DO &RQVLOLXOXL GH 5 ]ERL ILLQG FRRUGRQDWRUXO GLUHFW DO U ]ERLXO
vPSRWULYDRWRPDQLORU1HSRWXOV XIDLPRVXO0DUNJUDI/XGZLJ:LOKHOP,
von Baden-Baden31 a GH LQXW vQWUH -
 FRPDQGD VXSUHP  SH WHDWUXO
GHU ]ERLFXRWRPDQLL
&ROHF LD GH OD Generallandesarchiv GH LQH K U L üL SODQXUL FDUH DX
DSDU LQXWGLUHFWDPELORUFRQ LDLOLQLHL%DGHQ-Baden. Din perioada 1681-'89
H[LVW K U LFXFDUDFWHURILFLDOUHDOL]DWHSULQWUHDO LLGH/HRSROG+(1'/üL
-RKDQQ3KLOLSSYRQ+$11(167(,1'RX GLQWUHDFHVWHK U LFKLDUSRDUW 
FkWH R GHGLFD LH SHQWUXFRQWHOH+HUPDQQYRQ %DGHQ-Baden. Pe un plan al
Buda(pestei) din anul 1684, realizat de italianul Leandro ANGUISSOLA, se
J VHüWHGHDVHPHQHDRGHGLFD LHF WUHFRQWHOH+HUPDQQ3ODQXOFHW LL*UDQ
/ azi, Esztergom, HU din 1683 este împodobit în titlu chiar cu blazonul
Casei de Baden-%DGHQLDUFHODOORFDOLW LL(VVHJJD]LOsijek, HR din 1688,
üWLPF DIRVWUHDOL]DWODRUGLQXO&RQVLOLXOXLGH5 ]ERL
7RDWHK U LOHFRQWHOXL+HUPDQQDXIRVWPRüWHQLWH- DO WXULGHDOWHWURIHHGLQ
U ]ERLXOFRQWUDRWRPDQLORU -GHQHSRWXOV X/XGZLJ:LOKHOP,YRQ%DGHQ-
%DGHQSHQWUXF HODPXULWI U V ILIRVWF V WRULWYUHRGDW üLI U DDYHD
PRüWHQLWRULGLUHF L
"0DUNJDUIXOXL /XGZLJ :LOKHOP L VH GDWRUHD]  vQ SULQFLSDO K U LOH üL
planurile din perioada 1689-’92"32 UHIHULWRDUH OD E W OLLOH VDOH GLQ 6HUELD üL
Transilvania. În general, acestea au drept autori pe colonelul Tobias von
HAßLINGEN, inginerul italian Giovanni 0RUDQGR 9,6&217, SUHFXP üL
SHLQJLQHUXOüLF SLWDQXOXLLPSHULDO)&YRQ%($8/$,1&2857EDURQGH
Golnee.

69
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

'DU üL R DOW  OLQLH D &DVHL GH %DGHQ FHD GH %DGHQ-Durlach33, a
FRQWULEXLWODUHDOL]DUHDFROHF LHLGHK U LGHODGenerallandesarchivSHQWUXF 
doi UHSUH]HQWDQ L DL OLQLHL 'XUODFK - FRQ LL Friedrich VII "Magnus" üL .DUO
Gustav34 -DXIRVWLPSOLFD LGLUHFWvQ0DUHOH5 ]ERLFRQWUD2WRPDQLORU. ûWLP
VLJXUF SHQWUXHLDXFDUWRJUDILDWEDURQXO:ROI/XGZLJYRQ*5h17+$/üL
Samson SCHM$/.$/'(5 'H OD DFHVWD GLQ XUP  DX VXSUDYLH XLW üDVH
SODQXULRULJLQDOHVHPQDWHUHIHULWRDUHODWHDWUXOGHU ]ERLPDJKLDUGLQDQXO
 ÍQ QRLHPEULH  GXS  L]EXFQLUHD 5 ]ERLXOXL GH 6XFFHVLXQH DO
Palatinatului în Pfalz35 .DUO *XVWDY üL-a repatriat trupele de pe frontul
otoman.
+ U LOHPLOLWDUHDOHFRQ LORU%DGHQ-Durlach au ajuns, în 1773, la Hofbibliothek
din Karlsruhe când contele Karl Friedrich von Baden-Durlach36 a depus aici
numeroase planuri.
0DWHULDOXO FRUHVSXQ] WRU DO OLQLHL %DGHQ-Baden33, linie VWLQV  vQ
DDYXWRH[LVWHQ DJLWDW GXS PRDUWHDOXL/XGZLJ:LOKHOP,vQ
-XUQDOXOV XGHIURQWGLQ5 ]ERLXOSHQWUX6XFFHVLXQHD6SDQLRO  -'14),
FRQ LQkQG  GH SODQXUL D IRVW GHSXV SHUVRQDO GH VR LD VD ad archivum în
'DUVHSDUHF cea mai mare parte a arhivei Baden-Baden din castelul
de la Rastatt - 13 din cele 15 volume din perioada secolelor XVII-XVIII,
SkQ vQMXUXODQXOXL - a ajuns în Großherzogliche Generallandesarchiv din
.DUOVUXKH GRDU vQ  $SRL QX VH üWLH FkQG DFHstea au ajuns la
Hofbibliothek din Karlsruhe. Probabil Philipp Röder von DIERSBURG37, care
a utilizat aceste materiale între 1838 -'50 SHQWUXUHDOL]DUHDOXFU ULLVDOHGHVSUH
Ludwig Wilhelm, a combinat în Hofbibliothek FHOH  YROXPH FX FROHF LD
Durlach. În noiembrie 1886, directorul Generallandesarchiv Friedrich von
WEECH38 a solicitat Hofbibliothek SUHGDUHD PDQXVFULVHORU D K U LORU üL
planurilor iar acest lucru s-a întâmplat în aprilie 188739. În anul 1893 s-a
GHVFRSHULWvQWkPSO WRURPDUH FROHF LH GHK U L üL SODQXUL DSDU LQkQGOLQLHL
Baden-'XUODFK üL FDUH DFRSHU  VHFROHOH ;9,,-XIX. Generallandesarchiv a
SULPLWvQWRDWHK U LOHüLSODQXULOHvQPDQXVFULVGLQDFHDVW FROHF LH
Aceasta ar fi pe scurt40RGLVHHDIRQGXOXLDUKLYLVWLFFDUHVHDIO D]LOD
General-landesarchiv din Karlsruhe.$FHVWDUHSUH]LQW XQPDWHULDOFDUWRJUDILF
deosebit GH YDORURV GDU GLQ S FDWH HVWH vQF  QHFXQRVFXW GH LVWRULRJUDILD
URPkQ FKLDUGDF SHVWHGHK U LVHUHIHU GLUHFWODVSD LXOFHQWUDOüL6(
european din care face SDUWHüL5RPkQLD

70
Descrierea
Harta Trans-TisiensisDIRVWGHVFULV 41SHQWUXSULPDGDW GH
Dr. GLASER Lajos în 1933:
Colectia de H U LGLQ)LGHLFRPLVXO42 Marelui Duce.
&ROHF LHVWUXFWXUDW SHYROXPH
volumul VI.
+ U LDOH8QJDULHLüL7UDQVLOYDQLHL
25.43 10.44) U WLWOXüLDXWRU
a) Harta Transtibisciens / harta (regiunii - n.m.) de dincolo de TiszaDSURDSHSkQ 
OD7LPLüRDUDüL'HEUHFHQ
'LPHQVLXQHDLQWHULRDU ; PP-n.m.); Scara: 15 ore = 75 mm, cu Roza
Vânturilor.
b) harta împrejurimilor Oradiei Mari.
'LPHQVLXQHDLQWHULRDU ; PP-n.m. 6FDUDRUH PPIRUP 
DVHP Q WRDUH cu un steag.
'DWDGXS inventar / repertoarFLUFDSLFWXU FRORUDW -lin. pe hârtie;
2ULHQWDW  VSUHOD 6XGI U UH HDGHFRRUGRQDWH H[HFXWDW - n.m. GXS 
H[SHULHQ orogr. S GXUHYLHPODüWLQLOHFXYHUGHVFULHUHD H FXUVLY FXOLWHUH
mixte.
În 1971, Alfons SCHÄFER descrie45DVWIHODFHHDüLKDUW 
I U WLWOX [harta Transtibisciens]
QHGDWDW >FLUFD@I U DXWRU>-3KY+DQQenstein (sic!)46vQODWLQ üLLWDOLDQ 
RUH FP>@;FP5R]D9kQWXULORURULHQWDW 6XG
0DUJLQHDK U LLPXQ LL$SXVHQL>5RPkQLD@ 7LV]D
+DUWDDX[LOLDU  împrejurimile Oradiei cu Biharia.
5 ore = 9,4 cm [1 : 260000];FPRULHQWDW 6XG
ÍQUHVWODIHOFDüLKDUWDSULQFLSDO 
Hârtie GHVHQvQSHQL FRORUDWVXQWLQGLFDWHUkXULOHüLSULQFLSDOHOHORFDOLW L
PXQ LLvQUHOLHI vQPDQLHUDPXüXURDLHORUGHFkUWL 
3URYHQLHQ %DGHQ-Baden. Hfk.7 Bd. VI Nr. 10. 1175
Ultimul care a descris47 harta Trans-Tisiensis a fost KISARI BALLA
György în 2000:
26. Tiszántúl (harta regiunii - n.m.) dincolo de Tisza / Transtibiscien19 (sic!)
În fideicomisul7 Marelui DXFHYROXPXO9,QXP UXO
ÍQFDWDORJXOOXL*ODVHU QXP UXO- n.m.) 25
ÍQLQYHQWDUXOGHOD.DUOVUXKH QXP UXO- n.m.) 1175
) U WLWOX>KDUWD UHJLXQLL- n.m.) dincolo de Tisza] / harta Transtibisciens /
Transtibischen19 (sic!)

71
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

1HGDWDW >FLUFD@
DeVHQ $XWRU -RKDQQ3KLOLSSYRQ+DQQHQVWHLQI U DXWRU[J. Ph. V. Hannenstein]48
1RWD LL vQOLPEDODWLQ üLLWDOLDQ
(Scara) 15 ore de mers pe jos = 7,5 cm [1 : 1000000]
(Dimensiuni) 23,5 X 21,5 cm
Roza Vânturilor. Busola: Sud
+DUWDW LDW  GHILQLW GH - QP 0XQ LL%LKRUXOXL UkXO7LV]D
Desen color cu pana
5kXULSULQFLSDOHOHORFXUL VXQW PHQ LRQDWH
0XQ LL(sunt) UHSUH]HQWD LILJXUDWLY vQPDQLHU WLSPXüXURLGHFkUWL
&RQ LQH UkXULOH0XUHü&ULüXO$OE&ULüXO1HJUX&ULüXO5HSHGH%DUF X
3 U LOH%DQDWXOXLGH7LPLüRDUD
3DUWLXP S U LOHUHJDWXOXLPDJKLDU
8QJDULD6XSHULRDU
3 U LOH7UDQVLOYDQLHL
+DUW JHRJUDILF DQH[ 
>vPSUHMXULPLOH FHW LL 2UDGHD@
(Scara) 5 ore de mers pe jos = 9,4 cm [1 : 260000]
(Dimensiuni) 20,5 X 14 cm
Roza Vânturilor. Busola: Sud
Desen color cu pana
5kXULSULQFLSDOHOHORFDOLW L VXQWPHQ LRQDWH
0XQ LLUHSUH]HQWD LILJXUDWLY vQPDQLHU WLSPXüXURLGHFkUWL
&RQ LQH UkXULOH&ULüXO5HSHGH&ULüXO0LF%DUF X
3URYHQLHQ %DGHQ-Baden.
KISARI BALLA György este singuruOFDUHüLUHSURGXFH49GLQS FDWHGRDU în
alb-negru, harta Trans-Tisiensis în cartea sa.

&RQ LQXW
Harta Trans-TisiensisHVWHIRUPDW GLQGRX S U LK U LGLVWLQFWH
1. SDUWHDVXSHULRDU  SULPDKDUW ODScala Di hore 15 (i.e. scara 1 : 1000000),
este D[DW  SH DOMINIVM PARTIVM REGNI VNGARIÆ üL GHILQHüWH
regiunea26 dintre VNGARIÆ SVPERIORIS PARS, TRANSILVANIÆ PARS üL
BANATVS TIMISVARIENSIS PARS.
2. SDUWHD LQIHULRDU  D GRXD KDUW  PXOW PDL GHWDOLDW  ILLQG H[HFXWDW  OD
Scala Di hore 5 (i.e. scara 1 : 26  HVWH FHQWUDW  SH Citta Di Waradino /
Oradea FXLGHQWLILFDUHDFODU DFRPSRQHQWHORUVDOHCittaRUDüXOCittadella
/ citadela, BorgoEXUJXOWkUJXO&HWDWHDHVWHvQFRQMXUDW GHDSHOHUkXOXL

72
sebeskeres  &ULüXO 5HSHGH üL DOH UkXOXL kiskeres  &ULüul Mic cu care
sebeskeres&ULüXO5HSHGHVHXQHüWHFKLDUvQDLQWHGH-DLQWUDvQRUDü
&HOH GRX  K U L VXQW H[HFXWDWH GLIHULW ID  GH K U LOH PRGHUQH -
unde, prin FRQYHQ LHvQSDUWHDVWkQJ HVWHYHVWXOLDUvQSDUWHDGHVXVVHDIO 
nordul - fiind cu "susul vQMRV QRUGXOHVWHvQMRVXOK U LORU üLRULHQWDWHGH
la "stânga la dreapta" (astfel încât estul este la stânga). De mare ajutor
pentru orientare este roza vânturilor GH SH SULPD KDUW  FDUH DUH SXQFWHOH
cardinale definite prinDEUHYLHULvQOLPEDLWDOLDQ :
M Æ Mezzodi = Sud
T Æ Tramuntana = Nord
P Æ Ponente = Vest
O Æ Oriente = Est
ÍQ GUHDSWD UR]HL YkQWXULORU VH J VHüWH VFULV FX URüX VI, 10. Aceste
GRX  FLIUH QX IDF SDUWH GLQ RULJLQDOXO K U LL üL DX IRVW DG XJDWH XOWHULRU50.
(OHUHSUH]LQW QXPHURWDUHDFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHILGHLFRPLVXOXL7 Marelui Duce:
volumul VI, (harta) nr. 10.
Pe cele dRX  K U L GH U ]ERL VXQW WUHFXWH vQ SULQFLSDO FHW LOH üL
locurile IRUWLILFDWHFDUHVHDIO GH-a lungul râurilor.
Pe SULPD KDUW  regiunile la nord de Bereth f.21 UkXO %DUF X FHD
dintre faerkeres f.UkXO&ULüXO$OEüLmaros f. / UkXO0XUHüSUHFXPüLFea
dintre Bereth f.  UkXO %DUF X üL 7LV]D folyó / râul Tisza sunt complet
LJQRUDWHQLFLRORFDOLWDWHQHILLQGPHQ LRQDW 
ÍQSDUWHDVWkQJ DSULPHLK U LLVHJ VHüWHTRANSILVANIÆ PARS precum
üLPXQ LL- QHLQVFULS LRQD LSHKDUW -3ORSLüXOXL3 GXUHD&UDiului, Codru
0RPDüL=DUDQGXOXL
ÍQ SDUWHD GH VXV D SULPHL K U LL VH J VHüWH maros f. / Maros folyó / râul
0XUHü Acest râu desparte DOMINIVM PARTIVM REGNI VNGARIÆ de
BANATVS TIMISVARIENSIS PARS LDU ORFDOLW LOH51 aflate pe malurile sale
sunt destul de claU LQVFULS LRQDWH52: Lippa / Lippa / Lipova, RO; arath /
Arad / Arad, RO; Chanad / Csanad / Cenad, RO; Segedin / Szeged, HU.
ÍQSDUWHDGHMRVDFHORUGRX K U LVHDIO Bereth f. / Berettyó folyó / râul
%DUF X
ÍQSDUWHDGUHDSW DK U LLGHVXVVHJ VHüWH Tisza folyó / râul Tisa. Numele
QXHVWHLQVFULS LRQDWSHKDUW GDUUkXOHVWHGHILQLWFODUGHORFDOLW LOH53 aflate pe
PDOXOV XSegedin / Szeged; Songrad / Csongrád, HU; Zolnok / Szolnok, HU
SUHFXP üL GH IDSWXO F  7LV]D GHVSDUWH VNGARIÆ SVPERIORIS PARS de
DOMINIVM PARTIVM REGNI VNGARIÆ.

73
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

ÍQSDUWHDGHPLMORFDSULPHLK U LVHDIO 53: faerkeres f. / Fehér-. U VIRO\y


UkXO&ULüXO$OEfequettekeres f. / Fekete-. U VIRO\yUkXO&ULüXO1HJUX
olota f. " SkUkXO5 W üHO DFHVWSkUkXHVWHSUREDELOFRQIXQGDWFX&ULüXO
1HJUXSHQWUXF ORFDOLWDWHDBelignes%pOIHQ\pU%HOILUHVWHORFDOL]DW vQ
UHDOLWDWH OkQJ  UkXO 5 W üHO üL QX SH UkXO &ULüXO 1HJUX FXP DSDUH SH
KDUW 54); sebeskeres f. / Sebes-. U VIRO\yUkXO&ULüXO5HSHGHkiskeres f. /
Kis-. U V folyóUkXO&ULüXO0LF
/RFDOLW LOHWUHFXWHSHPDOXULOHUkXOXLfaerkeres&ULüXO$OEVXQW52: genua
(?55 QHLGHQWLILFDW 56, RO; Giula / Gyula, HU.
/RFDOLW LOH GH SH UkXO fequettekeres  &ULüXO 1HJUX VXQW52: Belignes /
Bélfenyér / Belfir, RO; fequettebator)HNHWHEiWRU%DW U52ÍQUHDOLWDWH
localitatea Belignes%pOIHQ\pU%HOILUHVWHORFDOL]DW OkQJ SkUkXO5 W üHO
/DFRQIOXHQ DGLQWUHUkXULOHfaerkeres&ULüXO$OEüLfequettekeres&ULüXO
1HJUX VH DIO  Bikis  %LFKLü  %pNpV +8 ÍQ UHDOLWDWH D]L %pNpV VH DIO  OD
circa  NP vQ DYDO GH SXQFWXO XQGH FHOH GRX  UkXUL VH XQHVF üL QX vQ
DPRQWHFXPDSDUHSHKDUW 
Pe râul sebeskeres &ULüXO5HSHGHVHFRQVHPQHD] 52 Telek  0H] 7HOHJG
7LOHDJG 52 üL Waradin / Várad / Oradea, RO. Telek nu poate fi
identificat57 cu Teleac, sat din comuna Budureasa - jud. Bihor, RO, deoarece
DFHVWD GLQ XUP  QX VH DIO  SH UkXO &ULüXO 5HSHGH /D QRUG GH Waradin /
2UDGHDVHDIO Bihar / Bihar / Biharia, RO.
Pe râul kiskeres&ULüXO0LFVHJ VHüWHnaikereki / Nagykereki, HU.
Pe Bereth f.  UkXO %DUF X VXQW52 ORFDOLW LOH Somlio / Szilágysomlyó /
ûLPOHXO Silvaniei58, RO; margita / Margitta / Marghita, RO; St Job /
Szentjobb / Sâniob, RO; felittasa59 / (Bihar) )pOHJ\Ki]D  5RüLRUL 52
Bochai / (?) Bochaÿ földvár60, la vest de Kismarja, HU sau Pocsaly /azi,
Pocsaj, HU / Pocei; Ouyfalu / Újfalu / Berettyóújfalu, HU.
ÍQ8QJDULDOkQJ Saruas6]DUYDV+8VHJ VHüWHThur / Mezötúr, HU iar
pe râul Sebes-. U VVHDIO Keres La Dagn. U VODGDQ\+8/RFDOLWDWHD
Bania, pozL LRQDW foarte aproape de Keres La Dagn  . U VODGDQ\ VH
QXPHüWHD]L9iQ\D'pYD9iQ\D'pYDYiQ\D+83HUkXO. U VGXS 
FH %DUF X V-a unit cu Kis-. U V LDU PDL DSRL FX 6HEHV-. U V61 VH J VHüWH
Saruas / Szarvas, HU.
Pe râul sebeskeres  &ULüXO 5HSHde de pe D GRXD KDUW  VH J VHVF
ORFDOLW LOHDellek  0H] 7HOHJG7LOHDJG52Koceno .LVMHQ ,QHX
RO; totfalu62  +XVDV XO GH &ULü 52 Wascherbel63 / (Fugyi)Vásárhely /

74
2üRUKHL X 52St Andre / (Bihar)Szentandrás / Sântandrei, RO; Johannis /
(Bihar) Szentjános / Sântion, RO.
Localitatea Bisbek, de pe râul kiskeres  &ULüXO 0LF QX D SXWXW IL
LGHQWLILFDW E QXLmF WUHEXLHV ILHORFDOL]DW XQGHYDOkQJ 1DJ\V]iQWy
6DQW XO0DUH52&KLDUGDF DUILYRUEDGHRORFDOLWDWHKisbek tot nu putem
faFHRLGHQWLILFDUHVLJXU 
ÍQWUH RUDüXO Waradino  2UDGHD üL St Andre  6kQWDQGUHL 52 VH DIO 
Sölös64 6] O V 3HFHV] O V 9iUDGV] O V  3RGJRULD 6HOHXü ORF vQJOREDW
D]LRUDüXOXL2UDGHDBadh nu poate veni decât din germanul Bad / baie iar
FRQIRUP SR]L LRQ ULL SH KDUW  SUHFXP üL GLVWDQ HL ID  GH Waradino /
2UDGHDFUHGF HVWHYRUEDGH% LOH0DLRUL% LOH)HOL[
La nord de Waradin2UDGHDVHDIO FHWDWHDBihar / Bihar / Biharia, RO.
Pe râul Bereth %DUF XVHJ VHVFFHWDWHDSt Job / Szentjobb / Sâniob, RO;
Imbra / Hegyközszentimre / Sântimreu, RO; Weida / (Bihar) Vajda / Vaida,
RO; felittasa, felinasa sau fetinasa59/ (Bihar) )pOHJ\Ki]D  5RüLRUL 52
tomasi653DSWDPiVL7 P üHX52Kismaria / Kismarja, HU; Botschei /
(?) Pocsaly, Pocsaj, HU / Pocei sau Bochaÿ földvár60, la vest de Kismarja, HU.
1XHVWHIRDUWHFODUGDF ORFDOLWDWHDBochaiGHSHSULPDKDUW HVWHLGHQWLF 
cu BotscheiGHSHDGRXDKDUW üLFXPDUWUHEXLV LGHQWLILF PDFHVWHGRX 
ORFDOLW L GUHSW Pocsaly61, la nord-nord-vest de satul Kismarja sau drept
Bochaÿ földvár60, la vest de Kismarja, HU.
3H D GRXD KDUW  vQ GUHDSWD-VXV VH J VHüWH R üWDPSLO care are în interior
ceeace pare a fi blazonul casei de Baden-Baden.
Alfons SCHÄFER afirm 66F DFHDVW KDUWDSURYLQHGLQPRüWHQLUHD
liniei Baden-Baden. Deci, a fost în posesia lui Hermann von Baden-Baden
RUL D QHSRWXOXL V X /XGZLJ :LOKHOP , 'DU vQ ILQDO QX YRP SXWHP V 
FODULILF PSUREOHPDULGLFDW GHGDWDUHDFRUHFW DK U LLTrans-TisiensisI U 
V üWLPFXH[DFWLWDWHFHV-a întâmplat vQ]RQDFHW LL2UDGHDvQWUHüL
GDW  OD FDUH Ludwig Wilhelm I von Baden-%DGHQ S U VHüWH üL HO IURQWXO
otoman.

Cronologie
0DUHOH 5 ]ERL FRQWUD 2WRPDQLORU GLQ 1683-'99 a avut anumite
caracteristici distincte.&DPSDQLDDQXDO vQFHSHDWkU]LXODVIkUüLWXOOXLLXQLH
- vQFHSXW GH LXOLH üL VH WHUPLQD OD VIkUüLWXO OXL RFWRPEULH - început de
noiembrie. În timpul iernii trupele imperiale erau încartiruite dispersat într-
XQ WHULWRULX YDVW LDU DFWLYLW LOH PLOLWDUH HUDX UHGXVH OD PLQLP GDWRULW 

75
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

drumurilor impracticabile. Campaniile anuale erau caracterizate de


FRPSOLFDWH üL FRQWLQXH PDQHYUH militare pe diferite fronturi. Luptele
decisive, în care erau implicate importante IRU H PLOLWDUH DX IRVW IRDUWH
SX LQH vQ FHL  DQL GH U ]ERL üL QX DX IRVW YDORULILFDWH FRQYLQJ WRU GH
vQYLQJ WRUL GHRDUHFH HUDX XUPDWH GH R HSXL]DUH DSURDSH WRWDO  üL GH DF LXQL
DQHPLFH LQFDSDELOH V  SUHOXQJHDVF  HIHFWHOH unei victorii"67 &HW LOH HUDX vQWkL
L]RODWHüLvQFHUFXLWHüLGRDUXOWHULRUDVHGLDWH üLFXFHULWH'HPXOWHRULVLQgura
VROX LH YLDELO  D IRVW vQIRPHWDUHD DS U WRULORU SkQ  OD FDSLWXODUH 'RDU vQ
DDS UXWXQSULPFRUSLPSHULDOGHH[SHU LvQIRUWLILFD LL68 format din 27
de "ingineri"-RIL HUL69. De asemenea, imperialii DYHDX GRDU FXQRüWLLQ H
topografice aproximativeDOHWHDWUXOXLGHU ]ERLSHQWUXF QXH[LVWDXK U L70
detaliate.
ÍQDFHVWFRQWH[WJHQHUDOWUHEXLHV LGHQWLILF PORFXOSDUWLFXODUDOK U LLTrans-
Tisiensis.(VWHIRDUWHFODUF KDUWDHVWHLQWLPOHJDW GHRSHUD LXQLOHGHU ]ERL
GHVI üXUDWH GH LPSHULDOL vQ ]RQD FHW LL 2UDGHD 3HQWUX F  QX H[LVW  vQF  R
OXFUDUH GHGLFDW  H[FOXVLY DFHVWXL VXELHFW DP IRVW QHYRLW V  DSHOH] OD R
cronologie, ca un instrument minimal de lucru, pentru a vedea ce s-a
vQWkPSODW vQ DFHDVW  ]RQ  vQ GHFXUVXO U ]ERLXOXL 'H DVHPHQHD SHQWUX F 
harta Trans-TisiensisDIRVWVLJXUvQSRVHVLDXQXLDGLQFHLGRLUHSUH]HQWDQ L
ai familiei de Baden-%DGHQ DP XUP ULW üL FH DX I FXW DFHüWLD SkQ  vQ
PRPHQWXOvQFDUHDXS U VLWWHDWUXOGHU ]ERLFXRWRPDQLL
1683
14.07. 2WRPDQLLvQFHSDVHGLXORUDüului Wien71.
23.11. Ludwig Wilhelm I von Baden-Baden31 este numit general de cavalerie de
F WUHvPS UDWXO/HRSROG,72.
1684
5.03.- La Linz73VHSDUDIHD] DOLDQ DDQWLRWRPDQ 6DFUD/LJD/LJD6IkQW 
25.04. IRUPDW GLQ3RORQLD9HQH LD&DVDGH+DEVEXrg / Sfântul Imperiu
5RPDQGH1D LXQH*HUPDQ üL5XVLD GLQDSULOLH 
1685
14.04. $FRUGXOVHFUHWGHOD&kU LüRDUDGLQWUHLH]XLWXO$QWLGLXV'XQRG74,
UHSUH]HQWDQWXOOXL/HRSROG,üLFDQFHODUXOWUDQVLOY QHDQ7HOHNL0LKiO\75.
sf.08. Otomanii trimitVROLGHSDFHF WUHGXFHOHCarol V76 üLFRQWHOH+HUPDQQYRQ
Baden30.
7.09. Thököly Emericq77HVWHvQIUkQWOkQJ (SHUMHVD]L3UHåRY6.GHWUXSHOH
imperiale comandate de generalii Schulz78üL9HWHUDQL79üLVHUHIXJLD] OD
Oradea, unde ajunge la începutul lunii octombrie, fiind primit cu
RQRUXULUHJHüWLGHAhmed, SDü GH2UDGHD

76
1685
11.09. 'XS XQDVHGLXGHGRX OXQL(SHUMHVVHSUHG WUXSHORULPSHULDOHGHVXE
comanda lui Schulz.
-.10. Caprara80DIODWvQWDE UDGHODKaschau /azi, Košice, SKvüL împarte
armata; Carafa81FXGHVROGD LHVWHWULPLVODLHUQDWvQregiunea
6 WPDUXOXLvQWLPSFH0HUF\82üL+HLVVOHU83FRERDU FXWUXSHOHORUSH
partea dreapt a Tisei.
sept. (?) &DUDIDVXESUHWH[WXOUHFXFHULULLFHW LL2UDGHDS WUXQGHvn comitatul
nov. Bihor84vQXUP ULUHDOXL7K|N|O\&DUDIDGRUHüWHV üLLHUQH]HvQ]RQ 
cerând provizii din Transilvania pentru armata sa. Veterani, cu patru
UHJLPHQWHGHSHGHVWUDüLüLXQXOGHF O UH LRFXS 0DUDPXUHüXOüL
S U LOH&KLRDUXOXLXQGHYDüLLHUQD2DOW SDUWHDDUPDWHLLPSHULDOH
LHUQHD] ODDebrecen, HU.
27-29.09. Principele Apafi I85 se plânge, în GRX VFULVRULvPS UDWXOXL/HRSROG,GH
excesele trupelor imperiale în comitatul Bihor ("excessibus a milite … in
comitatu Bihorensi"86). Aceasta înseaPQ F WUXSHLPSHULDOHHUDXGHMDvQ
comitat la mijlocul lunii septembrie.
15.10. Ahmed3DüDvOLQYLW ODGHMXQSH7K|N|O\üLIRORVLQGX-se de ocazie, la
ordinele marelui vizir Bayburtlu .DUD,EUDKvP3DüD87, l-DDUHVWDWüLO-a
SXVvQODQ XULLDUPDLDSRLO-a trimis la Beograd de unde a fost dus
ulterior la Edirne, TR. Otomanii îl considerau pe Thököly drept
SULQFLSDOXOREVWDFROvQRE LQHUHDS FLL
3ULQDFHDVW DUHVWDUHFDX]DFXUX LORUDVXIHULWRORYLWXU GLQFDUHQXüL-a
mai revenit în decursul acestui r ]ERL
16.10. 0HUF\üL+HLVVOHUULGLF WDE UDOD+HYHV+8ODNP1GH6]ROQRN
19.10. 6]ROQRN+8HVWHHOLEHUDWGHDUPDWHOHLPSHULDOHFRQGXVHGH+HLVVOHUüL0HUF\
-.10. Când Antidius Dunod s-a reîntors în Transilvania, trupele imperiale se
aflau deja în Partium.
24.10.- Antidius Dunod SDUWLFLS OD$GXQDUHD6W ULORU$UGHOHQH'LHWDGHOD
7.11. $OED,XOLD VDX) J UDü" XQGHFHUHV VHIDF SUHJ WLULGHvQFDUWLUXLUHvQ
%LKRUSHQWUXGHVROGD LLPSHULDOLüLV VHDVLJXUHFHOHQHFHVDUH
pentrXDVHGLXOFHW LL2UDGHD
23.11. 5 VSXQVXULOHvPS UDWXOXL/HRSROG,ODFHOHGRX VFULVRUL GLQüL DOH
principelui Apafi I în care acesta se plângea de excesele trupelor imperiale
în comitatul Bihor.
27.11. $FRUGXOGHOD'XPEU YHQL(EHVIDOYDDXWRULW LOHWUDQVLOY QHQHvQFHDUF 
V RSUHDVF vQFDUWLUXLUHDGHQRLWUXSHvQSULQFLSDWDQJDMkQGX-VHV SO WHDVF 
GHWDOHULüLV IXUQL]H]HRvQVHPQDW FDQWLWDWHGHFHUHDOHSHQWUX
vQWUH LQHUHDDUPDWHLLPSHULDOHFDUHXUPDV LHUQH]HvQ0DUDPXUHü&KLRDUüL
în regiunea Debrecen.
-.11.-.12. 7UXSHOHLPSHULDOHRFXS S U LOHQRUGLFHüLGHYHVWDOH7UDQVLOYDQLHL

77
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

1686
2.01. Thököly este eliberat de otomani.
20.01. Aflat la Oradea, unde a fost SULPLWFXRQRUXULUHJDOHGHDFHODüLAhmed
3DüDFDUHvODrestase, ThökölyIDFHXQDSHOF WUHFUHGLQFLRüLLV LSHQWUXD
lua din nou armele împotriva imperialilor.
9-12.02. 8UP ULQGX-l pe 7K|N|O\üLGRULQGV -i dejoace planurile, &DUDIDDVHGLD] 
üLFXFHUHüWHFHWDWHD6]HQWMREE6kQLRE52DIODW ODFLUFDNPNNE de
Oradea.
Trupele imperiale - JHUPDQLüLFXUX LPDJKLDULVXEFRPDQGD
lui Petneházy Dávid88-YHQLVHU GLQ6 WPDU
&HWDWHDHUDDS UDW GHSDWUXPHWHUH]HcolosaleILLQGvQFRQMXUDW de ape
VW W WRDUHüLDYHDRJDUQL]RDQ RWRPDQ IRUPDW GLQGHVROGD LÍQ
timpul "vQVS LPkQW WRUXOXL" bombardament imperial, o ghiulea a lovit
depozitulGHPXQL LHGLQFHWDWHFXHIHFWGHYDVWDWRUSHQWUXRWRPDQL
explozia RPRDU PXO LDS U WRULLDUIRFXOGLVWUXJHPDMRULWDWHDFO GLULORU
din cetate. Carafa exploaWHD] DFHVWPRPHQWIDYRUDELOüLDWDF 
concomitent cetatea GLQWUHLS U L2WRPDQiLGHPRUDOL]D LFDSLWXOHD] FX
FRQGL LDV ILHO VD LV SOHFHOLEHULFXWRDWHDUPHOHüLDYXWXOORU
&DUDIDvQW UHüWHFHWDWHDFXXQportcullisSHFDUHvOSO WHüWHGLQSURSULLOe
venituri.
2WRPDQLLYRUvQFHUFDI U VXFFHVGHGRX RUL- în iarna 1686 -
üLvQ
1690 -V UHFXFHUHDVF FHWDWHD6]HQWMREE/ Sâniob, RO.
Trupele imperiale -F O UH LLOXL+HLVVOHUüLLQIDQWHULDGHVXEFRPDQGDOXL
Mercy -LQFHQGLD] SDODQFDFDUHDS UD2radea.
28.03. :LHQ/HRSROG,vLRUGRQ OXLScherffenberg89V LQWUHvQ7UDQVLOYDQLD
-.04. $WDFLPSHULDOQHDüWHSWDWDVXSUDSDO QFLL$UDG&HOHEL,VPDLO3DüD
beilerbeiul de Rumelia, care iernase aici, fuge în timp ce mare parte din
RüWLOHVDOHFDGSULzonieri ori "DXPXULWFDQLüWHHURLPDUWLUL".
24.04. 7UXSHOHGHVXEFRPDQGDOXL0HUF\üL+HLVVOHUvQYLQJOD6]HJHG+8R
oaste otomano-W WDU vQW ULW GHFXUX LLOXL7K|N|O\
1.05. Scherffenberg îi scrie de la Satu Mare principelui Apafi I informându-l
GHRUGLQXOvPS UDWXOXL/HRSROG,UHIHULWRUODLQYD]LD7UDQVLOYDQLHL
pentru a o "SURWHMDüLFRQVHUYD".
21.06. 6FKHUIIHQEHUJSRUQHüWHGLQ&OXMVSUH$SDKLGDLDUPDLDSRLLWLQHUDUXO
armatei imperiale cuprinde Turda-9LQ XOGH6XV-Alba Iulia-6HEHü-Sibiu.
28.06. Acordul hallerian semnat la Wien.
sf.07. )RU HOHLPSHULDOHvQFHSV S U VHDVF 7UDQVLOYDQLDFXGHVWLQD LDOfen /i.e.
Buda, HU.
12.06. ÍQFHSHDF LXQHDGHFXFHULUHDFHW LL%XGD
2.09. 7UXSHOHOXL&DUDIDüL+HLVVOHULQWU vQ%XGDODRUDSP

78
1686
30.09. :LHQ/HRSROG,vLVFULHSULQFLSHOXOXL$SDIL,DQXQ kQGX-OGHVSUHGRULQ D
VDFDDUPDWDLPSHULDO HSXL]DW vQOXQJXODVHGLXDO%XGHLV ILH
vQFDUWLUXLW vQ7UDQVLOYDQLDSHWLPSXOLHUQLLScrisoarea ajunge la Alba
Iulia pe 22.11.
Se repede scenariul din iarna 1685 -
&DUDIDLHUQHD] vQFRPLWDWHOH
YHVWLFHDOH7UDQVLOYDQLHLLDU9HWHUDQLRFXS 0DUDPXUHüXO
19.10.- 'LHWDWUDQVLOYDQ GHOD6LELX VDX$OED,XOLD" GHFLGHWULPLWHUHD
6.11. WULEXWXOXLRELüQXLWF WUHVXOWDQXOotoman dar "se voWDU SHQWUXRVWLUL-
imperiale n.m.- EDQLFHUHDOLüLYLQXULvQFDQWLWD LPDUL".
14-22.10. 2UDüXO  üLFHWDWHD  3pFV+8VXQWFXFHULWHGHLudwig Wilhelm.
23.10. 'XS XQDVHGLXGHGH]LOHFHWDWHD6]HJHGVHSUHG EDURQXOXL
Karighmain90.
12.11. Ludwig Wilhelm FXFHUHüWHORFDOLWDWHD.DSRVYiU+8
13.12. /HRSROG,vODYDQVHD] SHUVRQDOSH/XGZLJ:LOKHOPI von Baden-
Baden la UDQJXOGHPDUHüDODOGRLOHDUDQJvQFDGUXOLHUDUKLHLPLOLWDUHD
Casei de Habsburg.
1687
înc. 06. +XVDULLGLQ6 WPDUWaie 60-GHWXUFLLHüL LGLQFHWDWHD2UDGHD
13.07. Max Emanuel91VFULHvQMXUQDOXOV X122GHVSUH2UDGHDF HVWHcheia
Transilvaniei".
9-12.08. % W OLDGHOkQJ PXQWHOH+DUViQ\92 ODFDUHSDUWLFLS üLLudwig Wilhelm.
15.08. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPvOURDJ SHXQFKLXOV X+HUPDQQYRQ%DGHQ-%DGHQV 
LQWHUYLQ SHOkQJ vPS UDWXO/HRSROG,SHQWUXRE LQHUHDSHUPLVLXQLLGH
a se întoarce la Wien.
.09. Ducele Carol V, « in septembrie, DSXF – n.m.) calea Seghedin-ului de unde
RDVWHDDSXF SH7LVDLQVXVOD6ROQRFXXQGHWUHFXUvXOGHXQGHVHLQGUHSW VSUH
7UDQVLOYDQLDüLODILQHDOXQHLDMXQVHODIUXQWDULL. »
3.09. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPSOHDF VSUH:LHQvPSUHXQ FX0D[(PDQXHO
1.10. Ducele Carol V HVWHvQIRUW UHD DGHODûLPOHXvPSUHXQ FXVWDWXOV X
major.
20.10. 9HWHUDQLvQYLQJHRDUPDW RWRPDQ vQWUH=HQWDD]L6HQWD56üL6]HJHG
27.10. 7UDWDWXOGHOD%ODMFRQVILQ HüWHRFXSDUHDPLOLWDU D7UDQVLOYDQLHLGHF WUH
imperiali.
-.12. 0HUF\DVHGLD] FHWDWHD$UDG
5.12. /HRSROG,vOQXPHüWHSH+HUPDQQYRn Baden-Baden comisar imperial
principal la Reichstag-XOGLQ5HJHQVEXUJ%D\HUQI U D-l retrage formal
GLQIXQF LDGHSUHüHGLQWHDO&RQVLOLXOXLGH5 ]ERL
1688
17.01. Cetatea Munkács /azi, Mukacheve, UAVHSUHG LPSHULDOLORUGXS GH
OXQLGHDVHGLXüLEORFDG 

79
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

1688
8.02. &DUDIDQRXOFRPDQGDQWDOWUXSHORULPSHULDOHvQ7UDQVLOYDQLDLQWU vQ
Sibiu.
9.02. 7K|N|O\FXGHVROGD LLHUQHD] OD 0H] Telegd / Tileagd, RO pe
&ULüXO5HSHGHODFLUFDGHNP(GH2UDGHDXQGHHVWHDWDFDWüLvQYLQs
de Heissler.
? ,PSHULDOLLDGXQ OD %LKDU" )pOHJ\Ki]DD]L5RüLRULvQFRPXQD9DOHD
9LQXOXLMXGH XO6DWX0DUHRDUPDW SHQWUXDDWDFDFHWDWHD2UDGHD
9.05. 7UDWDWXOGHOD) J UDüSULQFDUH7UDQVLOYDQLDUHQXQ ODOHJ WXULOHFX
3RDUWDüLUHFXQRDüWHprotectoratul imperial.
24.06. &DUDIDFXFHUHüWH/LSRYDLDUFHWDWHDûRLPRVüLvQF RSDODQF VHSUHGDX
-.07.-.08. Teritoriul fostului Banat de Lugoj-&DUDQVHEHüHVWHFXFHULWGHLPSHULDOL
Documentele din anii 1688 -
PHQ LRQHD] FRQVWDQWUHJLXQHDGUHSW
"comitat al Severinului".
5.09. Dervent93./XGZLJ:LOKHOPSRUQHüWHXQDWDFVXUSUL] FXGH
F O UH LDVXSUDSDüHLGLQ%RVQLDFDUHVHGHSODVDVSUH%HRJUDG
-.09. /HRSROG,vLSRUXQFHüWHOXL/XGZLJ:LOKHOPV FXFHUHDVF +HU HJRYLQD
üL'DOPD LD
24.09. ,]EXFQHüWH5 ]ERLXO0DULL$OLDQ H35 din 1688 -’97.
1689
-.01. 7UXSHOHRWRPDQHXQLWHDOHFHW LORU*\XOD,QHXüL7LPLüRDUDSUDG WRDWH
ORFDOLW LOHSkQ OD.HFVNHPpW+8ODNP6(GH%XGDSHVWDÎn timpul
retragerii, trupele otomane sunt atacate de dragonii de sub comanda lui
Heissler.
6.04. Ludwig Wilhelm I von Baden-Baden este numit comandant suprem al
DUPDWHLLPSHULDOHvQU ]ERLXOXLFRQWUDRWRPDQLORU
Heissler devine noul comandant general în Transilvania.
10.05. /HRSROG,VHPQHD] LQVWUXF LXQLOHVDOHF WUHLudwig Wilhelm privitoare
la campania din acest an.
11.06. Ludwig Wilhelm este la Beograd.
16.06. Corbelli94DWDF üLLQFHQGLD] WkUJXO%HLXüFDUHYDFDSLWXODSH
'XS FH+HLVVOHUvQYLQJHRRDVWHW WDU LPSHULDOLLvQFHDUF RDF LXQHde
EORFDG DFHW LL2UDGHDFDUHYDHüXDvQILQDOGDWRULW vremii neprielnice.
&RUEHOOLFXRRDVWHvQW ULW FXKDLGXFLXQJXULS WUXQGHFXIRU DvQRUDüXO
OradeaüLUHXüHVFV GLVWUXJ FDVHOHGLQPDKDODXDRUDüXOXL1XOLSVHüWH
mult ca trupeleGHKDLGXFLV SXQ FKLDUVW SkQLUHSHSRDUWDGHVFKLV D
FHW LL
$X]LQGF RWRPDQLLFXRRDVWHGHGHVROGD LvQW UHVFFeketebátor /
%DW U52ODNP6(GH6DORQWDSHPDOXOGUHSWDO&ULüXOXL1HJUX
de VROGD LLPSHULDOLVHvQGUHDSW vQWUDFROo.

80
1689
înc-.07. 'RLSUL]RQLHULVkUELGHVW LQXLHLPSHULDOLORUF )HNHWHEiWRUQXHVWHDS UDW
vQDFHOPRPHQWGHFkWGHGHVROGD LSHQWUXF 3DüDSOHFDVHOD*\XOD
+8SHQWUXRQXQW LDUVSDKLLVHDIODXODFkWHYD]LOHGHS UWDUH/DRIHUWD
de capitulare, oWRPDQLLDFFHSW V S U VHDVF )HNHWHEiWRU&KLDUGDF 
LQL LDODXYUXWV-RGLVWUXJ LPSHULDOLLvQW UHVFORFDOLWDWHDüLFHWDWHDüLODV 
DLFLRJDUQL]RDQ GHGHKXVDULGHLQIDQWHULüWLüLGHKDLGXFL
sub comanda lui Komlossi Sándor.
16.07. CorbellLDWDF üLFXFHUHüWHFHWDWHD,QHX
29.07. Victoria lui Ludwig Wilhelm de la Grabovac, RS.
3.08. &RQWUDDWDFXOHüXDWDOWUXSHORURWRPDQHGLQ*\XODüL,QHXDVXSUD
ORFDOLW LL)HNHWHEiWRU%DW U52
16.08. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPSRUQHüWHVSUHVXGFXRDUPDW GHGRDUGHRVWDüL
30.08. % W OLDGHOkQJ %DWR LQD56HVWHFküWLJDW GHLPSHULDOLLGHVXE
comanda lui Ludwig Wilhelm.
25.09. Ludwig Wilhelm LQWU vQ1Lå56
29.10. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPFXFHUHüWHRUDüXOüLFHWHDWHD9LGLQ%*
-.11. Ludwig Wilhelm WUHFHvQ DUD5RPkQHVF 
Campania din 1689 s-DVIkUüLW
sf .11. 'XS FHWUXSHOHüL-DXVWDELOLWFDUWLHUXOGHLDUQ /XGZLJWilhelmSOHDF 
spre Wien.
1690
6.01. Ludwig Wilhelm este la Praha, CZ.
15.01. Logodna dintre Ludwig WilhelmüLFranziska Sibylla Augusta von
Sachsen-Lauenburg95 HVWHDQXQ DW OD%UDXWVFKDXvQ%RHPLD
6.02. Ludwig WilhelmSUHG vPS UDWXOXLSODQXOV XGHRSHUD LXQLSHQWUX
campania din acest an.
28.03. Ludwig Wilhelm VHF V WRUHüWHvQFDSHODGLQ6FKORVV5DXGQLW]FX
Franziska Sibylla Augusta.
-.04. Ottavio Nigrelli96üL&RUEHOOLLQVSHFWHD] FXDWHQ LHRUDüXOüLFHWDWHD2UDGHD
1.05. ÍQvPSUHMXULPLOHWkUJXOXL&DUHLüL-DXI FXWDSDUL LDWUXSHLPSHULDOH
18.05. Ludwig WilhelmRE LQHGLQQRXFRPDQGDVXSUHP DDUPDWHORU
LPSHULDOHvQU ]ERLXOFXRWRPDQLL
7.06. Ludwig Wilhelm VXV LQHvQID DFRQVLOLHULORULPSHULDOLF QXVHYDSXWHD
PHQ LQHUHJLXQHDGHGLQFRORGHUkXO6DYD
sf .06. Ludwig WilhelmSOHDF OD1LåXQGHVHJ VHDDUPDWDLPSHULDO 
12.08. ÍPS UDWXOLeopold IWULPLWHRVFULVRDUHF WUH/XGZLJWilhelm cerându-i
V vQW UHDVF UH]LVWHQ DOD'XQ UHüLvQ7UDQVLOYDQLDGHRDUHFHDLFL
SkQGHüWHFHOPDLPDUHSHULFROGLQSDUWHDRWRPDQLORU
21.08. +HLVVOHUHVWHvQIUkQWvQOXSWDGHOD= UQHüWL7UDQVLOYDQLDILLQGOXDW
prizonier de Thököly.

81
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

1690
26.08. La Jagodina97DUHORFXQFRQVLOLXLPSHULDOGHU ]ERL
28.08. Ludwig Wilhelm SRUQHüWHVSUH7UDQVLOYDQLDFXGHRüWHQL
toamna $PHQLQ DWGHWUXSHOHRWRPDQHFRQGXVHGH6HUDVFKHUYL]LUøLDIHURüWLOH
lui Ludwig Wilhelm98VHUHWUDJODDG SRVWXOUkXOXL6RPHüvQ]RQD
S WPDUXOXL,PSHULDOLvüLULGLF WDE UDFXVSDWHOHODFHWDWHDSakmar (i.e.
6 WPDU6DWX0DUH 
15.09. Thököly este ales principe al Transilvaniei de Dieta de la Cristian, jud. Sibiu.
19.09. Ludwig Wilhelm iQWU vQ7UDQVLOYDQLDSHOD3RU LOHGH)LHUDOH
Ardealului / Erdéyi Vaskapu.
2.10. Marele vizir Köprülüzâde "Fazil" Mustafa Paüa99vQFHSHDVHGLXOFHW LL
Beograd.
3.10. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPLQWU vQ6LELX
8.10. Guido Stahremberg100HVWHIRU DWV VHUHtrage din Beograd.
13.10. Ludwig Wilhelm vLVFULHvPS UDWXOXLQXDPJ VLWGHFXYLLQ V -l ascult pe
Thököly, ci l-DPH[SHGLDWFXFXYLQWHJUHOHüLVXQWKRW UkWV -PLFRQWLQXLPDUüXO
SkQ vOGHWHUPLQV vQWUHSULQG YUHRDF LXQHVDXSkQ vODOXQJGLQ DU ".
25.10. $SDUL LDQHDüWHSWDW DOXLLudwig Wilhelm OD%UDüRYDSURGXVSDQLF vQ
UkQGXOVXV LQ WRULORUOXL7K|N|O\
7K|N|O\HVWHDOXQJDWGLQ7UDQVLOYDQLDSkQ ODVIkUüLWXOOXQLL
-.12. O oaste turco-W WDU DFRPSDQLDW GH7K|N|O\DSDUHvQ7UDQVLOYDQLa.
2üWLOHOXL/XGZLJ:LOKHOP GHVROGD L WUHFUkXO6RPHüüLVH
vQGUHDSW VSUH&OXM
ajunul *DOJDILXOKDQXOXLW WDUvQIUXQWHDDGHVROGD LDMXQJHOD2UDGHDpe
&U FLXQXOXL
FDUHRDSURYL]LRQHD] FXDOLPHQWHLDUPDLDSRLVHUHWUDJHVSUH&OXM.
1691
20.01. 'LHWDGHOD) J UDü -  DFFHSW SULQYRWQRPLQDO'LSORPD
/HRSROGLQ 
25.01. 2RDVWHW W UHDVF FDUHDSU GDWvQUHJLXQHDRUDüXOXL6]ROQRNHVWHvQYLQV SH
UkXO&ULü
-.02. +XVDULLXQJXULvQYLQJRDOW RDVWHRWRPDQR-W WDU la Oradea.
14.07. Ludwig Wilhelm DMXQJHDUPDWDGLQXUP üLSUHLDGLQQRXFRPDQGD
3.08. $UPDWDLPSHULDO UHGXV ODGHVROGD LP Uü OXLHüWHPDLGHSDUWH
spre Semlin /azi, Zemun, RS.
19.08. % W OLDGHODSzlankamen101. Pentru victoria repurtata aici, Ludwig
Wilhelm ,SULPHüWH în august 1692, de la regele spaniol Carl al II-lea,
GLVWLQF LDOkQDGHDXUFHOPDLLPSRUWDQWRUGLQDOvQWUHJLLFUHüWLQ W L.
Ceremonia de decernare propriu-]LV YDDYHDORFvQIHEUXDULH
27.08. ÍPS UDWXO/HRSROGvOULGLF SH/XGZLJWilhelm I von Baden-Baden la
rangul de locotenent major - cel mai mare grad militar al Casei de Habsburg.
10-27.09. Ludwig :LOKHOPHVWHvQWDE UDGHOD6]ROQRN+8

82
1691
12.10. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPGHFODQüHD] RSHUD LXQLOHPLOLWDUHvPSRWULYDFHW LL2UDGHD
2.11. Contele Hermann von Baden-Baden moare la Regensburg.
5.11. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPvüLG VHDPDF WUHEXLHV -üLUHWUDJ WUXSHOHODLHUQDW
13.11. 'DWRULW IULJXOXLüLYUHPLLXUkWH/XGZLJ:LOKHOPULGLF DVHGLXOFHW LL
Oradea "GXS OXSWHüLE W OLLFDUHDXGXUDW]LüLQRDSWHWLPSGHGH]LOH".
/XGZLJ:LOKHOPvüLVWDELOHüWHSHQWUXFkWHYD]LOHFDUWLHUXOJHQHUDOOD
'HEUHFHQGXS FDUHSOHDF VSUH(UODXLH(JHU+8üL:LHQ
iarna $UPDWDLPSHULDO GLYL]DW vQPDLPXOWHS U LLHUQHD] vQUHJLXQHD
1691-’92 %LKRUXOXLüLîn "cartierele din Debrecin (Debrecen) üLvQvPSUHMXULPL": Sâniob,
%HLXü'LRVLJ&HWDULXûLPOHX6DWX0DUH/LSRYD
&HWDWHD2UDGHDHVWHVXSXV XQHLEORFDGHGHWUXSHOHLPSHULDOHFRQGXVH
de contele Auersperg102.
1692
13-14.02. $WDFXULvQIRU DOHJDUQL]RDQHLRWRPDQHvQ DIDUDFHW LL
21.02. 2QRX RIHQVLY DJDUQL]RDQHLRWRPDQH
29.02. 'LQQRXJDUQL]RDQDRWRPDQ DWDF WUXSHOHGHEORFDG LPSHULDOH
3ULPHOHGLVFX LLGHVSUHFRQGL LLOHXQHLFDSLWXO ULFkWPDLDYantajoase.
.03.-.04. %ORFDGDFHW LL2UDGHDGHFXUJHI U HYHQLPHQWHPLOLWDUHLPSRUWDQWH
29.04. +HLVVOHUQXPLWGLUHFWUHVSRQVDELOFXDVHGLXOüLFXFHULUHD2UDGLHLDMXQJH
vQWDE U GLQID DFHW LL
11.05. ÍQFHSHGLQQRXDVHGLXOFHW LL2UDGHD
15.05. 9HWHUDQLFXFHUHüWHFHWDWHD,QHX
5-7.06. (VWHVWDELOLWDVDOWXOILQDODOFHW LL2UDGHD
7UXSHOHRWRPDQHGLQFHWDWHD2UDGHDFDSLWXOHD] GXS OXQLGHDVHGLX
-.08. Ludwig WilhelmS U VHüWH:LHQvPSUHXQ FXVR LDVD
22.08. Ludwig Wilhelm ajunge la EsVHJD]L2VLMHN+5üL9XNRYDU+5
-.11. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPS U VHüWHWHDWUXOGHU ]ERLRWRPDQüLSOHDF VSUH5DDE
Györ, HU.
20.11. Ludwig WilhelmüLFranziska Sibylla Augusta se întorc la Wien.
1693
-.01. Ludwig Wilhelm I von Baden-Baden este de DFRUGV SUHLDFRPDQGDSH
frontul de pe Rinul Superior în cadrul 5 ]ERLXOXL0DULL$OLDQ H  -'97).
13.02. Ludwig WilhelmüLFranziska6LE\OOD$XJXVWDS U VHVF:LHQ
13.03. /XGZLJ:LOKHOPSDUWLFLS ODFRQIHULQ DFRQYHQ LHLFRPLWDWHORUGHOD1UQEHUJ
30.03. Ludwig WilhelmVHDO WXU DOLDQ HLSULQ LORUSHQWUXOLEHUWDWHJHUPDQ üL
EXQ VWDUHDLPSHULXOXL".
22.04. Ludwig WilhelmVHvQWkOQHüWHOD*Q]EXUJ6FKZDEHQ-Bavaria, cu vice-
SUHüHGLQWHOHFRQVLOLXOXLFXU LLGLQ=HLO.
27.05. Heister103FXFHUHüWH,QHXüLûLULD
7.09. Otomanii recuceresc Lipova.

83
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

Datarea
Harta Trans-Tisiensis D IRVW FRQVWDQW GDWDW  circa 1687104. În 1933,
*ODVHUPHQ LRQHD] F DFHDVW GDWDUH-cca 1687-HVWHI FXW secundum Repertorii
/ GXS  LQYHQWDU41. Deci, a existat un inventar la Generallandesarchiv care a
IRVW IRORVLW GH  *ODVHU GUHSW VXUV  GH LQIRUPD LH 'LQ S FDWH SHUVRQDO QX
am avut acces la acest inventar când am fost la Karlsruhe105 üL vQ DFHVW
PRPHQW QX üWLX exact cine106 FkQG üL SH FH ED]  D GDWDW - FKLDU üL
aproximativ -RKDUW LQL LDOQHGDWDW 
Alfons SCHÄFER descrie astfel metoda lui de datare: "s-a încercat
stabilirea SHULRDGHL GH DSDUL LH vQ ED]D FRQ LQXWXOXL K U LL VDX GDF  QX H[LVWDX
SXQFWHGHUHIHULQ  FD]XOK U LLTrans-Tisiensis - n.m.), cu ajutorul scriHULLüLD
tehnicii de realizare 'DWD UH]XOWDW  D IRVW SXV  vQ SDUDQWH]H GUHSWH"107 Dar, în
acest caz, cum poate fi Johann Phillipp von HANNENSTEIN autorul unei
K U LGDWDWHcirca 1687vQFRQGL LLOHvQFDUHHODIRVWPXWDWvQ6LOH]LDvQF GLQ
1685108? În IDSW SUREDELO üL 6FKlIHU D SUHOXDW GRDU vQIRUPD LD UHIHULWRDUH OD
GDWDFkQGKDUWDDIRVWH[HFXWDW GLQDFHODüLLQYHQWDUFDüL*ODVHU,DU.LVDULD
SUHOXDWüLHOLQIRUPD LDDFHDVWDGHODSUHGHFHVRULLV L
La Generallandesarchiv GLQ.DUOVUXKHH[LVW PDLPXOWHK U L- KISARI
%$//$ *\|UJ\ VSHFLILF  DOWH WUHL DVWIHO GH K U L QU    - care sunt
focalizate pe regiunea Partium üL FHWDWHD 2UDGHD üL FDUH DX GUHSW
SURYHQLHQ OLQLD%DGHQ-Baden:
-Nr. 11109, 40-41, 270110: 1691111VHPQDW E. F. von Borgsdorff 112.
-Nr. 14113, 42, 273: 1692114 (n.m. corect, 1691), QHVHPQDW .
-Nr. 31115, 55, 290: circa 1685116 (n.m. probabil, aprilie 1690), QHVHPQDW .
'LQWUHDFHVWHWUHLK U LSULPHOHGRX QHDWUDJDWHQ LDvQPRGGHRVHELWILLQG
foarte tehnice. Este vorba de h U L H[WUHP GH GHWDOLDWH DOH FHW LL DOH
IRUWLILFD LLORUFHW LL- FKLDUvQVHF LXQH -FKLDUüLDFHORUGHWLSSDODQF SUHFXP
üLDOHWHUHQXOXLüL UkXULORUGLQMXUXOFHW LL2UDGHD(VWHFODUF DFHVWHDDXIRVW
folosite la asediul üL EORFDGD GLQ 1-7.06.1692. Kisari chiar
PHQ LRQHD] F KDUWDQUHVWHGLQWLPSXOEORFDGHLFHW LL2UDGHDLDUharta
QUGDWHD] GHSHYUHPHDDVHGLXOXL+DUWDQUHVWHRKDUW PDLJHQHUDO
a întregii zone Biharensis.
'DW ULOHOXL.LVDULSHQWUXKDUWDQUüLQUVXQWJUHüLWHÍQFDUWXüXOK U LL
QU  VH VSHFLILF  F  HVWH GLQ WLPSXO blocadei FHW LL 2UDGHD FHHD FH
vQVHDPQ QRLHPEULH-PDLüLQXGRDU,DUGDWDUHDOXL.LVDUL-
i.e. 1692-SHQWUXKDUWDQUHVWHJUHüLW SHQWUXF vQLudwig Wilhelm I
von Baden-Baden nu a mai fost implicat direct, în nici un fel, în asediul

84
FHW LL2UDGHD LDUKDUWDQXDUILDYXWFXPV DMXQJ vQSRVHVLDOXL117. Datarea
FRUHFW DDFHVWHL K U LQHLQGLF DQXOSHQWUXF GRDUvQWRDPQDDFHVWXL
an Ludwig Wilhelm a fost implicat direct în asediul FHW LL 2UDGHD üL HVWH
normal ca o DVWIHOGHKDUW V -üLJ VHDVF ORFXOvQWROEDVDGHU ]ERL([LVWHQ D
DFHVWHLK U LSUHFXPüLFHOHFXQUüLLQGLF IDSWXOF Ludwig Wilhelm
DDYXWODGLVSR]L LHK U L118 foarWHGHWDOLDWHDOH]RQHLüLDOHFHW LL2UDGHDFX
ocazia asediului din toamnaDQXOXL'HDFHHDDYHPWRDWHPRWLYHOHV 
SUHVXSXQHP F  KDUWD Trans-Tisiensis QX D IRVW QLFLRGDW  vQ SRVHVLD OXL
/XGZLJ :LOKHOP üL F  DFHDVW  KDUW  D DMXQV OD Generallandesarchiv prin
intermediul contelui Hermann von Baden-Baden. Dar, la 5.12.1687, Hermann
a fost numit de Leopold I drept comisar imperial principal119 la Reichstag120-
ul din 5HJHQVEXUJ $FHDVWD vQVHDPQ  F  HO D vQFHWDW RULFH OHJ WXU  FX
IURQWXORWRPDQVSUHVIkUüLWXODQXOXLÍQDFHVWDP QXQWVHDIO SUREDELO
detaliul pentru care harta Trans-TisiensisDIRVWGDWDW LQL LDOcirca 1687. Iar
DFHDVW  GDWDUH D IRVW SUHOXDW  vQ OXFU ULOH ORU üL GH WULSOHWD *ODVHU   -
Schäfer (1971) - Kisari (2000). Dar, în opinia QRDVWU , DFHDVW GDWDUH -i.e. circa
1687- QXVHVXV LQH din punct de vedere al logicii istorice.
'DF YRPDQDOL]DFXDWHQ LHULWPXOüLDPSOLWXGLQHDRSHUD LXQLORU
PLOLWDUHLPSHULDOHvQ]RQDFHW LL2UDGHDYRPFRQVWDWDF DFHVWHDDXIRVW
aproape continui în perioada 1685 -
 GHVI üXUkQGX-se în: toamna '85,
iarna '85 -'86  SULP YDUD
WRDPQD
üL WRDPQD
121. Acest lucru nici
nu-i de mirare SHQWUX F  ]RQD üL FHWDWHD 2UDGHD UHSUH]HQWDX FKLDU cheia
Transilvaniei"122 pentru LPSHULDOL 'DU D H[LVWDW üL un apogeu al acestor
RSHUD LL WRDPQD
 - iarna '85 -'86 - SULP YDUD
 (VWH QRUPDO FD DFHVWH
RSHUD LL V  IL IRVW ELQH SUHJ WLWH SHQWUX F  VH GHVI üXUDX vQWU-R ]RQ 
QHFXQRVFXW GRPLQDW GHFHW LDYkQGJDUQL]RDQH otomane importante. De
aceea, personaO FUHG F  harta Trans-Tisiensis D IRVW H[HFXWDW  vQ WRDPQD
anului 1685, cu ocazia primului contact al armatelor imperiale cu zona
FHW LL2UDGHD(DDIRVWWULPLV &RQVLOLXOXLGH5 ]ERLpentru a familiariza
forul de coordonare al efortului îndreptat împotriva otomanilor cu acest
QRXWHDWUXGHU ]ERLSHQWUXYLLWRDUHOHRSHUD LLGLQ]RQ ,DUDFHVWHRSHUD LL
YRUGHEXWDFKLDUSULP YDUDDQXOXLXUP WRU$VWIHOKDUWDDDMXQVvQSRVHVLD
lui Hermann von Baden-%DGHQ FDUH OD DFHD GDW  HUD FKLDU
Hofkriegsratspräsidentenul acestui FRQVLOLX([LVW üLDUJXPHQWHLQGLUHFWHFDUH
VXV LQDFHDVW LSRWH] 
KDUWDQXUHVSHFW VWULFWSURSRU LLOHH[LVWHQWHvQWHUHQ123.

85
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

ORFDOLW LIRDUWHLPSRUWDQWH- ca Debrecen, HU -OLSVHVFGHSHKDUW üLvQ


DFHHDüLVLWXD LHVXQWüLORFDOLW LPDLPLFLGHVSUHFDUHüWLPVLJXUF H[LVWDX124
ODDFHDGDW FKLDUvQ]RQ DGLDFHQW FHW LL2UDGHD
3. harta Trans-TisiensisHVWHWRWXüLRKDUW JHQHUDOLVW SHQWUXF SUH]LQW R
UHJLXQH vQWLQV  1LFL P FDU KDUWD VHFXQG  QX HVWH R KDUW  VSHFLDOL]DW  üL
GHGLFDW XQRURSHUD LXQLPLOLWDUHVSHFLILFHGHJHQXODVHGLXRULEORFDG ûL
DFHDVW  KDUW  FKLDU GDF  HVWH UHDOL]DW  OD R VFDU  PDL PDUH U PkQH WRW R
KDUW JHQHUDOLVW 
SHKDUW H[LVW FKLDUPLFLJUHüHOLGHORFDOL]DUHGHJHQXOBelignes pe râul
fequettekeres.
5. doar în cadrul acestei ipoteze putem reconstitui logic drumul K U LL
Trans-TisiensisSkQ ODGenerallandesarchiv din Karlsruhe pe filiera: autor (NN)
- &RQVLOLX GH 5 ]ERL - Hermann von Baden-Baden - Germania - Ludwig
Wilhelm I von Baden-Baden SULQ PRüWHQLUH  - (vezi Istoricul) – General-
landesarchiv.
 $OIRQV 6&+b)(5 PHQ LRQHD]  F  "Markgarfului Ludwig Wilhelm i se
GDWRUHD] vQSULQFLSDOK U LOHüLSODQXULOHGLQSHULRDGD -’92"32 care au fost
realizate, în general, de Tobias von HAßLINGEN, Giovanni Morando
9,6&217, SUHFXP üL GH ) & YRQ %($8/$,1&2857 EDURQ GH *ROQHH
2UFKLDUüLRDQDOL] JUDILF UDSLG 125DUDW F DFHüWLDQXVXQWDXWRULLK U LL
Trans-Tisiensis.
Toate acestea -OD FDUH VH DGDXJ  FKLDU IRORVLUHD GHQXPLULL Banatvs
Timisvariensis pars- GHQRW  R RDUHFDUH QHFXQRDüWHUH126 D DFHVWHL ]RQH ûL
aceasta se poate explica logic doar printr-XQ SULP FRQWDFW FX QLüWH QRL
UHDOLW LJHRJUDILFH'HDFHHDFUHGF H[LVW GHVWXOHDUJXPHQWHSHQWUXFDV 
FRQVLGHU PF KDUWDTrans-TisiensisDIRVWH[HFXWDW vQWRDPQDDQXOXL

Autorul
În 1933, Dr. GLASER Lajos41 QX RIHU  QLFL XQ LQGLFLX DVXSUD
autorului K U LL Trans-Tisiensis PHQ LRQkQG F  HVWH Sine Titulus & Nomen
auctorisI U WLWOXüLDXWRU. În 1971, Alfons SCHÄFER presupune / aILUP 45
F  DU SXWHD IL YRUED GH -RKDQQ 3KLOOLSS YRQ +$11(167(,1 ÍQ 
KISARI BALLA György47vOLQGLF GHMDVLJXU48 ca autor pe Johann Philipp
YRQ +$11(167(,1 (VWH H[WUHP GH LQWHUHVDQW  DFHDVW  HYROX LH vQ
FRQGL LLOH vQ FDUH QLFLXQXO GLQWUH DFHüWL DXWRUL QX RIHU  üL DUJXPHQWHOH127
QHFHVDUHSHQWUXRS LXQHDORU

86
Dar cine este Johann Philipp von HANNENSTEIN? Un inginer de
U ]ERLFH]DUR-FU LHVFcsászári hadimérnök128GHVSUHFDUHvQF QXüWLPIRDUWH
multe OXFUXUL1LFLP FDUQXPHOHFRUHFWQXHVWHIRDUWHVLJXUSHQWUXF HOüL-a
semnat PDMRULWDWHD OXFU ULORU FD HANNENSTEIN GDU D IRORVLW üL
HANSTEIN129. *ODVHU 6FKlIHU üL .LVDUL IRORVHVF H[FOXVLY IRUPD
HANNENSTEINvQF U LOHORU
3X LQHOHLQIRUPD LLLQGLUHFWHGHVSUHHODFRSHU GRDUVFXUWDSHULRDG 
a anilor 1682-’85124. 3ULPD PHQ LXQH FXQRVFXW  D VD vQ VOXMED LPSHULDO 
GDWHD] GLQ când este implicat în vQW ULUHDFHW LL3R]VRQ\%UDWLVODYD
SK. Din 1683 GDWHD]  KDUWD SH FDUH D I FXW-o celei mai mari insule
GXQ UHQH130, Csallóköz QXPLW  Große Schütt (Insel) vQ JHUPDQ  üL Velky
æLWQì RVWURY vQVORYDF $FHDVW KDUW HVWHvPSRGRELW üLFXXQFDUWXüvQ
LQWHULRUXO F UXLD VH J VHüWH LQVFULS LRQDW Johann Phillipp v:(on) Hanstein
Haubman131 & Ingenier / A(nno) 1683". &DUWXüXO HVWH GHFRUDW FX EOD]RQXO
casei de Baden-%DGHQIDSWFDUHP vQGUHSW HüWHV DILUPF +DQQHQVWHLQVH
DIOD vQ FHUFXO GH SURWHMD L DL UHSUH]HQWDQ LORU DFHVWHL IDPLOLL vQ DUPDWD
LPSHULDO  +HUPDQQ YRQ %DGHQ-%DGHQ üL QHSRWXO V X /XGRYLF :LOKHOP ,
$FHDVW SUHVXSXQHUHHVWHvQW ULW LQGLUHFWüLGHIDSWXOF SHRDOW OXFUDUH132
a lui Hannenstein - %XGDüL3HVWY ]XWHGLQVSUHDSX s- cineva, în secolul XIX, a
I FXW XUP WRDUHD QRWD LH Ofen / im jahn 1684 unter der Herrschaft der
TürkenLDUVXESR] HVWHVFULVAufgenommen vom K.(aiserlich) Ingenieur von
Hannenstein für den Markgrafen / LUDWIG VON BADEN / Commandirender
der Reiterei des Oesterreichischen Belagerungs-Heeres".
În 1684, Hannenstein, századost  F SLWDQ ILLQG HVWH QXPLW Oberquatier-
meisterleutnant133'LQGDWHD] KDUWDFHW LL9iF+8üLDvPSUHMXULPLORU
VDOH ÍQWUH  üL  HO GHVHQHD]  GH PDL PXOWH RUL FHWDWHD %XGD134 üL
împrejurimile sale. În 1685 este transferat în Silezia124üLXUPDOXLVHSLHUGH
Cum poate fi Johann Phillipp von HANNENSTEIN autorul unei
K U LLdatate circa 1687 (i.e. Carta Trans-Tisiensis)GDF HOS U VLVHGHMDGH
GRLDQLIURQWXORWRPDQU PkQHXQPLVWHUSHQWUXnoi'HDFHHDSHQWUXF 
QXüWLPFDUHDXIRVWDUJXPHQWHOHOXL$OIRQV6&+b)(5135 pentru a-l indica45
pe Johann Phillipp von HANNENSTEIN drept auWRU DO DFHVWHL K U L DP
IRVW QHYRLW V  DSHOH] OD R H[SHUWL]  JUDILF 136 SHQWUX D YHGHD GDF  DFHDVW 
DILUPD LHLSRWH] 46 a lui SchäferVHFRQILUP sau nu.

87
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

([SHUWL]DJUDILF
3HQWUX D GXFH OD EXQ VIkUüLW DFHVW VWXGLX DP IRORVLW GUHSW UHSHU
singurele h U L FDUH vO DX GUHSW DXWRU FHUW SH -RKDQQ 3KLOOLSS YRQ
HANNENSTEIN:
-harta insulei Csallóköz / Schütt-Insel137 FDUH HVWH VHPQDW  Johann Philipp
v:(on) HANSTEIN Haub / man & IngenierüL
-KDUWD FHW LL %XGD  2IHQ138 FDUH HVWH VHPQDW  Johann Philipp von
Hannenstein, Hauptmann".
([SHUWL]DJUDILF DULGLFDWSUREOHPHDSURDSHLQVXUPRQWDELOHSHQWUX
F  GLQ S FDWH K U LOH UHSHU DX H[LVWDW GRDU vQWU-R FRSLH GXS  FHOH
reproduse, în IRDUWH EXQH FRQGL LL JUDILFH GH .,6$5, %$//$ *\|UJ\ vQ
cartea sa din 2000. De aVHPHQHDDXULGLFDWSUREOHPHüLIRQGXOWRWXüLUHODWLY
OLPLWDWGHOLWHUHFXYLQWHGHSHK U LIDSWXOF DFHVWHFXYLQWHVXQWDSURDSH
H[FOXVLYQXPHSURSULLVFULVHDOHDWRUüLQXFRQWLQXPRGDOLW LOHSDUWLFXODUH
de scriere cu pana în secolul XVII, scrisul foarte îngrijit139 folosit obligatoriu
SHK U LHWF
Am folosit PHWRGD VLJQDOLWLF 140 de comparare, care, "ELQH DSOLFDW  « G 
bune rezultate"141.
Caracteristici Generale:
- SHQWUX F  QX V-D OXFUDW FX RULJLQDOHOH FHORU GRX  K U L QX VH SRW IDFH
consideUD LLSULYLWRDUHODGLPHQVLXQHDVFULVXOXLYLWH]DVFULVXOXLSUHVLXQHD
VFULVXOXLVSD LHUHDVFULVXOXL
- SHQWUX F  SH DPEHOH K U L V-a scris cât mai îngrijit, nu putem face nici o
FDUDFWHUL]DUHGLQSXQFWGHYHGHUHDOJUDGXOXLGHHYROX LHDOVFULVXOXL
- GXS IRUPDVFULVXOXLDYHPXQVFULVDUFDGDWSHDPEHOHK U L
- din punct de vedere al raportului de ordin dimensional dintre majuscule
üLPLQXVFXOHSHCHVWHXQVFULVQRUPDOFXDFFHQWHPXOWLSOHGHVXSUDvQ O DUH
vQDSURDSHGLQFD]XUL ID GHXQVFULs normal pe harta T (aici nu am
luat în considerare idiotismul grafic reprezentat de majuscula B de pe T).
- FKLDU GDF  DQXPLWH OLWHUH g, B, W pe harta T  FRQ LQ WU V WXUL
VXSOLPHQWDUHSHDPEHOHK U LDYHPGH-DIDFHWRWXüLFXVFULVXULVLPSOHGLQ
punct de vedere al gradului de simplificare al scrisului.
- DPEHOH VFULVXUL VXQW RULHQWDWH VSUH GUHDSWD GDU vQFOLQD LD GRPLQDQW  D
scrisului de pe harta T este ceva mai mare (cu circa 15O) decât cel de pe
harta C.

88
- GLQ SXQFW GHYHGHUH DO FRQWLQXLW LL VFULVXOXL, grafismul are un grad mic
GH FRQWLQXLWDWH VFULV WRFDW  GDU DFHVWD DU SXWHD IL GRDU R FDUDFWHULVWLF 
GDWRUDW  H[FOXVLY VFULVXOXL FX SDQD 1X V-au putut trage niciun fel de
concluzii privitoare la modul de grupare a literelor în cuvinte (i.e. legarea
locaOL]DW SHQWUXF IRQGXOGHOLWHUHOHJDWHHVWHH[WUHPGHPLF
- niciun LGLRWLVPJUDILFQXVHUHJ VHüWHSHDPEHOHK U L
5H]XOWDWHOH([DPLQ ULL&RPSDUDWLYH
majuscule minuscule
unde

litera C T C T
d 3 § 3 -  1
A
c -  11A 86 ø 47
d - 3 - -
Æ  
c - - - -
d 1 ø 15 -  -
B
c -  - 9 ø 8
d 3 ø 5 -  -
C
c -  - 30 § 6
d 4 ø 6 5  -
D
c -  - 23 ø 9
d 5  - -  -
E
c -  3 66 ? 54
d 2  - 19 ø 16
F
c -  - 36 ø 2
d 8 ø 1 -  1
G
c -  3 20 ø 6
d 5  - -  2
H
c -  - 31 ø 12
d 2 ø 4 -  -
I
c -  14 43 § 31
d -  - -  -
J
c -  - -  -
d 3 ø 7 -  -
K
c -  11 2  -
d 6 ø 2 -  -
L
c -  1 43 ø 18
d 1  1M 7 ø 2
M
c -  4M 12 ø 4
d 9  - 9 ø 1
N
c 1  8N 29 ? 14

89
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

majuscule minuscule
unde

litera C T C T
d 1 ø 2 2 ? 1
O
c -  2 45 ? 22
d -  - 1  -
Ö
c -  - 1 ø 2
d 8  5P 1  -
P
c -  1 5 ø 2
d -  - -  -
Q
c - - - 2
d 6  1R -  -
R
c -  10 70 ? 29
d 11 ø 12 1 § 1
S
c -  9 35 § 24
d 1 ø 5T -  2
T
c -  2 40 ? 24
d -  - -  -
U
c -  - 34 ? 9
d 3  2V 3  -
V
c -  6V 1  -
d 5  4 3  -
W
c -  - -  -
d - - - -
X  
c - - - -
d - - - -
Y  
c - - - 1
d - 1 - -
Z  
c - - 1 -
6WDWLVWLFLOH*HQHUDOHDOH([DPLQ ULL
Harta
%
T C T+C
 110 62 172 13,06 %
? 153 286 439 33,33 %
§ 65 112 177 13,44 %
ø 188 341 529 40,16 %
Total: 516 801 1317 100 %

90
litera Explicarea Deosebirilor Constatate**
A T: ovalul minusculei a este mult mai rotunjit în partea sa superioaU GLQ
stânga decât pe harta CXQGHRYDOXOHVWH XJXLDWVSUHGUHDSWD
T:H[LVW GRX WLSXULGLIHULWHGHA GHWLSDUüLGHPkQ 
A toate aceste litere sunt litere de tipar.

Æ CQXH[LVW DFHVW OLWHU 'HFLQXH[LVW SRVLELOLWDWHGHFRPSDUD LH


B T: minuscula b nu are bucla depasantei superioare spre deosebire de
DFHHDüLOLWHU SHKDUWDC.
TH[LVW IHOXULGLVWLQFWHGHPDMXVFXOHBGDUGLIHUHQ HOHGHFRQVWUXF LH
ID GHXQLFDPDMXVFXO B H[LVWHQW SHCVXQWXULDüH0DMXVFXODB de pe T
este chiar un idiotism grafic.
C C: minuscula ç s-DIRORVLWRVLQJXU GDW üLDIRVWDVLPLODW FXc.
C: majuscula CHVWHSUHOXQJLW vQ]RQDHLLQIHULRDU üLFRQ LQHXUP WRDUHD
OLWHU vQLQWHULRUXOHL idiotism grafic).
D C: se folosesc mai multe tipuri diferite de litere d / D la începutul
cuvintelor (caz de poliformism literal). În cazul minusculei d H[LVW FKLDU
GRX WLSRORJLLGLIHULWHvQFD]XOYDULDQWHLJRWLFH$FHDVWDHVWHIRORVLW X]XDO
FDüLPDMXVFXO SHC spre deosebire de TXQGHQXvQWkOQLPQLFLRGDW DFHVW
aspect particular.
T: majuscula D este XQLGLRWLVPJUDILFILLQGFRQVWUXLW cu totul particular:
SDUWHDVHFXQGDU DGHSDVDQWHLVXSHULRDUHGHEXWHD] FXRFURüHW üLVH
LQWHUVHFWHD] ODGLQvQ O LPHDOLWHUHLFX]RQDVXSHULRDU DEXFOHL
depasantei superioare caUHVHWHUPLQ üLHDFXRFURüHW DFFHQWXDW 
E /LWHU VLPSO FXSRVLELOLW LGHYDULD LHOLPLWDW 
F CH[LVW PDLWLSXULGLIHULWHGHPLQXVFXOHf la începutul cuvintelor dar
QLFLFDUHGLQWUHHOHQXDUHREXFO DGHSDVDQWHLVXSHULRDUHDüDFXPvQWkOQLP
pe harta TvQFD]XOPDMRULW LLPLQXVFXOHORUf de la începutul cuvintelor.
CvQDQXPLWHFD]XULGHSDVDQWDLQIHULRDU DPLQXVFXOHLfVHWHUPLQ FXR
OLQLHRUL]RQWDO ILLQGYRUEDGHXQLGLRWLVPJUDILFQLFLRGDW J VLWSHT.
T: H[LVW GRX WLSXULGLIHULWHGHPLQuscule f. Într-una din tipologii,
GHSDVDQWDLQIHULRDU DPLQXVFXOHLfDUHXQVHPLFHUFvQSDUWHDVDVHFXQGDU 
G T: H[LVW GRX WLSXULVSHFLILFHüLGLIHULWHGHPLQXVFXOHg folosite în
înteriorul cuvintelor. Bucla depasantei inferioare a uneia dintre tipologii
HVWHFKLDUXQRYDOFDUHVHvQFKLGHvQSDUWHDVDVXSHULRDU $GRXDWLSRORJLH
DUHWHUPLQD LDGHSDVDQWHLLQIHULRDUHXQVHPLFHUF
C:vQPDMRULWDWHDFD]XULORUH[LVW REXFO DGHSDVDQWHLLQIHULRDUHOD
minuscula g.
T: majuscula GDUHGHSDVDQWDLQIHULRDU PXOWPDLURWXQMLW üLPDLPDUH
FXPSDUDWLYFXSDUWHDHVHQ LDO DOLWHUHLGLQ]RQDVXSHULRDU GHFkW
corespondentul pe harta C'LIHUHQ HYL]LELOHH[LVW üLSHQWUXF GHSDVDQWD

91
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

litera Explicarea Deosebirilor Constatate**


G LQIHULRDU VHvQFKLGe într-REXFO SHC spre deosebire de TXQGHJ VLPXQ
semicerc.
H TH[LVW GRX WLSXULGHPLQXVFXOHhFXEXFO üLI U EXFO vQ]RQD
depasantei superioare aflate la raport de 1:2.
CDFHODüL raport este de aproape 4:1.
I C: spre deosebire de T, majuscula IVHFRQWLQX üLvQ]RQDLQIHULRDU VXE
orizontul de scriere.
J C, TQXH[LVW DFHVW OLWHU 
K TFKLDUüLvQFXYkQWXQGHDUWUHEXLIRORVLWHGRDUOLWHUHPLFLVHIRORVHVFWRW
PDMXVFXOHIDSWFHUHSUH]LQW XQidiotism grafic$FHODüLIHQRPHQVH
obsHUY üLvQFD]XOXQHLDGLQWUHminusculele k de pe C.
CH[LVW GRX WLSXULGLIHULWHGHPLQXVFXOHk.
T: majuscula KDUHEDVWRQDWDGUHDSW VSUHGHRVHELUHGHDFHHDüLOLWHU GHSH
C DF UXLbastonataHVWHURWXQMLWVSUHGUHDSWDvQSDUWHDVDVXSHULRDU üL
spre sWkQJDvQSDUWHDVDLQIHULRDU /DvQFHSXWXOFXYLQWHORUSDUWHD
VXSHULRDU DDFRODGHLODPDMXVFXODK pe TDUHRIRUP FRQYH[ üLVHvQDO 
SkQ ODQLYHOXObastonatei spre deosebire de CXQGHDUHRIRUP FRQFDY üL
HVWHPXOWPDLPLF 
L T: H[LVW GRX WLSXUi diferite de majuscule L la începutul cuvintelor dar
nici care GLQWUHHOHQXVHWHUPLQ FXREXFO DS U LLVHFXQGDUHvQ]RQD
VXSHULRDU SUHFXPSHC.
Punctul incipient al majusculei L este la stânga pe C üLODGUHDSWDSHT.
T: minuscula lQXDUHEXFO Ddepasantei superioare spre deosebire de
DFHHDüLOLWHU SHKDUWDC FDUHDUHvQWRWGHDXQDEXFO 
M M toate aceste litere sunt litere de tipar.

3HDPEHOHK U LPLQXVFXODmDUHüLUROGHPDMXVFXO 
C: minuscula m din debutul cuvintelor are întotdeauna prima JUDP
VXSUDvQDO DW vQ]RQDVXSHULRDU  ID GHSDUWHDVXSHULRDU DFHORUODOWH
JUDPH VSUHGHRVHELUHGHDFHHDüLOLWHU SHKDUWDTFDUHDUHXOWLPDJUDP 
VXSUDvQDO DW ID GHSULPHOHGRX JUDPH
N N toate aceste litere sunt litere de tipar.

CH[LVW GRX tipuri distincte de majuscule NGDUVHvQWkOQHüWHüL


minuscula nSHSRVWGHPDMXVFXO 
T: minuscula n din debutul cuvintelor DUHvQWRWHDXQDSULPDJUDP 
VXSUDvQDO DW  ID GHSDUWHDVXSHULRDU DFHOHLODOWHJUDPH VSUHGHRVHELUH
GHDFHHDüLOLWHU SHKDUWDTXQGHDPEHOHJUDPHVXQWODDFHODüLQLYHO
O, Ö C: ovalul majusculei O este mai alungit decât pe T unde este aproape
perfect circular.

92
litera Explicarea Deosebirilor Constatate
P P OLWHUHVXQWOLWHUHGHWLSDUüLGRDUXQDHVWHGHPkQ 
C: depDVDQWDLQIHULRDU DPLQXVFXOHLpVHWHUPLQ FXRFRGL VSUHGUHDSWD
(LGLRWLVPJUDILF LDURYDOXOVHOHDJ GHOLWHUDXUP WRDUHVSUHGHRVHELUHGHT
unde ovalul se închide într-un cerc.
Q CQXH[LVW DFHVW OLWHU 'HFLQXH[LVW SRVLELOLWDWHGHFRPSDUD Le.
R R litera este de tipar.

S T: s-DXIRORVLWGRX WLSXULGLIHULWHGHs.
C: s-DXIRORVLWGRX WLSXULGLIHULWHGHS, s.
T T 4 litere sunt litere de tipar.

T]RQDLQL LDO DS U LLVHFXQGDUHGLQVWkQJDDEDUHLPDMXVFXOHLT este un


FURüHWDFFHQWXDWvQGUHSWDWvQMRVüLVSUHLQWHULRU=RQDILQDO DS U LL
VHFXQGDUHVHWHUPLQ FXXQFURüHWvQGUHSWDWvQVXV'HSDVDQWDVXSHULRDU 
HVWHvQFOLQDW DFFHQWXDWüLVHWHUPLQ WRWvQWU-XQFURüHW
C: bara majusculei TvQFHSHFXXQSXQFWLDUGHSDVDQWDHVWHGRDUSX LQ
REOLF üLVHWHUPLQ vQWU-RWDOS RUL]RQWDO GHGLPHQVLXQLPLFL
3XQFWXOGHWDQJHQ GLQWUHEDUDüLEDVWRQDWDPLQXVFXOHLt este localizat în
DPEHOHFD]XULvQDFHHDüL]RQD SDUWHDVXSHULRDU D]RQHLPHGLDQHRULvQ
SDUWHDLQIHULRDU D]RQHLVXSHULRDUH 
U LLWHU VLPSO FXSRVLELOLW LGHYDULD LHOLPLWDW 
V T: V toate literele sunt de tipar.
W T: s-DXIRORVLWGRX WLSXULGLIHULWHGHPDMXVFXOHW. Una dintre ele este un
idiotism JUDILFGDWRULW PRGXOXLGHFRQVWUXF LHDSULPXOXLEUD la fiecare V
folosindu-se cifra 3.
C: s-DXIRORVLWGRX WLSXULGLIHULWHGHPDMXVFXOHW.
([LVW GLIHUHQ HQRWDELOHvQWUHDFHVWHSDWUXWLSXULGHOLWHUH
X C, TQXH[LVW DFHVW OLWHU 
Y CQXH[LVW DFHDVW OLWHU 'HFLQXH[LVW SRVLELOLWDWHGHFRPSDUD LH
Z 1XH[LVW SRVLELOLWDWHGHFRPSDUD LH
** Nu s-au luat în considerare majusculele de tipar existente pe harta TSHQWUXF
acestea nu au corespondent pe harta C.
Observa LL*HQHUDOH
- pe harta T H[LVW GRDUGRX cifre: 1üL5.
'DWRULW IDSWXOXLF 1 este scris extrem de mic pe harta C, se poate analiza
grafic doar cifra 5 $FHDVWD HVWH H[WUHP GH YL]LELO  ILLQG IRORVLW  FKLDU OD
GHILQLUHD VF ULORU FHORU GRX  K U L FDUH FRPSXQ KDUWD T. Cifra 5 este
FRQVWUXLW grafic cu totul particular - în ORFV ILHROLQLHRUL]RQWDO  bara de
sus este aproape un semicerc perfect -üLHVWHLGHQWLF SHDPEHOHK U LILLQG
LGHQWLF üLFXIHOXO vQFDUHHVWHVFULV SHRDOW KDUW - Buda / Ofen142-VHPQDW 

93
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

Johann Philipp von +$11(167(,1 3UREDELO F  üL din aceasW  FDX] 


$OIRQV 6&+b)(5 D SUHVXSXV F  -RKDQQ 3KLOLSS YRQ +$11(167(,1 DU
SXWHD IL DXWRUXO K U LL T. Mai apoi KISARI BALLA György a preluat
QHJOLMHQW üL QHFULWLF DFHDVW  SUHVXSXQHUH SH FDUH D WUDQVIRUPDW-o în
certitidine, indicându-O I U  QLFL XQ GXELX SH Johann Philipp von
+$11(167(,1GUHSWDXWRUDODFHVWHLK U LL
Dar "RVLQJXU FDUDFWHULVWLF FKLDUüLLQGLYLGXDO QXSRDWHSULQHDvQV üLV ILH
XQLFDED] DLGHQWLILF ULL 2UGZD\+,/721 "143
- pe CQXH[LVW FXYLQWHVFULVHQXPDLFXPDMXVFXOH
- pe C DEUHYLHULOHVFDUDK U LLSUHFXPüLRORFD LHGHSHKDUW VXQWQRWDWHFX
un scris diferit. De aceea, acest text144 a fost ignorat în cadrul expertizei
grafice.
- SHFHOHGRX K U LH[LVW XQQXP UWRWDOGH1317 litere, din care 516 (39,18
%) sunt pe harta T.
- H[LVW  XQ IRQG vQGHVWXO WRU GH FRQVLVWHQW GH OLWHUH   SH KDUWD T care
permit HIHFWXDUHDXQHLH[SHUWL]HJUDILFHSHQWUXF DFHVWHDDFRSHU FRQVLVWHQW
alfabetulDWkWvQFD]XOOLWHUHORUPDULFkWüLvQFD]XOOLWHUHORUPLFL
- doar 172 de litere din total de 1317 (13,06 %) nu pot fi comparateSHQWUXF
QXDXXQFRUHVSRQGHQW  GLQWUHDFHVWHDDSDU LQK U LLT.
- FRPSDUDUHD D QX PDL SX LQ GH 439 de litere (33,33 %) a fost
QHFRQFOXGHQW .
- doar 177 de litere (13,44 %  GH SH FHOH GRX  K U L VHDP Q  'DF  YRP
FRQVLGHUD F  vQ DFHVW WRWDO DYHP  OLWHUH VLPSOH c, i  D F URU YDULD LH
SRVLELO HVWHRULFXPOLPLWDW SURFHQWXOOLWHUHORUFDUHVHDP Q VHUHGXFHOD
doar 5,1%.
- 529 de litere (40,16 %) QXVHDP Q XQDFXFHDODOW 
&RQFOX]LH VWDWLVWLF 145: nXP UXO OLWHUHORU FDUH QX VHDP Q  XQD FX FHDODOW 
este de 3 ori mai mareGHFkWQXP UXOOLWHUHORUFDUHVHDP Q 146.
$FHDVW  FRQFOX]LH VWDWLVWLF  HVWH FKLDU vQW ULW  GDF  vQ FDGUXO
DFHOHDüL PHWRGH VLJQDOLWLFH VFKLPE P XQJKLXO GH DERUGDUH al analizei.
Cele 56 de OLWHUH PDUL üL PLFL DQDOL]DWH VH DIO  SH FHOH GRX  K U L vQ GRX 
VLWXD LLVSHFLILFH la începutul cuvântului ori în înteriorul cuvântului139. De
DLFLUH]XOW 112VLWXD LLGLVWLQFWH$QDOL]DDUDW F DFHVWHDVXQWvPS U LWHDVWIHO
- H[LVW 5VLWXD LLîn care OLWHUHOHVHDP Q unele cu altele,
- în 77GHVLWXD LLUH]XOWDWXOHVWHirelevantSHQWUXF QXH[LVW SRVLELOLW LGH
comparare,
- în 7VLWXD LLDYHPXQUH]XOWDWneconcludent,

94
-în 23 de cazuri OLWHUHOHQXVHDP Q .
'HFL QXP UXO VLWXD LLORU vQ FDUH OLWHUHOH QX VHDP Q  HVWH GH 4,6 ori mai
mareGHFkWQXP UXOVLWXD LLORUvQFDUHOLWHUHOHVHDPDQ 
Din coroborarea tuturor acestor aspecte, opinez147 F Johann Philipp
YRQ+$11(167(,1QXHVWHDXWRUXOK U LLTrans-Tisiensis.

Concluzii
Denumirea de Banat (de7LPLüRDUD DIRVWIRORVLW SHQWUXSULPDGDW
vQ(DVHDIO vQVFULV SHCarta Trans-Tisiensis careVHDIO GHSR]LWDW OD
Generallandesarchiv GLQ .DUOVUXKH '( $FHDVW  KDUW  PLOLWDU  D IRVW vQ
posesia Casei de Baden-%DGHQ üL D IRVW IRORVLW  vQ WLPSXO 0DUHOXL 5 ]ERL
contra Otomanilor 1683-'99. 6XQW IHUP FRQYLQV F  H[WHQVLYH üL PLJ ORDVH
FHUFHW UL YLLWRDUH SRW FODULILFD FKLDU üL XOWLPXO PLVWHU DO DFHVWHL K U L SULQ
LGHQWLILFDUHDDXWRUXOXLHLFHOFDUHHVWHSUREDELODGHY UDWXOQDüDOGHQXPLULL
Banatului.

6RULQ)25 ,8
Spl. Nicolae Titulescu
nr. 10A, sc. B, ap. 28
7,0,û2$5$- 300158
Tel. / Fax: (004)0256.491181
E-mail: mbusines@banat.ro
Web: http://www.banat.ro

ABREVIERI
C KDUWDLQVXOHLGXQ UHQHCsallóköz / (Große) Schütt (Insel) / Velky æLWQì (ostrov)129
c OLWHU vQLQWHULRUXOFXYkQWXOXLVDXvQSR]L LHILQDO  ODVIkUüLWXOFXYkQWXOXL
d = OLWHU în debut (la începutul cuvântului)
K KDUW
i.e. = id est (l.l.) / asta este sau în alte cuvinte
înc. = început
OJ vQOLPEDJHUPDQ
l.l. = în limbaODWLQ
OP vQOLPEDPDJKLDU
n.m. = nota mea
NN = Nomen Nescio (l.l.) = nume necunoscut
QU QXP UXO
p. = pagini
VI VIkUüLW
s.m. = sublinierea mea

95
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

T = harta Trans-Tisiensis / Tiszántúl


tr.m. = traducerea mea
§ VHDP Q 
ø QXVHDP Q
? = neconcludent
 LUHOHYDQWQXH[LVW SRVLELOLW LGHFRPSDUDUH
* Q VFXW
† = decedat
RO, HU, BG, CZ, DE, HR, RS,6.8$ DEUHYLHULVWDQGDUGL]DWHDOHQXPHOXLXQRU ULL
NOTE
1. azi, Sremski Karlovci, RS.
2. Luigi Ferdinando, conte MARSIGLI / Marsili / Marsilly / Marsilÿ / etc.
[* 10.07.1658, Bologna; † 1.11.1730, Bologna].
3. Acest studiu face parte dintr-RFDUWHDIODW vQF vQOXFUXVXEWLWOXOSURYL]RULXBan(i) & Banat.
Istorie üL(WLPRORJLH,vQFDUHVHYRURIHULWRDWHLQIRUPD LLOHüLGHWDOLLOHQHFHVDUH pentru a creiona
FRUHFW üL FRPSOHW LPDJLQHD HYROX LHL GHQXPLULL UHJLXQL vQ XOWLPD SDUWH D VHFROXOXL ;9,,
SUHFXPüLDSDUL LDvQFHW HQLUHDGHQXPLULLGH%DQDW
4. Kisari Balla, nr. 52, 191, üLQU
n.m.: nr. 52, 191, 310vQVHDPQ F Karta nr. 52HVWHGHVFULV ODS191 üLSXEOLFDW ODS310 în
cartea lui KISARI BALLA György, Marsigli tábornok térképei / La mappe del generale Marsigli,
Budapest, 2005, Kanizsai Nyomda Kft., 540 p.
5. Stoye, 67: DUCATO DI WILAK / Ó D'SIRMIO / harta regiunii Sirmium ODWLQ   Srem
VkUE / Srjiem FURDW Syrmia HQJOH] UHJLXQHVLWXDW vQWUHUkXO6DYDüL'XQ UH
6. Hfk.7 Bd7 VI Nr.7 42; Glaser, nr. 50; Schäfer, 220, Inventar7 nr. 1188; Kisari, nr. 53, 69, 312:
um 1689, Vlasca. (VWHDFHDVW KDUW QHVHPQDW RKDUW 0DUVLJOL"
7. Hfk. = Hausfideikomiß (l.g.) = Nagyhercegi hitbizomány (l.m.) = fideicomisul42 Marelui Duce.
Bd. = Band (l.g.) = volum.
1U QXP UXOK U LL
Gl. = Glaser-katalógus / Katalog von Lajos GLASER
Prin "Inv." (Inventar nr.) = Karlsruhei katalógus / Katalog von Karlsruhe, Kisari
LGHQWLILF üLLQGLF QXP UXOFRUHVSRQGHQWDOK U LLRIHULWGHSchäfer.
8. Stoye, 70: Mappa di Servia, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Walacaia ….
9. Kisari Balla, nr. 106, 215, 365.
10. Hfk. Bd VI Nr. 50; Glaser, nr. 57; Schäfer, 226, Inventar nr. 1222; Kisari, 62, 74, 321:
1697, Banatvs Temisvariensis, autor necunoscut.
Hfk. Bd II Nr. 3; Glaser, nr. 5; Schäfer, 227, Inventar nr. 1224; Kisari, 5-6-7, 38, 265:
1697 (?), Banatvs, autor necunoscut.
11. Hfk. Bd VI Nr. 51; Glaser, nr. 58; Schäfer, 226, Inventar nr. 1223; Kisari, 63, 74, 322:
1697, Banatvs, autor necunoscut.
12. Cele trei K U L GHILQLWH OD QRWHOH - VH DIO  GHSR]LWDWH OD Generallandesarchiv din
Karlsruhe üLDXGUHSWVXUV GHSURYHQLHQ ILOLHUD%DGHQ-Baden.
În fondul Marsigli de la Biblioteca UniversitariaGLQ%RORJQD,7VHDIO GHSR]LWDWHQXPDL
SX LQGHoptK U LFDUHFRQ LQGHQXPLUHDGHBanatvs (Temisvariensis üLVXQWdatate 1693 -'99.
$FHVWHK U LvODXGUHSWDXWRUpe (VDXDXDSDU LQXWOXL Luigi Ferdinando, conte MARSIGLI.
1XHVWHQLPLFQHRELüQXLWFDvQF üLvQVHF;9,,V VHIRORVHDVF OLWHUDV în loc de U.

96
14. Hfk. Bd VI Nr. 10; Glaser, nr. 25 a-b, 23; Schäfer, 217-218, Inventar nr. 1175; Kisari, nr. 26,
51-52, 285.
15. ibidem: "um 1687, Banatvs Timisvariensis pars".
16. Dr. GLASER Lajos / Ludwig GLASER [* 30.03.1903, Rétság; † 1944(?), Gombos]; geograf
üLLVWRULFDOJHRJUDILHL.
17. În acest moment nu-PL HVWH vQF  IRDUWH FODU GDF  *ODVHU D IRVW FHO FDUH D inventat aceste
nume sau le-a preluat de la C. von Bauer, Archivdirektors Großherzogliche Generallandesarchiv
[Schäfer, XXIX-XXX], cel care a preluat arhiva Baden-Baden din castelul de la Rastatt în 1824 üL
care este autorul primului Kartenrepertorium.
Glaser, nr. 25, 23:
"a) Tiszántúl térképe majdnem Temesvárig és Debrecenig (l.m.). .DUWH OJ Transtibisciens (l.l.).
b) Nagyvárad környékének térképe (l.m.). .DUWHGHUUmbebung von Nagyvárad (l.g.)."
6XQWGRX GHQXPLULSHQWUXF KDUWDHVWHIRUPDW GHIDSWGLQGRX K U LGLVWLQFWHFHD
PDUHFDUHUHSUH]LQW RSDUWHGLQUHJLXQHD3DUWLXPüLKDUWDPLF FDUHHVWHFHQWUDW üLSUH]LQW 
PDLvQGHWDOLXUHJLXQHDGLQDSURSLHUHDFHW LL2UDGHD3HQWUXGHWDOLLYH]LVHF LXQHD&RQ LQXW.
19. Schäfer, 217; Kisari, nr. 26, 51, 285.
.LVDUL RIHU  üL IRUPHOH JUHüLWH GLQ SXQFW GH YHGHUH DO JUDPDWLFLL OLPELL ODWLQH
Transtibiscien>.LVDULQU@üLTranstibischen [Kisari, nr. 26, 285].
20. trans (l.l.) = peste, dincolo.
21. f. este o abreviere pentru fluvius (l.l.) = fluviu, râu, DS .
22. Varianta Tisia HVWHIRORVLW GH,RUGDQLV>De Origine Actibusque Getarum, V, 33], Tibisis se
J VHüWH OD +HURGRW >Melpomene, 49], versiunea Pathissus HVWH XWLOL]DW  GH 3OLQLX FHO % WUkQ
[Natvralis historiae, Liber 4, 80] iar Parthiscus de Ammianus Marcellinus [Rerum gestarum,
Liber XVII, 13, 4].
 /LVWD ORU HVWH H[WUHP GH OXQJ  üL DUH UHSUH]HQWDQ L GH-a lungul ultimelor patru secole.
Acum un secol, 3(&=9LOPRVDvQFHUFDWV FODULILFHDFHDVW VLWXD LHSHQWUXFXOWXUDPDJKLDU vQ
Ókori Lexikon [vol. I-II, Budapest, 1902-’04]: "Tibiscus a Duna mellékfolyója, melyet már
Herodotus (4, 49) 7LELVL9 alakban ismer, csakhogy hibásan azt mondja róla, hogy a Haemus
KHJ\VpJE OpV]DNLLUiQ\EDQIRO\YD|POLND],VWHUEH3WROHPDHXstól (3, 8, 1) a 7LELVFR9Dacia
nyugati oldalán a Metanasba Iazyges határa, s mert a Tiszát nem említi, lehetséges, hogy
azzal összetévesztette. Két más forrásban (Ravennas Geographus, 4, 14 és Jordanes Getica /
'HRULJLQHDFWLEXVTXH*HWDUXP PLQGNHWW külön van említve, még pedig Tibisia (a hogy
a Tibiscust nevezik) közvetlenül a Tysia (Tisza) mellett Keletre. Azt különben, hogy a
Tibiscus a mai Temes folyó neve volt, legjobban igazolja Tibiscum helység fekvése a Temes
és Bisztra összefolyásánál."
Dar GLQ S FDWH FKLDU üLD]L VH IDFH vQF  DFHDVW  IDOV LGHQWLILFDUH Tibiscus = Tisza chiar pe
Web Site-XO'HSDUWDPHQWXOXLGH&DUWRJUDILHüL*HRLQIRUPDWLF DO8QLYHUVLWD LL(|WY|VLoránd"
din Budapesta: http://lazarus.elte.hu/hun/digkonyv/szakdolg/kzsolt/tema/htm/tabumagy.htm
6  PDL QRW P DLFL F  üL 0DUVLJOL IRORVHüWH FRQVWDQW SH K U LOH VDOH IRUPD JUHüLW  Tibisco ca
denumire pentru râul Tisza üLDFHVWIDSWQXHVWHGHPLUDUHSHQWUXF DFHDVW FRQIX]LHTibiscus
= Tisza s-a propagat pe filiera cartografilor LWDOLHQL üL JHUPDQL üL HD SURYLQH GLQ FKLDU
LQWHUSUHWDUHD LQIRUPD LLORU GLQ Cosmographia / Geographia lui Claudius Ptolemaeus
Pelusiensis.
24. Glaser, nr. 25 a), 23; Schäfer, 217; Kisari, nr. 26, 51, 285.
ÍQOLPEDODWLQ SHQWUXUkXOTisza / Tisa avem numele propriu TISIA7,6,$DUHU G FLQD
TIS- üL WHUPLQD LD -IA X]XDO  SHQWUX IHPLQLQ nominativ singular. În momentul în care

97
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

FRPELQ PU G FLQDTIS-FXWHUPLQD LDFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHSHQWUXDGMHFWLYnominativ singular -


IENS, rezultatul este TISIENS GH XQGH RE Lnem Carta Trans-Tisiensis pentru denumirea
FRUHFW DK U LL
Trans-Tisiensis WUHEXLH QHDS UDW VFULV FX FUDWLP  SHQWUX F  DOWIHO GDWRULW  PXOWLWXGLQLL GH
consoane (TR-NST-6 FXYkQWXOULVF V GHYLQ QHLQWHOLJLELOüLQHSURQXQ DELO
26. În fapt, harta prezLQW GRDUSDUWHDFHQWUDO üLGHVXGD regiunii PARTIUM. Partium este (l.l.)
"genitivul plural al substantivului pars, -tis, folosit ca nominativ singular; … însemnând
"S U L-DQH[ ", "S U L GHSHQGHQWH GH", "S U L LQkQG GH …", conform Antonius BARTAL,
Glossarium mediae et infimae letinitatis regni Hungariae, Teubner, Leipzig, 1901, p. 473"
[Skultéty, 109].
Ca nume al unei regiuni, Partium a fost "inventat" de Tratatul de la Speyer (16.08.1570) dintre
SZAPOLYAI János Zsigmond / Ioan Sigismund ZÁPOLYA [* 7.07.1540, Buda; † 14.03.1571, Alba
Iulia] üL0D[LPLOLDQ,,> :LHQ‚5HJHQVEXUJ@&XDFHVW RFD]LH,RDQ
Sigismund a primit titlul de "Ioannes, serenissimi otim Ioannis regis Hungariae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae
etc. filius, Dei gratia princeps Transsylvaniae ac partium regni Hungariae / Ioan, fiul serenissimului
Ioan, regele GH RGLQLRDU  DO 8QJDULHL 'DOPD LHL &URD LHL HWF SULQ KDUXO OXL 'XPQH]HX SULQFLSHOH
(n.m. imperial / Fürst)7UDQVLOYDQLHLüLDOS U LORUUHJDWXOXL8QJDULHL".
FiecarHLVWRULFvQ HOHJHDOWFHYDSULQvQWLQGHUHDLQL LDO D3DUWLXPXOXLGHODcomitatele Crasna,
6ROQRFXO GH 0LMORF üL = UDQG" [Skultéty, 109] la "FRPLWDWHOH DüH]DWH vQWUH 7LVD üL YRLHYRGDWXO
7UDQVLOYDQLHL%pNpV$UDG&HQDG= UDQG6ROQRFXO([WHULRU%LKRU Crasna, SzabolcsüLregiunile
din nord-YHVWXO YRLHYRGDWXOXL 7UDQVLOYDQLHL 6DWX 0DUH 6ROQRFXO GH 0LMORF 0DUDPXUHü 8JRFVD
Bereg, Ung, Zemplén >)HQHüDQ @ SkQ  OD les regions designees sous le terme de Partium
(«Partes regni Hungariae»): le Banat, les comitates situés entre la Tisya et la Transylvanie (Csanád
[Cenad], Arad, Zaránd [Zarand], Békés, Külsö-Szolnok [Solnocul Exterior], Bihar [Bihor], Kraszna
[Crasna], Szabolcs …) et ceux du nord-est (Szatmár [Satu Mare], Közép-Szolnok [Solnocul de
MijORF@ 0iUDPDURV >0DUDPXUHü@ 8JRFVD %HUHJ 8QJ =HPSOpQ …] [Berindei, 29]. Mihnea
BE5,1'(, üL *LOOHV 9(,167(,1 GRDU FLWHD]  QHFULWLF vQ OXFUDUHD ORU GLQ /8.,1,&+ ,PUH
Erdély területi változásai a török hódítás korában: 1541-1711, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia,
%XGDSHVWSDJLQL3HQWUXF XQOXFUXHVWHVLJXU%DQDWXOQXDDSDU LQXWQLFLRGDW 
Partiumului!
Regiunea Partium s-DPLFüRUDWGH-a lungul timpului. În 1733 mai cuprindea doar comitatele
=DUDQG6ROQRFXOGHPLMORF&UDVQDUHJLXQHD&KLRDUXOXLüLRUDüXO=DO X
PARS = parte,SRU LXQHIUDF LXQH OO 
 FDUH DFRSHU  WHULWRULXO D SHVWH  GH UL HXURSHQH *HUPDQLD %HOJLD %XOJDULD &HKLD
&URD LD)UDQ D*UHFLD0DOWD,WDOLD/X[HPEXUJ2ODQGD$XVWULD3RORQLD5RPkQLD5XVLD
(OYH La, Serbia, Slovacia, Slovenia, Spania, Ungaria, etc.
28. Schäfer, IX.
 FXQRVFXW üL GUHSW 5 ]ERLXO Ligii Sfinte / Der Grosse Türkenkrieg / Szent Liga
törökellenes háborújában / the War of the Holy League / The Great War on the Turks.
30. Hermann, Markgraf von Baden-Baden
[* 12.10.1628, Baden-%DGHQ‚5HJHQVEXUJ@DIRVWGHVWLQDWLQL LDOXQHLFDULHUH
SUHR HüWLGDUDLQWUDWvQVHUYLFLXOPLOLWDUDOLPSHULXOXLILLQG
-1671-
JHQHUDOLPSHULDOvQFDPSDQLLOHU ]ERLXOXLRODQGH]vPSRWULYD)UDQ HLSH5LQ
Holzheim, Mühlhausen, Türkheim din Elsaß, Hagenau, Philippsburg.
-1677: comandant în Straßburg.

98
- 1681: HofkriegsratspräsidentenSUHüHGLQWHOH&RQVLOLXOXLGH5 ]ERLLQVWLWX LHFDUHGLQ
VHYDQXPL0LQLVWHUXOGH5 ]ERL
- 1687: este numit JXYHUQDWRUDORUDüXOXL5DDED]L Györ, HU.
&RQWHOH+HUPDQQDvQGHSOLQLWüLQXPHURDVHPLVLXQLGLSORPDWLFHLDUvQRSLQLDXQXLGLSORPDW
francez contemporan, el era "un homme pesant tant par sa grosse corpulence que par son génie".
0RDUH I U  XUPDüL üL vQWUHaga sa avere - LQFOXVLY SHVWH R VXW  GH WURIHH WXUFHüWL - este
PRüWHQLW GHQHSRWXOV XLudwig Wilhelm I von Baden-Baden.
0DLPXOWHLQIRUPD LLGHVSUHHOVHSRWRE LQHGLQPRQRJUDILDOXL&KULVWLDQ%((6(Markgraf
Hermann von Baden (1628-1691). General, Diplomat und Minister Kaiser Leopolds I, Verlag
Kohlhammer, 1997, 332 Seiten.
31. Ludwig Wilhelm I, Markgraf von Baden-Baden sau margrave Lewis William of Baden-
Baden / Louis William Baden / Badeni Lajos / Töröklajos / Türkenlouis / Turkish Louis /
SDY ]D LPperiului ori UHJHOH URüX GXS  FXP vO SRUHFOLVHU  RWRPDQLi deoarece era întotdeauna
îmbr cat într-RWXQLF URüLHH[WUHPGHYL]LELO SHFkPSXOGHOXSW 
[* (8?)18.04.1655, Hôtel des Soissons, Paris; † 4.01.1707, Rastatt]
- 1689-
FRQGXF WRUVXSUHPDl armatei imperiale pe frontul otoman.
- FDQGLGHD] ODFRURDQD3RORQLHLGDUQXvQWUXQHüWHQXP UXOQHFHVDUGHYRWXUL
- OXSW vQ5 ]ERLXOGH6HFHVLXQH6SDQLRO -
 XQGHFXFHUHüWH/DQGDX VHSWHPEULH 
üLFküWLJ E W OLDGHOD6FKHOOHQEHUJ 2.07.1704).
0DL PXOWH DP QXQWH GHVSUH DFWLYLWDWHD OXL Ludwig Wilhelm I pe frontul otoman sunt
disponibilevQVHF LXQHDCronologie.
32. Schäfer, XII.
33. În paragraful IV al introducerii la cartea sa, Alfons SCHÄFERH[SOLF F HVWHSRVLELO R
GLIHUHQ LHUHe[DFW vQWUHFHOHGRX OLQLLSULQFLSDOHGHSURYHQLHQ DOHK U LORU%DGHQ-Baden
üL%DGHQ-Durlach [Schäfer, XXXI-XXXIII, XXXVII].
34. Friedrich VII "Magnus", Markgraf von Baden-Durlach [* 23.09.1647, Uckermhunde,
Pommern, Prussia; † 25.06.1709, Karlsburg Bei Durlach, Karlsruhe, Baden]
Karl Gustav, Markgraf von Baden-Durlach
[* 27.09.1648, Uckermhunde, Pommern, Prussia; † 24.10.1703, Pforzheim, Karlsruhe, Baden].
 FXQRVFXW üL GUHSW 5 ]ERLXO 0DULL $OLDQ H 5 ]ERLXO /LJLL GH OD Augsburg, 5 ]ERLXl
Succesiunii Engleze VDX5 ]ERLXOGH1RX $QL(toamna 1688 -
 GLQWUH)UDQ DüLLiga de la
Augsburg IRUPDW ODGH/HRSROG,SULQ LLSURWHVWDQ LJHUPDQL6SDQLDüL6XHGLD
36. Karl Friedrich, Markgraf von Baden-Durlach
[* 22.11.1728, Karlsruhe; † 10.06.1811, Karlsruhe].
37. Philipp, Freiherr RÖDER von Diersburg [* 3.07.1801, Lahr; † 27.07.1864, Lichtenthal bei
Baden-Baden]; Des Markgrafen Ludwig von Baden Feldzüge wider die Türken, Karlsruhe, 1859, 2
Bände.
38. Friedrich von WEECH [* 16.10.1837, München; † 17.11.1905, Karlsruhe].
39. Glaser, 6-8.
$FHVWDHVWHGRDUXQUH]XPDWDOLQIRUPD LLORURIHULWHGH6FKlIHU,-;;;,;üL*ODVHU-10.
41. Glaser, 23 (exact ca în carte):
"A nagyhercegi házi hitbizomány térképgyüjteménye. (Kartensammlung des grossherzoglichen
Haus-Fideikommisses).
A.).|WHWHQNpQWUHQGH]HWWJ\ MWHPpQ\ (Nach Bänden geordnete Sammlung).
VI. kötet. 9,%DQG
Magyarországi és erdélyi térképek. (Pläne aus Ungarn und Siebenbürgen).

99
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

25. 10. Sine T. & Nau.


a) Tiszántúl térképe majdnem Temesvárig és Debrecenig / Karte Transtibisciens
Di : 235x215 ; Ms : 15 óra (Stunden) = 75 mm., orb.-ven.
b) Nagyvárad környékének térképe / Karte der Umbebung von Nagyvárad
Di : 205x140 ; Ms : 5 óra (Stunden) = 94 mm., in form. vexill.
D : sec. R. cca 1687 ; col. pict.-lin. pap. ; Or : S, sine gr., exper.; orogr. 1, silva 4, vinea 1, palus
v.; inscr. curs. Lm."
([SOLFD LDDEUHYLHULORUIRORVLWHGH*ODVHUHVWH
T. = titulus (l.l. -n.m.) / cim (l.m. -n.m.) / Titel (l.g. -n.m.)
1DX QRPHQDXFWRULVV]HU] QHYH1DPHGHV9HUIDVVHUV
Di = Dimensio interiorum / belvilágméret / Grösse der Bildfläche (d. Spiegels)
Ms. = mensura / mérték / Masstab
orb.-ven. = orbe ventorum / szélrózsával / mit Windrose
LQIRUPYH[LOO LQIRUPDYH[LOORVLPLOLORERJyV]HU NHUHWEHQLQIDKQHQDUWLJHP5DKPHQ
D = datum / kelt / Datum
VHF 5  VHFXQGXP 5HSHUWRULL GXS  UHSHUWRDU LQYHQWDU LQGH[ - tr.m.) / a repertórium
szerint / dem Repertorium nach
cca = circa (tr.m.)
col. = coloratus / szines / farbig, gefärbt
pict. = pictura / festés / Malerei
pap. = papzro / papiron / auf Papier
Or = orientatio / orientáció / Orientierung
S = meridies / dél / Süd
sine = nélkül / ohne etw
gr. = graduum rete / fokhálózat / Gradnetz
exper. = experientia / tapasztalt alapján / nach Erfahrungen
VLOYD S GXUH WUP
vinea = vie (tr.m.)
SDOXV EDOW PODüWLQ DS VW W WRDUH WUP
v. = virisdis / zöld / grün
inscr. = inscriptio / scriere (tr.m.)
curs. = kurziv, irott / Kursiv-, geschrieben
/P OLWWHULVPL[WLVYHJ\HVEHW NNHOPLWJHPLVFKWHQ%XFKVWDEHQ
'LQS FDWHQXVXQWH[SOLFDWHüLDEUHYLHULOHlin. üLorogr folosite de Glaser.
ILGHLFRPLV  MXULGLF GLVSR]L LHWHVWDPHQWDU SULQFDUHWHVWDWRUXOGLVSXQHFDPRüWHQLWRUXO
V XOHJLWLPV UHPLW XQHLWHU HSHUVRDQHDYHUHDSHFDUHRODV >0'$@
QXP UGHRUGLQHDOXL*ODVHU
QXP UXOGLQDUKLY 
45. Schäfer, 217-218 (exact ca în carte):
"Rumänien.
ohne Titel [Karte Transtibisciens]
ohne Datum [um 1687] / ohne Verfasser [J. Ph. v. Hannenstein (sic!)46 / lateinish und italienish /
15 Stunden = 7,5 cm [1 : 1000000] / 21,5 x 23,5 cm / Windrose / Orientierung: S.
Kartenrand: Apuseni-Gebirge [Rum.] 7KHLVV

100
Nebenkarte: Umgebung von Großwardein (Oradea) mit Bihar (Bihared).
5 Stunden = 9,4 cm [1 : 260000] / 14 x 20,5 cm / Orientierung: S
Im übringen wie Hauptkarte.
Papier .RORULHUW)HGHU]HLchnung / Flüsse und wichtigste Orte eingezeichnet / Gebirge bildhaft
(Maulwurfshügelmanier).
Provenienz: Baden-Baden Hfk. Bd. VI Nr. 10 1175"
46. AiFLODKDUW FXQUGHLQYHQWDUH[LVW RJUHüHDO I FXW GH$OIRQVSCHÄFER prin
felul în care scrie / ohne Verfasser [J. Ph. v. Hannenstein / lateinish … pentrXF QXvQFKLGHvQ
niciun fel SDUDQWH]D GUHDSW  GXS  Hannenstein $VWIHO HO QH REOLJ  V  QH vQWUHE P GDF  DLFL
OLSVHüWH VDXQX XQVHPQDOvQWUHE ULLGDF HO6FKlIHUHVWHVLJXU VDXQX F DXWRUXOK U LL
este "J. Ph. v. Hannenstein".
ÍQDOWHS U LDOHF U LLVDOH- de exemplu, la harta Hfk Bd. VI Nr. 32, Inventar nr. 1184, p. 219
sau la harta Hfk. La Nr. 134, 2 (rot), Inventar nr. 1251, p. 231 -6FKlIHUIRORVHüWHvQSULPXO
FD] R SDUDQWH]  GUHDSW  / ohne Vefasser [G. M. Visconti] / în momentul în care vO LGHQWLILF 
I U  GXELX SH DXWRUXO XQHL K U L QHVHPQDWH, sau, precum în al doilea caz, el doar îl
SUHVXSXQH SH DXWRUXO XQHL K U L QHVHPQDWH SULQ IRORVLUHD XQXL VHPQ DO vQWUHE ULL vQ
interiorul unei paranteze drepte: / ohne Vefasser [Baron v. Grünthal?] /.
47. Kisari, 51-52 (exact ca în carte):
26. Tiszántúl 26. Transtibiscien (sic!)
Hfk.7 Bd.7 VI Nr.7 10. Hfk. Bd. VI Nr. 10.
Gl.48 25. Inv.48 1175
[A Tiszántúl térképe] ohne Titel [Karte Transtibisciens]
[1687 körül] ohne Datum [um 1687]
Rajz: Hannenstein, Johann Philipp von ohne Verfasser [J. Ph. v. Hannenstein]
/DWLQpVRODV]Q]HOY WpUNpS lateinish und italienish
15 órai járás = 7,5 cm 15 Stunden = 7,5 cm
[1:1 000 000] [1: 1 000 000]
23,5 x 21,5 cm (varianta Glaser) 21,5 x 23,5 cm (sic! varianta Schäfer)***
Irányrózsa Windrose
Tájolás: Dél Orientierung: Süden
A térkép kivágata: .DUWHQUDQG$SXüHQL VLF$SXVHQL - Gebirge (RO)
Bihar-hegység 7LV]DIRO\y - Theiß
Szines tollrajz Kolorierte Federzeichnung
Folyók, fontosabb helyek berajzolva Flüsse und wichtigste Orte eingezeichnet
+HJ\HNNpSV]HU HQ Gebirge bildhaft
Vakondtúrásos domborzatábrázolás Maulwurfshügelmanier
Maros folyó Maros Fluß (sic! maros f. - Muresch, Mureü
Fehér-Körös folyó Faer Keres f. (sic! faerKeres f. - &ULüXO$OE
Fekete-Körös folyó fequette Keres (sic! fequetteKeres f. -&ULüXONegru)
(olota f. a fost uitat!) (olota f. a fost uitat!)
Sebes-Körös folyó Sebes Keres (sic! SebesKeres f. -&ULüXO5HSHGH
Berettyó folyó Bereto (sic! Bereth f. -%DUF X
Temesi Bánság Banatus (sic! Banatvs)* Timisvariensis* Pars*

101
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

Partium (sic! Partivm) (Részek) Dominivm* Partivm*


Magyar Királyság Regni Vngariae (sic! Vngariæ)
(sic ! Magyar Királyság Részek) (sic ! Dominivm Partivm Regni Vngariæ)*
)HOV -Magyarország Vngariae Svperior (sic! Vngariæ Svperioris Pars**)*
Erdély Transilvaniae (sic! Transilvaniæ Pars)*
Melléktérkép: Nebenkarte:
[Nagyvárad környéke] [Umgebung von Großwardein (Oradea, RO)]
5 órai járás = 9,4 cm 5 Stunden=9,4 cm
[1:260 000] [1:260 000]
20,5 x 14 cm (varianta Glaser) 14x20,5 cm (sic! varianta Schäfer)***
Tájolás: Dél Orientierung: Süden
Színes tollrajz Kolorierte Federzeichnung
Folyók, fontosabb települések Flüsse und wichtigste Orte eingezeichner
+HJ\HNNpSV]HU HQ Gebirge bildhaft
Vakondtúrásos domborzatábrázolás (Maulwurfshügelmanier)
Sebes-Körös folyó Sebes Keres (sic! sebesKeres f. -&ULüXO5HSHGH
Sebes-Körös mellékága Kis Keres f.
Berettyó folyó %HUHWK)OX‰ %DUo X-VLF%DUF X
Provenienz: Baden-Baden
* scris cu litere mari de tipar | ** scris cu litere PDULGHPkQ
YDULDQWD*ODVHUQXHVWHLGHQWLF FXYDULDQWD6FKlIHUSHQWUXF *ODVHUGHILQHüWHKDUWDSULQ
/XQJLPH vQ O LPH  ; O LPH LDU 6FKlIHU R GHILQHüWH LQYHUV O LPH ; /XQJLPH vQ O LPH 
$PEHOHYDULDQWHVXQWFRUHFWHGRDULQFRQVHFYHQ DOXL.LVDULeste la nelocul ei.
 .,6$5, %$//$ *\|UJ\ HVWH LQFRQVHFYHQW SHQWUX F  vO LQGLF  SH -RKDQQ 3KLOLSS YRQ
Hannenstein drept autor al K U LL vQ GHVFULHUHD I FXW  vQ OLPED PDJKLDU  GDU vQ GHVFULHUHD
SDUDOHO I FXW vQOLPEDJHUPDQ el VSHFLILF F KDUWDHVWHI U DXWRU / ohne Verfasser"üLGRDU
SUHVXSXQH SULQIDSWXOF -OWUHFHvQSDUDQWH] GUHDSW F J. Ph. v. Hannenstein" ar fi autorul ei.
49. Kisari, 285: 26. Tiszántúl 7UDQVWLELVFKHQ (sic!)19 GLQS FDWHGRDUvQDOE-negru).
50. Nu neHVWHvQF IRDUWHFOar cândüLGHF WUHcineDIRVWI FXW DFHDVW QXPHURWDUH
ÍQWLPSXOLGHQWLILF ULLORFDOLW LORUSHKDUWDTrans-TisiensisDXPDLIRVWFRQVXOWDWHüL
- KDUWD H[LVWHQW  vQ FDUWHD OXL 0(= 6, .iURO\ %LKDU YiUPHJ\H D W|U|N XUDORP PHJV] QpVH
idejében (1692), Településtörténeti Tanulmányok I (szerkeszti KNIEZSA István), Magyar
Történettudományi Intézet, Budapest, 1943, 370 p.
- K U LOHQUüLGLQOXFUDUHDOXL+(51(5-iQRV '852*iERUHWDO Erdély és a
Részek térképe és helységnévtára. Készült LIPSZKY János 1806-EDQPHJMHOHQWP YHDODSMiQ0DSSD
Transilvaniae et Partium Regni Hungariae repertoriumque locorum objectorum, Szeged, 1987, 216 p.
- Erdély Térkép és Helységnévtára, scara 1:500000, Editura DIMAP, Budapest, 1995, ISBN 963-
028-262-3.
-5RPkQLD $WODV WXULVWLF üL UXWLHU, scara 1:300000, de Vasile DRAGOMIR, Petru BULUGU,
*ULJRUH720$üL*KHRUJKH&,2%$18(GLWXUD)ORPDUFR%XFXUHüWLS.
- 8QJDULD+DUW UXWLHU VFDUD(GLWXUD$PFR3UHVV%XFXUHüWL.
- LELKES György, Magyar Helységnév-Azonositó Szótár 7DOPD .|Q\YNLDGy %DMD HGL LD D
GRXDS ,9GHK U L .
- RÁCZ Anita, A régi Bihar vármegye településneveinek nyelvészeti vizsgálata, Debrecen, 2005, 235 p.

102
- HOFFMANN István, KIS Tamás (közzéteszi), Pesty Frigyes kéziratos helynévtárából 1864
Bihar vármegye, vol. I, Debrecen, 1996, 335 p.; vol. II, Debrecen, 1998, 325 p.
52. de la stânga la dreapta.
53. de sus în jos.
 $FWXDOD ]RQ  D ED]LQXOXL &ULüXO 0LF - &ULüXO 1HJUX - 3kUkXO 5 W üHO HVWH H[WUHP GH
FRQIX] pe harta Trans-Tisiensis.
55. Nu sunt sigur de corecta descifrare a primei litere.
'LQSR]L LRQDUHDSHKDUW GDUüLGLQIDSWXOF DLFLDH[LVWDWRFHWDWHDPSXWHDGHGXFHF 
HVWHYRUEDGH %RURV -HQ ,QHX52
GXS FXPDUVXJHUDLQIRUPD LLOHGLn Suciu, II, 186.
ûLPOHXO6LOYDQLHLVHJ VHüWHODFLUFDNPGHS UWDUHGHUkXO%DUF X
59. Suciu, II, 85: (an) 1399, (nume) Felleghaz; 1692, Feliegyhaz, Félegyháza.
1XHVWHIRDUWHFODUFXPHVWHWUHFXW ORFDOLWDWHDSHDGRXDKDUW felittasa, felinasa ori fetinasa.
3HUVRQDORSWH]WRWXüLSHQWUXfelittasaIRUP FDUHH[LVW üLSHSULPDKDUW 
I|OGYiU FHWDWHGHS PkQWORFDOLWDWHD]LGLVS UXW >3HVW\,@
61. Berettyó folyó / UkXO %DUF X VH XQHüWH SH WHULWRULXO 8QJDULHL vQ GUHSWXO ORFDOLW LL
6]HJKDORP+8FX.LV. U VIRO\yUkXO&ULüXO0LFLDUDSRLGXS GRDUFk LYDNLORPHWULLVH
XQHüWHFX6HEHV. U VIRO\yUkXO&ULüXO5HSHGHüLGXS vQF DO LFk LYDNLORPHWULLVHXQHüWH
FX. U VIRO\yUkXFDUHDOXDWQDüWHUHGLQXQLUHD)HKpU-. U VIRO\yUkXO&ULüXOXL$OEFX
Fekete-. U VIRO\yUkXO&ULüXO1HJUXvQGUHSWXOORFDOLW LL6]DQD]XJ+8
62. Sunt mai multe sate cu numele Totfalu / TothfaluvQ3DUWLXP>YH]L6XFLX,,3 XOHüWL
6kUEL@'LQSR]L LRQDUHDSHKDUW - localitatea este VLWXDW vQGUHSWXOORFDOLW LLWascherbel /
2üRUKHL X  GDU vQ SDUWHD GH QRUG D UkXOXL sebeskeres  &ULüXO 5HSHGH VSUH GHRVHELUH GH
Wascherbel2üRUKHL X FDUHHVWHODVXGGH&ULüXO5HSHGH -FUHGF HVWHYRUEDGH+XVDV XO
GH &ULü, localitate care în 1692 [0H] VL  6XFLX , @ HVWH GHQXPLW  Olah-Vifalu (corect,
Uifalu / Sat Nou) sau Oláhújfalu [0H] VLK@'DF DPGUHSWDWHDWXQFLSHDFHDVW KDUW VHIDFH
o confuzie între tot / toth  VORYDF OP  üL olah / român (l.m.). Dar aceast  FRQIX]LH VH
UHJ VHüWHüLSHRDOW KDUW QHVHPQDW UHIHULWRDUHODFHWDWHD2UDGHDGDWDW um 1685 [Hfk. Bd. VI
Nr. 15a; Glaser, nr. 30a, 23; Schäfer, 240, Inventar nr. 1309; Kisari, nr. 31, 55, 290]. Neavând
GHRFDPGDW RUH]ROYDUHVDWLVI F WRDUHDFHDVW SUREOHPDU PkQHGHVFKLV 
Nu poate fi vorba de Tóttelek+HJ]N|]WyWWHOHN7 XWHOHF52SHQWUXF DFHDVW ORFDOLWDWH
QXVHDIO vQSUHDMPDUkXOXL&ULüXO5HSHGH
63. Suciu, II, 22: 1391, Wasarhel; 1587, Vasarhel; 1599, Vasarhely; 1692, Vásárhely.
64. Pesty, II, 512-515.
65. Suciu, II, 183: 1291, Tamasy; 1333, Thamasi; 1599, Thamassi; 1692, Tamassy, Tamassi.
61. apud 0H] VLK
66. Schäfer, 218: Provenienz33: Baden-Baden.
67. Allgemeine Geschichte (III, 7), Deutsche Geschichte vom westfälischen Frieden bis zum
Regierungsantritt Fridrich's des Grossen 1648-1740, vol. 2, Berlin, 1893; 33.
68. Stoye, 38-39.
69. Stoye, 38- 3HQWUX D QH GD VHDPD GH FDOLWDWHD DFHVWRU H[SHU L V  PHQ LRQ P GRDU F 
I U VWXGLLüLI U QLFLFHDPDLPLF H[SHULHQ vQDFHOPRPHQW/XLJL)HUGLQDQGR0$56IGLI
era nominalizat al 18-leDSHDFHDVW OLVW 
70. Stoye, 51: "It was the first occasion (în August 1687 -n.m.) that he (Marsigli -n.m.) confronted
on this scale the problems of the Danubian topography, … with no usable maps (s.m.)".

103
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

71. Pentru toate locDOLW LOH V-DX IRORVLW QXPHOH X]LWDWH DFWXDOPHQWH vQ DUD vQ FDUH DFHVWH
ORFDOLW LVHDIO 'HFLWienüLQXViena.
72. Leopold I Habsburg [* 9.06.1640, Wien; †:LHQ@vPS UDWDO6IkQWXOXL,PSHULX
5RPDQGH1D LXQH*HUPDQ 
73. azi, localitate în Austria.
74. Antidius / Antide DUNOD [*~1640, Saint-&ODXGH ‚  3UDJD@ LH]XLW EXUJXQG üL
diplomat.
75. TELEKI Mihály > 2UDGHD‚= UQHüWL@GLQFDQFHODUDO7UDQVLOYDQLHL în
1685 a fost ridicat de Leopold I la rangul de conte Teleki de Szék.
76. Carol V, duce de Lorena sau Charles Léopold Nicolas Sixte, duce de Lorraine (Lorena /
Lotharingia / Lothringen) & Bar (Barrois)
[* 3.04.1643, Wien; † 18.04.1690, Wels]; comandantul armatelor imperiale pe frontul
otoman între 1683 -'87.
77. THÖKÖLY Emericq [*  .HçPDURN ‚  Nicomedia]; conte;
FRQGXF WRUDOOXSWHLFXUX LORUPDJKLDULFRQWUDGRPLQD LHL&DVHLGH$XVWULDFUDLDO8QJDULH
de Mijloc; este ales principe al Transilvaniei la 15.09.1690 de Dieta de la Cristian, jud. Sibiu.
78. 1XDPUHXüLWV -l identific exact pe acest general SCHULZ. Probabil este vorba de Johann
Valentin, Graf SCHULZ (Schultz); în 1676 Generalfeldwachtmeister iar mai apoi General de
Cavalerie.
79. Giovanni Federico Antonio Ambrosio VETERANI
>  

"  8UELQR ‚  OkQJ  /XJRM@ vQ  IRUPHD]  XQ UHJLPHQW GH
cavalerie pe care îl va comanda cu gradul de colonel; din septembrie 1685 este general maior
de artilerie; 1687-'88 comandant al trupelor imperiale în Transilvania; pe 18.07.1688 este
QXPLW JHQHUDO GH GLYL]LH vQ  HVWH vQV UFLQDW FX FRQGXFHUHD RSHUD LXQLORU PLOLWDUH vQ
Banat; la 17.05.1694 este ridicat la gradul de feldmareüDO.
80. Contele Aeneas / Aeneo Sylvius de CAPRARA [* 1631; † 3.02.1701, BRORJQD@PDUHüDO
vice-SUHüHGLQWHDO&RQVLOLXOXLGH5 ]ERLLPSHULDO
81. Antonio CARAFA / CARAFFA [* 14.08.1646, Napoli; † 9.03.1693, Wien]; din 1665 în
VOXMED &DVHL GH $XVWULD GLQ  JHQHUDO  IHOGPDUHüDO üL FRQWH DO Sfântului Imperiu
5RPDQGH1D LXQH*HUPDQ GLQFRPDQGDQWDORüWLORULPSHULDOHGLQ8QJDULD6XSHULRDU 
82. Claude Florimond (Claudius Florimund - l.l.), conte MERCY d'Argenteau
[* ~1666, Martin-)RQWDLQHOkQJ /RQJZ\/RUDLQH)UDQFH‚&URFHWWDOkQJ 3DUPD
Italia];XFLVvQOXSW DIRVWvQPRUPkQWDWvQFDWHGUDOD5HJJLR(PLOLDGLQvQserviciul Casei
de Austria; feldmareüDOSULPXOJXYHUQDWRUPLOLWDUüLFLYLODO%DQDWvQWUH -'33.
83. Donat(us) Johann, Graf HEISSLER / Heißler von Heitersheim / Heidersheim / Heitershelmb
> a 3IDO] "  ‚  %DQDW@ vQ  F SLWDQ JHQHUDO DO J U]LL LPSHULDOH üL
colonel; în 1688 este numit comandant al trupelor imperiale din Transilvania; pe 20.12.1688
SULPHüWHDSUREDUHDV UHFUXWH]HXQUHJLPHQWvQ%RKHPLDSHSURSULDVDFKHOWXLDO PDUHüDO
PRDUHvQOXSWHOHSHQWUXRFXSDUHDFHW LL7LPLüRDUD
84. /D VIkUüLWXO VHFROXOXL ;9,, FRPLWDWXO %LKRU HUD FX FLUFD  PDL PDUH GHFkW DFWXDOXO
MXGH %LKRUvQWLQ]kQGX-VHSkQ DSURDSHGHDOLQLDPHQWXO*\XOD- Szeghalom - Püspökladány
- Debrecen.
85. APAFI Mihály I [* 3.11.1632; †  ) J UDü@ GLQ  SULQFLSH DOHV DO
TransilvanieiüLRegni Hungariae Partium Domino et Siculorum comite.
86. Alvinczi, I, 37-38.
87. Bayburtlu .DUD,EUDKvP3DüDDIRVWPDUHYL]LURWRPDQvQWUHüL

104
88. PETNEHÁZY Dávid [* ~1645; † <1687].
89. )ULHGULFK6LHJPXQG*UDI6&+(5))(1%(5*> ‚%HRJUDG@JHQHUDOGHEULJDG 
90. Georg Ernst Freiherr / Baron WALLIS von Karighmain [* 1637; † 6.09.1689, Mainz].
91. Maximilian (Max) II Emanuel, (Kurfürst von Bayern) Elector de Bavaria al Sfântului
,PSHULX5RPDQGH1D LXQH*HUPDQ > 0QFKHQ‚0QFKHQ@
&XQRVFXW üLGUHSWE W OLDGHOD1DJ\KDUViQ\VDXDOGRLOHD0RKiFV
93. azi, Derventa în Bosnia Hercegovina, la SV de Slavonski Brod.
94. Johann Andre / Andreas, Graf CORBELLI (Carabelli) [† 1704]; din 1689 colonel; 1691
general-major; 1694 feldmareüDOF V WRULWFXRFRQWHV 7KXUQ-Valsassina.
95. Franziska Sibylla Augusta von SACHSEN-LAUENBURG
[* 21.01.1675, Ratzeburg; † 10.07.1733, Ettlingen]; fiica ducelui Julius -)UDQ]üLDFRQWHVHL
Maria Hedwig Augusta von PFALZ-SULZBACH.
 *UDI 2WWDYLR  2FWDYLR 1,*5(//, >‚ @ JHQHUDO GH EULJDG  JHQHUDO GH GLYL]LH üL
prefect al Ungariei de Sus.
97. azi, în Serbia, la 136 km S de Beograd.
98. Cr. Turc., II, 396-6LODKGDU)vQGvNOvOv0HKPHG$JDYRUEHüWHDLFLGHKHU RJXO3UH ODY".
,GHQWLILFDUHDDFHVWXLDVHIDFHüWLLQGF 3OHüOREFRPDQGDQWXOGHRDVWHFDUHDFXFHULWFHW LOH1Lå
üL9LGLQ [Cr. Turc., II, 385] este chiar Ludwig Wilhelm I von Baden-Baden.
99. Köprülüzâde "Fazil" Mustafa Paüa [* 1637, Köprü; † 19.08.1691, Slankamen] a fost mare
vizir între üL
100. Guido Wald Rüdiger, Graf STARHEMBERG [* 1657, Graz; † 7.03.1737, Wien];
ILXOPDUHüDOXOXL(UQVW5GLJHU*UDIYRQ6WDUKHPEHUJ> *UD]‚:LHQ@
GDUüLSalankamen sau Slankamen din comitatul Szerém / Srijem Vármegye, Ópazovai
jaras / Stari or Novi Slankamen /azi, (Novi) Slankamen, SR.
102. Franz Karl A., Graf AUERSPERG [* 1631; † 1699]; colonel din 1683, apoi general.
103. Siegbert, Graf HEISTER
[* 1646, Kirchberg an der Raab, Steiermark; † 22.02.1718, Kirchberg].
104. cca / circa 1687 la Glaser, 2341; um 1687 la Schäfer, 217-21845; um 1687 üL 1687 körül la
Kisari, 51-5247, 284.
105. în cadrul unei vizite de lucru la Generallandesarchiv SHGDUODDFHDGDW vQF 
QXDIODVHPGHH[LVWHQ DDFHVWXLLQYHQWDU
106. Este vorba de C. von Bauer, Archivdirektors Großherzogliche Generallandesarchiv17?
107. Schäfer, XXXV.
108. Glaser, 125-126.
KDUW GHVFULV ODS-UHSURGXV ODS
110. Hfk.44 Bd III Nr. 4; Glaser 9; Schäfer, 240, Inventar nr. 1312.
111. Datarea este sigur  SHQWUX F  vQ FDUWXüXO K U LL VH VSHFLILF  F  HVWH GLQ WLPSXO blocadei
FHW LL2UDGHDLHQRLHPEULH- mai 1692.
$OIRQV6&+b)(5GDWHD] KDUWD1691/92 [Schäfer, 240, Inventar nr. 1312].
112. Ernst Friderich / Friedrich, Baron von BORGSDORFF.
112. Hfk. Bd III Nr. 7; Glaser 12; Schäfer, 241, Inventar nr. 1315.
$OIRQV6&+b)(5GDWHD] KDUWDFKLDU1692/93 [Schäfer, nr. 1315, 241].
115. Hfk. Bd VI Nr. 15a; Glaser 30a; Schäfer, 240, Inventar nr. 1309.
 $FHDVW  KDUW  HVWH IRUPDW  GLQ WUHL S U L GLVWLQFWH üL DUH GRX  FDUWXüH În cDUWXüXO GLQ
dreapta-sus este scris: "Carta topographica civitatis fortalitiique Varadini magni eorumque
circumiacentium cum uno proiecto, quomodo blocari possent". 'H DLFL GHGXFHP F  KDUWD D IRVW

105
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

UHDOL]DW  vQ YHGHUHD SUHJ WLULL XQHL blocade. De aceea, nu îQ HOHJem FXP üL GH FH D IRVW HD
GDWDW circa 1685/RJLFDGHVI üXU ULLRVWLOLW LORUvQ]RQD2UDGHDQHvQFXUDMHD] V GDW PKDUWD
PDLGHJUDE DSULOLH YH]LCronologia) decât circa 1685.
&ROHF LD%DGHQ-%DGHQFRQ LQHK U LUHIHULWRDUHODIURQWXORWRPDQFDUHVXQWGDWDWHGXS 
DQXO FKLDUüL üLFDUHvQPRGQRUPDOQXDUILDYXWFXPV DMXQJ vQSRVHVLDOXL
Ludwig Wilhelm I von Baden-%DGHQSHQWUXF DFHVWDS U VHüWHWHDWUXOGHU ]ERLRWRPDQvQ
noiembrie 1692, pentru a nu se mai reîntoarce nLFLRGDW  vQ 6( (XURSHL 'RDU FHUFHW UL
viitoare YRU SXWHD FODULILFD DFHDVW  DSDUHQW  FRQWUDGLF LH FDUH OD SULPD YHGHUH SRDWH DYHD
GRX H[SOLFD LL logice:
- K U LOHVXQWGDWDWHJUHüLW IRDUWHSUREDELO RUL
- Ludwig Wilhelm a fost "aprovizionat" constant (improbabil)FXK U LüLGXS FHDS U VLWIURQWXO
otoman.
Într-R FRQYHUVD LH SDUWLFXODU    .,6$5, %$//$ *\|UJ\ D VXV LQXW LGHHD F 
/XGZLJ:LOKHOP,DIRVWXQPDUHLXELWRUGHK U LLDUFDUWRJUDILLFDUHOXFUDVHU SHQWUXHOL-au
furnizatFRQVWDQWFRSLLDOHK U LORUIRORVLWHvQWLPSXO0DUHOXL5 ]ERLFRQWUD2WRPDQLORUFKLDU
GXS  FH HO S U VLVH GHMD DFHVW IURQW $UJXPHQWXO LQYRFDW SHQWUX D VXV LQH DFHDVW  LGHH QX
reziVW  QLFL FKLDU OD R SULP  DQDOL]  SHQWUX F  HVWH YRUED GH R KDUW  0DUVLJOL GDWDW  FX
certitudine 1690 [Kisari Balla, nr. 153, 237, 412]. Ori, în acest an, Ludwig Wilhelm I se afla
vQF  SH IURQWXO RWRPDQ .LVDUL VXV LQH F  HVWH YRUED GH SULPD KDUW  FXQRVFXW  D UHJLXQLL
Siculia / Székelyföld / Secuimii din Transilvania. Originalul HLDIO vQIRQGXO0DUVLJOLGHOD
Biblioteca Universitaria din Bologna, IT [Kisari Balla, nr. 153, 237, 412] iar o copie a acesteia
s-D DIODW vQ SRVHVLD 0DUNJUDIXOXL /XGZLJ :LOKHOP , ILLQG D]L GHSR]LWDW  OD
Generallandesarchiv din Karlsruhe, DE [Hfk. Bd. VI Nr. 11, Inventar nr. 1347; Glaser, 26, 23;
Kisari, nr. 27, 52- @ +DUWD RULJLQDO  FRQ LQH QRWHOH OXL 0DUVLJOL SULQ FDUH DFHVWD
propune lui Ludwig Wilhelm I un plan de înconjurare a lui Thököly sau alungare a acestuia
GLQ7UDQVLOYDQLD$FHVWHDF LXQLDXDYXWORFvQWRDPQDDQXOXLûWLPF DYHPGH-a face cu
XQRULJLQDOüLRFRSLHVXV LQH.LVDULSHQWUXF DPEHOHK U LFRQ LQDFHHDüLFRUHF LHI FXW GH
copiator: P. Aitos a fost modificat - în P. Oitos (i.e. Ojtozi-szoros / pasul Oituz) -vQDFHODüL fel
SHDPEHOHK U L
$OIRQV6&+b)(5PDLPHQ LRQHD] vQF DOWHK U LOHJDWHGHFHWDWHD2UDGHDGLQFDUH
sunt datate um 1688, 1691-’92, 4.01.1691, 1692.
119. Kays.(erlichen) Principal-Commissarius.
'LHWD,PSHULDO  corpul leguitor al Sfântului Imperiu Roman GH1D LXQH*HUPDQ 
1XDPQRPLQDOL]DWDLFLPLFLOHK U XLHOLGLQWLPSXOLHUQLORUFkQGGUXPXULOHvQJKH DXüL
DF LXQLPLOLWDUHGHPLF DQYHrJXU HUDXSRVLELOH
122. este opinia lui Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector de Bavaria FRQVHPQDW vQMXUQDOXOV XGH
U ]ERLODGDWDGH>Szita, 153].
GHH[HPSOXORFDOLWDWHD*\XODSDUHDILORFDOL]DW IRDUWHDSURDSHGHSRDOHOHPXQ LORU
YH]L0H] VLK
$PDYXWRFD]LDV Y GDFHVWHK U LODGenerallandesarchiv din Karlsruhe pe 23.10.2003.
 3H R KDUW  GDWDW  um 1687" [Hfk. Bd. VI Nr. 9; Schäfer, 218, Inventar nr. 1176], zona
FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH Banatului apare ca "parte deftermino (sic!) de temsuar ÍQ OLPED WXUF  defter
vQVHDPQ  UHJLVWUX FRQGLF  FDLHW LDU defterdar HUD XQ IXQF LRQDU VXSHULRU DO ILQDQ HORU vQ
,PSHULXO2WRPDQ>+D HJDQ@,QVWLWX LDRWRPDQ DdefterdarXOXLDIRVWLQWURGXV vQ%DQDW
vQ>)HQHüDQ-48].

106
 6FRSXO F U LORU VFULVH GH */$6(5 /DMRV   $OIRQV 6&+b)(5 (1971) üL .,6$5,
BALLA György (2000) este acela de-D SUH]HQWD GRDU K U LOH FDUH DX OHJ WXU  GLUHFW  FX
8QJDULDLVWRULF  *ODVHU.LVDUL RULvQWUHJXOIRQGDUKLYLVWLFH[LVWHQWODGenerallandesarchiv din
Karlsruhe (Schäfer). )LLQGYRUEDGHFkWHYDVXWHGHK U LQLFLXQXOGLQWUHDXWRULQXVHRFXS 
în GHWDOLX GH R KDUW  DQXPH FL U PkQ OD XQ QLYHO JHQHUDOLVW GH DERUGDUH üL OD R IRUP 
VWDQGDUGL]DW de prezentare. Deci, nu-L GH PLUDUHD F  DFHVWH F U L FRQ LQ RPLVLXQL
FRQWUDGLF LLüLJUHüHOL
128. Glaser, 125-126.
129. De exemplu, pe harta insulei duQ UHQH Csallóköz / (Große) Schütt (Insel) / Velky æLWQì
RVWURY ,QVXODHUDVLWXDW vQWUHO49’ - 48O
ODWLWXGLQHQRUGLF üLO49’ - 35O49’ longitudine
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Ostrov, Grosse Schütt) to Czechoslovakia, la p. 123-138 in British-Hungarian relations since 1848, red.
László Péter, Martyn Rady, London, 2004, 366 p.
(VWHYRUEDGHFHDPDLPDUHLQVXO DXQXLUkXVDXIOXYLXGLQ(XURSD
131. Corect, HauptmannF SLWDQ
132. Rózsa, 285-286 (exact ca în carte):
148. Buda és Pest látképe nyugatról (J. Ph. Hannenstein)
Címe fent a képben: "PROSPECTUS VON OFFENN".
$NpSPHJIHOHO KHO\pQ3(67- PLOCKHAUS".
2OGDOV]iPMREEUDIHQW.pV ELtrással, piros tintával: "Bd. N. No. 8."
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unter der Herrschaft der Türken." A kép allatt: "Aufgenommen vom K.(aiserlich) Ingenieur
von Hannenstein für den Markgrafen / LUDWIG VON BADEN / Commandirender der
Reiterei des Oesterreichischen Belagerungs-Heeres."
133. Oberquatiermeisterleutnant = locotenent-major, maistru al Cartierului General?
134. Rózsa, 285-286, 333; Hfk. Bd. VI, Nr. 8; Glaser, nr. 24, 22, 126; Schäfer, 231, Inventar nr.
1250; Kisari, nr. 25, 50-51, 508.
KisariPHQ LRQHD] I U WHPHLF KDUWD%XGHLGDWDW 1685HVWHVHPQDW FDHauptmann /
F SLWDQ În fapt, în partea dreapta jos D K U LL HVWH vQVFULV GRDU IOHANN PHILLIP VON
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INGENIEVRI U DVHIDFHYUHRUHIHULUHODFDOLWDWHDOXLGHHauptmannF SLWDQFLODFHDGH
MEISTER LEIT: / meister Leutnant / locotenent, maistru al Cartierului General imperial.
Rózsa, 333 (exact ca în carte):
255. Buda látképe (J. Ph. Hannenstein)
Címe: "Offen / Wie selbige in Perspectiu Zusehen Alss Die Kayserlichen dass Erste mahl
darvor Geruckt unter Comanto dess Hertzog Von Lothringen." (i.e. ducele Carol V95)
-RKDQQ3KLOLSSYRQ+DQQHQVWHLQFViV]DULKDGPpUQ|NP YH
Színezett rajz, 19,5 x 56 cm.
(J\NRU.DUOVUXKH+LWEL]RPiQ\LWpUNpSJ\ MWHPpQ\;,9N|WHWV]DP
IRODALOM: Glaser 270 sz. (képpel).
135. Într-o convorELUH WHOHIRQLF  GRPQXO .,6$5, %$//$ PL-D FRQILUPDW IDSWXO F  GkQVXO
doar a preluat -QPQHFULWLFüLQHJOLMHQW-LQIRUPD LDGLQFDUWHDOXL$OIRQV6&+b)(5

107
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

136. "… grafologia este studiul psihologic (s.m.) al documentelor scrise, H[SHUWL]DJUDILF se
RFXS  FX LGHQWLILFDUHD DXWRUXOXL XQXL JUDILVP üL FX GHVFRSHULUHD IDOVXULORU vQ VFULHUL
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GRPLQDQWHOHJUDILFHDOHXQXLGRFXPHQWVSUHDFRPSDUDGDF VHUHJ VHVFDFHOHDüLGRPLQDQWH
în scrisul identificat" [C-tin, 39].
137. Hfk. Be Nr. 20, Inventar nr. 1170, Csallóköz / Schütt-Insel [Glaser, 352; Kisari, nr. 339-
342, 200, 339-342].
138. Hfk. Bd VI Nr. 8, Buda / Ofen [Glaser, 24; Schäfer, 231, Inventar nr. 1250; Kisari, nr. 25,
50-51, 508].
3HQWUXF WRDWHOLWHUHOHLQGLIHUHQWGHSR]L LDORUvQFDGUXOFXYkQWXOXLVXQWVFULVHFkWPDL
vQJULMLWFXSXWLQ QXV-au mai comparat separatüLOLWHUHOHGHODVIkUüLWXOILHF UXLFXYkQWüL
acestea au fost asimilate cu literele din interiorul cuvântului.
140. sau caligrafic-GHVFULSWLY >SHQWUXGHWDOLL)U LO  &-tin, 30-31; Ionescu, 155-156].
)U LO  &-tin, 31.
142. Hfk. Bd. XIV Nr. 37; Glaser, nr. 253; Schäfer, 232, Inventar nr. 1258; Kisari, nr. 249, 168, 508.
143. Ionescu, 136.
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JHVFKODJHQJHPILQ0DUFNJIOHFNJHQ&VREO|VVH]' UIIHU%DD"GHU1eübruch genant wo die türc?z
Iur?? die ?la?? donau reitten / Ein meil / Bimeine".
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concluzia>)U LO  &-tin, 67].
146. 'DF OX PvQFRQVLGHUDUHDüLFD]XOOLWHUHORUVLPSOHQXP UXOOLWHUHORUFDUHQXVHDP Q 
XQDFXFHDODOW HVWHde aproape 8 ori mai mareGHFkWQXP UXOOLWHUHORUFDUHVHDP Q 
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de Grupul de firme Associated Business Advisors (http://www.abaconsulting.ro).
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108
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GHFXUVXO DFHVWXL U ]ERL LPSHULDOL DX LQWUDW SHQWUX SULPD RDU  vQ 7UDQVLOYDQLD GRDU vQ
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kivételével Erdély mentesül a német ezredek kiteleltetésének súlyos terhe alól."
'HDLFLVHWUDJHFRQFOX]LDIDOV F DVHGLXOFHW LL6]HQWMREEDDYXWORFvQDLQWHGH
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hadjárat; 53-69.
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Budától Belgrádig. Válogatott dokumentumrészletek az 1686-1688 évi törökellenes hadjáratok történetéhez,
Baranya Megyei Levéltár, Pécs, 1987, 492 p.
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évfordulójára ..., Békés Megyei Levéltár Ny., Gyula, 1995, 295 p.
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Copyright
În conformitate cu legile în vigoare, dreptul de copiere, cel de
WUDQVPLWHUHF WUHWHU LSUHFXPüLGUHSWXOGHUHSURGXFHUHüLFHOGHSXEOLFDUHD
al h U LL Hfk. Bd. VI Nr. 10 DSDU LQ vQ vQWUHJLPH GH Landesarchiv Baden-
Würtemberg, 'HXWVFKODQG 2ULFH DF LXQH viitoare de copiere, transmitere
F WUH WHU L UHSURGXFHUH RUL SXEOLFDUH D DFHVWHL K U L GH F WUH RULFLQH üL vQ
oriFHFRQGL LLHVWHSURKLELWLY I U RE LQHUHDXQXLDFRUGVFULVGLQSDUWHD
Generallandesarchiv Karlsruhe
Nördliche Hildapromenade nr. 2, 76133, Karlsruhe, Deutschland
Telefon (0721) 9 26-22 06; Fax (0721) 9 26-22 31
E-mail: glakarlsruhe@la-bw.de
http://www.landesarchiv-bw.de/glak/

112
ABOUT THE FIRST CERTIFYING OF THE NAME
BANATVS TIMISVARIENSIS (1685)

Summary

Until now, it was thought that the name Banatvs Timisvariensis /


7LPLüRDUD
V%DQDW started to be used in 1699, that this name was linked with the
Karlowitz peace treaty’s papers, and that Luigi Ferdinando MARSIGLI was
its godfather.
Capitalizing on a new source of information for the Romanian
historiography, the military carthography of the end of the XVII century, the
aim of this study is to prove that the name Banat was used 15 years earlier
and in a completely different historical context then was previously thought.
The name Banatvs Timisvariensis exists on a map dated approximately
1687 and found today in Generallandesarchiv from Karlsruhe, DE. This map
belonged to either Hermann von Baden-Baden or his nephew Ludwig
Wilhelm I von Baden-Baden and was subsequently analyzed and described
by Dr. GLASER Lajos (1933), Alfons SCHÄFER (1971), and KISARI BALLA
György (2000). The map was named wrongly as "Karte Transtibisciens"
instead of Carta Trans-Tisiensis.
In addition, the year 1687 given to the map is also wrong; it should
be the autumn of 1685, when the imperial army first came in contact with
the new geographic realities of the western border of today's Romania.
Alfons SCHÄFER assigned the map to Johann Phillipp von
HANNENSTEIN but, according to a graphics expertise, this is also wrong.
Only meticulous future studies will identify the author of this map, who is
probably also the real originator of Banat's name.

113
ANALELE BANATULUI, XIV, 2, 2006

114