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cynfq;Fk; 85 jpuhtpl nkhopfs; vd;w cz;ik $l

ek; khzth;fSf;F njhpahJ - ee;jpth;kd; Ntjid

gh$h; muR Nkdpiyg; gs;spapy; 14.11.2010 md;W gz;ghl;Lf; fofk; rhh;gpy;


gz;ghl;Lg; gapyuq;fk; ele;jJ. Mrphpah; jkpOyfd; Kd;dpd;W gs;spfs; NjhWk;
gz;ghl;Lg; gapyuq;if elj;jp tUfpwhh;. me;jg; gapyuq;fpy; kiwf;fg;gl;l jkpoh;
tuyhW gw;wp ee;jpth;kd; NgrpajhtJ.

jkpoh;fSf;F Mq;fpyNk cyfpy; mjpf kf;fshy; Ngrg;gLk; nkhop vd;w kaf;fk;


cs;sJ. kf;fs;njhif mbg;gilapy; cyfpy; 30 nkhopfis mnkhpf;fhtpy; Gfo;ngw;w
ehNsL epAahh;f; ilk;R 1998 y; gl;bay; ,l;lJ. cyf kf;fs; njhifapy; 14.75
tpOf;fhL kf;fs; rPd-kz;lhhpd; nkhop NgRfpd;wdh;. %d;W ehLfspy; mJ Ml;rpnkhop.
If;fpaehLfs; kd;w Ml;rpnkhopfSs; xd;W. 885>000>000 kf;fs; rPd nkhop
NgRfpwhh;fs;. cyf kf;fs; njhifapy; 5.33% tpOf;fhL kf;fs; NgRk; ];ghdp\; nkhop
20 ehLfspy; Ml;rpnkhop> If;fpa ehLfs; kd;w Ml;rpnkhopfSs; xd;W 322>000>000
kf;fs; ];ghdp\; nkhop NgRfpwhh;fs;.

%d;whkplj;jpy; cs;s Mq;fpyk; ,e;jpah Nghy Mq;fpNyahplk; mbikg;gl;l 51


ehLfspy; Ml;rp nkhopahf ,d;dKk; itj;jpUg;gjhy; mJNt cyfpy; ngUk;ghd;ik
kf;fs; NgRk; nkhopnad epidj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;Nshk;.

,e;j thpirapy; jkpo; 19tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ. njYq;F 15tJ ,lKk;


kiyahsk; 30tJ ,lKk; ngw;Ws;sd. ,e;j %d;W nkhopfSk; jpuhtpl nkhopfshf
gl;baypy; nrhy;yg;gLfpd;wd. jkpo; ,uz;L ehLfspy; Ml;rpnkhop. me;j 2 ehLfSk;
,e;jpahTf;Fs; ,y;iy. ehk; ,e;jpa Ml;rpnkhopfSs; jkpio xd;whf;f Ngr;rstpy;
Nghuhb tUfpNwhk;.

rhfpj;jpa mfhnjkp ,e;jpa nkhopfspd; tuyhw;iw Gj;jfkhf;fpaJ. 1968y;


gp.Nf.guNkRtud; ehah; kiyahs nkhopapd; tuyhw;iw vOjpdhh;. kiyahsk; jkpopd;
fpis nkhop my;y vd;W mjpy; vOjptpl;lhh;. jpuhtpl nkhopfspd; xg;gpyf;fzk; jPl;ba
lhf;lh; fhy;Lnty; fUj;ij cyfNk Vw;W jkpopd; Nra;nkhopfshf njYq;ifAk;
fd;dlj;ijAk; kiyahsj;ijAk; JSitAk; $wp tUfpwJ. VNjh xU %yj;jpuhtpl
nkhopapy; ,Ue;J jkpOk; kiyahsKk; gpwe;jjhf guNgRtud; ehah; fl;Lf;fij fl;baJ
1968y; vd;why; ,d;W tiu ehk; rhfpj;a mfhnjkpia jl;bf; Nfl;ftpy;iy. VNjh xU
%yjpuhtpl nkhop vd;W csWk; guNkRtud; ehaiu me;j %y nkhopapd; ngaiur;
nrhy; ghh;g;Nghk; vd vtUk; rthy; tpl;ljpy;iy. ,ijnay;yhk; nra;a Ntz;ba ek;
jkpowpQh;fs; kdg;ghlk; nra;J khzth;fSf;F nrhy;yp te;j ruf;ifNa MASf;Fk;
Ngrpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs;. Gjpjhf jpdKk; gbf;ftpy;iy.

nfl;bf;fhud; GSF vl;L ehs; vd;W gonkhop cz;L. ,Nj E}ypy; njhlh;e;J
ngha; vOjpa guNkRtud; ehah; jLf;fp tpOfpwhh;.

“jkpo; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F ,d;W tof;fpy; cs;s nghUspy; kiyahsj;ij


vf;fhyj;jpYk; jkpo; vd;W Fwpg;gpl;ljpy;iy. %yj; jpuhtpl nkhopapd; gphpTfs; vd;w
fUj;jpy; fd;dlj;ij fhpehl;Lj; jkpo; vd;Wk; JSit JS ehl;Lj; jkpo; vd;Wk;
nrhy;yp te;jijg; NghyNt kiyahsj;ij kiy ehl;Lj;jkpo; vd;Wk; nrhy;yp
te;jhh;fs;” vd mtNu vOJfpwhh;. %yj;jpuhtpl nkhop jkpnod;gJ ePq;fs; vOjpajpy;
,Ue;Nj njhpfpwJ ehaNu! Vd; jkpoh; tuyhw;iw kiwf;fg; ghh;f;fpwPh;fs; vd ek;kth;
Nfl;ftpy;iy.

,jdhy; ,d;W kiyahsk; nrk;nkhop jFjp Nfl;fpwJ. njYq;F Nfl;fpwJ.


fd;dlk; Nfl;fpwJ. cyfpd; ,aw;if nkhopfs; gl;baypy; fd;dlj;ijak;
kiyahsj;ijAk; Nrh;j;J tpl;ldh;. ehk; J}q;fpf;nfhz;Ls;Nshk;. fhQ;rpGuj;Jf;
fk;gz;zf; fTz;ld; ngq;fSiuf; fl;bdhd;. mtd; ngaiu nfk;Ng fTlh Mf;fp
ngq;fShpy; nfk;Ng fTlh rh;f;fps; mikj;J tpl;ldh;. tuyhw;iw kiwf;fpd;wdh;.

jkpo; ,aw;if nkhopfs; gl;baypy; cs;sJ. jkpopypUe;j gpwe;j nkhopfshd


njYq;Fk; fd;dlKk; kiyahsKk; ,aw;ifg; gl;baypy; Nrh;j;jJ jtW vd jkpo;ehl;L
mwpQh;fs; jl;bf;Nfl;gjpy;iy.

jpuhtpl nkhopf; FLk;gj;jpd; jha; jkpo;. jkpopypUe;J gpwe;j nkhopfs; jhNk


thdpy; ,Ue;J te;J Fjpj;j nkhopfs; Nghy ,d;W NgRfpd;wd. cyfpy; 85 jpuhtpl
nkhopfs; NgRk; 200 kpy;ypad; kf;fs; cs;sdh;. ,e;j 85 nkhopfspd; ngaiuahtJ
ek; khzth;fSf;Fr; nrhd;NdhNkh? ehk; nrhy;ypj; juhtpl;lhy; ,e;j tuyhW
kiwf;fg;gLk; vd;gij kwe;Njhk;.

ghgh rhNfg; mk;Ngj;fhh; vOjpa R+j;jpuh; tuyhW> jho;j;jg;gl;Nlhh; tuyhW Mfpa


2 E}y;fis fz;bg;ghf xt;nthU ,e;jpaDk; gbf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jpah KOJk;
Ngrg;gl;l nkhop jkpo;. jkpo; Ngrpa me;j kf;fs; ehfh;fs; vd;W miof;fg;gl;lhh;fs;.
tl ,e;jpa ehfh;fs; rkRfpUjr; nry;thf;Ff;F tPo;e;jNghJ njd;dpe;jpa ehfh;fisf;
Fwpf;f jpuhtplh;fs; vd;w nrhy; te;jJ vd vOjpAs;shh;.
rPdnkhopapy; nkhop ngah;f;fg;gl;l Gj;jhpd; tuyhw;wpy; mth; ,sikapy; jkpo;
fw;whh; vd;gJ gjpthfpAs;sJ.

,NaR tho;e;j fhyj;jpy; mthpd; FLk;gk; Ngrpa nkhop muhk


muhkpf; nk
nkho
hop
ho me;j
nkhopapy; jhia Mah vd miog;ghh;fs;. ,NaR jd; jhia Mah vd;W
jkpo;r;nrhy;yhy; mioj;jpUf;ff; $Lk;.

fUehlfk; ek;NkhL rz;ilapLk; xNfdf;fy;ypd; gioa ngah; cFePh;f;fy;. me;j


ngaiu njhiyj;J tpl;Nlhk;. jkpo;g;ngaUf;F gjpy; fd;dlg; ngaiu itj;Jf;
nfhz;Nlhk;. ,jdhy; fd;dlh;fs; ek; Ch; jq;fSf;Fr; nrhe;jnkd thjhLfpwhh;fs;.

1971 y; Gfo;ngw;w hPlh;R il[];l; ntspapl;l ,e;jpa tiuglj;jpy; ,ka


kiyapy; Neghsj;Jf;Fk; jpNgj;Jf;Fk; ,ilNa ,Ue;j fztha;f;F Nrhoh; fztha;
vd;w ngah; ,Ue;jJ. Nrhoh; gilfs; ,kak; nrd;wd vd;gjw;F me;jf; fztha;
ngaNu rhl;rp. ehk; J}q;fpNdhk; me;jg; ngaiu khw;wptpl;lhh;fs;.

mhpahdhtpy; cs;s fhypgq;fd; vd;w ,lj;jpYk; uh[];jhdpYk; goq;fhyj;jpy;


Xba ff;fh; vd;w MW twz;L NghdJ. tlehl;lhh; mjw;F ruRtjp MW vd;W ngah;
R+l;b Mhpa ehfhpfk; mq;Nf gpwe;jjhf fij tpLfpd;wdh;. ek; rpe;Jrkntsp
ehfhpfj;Jf;F jpuhtpl ehfhpfk; vd;w ngah; ,Ue;jJ. mij kiwj;J ruRtjp
ehfhpfnkd GJg;ngah; R+l;btpl;ldh;. Mdhy; mq;F thOk; kf;fs; Fthhp fd;ah vd;gNj
me;j Mw;wpd; gioa ngah; vd;W $Wfpd;wdh; F[uhj; nkhopapy; Fkhhp vd;gij Fthhp
vd;;Nw $Wth;. Fthhp fd;ah MW Fkhp fd;ah MW MFk;. fd;dpahFkhpapy; ,Ue;J
nrd;wth;fs; mq;F tho;e;j goq;fhy kf;fs;. mjdhy; Fthhpfd;ah MW vdg;
ngahpl;ldh;.

,ijnay;yhk; nkhopQhapW NjtNeag; ghtzh; njhlq;fpa nre;jkpo;r;


nrhw;gpwg;gpay; mfuhjpia njhlh;e;J vOjp Kbj;J ,d;W 31 njhFjpfshf Rkhh; 10>000
tpiyapy; jkpof E}yfq;fs; midj;Jf;Fk; nrd;Ws;s mfuhjpia cUthf;fpa mwpQh;
kjpthzd; gy E}y;fspy; gjpT nra;Js;shh;.

kjpthzd; E}y;fis khzth;fs; gbj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. tuyhw;wpy; gy


kiwf;fg;gl;l cz;ikfis ntspf;nfhz;L te;jth; kjpthzh;. ,d;W kiyahsj;ij
nrk;nkhop Mf;f Iuhtjk; kfhNjtd; GidAk; fl;Lf;fijfisAk; jtpLnghb Mf;Fgth;
kjpthzd;” vdj; jkpo;khkzp ee;jpth;kzp ee;jpth;kd; Ngrpdhh;.

epfo;r;rpf;F jkpowpQh; ,nydpd; jq;fg;gh jiyik jhq;fpdhh;> jkpOyfd;


Kd;dpiy tfpj;jhh;. fhiyepfo;r;rpapy; Nguhrphpah; ,uhkjhR> Nguhrpah; Foe;ij
Ntydhh; fUj;Jiu Mw;wpdhh;.