Error Analysis/Conclusion In the Measuring Heat of Solution Lab there was one major source of error that

played a factor in the outcome of our experiment. This factor would have to be not having a lid covering our calorimeter. In a completely concealed calorimeter the energy is not allowed to get out. In ours, since the top was left uncovered so that we could place a thermometer inside, the energy escaped through the top making our results predictably lower than they should have been. In our experiment, using NaOH, our percent error was -19.8%. In our classmates’ experiment, using Na2S2O3 ● 5H2O, their percent error was -15.2%. These results justify the assumption that energy escaped from our calorimeter. In conclusion, the Measuring Heat of Solution Lab was successful. The purpose was to measure the heat of solution for the solutes that we used, which was accomplished. The calorimeter that we used worked fairly well besides for the fact that there wasn’t a lid on top of it to trap the energy inside, which proved inefficient. In the end of the experiment our results were lower than they should have been which means that energy escaped at some point during the lab. Compared to the Cold Pack Lab, there were some similarities and differences. The experiments both used calorimeters and they both dealt with heat loss. However, the Cold Pack Lab was endothermic (energy was absorbed) while our Measuring Heat of Solution Lab was exothermic (energy was released). In all cases, the increase or decrease in temperature depends on the solute used. This lab relates to the cold pack study because it shows that when a solute such as NaOH is dissolved in water, it can cause the temperature of the solvent to decrease significantly (or increase if you’re dealing with a product that warms up such as the Icy Hot® back patch).

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