INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. cost. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. 1. and costs are generally lower. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. For that we need level three: SM systems. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . and the results can be used to build a real prototype. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. not just that of exterior. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. and flexibility. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date.Generally. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. and are less expensive. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. Moreover. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production.

the “model” knows whether a point is inside. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. By its nature. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. 1. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. 8 . centre of gravity. to be sure. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. 1.4 LAYOUTS. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. outside. weight. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. 1.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. rather than a part of engineering. In this way. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. or on the surface of the object in question. DESIGN.systems to handle architectural problems. so mass properties (volume. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. surface area. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate.

e. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. 9 . it remains a challenge.1. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. Without solids. Once created. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. and then select Edit. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). 2. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. To do this from the 3D. and the origin and orientation of the axis system.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. With solid. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. or select a planar surface.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. but one that can be surmounted. automation of process planning is also impossible. if you need for more complex sketches 2. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems.

this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. 2. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. in which you specify the reference plane. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon .2. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. i. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. . on some occasions. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. Snap to Point If activated. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Construction elements 10 .e. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design.

graphically speaking. uses edges. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. As a result. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. 2. 11 . and only visualized by. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. These elements cannot be modified. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). the sketch. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. These elements are used as positioning references.

on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. whenever possible. Using SmartPick.6 Creating Constraints 2. at the midpoint of a line. at the extremity point of a curve.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. The constraints are in priority dimensional. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. . at the center of a circle or an ellipse. the 2. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. According to the various active options. at the intersection point of two curves. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed.6. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. any of the above cases possibly combined together. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. two or three elements. using coordinates. all over a curve. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. SmartPick will return information via symbols. on a point.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active).

These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. For editing. Parallelism or Perpendicular). coincidence and tangency. they are checked in the dialog box. 13 . Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. If constraints already exist. You can either select the geometry or the command first. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. These constraints are in priority: concentricity.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Angle. the application displays it in green. Once the profile is fully constrained. Select a first element. Select a second element. Select the profile to be constrained. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance.6. 2. Coincidence.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. by default.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Click OK to constrain the sketch. 2. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. double-click the constraint you wish to edit.6. Fix. 2.6. Horizontal.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. This constraint can be created between either two elements.

Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. 14 . default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle.2. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).

Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click to create the parallelogram. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. You are going to define the (i) circle center. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 .d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).

When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). circle centers appear on the sketch. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). m) Creating an Arc 16 . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. By default. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. Click three elements.

center and apex. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). and then the hyperbola two extremity points. end. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. a) The arc center point. To create a Parabola click the focus. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. middle. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. start point and end point. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). There are three possibilities. b) Through three points . r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline.It shows how to create an arc. middle. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline.start. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. Double-click to end the spline. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. To create a hyperbola click the focus. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. end. c) Through three points –start. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. Clicking another command ends the spline too. s) Creating a Conic 17 .

To edit. Click two points on the two existing lines. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. if needed. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. a circle. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. one after the other. a parabola or a hyperbola. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. Click the line first point (first point). in accordance with both points previously clicked. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar).This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. x) Creating an Axis 18 . As a result. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar.

Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. 2. In this task.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. of course you can create this point manually. Select a first line (or an axis). You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Select a second line (or an axis). This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but.This task shows how to create an axis.

The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Trim All / First / No element.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Select the two lines. Select the two lines. Length1/Angle. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Create two intersecting lines. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. the first or none of the elements. You can create rounded corners between curves. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). The Trim All option is the command activated by default. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. . The second line is also highlighted. Select the first line. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Select the two curves. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Length1/Length2. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar.

7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. These options are Rubber In. a three point arc.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). and Break. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. The arc will now be closed. The line is now composed of two movable segments. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. For example. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The complementary arc appears for selected arc. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. a construction line or an axis. Select the line to be broken. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). 21 from the Sketch tools . ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. Create a three points arc. Rubber out. Select one or more elements to be relimited.

you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Select or click the rotation center point. Enter the number of copies you need. Select the geometry to be rotated. Here. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. multi-select the entire profile. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Multi-selection is not available. enter a precise value for the translation length. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. The duplicate mode is activated by default. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. In other words. Select or click a point to define an angle. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. if needed. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Select the element(s) to be translated.

Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. There are two possibilities. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. The selected line is duplicated. Select the surface. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The intersection is yellow. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. Both lines are parallel. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). If the line is not already selected. the line to be created appears immediately. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). arc or circle. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. These 23 . These projections are yellow. by creating several offset instances. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. select it. The line to be created appears. Select the face of interest. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane.

2. Primary spacing. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. You can now sketch the required profile. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. 2. In other words. The Sketcher tab appears.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. The Options dialog box appears. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. Graduations. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. Expand the Mechanical Design option. and then click Sketcher. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. in the Tools toolbar.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. 2. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. It indicates the overall 24 .

3. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. 25 .Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. This application. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. which is fully integrated into Part Design. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. The New dialog box is displayed. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Actually. offers a highly productive. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. from simple to advance. To open it. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. b) the geometry area. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. c) specific toolbars. 3. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document.

Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface.3.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Y. 3.2. Circle center: Creating point of a circle.2.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Between: Creating point between two other points. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. . Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. ellipse. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. 3. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Use the combo to choose the desired line type.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. 26 . Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface.

The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Pocket. Click the Plane icon . Some operations consist in adding material. 27 . Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane.2. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. 3.Regardless of the line type. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Once you have defined the plane.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. others in removing material.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Loft. Slot. and Remove Loft. In this section. Shaft. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Rib. Groove. it is represented by a red square symbol.

The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. if you extrude a profile. Up to Surface.Up to Last. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. 3. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion.3. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. the application specifies the length of your pad. 28 . Just click the More button and define the second limit. By default. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions.3. If you wish to define another length for this direction. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.3. You will notice that by default. Up to Plane. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. For each of them.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values.

up to last. 3. up to plane.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. up to surface. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.3. using different length values. To specify another direction. set the Type parameter to Dimension. Note 29 .3. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Click the Pocket icon . You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. To define a specific depth. if you extrude a profile. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . The specification tree indicates this creation. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. Select the profile to be extruded. Click OK to create the pocket. Double-click Pocket to edit it.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. Alternatively.3. By default. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction.

You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The profile is previewed in dotted line. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. For the purposes of our scenario. Once you have done your modifications. you do not have to select the axis. Enter Thickness1 's value. You need an open or closed profile. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.3. Select the open profile. Enter Thickness2 's value. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Click the Shaft icon . 3. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. The method described here is also valid for pockets. Consequently. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. 3. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. If needed. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. Material has been added to the other side of the profile.3. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. For each of them. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. Alternatively. and click Preview to see the result. select LIM1 or 30 . Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. pockets and stiffeners. and click Preview to see the result.

Click OK to confirm. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. If needed. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis.3. 3. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The specification tree mentions it has been created. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. Select the profile. Click OK to confirm the 31 . Consequently. Click the Groove icon . For the purposes of our scenario. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. you do not have to select the axis. The shaft is created. This task shows you how to create a groove. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. Click Preview to see the result. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.

Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole.3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. By default. 3.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. you need a center curve. you can enter the values of your choice.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 .operation. 3. but you can use standard values. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user.3. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face.3. To define a thread. To define a rib.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. 3. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm.

To define this direction. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. New options are then available. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. The application now previews the rib to be created.3. It should be a closed profile. 3.11 Slot 33 . Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Click the Rib icon . You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. The rib is created.2. Click OK. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Select the profile you wish to sweep. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. it can be discontinuous in tangency.element or a pulling direction. you can select a plane or an edge. The specification tree mentions this creation. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. To create Rib.

It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the volume. a planar profile. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. you need a center curve. The feature (identified as Loft. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Reference surface. It is closed. the application computes a spine. 3. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Click the Slot icon . By default. Tangency. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Select the three section curves. Pulling direction. To define a slot. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. The resulting feature is a closed volume. Vertices. They are highlighted in the geometry area. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. You can note that by default.xxx) is added to the specification tree. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. 34 . Select the profile.3. Tangency then curvature.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. Click the Loft icon .

the application computes a spine. Click the Remove Loft icon .3. 3. Click OK to create the lofted surface. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. If you need to use an open profile. .14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. Select the profile to be extruded. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.3.3. The feature (identified as Loft. By default. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.

CATIA displays the radius value. Click the Edge Fillet icon . This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Check the Neutral Fiber option. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. The specification tree indicates it has been created. 3.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Select the edges. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. Optionally click Preview to see the result. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. 36 . The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. When filleting an edge. Tangency. Conversely. you can then trim the fillets to be created. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal.4.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. Click OK. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. The stiffener is created.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. If you set the Tangency mode. depending on the radius value you specified.

3. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created.4. 3. The faces are filleted. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. This creation is indicated in the specification tree.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. Instead of entering a radius value. 3. Select the faces to be filleted.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Click OK. Depending on the curve's shape. Select the face to be removed. 3. The fillet will be tangent to this face. the application chamfers its edges.4. Select the faces to be filleted. The specification tree indicates this creation. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. Click OK. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Click OK.4. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.5 Basic Draft 37 .4. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.

Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Parting element: this plane. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. Click OK. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. If Keep Parting =Neutral. This element will remain the same during the draft.4. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Material has been removed & the face is drafted.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . 3. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction.

select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box.4.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . Select the face to be drafted.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it.4. To edit the other angle value. 3. Select the face to be removed. The reflect line is moved accordingly. The feature is shelled.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. indicating the default pulling direction. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears.9 Thickness 39 . while keeping a given thickness on its sides. To add a point on the edge. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. You can add as many points as you wish. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . Click OK to confirm. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. Enter the Default inside thickness field. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. 3. The selected face becomes purple. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. 3. Select face as the neutral element. Select the face. Click the Shell icon . The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears.4. click the Points field. Click OK. This line is used to support the drafted faces.

The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Click the Thickness icon . Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Click OK. Enter a positive value. You can also specify the direction by means of X. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Check the Left-Threaded option. The application previews the thread.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Specify the translation distance by entering a value.4. Click the Translate icon . This task shows you how to translate a body. This creation appears in the specification tree. Y. Click Preview. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Click OK to create the translated element. The element (identified as Translate. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. Select the upper face as the limit face. Click the Thread/Tap icon . Enter the thread depth. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to confirm. 3. 3.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3.5. but the thread (identified as Thread. Select the faces to thicken. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values.xxx) is added to the specification tree. pitch value. Limit faces must be planar. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. 40 . The part is thickened accordingly.

3. Click OK to create the rotated element.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . 3. The element (identified as Rotate. Select an edge as the rotation axis. Select a point.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The new element (identified as Symmetry. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The command applies to current bodies.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The pads are mirrored. The element is rotated.5. Click the Symmetry icon .4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. The application previews the material to be created. line or plane as reference element. The specification tree mentions this creation. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. Click the Mirror icon . Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. 3.3. Click the Rotate icon . Click OK to create the symmetrical element.5. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Click OK to confirm the operation. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference.5. Enter a value for the rotation angle.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.

The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon .5. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. If needed. Select the feature you wish to copy. Instances & angular spacing. Angular spacing & total angle.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. 42 . Click OK. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. These features accelerate the creation process. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Defining the spacing along the grid. Click the Circular Pattern icon . check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction.This is the resulting pattern. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Patterns let you do so. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. The feature "RectPattern. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. complete crown.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Instances & Spacing. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Let the Instances & Spacing option. circular and user patterns. Spacing & Length. Now.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern.

Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. 3. you are going to add a crown to your part. Click the Scaling icon . Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Click OK.5. Select the reference point located on the body. Select the feature you wish to duplicate.6. Click Preview. These points are created in the Sketch.5. One more ring of pads will be added. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Click OK. The feature appears in the Object field. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. To do so.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. Now. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. This axis will be normal to the face.6 Measuring 3. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. click the Crown Definition tab. The body is scaled. Click the User Pattern icon . 3. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. 3.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Select the body to be scaled. Click OK. The pad will be repeated seven times. you can select an edge or a planar face. The specification tree indicates this creation.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . To define a direction.

Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. The Measure Item dialog box appears.6. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Click the Measure Between icon. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. surfaces. or an entire product (selection 2).6. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. or an entire product (selection 1). vertices and entire products) or between points.). The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. 3. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). The Measure Between dialog box appears. icon in the Definition box. Click the Measure Item icon. edge or vertex. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. Click to select a surface. If exact values cannot be measured. Click to select another surface. surfaces and entire products). By default. edge or vertex.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. Switch to Design Mode. edges. edges. etc. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. This command lets you choose the selection mode. 3. edges.3 Measuring Inertia 44 .

volume (volumes only).1 Split You can split a body with a plane. 3. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. Click OK. The measure is made on the selection. geometry or assembly. Click the Split icon . density and mass of the selected item. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. The area. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. the dialog box also gives the area. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. Material has been removed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. face or surface. you can click it to reverse the direction. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. density. The body is split. indicating the splitting element.7.7 Surface-Based Features 3. Select the splitting surface. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. In addition to the center of gravity G.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. 45 . Click the Measure Inertia icon. you must select the desired sub-product.

The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.INITIAL 3. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. If you need to reverse the arrow. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. Click the Close Surface icon . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. Select the surface to be closed.7. Select the object you wish to thicken.7. that is the extrude element. just click it. The surface is thickened. The surface is closed . In the geometry area. Click OK. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. INITIAL 3. Click the Thick Surface icon .3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. 46 . Click OK.

Some material has been removed. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. Click OK. INITIAL FINAL 47 . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.INITIAL FINAL 3. indicating the object to be sewn. Click the arrow to reverse the direction.7.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. The surface is sewn onto the body. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. Click the Sew Surface icon . Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body.

CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. This is your new Part Body. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. To assemble them.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. indicating that it is the active body. When your part includes several bodies.3. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. Assembling Bodies. It allows you to create complex geometry. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part.8.x" in the specification tree. You will notice that Part Body and Body. Removing Bodies. material has been added. The result is immediate.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. It is underlined. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. Click the Insert Body icon. During the operation. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. By default. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body.8. 3. Now. Click OK to confirm. Trimming Bodies. if you wish to combine them. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. Intersecting Bodies. INITIAL 48 .x are autonomous. 3.

the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . Adding a body to another one means uniting them. By default. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.8. Click the Add icon .3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body.FINAL 3.

1 has been removed. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.Part Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 . Click OK.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. 3.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. and Delete Operation.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. you just need to use the Isolate command. Update. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. 4..This task shows you how to set general settings. containing three categories of options: External References. which means that if they are shared by other features. Select the Tools -> Options. command Click the Infrastructure category. Click the Infrastructure category. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Geometry.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. you often need to select other elements as inputs.9. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. When creating a geometric element. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. The General tab appears. and their origins when you are editing these elements. The Options dialog box is displayed. External References.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. Delete Operation .Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.. The tab appears. then Display tab.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. they will not be deleted. copied elements for example. Update. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.. Select the Tools -> Options command. When selecting a sketch as 54 ..

Click OK to create the planes. the last and first instances are the curve end points. some restrictions apply.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. in only one operation. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. depending on the feature you are creating. 4. Select a curve or a Point on curve. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes.3 Creating Polylines 55 . Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon .1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Define the number or points to be created (instances field).the input element. 4. Click the Planes Repetition icon . Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. 4. If you check the with end points option. The Planes Between dialog box appears.

56 . Two points and radius. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. The circle (identified as Circle. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Click the Polyline icon . These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Center and point. Enter all input as specified.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. The Circle Definition dialog box appears.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Click the Circle icon . Bitangent and point . Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Three points. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center.Tritangent. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Bitangent and radius . The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Enter a Radius value. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed.

4. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Replace the selected point by another point. Add a point before the selected point. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. 57 . Click the Spline icon . and select a support. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. You can select the Geometry on support check box.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. Remove the selected point.

7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. Click OK to create the helix. 58 . Profile. Starting Angle. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Several solutions may be possible.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4.4. Click the Helix icon . The corner will be created between these two references. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Select two curves as reference element. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Click the Corner icon . The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Enter a Radius value. Taper Angle. The helical curve (identified as Helix. such as coils and springs for example. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support surface. Orientation.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Click OK to create the corner. Height. Select a starting point and an axis. The reference elements must lie on this support.

8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Click OK to create the connect curve. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. that is a in 2D plane. Click the Connect Curve icon . that is the distance from the Center point. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed.4. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. along the Reference direction. when the spiral is defined by an angle. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Tangency or Curvature.Define the spiral's Orientation. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. 4.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Click the Spiral icon . Specify the Start radius value. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve.

Select the Support element. The Projection Definition dialog box appears.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The projection is added to the specification tree. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. You can select several elements to be projected. 4. hyperbolas or ellipses. passing points or tangents. Select the element to be projected. 60 . Click the Conic icon . The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Click OK to create the projection element.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. The projection may be normal or along a direction.4. Click the Projection icon . Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction.

A Contour. Click the Intersection icon . 61 . lines. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone.) 4. Click OK to create the intersection element. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. etc. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. Select the two elements to be intersected. Point.xxx) is added to the specification tree. A Face. The intersection is displayed. This element (identified as Intersect.Fill in the conic curve parameters.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. Avoid using input elements. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears.

4. Click OK to create the surface. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. 62 .13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. lofting and sweeping.13. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Geometry with no history is called a datum. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not.4.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Click the Extrude icon .

Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. and angular limits.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. Click OK to create the surface. 4. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.13. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. The spherical surface is based on a center point.13.4. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. Click the Revolve icon . You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation.

An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. Select the surface to be offset. Select the center point of the sphere. 4. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. one on each side of the reference surface. Click the Offset icon .4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. along 64 . Click Apply to previews the offset surface. Click Apply to preview the surface. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator.13. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Click OK to create the surfaces.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Click OK to create the surface. 4.dialog box is displayed.13.

Click the Circle icon. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. With reference curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Sweep icon . The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Sweep icon . If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. then use the combo to choose the subtype. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The five possible cases are Two limits. you can select a reference Surface. With tangency surface. With draft direction. 65 . Limit and middle. Click the Line profile icon. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. In the Smooth sweeping section. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. Select a Guide curve. select a Second Guide. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine.xxx) is added to the specification tree. With reference surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Sweep icon . If needed. select a Spine. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. If no spine is selected. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. Click the Explicit profile icon. If needed.

Remove the selected element. Click the Fill icon . Click the Sweep icon .13. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. If not.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Click OK to create the swept surface. Five guides. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Four guides. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. The surface (identified as Sweep. If 66 . 4. The surface (identified as Sweep.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree. the results may be inconsistent. Select guide curves.13.xxx) is added to the specification tree.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click OK to create the fill surface. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. Two guides. and enter a radius value. Select a passing point. 4. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Three guides. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. such as parabolas. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Conic icon. Replace the selected element by another curve. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Select one or two section curves. Click the Loft icon . a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. hyperbolas or ellipses.

14. such as tension. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. The surface (identified as Blend. only on the End section. select one or more guide curves. Tangency then curvature. 67 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. on both. Successively select the first curve and its support. 4. None. The Split Definition dialog box appears. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. Several coupling types are available.13. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. Click the Blend icon . 4. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. or on none. Select the cutting element. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. Click OK to create the lofted surface. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. that is a surface between two wireframe elements.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming.needed. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. translating and rotating. taking a number of constraints into account. Select the element to be split. In the Spine tab page.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. In that case. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. End extremity. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. then the second curve and its support. You can select several cutting elements. Click the Split icon . Tangency. Click OK. A preview of the split appears. Vertices. and so forth. continuity. 4. Start extremity.

Click OK to split the element. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. A preview of the trimmed element appears. 4.xxx element in the specification tree. 68 . You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Click the Trim icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. The Trim Definition dialog box appears.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. In that case it appears as a separate Split.14. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons.

4. Click the Extract icon . This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements.xxx) is added to the specification tree. solids. The extracted element (identified as Extract. Click OK to extract the element.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. or Tangent continuity. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements.14. Select an edge or the face of an element. and so forth. a point on the curve for example. 69 . Click OK to create the boundary curve. No propagation. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. The selected element is highlighted. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. Select a Surface edge. Click the Boundary icon .4. without deleting the initial element. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. points. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.14. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves.).

The element (identified as Translate .8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle.4. 4. Click OK. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Click the Rotate icon . The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Select the scaling reference point. Select the Vector Definition. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. 4. plane or planar surface. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Click the Affinity icon .14. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.14.14. Click OK to create the rotated element. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click the Symmetry icon . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Select a point.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4. Click OK to create the scaled element. Select a line as the rotation axis.14. or more.14. line or plane as reference element. Click OK to create the translated element. Click the Scaling icon . Click the Translate icon . Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Select the element to be translated. Select the element to be rotated. 4. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Select the element to be transformed by scaling.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. point. line or surface element.

71 . Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Merging distance.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Angle Tolerance.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Other options available are Simplify the result.operation. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Click the Extrapolate icon . The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. 4.14. Z values. Click the Join icon. 4. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Click OK to create the affinity element.14. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Select a surface Boundary. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Y. federation. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Sub-Elements To Remove. Ignore erroneous elements.

xxx) is added to the specification tree. you can retain sharp edges.14. Click OK in the dialog box. Click the Healing icon. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Select the surfaces to be healed. 4. You can also set the Distance objective.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. A progression bar is displayed. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. From the Parameters tab. and selecting one or more edges. Select the surface which limits should be restored. while the surface is restored. by clicking the Sharpness tab. The surface (identified as Heal. Provided the Tangent mode is active. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. Select the surface which limits should be restored.14.4. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. 72 . Click OK to create the healed surfaces.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces.

73 . the application provides two update modes: automatic update. that can be manipulated independently. To update a part. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. The selected element is disassembled. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements.14. Click OK in the dialog box. that is to say independent elements are created. i. while the surface is being disassembled. A progression bar is displayed. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. and type of discontinuity (point. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. A progression bar indicates the .14. To update the part. A resulting element can be made of several cells. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area).4. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. fill the gaps.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies.e. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. Select the element to be disassembled. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. Select the curve to be smoothed. manual update. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. 4. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. Click the Curve Smooth icon . To warn you that an update is needed.

There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. select the branch of your choice. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. The result is immediate. removing open body entities and changing body. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. This involves. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . The Change Body dialog box appears.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. 4. in the specification tree. 4.4. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. In the specification tree. indicating that it is the active open body. It is underlined. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body.x. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. inserting open body entities. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . CATIA displays this new Open_body. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed.

xxx) is added to the specification tree. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. Min.command. Click the Extremum icon . 5.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . The point (identified as Extremum. Click OK. when combined with other products such as Part Design.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. or becomes visible. The open body or it’s content is hidden. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. Select a curve. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. edges or faces). a surface. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. 5. if it was visible. according to given directions. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. 5. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. Set the correct options: Max. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. if it was hidden. or a pad.

This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click OK to create the spine. a point in this case. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the extremum point. Max angle. lofted.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Click Preview. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Depending on the selected computation type. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. Max radius. Click OK. is added to the specification tree. Min angle. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. You can also select a start point. The spine is displayed. 5. Click Preview. or filleted surfaces. Click the Polar Extremum icon . Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. 76 . Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves.xxx). The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. the results can be: Min radius. This task shows how to create a spine. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Successively select planes. on a planar contour.

Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. The combine (identified as Combine.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. Successively select the two curves to be combined. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Parallel Curve icon .4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 .5. Click OK to create the element. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. select the support surface and a direction. Select the reference Curve to be offset. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Click the Combine icon . Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Key in an angle. 5. The Combine Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. whether closed or open.

Assembly Design 78 . The Reference surface is optional. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. 5. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. The General tab displays. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface.5. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. When designing the profile to be swept. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . 6. Select the Guiding curve. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Select points on guide to add other sections. Select the Tools -> Options command. The Options dialog box is displayed.

Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.2. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. The structure of your assembly now 79 .2 Inserting a Components 6. 6. 6. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. 6. 6.2. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.3 Inserting a New Part icon.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. In the specification tree.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.2. you need products.1) is created in the . The Assembly Design workbench is opened. You can use parts to create products. The Product2 (Product2. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.1). In the specification tree.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. To create an assembly. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench.

This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. 6. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. check x-axis.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. The application previews the location of the new components. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. The result is immediate. To define the direction of creation. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. you should keep in mind the 80 . and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . Select the component you wish to instantiate. 6. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. Select the component you wish to instantiate. In the specification tree. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the components. 6. The operation is very simple. However. on another component for example. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . Setting constraints is rather an easy task.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . If geometry exists in the assembly. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component.

Select the faces to be constrained. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon .5. The components involved and their status are indicated. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. coaxiality or coplanarity. Green graphic symbols are 81 .1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Same. Click the Contact Constraint icon . Green arrows appear on the selected faces.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Select the second face to be constrained. Depending on the selected elements. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. you may obtain concentricity. 6. As the contact constraint is created. Double-clicking activates it. Select the face to be constrained. 6. indicating orientations. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined.5. The selected component is orange framed (default color). opposite.

Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 82 . By fixing its position according to other components. Click the Angle Constraint icon . you will have to define an angle value. Click OK to create the offset constraint. click More to expand the dialog box. Select the component to be fixed.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. The components involved and their status are indicated.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. which means setting an absolute position. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. which means setting a relative position. that is the light blue . Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees).5. Click OK to create the angle component. 6. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. When setting an angle constraint.5. Click the Offset Constraint icon . Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. Select the faces to be constrained. In the dialog box that appears. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). 6. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . 6. Keep the Angle option. Select the faces to be constrained. The constraint is created. This operation is referred to as "Fix".displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.5. This constraint is added to the specification tree. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space".

Moving one of them moves the other one too. You can select any constraints. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon .5. Click the Change Constraint icon . Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Select the constraint to be changed. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Select the two entities to be constrained. Angle and Parallelism.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. The Change Type dialog box that appears. The components are attached to each other. 83 . Move the fixed component. 6. Click OK to confirm. Offset. The Fix Together dialog box appears.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. 6. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. Click the Fix Together icon . This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Coincidence. displaying the list of selected components. displays all possible constraints. but they must belong to the active component. 6. In the Name field. You can select as many components as you wish. Click OK to validate the operation.5. Click OK. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. The first constraint in the list can now be set.5. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. not necessarily in the active component. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Select the new type of constraint.

refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. The assembly is updated. 6. cut & paste the original component. Using no associativity: the option is off.5. indicating they need an update. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. To do so. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. Click the Update icon whole assembly. 6. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry.6. The constraint is deactivated. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Select the Tools -> Options command. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. create a new instance. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . 84 . Select any activated constraint. The default color is black. The constraints are in black.

8 Moving Components 6. Depending on the selected elements. The third row is reserved for rotations. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. 85 . Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. yz and xz planes. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation.xx" is displayed in the tree. You can move your component along the x. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. "Reused Rectangular Pattern.1" is displayed below this entity. 6. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. You can rotate your component around the x. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. you will obtain different results. 6. If you use the option "generated constraints".8.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. y or z-axis. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations.Click OK to repeat the second component.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse.8.

The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. The point is projected onto the line. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The line is projected onto the plane.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. A Preview window. Click the Sectioning icon. The section plane is automatically created. 86 . edge. showing the generated section. invert the normal vector of the plane. reference plane or cylinder axis). The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. Z.8. 6. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. move and rotate the section plane. Both lines become collinear. The plane passes through the line. Optionally.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. also appears. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. it creates constraints. The point is projected onto the plane. 6.

Remove.6. Within a scene. show-no show. Perform a Symmetry.10. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Add. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Click the Create Scene icon . You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. the graphical attributes of the components. graphical attributes. click them to reverse the direction. the "show" or "hide" state of the components.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. Pocket. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". keep in mind the following. To edit an assembly split.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. Hole. which in turn must contain one part at least. double-click 'Assembly Split. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . For instance modify: viewpoint. The active product at least must include two components. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. Perform the required modifications. Click OK to confirm.X' in assembly features available in history tree. 6. Click Ok to end the scene creation. 6.

3D is the default type. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Inside one selection. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Keep All levels set by default. Between two selections. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Clearance + Contact + Clash.they were in the initial product. Click Apply to perform the operation. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Four computation types are available: Between all components. 6. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Click Apply to check for interferences. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Set the explode type. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Click the Explode icon . Selection against all. if necessary. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Keep it. 88 . The Explode dialog box is displayed.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. 6. keep the selection as it is. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis.

.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Click the Infrastructure category.14. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. 6.14. Select Tools -> Options. Update and Delete Operation 6. command. Access to geometry. The General tab appears. Constraint Creation.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. then the Assembly Design subcategory.. Click the Mechanical Design category. then the Assembly Design subcategory. The General tab appears.14. Move components. containing three categories of options: External References. Click the Mechanical Design category. displaying the following options: Update.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. 89 .6. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Quick Constraint.

1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. Select the Drafting workbench. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. from the menu bar.. interactive or generated views. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. Click OK. 7.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. .The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. 7.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet.7. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks.. You may also add. as well as information on the drawing standards. Select the 90 . Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.

91 . From the New Drawing dialog box. When you create a view. The active view is framed in red. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). or the A0 ISO format. and then click OK. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. Select the 1:1 scale. The new sheet automatically appears. and click OK. The non-active views are framed in blue. Even though you then delete sheet1. until you click at the desired view location. 7.Drawing workbench.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. If you click this view. select the ISO standard. 7. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. the view to be created is framed in green. Select the orientation type. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated.

Click the Drawing window. As you move the cursor. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. 7. You can perform an update. a previewed projection 92 . Select object. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. 7.Start creating the front view. Right-click the frame of the view. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Click on sheet to place front view. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only).5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. is detected. Blue arrows appear. relatively to the front view previously generated. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. respectively. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). You can update all views or a selection of views. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). Any modification applied to the specifications. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. before the generated view(s) is/are updated.

and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar).7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. at any time. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click to position the auxiliary view. 93 . use Undo or Redo icons.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. you can. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. Click the Drawing window. 7. 7. In sectioning through irregular objects. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. Click to position the callout. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. This auxiliary view.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. together with the top view. Click an edge on the view. for example the right view position. completely describes the object. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Click inside the green frame to generate the view.

the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. Click the Drawing window. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. the dialog is exactly the same. Click the Drawing window. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). You can also use a roughly sketched profile. Click the Drawing window. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view).9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. you will select the Clipping 94 . An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. In this particular case. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. Click to generate the view. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. 7. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile.7. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Click to generate the detail view. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. and click the Aligned Section Cut . 7. You can modify this scale.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. Click the callout center. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. Or. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar).

Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. the top. Click the Drawing window. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. If needed. as well as blue manipulators appear.Profile View icon . Click on the sheet. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. Red zones appear.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. 7. Double-click to end 95 . Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. Click the first point of the breakout profile.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. A breakout view is often a partial section. Click the Drawing window. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). the left. 7. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. 7. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. translate the profile. the right. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click the 3D part. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom.

the Top view. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. 7. 7. Click to position the left view. Once you are satisfied. Left view and Right view). or all views in the drawing. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). From the contextual menu.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. At creation.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Click the Drawing window.18 Scaling a View 96 . Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Select the CATPart document. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. 7. views are by default linked to the parent view. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Click next add any other view if required. 7.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Bottom view. and right-click them. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. select Selected objects -> isolate.

Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. Before positioning the Bill of Material. The detail view is updated. 7. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. 7. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. In this particular case.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. if you are in the background view. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. you can pre-define the position.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. go to Product Structure workbench. 97 . Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . double-click the front view. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. Click OK. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. In this case. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. or parts list.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. right-click the detail view. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. This Bill of Material. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. This view is now active. section views and section cuts. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. Balloons generated 7. If needed. For modifying the detail and section callout.

After the callout arrow is properly positioned. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. On the view for which the dimension are generated. 7.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. On the view with a bigger scale. 3. Then click OK in this Pattern table.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. On views including more dimensions. distance The dimensions below: 98 . the section view is automatically updated. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. 4. 2. radius. diameter Angle. Double-click the callout to be modified. only sketched constraints are generated. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. For example. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. 7. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. distance. Right-click the pattern to be modified.

dimensions are generated on all the views.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. there is only one) is automatically displayed. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). 7. by default. In the case of drawings with several views. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. to start the dimension generation. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. Click OK to close the dialog box. angle. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). radius and diameter. Dimensions 99 .2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views.23. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. length.23.

You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). not generated. the anchor point will be an arrow. If you select a dimension or a text. no leader will be created. The geometrical tolerance is created. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point).24 Creating a Datum Feature . 7. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. the anchor point will be a small balloon. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. dimension. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. on the contrary. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. Select an element (geometry. If you select an element. The datum feature is created. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. If you select a point in the free space. Click OK. Enter the desired character string. if needed. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. 100 . Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). Click OK when you're done.Click the Not Generated option .

26 Annotations 7. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar.26. justification. etc. Set the properties of a text. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. Choose View -> Toolbars. balloon and datum target. and select Text Properties. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. text with leader. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. 101 . dimension text. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end).2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. size. 7. such as font style. Text properties can be applied to text.7. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances.26. A red frame appears. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. If needed.

Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field.26. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. If needed. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Go over one of the part with your cursor. Ra=1. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Click OK.26. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update.26. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). On this CATProduct document.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product.6. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Enter values in the desired field(s). 7.7. Open any CATProduct document. Select an element. For example. 102 . Click to define the balloon anchor point. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Click OK. You can enter another string or value as needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. 7. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol.

The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. Click OK. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. You can also split a table. you can add text. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. and then click to validate. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. and insert a view in a table. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. Click the icon to launch the command.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. invert columns. In this table. import a table. The welding symbols available depend on your standard.26. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. modify the geometry-welding symbol. 7. switch lines and columns. insert columns.26. Click OK. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. merges cells. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Select the two elements. rows.27 Editing Properties 103 . The welding leader will appear. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. If needed. If needed. 7. invert lines. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol.26.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. 7.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. The welding symbol is created. Click ok to validate the creation. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. and insert views. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box.7. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table.

Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. edit annotation font properties. no more modification allowed in the view. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Lines and Curves option. Center line. Choose your options. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . 3D Colors. 3D spec. Lock view: if you check this option. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. you can create a formula for the view name. if needed. Fillets. Click OK. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Click the Graphic Tab. Choose the View tab. Axis. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Scale: the scale of the view. 3D Wireframe. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. 3D Points. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Right-click on the front view and select properties.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Dress up: Hidden lines. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Among other things. dress-up elements. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. if needed. Thread. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command.

f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. frame. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench.then select the Edit-> Properties command. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. Modify the available options. Grid: To define your grid. The Options dialog box appears. if needed. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. In other words. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. The associated panel is displayed. click the Font tab. 105 . or leader). if needed. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. In the Properties dialog box that appears. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. 7. Select the Tools->Options command. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. edit dimension text properties. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. Modify the available options. edit dimension value properties.

b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. Select the Dimension tab in Options. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. the dimension is automatically re-computed. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . following it dynamically during the creation process. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. when you update the drawing. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. View axis: When you activate a view. To activate this mode. In addition. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. As a result.

Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Project 3D points. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Filters before generation.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Select the Generation tab. Generate centerlines. Horizontality and verticality. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. perpendicularity and tangency. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. either or not using SmartPick. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Apply 3D specification. Project 3D wireframe. Automatic positioning after generation. the Create detected constraints option is not available. end points included. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. if a component is used two times within a product. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Alignment. Parallelism. 107 . Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. then the balloon will be generated twice. Allow automatic transfer between views. Select the Geometry tab. View tab): Generate axis. 3D colors inheritance. Generate threads. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Hidden lines. Properties option. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Generate fillet. Analysis after generation. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu.

you can define that you want or not the view name. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. It is not used for creating solid primitives. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. the sketch. and only visualized by. Constraint diagnostics. the following dialog box appears. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Select the Layout tab.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. This element is used as positioning reference. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. For this before callout creation check this option. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. scaling factor or frame to appear. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. As a result. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. f)Annotations 108 . If you click the other color of the elements switch button. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated.

as you will choose to load the referenced document. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. Select the Edit->Links command. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). or both.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. 109 . Press OK. Press OK. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked.. according to the orientation.You can customize given options when creating annotations. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Activate the settings. It is now possible to customize the settings.. 7. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. Select the Annotation tab. command. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. no matter what the view scale is. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. In this particular case. press the shift key. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart.

Snap to Point. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. To modify these colors. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. Force Dimension on Element. 8. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. Create Constraints.8. if needed. View. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. True Length Dimension 8. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Create Detected Constraints.2 Creating Views 110 .

Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. In other words. A blue axis displays in a red frame. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. Click the Drawing window. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. Click the New View icon . Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. double-click on this isometric view.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. For example. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. a left view and a right view. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. dimensions. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. From an active front view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. modified in this dialog box. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Press OK.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. This is true for any kind of view. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. by double-clicking on this view. In this case. In other words. For this. Right-click the view used as reference. Press OK.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. a bottom view. you can create: a top view. 8. 8. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). You can now create 2D geometry in this view. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. an isometric view or an auxiliary view).

In this case. parabola.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. select an arc of a circle in the front view. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. using the Action-Object mode. using the Action-Object mode.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. curve). Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. 8. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. select a circle in the top view. Select. if needed. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Add elements to an existing view. circle. and then transformed into the receiving view. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. You will first add elements to an existing view. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. Select more elements to be projected. At any time. ellipse. hyperbola. in another view. 112 . In this case. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. using the ObjectAction mode. the object to be projected.

In this case. Select the object defining the view to be created.Create an isometric view from scratch. select the whole front view. 113 . Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. using the Object-Action mode. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar.

Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. The frame can only be rectangular. You can reframe any type of view: front views. a configuration. choose Properties. as you want. Select the view and right-click the view frame. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. In the Visualization and Behavior area. etc. clipping views. isometric views. select the Visual Clipping check box. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . 8. In the contextual menu. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Click the View tab.8. Click OK. Click on the frame to select it. a mode: measured or constraining mode. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view.6 Reframing a View In this task. a distance constraint. details views.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. If you want constraints to be created.

Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. these relations will be taken into account. In other words. you can only create constraints between similar elements. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. The software proposes you parallelism by default. If you choose this constraint. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. If needed. click a second element in the view. Click a first element in the view. click in the drawing. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar.10 Creating Dimensions In this task.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. or between generated elements. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. 8. On the Dimensioning toolbar. In other words. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. click the Dimensions icon. 8. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. you can preview the dimensions to be created. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . but not between a mix of these. When creating dimensions on elements. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. 8. you will learn how to create dimensions.

e. click the centerline. you can also access the Properties options. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Select a circle. 8. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. and then the second element. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Red end points appear. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Click to validate the dimension creation. i. 116 . Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed.toolbar).12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. Select the reference line. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select the dimension. 8. If you right-click the dimension before creation.

117 from the Dress up toolbar. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. The axis line is created. dotting or coloring). click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar).c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. part-generated elements. Click the Drawing window. In the Pattern dialog box. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. In this particular case. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. Select the Reference Thread type option line. . from the (Tools toolbar). You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. you will apply a thread to a hole. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. The Tap type option activated by default. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. Select two lines. Click the Drawing window. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. The thread is created according to this reference. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . part-sketched. The thread is created. The axes and centerlines are created. Click the Drawing window. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. Click the Drawing window. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). generated elements.

f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). The arrow is created. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. Select Add a Breakpoint.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. To modify the position of the arrow. The arrow and the selected object are associative. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. 118 . Click the Drawing window. For the purpose of this exercise. which represents the fillet edge. The Area Detection dialog box appears. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. A contextual menu appears. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. you can drag it to change the arrow path. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). under the line. To add a breakpoint to the arrow.

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