# Perak

Section B Bahagian B (12 marks) (12 markah)

Figure 3.1

Figure 3.2

Figure 3.1 shows the condition of a plastic container early in the morning where located at open place whereas Figure 3.2 shows the cap of the same plastic container burst out at 12.00 noon on a hot day. Based on the information and observation: State one suitable inference. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. (a) State one suitable hypothesis. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai. I mark]

[1 mark]

(b) With the use of apparatus such as round bottom flask, Bourdon gauge and other apparatus, describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis states in 3 (b). Dengan menggunakan radas seperti kelalang dasar bulat, tolok Bourdon dan radas lain, terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menylasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 3 (b). In your description, state clearly the following: Dalam penerangan anda, nyatakan dengan jelas perkara berikut:

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)

Aim of the experiment. Tujuan eksperimen. Variables in the experiment. Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen. List of apparatus and materials. Senarai radas dan bahan. Arrangement of the apparatus. Susunan radas. The procedure of the experiment, which include one method of controlling the manipulated variable and one method of controlling the responding variable. Prosedur eksperimen yang mesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasi dan sate kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas. The way you would tabulate the data. Cara anda menjadualkan data. The way you would analyse the data. Cara anda menganalisis data.

(vi) (vii)

Perak
4. In Figure 4.1, a girl blowing an empty test tube and hear the sound coming out of the test tube. Then she filled half of the test tube with water as shown in Figure 4.2 and found the pitch of the sound has changed. Dalam Gambarajah 4.1, seorang hudak perempuan meniup sebuah tabung uji kosong dan mendengar bunyi yang keluar daripada tabung uji tersebut. Kemudian dia mengisi separuh tabung uji tersebut dengan air seperti dalam gambarajah 4(b) dan mendapati kelansingan bunyi tersebut telah berubah.

Figure 4.1

Figure 4.2

Based on the information and observation, Berdasarkan tnaklumat dan pemerhatian tersebut, (a) (b) Make one suitable inference. Bina satu inferens yang sesuai. State one appropriate hypothesis for an investigation. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk satu penyiasatan. (1 mark) ( I mark)

(c)

With the use of a Cathode Ray Oscilloscope, a microphone and other

appropriate apparatus, describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis. In your description, state clearly the following:

SULIT

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3. Diagram 3.1.-shows two pot, X and Y, with X containing more water than 1'. Both the pot are heated. After a few minutes it was observed that the water in pot Y is hotter than the water in pot X. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan periuk X dan Y, dengan X mengandungi lebih banyak air daripada periuk Y. Kedua-dua periuk dipanaskan. Selepas beberapa minit diperhatikan air dalam periuk Y lebih papas daripada air dalam periuk X

Pot X

Pot Y

Diagram 3.1 / Rajah 3.1 Based on the information and observation:
Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian tersebut:

(a) State one suitable inference.
Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.

[1 marklmarkah]

(b) State one suitable hypothesis.
Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai.

[1 mark/markah]

(c) With the use of apparatus such as beaker, thermometer, immersion heater and other apparatus, describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3 (b).
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti bikar, termometer, pemanas rendam dan radas lain, terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 3(b).

Perlis 4 Diagram 4.1 shows Aminah ironing her school uniform. After the iron is switched on for a while, there are still wrinkles on the uniform. Diagram 4.2 shows that the wrinkles are gone when the temperature control knob as shown in figure 4.3 on the iron is turned.

Diagram 4.1 / Rajah 4.1

Diagram 4.2 / Rajah 4.2

Diagram 4.3 / Rajah 4.3 Based on the observation on Diagram 4.1, Diagram 4.2 and Diagram 4.3 and using your knowledge of the effect of current on heating:
Berdasarkan pemerhatian anda pada Rajah 4.1, Rajah 4.2 dan Rajah 4.3 dan menggunakan pengetahuan anda tentang Icesczn arus terhadap pemanasan :

(a)
(b)

Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.

State one suitable inference.

[1 marldrnarkah]
[1 marklmarkah]

State one hypothesis that could be investigate. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai.

(c)

With die use of apparatus such as beaker, an ammeter, an immersion heater and other apparatus, describe an experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b)
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti bikar, ammeter, pemanas rendam dan radas lain, terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 4(b).

Kedah

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3

Diagram 3.1 shows a student using a convex lens to form a sharp image of a lamp at the ceiling. Diagram 3.2 shows the student using another convex lens to form a sharp image of the lamp. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan seorang pelajar menggunakan sebuah kanta cembung untuk membentuk satu imej tajam bagi lampu di siling. Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan pelajar itu menggunakan sebuah kanta cembung yang lain untuk membentuk satu imej tajam bagi lampu itu. Convex lens Kanta Convex lens Kanta

Image Imej

Image Imej Diagram 3.2 / Rajah 3.2

Diagram 3.1 / Rajah 3.1

Observe the thickness of the lens and the distance from the lens to the image in both situations. Perhatikan ketebalan kanta-kanta itu dan jarak dari kanta ke imej bagi kedua-dua situasi. Based on the observation: Berdasarkan pemerhatian tersebut: (a) (b) State one suitable inference. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [1 mark] State one hypothesis that could be investigated. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang boleh disiasat. [1 mark] (c) With the use of apparatus such as convex lenses, a screen and other apparatus, describe an experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3(b). Dengan menggunakan radas seperti kanta-kanta cembung, skrin dan radas-radas lain, terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 3(b).

Kedah

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4

Diagram 4.1 shows a boy standing beside the road and a motorcycle moving towards the boy from a far distance. Diagram 4.2 shows that the boy has to close his ears when the motorcycle has come nearer to him.

Diagram 4.1 / Rajah 4.1

Diagram 4.2 / Rajah 4.2 Based on the information and observation: Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian tersebut: (a) (b) (c) State one suitable inference. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [1 mark]

State one hypothesis that could be investigated. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang boleh disiasat. [1 mark] With the use of apparatus shown in Diagram 4.3 and other apparatus, describe an experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b). Dengan menggunakan radas seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 4.3 dan radas-radas lain, terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 4(b). Loudspeaker Pembesar Audio signal generator

Diagram 4.3 / Rajah 4.3

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Pahang

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Selangor

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MRSM/ Tiada Jawapan 3 Diagram 3.1 shows a worker pushing down on the

piston of a harder to
basikal yang sukar untuk

clogged bicycle pump Diagram 3.2 shows the same worker finding it push the piston further down.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan seorang pekerja menolak omboh pam tersumbat. Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan pekerja yang sama mendapati semakin menekan omboh itu apabila semakin ditolak ke bawah.

Diagram 3.1 Kelantan

Diagram 3.2

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Melaka set 1 3. Diagram 3 shows a dented ping pong ball then put in a basin that consist cold water (Diagram 3 (a)), warm water (Diagram 3 (b)), and hot water (Diagram 3 (c)). Observe the shape of ping pong ball and their surroundings.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan perubahan bentuk sebiji bola pingpong yang kemik setelah dimasukkan ke dalam besen yang mengandungi air sejuk(Rajah 3(a)), air suam(Rajah 3(b)) dan air panas(Rajah 3(c)). Perhatikan bentuk bola ping pong dan persekitaran.

Diagram 3 (a) Rajah 3 (a)

Diagram 3 (b) Rajah 3 (b)

Diagram 3 (c) Rajah 3 (c)

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Johor

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Perak

Perlis
SECTION B NO 3(a) MARKING CRITERIA
Making the right inference

MARK SUB TOTAL

The mass // volume affects the rise in temperature // temperature (b)
Building an appropriate hypothesis

25

1 1

1 1

The greater the mass // volume, the smaller the rise in temperature // temperature (c)(i) Stating the aim of the experiment To investigate-the relationship between the mass and rise in temperature (of water)
(ii) -

1

Stating the correct variables

Manipulated variable : Mass Responding variable : Increase in temperature Fixed variable : Heat supplied // Time of heating // Power of the heater
(iii) List of appropriate apparatus and material Beaker, water, thermometer, immersion heater, stopwatch, balance for measuring mass (iv) Describing set up of the apparatus Draws a labeled and functional diagram of the set up of the apparatus (v) State how the manipulated variable is controlled Put a mass of 100 g of water in a beaker
State how the responding variable is measured •

1 1
1

1 1
1

Switch on the heater for 5 minutes and record the temperature rise.
State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of results

Repeat the experiment with 150 g, 200 g, 250 g and, 300 g of water. (vi) Tabulating data Mass of water / g 100 150 200 250 300 Temperature rise / °C

1

1

(vii)

Analysing data

The graph of temperature rise against mass is drawn

1

10

Note : Mark accordingly if the manipulated variable is
volume

12

11
NO 4(a) MARKING CRITERIA Making the right inference MARK SUB TOTAL

The heating effect of a conductor is affected by magnitude of the current. (b) Building an appropriate hypothesis The larger the current, the higher the temperature of the water which is being heated (c)(i) Stating the aim of the experiment To investigate the effect of current on heating (ii) Stating the correct variables Manipulated variable : current, I Responding variable : temperature, 0
(iii)

1 1 1 1 1

I 1

(iv)

Fixed variable : volume of water List of appropriate apparatus and material Beaker, ammeter, immersion heater, thermometer, connecting wire, rheostat and stop watch State a functional arrangement of the apparatus Draws a labeled and functional diagram of the set up of the apparatus. (v) State how the manipulated variable is controlled
• • • • • Pour 200cm3 of water into the beaker and measure its temperature. . switch on the circuit and adjust the rheostat until the reading of ammeter is 1.0 A. The stop watch is started. The final temperature is recorded after 2 minutes. Step repeated by adjusting the rheostat so that the ammeter readings are 2.0 A, 3.0 A, 4.0 A and 5.0 A.

1
1

State how the responding variable is measured

1

State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of results
1

(vi) Tabulating data Current,I/A 1.0 2.0 . 3.0 4.0 5.0 Analysing data Increased in Temperature, 8/`'C

1

(vii)

The graph of increased in temperature against current is drawn

1

10
12

Kedah SECTION B NO 3 (a) MARKING CRITERIA Able to state a suitable inference Sample answers The thickness of the lens affects the distance from the lens to the table / focal length (b) Able to state a relevant hypothesis Sample answer The greater the thickness of the lens, the smaller the distance from the lens to the screen / focal length Able to describe a complete and suitable experimental framework Sample answer State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the thickness of the lens and the distance from the lens to the screen / focal length State the manipulated variable and the responding variable Manipulated variable : Thickness of the lens Responding variable : distance from the lens to the screen / focal length / f (Note: Constant variable can be ignored) State the complete list of apparatus and materials Convex lenses, screen, metre rule, lens holder 1 1 MARK SUB TOTAL

1

1

(c) (i)

1

(ii)

1 1

(iii)

1 1

(iv) State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus Convex lens Screen Metre rule

(v)

State the method to control the manipulated variable A convex lens with thickness 0.4 cm is placed in front of a screen State the method to measure the responding variable The screen is adjusted until a sharp image of a distant object is obtained and the distance between the lens and the screen is measured. Repeat the experiment at least four times The previous steps are repeated using convex lenses of thickness 0.6 cm, 0.8 cm, 1.0 cm and 1.2 cm

1

1

1

13
(vi)

State how the data is tabulated Thickness / cm 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 Focal length / cm

1 10 12 MARK SUB TOTAL 1

(vii) State how the data is analysed Plot a graph of focal length against thickness of the lens. NO 4 (a) MARKING CRITERIA Able to state a suitable inference Sample answer The loudness of the sound depends on the distance (between the source and the observer) Able to state a relevant hypothesis Sample answer The smaller the distance (between the source and the observer), the louder the sound Able to describe a complete and suitable experimental framework Sample answer (i) State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the loudness of a sound and the distance (between the source and the observer) (ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding variable Manipulated variable : distance, d Responding variable : loudness of sound (amplitude, a) (Note: Constant variable can be ignored) (iii) State the complete list of apparatus and materials Audio signal generator, loudspeaker, cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO), microphone, meter rule / measuring tape (iv) State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus
Audio signal generator Loudspeaker Microphone

1

1

(b)

1

1

(c)

1 1 1

1 1

CRO

d (v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable The microphone is placed at a distance, d = 20.0 cm from the loudspeaker State the method of measuring the responding variable The amplitude, a, of the trace on the screen of the is measured. Repeat the experiment at least four times The procedure was repeated for the values of distance, d = 1 1 1

30.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm and 60.0 cm (vii) Tabulate the data Distance, d / cm 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 Amplitude, a

1

(vii) State how data is analysed A graph of a against d is drawn

1

10 12

Selangor
3 a b c i) ii) The heat/ time taken of the water depends on its mass/volume The greater the mass/volume, the time taken increase Aim of the experiment To investigate the relationship between the time taken and mass/volume Variables in the experiment Manipulated variable : mass/volume Responding variable : Time taken Constant variable : Initial temperature/specific heat capacity/ changes in temperature List of apparatus and material Power supply, thermometer, beaker, immersion heater, stirrer Arrangement of apparatus 1 1 1

1 1

iii) iv)

1 1

15
v) Controlling the manipulated variables The 20 g of water is filled in the beaker. The initial temperature, O0, of water is recorded. The heater is switched on until the water boiled. Controlling the responding variables The time taken for the water is observed and recorded/ The heat is calculated. Repeat the experiment with four different values of mass. Repeat with masses of boiling water 40 g, 60 g, 80 g and 100 g. vi) 1 1

1 1

vii)

1

Kelantan

17

Melaka set 1 Temperature influence the size of pingpong ball. When the temperature increases, the height of air trapped also increases. To study the relationship between temperature and volume/height 3(c)(i) MV – temperature 3(c)(ii) RV – Height of air traped/volume FV – pressure Capillary tube, thermometer, beaker, ruler, stirrer, tripod stand, 3(c)(iii) bunsen burner, rubber bands and retort stand with clamp. Charles’ Law experiment. 3(c)(iv) 3(c)(v) The experiment is set up as shown. 0 When the thermometer is θ = 30 C, the height of the air column, h is read on the ruler scale and record. 0 0 Repeated the experiment for values of temperature, θ = 40 C, 50 C, 0 0 60 C and 70 C.
3(a) 3(b) 3(c)(vi)

Temperature, θ/ C 30 40 50 60 70

0

Height of air trapped,h/cm

19
3(c)(vii)

TOTAL

12

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