N

∑1 = ( N +1) − a
i =a

N

∑i =
i =1

N

∑i

2

N ( N +1)
2

=

i =1

N

∑i k ≈
i =1

N ( N +1)( 2 N +1)
6
N k +1
k +1

N

N

n0 −1

i =n0

i =1

i =1

∑ f (i ) = ∑ f (i ) − ∑ f (i),

n0 > 1

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