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Wills and Succession Case Digests

Wills and Succession Case Digests

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09/06/2015

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Filomena ABELLANA DE BACAYO, petitioner-appellant, vs.

Gaudencia FERRARIS, et al., oppositors-appellants.

G.R. No. L-19382, August 31, 1965

FACTS:

Melodia Ferraris left properties in Cebu City consisting of 1/3 share in the estate of her aunt

Rosa Ferraris. Ten years have elapsed since the last time she was known to be alive, she was

declared presumptively dead for purposes of opening her succession and distribute her estate

among heirs. Hence, a petition for the summary settlement of her estate was filed. Melodia left no

surviving descendant, ascendant or spouse, but was survived only by collateral relatives: 1) an

aunt and half-sister of decedent¶s father; and 2) her nieces and nephews who were children of

Melodia¶s only brother of full blood who predeceased her. In the settlement proceeding, Filomena

Abellana de Bacayo, who is the decedent¶s half-sister, was excluded as an heir pursuant to a

resolution issued by the lower court. A motion for reconsideration was denied hence this action.

ISSUE:

Who should inherit the intestate estate of a deceased person when he or she is survived only

by collateral relatives, to wit an aunt and the children of a brother who predeceased him? Or will

the aunt concur with the children of the decedent¶s brother or will the former be excluded by the

latter.

RULING:

As an aunt of the deceased she is as far distant as the nephews from the decedent (three

degrees) since in the collateral line to which both kinds of relatives belong, degrees are counted

by first ascending to the common ancestor and descending to the heir (Art. 966, Civil Code).

Appellant is likewise right in her contention that nephews and nieces alone do not inherit by right

of representation unless concurring with brothers or sisters of the deceased, as provided

expressly by Art. 975.

Nevertheless, the trial court was correct when it held that, in case of intestacy, nephews and

nieces exclude all other collaterals (aunts and uncles, first cousins, etc.) from the succession.
This is readily apparent from articles 1001, 1004, 1005, and 1009 of the Civil Code.

Wills and Succession

Case Digest

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