P. 1
Dytran 2010 Example Problems Manual

Dytran 2010 Example Problems Manual

|Views: 1,510|Likes:
Published by MSC.Software
Example problems showing Dytran usage.
Example problems showing Dytran usage.

More info:

Published by: MSC.Software on Nov 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/06/2014

pdf

text

original

Problem Description

Wet soil that is in contact with a tire can stick to it and show cohesive behavior. The friction model at the
coupling surface modeling the tire should predict this viscous behavior. This example illustrates the use
of the cohesive friction model. A rigid wedge is pulled out of wet soil. Initially the wedge is 80%
immerged in the soil. The simulation will be run for 80 ms.

Dytran Modeling

The soil is modeled by:

$ -------- Material Soil id =2
DMAT 2 1500 2 2 2 2
EOSPOL 2 2e+07
SHREL 2 1e+07
YLDMC 2 6.0e+07 2e+05 1.46
PMINC 2 -5e+8

The elements are defined by MESH,BOX:

MESH 2 BOX +

+ -.2 -0.0101 0.0 0.4 0.0202 0.2 +

+ 160 8 80 EULER 1

Dytran Example Problem Manual

Cohesive Friction

340

and are initialized by

PEULER1 1 MMSTREN 6
TICVAL 4 DENSITY 1500
$
$ ------- TICEUL BC PEuler_reg -----
TICEUL 6 +

+ CYLINDER 5 1 +

+ CYLINDER 3 2 4 2
CYLINDER 5 0 0 -2 0 0 2+

+ 1
CYLINDER 3 0 0 -1 0 0 0.1+

+ 1

Here the multi-material solver will be used.

The wedge is defined by:

MATRIG 1 100 +

+ +

+ 0.00

GRID 1 .020000 -.03000 .120000
GRID 2 -.020000 -.03000 .120000
GRID 3 .000000 -.03000 .020000
GRID 4 -.020000 .03000 .120000
GRID 5 .000000 .03000 .020000
GRID 9 .020000 .03000 .120000
$
$ --- Define 5 elements
$
$ -------- property set dum ---------
CTRIA3 1 2 1 2 3
CQUAD4 2 2 4 5 3 2
CTRIA3 3 2 5 4 9
CQUAD4 4 2 1 3 5 9
CQUAD4 5 2 1 9 4 2

The interaction between wedge and Euler material is implemented by the COUPLE entry:

COUPLE 1 1 INSIDE ON ON STANDARD+

+ 0.8 0.8 +

+ 2
$

Here a Coulomb friction model is used.

341

Chapter 4: Fluid-structural Interaction

Cohesive Friction

The COUPLE entry requires a surface that is wrapped around the structure. Since the structure consists
of shell element, the wedge elements themselves can be used to define the wrapping surface.

SURFACE 1 ELEM 6
SET1 6 1 THRU 5

The motion of the wedge is given by:

$ ---- No reference node is used.
TLOAD1 1 7 12 1
FORCE 7 MR1 1 0 0 2.0
TLOAD1 1 1007 12
MOMENT 1007 MR1 1 0 0 0
$
tabled1,1,,,,,,,,+
+,0,0,0.2,1,endt

and is shown in the figure below.

To extend the Coulomb friction model to account for cohesive conditions:

PARAM,COHESION,8e+10,8e+5,2.0

is added. This allows soil to stick to some extend to the wedge that is pulled up. The 8e+10 is the
maximum tensile stress. The 8e+5 and 2.0 describe a viscous-like friction law. This law specifies a
friction stress that is linear in the relative tangential velocity between material and wedge. Under
compressive conditions the Coulomb friction model will be used as specified on the COUPLE entry. Only
for tensile conditions will the model be used as specified on the COHESION entry.

Dytran Example Problem Manual

Cohesive Friction

342

Results

The pictures below show FMATPLT results for respectively 0 ms, 40 ms and 80 ms. The soils sticks to
the wedge.

343

Chapter 4: Fluid-structural Interaction

Cohesive Friction

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->