PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER

PRESENTED BY : MANISH KUMAR SHARMA B. TECH . ± IV th year 7EC042

CONTENTS 1.Intorduction 2.How it Works >Components > Operation >Ladder Diagram and Programming 3.Advantages and Disadvantages

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Introduction
A programmable logic controller (PLC) is a digital computer used for automation of electromechanical processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines, control of amusement rides, or control of lighting fixtures. y Programmable logic controllers are the most widely used electronic devices in the control of production and assembly process in most automated factories due to its simplicity and versatility. y A programmable logic controller (PLC) is a user-friendly, microprocessor-based, specialized computer carrying out control functions of many types and levels of complexity in industrial applications.
y

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PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLERS (PLC)

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How it works
PLC Components:

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‡ CPU: is the unit containing the microprocessor

. Power supply unit: is needed to convert the mains A.C.
voltage to low D.C. Voltage.

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‡ Memory unit: is where the program is stored that is to be used for control actions.

‡ Programming device: is used to entered the required program into the memory of the processor.
;

‡ Input-output sections: are where the processor receives information from external devices and communicates information to external devices.

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‡ Expansion Modules:
The S7-200 PLCs are expandable. Expansion modules contain additional inputs and outputs. These are connected to the base unit using a ribbon connector.

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PLC Operation

The PLC program is executed as part of a repetitive process referred to as a scan. A PLC scan starts with the CPU reading the status of inputs. The application program is executed using the status of the inputs. Once the program is completed, the CPU performs internal diagnostics and communication tasks. The scan cycle ends by updating the outputs, then starts over. The cycle time depends on the size of the program, the number of I/Os, and the amount of communication required. 10

Programming a PLC :
y y y y y

In order to create or change a program, the following items are needed: PLC Programming Device Programming Software Connector Cable

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‡

You can use a personal computer as a programming device

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Advantages & Disadvantages of PLCs
Advantages of PLCs:
y y y y y y y y y

Increase in flexibility, Faster implementation of changes and correction, Lower cost, Easy visualization of process running, Increased operation speed, Increased reliability and maintainability, Increased security, Reprogramming capability, Elimination of wiring.

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Disadvantages of PLCs
y y y y y

Too much work required in connecting wires. Difficulty with changes or replacements. Requiring skillful work force in finding errors. Fixed program applications. High initial investment cost.

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PLCs¶ Applications

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THANK YOU

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