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) The Prosecution Service, (4.) The Courts, (5.) The Correctional Institution. If one of these pillars is dysfunctional, “wala tayong maasahan na hustisya!” The five (5) pillars of the Philippine Criminal Justice System have important roles to play in the investigation, prosecution and dispensation of justice of the alleged offenders or felons. The first pillar is the COMMUNITY ( e.g., People & People’s Organizations). It refers to institutions, government, and non-government agencies and people’s organizations that provide care and assistance to the victims or offended party, during and after the onset of a victims’ rights case. The “community” has a significant role to assume in all the phases of judicial involvement of offender as well as the protection process: the prevention of abuse, cruelty, discrimination and exploitation, assistance of offenders who enter the criminal justice system and the acceptance of the offenders upon his reintegration into the community,,, after he goes out of Correctional. The second pillar is LAW ENFORCEMENT (e.g. PNP, NBI, PDEA, etc.) It involves government agencies charged with the enforcement of penal laws. It is primarily responsible for the investigation and determination whether an offense has been committed, and where needed, the apprehension of alleged offenders for further investigation of the third pillar,,, Prosecution Service. The PROSECUTION SERVICE (Public Prosecutor or Fiscal) refers to the National Prosecution Service (NPS). The NPS is mandated to investigate and prosecute penal violations. It collates, evaluates evidence in the preliminary inquest investigation and dismisses or files the case in court as indicated. The Public Attorneys Office or private defense counsel, on the other hand, serves as the defender of offender who is charged before the court and unable to hire the service of the retained lawyer. The fourth pillar is the COURT (MTC, RTC) )which refers to the MTC and Regional Trial Courts designated to handle and try the case and issue judgment after trial. The fifth pillar is the CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM (NBP, CIW, BJMP) . It refers to institutions mandated to administer both correctional and rehabilitation programs for the offenders. These programs develop the offenders or convicts’ abilities and potentials and facilitate their re-integration into the community and normal family life. The rehabilitation and recovery process involves the support of government agencies, non-government organizations and most importantly the family and community so that the offender as well as the offended can heal and recover in order to be able to cope and rebuild their lives. NB: the fifth pillar is formerly called PRISON or PENITENTIARY, it is now called a CORRECTIONAL (e.g. Correctional Institution for Women in Mandaluyong) because
Suppose3: both the victim and police had worked together closely in the investigation. (thru mental & physical torture). the first pillar of criminal justice system would be ineffective or dysfunctional. but judge. or thru “pakikisama”. thus. has just allowed the suspect go free and evade arrest. the fourth pillar of criminal justice system is likewise dysfunctional. or he is a “compare” of the accused. describes how the police and courts fail to investigate and solve various human rights violations because of the lack of sincerity. To be able to strengthen an effective criminal justice system. It calls for the government to . thereby giving justice to the victim of the crime. Failure of any of the pillars aforementioned to function well will lead us into chaos and other forms of unrest in the community. launched a new report describing how the rotten criminal justice system in the Philippines fails to deliver justice to its people and contributes to the widespread human rights violations in the country. Suppose5: the accused was finally convicted via fair and impartial trial. police and the fiscal have done their work par excellence and were able to present a strong case in court. Last year. unable to protect the rights and interest of its citizens.the purpose of the law is to correct and rehabilitate the convict as productive citizen of the country. but instead of being corrected and rehabilitated therein. then the police would not be as effective to perform his job to arrest the suspect. and actual apprehension of the suspect. thru the cooperation of the aforementioned pillars. thus the second pillar of criminal justice system is also dysfunctional or rotten. thus. but later on the police. after he goes out of prison. the third pillar of criminal justice system would also be dysfunctional and decomposing as well. Suppose1: the people (family of the victim) refuses to cooperate in the investigation of the case. who acted partially and moved for the dismissal of the case due to alleged lack of probable cause. the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC). renders a decision acquitting the accused as he did receive monetary consideration from the other party. despite well-established institutions on papers. “The criminal justice system of the Philippines is rotten”. etc. as he will commingle or return to the community to live a new life as a normal person. because the government that is supposed to be the bulwark and vanguard of peoples’ right will serve nothing but a traitor to its own people.a Hongkong based. said convict was tortured and man handled. thus. all these pillars must perform and deliver their respective job par excellence in the realization of justice. thru negligence or bribery. thus. the last pillar of criminal justice system is also dysfunctional. Suppose2: the people (or family of the victim) or victim herself fully cooperated in the investigation of the case that led to the apprehension of the suspect. Suppose4: the victim. not anymore as an ex-convict. who handled and tried the case. however during the preliminary investigation stage conducted by the fiscal. however upon inquiry it was found out later that he did receive a bribe money from the suspect in exchange of a favorable resolution. but when the accused was formally delivered and turned over to the correctional institution to serve his sentence.
Public prosecutors. Many end up dead. The failure of the witness protection program must be attributed squarely to the rotten condition of its implementing agency. particularly where state officers or persons allegedly connected to them are among the possible suspects. Secretary (Raul) Gonzalez has gone out of his way to defend the government by flatly rejecting legitimate grievances about the inability of the authorities to stop extrajudicial killings. due to existence of scalawags in uniform. the non-existent witness protection programme. kotong cops. Those who seek protection are frustrated by the unresponsiveness of state agencies that supposedly have obligations to assist in such instances. and the irregularities in investigation and prosecution . they often find that police investigations contradict their versions of incidents. the Department of Justice. it will remain as a joke like. Where family members and witnesses come forward. Police investigators sometimes make premature pronouncements about the motive for a killing and its cause.reform the criminal justice system and fulfill the promises it made to the Filipinos in the laws. flatly rejecting alternative suggestions. It identifies as including “command irresponsibility”. The extent of bias is again best illustrated by the head of the Department of Justice himself. And. if not obliterated. Ineffectual and biased prosecutors Public Prosecutors make little or no attempt to conceal bias in their handling of criminal complaints. they are not known to have made recommendations and applications for protection. “Mamang Pulis-Pulis T…… Matulis.” He has adopted the language of the military and insinuated that unseen forces have taken advantage of the situation as “one way to destabilize the government” by way of creating lawlessness within the country. who are its officers. referring to them as “black propaganda. or else. hulidap cops. the Mamang Pulis and Aleng Pulis ambitious project of P/Director General Sonny Razon would only mean nothing but just a scrap piece of garbage program which cannot be complied with in good faith by his men. The police are the first and biggest obstacle to victims and their families obtaining justice in the Philippines. torture and disappearance. The report analyses why the criminal justice system in the Philippines fails to function. .” Non-existent victim and witness protection. some already having survived earlier attacks. that unless these scalwags in uniforms are eradicate. Most victims of extrajudicial killings in the Philippines have had threats on their lives beforehand. Flawed and misguided criminal investigations. have also failed in their duty to refer witnesses for inclusion in the protection programme. the bias of state officers towards victims and their families. thereby putting the government into shame in the international community: as if the government was not sufficiently adept at creating lawlessness and putting itself to shame. Even in the most serious cases of extrajudicial killing.
and be addressed properly”.” or “terrorists” negates this presumption and allows officials to do away with due process. the weaklings must be eliminated”) .” In practice the public labeling of accused persons or victims as “communist fronts.hawak na timbangan). JUDGE must be impartial and free from influence. President GMA was correct in saying that “these five pillars of criminal justice system to become effective as crime deterrent. to the limited extent they operate for everyone else. Labeling “enemies” Under section 14(2) of the Constitution of the Philippines “the accused shall be presumed innocent until the contrary is proved.That Secretary Gonzalez feels safe in making open presumptions about the guilt or innocence of persons lodging criminal complaints and indicating that the extent of assistance given by his department depends upon what conclusions are drawn by its officers as to the merits of the complainant rather than the complaint speaks volumes about the rot at all levels of the criminal justice system of the Philippines. the same must be strengthen. and denies them any hope of protection. or thru “pakikisama”…. that “only the strong must survive. …. we have hoodlums in robes… who based their decisions not on facts and evidence presented during the trial but on some other considerations such as. their families and colleagues to the possibility of further violence. brother or sister in the law fraternity/sorority.” “destabilizers. The double standards in implementation of laws are most obvious in cases where such labels are applied. The use of labels also exposes victims. are suspended. camaraderie with the litigants.” “enemies of the state. the victims will resort to the law of the jungle in order to get the justice they deserve. like a Lady Justice (na may piring at may hawak. (or the law of survival of the fittest. For instance. or the worst is when the decision is rendered in favor of the highest bidder… Maybe. compare. we will all go to the dogs! ……or better still.. according to german philosopher friedrich nitzche. they are in a special category of persons and groups guilty by suspicion. for who the ordinary laws and procedures. otherwise. Once a person or organization has been labeled “leftist” or “enemy” then there is no possibility of safety. Whatever they may or may not have done. in the quest for justice.
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