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D.P. FKK - PRORACUN

D.P. FKK - PRORACUN

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IIFILIP KLJAJICII, KRAGUJEVAC - YUGOSLAVIA

Izbor
provera lanca
Karakteristike lancanog prenosa:
Snaga: P[kl1-J ili obrtni moment: Mo[Nm]
Broj obrta pogonskog lancanika: nl[min-I]
Broj obrta gonjenog lancanika: n2[min-1]
Pogonska masina:
Radna masina:
Osno rastojanje: A[mm]
Obimna sila:
1000 P 2000 M" [ ]
1',,=--= d N v 0
Sila u vucnom ogranku Janca:
Fl=Fo+Fq+Fc
Obrtni moment:
Dijagramska snaga:
PJ)=poCL
CentrifugaJna sila:
q'1)2
Fc=-
g
g=9,81[mls2]
Sila zatezanja usled mase slobodnog ogranka:
Fq=krqA
- masa 1 Em] lanca (tabele dimenzija lanaca)
(Za horizontalne lancanike, kf =6; za lancanike
postavljene pod uglom od 40·, kf=4; za uglove vece
od 40·, kf=2 i za vertikalne lancanike, kf=l)
Al = b2 X d2
b2 - sirina unutrasnjeg clanka (tabele dimenzija
lanaca)
d2 - precnik osovinice (tabele dimenzija lanaca)
Stvarni dozvoljeni povrsinski pritisak:
po),
Ps=-
Cp
P - dozvoljeni povrsinski pritisak (tabela 7)
A - faktor trenja (tabela 8)
(Racunski pritisak u zglobu mora biti manji od
stvarnog dozvoljenog povrsinskog pritiska: pr >Ps)
Staticki stepen sigurnosti:
Fp
Vs=-
1'1
Fp - prekidna sila (tabele dimenzija lanaca)
Dinamicki stepen sigurnosti:
V Fp Fp
D=--=---
~"o FI ~JFo+Fq+F)
(Stepeni sigurnosti moraju biti veti od 9)
Racunski pritisak u zglobu lanca:
1'1
Pr=-
Al
0,584
(~+~+~+o.... o)~
ZI Z2 Z3 m
3
k=
Popravni koeficijent:
CL=C 0 Cj . Co' C;1 0 Cp . CB
faktor broja zuba pogonskog lancanika: C(tabela 2)
- nl Z2
faktor prenosnog odnosa: C (tabela 3); i=-=-
n2 ZI
dn
1)= _o_nozot
o 19100 - 60000 [mls]
Mo=_95_50_0_P [Nom]
n
koeficijent udara: ~o (tabela 1)
faktor udara: Cu (tabela 4)
faktor osnog rastojanja: CA (tabela 5)
faktor podmazivanja: Cp (tabela 6)
1
faktor broja lancanika: C/J=k
m - broj clanaka lanca
(Za slucaj da se prenos snage vrsi samo preko dva
lancanika CB= I) PO ODREDIVANJU SNAGE PD, ZA
ODREDENI BROJ OBRTA POGONSKOG LANGANIKA,
VR81 SE IZBOR LANCA IZ DIJAGRAMA (sl. 1 i 2)0
Podeoni precnlk lancanika:
t t
do=--[mm]=--,
o (n) 0 C80)
sm z Sin T
t[mm] - korak lanca
13 - broj zuba lancanika
Brzina lanca:
40
"FILIP KLJAJIC", KRAGUJEVAC - YUGOSLAVIA
Choice and check of chain
Chain gearing characteristic:
Power: P[kHtJ or rotation: Mo[Nm]
Revolutions of driving chain wheel: nl[min]
Reyolutions of driven chain wheel: nz[min]
Driving machine:
Working machine:
Distance on axle: A[mm]
Power of diagram:
Corrective coeHicient:
CL=c. . C;· Cu· CA . Cp· CB
Number tooth of driving chain wheel factor: Cz
(table 2)
Driving relation factor: C; (table 3); i=~= Zz
nz ZI
Coefficient of stroke: ~u (table 1)
Stroke factor: Cu (table 4)
Distance on axle factor: CA (table 5)
Lubricating factor: Cp (table 6)
. 1
Number of cham wheel factor: CB=-
k
3
k=
m - number of chain links
(In the case that driving power does through only
two chain wheel CB= 1)
AFTER DETERMINATION OF POWER PD. FOR DE-
TERMINED NUMBER REVOLUTIONS OF DRIVING
CHAIN WHEEL, IT WORKS CHAIN CHOICE FROM DI-
AGRAM (picture 1. and 2.).
Pitch line diameter of chain wheel:
t t
do=--[mm]=--
. (rc) . (180')
Sin - Sin -
t[mm] - pitch Z Z
Z - No. of teeth of sprocket
Speed of chain:
do . N n· Z .t
v=--"'--[m/s]
19100 60000
Moment of rotation:
9550 P [ ]
Mo- N·m
n
Force of circumference:
1000· P 2000· Mo
Fo= d [N]
v 0
Force In drowing angle tee of chain:
F1 =Fo+Fq+Fc
Tensile force with mass of free angle tee:
Fq=KJ"q·A
- mass 1 em] chain (table of chain dimension)
(For horizontal chain wheel, Kf=6 for chain wheel
placed on angle of 40·, Kf=4 and for angles larger
than 40·, Kf=2 and for vertical chain wheel, Kf= 1)
Centrifugal force:
Arithmetical pressure In link:
FI
p--
,- Al
AI=bzxdz
bz - inner link track (table of chain dimension)
dz - axle diameter (table of chain dimension)
Real allowed superficial pressure:
p').
P.=-
Cp
P - allowed superficial pressure (table 7)
). - friction factor (table 8)
(Arithmetic pressure in link must be less than real
allowed superficial pressure: p, >P.)
Static degree of security:
Fp
v.=-
F1
Fp - breaking load (table of chain dimension)
Dlnamlc degree of security:
V _~_ Fp
v- -
~". F1 ~JF.+Fq+F)
(Degrees of security must be larger than 9)
41
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1
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57,15 x 35,72
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50,6 x 3-1,75
100
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5
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x 25,4 I
,
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PD = P . CL
0,1
0,2'
0,3
0,2 0,1 l: :-.-thi
0,3
z
T
Z
Z
Z
Ox
12 345 10 20 40 60 80 100,200 400 '600 1000 .2000
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Z
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BROJ OBRTA POGONSKOG L
ANCANIKA [min -']
0::;
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TURN NUMBER OF SPROCKET
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1,,'1:
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1,2
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0,9
0,6 0,3
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0,6 0,9
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L,.o
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0.4 0,2
0,2
0,4 0,6
PD
P,CL
0,3
0,2 0,1
0,1
0,2 0,3
Z
Z
z
1
2 4 10 20 40 60 80 100 400
Z
Z
Z
ex
3 5 200 600 1000 2000
4r~
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~w
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0...J
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WW
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a:...J
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a:...J
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BROJ OBRT A POGONSKOG LAN
CANIKA [min-I] e::E
Oel.
o!::
a: a:
>:J
w- TURN NUMBER OF SPROCKET [ min-'j
w- >:J
a: a:
1-1-
00 ,en
,en
00 1-1- C')
'Ot
TABELA 1: VREDNOSTI KOEFICIJENTA UDARA ~II
TABLE 1: VALUES OF STROKE COEFICIENT ~II
Po DIN-u 8195
,.. ,
...
.' .
. .
'T•• ' "",
.
.
• • t
. ,.
.
..
.
.
strug, busilica (lathe, drilling machine)
1,4
glodalica (milling machine)
1,5
rendisaljka (slotting machine)
2,3
vertikalna rendisaljka (vertical slotting machine)
2
maSina za izvlaeenje (drawing machine)
1,8 2,8 2,5 2,2
presa (press)
hidraulicna (hydraulic press) 1,8
ekscentricna (eccentric press)
2,5
kolenasta (knee press)
2
maSina za preradu drveta (wood converting machine)
1,8 4,5
4
3,7
3 2,5 2,5 3,5 3,5
razboj (tekstilni) - (loom textile)
2
maSina za pletenje
kruzna (circular) 1,5
(knitting machine)
sa povra!. kre!. (with back stroke)
2
predilica (spinning machine) -
1,5
klipni kompresor
jednostepeni (single stage) 2,5
5
4,5
4 3,5
piston compressor
dvostepeni (two stage)
2 4,5
4
3,5
3
centrifugalni kompresor
jednostepeni (single stage) 1,6
4 3,23
2,5
2
centrifugal compressor
dvostepeni (two stage)
1,3
3 2,72,5
2 1,6
duvaljka (blower)
1,5 3
2,7 2,5
2
ventilator (fan)
2,5 3,7 3,5
mlin(mill)
1,8
klipna pumpa
1 cilindar (1. cylinder)
2 5 4
3,5
3 2,6 2,5 3,5
(plunger pump)
2 cilindra (2. cylinder)
1,8
4
3,5
3 2,7 2,3 2,2 2,7
centrifugalna pumpa (centrifugal pump)
1,5
3
2,82,5 2,2 2 2,5
valjaonica (tube mill)
preko prenos. (by gearing)
2,5
direktno (direct)
3
kompresivni valjak (compressing cylinder roll)
2
mlinovi cekieari (mill hammers)
2,5
5
4,5
4
3,5
maSina za glaeanje vune
preko prenos. (by gearing)
2,5
ili hartije
glazing machine for wool
direktno (direct)
3
and paper
maSina za povrs. obradu celuloze
1,8 2,2
3
3,5
wood pulp surface finishing machine
vibraciono silo (vibration sieve)
2 4
3,5 3,2 2,8
4
nabijac (rammer)
2 5 43,5 3,2
meSalica (stirrer)
1,7
4
3,2
3
2,5
2
bager (dredging machine)
3 5 4,5
4 5
kopac (miner)
5 4,5
4
transporter (rastresit materijal)
1,5
3
2,82,5 2,2 2 2,8
conveyer (loose material)
transporter (komadni materijal)
2 4 3,53
2,7
2
conveyer (piece material)
dlzalica (elevator)
2,5
5 4
3,5
3
2,6
viljuskara (fork lift truck)
3 4,5 3,5
generator
veliki (big)
1 2
1,2 1,5
1
1,8
(generator)
mali (small)
1,5 2,8 1,7 2,5 1,5
2
prenosnik, transmisija (belt drive, transmission)
1,5 2,3 2 2
2,51,5 2,5
44
"FILIP KLJAJIC", KRAGUJEVAC - YUGOSLAVIA
TABELA 2: FAKTOR BROJA ZUBA POGONSKOG LANtANIKA
TABLE 2: FACTOR OF COG NUMBER DRIVING CHAIN WHEEL
Zl
11
13 15 17 19 21 23 25
Cz
1,72 1,45 1,27 2,12 1,0 0,91 0,83 0,76
TABELA 3: FAKTOR PRENOSNOG ODNOSA:
TABLE 3: FACTOR OF TRANSPORTABLE RELATION
TABELA 4: FAKTOR UDARA
TABLE 4: STROKE FACTOR
I c, I 1~: I ,:~ I ::: I :~: I :: I I;: I : 1,,:, I~
TABELA 5: FAKTOR OSNOG RASTOJANJA
TABLE 5: DISTANCE ON AXLE FACTOR
Alt
20 40 60 80 160
C"
1,18 1,0 0,91 0,87 0,69
TABELA 6: FAKTOR PODMAZIVANJA
TABLE 6: LUBRICATING FACTOR
4
1,72
Brzlna lanca (m/s) (Speed of chain Im/sl)
<4
4-7 >7
p
I
Besprekorno (Faultless)
1,0 1,0 1,0
u
0
b
Nepotpuno sa elstlm maz. (Incoplete with clean grease)
1,4 2,5
d
, -
Cp
I
m
c
Nepotpuno sa zaprlj. maz. (Incomplete with Impure grease)
2,5 4,0
.
-
I
a
I
z. ~
Bez podmazlvan)a (Without lubricating) 5,0
-
-
45
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"FILIP KLJAJIC", KRAGUJEV AC - YUGOSLAVIA
TABELA 8: FAKTOR TRENJA A-
TABLE 8: FRICTION FACTOR A-
A = 601 A=801
2
3
4
JUS M.C1.821
DIN 8188, 73232
DIN 8181
JUS M.C1.821
DIN 8188, 73232
DIN 8181
JUS M.C1.821
DIN 8188, 73232
DIN 8181
JUS M.C1.821
DIN 8188, 73232
DIN 8181
0,7010,7910,8510,9210,9910,821 0,9311,0011,0911,161 0,9011,0211,1011,2011,281 0,9411,0611,1511,2511,3411,1911,3511,451 1,581 1,68
0,5610,6310,6810,7410,7910,6610,7410,8010,8710,931 0,721 0,821 0,881 0,9611,0310,7510,8510,9211,0011,0710,9511,0811,161 1,261 1,35
0,5110,5710,6210,6710,7210,6010,6810,7310,7910,851 0,661 0,741 0,801 0,871 0,931 0,691 0,781 0,841 0,911 0,981 0,871 0,9911,061 1,151 1,23
0,4110,4610,5010,5410,5810,4810,5410,5810,6310,681 0,531 0,591 0,641 0,701 0,741 0,551 0,621 0,671 0,731 0,781 0,701 0,791 0,851 1,931 0,99
0,4410,4910,5310,5810,6210,5210,5910,6310,6910,731 0,571 0,641 0,691 0,751 0,801 0,591 0,671 0,721 0,781 0,841 0,751 0,851 0,911 0,991 1,06
0,3210,3610,39/0,4210,4610,3810,4310,4610,5010,541 0,421 0,471 0,511 0,551 0,591 0,441 0,501 0,541 0,581 0,621 0,5510,6210,671 0,731 0,78
47

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