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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. and costs are generally lower. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. For that we need level three: SM systems. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. not just that of exterior. and flexibility. 1.Generally. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. and are less expensive. cost. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. Moreover. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop.
to be sure. outside.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. By its nature. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. weight. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. 1.4 LAYOUTS. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. rather than a part of engineering. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. or on the surface of the object in question. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. 1. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. 1. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. In this way. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. 8 . surface area.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. so mass properties (volume. DESIGN. centre of gravity. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed.systems to handle architectural problems. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer.
Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. or select a planar surface. and then select Edit.e. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. Without solids. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. but one that can be surmounted. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. 2. 9 . In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. With solid. automation of process planning is also impossible. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. which are not associative with the 3D geometry).1. and the origin and orientation of the axis system.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. To do this from the 3D. it remains a challenge. if you need for more complex sketches 2. Once created. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane.
Construction elements 10 .e. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . .2. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. i. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. on some occasions. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). Snap to Point If activated. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. in which you specify the reference plane. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. 2. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry.
aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. 2.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. As a result. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. These elements are used as positioning references. and only visualized by. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. the sketch. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. uses edges. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. 11 . These elements cannot be modified. graphically speaking. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features.
According to the various active options. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. at the extremity point of a curve. The constraints are in priority dimensional.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. the 2. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. whenever possible. two or three elements. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. on a point. using coordinates. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2.6 Creating Constraints 2. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. at the midpoint of a line. SmartPick will return information via symbols. all over a curve. at the intersection point of two curves. .6. any of the above cases possibly combined together. Using SmartPick. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu.
3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Angle. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Once the profile is fully constrained. Parallelism or Perpendicular). Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. You can either select the geometry or the command first. by default.6. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. 2. Horizontal. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Select a second element. Select a first element. 2.6. 2. Fix. This constraint can be created between either two elements. 13 . Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. Select the profile to be constrained. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Coincidence.6. the application displays it in green.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. coincidence and tangency. If constraints already exist. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. For editing. they are checked in the dialog box. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options).
Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).2. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space).7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. 14 . Click to create the oriented rectangle. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs.
Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar).d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click to create the parallelogram. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center.
We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. m) Creating an Arc 16 . l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar).Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). By default. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. circle centers appear on the sketch. Click three elements. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon .
end. middle. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. center and apex. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. middle. There are three possibilities. b) Through three points .start. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). end. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. s) Creating a Conic 17 . To create a Parabola click the focus. c) Through three points –start. To create a hyperbola click the focus. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. Double-click to end the spline.It shows how to create an arc. a) The arc center point. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Clicking another command ends the spline too. start point and end point. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola.
As a result. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. Click the line first point (first point). Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). in accordance with both points previously clicked. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. you will create one of the following: an ellipse.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. x) Creating an Axis 18 . t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. a parabola or a hyperbola. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. if needed. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. one after the other. Click two points on the two existing lines. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. a circle. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). To edit.
Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Select a second line (or an axis). 2.This task shows how to create an axis. of course you can create this point manually. In this task. Select a first line (or an axis). Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve.
Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Select the first line. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. the first or none of the elements. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. . and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Length1/Length2. The second line is also highlighted. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Length1/Angle. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Create two intersecting lines. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Select the two curves. You can create rounded corners between curves. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the two lines. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Select the two lines. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Trim All / First / No element.
and Break. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. The arc will now be closed. Select one or more elements to be relimited. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. a construction line or an axis. These options are Rubber In. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The line is now composed of two movable segments. For example.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. a three point arc. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Create a three points arc. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. Rubber out. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the line to be broken. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). 21 from the Sketch tools . Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry.
Multi-selection is not available. multi-select the entire profile. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Select or click a point to define an angle. In other words. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Select the geometry to be rotated. In the Translation Definition dialog box. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. if needed. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The duplicate mode is activated by default. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Enter the number of copies you need. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Here. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. enter a precise value for the translation length. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the element(s) to be scaled. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Select the element(s) to be translated. Select or click the rotation center point. De-activate the Duplicate mode. The Scale Definition dialog box appears.
The line to be created appears. Select the surface. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. Select the face of interest. The intersection is yellow. arc or circle. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. There are two possibilities. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. select it. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. the line to be created appears immediately. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Both lines are parallel. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. The selected line is duplicated. by creating several offset instances. These 23 . These projections are yellow. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. If the line is not already selected. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane.
Expand the Mechanical Design option. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. 2. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. In other words. You can now sketch the required profile. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. It indicates the overall 24 .silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Primary spacing.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. in the Tools toolbar.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. The Options dialog box appears. 2. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. 2. Graduations. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. The Sketcher tab appears. and then click Sketcher. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic.
3. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK.3. This application. 25 . just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. offers a highly productive. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. The New dialog box is displayed. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. Actually. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. c) specific toolbars. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document.1 Opening a New CATPart Document.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. b) the geometry area. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. from simple to advance. which is fully integrated into Part Design. To open it. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar.
2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. Y. . On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. 26 . Point – Point: Create line between the two points.3. The Line Definition dialog box appears.2. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. 3. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve.2. Between: Creating point between two other points. 3. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. ellipse.
Some operations consist in adding material. Rib. and Remove Loft. it is represented by a red square symbol. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. others in removing material. 27 . Groove.Regardless of the line type. Pocket. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Slot. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. 3. Loft.2. Once you have defined the plane. Click the Plane icon . Shaft. In this section.
Just click the More button and define the second limit. By default. if you extrude a profile.3. Up to Plane.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next .3. 28 . you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. the application specifies the length of your pad. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. You will notice that by default. Up to Surface. 3. If you wish to define another length for this direction. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. For each of them.3. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value.Up to Last. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.
up to plane. Optionally click Preview to see the result. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. set the Type parameter to Dimension. 3. To specify another direction.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion.3. if you extrude a profile. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. up to last. The specification tree indicates this creation. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. using different length values.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3. Double-click Pocket to edit it. To define a specific depth. Click the Pocket icon . By default. Click OK to create the pocket. Alternatively. Select the profile to be extruded. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . Note 29 . click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. up to surface.
The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. pockets and stiffeners.3. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Enter Thickness2 's value. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. Enter Thickness1 's value. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. Select the open profile. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. If needed. you do not have to select the axis. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. For each of them. The method described here is also valid for pockets.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. Click the Shaft icon . You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. and click Preview to see the result. Once you have done your modifications. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. 3. 3. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. select LIM1 or 30 . The profile is previewed in dotted line. and click Preview to see the result. You need an open or closed profile.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. Material has been added to the other side of the profile.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Alternatively. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed.3. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Consequently. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. For the purposes of our scenario. To add material equally to both sides of the profile.
you do not have to select the axis. Select the profile.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line).7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Click the Groove icon . The shaft is created. Click OK to confirm.3. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. 3. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. Consequently. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree mentions it has been created. Click Preview to see the result. Click OK to confirm the 31 . If needed. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. For the purposes of our scenario. This task shows you how to create a groove. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction.
you need a center curve.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. By default. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.operation.3. you can enter the values of your choice. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user.3. but you can use standard values.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.3. 3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. To define a rib.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . To define a thread. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. 3. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. 3. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.
Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. To define this direction. it can be discontinuous in tangency. you can select a plane or an edge. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. The rib is created.3. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. The application now previews the rib to be created. New options are then available. It should be a closed profile. To create Rib. The specification tree mentions this creation.2. 3.11 Slot 33 . Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Click the Rib icon . Click OK. Select the profile you wish to sweep. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases.element or a pulling direction.
you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Tangency. Click the Loft icon . It is closed.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. They are highlighted in the geometry area. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. The feature (identified as Loft. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Reference surface. Click the Slot icon . You can note that by default. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. By default. Select the profile. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Pulling direction. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. you need a center curve.3.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. a planar profile. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. 34 . Tangency then curvature. 3. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. the application computes a spine.xxx) is added to the specification tree. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. The resulting feature is a closed volume. Select the three section curves. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. Click OK to create the volume. To define a slot. Vertices. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve.
Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. The feature (identified as Loft. If you need to use an open profile. By default. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. Click the Remove Loft icon .3. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. the application computes a spine. The Two creation modes are available: 35 .3. Select the profile to be extruded. Click OK to create the lofted surface. .3. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. 3.
Click OK. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. Tangency. If you set the Tangency mode. The specification tree indicates it has been created.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. you can then trim the fillets to be created. CATIA displays the radius value. Click the Edge Fillet icon . The stiffener is created. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. When filleting an edge. depending on the radius value you specified.4. Select the edges. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. 3. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. Check the Neutral Fiber option. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Conversely. 36 . The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part.
Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The fillet will be tangent to this face.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Instead of entering a radius value. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. 3. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. Select the face to be removed. Click OK. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. 3. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Select the faces to be filleted. Depending on the curve's shape. The faces are filleted. 3.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected.3.5 Basic Draft 37 .4. Click OK. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. Select the faces to be filleted. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. The specification tree indicates this creation. the application chamfers its edges.4.4. Click OK.4.
Click OK. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. 3.4. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. Parting element: this plane. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. This element will remain the same during the draft. If Keep Parting =Neutral. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction.
Select the face.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . Click OK to confirm. The selected face becomes purple. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Select the face to be removed. The reflect line is moved accordingly. This line is used to support the drafted faces. indicating the default pulling direction. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. Click the Shell icon . Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . click the Points field. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like.4.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry.4. Click OK. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. 3. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. To edit the other angle value. 3. You can add as many points as you wish. The feature is shelled. 3. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside.9 Thickness 39 . The Draft Definition dialog box that appears.4. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. To add a point on the edge.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Select the face to be drafted. Enter the Default inside thickness field. Select face as the neutral element.
40 . Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Click the Thickness icon . Select the faces to thicken. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. Y. Click Preview. 3. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. This creation appears in the specification tree. Enter the thread depth. This task shows you how to translate a body. Select the upper face as the limit face. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values.5. The application previews the thread. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction.4. You can also specify the direction by means of X. The part is thickened accordingly. Enter a positive value. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Check the Left-Threaded option. Click OK to confirm.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. pitch value. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Limit faces must be planar. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. 3. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Translate icon . The element (identified as Translate.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps.xxx) is added to the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the translated element. but the thread (identified as Thread. Click OK. Click the Thread/Tap icon .
The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. The pads are mirrored.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Rotate icon . 3. The specification tree mentions this creation.5.5. Click OK to create the rotated element. Select a point. 3. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. Enter a value for the rotation angle. Click OK to confirm the operation. 3. Click the Mirror icon . Click the Symmetry icon . The element is rotated. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.3. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.5.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Select an edge as the rotation axis. The element (identified as Rotate. The new element (identified as Symmetry. The command applies to current bodies. line or plane as reference element. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. The application previews the material to be created. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.5.
Spacing & Length.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. The feature "RectPattern. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Click the Circular Pattern icon . The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Let the Instances & Spacing option. If needed. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. These features accelerate the creation process. Select the feature you wish to copy. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . An arrow is displayed on the pad. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Now. 42 .5. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. circular and user patterns. Instances & Spacing.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Instances & angular spacing. Patterns let you do so. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory.This is the resulting pattern. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Angular spacing & total angle. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Defining the spacing along the grid. complete crown. Click OK.
Select the body to be scaled. Click OK. The body is scaled. Click the User Pattern icon .Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. The pad will be repeated seven times. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. 3. Click Preview. Select the reference point located on the body. Click OK. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. 3.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation.5.6. you are going to add a crown to your part. This axis will be normal to the face.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Click the Scaling icon . Now. click the Crown Definition tab. 3.6 Measuring 3. The specification tree indicates this creation.5. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. These points are created in the Sketch. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. The feature appears in the Object field. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. One more ring of pads will be added.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . you can select an edge or a planar face. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. To do so. To define a direction. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points.
Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. The Measure Item dialog box appears.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. By default. If exact values cannot be measured. surfaces and entire products). The Measure Between dialog box appears. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given.6.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . edges. icon in the Definition box. 3. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. etc. This command lets you choose the selection mode.). Click to select another surface. Switch to Design Mode. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. edges. Click to select a surface. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign).6. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. edges. or an entire product (selection 2). Click the Measure Between icon.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. Click the Measure Item icon. 3. vertices and entire products) or between points. edge or vertex. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. edge or vertex. surfaces. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. or an entire product (selection 1). properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box.
the dialog box also gives the area. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. In addition to the center of gravity G. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item.7. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. density. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. Click the Split icon . face or surface. geometry or assembly.7 Surface-Based Features 3. 3. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. Material has been removed. Select the splitting surface.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The area. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The measure is made on the selection. Click the Measure Inertia icon. indicating the splitting element. Click OK. you must select the desired sub-product. density and mass of the selected item. The body is split. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. 45 . volume (volumes only). The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. you can click it to reverse the direction.
The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK. If you need to reverse the arrow.7.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The surface is closed . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. that is the extrude element.7. INITIAL 3. The surface is thickened. In the geometry area. 46 . Click OK. Click the Close Surface icon . Click the Thick Surface icon . The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.INITIAL 3. just click it. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. Select the object you wish to thicken. Select the surface to be closed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability.
indicating the object to be sewn. INITIAL FINAL 47 . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.7. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Click OK. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Sew Surface icon . Some material has been removed. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. The surface is sewn onto the body.INITIAL FINAL 3. Click the arrow to reverse the direction.
CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body.x" in the specification tree. Trimming Bodies. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. INITIAL 48 . 3. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform.x are autonomous. Click the Insert Body icon. Removing Bodies. It is underlined. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. The result is immediate.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. This is your new Part Body. indicating that it is the active body.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part.8. if you wish to combine them. Now.3. To assemble them. Intersecting Bodies. You will notice that Part Body and Body. Click OK to confirm. During the operation. material has been added. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Assembling Bodies.8. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. 3. It allows you to create complex geometry. When your part includes several bodies. By default.
FINAL 3. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. Click the Add icon .8. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . By default. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.
Click OK. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.Part Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 .1 has been removed.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. and their origins when you are editing these elements. you just need to use the Isolate command. Delete Operation .. When creating a geometric element. containing three categories of options: External References.. The General tab appears.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. Select the Tools -> Options command. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. Click the Infrastructure category. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. Update. they will not be deleted.9. Update. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. External References. When selecting a sketch as 54 .. Geometry. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection..Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. command Click the Infrastructure category. copied elements for example. 4. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. then Display tab. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. which means that if they are shared by other features.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. Select the Tools -> Options. The Options dialog box is displayed.This task shows you how to set general settings. you often need to select other elements as inputs. and Delete Operation. The tab appears. 3.
If you check the with end points option. Click OK to create the planes. 4.the input element. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. the last and first instances are the curve end points. The Planes Between dialog box appears. 4.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. in only one operation. 4. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). Click the Planes Repetition icon . some restrictions apply.3 Creating Polylines 55 . Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. depending on the feature you are creating.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Select a curve or a Point on curve. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes.
The circle (identified as Circle.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Click the Circle icon . Bitangent and point .Tritangent. 56 . Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. 4.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Bitangent and radius . Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Enter all input as specified. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Enter a Radius value. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Three points. Two points and radius. Center and point. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Select several points in a row to create a polyline.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Click the Polyline icon .
An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. and select a support. You can select the Geometry on support check box. The Spline Definition dialog box appears.4. Click the Spline icon .5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. 57 . Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. Replace the selected point by another point. Add a point before the selected point. Remove the selected point.
Select two curves as reference element. Profile.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. 58 . The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Several solutions may be possible. such as coils and springs for example. Height. The helical curve (identified as Helix. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click the Corner icon . The reference elements must lie on this support. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Starting Angle. Click the Helix icon . as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Select a starting point and an axis. Select the Support surface. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the corner. Orientation. The corner will be created between these two references. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface.4. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. 4.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. Enter a Radius value. Taper Angle. Click OK to create the helix.
4. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears.4. Click OK to create the connect curve. Click the Connect Curve icon . Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve.Define the spiral's Orientation. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. that is the distance from the Center point. that is a in 2D plane. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Click the Spiral icon .8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. along the Reference direction. Tangency or Curvature. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. Specify the Start radius value. when the spiral is defined by an angle. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 .
Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. Select the Support element. 4. Click the Conic icon .11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. Click OK to create the projection element. Click the Projection icon . The projection is added to the specification tree. The projection may be normal or along a direction. 60 . hyperbolas or ellipses. passing points or tangents. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be projected. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points.4. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. You can select several elements to be projected.
61 . lines.xxx) is added to the specification tree. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. Select the two elements to be intersected.) 4. etc. A Contour. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. This element (identified as Intersect.Fill in the conic curve parameters. Click OK to create the intersection element. Point. A Face. The intersection is displayed. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Click the Intersection icon . Avoid using input elements.
1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Geometry with no history is called a datum. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Click OK to create the surface. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction.13. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. 62 . Click the Extrude icon . 4. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon.4. lofting and sweeping.
4. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. 4. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation.13. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. Click the Revolve icon .13. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. Click OK to create the surface. The spherical surface is based on a center point. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. and angular limits. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 .
4. Select the center point of the sphere.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator.13. Click the Offset icon . Select the surface to be offset. Click Apply to preview the surface. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. 4. Click OK to create the surfaces. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. one on each side of the reference surface. Click OK to create the surface. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.dialog box is displayed. along 64 .13.
select a Second Guide. Click the Circle icon. The surface (identified as Sweep. With reference surface. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. If no spine is selected. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Sweep icon . select a Spine.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. Select a Guide curve. Click the Sweep icon . c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Line profile icon. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. you can select a reference Surface. If needed. With tangency surface. Click the Sweep icon . you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. In the Smooth sweeping section.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 65 . then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click the Explicit profile icon. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. With draft direction. If needed. Limit and middle. The five possible cases are Two limits. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. With reference curve.
xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Fill icon . Three guides. Replace the selected element by another curve. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Conic icon. Select guide curves. Click the Loft icon . Click OK to create the swept surface. 4. Two guides. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Select one or two section curves. Four guides. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. and enter a radius value. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Sweep icon . and then use the combo to choose the subtype. such as parabolas. 4. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Five guides. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears.13. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Remove the selected element.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Click OK to create the fill surface.13. The surface (identified as Sweep. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. If 66 . a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. hyperbolas or ellipses.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. If not. Select a passing point. the results may be inconsistent. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears.
It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. None. then the second curve and its support. Tangency then curvature. Start extremity. Several coupling types are available. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Tangency. Click the Split icon . 4. continuity. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. Select the element to be split. Click OK. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. 4. Vertices. End extremity.xxx) is added to the specification tree. such as tension. only on the End section. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. or on none. on both. Click OK to create the lofted surface. In the Spine tab page.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. The surface (identified as Blend. You can select several cutting elements.14. A preview of the split appears. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. In that case.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Click the Blend icon . 67 . The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. Set the tension type using the Tension tab.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. translating and rotating. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. The Blend Definition dialog box appears.needed. taking a number of constraints into account. 4. Select the cutting element.13. select one or more guide curves. and so forth. Successively select the first curve and its support.
You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. In that case it appears as a separate Split. The Trim Definition dialog box appears.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Click OK to split the element. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Click the Trim icon .The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. A preview of the trimmed element appears. 68 . 4. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.14.xxx element in the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. Click the Boundary icon . Select an edge or the face of an element.). This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. points.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. The selected element is highlighted.4. Select a Surface edge. Click OK to extract the element. Click OK to create the boundary curve. No propagation. 69 . without deleting the initial element. Click the Extract icon .14. and so forth. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. or Tangent continuity. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. a point on the curve for example. The extracted element (identified as Extract.xxx) is added to the specification tree.14. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. solids. 4. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed.
4.14. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.14. 4.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. or more.14. plane or planar surface. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. line or surface element. Click the Translate icon . Click OK. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. 4. Select the element to be transformed by affinity.14. Select the Vector Definition. Select the scaling reference point.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Select the element to be rotated.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click OK to create the translated element. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. 4. Click OK to create the scaled element. The element (identified as Translate . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. point. Select the element to be translated. Click the Rotate icon . Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Select a point. Click OK to create the rotated element. Select a line as the rotation axis.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4. Click the Symmetry icon .9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation.14. Click the Scaling icon . line or plane as reference element. Click the Affinity icon .
Other options available are Simplify the result. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. 71 . Ignore erroneous elements.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Merging distance. federation. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature.14. Select the surface to be Extrapolated.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary.operation. Click the Join icon. Z values. Angle Tolerance. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Y. 4. Sub-Elements To Remove. Click OK to create the affinity element.14. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. 4. Click the Extrapolate icon . Select a surface Boundary.
define the distance below which elements are to be healed. while the surface is restored. Select the surfaces to be healed.4. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. From the Parameters tab. 72 .14. Click the Healing icon. 4. Click OK to create the healed surfaces.14. you can retain sharp edges. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. Provided the Tangent mode is active.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The surface (identified as Heal. Select the surface which limits should be restored. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. by clicking the Sharpness tab. Select the surface which limits should be restored.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. and selecting one or more edges. Click OK in the dialog box.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. You can also set the Distance objective. A progression bar is displayed. The Untrim dialog box is displayed.
Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar.14. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. The selected element is disassembled. i. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. while the surface is being disassembled. Click the Curve Smooth icon . Select the curve to be smoothed.e.4. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. A progression bar is displayed. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. A progression bar indicates the . To warn you that an update is needed. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. that can be manipulated independently. and type of discontinuity (point. Click OK in the dialog box. fill the gaps. To update the part.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. manual update. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. 73 . A resulting element can be made of several cells.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design.14. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. that is to say independent elements are created. 4. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. Select the element to be disassembled. To update a part.
18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. 4. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. CATIA displays this new Open_body. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature.x. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. indicating that it is the active open body. The Change Body dialog box appears. It is underlined. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . select the branch of your choice. In the specification tree. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. removing open body entities and changing body. in the specification tree. inserting open body entities.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. 4. The result is immediate. Select the new body where the open body is to be located.4. This involves. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command.
if it was visible.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. Click the Extremum icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. or a pad. or becomes visible. 5. when combined with other products such as Part Design. Min. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. if it was hidden. 5. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. Set the correct options: Max. edges or faces). Select a curve. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. 5. a surface.command. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. The point (identified as Extremum.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. The open body or it’s content is hidden. Click OK. according to given directions. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD.
or filleted surfaces. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. the results can be: Min radius. Max radius. is added to the specification tree. Min angle. Click OK to create the extremum point. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Click the Polar Extremum icon . lofted. on a planar contour. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . 5. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. This task shows how to create a spine. Max angle. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Click OK. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears.xxx). The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. The spine is displayed. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. a point in this case. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. Click Preview. 76 . Click Preview. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. You can also select a start point. Successively select planes. Depending on the selected computation type.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click OK to create the spine.
Click OK to create the element. Select the reference Curve to be offset.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. select the support surface and a direction. Click the Combine icon . The combine (identified as Combine. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. whether closed or open. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. Key in an angle. 5. Click the Reflect Lines icon . that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Successively select the two curves to be combined. Click the Parallel Curve icon . representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.5. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears.
Select points on guide to add other sections. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options.5. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Select the Tools -> Options command. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. 5. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. When designing the profile to be swept. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select the Guiding curve. The General tab displays.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. 6. Assembly Design 78 . You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. The Reference surface is optional. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. The Options dialog box is displayed. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve.
select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. You can use parts to create products. 6. you need products. In the specification tree. 6. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.2. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench.2. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.2 Inserting a Components 6. 6. The structure of your assembly now 79 . Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The Product2 (Product2. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The Assembly Design workbench is opened.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. To create an assembly. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree.1) is created in the . select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1.2. 6.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch.1).3 Inserting a New Part icon. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. In the specification tree.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly.
Select the component you wish to instantiate. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. To define the direction of creation. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. Click OK to create the components. on another component for example. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. The operation is very simple. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. 6. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . The result is immediate. 6. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Select the component you wish to instantiate.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. If geometry exists in the assembly. However. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. you should keep in mind the 80 . You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. In the specification tree. 6. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon .This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. check x-axis. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. The application previews the location of the new components.
1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. As the contact constraint is created. The components involved and their status are indicated. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. 6. The selected component is orange framed (default color). You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. Select the second face to be constrained. Click the Contact Constraint icon .5.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. indicating orientations. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Green graphic symbols are 81 . Double-clicking activates it. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Depending on the selected elements. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. coaxiality or coplanarity. opposite. Same. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . you may obtain concentricity. 6.5. Select the face to be constrained.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Select the faces to be constrained.
5. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Select the faces to be constrained. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. which means setting an absolute position.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. that is the light blue . click More to expand the dialog box. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. 6. Select the faces to be constrained. 82 . Keep the Angle option. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . you will have to define an angle value. This operation is referred to as "Fix". The constraint is created. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). Click OK to create the offset constraint. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. When setting an angle constraint.5.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. The components involved and their status are indicated. 6.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. By fixing its position according to other components. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. which means setting a relative position. Click the Offset Constraint icon . Click the Angle Constraint icon .4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. 6. Select the component to be fixed. you need to specify how faces should be oriented.5. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Click OK to create the angle component. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). In the dialog box that appears. This constraint is added to the specification tree.
Offset.5.5. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. but they must belong to the active component. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. Click the Fix Together icon . Moving one of them moves the other one too. Click OK. In the Name field. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. You can select as many components as you wish.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Select the new type of constraint. displaying the list of selected components.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. 6. not necessarily in the active component. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. The Fix Together dialog box appears. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. 6.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. The Change Type dialog box that appears. Click the Change Constraint icon . Select the constraint to be changed. 83 .5. The components are attached to each other. 6. You can select any constraints. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Angle and Parallelism. Move the fixed component. displays all possible constraints. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to validate the operation. Coincidence. The first constraint in the list can now be set. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. Select the two entities to be constrained.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements.
6. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . The constraint is deactivated. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. create a new instance. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. The default color is black. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. indicating they need an update. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. The assembly is updated. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. cut & paste the original component. 6. Select the Tools -> Options command. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. Click the Update icon whole assembly. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design.5. The constraints are in black. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. three options are available: Reuse the original component. 6. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Select any activated constraint. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. 84 . The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. Using no associativity: the option is off. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. To do so.
y or z-axis. The new component "xxx on RectPattern.8 Moving Components 6. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command.1" is displayed below this entity.8.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. 6.Click OK to repeat the second component.8. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. You can move your component along the x. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. You can rotate your component around the x. If you use the option "generated constraints".1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. The third row is reserved for rotations. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. Depending on the selected elements. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. 85 . y or z-axis as well as in the xy. you will obtain different results. yz and xz planes.xx" is displayed in the tree. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. 6.
The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. The line is projected onto the plane. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. reference plane or cylinder axis). The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. Z. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. The plane passes through the line. Click the Sectioning icon. it creates constraints. The section plane is automatically created. 6. The point is projected onto the plane. 6. A Preview window. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. The point is projected onto the line.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. Optionally. Both lines become collinear. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. 86 . move and rotate the section plane. edge. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. showing the generated section.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes.8. also appears. invert the normal vector of the plane.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points.
Pocket. Within a scene. The active product at least must include two components. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. Hole. the graphical attributes of the components. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. which in turn must contain one part at least. Remove. For instance modify: viewpoint. show-no show. Add. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. To edit an assembly split. keep in mind the following.10. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. Click the Create Scene icon . Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Perform the required modifications. Perform a Symmetry. click them to reverse the direction. 6. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. Click OK to confirm. Click Ok to end the scene creation.X' in assembly features available in history tree. graphical attributes. 6. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. double-click 'Assembly Split.6.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed.
6. Click Apply to perform the operation. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Click the Explode icon . Clearance + Contact + Clash. Keep All levels set by default. Inside one selection. Keep it. 3D is the default type. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. if necessary. Selection against all. keep the selection as it is. Click Apply to check for interferences. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Set the explode type.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. 88 . interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. 6. Between two selections. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results.they were in the initial product. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact.
1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. Select Tools -> Options. 89 . then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. The General tab appears. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. Move components. containing three categories of options: External References.14. Click the Mechanical Design category. 6.14. Access to geometry. Click the Mechanical Design category. Click the Infrastructure category. displaying the following options: Update. command.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options.14.6. Quick Constraint..2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. then the Assembly Design subcategory.. then the Assembly Design subcategory. The General tab appears. Update and Delete Operation 6. Constraint Creation.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6.
a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. Click OK.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. Select the Drafting workbench. from the menu bar... 7. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet.7. You may also add. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. as well as information on the drawing standards. interactive or generated views. . 7. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. Select the 90 .
7. If you click this view.Drawing workbench. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. 91 . select the ISO standard.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. Select the orientation type. The new sheet automatically appears. Even though you then delete sheet1. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. The non-active views are framed in blue. The active view is framed in red. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). the view to be created is framed in green.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. From the New Drawing dialog box. and click OK. until you click at the desired view location. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. and then click OK. Select the 1:1 scale. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. When you create a view. or the A0 ISO format. 7.
Blue arrows appear. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). 7. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. select the Properties option from the contextual menu.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Click the Drawing window. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). You can perform an update. Select object. is detected. Right-click the frame of the view. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. You can update all views or a selection of views. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Any modification applied to the specifications. respectively. 7. relatively to the front view previously generated. a previewed projection 92 . Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar.Start creating the front view. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Click on sheet to place front view. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. As you move the cursor. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side.
Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Click an edge on the view. together with the top view. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. 93 . Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. 7. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. In sectioning through irregular objects. at any time. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Click to position the callout. use Undo or Redo icons.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. completely describes the object. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. for example the right view position.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. This auxiliary view. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. you can. 7. Click to position the auxiliary view. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. Click the Drawing window.
Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. Click to generate the view. 7. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. In this particular case. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. 7. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. You can modify this scale. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. Click the callout center. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. and click the Aligned Section Cut . It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile.7. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). In order to include in a section certain angled elements. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). you will select the Clipping 94 . we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. Or. Click to generate the detail view. the dialog is exactly the same. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile.
and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears.Profile View icon . 7. If needed.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Click on the sheet. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. Red zones appear. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Double-click to end 95 . 7. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. as well as blue manipulators appear. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the 3D part. Click the first point of the breakout profile. the left. Click the Drawing window. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. translate the profile. Click the Drawing window. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. 7. A breakout view is often a partial section. the top. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. the right.
the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Click next add any other view if required. Click the Drawing window. At creation. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. 7. or all views in the drawing. the Top view. Bottom view. views are by default linked to the parent view. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Left view and Right view). Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Once you are satisfied.18 Scaling a View 96 . Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. 7. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. select Selected objects -> isolate.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. 7.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). Select the CATPart document. Click to position the left view. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). and right-click them. 7. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. From the contextual menu. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. transforming a generated view into an interactive view.
if you are in the background view. 7.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. section views and section cuts. 7. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . In this case. you can pre-define the position. For modifying the detail and section callout. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. Balloons generated 7. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. The detail view is updated. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Before positioning the Bill of Material.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. or parts list. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. right-click the detail view. go to Product Structure workbench. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. 97 . Click OK. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. If needed. In this particular case. This view is now active. double-click the front view. This Bill of Material.
Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. 7. On the view for which the dimension are generated. radius. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. Right-click the pattern to be modified. 4. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. only sketched constraints are generated.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. Double-click the callout to be modified. On views including more dimensions.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. 7.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. distance. distance The dimensions below: 98 . For example. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. diameter Angle. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. the section view is automatically updated. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. On the view with a bigger scale. Then click OK in this Pattern table. 2. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. 3. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly.
The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. by default.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part.23. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Click OK to close the dialog box. there is only one) is automatically displayed. radius and diameter. dimensions are generated on all the views. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. 7. length. In the case of drawings with several views. Dimensions 99 .2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. to start the dimension generation. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. angle.23. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance.
Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7.24 Creating a Datum Feature . 7. the anchor point will be an arrow. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. The geometrical tolerance is created. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). Select an element (geometry. not generated. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point).Click the Not Generated option . The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). If you select a dimension or a text. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. If you select a point in the free space. The datum feature is created.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). no leader will be created. Enter the desired character string. on the contrary. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Click OK. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. dimension. 100 . Click OK when you're done. If you select an element. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. if needed. the anchor point will be a small balloon. This task will show you how to create a datum feature.
101 . Set the properties of a text. If needed. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. and select Text Properties.7. size. 7. etc.26 Annotations 7. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it.26. Choose View -> Toolbars. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end).26.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. dimension text. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. justification. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. text with leader. such as font style. A red frame appears. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. balloon and datum target. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. Text properties can be applied to text.
You can enter another string or value as needed. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar.6. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field.26. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). Ra=1. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. 102 . Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product.7. For example.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click OK. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed.26. Enter values in the desired field(s). If needed. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). Open any CATProduct document. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. 7.26.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. 7. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. Click OK. Go over one of the part with your cursor. On this CATProduct document. Select an element.
Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. and insert views. Click OK.27 Editing Properties 103 . switch lines and columns. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click OK. 7. The welding leader will appear. 7. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. and then click to validate.26.26. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. import a table. You can also split a table. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. The welding symbol is created. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. invert lines. invert columns.7. If needed. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. merges cells. Click the icon to launch the command.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. Click ok to validate the creation. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). Select the two elements. If needed. rows. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. insert columns. In this table.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. 7. and insert a view in a table. you can add text. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table.26. modify the geometry-welding symbol.
edit annotation font properties. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. if needed. Scale: the scale of the view. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. 3D spec. Fillets. you can create a formula for the view name. 3D Wireframe. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Choose the View tab. no more modification allowed in the view. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Choose your options. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. 3D Points. dress-up elements. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Lines and Curves option. Dress up: Hidden lines. Among other things. if needed. Click OK. Axis. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Center line. Click the Graphic Tab. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. 3D Colors. Thread. Right-click on the front view and select properties. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp).This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Lock view: if you check this option.
The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. click the Font tab. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. Modify the available options. frame. 7. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. In the Properties dialog box that appears. edit dimension value properties. or leader). Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Modify the available options. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. In other words. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and.then select the Edit-> Properties command. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. if needed. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Grid: To define your grid. edit dimension text properties. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. if needed. The associated panel is displayed. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. Select the Tools->Options command. 105 . This option is used to rotate text elements (text. The Options dialog box appears.
c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. View axis: When you activate a view. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. following it dynamically during the creation process. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. In addition. To activate this mode. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Select the Dimension tab in Options. As a result. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. when you update the drawing. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. the dimension is automatically re-computed. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset.
Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Analysis after generation. Generate centerlines. Select the Geometry tab. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Allow automatic transfer between views. 107 . The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Horizontality and verticality. if a component is used two times within a product. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Apply 3D specification. View tab): Generate axis. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. end points included. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Select the Generation tab. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Project 3D points. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. either or not using SmartPick. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Alignment.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. 3D colors inheritance. Hidden lines. Generate threads. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. then the balloon will be generated twice. Filters before generation. Automatic positioning after generation. Parallelism. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Generate fillet. Project 3D wireframe. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Properties option. or still adding constraints to this geometry. perpendicularity and tangency. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . If all of the detection options are unchecked.
This element is used as positioning reference. f)Annotations 108 . scaling factor or frame to appear. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. you can define that you want or not the view name. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. As a result. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. and only visualized by. Constraint diagnostics. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. If you click the other color of the elements switch button.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. the following dialog box appears. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. For this before callout creation check this option. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Select the Layout tab. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. the sketch. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets.
It is now possible to customize the settings. For this: Select the Tools -> Options.. Press OK. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. according to the orientation. Select the Annotation tab. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them.You can customize given options when creating annotations. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. Select the Edit->Links command. as you will choose to load the referenced document. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. command.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. 7. or both. no matter what the view scale is. In this particular case. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid.. 109 . Activate the settings. press the shift key. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Press OK.
Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. True Length Dimension 8. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Create Constraints. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. View. Force Dimension on Element. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. Snap to Point. 8. Create Detected Constraints.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select.8. To modify these colors. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. if needed. Then check Activate analysis display mode and.2 Creating Views 110 . go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View.
Click the New View icon . Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. double-click on this isometric view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. Right-click the view used as reference. Press OK. In other words. Press OK. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. 8. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. This is true for any kind of view. by double-clicking on this view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. a left view and a right view. you can create: a top view. For this. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). In other words. a bottom view. From an active front view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. In this case. A blue axis displays in a red frame. For example. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. modified in this dialog box. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . dimensions. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Click the Drawing window.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. 8. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view).3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view.
you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. using the Action-Object mode. if needed. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. circle. hyperbola.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. 8. ellipse. select an arc of a circle in the front view. In this case. in another view. Add elements to an existing view. Select. 112 .geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. and then transformed into the receiving view. In this case. You will first add elements to an existing view. select a circle in the top view. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. parabola. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. At any time. using the ObjectAction mode. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. curve). using the Action-Object mode. the object to be projected. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Select more elements to be projected.
Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar.Create an isometric view from scratch. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. select the whole front view. Select the object defining the view to be created. using the Object-Action mode. 113 . In this case.
isometric views. as you want. etc. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. Select the view and right-click the view frame. In the Visualization and Behavior area. 8. Click OK.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements.8. details views. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. You can reframe any type of view: front views.6 Reframing a View In this task. a distance constraint. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. In the contextual menu. Click on the frame to select it. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . If you want constraints to be created. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. choose Properties. clipping views. a configuration. The frame can only be rectangular. select the Visual Clipping check box. a mode: measured or constraining mode. Click the View tab.
click the Dimensions icon. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . In the Constraint Definition dialog box. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. If you choose this constraint. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. you can only create constraints between similar elements. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. 8. When creating dimensions on elements. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. Click a first element in the view. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. click a second element in the view. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. click in the drawing. 8. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). The software proposes you parallelism by default. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. On the Dimensioning toolbar. you will learn how to create dimensions. In other words.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. If needed. or between generated elements. you can preview the dimensions to be created. 8. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. In other words. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. these relations will be taken into account. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. but not between a mix of these.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element.
Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Select the reference line. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. click the centerline. i. Red end points appear.toolbar). a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. 8. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. Select a circle. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. you can also access the Properties options. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. If you right-click the dimension before creation. 8. 116 . Click to validate the dimension creation. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. and then the second element. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select the dimension.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements.e.
The axes and centerlines are created. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. Click the Drawing window. In this particular case. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. Select two lines. The axis line is created.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. you will apply a thread to a hole. The thread is created according to this reference. dotting or coloring). generated elements. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. part-generated elements. Click the Drawing window. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. Click the Drawing window. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. . Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. The thread is created. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. from the (Tools toolbar). Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. Click the Drawing window. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. part-sketched. Select the Reference Thread type option line. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. The Tap type option activated by default. In the Pattern dialog box.
Click the Drawing window. The Area Detection dialog box appears. For the purpose of this exercise. which represents the fillet edge. under the line. To modify the position of the arrow.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. Select Add a Breakpoint. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. you can drag it to change the arrow path. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. A contextual menu appears. 118 . The arrow and the selected object are associative. The arrow is created. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar.