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Multiple Choice Questions Chemistry: Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Chemistry Combined Science (Chemistry Part): Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Chemistry Sections 1.1−1.2 |!|EMA010101001O|!| Which of the following parts of our modern lives do chemistry plays an important role in? (1) Clothing (2) Medical care (3) Food A. (1) and (2) only B. (1) and (3) only C. (2) and (3) only D. (1), (2) and (3) □ ##D## |!|EMA010101002O|!| In which of the following is chemistry involved? (1) Making of glass (2) Gardening (3) Fire fighting A. B. C. D. ##D## Section 1.3 |!|EMA010101003O|!| Which of the following substances is an element? A. Ice B. Coal (1) and (2) only (1) and (3) only (2) and (3) only (1), (2) and (3) □
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Dissolving salt in water. Water is electrolyzed to give hydrogen and oxygen. Sand is mainly a compound of silicon and oxygen. B. so it shows a chemical change. Air is a mixture of different gases such as oxygen and nitrogen. Ammonia is a compound of hydrogen and nitrogen. Sea water D. it is only the second most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust. Air C. Distilled water B. 2009 2 . salts. Although iron is the most commonly used metal.## |!|EMA010101006O|!| Which of the following is a pure substance? A. C. D. Nitrogen □ ##A Oxygen is the most abundant element but it is not a metal. Ammonia → hydrogen + nitrogen □ ##C Mercury(II) oxide is decomposed into mercury and oxygen on strong heating. Sand Iron □ ##D Ice is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen. Coal is a mixture of carbon. Sea water is a mixture of different substances such as water. hydrocarbons and other compounds. etc. Nitrogen is most abundant only in air (about 78%). Electrolysis of water.HKDSE Chemistry – A Modern View Part I Planet Earth C. Iron D. D. Heating mercury(II) oxide strongly in a Bunsen flame.## |!|EMA010101004O|!| Which of the following is the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust? A.## |!|EMB010101005O|!| Which of the following is NOT a decomposition of a compound? A. Oxygen C. Petroleum □ ##A Distilled water is pure water. Aluminium B. ©Aristo Educational Press Ltd.
sugar. oxygen. B. C. ##A## |!|EMB010101010O|!| Iron(II) sulphide is a compound because A. Vinegar Mixture D. Coca-cola Pure compound B.HKDSE Chemistry – A Modern View Part I Planet Earth Petroleum is a mixture of hydrocarbons of different kinds. is not decomposed by heat. D. D. C. Air Mixture C. The composition by mass of the constituent elements is fixed. the percentage masses of its constituent elements are fixed. it consists of more than one element. 2009 . Heat is usually given out or absorbed when the compound is formed. water vapour. Properties are entirely different from those of the constituent elements. □ ##D Constituent elements in a compound can only be separated by chemical methods. □ ©Aristo Educational Press Ltd. has a sharp melting point. forms cubic crystals. Constituent elements can be separated by physical methods such as distillation. B. etc. Vinegar is mainly a mixture of water and ethanoic acid. B. 3 is formed when sodium and chlorine react. Aluminium oxide Pure compound □ ##A Coca-cola is a mixture of water. Aluminium oxide is a pure compound.## |!|EMB010101009O|!| Sodium chloride is a compound because it A. Air is a mixture of different gases such as nitrogen.## |!|EMA010101007O|!| Which of the following is NOT true for a compound? A.## |!|EMB010101008O|!| Which of the following combinations is INCORRECT? Substance Description A. carbonic acid and food additives.
## 4 (2) and (3) only (1). Water floats on oil at room conditions.4 |!|EMA010101011O|!| Which of the following are physical properties of a substance? (1) Density (2) Melting point (3) Colour A. C. B. it is non-magnetic.HKDSE Chemistry – A Modern View Part I Planet Earth C. Sodium reacts with water to form sodium hydroxide. (1) and (2) only B. 2009 . Sodium burns vigorously in air with a golden yellow flame. New substance is formed in other options.## |!|EMB010101013O|!| Which of the following is NOT a chemical property of sodium? A. D. D. Sodium tarnishes rapidly when exposed in air. Sodium reacts with oxygen to give sodium oxide. C.e. Sodium can be cut into small pieces easily with a knife. ##B## it reacts with an acid. Water causes iron to rust at room conditions. □ ##B Iron will react slowly with water and oxygen in air to form hydrated iron(III) oxide. D. □ ##C It is only a change in size and no new substance is formed. i. Water is a colourless liquid at room conditions. □ Section 1. Water boils at 100oC at room conditions. (1) and (3) only C. ##D## |!|EMA010101012O|!| Which of the following is a chemical property of water? A. B. (2) and (3) □ ©Aristo Educational Press Ltd. D. a new substance is formed during the change.
It is a good conductor of electricity. Ice sublimes at room conditions. It can be cooled to make dry ice. D. Sugar ©Aristo Educational Press Ltd. □ ##A## Section 1. D. B. It is a colourless gas.HKDSE Chemistry – A Modern View Part I Planet Earth |!|EMA010101014O|!| Which of the following is a physical property of water? A. C. It turns limewater milky.) A. B. □ C. C. Ice melts at 0°C under 1 atmospheric pressure. ##B## |!|EMA010101015O|!| Which of the following is a chemical property of carbon dioxide? A. □ It has a density of 1 g dm−3 at room conditions. B. ##D## |!|EMA010101016O|!| Which of the following would best represent the arrangement of one layer of mercury atoms at room temperature? (Mercury is a liquid.5 |!|EMA010101017O|!| Which of the following substances can sublime at one atmospheric pressure? A Ice B. 2009 5 . D. It is denser than air.
Carbon dioxide is a new substance formed. Melting of wax in a burning candle □ ##A New substances (hydrogen and oxygen) are formed during electrolysis. B. C. Dry ice sublimes to become carbon dioxide gas. Carbon + oxygen → carbon dioxide. Dissolving salt in water to give a salt solution C.HKDSE Chemistry – A Modern View Part I Planet Earth C. Electrolysis of water to give hydrogen and oxygen B. Smelling with nose B. Carbon burns in oxygen. 2009 6 . □ ##C It is a chemical change. Other options just involve changes of states. Feeling with hands D. Ice melts. D. A physical change is a change in which no new substances are formed. Other options just involve changes of states. Iodine Table salt □ ##C Iodine solid can sublime to form vapour on heating.## Section 1. Condensing water vapour to water D.## |!|EMA010101018O|!| Which of the following is NOT a physical change? A.## ©Aristo Educational Press Ltd. Hearing with ears C. while the other substances will not sublime even on heating.6 |!|EMA010101020O|!| Which of the following activities is NOT included as an observation in chemistry? A. D. Water boils to become steam. Tasting with tongue □ ##D It is a dangerous action to put chemicals into the mouth for any kind of testing.## |!|EMA010101019O|!| Which of the following is a chemical change? A.
2009 7 . Explosive D. Toxic □ ##B The label should be described as oxidizing. The correct label for flammable should be ## |!|EMA010101022O|!| Which of the following combinations is INCORRECT? Apparatus A.HKDSE Chemistry – A Modern View Part I Planet Earth |!|EMA010101021O|!| Which of the following combinations is INCORRECT? Hazard warning label A. Meaning Corrosive B. Flammable C. Beaker C. Funnel ©Aristo Educational Press Ltd. Name of apparatus Test tube rack B.
Carbon dioxide is a compound. the ratio by mass of carbon to oxygen is fixed.1−1. Sections 1.5 |!|EMB010101024O|!| Passing electricity through the tungsten filament inside a light bulb is a physical change. then decide whether or not the second statement is a correct explanation of the first statement. 8 . if both are true. Decide whether each of the two statements is true or false. C.4−1. 2009 mercury on the benches or the floor. □ ##A Carbon dioxide is a compound formed by elements carbon and oxygen.## Section 1. Safety spectacles should look like this: ## Each question below consists of two separate statements. Mercury is quite expensive.6 |!|EMA010101025O|!| Great care must be taken not to spill ©Aristo Educational Press Ltd. Safety spectacles □ ##D The apparatus shown is a conical flask. The ratio by mass of carbon to oxygen in carbon dioxide is 12:32 = 3:8## Sections 1. B.HKDSE Chemistry – A Modern View Part I Planet Earth D. The 1st statement is false but the 2nd statement is true. D. Both statements are true and the 2nd statement is a correct explanation of the 1st statement. Heat and light energy are produced when a light bulb is lit. Both statements are true and the 2nd statement is NOT a correct explanation of the 1st statement. □ ##B No new substances are formed when electricity is passed through the filament. Both statements are false.3 |!|EMB010101023O|!| In carbon dioxide. Then select one option from A to D according to the following table: A.
2009 9 .HKDSE Chemistry – A Modern View Part I Planet Earth □ ##B## ©Aristo Educational Press Ltd.
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