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Intertek Hilton House, Corporation Street, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 2DN UK email@example.com +44 (0)1788 578435 www.uk.intertek-etlsemko.com
This initially appears to reduce the requirements for actual testing.uk. The introduction of these methods within the standard should enable more transparent and consistent substantiations of designs to be offered for specific projects. This Guide is intended to assist manufacturers and laboratories when planning for testing to IEC 61439. There are several other sources of information readily available which provide more general information. The verification tests described in IEC 61439 confirm the reference design from which subsequent configurations may be verified by the alternative methods described. although much of the testing is very similar. although there are many parallels. IEC 61439-2 is the first of the product-specific parts to be published and replaces IEC 60439-1. One of the most significant differences is the introduction of alternative methods of design verification. which is likely to become the usual way of referring to such equipment. IEC 61439 also covers common questions such as: manufacture at alternative premises and substitution of alternative functional components.intertek-etlsemko. this is not the case. as the alternative methods of verification detailed are analogous with the extrapolation and justification as has been common in the industry for relating project-specific equipment to the supporting ASTA Certificates for tested equipment. These are parts of a series to replace the IEC 60439 standards.ASTA Guidance on Testing to IEC 61439 Series of Standards Introduction IEC 61439-1 and IEC 61439-2 have now been published. However. Overview of IEC 61439-1 and IEC 61439-2 The Part 1 document sets out general requirements for the scope of equipment to be covered by the series. we are seeking to offer guidance on understanding and applying the standards to future testing. particularly for ASTA Certification. It introduces a new term: power switchgear and controlgear assembly (PSC-ASSEMBLY). The terms ‘type-tested assembly’ (TTA) and ‘partially type-tested assembly’ (PTTA) from IEC 60439 are no longer used. Intertek ASTA was represented on the UK committee during drafting of the standard.com 1 . Now that the standard is published. The requirements are more comprehensive than in IEC 60439. www. This is a very significant standard for testing of low voltage equipment and the presentation has changed considerably. Further parts will relate to specific types of equipment (see Table below).
1).2). This is a similar collection of tests as the type tests described in IEC 60439-1 (clause 8.intertek-etlsemko. the first point to emphasise is the need for the manufacturer to specify which method is to be used (consultation with the laboratory and ASTA can be provided to help with this decision). These are described more fully below. IEC 61439-1 introduces three possible methods of performing temperature rise testing. The cost of temperature rise testing will almost certainly be higher than for testing to IEC 60439. It should be noted that IEC 61439-1 covers general rules. The requirements of most of the tests are similar and most testing to IEC 60439 may fulfil the requirements of IEC 61439.com 2 .uk. hence testing and Certificates will be to subsequent parts. IEC 61439 uses the term Verification tests. but acknowledges these are equivalent to type tests (clause 3.9. www. Appendix 1 of this document provides a table showing the tests of IEC 61439 and relating these to the type tests of IEC 60439. as there are likely to be more actual tests required. IEC 61439-1 Annex D lists the design verifications to be performed.ASTA Guidance on Testing to IEC 61439 Series of Standards Comparison of IEC 61439 and IEC 60439 series: New standard IEC 61439-1 IEC 61439-2 IEC 61439-3 IEC 61439-4 IEC 61439-5 Title General rules Power switchgear and controlgear assemblies Distribution boards Assemblies for construction sites Assemblies for power distribution in public networks Busbar trunking systems Previous standard IEC 60439-1 IEC 60439-1 IEC 60439-3 IEC 60439-4 IEC 60439-5 IEC 61439-6 IEC 60439-2 Type Testing and Verification by Testing The industry has become very familiar with the term: Type Testing. The title of ASTA Certificates will change to align with the new terminology. including verification by testing. The most significant difference is for the temperature rise testing. however.1. This is used in IEC 60439 standards and in the title of many ASTA Certificates.
Consideration of verification tests 1) Materials properties. resistance to UV radiation. Degree of protection Virtually unchanged from IEC 60439. Temperature rise Considerable changes to test arrangements – see later section. Impulse test may be used instead of measurement for confirming clearances.6. 8) Dielectric properties Virtually unchanged from IEC 60439 except that impulse test is now mandatory. additional inspections and assessments will be required. 2) 3) 4) 5. Clearance and creepage distances Virtually unchanged from IEC 60439. Marking is one area where the new standard has additional requirements and manufacturers should ensure that their equipment complies with these. internal circuits. impact and marking These tests were not included in IEC 60439-1 type testing. terminals No verification tests specified.ASTA Guidance on Testing to IEC 61439 Series of Standards Complete compliance In the same way that type testing did not cover all of the requirements described for the design and construction of assemblies to IEC 60439. resistance to heat. Laboratories will need to confirm they either have the capability inhouse or have an approved provider available to complete the testing. lifting. They include corrosion resistance.com . properties of insulating materials.7) Incorporation of devices. Short circuit withstand strength Tests similar to those of IEC 60439-1 but with some clarifications of arrangements. 3 9) 10) www. mechanical impact and marking. Protection against shock. the verification tests of IEC 61439 do not cover all requirements of the standard. lifting. For confirmation of complete compliance. Testing of neutral bars may not be required (if rated 60% of main bar rating + similar construction).uk.intertek-etlsemko. protective circuit Virtually unchanged from IEC 60439.
new standard.intertek-etlsemko.g.10. including ourselves. and we expect that all users. laboratories and anyone else who has an interest (e.ASTA Guidance on Testing to IEC 61439 Series of Standards 11) 12) EMC Unchanged from IEC 60439 Mechanical operation Similar to IEC 60439 but number of operations increased from 50 to 200 Temperature rise testing IEC 61439 describes three possibilities for the methods for temperature rise testing (clause 10. Therefore.uk.1). Conclusion IEC 61439 is a very important. Please send any questions or comments to: asta@intertek. we encourage feedback from clients.com 4 . A significant change is the introduction of the rated current of a circuit. These are as follows: a) b) c) Considering individual functional units. This is proven in each of the methods above and provides the rating for each outgoing functional unit. We will seek to respond to specific questions as well as gather feedback to forward to the committee responsible for the standard. specifiers). The application and testing has changed from the familiar IEC 60439. the main and distribution busbars and the assembly collectively.2. Identification of “critical functional units” is required for subsequent verification by design rules for similar equipment. irrespective of the rating of devices incorporated within it. The standard requires the manufacturer to specify the method required.com www. Considering individual functional units separately and the complete assembly including the main and distribution busbars Considering individual functional units and the main and distribution busbars separately as well as the complete assembly. will require a familiarisation period before feeling as comfortable with it as with IEC 60439.
the ASTA Certificate would specify precisely the tests done and ratings confirmed. These can be obtained from IEC web store (http://webstore.ASTA Guidance on Testing to IEC 61439 Series of Standards Questions? What should we do to ensure compliance with IEC 61439 standards? ASTA Comment: 1) Buy a copy of the appropriate parts of the standards.intertek-etlsemko.uk. 3) Discuss any requirements for verification by testing with preferred ASTA Test Laboratory alternatively directly with ASTA. depending on which of the type tests were made. Each application will be considered separately. Appendix 1 of this Guide could be used to clarify testing requirements. Can ASTA issue new certificates to confirm compliance with IEC 61439 based on previous testing to IEC 60439? ASTA Comment: This may be possible. Can a manufacturer specify selected verification tests instead of all of them? ASTA Comment: Yes. Testing can be done to the superseded standards if specifically requested by clients.ch/). 4) Use Annex C of the standard to clarify specification of assemblies with customers and for verification purposes. 2) Read the standards. together with any guidance material available. www.iec. Can equipment still be tested to IEC 60439 standards? ASTA Comment: We would recommend that all new test work on equipment for which the appropriate parts of IEC 61439 standards are published should be made to the new standard.com 5 .
2.2 10. This publication is copyright Intertek and may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form in whole or in part without the prior written permission of Intertek.6 10.com.1 10.3 10.2.3.ASTA Guidance on Testing to IEC 61439 Series of Standards Appendix 1: The table below includes all of the tests described in IEC 61439-1 with comparison to the type tests described in clause 8. please contact Intertek at +44 (0)1788 578435.1 10.9.uk.12 10.2 10.5 8.2 9 10 11 12 8.4 8 8.2.2 10. ASTA can advise on request.1 of IEC 60439-1.2 10.2.13 Comparable type test from 60439-1 n/a 2 3 4 8.5 10.3.2. www.3 10. Characteristic to be verified 1 Strength of material and parts Resistance to corrosion Properties of insulating materials Thermal stability Resistance of insulating materials to normal heat Resistance to abnormal heat and fire due to internal electric effects Resistance to ultra-violet (UV) radiation Lifting Mechanical impact Marking Degree of protection of enclosures Clearances and creepage distances Protection against electric shock and integrity of protective circuits: Effective continuity between the exposed conductive parts of the assembly and the protective circuit Effectiveness of the assembly for external faults Dielectric properties: Power-frequency withstand voltage Impulse withstand voltage Temperature rise limits Short-circuit withstand strength Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Mechanical operation Clause/ Sub clause 10.2.5.2.2.2. email asta@intertek. Clients are encouraged to seek Intertek’s current advice on their specific needs before acting upon any of the content.2.2.com 6 .3 126.96.36.199 8.4 10.1 8. or visit our website at www.2.2 10.uk.3 10.com.4 10.7 10.6 For more information on specific testing and certification information. While due care has been taken during the preparation of this document.3. Intertek cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information herein or for any consequence arising from it.9.2.3 10.3 10.2.8 + Annex H 8. No.9 10.intertek-etlsemko.2.5 10. Prior testing to IEC 60439 may (or may not) fulfil the requirements for the comparable test of IEC 61439.2.11 10.1.intertek-etlsemko.
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