# STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

.Chapter 5
5-1

Two forces are applied to a bracket as shown in Fig. P5-1. Determine
(a)
The moment of force F1 about point O.
(b)
The moment of force F2 about point O.
SOLUTION

(a)

M1 = 10 (10 ) = 100 lb ⋅ in. 4 .........................................................................................Ans.

(b)

M 2 = 25 ( 21) = 525 lb ⋅ in. 3 ........................................................................................Ans.

5-2

Determine the moments of the 225-N force shown in Fig. P5-2 about points A, B, and C.
SOLUTION

M A = 225 (0.6 ) = 135 N ⋅ m 4 .....................................................................................Ans.
M B = 225 (0.4 ) = 90 N ⋅ m 4 .......................................................................................Ans.
M C = 225 ( 0.8 ) = 180 N ⋅ m 4 .....................................................................................Ans.
5-3

Two forces are applied at a point in the plane of a rigid steel plate as shown in Fig. P5-3. Determine the
moments of
(a)
The 500-lb force about points A and B.
(b)
The 300-lb force about points B and C.
SOLUTION

(a)

M A = 500 (30 ) = 15, 000 lb ⋅ in. 4 ...............................................................................Ans.

(b)

M B = 500 ( 20 ) = 10, 000 lb ⋅ in. 3 ...............................................................................Ans.

(c)

M B = 300 (30 ) = 9000 lb ⋅ in. 4 ..................................................................................Ans.

(d)

M C = 300 ( 25 ) = 7500 lb ⋅ in. 3 ..................................................................................Ans.

5-4

(a)

Two forces are applied to the bridge truss shown in Fig. P5-4. Determine the moments of
(a)
The 3.6-kN force about points A and D.
(b)
The 2.7-kN force about point A.
SOLUTION

M A = 3.6 (3) = 10.80 kN ⋅ m 3 ....................................................................................Ans.
M D = 3.6 (3) = 10.80 kN ⋅ m 4 ....................................................................................Ans.

(b)
5-5

M A = 2.7 (3) = 8.1 kN ⋅ m 3 .........................................................................................Ans.
A 50-lb force is applied to the handle of a lug wrench, which is being used to tighten the nuts on the rim of an
automobile tire as shown in Fig. P5-5. The diameter of the bolt circle is 5.5 in. Determine the moments of
the force about the axle of the wheel (point O) and about the point of contact of the wheel with the pavement
(point A).
SOLUTION

3M O = (50 cos 20° )( 20 cos 20° )

+ (50sin 20° )( 2.75 + 20sin 20° )

= 1047 lb ⋅ in. 3 ...............................................................Ans.

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STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

3M A = (50 cos 20° )( 20 cos 20° )

+ (50sin 20° )(16.75 + 20sin 20° )

= 1286 lb ⋅ in. 3 ....................................................................................................Ans.
5-6

A 160-N force is applied to the handle of a door as shown in Fig. P5-6. Determine the moments of the force
about the hinges A and B.
SOLUTION

4M A = (160 cos 45° )(0.6 ) + (160sin 45° )(0.8 ) = 158.4 N ⋅ m 4 ......................Ans.
4M B = (160sin 45° )(0.8 ) − (160 cos 45° )(0.5 ) = 33.9 N ⋅ m 4 ........................Ans.
5-7

Determine the moment of the 425-lb force shown in Fig. P5-7 about point B.
SOLUTION

4M B = ( 425cos 35° )(16 ) + ( 425sin 35° )(16 ) = 9470 lb ⋅ in. 4 ........................Ans.
5-8

A pry bar is used to extract a nail from a board as shown in Fig. P5-8. Determine the moment of the 120-N
force
(a)
(b)
SOLUTION

3M A = (120 cos 20° )(0.75 )

(a)

+ (120sin 20° )(0.46 )

= 103.5 N ⋅ m 3 ..........................................Ans.

3M B = (120 cos 20° )(0.65 )

(b)

+ (120sin 20° )(0.460 )

= 92.2 N ⋅ m3 .............................................Ans.
5-9

A man exerts a force P to hold a 60-ft pole in the position shown in Fig. P5-9. If the moment of the force P
about point A is 4000 lb ⋅ ft , determine the magnitude of the force P.
SOLUTION

b = 60 cos 50° = 38.567 ft
h = 60sin 50° = 45.963 ft
h
φ = tan −1
= 23.728°
66 + b

4M A = ( P cos φ )( 45.963) − ( P sin φ )(38.567 ) = 4000 lb ⋅ ft
P = 150.6 lb .......................................................................................................................Ans.
5-10

Two forces act on a truss as shown in Fig. P5-10. Member AC of the truss is perpendicular to members BC
and CD. Determine the moment of
(a)
The 4-kN force about point A.
(b)
The 3-kN force about point D.
SOLUTION

(a)

M A = 4 ( 2sin 60° ) = 6.93 kN ⋅ m 4 ............................................................................Ans.

(b)

M D = 3 ( 4sin 60° ) = 10.39 kN ⋅ m 4 ..........................................................................Ans.

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5-11 The crane and boom shown in Fig. P5-11 is lifting a 4000-lb load. Determine the moment of the load about
point C.
SOLUTION

M C = 4000 ( 24 cos 30° − 1 + 1) = 83,100 lb ⋅ ft 3 .....................................................Ans.
5-12 Due to combustion, a compressive force P is exerted on the connecting rod of an automobile engine as shown
in Fig. P5-12. The lengths of the crank throw AB and connecting rod BC are 75 mm and 225 mm,
respectively. Determine the moment of the force P about the bearing at A in terms of the crank angle θ.
SOLUTION
From the Law of Sines

sin φ sin θ
=
75
225

sin φ =

sin θ
3

Also

cos φ = 1 − sin 2 φ = 1 −

sin 2 θ
9

Then

4M A = ( P cos φ )( 75sin θ ) + ( P sin φ )( 75cos θ )
= 75P (sin θ cos φ + cos θ sin φ )

sin 2 θ sin θ cos θ
= 75P  sin θ 1 −
+

9
3

 ..........................................................Ans.

5-13 A 760-lb force acts on a bracket as shown in Fig. P5-13. Determine the moment of the force about point A
(a)
Using the vector approach.
(b)
Using the scalar approach.
SOLUTION
(a)

M A = (10 i − 12 j) × (760 cos 40° i + 760sin 40° j)
= 10 ( 760sin 40° ) + 12 (760 cos 40° ) k = (11,870 k ) lb ⋅ in. .....................Ans.

(b)

4M A = ( 760 cos 40° )(12 ) + ( 760sin 40° )(10 )
= 11,870 lb ⋅ in. 4= (11,870 k ) lb ⋅ in. ............................................................Ans.

5-14 Determine the moment of the 675-N force shown in Fig. P5-14 about point O
(a)
Using the vector approach.
(b)
Using the scalar approach.
SOLUTION
(a)

M O = ( 0.230 i + 0.250 j) × ( 675cos 22° i − 675sin 22° j)
= 0.230 ( −675sin 22° ) − 0.250 ( 675cos 22° ) k = ( −215 k ) N ⋅ m .........Ans.

(b)

3M O = (675cos 22° )( 0.250 ) + ( 675sin 22° )(0.230 )
= 215 N ⋅ m 3= ( −215 k ) N ⋅ m ......................................................................Ans.

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RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-15 Two forces F1 and F2 are applied to a gusset plate as shown in Fig. P5-15. Determine the moment
(a)
Of force F1 about point A.
(b)
Of force F2 about point B.
SOLUTION

M A = (9 i + 4 j) × ( −550sin 45° i + 550 cos 45° j)

(a)

= 9 (550 cos 45° ) + 4 (550sin 45° ) k = (5060 k ) lb ⋅ in. ............................Ans.
M B = ( −7 i + 4 j) × (750sin 60° i + 750 cos 60° j)

(b)

=  −7 ( 750 cos 60° ) − 4 ( 750sin 60° ) k = ( −5220 k ) lb ⋅ in. ......................Ans.
5-16 Two forces F1 and F2 are applied to a bracket as shown in Fig. P5-16. Determine the moment
(a)
Of force F1 about point O.
(b)
Of force F2 about point A.
SOLUTION

M O = ( 0.300 i + 0.500 j) × (5cos 45° i + 5sin 45° j)

(a)

= 0.300 (5sin 45° ) − 0.500 (5cos 45° ) k = ( −0.707 k ) kN ⋅ m ................Ans.
M A = (0.265 i + 0.375 j) × (3cos 45° i − 3sin 45° j)

(b)

= 0.265 ( −3sin 45° ) − 0.375 (3cos 45° ) k = ( −1.358 k ) kN ⋅ m .............Ans.
5-17 Determine the moment of the contact force F of the crutch shown in Fig. P5-17 about point A. The length of
the crutch is 5 ft and F = 35 lb.
SOLUTION

M A = (5cos 70° i − 5sin 70° j) × ( −35cos 45° i + 35sin 45° j)
= (5cos 70° )(35sin 45° ) − ( −5sin 70° )( −35cos 45° ) k
= ( −74.0 k ) lb ⋅ ft ....................................................................................................Ans.
5-18 The moment of the force F shown in Fig. P5-18 about point A is (–2700k) N-mm, and its moment about point
C is

( −7500k ) N ⋅ mm .

Determine the magnitude and orientation (angle θ) of the force F.

SOLUTION

M A = (120 i + 75 j) × ( F cosθ i + F sin θ j)
= 120 ( F sin θ ) − 75 ( F cos θ ) k = ( −2700 k ) N ⋅ mm
M C = (75 j) × ( F cos θ i + F sin θ j) = 75 ( F cos θ ) ( −k ) = ( −7500 k ) N ⋅ mm
Therefore

75 F cos θ = 7500 N ⋅ mm
120 F sin θ = 7500 − 2700 = 4800 N ⋅ mm
F sin θ
40
tan θ =
=
F cos θ 100
θ = 21.80° .................................................................................................................Ans.
F = 107.7 N ..............................................................................................................Ans.

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STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-19 A 970-lb force acts at a point in a body as shown in Fig. P5-19. Determine the moment of the force about
point C.
SOLUTION

−25 i + 30 j

F = 970

252 + 302

= ( −620.98 i + 745.17 j) lb

M C = ( −30 j + 20 k ) × ( −620.98 i + 745.17 j)
= ( −14,900 i − 12, 420 j − 18, 630 k ) lb ⋅ in. .......................................................Ans.
5-20 A 200-N force is applied to a pipe wrench as shown in Fig. P5-20. Determine the moment of the force about
point A. Express the result in Cartesian vector form.
SOLUTION

M A = ( −0.175 i + 0.580 j + 0.250 k ) × ( −200 k )
= ( −116.0 i − 35.0 j) N ⋅ m ....................................................................................Ans.
5-21 A 650-lb force acts at a point in a body as shown in Fig. P5-21. Determine
(a)
The moment of the force about point A.
(b)
The direction angles associated with the moment vector.
SOLUTION
(a)

F = 650

8 i + 16 j + 30 k
82 + 162 + 302

= (148.876 i + 297.751 j + 558.283 k ) lb

M A = ( −15 i − 24 j) × (148.876 i + 297.751 j + 558.283 k )
= ( −13,399 i + 8374 j − 893.2 k ) lb ⋅ in. .............................................................Ans.
(b)

MA =

(13,399 ) + (8374 ) + (893.2 )
2

2

2

= 15,826 lb ⋅ in.

θ x = cos −1

−13,399
= 147.85° ......................................................................................Ans.
15,826

θ y = cos −1

8374
= 58.05° ............................................................................................Ans.
15,826

θ z = cos −1

−893.2
= 93.24° ...........................................................................................Ans.
15,826

5-22 A pipe bracket is loaded as shown in Fig. P5-22. Determine the moment of the force F about point O.
SOLUTION

F = 875

75 i + 150 j + 140 k
752 + 1502 + 1402

= (300.40 i + 600.80 j + 560.75 k ) N

M O = ( 0.2 i + 0.25 j + 0.15 k ) × (300.40 i + 600.80 j + 560.75 k )
= (50.1 i − 67.1 j + 45.1k ) N ⋅ m ..........................................................................Ans.

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RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-23 The magnitude of the tension T in cable CD of Fig. P5-23 is 150 lb. Determine the moment of T about point
B
(a)
Using a position vector from B to D.
(b)
Using a position vector from B to C.
SOLUTION

T = 150

20 i − 22 j + 18 k
202 + 222 + 182

= (86.315 i − 94.947 j + 77.684 k ) lb

M B = ( 28 i + 18 k ) × (86.315 i − 94.947 j + 77.684 k )
= (1709 i − 621 j − 2660 k ) lb ⋅ in. ........................................................................Ans.
M B = (8 i + 22 j) × (86.315 i − 94.947 j + 77.684 k )
= (1709 i − 621 j − 2660 k ) lb ⋅ in. ........................................................................Ans.
5-24 A 450-N force F acts on a machine component as shown in Fig. P5-24. The direction angles of F are
θ x = 70° , θ y = 30° , and θ z = 69° . Determine the moment of the force about point A. Express your
SOLUTION

F = 450 (cos 70° i + cos 30° j + cos 69° k ) = (153.909 i + 389.711 j + 161.266 k ) N
M A = (0.3 i − 0.6 j + 0.4 k ) × (153.909 i + 389.711 j + 161.266 k )
= ( −253 i + 13.18 j + 209 k ) N ⋅ m .......................................................................Ans.
5-25 The magnitude of the force F shown in Fig. P5-25 is 100 lb. Determine the moment of F about the bearing at
C.
SOLUTION

F = 100

−10 i + 7 j + 6 k
102 + 7 2 + 62

= ( −73.521 i + 51.465 j + 44.113 k ) lb

M C = ( −9 j − 14 k ) × ( −73.521 i + 51.465 j + 44.113 k )
= (324 i + 1029 j − 662 k ) lb ⋅ in. ..........................................................................Ans.
5-26 Determine the moment of the 800-N force shown in Fig. P5-26 about point D
(a)
Using a position vector from D to B.
(b)
Using a position vector from D to E.
SOLUTION
(a)

F = 800

400 i − 400 j − 600 k
4002 + 4002 + 6002

= (388.057 i − 388.057 j − 582.086 k ) N

M D = (0.4 i − 0.8 j + 0.6 k ) × (388.057 i − 388.057 j − 582.086 k )
= ( 699 i + 466 j + 155 k ) N ⋅ m .............................................................................Ans.
(b)

M D = (0.8 i − 1.2 j) × (388.057 i − 388.057 j − 582.086 k )
= ( 699 i + 466 j + 155 k ) N ⋅ m .............................................................................Ans.

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RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-27 The magnitudes of the forces F1, F2, and F3 shown in Fig. P5-27 are 550 lb, 300 lb, and 600 lb, respectively.
Determine the sum of the moments of the three forces about point B.
SOLUTION

F1 = 550

−7 i − 11 j + 3 k
7 2 + 112 + 32

= ( −287.763 i − 452.198 j + 123.327 k ) lb

M1B = (11 j − 6 k ) × ( −287.763 i − 452.198 j + 123.327 k )
= ( −1357 i + 1727 j + 3165 k ) lb ⋅ ft
M 2 B = (11 j − 6 k ) × (300 i ) = ( −1800 j − 3300 k ) lb ⋅ ft
M 3 B = ( 6 j − 6 k ) × ( −600 k ) = ( −3600 i ) lb ⋅ ft
ΣM B = ( −4960 i − 73 j − 135 k ) lb ⋅ ft .........................................................................Ans.
5-28 If the magnitude of the moment of the cable force T shown in Fig. P5-28 about the hinge at B is
M B = 1150 N ⋅ m , determine the magnitude of the force T.
SOLUTION

CDx = −500 mm

CDy = −1400 cos 30 = −1212.436 mm

CDz = 750 + 1400sin 30 = 1450 mm
T =T

−500 i − 1212.436 j + 1450 k

5002 + 1212.4362 + 14502
= ( −0.25574T i − 0.62013T j + 0.74164T k ) N

M B = 0.5 i − 1.1cos 30° j + ( 0.75 + 1.1sin 30° ) k  × T
= ( 0.09966T i − 0.70328T j − 0.55369T k ) N ⋅ m
MB =

(0.09966T ) + (0.70328T ) + (0.55369T )
2

2

2

= 0.90062T = 1150 N ⋅ m
T = 1277 N .........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-29 The force F in Fig. P5-29 can be expressed in Cartesian vector form as

F = (60 i + 100 j + 120 k ) lb .

Determine the scalar component of the moment at point B about line BC.
SOLUTION

M C = (18 i + 32 k ) × (60 i + 100 j + 120 k ) = ( −3200 i − 240 j + 1800 k ) lb ⋅ in.
e BC =

−9 i + 18 j
92 + 182

= ( −0.44721 i + 0.89443 j)

M BC = M C e BC = ( −3200 )( −0.44721) + ( −240 )(0.89443)
= 1216 lb ⋅ in. ...........................................................................................................Ans.

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STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-30 A 3000-N force is applied to the pipe shown in Fig. P5-30. Determine the scalar component of the moment
of the force about the x-axis.
SOLUTION

F = 3000

280 i − 300 j − 530 k
2802 + 3002 + 5302

= (1253.173 i − 1342.686 j − 2372.078 k ) N

M O = ( 0.65 j + 0.53 k ) × (1253.173 i − 1342.686 j − 2372.078 k )
= ( −830.227 i + 664.182 j − 814.562 k ) N ⋅ m
M Ox = M O i = −830 N ⋅ m .............................................................................................Ans.
5-31 A force

F = ( −30 i + 50 j − 40 k ) lb is applied to the machine component shown in Fig. P5-31.

Determine the scalar component of the moment of the force about the z-axis.
SOLUTION

M O = ( −10 i + 24 j − 16 k ) × ( −30 i + 50 j − 40 k )
= ( −160 i + 80 j + 220 k ) lb ⋅ in.
M Oz = M O k = 220 lb ⋅ in. .............................................................................................Ans.
5-32 The magnitude of the force F in Fig. P5-32 is 595 N. Determine the scalar component of the moment at point
SOLUTION

F = 595

−220 i + 200 k
2202 + 2002

= ( −440.26 i + 400.24 k ) N

M O = ( 0.22 i + 0.24 j) × ( −440.26 i + 400.24 k )
= (96.06 i − 88.05 j + 105.66 k ) N ⋅ m
eOC =

220 i + 200 k
2202 + 2002

= (0.73994 i + 0.67267 k )

M OC = M O eOC = (96.06 )( 0.73994 ) + (105.66 )( 0.67267 )
= 142.2 N ⋅ m ..........................................................................................................Ans.
5-33 A 40-lb vertical force F is applied to a lug wrench as shown in Fig. P5-33. Determine the magnitude of the
component of the moment that would tighten the lug nut.
SOLUTION

M O = ( 4 i + 8 j − 3 k ) × ( −40 k ) = ( −320 i + 160 j) lb ⋅ in.
M Oz = M O i = 320 lb ⋅ in. ............................................................................................Ans.
5-34 If the magnitude of the force T shown in Fig. P5-34 is 1000-N, determine the scalar component of the
moment of the force about the line CD.
SOLUTION

T = 1000

1.8 j + 3.6 k
1.82 + 3.62

= ( 447.21 j + 894.43 k ) N

M C = ( −1.2 i + 2.7 j) × ( 447.21 j + 894.43 k )

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STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

= ( 2414.96 i + 1073.32 j − 536.65 k ) N ⋅ m
eCD =

−2.4 i − 1.5 j
2.42 + 1.52

= ( −0.84800 i − 0.53000 j)

M CD = M C eCD = ( 2414.96 )( −0.84800 ) + (1073.32 )( −0.53000 )
= −2620 N ⋅ m .........................................................................................................Ans.
5-35 A 120-lb force F is applied to a lever-shaft assembly as shown in Fig. P5-35. Determine the moment of the
SOLUTION

F = 120

−2 i + 14 j − 16 k
22 + 142 + 162

= ( −11.2390 i + 78.6732 j − 89.9122 k ) lb

M O = (13 i + 16 k ) × ( −11.2390 i + 78.6732 j − 89.9122 k )
= ( −1258.77 i + 989.03 j + 1022.75 k ) lb ⋅ in.
M Ox = −1259 lb ⋅ in. .........................................................................................................Ans.
M Oy = 989 lb ⋅ in. ..............................................................................................................Ans.
M Oz = 1023 lb ⋅ in. ............................................................................................................Ans.
5-36 A 650-N force acts on the awning structure shown in Fig. P5-36. Determine the moment of the force about
line BC. Express the result in Cartesian vector form.
SOLUTION

M B = (0.6 i − 0.6 k ) × ( −650 k ) = (390.0 j) N ⋅ m
e BC =

1.2 j − 0.9 k
1.22 + 0.92

= (0.8000 j − 0.6000 k )

M BC = M B e BC = (390.0 )(0.8000 ) = 312 N ⋅ m
M BC = M BC e BC = 312 ( 0.8000 j − 0.6000 k ) = ( 250 j − 187.2 k ) N ⋅ m .............Ans.
5-37 The magnitude of the force F in Fig. P5-37 is 107 lb. Determine the component of the moment of the force
that rotates the door about the axis of the hinges.
SOLUTION

z A = 34 tan 20° = 12.375 in.
F = 107

−36 i − 34 j + 19.625 k
362 + 342 + 19.6252

32 − z A = 19.625 in.
= ( −72.318 i − 68.300 j + 39.423 k ) lb

M O = ( −36 i + 32 k ) × ( −72.318 i − 68.300 j + 39.423 k )
= ( 2185.60 i − 894.95 j + 2458.80 k ) lb ⋅ in.
M Ox = 2190 lb ⋅ in. ...........................................................................................................Ans.

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RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-38 A bracket is rigidly attached to a wall at O and is subjected to a 384-N force F as shown in Fig. P5-38.
Determine the component of the moment of the force
(a)
That twists the bracket about the y-axis.
(b)
That bends the bracket about the x-axis.
SOLUTION

F = 384

150 i − 250 j + 250 k
1502 + 2502 + 2502

= (149.978 i − 249.963 j + 249.963 k ) N

M O = (0.3 i + 0.5 j − 0.2 k ) × (149.978 i − 249.963 j + 249.963 k )
= ( 74.989 i − 104.985 j − 149.978 k ) N ⋅ m
(a)

M Oy = −105.0 N ⋅ m .........................................................................................................Ans.

(b)

M Ox = 75.0 N ⋅ m ..............................................................................................................Ans.

5-39 A bar is bent in a circular arc of radius R = 6 ft and is subjected to a 660-lb force F as shown in Fig. P5-39.
The force tends to twist and bend the member about the coordinate axes. Determine the twisting and bending
moments and state the axes about which each occurs.
SOLUTION

F = 660

4i − 4k
42 + 42

= ( 466.690 i − 466.690 k ) lb

M O = ( 6 j + 6 k ) × ( 466.690 i − 466.690 k )
= ( −2800.14 i + 2800.14 j − 2800.14 k ) lb ⋅ in.
2800 lb ⋅ in.
2800 lb ⋅ in.
2800 lb ⋅ in.

Twist:
Bend:
Bend:

5-40 The magnitude of the force F in Fig. P5-40 is 976 N. Determine
(a)
The component of the moment at point C parallel to line CE.
(b)
The component of the moment at point C perpendicular to line CE and the direction angles associated
with this moment vector.
SOLUTION
(a)

F = 976

−350 i − 300 j + 160 k
3502 + 3002 + 1602

= ( −700.06 i − 600.06 j + 320.03 k ) N

M C = (0.14 i + 0.4 j) × ( −700.06 i − 600.06 j + 320.03 k )
= (128.01i − 44.80 j + 196.02 k ) N ⋅ m

eCE =

−210 i + 400 j
2102 + 4002

= ( −0.46483 i + 0.88540 j)

M CE = M C eCE = (128.01)( −0.46483) + ( −44.80 )(0.88540 ) = −99.169 N ⋅ m
M CE = M CE eCE = ( 46.10 i − 87.80 j) N ⋅ m ................................................................Ans.
(b)

M ⊥ = M C − M CE = (128.01 i − 44.80 j + 196.02 k ) − ( 46.10 i − 87.80 j)
= (81.91 i + 43.00 j + 196.02 k ) N ⋅ m ................................................................Ans.

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STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

M⊥ =

(81.91) + ( 43.00 ) + (196.02 )
2

2

2

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

= 216.75 N ⋅ m

81.91
= 67.80° ............................................................................................Ans.
216.75
43.00
θ y = cos −1
= 78.56° ...........................................................................................Ans.
216.75
196.02
θ z = cos −1
= 25.26° ............................................................................................Ans.
216.75

θ x = cos −1

5-41 The magnitude of the force F in Fig. P5-41 is 781 lb. Determine
(a)
The component of the moment at point C parallel to line CD.
(b)
The component of the moment at point C perpendicular to line CD and the direction angles associated
with this moment vector.
SOLUTION
(a)

F = 781

12 i + 10 k
122 + 102

= (599.98 i + 499.98 k ) lb

M C = ( −12 i + 25 j) × (599.98 i + 499.98 k )
= (12, 499.60 i + 5999.81 j − 14,999.52 k ) lb ⋅ in.
eCD =

−12 i + 10 k
122 + 102

= ( −0.76822 i + 0.64018 k )

M CD = M C eCD = (12, 499.60 )( −0.76822 ) + ( −14,999.52 )(0.64018 )
= −19, 204.8 lb ⋅ in.
M CD = M CD eCD = (14, 753.5 i − 12, 294.6 k ) lb ⋅ in. .................................................Ans.
(b)

M ⊥ = M C − M CD = ( −2253.9 i + 5999.8 j − 2704.9 k ) lb ⋅ in. ..............................Ans.
M⊥ =

( 2253.9 ) + (5999.8) + ( 2704.9 )
2

2

2

= 6956.6 lb ⋅ in.

−2253.9
= 108.90° .......................................................................................Ans.
6956.6
5999.8
θ y = cos −1
= 30.41° ...........................................................................................Ans.
6956.6
−2704.9
θ z = cos −1
= 112.88° .......................................................................................Ans.
6956.6

θ x = cos −1

5-42 Determine the moment of the couple shown in Fig. P5-42 and the perpendicular distance between the two
forces.
SOLUTION

4M = (760 cos 35° )(0.2 ) + (760sin 35° )(0.1) = 168.103 N ⋅ m 4 ...................Ans.
168.103 N ⋅ m = 760d
d = 0.221 m = 221 mm ...................................................................................................Ans.

121

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-43 A lug wrench is being used to tighten a lug nut on an automobile wheel as shown in Fig. P5-43. Two equal
magnitude, parallel forces of opposite sense are applied to the wrench. If the magnitude of each force is 25
lb, determine the couple applied to a lug nut and express the result in Cartesian vector form.
SOLUTION

M = − ( 25 )(12 ) i = −300 i lb ⋅ in. ..................................................................................Ans.
5-44 To open a valve to a steam line in a power plant requires a couple of magnitude 54 N ⋅ m . Determine the
magnitude of each force F shown in Fig. P5-44 required to open the valve.
SOLUTION

M = 54 N ⋅ m = F (0.3)
F = 180 N ..........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-45 A beam is loaded with a system of three couples as shown in Fig. P5-45. Express the resultant of the couple
system in Cartesian vector form.
SOLUTION

4M = (500 )(30 ) − ( 250 )(14 ) − (300 )(30 )
= 2500 lb ⋅ in. 4= ( 2500 k ) lb ⋅ in. ..................................................................Ans.
5-46 The input and output torques (couples) from a gear box are shown in Fig. P5-46. Determine the magnitude
and direction of the resultant torque T.
SOLUTION

T = 750 i + 200 j + 125 k + 150 ( cos 45° j + sin 45° k )
= ( 750 i + 306 j + 231k ) N ⋅ m
T=

(750 ) + (306 ) + ( 231)
2

2

2

= 842.36 N ⋅ m .......................................................Ans.

750
= 27.08° ............................................................................................Ans.
842.36
306
θ y = cos −1
= 68.70° ............................................................................................Ans.
842.36
231
θ z = cos −1
= 74.08° ............................................................................................Ans.
842.36

θ x = cos −1

5-47 Three couples are applied to a rectangular block as shown in Fig. P5-47. Determine the magnitude of the
resultant couple C and the direction angles associated with the resultant couple vector.
SOLUTION

M = (15 j − 10 k ) × ( −18 i ) + ( −8 i + 10 k ) × ( 20 j) + (8 i + 15 j) × (15 k )
= ( 25 i + 60 j + 110 k ) lb ⋅ in.
M=

( 25) + (60 ) + (110 )
2

2

2

= 127.77 lb ⋅ in. ..........................................................Ans.

25
= 78.72° ............................................................................................Ans.
127.77
60
θ y = cos −1
= 61.99° ............................................................................................Ans.
127.77

θ x = cos −1

122

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

θ z = cos −1

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

110
= 30.58° ............................................................................................Ans.
127.77

5-48 Three couples are applied to a bent bar as shown in Fig. P5-48. Determine
(a)
The magnitude of the resultant couple C and the direction angles associated with the resultant couple
vector.
(b)
The scalar component of the resultant couple C about line OA.
SOLUTION
(a)

C = (80 i + 65 j + 95 k ) N ⋅ m
C=

(80 ) + (65) + (95)
2

2

2

= 140.178 N ⋅ m ............................................................Ans.

80
= 55.20° ..........................................................................................Ans.
140.178
65
θ y = cos −1
= 62.37° .........................................................................................Ans.
140.178
95
θ z = cos −1
= 47.34° ..........................................................................................Ans.
140.178
140 i + 120 j − 80 k
eOA =
= (0.69653 i + 0.59702 j − 0.39801k )
1402 + 1202 + 802

θ x = cos −1

(b)

COA = CeOA = (80 )( 0.69653) + ( 65 )( 0.59702 ) + (95 )( −0.39801)
= 56.7 N ⋅ m ..............................................................................................................Ans.
5-49 Three couples are applied to a rectangular block as shown in Fig. P5-49. Determine
(a)
The magnitude of the resultant couple C and the direction angles associated with the resultant couple
vector.
(b)
The scalar component of the resultant couple C about line OA.
SOLUTION
(a)

C = (90 i + 125 j + 75 k ) lb ⋅ in.
C=

(90 ) + (125) + (75)
2

2

2

= 171.318 lb ⋅ in. .........................................................Ans.

90
= 58.31° ..........................................................................................Ans.
171.318
125
θ y = cos −1
= 43.14° .........................................................................................Ans.
171.318
75
θ z = cos −1
= 64.04° ..........................................................................................Ans.
171.318
24 i + 8 j + 32 k
eOA =
= ( 0.58835 i + 0.19612 j + 0.78446 k )
242 + 82 + 322

θ x = cos −1

(b)

COA = CeOA = (90 )( 0.58835 ) + (125 )(0.19612 ) + (75 )(0.78446 )
= 136.3 lb ⋅ in. ............................................................................................................Ans.

123

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-50 Replace the 3-kN force shown in Fig. P5-50 by a force at point A and a couple.
SOLUTION

FA = 3 kN ↓ ......................................................................................................................Ans.
C A = (3000 )(0.15 ) =450 N ⋅ m 3 ...............................................................................Ans.
5-51 Replace the 50-lb force shown in Fig. P5-51 by a force at point A and a couple. Express your answer in
Cartesian vector form.
SOLUTION

FA = (50 j) lb .....................................................................................................................Ans.
C A = (50 )(6 )( − k ) = ( −300 k ) lb ⋅ in. ........................................................................Ans.
5-52 Replace the 130-N vertical force shown in Fig. P5-52 by the mechanic’s hand to the wrench by an equivalent
force-couple system at the lug nut.
SOLUTION

FA = 130 N ↓ ....................................................................................................................Ans.
C A = (130 )( 0.3) =39.0 N ⋅ m 3 ...................................................................................Ans.
5-53 A gusset plate is riveted to a beam by three rivets as shown in Fig. P5-53. Replace the 2500-lb force by a
force-couple system at the top rivet.
SOLUTION

F = 2500 lb →

C = ( 2500 )( 6 ) = 15, 000 lb ⋅ in. 4
5-54 Four forces are applied to a truss as shown in Fig. P5-54. Determine the magnitude and direction of the
resultant of the four forces and the perpendicular distance dR from point A to the line of action of the resultant.
SOLUTION

R A = (3 i − 12 j) kN = 12.369 kN

75.96° ............................................................Ans.

3 C A = (6 )( 2 ) + ( 4 )( 4 ) + ( 2 )(6 ) = 40 kN ⋅ m 3 = 12.369d
d = 3.23 m .........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-55 Three forces are applied to the locked pulley shown in Fig. P5-55. Determine the magnitude and direction of
the resultant of the three forces and the perpendicular distance from the axle of the pulley to the line of action
of the resultant.
SOLUTION

R A = ( −160 cos 20° ) i + (160sin 20° ) j − (90 ) j
= ( −150.351 i − 35.277 j) lb

= 154.43 lb

13.20° ..............................................................................................Ans.

4 C A = (120 )(1) − ( 40 )(1) − (90 )( 2 ) = −100 lb ⋅ ft = −154.43d
d = 0.648 ft .......................................................................................................................Ans.
5-56 Determine the resultant of the four forces acting on the bell crank shown in Fig. P5-56, and determine where
the resultant intersects the x-axis.
SOLUTION

R = 175 i + ( 400 cos 45° ) i + ( 400sin 45° ) j + 300 j − 200 j

124

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

= ( 457.84 i + 382.84 j) N = 596.82 N

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

39.90° ...................................................Ans.

3 C A = ( 400 )(50 ) + ( 200 )(80 ) = 36, 000 N ⋅ mm = 382.84d
d = 94.0 mm left of O ....................................................................................................Ans.
5-57 Three 75-lb traffic lights are suspended over a roadway as shown in Fig. P5-57. Determine the resultant of
the weights of the traffic lights and locate the resultant with respect to point A.
SOLUTION

R = (3)(75 ) = 225 lb ↓ ..............................................................................................Ans.
3 C = ( 75 )(8 ) + (75 )(11) + (75 )(14 ) = 2475 lb ⋅ ft 3 = 225d
d = 11 ft ..............................................................................................................................Ans.
5-58 Four parallel forces act on a concrete slab as shown in Fig. P5-58. Determine the resultant of the forces and
locate the intersection of the line of action of the resultant with the xy-plane.
SOLUTION

R = ( −4 − 3 − 3 − 2 ) k = ( −12 k ) kN ...........................................................................Ans.
C = (3 i + 1.5 j) × ( −4 k ) + (3 i + 3 j) × ( −3 k ) + (1.5 i + 3 j) × ( −3 k ) + ( 4.5 j) × ( −2 k )
= ( −33 i + 25.5 j) kN ⋅ m
= ( x i + y j) × ( −12 k ) = ( −12 y i + 12 x j)
x = 25.5 12 = 2.12 m ......................................................................................................Ans.
y = 33 12 = 2.75 m ..........................................................................................................Ans.
5-59 The forces exerted on the wheels of an airplane by the runway are shown in Fig. P5-59. Determine the
resultant of the three forces and locate the intersection of the line of action of the resultant with the xy-plane
(the runway).
SOLUTION

R = (5000 + 5000 + 2500 ) k = (12,500 k ) lb ...........................................................Ans.
CO = ( 20 i + 8 j) × (5000 k ) + ( 20 i − 8 j) × (5000 k ) = ( −200, 000 j) lb ⋅ ft
= ( x i + y j) × (12,500 k ) = (12,500 y i − 12,500 x j)
x = 200, 000 12,500 = 16 ft ..........................................................................................Ans.
y = 0 12,500 = 0 ft ..........................................................................................................Ans.
5-60 The magnitude of the force F acting on the casting shown in Fig. P5-60 is 2 kN. Replace the force with a
force R through point A and a couple C.
SOLUTION

R = 2000

3 i + 4 j + 12 k
32 + 42 + 122

= ( 461.538 i + 615.385 j + 1846.154 k ) N .................Ans.

C = (0.25 j + 0.075 k ) × ( 461.538 i + 615.385 j + 1846.154 k )
= ( 415.4 i + 34.6 j − 115.4 k ) N ⋅ m ..........................................................................Ans.

125

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition
5-61 A force

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

F = (50i + 50 j − 200k ) lb acts on the wall bracket shown in Fig. P5-61. Replace the force by a

force-couple system at rivet B. The eye bolt is small and the force F may be considered as acting at point C.
SOLUTION

F = (50 i + 50 j − 200 k ) lb ............................................................................................Ans.
C = ( 2 i + 4 j − 3 k ) × (50 i + 50 j − 200 k )
= ( −650 i + 250 j − 100 k ) lb ⋅ in. ...............................................................................Ans.
5-62 The homogeneous plate shown in Fig. P5-62 has a mass of 90 kg. The magnitude of the force T in cable BC
is 800 N. Replace the weight and cable forces by an equivalent force-couple system at hinge A.
SOLUTION

W = (90 )(9.81)( − k ) = ( −882.90 k ) N
T = 800

−350 i − 610 j + 500 k
3502 + 6102 + 5002

= ( −324.486 i − 565.533 j + 463.552 k ) N

R = W + T = ( −324 i − 566 j − 419 k ) N ...................................................................Ans.
C = (0.65 i + 0.28 j) × ( −324.486 i − 565.533 j + 463.552 k ) + (0.35 i ) × ( −882.90 k )
= (129.8 i + 7.71 j − 277 k ) N ⋅ m ............................................................................Ans.
5-63 Forces act at A, D, and E of the member shown in Fig. P5-63. If the equivalent force-couple system at B is

R = ( −100i − 100 j) lb and a couple C, determine the magnitude of FE, the angle θ, and the required

couple C.
SOLUTION

R = ( −100 + FEx ) i + ( FEy − 300 ) j = ( −100 i + 100 j) lb
FEx = 0 lb

FEy = 200 lb

FE = 200 lb ↑ ...................................................................................................................Ans.
4 C = (100 )(10 ) − (300 )(14 ) + ( 200 )( 20 ) = 800 lb ⋅ in. 4 ..................................Ans.
5-64 Four forces and a couple are applied to a rectangular plate as shown in Fig. P5-64. Determine the magnitude
and direction of the resultant of the force-couple system and the distance xR from point O to the intercept of
the line of action of the resultant with the x-axis.
SOLUTION

R = (90 − 60 ) i + (75 − 50 ) j = (30 i + 25 j) N
= 39.1 N

39.81° ....................................................................................................Ans.

4 C = 10 − (90 )(0.25 ) − (50 )(0.3) − ( 60 )( 0.25 ) − (75 )( 0.3)
= −65.00 N ⋅ m = xR 25
xR = −65.00 25 = −2.6 m ..............................................................................................Ans.
5-65 The magnitude of the resultant R of the four forces acting on the legs of the table shown in Fig. P5-65 is 80
lb. Determine the magnitude of F and the location, xR and yR, of the line of action of R.
SOLUTION

R = (30 + 20 + 15 + F ) j = (80 j) lb

126

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

F = 15 lb .............................................................................................................................Ans.

C = (3 i ) × (30 k ) + (3 j) × (15 k ) + (3 i + 3 j) × ( 20 k ) = (105 i − 150 j) lb ⋅ ft
= ( xR i + yR j) × (80 j) = (80 yR i − 80 xR j)
xR = 150 80 = 1.875 ft ....................................................................................................Ans.
yR = 105 80 = 1.313 ft ....................................................................................................Ans.
5-66 Figure P5-66 shows a crankshaft-flywheel arrangement of a one-cylinder engine. A 1000-N force P is
supplied by the connecting rod, and a couple C of magnitude 250 N-m is delivered to the crankshaft by the
flywheel. Replace the force and couple by an equivalent force-couple system at the bearing A.
SOLUTION

P = (1000sin 20° )( − j) + (1000 cos 20° )( − k )
= ( −342.02 j − 939.69 k ) N .......................................................................................Ans.
M A = ( −0.225 i − 0.125 j) × ( −342.02 j − 939.69 k ) + ( −250 i )
= ( −132.5 i − 211.4 j + 77.0 k ) N ⋅ m .................................................................Ans.
5-67 A farmer is using the hand winch shown in Fig. P5-67 to raise a 40-lb bucket of water from a well. When the
force P and the weight of the bucket are replaced by an equivalent force-couple system at bearing D, the
result is R = −10 j − 60k lb and a couple CD Determine the force P applied to the handle of the winch and
the couple CD.
SOLUTION

R = ( Px i + Py j + Pz k ) − 40 k = ( −10 j − 60 k ) lb
Px = 0 lb

Py = −10 lb

Pz = −20 lb ..................................Ans.

C D = (30 i + 2.5 j) × ( −40 k ) + ( 61 i − 20 cos 30° j + 20sin 30° k ) × ( −10 j − 20 k )
= (346 i + 2420 j − 610 k ) lb ⋅ in. .........................................................................Ans.
5-68 In order to remove a rusty screw from a steel plate, a worker attaches a screwdriver to the bent bar shown in
Fig. P5-68. To hold the screwdriver in place, the worker applies a 30-N force at C; a 50-N force is applied to
the handle of the bar in an attempt to remove the screw. Forces Fy and Fz are also applied at C. It is desirable
that the screwdriver not bend about the y and z axes.
(a)
Determine the forces Fy and Fz.
(b)
Replace the forces at B and C by an equivalent force-couple system at A.
SOLUTION
(a)

M A = (0.45 i ) × ( −30 i + Fy j + Fz k ) + (0.25 i − 0.15 j) × ( −50 k )

= 7.5 i + (12.5 − 0.45 Fz ) j + 0.45 Fy k = ( M x i + 0 j + 0 k ) N ⋅ m
Fy = 0 N
(b)

Fz = 27.78 N ............................................................Ans.

R = ( −30 i ) + ( 27.78 k ) + ( −50 k ) = ( −30 i − 22.22 k ) N ....................................Ans.
C = (7.5 i ) N ⋅ m ...............................................................................................................Ans.

127

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-69 Reduce the forces shown in Fig. P5-69 to a wrench and locate the intersection of the wrench with the xyplane.
SOLUTION

FB = 420

3i − 5 j + 4k
32 + 52 + 42

= (178.191i − 296.985 j + 237.588 k ) lb

R = 60 i + (178.191 i − 296.985 j + 237.588 k ) + 250 j
= ( 238.191 i − 46.985 j + 237.588 k ) lb ...............................................................Ans.
M O = (3 j) × (60 i ) + (5 j) × (178.191 i − 296.985 j + 237.588 k ) + ( 4 k ) × ( 250 j)
= (187.940 i − 1070.955 k ) lb ⋅ ft
eR =

238.191 i − 46.985 j + 237.588 k
238.1912 + 46.9852 + 237.5882

= (0.70120 i − 0.13832 j + 0.69942 k )

M R = M O e R = (187.940 )( 0.70120 ) + ( −1070.955 )(0.69942 ) = −617.264 lb ⋅ ft
M R = M R e R = ( −432.826 i + 85.380 j − 431.727 k ) lb ⋅ ft ....................................Ans.
MO = M R + r × R
M O − M R = (620.766 i − 85.380 j − 639.228 k ) lb ⋅ ft
r × R = ( xR i + yR j) × ( 238.191 i − 46.985 j + 237.588 k )

= 237.588 yR i − 237.588 xR j − ( 46.985 xR + 238.191 yR ) k

xR = 85.380 237.588 = 0.359 ft ..................................................................................Ans.
yR = 620.766 237.588 = 2.61 ft ..................................................................................Ans.
5-70 Locate the center of mass for the three particles shown in Fig. P5-70 if mA = 26 kg, mB = 21 kg, and mC = 36
kg.
SOLUTION

m = 26 + 21 + 36 = 83 kg
83 xG = 26 ( −200 cos 60° ) + 21( −200 cos 30° ) + 36 ( 200 ) = 962.693
83 yG = 26 ( 200sin 60° ) + 21( −200sin 30° ) = 2403.332
xG = 962.693 83 = 11.60 mm .......................................................................................Ans.
yG = 2403.332 83 = 29.0 mm ......................................................................................Ans.
5-71 Locate the center of gravity for the four particles shown in Fig. P5-71 if WA = 20 lb, WB = 25 lb, WC = 30 lb,
and WD = 40 lb.
SOLUTION

W = 20 + 25 + 30 + 40 = 115 lb

115 xG = 20 ( 0 ) + 25 ( 0 ) + 30 (8 ) + 40 ( 0 ) = 240
115 yG = 20 (12 ) + 25 (12 ) + 30 (12 ) + 40 (0 ) = 900
115 zG = 20 (10 ) + 25 (0 ) + 30 ( 0 ) + 40 (0 ) = 200

128

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

xG = 240 115 = 2.09 in. ..................................................................................................Ans.
yG = 900 115 = 7.83 in. ..................................................................................................Ans.
zG = 200 115 = 1.739 in. ................................................................................................Ans.
5-72 Locate the center of mass for the four particles shown in Fig. P5-72 if mA = 16 kg, mB = 24 kg, mC = 14 kg,
and mD = 36 kg.
SOLUTION

m = 16 + 24 + 14 + 36 = 90 kg
90 xG = 16 (300 ) + 24 ( 0 ) + 14 (0 ) + 36 ( 0 ) = 4800
90 yG = 16 ( 0 ) + 24 ( 0 ) + 14 (500 ) + 36 ( 0 ) = 7000
90 zG = 16 (0 ) + 24 (0 ) + 14 (0 ) + 36 ( 400 ) = 14, 400
xG = 4800 90 = 53.3 mm ...............................................................................................Ans.
yG = 7000 90 = 77.8 mm ..............................................................................................Ans.
zG = 14, 400 90 = 160 mm ............................................................................................Ans.
5-73 Locate the center of gravity for the five particles shown in Fig. P5-73 if WA = 25 lb, WB = 35 lb, WC = 15 lb,
WD = 28 lb, and WE = 16 lb.
SOLUTION

W = 25 + 35 + 15 + 28 + 16 = 119 lb

119 xG = 25 (10 ) + 35 (10 ) + 15 ( 0 ) + 28 (10 ) + 16 ( 0 ) = 880
119 yG = 25 (0 ) + 35 (11) + 15 (16 ) + 28 (16 ) + 16 ( 0 ) = 1073
119 zG = 25 ( 0 ) + 35 (0 ) + 15 (0 ) + 28 (11) + 16 (11) = 484
xG = 880 119 = 7.39 in. ..................................................................................................Ans.
yG = 1073 119 = 9.02 in. ................................................................................................Ans.
zG = 484 119 = 4.07 in. ..................................................................................................Ans.
5-74 Locate the center of mass for the five particles shown in Fig. P5-74 if mA = 2 kg, mB = 3 kg, mC = 4 kg, mD =
3 kg, and mE = 2 kg.
SOLUTION

m = 2 + 3 + 4 + 3 + 2 = 14 kg
14 xG = 2 (300 ) + 3 (150 ) + 4 (300 ) + 3 (300 ) + 2 (0 ) = 3150
14 yG = 2 ( 240 ) + 3 ( 400 ) + 4 ( 400 ) + 3 ( 0 ) + 2 ( 200 ) = 3680
14 zG = 2 ( 0 ) + 3 ( 0 ) + 4 ( 270 ) + 3 ( 270 ) + 2 ( 270 ) = 2430
xG = 3150 14 = 225 mm ................................................................................................Ans.
yG = 3680 14 = 263 mm ................................................................................................Ans.
zG = 2430 14 = 173.6 mm .............................................................................................Ans.

129

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-75 Three bodies with masses of 2, 4, and 6 slugs are located at points (2, 3, 4), (3, −4, 5), and (−3, 4, 6),
respectively. Locate the mass center of the system if the distances are measured in feet.
SOLUTION

m = 2 + 4 + 6 = 12 slug
12 xG = 2 ( 2 ) + 4 (3) + 6 ( −3) = −2
12 yG = 2 (3) + 4 ( −4 ) + 6 ( 4 ) = 14
12 zG = 2 ( 4 ) + 4 (5 ) + 6 ( 6 ) = 64
xG = −2 12 = −0.1667 ft ................................................................................................Ans.
yG = 14 12 = 1.167 ft ......................................................................................................Ans.
zG = 64 12 = 5.33 ft .........................................................................................................Ans.
5-76 Locate the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-76 if b = 200 mm and h = 300 mm.
SOLUTION

dAV = ( hx b ) dx
dAH = b − (by h ) dy
A = ∫ dAV = ∫

b

0

b

 hx 2 
hx
bh
dx = 
=

b
 2b  0 2

M y = ∫ xdAV = ∫

b

 hx3 
hx
hb 2
x dx = 
 = 3
b
 3b  0

b

0

My

hb 2 3 2b
xC =
=
=
= 133.3 mm ...........................................................................Ans.
A
hb 2
3
M x = ∫ y dAH = ∫

h

0

yC =

h

 by 2 by 3 
  by  
bh 2
y b −    dy = 

=
3h  0
6
  h 
 2

M x bh 2 6 h
=
= = 100.0 mm ............................................................................Ans.
A
bh 2 3

5-77 Determine the y-coordinate of the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-77.
SOLUTION

dAV = ( x 2 2b ) dx

dAH = b − 2by  dy
A = ∫ dAV = ∫

b

0

b

 x3 
x2
b2
dx =   =
2b
 6b  0 6

M x = ∫ y dAH = ∫

b/2

0

b/2

 by 2
y5 / 2 
b3 b3 b3
y b − 2by  dy = 
− 2b
=
− =
5 2  0
8 10 40
 2

130

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

yC =

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

M x b3 40 3b
= 2 =
...................................................................................................Ans.
A
b 6 20

5-78 Determine the x-coordinate of the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-78.
SOLUTION

x2 
dAV =  b 1 − 2  dx

a 

a
x2 
A = ∫ dAV = ∫  b 1 − 2  dx
0 
a 

a

b 
 x   π ab
x a 2 − x 2 + a 2 sin −1    =
=

2a 
4
 a 0
M y = ∫ x dAV = ∫

a

0

xC =

My
A

=

x2 
 −b
x  b 1 − 2  dx = 

a 
 3a

(a

2

−x

)

2 3

a

ba 2

=

3
0

ba 2 3 4a
=
.................................................................................................Ans.
π ab 4 3π

5-79 Locate the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-79.
SOLUTION

x2 
dAV =  2 x −  dx
25 

1 
x 2   
x2  
dM x = yC dAV =   2 x −    2 x −  dx 
25   
25  
2 
1
4 x3 x 4 
=  4x2 −
+

2
25 625 
A = ∫ dAV = ∫

50

0

50

 2 x3 
x2 
2
 2 x −  dx =  x −  = 833.33 in.
25 
75  0

50 
x2 
M y = ∫ x dAV = ∫ x  2 x −  dx
0
25 

50

 2 x3 x 4 
3
=

 = 20,833.33 in.
3
100

0
xC =

My
A

=

20,833.33
= 25.0 in. .................................................................................Ans.
833.33
50

1 50 
4 x3 x 4 
1  4 x3 x 4
x5 
M x = ∫ dM x = ∫  4 x 2 −
+
dx
=

+

2 0 
25 625 
2  3 25 3125  0
= 8333.33 in.3

131

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

yC =

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

M x 8333.33
=
= 10.00 in. ...................................................................................Ans.
833.33
A

5-80 Determine the y-coordinate of the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-80.
SOLUTION

dAH = ( ay 2 b 2 ) dy

b

 ay 2 
 ay 3 
ab
A = ∫ dAH = ∫  2  dy =  2  =
0
 b 
 3b  0 3
b

M x = ∫ y dAH = ∫

b

0

yC =

b

 ay 2 
 ay 4 
ab 2
y  2  dy =  2  =
4
 b 
 4b  0

M x ab 2 4 3b
=
= ...................................................................................................Ans.
4
A
ab 3

5-81 Locate the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-81.
SOLUTION

dAV =

(

)

ax − x dx

dAH =  y − ( y 2 a ) dy
A = ∫ dAV = ∫

a

0

(

)

a

M y = ∫ x dAV = ∫ x
0

xC =

My
A

=

(

a

  x5 / 2  x3 
a3
ax − x dx =  a 

=

  5 2  3  0 15

)

a 3 15 2a
=
...................................................................................................Ans.
a2 6
5

M x = ∫ y dAH = ∫

a

0

yC =

a

  x3/ 2  x 2 
a2
ax − x dx =  a 
−  =
  3 2  2 0 6

a

  y 2 
 y3 y 4 
a3
y  y −    dy =  −  =
 3 4a  0 12
  a 

M x a 3 12 a
= 2 = .....................................................................................................Ans.
A
a 6 2

5-82 Determine the y-coordinate of the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-82.
SOLUTION

4x 

 5x 
dAV =  x −  dx =   dx
9 

 9 
9

 5x2 
 5x 
A = ∫ dAV = ∫   dx = 
= 20 mm 2

3
 9 
 18  3
9

 4 x 1  5 x    5 x    65 x 2 
dM x = yC dAV =  +      dx  = 
 dx
 9 2  9    9    162 

132

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS
9

 65 x 2 
 65 x3 
3
=
M x = ∫ dM x = ∫ yC dAV = ∫ 
dx

 486  = 93.889 mm
3
162

3
9

yC =

M x 93.889
=
= 4.69 mm ....................................................................................Ans.
20
A

5-83 Determine the x-coordinate of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-83.
SOLUTION

dAV = ( x 3 2 ) dx

2

 x4 
x3
15 2
A = ∫ dAV = ∫
dx =   =
in.
−1 2
 8  −1 8
2

2

 x3 
 x5 
33 3
M y = ∫ x dAV = ∫ x   dx =   =
in.
−1
 2
10  −1 10
2

xC =

My
A

=

33 10 44
=
≅ 1.760 in. .............................................................................Ans.
15 8 25

5-84 Locate the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-84.
SOLUTION
For the quarter circle

(x − r) + ( y − r)
2

2

= r2

y = r − r2 − (x − r )

2

(

)

2
dAV =  r − r − r 2 − ( x − r )  dx

= r 2 − ( x − r ) dx = 2rx − x 2 dx
2

A = ∫ dAV = ∫

r

2
1
 x − r  π r
2rx − x dx = ( x − r ) 2rx − x 2 + r 2 sin −1 
=

2
4
 r  0

r

2

0

r

M y = ∫ x dAV = ∫ x 2rx − x 2 dx
0

r

 ( 2rx − x 2 )3/ 2

r
π r3 r3
−1  x − r   
2
2

= −
+ ( x − r ) 2rx − x + r sin 
=

3
2
4
3
 r  

0
xC =
Since the line

My
A

(π r 4 ) − (r 3) = r − 4r ........................................................................Ans.
=
3

3

π r2 4

x = y is an axis of symmetry,
yC = xC = r −

4r
...............................................................................................................Ans.

133

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-85 Locate the centroid of the volume obtained by revolving the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-85 about the xaxis.
SOLUTION
2

x2 
dV = π r dx = π  2 −  dx
8 

x2 x4 
= π  4 − +  dx
2 64 

2

4 
x2 x4 
V = ∫ dV = ∫ π  4 − +  dx
0
2 64 

4

x3 x5 
3
= π 4 x − +
 = 26.808 in.
6
320

0
M yz = ∫ x dV = ∫

4

0

xC =

M yz
V

=

4

x2 x4 
x4 x6 
4
xπ  4 − +  dx = π  2 x 2 − +
 = 33.510 in.
2
64
8
384

0

33.510
= 1.250 in. ....................................................................................Ans.
26.808

Since the x-axis is an axis of symmetry,

yC = zC = 0 .........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-86 Locate the centroid of the volume obtained by revolving the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-86 about the xaxis.
SOLUTION

dV = π r 2 dx = π (50 x ) dx
b

b

0

0

V = ∫ dV = ∫ 50π x dx =  25π x 2  = 25π b 2
M yz = ∫ x dV = ∫

b

0

xC =
=

M yz
V

=

b

 50π x3 
50π b3
x (50π x ) dx = 
=

3
 3 0

50π b3 3 2b
=
25π b 2
3

2 (100 )
≅ 66.7 mm .......................................Ans.
3

Since the x-axis is an axis of symmetry,

yC = zC = 0 .........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-87 Locate the centroid of the curved homogeneous slender rod shown in Fig. P5-87.
SOLUTION

x = y2 6
dL = dx 2 + dy 2 =

dx dy = y 3

( dx

dy ) + 1 dy =
2

134

( y 3)

2

+ 1 dy =

1 2
y + 9 dy
3

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

L = ∫ dL = ∫

12

0

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

)

(

12
1 2
1
y + 9 dy =  y y 2 + 9 + 9 ln y + y 2 + 9  = 27.8807 in.
 0
3
6 

2
12  y  1
M y = ∫ x dL = ∫  
y 2 + 9 dy
0
6
3
 

1 y
= 
18  4
xC =

My
L

=

(y

2

9y

8

12

)

(

92
y + 9 − ln y + y 2 + 9  = 304.962 in.2
8
0
2

304.962
= 10.94 in. ...................................................................................Ans.
27.8807

M x = ∫ y dA = ∫

12

0

yC =

+ 9)

3

y
3

1 1
y + 9 dy = 
3 3

12

( y + 9 )  = 207.278 in.2
0

2

2

3

M x 207.278
=
= 7.43 in. .....................................................................................Ans.
27.8807
L

5-88 Locate the centroid of the curved homogeneous slender rod shown in Fig. P5-88 if b = 50 mm.
SOLUTION

y = x 2 2b

b = 50 mm

dy dx = x b

dL = dx 2 + dy 2 = 1 + ( dy dx ) dx = 1 + ( x 50 ) dx =
2

L = ∫ dL = ∫

50

0

=

2

1
502 + x 2 dx
50

)

(

50
1
1 
502 + x 2 dx =
x x 2 + 502 + 502 ln x + x 2 + 502 
 0
50
100 

(

)

1 
2 (502 ) + 502 ln 50 + 2 50 − 502 ln 50  = 57.3897 mm

100 

M y = ∫ x dL = ∫

50

0

xC =

My
L

=

x
1 1
502 + x 2 dx =
50
50  3

50

3
( x2 + 502 )  = 1523.689 mm2
0

1523.689
= 26.5 mm ................................................................................Ans.
57.3897

2
50  x  1
M x = ∫ y dL = ∫ 
502 + x 2 dx

0
 100  50

1 x
=
5000  4

(x

2

+ 50

)

2 3

(

)

50

502
504

x x 2 + 502 −
ln x + x 2 + 502 
8
8
0

= 525.198 mm 2
M
525.198
yC = x =
= 9.15 mm ..................................................................................Ans.
L
57.3897
5-89 Locate the centroid of the volume of the portion of a right circular cone shown in Fig. P5-89.
SOLUTION

rˆ =

r
(h − z )
h

135

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

dV =

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

π rˆ 2
π r2
2
dz = 2 ( h − z ) dz
4
4h

V = ∫ dV = ∫

h

0

π r2
π r2
2
h
z
dz

=
(
)
4h 2
4h 2

M xy = ∫ z dV = ∫

h

0

h

 ( h − z )3  π r 2 h
−
 =
3 
12

0

π r2
2
z ( h − z ) dz
2
4h
h

π r 2  h 2 z 2 2hz 3 z 4  π r 2 h 2
= 2

+  =
4h  2
3
4 0
48
zC =

M xy
V

=

π r 2 h 2 48 h
= .............................................................................................Ans.
π r 2 h 12 4

4rˆ
r3
3
dM yz =
dV = 3 ( h − z ) dz

3h
M yz = ∫ dM yz = ∫

h

0

xC =

M yz

=

r3
r3
3
h

z
dz
=
(
)
3h3
3h3

h

 ( h − z )4 
r 3h
−
 =
4 
12

0

r 3h 12
r
= ...............................................................................................Ans.
2
π r h 12 π

V
Since the plane x = y is a plane of symmetry,

yC = xC = r π ....................................................................................................................Ans.
5-90 Locate the mass center of the hemisphere shown in Fig. P5-90 if the density ρ at any point P is proportional
to the distance from the xy-plane to the point P.
SOLUTION

r 2 = y 2 + (r − z )

2

y 2 = r 2 − ( r − z ) = 2rz − z 2
2

dm = ρ dV = kz (π y 2 ) dz = π k ( 2rz 2 − z 3 ) dz
r

 2rz 3 z 4 
5π kr 4
m = ∫ dm = ∫ π k ( 2rz − z ) dz = π k 
−  =
0
4 0
12
 3
r

2

M xy = ∫ z dm = ∫

r

0

zG =

M xy
m

=

3

r

 2rz 4 z 5 
3π kr 5
−  =
zπ k ( 2rz − z ) dz = π k 
5 0
10
 4
2

3

3π kr 5 10 18r
=
.........................................................................................Ans.
5π kr 4 12 25

By symmetry,

xG = yG = 0 ........................................................................................................................Ans.

136

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-91 Locate the mass center of the right circular cone shown in Fig. P5-91 if the density ρ at any point P is
proportional to the distance from the xy-plane to the point P.
SOLUTION

rˆ = rz h
 r2 z2 
dm = ρ dV = kz (π rˆ 2 ) dz = π kz  2  dz
 h 
m = ∫ dm = ∫

h

0

h

π kr 2 3
π kr 2  z 4  π kr 2 h 2
z
dz
=
=
h2
h 2  4  0
4

M xy = ∫ z dm = ∫

h

0

π kr 2 4
π kr 2
z dz = 2
h2
h

h

 z 5  π kr 2 h3
5 = 5
 0

π kr 2 h3 5 4h
zG =
=
=
...........................................................................................Ans.
m
π kr 2 h 2 4 5
M xy

By symmetry,

xG = yG = 0 ........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-92 Locate the centroid of the volume of the tetrahedron shown in Fig. P5-92.
SOLUTION
By similar triangles

a
(c − z )
c
b
bˆ = ( c − z )
c
1 ˆ
ab
2
ˆ dz = 2 (c − z ) dz
dV = ab
2
2c
c ab
V = ∫ dV = ∫
(c2 − 2cz + z 2 ) dz
0 2c 2
aˆ =

c

ab  2
z3 
abc
2
= 2 c z − cz +  =
2c 
3 0
6
M xy = ∫ z dV = ∫

c

0

zC =

M xy
V

=

c

ab 2
ab  c 2 z 2 2cz 3 z 4 
abc 2
2
3
c
z

2
cz
+
z
dz
=

+
=
(
) 2c 2  2 3 4  24
2c 2

0

abc 2 24 c
= ...............................................................................................Ans.
4
abc 6

Similarly

a
.................................................................................................................................Ans.
4
b
yC = .................................................................................................................................Ans.
4

xC =

137

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

W2 = (0.316 )( −3.5343) = −1.1168 lb
V3 =

(9 )(9 )(0.5) = 20.2500 in.3

W3 = (0.100 )( 20.2500 ) = 2.0250 lb

2

Vtot = 48.5243 in.3
xC1 = yC1 =
(a)

(b)

Wtot = 10.9597 lb

4 (9 )
= 3.8197 in.

xC =

(3.8197 )(31.8086 ) + (3.5)( −3.5343) + (0.25)( 20.2500 ) = 2.35 in. ......Ans.

yC =

(3.8197 )(31.8086 ) + (3)( −3.5343) + (3)( 20.2500 ) = 3.54 in. ................Ans.

zC =

(0.25)(31.8086 ) + (0.25)( −3.5343) + (3.5)( 20.2500 ) = 1.606 in. .........Ans.

xG =

(3.8197 )(10.0515) + (3.5)( −1.1168) + (0.25)( 2.0250 ) = 3.19 in. .........Ans.

yG =

(3.8197 )(10.0515) + (3)( −1.1168) + (3)( 2.0250 ) = 3.75 in. ...................Ans.

zG =

(0.25)(10.0515) + (0.25)( −1.1168) + (3.5)( 2.0250 ) = 0.851 in. ............Ans.

48.5243

48.5243

48.5243

10.9597

10.9597

10.9597

5-106 A cylinder with a conical cavity and a hemispherical cap is shown in Fig. P5-106. Locate
(a)
The centroid of the composite volume if R = 200 mm, and h = 250 mm.
(b)
The center of gravity of the composite volume if the cylinder is made of brass (ρ = 8750 kg/m3) and the
cap is made of aluminum (ρ = 2770 kg/m3).
SOLUTION
Cylinder:

V1 = π ( 200 ) ( 250 ) = 31.416 ×106 mm3
2

m1 = (8750 ) (31.416 ×10−3 ) = 274.89 kg

( 4 3)π ( 200 )
=

3

Hemisphere:

V2

2

= 16.755 ×106 mm3

m2 = ( 2770 ) (16.755 ×10−3 ) = 46.412 kg

π ( 200 ) ( 250 )
V3 = −
= −10.472 × 106 mm3
3
m3 = (8750 ) ( −10.472 × 10−3 ) = −91.630 kg
2

Cavity:

Totals:

Vtot = 37.699 ×106 mm3
zC 2 = zG 2 = 250 +
zC 3 = zG 3 =

mtot = 229.672 kg

3 ( 200 )
= 325 mm
8

250
= 62.5 mm
4
143

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

(a)

zC =

(125)(31.416 ) + (325)(16.755) + (62.5)( −10.472 ) = 231 mm ...............Ans.

(b)

zG =

(125)( 274.89 ) + (325)( 46.412 ) + (62.5)( −91.630 ) = 190.4 mm ...........Ans.

37.699
xC = yC = 0 mm (by symmetry) ..................................................................................Ans.
229.672
xG = yG = 0 mm (by symmetry) ..................................................................................Ans.

A slender rod is made of two materials; the segment along the x-axis is aluminum (γ = 0.100 lb/in3) and the
remainder is made of brass (γ = 0.316 lb/in3). Locate the center of gravity of the slender rod.
SOLUTION
Note that the curved portion of the wire is a half circle. Then,
5-107

L1 = 16 in.

W1 = 0.100 (16 ) = 1.600 lb

xG1 = 8 in.

yG1 = 0 in.

zG1 = 0 in.

L2 = 14 in.

W2 = 0.316 (14 ) = 4.424 lb

xG 2 = 0 in.

yG 2 = 7 in.

zG 2 = 0 in.

πd
= π (9.9 ) = 31.102 in.
2
= 0 in.

L3 =
xG 3

W3 = 0.316 (31.102 ) = 9.828 lb

yG 3 = 7 +

9.9sin (π 2 )
cos 45° = 11.457 in.
π 2

zG 3 = 7 +

9.9sin (π 2 )
sin 45° = 11.457 in.
π 2

Wtot = 15.852 lb
xG =

(8)(1.600 ) + (0 )( 4.424 ) + (0 )(9.828) = 0.807 in. ...........................................Ans.

yG =

(0 )(1.600 ) + (7 )( 4.424 ) + (11.457 )(9.828) = 9.06 in. ..................................Ans.

zG =

(0 )(1.600 ) + (0 )( 4.424 ) + (11.457 )(9.828) = 7.10 in. ...................................Ans.

15.852

15.852

15.852

5-108

The loads acting on a beam are distributed in a triangular manner as shown in Fig. P5-108. Determine and
locate the resultant with respect to the left end of the beam.
SOLUTION

R1 =

( 2 )(750 ) = 750 N

R2 =

( 4 )(750 ) = 1500 N

2

2

R = 750 + 1500 = 2250 N ↓ .........................................................................................Ans.
3 M A = 2250d = 750 ( 2 3)( 2 ) + 1500  2 + ( 4 3)
d = 2.67 m .........................................................................................................................Ans.

144

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-109

Determine the resultant of the distributed loads acting on the beam shown in Fig. P5-109, and locate its line
of action with respect to the support at A.
SOLUTION

R1 = ( 200 )(3) = 600 lb
R2 = (150 )(3) = 450 lb
R3 = (100 )(3) = 300 lb
R = 600 + 450 + 300 = 1350 lb ↓ ................................................................................Ans.
3 M A = 1350d = 600 (1.5 ) + 450 ( 4.5 ) + 300 (7.5 )
d = 3.83 ft ..........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-110

A distributed load acts on the beam shown in Fig. P5-110. Determine the resultant of the distributed load
and locate its line of action with respect to the support at A.
SOLUTION

R1 = ( 2.5 )( 4 ) = 10 kN
R2 =

( 2.5)( 4 ) = 5 kN
2

R = 10 + 5 = 15 kN ↓ ......................................................................................................Ans.
3 M A = 15d = 10 ( 4 ) + 5  2 + (8 3)
d = 4.22 m .........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-111

A distributed load acts on a beam as shown in Fig. P5-111. Determine and locate the resultant of the
distributed load with respect to the support at A.
SOLUTION
10

10

0

0

R1 = ∫ w dx = ∫ 3 x 2 dx =  x 3  = 1000 lb
3 M A1 = R1d1 = ∫ xw dx = ∫

10

0

10

 3x 4 
3 x dx = 
 = 7500 lb ⋅ ft
 4 0
3

R2 = (300 )(5 ) = 1500 lb
R = 1000 + 1500 = 2500 lb ↓ .......................................................................................Ans.
3 M A = 2500d = 7500 + 1500 (10 + 2.5 )
d = 10.50 ft ........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-112

Determine the resultant of the distributed load acting on the beam shown in Fig. P5-112 and locate its line
of action with respect to the support.
SOLUTION
2

100 x3 
R1 = ∫ w dx = ∫ 100 x dx = 
 = 266.667 N
0
 3 0
2

2

2

2

0

0

3 M A1 = R1d1 = ∫ xw dx = ∫ 100 x 3 dx =  25 x 4  = 400 N ⋅ m

145

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

( 400 )( 2 ) = 400 N

R2 =

2

R = 266.667 + 400 = 666.667 ≅ 667 N ↓ ................................................................Ans.
3 M A = 666.667d = 400 + 400  2 + ( 2 3)
d = 2.20 m .........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-113

Determine the resultant of the distributed load acting on the beam shown in Fig. P5-113 and locate its line
of action with respect to the support.
SOLUTION

( 200 )(6 ) = 600 lb

R1 =

2

R2 = ( 200 )( 2 ) = 400 lb ↓

R3 = (100 )(6 ) = 600 lb ↑
R = −600 − 400 + 600 = −400 lb = 400 lb ↓ ............................................................Ans.
3 M A = 400d = 600 ( 4 ) + 400 (7 ) − 600 (3)
d = 8.50 ft ..........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-114

A gate is used to hold water as shown in Fig. P5-114. If the width of the gate is 2 m. determine the
resultant of the water pressure acting on the gate, and locate its line of action with respect to the bottom of
the gate.
SOLUTION

(9800 )(9 ) (9 )( 2 )
= 793,800 N = 794 kN ....................................................Ans.
R= 
2
d = 9 3 = 3 m (from bottom) ........................................................................................Ans.
5-115

A flexible cable is used to tether the balloon shown in Fig. P5-115. The cable weighs 1.2 lb/ft along its
length. Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its location with respect to A.
SOLUTION

y = x 2 10
dL =

dy dx = x 5

( dx ) + ( dy )
2

2

= 1 + ( dy dx ) dx = 1 + ( x 5 ) dx =

15
1
R = ∫ w dL = ∫ 1.2 
0
5

2

2

1
5

52 + x 2 dx

52 + x 2  dx

)

(

15
1

= 0.24   x x 2 + 52 + 52 ln x + x 2 + 52   = 33.916 lb ...........................Ans.

0 
2 
15

RxR = ∫ xw dL = ∫ 0.24 x 52 + x 2 dx
0

1
= 0.24 
3
xR =

15

3
( x2 + 52 )  = 306.228 lb ⋅ ft
0

306.228
= 9.029 ft .................................................................................................Ans.
33.916

yR = xR2 10 = 9.0292 10 = 8.15 ft ................................................................................Ans.

146

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-116

A loaded rivet causes a force distribution or pressure p on a plate, as shown in Fig. P5-116. The rivet has a
diameter of 25 mm, and the plate is 15 mm thick. Determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on
the plate. Let po = 400 N/m2.
SOLUTION

 0.025 
−4
dA = ( r dθ ) t = 
 ( 0.015 ) dθ = (1.875 × 10 ) dθ
 2 
dRy = ( p dA ) cos θ = ( 400 cos θ ) (1.875 × 10−4 ) dθ  cos θ = 0.075cos 2 θ dθ
Ry = ∫ dRy = ∫

π /2

−π / 2

0.075cos 2 θ dθ
π /2

1 + cos 2θ
θ sin 2θ 
dθ = 0.075  +
= 0.075∫
−π / 2
2
4  −π / 2
2
π /2

= 0.1178 N ↓ ............................................................................................................Ans.

dRx = ( p dA ) sin θ = ( 400 cos θ ) (1.875 ×10−4 ) dθ  sin θ = 0.0375sin 2θ dθ
π /2

 cos 2θ 
0.0375sin 2θ dθ = 0.0375  −
−π / 2
2  −π / 2

Rx = ∫ dRx = ∫

π /2

= 0 N ............................................................................................................................Ans.
5-117

The lift on the wing of an airplane due to aerodynamic forces is shown in Fig. P5-117. The lift L may be

described by the function L = 25
A.
SOLUTION

(

x lb/ft . Determine the moment of the resultant lift force about point

)

dM = x dL = x 25 x dx
15

M = ∫ dM = ∫ 25 x
0

15

3/ 2

 2 x5 / 2 
dx = 25 
 = 8710 lb ⋅ ft .........................................Ans.
 5 0

5-118 Determine the moment of the 1650-N force shown in Fig. P5-118 about point O.
SOLUTION

F = 1650

−180 i + 180 j + 80 k
1802 + 1802 + 802

= ( −1113.055 i + 1113.055 j + 494.691k ) N

M O = ( 0.36 i + 0.24 j + 0.4 k ) × ( −1113.055 i + 1113.055 j + 494.691k )
= ( −326 i − 623 j + 668 k ) N ⋅ m ..........................................................................Ans.
5-119

The driving wheel of a truck is subjected to the force-couple system shown in Fig. P5-119. Replace this
system by an equivalent single force and determine the point of application of the force along the vertical
diameter of the wheel.
SOLUTION

Rx = 750 lb

Ry = 1800 − 1800 = 0 lb

R = 750 lb → ...................................................................................................................Ans.

3 M O = 600 lb ⋅ ft = 750 y
y = 0.8 ft = 9.60 in. up from the ground ..................................................................Ans.

147

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-120

A 200-N force is applied at corner B of a rectangular plate as shown in Fig. P5-120. Determine the
moment of the force
(a)
(b)
SOLUTION

F = 200

(a)

0.46 i + 0.5 j − 0.9 k
0.462 + 0.52 + 0.92

= (81.5854 i + 88.6798 j − 159.6237 k ) N

M O = ( −0.8 i + 2 k ) × (81.5854 i + 88.6798 j − 159.6237 k )
= ( −177.360 i + 35.472 j − 70.944 k ) N ⋅ m .....................................................Ans.
eOD =

(b)

−0.8 i + 0.5 j
0.82 + 0.52

= ( −0.84800 i + 0.53000 j)

M OD = M O eOD = ( −177.360 )( −0.84800 ) + (35.472 )(0.53000 )
= 169.2 N ⋅ m ..........................................................................................................Ans.

M OD = M OD eOD = 169.2 ( −0.84800 i + 0.53000 j)
= ( −143.5 i + 89.7 j) N ⋅ m ..................................................................................Ans.
5-121

A 2500-lb jet engine is suspended from the wing of an airplane as shown in Fig. P5-121. Determine the
moment produced by the engine at point A in the wing when the plane is
(a)
On the ground with the engine not operating.
(b)
In flight with the engine developing a thrust T of 15,000 lb.
SOLUTION

(a)

4 M = 2500 (8sin 35° ) = 11, 470 lb ⋅ ft 4 ..................................................................Ans.

(b)

4 M = 2500 (8sin 35° ) − 15, 000 (8cos 35° )
= −86,800 lb ⋅ ft 4= 86,800 lb ⋅ ft 3 ...............................................................Ans.

5-122

Two forces and a couple act on a beam as shown in Fig. P5-122. Determine the resultant R and its location
x.
SOLUTION

R = 1.8 + 1 = 2.8 kN ↓ ...................................................................................................Ans.
3 M O = (1.8 )(1) + (1)( 2 ) + 10 = 13.800 kN ⋅ m = 2.8 x
x = 4.92 m .........................................................................................................................Ans.
5-123

Replace the force and couple acting on the wall bracket shown in Fig. P5-123 by a force-couple system at
point A.
SOLUTION

Rx = 0 lb

Ry = −40 lb

R = 40 lb ↓ .......................................................................................................................Ans.
3 M A = 40 (8 ) + 30 = 350 lb ⋅ in. ..................................................................................Ans.

148

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-124

Determine the resultant of the parallel force system shown in Fig. P5-124 and locate the intersection of its
line of action with the xy-plane.
SOLUTION

R = (125 k ) + ( −80 k ) + (100 k ) + ( −200 k ) + ( −75 k ) = ( −130 k ) N ................Ans.
M O = (3 i + 1.5 j) × (125 k ) + (1 i + 1.5 j) × ( −80 k ) + ( 2 i + 3.5 j) × (100 k )
+ (3 i + 5.5 j) × ( −200 k ) + (1 i + 5.5 j) × ( −75 k )

= ( −1095 i + 180 j) N ⋅ m
= ( x i + y j) × ( −130 k ) = ( −130 y i + 130 x j)
x=

180
= 1.385 m
130

y=

1095
= 8.42 m ..........................................Ans.
130

5-125

The concrete floor of a building supports four wood columns as shown in Fig. P5-125. The resultant of the
forces transmitted through the columns to the floor is R = 75 kip at the location shown in the figure.
Determine the magnitude of the forces F1 and F2.
SOLUTION

R = 15 + 20 + F1 + F2 = 75 kip ↓
M O = ( 20 i ) × ( −15 k ) + ( 20 i + 30 j) × ( − F1 k ) + (30 j) × ( − F2 k )
= −30 ( F1 + F2 ) i + (300 + 20 F1 ) j

= (13 i + 16 j) × ( −75 k ) = ( −1200 i + 975 j) kip ⋅ ft
F1 = 33.7 kip ↓ ................................................................................................................Ans.
F2 = 6.25 kip ↓ ................................................................................................................Ans.
5-126 A bent rod supports a 450-kN force F as shown in Fig. P5-126.
(a)
Replace the 450-N force with a force R through the coordinate origin O and a couple C.
(b)
Determine the twisting moments produced by force F in the three different segments of the rod.
SOLUTION

xD = 425cos 45° − 750 = −449.48 mm
yD = 300 − 150 = 150 mm
(a)

z D = −425sin 45° = −300.52 mm

R = ( 450 k ) N ..................................................................................................................Ans.
C = ( −0.44948 i + 0.150 j − 0.30052 k ) × ( 450 k )
= ( 67.5 i + 202.3 j) N ⋅ m ..........................................................................................Ans.

(b)

M OA = M O j = 202.3 N ⋅ m ............................................................................................Ans.
M B = ( −0.75 i − 0.15 j) × ( 450 k ) = ( −67.5 i + 337.5 j) N ⋅ m
e AB =

( 425cos 45° ) i − ( 425sin 45° ) k =
425

(0.70711i − 0.70711k )

M AB = M B e AB = ( −67.5 )( 0.70711) = −47.7 N ⋅ m ................................................Ans.
M BC = M B i = −67.5 N ⋅ m ...........................................................................................Ans.

149

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS

5-127 Locate the centroid of the shaded area shown in Fig. P5-127.
SOLUTION

(
=(

)
dA
2 y − 0.5 y ) dy
A = ∫ dA = ∫ ( 2 x − 0.5 x ) dx
dAV =
H

2 x − 0.5 x 2 dx
2

2

V

2

0

2

 2 x 3/ 2 x 3 
4
=
−  = in.2
6 0 3
 32
2

M y = ∫ x dAV = ∫ x
0

xC =

My

=

A

(

)

6 5 18
=
= 0.9 in. ......................................................................................Ans.
4 3 20
2

M x = ∫ y dAH = ∫ y
0

yC =

2

 2 x5 / 2 x 4 
6
2 x − 0.5 x dx = 
−  = in.3
8 0 5
 52
2

(

2

 2 y5/ 2 y 4 
6
2 y − 0.5 y dy = 
−  = in.3
8 0 5
 52
2

)

M x 6 5 18
=
=
= 0.9 in. ......................................................................................Ans.
A 4 3 20

5-128

Two channel sections and a plate are used to form the cross section shown in Fig. P5-128. Each of the
channels has a cross-sectional area of 2605 mm2. Locate the y-coordinate of the centroid of the composite
section with respect to the top surface of the plate.
SOLUTION

yC =

−737,190
= −64.3 mm ........................Ans.
11, 460

5-129 Locate the centroid of the volume shown in Fig. P5-129 if R = 10 in. and h = 32 in.
SOLUTION
2

 Ry 2 
dV = π r dy = π  2  dy
 h 
2

V = ∫ dV = ∫

h

0

=

h

π R2 y4
π R2  y5 
dy = 4  
h4
h  5 0

π R2h
5
150

STATICS AND MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 2nd Edition
2

RILEY, STURGES AND MORRIS
h

 Ry 2 
π R 2  y 6  π R 2h2
M xz = ∫ y dV = ∫ yπ  2  dy = 4   =
0
h  6 0
6
 h 
M
π R 2 h 2 6 5h 5 (32 )
yC = xz =
=
=
= 26.7 in. ........................................................Ans.
π R2h 5
V
6
6
xC = zC = 0 in. (by symmetry) .....................................................................................Ans.
h

5-130

Locate the centroid and the mass center of the volume shown in Fig. P5-130, which consists of an
aluminum cylinder (ρ= 2770 kg/m3) and a steel (ρ = 7870 kg/m3) cylinder and sphere.
SOLUTION

V1 = π ( 0.1) ( 0.3) = 9.4248 × 10−3 m3
2

m1 = 2770 (9.4248 ×10−3 ) = 26.1066 kg
V2 = π (0.05 ) (0.175 ) = 1.3744 ×10−3 m3
2

m2 = 7870 (1.3744 ×10−3 ) = 10.8169 kg
4π (0.1)
V3 =
= 4.1888 ×10−3 m3
3
3

m3 = 7870 ( 4.1888 ×10−3 ) = 32.9658 kg

Vtot = 14.9880 ×10−3 m3

mtot = 69.8893 kg

yC =

(0 )(9.4248) + (187.5)(1.3744 ) + (375)( 4.1888) = 122.0 mm .................Ans.

yG =

(0 )( 26.1066 ) + (187.5)(10.8169 ) + (375)(32.9658) = 205.9 mm .........Ans.

14.9880

69.8893
xC = xG = zC = zG = 0 mm (by symmetry) ................................................................Ans.
5-131

Determine the resultant R of the system of distributed loads on the beam of Fig. P5-131, and locate its line
of action with respect to the left support of the beam.
SOLUTION
4

R = ∫ 200 x dx + ( 400 )( 4 ) +
0

( 400 )( 4 )
2

4

2

= 200  x 3/ 2  + 1600 + 800 = 3466.667 lb ≅ 3470 lb ↓ ....................................Ans.
3
0
4
 ( 400 )( 4 ) 
M O = ∫ x 200 x dx + ( 400 )( 4 ) (6 ) + 
 8 + ( 4 3)
0
2

(

)
4

2

= 200  x5 / 2  + 9600 + 7466.667 = 19, 626.667 lb ⋅ ft
5
0
19, 626.667
x=
= 5.66 ft ...............................................................................................Ans.
3466.667

151