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Dytran 2010 User's Guide

Dytran 2010 User's Guide

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Published by MSC.Software
Dytran™ is a three-dimensional analysis code for analyzing the dynamic, nonlinear behavior of solid
components, structures, and fluids. It uses explicit time integration and incorporates features that
simulate a wide range of material and geometric nonlinearity.
Dytran™ is a three-dimensional analysis code for analyzing the dynamic, nonlinear behavior of solid
components, structures, and fluids. It uses explicit time integration and incorporates features that
simulate a wide range of material and geometric nonlinearity.

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Published by: MSC.Software on Nov 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/11/2013

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The Initial Metric Method is typically useful for air bag modeling. When using out-of-plane folding
technique, the membrane elements can deform quite significantly. The final shape of the deformed
bagcan be negatively influenced. In order to overcome this problem, Dytran offers a way to initialize
strains inside elements such that the final shape is preserved. It is called the Initial Metric Method, further
called the IMM method. Elements can be initialized smaller than the original state, but also can be
initialized larger.

•For elements that are initialized smaller, stresses only start to build up after the original state has

been reached.
•Elements that are larger have a positive IMM strain. When growing larger, their Young’s
modulus is assumed to be twice as large during one time step. When shrinking, no stresses are
applied until the original state is reached.
IMM can also be applied when scaling the model of the air bag such that the model fits inside the
inflatorhousing.

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