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The Nicole Kidman Handbook - Everything you need to know about Nicole Kidman

The Nicole Kidman Handbook - Everything you need to know about Nicole Kidman

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Nicole Mary Kidman, AC (born 20 June 1967) is an American-born Australian actress, fashion model, singer and humanitarian.

After starring in a number of small Australian films and TV shows, Kidman's breakthrough was in the 1989 thriller Dead Calm. Her performances in films such as To Die For (1995) and Moulin Rouge! (2001) received critical acclaim, and her performance in The Hours (2002) brought her the Academy Award for Best Actress, a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe Award. Her other films include the box office hits Days of Thunder (1990), Batman Forever (1995), The Others (2001), Cold Mountain (2003), The Interpreter (2005) and Australia (2008).

Kidman has been a Goodwill Ambassador for UNIFEM since 2006. In 2003, Kidman received her star on the Walk of Fame. In 2006, Kidman was made a Companion of the Order of Australia, Australia's highest civilian honour, and was also the highest-paid actress in the motion picture industry.

She is also known for her marriage to Tom Cruise, to whom she was married for 11 years and with whom she adopted two children, and her current marriage to country musician Keith Urban, with whom she has a biological daughter. Her relationship with Keith Urban has often caught the attention of the news, including the shutdown of a city block for the premiere of her movie Rabbit Hole in Toronto.

As a result of being born to Australian parents in Hawaii, Kidman has dual citizenship in Australia and the United States.

This book is your ultimate resource for Nicole Kidman. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career, Personal life and Filmography right away: List of awards and nominations received by Nicole Kidman, Trespass (2011 film), Just Go With It, Rabbit Hole (film), Nine (film), Australia (2008 film), The Golden Compass (film), Margot at the Wedding, The Invasion (film), Happy Feet, Fur (film), Bewitched (film), The Interpreter, Birth (film), The Stepford Wives (2004 film), Cold Mountain (film), The Human Stain (film), Dogville, The Hours (film), Birthday Girl, The Others (2001 film), Moulin Rouge!, Eyes Wide Shut, Practical Magic, The Peacemaker (1997 film), The Leading Man, Shine (1996 film), The Portrait of a Lady (film), Batman Forever, To Die For, My Life (film), Malice (film), Far and Away, Billy Bathgate (film), Flirting (film), Days of Thunder, Bangkok Hilton, Dead Calm (film), Emerald City (film), Windrider, A Country Practice, Five Mile Creek, Bush Christmas, BMX Bandits (film)

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Nicole Mary Kidman, AC (born 20 June 1967) is an American-born Australian actress, fashion model, singer and humanitarian.

After starring in a number of small Australian films and TV shows, Kidman's breakthrough was in the 1989 thriller Dead Calm. Her performances in films such as To Die For (1995) and Moulin Rouge! (2001) received critical acclaim, and her performance in The Hours (2002) brought her the Academy Award for Best Actress, a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe Award. Her other films include the box office hits Days of Thunder (1990), Batman Forever (1995), The Others (2001), Cold Mountain (2003), The Interpreter (2005) and Australia (2008).

Kidman has been a Goodwill Ambassador for UNIFEM since 2006. In 2003, Kidman received her star on the Walk of Fame. In 2006, Kidman was made a Companion of the Order of Australia, Australia's highest civilian honour, and was also the highest-paid actress in the motion picture industry.

She is also known for her marriage to Tom Cruise, to whom she was married for 11 years and with whom she adopted two children, and her current marriage to country musician Keith Urban, with whom she has a biological daughter. Her relationship with Keith Urban has often caught the attention of the news, including the shutdown of a city block for the premiere of her movie Rabbit Hole in Toronto.

As a result of being born to Australian parents in Hawaii, Kidman has dual citizenship in Australia and the United States.

This book is your ultimate resource for Nicole Kidman. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career, Personal life and Filmography right away: List of awards and nominations received by Nicole Kidman, Trespass (2011 film), Just Go With It, Rabbit Hole (film), Nine (film), Australia (2008 film), The Golden Compass (film), Margot at the Wedding, The Invasion (film), Happy Feet, Fur (film), Bewitched (film), The Interpreter, Birth (film), The Stepford Wives (2004 film), Cold Mountain (film), The Human Stain (film), Dogville, The Hours (film), Birthday Girl, The Others (2001 film), Moulin Rouge!, Eyes Wide Shut, Practical Magic, The Peacemaker (1997 film), The Leading Man, Shine (1996 film), The Portrait of a Lady (film), Batman Forever, To Die For, My Life (film), Malice (film), Far and Away, Billy Bathgate (film), Flirting (film), Days of Thunder, Bangkok Hilton, Dead Calm (film), Emerald City (film), Windrider, A Country Practice, Five Mile Creek, Bush Christmas, BMX Bandits (film)

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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Published by: Emereo Publishing on Nov 23, 2010
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  • List of awards and nominations received by Nicole Kidman
  • Trespass (2011 film)
  • Just Go With It
  • Just Go with It
  • Rabbit Hole (film)
  • Nine (film)
  • Australia (2008 film)
  • The Golden Compass (film)
  • Margot at the Wedding
  • The Invasion (film)
  • Happy Feet
  • Fur (film)
  • Bewitched (film)
  • The Interpreter
  • Birth (film)
  • The Stepford Wives (2004 film)
  • Cold Mountain (film)
  • The Human Stain (film)
  • Dogville
  • The Hours (film)
  • Birthday Girl
  • The Others (2001 film)
  • Moulin Rouge!
  • Eyes Wide Shut
  • Practical Magic
  • The Peacemaker (1997 film)
  • The Leading Man
  • Shine (1996 film)
  • The Portrait of a Lady (film)
  • Batman Forever
  • To Die For
  • My Life (film)
  • Malice (film)
  • Far and Away
  • Billy Bathgate (film)
  • Flirting (film)
  • Days of Thunder
  • Bangkok Hilton
  • Dead Calm (film)
  • Emerald City (film)
  • Windrider
  • A Country Practice
  • Five Mile Creek
  • Bush Christmas
  • BMX Bandits (film)
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Nicole Mary Kidman, AC (born 20 June 1967) is an American-born Australian actress, fashion model, singer and humanitarian

. After starring in a number of small Australian films and TV shows, Kidman’s breakthrough was in the 1989 thriller Dead Calm. Her performances in films such as To Die For (1995) and Moulin Rouge! (2001) received critical acclaim, and her performance in The Hours (2002) brought her the Academy Award for Best Actress, a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe Award. Her other films include the box office hits Days of Thunder (1990), Batman Forever (1995), The Others (2001), Cold Mountain (2003), The Interpreter (2005) and Australia (2008). Kidman has been a Goodwill Ambassador for UNIFEM since 2006. In 2003, Kidman received her star on the Walk of Fame. In 2006, Kidman was made a Companion of the Order of Australia, Australia’s highest civilian honour, and was also the highest-paid actress in the motion picture industry. She is also known for her marriage to Tom Cruise, to whom she was married for 11 years and with whom she adopted two children, and her current marriage to country musician Keith Urban, with whom she has a biological daughter. Her relationship with Keith Urban has often caught the attention of the news, including the shutdown of a city block for the premiere of her movie Rabbit Hole in Toronto. As a result of being born to Australian parents in Hawaii, Kidman has dual citizenship in Australia and the United States. This book is your ultimate resource for Nicole Kidman. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career, Personal life and Filmography right away: List of awards and nominations received by Nicole Kidman, Trespass (2011 film), Just Go With It, Rabbit Hole (film), Nine (film), Australia (2008 film), The Golden Compass (film), Margot at the Wedding, The Invasion (film), Happy Feet, Fur (film), Bewitched (film), The Interpreter, Birth (film), The Stepford Wives (2004 film), Cold Mountain (film), The Human Stain (film), Dogville, The Hours (film), Birthday Girl, The Others (2001 film), Moulin Rouge!, Eyes Wide Shut, Practical Magic, The Peacemaker (1997 film), The Leading Man, Shine (1996 film), The Portrait of a Lady (film), Batman Forever, To Die For, My Life (film), Malice (film), Far and Away, Billy Bathgate (film), Flirting (film), Days of Thunder, Bangkok Hilton, Dead Calm (film), Emerald City (film), Windrider, A Country Practice, Five Mile Creek, Bush Christmas, BMX Bandits (film) Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

Nicole Kidman

Everything you need to know about Nicole Kidman


Nicole Kidman

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Nicole Kidman List of awards and nominations received by Nicole Kidman Trespass (2011 film) Just Go With It Rabbit Hole (film) Nine (film) Australia (2008 film) The Golden Compass (film) Margot at the Wedding The Invasion (film) Happy Feet Fur (film) Bewitched (film) The Interpreter Birth (film) The Stepford Wives (2004 film) Cold Mountain (film) The Human Stain (film) Dogville The Hours (film) Birthday Girl The Others (2001 film) Moulin Rouge! Eyes Wide Shut Practical Magic The Peacemaker (1997 film) The Leading Man Shine (1996 film) The Portrait of a Lady (film) Batman Forever To Die For My Life (film) Malice (film) Far and Away 1 12 14 16 18 21 30 41 54 58 62 70 73 77 82 87 92 98 102 110 115 118 122 130 139 146 149 151 155 157 165 169 172 176

Billy Bathgate (film) Flirting (film) Days of Thunder Bangkok Hilton Dead Calm (film) Emerald City (film) Windrider A Country Practice Five Mile Creek Bush Christmas BMX Bandits (film) 180 183 185 190 193 196 199 202 210 212 214 References Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources. Licenses and Contributors 216 222 Article Licenses License 223 .

[5] As a result of being born to Australian parents in Hawaii. Kidman was made a Companion of the Order of Australia. singer and humanitarian. The Interpreter (2005) and Australia (2008).[2] In 2003. Her other films include the box office hits Days of Thunder (1990).Nicole Kidman 1 Nicole Kidman Nicole Kidman Kidman in April 2010 Born Nicole Mary Kidman 20 June 1967 Honolulu. The Others (2001). and her performance in The Hours (2002) brought her the Academy Award for Best Actress. fashion model. Her relationship with Keith Urban has often caught the attention of the news. to whom she was married for 11 years and with whom she adopted two children. AC (born 20 June 1967) is an American-born Australian actress. with whom she has a biological daughter. a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe Award.[6] . singer. After starring in a number of small Australian films and TV shows.S. U. In 2006. Kidman's breakthrough was in the 1989 thriller Dead Calm. Actress. model 1983–present Tom Cruise (1990–2001) Keith Urban (2006–present) Website [1] Occupation Years active Spouse Nicole Mary Kidman. Australia's highest civilian honour. Kidman has dual citizenship in Australia and the United States. Cold Mountain (2003).[3] and was also the highest-paid actress in the motion picture industry. including the shutdown of a city block for the premiere of her movie Rabbit Hole in Toronto.Hawaii. Kidman has been a Goodwill Ambassador for UNIFEM since 2006. Kidman received her star on the Walk of Fame. Batman Forever (1995).[4] She is also known for her marriage to Tom Cruise. Her performances in films such as To Die For (1995) and Moulin Rouge! (2001) received critical acclaim. and her current marriage to country musician Keith Urban.

her mother was diagnosed with breast cancer. During the 1980s. playing a young doctor who falls in love with a racecar driver. The movie was a blockbuster and became the second-highest grossing film of the year.[7] [8] Her mother. is a nursing instructor who edits her husband's books and was a member of the Women's Electoral Lobby. She studied at the Victorian College of the Arts in Melbourne. it is also the highest-grossing film in which she has appeared.Nicole Kidman 2 Early life Kidman was born in Honolulu. a journalist. Emerald City (1988).[15] As of 2010. In 1984. she won a Golden Globe Award and five other best actress awards. and at the Phillip Street Theatre in Sydney. is a biochemist. The family returned to Australia when Kidman was four and her parents now live on Sydney's North Shore. This was Kidman's American debut and was among the highest-grossing films of the year." Zane do generate real. with Naomi Watts. Dr. She has known actress Naomi Watts since they were in their teens and the two remain best friends today. including the soap opera A Country Practice. clinical psychologist and author. Her father. Bill Pullman. Sydney. which was a modest critical and commercial success. she had a supporting role in the television series Five Mile Creek and four film roles. Kidman is excellent. Antony David Kidman. ". her father was a visiting fellow at the National Institute of Mental Health of the United States. Chase Meridian in Batman Forever opposite Val Kilmer and Jim Carrey. held captive on a Pacific yacht trip by the psychotic Hughie Warriner (Billy Zane).[13] In 1991. The thriller garnered strong reviews. By the end of 1983."[11] Breakthrough in American cinema (1990–94) In 1990. She gives the character of Rae real tenacity and [10] Meanwhile.[17] For her portrayal of the murderous newscaster Suzanne Stone Maretto. and Anne Bancroft. During an interview. and Bangkok Hilton (1989). Kidman starred in Dead Calm as Rae Ingram. she starred opposite Michael Keaton in My Life and Alec Baldwin in the thriller Malice.Kidman and energy. She also made multiple guest appearances on Australian television programs and made-for-TV movies. stating. Australia. Janelle Ann (née Glenny). palpable hatred in their scenes together. which caused Nicole to temporarily halt her education and help provide for the family [9] by working as a massage therapist at age 17. which also featured Gwyneth Paltrow. she co-starred with Naomi Watts in the independent film Flirting. Hawaii.[16] Kidman's second film in 1995. she appeared opposite Tom Cruise in Days of Thunder. a part that went to Robin Wright Penn. with an office in Lane Cove. She and Cruise re-teamed for Ron Howard's Irish epic Far and Away (1992). Career Early career in Australia (1983–89) Kidman's first appearance in film came as a teenager in the Pat Wilson music video for the song "Bop Girl". and received a Golden Globe nomination as Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Billy Bathgate opposite Dustin Hoffman. Antonia Kidman. the wife of naval officer John Ingram (Sam Neill). To Die For. In 1993. Variety commented: "Throughout the film. At the time of Kidman's birth in 1967.. Kidman attended Lane Cove Public School and North Sydney Girls' High School. Kidman played Dr. This was followed by attending the Australian Theatre for Young People. Kidman has a younger sister. critic Roger Ebert noted the excellent chemistry between the leads. International success (1995–present) In 1995. she appeared in several Australian productions. was a satirical comedy that earned her critical praise.[12] That same year she auditioned for the role of Molly in the blockbuster film Ghost but lost the role to Demi Moore. the mini-series Vietnam (1986).. In 1989. Kidman revealed she refused to screen test [14] for the role of Jenny in Forrest Gump (1994). . including BMX Bandits and Bush Christmas.

During her Academy Award acceptance speech. Kidman injured her ribs. and numerous critics awards. she co-starred with Anthony Hopkins in the film adaptation of Philip Roth's novel The Human Stain. and Kidman was nominated for another Golden Globe Award. And because you believe in what you do and you want to [19] honour that. as a result. Kidman starred in three very different films. along with a Golden Globe Award. which quickly garnered critical and commercial success. 5 perfume made Kidman the record holder for the most money paid per minute to an actor after she reportedly earned US$12million for the 3 minute advert. Kidman's two movies in 2005 were The Interpreter and Bewitched. 5 perfume brand. the film grossed over US$384 million dollars worldwide. Neither film fared well in the United States. Dogville. a BAFTA. and it is a tradition that needs to be upheld. which opened in London. a love story of two Southerners separated by the Civil War. Kidman became the first Australian actress to win an Academy Award. Kidman received an Academy Award nomination for her performance in the 2001 musical film Moulin Rouge!.Nicole Kidman Kidman continued to star in many films such as The Portrait of a Lady (1996) and The Peacemaker (1997) opposite George Clooney. received mixed reviews. but both films fared well internationally. In 1999. Kidman won critical praise for her portrayal of Virginia Woolf in The Hours. The three-minute commercial produced for Chanel No. While in Kidman at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival Australia filming Moulin Rouge!. in which the prosthetics applied to her made her almost unrecognisable. even during times of war: "Why do you come to the Academy Awards when the world is in such turmoil? Because art is important. she appeared in the film Practical Magic alongside Sandra Bullock. She also lent her voice to the animated film Happy Feet. Kidman made a teary statement about the importance of art. She starred in a campaign of television and print ads with Rodrigo Santoro. The first film.[22] During this time. was generally panned by critics. Kidman was second behind Julia Roberts with a US$16 million to US$17 million per-film price tag. The same year. Kidman's voice appears on the phone as the mistress of the husband of the lead character. Cold Mountain. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress for this role. their box office sales falling well [20] [21] short of the production costs. The third film. In that film.[18] In 2002. 2006. co-starring Will Ferrell and based on the 1960s TV sitcom of the same name. 3 . the final film of Stanley Kubrick. Jodie Foster replaced her as leading actress in the film Panic Room. The film opened to generally positive reviews but was subject to censorship controversies due to the explicit nature of its sex scenes. she also had a well-received starring role in the horror film The Others. The following year. Kidman and Cruise portrayed a married couple in Eyes Wide Shut. In the second film. In 1998. Kidman appeared in the Diane Arbus bio-pic Fur. Kidman received her second Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. On People magazine's list of 2005's highest paid actresses. Kidman was also listed as the 45th Most Powerful Celebrity on the 2005 Forbes Celebrity 100 List. Kidman's 2004 film Birth was nominated for the Golden Lion Award at the Venice Film Festival. 2005. In conjunction with her success in the film industry. and 2008. Kidman became the face of the Chanel No.5 million in 2004-2005. by Danish director Lars von Trier. in which she played the courtesan Satine opposite Ewan McGregor. directed by Moulin Rouge! director Baz Luhrmann to promote the fragrance during the holiday season in 2004. garnered her a Golden Globe Award nomination. while Bewitched.[23] She has since passed Roberts as the highest paid actress. The Interpreter. She made a reported US$14. was an experimental film set on a bare soundstage." In the same year. Consequently. and starred in the stage play The Blue Room. directed by Sydney Pollack. In 2007.

The Golden Compass''s failure to meet expectations at the North American box office has reduced the likelihood of a sequel. Sophia Loren and Marion Cotillard. The five minute video was broadcast at the 2010 World Cup in South Africa. Joel Schumacher for the action-thriller Trespass.Nicole Kidman she starred in the science fiction movie The Invasion directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel where it was reported that she received $26 million dollars for her performance. alongside Daniel Day-Lewis. Nintendo announced that Kidman would be the new face of Nintendo's advertising campaign for the Nintendo DS game More Brain Training in its European market. Kidman played opposite Hugh Jackman as an English woman feeling overwhelmed by the continent. the world's first post-op transsexual. she voiced the animated movie Happy Feet. in 2009. a post-war Germany drama. Nine. a film adaptation of the novel of the same name. for which she vacated her role in the forthcoming Woody Allen picture. James Gandolfini will serve as executive producer to the film written by Barbara Turner and Jerry Stahl. a cover of Williams' swing covers album Swing When You're Winning. Her collaboration with Ewan McGregor on "Come What May" peaked at #27 in the UK Singles Chart. she starred Baz Luhrmann's Australian period film titled Australia. which debuted at the Toronto Film Festival.[31] Filming is projected to begin in late 2010 or early 2011.[26] Kidman was originally set to star in The Reader. playing Einar Wegener.[32] She has also signed on to the Adam Sandler/Jennifer Aniston romantic comedy Just Go With It. Later she collaborated with Robbie Williams on "Somethin' Stupid".[5] 4 Upcoming projects TV Guide reported that Kidman will star in The Danish Girl. Kidman had well-received vocal performances in the film. Although it was a critical and commercial failure. Kidman said that she has no control over the success of her films.[30] She will also produce and star in a film adaptation of the Chris Cleave's novel. It peaked at #8 in the Australian ARIAnet Singles Chart. a slightly altered version of "Kiss" by Prince. which is set in the remote Northern Territory during the Japanese attack on Darwin during World War II. Cage and Kidman star as a married couple that are taken hostage on the project expected to begin production in August 2010. it was announced that Kidman and Clive Owen will star in an HBO film about Ernest Hemingway and his relationship with Martha Gellhorn entitled Hemingway & Gellhorn. Penélope Cruz. Kidman sang in Rob Marshall's movie musical Nine.[28] Also.[36] Singing Not a singer before Moulin Rouge!.[34] She will also star alongside Nicolas Cage and reunite with Batman Forever director. Rabbit Hole. In 2006. portraying the character of Claudia Jenssen. Kidman starred in the indie film Rabbit Hole. and at 1 for three weeks in the UK. She recently lent her voice to a promotional video that Australia will use to support their bid to host the 2018 World Cup. She also starred in the film adaptation of the first part of the planned His Dark Materials trilogy of films. The film was a box office success worldwide. However. It was UK Christmas #1 for 2001. Kidman has been the front face of an international spread Schweppes commercial.[35] On 17 September 2010 it was announced that she will return to Broadway next year to portray Alexandra Del Lago in David Cromer's revival of Tennessee Williams' Sweet Bird of Youth. Little Bee in association with BBC Films.[24] On 25 June 2007.[33] In June 2010. The film will be directed by Philip Kaufman and will reportedly begin shooting in 2011. She stars with Aaron Eckhart in the film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play. You Will Meet A Tall Dark Stranger. She also played opposite Jennifer Jason Leigh and Jack Black in Noah Baumbach's comedy-drama Margot at the Wedding. Scott Rudin will produce the play.[25] In 2008. playing the villainous Marisa Coulter. but due to her pregnancy she had to back out of the film.[27] Kidman appears in the 2009 Rob Marshall musical. . Judi Dench.[29] In 2010. along with vocals for Norma Jean's 'heartsong'.

[52] In the beginning of 2009. In March 2008.[57] Kidman has donated to U.S. Russell Crowe.[56] Kidman's name was in an advertisement in the Los Angeles Times (17 August 2006) that condemned Hamas and Hezbollah and supported Israel in the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict. he is huge. and Cate Blanchett each appear twice in the series: once as themselves and once as their Academy Award-winning character. was born on 7 July 2008. she had been an occasional practitioner of Scientology. Kidman appeared in a series of special edition postage stamps featuring some of Australia's best actors.[54] She attended Mary Mackillop Chapel in North Sydney. But he was lovely to me. an event honouring Australians in January 2005. And I loved him. They separated just after their 10th wedding anniversary. In Marie Claire. The couple's daughter.[43] Robbie Williams confirmed they had a short romance on her yacht in summer 2004. Sutton Forest. Shortly after her Oscar. Kidman and Cruise were married on Christmas Eve 1990 in Telluride. country singer Keith Urban at G'Day LA. Days of Thunder. Kidman had a relationship with fellow Australian Marcus Graham in the 1980s. Isabella Jane (born 1992). Cruise citing irreconcilable differences. but to everybody else.[53] Religious and political views Kidman is a practicing Roman Catholic. During her marriage to Cruise.[39] In the June 2006 Ladies' Home Journal. To me.[45] Kidman met her second husband. I still love him. The couple adopted a daughter. Sunday Rose Kidman Urban. She became romantically involved with actor Tom Cruise on the set of their 1990 movie.[50] [51] In January 2005. he was just Tom. Manly in Sydney. and a son. Colorado.[38] The reasons for dissolution have never been made public. Democratic party candidates and endorsed John Kerry in the 2004 presidential election. They married on 25 June 2006.[49] Kidman mentioned in an interview with Ellen DeGeneres in 2005 that she is banned from doing one of her favourite hobbies .[41] The 2003 film Cold Mountain brought rumours that an affair between Kidman and co-star Jude Law was responsible for the break-up of his marriage. at Cardinal Cerretti Memorial Chapel in the grounds of St Patrick's Estate. and Kidman won an undisclosed sum from the British tabloids that published the story. She.sky diving .[40] Prior to marrying Cruise.[42] She gave the money to a Romanian orphanage in the town where the movie was filmed. in Nashville. The marriage was dissolved in 2001.[37] Cruise filed for divorce in February 2001. they bought mansions in Los Angeles[46] and Nashville[47] within days. Kidman said she had an ectopic pregnancy early in their marriage. Kidman won interim restraining orders against two Sydney paparazzi who were stalking her. Tennessee. She was three months pregnant and had a miscarriage. Los Angeles and Nicole Kidman in August 2006 Nashville. Rose.[58] . Connor Anthony (born 1995). Tennessee.[44] She met musician Lenny Kravitz in 2003 and dated him into 2004.whilst shooting a movie." In addition. she has expressed shock about their divorce. still is. They maintain homes in Sydney. Geoffrey Rush.[48] Kidman's father said the daughter's middle name was after Urban's late grandmother. Both denied the allegations. she said she still loved Cruise: "He was huge. there were rumours of a relationship with Adrien Brody.Nicole Kidman 5 Personal life Kidman has been married twice.[55] She has been reluctant to discuss Scientology since her divorce.

Nicole Kidman 6 Charitable work She has raised money for and drawn attention to the disadvantaged children around the world.[62] As part of Say NO. she has called for more resources and actions to end violence against women.[61] Kidman was appointed Goodwill Ambassador of the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) in January 2006.[60] Kidman's mother had breast cancer in 1984.[63] On 8 January 2010.[59] Kidman joined the 'Little Tee Campaign' for breast cancer care to design T-shirts or vests to raise money for breast cancer. Kidman has addressed international audiences at UN events. raised widespread awareness through the media and testified before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs to support the International Violence against Women Act. with a particular focus on putting a spotlight on violence against women. Kidman visited Kosovo in 2006 to learn first-hand about women’s experiences of conflict and UNIFEM’s efforts to support them. Kidman attended alongside Nancy Pelosi.[66] Year Film Role Notes 1983 BMX Bandits Bush Christmas Five Mile Creek Skin Deep Chase Through the Night Judy Helen Annie Sheena Henderson Petra Bridget Elliot Julia Matthews Simone Jenkins Catherine Carol Trig Jade TV series. Her efforts are geared towards raising awareness on the infringement of women’s human rights around the world. In 2004. Kidman and the UNIFEM Executive Director presented over five million signatures collected during the first phase of Say NO to the UN Secretary-General on 25 November 2008. On Australia Day 2006. she was honored as a "Citizen of the World" by the United Nations. She was also nominated goodwill ambassador for UNIFEM. Joan Chen and Joe Torre the ceremony to help Family Violence Prevention Fund break ground on a new international center located in the Presidio of San Francisco intended to combat violence against women and children. with 17 movies making more than $100 million. and worked to raise awareness through the media. Kidman received Australia's highest civilian honor when she was made a Companion of the Order of Australia. In this capacity.episode 1 TV series TV movie TV movie TV movie 1984 Matthew and Son Wills & Burke A Country Practice 1985 Archer's Adventure Winners 1986 Windrider . 2 episodes (4x43-44) TV movie TV series . She is the international spokesperson for UNIFEM’s Say NO – UNiTE to End Violence against Women initiative.[64] [65] Filmography Kidman's movies gross total is more than US$2 billion.

Claire Lewicki Nicola Drew Preston Shannon Christie Tracy Kennsinger Gail Jones Suzanne Stone Maretto Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress Empire Award for Best Actress Golden Globe Award for Best Actress .Motion Picture Batman Forever 1996 The Portrait of a Lady Shine The Leading Man 1997 1998 1999 The Peacemaker Practical Magic Eyes Wide Shut Dr. Chase Meridian Isabel Archer Woman in bar Academy Awards Presenter Dr.Motion Picture Musical or Comedy London Critics Circle Film Award for Actress of the Year Seattle International Film Festival Award for Best Actress Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role Nominated — Chlotrudis Award for Best Actress Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Actress Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress .Nicole Kidman 1987 Watch the Shadows Dance The Bit Part Room to Move Amy Gabriel Mary McAllister Carol Trig TV miniseries TV movie Australian Film Institute Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Mini Series Logie Award for Most Popular Actress in a Miniseries/Telemovie Nominated — Australian Film Institute Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Actress Logie Award for Most Popular Actress in a Miniseries/Telemovie Silver Logie Award for Most Outstanding Actress 7 An Australian in Rome Jill Vietnam 1988 1989 Emerald City Dead Calm Bangkok Hilton Megan Goddard Helen Rae Ingram Katrina Stanton Nominated — Australian Film Institute Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Telefare 1990 1991 Days of Thunder Flirting Billy Bathgate 1992 1993 Far and Away Malice My Life 1995 To Die For Dr. Julia Kelly Gillian Owens Alice Harford Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress Filmcritica "Bastone Bianco" Award 1999 Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated — Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress uncredited cameo .

Motion Picture Drama Nominated — London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Actress 2005 The Interpreter Bewitched Silvia Broome Isabel Bigelow/Samantha Diane Arbus Norma Jean Dr.Motion Picture Drama Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress Silver Bear for Best Actress Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture 2003 Dogville Grace Margaret Mulligan Russian Guild of Film Critics Golden Aries Award for Best Foreign Actress Nominated — Bodil Award for Best Actress Nominated — Cannes Film Festival Best Actress Award Faunia Farley Ada Monroe Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress Nominated — Empire Award for Best Actress Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress .Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Empire Award for Best Actress London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress MTV Movie Award for Best Female Performance MTV Movie Award for Best Musical Sequence Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actress Nominated — Australian Film Institute Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role 8 Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture The Others Grace Stewart Saturn Award for Best Actress Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress .Motion Picture Drama Nominated — Goya Award for Best Actress Birthday Girl 2002 The Hours Sophia/Nadia Virginia Woolf Academy Award for Best Actress BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Golden Globe Award for Best Actress .Nicole Kidman 2001 Moulin Rouge! Satine Golden Globe Award for Best Actress .Motion Picture Drama Nominated — Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress Nominated — London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress The Human Stain Cold Mountain 2004 The Stepford Wives Birth Joanna Eberhart Anna Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress . Carol Bennell Margot Marisa Coulter Lady Sarah Ashley Nominated — Gotham Award for Best Ensemble Cast Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated — Australian Film Institute International Award for Best Actress Nominated — Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actress: Drama voice 2006 Fur Happy Feet 2007 The Invasion Margot at the Wedding The Golden Compass 2008 Australia .

for "service to the performing arts as an acclaimed motion picture performer. Kidman was given the American Cinematheque Award. intv/ ). . html). Government honours In 2006. au/ news/ national/ kidman-honoured/ 2007/ 04/ 13/ 1175971353201. nicolekidmanofficial.November 2006 (Happy Feet Soundtrack) References [1] http:/ / www. showbiz411. She also received recognition from the National Association of Theatre Owners at the ShoWest Convention in 1992 as the Female Star of Tomorrow and in 2002 for a Distinguished Decade of Achievement in Film.October 2001 (Moulin Rouge! Soundtrack) "Hindi Sad Diamonds" -October 2001 (Moulin Rouge! Soundtrack) "Somethin' Stupid" single (Duet with Robbie Williams – December 2001) AUS #8. Russian Guild of Film Critics. cnn. Retrieved September 14. com/ [2] "UNIFEM Goodwill Ambassador Nicole Kidman" (http:/ / www. Showbiz 411. [3] Stafford.org. . Golden Satellite Awards. it was 13 April 2007 that she was presented with the honour. com/ 2010/ 09/ 14/ nicole-kidman-rabbit-hole-is-a-gem). com/ id/ 15958023/ ). Blockbuster Entertainment Awards. msnbc. to youth as a principal supporter of young performing artists. and the Southeastern Film Critics Association." (http:/ / www. to health care through contributions to improve medical treatment for women and children and advocacy for cancer research. Kidman has received Best Actress awards from the following critics' groups or award-granting organisations: the Hollywood Foreign Press (Golden Globes). "Nicole Kidman highest paid female actor in film industry. 'Birthday Girl' is 'about the "unlikeness" of two people'" (http:/ / archives. Australia's highest civilian honour.Nicole Kidman 2009 Nine Claudia Jenssen Satellite Award for Best Cast – Motion Picture Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast 9 Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture 2010 2011 Rabbit Hole Just Go With It Trespass Becca Corbett Rea Ann Devlin Sarah Completed Completed Filming Awards In 2003. unifem. Empire Awards. Unifem. Canberra. Retrieved 27 May 2008. In addition to her 2003 Academy Award for Best Actress. London Critics Circle. the Australian Film Institute. UK #27 "Sparkling Diamonds" (with Caroline O'Connor) . Hollywood Film Festival. 14 April 2007. and to humanitarian causes in Australia and internationally. . [4] msnbc (30 November 2006). In 2003.[68] It was presented by Governor-General of Australia. 2010. php). org/ partnerships/ goodwill_ambassadors/ nicole_kidman. Major General Michael Jeffery in a ceremony at Government House. [5] Friedman. [6] "Nicole Kidman: 'Back to my core'. Annabel: Kidman and the Kennedys honoured for their service (http:/ / www. Kidman received a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. com/ 2002/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 01/ 18/ sun. 2010). kidman.[69] Discography • • • • • "Come What May" single (Duet with Ewan McGregor – October 2001) AUS #10. 18 January 2002."[67] However. msnbc. The Age. "Nicole Kidman: “Rabbit Hole” Is a Gem" (http:/ / www. com. Kidman was made a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC). due to film commitments and her wedding to Urban. January 2006. . Roger (September 14. UK #1l "Kiss" / "Heartbreak Hotel" – Nicole Kidman / Hugh Jackman . theage. CNN. msn.

. com/ watch?v=MkE77FtWo1k) Youtube. eonline. 23 March 2003. 1995). [23] Associated Press (30 November 2005). 10 November 2008. [19] Memorable Moments From Oscar Night (http:/ / abcnews. htm). uk/ news/ article-1232577/ Nicole-Kidman-Australias-trump-card-takes-David-Beckham-battle-World-Cup-bids. boxofficemojo. com/ article/ VR1118003504. com/ 35/ eyeswideshut1. . 16 June 2010 [36] Kidman Returning To Broadway (http:/ / www. aspx). boxofficemojo.8039. com/ article/ VR1118005836. [25] "Nicole Kidman Exercises Her Brain" (http:/ / www. [26] "Box Office Mojo: Australia/ Summary" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ forrest-gump [15] http:/ / boxofficemojo. TVGuide. Retrieved 10 March 2007. New York Post." (http:/ / www. David (September 2006). com/ news/ features/ 20051130-0838-bigmoneyactresses. 1 January 2007. co. eonline. Robert (2002-01). [9] Kidman bio . cn/ entertainment/ 2006-05/ 09/ content_585024. 10 . com/ photos. aspx)" TV Guide. "Dead Calm" (http:/ / rogerebert. Retrieved 27 September 2008. dailymail. Knopf. eonline. com/ review/ VE1117790280. html?categoryId=13& cs=1) Variety.Nicole Kidman [7] Keneally. nintendo-europe. . Retrieved 10 March 2007. nypost. "Nicole Kidman Suffers Miscarriage" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 10 July 2009 [33] "Australia unveil Nicole Kidman as trump card to take on David Beckham and England in the battle to host 2018 World Cup. com/ dp/ 1400042739/ ). ABC News.com. htm [16] http:/ / boxofficemojo. html). "Film. [39] MSNBC (12 November 2007). variety. html). The New York Times. variety. . com/ movies/ ?id=bewitched. "Kidman Earns Her Way into Record Spot" (http:/ / news. htm). suntimes. yahoo. variety. aspx?id=64430). suntimes.com.1. html). contactmusic. Tom (24 May 1992). htm). . youtube. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=1995& p=. . au/ article. Nicole Kidman (http:/ / www. com/ Movie-News/ Nicole-Kidman-Play-58341.msn. com/ apps/ pbcs. To Die For (http:/ / rogerebert. com/ movies/ ?id=australia. [18] Castle. Retrieved 10 March 2007. Retrieved 10 March 2007. brightlightsfilm. Retrieved 17 October 2007. 12 May 2009 [29] "Schweppes commercial" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 9 December 2007. htm).com. brightlightsfilm. dailymail. go. . amazon. 10 July 2009 [32] Nicole Kidman uses star power to get Brit thriller Little Bee off the ground (http:/ / www. [35] Nicole Kidman and Nicolas Cage to co-star for first time in Trespass (http:/ / www. uk/ tvshowbiz/ article-1198680/ Nicole-Kidman-uses-star-power-Brit-thriller-Little-Bee-ground. html). chinadaily. dll/ article?AID=/ 19951006/ REVIEWS/ 510060304/ 1023). html) Daily Mail. Retrieved 27 September 2008. guardian.00. com/ people/ chart/ ?id=nicolekidman. com/ uberblog/ b41389_nicole_kidman_suffers_miscarriage.com. ISBN 1-4000-4273-9. [22] AAP (29 September 2006).com. com/ seven/ 01072008/ gossip/ pagesix/ pregnant_nicole_quits_film_294091. Retrieved on 12 November 2008 [31] BBC. com/ NOE/ en/ GB/ news/ article. wsj. . notstarring. "Kidman says she’ll never have plastic surgery" (http:/ / ca. 8 May 2006. dll/ article?AID=/ 19890407/ REVIEWS/ 904070302/ 1023). [12] "1990 DOMESTIC GROSSES" at Box Office Mojo (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com. [11] Ebert. com/ movies/ ?id=interpreter. [24] Sander. uk/ film/ 2010/ jun/ 16/ nicole-kidman-nicolas-cage-trespass) The Guardian. [8] Thomson. Kidman buzz around 'Bee' book (http:/ / www. Peter. Nicole Kidman. ninemsn. boxofficemojo. msnbc. 7 January 2008. "New Line and Director Settle 'Rings' Suit. The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 24 May 2009. . com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=1990& p=. 17 September [37] E! Online (30 March 2001). html?categoryid=3620& cs=1& nid=2562) Variety. [38] "Nicole Kidman: Still Loves Tom Cruise" (http:/ / www. . html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0). Roger (7 April 1989). com/ News/ Items/ 0. 2 December 2009 [34] "HBO Orders Hemingway Film With Nicole Kidman and Clive Owen" (http:/ / www. signonsandiego. htm) [13] http:/ / www. html?res=9E0CE5D9163BF937A15756C0A964958260). [21] "BoxOffice Mojo: The Interpreter / Summary" (http:/ / www. contactmusic. co.Yahoo Movies (http:/ / movies. [27] "'Pregnant' Nicole Quits Film" (http:/ / www. com/ gst/ fullpage. htm). html) Daily Mail. Wall Street Journal." (http:/ / www. Nine MSN. com/ article/ SB119799429400237009. tvguide. Variety. htm [17] Ebert. Retrieved 30 July 2009. . com/ Entertainment/ story?id=101118& page=1). com/ News/ Kidman-Owen-HBO-1019691. nytimes. nsf/ main/ nicole_kidman_5140648 [14] http:/ / www. 19 December 2007. [20] "Box Office Mojo: Bewitched / Summary" (http:/ / www. com. [28] "Kidman bolts from Woody Allen film. "Eyes Wide Shut" (http:/ / www. co. Marrying Charlize Theron in New Film (http:/ / movies. From Down Under to 'Far and Away'" (http:/ / query. html). "Julia Roberts again tops list of highest-paid actresses" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 28 April 2008. Look to 'Hobbit'" (http:/ / online. 25 June 2007. . com/ news. do?elementId=TUvI-eYaCeoos5G2JNi0WnfdtBYCYqcD). com. . ABC News. nsf/ story/ kidman-returning-to-broadway_1166942) Contact Music. [30] Nicole Kidman to Star as Transsexual. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ movie/ contributor/ 1800018939/ bio) [10] Dead Calm (http:/ / www. Roger (6 Oct. tvguide.

earthtimes. heartlondon. Earthtimes. org/ content/ features/ detail/ 1431/ ).com Retrieved on 4 April 2008. [69] "Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia" (http:/ / www. Michelle. [47] Wood. org/ international/ international_story. [48] "Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban Welcomed a Baby Girl" (http:/ / www. "Kidman wedding in Australia seen as spiritual homecoming" (http:/ / www.com. saynotoviolence. stm)" BBC News. [60] " Kidman joins the Breast Cancer Care crusade (http:/ / www. 26 January 2006. Retrieved 17 October 2007. co. hollywoodgrind. Family Violence Prevention Fund. The Secret Behind Baby Sunday Rose's Name Revealed! (http:/ / www. yahoo. [45] "Kravitz Moves On" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 17 October 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2007. asp). Retrieved 12 April 2007. 14 December 2009. au/ honours/ honour_roll/ search. Retrieved 10 March 2007. 8 January 2010 [63] "UNIFEM Goodwill Ambassador and Say NO Spokesperson" (http:/ / www. au/ governorgeneral/ gallery. [66] Details for Kidman's movie revenues at Box Office MoJo (http:/ / www. Retrieved on 22 October 2006. E. [43] "Nicole Kidman Biography" (http:/ / www. 12 February 2001. saynotoviolence. Retrieved 17 October 2007. latimes. Australian Honors Database. Retrieved 17 October 2007. NashvillePost. [65] "Pelosi. [44] "Nicole Kidman Linked Again?" (http:/ / www. Thomas (4 April 2008). co. html). com. usatoday. 7 January 2004. Kidman.com.20203442. html). catholic. co. Listen again to Hugh Jackman on Heart Breakfast Monday 15 December (http:/ / www.20256753. The Daily Telegraph. [68] Byrnes. asp). Retrieved 12 January 2010. 8 January 2010. php?action=view& id=124). [61] " Nicole Kidman fashions fight against women’s cancers (http:/ / www. unifem. boxofficemojo. . ABC News. . Ruth (6 April 2008). php?id=20148).0.. smh. "Nicole Kidman. bbc. theage. [41] http:/ / movies. nashvillepost. story). 4 February 2009 [54] Dan McAloon (9 June 2006). [49] Tauber. com/ people/ article/ 0. org/ news_events/ story_detail. Torre Help FVPF Break Ground on New International Center" (http:/ / www. com/ celebrity_political_donations/ Nicole_Kidman. . people.Nicole Kidman [40] "Nicole Kidman: Still Loves Tom Cruise" (http:/ / www.00. htm)" USA Today. [53] Cate Blanchett. au/ dailytelegraph/ story/ 0. [57] " Nicole Kidman and 84 Others Stand United Against Terrorism (http:/ / www. [51] Hugh reveals all about Nicole Kidman's sky diving past. .org. Retrieved 7 July 2008. com/ news/ 2008/ 4/ 4/ headline_homes_nashvilles_top_10_sales_march_2008). html). People. . newkerala. . com/ people/ article/ 0. . com/ movie/ contributor/ 1800018939/ bio [42] "Kidman wins affair libel case" (http:/ / www. itsanhonour. com/ editorials/ 1-7-2004-49192. org/ articles/ show/ family-violence-prevention-fund-will. [62] "Goodwill Ambassador Nicole Kidman Calls for Ending Pandemic of Violence Against Women and Announces Partnership at Groundbreaking for International Centre to End Violence" (http:/ / www. uk/ biography_story/ 805:637/ 2/ Nicole_Kidman. 7 July 2008. The Age (Melbourne). endabuse. . NashvillePost. . [58] Nicole Kidman's Federal Compaign Contribution Report (http:/ / www. 18 August 2006. 3 March 2004. . .unifem.20211126. 13 April 2007. New York Post. gov. Nicole Kidman Happy to Be Licked--On Stamps (http:/ / www. Retrieved 17 October 2007. au/ lifestyle/ people/ scientology-a-sore-point-with-nicole-kidman-20091214-kqnu. . newsmeat. buzzle.22049.com Retrieved on 7 April 2008. com/ people/ article/ 0. [59] " Kidman becomes ambassador for UN (http:/ / news. htm). asp?id=1084419) [52] "Kidman wins restraining order" (http:/ / www. Retrieved on 22 October 2006.00. www..1112890. org/ say-no-around-world/ who-says-no/ nicole-kidman). [55] "Tom & Nicole Split A Question of Faith" (http:/ / www. com/ nicole-kidman-and-84-others-stand-united-against-terrorism/ )" Hollywood Grind. au/ news/ People/ Court-backs-Kidman/ 2005/ 01/ 27/ 1106415706117. cn/ entertainment/ 2006-05/ 09/ content_585024. [64] "Family Violence Prevention Fund Will Break Ground on a New International Conference Center and Exhibit Hall in San Francisco's Presidio on Friday. Keith Urban buy Brentwood home" (http:/ / www. [46] Ryon. [50] Interview with Ellen DeGeneres following her seventh Golden Globe nomination for Birth on her chat show. CNN. com/ news3. html). com/ 2003/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 07/ 31/ uk. com/ news/ health/ spotlighthealth/ 2004-03-03-nicole_x. . buzzle.21540362-5001021. 5 June 2003. htm) [67] "Nicole Kidman" (http:/ / www. com/ people/ chart/ ?view=Actor& id=nicolekidman. people. uk/ Article.com 2 July 2006. "Headline homes: Nashville's top 10 sales. com/ editorials/ 6-5-2003-41298. "Nicole's new bridal path" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 17 October 2007. shtml). The Sydney Morning Herald. people. gg. . mail/ index. com/ philosophy/ shelp/ cruise. chinadaily. php) NewsMeat. gov. html) People. Retrieved on 22 October 2006. 31 July 2003.00. 8 May 2006. htm). 27 January 2005.00. com/ classified/ realestate/ hotprop/ la-re-hotprop6apr06.org. 16 October 2006.5978028. [56] "Scientology a sore point with Nicole Kidman" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 15 January 2010. html). php?StoryID=1006). htm). 11 . Retrieved 17 October 2007. primechoice. March 2008" (http:/ / www. thebiographychannel. People. kidman. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 4649476. php?action=fullnews& id=16912)" NewKerala.. cfm?aus_award_id=1131287& search_type=quick& showInd=true). Holly (12 April 2007). html). com. news. com. Accessed 29 July 2008. com. cnn. 8 January" (http:/ / www. 8 July 2008. Retrieved on 22 October 2006.

External links • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman (http://www.people.ibdb. David (2006). ISBN 1-4000-4273-9.com/name/nm0000173/) at the Internet Movie Database Nicole Kidman (http://www.nkidman.nicolekidmanofficial. Knopf.com/movie/contributor/1800018939) at Yahoo! Movies Nicole Kidman (http://www.looktothestars.Nicole Kidman 12 Additional reading • Thomson. Film awards Academy Awards 1 win out of 2 nominations Year 2001 2002 Category Best Actress Best Actress Film Moulin Rouge! The Hours Result Nominated Won — Lost to Halle Berry (Monster's Ball) BAFTA Awards 1 win out of 3 nominations Year 1995 2001 2002 Category Best Actress Best Actress Best Actress Film To Die For The Others The Hours Result Nominated Nominated Won Lost to Emma Thompson (Sense and Sensibility) Judi Dench (Iris) — Golden Globe Awards 3 wins out of 7 nominations .com Nicole's Magic {nkidman.com/people/nicole_kidman) at People.imdb.com/person.org/celebrity/185-nicole-kidman) Official Site {nicolekidmanofficial.com/) List of awards and nominations received by Nicole Kidman This is a list of awards and nominations received by actress Nicole Kidman. Nicole Kidman.com) Nicole Kidman's charity work (http://www.com} (http://www.com} (http://www.asp?ID=48034) at the Internet Broadway Database Nicole Kidman (http://movies.yahoo.

List of awards and nominations received by Nicole Kidman 13 Year 1991 1995 2001 2002 2003 2004 Category Best Supporting Actress Best Actress – Musical or Comedy Best Actress – Drama Best Actress – Musical or Comedy Best Actress – Drama Best Actress – Drama Best Actress – Drama Film Billy Bathgate To Die For The Others Moulin Rouge! The Hours Cold Mountain Birth Result Nominated Won Nominated Won Won Nominated Nominated — Lost to Mercedes Ruehl (The Fisher King) Sissy Spacek (In the Bedroom) — — Charlize Theron (Monster) Hilary Swank (Million Dollar Baby) Goya Awards 1 nomination Year 2001 Category Best Actress Film The Others Result Nominated Lost to Pilar López de Ayala (Mad Love) Satellite Awards 1 win out of 5 nominations Year 1999 2001 2002 2007 Category Best Actress – Drama Best Actress – Drama Best Actress – Musical or Comedy Best Actress – Drama Best Actress – Musical or Comedy Film Eyes Wide Shut The Others Moulin Rouge! The Hours Margot at the Wedding Result Nominated Nominated Won Nominated Nominated Lost to Hilary Swank (Boys Don't Cry) Sissy Spacek (In the Bedroom) — Diane Lane (Unfaithful) Ellen Page (Juno) Screen Actors Guild 4 nominations Year 2001 2002 2009 Category Outstanding Cast Outstanding Actress Outstanding Cast Outstanding Cast Nine Film Moulin Rouge! The Hours Result Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Gosford Park Renée Zellweger (Chicago) Chicago Inglorious Basterds Lost to .

In the photo. the production start date was moved from August 16 to 30. Due to the confusion over casting.Trespass (2011 film) 14 Trespass (2011 film) Trespass Directed by Produced by Joel Schumacher Boaz Davidson Danny Dimbort Avi Lerner Trevor Short Irwin Winkler Eli Richbourg Karl Gajdusek Nicolas Cage Nicole Kidman Millenium Films Written by Starring Studio Distributed by 20th Century Fox Lionsgate Country Language Budget United States English $35 million Trespass is an upcoming American psychological thriller[1] directed by Joel Schumacher.[2] [3] [4] [5] Plot Husband (Cage) and wife (Kidman) are taken hostage by extortionists and a cycle of betrayal and deception emerges in the pressured conditions.[11] .[6] Cast • • • • • • • Nicolas Cage Nicole Kidman as Sarah [7] Cam Gigandet as Jonah [8] Jordana Spiro as Petal Ben Mendelsohn Liana Liberato Dash Mihok Production Production was disrupted on August 3. 2010 when it was reported that Cage had abandoned the project as he had allegedly insisted on switching roles from Kidman's husband to the kidnapper. However the following day Cage resumed his role as the husband.[9] According to reports Cage's exited role was offered to Liev Schreiber.[10] Proof of filming showed up on Entertainment Weekly's online site. Louisiana on August 30 for a nine week shoot. Shooting on the project began in Shreveport. It will star Nicolas Cage and Nicole Kidman as a married couple taken hostage by extortionists. Nicole Kidman and Nicolas Cage are being held at gunpoint.

com/ hostednews/ ukpress/ article/ ALeqM5iKotdRv43WrOT4lfAvfRvCqu7RcA) Press Association. Mihok Set To "Trespass" (http:/ / www. 16 June 2010 [7] Cam Gigandet Exclusive Interview at Comic-Con. 2theadvocate. com/ 2010/ 07/ 26/ comic-con-cam-gigandet-interview-priest-twilight-trespass-nicolas-cage-nicole-kidman/ ) Collider. 30 August 2010 [3] Film productions in La. 4 August 2010 [11] Nic & Nic firstlook at Trespass (http:/ / www. screendaily. 26th July 2010 [8] Jordana Spiro joins 'Trespass' cast (http:/ / www. 29 July [9] Nicolas Cage drops out of filming for 'Trespass' (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ news/ nicolas-cage-drops-out-of-filming-for-trespass/ 181238) NME. for July (http:/ / www. nme. 3 August 2010 [10] Nic Cage returns to Trespass role (http:/ / www. co. shreveporttimes. com/ news/ production/ nu-image-/ -millennium-set-to-commence-louisiana-shoot-on-trespass/ 5017500. html?ew_packageID=20385926) Entertainment Weekly.com/title/tt1674784/) at the Internet Movie Database . co. and Says He’s Been Cast in TRESPASS Along with Nicolas Cage (http:/ / www. hollywoodreporter. TWILIGHT. ew. com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3i87635330f49d1b31e34bb38128dcafd7) Hollywood Reporter. html) 2TheAdvocate. darkhorizons. 9 July 2010 [4] Nicole Kidman and Nicolas Cage to co-star for first time in Trespass (http:/ / www. uk/ arts-entertainment/ films/ kidman-to-costar-with-cage-and-clive-2002173. 16 June 2010 [5] Nu Image / Millennium set to commence Louisiana shoot on Trespass (http:/ / www. Talks PRIEST. 24 October 2010 [2] Mendelsohn. 4 October 2010 External links • Trespass (http://www. html) The Independent. uk/ film/ 2010/ jun/ 16/ nicole-kidman-nicolas-cage-trespass) The Guardian.imdb. article) Screen Daily. com/ ew/ gallery/ 0.. independent. com/ entertainment/ 98130159. guardian.20385926_20428729. 27 August 2010 [6] Kidman to co-star with Cage and Clive (http:/ / www. com/ article/ 20101024/ NEWS01/ 10240321/ Nicolas-Cage-and-Nicole-Kidman) Shreveport Times.Trespass (2011 film) 15 References [1] Nicolas Cage and Nicole Kidman (http:/ / www.00. collider. com/ news/ 18121) Dark Horizons. google.

It is slated for release on February 11. fashion model Brooklyn Decker. tells his much younger girlfriend (Brooklyn Decker) that he’s married. and musician Dave Matthews. The film will be produced under Sandler's production company Happy Madison and will be distributed by Columbia Pictures. 2010. originally titled Pretend Wife.Just Go With It 16 Just Go With It Just Go with It Directed by Produced by Dennis Dugan Jack Giarraputo Adam Sandler Heather Parry Timothy Dowling Allan Loeb Tim Herlihy Adam Sandler Adam Sandler Jennifer Aniston Nicole Kidman Brooklyn Decker Rupert Gregson-Williams Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Theo van de Sande Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Happy Madison Productions Columbia Pictures February 11. 2011 United States English Just Go with It. is an upcoming 2011 romantic comedy film starring Adam Sandler and Jennifer Aniston. Patrick Maccabee Jennifer Aniston as Katherine Palmer Nicole Kidman as Rea Ann Devlin Brooklyn Decker as Beverly Martin Dave Matthews as Ian Maxtone-Jones Nick Swardson as Eddie Simms . served as director. Plot A plastic surgeon (Adam Sandler). Griffin Gluck) to pose as his family in order to prove his honesty. 2011. who is afraid of commitment. who has collaborated with Sandler on most of his films. Allan Loeb and Timothy Dowling wrote the script and Dennis Dugan. with children to avoid having a serious relationship with her. he asks his office manager (Jennifer Aniston) and her children (Bailee Madison. Cast • • • • • • Adam Sandler as Dr. Other stars include Nicole Kidman.[1] It was shot between Los Angeles and Hawaii on the islands of Maui and Kauai and filming took place between March 2. When she starts to believe he's lying and threatens to leave him. 2010 and May 25.

imdb. External links • Just Go with It (http://www. hollywoodreporter. Maccabee Rakefet Abergel as Rachel Maccabee Keith Middlebrook as Rick North Elena Kolpachikova as Katja 17 References [1] Borys Kit (2009-12-08).Just Go With It • • • • • • • • • Bailee Madison as Maggie Palmer Griffin Gluck as Michael Palmer Kevin Nealon as Adon Heidi Montag as Adon's wife Dan Patrick as Hula Emcee Michael Laskin as Mr. The Hollywood Reporter (Nielsen Business Media). Retrieved 2010-02-07. . com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ic0baa5eecf1bc595672289a0895f49ed). Aniston playing 'Pretend'" (http:/ / www.com/title/tt1564367/) at the Internet Movie Database . "Sandler.

. DeMarco Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Budget Joe Klotz Blossom Films Odd Lot Entertainment Lionsgate September 13. 2010 (TIFF) December 17. and John Cameron Mitchell directed. The film premiered at the 2010 Toronto International Film [1] [2] [3] It will receive a limited US theatrical release on 17 Festival in September. Blossom Films. 2010 (United States) United States English $10 million Rabbit Hole is a 2010 drama film starring Nicole Kidman and Aaron Eckhart. Kidman produced the project via her production company. David Lindsay-Abaire adapted his 2007 Tony Award-winning play of the same name.Rabbit Hole (film) 18 Rabbit Hole (film) Rabbit Hole Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring John Cameron Mitchell Nicole Kidman David Lindsay-Abaire Nicole Kidman Aaron Eckhart Dianne Wiest Tammy Blanchard Miles Teller Sandra Oh Abel Korzeniowski Music by Cinematography Frank G. Lionsgate will distribute the film. [4] December 2010 and expand nationwide on 14 January 2011.

who recently scored A Single Man.[7] However. Becca's mother Tammy Blanchard as Izzy. tries to redefine her existence in a surreal landscape of well-meaning family and friends.[6] Owen Pallett was initially linked to the score. is killed by a car.[5] Due to a scheduling conflict. Kidman left a role in the upcoming Woody Allen picture. Danny (Phoenix List). The $10 million production included a 28-day shoot. seeking refuge in outsiders who offer him something Becca is unable to give. Becca.[8] . Jason (Miles Teller) . in favor of this project. the driver Sandra Oh as Gabby Patricia Kalember as Peg Mike Doyle as Craig Jon Tenney as Rick Giancarlo Esposito as Auggie Phoenix List as Danny Corbett Sara Jane Blazo as Jason's mother Ursula Parker as Lilly Production The project was filmed in New York in locations such as Douglaston and Queens. make choices as they choose a path that will determine their fate. it was later revealed that it would be scored by Abel Korzeniowski.the teenage driver of the car that killed Danny. both adrift. Becca's fixation with Jason pulls her away from memories of Danny. The Corbetts. Becca's experiences lead her to find solace in a mysterious relationship with a troubled young comic-book artist. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Becca Corbett Aaron Eckhart as Howie Corbett Dianne Wiest as Nat. while Howie immerses himself in the past.Rabbit Hole (film) 19 Plot Becca (Nicole Kidman) and Howie Corbett (Aaron Eckhart) are a happily married couple whose perfect world is forever changed when their young son. an executive-turned-stay-at-home mother. You Will Meet A Tall Dark Stranger. Becca's sister Miles Teller as Jason.

au/ entertainment/ nicole-kidmans-bid-to-shake-oscar-curse/ story-e6frf96f-1225923781095) External links • Rabbit Hole (http://www. com/ 2010/ 09/ 14/ nicole-kidman-rabbit-hole-is-a-gem). Roger (14 September 2010).imdb. 3 March 2010 [9] Friedman. Critical reception Kidman received a standing ovation at the 2010 Toronto International Film Festival for her performance. [3] Lionsgate takes trip down 'Rabbit Hole' (http:/ / www. Showbiz 411. variety. heraldsun. 24 September 2010 [5] Star Power Glows Behind the Scenes (http:/ / www. showbiz411. . Critics say Rabbit Hole is a return to her cult-status performance in To Die For. Showbiz 411. 10 January 2010 [8] Korzeniowski to score ‘Rabbit Hole’ (http:/ / moviescoremagazine. Variety. showbiz411. com/ 2009/ 08/ 30/ movies/ 30ryzi.[9] The film opened at the Mill Valley Film Festival on 16 October 2010. Showbiz 411. 27 August 2009 [6] "Kidman bolts from Woody Allen film" (http:/ / www. Rabbit Hole. Roger (14 September 2010). .[10] References [1] Friedman. [10] Nicole Kidman releases her new film. com/ article/ VR1118003504.Rabbit Hole (film) 20 Release and reception The film was well-received at the Toronto Film Festival. "Toronto Deals: Nicole Kidman. 16 September 2010 [4] Rabbit Hole Film Sets 17 December 2010 Release Date (http:/ / www. nytimes. Ewan MacGregor" (http:/ / www. com/ buzz/ 153675/ rabbit-hole-film-sets-december-17-release-date/ ) Broadway. html) New York Times. com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3i776b1668d474ee36e352bd643641d7b3) The Hollywood Reporter. com/ entertainment/ music/ cdreview/ article/ 748614--owen-pallett-says-farewell-to-final-fantasy) Toronto Star. com/ 2010/ 09/ 15/ toronto-deals-nicole-kidman-ewan-macgregor). Roger (15 September 2010). "Nicole Kidman: “Rabbit Hole” Is a Gem" (http:/ / www. . 12 May 2009 [7] Owen Pallett says farewell to Final Fantasy (http:/ / www. [2] Friedman. showbiz411. thestar.com/title/tt0935075/) at the Internet Movie Database . html?categoryid=3620& cs=1). broadway. com. com/ 2010/ 09/ 14/ nicole-kidman-rabbit-hole-is-a-gem). "Nicole Kidman: “Rabbit Hole” Is a Gem" (http:/ / www. 15 September 2010 (http:/ / www. com/ 2010/ 03/ korzeniowski-to-score-rabbit-hole/ ) Movie Score Magazine. hollywoodreporter.

2010 (Italy) 118 minutes Running time . 2009 (United States) January 15.Nine (film) 21 Nine (film) Nine Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Rob Marshall • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Rob Marshall Marc Platt Harvey Weinstein Bob Weinstein John DeLuca Maury Yeston Michael Tolkin Anthony Minghella Daniel Day-Lewis Marion Cotillard Penélope Cruz Judi Dench Fergie Kate Hudson Nicole Kidman Sophia Loren Andrea Guerra Maury Yeston Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Dion Beebe Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) • • • • Claire Simpson Wyatt Smith Relativity Media Lucamar Productions The Weinstein Company December 18.

expecting to share his suite. he receives a call from Carla. He sees Lilli. It is 1965. However. avoiding any clear answer on his new movie . with a wide release on December 25. where dozens of dancers and the film’s leading ladies appear – first Claudia Jenssen (Nicole Kidman).his ninth with producer. He escapes the press conference.Nine (film) Country Language Budget Gross revenue • • • • 22 United States Italy English Italian [1] [1] $80 million $53. Guido’s thoughts lead him to remembering Saraghina. written by Michael Tolkin and Anthony Minghella. Despite mixed to negative reviews. which becomes ("Guido’s Song") where he explains that he wishes he was young and energetic once again. The principal cast consists of Academy Award winners Daniel Day-Lewis. Maury Yeston composed the music and wrote the lyrics for the songs. alive and dead. a prostitute whom he and his friends paid to teach them the art . Judi Dench. Best Costume Design (Colleen Atwood) and Best Original Song ("Take It All" Music and Lyrics by Maury Yeston). his mistress ("A Call from the Vatican"). She reminds him of Luisa’s birthday the previous day and disagrees.tentatively entitled "Italia". as he excitedly listens on the other end. The Cardinal agrees to meet him and advises him to lead a more moral life and look to his youth for inspiration. his wife. has developed writer's block and urges all the women in his life. Dante (Ricky Tognazzi). then Luisa (Marion Cotillard).165 Nine is a 2009 musical-romantic film directed and produced by Rob Marshall. Dante soon arrives at the spa and escorts Contini to a banquet hall where the entire production team is assembled to help him prepare for his film.902. his mistress. and Grammy Award winner Fergie. a prostitute from his childhood. The screenplay. which was itself suggested by Federico Fellini's semi-autobiographical film 8½. While being examined by the doctor. Plot Guido Contini (Daniel Day Lewis) is a gifted Italian filmmaker who. Guido learns that a Cardinal is also staying at his hotel and tells the cardinal’s assistant to arrange a meeting. 2009. whom he begins a flirtation with. 2009. and begs for inspiration. and finally Saraghina (Fergie). . Here he meets Stephanie. at the age of fifty. Penélope Cruz. Best Art Direction (John Myhre (AD). while criticizing the costume she’s in the middle of making as not being something an Italian woman would wear. She arrives at the spa. Meanwhile. in New York City and [3] Los Angeles. to help him with it . She describes her desire for him. an American fashion journalist from Vogue. The film premiered in London and was released in the United States on December 18. the reporters and his producer and arrives at the Bellavista Spa Hotel. Academy Award nominee Kate Hudson. ("Overture Delle Donne"). Sophia Loren. and at the famous Cinecittà movie studios. Nicole Kidman. Escaping the biting probes of the reporters. 'everyone has questions for Signor Contini. where she 'learnt her art' ("Folies Bergères"). a Parisian music hall that featured showgirls. Marion Cotillard. a Vogue fashion journalist. saying that it reminds her of Folies Bergères.' At a press conference at the Hotel Excelsior on the Via Veneto. Lilli (Judi Dench). since his talent was better then. his costume designer. Nine was nominated for four Academy Awards: Best Supporting Actress (Penélope Cruz). Stephanie (Kate Hudson). Gordon Sim (SD)). he’s charming and colorful. his beloved Mamma (Sophia Loren).[2] is based on Arthur Kopit's book for the 1982 musical of the same name. he creates an elaborate fantasy.his mind wanders to his unfinished set. in Rome. his costume designer. his leading lady. but is upset to find that she’s staying in a shabby pensione by the train station. Carla (Penelope Cruz).

As he speaks with his actors about the scene. She watches and is heartbroken to see him say something in a clip to an actress that he’d said to her when they first met. who has tracked him down. He awakens on top of Carla. Guido agrees that that’s fair and drives her away. he realizes how much he cares for his wife and leaves. He waits outside the theatre that night. She then notices Carla entering the restaurant and immediately leaves. He walks with Lilli a few days later and tries to find more information about her. He returns to the hotel to find that Luisa has left and the crew has returned to Rome to begin filming. The doctor comments how reckless and immoral Guido is. his muse. he finally understands. his talent. asking what’s happened. implying that Luisa asks for him as well. and has nothing to make the movie. except a movie about a man trying to win back his wife. When they stop to rest. watching her undress. abandoning her acting career to be at his side ("My Husband Makes Movies"). saying she feels tired. but he manages to lose them. He demands that Carla go back to the pensione. just an idea. and has the set destroyed before leaving Rome. he’s happily surprised to see Luisa. He calls Luisa from the studio to beg her to come to the screen testing that evening. in a fit of anxiety and abruptly leaves to meet his production team for dinner. who has come at Lilli’s request. and the young priest from earlier. Guido returns to his element. his nine-year-old self (Giuseppe Spitaleri) gathers the cast of Guido’s life together. He apologizes to the staff that there was never a movie. heartbroken. He goes to the lobby and meets Stephanie. He returns to review screen tests of new actresses and keeps looking to the back to see if Luisa has arrived. “Action!” 23 . she explains to him that he’s reminded her that she’s not special. culminating with the arrival of his mother and nine-year-old Guido running to sit on the older Guido’s lap ("Finale"). She wants to come. In song. but he’s called away to help Carla. They’re followed by paparazzi. Luisa embraces him. joins the table. just another link in the chain and leaves him ("Take It All").Nine (film) of love and sex ("Be Italian"). Young Guido is caught by his school teachers/priests and whipped by his principal. Lilli says that that’s a good start and the costumes won’t be too bad either. reminding her that they don’t want to hurt either of their spouses. She leaves. She sits. Lilli tells him that she’s not going be to be the middle-man for them. she tells him that she loves him but he is unable to love her ("Unusual Way"). and she describes her love for his movies and how fashionable he makes everything seem ("Cinema Italiano"). the cast of Guido's life assemble on the scaffolding behind him. At dinner. which Guido doesn’t contest. Claudia realizes that there is no script and they take a walk. Luisa explains how she’s become a different woman to be Guido’s wife. promising that when she returns home. He finally comes to terms with his mental block ("I Can’t Make This Movie"). She leaves her room key in his pocket. Claudia tells him he doesn't see the real her. When Guido goes to the suite to try to smooth things over. She does a few takes. He arrives at the set to film shots of Claudia in her costumes. He returns to the suite and promises that he’s done with cheating. happy to see Guido back to his old self. Two years later. who’s overdosed on pills. but he vehemently refuses. She asks if he will ever make a movie again. Guido doesn’t understand why and follows her. Guido is in a café in Anguillara looking at an advertisement for a play starring Luisa. only the movie star he has created for the masses. She hangs up without response. As Guido takes his place in the director’s chair. Guido and Stephanie continue to flirt. who recognizes her as one of Guido’s earlier actresses. While in her room. and watches her leave with a man. His mother returns to him to advise him to repair his life ("Guarda La Luna"). Luisa arrives without being seen and watches in that background. He’s relieved when she finally does. thee house will be filled with flowers. She ignores him and when he returns to the restaurant and sees Carla. He stays with Carla until her husband arrives. realizing that he’s lost everything: his wife. but leaves. saying she’ll return when she reads the script. He embraces her and wishes her a happy birthday. He says that he won’t because he wouldn’t know what to make. When everyone leaves. She asks him what he wants the film to be about and his description closely resembles his own ordeal: a man lost and in love with so many women. passionate about a story once more. and she leaves. She smiles as he is raised on a crane and calls. Luisa refuses to listen.

but was cast as Carla. a short "teaser" for the film was featured in an episode of the Food Network show. making breakfast and lunch for her friends. After Catherine Zeta-Jones' departure.[6] Antonio Banderas. as they edited their new film. the film contracted the soap operas One Life to Live and General Hospital for advertising purposes. The film was Kidman's first big-screen musical since Moulin Rouge!.Nine (film) 24 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Daniel Day-Lewis as Guido Contini Marion Cotillard as Luisa Contini (née Acari) Penélope Cruz as Carla Albanese Judi Dench as Lilli La Fleur Nicole Kidman as Claudia Jenssen Kate Hudson as Stephanie Necrophorus Fergie as Saraghina Sophia Loren as Mamma Contini Ricky Tognazzi as Dante. but the role went to Judi Dench.[4] On May 14. it was reported that Nicole Kidman had replaced Catherine Zeta-Jones in the role of Claudia Jenssen. People reported the actor had landed the role. People reported Fergie had been cast as Saraghina.[9] Katie Holmes auditioned for the role of Carla Albanese and Demi Moore auditioned for the role of Luisa Contini. 2008. who had starred in the Broadway revival said he was "disappointed" at not being cast. In 2008. but both failed to win those roles. On May 19. 2007. Ina Garten. but was turned down.[10] . who turned down the role when director Marshall refused to expand the role for the film. Variety reported Daniel Day-Lewis was in talks to star in the film as Guido Contini. Guido's producer Giuseppe Spitaleri as young Guido Contini Andy Pessoa as Italian boy Max Procaccini as The Business Man Production Development On April 12. Marshall had previously directed Chicago for the Weinsteins while they were still at Miramax. Anne Hathaway was auditioned for the role. The film was co-produced by Marshall's own production company. Barefoot Contessa. and that Marion Cotillard auditioned for Lili. Variety announced Rob Marshall would direct a feature film adaptation of Nine for The Weinstein Company. The former featured two of the characters watching one of the film's trailers on the Internet on a YouTube-esque website. 2008. Casting On April 4. and there were subtle setting alterations performed for the latter. including movie posters on the walls of various public places. 2008. Lucamar Productions.[5] after Javier Bardem dropped out due to exhaustion.[7] Variety also reported that Penélope Cruz auditioned for the role of Claudia. Later. producers John DeLuca and Rob Marshall. with the host. but was cast as Luisa. In December 2009. at the end being a "preview" of their film for the host to see in appreciation. it was reported Day-Lewis sent producers a video of him singing and shocked them with his voice. and that Kate Hudson had also been cast in a role created specifically for her which had not been featured in the Broadway show. the film's lead character. Barbra Streisand was considered for the role of Lilli. 2008.[8] On July 18. said that the trailer to the film looked great and only wished the "best" for everyone involved.

It was a really surreal experience. in full outfit and in character. It also peaked at number three on the Polish Albums Chart[14] and at number nine on the Greek Albums Chart. Soundtrack The soundtrack was released by Geffen Records. 6. a lullaby sung by Sophia Loren as Mamma. "Finale" Daniel Day-Lewis Guido Contini Orchestra Bonus tracks . "One day during shooting at London's Shepperton Studios.[12] Nine's schedule required Kidman to begin rehearsals just four weeks after giving birth to her daughter. which was designed as a 1960s film director's office. The film had been set to shoot in Toronto. "I Can't Make This Movie" 12. And he's talking to us as Guido Contini. The teaser trailer for the film was released on May 14. 'He's smoking a cigarette. though once Day-Lewis signed on. and at Cinecittà Film Studios. 2. "Take It All" 11. Take It All. 7.' "[8] Rehearsals for the film began in August 2008. Cinema Italiano. 3.[15] Variety confirmed that three new songs had been created for the film by original Broadway composer Maury Yeston and were not included in the original stage score. They were: 1. Yeston tailored this song specifically for Loren's voice. According to music supervisor Matt Sullivan. originally written as a trio for Claudia. 5. but. the songs were then subsequently recorded in late September and filming commenced in October at Shepperton Studios. "Rob and I got called into Daniel's dressing room. according to music supervisor Matt Sullivan. a number which Kate Hudson performs as Stephanie.[11] Further filming took place in Italy. and Luisa. Guarda La Luna (Look at the Moon). 8. though he based the melody on the song Waltz from Nine from the Broadway score. Carla. London. 3. rearranged as a solo for Luisa." says Sullivan. This has "a retro feel" with "elements of '60s pop" that demonstrate how important Italian cinema was in that era and to illustrate the shallowness and vanity of Stephanie. 2. Title "Overture Delle Donne" "Guido's Song" "A Call from the Vatican" "Folies Bergères" "Be Italian" Singer Female Ensemble Daniel Day-Lewis Guido Contini Penélope Cruz Judi Dench Fergie Carla Albanese Lilli La Fleur Saraghina Luisa Contini Character Time 4:07 3:41 3:40 4:42 4:12 4:48 "My Husband Makes Movies" Marion Cotillard "Cinema Italiano" "Guarda La Luna" "Unusual Way" Kate Hudson Sophia Loren Nicole Kidman Marion Cotillard Stephanie Necrophorus 3:13 Mamma Contini Claudia Jenssen Luisa Contini 3:10 3:26 3:03 2:11 3:35 10. 9.[13] It peaked at number twenty-six on the Billboard 200. just before shooting. 2009. on December 22.[8] Tracklist # 1. and he's telling us how he would like to see this number that he's performing. the production then moved to London. 4.Nine (film) 25 Filming Day-Lewis studied Italian for his role and frequently spoke the language in and out of character.

He got a Tony nomination for the Broadway production of Nine and he avoided the film version of Nine. but Rob Marshall's Nine is chaotic and curiously distant.[16] While Nine was not a critical hit. "Quando Quando Quando" 14. Little Guido.. "Be Italian (Club Version)" (iTunes Store Only) Fergie Cut songs Title "Germans at the Spa" "Not Since Chaplin" "Only with You" "The Script" "Nine" "Ti Voglio Bene" "The Bells of St. "Cinema Italiano (The Ron Fair Remix)" 16. who portrayed Guido in the 2003 Broadway revival. Luisa Reception The film received generally mixed reviews. great-looking cast. Lilli. it received four nominations for the 82nd Academy Awards and has received other notable awards and nominations.Nine (film) 26 # 13.am 3:15 The Noisettes Kate Hudson Griffith Frank 3:24 3:25 3:42 3:26 2:48 15.i. On June 13. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 37% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 182 reviews. Tu Baci" Title Singer Time Fergie feat. with an average score of 5/10. "Our next presenter has uncanny instincts. Despite less than favorable reception. Company "Simple" "Be on Your Own" "Getting Tall" Reprises Carla Luisa Little Guido Guido. Claudia. The critical consensus is: It has a game. as was Penélope Cruz's.. Carla. Mamma. "Cinema Italiano (The Ron Fair Remix Club Version)" Amazon mp3 Store Only Kate Hudson 18. "Io Bacio."[17] . led by the always worthwhile Daniel Day-Lewis. Sebastian" "A Man Like You" "Contini Submits" Company Company Guido Guido Mamma Saraghina Guido. Luisa. Marion Cotillard's performance was greatly praised. Hayes said. Claudia Guido Character(s) "The Grand Canal" (Every Girl in Venice/Amor/Only You/Finale) Guido. host Sean Hayes slighted the film when introducing Antonio Banderas. "Unusual Way" 17. 2010. Stephanie. at the Tony Awards. Little Guido Guido. will.

Nine (film) 27 Awards and nominations Awards Award Academy Awards Category Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress Academy Award for Best Art Direction Academy Award for Best Costume Design Academy Award for Best Original Song ("Take It All") British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards BAFTA Award for Best Makeup and Hair Best Film Best Supporting Actress Best Acting Ensemble Penélope Cruz John Myhre and Gordon Sim Colleen Atwood Maury Yeston Recipient(s) Outcome Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Peter King Nominated Nine Marion Cotillard Daniel Day-Lewis. Nicole Kidman. Penélope Cruz. Judi Dench. Sophie Loren. Marion Cotillard. Fergie and Kate Hudson Dio Beebe John Myhre and Gordon Sim Claire Simpson and Wyatt Smith Coleen Atwood Peter King Nominated Nominated Nominated Best Cinematography Best Art Direction Best Editing Best Costume Design Best Makeup Best Sound Best Song ("Cinema Italiano") Detroit Film Critics Society Awards 2009 Best Supporting Actress Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Maury Yeston Marion Cotillard Nominated Nominated .

Marion Cotillard. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Awards Best Supporting Actress Best Cinematography Best Music Washington D. Marion Cotillard. Sophie Loren. Judi Dench. Nicole Kidman. Fergie and Kate Hudson) Penélope Cruz Dion Beebe Colleen Atwood Claire Simpson and Wyatt Smith Maury Yeston Won Won Nominated Ten Best Films of 2009 Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role St.C. Sophie Loren. Penélope Cruz.Nine (film) Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Musical or Nine Comedy Best Original Song ("Cinema Italiano") Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Maury Yeston Daniel Day-Lewis Marion Cotillard Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated 28 Best Supporting Actress – Motion Penélope Cruz Picture Satellite Awards Best Motion Picture – Comedy or Nine Musical Best Director Best Actress – Comedy or Musical Best Actor – Comedy or Musical Rob Marshall Marion Cotillard Daniel Day-Lewis Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Best Supporting Actress – Motion Penélope Cruz Picture Best Cinematography Best Costume Design Best Film Editing Best Original Song ("Cinema Italiano") Best Sound (Mixing and Editing) Best Cast – Motion Picture Daniel Day-Lewis. Nicole Kidman. Penélope Cruz. Fergie and Kate Hudson Nine Nine (Daniel Day-Lewis. Area Film Critics Association Best Art Direction Nominated Marion Cotillard Dion Beebe Nominated Won Won John Myhre and Gordon Sim Won . Judi Dench.

mauryyeston. rottentomatoes. uk/ tvshowbiz/ article-1131451/ Nicole-Kidman-Daniel-Day-Lewis-spin-Eternal-City-dodging-Sixties-style-paparazzi. Time Inc. Christina (2008-07-30). "Fergie to Play a Prostitute in the Movie Musical Nine" (http:/ / www. [14] "OLIS – Official Retail Sales Chart" (http:/ / olis.com) Nine (http://www. Retrieved 2010-01-12. Rotten Tomatoes.com/movies/?id=nine.com. . .com) . dnainfo. com/ people/ article/ 0. [9] Tapper. html). pl/ listy/ index. youtube. Playbill News (Playbill).rottentomatoes. htm). onyx.com/m/nine_2009/) at Rotten Tomatoes Nine (http://www. Interview for 'The Other Man'" (http:/ / www. 8 featurettes. co.com. html). com/ 20100614/ midtown-west-hells-kitchen/ hollywood-steals-broadways-spotlight-during-colorful-tony-awards [18] "Nine (US – DVD R1" (http:/ / www. DVDActive. . [4] "Kidman and Dench Rumored To Star In 'Nine'" (http:/ / www.com/title/tt0875034/) at the Internet Movie Database Nine (http://www. The Blu-ray Disc included all the DVD extras including another featurette and a Screen Actors Guild Q&A. co. IGN Entertainment. . IFPI Greece. broadwayworld. Media" (http:/ / www.uk.. The DVD featured an audio commentary by director Rob Marshall and producer John DeLuca. . com/ news/ article/ 114520. 2010.com/film/titles/nine) at Metacritic Official Maury Yeston website (http://www. Stephen M (2008-05-19).htm) at Box Office Mojo Nine (http://www.com/work/394509) at Allmovie Nine (http://www. imdb. Nicole Kidman. boxofficemojo. Ernio (2008-01-23). cfm?colid=26669). Time Inc. com/ title/ tt0875034/ fullcredits#writers [3] Hernandez. Retrieved 2010-03-13. ifpi. com/ people/ article/ 0.allmovie. Youtube.. variety. Retrieved 2010-06-04. . com/ article/ VR1117985677. London: Dailymail. Retrieved 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2008-08-07.. 2009-09-03. [2] http:/ / www.metacritic. html). [7] "Antonio Banderas and Laura Linney. 2009-01-29. .uk. 2009-10-26. Retrieved February 22. playbill.co. uk/ tvshowbiz/ article-1029830/ BAZ-BAMIGBOYE-Gillian-Anderson-Nicole-Kidman-Roman-Polanski-. gr/ chart01. com/ news/ article/ 134112. Playbill. com/ article/ Katie_Holmes_and_Demi_Moore_Audition_for_Nine_Film_20070701).00. Retrieved 2010-01-12. People. ZPAV. Music for Screens: Summer '09. asp?lang=en). html). [10] "Katie Holmes and Demi Moore Audition for 'Nine' Film 2007/07/01" (http:/ / broadwayworld. Baz (2008-06-26).imdb. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 2010. [16] "Nine (2009)" (http:/ / www. . | Mail Online" (http:/ / www. Broadwayworld.boxofficemojo.com. "Work Resumes on Script for Rob Marshall's Nine Film" (http:/ / www. [6] Silverman. "Daniel Day-Lewis eyes 'Nine' role" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-06-11.. Retrieved 2008-08-07. dailymail. Wisdom Digital Media. com/ watch?v=XWR32LTJ9wE& feature=related). External links • • • • • • • Official website (http://nine-movie. dailymail. com/ viewcolumn.co. broadwayworld. [13] ""Nine" Soundtrack Will Hit Stores in December" (http:/ / www. [17] http:/ / www. . [12] "Nicole Kidman and Daniel Day-Lewis take a spin in the Eternal City. 2008-04-04. "Daniel Day-Lewis Lands Nine Role" (http:/ / www.20215725. . com/ m/ nine_2009/ ). Retrieved 2010-01-12. people. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). html). [15] "Top 50 Ξένων Aλμπουμ" (http:/ / www. [11] Bamigboye. Box Office Mojo. com/ movies/ ?id=nine.00.Nine (film) 29 Home media Nine was released on DVD and Blu-ray May 4. . Retrieved 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2008-08-07. Roman Polanski and much more. htm) (in Greek). .20201089. . com/ news/ releases/ nine. . Retrieved 2010-02-14. com/ article/ VR1118007662. .com. Variety Los Angeles (Variety). people.Nine Soundtrack_Will_Hit_Stores_in_December#). and 3 music videos. html?categoryId=3703& cs=1).. "BAZ BAMIGBOYE on Gillian Anderson. html). .[18] References [1] "Nine (2009) Box Office" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 29. 2007-07-01. People. Michael (2008-05-14). variety.. dodging the Sixties-style paparazzi | Mail Online" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-01-12. [5] Fleming. playbill. [8] By (2009-08-24). Variety. London: Dailymail. dvdactive. 2010. "Oscar winners abound in 'Nine' – Entertainment News.

000 after Australian tax rebates) $211.000 [1] [2] ($78.000.) 165 minutes Australia English $130.S. Mac Brown Story Baz Luhrmann Screenplay Baz Luhrmann Ronald Harwood Stuart Beattie Richard Flanagan Nicole Kidman Hugh Jackman David Wenham David Hirschfelder Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Mandy Walker Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Dody Dorn 20th Century Fox 26 November 2008 (Australia.Australia (2008 film) 30 Australia (2008 film) Australia Australian promotional poster Directed by Produced by Baz Luhrmann Baz Luhrmann Catherine Knapman G.000. U.342.221 [3] [4] (worldwide) Gross revenue .

she works as a radio operator in Darwin during the escalation of World War II. and that like "King George" he too is a "magic man".Australia (2008 film) Australia is a 2008 epic romance film directed by Baz Luhrmann and starring Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman. Faraway Downs. vows to rescue him. Lady Sarah and Drover fall in love. after which Lady Sarah fires Fletcher and decides to try and run the cattle station herself. when at last delivering the cattle in Darwin. and Bowen. Lady Sarah Ashley (Nicole Kidman) travels from England to northern Australia to force her philandering husband to sell his faltering cattle station. Drover. Afterwards. Nullah tells her that "King George" is his grandfather. . The movie was to be released on 13 November 2008 in Australia[5] and 16 November 2008 in the United States. When Nullah and his mother hide from the white authorities in a water tower. called simply "Drover". Lady Sarah. It is established that Fletcher was the actual murderer of Lady Sarah's husband. so that Lesley 'King' Carney (Bryan Brown) will have a complete cattle monopoly in the Northern Territory. behind Crocodile Dundee. Meanwhile. set between 1939 and 1942 against a dramatised backdrop of events across northern Australia at the time. a white man. the group has to race them onto the ship before Carney's cattle are loaded. Lady Sarah's husband is murdered shortly before she arrives. and therefore shunned by many of the other whites in the territory. The childless Lady Sarah is captivated by the boy Nullah (Brandon Walters). resulting in the death of Flynn when the group tries to stop the cattle from stampeding over a cliff. Her husband sends an independent cattle drover (Hugh Jackman). Lady Sarah fears that Nullah has been killed. Drover leads a team of six other riders. Meanwhile. "King George" (David Gulpilil). Meanwhile. is friendly with the Aborigines. Lady Sarah persuades Drover to take the cattle to Darwin for sale. who was born to an Aboriginal mother and an unknown white father. Nullah. but is instead taken by the authorities and sent to live on Mission Island with the other half-Aboriginal children (dubbed the "Stolen Generations"). The film is a character story. They encounter various obstacles along the way. Lady Sarah comforts Nullah by singing the song "Over the Rainbow" from the film The Wizard of Oz. and the station's accountant Kipling Flynn (Jack Thompson). Darwin. Drover's Aboriginal brother-in-law Magarri (David Ngoombujarra). to drive the 1. The screenplay was written by Luhrmann and screenwriter Stuart Beattie. to Darwin to transport her to Faraway Downs. Kununurra. Production took place in Sydney. and is also almost certainly Nullah's father. It is the second-highest grossing Australian film of all time.500 cattle to Darwin. including a fire set by Carney's men that scares the cattle. The team drive the cattle through the dangerous Never Never desert. takes over Carney's cattle empire. Nullah is drawn to perform a walkabout with his grandfather "King George". It is revealed that he was married to an Aboriginal woman. stolen from her. Nullah. Because of this Fletcher mistreats Nullah and threatens him and his mother. including Lady Sarah.[6] however. and the authorities tell her that the killer is an Aboriginal elder with magical powers. cattle station manager Neil Fletcher (David Wenham) is trying to gain control of Faraway Downs. marries his daughter Cath Carney. Then. and continues to menace Lady Sarah. 31 Plot In 1939. When the Japanese attack the island and Darwin in 1942. and Drover live together happily at Faraway Downs for two years.[7] with subsequent worldwide release dates throughout late December 2008 and January and February 2009. with Ronald Harwood. his mother drowns. Captain Dutton (Ben Mendelsohn). Fox announced that it had pushed back the release dates in both Australia and the United States to 26 November 2008. and she gains a new appreciation for the Australian territory. who has come to regard Nullah as her adopted son. Lady Sarah. Fletcher kills Carney. such as the bombing of Darwin during World War II. giving him negotiating leverage with an Australian army officer. who died after being refused medical treatment in a local hospital because of her race. Nullah tells her that he has seen her cattle being driven onto Carney's land — in other words.

Australia (2008 film) Drover, who had quarrelled with Lady Sarah and left, apparently never to return, returns to Darwin and hears (mistakenly) that she has been killed in the bombing. Drover learns of Nullah's abduction to Mission Island, and goes with Magarri and a young priest to rescue him and the other children. Meanwhile, Lady Sarah has sold Faraway Downs to Fletcher, and is leaving for England that day, since she believes there is nothing more to hold her in Australia. But when Drover and the children sail back into port at Darwin, and Nullah plays "Over the Rainbow" on his harmonica, Lady Sarah hears the music and the three are reunited. Fletcher, who is distraught at the death of his wife, attempts to shoot Nullah, but is speared by King George and falls dead. Lady Sarah, Drover, and Nullah return to the safety of remote Faraway Downs. There, King George calls for Nullah, who returns to the Outback with his grandfather.


Recurring motifs
A recurring motif in the film is the Harold Arlen/E.Y. Harburg song "Over the Rainbow" from The Wizard of Oz (1939 film). The song bonds Lady Ashley and Nullah, and relates to the Aboriginal concepts of Rainbow Serpent, songlines, Dreamtime, and "magic men" like Nullah's grandfather and Nullah himself. In a scene set in October 1939, Nullah is seen raptly watching Oz in a Darwin cinema. Bach's aria "Schafe können sicher weiden ("Sheep may safely graze")" from the Hunting Cantata BWV 208 is another recurring motif in the film.

Additional music
David Hirschfelder composed the score to Australia. Interpolated musical numbers include the jazz standards "Begin the Beguine," "Tuxedo Junction," "Sing Sing Sing (With a Swing)," and "Brazil." Edward Elgar's "Nimrod" from "Enigma" Variations is heard in the final scene of the film.[8] Luhrmann hired singer Rolf Harris to record his wobble board for the opening credits,[9] and Elton John composed and performed a song called "The Drover's Ballad," to lyrics by Luhrmann, for the end credits. Also used in the end credits is "By the Boab Tree," a song nominated for a 2008 Satellite Award,[10] again with Luhrmann lyrics, performed by Sydney singer Angela Little. Little's rendition of "Waltzing Matilda" completes the end credits in some versions of the film.[11]

Main cast
• Nicole Kidman as Lady Sarah Ashley, an English aristocrat who inherits the cattle station Faraway Downs in Australia • Hugh Jackman as the Drover, a drover who helps Lady Sarah Ashley move the cattle across the property • David Wenham as Neil Fletcher, a station manager who plans to take Faraway Downs from Lady Sarah Ashley • Bryan Brown as Lesley 'King' Carney, a cattle baron who owns much of the land in northern Australia • Jack Thompson as Kipling Flynn, an alcoholic accountant who enjoys a luxurious lifestyle • David Gulpilil as King George, a magic tribal elder, grandfather of Nullah • Brandon Walters as Nullah, a young Aboriginal boy whom Lady Sarah Ashley finds at Faraway Downs • David Ngoombujarra as Magarri, the Drover's colleague and friend • Ben Mendelsohn as Captain Emmett Dutton, a Darwin-based Australian Army officer in charge of beef supply. • Sandy Gore as Gloria Carney, King Carney's wife, and Catherine's mother. • Essie Davis as Catherine 'Cath' Carney Fletcher, wife of Neil Fletcher and daughter of King Carney • Barry Otto as Administrator Allsop, the King's representative in the Northern Territory • Ursula Yovich as Daisy, the mother of Nullah • Yuen Wah as Sing Song, a Cantonese chef at Faraway Downs • Jacek Koman as Ivan, the saloonkeeper and innkeeper in Darwin

Australia (2008 film) • Tony Barry as Sergeant Callahan, the head of the Northern Territory police who tries to take Nullah to Mission Island.


Originally, Baz Luhrmann was planning to make a film about Alexander the Great starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Nicole Kidman, with a screenplay by David Hare.[12] The director had built a studio in the northern Sahara but a rival film made by Oliver Stone was released first and after several years in development, Luhrmann abandoned the project to make a film closer to home.[12] The visual effects were done by the Animal Logic films and The LaB Sydney. Luhrmann spent six months researching general Australian history.[12] At one point he considered setting his film during the First Fleet, 11 ships that sailed from Britain in 1787 and set up the first colony in New South Wales. The director wanted to explore Australia's relationship with England and with its indigenous population.[12] He decided to set the film between World Wars I and II in order to merge a historical romance with the Stolen Generations, where thousands of mixed-race Aboriginal children were forcibly removed from their families by the state and integrated into white society. Luhrmann has said that his film depicts "a mythologised Australia".[12]

In May 2005, Russell Crowe and Nicole Kidman entered negotiations to star in an untitled 20th Century Fox project written by director Baz Luhrmann and screenwriter Stuart Beattie, with Luhrmann directing the film.[13] For her role, Kidman learned to round up cattle.[14] In May 2006, due to Crowe's demanding personal script approval before signing onto the project, Luhrmann sought to replace the actor with Heath Ledger.[15] Crowe said he didn't want to work in an environment that was influenced by budgetary needs.[16] About this casting issue, Luhrmann said, "it was hard pinning [Crowe] down. Every time I was ready, Russell was in something else, and every time he was ready, I [12] The following June, Luhrmann would be having another turmoil". replaced Crowe with actor Hugh Jackman.[17]

Australia sign board

In January 2007, actors Bryan Brown, Jack Thompson, and David Wenham were cast into Australia.[18] In November 2006, Luhrmann began searching for an actor to play an Aboriginal boy of 8–10 years old and by April 2007, 11-year-old Brandon Walters was cast into the role.[19]

The untitled project was scheduled to begin production in September 2006, but scheduling conflicts and budget issues postponed the start of production to February 2007.[16] In November 2006, Luhrmann explored The Kimberley to determine the amount of production to be shot there. In December 2006, Bowen was chosen as a filming location Filming of Australia at Stokes Hill Wharf for a third of the production, portraying the look of Darwin.[20] Bowen was chosen as a prospect due to the financing of $500,000 by the Queensland government.[21] In April, Kununurra was chosen as another location for Australia, this time to serve as Faraway Downs, the homestead owned by Kidman's character.[22] Entire sets were built from scratch, including a stand-alone set in the Queensland town of Bowen, the re-creation of war scenes near Darwin Harbour, and the construction of an outback homestead in Western Australia.[23]

Australia (2008 film)


Academy Award winning costume designer Catherine Martin did extensive research for the film's outfits, studying archival images and newspapers from the 1930s and 1940s Australia. She also interviewed descendants of the original Darwin stockmen in order to find out if they "wore socks with his boots when he rode a horse, that's something you either get through a snapshot, or something you have to go talk to the people who lived there about".[24] The Asian-inspired costumes of the film were intended to evoke the romanticism of the era, and one of the centrepieces of the film's costuming is a red chrysanthemum-printed Chinese cheongsam or qipao that was made for Nicole Kidman's character.[25] The film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Costume Design.

Principal photography
The director planned to begin filming in March 2007.[26] However, principal photography began on 30 April 2007 in Sydney,[27] and Kidman found out that she was pregnant. She instantly withdrew from her next film, The Reader.[28] Afterwards, the production moved to Bowen on 14 May.[22] Filming in Kununurra was a gruelling experience for the cast and crew with temperatures soaring to 43 °C (109 °F) which, one day, caused Kidman to faint while on a horse.[28] In addition, she worked 14 and 15-hour days while

dealing with morning sickness.[28] While shooting in a remote region of Western Australia, the shoot had to be rescheduled when the Faraway Downs set, the homestead central to the film's story, was reduced to mud from torrential rain – the first in 50 years.[29] The cast and crew went back to Sydney to shoot interior scenes until the expensive set dried out.[23] In addition, at one point, the entire country's horses were in lock down over equine flu.[12] Filming lasted five months, wrapping up at Fox Studios, Sydney, on 19 December 2007.[30] In late April, Luhrmann titled his project Australia. Two other titles that he considered for the film had been Great Southern Land and Faraway Downs.[31] On 11 August 2008, eight months after filming wrapped, several members of the cast and crew were back at Fox Studios, Sydney, to film pick up shots.[32]

Two weeks before the film's premiere, the Daily Telegraph erroneously reported that Luhrmann gave in to studio pressure after "intense" talks with executives and re-wrote and then re-shot the ending of Australia for a happier conclusion after "disastrous reviews" from test screenings.[33] To counter these negative reports, the studio had Jackman and Kidman promoting Australia on The Oprah Winfrey Show, which dedicated an entire episode of the program to the film,[34] and Fox Co-Chairman Tom Rothman spoke to the Los Angeles Times where he described the Telegraph article as "patently nonsensical. It's all too typical of the way the world works today that everybody picked up an unsourced, anonymous quote-filled story in a tabloid from Sydney and nobody ever bothered to check to see if it was accurate".[33] Rothman also said that Luhrmann had final cut on his film. The director admitted that he wrote six endings in the drafts he authored, and shot three of them.[35]

Tourism tie-in
Tourism Western Australia spent $1 million on a campaign linked with the release of Australia in the United States, Canada, Japan, Europe and South Korea that ties in with an international Tourism Australia plan.[36] Concerned about the recession and fluctuating international fuel prices, the tourism industry hoped that Luhrmann's film would deliver visitors from all over the world in the same kind of numbers that came to the country following the 1986 release of Crocodile Dundee, and follow the significant increase in visitors to New Zealand since 2001 after the release of the Lord of the Rings films. Federal Tourism Minister Martin Ferguson said, "This movie will potentially be seen by tens of millions of people, and it will bring life to little-known aspects of Australia's extraordinary natural environment, history and indigenous culture".[36] Tourism Australia worked with Luhrmann and 20th Century Fox on a publicity campaign titled, "See the Movie, See the Country", based on movie maps and location guides, to

that will have your eyes scouring each scene for every last delicious detail.[46] Roger Ebert gave the film 3 stars out of 4. Baz Luhrmann weaves his wizardry on Oz". hunky Jackman is delicious. Australia's bold. unapologetic artifice is a welcome respite". cinematic spectacle at its most extreme. the reviewer Robie Collin praised the casting and camerawork." He also rated the film the maximum five stars. the director made a $50 million series of commercials promoting the country.[45] Megan Lehmann. The site reported that the consensus was that while the film features "lavish vistas" and "impeccable production. which assigns a normalised rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics.9/10. based upon a sample of 199. "A love letter to the Australian landscape and our history. with an average score of 5. While it will be very popular with many people I think there's a slight air of disappointment after it all. "this creation story about modern Australia is a testament to movie love at its most devout. denoting "mixed or average reviews.The magnetic and irksomely handsome Hugh Jackman.[48] In her review for the New York Times. as well as the glamour of Forties cinema idols. the undisputed star of the show.The uproarious comic interludes (Nicole’s rendition of Somewhere Over The Rainbow. and it is "much less earnest than the trailer suggests. writing in The Hollywood Reporter. is one of the best-played comic set pieces of the year).[49] . In a solemn season. said that the film "defies all but the most cynical not to get carried away by the force of its grandiose imagery and storytelling". in his review for Newsweek. and the erotic charge between her and the gruff. warm and charming. and states the film defies expectation and "in what turns out to be a multi-layered story it describes an Australia of the 1940s that is at once compellingly beautiful and breathtakingly cruel".[38] Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that as of 4 October 2010."[42] Claire Sutherland. in his review for the Daily Mail wrote. picture postcard camerawork. kitschy.[29] [37] 35 Critical reception Summary Early reviews in the Australian press were mixed with the general consensus that Australia was a good but not great film. Australia has international blockbuster written all over it". and the build-up to it.Australia (2008 film) transform the film into "a real-life travel adventure"."[40] Positive Chris Tookey." it suffers due to its "lack of originality" and "thinly-drawn characters. Despite its flaws — and it certainly has flaws — I think Australia is an impressive and important film. 55% of critics gave the film a positive write-up. with much of that film's lush epic beauty and some of the same awkwardness with a national legacy of racism".[43] In his review for The Australian. layered with a thin veneer of camp and a nod and a wink to accompany the requisite Aussie clichés". "It's not the masterpiece that we were hoping for. and the bottom line is "In epic style. noting "Baz Luhrmann dreamed of making the Australian Gone With the Wind. the film has received an average score of 53. and so he has. and kitsch as an act of aesthetic communion". "The jaw-dropping."[44] Anne Barrowclough of The Times (United Kingdom) gave the film four out of five stars."[39] At Metacritic.[47] David Ansen. based on 31 reviews. in her review for the Herald Sun wrote. Manohla Dargis wrote. David Stratton wrote.[41] The News of the World followed suit by rating the film with five stars. "Kidman and Jackman have great sexual chemistry. but I think you could say that it's a very good film in many ways.. wrote. "Kidman seems to blossom under Luhrmann's direction: she's funny.[36] In addition.

788. "this creation story about modern Australia is a testament to movie love at its most devout. 1 in Spain.[54] Bonnie Malkin of The Daily Telegraph stated: "Local critics had worried that the much-anticipated film Australia would present to the world a series of time-honoured Antipodean clichés. I left Australia feeling drained and weakened. and kitsch as an act of aesthetic communion". from the leftover body parts of earlier movies. as they said they were expecting only an $18 million opening gross for the movie.com. and at No.219 from 51 countries. calling Australia a film of "unrelenting awfulness" that "lurches drunkenly from crazy comedy to Mills and Boonish melodrama in the space of a couple of scenes".S.221 in its worldwide releases.4% of its total worldwide gross. action. despite a disappointing gross in the U. At a mammoth 165 minutes it feels too much like a work-in-progress. As of November 2009. There is a lot of narrative flab and longueurs in the first two hours and the film often has the pace of a steamroller with engine trouble". and Romeo + Juliet. and grossed $20 million opening weekend.[57] Australia performed less well in the U. Jim Schembri had problems with the length of the film: "The film is fine.[57] However.S. Dr Frankenstein-style. setting the record for the highest grossing opening weekend for an Australian film and bumping the latest James Bond movie Quantum of Solace to second place. in her review for the Washington Post. where it surprised box office analysts by opening only at #5.S. boy. as if I'd suffered a gradual poisoning at the hands of a mad scientist". is it overlong. Bolt.[49] Andrew Sarris.. is so aggressively sentimental that it begins to feel more like punishment than pleasure. like Moulin Rouge!. Strictly Ballroom. and a matter of national pride. in my opinion.[55] In her review for Salon. 23.[59] . I must confess that I might have been harder on Mr Luhrmann's film if I had not remained entranced by Ms Kidman ever since I first saw her in Phillip Noyce's Dead Calm in 1989. 3 in Britain. melodrama and revisionism. Luhrmann's attempt to pull off a wartime weeper.[3] Australia's ticket sales outside of the U.[3] [4] In Australia.555.342.[51] In his review for Time.. France. "Australia is clearly a labor of love.[56] Box office and DVD sales The film has been a box office success worldwide. in his review for the New York Observer. and never boring but. "The second half of Australia. Which leaves us asking this question: How come it is so damnably entertaining?"[52] Ann Hornaday.757 at the box office in Australia.002 in the U. and Four Christmases. behind Quantum of Solace. Richard Schickel wrote.37 million in its opening weekend.[57] Australia grossed $87.[53] Negative Mark Naglazas of The West Australian accused positive reviews from News Ltd press outlets of being manipulated by 20th Century Fox.[3] It opened at No. she has lost none of her luster in the 20 years since". luridly indulgent spectacle of romance. Australia is windy. overblown. utterly preposterous and insanely entertaining".S. — a pattern similar to Luhrmann's three previous films.[58] Australia eventually grossed $49. Fox officials were reportedly happy with the numbers. "Have you seen everything Australia has on offer a dozen times before? Sure you have.554. wrote.[50] In her review for the New York Times. and Germany. started slowly and then built momentum. Twilight. cinematic spectacle at its most extreme. It's a movie less created by director and co-writer Baz Luhrmann than assembled. wrote. are $161. the film has grossed $211. "A wildly ambitious. Stephanie Zacharek wrote. It is also a bit of a mess.[1] [2] They further pointed out that Baz Luhrmann's other films. the film grossed $AU6. Their fears were well founded".Australia (2008 film) 36 Neutral Writing for The Age. Manohla Dargis wrote.

000 units in the opening weekend.739. translating to revenue of $12.S.[61] 37 Awards and nominations Awards Award Satellite Awards Category Satellite Award for Best Art Direction and Production Design Satellite Award for Best Cinematography Satellite Award for Best Visual Effects Satellite Award for Best Original Screenplay Satellite Award for Best Original Score Satellite Award for Best Original Song Satellite Award for Best Editing Satellite Award for Best Sound Satellite Award for Best Costume Design 81st Academy Awards Film Critics Circle of Australia Academy Award for Best Costume Design Best Cinematography Best Supporting Actor Best Film Best Music Score Young Artist Award Best Performance in an International Feature Film – Leading Young Performers – Critics' Choice Awards Recipient(s) Catherine Martin Mandy Walker Chris Godfrey Baz Luhrmann David Hirschfelder 'By the Boab Tree' Dody Dorn Wayne Pushley Catherine Martin Catherine Martin Mandy Walker Brandon Walters Australia David Hirschfelder Brandon Walters Outcome Won Won Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Won Won Nominated Nominated Won Nominated Nominated Won Best Young Performer Chicago Film Critics Brandon Walters Mandy Walker Brandon Walters Best Cinematography Most Promising Performer .Australia (2008 film) The DVD was released in the U.9 million. on 3 March 2009. the DVD has sold double what the studio expected. 80% of what the studio predicted it would sell altogether.[60] Since being released in Australia.S. As of 15 November 2009.. Australia has sold 1. and sold 728.700 units in the U. for a revenue of $27.3 million.[60] Australia sold almost two million DVDs in one month. opening at #2.

australiamovie. Retrieved 22 December 2008." (http:/ / www. Rosanne Barrett (13 December 2006). [23] Christine Sams (1 July 2007). ece). cnn. The New York Times. "Nicole Kidman returns to Australia for Baz Luhrmann" (http:/ / entertainment. . uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ film/ article4731651. com. The West Australian. asp?layout=awardcentral& jump=article& articleid=VR1117983222).23663. australiamovie. The Guardian (London). Variety. Retrieved 19 December 2007.Satellite Awards Nominees (http:/ / www. Retrieved 28 April 2007. [12] Killian Fox (2 November 2008). com/ vogue/ feature/ 061708VFEA/ ). htm). Retrieved 25 April 2010. com/ article/ VR1117991269. au/ news/ newsitems/ 200611/ s1778649. php?act=movie_details& id=52543) [9] Richard Luscombe (10 November 2008). html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Sydney Confidential. The West Australian. "Kidman's outback adventure gets happy ending after studio pressure" (http:/ / www. com/ index. au/ news/ film/ muddy-hell/ 2007/ 06/ 30/ 1182624229314. imdb. . com. com. Retrieved 29 August 2008. com. The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 28 April 2007.com (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=australia.00. com/ article/ VR1117996415. com/ 2006/ SHOWBIZ/ 06/ 09/ showbuzz/ #2) on March 9. co. html?in_page_id=1794& in_article_id=439603). guardian. nytimes. variety. . au/ couriermail/ story/ 0.Australia (2008 film) 38 References [1] "Hollywood Studios Turn Hopeful Eye Toward Holiday. . [19] Katie Hampson (18 April 2007).. . "Crowe Dumped for Ledger" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. reelsoundtrack.00. archive. Variety. Retrieved 28 April 2007. [16] Reardanz. com/ cgi-bin/ blogs/ sfgate/ detail?blogid=7& entry_id=9252). "Muddy hell as Kidman homestead set flooded" (http:/ / www. html?_r=1& oref=slogin). "Other Tom gives Nic saddle tips" (http:/ / www. [18] "An epic showcase" (http:/ / www. "Nicole and Hugh film Australia" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 22 December 2008. com/ ?p=4414). People!" (http:/ / www. a Film Finds Its Look" (http:/ / www. [17] "Jackman taking over for Crowe" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 29 April 2007. au/ aapstory. com. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.23739. au/ default. "Grant lures Baz" (http:/ / www. au/ entertainment/ story/ 0. com. aspx?MenuID=23& ContentID=26307). com. Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 11 November 2008. . . Retrieved 11 November 2008. . . awardsdaily. [11] Australia – The Soundtrack (http:/ / www. [30] australiamovie. com/ 2006/ SHOWBIZ/ 06/ 09/ showbuzz/ #2). Retrieved 11 November 2008. "Nicole Kidman's 'Australia' Pushed Back" (http:/ / www. "Socks to Blouses. The Age (Melbourne). [21] Des Partridge. html?categoryid=1238& cs=1). html?from=public_rss). nytimes. . variety. [15] Reardanz. html). Retrieved 29 April 2007. dailymail. com/ article/ VR1117922158. [14] Baz Bamigboye (2 March 2007). net. uk/ film/ 2008/ nov/ 02/ baz-luhrmann-nicole-kidman-australia). timesonline. [7] Michaela Boland (28 August 2008). Sydney Morning Herald. [28] John Powers (1 July 2008). com/ article/ industryNews/ idUSTRE4AM1T520081125) Reuters. 1 November 2006. [24] Eric Wilson (31 October 2008). . Retrieved 29 April 2007. 2007. . com/ 2008/ 11/ 02/ movies/ moviesspecial/ 02mart. thewest. Karen (26 September 2006). [27] Johnathon Moran (29 April 2007). reuters. Retrieved 29 April 2007. "Broome boy rides high in Aussie blockbuster" (http:/ / web. archive. Daily Mail. Retrieved 11 November 2008. aspx?StoryName=340410). "Days of Heaven" (http:/ / www. 25 November 2008 [2] "Hollywood Stuffs Thanksgiving Slate. com. au/ default. com/ title/ tt0455824/ releaseinfo) [5] Val Morgan Cinema Network . Retrieved 1 April 2008. news. com/ cgi-bin/ blogs/ sfgate/ detail?blogid=7& entry_id=5642). variety. . html). [29] Jeff Dawson (14 September 2008). sfgate. . 25 January 2007. html). [10] Awards Daily .00. theage. [22] Rachel Browne (16 April 2007). news. San Francisco Chronicle. "Kidman follows the herd" (http:/ / www. cnn. The New York Times.20917320-3102. "2008 awards season shaping up" (http:/ / www. guardian. . co. sfgate. . San Francisco Chronicle. "Crowe: 'I Don't Do Charity Work for Studios'" (http:/ / www. 12 December 2006. [20] "Luhrmann epic to be shot in Bowen" (http:/ / www. [8] Reel Soundtrack Australia (http:/ / www. Retrieved 28 April 2007. uk/ pages/ live/ articles/ showbiz/ bazbamigboye. news.: Details view (http:/ / www. co.net (16 April 2007). The Guardian (London). uk/ film/ 2008/ nov/ 10/ australia-nicole-kidman-hugh-jackman-baz-luhrmann). 9 June 2006. valmorgan. com/ index. Retrieved 29 April 2007. org/ web/ 20070930013110/ http:/ / www. [13] Michael Fleming (4 May 2005). com/ slideshow/ 2008/ 10/ 31/ movies/ 20081102_MARTIN_SLIDESHOW_5. co. The Daily Telegraph. smh. boxofficemojo. .21116465-7485. "Inside Move: All the Aussies gathering together" (http:/ / www. au/ news/ film/ nic-gets-saddle-tips/ 2007/ 04/ 15/ 1176575723647. Vogue. Retrieved 29 April 2007. "How we made the epic of Oz" (http:/ / www. abc." (http:/ / www. com. 2008. html). Retrieved 11 November 2008. variety. . Retrieved 29 April 2007. . net/ 12/ 2007/ thats-a-wrap-people/ ). aspx?MenuID=23& ContentID=26307) on September 30. CNN. . Karen (30 May 2006). style. [26] "Luhrmann epic to start filming in March" (http:/ / www. htm) [4] Australia release dates (http:/ / www. au/ au/ movie-planner/ details-view/ movieid/ 20009864/ moviesdate/ 0/ ) [6] Pamela McClintock (31 March 2008). Australian Broadcasting Corporation. . net/ 2008/ 12/ australia-the-soundtrack/ ). 31 October 2008. [25] "The Look of 'Australia'" (http:/ / www. . org/ web/ 20080309063437/ http:/ / www. Retrieved 11 November 2008. 24 November 2008 [3] BoxOfficeMojo. "That's a Wrap. html?categoryId=13& cs=1) Variety. html). Retrieved 28 April 2007. au/ dailytelegraph/ story/ 0. Variety. thewest. thewest.21638026-5001026. .

com. Sydney Morning Herald. Los Angeles Times. washingtonpost. The New York Times. co. "See the film. au/ couriermail/ story/ 0. html). Retrieved 2 December 2008. [33] Patrick Goldstein (11 November 2008). latimes. [47] Roger Ebert (25 November 2008). dailymail. Retrieved 13 November 2008. independent. html). "An Aussome Spectacle" (http:/ / www. . news. Retrieved 16 August 2008. com. com/ 2008/ o2/ luminous-kidman-finds-home-range-dirty-sexy-jackman). au/ story/ 0. timesonline. uk/ news/ worldnews/ australiaandthepacific/ australia/ 3477400/ First-review-of-Australia-the-movie. Newsweek. "First review of Australia the movie" (http:/ / www. latimes. [51] Andrew Sarris (25 November 2008).the movie" (http:/ / www. but not a masterpiece" (http:/ / www. 21 December 2008 [43] Claire Sutherland (18 November 2008). . Retrieved 28 April 2007. jsp?& rid=11975). html). Retrieved 11 November 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2008. IGN Entertainment. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 November 2008. com/ entertainment/ news/ movies/ la-fi-boxoffice1-2008dec01. observer. smh.8599. newsoftheworld. . The Times (London). . pdf) [60] The-numbers.1906482. time. thewest. ece).1862279. vic. Retrieved 27 November 2008. "Australia(2008): Reviews" (http:/ / www. com/ hr/ film/ reviews/ article_display. co. [41] Australia: Barmy Baz is the Wizard of Oz . [58] Ronald D. . Sexy Jackman" (http:/ / www. [57] "Australia heads Aussie box office. magical and endearingly bonkers (http:/ / www. news. Retrieved 18 November 2008. "First Aussie reviews of 'Australia': 'Good. com. com/ files/ 2008/ 11/ baz-luhrmann. aspx?MenuID=23& ContentID=108983). [32] australiamovie. salon. CNET Networks. . Retrieved 8 December 2008. com/ id/ 171193).com (http:/ / www. . [37] Kathy Marks (18 September 2008). dll/ article?AID=/ 20081125/ REVIEWS/ 811259991).24732238-5003420. html). the movie" (http:/ / entertainment. Time.26278. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2008/ 11/ 25/ AR2008112502454. Herald Sun. "Luhrmann to parade Australia's epic scale" (http:/ / www. au/ news/ entertainment/ luhrmann-to-parade-australias-epic-scale/ 2006/ 11/ 22/ 1163871482154. [35] Scott Feinberg (11 November 2008). The Independent (London). [40] Metacritic. "Fox says it hasn't tampered with Australia" (http:/ / latimesblogs. [54] Mark Naglazas (19 November 2008). "Baz Luhrmann's Australia is good. Retrieved 11 November 2008. . [49] Manohla Dargis (26 November 2008). dies in US" (http:/ / www. Washington Post. . . [56] Stephanie Zacharek (26 November 2008). but no classic. php) 39 . com. Retrieved 2 December 2008. The West Australian. com. story). metacritic. com/ 2008/ 11/ 26/ movies/ 26aust.net (11 August 2008). . com/ the_big_picture/ 2008/ 11/ fox-says-it-has. but no classic'" (http:/ / goldderby. "Down under . html).00. then come visit" (http:/ / www. way too long" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 27 November 2008. "Battling Baz wobbles into home stretch" (http:/ / www. html). . . net/ 2008/ 08/ pick-up-shoots-commence-at-fox-studios/ ). html). com/ movies/ 2008/ AUSTL-DVD.0.25197. . rottentomatoes. "Pick Ups Commence At Fox Studios" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 18 November 2008. au/ articles/ 2008/ 11/ 18/ 1226770367495. theage. Courier Mail. [36] Elizabeth Gosch (16 June 2008). nytimes. co. html). Salon. latimes. Retrieved 18 November 2008. html). html?ref=movies). [44] David Stratton (18 November 2008). au/ entertainment/ story/ 0. australiamovie. gov. . "Baz Luhrmann's movie Australia is a winner for Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman" (http:/ / www. The Daily Telegraph (London). telegraph. au/ news/ see-the-film-then-come-visit/ story-e6frgcs6-1111116642284). com.00. Retrieved 18 November 2008. com/ ent/ movies/ review/ 2008/ 11/ 26/ australia/ index.unique.23739.00. com/ time/ arts/ article/ 0.Australia (2008 film) [31] Garry Maddox (23 November 2006). latimes. "Oh Give Me a Home Where the Cowboys and Kangaroos Roam" (http:/ / movies. com/ apps/ pbcs. [39] "Australia Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. uk/ tvshowbiz/ reviews/ article-1101728/ Australia-Barmy-Baz-Wizard-Oz--unique-magical-endearingly-bonkers.24668203-7485. [38] Tom O'Neil (18 November 2008). html) News of the World. co. com. [34] Richard Jinman (11 November 2008). "It's Epic" (http:/ / www. [55] Bonnie Malkin (18 November 2008). theaustralian. Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. The Age (Melbourne). html). Retrieved 19 November 2008. html). "Film Review: Australia" (http:/ / www. com. [52] Richard Schickel (25 November 2008). . . "'Australia" (http:/ / www. . "Baz Luhrmann addresses big questions about Australia—and remains confident in his film" (http:/ / latimesblogs. . White (1 December 2008). au/ resources/ documents/ AA4_Aust_Box_office_report. 25 December 2008 [42] Australia (12A) (http:/ / www. . theage. suntimes. [45] Anne Barrowclough (18 November 2008). Retrieved 18 November 2008.com. the-numbers. Retrieved 26 November 2008. co. The Age (Melbourne). [46] Megan Lehmann (18 November 2008).Australian Films at the Australian Box Office (http:/ / film. "Australia: Epic Romance Down Under" (http:/ / www. [59] Film Victoria . html). Inc. "Luminous Kidman Finds Home on the Range With Dirty. [53] Ann Hornaday (26 November 2008). hollywoodreporter. news. html). com/ film/ titles/ australia). uk/ entertainment/ film/ 104829/ Australia-12A. uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ film/ article5178513. 1 December 2008. com/ m/ australia/ ). au/ news/ entertainment/ film/ battling-baz-wobbles-into-home-stretch/ 2008/ 11/ 10/ 1226165477503. . The Australian.00. au/ default. com/ awards_goldderby/ 2008/ 11/ australian-baz. "Luhrmann’s red dirt epic will leave a nation red-faced" (http:/ / www. The Hollywood Reporter. . Retrieved 13 November 2008. . Retrieved 18 November 2008. Inc. html). "Four Christmases adds up to No. Retrieved 26 November 2008. "Australia" (http:/ / rogerebert. "Review: Australia. [50] Jim Schembri (18 November 2008). and way. Retrieved 18 November 2008. [48] David Ansen (28 November 2008). . Retrieved 11 November 2008. theaustralian. The Australian. "Good. New York Observer. Retrieved 27 November 2008. . . newsweek. Chicago Sun-Times. uk/ news/ world/ australasia/ down-under--the-movie-but-can-baz-nicole-and-hugh-persuade-us-to-go-to-australia-935433. Retrieved 27 November 2008. html) Daily Mail. 1 at the box office" (http:/ / www.24670334-601.

com/m/australia/) at Rotten Tomatoes Australia (http://www. html). theaustralian.html) from the New York Times See also • Cinema of Australia .htm) at Box Office Mojo Australia soundtrack (listenable) (http://www. 40 External links • • • • • • • • Official Website (http://www..nytimes.00.boxofficemojo.australiamovie.com/film/titles/australia) at Metacritic Australia (http://www. Retrieved 6 April 2009.com/work/387021) at Allmovie Australia (http://www.25286999-16947.australia.com/slideshow/2008/ 10/31/movies/20081102_MARTIN_SLIDESHOW_index.php?act=movie_details&id=52543) Tourism Australia's campaign produced by Baz Luhrmann (http://www.com/index. au/ story/ 0.htm?ta_cid=au:brand:20081008:hp:flash) • Slide show of costume designs for Australia by Catherine Martin (http://www. .Australia (2008 film) [61] Natasha Robinson (4 April 2009).com/movies/?id=australia.rottentomatoes. news. The Australian.com) Australia (http://www.imdb. com.allmovie.reelsoundtrack.com/title/tt0455824/) at the Internet Movie Database Australia (http://www.com/campaigns/walkabout/ au/index.metacritic. "Baz Luhrmann's Australia's takings are still growing steadily" (http:/ / www.

The Golden Compass (film) 41 The Golden Compass (film) The Golden Compass Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Chris Weitz Deborah Forte Bill Carraro Nikolas Korda Robert Shaye Michael Lynne Mark Ordesky Toby Emmerich Ileen Maisel Paul Weitz Andrew Miano Philip Pullman (Novel) Chris Weitz Jim Carter Tom Courtenay Daniel Craig Sam Elliott Eva Green Freddie Highmore Nicole Kidman Ian McKellen Ian McShane Dakota Blue Richards Alexandre Desplat Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Henry Braham Editing by Anne V. Coates Peter Honess Kevin Tent .

Left alone in the room. The film was released on December 7. Before its release. 2007 (United States) 113 minutes United Kingdom United States English Icelandic Russian $185 million $372. In Lyra's world. it stars Dakota Blue Richards. but troubles over the script and the selection of a director caused significant delays.[2] and its middling success in the US contributed to New Line's February 2008 restructuring.[3] The story centers around the adventures of Lyra Belacqua. an orphan living in a parallel universe on a world that looks much like our own. Asriel later presents evidence that particles called "Dust" exist. 2007 by New Line Cinema. Lyra joins them on a trip to the far north in search of the missing children.234. Rescued by the Gyptians. orphan and Gyptian children are disappearing at the hands of a group the kids call the Gobblers. At US$180 million. a ward of Jordan College along with her dæmon Pantalaimon (nicknamed "Pan").). Forced to hide in a closet. She watches as a Magisterium official pours powder into a flask of her uncle's favorite Tokay wine. the first novel in Philip Pullman's trilogy "His Dark Materials". as well as from some religious organizations for the source material's anti-Catholic and atheistic themes.864 [1] 42 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue The Golden Compass is a 2007 fantasy-adventure film based on Northern Lights (published as The Golden Compass in the U. Lyra discovers that Mrs. The studio ordered significant changes late in post-production. Sam Elliot. which Weitz later called a "terrible" experience. The project was announced in February 2002. The Magisterium has secretly been experimenting on .The Golden Compass (film) Studio New Line Cinema Scholastic Productions Rhythm and Hues Ingenious Film Partners New Line Cinema December 5. He believes it originates in a parallel universe and enters a person's body via their dæmon. Nicole Kidman. Orphaned Lyra Belacqua. whom she and her friends believe are snatching children. Coulter is running the Gobblers. following the success of recent adaptations of other fantasy epics. spins tales of the "Gobblers".[4] though the film's visual effects (which Weitz has called the film's "most successful element") won both an Academy Award and a BAFTA. Asriel pours a glass of Tokay. Daniel Craig. Eva Green. the film received criticism from secular organizations and fans of His Dark Materials for the dilution of the religious elements from the novels. Plot The film is set in a world where a person's soul resides outside their body in an animal-like form called a "dæmon". An authoritarian religious organization called the Magisterium exercises power in the secular world. Over the objections of the Magisterium. Ben Walker and Freddie Highmore. the college funds Asriel's expedition to the far north to investigate the Dust. Directed by Chris Weitz. it was one of New Line's most expensive projects ever. Poor. 2007 (United Kingdom) December 7. Ian McKellen. Lyra learns that her uncle Lord Asriel is about to present a proposal to the master and scholars of Jordan College. Critical reception was mixed.S. but Lyra rushes out and knocks the glass out of Asriel's hand. a dogmatic ruling power called the Magisterium is conspiring to end tolerance and free inquiry.

they see Mrs. This device. and a band of flying witches. King Iorek carries Lyra near Bolvangar. Unaware that he is in mortal danger. Lyra accepts the gift. reveals the truth. Coulter's secret room. Lyra and Pan search Mrs. Armoured again. That night while riding on Iorek's back. Mrs. As alarms whoop. Lyra gives her the can containing the spy fly. promising to keep it hidden. Taken to the armoured bear king Ragnar. slamming the window on Mrs.The Golden Compass (film) children to discover a way to inoculate them against its influences. who explains that the spy fly has a sting with a sleeping poison. he tells her. Changing into a hawk. Coulter warns her never to mention it again. the giant polar bear Iorek Byrnison has been tricked out of his armour by the local townspeople. tells Lyra that the missing children are in a place called Bolvangar — a place shunned by all living things. Lyra mentions 'space dust'. At Mrs. At dinner Lyra meets Mrs. Coulter's dæmon holding the alethiometer. Exiled in shame. the master of the college entrusts her with the only remaining alethiometer (the film's titular Golden Compass). Lyra then guesses that Lord Asriel is her father. Coulter rescues Lyra and takes her and Pan to her quarters. After hiding the compass under her pillow. Coulter's house. Lyra finds a cowering Billy separated from his dæmon. the witch queen. On deck that night Serafina Pekkala. Lyra is taken to eat with the missing children. While hiding again Lyra discovers that the Magisterium scientists. are performing experiments to sever the bond between a child and their dæmon. the Gyptians. Coulter asks for the compass. Coulter. Using the alethiometer Lyra tells Iorek where to find his armour. he warns her to tell no one she has it. Coulter is found and carried outside. Lyra shows the alethiometer to a Gyptian wise man. Reaching the station. causing them to scream in agony. causing it to explode. The spy fly stings Mrs. but she is saved by some Gyptians. 43 . one is batted away but the other is caught and sealed in a tin can by Farder Coram. Lyra escapes behind him. When Mrs. and flies out an open window. the fearsome Iorek and his friend Lee Scoresby join the trek northward. Lyra is befriended by a cowboy aeronaut named Lee Scoresby. The Magisterium has destroyed all the others. who advises her to hire an armoured bear. who have been kidnapping local children. knocking her and her daemon out. grabs the golden compass. Lyra and Pan meet her in a hallway. At a Norwegian port. to a thin ice bridge. Lyra runs to the room with the separation machine and toggles the switches and dials wide open. who insists on taking Lyra north as her assistant. Lyra refuses to remove her shoulder bag which holds the golden compass. Rather than returning south. She also discovers that her best friend Roger and her Gyptian friend Billy have been taken by the Gobblers. Coulter sends two mechanical spy flies after Lyra and Pan. causing Lyra to give in. the two of them will be able to make things right. Outside. who advises her in its use. where they discover that Mrs. Aboard a Gyptian boat heading north to rescue their children. Farder Coram. Mrs. Lyra reunites Billy with his mother just as the group is attacked by Samoyeds who capture Lyra. Coulter. for whom he now performs menial jobs for buckets of whisky. who tells Lyra that she is her mother. Mrs. Coulter is head of the General Oblation Board. Before Lyra leaves. Mrs. When Lyra wakes up she is comforted by Mrs. Lyra. Lyra and Pan are thrown in the separation chamber. The Tartars are defeated and the children are rescued. Roger and Iorek fly north with Lee Scoresby in search of Lord Asriel. This sets off a series of explosions that tear the facility apart. Hearing Mrs. once she delivers the alethiometer to her father. Coulter call out for her. Mrs. The battle is joined by Iorek. After killing Ragnar. Coulter's dæmon. the children are attacked by Tartar mercenaries and their wolf dæmons. The growing chain reaction builds as Lyra yanks a control box loose and hurls it into the separation machine. Lord Asriel has set up a laboratory to investigate the glowing Dust from another world. Coulter. The "Gobblers" pursue her. Pan swoops down. but Lyra is certain that. Running to her bedroom. under the guidance of Mrs. Coulter's dæmon attacks Pan. the "Gobblers". Lyra tricks him into fighting Iorek one on one. Caught spying. Coulter.

but was replaced by McKellen at a late stage as New Line wanted a bigger name in the role. Pan was originally to be voiced by an older actor. a panserbjørn (armored bear) who becomes Lyra's friend and comrade. • Freddie Highmore as the voice of Pantalaimon. the king of the Gyptians. as it would be more of an intimate relationship if Pan and Lyra were the same age. • Tom Courtenay as Farder Coram. Lyra's mother). UK. Lord Asriel's dæmon. In July 2006.[5] and was picked from 10. • Derek Jacobi as the Magisterial emissary. it was reported that Paul Bettany was in talks to play the role.[6] • Nicole Kidman as Marisa Coulter. and Iorek. though he later said "if you're going to have anyone recast in your movie.[12] • Eva Green as Serafina Pekkala. Kidman was author Philip Pullman's Buckinghamshire. you're happy it's Ian McKellen. . Lee Scoresby's dæmon. • Jim Carter as John Faa. member of a Gyptian family which aids Lyra. New Line Cinema announced 12-year-old Richards' casting in June 2006.[10] New Line president of production Toby Emmerich admitted he "never thought Anozie sounded like Iorek" and while he initially trusted director Weitz's casting decision.[11] • Sam Elliott as Lee Scoresby. who embarks on a voyage to battle the forces of evil and rescue her best friend. a Texan aeronaut who comes to Lyra's aid. the main antagonist of the film. Lyra's strict and mysterious adventurer uncle (later revealed to be her father). Pullman has singled out Elliott's performance as one the film got "just right". • Jack Shepherd as master of Jordan College. She had attended an open audition after watching a stage production of His Dark Materials. Gyptian second-in-command and advisor to John Faa." The recasting was against Weitz's wishes. and also would underscore the contrast between Lyra's relationship with him versus her relationships with older male characters such as Lord Asriel. for what was her first acting role. • Simon McBurney as Fra Pavel • Magda Szubanski as Mrs. an influential woman who Lyra (Richards) with Pantalaimon (cat form. king of the panserbjørner. Lyra's best friend. • Clare Higgins as Ma Costa. he "never stopped thinking that this guy didn't sound right. Lee Scoresby. Ragnar's name in the book was Iofur Raknison. Lyra's dæmon. but they called in Highmore instead.[7] and despite initially rejecting the offer to star as she did not want to play a villain.The Golden Compass (film) 44 Cast • Dakota Blue Richards as Lyra Belacqua. • Kathy Bates as the voice of Hester. Lee's casting was also at New Line's behest.000 girls who auditioned. she signed on after receiving a personal letter from Pullman. but the name was changed to prevent confusion between him and Iorek. • Kristin Scott Thomas as the voice of Stelmaria. voiced by Freddie Highmore) and Mrs.[8] • Daniel Craig as Lord Asriel. Nonso Anozie had recorded lines for the part of Iorek Byrnison. Coulter (Kidman) with her "Golden Monkey" takes an interest in Lyra (and later admits that she is dæmon. • Ben Walker as Roger Parslow.[9] • Ian McKellen as the voice of Iorek Byrnison. rather than [5] that of Chris Weitz."[5] • Ian McShane as the voice of Ragnar Sturlusson. who is kidnapped and taken north. a witch queen. Lonsdale • Christopher Lee as the Magisterium's first high councilor. preferred choice for the role ten years before production of the film. Scene filmed in the grand hall of Hedsor House.

Weitz cited Barry Lyndon and Star Wars as stylistic influences on the film. 'You know what? I can't do this'.[5] . and on December 15. Weitz announced his resignation as director of the trilogy. the project suddenly seemed feasible for the director...[6] and Pullman agreed: "He has plenty of very good ideas. the studio bought the rights to Philip Pullman's His Dark Materials trilogy. But the best thing from the point of view of all who care about the story is his awareness that it isn't about computer graphics."  — Director Chris Weitz on his initial departure from the project [5] On February 11. maybe the movie wasn’t going to get made . After a subsequent interview in which Weitz said the novel's attacks on organized religion would have to [5] be softened. At that moment..The Golden Compass (film) 45 Development "Peter's operation was so impressive that. well. Tucker wanted to make a smaller."[13] Weitz was attracted back to the project after receiving a letter from Pullman asking him to reconsider. he was criticized by some fans. Chris Weitz was hired to direct after approaching the studio with an unsolicited 40-page treatment. citing creative disagreements with New Line."[15] Tucker resigned on May 8. And I thought. production design and visual effects strategies had been put into position. it isn't about fantastic adventures in amazing-looking worlds.[6] Directors Brett Ratner and Sam Mendes expressed interest in the film.. Since Weitz was a fan of Stoppard. I realized the sheer scope of the endeavor. Tucker felt the film would thematically be about Lyra "looking for a family".[13] The studio rejected Stoppard's script.[6] Weitz said "I'm both the first and third director on the film . 2004. 2006. less exciting film than New Line wanted. In July 2003 Tom Stoppard was commissioned to write the screenplay. New Line production president Toby Emmerich said of Weitz's return: "I think Chris realized that if he didn’t come back in and step up. and to receive advice on dealing with New Line Cinema. asking Weitz to start from scratch. Weitz was invited by Lord of the Rings director Peter Jackson onto the set of King Kong in order to gather information on directing a blockbuster film. blueprints. 2002.[6] but a year later. following the success of New Line's The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. [B]ut I did a lot of growing in the interim. as well as a studio hoping for another Lord of the Rings. We really didn’t have a Plan B at that point. it's about Lyra. Since his departure. I realized the distance between me and Peter Jackson.. he decided not to read the adaptation in case he "subconsciously poached things from him. and while Weitz admitted that his fears did not vanish. and Weitz returned to direct. 2005. citing the enormous technical challenges of the epic.."[16] According to producer Deborah Forte. it was announced that British director Anand Tucker would take over from Weitz. and he isn't daunted by the technical challenges."[14] After delivering his script.[6] In 2004.[6] He later indicated that he had envisioned the possibility of being denounced by both the book's fans and its detractors.[5] On August 9. for whom Jackson had worked on Lord of the Rings.

British music icon Kate Bush recorded the track Lyra which plays over the end credits.[20] Alexandre Desplat composed the soundtrack to the film.[25] Author Pullman publicly [23] abrupt. On December 7. both were significantly longer than the final version. 2006.The Golden Compass (film) 46 Production Filming began at Shepperton Studios on September 4. Coulter's London party and Lyra's meeting with a witch representative. New York Magazine reviewed draft scripts from both Stoppard and Weitz. 2007.[22] On October 9. There’s a term I use – called 'cludging' – it’s taking one post-production.[19] British company Cinesite created the secondary dæmons. supported these changes.) In July 2009. the armoured bears' kingdom. as Pantalaimon) record dialogue in is still unique. It’s about amalgamating ideas and concepts and theoretical and physical environments. and in Radcliffe Square. looking into another world that seems familiar but Highmore. "Lyra and her dæmon" (Richards. Weitz told a . It’s a hybrid or amalgamation. did not feature significant additions to the source material) was pronounced the best of the three. unlike Stoppard's. and that’s what this movie is about from a design perspective. element and combining it with another element to make something new.”[18] Rhythm and Hues Studios created the main dæmons. the Queen's College. and Weitz's draft (which. So. 2007. right. but to make it fit the dimensions and the medium of film. the studio had opted for a "failed" length of under two hours in order to maximize revenue.[6] with additional sequences shot in Switzerland and Norway. Oxford. The magazine concluded that instead of a "likely three hours of running time" that included such scenes as Mrs. Oxford and Hedsor House in Buckinghamshire. Weitz revealed that the final three chapters from Northern Lights had been moved to the film's potential sequel. with it’s a new signature.[27] (Neither deviation from the book features in Scholastic Publishing's The Golden Compass: The Story of the Movie novelization.[24] though he also said less than a month later that there had been "tremendous marketing pressure" to create "an upbeat Several shots from the film's deleted ending appear in promotional material."[26] In addition to excising Northern Lights' ending.[21] Differences from the novel Numerous scenes from the novel were not featured in the film.[17] Chiswick House in London. saying that "every film has to make changes to the story that the original book tells — not to change the outcome. The San Francisco Chronicle found the theatrical release's "truncated" ending ending". Exeter College. Production Designer Dennis Gassner says of his work on the film: “The whole project is about translation – translation from something you would understand into something that is in a different vernacular. the film reverses the order in which Lyra travels to the Gobbler's outpost of Bolvangar and Svalbard. in order to provide "the most promising conclusion to the first film and the best possible beginning to the second". and Framestore CFC created all the bears. The Subtle Knife.[13] Filming also took place at the Old Royal Naval College at Greenwich.

" The Atlantic Monthly said also "With $180 million at stake. 2007 the Catholic League called for a boycott of the film."[35] and "this is part of a long-term problem over freedom of speech.[41] One week after the film's release. were diluted in the adaptation. are based in cathedrals."[28] Tasha Robinson of The A.[13] and Pullman expected the film to be "faithful.. Coulter hits her dæmon."[31] 47 Controversies Several key themes of the novels. Roger Ebert said of the campaign. but Robinson argued that the depicted "hierarchical organization of formally robed. . and the National Secular Society (of which Pullman decision was criticised by some fans. and the film [is] peppered with religiously significant words like 'oblation' and 'heresy'". the Magisterium represents all dogmatic organizations. castrating it.[30] Although the character has black hair in the novel. Pullman responded to the blonde Kidman's portrayal by saying "I was clearly wrong. the film will encourage children to read the novels.com that he had felt that by "being faithful to the book I was working at odds with the studio.[37] League president William A.S."[40] declaring the boycott campaign a success after a North American opening weekend which was lower than anticipated." such as the book's ritualistic heart-eating that concludes the bear fight." but that the organization portrayed in his film would not directly match that of Pullman's books.."[29] Lee also said that the film "downplays the Magisterium's religious nature". and so religion and God ("the Authority" in the books) would not be referenced directly. the studio opted to kidnap the book’s body and leave behind its soul. Donohue said he would not ordinarily object to the film. in which Mrs. Attempting to reassure fans of the novels. yet the [34] anti-censorship groups.[38] He cited Pullman telling the Washington Post in 2001 that he is trying to undermine the basis of Christian belief. to the teaching authority of the Roman Catholic Church. "They do know where to put the theology and that’s off the film.The Golden Compass (film) Comic Con audience that the film had been "recut by [New Line]."[36] A Christianity Today review of the film noted that "'Magisterium' does refer. A Magisterium building damaged by Iorek Byrnison [32] featuring religious imagery. in the real world. losing the point of it. adding that when one character smashes through the wall of a Magisterium building.[39] The League hoped that "the film [would fail] to meet box office expectations and that [Pullman's] books attract few buyers. which said "they are taking the heart out of it.[4] he also told Time. Director Weitz said "in the books the Magisterium is a version of the Catholic Church gone wildly astray from its roots.V. "to create family-friendlier fare. is an honorary associate). and decry teachings counter to theirs as 'heresy'" while doing "ugly things to children under cover of secrecy" would make "most people" think of the Catholic Church. You sometimes are wrong about your characters."[32] On October 7."[33] although he also said."[27] Youyoung Lee wrote in a December 2007 Entertainment Weekly that the film "leaves out the gore."[36] The changes from the novel have been present since Tom Stoppard's rejected version of the script. which he says denigrate Christianity and promote atheism for kids. iconography-heavy priests who dictate and define morality for their followers. the damaged exterior is "decorated with [Christian] Byzantine icons. She has to be. and my experience with it ended being quite a terrible one”. the film "bowdlerizes" Pullman's vision by "baldly revealing up front everything that the novel is trying to get you to wonder about and to explore slowly. She's blonde. Club argued that through the use of a spoken introduction and other exposition-filled dialogue. but that while the religious elements are diluted from the source material. Instead. Weitz said that religion would instead appear in euphemistic terms.[27] Series creator Philip Pullman suggested a scene not included in the books. such as the rejection of religion and the abuse of power in a fictionalized version of the Church.[33] Weitz said that New Line Cinema had feared the story's anti-religious themes would make the film financially unviable in the U..

[16] Some commentators indicated that they believed both sides' criticism would prove ultimately impotent and that the negative publicity would prove a boon for the film's box office. it causes me to shake my head with sorrow that such nitwits could be loose in the world." saying that it "creates villains that are more complex and poses more intriguing questions.] who's both grounded and magical." Critic Roger Ebert awarded the film four out of four stars and called it "a darker. and that seems to have been the case this time.[51] Pullman said of Donohue's call for a boycott. the film has received an average score of 51. sumptuously appointed rooms and ethereally strange vistas [. a review of the film by the director and staff reviewer of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops' Office for Film and Broadcasting appeared on the website of the Catholic News Service and in Catholic newspapers across the country. praising Nicole Kidman's casting and saying it had "no other challengers as [2007's] big Christmas movie.. L'Osservatore Romano. [. 2007 the review was removed from the website at the USCCB's request. saying that "I wouldn't be able to do this film if I thought it were at all anti-Catholic". but a highly spiritual and reverent piece of writing". calling it "adequate but not inspired" and criticizing the first hour for its rushed pace and sketchily-developed characters. but saying that the "books weave a magic the film simply cannot match" and citing a "lack of genuine drama..."[44] Other evangelical groups. characters. review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes reported that 42% of critics gave the film positive reviews. president of American Atheists.[45] as did the Roman Catholic Church in England & Wales. saying that would not be a bad thing for children to learn. the president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. on December 10. which he criticized for carrying a clear agenda to expose what [Pullman] believes is the "tyranny of the Christian faith" and for "[providing] a liberating mythology for a new secular age.[34] and Nicole Kidman defended her decision to star in the film. The review suggested that instead of a boycott. As an escapist fantasy.[56] with a 48% rating from 32 selected "top" critics. based on 33 reviews. if familiar fantasy"."[61] Time rated it a "B" and called it a "good. said that rather than promote atheism.[46] Some religious scholars have challenged the view that the story carries atheistic themes. The Chronicles of Narnia or the Potter films.[55] As of January 4. it is superb. it may be appropriate for Catholic parents to "talk through any thorny philosophical issues" with their children.. praising the "marvellous" special effects and casting.."[62] Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian rated it four stars out of five. and said that "Richards is persuasive" and that it " does a good job of introducing us to an unfamiliar world. Jr. published an editorial in which it denounced the film as godless."[46] In a discussion with Donohue on CBS's Early Show. saying "The find is Dakota Blue Richards [."[59] James Berardinelli of ReelReviews gave the film 2½ stars out of 4. it .[49] However. deeper fantasy epic than the Rings trilogy. "Why don't we trust readers? Why don't we trust filmgoers? Oh.[47] [48] while in November 2007.[52] Director Weitz says that he believes His Dark Materials is "not an atheistic work.[50] On December 19."[43] The Rev.. Albert Mohler.[58] Manohla Dargis of the New York Times said that the film "crams so many events.] that [it] risks losing you in the whirl" and that while The Golden Compass is "an honorable work.The Golden Compass (film) "any bad buzz on a family film can be mortal. adopted a "wait-and-see" approach to the film before deciding upon any action."[42] R. 2007. the film would encourage children to question authority. Ellen Johnson. As a visual experience.[57] At the similar website Metacritic. based on 188 reviews.[60] James Christopher of The Times was disappointed."[63] Leonard Maltin gave the film three out of four stars. Denny Wayman of the Free Methodist Church made the assertion that The Golden Compass is a "film trying to preach an atheistic message.." it is "hampered by its fealty to the book and its madly rushed pace. such as The Christian Film and Television Commission.] twists and turns.[46] [53] [54] 48 Reception Critical reception Reviews of The Golden Compass were mixed. the Vatican newspaper. agreed that the broad appeal of the film was a dangerous lure to the novels. 2009. which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics.

no official announcement has been made." and "Best Young Actress" for Dakota Blue Richards[68] ).[70] Despite this.. so far.136 internationally.198. but previews of the film between 23–24 February 2008 earned $2. Weitz told Time.com that he thought the film's special effects ended up being its "most successful element. 2008. though they gained considerably by selling the foreign rights. the film was officially released in March 2008 on 700 screens.[72] In the United Kingdom. and theatrical and teaser trailers. it had earned $302. Weitz suggested that an extended cut of the film could be released on DVD. Michael Bay's Transformers. ultimately grossing $33. users to view behind the scene feature while watching the movie.[71] and as "astonishing" by New Line. however.[3] DVD release The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc formats in the United Kingdom on April 28. it was estimated that the decision had cost New Line 75% of the film's return.[75] This has been cited as a potential "last straw" in Time Warner's decision to merge New Line Cinema into Warner Bros Pictures. 2008.8 million with total domestic box office of $70 million compared to an estimated $180 million production budget. eleven "making-of" featurettes. with exciting passages and a captivating heroine.The Golden Compass (film) is challenging [. The two-disc edition includes a commentary from writer/director Chris Weitz.[69] earning US$25. after this possibility had been exhausted. saying "I'd really love to do a fuller cut of the film".864 worldwide. however. Long Form.[67] It was also nominated for two Critics' Choice Awards in 2007 ("Best Family Film. The Blu-ray disc features the same extras from the [76] Exclusive to Blu-ray Disc is Visual Commentary Picture-in-Picture feature which enables two-disc DVD edition. He hoped. totaling $372.635. that the rest of the trilogy would be adapted with the same cast and crew... The extra material on the single-disc DVD consists of previews of upcoming New Line Cinema films. so most of these profits did not go to New Line. the film's loss rebounded as its performance outside the United States was described as "stellar" by Variety. Nothing's perfect.[78] . the film grossed $53. Shortly before the film's release. By July 6. he further speculated that such a version "could probably end up at two and a half hours.[70] Overseas rights to the film were sold to fund the $180 million production budget for the film.399. There are always compromises”..501.[73] [74] by the time the film had earned a global box office of $330 million in March 2008.127.[78] Cast members Craig and Green have echoed this hope for such a DVD cut. saying in March 2008: “A lot of things about it were good. and that a Compass Director's Cut might feature "a moment" of it as a "teaser"."[77] This proposed cut would presumably not include the original ending: MTV reported in December 2007 that Weitz hoped to include that material at the beginning of a possible The Subtle Knife adaptation. In Japan."[64] Pullman himself was described by a Times interviewer as sounding "ambivalent" and "guarded" about the film. and 60% of the film's budget was already recouped by the film's release.[65] In July 2009."[28] 49 Awards The Golden Compass won the 2008 BAFTA Award for Special Visual Effects[66] and an Academy Award for Best Visual Effects notably beating out what many considered to be the front runner. a photo gallery. Box office The North American opening weekend return was "a little disappointing" for New Line Cinema.5 million.234. 2008 and the United States on April 29.] I think [it] is a wonderfully good-looking movie. five Satellite Awards. Nothing can bring out all that's in the book. and the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation.

com. "The Catholic Church . variety. com/ new/ Comic-Con-Chris-Weitz-Calls-Golden-Compass-A-Terrible-Experience-14059. "A Director Confronts Some Dark Material" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-11-13. Retrieved: December 8. cinemablend. Newsweek. com/ movies/ ?id=goldencompass. cinematical. due to financial concerns during the global recession. expressed optimism that the sequels could be made.[84] Sam Elliot. com/ articles/ 719/ 719186p1. PlayStation 3. However. html?categoryid=1082& cs=1) Variety. 2006-09-29. and the Xbox 360. [9] "Kidman Confirmed for Compass" (http:/ / uk. frankly. a lot depends on Japan. Contactmusic. htm). . movies. Empire. "The jury is still very much out on the movie. 2007 for the PC. nsf/ article/ kidman snubs villainous pullman role_1048808)..[82] the studio decided against producing them.S. PlayStation 2."[85] References [1] The Golden Compass (http:/ / www. . com/ article/ VR1117977224. Wii. [2] McClintock. 2007. uk/ news/ story/ 0. ign. PlayStation Portable.. .. [3] Staff and agencies (2008-02-29). 2007-11-02. "Comic Con: Chris Weitz Calls Golden Compass A Terrible Experience" (http:/ / www. however. empireonline. Empire. that March. co. Pamela and McNary. guardian. December 6. I think if it does well enough here we'll be in good shape for that". 56–7. but then internationally it performed [better] than expectations. and while it's performed very strongly overseas we'll look at it early 2008 and see where we're going with a sequel. Box Office Mojo. Cinematical. 2006. html).com. com/ news/ story. newsweek. stated. Nintendo DS. Retrieved 2009-06-09. potentially for release in 2010 or 2011. Retrieved 2007-11-28. The Amber Spyglass. to follow. and the order in which Lyra travels to Bolvangar and Svalbard follows the book and not the film. the two planned sequels were officially placed on hold.[25] New Line Cinema commissioned Hossein Amini to write a screenplay based on the second book in the trilogy. "Will 'Compass' find audiences?" (http:/ / www.[30] And although producer Deborah Forte had. lambasted them. [the film] underperformed. com/ news. com/ 2007/ 10/ 24/ set-visit-the-golden-compass/ ). html).[79] Players take control of the characters Lyra Belacqua and Iorek Byrnison in Lyra's attempt to save her friend Roger from the General Oblation Board. [10] "Kristin Scott Thomas In Golden Compass" (http:/ / www. July 17. .The Golden Compass (film) 50 Video game The video game for this film was released on December 4. html). IGN. London: The Guardian.. "New Line merged with Warner Bros Pictures" (http:/ / film.[80] When The Golden Compass did not meet expectations at the United States box office. . So. [4] Josh Tyler (2009-07-22). with the third book of the trilogy. Retrieved 2007-11-13.00. . contactmusic. . Sequels At the time of The Golden Compass' theatrical release.[83] By October 2008. [5] Devin Gordon (2007-11-27). . the likelihood of a sequel was downplayed by New Line. Chris Weitz pledged to "protect [the] integrity" of the prospective sequels by being "much less compromising" in the book-to-film adaptation process. asp?NID=21229). Chris Weitz told The Daily Yomiuri that he still hoped for the sequels' production: "at first it looked like we were down for the count because in the U. 2007. It was developed by Shiny Entertainment and published by Sega. [8] "Kidman Snubs 'villainous' Pullman Role" (http:/ / www. The Subtle Knife."[81] In February 2008. Dave. Cinema Blend. according to New Line Cinema. "Set Visit: 'The Golden Compass'" (http:/ / www. As this game does not fully take into account the changes made by the final version of the film. and that she intended to see them realized. pp. a small amount of footage from the film's deleted ending can be viewed near the end of the game.2261033. com/ id/ 72020). boxofficemojo. [7] Erik Davis (2007-10-24). [6] "Dark Material". New Line president Toby Emmerich stressed that production of the second and third films was dependent on the financial success of The Golden Compass. and I think it scared New Line off.. According to studio co-head Michael Lynne. Retrieved 2008-03-19. with The Independent speculating that December and the uncertain economic climate may have contributed to their cancellation. Retrieved 2007-11-10.

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Rotten Tomatoes. [44] "The Golden Compass: 1 Star — Disturbing" (http:/ / www. 2007-12-19. dll/ article?AID=/ 20071213/ ANSWERMAN/ 712130308).0. com/ article/ entertainmentNews/ idUSL1958884920071219). timesonline. com/ business/ printedition/ la-fi-boxoffice10dec10. [66] "BAFTA Film Awards Winners 2008" (http:/ / www. html) on 2008-01-27. Retrieved 2007-12-28. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. 2007-12-10. . html). ece). cbsnews. com/ popculture/ mohlercompass. "Golden Compass Review (mirrored)" (http:/ / tomorrowstrust.1063819. [64] "Roger Ebert in the Chicago Sun-Times. [51] "Vatican blasts "Golden Compass" as Godless and hopeless" (http:/ / www. [45] Catherine Donaldson-Evans (2007-10-29). . Retrieved 2007-12-19. 2008). New York Magazine. com/ article/ companyNewsAndPR/ idUSN0933149320071209). com/ daily/ entertainment/ 2007/ 10/ is_the_golden_compass_too_anti. Retrieved 2007-10-18. Peter (2007-11-26). 2007-12-13. timesonline. catholicleague. Broadcast Film Critics Association. reelviews. leaderu. org/ 80academyawards/ nominees/ index. Retrieved 2007-12-11. [69] Dean Goodman (2007-12-09). . New York Times. . or Not Anti-Christian Enough?" (http:/ / nymag. htm). London: The Times. Retrieved 2007-11-28. oscars. org/ web/ 20071218034044/ http:/ / www. . Cinema in Focus (Free Methodist). Retrieved 2007-01-02. . metacritic. reuters. London: film. com/ 2007/ 12/ 07/ movies/ 07comp. Religious furor over 'The Golden Compass' (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-12-29. Retrieved 2007-12-23. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ 2007/ 12/ 10/ usccb-withdraws-review-of-the-golden-compass/ ). [54] Chris Kaltenbach (2007-10-24). Retrieved 2007-11-28. latimes.co.1352215. com/ The_Golden_Compass. rottentomatoes.guardian. org/ release. suntimes.co.224. uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ film/ film_reviews/ article2956068. com/ film/ titles/ goldencompass?q=the golden compass). html). 2007-11-25. bfca. php?id=1366).

html). Retrieved 2008-02-28. html). uk/ standard/ article-23783314-catholics-forced-film-chiefs-to-scrap-dark-materials-trilogy. uk/ arts-entertainment/ films/ news/ can-fantasy-epics-survive-the-credit-crunch-chronicles-1213848. com/ article/ VR1117956728.com. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 53 External links • • • • • • • • Official website (http://www. . com/ news/ printedition/ front/ la-fi-newline29feb29. London: The Guardian.V.7630084. Retrieved 2008-01-02.com/content/node/71504) by The Onion A. mtv. jhtml). . independent.com/movies_central/2007/ golden_compass_production_details. . [83] Guy Adams (28 December 2008). au/ 2008/ 03/ the_hobbit_is_safe_and_other_grim_fallout_from_new_lines_demise-2.rottentomatoes. [79] "Golden Compass game" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ movies/ ?id=goldencompass.allmovie.avclub. [85] Alistair Foster (December 14.1. "New Line Cinema to merge into Warner Bros.boxofficemojo. com/ NewsTrack/ Entertainment/ 2008/ 01/ 15/ compass_passes_300m_mark_at_box_office/ 9772/ ).com/m/his_dark_materials_the_golden_compass/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Golden Compass (http://www. moviesonline. [76] "The Golden Compass on DVD & Blu-ray" (http:/ / www. ca/ movienews_13636. "Jobs to go as New Line Cinema merged into Warner Bros" (http:/ / www. . [82] Adam Dawtrey (2008-03-07).com/film/titles/goldencompass) at Metacritic The Golden Compass (http://www. 2008-01-15. [78] "'Golden Compass' Leftovers Pointing To A Potentially Packed Director's Cut" (http:/ / www. "Can fantasy epics survive the Credit Crunch Chronicles?" (http:/ / www. Los Angeles Times. html).com/) The Golden Compass (http://www.goldencompassmovie. . . . thisislondon.metacritic. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1576051/ 20071207/ story. 2008-03-01. defamer. [74] Claudia Eller (2007-02-29). "'Compass' spins foreign frenzy" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ ni0587270/ ). "The Golden Compass Sequels On Hold" (http:/ / www. variety.The Golden Compass (film) [70] "Golden Compass at boxofficemojo. variety. Retrieved 2008-01-29. Variety. . dvdtown. Director The Golden Compass" (http:/ / www. latimes. "Foreign box office hits record levels" (http:/ / www. . [72] "'Compass' passes $300M mark at box office" (http:/ / www. co. html). [71] Dave McNary (2008-01-01). Dave (January 5. Retrieved 2008-01-04. Variety." (http:/ / www. "New Line and Director Settle 'Rings' Suit. . com/ article/ VR1117982066. Retrieved 2008-01-12. The London Standard. . Variety. php?item=pr_20070227a). uk/ business/ 2008/ feb/ 29/ useconomy). Retrieved 2008-01-12. Film: The Golden Compass (http://www. [81] Peter Sanders (2007-12-19). html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). Defamer Hollywood. story). do). imdb.com" (http:/ / www. Wall Street Journal. guardian. Sega. com/ news/ the-golden-compass-on-dvd--blu-ray/ 5164). Retrieved 2009-01-01. Retrieved 2007-07-08.imdb. sega. [80] McNary. com/ corporate/ corporate. 2007). "Catholics 'forced film chiefs to scrap Dark Materials trilogy'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-12-01. Look to 'Hobbit'". United Press International. [77] "Chris Weitz Interview. DVDTOWN. . Box Office Mojo. co. 2009). MTV news. upi. Club The Golden Compass Production Notes (http://madeinatlantis. .com/movies/?id=goldencompass. [84] unknown (October 20.htm) . [73] Richard Wray (2007-02-29). co. com/ article/ VR1117978262. . "New Line pulls in pic scribe — Amini to pen second part of Pullman trilogy" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.htm) at Box Office Mojo Book Vs. London: The Independent. WENN. html). 2008).com/title/tt0385752/) at the Internet Movie Database The Golden Compass (http://www.com/work/290504) at Allmovie The Golden Compass (http://www. htm). com. MTV News. Retrieved 2008-04-02. . [75] "'The Hobbit' is Safe! (And Other Grim Fallout from New Line's Demise)" (http:/ / www.

The film premiered August 31. 2007 at the 34th Telluride Film Festival. 2007 93 minutes United States English US$10 million US$2.086 Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Margot at the Wedding is a 2007 tragicomedy written and directed by Noah Baumbach. .Margot at the Wedding 54 Margot at the Wedding Margot at the Wedding Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Noah Baumbach Scott Rudin Noah Baumbach Nicole Kidman Jennifer Jason Leigh Jack Black John Turturro Ciarán Hinds Halley Feiffer Harris Savides Carol Littleton Paramount Vantage November 16.012.

Volger Zane Pais as Claude Flora Cross as Ingrid Production Margot at the Wedding was shot from April-June 2006 in various New York locations including Shelter Island.[1] Release The film premiered August 31. Brooklyn born singer songwriter Evie Sands (covered both Beck and Beth Orton) and New York Anti-folk artist Diane Cluck. It opened in the United Kingdom on February 8. and the Mill Valley Film Festival. It was also shown at the Toronto Film Festival. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Margot Jennifer Jason Leigh as Pauline Jack Black as Malcolm John Turturro as Jim Ciarán Hinds as Dick Koosman Halley Feiffer as Maisy Koosman Seth Barrish as Toby Michael Cullen as Mr."[3] • • • • • • • • • "Northern Blue" by Dean Wareham & Britta Phillips "Romeo's Tune" by Steve Forbert "Go Tell Aunt Rhody" performed by Jack Black "Genesis" by Jorma Kaukonen "One Fine Summer Morning" performed by Evie Sands "Goin' Down to Laurel" by Steve Forbert "The Wagon" by Dinosaur Jr.Margot at the Wedding 55 Plot Margot (Nicole Kidman) is a successful but neurotic writer who brings her 11-year-old son Claude (Zane Pais) to spend a weekend visiting her free-spirited sister Pauline (Jennifer Jason Leigh) on the eve of her wedding to Malcolm (Jack Black). "Dear Mary" by Steve Miller Band "See How We Are" performed by X . Hampton Bays. Australia on February 21. Margot disapproves of Pauline's choice of fiancé.. British singer-songwriter and occasional Pink Floyd guest Lesley Duncan.like 70's post-Dylan folkie Steve Forbert. The film opened in limited release in the United States on November 16. 2007. Volger Enid Graham as Mrs. The script's working title was Nicole at the Beach. which causes tension between the two sisters. Long Island and City Island. and the film "features the more obscure singer-songwriters that Baumbach is obsessed with.[2] Soundtrack Dean Wareham and Britta Phillips acted as the film's music consultants. 2008 and at two cinemas in Melbourne. East Quogue. but it was changed when Kidman signed on.. 2007 at the 34th Telluride Film Festival. Bronx. the New York Film Festival. 2008.

[6] Scott Foundas of LA Weekly named it the 8th best film of 2007[6] . based on 37 reviews.[6] Box office The film has grossed US$1. the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 52 percent of critics gave the film positive reviews.[7] Awards and nominations Award Category Recipients and nominees Jennifer Jason Leigh Nicole Kidman Noah Baumbach Jennifer Jason Leigh Cast Noah Baumbach Jennifer Jason Leigh Noah Baumbach Result Chicago Film Critics Association Awards Satellite Award Best Supporting Actress Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Satellite Award for Best Film – Musical or Comedy Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Won Won Independent Spirit Award Gotham Awards Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female Best Ensemble Cast Best Film Peñíscola Comedy Film Festival Best Actress Best Director .Margot at the Wedding • • • • • • • • • • • "Sunday Girl" performed by Zane Pais "Everything Changes" by Lesley Duncan "Union City Blue" by Blondie "You and Me" by Alice Cooper "Clair" by Gilbert O'Sullivan "Easy to Be Around" by Diane Cluck "Nothing Is Wrong" performed by The dB's "That's All For Everyone" by Fleetwood Mac "On and On" performed by Michael Medeiros "Teen Angel" by Donovan "Something on Your Mind" performed by Karen Dalton 56 Reception Critical Critics gave the film mixed to generally favorable reviews.897. The film has made US$2.757 worldwide. based on 153 reviews.043 in the United States and Canada as of January 2008. As of March 2008. and Kyle Smith of the New York Post named it the 9th best film of 2007. Steven Rea of The Philadelphia Inquirer named it the 7th best film of 2007.[4] Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 66 out of 100.995.[5] Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader named it the sixth best film of the year in a tie of a dozen mainstream releases.

com/matw/FinalScript_MATW.Release dates" (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20080102102034/ http:/ / www. [5] "Margot at the Wedding (2007): Reviews" (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes. [3] 'Margot At The Wedding' Soundtrack Tracklist Finalized (http:/ / theplaylist. com/ 2007/ 10/ margot-at-wedding-soundtrack-tracklist. shtml) on 2008-01-02.com/film/titles/margotatthewedding) at Metacritic Margot at the Wedding (http://www. metacritic. archive.htm) at Box Office Mojo .com/work/353440) at Allmovie Margot at the Wedding (http://www. com/ movies/ ?id=margotatthewedding. metacritic. .imdb.vantageguilds.com/title/tt0757361/) at the Internet Movie Database Margot at the Wedding (http://www. Metacritic. . .Margot at the Wedding 57 References [1] Margot at the Wedding (2007) . com/ film/ awards/ 2007/ toptens. com/ film/ awards/ 2007/ toptens. boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2007-11-17. Retrieved 2008-03-04. [7] http:/ / www. imdb. htm Retrieved 2009-11-03.com/m/margot_at_the_wedding/) at Rotten Tomatoes Margot at the Wedding (http://www. Internet Movie Database. [6] "Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists" (http:/ / web.allmovie. . Metacritic.Trivia (http:/ / www.metacritic. Retrieved 2008-01-05.html) Script (http://www.rottentomatoes. 2007-10-12 [4] "Margot at the Wedding .Rotten Tomatoes" (http:/ / www.pdf) Margot at the Wedding (http://www. Retrieved 2008-03-08. com/ m/ margot_at_the_wedding/ ).margotatthewedding. blogspot. com/ title/ tt0757361/ releaseinfo). com/ film/ titles/ margotatthewedding). html). rottentomatoes. com/ title/ tt0757361/ trivia) [2] "Margot at the Wedding (2007) . metacritic. shtml). External links • • • • • • • Official site (http://www. imdb.com/site/index.boxofficemojo. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.com/movies/?id=margotatthewedding.

2007 99 minutes United States English $65 million [1] Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue $40.568 .The Invasion (film) 58 The Invasion (film) The Invasion Theatrical poster Directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel [1] James McTeigue (uncredited) Joel Silver Dave Kajganich [1] Wachowski Brothers (uncredited) Jack Finney (novel) Nicole Kidman Daniel Craig Jeremy Northam Jackson Bond Jeffrey Wright John Ottman Produced by Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Rainer Klausmann Editing by Studio Joel Negron Hans Funck Village Roadshow Pictures Silver Pictures Vertigo Entertainment Warner Bros. Pictures August 17.170.

When she gets to her office. knows something is amiss and.C." people rush to get "inoculated. touch and even sell the parts on eBay. who escaped to her sister's house. 59 Plot The film begins in medias res. Carol then leaves to get her son back from Tucker. the 1978 remake also titled Invasion of the Body Snatchers directed by Philip Kaufman. They leave when Henry returns. She uses the gun retrieved earlier from an infected/transforming police officer . much like a fungus or spore." later becoming pod people when they sleep that night. An alien lifeform. he and several colleagues attempt to seize her and he infects her by spitting on her face. her secretary (infected) makes her favorite tea and infects it to spread the disease to her. 2007 in the United States it was a commercial failure that met with mixed reviews. psychiatrist Carol Bennell (Kidman). Carol pretends to be one of them. Carol remembers what Wendy said about her husband not being her husband and searches on the Internet for similar responses. She finds Oliver in a back room and they reunite. Curious onlookers steal. they find out about the spore and discover that it takes over the brain during REM sleep. clings to the space shuttle Patriot as it crashes back to Earth. who has come to seek them. following the 1956 film Invasion of the Body Snatchers directed by Don Siegel. robbing them of their sentience when they enter REM sleep.568 worldwide against a $65 million budget. a CDC director investigating the crash. With the help of Ben's friend Dr. D.[2] The Invasion is the fourth film adaptation of the 1955 novel The Body Snatchers by Jack Finney. Once he is overcome. including one woman who is dragged out of her car. and 1993's Body Snatchers directed by Abel Ferrara. One of the first people infected is Tucker (Jeremy Northam). Carol is about to drink the tea but receives a call from Ben and she leaves. Carol heads to a pharmacy and takes an assortment of prescription amphetamines from Ritalin to Dexedrine. Tucker uses the CDC to spread the disease further. On her way to her office. Warner Bros. Pictures later hired James McTeigue to shoot scenes rewritten by the Wachowski Brothers. Carol attempts to take a photograph of him. and secretly tells Ben her location. a biologist. She encounters Ben.The Invasion (film) The Invasion is a 2007 science fiction horror film starring Nicole Kidman and Daniel Craig. Wendy Lenk (Veronica Cartwright). spreading tainted debris from Texas to Washington. such as encephalitis or ADEM. Carol and Ben separate to find Oliver. but discovers that he is infected. He takes her back to Tucker's mother's house. finds her. much like what happened with the Columbia disaster. To help stay awake. Stephan and Ludmilla's aide Jill and witness Yorish's transformation into one of the infected. Tucker's neighbor's child. Tucker's ex-wife. Carol sees several people crying and distraught and a homeless man having some sort of fit. It ultimately earned $40. Gene interrupts them. They also find out that people who have suffered diseases that affect the makeup of the brain." teams up with love interest and fellow doctor Ben Driscoll (Craig) to uncover what is really going on. Stephan and Jill safely arrive at a base outside Baltimore where they and several Nobel Prize winners attempt to make a cure for the alien virus. This in turn infects many people. The film received a tepid reaction from critics. She escapes and returns to Nem at Ludi's house. Released on August 17. primarily directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel. Carol's son Oliver (Jackson Bond) is immune to the spore because of scarlet fever-type symptoms he had as a young child. Stephen Galeano (Jeffrey Wright). and Carol knocks him out and leaves with Oliver. Ludmilla. When she arrives at his house. She sees several normal people attempting to pose as infected. infected with some other people. In a panic from a made-up "flu bug. She is chased by several infected and pretends to act infected when Gene.170. after locating several patients who say their loved ones are "imposters. where the four dine. Suddenly. are immune to the spore because their previous diseases prevent the spore from "latching on" to the brain matter. partially bringing him out of REM sleep and causing him to have a cardiac arrest. another who two cops chase down and subdue. who tells Carol his location by texting her. with a Metacritic score of 45 out of 100. Also seen immune is one of Carol's patients. Carol meets with Ben. disguising the spores as flu inoculations.

Because the spore latches on to the brain during REM sleep.[1] During the re-shooting. They feel as though they have woken from a dreamless nap.[1] The studio later hired director James McTeigue to perform re-shoots that would cost $10 million. Scientists use Oliver's blood to create an airborne vaccine.[23] . due to the cancellation of ABC's TV series of a similar name. war. The Visiting changed to the title of The Invasion.[10] In October 2006. The Invasion rates 19% out of 123 reviews. 2008. using heavy synthesizers combined with a 77-piece orchestra intended to create "otherworldly foreboding and tension". re-shoots took place in January 2007 to increase action scenes and add a twist ending.542 in other territories for a worldwide gross of $40. victims don't remember a thing when they are cured. with no need for greenscreen work.[12] an uncredited duty by McTeigue.[21] On another aggregator.[6] In August. A year later.[18] but it was postponed to 2007.[11] The studio. director Oliver Hirschbiegel was attached to helm the project.[4] The following August.The Invasion (film) against Ben and several people who she locked inside a closet. was unhappy with Hirschbiegel's results and hired the Wachowski brothers to rewrite the film and assist with additional shooting. some of Ben's colleagues pick up the two on a rooftop via helicopter. the director shot from odd camera angles and claustrophobic spaces to increase tension in the film.951. but Kajganich crafted a different enough story for the studio to see the project as an original conception. violent news.[9] The film had minimal visual effects.[11] The film was released on August 17.[20] The film has received a Rotten Tomatoes' Cream of the Crop rating of 26% out of 31 reviews from major news outlets. "You just have to look around our world today to see that power inspires nothing more than the desire to retain it and to eliminate anything that threatens it.[8] Filming began on September 26.727. while in a Jaguar that was being towed by a stunt driver and was taken to a hospital briefly. The film grossed $5. D.C.191 in the United States and Canada and $24.558 as of March 9. Instead. 60 Production In March 2004. The Invasion has grossed $15. with production to begin in Baltimore.[22] German film critic Peter Körte wrote that the film "drowned in mediocrity". The music was also [17] designed to have an avant-garde postmodern style.[16] In May 2007. 2005 in Baltimore and lasted 45 days." The screenwriter said that the story was set in Washington.[5] Kajganich described the story to reflect contemporary times. "Popplagið") by Sigur Rós. The film was originally slated to be released in June 2006.409 over the opening weekend. with atmospheric and thrilling action elements. to reflect the theme. whose original title Invasion of the Body Snatchers was shortened to Invasion due to Kajganich's different concept. saying.k. Daniel Craig was cast opposite Kidman in the lead. She kills them all except Ben.a. Carol feels sympathetic towards the pod people and what they had to offer through a perfect world at the end of the movie. etc. however. hired screenwriter Dave Kajganich to write a script that would serve as a remake of the 1956 science fiction film Invasion of the Body Snatchers. Reception The Invasion was not a success critically or financially.[3] In July 2005.). The Invasion received an average score of 45 out of 100 based on 30 reviews. Shortly after a brief fight to get away. who she shoots in the leg.170. but she was able to get back to work soon after being hospitalized. Warner Bros. 2007 in the United States and Canada in 2. when Ben reads the paper and see "business as usual" (other tragedies. They head with Galeano at the base of operations. The music in the trailer is called Untitled 8 (a. Metacritic. Invasion was based on the script by Kajganich.[14] The re-shoot lasted for 17 days in Los Angeles.[7] The film. was changed once more to The Visiting so it would not be confused with ABC's TV series Invasion. Nicole Kidman was cast to star in the film then titled Invasion. Carol and Ben are married and live with Oliver and Gene.074.[15] Kidman broke several ribs.[13] After 13 months of inactivity.[19] On the movie review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. Kidman was involved in an accident. receiving a salary of close to $17 million. composer John Ottman recorded the musical score for The Invasion.776 theaters. originally intended as a remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers.

Claude Brodesser (August 1. . story). Retrieved September 21. org/ web/ 20071011231444/ http:/ / scifi. baltimoresun. Variety. [13] Michael Fleming (June 26. 2007. com/ m/ invasion/ ?critic=creamcrop). html?categoryId=2431& cs=1). Rotten Tomatoes. usatoday. com/ scifiwire/ index. 2005). comingsoon. "'Invasion. usatoday. [17] Dan Goldwasser (May 25. ISSN 0008-011x. htm). [9] Chris Kaltenbech (September 24. 2007. SoundtrackNet. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). metacritic. 30. [2] http:/ / www. Retrieved April 28. htm). archive. php?id=43214). [14] "August 17 . com/ article/ VR1117927747. 2005).com/trailers/wb/theinvasion/) The Invasion (http://www. 2007. php?id=10400). Retrieved April 28. "Success and Failure Can Cross Hollywood Border". USA Today. Retrieved July 7. 2007). com/ entertainment/ movies/ bal-to.20050837. variety.com/title/tt0427392/) at the Internet Movie Database The Invasion (http://www. channelnewsasia. com/ article/ VR1117902307. 2006). 2007. variety. comingsoon. 2007. com/ article/ VR1117951861. 2007. Christine Spines (August 10. "Kidman happily visits while filming 'Visiting'" (http:/ / www. 2007. Retrieved April 28. Retrieved May 9. Retrieved April 28. The (2007): Reviews" (http:/ / www. 2007).5340977. 2005). 2007. . Retrieved September 21. [18] Susan Wloszczyna (November 17. Variety.warnerbros. scifi. Variety. com/ movies/ ?id=invasion. php?id=43214) on October 11. [21] "The Invasion .00.apple.The Invasion (film) 61 References [1] Nicole Sperling. 2007. "Kidman in Crash on The Invasion Set" (http:/ / www. Retrieved August 18. [11] Pamela McClintock url=http:/ / www. Today. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). com/ m/ invasion/ ). External links • • • • • Official website (http://theinvasionmovie.com/m/invasion/) at Rotten Tomatoes . USA Today. . com/ life/ people/ 2005-11-17-kidman_x. php?id=18572). [7] Pamela McClintock (August 18. 2004). [8] Pamela McClintock (October 9. 2007. [10] Susan Wloszczyna (January 11. Los Angeles Times. [23] Körte. May 4. "'Invasion' title snatched" (http:/ / www.net. html). 2007). . Box Office Mojo. Peter. org/ film/ titles/ invasion). [15] Associated Press (January 25.Cream of the Crop" (http:/ / www.com/work/333254) at Allmovie The Invasion (http://www. ew. "Remaking the Remake" (http:/ / www. 2005). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [12] Patrick Goldstein (March 7. com/ ew/ article/ 0.The Invasion". . [22] "Invasion. "The 'Invasion' is back on again". variety. "Scribe warms to WB's 'Body'" (http:/ / www. 2006). [16] Patrick Lee (August 14. "McTeigue to get Thai'd up in 'Bangkok'" (http:/ / www. net/ news/ movienews. Retrieved August 14. 2007. . 2007). . Retrieved April 28. 2007. variety. Variety. ComingSoon. 2007. rottentomatoes. . "Craig plans for 'Invasion'" (http:/ / www. 2007. . "Paranoia gets revisited in 'The Visiting'" (http:/ / www. . Metacritic. .net. [19] "The Invasion (2007)" (http:/ / www. July 15. Rotten Tomatoes. [4] "Body Snatchers Get a Director" (http:/ / www. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). . 2007. 2007). [5] Michael Fleming. kidman24sep24. Variety. com/ article/ VR1117930411. Retrieved September 21. boxofficemojo.allmovie. net/ news/ topnews. com/ stories/ entertainment/ view/ 299761/ 1/ . Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 5.' downgraded to a 'Visiting.(October 15.' will hit city" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117926842. . 2007. 2007. 2005). 2007. 2007). Cahiers du cinéma (Cannes) Special Issue (May 2008): p. variety. Variety. html). html?categoryid=1019& cs=1& #32. Retrieved September 21. Retrieved April 28. Retrieved April 28. 2005.rottentomatoes. 2007). . variety. Retrieved April 28. The Baltimore Sun. . Sci Fi Wire.imdb. . "Hidden 'Invasion'" (http:/ / www.0. ComingSoon. 2007. soundtrack. html?categoryid=1019& cs=1). com/ scifiwire/ index. com/ video/ titles/ invasion [3] Cathy Dunkley (March 25. metacritic. "WB unearths 'Invasion'" (http:/ / www. com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2006-01-11-visiting-main_x. htm). 2007. com/ article/ VR1117967691. . Retrieved April 28. [20] "The Invasion" (http:/ / www.com) Official trailer (http://www. "John Ottman scores The Invasion" (http:/ / www. "An overly discreet Berlin School". . [6] Felix Cheong (September 14.. net/ news/ article/ ?id=992). rottentomatoes. Entertainment Weekly. "Kidman Talks Invasion Injuries" (http:/ / web.

Happy Feet 62 Happy Feet Happy Feet Promotional poster Directed by George Miller Warren Coleman Judy Morris Bill Miller George Miller Doug Mitchell Warren Coleman John Collee George Miller Judy Morris Elijah Wood Robin Williams Brittany Murphy Hugh Jackman Nicole Kidman Hugo Weaving John Powell Gia Farrell Produced by Written by Starring Music by Cinematography David Peers Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Christian Gazal Margaret Sixel Kennedy-Miller Productions Animal Logic Films Warner Bros. 2006 (United States) December 26. 2006 (Australia) 108 minutes Running time . Pictures Village Roadshow Pictures November 17.

He finds some Adelie Penguins. Warner Bros. If the female likes the male and his song. Memphis drops the egg. still half-covered in fluffy down. When asked if the rings were from the aliens. Mumble grows into an adult (voiced by Elijah Wood). Mumble dozes off and wakes to find himself alone. whereupon a male penguin named Memphis sings "Heartbreak Hotel". and although he has not graduated. the film’s production company. Mumble is interrupted when Boss Skua and his posse Dino. While the males struggle through the harsh winter. and the group suggests that he ask Lovelace a Rockhopper or Macaroni Crested Penguin who answers questions in exchange for stones and is known as the guru. It is the first animated feature film produced by Kennedy Miller in association with visual effects/design company Animal Logic.3 million Happy Feet 2 [1] 63 Happy Feet is a 2006 computer-animated family film with music. ever-lasting down feathers. Lovelace has the plastic rings of a six pack entangled around his neck. The film was dedicated in memory of Nick Enright. Village Roadshow Pictures and Kingdom Feature Productions and was released in North America on November 17. Norma Jean chooses him as her mate. the brothers Raul and Nestor. Lovelace denies that . Happy Feet won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature and was nominated for the Annie Award for Best Animated Feature.Happy Feet Country Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by United States Australia English $100 million $384. Mumble narrowly escapes the hungry birds by falling into a crevice. The Amigos quickly embrace Mumble's dance moves and assimilate him into their misfit group. He befriends a small group of bachelors who form a club called "the Amigos": the leader Ramon. and twin brothers Rinaldo and Lombardo. The film was simultaneously released in both conventional theatres and in IMAX 2D format. A leopard seal chases him off the iceberg. His class ends their day by partying on an iceberg. They couple and Norma Jean lays an egg. briefly exposing it to the freezing Antarctic temperatures. The Boss Skua tells Mumble that he had been abducted by "aliens". However..has blue eyes. Mumble has a talent that no other penguin has ever seen before: tap dancing. However. A penguin named Norma Jean sings the song "Kiss".the film's protagonist. Mumble has a lot of questions. One day Mumble wanders into a secluded area. Though primarily an animated film. Mumble is ostracized. the two penguins mate. Plot Every penguin sings a unique song called a "heartsong" to attract a mate.as well as being the leader of the Adelie penguins. where he is free to dance.[2] The studio had hinted that a future IMAX 3D release was a possibility. and a terrible singing voice. was on too tight of a [3] budget to release Happy Feet in IMAX digital 3D. and Vinnie attempt to eat him. Mumble (voiced by Elizabeth Daily) . with only his mother and his best friend Gloria to turn to. which he uses to project his guru image. Frankie. The egg is left with Memphis while Norma Jean leaves with the other females to fish. The resulting chick . and the penguin finds himself far from his home. he joins them on their first trip into the ocean. and Steve Irwin. small in stature. Driven by curiosity. As a result. It was produced at Sydney-based visual effects and animation studio Animal Logic for Warner Bros. Happy Feet does incorporate live action humans in certain scenes. Robby McNeilly Green. Mumble constantly interrupts their singing and is forced to enjoy the party on a small iceberg. directed and co-written by George Miller. Michael Jonson. but fiercely loyal to those they call friends. he sets out to find the "aliens" responsible for the machine. 2006.. and if it completes the female's song. Mumble's joy is cut short when he accidentally starts an avalanche and causes a hidden human excavator to tumble out from a glacier. Mumble stalls by asking the leader of the pack about a yellow band that is attached to his right ankle. Mumble's class graduates.

leaving his friends behind. the penguins (along with the once-stubborn elders) dance alongside Mumble in hopes of getting the humans' attention. and realizes it is "Boogie Wonderland". Gloria becomes angry and turns her back on Mumble. A dancing baby penguin seen at the end is implied to be the child of Mumble and Gloria. but when Gloria notices the tracking device. Gloria isn't fooled. Now convinced. Gloria finds the chorus to her heartsong. they realize that the “aliens” exist. and a worldwide debate ensues. As Mumble's beat speeds up. "The Song of the Heart. and that they are the cause of the scarceness of fish. the pair begin dancing. fearing for her safety. Mumble. Mumble tries to explain about the mysterious "aliens". none of their heartsongs interest her. She notices Ramon behind Mumble and shoves him away to reveal the little penguin. Lovelace confesses that he got stuck in the rings while swimming near the forbidden shores. Noah the elder sees their lack of fish as punishment from the Great 'Guin for Mumble's dancing. He reveals that the forbidden shores are located past the land of elephant seals and beyond the blizzard country. the characters reunite to dance for the final number. Although she is surrounded by a large horde of suitors. Because of her affection for him. When his pleas fail. she complies. In Mumble's old home. and the fish population recovers. He is released back into the wild. it is mating season. Overcome with happiness that they can now be mates. and soon a large crowd gathers around the exhibit. As a last resort. Mumble and the Amigos return to Lovelace only to find him being choked by the plastic rings. They travel across vast territories till they reach the shore. the Emperor Penguins and the Amigos dance and celebrate their triumph. They bring this footage back to the human world. Noah exiles Mumble from the colony. and conclude that the penguins are trying to communicate that to them. The world governments realize they are overfishing the Antarctic waters. As Mumble has no heartsong. In the credits. Mumble sees a boat and swims after it." 64 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • Elijah Wood as Mumble Brittany Murphy as Gloria Hugh Jackman as Memphis Nicole Kidman as Norma Jean Hugo Weaving as Noah the Elder Robin Williams as Ramón and Lovelace Carlos Alazraqui as Nestor Lombardo Boyar as Raul Jeffrey Garcia as Rinaldo Johnny Sanchez as Lombardo Miriam Margoyles as Mrs. Astrakhan Fat Joe as Seymour Elizabeth Daily as baby Mumble .Happy Feet aliens exists and claims that the plastic rings were bestowed upon him by mystic beings. Ramon tries to help Mumble by singing a Spanish version of "My Way". but only his mother and Gloria believe him. He ends up in a penguin exhibit at a marine park named Marine World. Mumble vows that he will find the real cause of the famine. however. Mumble tries to persuade her to sing along to his tapping rhythm. Gloria tries to come. but Mumble. drives her off by insulting her singing talents. He leads the humans to his native colony. for she knows Mumble can't sing. the Amigos and Lovelace start their journey. now with more adult feathers and a tracking device strapped to his back. Gloria continues towards the other males visibly distraught. along with the other penguins. At this. He tries to communicate with the "aliens" that surround him. Mumble nearly succumbs to madness after three months of confinement. Antarctic fishing is banned. and Gloria (voiced by Brittany Murphy) is the center of attention. Mumble starts dancing. A research team arrives and film the penguins dancing. The other penguins are skeptical at first.

The tap-dancing for Mumble in particular was provided by Savion Glover who was also co-choreographer for the dance sequences. and also wore head apparatus to mimic a penguin's beak. It’s just like out here. but geo-political complications pushed Happy Feet to the forefront in early 2003.’He’d shot a documentary there.” [4] Happy Feet was also partially inspired by earlier documentaries such as the BBC's Life in the Freezer. one containing songs from and inspired by the film. Doug Mitchell impulsively presented Warner Bros. had decided to provide funding on the film. Ben Gunsberger. By the time they'd landed. Lighting Supervisor and VFX Department Supervisor. taking previously recorded songs and working them into the film's soundtrack to fit with the mood of the scene or character. Fury Road. and asked them to read it while he and Miller flew back to Australia. their hand is stayed.[13] Music Happy Feet is a jukebox musical. He said. says this was partly because they needed to build new infrastructure and tools. respectively. This was chopped out during the last year of production. as well. and has yet to see the light of day in a finished form. with the dance scenes acted out by human dancers. Awards Won Academy Awards • Best Animated Feature 60th British Academy Film Awards • Best Animated Feature Film Golden Globes .Happy Feet • Alyssa Shafer as baby Gloria 65 Production Miller cites as an initial inspiration for the film an encounter with a grizzled old camera-man.[11] Happy Feet needed an enormous group of computers. during the shooting of Mad Max 2 . At the end. 2006. in the wasteland.say's Miller: "We were sitting in this bar.[10] The dancers went through "Penguin School" to learn how to move like a penguin.. although concept art from these sequences were showcased at the Siggraph 2007 demonstration [8] . studio president Alan Horn with an early rough draft of the film's screenplay. having a milkshake. whose father was Frank Hurley of the Shackleton expeditions. Production was slated to begin sometime after the completion of the fourth Mad Max film. Warner Bros. which are extremely dense separate computer units each with two Intel Xeon processors. and Animal Logic worked with IBM to build a server farm with sufficient processing potential. and are available online. [6] An earlier cut of the film seems to have included a large subplot regarding aliens in the extraterrestrial sense. It’s spectacular. first contact is made.’ And that always stuck in my head.[5] In 2001. and another featuring John Powell's instrumental score. The film took four years to make. 2006 and December 19.[9] The animation in Happy Feet invested heavily in motion capture technology. whose presence was made gradually more and more known throughout.. ‘Antarctica. placing the humans in the same light as the penguins [7] . ‘You’ve got to make a film in Antarctica. and he looked across at me and said. Rendering took up 17 million CPU hours over a nine month period.[12] The server farm used IBM BladeCenter framework and BladeCenter HS20 blade servers. and instead. during an otherwise non-sequiter meeting. and who were planning to siphon off the planet's resources gradually. through the plight of the main character. Two soundtrack albums were released for the film. They were released on October 31.

Television or Other Visual Media. and his genius expands upon the animated art form to illuminate a world where penguins embrace dance and differences to survive and thrive.Children's Awards • Best Feature Film 66 Nominations Golden Globe Award • Best Animated Feature Annie Awards • Best Animated Feature • Best Writing in an Animated Feature Production Satellite Awards • Best Motion Picture.Jack Matthews. George Miller continues to paint outside the lines of traditional filmmaking.Kirk Honeycutt.Happy Feet • Best Original Song . Seattle Post-Intelligencer 2nd . Prince. groundbreaking and global in its message. John Powell.Mark Palermo."Song of the Heart" by Prince American Film Institute Awards 2006 • Honored as one of the Top Ten Best Films of the Year Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards • Best Animation New York Film Critics Circle Awards • Best Animated Film Golden Trailer Awards[14] • Best Music Heartland Awards • The Truly Moving Picture Award Kids' Choice Awards • Favorite Animated Movie British Academy of Film and Television Arts . The Coast 3rd .William Arnold. Hollywood Reporter . nominee Top ten lists The film appeared on numerous critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2006. Television or Other Visual Media: "The Song of the Heart". as the environment. nominee • Best Song Written for Motion Picture." • • • • • 1st . But that is just the tip of the iceberg. brilliant and beautiful. including AFI's Annual list. which is listed above. Animated or Mixed Media Grammy Awards • Best Score Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture. Sun News 2nd .[15] [16] AFI's jury said: "HAPPY FEET is a one-of-a-kind motion picture experience.Stan Urankar.one that is fun and funny. religion and the chasm between generations enrich this sweet and subtle tale . The New York Daily News 1st .

and Wii.S. As of June 8.Rene Rodriguez. Box Office Magazine 67 Home media release Happy Feet was released on March 27.[20] Among the DVD's special features is a scene that was cut from the film where Mumble meets a blue whale and an albatross. The scene was finished and included on the DVD in memory of Steve Irwin. Critikat (Film review. with the albatross telling the viewer all about the other characters in the scene.Edward Douglas. behind Cars and Ice Age: The Meltdown. The film has been released in about 35 international territories at the close of 2006. Tooele Transcript Bulletin 6th .Constance Garfinkle.[24] [25] [26] The production budget was $100 million.6 million over the five-day period. GameCube.Keith Cohen.Lou Lumenick. MTV 5th . behind Ice Age: The Meltdown and Cars.Happy Feet • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4th . Village Voice 5th . PlayStation 2.Scott Foundas.[27] .[23] It remained #1 for the Thanksgiving weekend. It was released for the PC.6 million and beating Casino Royale for the top spot.[22] Reception Box office The film opened at #1 in the United States on its first weekend of release (November 17-November 19) grossing $41.3 million dollars worldwide. Sun Newspapers 8th .0 million in the U. making about $384. This scene is done in Steve's classic documentary style.Kyle Smith. Inc. The Patriot Ledger 6th . making $51.S. Miami Herald 9th . New York Post 6th .net 5th . Happy Feet has grossed $198. NDS. in French) [18] 6th .Missy Thompson. Chicago Tribune 6th . Blu-ray Disc. Critikat (Top 10 lists for 2006 films. Happy Feet was the third highest grossing animated film in the U. . the film was the top grosser for three weeks. ComingSoon.3 million overseas. Happy Feet also being the third highest grossing animated film worldwide.Carole Wrona. in French) [17] 5th . The albatross was Steve Irwin's first voice role in the film before he voiced the elephant seal in the final cut.Peter Rainer. a 2006 box office feat matched only by Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest. In total.Matthieu Santelli.[21] Artificial Life. Christian Science Monitor 5th . and $186. GBA. Video games A video game based on the film was developed by A2M and published by Midway Games. has also developed a Happy Feet mobile game for the Japan market. 2008. and the impact people are having on their environment.Kurt Loder.Schlomo Schwartzberg. New York Post 6th . 2007[19] in the United States in three formats. It has the same main cast as the film. and an HD DVD/DVD combo disc. DVD (in separate widescreen and pan and scan editions).Michael Wilmington.

14–15 [13] "Animal Logic builds rendering farm with IBM eServer BladeCenter" (http:/ / www-01. Warner Brothers. [12] UNSWorld (2007) Bring on the dancing penguins in UNSWorld. [14] Golden Trailer Awards (http:/ / www. Film critic Yar Habnegnal has written an essay. au/ story/ 0. Warner Brothers. [11] Kelley Abbey. theaustralian. IBM Australia. Miller said. After many heated arguments this publicity generates considerable pressure to stop commercial overfishing of the Antarctic. with an 82% percent from the Top Critics. [DVD].20753501-2702. . com/ 2009/ 07/ 17/ lets-talk-about-filmmakers-dr-george-miller-part-one/ [8] http:/ / brooks. The Australian.[34] Environmental message As things progress there is increasing emphasis on environmental problems in the Antarctic.[33] Wood and Williams will reprise their roles for the sequel. vfxworld. [16] "The Critics" (http:/ / www. the film has also been lauded in some corners for its innovative introduction of Miller's roving style of subjective cinematography into contemporary animation. [4] http:/ / www. and the footage is broadcast globally. May 2007. shtml). com/ software/ success/ cssdb.20867. com/ ?sa=adv& code=3631a5a1& atype=news& id=17882). . metacritic. com/ movies/ ?id=happyfeet. Happy Feet. Vadim Rizov of the Independent Film Channel sees Mumble as just the latest in a long line of cinematic religious mavericks. that examines the themes of encroachment presented throughout the film. com/ ImaxWeb/ filmDetail. "You can't tell a story about Antarctica and the penguins without giving that dimension.[29] And. quite a bit of analysis and dissection from various places. goldentrailer. VFXWorld. natoonline. . com/ awards/ 2007/ top_tens/ critics_01. imax. "and Antarctica is literally the canary in the coal mine for this stuff. D Studios. . com/ matte_painting_portfolio/ content/ Matte_Paintings_109_large. [3] "Happy Feet Won't Debut in IMAX 3-D" (http:/ / www. moviecitynews. due to her death. do?type=comingSoon& movieID=code__.00. nsf/ cs/ mcag-6h2sr2?opendocument& site=corp). [30] On a technical or formal level. htm [2] "Happy Feet: The IMAX Experience" (http:/ / www. and received a 74% "fresh" approval in the Rotten Tomatoes movie review aggregate site. name/ wordpress/ 2007/ 08/ live-from-the-happy-feet-discussion-at-siggraph-2007/ [9] http:/ / woodland-mattepainting. . pp. Retrieved 2/1/2010. [DVD]. But Murphy will not be able to reprise her role. Retrieved 2008-03-28." This influence led to a film with a more environmental tone. (2007). wordpress. The film's denouement shows a group of researchers taking video of the colony of dancing emperor penguins. very aware of the ozone hole.[32] The estimated release date is November 18. among other things. com/ hr/ content_display/ features/ columns/ risky_business/ e3ihluoYm83Kiu5zs8XjFCUWA%3D%3D [7] http:/ / thefilmist. George Miller. org/ infocus/ 06November/ happyfeet. news. htm [5] "Penguin suits up for a cinema hit" (http:/ / www.[31] Sequel Happy Feet 2 is currently in production at Dr. Happy Feet. hollywoodreporter. html). published in Forum on Contemporary Art and Society. com. 2011. . boyd. as well as various other subtexts and themes. com/ gta7." he said. Retrieved 2007-03-15. Matt Damon and Brad Pitt have reportedly signed on to provide voice work for the film also."[35] References [1] http:/ / boxofficemojo. com/ film/ awards/ 2006/ toptens. [6] http:/ / www. So it sort of had to go in that direction. we're very. since its release. According to the director. . __30). html) [15] "Film Critic Top Ten List. 2006 Critics' Picks" (http:/ / www. html [10] Savion Glover. but "In Australia. ibm. the environmental message was not a major part of the original script. such as religious hierarchy and interracial tensions.[28] Analysis The film has also garnered. (2007).Happy Feet 68 Critical reviews Happy Feet has received better than average reviews from film critics. Retrieved 2007-03-15. IMAX. html). Issue 6.

"The New Animated Film Happy Feet Doesn't Dance Around Serious Issues" (http:/ / online. boxofficemojo. Kate (2006-11-17). html) [35] Kelly. com/ news/ Happy-Feet-Goes-Mobile-52871.Movie Reviews. drdstudios.Happy Feet [17] http:/ / www. com/ Editorial-8.com/) Happy Feet (http://www. html [32] About Dr. com/ weekend/ chart/ ) [27] Happy Feet (2006) (http:/ / www. 2008 (http:/ / www. htm) [25] IMDb Charts (http:/ / www. com/ blogs/ indie-eye/ 2010/ 05/ atheists.Weekend Box Office Results (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=happyfeet.allmovie. com/ movie. Nicole Kidman.html) . com/ movies/ ?id=happyfeet. com/ ) [33] Sky News: Happy Feet sequel in the works (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. ifc. Pictures . shtml) [23] Weekend Box Office Results for November 17–19. HD DVD This March | High-Def Digest (http:/ / www. com/ chart/ ) [26] Weekend Box Office Results for February 1–3.com/film/titles/happyfeet) at Metacritic Happy Feet . html?mod=tff_main_tff_top). com. highdefdigest. "Happy Feet Goes Mobile". html?via=form& id=78865) [20] Happy Feet to Dance on Blu-ray. wsj. 2006 (http:/ / www. imdb. critikat.imdb. htm) [28] Happy Feet . The Wall Street Journal. critikat.com/work/322645) at Allmovie Happy Feet (http://www.com/m/happy_feet/) at Rotten Tomatoes Happy Feet (http://www. html) [22] Parthajit. 2007 (http:/ / news. Retrieved 2007-03-15. Hugh Jackman (http:/ / videoeta. midway. html [19] Happy Feet (2006) .rottentomatoes. softpedia. com/ Happy-Feet. scribd.com/title/tt0366548/) at the Internet Movie Database Happy Feet (http://www. skynews.blogspot. htm) [24] Happy Feet (2006) . boxofficemojo. com/ news/ show/ 432) [21] Happy Feet (http:/ / www.Elijah Wood. com/ Happy-Feet. au/ showbiz/ article. com/ rxpage/ Game_HappyFeet. com/ doc/ 2555518/ Yar-Habnegnal-on-Happy-Feet) [30] http:/ / www. 69 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://www. . com/ public/ article/ SB116373257478225933-QS7Oc7yiEQI503rfJ2N42OUiVH8_20071119. April 24. rottentomatoes. Trailers. com/ m/ happy_feet/ ) [29] Yar Habnegnal on Happy Feet (http:/ / www. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2006& wknd=46& p=. php [31] http:/ / www.Review (http://review-online.happyfeetmovie. showbizspy.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www. Softpedia.com/2007/03/happy-feet. D Studios (http:/ / www. critikat. aspx?id=278978) [34] (http:/ / www. html [18] http:/ / www.metacritic. com/ article/ 198088/ matt-damon-brad-pitt-to-voice-characters-in-happy-feet-sequel. boxofficemojo.

disturbing images. who was known for her strange.Fur (film) 70 Fur (film) Fur Directed by Produced by Steven Shainberg Laura Bickford Patricia Bosworth Andrew Fierberg William Pohlad Bonnie Timmermann Erin Cressida Wilson (screenplay) Patricia Bosworth (book) Nicole Kidman Robert Downey. 2006 Running time Language 122 minutes English Fur: An Imaginary Portrait of Diane Arbus (also known simply as Fur) is a 2006 film starring Nicole Kidman as iconic American photographer Diane Arbus. Jr. Ty Burrell Harris Yulin Jane Alexander Carter Burwell Written by Starring Music by Distributed by Picturehouse Release date(s) November 10. .

and a conventional life with her husband Allan (Ty Burrell). Kidman.Allan Arbus Harris Yulin .Sophie Arbus Boris McGiver .Jack Henry Marceline Hugot . a photographer. the film is a fictional account rather than an accurate biography. creates a man no one could resist.Tippa Henry Mary Duffy . is exceptionally convincing as someone whose interior process plays out in front of us. best known for his kinky indie Secretary.Grace Arbus Genevieve McCarthy ."[2] The Los Angeles Times criticized the "cop-out ending that undercuts its message about the unimportance of surface differences in favor of a glib finalities to have its cake and eat it too. director Steven Shainberg. Separately and together.Lionel Sweeney Ty Burrell .[1] The Chicago Tribune gave the film 3 out of 4 stars. who used Patricia Bosworth's book Diane Arbus: A Biography as a source. dwarves and others living on the fringes of society. the most consistently daring of today's top stars. Jr. they make us believe the unbelievable.David Nemerov Jane Alexander .Gertrude Nemerov Emmy Clarke .Fur (film) 71 Plot synopsis The cinematic Arbus (Nicole Kidman) is torn between a bizarre relationship with a neighbor suffering from hypertrichosis. And Downey. reunited with its screenwriter. "The result is a revelatory. for the most part using only his soulful. Production For the film. challenging and deeply affecting portrait. "the remarkable acting of its two stars pulls you back in and keeps you watching. anchored by what may be Kidman's most profoundly moving performance. Erin Cressida Wilson.Althea Reception The film holds a 50 score on Metacritic." . A clogged drain leads her into a netherworld populated by transvestites.). [3] urbane voice." Although the newspaper continued to heap praise on Kidman and Downey Jr. Lionel Sweeney (Robert Downey Jr. . Cast • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman . As its name implies. yearning eyes and a silky.Diane Arbus Robert Downey.

nytimes. chicagotribune.furmovie.0.6421768.6171575. story) Chicago Tribune.com/title/tt0422295/) at the Internet Movie Database • New York Times review (http://movies.com/movie/327161/ Fur-An-Imaginary-Portrait-of-Diane-Arbus/overview) . calendarlive. 10 November 2006 External links • Official website (http://www. Retrieved on 17 December 2009 [2] Movie review: 'Fur: An Imaginary Portrait of Diane Arbus' (http:/ / www. story MOVIE REVIEW 'Fur: An Imaginary Portrait of Diane Arbus'] LA Times.com/) • Fur: An Imaginary Portrait of Diane Arbus (http://www. metacritic. com/ movies/ cl-et-fur10nov10.Fur (film) 72 References [1] an imaginary portrait Fur: An Imaginary Portrait of Diane Arbus (http:/ / www.0. com/ entertainment/ movies/ mmx-061117-movies-review-arbus. com/ film/ titles/ fur?q=Fur) Metacritic.imdb. 16 November 2006 [3] http:/ / www.

Bewitched (film) 73 Bewitched (film) Bewitched Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Nora Ephron Nora Ephron Douglas Wick Penny Marshall Sol Saks (TV series) Nora Ephron Delia Ephron Nicole Kidman Will Ferrell Shirley MacLaine Michael Caine George Fenton John Lindley Tia Nolan Columbia Pictures June 24.426.169 Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Bewitched is a 2005 family comedy-fantasy produced by Columbia Pictures and is a re-imagining of the television series of the same name (produced by Columbia's Screen Gems television studio. USA English $85. 2005 101 min. It was written. Filming took place in late 2004 and early . The film was released in the United States and Canada on June 24. produced.000 $131. now Sony Pictures Television). and directed by Nora Ephron and featured as co-stars Nicole Kidman and Will Ferrell. 2005.000.

Isabel decides to return home. 74 Plot The film is not an adaptation of the television series. Part of this is perpetrated by his agent (Jason Schwartzman).Bewitched (film) 2005. Jack proposes to her and she accepts. but rather a deconstruction of it. which she considers her "home". a modern adaptation of the classic TV show Bewitched. Jack realizes that he really loves Isabel after all and tries to find her before she returns home. The home in which Isabel and Jack finally settle in together is numbered "1164" as a nod to the house from the original TV series (at 1164 Morning Glory Circle). self-centered Jack decides to downplay her role and make the show focus on Darrin (thus garnering the audience's attention). strangely enough. It is about Isabel Bigelow (Nicole Kidman). Devastated. the pompous. once again. To his surprise. he finds her at the studio soundstage. Isabel becomes furious when she finds out. their new neighbors are also a nod to their TV counterparts. Isabel eventually becomes worried that she has hidden her true identity from Jack. who is just as obnoxious as Jack. He becomes fearful of her supernatural nature and they separate. and finally shows him her powers. Cast • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Isabel Bigelow / Samantha Stephens Will Ferrell as Jack Wyatt / Darrin Stephens Shirley MacLaine as Iris Smythson / Endora Michael Caine as Nigel Bigelow Jason Schwartzman as Ritchie Kristin Chenoweth as Maria Kelly Heather Burns as Nina Stephen Colbert as Stu Robison David Alan Grier as Jim Fields . a young witch who wants to give up magic and have a normal life. a ploy whereby the egocentric actor can eclipse his co-star and claim the spotlight entirely. return. despite her magic-loving father's (Michael Caine) warnings that she cannot live without it. Before she accepts. Meanwhile the "spirits" of the old Bewitched television show work their own magic on Isabel and Jack by ensuring that the couple ends up in a happy union of witch to mortal like on the original series. When she becomes more popular than he is and unintentionally takes the spotlight away. appeal to Jack who rarely hears honest criticism. where Jack is told by Uncle Arthur (Steve Carell) she must stay for 100 years once she returns. She meets a failing movie star named Jack Wyatt (Will Ferrell) who wants to find an unknown actress to play a witch — and his wife — in a TV show. He begins to give her a bigger role and the two begin to fall in love and enjoy filming their TV show. it is revealed that she did not have to remain at her home for 100 years before she could. Her harsh words.

159 with international at $68."[2] DVD The DVD was released on October 25. The New York Times called the film "an unmitigated disaster.000. several making-of featurettes.413. Worst Screenplay and Worst Remake or Sequel.100. Bewitched (Special Edition) Release date: October 25.313. 2005 Format: DVD Running Time: 102 Min. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 24% of the critics gave positive reviews.[1] The total US gross was $63. 4. The DVD included deleted scenes such as Jack and Isabel's wedding and an extended version of Isabel getting mad. Nicole Kidman and Will Ferrell's on-screen pairing was found lacking by moviegoers and earned the two a Razzie Award for "Worst Screen Couple. 3. a trivia game. 6. Rated: PG-13 DVD Features: Deleted Scenes Casting a Spell: Making BEWITCHED Featurette Star Shots Featurette Why I Love BEWITCHED Featurette Director Nora Ephron audio commentary Witch Vision Trivia Track . based upon 182 reviews. and an audio commentary by the director. Worst Actor (Will Ferrell). and by many of the original show's fanbase. Standard Edition • • • • • • 1. yet earned a worldwide gross of $131. 5. 2005 by Columbia TriStar. 2." It was also nominated for four Razzies including Worst Director.Bewitched (film) 75 Characters from the series • • • • • • • • Carole Shelley as Aunt Clara Steve Carell as Uncle Arthur Amy Sedaris as Gladys Kravitz Richard Kind as Abner Kravitz Elizabeth Montgomery (uncredited) as Samantha Stephens (archive footage) Dick York (uncredited) as Darrin Stephens (archive footage) Agnes Moorehead (uncredited) as Endora (archive footage) Paul Lynde (uncredited) as Uncle Arthur (archive footage) Cameo appearances • • • • • • Ed McMahon as Himself Conan O'Brien as Himself James Lipton as Himself Nick Lachey as Vietnam Soldier Kate Walsh as Waitress Abbey DiGregorio as Auditioner Reception The $85-million budgeted movie was panned by critics.159.

htm) Nicole Kidman interview for Bewitched (http://www. com/ m/ bewitched/ ) [2] http:/ / www.boxofficemojo.harpiesbizarre.seeing-stars. nytimes.html) . Bewitched Trivia Game 8. 4.shtml) Movie Project History from a Bewitched fan site (http://www.com/movies/?id=bewitched. 2. Previews • DVD Details: 1. rottentomatoes.com/homevideo/bewitched/index. French (Parisian) Color/B&W: Color 76 References [1] Bewitched Movie Reviews.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www.Bewitched (film) 7. Studio: Columbia CC: English (US) Sub: English (US). com/ 2009/ 08/ 02/ movies/ 02barn. html?pagewanted=2& _r=1 External links • Official site (http://www.imdb. 3.net/news/20050609_5758.com/movie.htm) at Box Office Mojo Film Locations (http://www. Pictures .com/Locations/Bewitched1.sonypictures.com/title/tt0374536/) at the Internet Movie Database • • • • Bewitched (http://www.moviehole.html) • Bewitched (http://www.

2005 (United Kingdom) April 22. 2005 (Greece) April 15.The Interpreter 77 The Interpreter The Interpreter Film poster Directed by Produced by Sydney Pollack Tim Bevan Eric Fellner Kevin Misher Martin Stellman (story) Brian Ward (story) Charles Randolph Scott Frank Steven Zaillian David Rayfiel uncredited Nicole Kidman Sean Penn Catherine Keener James Newton Howard Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Darius Khondji Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) William Steinkamp Working Title Films Mirage Enterprises Universal Pictures April 8. 2005 (United States) 128 minutes United Kingdom United States English Ku Running time Country Language .

The opening sequence was shot in Mozambique with a support crew made up largely of South African nationals. a fictional African country. Keller rushes to the safe room and arrives just in time to prevent Silvia from murdering Zuwanie. Silvia recognises words in a meeting where she is interpreting from phrases she overheard the night before. and Silvia is expelled from the USA. and thus avoid the indictment.The Interpreter Budget Gross revenue $80 million $162. to stand trial in the International Criminal Court. Keller learns that Silvia has. The United Nations is considering indicting Edmond Zuwanie (Earl Cameron). Zuwanie is indicted. and so Sydney Pollack approached then-Secretary General Kofi Annan directly. The next day. and confronts Zuwanie and intends to kill him herself. Keller determines that the assassination plot is a sham. returning home to Matobo soon afterwards. who assign Tobin Keller (Sean Penn) and Dot Woods (Catherine Keener) to investigate. and personally negotiated permission to film inside the United Nations. and runs scared from the building when those discussing the plot become aware of her presence.N. in the past. this would have substantially increased costs. Sean Penn. and Catherine Keener. that her parents and sister were killed by land mines laid by Zuwanie's men. It was the final film to be directed by Sydney Pollack. and is now responsible for ethnic cleansing and other atrocities within Matobo. The producers approached the U. scoring a 57% on Rotten Tomatoes. however. president of Matobo. while also eliminating his political opponents. about filming there before. Initially a liberator.923 78 The Interpreter is a 2005 thriller film starring Nicole Kidman. in turn. Annan commented on The Interpreter that "the intention was really to do something dignified.944. and security personnel rush Zuwanie to a safe room for his protection. been involved in a Matoban guerrilla group. The film received initially mixed reviews. but their request was turned down. They. Production The Interpreter was shot almost entirely in New York City. Zuwanie arranged it to enhance his own credibility. anticipating this. Earlier films used only the exteriors or were filmed back when the buildings were under construction (and did not really have an "inside"). She was raised in the Republic of Matobo. The production would have relocated to Toronto with a constructed set. The purported assassin is discovered while Zuwanie is in the middle of his address to the General Assembly. A security scare forces the evacuation of the UN building. something that is honest and reflects the work that this Organization . Plot Silvia Broome (Nicole Kidman) is an interpreter working at the United Nations in New York. Silvia. intended to fail. and reports the incident to UN security. the two grow close and Keller ends up protecting her from attacks on her person. but has dual citizenship. Although Keller is suspicious of Silvia's story. call in the United States Secret Service. as well as protect Zuwanie when he arrives. over the past 20 years he has become as corrupt and tyrannical as the government he overthrew. At that time she overhears discussion of an assassination plot. Zuwanie is soon to visit the United Nations and put forward his own case to the General Assembly. Filming in UN buildings The Interpreter is the first movie ever filmed inside the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council chambers. and Silvia returns at night to reclaim some personal belongings. and that she has dated one of Zuwanie's political opponents. the target of the plot appears to be Zuwanie himself. has been hiding in the safe room. in an attempt to avoid the indictment.

The movie's Zuwanie had been in power for 23 years. as well as between Matobo and Zimbabwe – which banned the film after it had been shown in the country. "The truth needs no translation. and I hope you will all agree they have done that. The parallels include: • Both Robert Mugabe and Zuwanie were once respected freedom-fighters. Zuwanie his gun. was commissioned in January 2004 to create Ku. • Australia and New Zealand are pushing for Mugabe to be indicted by the UN Security Council for trial before the International Criminal Court on charges of crimes against humanity. the film crew had to take into account that they could be asked to leave almost immediately. and is a cross between Swahili and Shona. And it is with that spirit that the producers and the directors approached their work. but actors were asked to play the roles of diplomats. . Ambassadors at the United Nations had hoped to appear in the film. with some unique elements. Spain's UN Ambassador Inocencio Arias jokingly complained that his "opportunity to have a nomination for the Oscar next year went away because of some stupid regulation. The director of the Centre for African Language Learning in England. • In real life." Because the UN Security Council can call an emergency meeting at any time with three hours notice.The Interpreter does.". Ku is based on Bantu languages spoken in Eastern and Southern Africa. Zuwanie in the film. Zuwanie is indicted by the UN Security Council for trial before the International Criminal Court on charges of crimes against humanity."[1] 79 Matobo and Ku The country "Republic of Matobo" and its corresponding constructed language "Ku" were created for this film. Mugabe had ruled Zimbabwe for 25 years when the movie was released. The tagline for the film. Said el-Gheithy. • Mugabe tends to wave his fist. • Both Mugabe and Zuwanie were teachers before being involved with politics. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Silvia Broome Sean Penn as Tobin Keller Catherine Keener as Dot Woods Jesper Christensen as Nils Lud Yvan Attal as Philippe Earl Cameron as Edmond Zuwanie George Harris as Kuman-Kuman Michael Wright as Marcus Clyde Kusatsu as Police Chief Lee Wu Eric Keenleyside as Rory Robb Hugo Speer as Simon Broome Maz Jobrani as Mo Yusuf Gatewood as Doug Sydney Pollack as Jay Pettigrew Curtiss Cook as Ajene Xola Byron Utley as Jean Gamba The Interpreter and Zimbabwe There are strong parallels between Robert Mugabe and the character Dr. in Ku is Angota ho ne njumata.

" It states that screening the film risks contravening Section 13(1)(A) as read with subsection (6) of the Censorship and Entertainment Control Act. attacked the film. The film has been approved for release and distribution inside the country by the country's official censorship board." • Zimdaily. bringing the picture's worldwide gross to $162. stated that the film is "mischievous" and a "subtle denigration of our head of State by the Bush administration and the CIA. Acting Minister of Information and Publicity Chen Chimutengwende said. calling it an anti-Zimbabwean work supported by the CIA. We have defeated a powerful enemy before which was colonialism. a government-controlled newspaper in Harare. Tafataona Mahoso.The Interpreter • Mugabe hired Ari Ben-Menashe. "But we will defeat them and we will defeat neo-colonialism. • The flag of Matobo bears a strong resemblance to the flag of Zimbabwe. "The CIA-backed film showed that Zimbabwe's enemies did not rest. They have resources and are determined to wage their war on the economic. .762.236. who claimed to be an ex-Israeli secret service agent.923 versus an $80 million budget. which outlaws communicating statements deemed to undermine the head of State. The names of the main character in the film are Shona. 80 Box office The picture was #1 In its opening weekend.944. The Interpreter had a domestic gross of $72. • Zimbabwe's government also linked the film to efforts by Australia and New Zealand to have Mugabe indicted by the UN Security Council for trial before the International Criminal Court on charges of crimes against humanity. the Herald. chairman of the Zimbabwe government Media and Information Commission. . Zimbabwe's government has itself spotted the parallels between Mugabe and Zuwanie. . typical of the tactics used during the Cold War. • Zuwanie is the dictator of the fictional country of Matobo. to arrange an assassination attempt which would see Morgan Tsvangirai tried for treason. Awards In 2005. referring to Zimbabwe's main ethnic group to which Mugabe belongs." Mr Chimutengwende said. Zuwanie is portrayed as arranging for a Dutch former mercenary to arrange an assassination attempt on him. According to Box Office Mojo. The interdict.161 and an international tally of $90." he said. since – as described in the film – "a nearly-assassinated president gains credibility and sticks around to enjoy it. said it was "cheap American and Rhodesian propaganda . social and cultural fronts. and that it is in contravention of the Public Order and Security Act." • Mugabe has a preoccupation with the British and frequently accused Tony Blair of trying to unseat him." he said. so this film was considered a box office success.708. Zimbabwe.[2] • In September 2005. seen by Zimdaily. • The film has a scene where there is a demonstration against Zuwanie at the UN.com reported on 23 September 2005 that the President's Office had issued an interdict banning screening of The Interpreter. for her parts in several films including The Interpreter. "The film talks about an African president going to the United Nations and our president is going to the UN next week so the connection is so obvious. the Los Angeles Film Critics Association awarded Catherine Keener as Best Supporting Actress. one of the anti-Zuwanie demonstrators is holding a poster with the open-handed symbol of the main opposition party in Zimbabwe: the Movement for Democratic Change. Zuwanie thinks the French are doing the same. an apparent reference to Matobo National Park in Zimbabwe.

Retrieved 28 June 2008.org/av/ photo/unhq/interpreter042604. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 3672605.com/movie_scripts/i/ interpreter-script-transcript-nicole-kidman.com/) The Interpreter (http://www.The Interpreter 81 See also • • • • • Ku (language) United Nations United Nations General Assembly United Nations Interpreters Matobo National Park References [1] Diplomats' movie hopes dashed (http:/ / news. bbc. External links Official website (http://www. 5 September 2005. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/ film/ 4216168.htm).imdb. org/av/photo/unhq/pcinterpreter030904. co. bbc. asp?nid=719) • Reception Held at UN Headquarters for Film "The Interpreter".org. March 9. co. retrieved on May 31. 2004 (http://www.theinterpretermovie. . stm) [2] "Zimbabwe accuses CIA of film plot" (http:/ / news. BBC news.org/apps/sg/offthecuff.un.com/work/302355) at Allmovie The Interpreter (http://www. stm). 2007 • Dialogue transcript of The Interpreter (http://www. April 23. 2007 • Press Conference: Filming of "The Interpreter" at UN Headquarters.htm).script-o-rama.boxofficemojo.com/title/tt0373926/) at the Internet Movie Database The Interpreter (http://www.un. UN.com/movies/?id=interpreter.metacritic.allmovie.com/film/titles/interpreter) at Metacritic The Interpreter (http://www.com/m/interpreter/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Interpreter (http://www. UN.html) • • • • • • • .htm) at Box Office Mojo Comments of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan o n 'The Interpreter' (http://www.un. retrieved on May 31.rottentomatoes. 2004 (http://www.org.

000.Birth (film) 82 Birth (film) Birth Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Jonathan Glazer Lizie Gower Nick Morris Jean-Louis Piel Jean-Claude Carrière Milo Addica Jonathan Glazer Nicole Kidman Cameron Bright Danny Huston Lauren Bacall Alexandre Desplat Harris Savides Sam Sneade Claus Wehlisch New Line Cinema September 8. Danny Huston and Cameron Bright. Lauren Bacall.000 US$23. 2004 96 minutes US English US$20. has been .492 Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Birth is a 2004 film directed by Jonathan Glazer and starring Nicole Kidman. The story is about a young widow from a prominent Manhattan-based family named Anna (played by Kidman) who slowly becomes convinced that her husband. Sean.925. who died ten years previously.

Anna's family becomes worried. At first Anna is skeptical.9 million. with $5. she suggests they run away and marry when he is of legal age. He answers frankly all the questions. his wife Clara (Anne Heche) excuses herself. That night Anna and Joseph discuss the letter. Everyone except Anna remains reasonably doubtful. wondering why he had the delusion of being her husband. When Clara points out that if he were really a reincarnation of Sean he would have come to her first. arrives at Anna's engagement party. garnering $1. even giving intimate details of Anna and Sean's sex life. Clara encounters Sean at the door and asks him to visit her later. Ten years later. she buys a replacement after hurriedly burying the gift while a young boy (Cameron Bright) secretly looks on. These were Clara's spiteful engagement gift which the boy secretly unearthed and read the night of the party. and a pained Anna sees the young Sean collapse in his father's arms.Birth (film) reincarnated in the form of a 10-year-old boy also named Sean (Bright). Anna follows him and kisses him on the lips. The combined worldwide total box office was $23. the film generally received mixed reviews. film critic David Thomson included the film in his list of '10 lost works of genius'. He takes him to Sean's father (Ted Levine). mentioning that he disbelieves in reincarnation. When Clifford (Peter Stormare). and warns her not to marry Joseph. He offers to submit to questioning. Joseph (Danny Huston). We learn that Clara was Sean's lover before his death. Since the building watchman seemed to know the boy (and that the boy is also named Sean). When Sean runs out. Joseph calls to get more information.[1] 83 Plot A narrator lectures to an unseen audience. When Anna misses an appointment with her fiance to spend time with Sean. Sean. he brings a backpack full of Anna's love letters to Sean. where the three of them order Sean to leave Anna alone.1 million in the United States and $18. the man's widow. Distributed by New Line Cinema. Sean runs out in a state of confusion and guilt. but Sean's intimate knowledge of their past makes her think twice. the boy who followed Clara claims to be Anna's deceased husband. Anna wades into the sea in anguish after the ceremony. . where he dies of a heart attack. and that he gave the letters to her unopened as proof of his love. Instead. Sean. When Anna finds Sean. Anna apologizes to Joseph. Sean refuses to recant his story. Joseph begins feeling worried not merely about the boy. When Sean answers the phone. and that she will know where. Sean's brother. particularly her sister Laura (Alison Elliott). Joseph's jealousy is made plain when he physically attacks Sean. At a party for Anna's mother (Lauren Bacall).8 million abroad. Joseph rushes downstairs to confront him. He tells Anna that since he loves her he must not be the reincarnated Sean. Anna's brother-in-law Bob (Arliss Howard). saying she forgot to wrap Anna's gift. Sean is brought to Anna's by his fretful mother (Cara Seymour).7 million with bookings at 550 screens. recording his responses on tape. When Anna receives a letter from him the next day warning her not to marry Joseph. as well as Harris Savides's cinematography and Alexandre Desplat's score. but abandoned her plan to give Anna the letters. Sean wrote a long letter apologizing to Anna. and they are married at the beach. At first Anna dismisses the boy's claim. Anna hurries to Central Park and finds Sean waiting in the spot where Anna's husband died. However. Sean leaves a message on Anna's answering machine. she realizes the boy truly believes he is her reincarnated husband. We then see this man. and he is able to identify parts of the apartment. Anna (Nicole Kidman) has accepted a marriage proposal from her boyfriend. but about Anna's odd behavior. She has begun to believe the boy may be a manifestation of her dead husband. it earned 12th position on its opening weekend. running through Central Park. That day at lunch. a doctor. writing in The Guardian in August 2010. Anna's mother mentions that Sean wants to meet Anna in the park. Anna seems convinced by the boy's story and asks Clara and Clifford to meet him. Clara was jealous that Sean would not leave Anna. Despite praise for Kidman's performance (which earned her a Golden Globe Award nomination) and Glazer's direction. When he visits. talks to Sean. who treats young Sean with contempt. which her mother overhears.

and he's ten years old. Glazer gave her short hair.[6] She approached the director about doing the film.Birth (film) Joseph gradually pulls her back onto the sand and whispers reassuringly into her ear. personal reactions. The script went through 21 drafts as Glazer and co-screenwriter Milo Addica worked on the story. the script was about the boy and they changed it to be about the woman instead. Kidman spoke to two friends who had lost their fathers and they talked about how it still affected them years after.[2] While writing the script. Conte Production Director Jonathan Glazer was interested in making a film about "the idea of eternal love" and a "mystery of the heart". giving them to the actors on the actual day they were shooting.[6] The director explained Anna's appearance as "somebody who had sort of let all glamor go and sexuality go". tailoring it specifically for her.[5] . he would rewrite the script on weekends. 84 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Anna Cameron Bright as Young Sean Danny Huston as Joseph Lauren Bacall as Eleanor Alison Elliott as Laura Arliss Howard as Bob Michael Desautels as Sean Anne Heche as Clara Peter Stormare as Clifford Ted Levine as Mr.[2] The more he talked to Kidman about her character.[5] Actress Nicole Kidman read the screenplay and wanted to do the film when she found out that Glazer was directing as she loved his previous film. She found the character to be all-consuming so that she could not separate herself from the role.[5] With only a few weeks before principal photography was to begin. Conte Cara Seymour as Mrs.[7] Kidman said that Glazer instructed her to do small. he met with Kidman and realized that "she was ready to inhabit the role". the two writers decided to refocus the entire film. spare wardrobe and short. he was not interested in making a ghost story or a "paranormal piece". clipped speech.". Sexy Beast.[4] To show Anna in mourning both externally and internally.[5] The director spent eight months going back and forth to Paris every weekend turning one paragraph into three acts.[2] However. Originally.[3] He envisioned a fairy tale structure early on. he resisted because he felt that "her celebrity is so everywhere that I thought it could only hurt the delicate nature of this character". At first.[5] Glazer went to Paris to discuss the idea with French screenwriter Jean-Claude Carrière at his producer's recommendation. To research for the role.[4] The initial idea for the film came to him one day when he was in his kitchen: "There's this little kid and he tells a woman he's her dead husband .[6] Addica and Glazer often wrote scenes the day before they were shot. Carrière ended up helping Glazer with the story and acted as a script consultant.

"[17] Further controversy occurred at the festival when a journalist described Kidman as a "screen legend". but neither one is consistent with all of the facts. cannot be explained by his having memorized the love letters. but she gives herself so completely to the role that the film becomes both spellbinding and heartbreaking. plodding. before people see it. "I certainly don't feel like a big star in Hollywood".[2] The film opened in 550 theatres on October 29.9 million. who notes: "There seem to be two possible explanations for what finally happens. in his review for the Washington Post.[15] Controversy The film generated controversy due to a scene wherein Kidman shares a bath with Bright. Kidman's brilliantly nuanced performance. "I can imagine that. Kidman addressed the controversy of her character kissing a boy: "It wasn't that I wanted to make a film where I kiss a 10-year-old boy. chilly and a little sadistic. Bright was never naked and the two actors were never even in the same room during the filming of the bath scene apart from one camera shot.8 million in the rest of the world with a worldwide total of $23. who can't seem to follow through on their promisingly metaphysical premise (let alone the theme of obsessive love). they might think it was salacious. "What I'm not so fond of is the cop-out ultimately taken by the filmmakers. ."[13] That the young Sean knows precisely where the adult Sean died. "People are a bit polarised by it. both apparently naked. But I knew it was never going to be that.[13] In his review for the New York Times. "the script is hooey. Scott praised Nicole Kidman's performance: "Without Ms. it explores what might really happen if a 10-year-old turned up and said what Sean says". electing instead to eliminate all ambiguity". 2004 grossing USD $1. "Birth is less sensational and more ominous.[11] In his review for the New York Daily News."[14] Birth was placed at 96 on Slant Magazine's best films of the 2000s. In his review for Newsweek.[17] Complaints of the film's "cop-out" ending are questioned by Roger Ebert in his review. I wanted to make a film where you understand love. Birth has a 40% rating at Rotten Tomatoes and a 50 metascore at Metacritic. "corny.on occasion .1 million in North America and $18.[2] In fact. It went on to gross $5.7 million on its opening weekend.seriously creepy". and also more intriguing because instead of going for quick thrills. "She is a beginner". Roger Ebert gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and compared it to Rosemary's Baby saying."[2] At a press conference at the Venice Film Festival.[10] Michael O'Sullivan.[12] However. to which her co-star.O.[2] Glazer responded. which is healthy". wrote. Birth is ridiculous. garnering generally mixed to negative reviews. implausible and . and oddly unforgettable". a delicate chamber piece with the large. A. Birth might feel arch. and when this shot happened both actors wore special clothes that were not visible to the camera. troubled heart of an opera. Jack Mathews called the film. Lauren Bacall replied.[9] The film was not well-received among critics.[17] Kidman downplayed Bacall's remarks and said.[16] Glazer insists that the scene is not erotic or exploitative. for example. David Ansen wrote.Birth (film) 85 Reception Birth debuted at the 2004 Venice Film Festival where its first press screening was greeted with widely reported booing[8] and catcalls. barely above its $20 million budget.

html) by Dave Calhoun for Time Out (26 Oct 2004) Interview with Jonathan Glazer (Birth) (http://suicidegirls.com/film/titles/birth) at Metacritic Birth (http://www. uk/ arts/ main. .com/title/tt0337876/) at the Internet Movie Database Birth (http://www.metacritic. dll/ article?AID=/ 20041028/ REVIEWS/ 41006003/ 1023). uk/ news/ worldnews/ europe/ italy/ 1471380/ Bacall-delivers-a-legendary-snub-to-Kidman. Dave (October 26. 2004).php&Column_Id=86) Essay at 24LiesASecond Interview with Jonathan Glazer (http://www.com/film/0444. "Interview with Jonathan Glazer (Birth)" (http:/ / suicidegirls. London: Daily Telegraph. February 2005. 2004).com/movies/?id=birth. html). 2004. Slant Magazine. co. [13] Ebert.com/film/ 0444. slantmagazine.bfi. 2004). "Snap Judgement" (http:/ / www.winter3. com/ movies/ ?id=birth.html) . com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2004/ 10/ 29/ AR2005033115930. com/ apps/ pbcs.villagevoice.ece) Birth Control (http://www. [6] "Brace Yourself for .uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/ article629531. October 29. "Bacall delivers a legendary snub to Kidman" (http:/ / www. co. London: Daily Telegraph. . Michael (October 29. . 2004). IGN FilmForce. Daniel Robert (November 4. suntimes. "A Visitor From Betwixt Shows Up in Between" (http:/ / movies. . ign. 2004). [7] "Birth Control" (http:/ / movies.20.timesonline. aspx?ContentID=10034) [17] Born.Birth (film) 86 References [1] The Films That Time Forgot (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-06-03. html?_r=1& oref=slogin). uk/ arts/ main.rottentomatoes. . Retrieved 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2008-04-22. . boxofficemojo. Sheila (October 29. [11] O'Sullivan. Retrieved February 10.html) • • • • • • • . jhtml?xml=/ arts/ 2004/ 10/ 29/ bfglaz29. New York Daily News. guardian.allmovie. xml). Retrieved 2008-06-03. [14] Scott. A. Retrieved 2008-04-22.villagevoice. "Giving Birth to a Scandal" (http:/ / www. telegraph. [4] "About A Boy". [8] Gritten. New York Daily News. . Retrieved 2008-04-22.O. Birth". Retrieved 2008-06-03.php?page=2&task=index_onearticle. Washington Post. [12] Mathews.filmstew.boxofficemojo. 2004).58073. (October 29. Retrieved 2008-06-03. External links • • • • • • Birth (http://www. com/ 2004/ 10/ 29/ movies/ 29birt.com • Giving Birth to Controversy (http:/ / www.Village Voice Cinematographer Harris Savides on Trust. com/ film/ news/ 157. 2004). htm). uk/ film/ 2010/ aug/ 19/ cinema-lost-unknown-classics) The Guardian. [16] FilmStew. 2004).com/film/news/157. html). [15] "Best of the Aughts: Film" (http:/ / www. telegraph. Roger (October 29. . The Cinema Source. . London: Daily Telegraph. [10] Ansen. jhtml?xml=/ arts/ 2004/ 09/ 10/ bfven10. . xml). David (November 8. . Birth. html). Retrieved 2008-06-03. . David (September 10.com/work/295413) at Allmovie Birth (http://www.co. New York Times. 19 August 2010 [2] Johnston. com/ id/ 55647).com/words/Jonathan+Glazer/) by Daniel Robert Epstein for Suicide Girls Giving Birth to Controversy (http://www. com/ words/ Jonathan+ Glazer/ ). "Birth". Box Office Mojo. "Interview with Jonathan Glazer" (http:/ / www. com/ ShowArticle. Jack (October 29. nytimes. "Irreparable Birth Defects" (http:/ / www. co. filmstew.20. Matt (September 9.uk/sightandsound/feature/111/) Kidman: the best actress of her time? (http://entertainment. html).aspx?ContentID=10034) Grief Encounter (http://www. 2004). . October 24. Time Out.58072. newsweek. Newsweek.com/ShowArticle.com/site2/index. 2004). 2010.htm) at Box Office Mojo Why Is This Film Called Birth? Investigating Jonathan Glazer’s Mystery of the Heart (http://www.com/m/birth/) at Rotten Tomatoes Birth (http://www. 24liesasecond. and Invisible Light (http://www. "Birth" (http:/ / rogerebert. [5] Calhoun. com/ film/ feature/ best-of-the-aughts-film/ 216/ page_1). telegraph.imdb.lim. timeout. Chicago Sun-Times.org. co. Suicide Girls. 2004. [3] Epstein.timeout. [9] "Birth" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-06-03. Retrieved 2008-04-22. com/ articles/ 561/ 561920p1. "Kidman didn't deserve the boos – it's a stylish film" (http:/ / www. . washingtonpost.

913. Matthew . 2004 93 minutes United States English $90 million $101.[2] [3] [4] and was strongly disliked by its stars Nicole Kidman.194 Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue The Stepford Wives is a 2004 American black comedy/science fiction film. lost approximately $40M at the box office. the remake was marked by behind-the-scenes infighting. was dismissed by critics. both films are based on the Ira Levin novel The Stepford Wives. While the original film and book had tremendous cultural impact. The film is a remake of the 1975 film of the same name.The Stepford Wives (2004 film) 87 The Stepford Wives (2004 film) The Stepford Wives Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Story by Starring Frank Oz Scott Rudin Paul Rudnick Ira Levin (Novel) Nicole Kidman Matthew Broderick Bette Midler Christopher Walken Faith Hill Glenn Close David Arnold Music by Cinematography Rob Hahn Editing by Distributed by Jay Rabinowitz Paramount Pictures (USA) [1] DreamWorks (non-USA) June 11.

but does not react to the flame. does not betray Joanna and Bobbie. running for state senate as a conservative gay Republican. One evening. they hear her having loud. a golden remote control like Sarah's. Walter and Mr. engineers. owing Walter $20. Looking down. In horror. and he finds that it leads onto a balcony overlooking the main hall of the Men's Association. Walter apologizes. although Joanna sees Mike touching Sarah and she puts off sparks. and Roger witness an incident in which one of the Stepford wives. Joanna informs Walter that she and Bobbie are so terrified that they are packing up and moving. Markowitz go off to the Men's Association with Roger and Jerry. he loses his temper and yells at her. The film was directed by Frank Oz with a screenplay by Paul Rudnick and stars Nicole Kidman. She is fired after her latest project. and is horrified to see that Bobbie has become fawning and stupid as well. they find a long line of family portraits. Meanwhile. in fact. Matthew Broderick. while Claire (Close). Christopher Walken. they retreat to Bobbie's house. The next day. where Joanna suggests that they seriously try to live in Stepford. Terrified. They accidentally cause some noise. in which women often get the better of men. until finally. and judges. with the word JOANNA carved into it. a flamboyant gay man who has moved to town with his longtime partner. worried. she talks with Bobbie and Roger. The inhuman nature of these new Stepford spouses is revealed to Joanna when she attempts to confront the newly-transformed Bobbie. he is completely transformed. a robot. Bobbie. results in one of the jilted men going on a shooting spree. and says that there is nothing illicit going on it the Men's Association. but Joanna and Bobbie hire a sitter and follow them. violently dances and collapses to the floor. They find a remote control with the words SARAH carved into it. as she cleans the house and tries wearing more makeup. Joanna argues with Walter over Sarah. Joanna. revealing that she is. saying that her children barely know her. and their two children. a writer and recovering alcoholic. and Roger Bannister (Roger Bart). she is awakened by their robotic dog bringing her a bone. they move from Manhattan to Stepford. utters softly "Jerry?" The next day. in the Stepford book club. she finds that it is. She thanks him. She runs to see Bobbie first thing the next morning. the town's leading lady. she apologizes. That night. and that she is so cold and domineering that people want to kill her. Sneaking around the Men's Association. He. and they decide to go and see Sarah and tend to her. the Stepford women are seen to be extremely vapid and shallow. Faith Hill and Glenn Close. Entering the house. but on closer examination. at which point a man named Mike (Christopher Walken) arrives and artfully directs all men to crowd around Sarah so that neither Joanna. Sarah Sunderson (Faith Hill). a quiet Connecticut suburb. Roger is directed through one door by the other men. and agrees to try to be more like the ladies of Stepford. Frightened.The Stepford Wives (2004 film) Broderick and Bette Midler due to their participation in the troubled production. Walter (Matthew Broderick). Joanna and Bobbie leave. With her husband. one of the Stepford Husbands. however. Realizing that she is unhappy. she goes online and learns that the women in Stepford used to be scientists. tries to distract Joanna by informing her that Mike essentially runs Stepford and says that he is her husband. During this time. like the other women. but simply turns to the camera and. Bobbie. a show about spouse-swapping called "I Can Do Better". their marriage is falling apart. in fact. Bette Midler. they can leave tomorrow. who unknowingly places her hand on a lit stove. passionate sex with her husband. and Roger is sent out to see what's doing. their 'provocative' and 'inspiring' story is a catalogue of Christmas and Chanukah collectibles and decoration tips. Joanna . saying that if she's so miserable. for a change of scenery. Joanna becomes friends with Bobbie Markowitz (Bette Midler). Walter has been bonding with the Stepford Men's Association. and she has a nervous breakdown. nor Roger can see what occurs. and plays games which result in Ted. He gets the money by summoning his wife and having her put a credit card in her mouth and spit out twenty one dollar bills. 88 Plot Joanna Eberhart (Nicole Kidman) is a successful Manhattan television executive who produces reality television shows. Several people carry Sarah away. he sees something incomprehensible. Jerry (David Marshall Grant).

she replied 'That's next.The Stepford Wives (2004 film) attempts to flee. and making them complete many of the same banal domestic tasks they had forced the women to do previously. with Joanna and Walter as guests of honor. career-minded clever women. she went totally insane and murdered him. angrily demanding her children be returned. but before he can attack him. Walter. Stepford hosts a formal ball to celebrate the full assimilation of the town. and tired robotics expert. She storms the Stepford Men's Club. a tense. The men lose their desire to have 'Stepford Wives' when they realize that not only was it a woman. During the festivities. and the irate wives take over Stepford and force their husbands to atone for their crimes by placing them under house arrest. having apparently become one of them. Joanna is forced into the transformation room with her husband. a crisis has broken out between the baffled husbands and their vengeful wives. whereupon all the Stepford Wives revert to their original personalities. Claire accidentally electrocutes herself with the remains of her Stepford husband. 89 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Joanna Eberhart Matthew Broderick as Walter Kresby Bette Midler as Bobbie Markowitz Christopher Walken as Mike Wellington Roger Bart as Roger Bannister Faith Hill as Sarah Sunderson Glenn Close as Claire Wellington Jon Lovitz as Dave Markowitz Matt Malloy as Herb Sunderson David Marshall Grant as Jerry Harmon Kate Shindle as Beth Peters Mike White as Hank KaDee Strickland as Tara Larry King as Himself . and is entrapped by the men who have been lying in wait for her. when they were important scientists and engineers. the apparent leader of Stepford. Mike threatens Walter. serious. Joanna and Walter reveal that Joanna had never been killed and replaced with a robotess but had instead pretended to be a robotess in order to assist in the destruction of Stepford. but that she planned a total replacement of humans by robots. Walter returns to the transformation room where he destroys the software that makes the women obedient and absurd. and Claire is a real woman. not a man. only to discover that her children have been taken hostage by the men of Stepford. murdered them. decapitating him. Distraught over the loss of her Stepford husband. who thought up the whole idea. reduced the men to the level of support systems. kind. Enraged. and replaced them with patient. but because she was exactly like them. Soon after. they dragged their wives underground. after which Joanna calmly purchases groceries alongside the rest of the Stepford wives. She thus created her robot husband partly because he was someone other men would listen to. and revealing that he is a robot. impossibly beautiful robotesses. Then she made a decision to make the world 'more beautiful'. while the rest of the film implied that Claire was a Stepford Wife and that Mike was a real man. Joanna distracts Mike.'. Claire explains that she created Stepford not because she was nothing like the bitter. Joanna strikes him with a candlestick. when Joanna demanded why she didn't simply make the men into robots. When she discovered that Mike was having an affair. They explain that their wives. and entices him into the garden while Walter slips away. When Walter returns to the ball.

742. pulled out of the project and were replaced by Matthew Broderick and Bette Midler.484. and finds lots of women dressed in colorful frocks and makeup. Kidman was reportedly so dissatisfied with the new screenplay that she considered pulling out of the project. as well as "Best of Show".. he admitted that. called Paul Rudnick's screenplay "rich with zingers". however. and gave the film three stars. Critical reception The film was largely panned by the critics.406. the US opening weekend's gross was a respectable $21. Frank Oz's take on the film was "I fucked up.[4] . collapsing at the end into incoherence and wishy-washy. in the "Worst Movies of 2004" episode of At the Movies with Ebert and Roeper. which created a number of plot holes. affording it an average of only two stars. its production budget was an estimated $100 million plus a further $46 million for marketing and distribution costs. have-it-all sentimentality. so everything shown is a take wherein she didn't have a cigarette. the film barely cracked the top 50 grossing movies. Visitors to his website were less charitable.."[5] The majority of the film was shot in Greenwich. and Frank Oz realized that someone as focused on perfection and romance as Claire would never allow Joanna to smoke. After filming was initially completed.[11] Box office The film was not successful.428. marooned in a swamp of camp inconsequentiality.[2] The film grossed $42. several changes were made to the new script. respectively.. I had too much money." Also. Nicole Kidman smoked a cigarette.[10] However. As this was happening.452 internationally. while he gave the film "thumbs up. the film's teaser won several Golden Trailer Awards. sales fell off quickly and that one weekend would ultimately represent over a third of the film's domestic gross of $59.781. in fact. originally slated to star in supporting roles. There is one scene in the film when Joanna Eberhart enters the Simply Stepford Day Spa.[3] For the year. and I was too responsible and concerned for Paramount. and Garfield: The Movie."[9] There were also receptive critics. finishing well behind Barbershop 2." it wouldn't be "the first movie that [he] would defend. Connecticut. and grossing just over one-tenth as much as the year's luminaries such as Shrek 2 and The Passion of the Christ. And I didn't follow my instincts. The tension started when both John and Joan Cusack. can't compare to the mess onscreen. in the categories of "Summer 2004 Blockbuster" and "Most Original". Christmas with the Kranks. Connecticut and New Canaan. Broderick and producer Scott Rudin have all expressed regret for participating in the film.The Stepford Wives (2004 film) 90 Production This film is notorious for the numerous production problems that occurred throughout its shooting schedule. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a 27%[6] • Rolling Stone said. I was too concerned for the producers. Kidman. and the cast was called back for reshoots. In recent interviews."[7] • Entertainment Weekly said. Reports of problems on-set between director Frank Oz and stars Nicole Kidman and Bette Midler were rampant in the press.. for example."[8] • The New York Times said "the movie never lives up to its satiric potential. "Buzz of troubles on the set. "The remake is. Roger Ebert. In an interview with Ain't It Cool.

rollingstone.com.com/title/tt0327162/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Stepford Wives (http://www. com/ movies/ 2004/ STEPF. 2007-08-07. aintitcool. [8] Reviewed by Lisa Schwarzbaum (2004-06-09). html). 2010.com.htm) at Box Office Mojo . Rogerebert. com/ m/ stepford_wives/ ). The Numbers. archive. com/ ?q=node/ 33610). Aintitcool. Rollingstone." Rotten Tomatoes.com/movies/?id=stepfordwives.boxofficemojo. [7] "''Rolling Stone'' review of ''The Stepford Wives''" (http:/ / www.suntimes. Ew. Retrieved 2010-09-20. GoldenTrailer.649278. . What Went Wrong on Stepford. 2008. Retrieved 2010-09-20.com. goldentrailer. com/ movies/ ?id=stepfordwives. External links • The Stepford Wives (http://www. Boxofficemojo. org/ web/ 20080624081543/ http:/ / www. and (of Course) Yoda" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. Movies. [10] "''Chicago Sun Times'' review of ''The Stepford Wives''" (http:/ / rogerebert. Retrieved on May 23. com/ movie/ 288230/ The-Stepford-Wives/ overview). com/ apps/ pbcs. due to parent Viacom purchasing DreamWorks in December 2005 [2] "The Stepford Wives (2004)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.provided animation for this movie References [1] Paramount now also effectively owns the international rights to the film. . .com. . 2004 (http:/ / www. html) on June 24. nytimes. [6] " The Stepford Wives (2004) (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ gta5.com. do?articleId=227846) [5] "Capone With Frank Oz About Death at a Funeral. [4] History. Retrieved 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2010-09-20. com/ encyclopedia. suntimes. "''New York Times'' review of ''The Stepford Wives''" (http:/ / movies. com/ gta5. goldentrailer. com/ ew/ article/ 0.The Stepford Wives (2004 film) 91 See also • The Stepford Wives (1975) • Asterisk animation . history. htm).com: 50 Top Grossing Movies.com. ew. . html). "''Entertainment Weekly'' review of ''The Stepford Wives''" (http:/ / www. [11] "5th Annual Golden Trailer Awards" (http:/ / web.nytimes. php). [3] "Stepford Wives 2004 budget details" (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 20040611/ REVIEWS/ 406110306). Retrieved 2010-09-20.. [9] Merkin.com.imdb. . Daphne. . com/ reviews/ movie/ 6121959/ review/ 6121960/ stepford_wives_rs952). Retrieved 2008-09-07.00. Retrieved 2010-09-20. . the-numbers. Retrieved 2010-09-20.

2003 154 minutes United States .Cold Mountain (film) 92 Cold Mountain (film) Cold Mountain Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Anthony Minghella Albert Berger William Horberg Sydney Pollack Ron Yerxa Anthony Minghella Charles Frazier (Book) Jude Law Nicole Kidman Renée Zellweger Eileen Atkins Kathy Baker Brendan Gleeson Philip Seymour Hoffman Charlie Hunnam Natalie Portman Giovanni Ribisi Donald Sutherland James Gammon Jack White Ethan Suplee Gabriel Yared Written by Starring Music by Cinematography John Seale Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Walter Murch Miramax Films December 25.

It was also a success at the box office and became a sleeper hit grossing more than double its budget worldwide. Nicole Kidman and Renée Zellweger in lead roles as well as Natalie Portman. During the raid other Confederate troops open fire killing several Confederates and wounding Inman.013. . Inman at a provincial North Carolina town. Ada Monroe. Inman is able to escape with a wound. After staying a night with her. He then meets a young widow named Sara (Natalie Portman) who is raising her infant child alone. The Confederates fire down at them but the fighting becomes hand to hand and Oakley is pulled down in by a Union soldier and Inman goes after him. The teenaged Oakley (Lucas Black) is handing out clothes from a wheelbarrow while Inman reads letters from Ada. The kindhearted soldier is shot by Sara. He meets Ada (Nicole Kidman) and is at the fledgling stages of a relationship with her when he marches off to war as a Confederate soldier. As the Confederates are cleaning up after the battle. Just as one of the men is about to capture it the ground rises from under him and there is a huge explosion. The film opens early in the morning of July 30. Inman and his platoon are sent out to kill surviving Union troops trapped behind the lines. As Inman and Oakley get up dazed from the blast they see Union troops charging at them. Inman comforts Oakley as he is pulled to the hospital on a cart. The soldiers are tired and bored. but he hides only a few feet away from the house. As the Union charge they run right into the crater where the trench used to be and are trapped in a kill zone. Later that day Oakley dies in the hospital with Inman and Stobrod Thewes (Brendan Gleeson) beside him. The film is based on the bestselling novel of the same name by Charles Frazier. But meanwhile Union engineers are filling a mine under the Confederate trenches with gunpowder barrels while above. The lead soldier attempts to rape Sara but is killed along with the other soldier by Inman. hundreds of Union troops are waiting to attack. Suddenly back at the Confederate siege works. a rabbit hops into the trench. Sara rushes Inman away to avoid his being killed. While the home guard officers attempt to hide from a group of Union soldiers. The battle ends with a huge Union defeat. After Inman dissuades him. On his journey he meets the corrupt preacher Reverend Veasey (Philip Seymour Hoffman) who is trying to kill his pregnant lover. though one (Cillian Murphy) attempts to keep the baby warm. Before Inman can reach him Oakley is bayoneted but survives. he joins Inman on his journey. Inman shoots the Union soldier with a LeMat revolver he finds and pulls Oakley out of the chaos. Plot At the film's inception Jude Law plays a young man named W. Confederate troops are entrenched outside Petersburg during its siege. three Union soldiers arrive demanding food. While lying in the hospital he has letters read to him from Ada.Cold Mountain (film) Language Budget Gross revenue English $79 million $173. Cold Mountain opened to great reviews from critics and won several major awards. Inman then decides to desert and go home to Cold Mountain. 1864. It stars Jude Law. The next night. Phillip Seymour Hoffman and Giovanni Ribisi. Most are seasoned veterans who have been fighting for over three years. The Union lit the barrels and most of the trench exploded. P. Junior reports them to the Confederate Home Guard and both Inman and Veasey are taken prisoner. Two of the soldiers harass Sara and leave her baby in the cold. They help a young man named Junior (Giovanni Ribisi) butcher his cow and join him and his family for the feast. However.509 [1] 93 Cold Mountain is a 2003 war drama film written and directed by Anthony Minghella. The film tells the story of a wounded deserter from the Confederate army close to the end of the American Civil War who is on his way to return to the love of his life. An old and wizened woman (Eileen Atkins) cares for him and feeds him.

Ada goes to him. leaving her alone on the farm and with little prospect for help. Pangle and Georgia are cornered by the Home Guardsmen led by Teague. as they know he's a deserter. and finds him just as she saw in the well earlier when he was coming back to her. and had a brief romance with him the night before he left for the army. Georgia is hidden a few feet away. have several tense encounters with men who are members of the Home Guard. soon find the couple in the mountain and determine to kill Inman. He convinces her to make a coat for his intellectually devoid banjo player Pangle (Ethan Suplee). It is at the Swangers' well that Ada "sees" a vision of Inman coming back to her in the snow along with a flock of crows. Her father Stobrod is revealed to have survived. They decide to stay at some cabins in the woods to avoid Teague and his men. 94 . and witnesses the shooting of Pangle and Stobrod. Inman is shot by the young and violent Bosie. Stobrod. Grace Inman. arrives and reconciles with her. This branch of the Home Guard is led by Teague. who live down the road from Black Cove. as the young. whose grandfather once owned much of Cold Mountain. She manages to survive thanks to the kindness of her neighbors. During the war.is also killed in protection of his sons. and other members of their community. He informs Ruby and Ada. Teague also lusts after Ada. The two women form a close friendship and become each other's confidantes. including the Swangers' sons. who rush to the campsite to find Pangle dead and Stobrod injured. Ada writes constant letters to Inman in hopes of meeting him again and renewing their romance. Ada and Ruby. one of whom eventually sends Ruby Thewes (Renee Zellweger) to her. Ruby lives at the farm with Ada and together. having been raised to become a southern lady and is struggling to survive at the farm. It is at this moment that the two story lines reconverge: Inman finally reaches Cold Mountain. the film follows Ada's wartime experiences. they take the farm from a state of disaster to working order. While fighting off the hunters. Ruby and their families celebrating Easter. Ruby has married Georgia. her minister father (Donald Sutherland) dies.Cold Mountain (film) Parallel with Inman's adventures. Ruby is a young woman who has lived a hard-scrabble life and is very adept at the tasks needed to run the farm. they have become violent vigilantes who hunt and often kill deserters from the Confederate Army and terrorize citizens they believe are housing or helping the deserters. able-bodied men are off at war. Ruby's estranged father Stobrod (Brendan Gleeson). Esco Swanger . The Home Guardsmen. Although the purpose of the Home Guard was to protect the south and its citizen population from the North. and the two have an infant child. He dies in her arms. They also are friends with the Swangers (James Gammon and Kathy Baker). who by torturing their mother they coax out of hiding to be killed. however. also a Confederate deserter and a violin player. The film ends several years later with Ada. He and his deputies hunt deserters partially with the goal of Teague seizing their land. While camping. Ruby also finds herself drawn to mandolin player Georgia (Jack White). but manages to kill him as well. They later consummate their love and spend the night together. She met Inman on her first day at Cold Mountain. and it is revealed that Ada's night with Inman had given her a child. and is almost killed by Ada before she recognizes him. Shortly after Inman leaves. During this time. She is completely inept at working the farm. Ada is a city woman who only recently moved to the rural farm named Black Cove.the family patriarch . Pangle unintentionally reveals the band as the deserters Teague is seeking.

. However. Inman Nicole Kidman as Ada Monroe Renée Zellweger as Ruby Thewes Eileen Atkins as Maddy Kathy Baker as Sally Swanger James Gammon as Esco Swanger Brendan Gleeson as Stobrod Thewes Philip Seymour Hoffman as Reverend Veasey Charlie Hunnam as Bosie Cillian Murphy as Bardolph Natalie Portman as Sara Giovanni Ribisi as Junior Donald Sutherland as Reverend Monroe Ethan Suplee as Pangle Jack White as Georgia Ray Winstone as Teague Lucas Black as Oakley Emily Deschanel as Mrs. The film was one of an increasing number of Hollywood productions made in eastern Europe. North Carolina.Cold Mountain (film) 95 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Jude Law as W. Original Song (T-Bone Burnett and Elvis Costello for the song "The Scarlet Tide") • Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures. with numerous scenes filmed in Virginia. Renée Zellweger won the Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for her performance in the film. paved roads and so on). In addition. P. This is occurring as a result of much lower costs in the region. Original Score (Gabriel Yared) Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures. Morgan Jena Malone as Ferry Girl Awards and nominations The film was nominated for 74 awards including 7 Academy Award nominations. is a real mountain located within the Pisgah National Forest. the movie was nominated for the following Academy Award's: • • • • • Best Actor in a Leading Role (Jude Law) Best Achievement in Cinematography (John Seale) Best Achievement in Editing (Walter Murch) Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures. where the film is set. South Carolina and North Carolina. electric poles. Transylvania was less marked by modern life than the Appalachians (fewer power lines. it was filmed mostly in Romania. Original Song (Sting for the song "You Will Be My Ain True Love") Production Cold Mountain. Haywood County. and in this specific instance.

This was a leap for such a big budgeted film. As a result. South Carolina.[4] On Metacritic." Soundtrack The Cold Mountain soundtrack shares producer T Bone Burnett with the soundtrack for O Brother Where Art Thou?. USA Potigrafu. It is also a rare blend of purity and maturity -. Virginia. Williamsburg. went even further giving the film a 100 points out of 100 possible calling the film "A grand and poignant movie epic about what is lost in war and what's worth saving in life. were both nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song and featured vocals by bluegrass singer Alison Krauss. the film received a grade of 73 out of 100 points possible based on 42 generally favorable reviews.the year's most rapturous love story. where expensive Avid systems are usually the standard NLE tool. and garnered a Grammy. USA[2] Editing The film also marked a technological and industry turnaround in editing."[6] Richard Corliss. Walter Murch edited Cold Mountain on Apple's sub-$1000 Final Cut Pro software using off the shelf G4s. Elvis Costello and Sting. USA North Carolina. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has a grade of 71% "Fresh" from critics and a 90% from the "Cream of the Crop" as well.[5] Popular film critic Roger Ebert gave the film three stars out of four possible. USA Charleston. His efforts on the film were documented in the 2005 book Behind the Seen: How Walter Murch Edited Cold Mountain Using Apple's Final Cut Pro and What This Means for Cinema. Gabriel Yared's Oscar-nominated score is represented by four tracks amounting to approximately fifteen minutes of music. a largely old-time and folk album with limited radio play that still enjoyed commercial success. USA College of Charleston .8797 Pocahontas Trail. Romania Richmond. "The Scarlet Tide" and "You Will Be My Ain True Love". South Carolina. Romania Carter's Grove . It features songs written by Jack White of The White Stripes (who also appeared in the film in the role of Georgia). Virginia. Charleston.[3] Reception Cold Mountain was met with overall positive reviews from critics. USA South Carolina. however. Costello and Sting's contributions. and lights up with an assortment of colorful supporting characters.Cold Mountain (film) 96 Filming locations • • • • • • • • Carpathian Mountains. also employs many folk and blues elements. The Cold Mountain soundtrack. . noting that "It evokes a backwater of the Civil War with rare beauty.66 George Street. film critic for TIME magazine. comparisons were drawn between the two albums.

metacritic. External links • • • • • • Official website (http://miramax. IMDb. htm). Retrieved October 9.html) Cold Mountain (http://www. 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-18. Rotten Tomatoes. dll/ article?AID=/ 20031224/ REVIEWS/ 312240303/ 1023). [6] Ebert. com/ apps/ pbcs.com/film/titles/coldmountain) at Metacritic Cold Mountain (http://www. com/ movie/ cold-mountain). Retrieved 2010-10-18.com/title/tt0159365/) at the Internet Movie Database Cold Mountain (http://www. com/ m/ cold_mountain). Credits. metacritic.rottentomatoes.allmovie.Cold Mountain (film) 97 See also • Captain Daniel Ellis References [1] Cold Mountain (2003) (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com :: Reviews (http:/ / rogerebert. com/ movies/ ?id=coldmountain.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www. 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-18. [5] Cold Mountain Reviews. Apple. Cold Mountain :: rogerebert. com/ pro/ profiles/ murch/ ). [3] Joe Cellini. Roger (December 24.com/m/cold_mountain/) at Rotten Tomatoes Cold Mountain (http://www. Pictures .com. rottentomatoes.com/movies/?id=coldmountain. [2] Filming locations for 'Cold Mountain' (http:/ / www. imdb. Ratings. Metacritic. and More at Metacritic (http:/ / www.imdb. suntimes.htm) at Box Office Mojo . Retrieved October 9.boxofficemojo.com/work/285740) at Allmovie Cold Mountain (http://www. apple. [4] Cold Mountain Movie Reviews. com/ title/ tt0159365/ locations).com/cold-mountain. Walter Murch: An Interview with the Editor of “Cold Mountain” (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 2003). Box Office Mojo.

2003 106 minutes United States Germany France English $30 million $24. The screenplay by Nicholas Meyer is based on the 2000 novel of the same name by Philip Roth. The film stars Anthony Hopkins and Nicole Kidman.The Human Stain (film) 98 The Human Stain (film) The Human Stain Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Robert Benton Bob Weinstein Harvey Weinstein Gary Lucchesi Nicholas Meyer Novel: Philip Roth Anthony Hopkins Nicole Kidman Gary Sinise Rachel Portman Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Jean-Yves Escoffier Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Christopher Tellefsen Lakeshore Entertainment Miramax Films October 31.804 Language Budget Gross revenue The Human Stain is a 2003 American romantic thriller film directed by Robert Benton.863. .

A. Silk Phyllis Newman as Iris Silk Production Campus scenes were filmed at Williams College in Williamstown. Release The film debuted at the Venice Film Festival.which also tends to be at its quietest . a considerably younger. It was shown at the Toronto Film Festival. to suggest that the . Its deepest flaw is an inability to link those moments of empathy and insight into a continuous drama. Coleman's wife died suddenly following the scandal. scrupulous and earnestly respectful of its literary source . but they cannot hope to approximate the brilliance and rapacity of his voice. Flashbacks reveal to the audience Coleman's secret: he is a white-skinned black man who has passed as a Jewish white man for most of his adult life. Scott called it "an honorable B+ term paper of a movie: sober. and the Hollywood Film Festival before its release in the US. Without the active intervention of Mr.379. His idyllic life is interrupted by Coleman Silk (Anthony Hopkins).227 in the US and $13. writer Nathan Zuckerman (Gary Sinise) has settled in a lakeside New England cabin following his second divorce and a battle with prostate cancer. Roth's themes with admirable clarity and care and observe his characters with delicate fondness. semi-literate woman who supports herself by working at menial jobs. Their relationship is threatened by the faculty members who forced Coleman from his job and by Faunia's stalker ex-husband Lester.387 [1] . Critical reception In his review in the New York Times.The Human Stain allows you both to care about its characters and to think about the larger issues that their lives represent. the Bergen International Film Festival.998. .160 in foreign markets for a total worldwide box office of $19. Roth's intelligence . who was forced to resign after being accused of making racist remarks in class. Box office The film grossed $5. . a former dean and professor of classics at local Athena College. the story fails to cohere . Massachusetts and McGill University in Montreal. At its best . The filmmakers explicate Mr. The project is placed on the back burner when Coleman falls into an affair with Faunia Farley (Nicole Kidman).The Human Stain (film) 99 Plot synopsis In the late 1990s. . . Cast • • • • • • • • • • Anthony Hopkins as Coleman Silk Nicole Kidman as Faunia Farley Gary Sinise as Nathan Zuckerman Ed Harris as Lester Farley Wentworth Miller as Young Coleman Silk Jacinda Barrett as Steena Paulsson Mimi Kuzyk as Delphine Roux Clark Gregg as Nelson Primus Anna Deavere Smith as Mrs. .O. which holds all the novel's disparate elements together. a mentally unbalanced Vietnam War veteran who blames her for the deaths of their children in an accident.381. and he wants to avenge his loss of career and companion by writing a book about the events with Nathan's assistance. .

are both as mesmerizing as they are miscast . nominee) References [1] The Human Stain at TheNumbers. ." [7] Awards and nominations • American Film Institute Award for Best Movies of 2003 (winner) • Washington D. flawed people. com/ review/ VE1117921675. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2003/ 10/ 31/ DD231134. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress (Anna Deavere Smith." [2] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times observed. .com (http:/ / www. "We have to suspend disbelief over the casting. . an unforgivably turgid lecture about political correctness. uk/ article/ 0. com/ movies/ 2003/ STAIN. . combined with a pervading inevitability. winner) • Black Reel Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture (Smith. Here are complex. dll/ article?AID=/ 20031031/ REVIEWS/ 310310303/ 1023) [4] San Francisco Chronicle review (http:/ / www. Most movie characters are like Greek gods and comic book heroes: We learn their roles and powers at the beginning of the story. DTL) [5] Variety review (http:/ / www. . com/ movie/ review?res=9505E4D81430F932A05753C1A9659C8B63) [3] Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert. co. nominee) • Black Reel Award for Best Breakthrough Performance (Miller. The result is something admirable but lifeless. who gives a strong. powerful portrayal. html) . troubled. A key problem Benton is unable to avoid is that Hopkins and Miller don't look (or talk) the least bit like one another. the-numbers. cuts the film off from any sustained vitality. sfgate. php) [2] New York Times review (http:/ / movies. suntimes. . timesonline. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) [6] Rolling Stone review (http:/ / www. com/ reviews/ movie/ _/ id/ 5947821/ rid/ 5947822/ ) [7] The Times review (http:/ / www. winner) • Black Reel Award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture (Wentworth Miller. com/ cgi-bin/ article. Peter Travers said. . . The Human Stain is heavy going.C. It's just that the believability gap looms large. and they never change.00. which is not to suggest that the Welsh-born actor doesn't give another intelligent. rollingstone. . . convinces as a light-skinned African-American in a way Hopkins never does.The Human Stain (film) characters' lives keep going when they are not on screen. Mick LaSalle called it "a mediocre movie . It's the flashes of dramatic lightning that make it a trip worth taking. com/ apps/ pbcs.7943-971961. brave enough to breathe deeply and take one more risk with their lives. and that. nytimes. but that's easier since we can believe the stories of these people. Not many movies probe into matters of identity or adaptation." [5] In Rolling Stone. Miller. [that] falls victim to a fatal lack of narrative drive. suspense and drama. "Hopkins and Kidman ." [4] 100 David Stratton of Variety described it as "an intelligent adaptation of Philip Roth's arguably unfilmable novel powered by two eye-catching performances . Kidman and Hopkins are wrong for their roles.." [6] The Times called it "sapping and unbelievable melodrama . variety. muted performance." [3] In the San Francisco Chronicle.

The Human Stain (film) 101 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://www.virtual-history.php?filmid=12285) .rottentomatoes.com/m/human_stain/) at Rotten Tomatoes Anthony Hopkins interview (http://www.imdb.moviehole.com/film.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Human Stain (http://www.net/news/20031026_2606.com/title/tt0308383/) at the Internet Movie Database The Human Stain (http://www.com/movies/?id=humanstain.boxofficemojo.com/thehumanstain/) The Human Stain (http://www.miramax.html) Movie stills (http://film.

2004 (limited) 178 minutes Running time . 2003 (NY FF) March 26. 2003 (Telluride) October 3. 2004 United States: August 29. 2003 May 21.Dogville 102 Dogville Dogville Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Narrated by Starring Lars von Trier Vibeke Windeløv Lars von Trier John Hurt Nicole Kidman Lauren Bacall Chloë Sevigny Paul Bettany Stellan Skarsgård Udo Kier James Caan Patricia Clarkson Cinematography Anthony Dod Mantle Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Molly Marlene Stensgård Canal+ France 3 Cinéma Lions Gate Entertainment Cannes Film Festival: May 19. 2003 United Kingdom: February 13.

followed by Manderlay (2005) and [1] to be completed with Wasington.[3] Plot structure Prologue Dogville is a very small American town by an abandoned silver mine in the Rocky Mountains with a road leading up to it and nowhere else to go but the mountains.Dogville Country Denmark Sweden Norway Finland United Kingdom France Germany Netherlands English $10 million $16. and Tom quickly hides Grace in the nearby mine.680. Udo Kier. stage-like set to tell the story of Grace Mulligan (Kidman). . an aspiring writer who procrastinates by trying to get his fellow citizens together for regular meetings on the subject of "moral rearmament. The Guardian recently ranked the film as the eighth best film of the 2000s. but Tom assures her that the mountains ahead are too difficult to pass. Because she has to win and keep the acceptance of every single one of the inhabitants of the town to be allowed to stay. The town is seen from the point of view of Tom Edison Jr. good people with small flaws which are easy to forgive. and starring Nicole Kidman. a beautiful but modest woman. Chapter 1 In which Tom hears gunfire and meets Grace It is Tom who first meets Grace (Nicole Kidman). and so the gangster offers him a reward and hands him a card with a phone number to call in case Grace shows up. It was screened at various film festivals before receiving a limited release in the US on March 26. as the moral and spiritual leader of the town.Land of Opportunities trilogy.[2] and was also included in Slant Magazine's list of the 100 best films of the decade. who is on the run from gangsters who we are led to believe shot at her. which he denies. Chloë Sevigny. Paul Bettany. a woman hiding from mobsters. who arrives in the small mountain town of Dogville and is provided refuge in return for physical labor.836 Manderlay 103 Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by Dogville is a 2003 philosophical drama written and directed by Lars von Trier. and James Caan. her stay there ultimately changes the lives of the local people and the town in many ways. Lauren Bacall. any attempt by her to do things her own way or to put a limit on her service risks driving her back out into the arms of the criminals. The film was in competition for the Palme d'Or at the 2003 Cannes Film Festival but Gus Van Sant's Elephant won the award. Stellan Skarsgård. One of the gangsters asks Tom if he has seen the woman. wants to keep running. It is a parable that uses an extremely minimal. Although she has no power in herself. (Paul Bettany). Grace. As they talk. They are portrayed as lovable. the gangsters approach the town. The film begins with a prologue in which we meet a dozen or so of the fifteen citizens. The film is the first in Von Trier's projected USA . 2004. a physician." It is clear that Tom wants to succeed his aging father.

Dogville Tom decides to use Grace as an "illustration" in his next meeting - a way for the townspeople to prove that they are indeed committed to community values, can receive a gift, and are willing to help the stranger. They remain skeptical, so Tom proposes that Grace should be given a chance to prove that she is a good person. Grace is accepted for two weeks in which, as Tom explains to her after the meeting, she has to convince the townspeople to like her.


Chapter 2
In which Grace follows Tom's plan and embarks upon physical labor On Tom's suggestion, Grace offers to do chores for the citizens - talking to the lonely, blind Jack McCay (Ben Gazzara), helping to run the small shop, looking after the children of Chuck (Stellan Skarsgård) and Vera (Patricia Clarkson), and so forth. After some initial reluctance, the people accept her help in doing those chores that "nobody really needs" but which nevertheless make life better, and so she becomes a part of the community.

Chapter 3
In which Grace indulges in a shady piece of provocation. In tacit agreement, she is expected to continue her chores, which she does gladly, and is even paid small wages in return. Grace begins to make friends, including Jack, who pretends that he is not blind. Grace tricks him into admitting that he is blind, earning his respect. After the two weeks are over, everyone votes that she should be allowed to stay.

Chapter 4
Happy times in Dogville Things go smoothly in Dogville until the police arrive to place a "Missing" poster with Grace's picture and name on it on the mission house, the mood darkens slightly. The townspeople are divided as to whether they should or should not cooperate with the police.

Chapter 5
Fourth of July after all Still, things continue as usual until the 4th of July celebrations. After Tom awkwardly admits his love to Grace and the whole town expresses their agreement that it has become a better place thanks to her, the police arrive again to replace the "Missing" poster with a "Wanted" poster. Grace is now wanted for participation in a bank robbery. Everyone agrees that she must be innocent, since at the time the robbery took place, she was doing chores for the townspeople every day. Nevertheless, Tom argues that because of the increased risk to the town now that they are harboring someone who is wanted as a criminal, Grace should provide a quid pro quo and do more chores for the townspeople within the same time, for less pay. At this point, what was previously a voluntary arrangement takes on a slightly coercive nature as Grace is clearly uncomfortable with the idea. Still, being very amenable and wanting to please Tom, Grace agrees.

Chapter 6
In which Dogville bares its teeth At this point the situation worsens, as with her additional workload, Grace inevitably makes mistakes, and the people she works for seem to be equally irritated by the new schedule – and take it out on Grace. The situation slowly escalates, with the male citizens making small sexual advances to Grace and the females becoming increasingly abusive. Even the children are perverse: Jason (Miles Purinton), the perhaps 10-year-old son of Chuck and Vera, asks Grace to spank him, until she finally complies after much provocation. Soon thereafter the police, believing they have found a clue - a cap - linking Grace to the town, discuss this with some of the residents on the street.

Dogville Chuck visits her house where Grace is hiding, and threatening to turn her in if she resists, rapes her. The police leave after being told the cap does not belong to Grace, but it has become obvious that she is hardly able to defend herself against exploitation of the townsfolk.


Chapter 7
In which Grace finally has had enough of Dogville, conspires to leaves town, and again sees the light of day. After Tom proposes his idea to help her escape, Vera blames Grace for spanking her son Jason and for seducing her husband Chuck. In revenge, Vera threatens to destroy the porcelain figurines Grace purchased with her hard earned wages from the local town shop. Grace begs for mercy and reminds Vera how she taught her children about the philosophy of stoicism. In response, Vera challenges Grace to demonstrate her own stoicism by not showing any emotion as Vera destroys two of the figurines which she does. Grace is unable to hold back her tears and Vera proceeds to destroy all seven of the figurines. The symbol of her belonging in the town gone, she knows she must escape. She bribes the freight truck driver Ben to smuggle her out of town in his apple truck. Enroute Ben climbs into the back of the truck where she is hiding and tells her he must charge her a "surcharge" for harboring a police fugitive—and then extracts the surcharge from her by raping her—after which the truck lumbers only to return Grace to Dogville. The town agrees that they must not let her escape again. The money paid to Ben to help Grace escape had been stolen by Tom from his father -- but when Grace is blamed for the theft, Tom refuses to admit he did it because, as he explains, this is the only way he can still protect Grace without people getting suspicious. It is at this point, Grace's humiliating status as a slave is fully confirmed as she is collared and chained to a large heavy iron wheel which she must drag around with her, preventing her from moving anywhere outside of Dogville, and a bell is attached to the collar to announce her presence wherever she goes. Increasingly the townsmen take their turns sexually assaulting her daily.

Chapter 8
In which there is a meeting where the truth is told and Tom leaves (only to return later). This culminates in a late night general assembly in which Grace —following Tom's suggestion— relates calmly all that she has endured from everyone in town. Embarrassed and in complete denial, the townspeople finally decide to get rid of her. When Tom informs Grace to console her, he attempts to make love to her, having been the only adult male townperson who has not had sex with her. Grace, however, refuses to have sex with him. Angry partly at Grace's rejection, but even more at himself for his realization that he would eventually stoop to force himself upon her like everyone else in the town, Tom ends up personally calling the mobsters, and later proposes to unanimous approval that she be locked up in her shack.

Chapter 9 and ending
In which Dogville receives the long-awaited visit and the film ends When the mobsters finally arrive, they are welcomed cordially by Tom and an impromptu committee of other townspeople. Grace is then freed, and we finally learn who she really is: the daughter of a powerful gang leader who ran away because she could not stand her father's dirty work. Her father confronts her in his Cadillac and tells her that she is arrogant for not holding others to the same high standards to which she holds herself. At first she refuses to listen, but as she leaves the car and contemplates the discussion she has just had with her father, she looks again upon the town and its people, and is compelled to agree: she would have to condemn them to the worst possible punishment if she held them to her own standards, and it would be inhumane not to do so. So she accepts her role as her father's daughter, and immediately demands that the whole town be eliminated. In particular, she gives the order to have Vera look on at the murder of each of her children, having been told that the

Dogville killings would stop if she can hold back her tears. The film ends in a crescendo of violence. The town is burned and all its citizens are brutally murdered by the gangsters on direct order from Grace, with the exception of Tom, whom she kills personally with a revolver. As the ashes of Dogville smolder around her, she finds and spares the only surviving resident, Moses the Dogville dog. Ironically, the only "dog" that has not wronged her was the town dog that had disappeared while the town was revealing its true nature.


• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • John Hurt as Narrator Nicole Kidman as Grace Margaret Mulligan Lauren Bacall as Ma Ginger Chloë Sevigny as Liz Henson Paul Bettany as Tom Edison, Jr. Stellan Skarsgård as Chuck Udo Kier as The Man in the Coat James Caan as The Big Man Shauna Shim as June Patricia Clarkson as Vera Jeremy Davies as Bill Philip Baker Hall as Tom Edison, Sr. Ben Gazzara as Jack McCay Blair Brown as Mrs. Henson Željko Ivanek as Ben Harriet Andersson as Gloria Siobhan Fallon Hogan as Martha Miles Purinton as Jason

Dogville: The Pilot was shot during 2001 in the pre-production phase to test whether the concept of chalk lines and spare scenery would work. The fifteen-minute pilot film starred Danish actors Sidse Babett Knudsen (as Grace) and Nikolaj Lie Kaas (as Tom). Eventually Lars von Trier was happy with the overall results. As a result, he and the producers decided to move forward with the production of the feature film. It is featured on the second disc of the Dogville (2003) DVD, released in November 2003.[4]

The story of Dogville is narrated by John Hurt in nine chapters and takes place on a stage with minimalist scenery. Some walls and furniture are placed on the stage, but the rest of the scenery exists merely as white painted outlines which have big labels on them; for example, the outlines of gooseberry bushes have the text "Gooseberry Bushes" written next to them. While this form of staging is common in black box theaters, it has rarely been attempted on film before (the 1954 musical Western Red Garters and the 1994 film Vanya on 42nd Street being notable exceptions). The bare staging serves to focus the audience's attention on the acting and storytelling, and also reminds them of the film's artificiality. As such it is heavily influenced by the theatre of Bertolt Brecht. (There are also similarities between the song "Seeräuberjenny" ("Pirate Jenny") in Brecht and Kurt Weill's Die Dreigroschenoper (The Threepenny Opera) and the story of Dogville.[5] ) Chico Buarque's version of this song, Geni e o Zepelim [Geni and the Zeppelin], deals with the more erotic aspects of abjection and bears striking similarity to Lars von Trier's cinematic homage to the song.) The film does however employ carefully designed lighting to suggest natural effects such as the moving shadows of clouds, and sound effects are used to create the presence of non-existent set pieces

LA Weekly Commercial The film grossed $1.David Sterritt. the point of the film is that "evil can arise anywhere.J.R. In the opening US weekend it did poorly only grossing $88.836 worldwide. rottentomatoes. Sweden.145.872 per cinema. American director Quentin Tarantino named the film as one of his top 20 films that have been made since he has been directing. there are no doors. or will she seek revenge?[6] [7] [8] Ebert and Roeper criticized Dogville of having a strongly anti-American message. with a description of each chapter given as it takes place in the film. but the doors can always be heard when an actor "opens" or "closes" one). the closing credits sequence with images of poverty-stricken Americans (taken from Jacob Holdt's documentary book American Pictures. and to potentially risk their own lives for her while receiving little more than kindness in return? Grace too. The story of Dogville is given in 9 chapters and a prologue.984.231.Ron Stringer. These descriptions are given above.Denis Lim. Chicago Reader n/a .[10] According to von Trier.[15] The highest grossing territory was Italy with a gross of $3. 1984) accompanied by David Bowie's song "Young Americans. is finally confronted with a test: when faced with cruelty from the people of Dogville.[15] Accolades .[14] In Denmark. 107 Interpretations The film is set in the 1930s. Jones.550 from the rest of the world for a total gross of $16. can she forgive them.286 in the US market and $15.[12] Top ten lists[13] • • • • • • • 2nd .535.Overall. they are put to a moral test: Are they willing to save a woman on the run who might be a criminal. However the movie was only released in 9 cinemas with an average of $9."[11] Reception Critical The film has garnered acclaim from several publications and currently holds a "fresh" rating of 71% on the movie review website. He also said that. New York Daily News 8th . as long as the situation is right. von Trier would've won a Pulitzer prize. The movie was shot on high-definition video using a Sony HDW-F900 camera in a studio in Trollhättan. had this movie been written for the stage. Christian Science Monitor n/a .Dogville (i. Hoberman.Jack Mathews.680. and the small dead-end town of Dogville can be a symbol for any similar town in the United States. the film grossed $1." [9] In 2009. for example.e.272.J.119. Village Voice 5th . Village Voice 3rd .855. As the fifteen adult citizens and six children of Dogville are introduced to Grace. Village Voice 4th . citing.

Dogville 108 Award Category Recipients and nominees Lars von Trier Nicole Kidman Stellan Skarsgård Manon Rasmussen Lars von Trier Molly Marlene Stensgaard Lars von Trier Anthony Dod Mantle Peter Grant Stellan Skarsgård Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Anthony Dod Mantle Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Cast of Dogville Lars Von Trier Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Nicole Kidman Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Result Bodil Awards Best Danish Film Best Actress Best Supporting Actor Won Nominated Nominated Won Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Won Nominated Robert Award Best Costume Design Best Screenplay Best Editor Best Film Best Cinematography Best Production Design Best Supporting Actor Best Director Cannes Film Festival European Film Awards Palme d'Or Best Cinematographer Best Film Best Director Best Screenwriter Chlotrudis Awards Best Cast Best Screenplay César Award Goya Awards Russian Guild of Film Critics Honorary César Best European Film Russian Guild of Film Critics Golden Aries Award for Best Foreign Actress Best Foreign Film Won Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Guldbagge Award Golden Trailer Awards Best Director Best Foreign Film Best Independent .

the Dirty Birth of Law theoretical essay (http://the.aboutfilm. Spain Guild of German Art House Cinemas Sofia International Film Festival Best Foreign Film Best Foreign Film Best Foreign Film Best Film References [1] "Festival de Cannes: Dogville" (http:/ / www. html?pagewanted=3). uk/ film/ filmblog/ 2009/ dec/ 23/ best-films-noughties-dogville) The Guardian. Forgiveness and Hospitality: Derrida. [12] Dogville (2003) (http:/ / uk. June 11. com/ film/ awards/ 2004/ toptens. March 21. html?res=9C03E7DD1431F932A15750C0A9629C8B63) by A. . filmmakermagazine. com/ m/ dogville/ ) Rotten Tomatoes.It Fakes a Village" (http:/ / www.com/contents/05/36/dogville. imdb.com. com/ movies/ reviews/ dogville.aboutfilm. NYTimes.uk/dna/collective/A2283095) • Dogville. guardian. Christianity Today [9] Dogville. nytimes.bbc. festival-cannes. the Right of Grace.com/title/tt0276919/) at the Internet Movie Database Dogville (http://www. shtml) Retrieved on 28 March 2010. htm). Retrieved 25 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-25. Filmmaker Magazine. A. net/ slideshow/ entertainment-tarantinotop20/ 8/ ) [11] Scott.newsweek. co.htm) at Box Office Mojo Dogville (http://www. New York Times [8] Dogville (http:/ / www. 23 December 2009 [3] "Best of Aughts: Film" (http:/ / slantmagazine. "'Dogville' . or.com/work/284795) at Allmovie Dogville (http://www. christianitytoday. review by Jeffrey Overstreet. . (2004-03-21).com/movies/d/dogville.boxofficemojo.Dogville Review (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.html) by Adam Atkinson • Newsweek review (http://www. boxofficemojo. nytimes. htm External links • • • • • Official website (http://www. php).com/m/dogville/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Dogville (http://www.co.com (http://www. [15] http:/ / www. com): analysis by Carlo Cavagna • On the Nature of Dogs. . dll/ article?AID=/ 20040409/ REVIEWS/ 404090303/ 1023) [10] Quentin Tarantino's Top 20 Favorite Films (http:/ / www. [2] Best films of the noughties No 8: Dogville (http:/ / www. festival-cannes. . Retrieved 2010-02-25. Box Office Mojo. com/ 2004/ 03/ 21/ movies/ dogville-it-fakes-a-village. com/ film/ feature/ best-of-the-aughts-film/ 216).allmovie. Kant. 2002. Retrieved 2009-11-05. bbc. com/ title/ tt0413956/ ) [5] Marit Kapla: Our Town (http:/ / www. comcast. com/ movies/ ?id=dogville. O.iconmovies. html).htm) at AboutFilm. shtml) by BBC [7] 'Dogville': It Fakes a Village (http:/ / query.com/cgi/content/abstract/87/1/96) .Dogville David di Donatello Best European Film Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Lars von Trier Won Won Won Won Won Won 109 Copenhagen International Film Festival Honarary Award Cinema Brazil Grand Prize Cinema Writers Circle Awards. com/ archives/ online_features/ our_town.uk/dogville/) Dogville (http://www. [14] "Dogville (2004)" (http:/ / www. by Roger Ebert (http:/ / rogerebert. suntimes.sagepub.co.sensesofcinema. metacritic. Scott. com/ movies/ ?page=intl& id=dogville. O.rottentomatoes. [6] BBC Stoke & Staffordshire Films . and Lars Von Trier's Dogville (http://archive.com/movies/?id=dogville. boxofficemojo. 7 February 2010. com/ apps/ pbcs. [4] Dogville: The Pilot on IMDb (http:/ / www. uk/ stoke/ films/ reviews/ a_f/ dogville.com. html). com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 4072375/ year/ 2003.imdb. Retrieved on 28 March 2010. co. 2004. [13] 2004 Film Critic Top Ten Lists (http:/ / www.com/id/59575/output/print) • BBC Collective review (http://www. Slant Magazine. com/ gst/ fullpage.

072 Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue . 2002 (New York & L. 2002 (United States) February 14.A. 2003 (United Kingdom) 114 minutes United States United Kingdom English $25 million $108.) December 27.846.The Hours (film) 110 The Hours (film) The Hours Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Stephen Daldry Robert Fox Scott Rudin David Hare Based on the novel by Michael Cunningham Nicole Kidman Julianne Moore Meryl Streep Philip Glass Music by Cinematography Seamus McGarvey Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Peter Boyle Paramount Pictures (US) Miramax Films (worldwide) December 25.

although she ignores any hidden meaning it may have had. who has experienced several nervous breakdowns and suffers from recurring bouts of severe depression. Intimidated by her servants. and alternates among them throughout the film. Clarissa herself is a lesbian who has . Among them are Clarissa Vaughan (Streep). Instead she checks into a luxury hotel. and starring Nicole Kidman. In 2001. who operates the Hogarth Press at home in order to be close to her at all times. she is nevertheless. is a bundle of nerves as she tries to accomplish all she needs to do before Richard's award ceremony. cleans the kitchen.The Hours (film) The Hours is a 2002 drama film directed by Stephen Daldry. and constantly monitored by her husband Leonard (Stephen Dillane). After their departure. she begins to read Mrs. renowned author Woolf has begun writing the book Mrs. and was given a limited release in the US and Canada two days later on December 27. Virginia. Pregnant with her second child. Woolf both welcomes and dreads an afternoon visit from her sister Vanessa (Miranda Richardson) and her children. Dalloway in her home in the town of Richmond in suburban London. Laura bakes another cake. Her neighbor Kitty (Toni Collette) unexpectedly drops in to ask her if she can feed her dog while she's in the hospital undergoing a medical procedure. Virginia flees to the railway station where she is awaiting a train to central London when Leonard arrives to bring her home. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf. which she is happier with. The plot focuses on three women of different generations whose lives are interconnected by the novel Mrs. and returns home. New Yorker Clarissa Vaughan (Meryl Streep) is the embodiment of the title character of Woolf's work as she spends the day preparing for a party she is hosting in honor of her friend Richard. Clarissa. Julianne Moore and Ed Harris. Dan (John C. a pregnant 1950s California housewife with a young boy and an unhappy marriage. Nelly and Lottie. the action takes place within the span of a single day in three different years. Meryl Streep. He expresses his distress at living in constant fear of her making a further attempt on her life. 2002. It did not receive a wide release in the US until January 2003. who left him years ago but is returning to Manhattan from his home in San Francisco for the festivities. With renewed determination. Kitty is pretending to be upbeat. but argues that she has to live as she is and not seek a refuge from the reality of her identity. Before taking the pills she has brought with her. Latch (Margo Martindale) while she supposedly runs some errands before dinner. a poet and author living with AIDS who is to receive an award for career achievement. she replies that she also lives under the permanent threat of a return to mental illness. In 1951. The film was released in Los Angeles and New York City on Christmas Day 2002. who is struggling with depression and mental illness whilst trying to write her novel. but he has spent the better part of his life engaging in gay relationships. where the family celebrates Dan's birthday. Laura spends her days in her tract home with her quiet young son Richie. and then takes Richie to stay with Mrs. she has a change of heart. Laura Brown (Moore). feels trapped in her home. soon after World War II and on the surface they are living the American Dream. a gesture Kitty accepts. Laura senses her fear and boldly kisses her on the lips. The screenplay by David Hare is based on the 1999 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same title by Michael Cunningham. stressed in particular about the celebration dinner she's planning for her close friend Richard (Ed Harris). particularly by his increasingly debilitating illness. Dalloway and drifts off to sleep. Awakening from a dream in which the hotel room was flooded. including one with Louis Waters (Jeff Daniels). The two were romantic during their college days. picks up Richie. and was then released in UK cinemas on Valentine's Day that year. troubled Los Angeles housewife Laura Brown (Julianne Moore) tries to find escape from her dreary existence by reading the same book. where she intends to commit suicide. a New Yorker preparing an award party for her AIDS-stricken long-time friend and poet. Richard (Harris) in 2001. and Virginia Woolf herself (Kidman) in 1920s England. In 1923. 111 Plot With the exception of the opening and final scenes. She married her husband. but the end result is a disaster. and Nicole Kidman won an Oscar at the 2003 Academy Awards for her portrayal of Virginia Woolf. She and Richie prepare a birthday cake for Dan's birthday. deeply unhappy. Critical reaction to the film was mostly positive. Reilly). which depict the 1941 suicide by drowning of Virginia Woolf (Nicole Kidman) in the River Ouse.

a woman of incisive mind. one finds oneself focusing excessively on the unfortunate prosthetic nose Kidman affects in order to look more like the novelist. exalted. both of whom are trying to help her prepare."[2] Richard Schickel of Time criticized its simplistic characterization. And wondering why the screenwriter. Cunningham's [novel] touched on notes of longing. into a hapless ditherer. 112 Cast 1923 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Virginia Woolf Stephen Dillane as Leonard Woolf Miranda Richardson as Vanessa Bell Lyndsey Marshal as Lottie Hope Linda Bassett as Nelly Boxall Julianne Moore as Laura Brown John C. a film that's fuller and deeper than the book . Reilly as Dan Brown Jack Rovello as Richie Brown Toni Collette as Kitty Margo Martindale as Mrs. and the director. The result is something rare. middle-aged angst and the sense of being a small consciousness in the midst of a grand mystery." He also criticized its overt politicization: "But this movie is in love with .. It's marvelous to watch the ways in which [David Hare] consistently dramatizes the original material without compromising its integrity or distorting its intent .. no longer willing to live with his illness. Mr. Stephen Daldry. "Although suicide eventually tempts three of the film's characters. Perched on the window ledge. along with magnificently written and acted. Clear eyed and austerely balanced would be a more accurate description. and the mother of university student Julia (Claire Danes). he confesses he has struggled to stay alive for Clarissa's sake but. Laura reveals her decision to abandon her family after the birth of her daughter was one she felt she needed to make in order to maintain her sanity. The Hours is not an unduly morbid film. "Director Stephen Daldry employs the wonderful things cinema can do in order to realize aspects of The Hours that Cunningham could only hint at or approximate on the page. But Daldry and Hare's [film] sounds those notes and sends audiences out reverberating with them. David Hare.. arrives at her apartment. Later that night Laura.The Hours (film) been living with Sally Lester (Allison Janney) for 10 years. When Clarissa arrives at his apartment to help him dress for the ceremony.. Glass's surging minimalist score. saying that: "Watching The Hours."[1] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle observed. she finds him in a manic state. Latch Meryl Streep as Clarissa Vaughan Ed Harris as Richard "Richie" Brown Allison Janney as Sally Lester Claire Danes as Julia Vaughan Jeff Daniels as Louis Waters 1951 2001 Critical reception Stephen Holden of the New York Times called the film "deeply moving" and "an amazingly faithful screen adaptation" and added. serves as ideal connective tissue for a film that breaks down temporal barriers. he throws himself out a window. Eventually we discover Richard is in fact young Richie Brown. having been notified of her son's suicide by Clarissa. Laura's son. with its air of cosmic abstraction. turn Woolf. especially considering how fine the novel is.

It doesn't look anything like the real Virginia's sharp. droning. It's the kind of film that makes critics feel smarter by recommending it. Streep's performance is probably the most fully realised of the three: a return to the kind of mature and demanding role on which she had a freehold in yesterday's Hollywood . "Kidman's acting is superlative. 2003. On January 10. are all strong: tightly managed. which he thought "sometimes stumbles on literary pretensions. for which Philip Glass unwittingly provides the perfect score — tuneless. Moore's Laura is trapped in the suburban flatlands of the '50s. and the overall mood is relentlessly bleak.170. commenting. The performances are flawless.. .."[5] Phillip French of The Observer called it "a moving. the film eventually earned $41. humane performance . And Streep is a miracle worker. "It is a daring act of extrapolation. which can handle only one universe at a time . Streep and Moore is worth viewing. based on 39 reviews. but it packs an emotional wallop. It makes for an elegant and poignant chamber music of the soul. but certainly [7] packs an emotional punch. too slanted . Part of the bracing experimental impact of the film was the absence of narrative connection between the three women. Petersburg Times said it "is the most finely crafted film of the past year that I never want to sit through again.The Hours (film) female victimization.994 in the US and Canada and $67. Whatever the reason . .. fastidious features . It's almost a Hollywood Disability. It is a film to be admired. This is Nicole and her Big Fake Schnoz.[9] 113 Box office The Hours opened in New York City and Los Angeles on Christmas Day 2002 and went into limited release in the United States and Canada two days later. too slow. the screenplay is intelligently crafted. despite the complexity of the film's structure.856 on eleven screens in its first two weeks of release. ..078 in foreign markets for a total worldwide . The performances that Daldry elicits . this all seems too simple-minded. full of passion and feeling . an exceptional child actor)."[6] Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian rated the film three out of five stars and commented.4 out of 10 — with the consensus that "the movie may be a downer. This ultimately proves insufficient to lend meaning to their lives or profundity to a grim and uninvolved film. building a character in the space between words and worlds. He praised the performances. . Moore is wrenching in her scenes with Laura's son (Jack Rovello. Or should we perhaps say agenda driven? The same criticisms might apply to the fact that both these fictional characters (and.[10] With an estimated budget of $25 million. and the following week it expanded to 402. who as Woolf murmurs her lines through an absurd prosthetic nose. Glacially paced and somberly presented. playing in 1. it is hinted. not embraced.[it] is too highbrow and admirably dull for most moviegoers. You've heard of Daniel Day-Lewis and My Left Foot. with 150 of 186 counted reviews giving it a "fresh" rating and an average rating of 7." two out of four stars.003 theaters in the US and Canada. it expanded to 45 screens. . Julianne Moore gives [a] superbly controlled. On February 14 it went into wide release. . an AIDS sufferer whose relentless anger is directly traceable to Mom's long-ago desertion of him. oppressive. The Hours will feel like days for them. These three unimprovable actresses make The Hours a thing of beauty. Supplying one in the final reel undermines its formal daring.675. Woolf herself) find what consolation they can in a rather dispassionate lesbianism.. and certainly not to be enjoyed for any reason other than its expertise . The Hours demands that viewers be as impressed with the production as the filmmakers are with themselves . I have to confess I am agnostic about Nicole Kidman. in a truly ugly performance). smoothly and dashingly juxtaposed under a plangent score."[3] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone awarded the film.too gloomy." The Hours currently has 81% positive reviews on the movie review aggregator site Rotten Tomatoes. while Streep's Clarissa is moored in a hopeless love for Laura's homosexual son (Ed Harris.. Somehow. painfully self-important. It grossed $1. the film holds an average score of 81 out of 100. ."[4] Steve Persall of the St."[8] On Metacritic. . Some fine acting on display here.070. even at the risk of damaging credibility with mainstream audiences who automatically think any movie starring Kidman. and a real departure from most movie-making." He thought "the performances are remarkable" but found the Philip Glass score to be "relentless" and "over-amplified. . somewhat depressing film that demands and rewards attention. .

com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. . It was the 56th highest grossing film of 2002. Sptimes. guardian.com" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-07-01. uk/ theobserver/ 2003/ feb/ 16/ 7). Nytimes. com/ video/ titles/ hours). Retrieved 2010-07-19. com/ reviews/ movie/ 5947733/ review/ 5947734/ the_hours) [5] "''St.com. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=hours.htm) .9171.com.[11] 114 Soundtrack The film's score by Philip Glass won the BAFTA Award for Best Film Music and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score and the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score. BoxOfficeMojo. Retrieved 2010-07-19.rottentomatoes. html). [10] "BoxOfficeMojo.com.com. Petersburg Times'' review" (http:/ / www. html). External links • • • • • The Hours (http://www. Stephen (2002-12-27). co.1003931. com/ m/ hours/ ).vintagecarriagestrust.00. htm). . . [6] Phillip French (2003-02-16). com/ 2003/ 01/ 16/ Weekend/ _The_Hours__drags_on_. rottentomatoes. Time. Retrieved 2010-07-01. 2002-12-27. [7] Peter Bradshaw (2003-02-14).com. Retrieved 2010-07-19. [3] By RICHARD SCHICKEL Monday. com/ movies/ ?id=hours. Retrieved 2010-07-19. co. .The Hours (film) box office of $108. uk/ culture/ 2003/ feb/ 14/ artsfeatures). Retrieved 2010-07-19. Chronicle Movie Critic (2002-12-27).846. "''The Observer'' review" (http:/ / www. htm). boxofficemojo. boxofficemojo.com" (http:/ / www. References [1] Holden.allmovie. nytimes. com/ 2002/ 12/ 27/ movies/ 27HOUR. . [8] "The Hours" (http:/ / www. .imdb.072. "''Time'' review" (http:/ / www.filming the railway sequences (http://www. Sfgate. [9] "The Hours" (http:/ / www. . 2002 (2002-12-23). 23. Rotten Tomatoes. . com/ cgi-bin/ article.com/film/titles/hours) at Metacritic The Hours . Retrieved 2010-07-19. Dec. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2002/ 12/ 27/ DD114138.com/work/272631) at Allmovie The Hours (http://www. Metacritic. "''The Guardian'' review" (http:/ / www. .com/m/hours/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Hours (http://www.com. London: Guardian. Television or Other Visual Media. [4] Rolling Stone review (http:/ / www. sfgate. [11] "BoxOfficeMojo.com/title/tt0274558/) at the Internet Movie Database The Hours (http://www. . London: Guardian. "''New York Times'' review" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-07-19. "''San Francisco Chronicle'' review" (http:/ / www. metacritic.metacritic. time. The soundtrack album was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture. guardian. DTL).org/filmlist. sptimes. [2] Mick LaSalle. shtml). BoxOfficeMojo. Retrieved 2010-07-19. rollingstone.

. United States United Kingdom English $13.171. 2002 (UK) 93 min.) FilmFour (UK) September 6. 2001 (Venice Film Festival) February 1. 2002 (U.S.000 $16.098 (worldwide) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Birthday Girl is a 2001 American-British FilmFour-backed film featuring Nicole Kidman as a Russian mail-order bride.S.000.) June 28.Birthday Girl 115 Birthday Girl Birthday Girl Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Jez Butterworth Steve Butterworth Diana Phillips Tom Butterworth Jez Butterworth Nicole Kidman Ben Chaplin Stephen Warbeck Cinematography Oliver Stapleton Distributed by Release date(s) Miramax Films (U. It is directed by Jez Butterworth and stars Ben Chaplin and Vincent Cassel.

formed of linguistic misunderstandings and cultural clashes and Chaplin's constant efforts to be polite are rather charming. and subsequently gets into a scrap with Nadia. is fresh air in St Albans. John gets dressed. John rescues her. Kidman's exoticism. among others. He eventually manages to free himself. a lonely St Albans bank clerk. and tie him to a toilet in a motel. scathingly witty. however. and is forced to steal from his bank where he has worked for ten years. He leaves her at the airport. indicating a neutral-positive critical reception."[4] CNN praised Kidman's "astounding range" and applauded the dialogue as "often sharp. Later on. After a violent altercation. They make common cause against the two Russian men. Nadia informs John that her real name is Sophia.171. leaves for Russia with Sophia. disguised as Alexei. John . they soon bond. Alexei soon shows that he has a temper. John is uncomfortable and shy. Nadia. Alexei holds Nadia hostage and demands a ransom from John." The BBC reviewer gave the film 4 out of 5 stars. Though Nadia cannot speak English and John cannot speak Russian. After the ransom is paid. a man she introduces as her cousin Yuri (Mathieu Kassovitz) and his friend Alexei (Vincent Cassel) turn up to celebrate her birthday. Cast • • • • Nicole Kidman as Sophia.098. encapsulated by [3] her peasant-chic wardrobe. orders a mail-order bride Nadia (Nicole Kidman) from Russia on the Internet. alias Nadia Ben Chaplin as John Buckingham Vincent Cassel as Alexei Mathieu Kassovitz as Yuri Reception The film was a generally moderate commercial success. he realises that he has been the victim of an elaborate con. but Nadia is sexually bold and John can't believe his good luck. and Alexei is actually Nadia's boyfriend.[1] It has a 58% fresh rating on Rotten Tomatoes. who later reveals that she can indeed speak English and that her name is not Nadia. tying Alexei to a chair.Birthday Girl 116 Plot John Buckingham (Ben Chaplin). John has grown to care for Nadia." He continued "The comedy here is gentle. he sympathises for her. John learns that the trio have carried out the same scam on men from Switzerland and Germany. They take him prisoner. and displays a wry intelligence. strip him down to his underpants. where she is kidnapped by Alexei – who now wants to have the baby. John takes Nadia to turn in to the police ."[5] The New York Times described the film as "competent" but decried the plot as too "insubstantial".[2] Jason Solomon of The Observer praised the casting "Cassel. Kassovitz and Kidman are beautifully graceful against the backdrop of signs to Tring and Newbury.[6] . with a budget of $13 million it grossed $16. praised Chaplin's and Kidman's "infectious performances" and describe it as a "sparky" and "deviant topical comedy which is funny from start to finish. and decides against it. Yuri and Alexei are criminals.hoping to clear his name as a wanted bank robber. and quickly learns that Nadia has been left behind after Alexei discovered she was pregnant. Ultimately.

ch (http://www. shtml) BBC.htm) . com/ m/ birthday_girl/ ) Rotten Tomatoes.com/m/birthday_girl/) at Rotten Tomatoes Birthday Girl @ Box Office Mojo (http://www. co.cosmopolis. girl/ index.rottentomatoes. 30 June 2002 [4] Film review . htm) Box Office Mojo [2] Birthday Girl (2002) (http:/ / uk. rottentomatoes. 1 February 2002 External links • • • • Birthday Girl (http://www. 31 January 2002 [6] Birthday Girl (2001) FILM REVIEW. uk/ films/ 2002/ 06/ 10/ birthday_girl_2002_review. uk/ film/ 2002/ jun/ 30/ nicolekidman. com/ movie/ review?res=9E03E5DF163DF932A35751C0A9649C8B63) New York Times. guardian. html) CNN. birthday.boxofficemojo.ch/english/cosmo34/birthday_girl.com/title/tt0188453/) at the Internet Movie Database Review of Birthday Girl by cosmopolis. Shy Neat-Freak With Kinky Leanings? Sounds Like the Perfect Victim (http:/ / movies.com/movies/?id=birthdaygirl. boxofficemojo.imdb. bbc. nytimes. com/ movies/ ?id=birthdaygirl.Birthday Girl 117 References [1] Birthday Girl (2002) (http:/ / www. Retrieved on 4 July 2009 [3] A very British coup (http:/ / www. 20 June 2002 [5] Review: 'Birthday Girl' another Kidman gift (http:/ / archives. cnn. jasonsolomons) The Observer. co. com/ 2002/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 01/ 31/ review.Birthday Girl (http:/ / www.htm) Birthday Girl (http://www.

2001 United Kingdom November 2.The Others (2001 film) 118 The Others (2001 film) The Others The Others film poster Directed by Produced by Alejandro Amenábar Fernando Bovaira José Luis Cuerda StudioCanal Alejandro Amenábar Nicole Kidman Fionnula Flanagan Christopher Eccleston Elaine Cassidy Eric Sykes Alakina Mann James Bentley Alejandro Amenábar Javier Aguirresarobe Nacho Ruiz Capillas United States Dimension Films Spain Warner Sogefilms United States August 2. Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time . 2001 104 min. 2001 Australia November 8. 2001 Spain September 7.

Anne continues to see things. and a young mute girl named Lydia (Elaine Cassidy)—coincides with a number of odd events. Mills listens faithfully to Anne's allegations against her mother." which shows mourning portraits taken in the 19th century of recently deceased corpses. Grace breaks down to Mrs. who claims that "sometimes the world of the dead gets mixed up with the world of the living. led by Mrs.The Others (2001 film) Country Spain United States [1] 119 Language Budget Gross revenue English $17. She scolds her daughter for nonsense about ghosts until she hears them herself. starring Nicole Kidman. convincing herself that something unholy is in the house. and a scary old woman. Plot The film is set in the British Crown Dependency of Jersey." . However. while Grace swears she saw the old woman. are clearly up to something of their own. Mrs. Anne draws pictures of four people: a man. but they cannot yet tell the mother because Grace will not accept what she is not ready for. Anne (Alakina Mann) and Nicholas (James Bentley). Meanwhile. without a single word of Spanish spoken in it. The gardener buries a headstone under autumn leaves. and Mrs. but while she tries to figure out why. The new arrival of three servants at the house—an aging nanny and servant named Mrs. she finds that she has actually attacked her daughter instead.947.037 The Others is a 2001 psychological horror film by the Spanish director Alejandro Amenábar. Charles is stunned when Anne tells him the things her mother did to her. Bertha Mills (Fionnula Flanagan). The children. a woman.000 Worldwide $218. Anne refuses to be near her mother after this event. Mills. an elderly gardener named Mr. This was the first English spoken film ever to receive the Best Film Award at the Goyas (Spain's national film awards). who she thought had been killed in the war. Eventually. including awards for Best Film and Best Director. Tuttle "I do not think he knows where he is. Charles is distant during the one day he spends in the house. a boy called Victor. Grace says "You are not my daughter!" and attacks her. It won eight Goya Awards. After Charles leaves. the door closes. including Victor's whole family and the old woman. but she miraculously discovers her husband Charles (Christopher Eccleston). and Grace begins to fear that they are not alone. Grace finds and examines a "book of the dead. Mills tells Anne that she too has seen the people. Grace loses herself in the heavy fog. and brings him back to the house. the servants. Grace Stewart (Nicole Kidman) is a Catholic mother who lives with her two small children in a remote country house. all of whom she says she has seen in the house." Grace later sees the old woman from Anne's drawing dressed up like her daughter. Edmund Tuttle (Eric Sykes). Every time Grace enters and exits the room. so their lives are structured around a series of complex rules designed to protect them from inadvertent exposure to sunlight. the door slams in her face. Charles says he must leave for the front and disappears again. Mills. A piano is heard from inside a locked room when no one is inside. Mills is heard telling Mr. in the immediate aftermath of World War II. knocking her to the floor. have an uncommon disease characterized by photosensitivity (a special feature on the DVD indicates the disease is xeroderma pigmentosum). Grace tries hunting down the "intruders" with a shotgun but cannot find them. she runs out in the fog to get the local priest to bless the house.000. and Mrs. Out in the forest.

At the same time. Christopher Eccleston as Charles Stewart. Grace loses her temper and supernaturally attacks the visitors. She breaks down with the children and remembers what happened just before the arrival of their new servants. Grace's son and Anne's younger brother. It is then that they learn the awful truth: the old woman is not the one who is a ghost. grossing $5 million in 2. shot herself. James Bentley as Nicholas Stewart. It stayed in fourth for 3 more weeks. smothered them both with a pillow and then. and sometimes they won't even notice the living people who inhabit their house.The Others (2001 film) One morning. ranking fourth at the box office. 120 Cast • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Grace Stewart Alakina Mann as Anne Stewart. Grace and her children look outside as Victor's family moves out. Upstairs. Grace's husband. Elaine Cassidy as Lydia. Grace realizes that they are somehow involved. Grace goes to the servants' quarters Los Hornillos Palace in Arenas de Iguña. Eric Sykes as Edmund Tuttle. This is and finds a photograph from the book of the dead and the mansion where the exteriors of the movie were filmed. and their mother. Downstairs. Hiding the children from the light. Fionnula Flanagan as Bertha Mills. The truth is finally clear to Grace and the audience. it was second at the box office. realizing what she had done.9 million. but he was not aware of this fact. the servants continue talking to Grace. which cost $17 million to produce. They find that the graves belong to the servants. who is believed to have smothered them in a fit of psychosis. Yearning for the company of her missing husband and increasingly frustrated by her children. telling her that they have to learn to live together. Cantabria (Spain). She begins to understand what they mean. The children run upstairs where they hide. and $113. When she awoke. Mills appears and informs Grace that they will learn to get along. Grace's daughter. When the servants refuse to help look for them. The servants appear and give chase to the children.5 million in the United States and Canada. for a worldwide total gross of $209. the new gardener. but are found by the strange old woman. This sequence is quickly intercut with scenes from both Grace's viewpoint and the family's. who make it back into the house just as Grace emerges to hold off the servants with a shotgun. 2001 in 1.678 theatres in the United States and Canada and grossed $14 million its opening weekend.[2] The film. who went into the war years earlier. she banishes the servants from the house. the ghosts are Anne. Anne and Nicholas sneak out of the house to find their father. she went insane. as Anne had said they might earlier in the movie. Anne and Nicholas discover the old woman is acting as a medium in a séance with Victor's parents. From the window.801 theatres.4 million in other countries. the new maid. expanding to more theaters. Mrs. Nicholas. is horrified to see that it is of the three servants. and stumble across the hidden graves. Box office The film was released August 10. she assumed that God had granted her family a miracle. That night. Grace wakes to the children's screams: all of the curtains in the house have disappeared.[3] . the new housekeeper. During the weekend of September 21–23. who reply that tuberculosis killed them more than half a century ago. before ending her own life. eventually grossed $96. Grace and the children realize that Charles is also dead.

• Australian Band Elora Danan wrote a song about the film called "Thank God For Their Growth In Faith And Love" (a line seen on the children's blackboard in a later scene) which was a track on their debut EP We All Have Secrets.Original (Alejandro Amenábar) • Golden Globe Awards: • Best Actress Drama . • Electronic music artist Venetian Snares uses a sample from the film in the song "Children's Limbo" on the album Find Candace. praising that ". Amenabar is a little too confident that style can substitute for substance. 84% of critics gave the film positive reviews.Original (Alejandro Amenábar) • Best Sound • Kansas City Film Critics: • Best Actress (Nicole Kidman) • London Film Critics: • Best Actress of the Year (Nicole Kidman) • Online Film Critics: • Best Actress (Nicole Kidman) • Best Screenplay .(Nicole Kidman) • Best Horror Film In pop culture • Scary Movie 3 includes parodies of scenes from the film. has the patience to create a languorous.The Others (2001 film) 121 Critical reception On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes.[4] On Metacritic. based on 29 reviews. . and Nicole Kidman succeeds in convincing us that she is a normal person in a disturbing situation and not just a standard-issue horror movie hysteric.. dreamy atmosphere.[5] Roger Ebert gave the film two and a half stars out of four.(Nicole Kidman) • Goya Awards: • Best Actress (Nicole Kidman) • Best Cinematography (Javier Aguirresarobe) • Best Director (Alejandro Amenábar) • Best Editing (Nacho Ruiz Capillas) • Best Film • Best Production Design • Best Production Supervision • Best Screenplay .(Nicole Kidman) • Saturn Awards: • Best Actress .."[6] Accolades • BAFTA Awards: • Best Actress . the film had an average score of 74 out of 100.Alejandro Amenabar." However. he criticized that "in drawing out his effects. based on 143 reviews.

[3] "The Others (2001)" (http:/ / www. [5] "Others. Retrieved 2007-10-26. . htm).Weekend Box Office" (http:/ / www.com/m/1109257-others/) at Rotten Tomatoes Moulin Rouge! Moulin Rouge! Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Baz Luhrmann • • • Baz Luhrmann Fred Baron Martin Brown Baz Luhrmann Craig Pearce Ewan McGregor Nicole Kidman Jim Broadbent Richard Roxburgh John Leguizamo Written by Starring • • • • • • • .imdb. boxofficemojo. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ film/ titles/ others). suntimes. Retrieved 2007-10-26. com/ title/ tt0230600/ ). Retrieved 2007-10-26. Box Office Mojo. [2] "The Others (2001) .htm) at Box Office Mojo The Others (http://www. imdb. .metacritic.com/title/tt0230600/) at the Internet Movie Database The Others (http://www. [4] "The Others . Metacritic. External links • • • • • The Others (http://www.com/work/246294) at Allmovie The Others (http://www. boxofficemojo. The (2001): Reviews" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. . Retrieved 28 April 2010.allmovie. com/ movies/ ?id=others. Box Office Mojo.com/movies/?id=others. . htm).com/film/titles/others) at Metacritic The Others (http://www. Retrieved 2007-10-26. Chicago Sun-Times.rottentomatoes. dll/ article?AID=/ 20010810/ REVIEWS/ 108100305/ 1023).boxofficemojo.Rotten Tomatoes" (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes. com/ m/ 1109257-others/ ). com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=others. .The Others (2001 film) 122 References [1] "The Others (2001)" (http:/ / www. metacritic. . [6] "The Others (2001)" (http:/ / rogerebert.

produced. finding Christian and Satine in a compromising position. Best Actress for Nicole Kidman. English poet/writer. including Best Picture. and won two: for art direction and costume design. who falls in love with the terminally-ill star of the Moulin Rouge. telling her to end the affair. After he refuses. Satine and Christian's relationship becomes deeper. the film is based on the Orphean myth and on Giuseppe Verdi's opera. 2001 128 minutes • • • Australia United States United Kingdom Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by English $52 million [1] [2] $179. owner of the Moulin Rouge.434 Romeo + Juliet Moulin Rouge! (English pronunciation: /muːˈlɑːn ˈruːʒ/. They improvise a new plot with an evil maharajah attempting to woo an Indian courtesan who is in love with a poor sitar player. entitled "Spectacular Spectacular". After spying Satine and Christian together.213. Satine states that Christian is only rehearsing. and a doctor's visit reveals that she has consumption. Satine tells Christian that they must end their relationship. It uses the musical setting of the Montmartre Quarter of Paris. He encounters a musical troupe led by Toulouse-Lautrec (John Leguizamo) that is developing a new play for Harold Zidler (Jim Broadbent). It tells the story of a young. The Duke is enraged when Satine does not show up to dinner. The film was nominated for eight Oscars. Satine faints. It was the first musical nominated for best picture in 22 years. Satine mistakes Christian for the Duke and begins seducing him despite his insistence he is only there to present his poetry.Moulin Rouge! Music by Cinematography Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country • • 123 Craig Armstrong Marius de Vries Donald McAlpine Jill Bilcock Bazmark 20th Century Fox June 1. Christian's writing helps the show. she tells the Duke that they should wait and pushes him out. Even so Satine falls in love with Christan after he manages to recite one of his poems. but Zidler manages to salvage the situation by telling him that she is at confession. and co-written by Baz Luhrmann. Following the Red Curtain Cinema principles. after he leaves. Christian (Ewan McGregor) moves to the Montmartre district of Paris. and Christian presents the work to its star courtesan. Once he has gone. Satine collapses. The Duke returns. The Duke enters while Satine is trying to hide Christian. It was filmed at Fox Studios in Sydney. Zidler has arranged for Satine to spend the night with the wealthy Duke of Monroth (Richard Roxburgh) who wishes to invest in the cabaret. Plot In 1899. Christian convinces her that they should stay together by writing ("Come What May") a song . The Duke agrees to finance the show on the condition that he is the only one allowed to see Satine. Christian. La Traviata. Satine urges Christian to leave without the Duke noticing. and they continually invent excuses as to why Satine cannot spend time with the Duke. to win her favour. France. As the troupe prepares for the show. Zidler promises the Duke that Satine will have dinner with him that night and goes to Satine. Through miscommunication. who begins complaining to Zidler that Satine is spending too much time with Christian. from French: [mulɛ̃ ʁuʒ]) is a 2001 romantic musical film directed. Australia. Satine (Nicole Kidman). cabaret actress and courtesan Satine.

The Duke reports this to Zidler and states that unless Satine is his. On the opening night. Satine sings "Come What May. confusing the performers and audience. The Duke offers Satine a chance to fulfill her lifelong dream of becoming an actress. fearing the Duke's bodyguard will kill him. trying to pay her for their sex. saves Satine and takes her to Christian. Satine succumbs to her illness. As Christian starts to leave the theater. As the performers get ready to take a bow. so he sneaks into the Moulin Rouge. Christian follows Satine back to the Moulin Rouge only to be refused entry. Satine and the Duke. she is unable to go through with her plan to sleep with the Duke." showing Christian that she loves him. Chocolat. but Satine attempts to send him away. but Zidler saves the show by stating that Christian is the sitar player in disguise. Satine visits Christian's loft and claims that she is staying with The Duke. Christian tells The Duke that Satine belongs to The Duke now. Christian joins her in singing the song and walks onstage. That night. Nini (Caroline O'Connor). and that Satine is dying of consumption. The lovers finish their song to a standing ovation and the Duke storms out of the Moulin Rouge. angering The Duke. Toulouse-Lautrec convinces Christian that Satine may still love him. He approaches Satine.Moulin Rouge! he will put in the show. His voice is still used for the [3] guttural scream when the fairy turns evil. 124 Cast • Nicole Kidman as Satine • Ewan McGregor as Christian • Jim Broadbent as Harold Zidler • Richard Roxburgh as The Duke of Monroth • John Leguizamo as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec • Jacek Koman as The Narcoleptic Argentinean • Kylie Minogue as The Green Fairy – Kylie Minogue as The Green Fairy Ozzy Osbourne was originally going to play an alternate version of "The Green Fairy". he will have Christian killed. The Duke attempts to rape Satine. intending to sleep with him in order to get him to keep the play's original ending. but when Satine looks down from the window and sees Christian in the street. throws money at her and tells her she means nothing to him. The Duke tells Zidler to change the ending so that the courtesan ends up with the maharajah. They accidentally end up on stage together. Satine insists that she spend the night with The Duke to discuss the ending. The next day. Zidler finds Satine getting ready to leave and tells her that the Duke has ordered Christian killed. but another dancer. but the courtesans and Bohemians stop him. which was an old sitar playing man. jealous. who plans for the two of them to run away from the Moulin Rouge. The Duke's bodyguard attempts to shoot Christian. and dies in Christian's arms. points out that the play is a metaphor for Christian. the Duke then tries finishing the job himself only to be stopped by Zidler. • • • • • • Garry McDonald as The Doctor Keith Robinson as Le Pétomane Natalie Mendoza as China Doll David Wenham as Audrey Caroline O'Connor as Nini Legs-in-the-Air Kiruna Stamell as La Petite Princesse .

with the film making $254.095 in two theaters on opening weekend. Madonna's "Like a Virgin" and "Material Girl".Moulin Rouge! 125 Background Inspiration When asked about his inspiration for Moulin Rouge. I said.' I decided I'd do Romeo + [4] Juliet and then a musical film. We thought that was amazing. The Little Clay Cart. "Lady Marmalade" by Patti LaBelle (the Christina Aguilera/P!nk/Mýa/Lil’ Kim cover commissioned for the film). many decades after the film's 1899 setting. "Let's go see that. and frenetic cutting. A limited release on May 18. ” There was also a play within the film. and could it be comic-tragic? So then began this commitment of moving toward 'Moulin Rouge." With that in mind. dancing. 20th Century Fox eventually moved the release to the following spring so director Baz Luhrmann would have more time during post production. the filmmakers chose to replicate this by using songs from the mid-to-late 20th century. grossing $185. In this way. The film premiered at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival[5] on May 9 — making it the festival's opening title. The film eventually grossed over $57 . We went out one night and there was a big poster up for a Bollywood movie. The film was a success in limited release. This necessitated some pick-up shots being filmed in Madrid. high tragedy. In addition to the Indian influence. and the film was released to theaters across the United States on June 1.098. David Bowie's rendition of Nat King Cole's "Nature Boy". "Roxanne" by The Police (in a tango format.[1] Filming generally went smoothly. 2001 in the United States followed.2. Luhrmann has revealed in the DVD's voice-over commentary that he drew from the Greek tragedy of Orpheus and Eurydice. involving swirling camera motion. brother kills brother. Elton John's "Your Song". The numbers continued to increase over the Memorial Day weekend. the film takes well-known popular music. and "Smells Like Teen Spirit" by Nirvana.2 million in its first weekend of wide release. [they] break out in some musical numbers. Orpheus was a musical genius far surpassing anyone in his world. and anachronizes it into a tale set in a turn-of-the-century Paris cabaret. a song rarely used in films. Some of the songs sampled include "Chamma Chamma" from the Hindi movie China Gate. 'Could we create a cinematic form like that? Could a musical work?' A musical must be able to work in western culture again. with the only major problem occurring when Kidman injured her ribs while filming one of the more complicated dance sequences. So our question was.000 audience members. Production Production on the film began in November 1999 and was completed in May 2000. it made $14. "Spectacular Spectacular". Release and reception Originally set for release on Christmas 2000 as a high profile Oscar contender. high comedy. Luhrmann writes that "[the] whole stylistic premise has been to decode what the Moulin Rouge was to the audiences of 1899 and express that same thrill and excitement in a way to which contemporary movie-goers can relate. with a budget of $52. mostly drawn from the MTV Generation. the titular number of "The Sound of Music". Queen's "The Show Must Go On" (arranged in operatic format). which itself may have been based on an ancient Sanskrit play. The production also overran in its shooting schedule and had to be out of the Fox Studios in Sydney to make way for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (in which McGregor also starred). 2001. Luhrmann remarked: “ Catherine Martin (production designer and Luhrmann's wife) and I went to India to work on Midsummer Night's Dream. composed by Mariano Mores). loud music. Christian would appear to the other characters to be a brilliant musician and writer. When it expanded into over 2500 theaters. all jumbled up together in 4 hours of Hindi. In the liner notes to the film's Special Edition DVD.5 million. The film uses so much popular music that it took Luhrmann almost two years to secure all the rights to the songs. The movie also features editing that several critics compared to a music video." We did .

It was so good. It won three including the coveted Best Picture trophy. we'll forgive him for Australia. Best Original Score (for Craig Armstrong). "Come What May" (the only original song in the film) was disqualified from nomination for an Oscar because it was originally written (but unused) for Luhrmann's previous film William Shakespeare's Romeo + Juliet and not written [6] expressly for Moulin Rouge! Entertainment Weekly put it on its end-of-the-decade. Best Actress . It took home three. 126 Awards and honors Academy Awards record 1. 100 Songs: "Come What May" #85 • 2005 AFI's 100 Years of Musicals #25 . making it the most nominated film of the year for that ceremony. "best-of" list.Musical or Comedy (Nicole Kidman) 3. It broke box office records in Australia where it was given a rare theatrical re-release at the end of 2001."[7] American Film Institute recognition • 2004 AFI's 100 Years. The film made its home video premiere on Dec. The movie was also successful internationally. Best Sound The film was selected by the National Board of Review as the best film of 2001. Best Art Direction-Set Decoration Golden Globe Awards record 1. with Luhrmann stating that his intent was to get Kidman and McGregor nominated.. host Whoopi Goldberg remarked. commenting on this during the Oscar ceremony. Best Picture . including Best Supporting Actor for Jim Broadbent.Musical or Comedy (for Ewan McGregor). passion. It picked up six Golden Globe nominations including Best Motion Picture . 19. A few weeks later.. "Baz Luhrmann's trippy pop culture pastiche from 2001 was an aesthetically arresting ode to poetry. Best Costume Design 2." The film won the awards for Best Costume Design and Best Art Direction.213. Best Film Music (Craig Armstrong) 3. The film was not nominated for Best Director (Baz Luhrmann). A blu-ray edition was released on Oct. 2010. it received 13 nominations at the BAFTA Awards. and found an audience in almost every country. It eventually made over $120 million internationally.434. Best Director (for Baz Luhrmann) and Best Song ("Come What May"). and Elton John. Best Actress in a Motion Picture . resulting in a worldwide gross of $179. 18. 2001 on DVD followed by a VHS release on March 19. saying.Musical or Comedy (for Nicole Kidman). 2002. Best Supporting Actor (Jim Broadbent) 2. Best Original Score BAFTA Awards record 1.Musical or Comedy 2. The film received eight Oscar nominations. It had a brief re-release in October 2001 for Oscar consideration.Musical or Comedy. "I guess Moulin Rouge! just directed itself.Moulin Rouge! million in the United States. Best Actor in a Motion Picture . including Best Actress in a Leading Role (Nicole Kidman) and Best Picture.

• "Nature Boy" – Nat King Cole • "The Sound of Music" – Mary Martin (and later by Julie Andrews) (from the Rodgers & Hammerstein musical of the same name. Anna Behlmer. Satine. and Moulin Rouge Dancers "Fool to Believe" – Satine and Zidler "The Show Must Go On" – Zidler. Guntis Sics) Golden Globe Award for Best Director .Musical or Comedy Golden Globe Award for Best Actress . Christian.Motion Picture (Baz Luhrmann) Golden Globe Award for Best Actor . Satine. The Duke. Moulin Rouge Dancers. Television or Other Visual Media 127 Nominations Soundtrack Songs sung in the film: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • "Nature Boy" – Toulouse "The Sound of Music/Children of the Revolution" – Christian. and Moulin Rouge Stagehands "Hindi Sad Diamonds" – Cast of Spectacular Spectacular "Come What May (Reprise)" – Satine and Christian "Coup d'État (Finale)" – Cast of Spectacular Spectacular "Nature Boy (Reprise)" – Toulouse The following is a partial list of songs featured in the film along with the artist that popularized them. The Duke. Satine. and Cast of Spectacular Spectacular "El Tango de Roxanne" – The Argentine. and Bohemians "One Day I'll Fly Away" – Satine "Elephant Love Medley" – Christian and Satine "Górecki" – Satine "Like a Virgin" – Zidler.Motion Picture (Craig Armstrong) BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role . and the Green Fairy "Zidler's Rap (The Can-Can)" – Zidler.song "Come What May") Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture. featuring overdubbed theremin played by Bruce Woolley) . Roger Savage.Motion Picture (David Baerwald .(Jim Broadbent) Academy Award for Art Direction-Set Decoration (Catherine Martin & Brigitte Broch) Academy Award for Costume Design (Catherine Martin & Angus Strathie) Producers Guild of America's Award for Best Picture National Board of Review's Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Actress (Nicole Kidman) Academy Award for Best Cinematography (Donald McAlpine) Academy Award for Film Editing (Jill Bilcock) Academy Award for Makeup (Maurizio Silvi & Aldo Signoretti) Academy Award for Sound (Andy Nelson.Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Ewan McGregor) Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song .Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Nicole Kidman) Golden Globe Award Best Original Score . The Bohemians. and Patrons "Sparkling Diamonds" – Satine and Moulin Rouge Dancers "Rhythm of the Night" – Veleria "Your Song" – Christian "The Pitch (Spectacular Spectacular)" – Zidler. Christian.Moulin Rouge! Wins • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture . and Chorus Boys "Come What May" – Christian. Satine.

with the second Moulin Rouge! Music from Baz Luhrmann's Film. 2001. Vol. covered for the film. Paul Stanley. Mýa and Pink. and Maurice Seezer) "Gorecki" – Lamb "Come What May" – Ewan McGregor and Nicole Kidman (written by David Baerwald) "Roxanne" – The Police (Title in film: "El Tango de Roxanne". Two soundtrack albums were released. Vini Poncia "One More Night" – Phil Collins "Pride (In the Name of Love)" – U2 "Don't Leave Me This Way" – Kenneth Gamble. Lil’ Kim. Missy Elliott and Pink) "Because We Can" – Fatboy Slim "Complainte de la Butte" – Georges Van Parys and Jean Renoir "Rhythm of the Night" – DeBarge "Material Girl" – Madonna "Smells Like Teen Spirit" – Nirvana "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" – Carol Channing (later. Mýa. The first soundtrack. and notably by Marilyn Monroe) "Diamond Dogs" – David Bowie "Galop Infernal (Can-can)" – Jacques Offenbach (tune for Spectacular. and Cary Gilbert "Silly Love Songs" – Paul McCartney "Up Where We Belong" – Jack Nitzsche and Buffy Sainte-Marie "Heroes" – David Bowie "I Will Always Love You" – Dolly Parton (and later by Whitney Houston) "Your Song" – Elton John and Bernie Taupin 128 Elephant Love Medley The "Elephant Love Medley" also contains additional original lyrics that are unattributed. Lil' Kim. Spectacular) "One Day I'll Fly Away" – The Crusaders. later Randy Crawford among others "Children of the Revolution" – T. performed by Christina Aguilera. by Christina Aguilera.Rex (Covered by Bono. was released on May 8. music by Mariano Mores) "Tanguera" – Mariano Mores "The Show Must Go On" – Queen "Like a Virgin" – Madonna "Your Song" – Elton John "Love is Like Oxygen" – Andy Scott and Trevor Griffin "Love is a Many-Splendored Thing" – Sammy Fain and Paul Francis Webster "Up Where We Belong" – Jack Nitzsche and Buffy Sainte-Marie "All You Need Is Love" – John Lennon and Paul McCartney "Lovers Game" – Chris Isaak "I Was Made for Lovin' You" – Desmond Child.Moulin Rouge! • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • "The Lonely Goatherd" – also from The Sound of Music (but heard as instrumental) "Lady Marmalade" – Labelle. 2 following on February 26. The first volume featured the smash hit single "Lady Marmalade". Violent Femmes. Moulin Rouge! Music from Baz Luhrmann's Film. with the second coming after the first one's massive success. Leon Huff. 2002. Gavin Friday. .

htm). MUSIC VIDEOS. CHARACTERS. Adam B. External links • • • • • • Official site (http://www. festival-cannes.com/title/tt0203009/) at the Internet Movie Database Moulin Rouge! (http://www.com Hollywood Movies. Softpedia. Thom. Tina. "Baz Luhrmann Talks Awards and "Moulin Rouge"" (http:/ / movies. Ken. Margaret. .Box Office and Business" (http:/ / www. had approached the leads of the film (Nicole Kidman and Ewan McGregor) to star in the potential stage version. . Lyons. com/ news/ Moulin-Rouge-on-the-Stage-27174. . . Jordan. Retrieved 2009-03-27. carleton. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 1100086/ year/ 2001. Ward. Elena (2006-06-20). Vary. ALBUMS. Kate. ca/ ~aw220/ 02oscp09. [9] Gorgan. Slezak. "Alex's Oscar Column #09 for the 74th Annual Academy Awards" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-03-27. Tim.com/movies/?id=moulinrouge. About. com/ movies/ ?id=moulinrouge. [7] Geier. htm | title=Moulin Rouge! | work=Box Office Mojo | accessdate=2009-03-27} [3] IMDB Trivia for 'Moulin Rouge!' (http:/ / www. html). Schwartz. Adam.allmovie. DRESSES.[8] Some sources claimed in 2006 that the director. Rice. Markovitz. Snierson. Tucker. bazthegreatsite. Rebecca. Jensen. TV SHOWS. Chris.clubmoulinrouge.Stage Production" (http:/ / www. Alex (February 9. Jeff. Lynette. Missy. com/ library/ weekly/ aa030902a. (1079/1080):74-84 [8] "Moulin Rouge . Nashawaty. Simon. Retrieved 2009-03-27. festival-cannes. Retrieved 2009-03-27. Pastorek. "THE 100 Greatest MOVIES. EPISODES. htm). Retrieved 2009-03-27.Moulin Rouge! 129 Stage adaptation For a while in 2002-03. Kate (December 11. Entertainment Weekly. Baz Luhrmann. imdb. ncf. com/ title/ tt0203009/ business). Rottenberg. BOOKS.com) Moulin Rouge! (http://www. [6] Fung. com/ moulinstage. Retrieved 2009-10-17. Stroup. Josh. Vozick-Levinson. Dan. Whitney. boxofficemojo.com/film/titles/moulinrouge) at Metacritic .htm) at Box Office Mojo Moulin Rouge (http://www. about. SCENES. there was speculation about the possibility of a stage musical based on Moulin Rouge!.imdb. 2002). htm).com. softpedia.The director Baz Luhrmann has already approached Kidman and McGregor with the offer" (http:/ / news. AND TRENDS THAT ENTERTAINED US OVER THE PAST 10 YEARS". Michael. but there have been no public talks in the years since. SONGS. [5] "Festival de Cannes: Moulin Rouge!" (http:/ / www. Stack. [2] {{Cite web | url=http:/ / www.com/m/1107863-moulin_rouge/) at Rotten Tomatoes Moulin Rouge (http://www. The Internet Movie Database. 2009).metacritic.boxofficemojo.com/work/1:242630) at Allmovie Moulin Rouge! (http://www. shtml).. Baz the Great. . .rottentomatoes. imdb. com/ title/ tt0203009/ trivia) [4] Murray. possibly in Las Vegas. "Moulin Rouge on the Stage? .[9] References [1] "Moulin Rouge! (2001) .

produced and co-written by Stanley Kubrick. 1999 (UK) 159 min. set in and around New York City. United States United Kingdom English $65 million $160.Eyes Wide Shut 130 Eyes Wide Shut Eyes Wide Shut Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Story by Starring Music by Stanley Kubrick Stanley Kubrick Stanley Kubrick Frederic Raphael Arthur Schnitzler Tom Cruise Nicole Kidman Jocelyn Pook Cinematography Larry Smith Editing by Studio Nigel Galt Hobby Films Pole Star Stanley Kubrick Productions Warner Bros. which was written by Arthur Schnitzler. 1999 (US) September 10.637.680 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Eyes Wide Shut is a 1999 American-British drama film based upon the 1926 novella Traumnovelle (Dream Story). July 16. Bill . The film was directed. The story. follows the sexually charged adventures of Dr. and was his last film.

who has been having sex with a young woman who has overdosed on a speedball. The film appeared on July 16. Bill is then accosted by a masked porter who takes him to the main room where the masked Master of Ceremonies confronts him with a question about a second password which Bill is unable to answer.Eyes Wide Shut Harford. and Bill is ejected. going to her home. Bill goes to meet his friend Nick at the Sonata Cafe who tells him about the nightly goings-on of a wild group of revellers who engage in group sex. upstairs. He meets a prostitute named Domino (Vinessa Shaw). Alice (Nicole Kidman). he states he thinks women are more faithful than men. As she is taken away. As the discussion gets heated. finding herself in a beautiful garden. and then takes a walk down the streets of New York. The Master of Ceremonies insists that he "kindly remove his mask". with his daughter by his side. After obtaining the costume. Nick Nightingale (Todd Field). who dropped out of medical school and now plays piano in a band for night clubs and parties. 1999 to generally positive critical reaction. and the two of them began making love surrounded by many other couples doing the same. To gain admittance. He offers the new owner a generous amount of money to rent to him now. Victor Ziegler (Sydney Pollack). Bill asks what is going to happen to her. after which he calls off the encounter. After he locates his hotel. Bill runs into an old friend. The woman who tried to warn Bill now intervenes and insists that she be punished instead of him. The next morning. The Master cryptically replies her fate is sealed. the owner catches his teenage daughter with two men and expresses outrage at their lack of sense of decency. After he left. Bill Harford drives out to a country mansion inside of which a quasi-religious but highly sexual ritual is taking place. One woman comes to Bill. the clerk there tells Bill that a frightened Nick had checked out after coming in with two large-looking men. but as they begin to kiss he is interrupted by a phone call from his wife. Bill goes the restaurant next door to the Sonata cafe in search of Nick Nightingale. Bill is just then called on a housecall. He has been called to the deathbed of the father of an old now-married female friend. during which he infiltrates a massive masked orgy of an underground cult. given by one of his wealthy patients Victor Ziegler. who impulsively kisses him and tells him she loves him. The first woman catches up with him and insists he is in terrible danger. The naval officer emerged. Alice. stared at her. After Bill reassures her of his fidelity. then asks that he removes his clothes. She felt frightened and ashamed while he went off to try to find some clothes. The following evening at home. states he can do other favors for Bill "and it needn't be a costume". He then hooks up with another girl and in her company walks through a few rooms where people are having sex in an orgy. The encounter is awkward.[1] 131 Plot summary Dr. A Hungarian man tries to pick up Alice. He is interrupted by an urgent call from his host. Bill first goes to return the costume where the proprietor. Ziegler asks Bill to keep the encounter confidential. not to be messed around with. go to a Christmas party. but is visibly disturbed by Alice's revelation. He puts her off. Alice complains Bill is paying no attention to her appearance. Bill now returns to the mansion and is greeted at the gate by a man who hands . He embarks on a night-long. Two young models try to take Bill off for a tryst telling him they are going to "where the rainbow ends". and accepts her solicitation. who is shocked when his wife. eventful sexual adventure. reveals that she had contemplated an affair a year earlier. Bill Harford (Tom Cruise) and his wife. In the search for a costume. she felt better. Bill and his wife are smoking marijuana and she asks him if he had sex with the two girls. Bill drives late at night to a shop called "Rainbow Fashions" having been the doctor of the previous owner. she asks if he is ever jealous of men who are attracted to her. takes him aside and warns him that he does not belong there. one needs a costume and a mask. She rebuts him by telling him of a recent sexual fantasy she had about a naval officer they encountered on a vacation. At the party. Before going. Bill now goes home where his wife Alice is now awake and tells him of a troubling dream in which he and she were in a deserted city without their clothes.

com. She then says they need to make love as soon as possible.. He picks up a newspaper with story of a beauty queen who died of a drug overdose. he decides to tell her the whole truth of the past two days. a categorization disputed by [2] others. and tells him he knows of all the events of the past night and day." [10] Writing in general about the genre of 'erotic thriller' for CineAction in 2001.[9] Writing in TV Guide.. Carlo Cavagna regards this as a misleading classification[7] .. She has the same name as the woman he treated at Ziegler's party. was . as does Leo Goldsmith writing on notcoming. reviewing the film on aboutfilm.com list of best erotic thriller films. [6] However. Bill is now concerned with the death of Mandy Curran whom Ziegler has identified as the woman at the party who "sacrificed" herself to prevent Bill's "punishment". Bill goes to the home of the prostitute with a gift. He is greeted by her roommate who tells him that Domino has just discovered she has HIV. Ziegler was involved with the ritual orgy and his own position with the group has been jeopardized by Bill Harford's intrusion. He goes looking for her at the hospital and discovers she had died. he thinks about Alice's recounting of the scene while he watches her instruct her daughter in math. William "Bill" Harford • Nicole Kidman as Alice Harford • Sydney Pollack as Victor Ziegler • Marie Richardson as Marion • Todd Field as Nick Nightingale • Sky du Mont as Sandor Szavost • Rade Šerbedžija as Mr.com.[5] although other positive reviews such as the one in Hidefdigest also called it such as well.setting out to make neither the “erotic thriller” that the press maintained nor an easily identifiable .com [8] (a website devoted to old movies out of current release). he sees the mask he rented on his pillow next to his wife asleep. The next morning they go Christmas shopping. Maitland McDonagh writes "No one familiar with the cold precision of Kubrick's work will be surprised that this isn't the steamy erotic thriller a synopsis (or the ads) might suggest. It is classed as such in the book The Erotic Thriller in Contemporary Cinema by Linda Ruth Williams . [3] The film is on an Amazon.Eyes Wide Shut him a note warning him to cease and desist his inquiries. Ziegler summons Bill to his house. His wife muses that recent events don't define their life and they should be grateful they have survived and are still together and that she loves him. When Bill returns home. After Bill returns home.. Bill leaves and notices a well-dressed man is following him. and as Alice awakes. Milich • Vinessa Shaw as Domino • Leelee Sobieski as Milich's daughter • Alan Cumming as Hotel desk clerk • Leon Vitali as Red Cloak • Julienne Davis as Amanda "Mandy" Curran • Thomas Gibson as Carl Mentmore Towers. and was described as such in two news articles about Cruise and Kidman's lawsuit over assertions they saw a sex therapist during filming. 132 Cast • Tom Cruise as Dr. He breaks down in tears.[4] One review panning the film disparaged it as an erotic thriller implying the genre was inherently disreputable. who defies expectations at every turn and brings genre to his feet. Ziegler insists this had nothing to do with her death which was the inevitable eventual overdose. one of the settings used by the film Genre and Marketing The film was described by some reviewers and partially marketed as an erotic thriller. and also the review on Blu-Ray.[was] at least marketed as an erotic thriller". Douglas Keesey states that the film "whatever its actual type.[11] Michael Koresky writing in the 2006 issue of film journal Reverse Shot writes "this director.

Fridolin is also conscious of looking old in the novella. By being faithful. Fridolin thus fails to save himself from execution in Albertina's dream although he was apparently spared by the woman's 'sacrifice' at the masked sex party. This aspect was retained in the film's original screenplay. whereas the film's story begins at Christmastime. which is what precipitates their sense of estrangement. or Married Love").[19] but was deleted in the filmed version. the husband long suspected that his patient (Marion) was infatuated with him.[17] For Rasmussen and others. He is also more overwhelmed by the orgy in the film than in the novella. strait-laced. although awake she states this matter-of-factly. while in the film he is simply shocked. In the novella. In both the novella and film. DVD Talk similarly dissociates the film from this genre. In early drafts of the screenplay. though in opposite ways. is costumed as a nun. Domino in the film). he in turn admits one of his own (of a girl in her mid to late teens). the film's Bill Harford is essentially sleep-walking through life with no deeper awareness of his surrounding. and their home is a typical suburban middle-class home. Bill's estrangement from Alice revolves around her confessing a recent fantasy to him. Jonathan Rosenbaum notes that both passwords echo elements of [18] The party in the novella consists mostly of nude one member of the couple's behaviour. less disclosing and more unconscious of his vindictive motives than his counterpart. 133 Production Comparison with Dream Story Arthur Schnitzler's 1926 novella Traumnovelle is set around Vienna shortly after the turn of the century. that is significant in that Albertina had her infatuation with her soldier in Denmark. the Italian word for "faithful". According to historian Geoffrey Cocks. the wife states that the laugh in her sleep just before she woke was a laugh of scornful contempt for her husband. while in the film it is a complete surprise and he seems shocked. In the novella when his wife discloses a private sexual fantasy. not the film's posh urban apartment. saving him from punishment. One on Fandango. the wife's dream is an elaborate drama that concludes with him getting crucified in a village square after Fridolin refuses to separate from Albertina and become the paramour of the village princess. The couple in the novella are Jewish. saying "It's a shame that this film was promoted as a "hot" erotic thriller". In the novella. ballroom dancing. The party that both husband and wife attend at the opening of the story is a masked Carnival ball. . in the novella both exchange fantasies after which she declares that in her youth she could have easily married someone else. User reviews are similarly divided.Eyes Wide Shut “Kubrick film”"[12] . but a user on Imdb says the film was mismarketed. In the novella. even though Albertina is now occupied with copulating with other men. Kubrick (himself of Jewish descent) frequently removed references to the Jewishness of characters in the novels he adapted. The novella is set during Carnival. Critic Randy Rasmussen suggests that the character of Bill is fundamentally more naïve. when people often wear masks to parties.[15] . Fridolin.[13] . these are anti-Semitic slurs. In the film. The novella makes it clear that Fridolin as this point hates Albertina more than ever. the password was "Fidelio Rainbow". In the novella the woman who "redeems" Fridolin at the party. and which is the title of Beethoven's only opera ("Fidelio. The film's argument over whether he has fantasies over female patients and whether women have sexual fantasies is simply absent from the novella where both husband and wife assume the other has fantasies. Fridolin himself used a priest costume.com calls it an "erotic thriller"[14] . In the novella. Fridolin is socially bolder but less sexual with the prostitute (Mizzi in the novella. when the husband returns home. though he hardly does in the film. and most of the characters at the party are dressed as nuns or priests. The film's password is "Fidelio". The couple are named Fridolin and Albertina. the party (which is sparsely attended) uses "Denmark" as the password for entrance. This is reflected in the film by the fact that when Bill Harford is going home he is taunted by some young boys in the street with homophobic [16] slurs. and watches him "without pity".

novelists and merchants of Venetian masks have noted that these have a long history [29] [30] [31] Authors Tim Kreider and Thomas Nelson have linked the of being worn during promiscuous activities.[27] In addition to the Cocks anthology cited above. As such. seeks him out at the Sonata cafe. Similarly. including an explanation that the party incident of Bill being apprehended. In the novella. and placing it there as a statement of understanding. Nelson argues the sex ritual is a symbolic mirror of the darker truth behind the façade of Victor Ziegler's earlier Christmas party. the cafe encounter with Nightingale is a happy accident. In an interview. in the film Ziegler gives a commentary on the whole story to Bill. In the film. film's usage of these to Venice's reputation as a center of both eroticism and mercantilism. Novo which Fodor's notes has also supplied masks to films of Franco Zeffirelli and Kenneth Branagh. and Schnitzler's novel is set in Carnival season. It has been argued that the dramatic climax of the novella is actually Albertina's dream.) Historians. much as in other Kubrick films.[37] . More significantly. and then while wandering around town.[32] Carolin Ruwe writing in her 2007 book Symbols in Stanley Kubrick's Movie 'Eyes Wide Shut' argues that the mask is the prime symbol of the film. not a hooker at Ziegler's party. with the woman's sacrifice revealed as staged. the character of "Red Cloak" simultaneously serves as Grand Inquisitor and King of Carnival).[21] Ziegler's presence allows Kubrick to change the mechanics of the story in a few ways. the dead woman whom Bill suspects of being the woman at the party who saved him is a baroness that he was acquainted with earlier. having no counterpart in Schnitzler.[20] The character of Dr Ziegler (who represents the high wealth and prestige to which Bill Harford aspires) is entirely an invention of the film. the masks at Somerton mansion reflecting the masks that all wear in society. travel guide authors. an earlier version of author Tim Krieder's essay published in UC's Film Quarterly is online. costume designer Marit Allen stated that Kubrick had the masks sent from Venice but noted that Kubrick also retouched them.[28] These masks have been at some periods in history (including today) associated with Venetian carnival and performances of Commedia dell'arte. Nelson notes that the sex ritual combines elements of Venetian Carnival and Catholic rites. and the film has shifted the focus to Bill's visit to the secret society's orgy whose content is more shocking in the film. threatened.[33] a point reinforced by Tim Krieder who notes the many masks in the prostitute's apartment and her having been renamed in the film "Domino" which is a style of Venetian mask.Eyes Wide Shut thinking they are now lying together "like mortal enemies". she having discovered it when it slipped out of his suitcase. (In particular. 134 Use of Venetian masks Numerous authors of works on Kubrick have noted that the masks worn at the sex ritual in Somerton[23] mansion are virtually all Venetian[24] [25] [26] and that the film has a closing credit for "Venetian mask research". some vendors of Venetian masks have used Eyes Wide Shut as publicity on their websites and some published travel guides to Venice have pointed readers to shops from which Stanley Kubrick is [34] [35] Website Conde Nast Traveller[36] mentions mask shop Mondo said to have purchased masks used in the film. Whether this is to be believed. This is left unexplained in the film. slightly altering their appearance. it is an exposition of Ziegler's view of the ways of the world as a member of the power elite. Strangelove represents the worst of the American national security establishment. (Indeed. Bill first meets his piano-playing friend at Ziegler's party. the party attended by the husband and wife in the novella's opening is also a carnival-season "masked ball". the title character in Dr. and Clare Quilty represents the worst of Humbert Humbert in Lolita. Since the release of the film.[22] The novella explains why the husband's mask is on the pillow next to his sleeping wife. in addition to the mansion gathering being described as such. Charles Grady represents the worst of Jack Torrance in The Shining. Critic Randy Rasmussen interprets Ziegler as representing Bill's worst self.

[41] Writing for The New York Times." Writing about erotic mystery thrillers.[48] • The background score during the orgy (where Bill walks from room to room) is a Tamil song sung by Manickam Yogeswaran. Second. He said Cruise and Kidman had their way with him — exactly the words he used. a Carnatic singer.[47] • "Rex tremendae" from Mozart's Requiem plays as Bill walks into the cafe and reads of Mandy's death. "Nuages Gris" ("Grey Clouds") (1881) is heard. "and that he was disgusted with it and that the critics were going to "have him for lunch". Critics objected to two features. The piece." When contacting Pook in regard to providing music for the film. claimed that Kubrick phoned him two weeks before his death to express his despondency over Eyes Wide Shut. Others feel that American censorship took an esoteric film and made it even harder to understand. • In the morgue scene. reviewer Elvis Mitchell commented "This is a dead-serious film about sexual yearnings. critics objected that it made actions and decisions seem laboured. played backwards. recorded and released under the incorrect name by the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. Then. reviewers commented that Kubrick had shot his NYC scenes in a studio and that New York "didn't look like New York.[49] Controversies Kubrick's opinion Jan Harlan.[40] Reviewer James Berardinelli stated that it was arguably one of Kubrick’s best films.[38] Music • The opening title music is "Waltz 2 from Shostakovich's Suite for Variety Stage Orchestra". • In the ritual.[39] in Harper's. for years misidentified[45] as the composer's Jazz Suite 2. Scorsese wrote: "When Eyes Wide Shut came out a few months after Stanley Kubrick's death in 1999. an actor in Kubrick's film Full Metal Jacket. reported that Kubrick was "very happy" with the film and considered it to be his "greatest contribution to the art of cinema". is an adaptation by Jocelyn Pook of her "Backwards Priests. weird. If you go back and look at the contemporary reactions to any Kubrick picture (except the earliest ones). well-told plot rewards an attentive viewer.Eyes Wide Shut 135 Reception The film opened with mixed to positive reviews. you'll see that all his films were initially misunderstood. The film currently holds a 78% certified fresh on Rotten Tomatoes."[44] Mystery writer and commentator Jon Breen agrees. one that flirts with ridicule yet sustains its fundamental eeriness and gravity throughout.[43] For the introduction to Michel Ciment's Kubrick: The Definitive Edition. while this may have been intended to convey a dream state. named "Masked Ball". which came as no surprise."[52] . the incantations in the background are part of a Romanian Orthodox Divine Liturgy recorded in a church in Baia Mare. director Martin Scorsese named Eyes Wide Shut his fourth favorite film of the 1990s. felt that most critics responded mainly to the marketing campaign and did not address the film on its own terms. The dreamlike intensity of previous Kubrick visions is in full force here.[50] [51] R. writer Leigh Lundin comments that watching the dissolving marriage was painful and the backdrop of Christmas against the dark topic was disturbing. Kubrick asked if she had anything else like Backwards Priests – "you know. Lee Ermey. Franz Liszt's late solo piano piece."[46] • One recurring piece is the second movement of György Ligeti's piano cycle "Musica ricercata"."[38] Lee Siegel. it was severely misunderstood. after five or ten years came the realisation that 2001 or Barry Lyndon or The Shining was like nothing else before or since. but "the oblique. The first complaint was that the movie's pacing was too slow. "He told me it was a piece of shit". Kubrick's brother-in-law and executive producer. Ermey said in Radar magazine." [42] In the television show Roger Ebert & the Movies.

The unrated version of Eyes Wide Shut was released in the United States on 23 October 2007 in DVD. the uncensored version has been shown on television with some controversy. right before he died. sexual body parts are blocked from view in a comical way. Ermey's claims are slanderous. When Warner did not concede.. The version in South America. even if they are saying slanderous things that I know are completely untrue. Europe and Australia featured the orgy scene intact (theatrical and DVD release) with ratings mostly for people of 16 (Germany) and 18+ (Australia). you've never seen two actors more completely subservient and prostrate themselves at the feet of a director. blurring and cutting explicit sexuality. These changes were not made in the North American release. According to the AHAD. Warner Brothers agreed with the Hindu community of Great Britain to replace it with a chant of similar dramatic tone. He was still working on the film when he died.com:[53] The polite thing would be to say 'No comment'. But I know that from people around him personally. the American Hindus Against Defamation threatened to protest.[57] As noted above one musical cue is sung in Tamil[58] [59] although other sections (according to film composer Jocelyn Pook) are sung in Hindi[60] taken from an earlier recording by Manickam Yogeswaran. But the truth is that. And I thought about R."[54] Although Ebert has been frequently cited as calling the standard North American R-rated version the "Austin Powers" version of Eyes Wide Shut. as they argued that Kubrick had never been shy about ratings (A Clockwork Orange was originally given an X-rating). Lee Ermey for In the Bedroom. blocking out graphic sexuality by inserting additional figures to obscure the view. It was one of the happiest weekends of his life. HD DVD and Blu-ray Disc formats. Warner Bros.[55] in fact his review mockingly referred to an early rough draft of the altered scene (never publicly released) as the "Austin Powers" version of the film.[61] . Roger Ebert objected to the technique of using digital images to mask the action. it was broadcast on Network Ten with the alterations in the American version for mature audiences of 15 and older. Eventually. as some large American theatres and video store operators disallow films with that rating.Eyes Wide Shut According to Todd Field. Hindu prayer usage While American censorship attempted to control the sexuality. after he had shown the first cut to Terry. In New Zealand and in Europe. And he probably died because he finally relaxed. this is a modified version of an earlier piece by the film composer entitled "Backwards Priests". while by the same process making his adult film more accessible to young viewers. Field's response appeared in a 26 October 2006 interview with Slashfilm. in reality. The American Hindus Against Defamation[56] wrote to Warner Brothers requesting they change the voice-over chant that plays as Bill Harford wanders from room to room at the mansion. my partner who was his assistant for thirty years." But. avoiding an adults-only NC-17 rating that limited distribution. The main musical track at the beginning the orgy scene is the chanting of a Romanian priest being played backwards. through camera angles and coincidences. He would have kept working on it. In Australia. and all I can say is Stanley was adamant that I shouldn't work with him for all kinds of reasons that I won't get into because there is no reason to do that to anyone. "the background music subsides and the shloka (scriptural recitation) from the Bhagavad Gita.[54] This is in reference to two scenes in the film Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery in which. let's put it this way. He said it "should not have been done at all" and it is "symbolic of the moral hypocrisy of the rating system that it would force a great director to compromise his vision. And I talked to Stanley a lot about that film. one of the most revered Hindu scripture is played out. This alteration antagonised cinephiles. like he did on all of his films. Tom and Nicole.. Stanley was absolutely thrilled with the film. complaints came from offended members of the Hindu community. 136 American censorship and classification Citing contractual obligations to deliver an R rating. Kubrick's friend and an actor in Eyes Wide Shut. digitally altered the orgy for the American release.

+ and+ the+ uses+ of+ history& ei=drS7S4CuH5XmzASPsNX8BQ& cd=1#v=onepage& q=venetian& f=false)) [26] The Wolf at the Door: Stanley Kubrick. com/ title/ tt0120663/ usercomments [16] Peter Loewenberg notes this in his essay Freud Schnitzler and Eyes Wide Shut (http:/ / books. 332 [22] Cocks. Glenn Wesley Perusek (http:/ / books. html) [21] Rasmussen 2005. com/ books?id=apbst3-ZYNoC& pg=PA277& dq=Stanley+ Kubrick+ Venice+ masks& cd=4#v=onepage& q=Stanley) [28] Kreider essay. com/ article/ eyes_wide_shut [13] http:/ / www.19990705. 331 [18] Essay in Depth of field: Stanley Kubrick. reverseshot. com/ books?id=hkuNDff0RscC& pg=PA150& dq=venetian+ masks+ history& lr=& cd=12#v=onepage& q=venetian) . html [12] http:/ / www. time. edu/ ipsa/ 2003/ Greenwich conference. com/ reviews/ eyeswideshut [9] http:/ / www. blu-ray. James Diedrick. inside a film artist's maze by Thomas Allen Nelson ( 1 (http:/ / books. 397 Book published by Indiana University Press. and altering a piece of Alice Harford's dialogue. com/ movies/ e/ eyeswideshut. Gilbert Adair. co. Kaus.00. com/ books?id=6Y7FnTDmvUIC& pg=PA268& dq=Eyes+ Wide+ Shut+ anti-Semitic& cd=1#v=onepage& f=false) as does Geoffrey Cocks in his book Wolf at the Door [17] Rasmussen 2005. google. com/ books?ei=9LK7S5mQFJHwzATF2dGtBw& cd=1& id=7BvuAAAAMAAJ& dq=Stanley+ Kubrick.com/eyeswideshut_21/movieoverview [15] http:/ / www. Film Quarterly (http:/ / www. com/ archive/ eyeswide. aboutfilm. html [7] http:/ / www. Although the earliest American DVD of the uncut version states on the cover that it includes both the R-rated and unrated editions. Peter Lang Publishing. Danforth Prince masks history&f=false (http:/ / books. com/ books?id=6Y7FnTDmvUIC& pg=PA247& dq=Fidelio+ Denmark+ Kubrick& cd=3#& f=false) [19] Eyes Wide Shut original screenplay (http:/ / www. tvguide. James Diedrick. notcoming. uk/ amk/ doc/ 0096. ufl. History. google.fandango. google. & the Holocaust By Geoffrey Cocks ( 3 (http:/ / books. visual-memory. com/ movies/ Eyes-Wide-Shut-Blu-ray/ 509/ #Review [10] http:/ / movies. clas. pp. [24] Kubrick. google.+ & + the+ Holocaust& q=venetian#search_anchor)) [27] Kubrick: The Definitive Edition by Michel Ciment. com/ time/ covers/ 0. combustiblecelluloid. Wolf at the Door. htm) [20] Rainer J. com/ books?id=fTIuAAAAYAAJ& pg=PA311& dq=venetian+ masks+ history& lr=& cd=31#v=onepage& q& f=false) [30] Frommer's Portable Venice by Darwin Porter. com/ doc/ 1G1-79981141. imdb. Robert Bononno Kubrick Venice masks&f=false (http:/ / books. com/ eyes-wide-shut/ review/ 134111 [11] http:/ / www. Geoffrey (2 August 2004). google. uk/ world/ 1999/ apr/ 24/ ameliagentleman) [4] http:/ / www. highbeam.+ film. html) [2] p. Glenn Wesley Perusek ( 2 (http:/ / books. shtml [6] http:/ / bluray. co. com/ Best-Erotic-Thrillers-order-they/ lm/ 2ABKTWWBYWM4Q [5] http:/ / www. com/ scripts/ eyeswshu. htm [8] http:/ / www. and the Uses of History by Geoffrey Cocks. [23] The sign on the gate of the mansion says Somerton. Film. film.16641. 146. google. com/ books?id=6Y7FnTDmvUIC& printsec=frontcover& dq=Depth+ of+ field:+ Stanley+ Kubrick. guardian. dvdtalk. com/ reviews/ 31748/ eyes-wide-shut/ [14] www. godamongdirectors. and the uses of history by Geoffrey Cocks.Eyes Wide Shut 137 DVD release The DVD release of Eyes Wide Shut corrects technical gaffes. 2005 [3] The film business newspaper Variety (http:/ / www. Notes on Eyes Wide Shut (http:/ / www. p. variety. highdefdigest. p. including a reflected crew member. com/ article/ VR1117499540. Volume 2 by Edward Smedley 1837 (http:/ / books. com/ 273/ eyeswideshut. google. com/ books?id=wabgZNgT9OgC& printsec=frontcover& dq=by+ Thomas+ Allen+ Nelson& ei=MbW7S5Nck6jMBJCGieYE& cd=1#v=onepage& q=venetian& f=false)) [25] Depth of Field: Stanley Kubrick. amazon. google. html?categoryid=13& cs=1) and the UK Guardian (http:/ / www.+ history. html) [29] Sketches from Venetian history. in actuality only the unrated edition is on the DVD. References to the mansion as "Somerton mansion" are found in much literature on the film. Most home videos remove the verse cited from the sacred Hindu scripture Bhagavad Gita. See also • Cinema of the United States • Cinema of the United Kingdom Notes [1] TIME Magazine Cover: Tom Cruise & Nicole Kidman – 5 July 1999 (http:/ / www.

ISBN 978-0571211081 [45] http:/ / www. php) [47] Arnold. net/ movies/ e/ eyes_wide. google. [39] EYES WIDE SHUT What the critics failed to see in Kubrick's last film (http:/ / www. com/ article. html) [40] "For Movie Folks Who Considered Burning Down The Ratings Board When The Adjustment Was Enuf" (http:/ / web. com/ contents/ 02/ 23/ ornament. com/ apps/ pbcs.Eyes Wide Shut [31] Novel The Venetian Mask by Rosalind Laker (http:/ / books. com/ newsnov. html) [58] Bharani. com/ kubrick/ films/ ews/ reviews/ harpers. The New York Times. go. t. google. blogspot. com/ papers/ metro/ 07. themusicmagazine. com/ festivals/ sundance_2006/ dp_060125. com/ ?p=13152). criminalbrief. Michel (2003). Milan & the Lakes by Reid Bramblett published by John Wiley and Sons masks eyes wide shut&f=false (http:/ / books. dli. google. html) and FilmBlather. reelviews. com/ guides/ europe/ italy/ venice/ where-to-shop) [37] Fodor's Venice & the Venetian Arc masks history&f=false (http:/ / books. iht. unomaha. suntimes. Retrieved 15 April 2008. com/ Film/ Film_Interviews/ Jan_Harlan_Keeps_His_Eyes_Wide_Open_On_New_Ideas/ ) [52] Kubrick says Cruise and Kidman ruined EWS (http:/ / filmdrunk.ernet. php?story=20061024toddfieldinterview2& query) [54] Roger Ebert's review of Eyes Wide Shut (http:/ / rogerebert. 169 [48] http:/ / www. The Liszt Companion (http:/ / books. [41] http:/ / www. html). 288–9 [33] (http:/ / books. dvdtalk. ernet. html). 2002. html Review of Eyes Wide Shut [42] "'Eyes Wide Shut': Danger and Desire in a Haunting Bedroom Odyssey" (http:/ / www. com/ books?id=uZG6zyjFYbcC& pg=PA147& dq=venetian+ masks+ eyes+ wide+ shut& cd=6#v=onepage& q=venetian) [35] Venice and the Veneto by Damien Simonis published by Lonely Planet masks eyes wide shut&f=false (http:/ / books. com/ books?id=Ok56w33o_0kC& pg=PA159& dq=venetian+ masks+ eyes+ wide+ shut& cd=7#v=onepage& q=venetian) [36] (http:/ / www.com (http:/ / lannghiemphu. archive. com/ review. reelviews. hindunet. . cntraveller. com/ 2007/ 01/ porunca-noua-dau-voua_452. MetroActive Eyes Wide Shut (http:/ / www. indelibleinc. com/ tv/ buenavista/ ebertandroeper/ index2. google. htm) 138 . runmovies. html) [59] Sense of Cinema. 15. eu/ index. org/ web/ 20071224055634/ http:/ / www.blogspot. com/ 2010/ 03/ kubrick-says-cruise-kidman-ruined-eyes-wide-shut) [53] Interview: Todd Field Part 2 – /FILM (http:/ / www. google. edu/ jrf/ dharma. google. org/ document.in (http:/ / bharani. nytimes. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 085. Criminal Brief. filmblather. com/ books?id=_dfKY3D7cuEC& printsec=frontcover& dq=Eyes+ Wide+ Shut& lr=& cd=14#v=onepage& q& f=false) [34] Frommer's Northern Italy: Including Venice. com/ library/ film/ 071699eyes-film-review. net/ movies/ e/ eyes_wide. Kubrick: The Definitive Edition.dli. org/ anti_defamation/ eyes/ ) [57] lannghiemphu. Leigh (25 July 2010). com/ books?id=fzS8jtDSMDwC& pg=PA163& dq=venetian+ masks+ history& cd=1#v=onepage& q=venetian) [38] Lundin. com/ janharlaninterview. com/ books?id=_jZs6zP6R6gC& pg=PA169& lpg=PA169& dq=Eyes+ Wide+ Shut+ nuages+ Gris& source=bl& ots=1-BV2A5bLi& sig=hPVHQAvO6DU-XTAkkJrBLH1LWkA& hl=en& ei=bQNSTPbJOoT68Abeu8SPBA& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=10& ved=0CDEQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage& q=Eyes Wide Shut nuages Gris& f=false) Greenwood Publishing Group. 26 January 2006. html [50] On Kubrick – A Talk With Kubrick Documentarian Jan Harlan (http:/ / www. 0209a [49] http:/ / www. uproxx. slashfilm. html). moviecitynews. pep-web. com/ articles/ 1999/ 10/ 27/ pook. "Erotic Mystery Thrillers" (http:/ / www. php?option=com_content& task=view& id=311& Itemid=57) [61] UN Omaha (http:/ / www. 99/ eyeswideshut-9928. html) [60] Run Movies (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 19990716/ REVIEWS/ 907160302/ 1023) [55] See Reel Views Eyes Wide Shut (http:/ / www. com/ watch?v=lnIsZcZZh6w [46] Kubrick's Approval Sets Seal on Classical Crossover Success : Pook's Unique Musical Mix – International Herald Tribune (http:/ / www. moviecitynews. html) on 24 December 2007. sex-n-violence. com/ festivals/ sundance_2006/ dp_060125. . youtube. in/ thf/ audio/ yoges. php?id=ijp. Ben. metroactive. html) [51] (http:/ / timessquare. Eyes Wide Shut (http:/ / archive. com/ books?id=qjpduEh-ajAC& dq=venetian+ masks+ history& source=gbs_navlinks_s) [32] Nelson pp. New York: Faber and Faber. sensesofcinema. . php?n=eyeswideshut) [56] (http:/ / www. Pg. Eyes Wide Shut (http:/ / www. html?sec=7& subsec=29) [44] Ciment. Movie City News. [43] Ebert and Roeper (http:/ / bventertainment.

uk/amk/ doc/0096.metacritic.warnerbros.com/work/158829) at Allmovie Eyes Wide Shut (http://www. External links • • • • • • • • Official website (http://eyeswideshut.htm) at Box Office Mojo Eyes Wide Shut (http://www.mascarer.com) Practical Magic Practical Magic Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Written by Griffin Dunne Denise Di Novi Alice Hoffman (novel) Robin Swicord Akiva Goldsman Adam Brooks Sandra Bullock Nicole Kidman Stockard Channing Dianne Wiest Alan Silvestri Starring Music by .visual-memory.imdb.Eyes Wide Shut 139 References • Rasmussen.jsp?stid=434559) at the TCM Movie Database Eyes Wide Shut (http://www.com/film/titles/eyeswideshut) at Metacritic Introducing Sociology: a review of Eyes Wide Shut by Tim Kreider (http://www.com/title/title.rottentomatoes. McFarland & Company.com/title/tt0120663/) at the Internet Movie Database Eyes Wide Shut (http://tcmdb.com/movies/?id=eyeswideshut. Randy (2005).com/) Eyes Wide Shut (http://www. ISBN 0786421525.allmovie.com/m/eyes_wide_shut/) at Rotten Tomatoes Eyes Wide Shut (http://www.boxofficemojo. Stanley Kubrick: Seven Films Analyzed.html) • Masks from the movie (http://www.co.

It is learned that Sally and Michael were going to open their own Botanics Shop. Sally. The Owens family is cursed: if an Owens woman finds true love with a man. The film is based on a book of the same name by Alice Hoffman. While working in the garden. he will die tragically. When Michael falls victim to the curse and dies." The girls move in with Frances and Jet and the townspeople treat the family as outsiders. confident no real man could ever be like the man in her spell. Kylie and .377 [1] 140 (domestic) Practical Magic is a 1998 American family-fantasy film directed by Griffin Dunne and starring Sandra Bullock and Nicole Kidman as witches who carry on a family legacy of witchcraft and tragedy. Sally swears off magic because the magical curses have ruined her life. October 16. 1998 (USA) 103 minutes United States.000. whom she is especially interested in. Sally is happier than ever now married to Michael and has two daughters.Practical Magic Cinematography Andrew Dunn Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Elizabeth King Village Roadshow Pictures Warner Bros. in order to go visit her. Sally hears a bell tolling and rushes into town. who is constantly moving about and shuffling through men. In town. Kylie (Evan Rachel Wood) and Antonia (Alexandra Artrip). Gillian remarks she can't wait to fall in love. for they fear the women are witches. Meanwhile. A letter is penned to Gillian. The story concerns sisters Frances (Stockard Channing) and Jet (Dianne Wiest). Sally tells Gillian everything that she feels and Gillian in turn tells her about Jimmy. but never expected her to really and truly love him. saying he'll come back as something else. Sally begs them to bring Michael back. Gillian is gone. After witnessing their aunts cast a spell on a man for a woman who seems obsessed with having his love. casts a true love spell to protect herself.683. preventing her from ever falling in love. Australia English $60. whose death also brought on their mother's death "from a broken heart. Sally is next seen to have opened her shop. Sally finds out the aunts cast a spell to give her a little push so she could fall in love. The original music score was composed by Alan Silvestri. The sisters grow up. as was the case with the father of Gillian and Sally. and she tells the aunts that her daughters will not do magic. She dreams up a series of odd traits for the man of her dreams. Packing her bags and leaving at night. As she says in her letter. Meanwhile. Gillian's talents are more in charm and persuasion. Sally is refusing to leave her bed. Sally and her daughters return to the Owens home to live with the aunts.000 $46. Plot The Craft has been passed down through generations to the Owens women. so she drugs Jimmy. Sally is the more gifted of the two. She is seen dancing against multiple men without thinking anything of it. saying she can't wait to fall in love just like Gillian did at her age. preferring to sleep for a while. Sally becomes lonely without Gillian. but the aunts refuse. a man named Michael (Mark Feuerstein) meets her in the street with a passionate kiss. revealing that three years has passed since that moment. and Gillian runs away as she is impatient with small-town life. they cast a binding oath to each other using blood from both of their hands and then mixing the blood by clasping hands. Gillian is partying. When Sally wakes in the morning. who is now her boyfriend. Gillian feels that Sally needs her. and their orphaned nieces Gillian (Nicole Kidman) and Sally (Sandra Bullock). there is one man named Jimmy Angelov (Goran Višnjić). It is hinted that Kylie is much like Gillian (even having red hair like her). seeing the woman's pain at not having the man love her.

who grows bored with small-town life and becomes the victim of an abusive relationship. a coven needs to be formed. but Jimmy (as Gillian) begins to lick her saying he's feeling "very into sisters right now. The panicked sisters attempt to resurrect him using the forbidden spell from their aunts' book of spells that Sally begged them to use when Michael died." The aunts return. The aunts leave town because they realize Sally and Gillian have done something terrible and the girls must fix what they did on their own. 141 Cast • Sandra Bullock as Sally Owens. daughter of Sally Owens. aunt of Sally and Gillian. who lives with her mom and aunts after the death of her and her sister Antonia's father. boyfriend of Gillian. Sally goes back inside to console her. Sally receives a letter from Gary telling her that she and her sister are cleared of any suspicion of wrongdoing in Jimmy's case. . • Stockard Channing as Aunt Frances Owens. but she uses too much and accidentally kills him. As they kiss. Kylie pretends to curse them with chicken pox. but Gary targets Sally and manages to eventually crack her. • Nicole Kidman as Gillian Owens. kisses her. who tends to be more aloof and fun-loving. who tends to be more tenderhearted and quiet. while clasping their hands to mix each other's blood once more. celebrate All Hallow's Eve dressed up in stereotypical witch costumes. a witch who becomes widowed after the Owens’ curse kills her husband. Over where they buried him. who has fallen in love with Sally. The spell is lifted and Gillian returns. The exorcism is a success due to the strong bond between the two sisters. Sally goes to collect Gillian. The Owens women. a policeman who investigates Sally and Gillian in the murder. but his spirit begins to haunt them. Sally notices he has one green eye and one blue. Gary. He decides to leave town without arresting Sally. Gary says curses are only true if you believe in them and he doesn't. they decide that in order to dispel Jimmy. but they are embraced and welcomed by the townsfolk. Sally runs home and finds Jimmy has possessed Gillian and his spirit is now coming out of her body. they see his boots sink back into the ground. But Kylie finds Sally's diary that listed all the qualities she wanted her true love to have. Sally confesses that she killed Jimmy. After Gillian explains the spell to Kylie she throws the syrup into the ocean leaving Gary to believe Sally and Gillian were going to kill him. Jimmy's spirit is dispelled and the 300-year-old curse of the Owens women is ended when Sally repeats the spell that was mentioned as Gillian first left. • Aidan Quinn as Officer Gary Hallet. Jimmy begins to mess with them. roses grow overnight. Gary eventually returns to the town to be with Sally. aunt of Sally and Gillian. A State Investigator named Gary Hallett (Aidan Quinn) arrives in town looking for Jimmy. poisoning the syrup for that morning's pancakes. • Dianne Wiest as Aunt Bridget 'Jet' Owens. Jimmy possesses Gillian again. The women come. Sally tells him of her spell. They hug. • Evan Rachel Wood as Kylie Owens. The sisters bury his body in the garden of the Owens home. but Kylie says she couldn't cast a spell anyway. too. He is almost killed by Jimmy. She is also forced to ask the aid of townswomen who had feared and excluded her and Gillian. She stops kissing him. realizing that the true love spell she cast as a girl summoned Gary to her. Gillian comes up with a perfect story. When the sisters investigate the spot. Sally puts belladonna into Jimmy's tequila to knock him out. but Jimmy kidnaps both of them. out of curiosity and a desire to help. Gillian enlists Kylie and Antonia's help to create a potion that will make Gary leave. where they hope nobody will notice. At first they can't see him but they become suspicious when Kylie tells them she sees a man and won't eat until he leaves. Sally realizes she must embrace magic to save her sister. Sally tells her they don't play with people's lives. • Goran Višnjić as James 'Jimmy' Angelov. Gary comes to her side and witnesses this. too. He also says that he wished for her. who becomes abusive and kidnaps the sisters. The spell works but Sally must kill him again when he attempts to choke Gillian because he believes she's lying about loving him. she calls Sally for help. sister of Sally. Sally attempts to stop him but succumbs to it and falls onto the bed. daughters and all.Practical Magic Antonia come to the shop with the daughters of the girls who threw rocks at them as kids yelling and taunting her girls. When Jimmy turns abusive.

• Mark Feuerstein as Michael. husband of Sally Owens. Minimalism. 1998. the entire population of the town where filming took place was invited to show up in costume and be in the movie as townsfolk. in the scene where the Owens women are drunk and slinging insults. Pop. Orchestral 56:58 (Nyman pressing) Language English Label Reprise/WEA Producer Danny Bramson. who lives with her mom and aunts after the death of her and her sister Kylie's father. Abbey Road Studios (Michael Nyman tracks) Genre Length Soundtrack. but it still took almost a year to perfect the image of the house and the interior. • Lora Anne Criswell as young Gillian Owens. and father of Kylie and Antonia Owens who becomes a victim of the "Owens Curse". the actresses actually got drunk on very bad tequila brought by Kidman. which resulted in his death. it was torn down after the movie was released. According to Bullock in the film commentary. 142 Production Some of the movie was filmed on an artificial set in California. The cast also believes that the supernatural elements of the house started to affect them. Sandra Bullock Michael Nyman chronology . Producers said the house was a big part of the depiction of the Owens' culture. Washington. • Camilla Belle as young Sally Owens. For the final scene with all of the townspeople at the Owen's home. the cast and crew claim to have heard ghost noises while filming the coven scene at the end of the movie.Practical Magic • Alexandra Artrip as Antonia Owens. They built it on Whidbey Island. daughter of Sally Owens. 1998 (original pressing) Recorded August 15-16. They brought much of the set from California and placed it inside the house. Music Practical Magic photo by Suzanne Tenner Soundtrack by Various artists Released October 6. Since the house was built only for this filming. so they knew they had to build a house to accurately depict this.

Alan Silvestri / Convening the Coven . Black Eyed Dog .Nick Drake 6. Always on My Mind . Got to Give It Up (Pt. A Case of You . in Ravenous and The Actors. The complete Nyman score runs 62:30 and contains music that would later appear. Track listing 1.Lisa Hall 5. Everywhere . This last-minute change resulted in the release of two soundtracks.Stevie Nicks 12. only the two tracks of newly-created material were changed. Is This Real? . Strong on the Causes of Oaks 1998 Practical Magic 1998 Ravenous 1999 Alan Silvestri chronology The Parent Trap 1998 Practical Magic 1998 Stuart Little 1999 Composer Michael Nyman's score to the movie was abruptly replaced with music by Alan Silvestri for the theatrical release.Michelle Lewis 8.The Michael Nyman Orchestra .Marvin Gaye 4.Joni Mitchell 7. Singer Stevie Nicks headlined the soundtrack's published advertisements.Faith Hill 3.1) . Crystal . although as primarily a compilation album. "Convening the Coven. Nowhere and Everywhere . A 50-track demo (the last two tracks being "Convening the Coven" and "Maria Owens") of Nyman's score has been circulating among fans as a bootleg." though not "Maria Owens.Bran Van 3000 10.Stevie Nicks and Sheryl Crow 2. Amas Veritas . Coconut ." was subsequently reissued on The Very Best of Michael Nyman: Film Music 1980–2001.Elvis Presley 9.Alan Silvestri / Maria Owens . If You Ever Did Believe . promoting her songs "If You Ever Did Believe" and a new recording of her song "Crystal". in altered form. and music that uses material related to this piece has not been used elsewhere. 3/Carrington/The End of the Affair/The Claim. Practical Magic .The Michael Nyman Orchestra 13.Harry Nilsson 11.Practical Magic 143 Strong on Oaks. This Kiss . as well as a bit of his stepwise chord progression theme from Out of the Ruins/String Quartet No.

336. Depiction of witches The film's witchcraft is tied closely to biological lineage. the birth order of Sally's daughters (Antonia is the older daughter and in the book they are also teenagers by the end). Most also agree that the movie was nothing like the book and lost a lot of the book's magic. the Teenage Witch.558 International Gross $21. including the flowers growing over Jimmy's grave (lilacs).Practical Magic 144 Reception Box Office Total US Gross $46. • There are no characters named Ben.486. they dress up in black robes and red-and-white striped stockings. Awards In 1999 the movie was nominated for the American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Actress. once all the Owens women have "come out" to the village as witches. The film also states that "there's no devil in the craft. • The aunts. Some critics enjoyed the depiction of romance and magic in the movie while others believed the magic was so severely downplayed that it was seemingly nonexistent. or Gideon. Most agree that it had some comedic scenes. • The fate of the lovesick woman the aunts help is also recurrent in the novel. His personality in the movie was changed to allow Višnjić to take the role. while not neglectful. Charmed and Sabrina. and the fact that Sally actually rejected magic very early on in life due to a humiliation in school. similar to those worn by the Wicked Witch of the East in The Wizard of Oz. Scott. It was lastly nominated for the Young Artist Award for Camilla Belle and Evan Wood. . Other modern depictions of witches have also depicted magic as hereditary. • How Sally and Gillian's parents died. a reminder to "be careful what you wish for".439 Worldwide Gross $68. That same year it was also nominated twice for the Blockbuster Entertainment Award and won one of the awards for Favorite Supporting Actress (Stockard Channing). Michael's death cemented this.997 Critic Reviews The movie received mixed reviews but most reviews claimed unsatisfactory results.850. • Jimmy's death is attributed to possible alcohol poisoning. • Sally returned to the Aunts' house after Michael's death whereas in the book she left the Aunt's house because she and Michael lived at the Aunts' house. Other differences include: • Jimmy is not foreign at all. are not as warm and loving as they are in the movie and delight in using their talents for the village women. rather than being the cause it. he is depicted as being something of a sadist to begin with. Top critics claim there was nothing memorable about the movie and that it was disappointing. including Bewitched." At the end of the film. although the cowboy obsession is still a factor. although the caution of watching what you wish for is always there. Novel The film differs from the original novel in several ways. only one in fourteen top critics enjoyed the movie at all. Although his violence towards Gillian is not a direct factor in his death. rather than belladonna poisoning.

boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=practicalmagic.com/work/173557) at Allmovie Practical Magic (http://www. Gage Golightly. boxofficemojo.com (http:/ / www.htm) at Box Office Mojo . Jeri Ryan. htm) External links • • • • Official website (http://practicalmagic.warnerbros.Practical Magic 145 Television spin-off A television pilot based on the film. Shirley Knight and Esai Morales.com/title/tt0120791/) at the Internet Movie Database Practical Magic (http://www. Kat Dennings.imdb.allmovie. titled Sudbury was filmed for CBS in 2003. com/ movies/ ?id=practicalmagic. It starred Kim Delaney. The pilot was not picked up.com/m/practical_magic/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Practical Magic (http://www. Dixie Carter.rottentomatoes. Sandra Bullock served as executive producer. References [1] Practical Magic at boxofficemojo.com) Practical Magic (http://www.

140 Budget Gross revenue .463.The Peacemaker (1997 film) 146 The Peacemaker (1997 film) The Peacemaker Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Mimi Leder Walter Parkes Laurie Macdonald Branko Lustig Pat Kehoe Andrew Cockburn Leslie Cockburn Andrew Cockburn Leslie Redlich Cockburn (Article) Michael Schiffer George Clooney Nicole Kidman Marcel Iureş Hans Zimmer Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Dietrich Lohmann Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language David Rosenbloom DreamWorks September 26. 1997 124 minutes United States English Russian Serbo-Croatian $50 million $110.

and that it may be intended to destroy the UN headquarters in New York. The scene then immediately shifts to a missile base in Chelyabinsk. After the only Russian troops in the area are killed by the general and his men. One of the terrorists. and. to hide the hijacking of the other warheads on board. "It's not our war!" Gavrić responds. then switches tracks to send his train out of harm's way and the transport train on a collision course with a passenger train. a high-ranking Russian general has other plans. Devoe and Kelly both survive the explosion with minor . Sarajevo. Bosnia and Herzegovina. While the story takes place all over the world. He wants to avenge the death of his wife and daughter. Russia. "It is now!". The thermonuclear warhead goes off moments later. He blames the countries of the West for not protecting them and for greedily supplying weapons to all sides in the war. and a Muslim" in reference to all sides in the war torn former Yugoslavia). A call to Devoe's long time friend and Russian counterpart. A savage fight ensues onboard the vehicle. 147 Plot summary The movie begins in an Eastern Orthodox church in Pale. Vertekoff is killed. he kills all the soldiers onboard the train and then transfers nine of the warheads to another train. and the rogue Russian general is killed and the warheads are seized. preventing it from creating a critical mass within the plutonium core. is a Yugoslav without identity ("I am a Serb. Along with a rogue tactical unit. Dmitri Vertekoff (Armin Mueller-Stahl). with Devoe killing most of the would-be assassins in the process. With seconds to spare. to a greater extent. where SS-18 ICBM's are being decommissioned. but the remaining choppers evade the missiles and are able to stop the truck carrying the warheads.The Peacemaker (1997 film) The Peacemaker is a 1997 American action/thriller film starring Academy Award winners George Clooney and Nicole Kidman and directed by Mimi Leder. but Kelly and Devoe escape. yielding a blast about 500 kilotons in intensity. and cornered into a Catholic church near the UN. The truck carrying the warheads is located using a ruse in which Devoe convinces the driver over the phone that there is a smart bomb falling towards him. knowing that the bomb is set to go off in a matter of minutes. with some sequences in New York and Philadelphia. in Bratislava. It is learned that the bomb was taken by a Bosnian serb. Ten nuclear warheads are loaded onto a train and sent to a separate site for dismantling. He also sets the timer on the one remaining warhead. Interrogation of the one surviving member of the group reveals that the trigger bomb (nominal yield: 1-2 kilotons) from one of the warheads is missing. who were killed by a sniper in Sniper Alley. Dušan Gavrić (Marcel Iureş). Devoe leads a group of USAF Special Operations and Army Rangers illegally over the Russian border to seize it. Julia Kelly (Kidman) is not convinced: SS-18 warheads can only be detonated deliberately. Kelly is able to remove a part of the bomb's explosive lens shell of the bomb. causing him to turn out of traffic on a road. adds credence to his hypothesis. and he is convinced that the crash and the detonation were both staged. and supplies a videotaped message warning the governments of the west to cease their involvement in the Yugoslavian conflict. When the Mafia realizes they are in fact U. and cannot be deactivated. He therefore plans to blow up the United Nations building in New York City. when an unidentified man (later revealed to be a Bosnian diplomat to the UN) is murdered in an alley after receiving a page to meet someone outside. government agents. However. Gavrić is finally tracked down. He is smooth-talking and irreverent US Army Special Forces officer Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Devoe (Clooney). Her newly assigned military liaison disagrees with her. wounded.S. Devoe later finds out through the tracking system of the truck company that the nukes are in a truck headed to Iran. they send out several carloads of thugs to kill them. This immediately garners the attention of the US government. The remaining explosives go off. White House nuclear expert Dr. She believes that terrorists are behind the incident. saying. but the bomb does not detonate and the explosion is confined to the church. a Croat. Even though the detonation was staged to look like an accident. During the operation. so that the truck can be seen in an aerial photo. Davoe confronts Gavrić. it was shot primarily in Macedonia. and promptly commits suicide. one of their choppers is shot down by Russian SAM battery when they enter Russian airspace. A few minutes later the trains collide. Kelly and Devoe try to track down the terrorists through an Austrian trucking company which is a front for the Russian Mafia. It is notable as being the first film released by DreamWorks.

boxofficemojo.140 domestically and $69.000 elsewhere. htm [3] http:/ / www. Aleksandr Kodoroff Rene Medvešek as Vlado Mirić Gary Werntz as Terry Hamilton Randall Batinkoff as Ken Jim Haynie as Gen. com/ movies/ ?id=peacemaker. com/ m/ 1079516-peacemaker/ . Julia Kelly Marcel Iureş as Dušan Gavrić Alexander Baluyev as Gen. Thomas Devoe Nicole Kidman as Dr.140. External links • The Peacemaker [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Peacemaker [2] at Box Office Mojo • The Peacemaker [3] at Rotten Tomatoes References [1] http:/ / www. 148 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • George Clooney as Lt.200. imdb. Col.The Peacemaker (1997 film) injuries. com/ title/ tt0119874/ [2] http:/ / www.263. Garnett Alexander Strobele as Dietrich Schumacher Holt McCallany as Mark Appleton Armin Mueller-Stahl as Dimitri Vertikoff Goran Visnjic as Bazta Sergeant Reception The film earned $41. rottentomatoes. bringing its total to $110.463.

Felix Webb. goes to London to feature in a major new play. is having an intense affair with the leading lady. especially when he charms (and attempts to seduce) Hilary and the other members of the production and becomes too popular at Felix's expense. but soon faces a dilemma in that he feels increasingly jealous of Robin's attempts to seduce his willing wife. .) March 6. His wife of fourteen years. Robin Grange. to seduce Felix's elegant wife to end hassling her husband. It premiered at the Toronto Film Festival in 1996 but was not released in the United States until March 1998. In desperation. The film is set in London in the winter. Felix agrees.012[1] The Leading Man is a 1996 British romantic drama film directed by John Duigan.) Running time Country Language 100 minutes United Kingdom English Gross revenue $18.The Leading Man 149 The Leading Man The Leading Man Directed by Produced by Written by Starring John Duigan Paul Raphael Bertil Ohlsson Virginia Duigan Jon Bon Jovi Thandie Newton Anna Galiena Lambert Wilson Northern Arts Entertainment Distributed by Release date(s) September 6.S. Robin comes up with an intriguing plan. suspects that her husband is cheating and cannot suppress her rage. Hilary Rule. The playwright of the production. Plot A brash American actor. Eleanor. 1997 (U. 1997 (Australia) September 12. 1998 (U.K. 1996 (Canada) May 22.

suntimes.dll/article?AID=/19980313/REVIEWS/ 803130301/1023) . References [1] [2] [3] [4] http:/ / boxofficemojo. Music • The film's soundtrack is Forever Love by Gary Barlow. com/ m/ leading_man/ ?critic=creamcrop#conten http:/ / www. [2] Whilst sighting enjoying performances by most of the cast. com/ reviews/ 1996/ leading-man http:/ / www. htm http:/ / uk.rottentomatoes. nytimes.' [4].The Leading Man Felix is caught in a web of deceit and jealousy. film4. critics have given the film mixed reviews. with neither making a large impression. drama or both.com/m/leading_man/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Roger Ebert review (http://rogerebert. com/ movies/ ?id=leadingman.com/title/tt0116845/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Leading Man (http://www. [3] The New York Times reviewed the film as 'watchable without gripping. Film 4 arguing whether it is considered to be a comedy. prompting him to seek revenge on the opening night of his new production.com. com/ library/ film/ 032098leading-film-review.com/apps/pbcs. rottentomatoes. 150 Cast • • • • • • • • • Jon Bon Jovi as Robin Grange Anna Galiena as Elena Webb Lambert Wilson as Felix Webb Thandie Newton as Hilary Rule Barry Humphries as Humphrey Beal Patricia Hodge as Delvene Diana Quick as Susan Harriet Walter as Liz Flett David Warner as Tod Reception The film currently holds a 57% fresh rating on rottentomatoes. html External links • The Leading Man (http://www.imdb.

The screenplay was written by Jan Sardi. Justin Braine. and Scott Hicks directed the film.Shine (1996 film) 151 Shine (1996 film) Shine original film poster.000 (estimated) Running time Country Language Budget Shine is a 1996 Australian film based on the life of pianist David Helfgott. Lynn Redgrave. Armin Mueller-Stahl. Chris Haywood and Alex Rafalowicz. . Nicholas Bell. who suffered a mental breakdown and spent years in institutions.500. Noah Taylor. John Gielgud. The degree to which the film's plot reflects the true story of Helfgott's life is disputed (see below). Googie Withers. Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Scott Hicks Jane Scott Jan Sardi (screenplay) Scott Hicks (story) Geoffrey Rush Noah Taylor Armin Mueller-Stahl David Hirschfelder (original music) Music by Cinematography Geoffrey Simpson Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Pip Karmel Fine Line Features 21 January 1996 (Sundance Film Festival) 20 November 1996 105 minutes Australia English $5. It stars Geoffrey Rush. Geoffrey Rush was awarded the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1996 for his performance in the lead role. Sonia Todd. The film made its US premiere at the Sundance Film Festival.

Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen. The restaurant's owner tries to determine if he needs help. The next day David returns to the restaurant. There was. Despite his manic mode of speech being difficult to understand. In a flashback to David's childhood. David wins the competition. David and Gillian fall in love and marry. and needs more care than she can offer. It also won a BAFTA and Golden Globe Award for "Best Actor". With Gillian's help and support. At this point. David's father again forbids him to go but with the encouragement of Katharine. with nine nominations total. David is able to come to terms with his father's death and to stage a well-received comeback concert presaging his return to professional music. Original Dramatic Score. Best Picture and Best Writing. She takes him home but discovers that he is difficult to control. Years later. takes over David's musical instruction. England. he increasingly becomes manic in his behaviour. David continues to study and befriends local novelist and co-founder of the Communist Party of Australia. Best Film Editing. she leaves. Best Music. of course. In return David plays at the restaurant. As David practises. but suffers a mental breakdown and is admitted to a psychiatric hospital. thinking this will destroy the family. Crushed. David enters a Concerto competition. David recovers to the point where he is able to return to Australia. where he receives electric shock therapy. Katharine Susannah Prichard (Googie Withers). and was nominated for Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Armin Mueller-Stahl). a volunteer at the institution recognizes David and knows of his musical talent. after an initial conflict with Peter. and often wanders away from the hotel. David relapses and is readmitted to a mental institution as a young man. choosing to play Rachmaninoff's difficult 3rd Concerto. a man (Geoffrey Rush) wanders through a heavy rainstorm finding his way into a restaurant. a piece he had attempted to learn as a young child to make his father proud. Interestingly. Peter eventually forbids David to leave. and the patrons are astounded by his ability to play the piano. She returns him to the hotel and despite his attempts to engage her with his musical knowledge and ownership of various musical scores. he is competing in a local music competition. The AFIs gave it significant recognition as well. One of the owners befriends David and looks after him. David is noticed by Mr. a local pianist who.Shine (1996 film) 152 Plot As the film opens. the film resumes chronologically with David wandering to the nearby restaurant. but the BAFTAs and Screen Actors Guild Awards nominated John Gielgud and Noah Taylor (adolescent David Helfgott) for Best Supporting Actor. Rosen. David has difficulty adjusting to life outside the institution. . Peter (played by Armin Mueller-Stahl). Although plans are made to raise money to send David and his family is initially supportive. Production Geoffrey Rush resumed piano lessons — suspended when he was 14 — in order to act as his own hand double. Best Director. She leaves him at the hotel from earlier in the film. David's talent grows until he is offered a scholarship to the Royal College of Music in London. a man obsessed with winning who has no tolerance for failure or disobedience. David leaves and is disowned by his father. Through the owner David is introduced to Gillian (Lynn Redgrave). but is still rejected by his father. respectively. David (played by Noah Taylor) wins the state musical championship and is invited to study in America.[1] Awards Shine won the Academy Award for Best Actor (Geoffrey Rush). unintentionally destructive. Helfgott has been taught to play by his father. several different academies recognized multiple actors in the film for a "Best Supporting Actor" award nomination. Stahl's Academy Award nomination (he also won the AFI Award for Best Supporting Actor). she learns that his name is David Helfgott and that he is staying at a local hotel. As a teenager. In London.

and wrote the treatments.[3] Margaret Helfgott's criticisms have been disputed by people involved with making the film. Violin virtuoso Isaac Stern wanted to bring Helfgott to the US to mentor. were at odds with Margaret's claims and were happy with the movie. Shine's irresponsible glamorisation of Helfgott's ability has attracted a new audience who are not deeply involved in the sound of Helfgott's playing.[4] John Macgregor.[2] stresses in particular the case of Helfgott's father Peter Helfgott. and Helfgott's Royal Academy tutors did indeed praise his playing in such terms as "sheer genius". she claims. In a journal article. defending the authenticity of the movie's portrayal of Helfgott's childhood and suggesting that David's other siblings. he covered his eyes during the parts where Helfgott's playing was used in order to concentrate entirely on the music. resulting in damage to the reputations of real people. He felt that the musicianship. . Despite being widely panned by professional piano critics. Dutton claims that. in a letter to "The Australian". Macgregor called for them to come forward. the copyright is held by Gillian Helfgott who has prevented their contents from being published.[3] the New Zealand philosopher Denis Dutton speaks for many critics who claim that Helfgott's piano playing during his comeback in the last decade [of the 1990's] has severe technical and aesthetic deficiencies which would be unacceptable in any musician whose reputation had not been inflated beyond recognition. according to her.Shine (1996 film) 153 Criticism The movie has attracted reproach on two main grounds: Margaret Helfgott's book Critics allege that certain events and relationships in David's life are portrayed with wild inaccuracy. Helfgott's mother said the film haunted her and that she felt "an evil had been done.[5] Margaret Helfgott has stated that many people in these categories were critical of the film's portrayal of Peter Helfgott. as well as by every interviewee who had a professional or musical connection with David throughout his early life. according to Dutton. for Shine."[3] Pianistic ability Critics also claim that Helfgott's pianistic ability is grossly exaggerated. in her book Out of Tune. was not of a particularly high standard. a loving husband. wrote. The early career triumphs documented by the film are factual. Helfgott's recent tours have been well attended because. over-lenient parent and very far from the abusive tyrant portrayed in Shine. Scott Hicks published a letter to The Wall Street Journal when Margaret Helfgott’s book came out. that the portrayal of the Helfgotts' father was supported not only by David's 'elephantine' recollections. when perceived in isolation. while listening to the movie. Margaret Helfgott further claims to have been pressured by David's second wife Gillian and by the publishers of the film to stop making trouble for them by telling her story. Although Margaret Helfgott has possession of letters between Helfgott and his father. Peter Helfgott's decision to prevent David from going overseas at the age of 14 was not made with the vindictive spirit portrayed in Shine. Susie and Les. In his letter. and not be distracted by the acting. who was. who was involved in the research. thereby drawing deserved public attention away from pianists who are more talented and disciplined. but (with the exception of Margaret) by every family member and family friend he and Scott Hicks interviewed. sometimes even fabricated. conductor Daniel Barenboim was a great admirer. but a reasonable judgment that he was not ready for such independence. Helfgott's sister Margaret Helfgott.

David Helfgott 8.cinephilia. 1998. "Why do They Doubt Our Love" written & perf by Johnny O'Keefe 3.querytype=. "Appassionata Sonata.The Troggs 2. "Nulla in Mundo Pax Sincera" Antonio Vivaldi .Scenes from Childhood Opus 15" (Robert Schumann) . com/ p/ articles/ mi_m1285/ is_n12_v26/ ai_19121799/ print) [2] Margaret Helfgott and Tom Gross. w3p.groupequals=.group=. Gerald Keuneman (cello) 11. Opus 28 No.15" (Frederick Chopin) See also • Cinema of Australia • Trauma model of mental disorders • South Australian Film Corporation References [1] Playing for their lives . John. Opus 53" (Frederick Chopin) .the Making of Shine (http://www.Ricky Edwards 17. Out of Tune: David Helfgott and the Myth of Shine. denisdutton.resCount=10) • Official Site (http://web. "Prelude in D flat major.afc. rv 589" (Antonio Vivaldi) 9. "Helfgott's truth shines through.gov. 2 in C sharp minor" (Franz Liszt) .php?movieid=1206) • Australian Film Commission (http://www. "Hungarian Rhapsody No. "Flight of the Bumble Bee" (Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov) . "Gloria. "Polonaise in A flat major. findarticles.Shine (1996 film) 154 Soundtrack 1.htm) • Cinephilia (http://www.Ricky Edwards 12. "La Campanella" (Franz Liszt) . Funicula" (Luigi Denza) 13.au/letters/shine. 2" (Sergei Rachmaninov) .Jane Edwards (vocals).join.htm) • Jewish Ozzies .David Helfgott 7.org. htm) [4] Hicks.org.nfsa. No. "With a Girl Like You" (Reg Presley) .htm) • Disability Films (http://www. "Prelude in C sharp minor Opus 3. com/ helfgott. "Piano Concerto No.David Helfgott 15.Ricky Edwards 4.rec=0. "Funiculi.aspx?view=title& title=HELFGO&keyword=shine&area=all&type=all&year=all) • British Film Institute (http://ftvdb.au/nfsa/search/display/display. "Symphony No." The Australian. "Working on the Helfgott film script.htm) .au/show_amovie. 3 in D minor Opus 30" (Sergei Rachmaninov) .interview with actors Noah Taylor and Geoffrey Rush . ISBN 0-446-52383-6. Philosophy and Literature 21 (1997): 340-345 (http:/ / www.html) • Keys to Recovery (http://doctorgreenberg. Scott.filmtracks.holdingType=.Shine Soundtrack (http://www.uk/rec1/shine.David Helfgott 6. Warner Books (1998) [3] Denis Dutton.Interview (http:/ / www.9 in D minor Opus 125" (Ludwig van Beethoven) 16.adv=yes.23 in F minor Opus 57" (Ludwig van Beethoven) .parentid=.Wilhelm Kempff 5. No.net/shine.gov. "Fast zu Ernst .net. November 22. August 27.imdb.bfi.au/filmsandawards/filmdbsearch. "Daisy Bell" (Harry Dacre) .co.query=Number:296225.org/web/20070214101219/finelinefeatures.archive.David Helfgott 10." The Wall Street Journal.disabilityfilms.com/titles/shine.com/shine/index2.David Helfgott 14. 1996.com/title/tt0117631/) at the Internet Movie Database • Shine at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch.page=0. pub.uk/sift/title/519760) • Filmtracks .afc. Geoffrey Lancaster (harpsichord). [5] Macgregor. External links • Shine (http://www. "Sospiro" (Franz Liszt) .

Grant. and John Gielgud. Viggo Mortensen. 1997 (United Kingdom) Running time Country Language 142 minutes United Kingdom United States English Italian The Portrait of a Lady is a 1996 film adaptation of Henry James's novel The Portrait of a Lady directed by Jane Campion.com/issue02/reviews/shine.htm) 155 The Portrait of a Lady (film) The Portrait of a Lady Theatrical release poster Directed by Written by Starring Jane Campion Laura Jones Nicole Kidman John Malkovich Barbara Hershey Mary-Louise Parker Martin Donovan Wojciech Kilar Music by Distributed by Gramercy Pictures Release date(s) 28 August 1996 (VFF) 24 December 1996 (United States) February 28. Valentina Cervi. The film stars Nicole Kidman. Barbara Hershey. Mary-Louise Parker. Shelley Duvall. .Shine (1996 film) • Images Journal (http://www. Shelley Winters.imagesjournal. Richard E. John Malkovich. Martin Donovan. Christian Bale.

Cast Nicole Kidman as Isabel Archer John Malkovich as Gilbert Osmond Barbara Hershey as Madame Serena Merle Mary-Louise Parker as Henrietta Stackpole Martin Donovan as Ralph Touchett Shelley Winters as Mrs. imdb. com/ title/ tt0117364/ awards [2] http:/ / www. Grant as Lord Warburton Viggo Mortensen as Caspar Goodwood Christian Bale as Edward Rosier Valentina Cervi as Pansy Osmond Roger Ashton-Griffiths as Bob Bantling Awards The film was released in 1996 and won several awards for costuming. as well as acting awards for Hershey and Donovan. screenplay. Touchett John Gielgud as Mr. com/ title/ tt0117364/ . an innocent young woman of independent means who is manipulated by her "friend" Madame Merle (Hershey) and the devious Gilbert Osmond (Malkovich). Touchett Shelley Duvall as Countess Gemini Richard E. The film is relatively faithful to the novel but caused controversy with an interpolated dream sequence in which Isabel has an erotic fantasy involving all of her suitors.The Portrait of a Lady (film) 156 Plot The film tells the story of Isabel Archer (Kidman). It was nominated for two Academy Awards: Best Supporting Actress and Best Costume Design[1] See also • Cinema of Australia External links • The Portrait of a Lady [2] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / imdb.

Batman Forever 157 Batman Forever Batman Forever Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Joel Schumacher Tim Burton Peter MacGregor-Scott Benjamin Melniker Michael Uslan Lee Batchler Janet Scott-Batchler Akiva Goldsman Lee Batchler Janet Scott-Batchler Batman by Bob Kane and Bill Finger Val Kilmer Tommy Lee Jones Jim Carrey Nicole Kidman Chris O'Donnell Elliot Goldenthal Screenplay by Story by Based on Starring Music by Cinematography Stephen Goldblatt Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue Dennis Virkler Mark Stevens Warner Bros.529. 1995 122 minutes English US$100 million $336.844 [1] . June 16.

Two-Face escapes. Edward could read and control people's minds. and realizing that he cannot kill him. but not the other. and Chase is asked to consult on his case. Two-Face then attacks the party and nearly kills Batman. but Robin comes just in time to save his life. Doing this allows Two-Face to get the upper hand. Harvey Dent. Bruce Wayne rejects the invention. develops a device to beam television directly to a person's brain. Using his invention that Bruce had rejected earlier. survives and throws Two-Face's bomb into the river. Meanwhile. Bruce invites her to a charity circus event. At a business party. Two-Face and his henchmen storm the event in an attempt to discover Batman's secret identity. and gives Batman a choice of saving one hostage. Upon his return. Dick declares his intention to kill Two-Face and avenge his family's murder. Batman and Robin locate the Riddler's lair. Production was troubled. he reveals Robin and Chase as hostages.Batman Forever Preceded by Followed by Batman Returns Batman & Robin 158 Batman Forever is a 1995 American superhero film directed by Joel Schumacher and produced by Tim Burton. Two-Face falls to his death. and steal their intelligence quotient. the alter ego of physically/emotionally scarred former district attorney." and Edward resigns from his position. Batman Returns. Batman manages to make his way into the Riddler's lair and meets the Riddler himself. but was a success with audiences. Robin helps the villain back up. Dick. considered that the previous film. he discovers that Two-Face killed his family and escaped the scene. he insists on becoming his sidekick. However. . He decides to become a criminal known as the "Riddler" and become allies with Two-Face. and he begins to leave riddles for him. are murdered. underperformed at the box office due to its violence and dark overtones. a researcher at Wayne Enterprises. and manages to destroy the brainwave-collecting device and warp the Riddler in the process. They also leave Bruce another riddle. It is the third installment of the Batman film series and stars Val Kilmer as Batman. Two-Face and the Riddler later converge into Wayne Manor. Two-Face clings on for life. Edward has become psychologically obsessed with Bruce. and he and Two-Face then kidnap Chase. Unfortunately. Meanwhile. During the battle. While there. where both are separated upon reaching the island. "Robin". The Riddler is finally sent to Arkham Asylum. Edward discovers Bruce's secret identity. The plot focuses on Batman trying to stop Two-Face (Tommy Lee Jones) and the Riddler (Jim Carrey) in their villainous scheme to drain information from all the brains in Gotham City. with many actors considered for the main roles. Batman Forever received mixed reviews upon release. Bruce assumes responsibility for Dick and allows him to stay at Wayne Manor. and when he discovers Bruce's secret identity as Batman. Robin then encounters Two-Face and manages to beat him to the ground. Later on. The Flying Graysons. more family-friendly. The youngest member. Chase then meets Bruce Wayne outside and tells him his secret is safe. After solving the last riddle. Chase Meridian. The film had a change in tone compared to the previous installments. Edward Nygma. Batman finds a way to save both hostages. After meeting psychiatrist Dr. noting that it "raises too many questions. The Riddler enters the Batcave and destroys most of the equipment. He gains allegiance from psychiatrist Chase Meridian (Nicole Kidman) and orphaned ward Dick Grayson (Chris O'Donnell). but he thinks himself Batman. out-grossing Batman Returns with over $336 million worldwide and becoming the second-highest grossing film of 1995. Riddler offers to reveal the identity of Batman to her. Plot Batman stops a hostage situation in a bank caused by Two-Face. and he captures Robin. since Warner Bros. and in the process the acrobat family. and Kilmer entering in conflicts with the director and the rest of the crew.

The studio rejected the idea as they wanted a sequel." He hired Akiva Goldsman. • Joe Grifasi as The Bank Guard: Two-Face's hostage during the opening scene. Edward resigns after his newest invention is personally rejected by Bruce Wayne. he becomes the criminal Two-Face. felt the film should have made more money and decided to make the film series more mainstream. who had directed the two previous installments. Bruce struggles with his dual identity as a crime fighter. Robin. • Ofer Samra as Harvey's Thug. Schumacher originally had in mind an adaptation of Frank Miller's Batman: Year One. • Jim Carrey as Dr. • Nicole Kidman as Dr. • Elizabeth Sanders as Gossip Gerty: Gotham's top gossip columnist.[4] Keaton also wanted to pursue "more interesting roles". and the filmmakers decided that Russo was too old for Kilmer. Bruce is reminded when his parents were murdered when he sees the same vengeance in Dick. In his wake. He eventually discovers the Batcave and learns Bruce's secret identity. Michael Keaton decided not to reprise Batman because he did not like the new direction the film series was heading in. Burton: Head Doctor of Arkham Asylum. Driven insane. was [2] asked to restrict himself to the role of producer and approved of Joel Schumacher as director. Chase Meridian.[5] turning down $15 million to appear in Batman Forever. After Stickley discovers the true nature of Nygma's invention. • Michael Gough as Alfred Pennyworth: The Wayne family's faithful butler and Bruce's confidant. • René Auberjonois as Dr. as Fred Stickley: Edward Nygma's ill-tempered supervisor at Wayne Enterprises. Dick is taken in by Bruce after Two-Face murders his parents and brother at a circus event. • Ed Begley. not a prequel. Chase Meridian: A psychologist and love interest of Bruce Wayne. Begley was uncredited for this role. He becomes the villainous Riddler. leaving riddles and puzzles at scenes of crime.[6] Before Val Kilmer was cast.[4] Schumacher got interested in Kilmer for Batman after seeing him in Tombstone. Daniel Day-Lewis. half of Harvey's face is scarred with acid during the conviction of a crime boss. he becomes the crime fighting partner. Chase Meridian. Burton and Schumacher together hired Lee and Janet Scott-Batchler to write the script which introduced a psychotic Riddler with a pet rat accompanying him.[3] Production went on fast track with Rene Russo cast as Dr.[2] Val Kilmer was cast days later. The story elements and much of the dialogue still remained in the finished film. Warner Bros. Ralph . becoming romantically involved with Dr. Nygma kills him and makes it look like suicide. Jr. • Chris O'Donnell as Dick Grayson / Robin: Once a circus acrobat. Production Development Even though Batman Returns was a financial success. • Pat Hingle as James Gordon: The Police Commissioner of Gotham City. and the actor accepted the role without even reading the script or knowing who the new director was. Alfred also befriends the young Dick Grayson. and decides to take him in as his ward. Tim Burton. Edward Nygma / The Riddler: A former Wayne Enterprises employee. Chase is fascinated by the dual nature of Batman. She's held as a damsel in distress in the climax. though Schumacher felt it could be "lighted down.Batman Forever 159 Cast • Val Kilmer as Bruce Wayne / Batman: After coming across the journal of his father. he starts questioning his act of vengeance. though Schumacher was able to include very brief events in Batman's past. whom he previously had worked for on The Client to write the second draft. • Tommy Lee Jones as Harvey Dent / Two-Face: Formerly the good district attorney of Gotham City. • Drew Barrymore and Debi Mazar as Sugar and Spice: Two-Face's "good" and "bad" assisstants. replacing her with a different actress.

[7] [8] Robin Wright Penn. Hit singles from the soundtrack include "Hold Me. but was turned down.S. I pray I don't work with them again. with more statues. claiming that the film needed a "force" and felt Ling could "advance on it.[13] Robin appeared in the shooting script of Batman Returns but was deleted due to too many characters. "Kiss from a Rose" (whose video was also directed by Joel Schumacher) reached #1 in the U. It was decided to replace Wayans with a different actor. PDI provided a computer-generated Batman for complicated stunts. He also wanted a "city with personality". reporting that he fought with various crewmen. with two cars being constructed. The soundtrack itself. Michael Hutchence (of INXS).Batman Forever Fiennes. Andrew Adamson and Jim Rygiel served as visual effects supervisors. Kill Me" by U2 and "Kiss from a Rose" by Seal. Method Man.[9] Even though Billy Dee Williams took the role of Harvey Dent in Batman because he was looking forward to portray Two-Face in a sequel. selling almost as many copies as Prince's soundtrack to the 1989 Batman film. Mitchell Gaylord served as O'Donnell's stunt double.[15] Schumacher had problems filming with Kilmer. and instead commissioned the composer to write a different orchestral piece. one for stunt purposes and one for close ups with both showcasing a V8 engine.[10] Jones was always Schumacher's first choice for the role after working with him on The Client. the producers cast Tommy Lee Jones in the role.[14] Leonardo DiCaprio and Chris O'Donnell became the top two choices.[17] For the costume design. with Pacific Data Images also contributing with visual effects work. Nicole Kidman was eventually cast. and refused to speak to Schumacher during two weeks after the director told him to stop behaving in a rude way. the rest are strictly 'inspired by'. Schumacher did not want Goldenthal to be inspired by Danny Elfman's previous scores. Batman's costume was redesigned along the lines of a more "MTV organic. Chase Meridian.[19] The soundtrack was commercially successful. as well as various amounts of neon. Marlon Wayans was cast in the role. The Batmobile was also given a makeover. Jones claims he was sent the script and was very cautious to accept.[9] 160 Filming Filming started in September 1994. Jim Carrey was eventually cast. charts as well. with O'Donnell winning the part. John Dykstra. with a combination of modern Tokyo. featuring additional songs by The Flaming Lips. both of which were nominated for MTV Movie Awards.[12] while Michael Jackson was attached to the role. Schumacher hired Barbara Ling for production design. with Penn appearing as the favorable choice. Jeanne Tripplehorn and Linda Hamilton were in competition for Dr. and signed for Batman Forever. Only five of the songs on the soundtrack are actually featured in the movie. and Tommy Lee was threatened by him.[4] Schumacher also mentioned Tommy Lee Jones as source of trouble: "Jim Carrey was a gentleman. Nick Cave.[3] but accepted the part because Two-Face was his son's favorite character.[18] Music Schumacher hired Elliot Goldenthal to compose the film score even before the first draft of the script was written." Schumacher wanted a design that was not to be any way connected to the previous films. Brandy (both songs also included in the film). whom he described as "childish and impossible"."[16] [2] Design and effects Rick Baker designed the prosthetic makeup. William Baldwin and Johnny Depp were all under consideration to replace Michael Keaton. . and edgier feel" to the suit. Kiss Me. I'm tired of defending overpaid. PJ Harvey. Thrill Me. was an attempt to (in producer Peter MacGregor-Scott's words) make the film more "pop". overprivileged actors.[11] Robin Williams turned down the Riddler. producer Peter MacGregor-Scott claimed that 146 workers were at one point working together. and Massive Attack. and instead was to be inspired by the images from the Batman comic books seen in the 1940s/early 1950s and taken from that of New York City architecture in the 1930s.

These included: • The escape of Two-Face from Arkham Asylum. towards the camera. Segments of the scene also appears on the U2 music video "Hold Me. from the special batsuit to the hi-tech weaponry. Originally darker than the final product. • Sugar and Spice. He encounters the escape with the psychologist killed and hanged in Two-Face's cell with his blood smeared on the wall. The bat appears and Bruce raises his arms and the shot shows that they are one." The Bat-Signal shines on the night sky and Batman is standing on a pillar looking ahead. This scene appears in a rough form on the Special Edition DVD and is briefly mentioned in the comic adaptation. The bat was designed and created by Rick Baker. not in this lifetime. Kill Me. played by Tommy Lee Jones. who was in charge of the make-up of Two-Face. It involved Bruce waking up after being shot in the head by Two-Face. which is on the VHS release of this film. This scene appears in the comic adaptation but not in the final film. • The original ending was an homage to the first film. This scene does not appear on the new Special Edition release but is shown in the sticker album published by Merlin Collections. Doctor Meridian. but not in its entirety. There was talk of an extended cut being released to DVD for the film's 10th anniversary in 2005. playing Doctor Burton but his role was reduced to a cameo in the final film. There were scenes shot that appear in publicity stills of Edward Nygma with a hard hat helping with the construction of his headquarters on Claw Island." • The construction of NygmaTech was more in-depth.[20] Many scenes were filmed but deleted from the film. .. A rough edit of the first half of the scene appears on the Special Edition DVD. They stand on the platform where the Batmobile was and Alfred says "Funny they did not know about the cave beneath the cave. Bruce then discovers the cavern where he first saw the image that would make him become Batman — a giant bat. Akiva admitted the scene was very theatrical on the Special Edition DVD and felt the scene would have made a difference to the final cut. "No. played by Drew Barrymore and Debi Mazar. • The most known deleted scene involved further backstory to the film which screenwriter Akiva Goldsman believed would have improved the quality of the film considerably. the movie's original length was closer to 2 hours and 40 minutes according to director Joel Schumacher.Batman Forever 161 Deleted scenes Batman Forever went through a few major edits before its release. he has forgotten his origin and life as the Dark Knight. try out the Riddler's device during the montage when it goes on sale. The sequence with Batman and Robin at the end of this scene appears in a teaser trailer for the video game. although some of the following scenes were in a deleted scenes section in the special features. temporarily wiping a part of his memory. They both leap off the pillar." The platform then rotates downward to another level where the sonar-modification equipment is kept. When Alfred drives Doctor Chase Meridian back to Gotham she asks him "Does it ever end?" Alfred replies. Robin then comes into shot and joins his new partner. the version of Batman Forever released was the original. Rene Auberjonois had more scenes filmed here. Thrill Me. which has been destroyed by the Riddler. 1995." This was supposed to begin the picture but producers decided this was far too dark for a family audience. They are seated with the Riddler and Two-Face on the couch where Chase is handcuffed later in the film. Kiss Me. it made the editing of the final film somewhat muddled to the fans of the original script as later scenes were re-arranged. released in the UK on December 3. As this was cut. While all four previous Batman films were given Special Edition DVD releases on the same day as the Batman Begins' DVD release. Alfred takes him to the Batcave. This scene appears in a rough edit on the Special Edition DVD. Bruce now remembers who he is and goes with Alfred to solve the riddles left throughout the film. written as "The Bat Must Die..

"[32] Mick LaSalle had a mixed reaction. funnier.[22] and was the second-highest (behind Toy Story) grossing film of 1995.842 theaters in the United States on June 16.[25] Peter Travers criticized the movie's blatant commercialism.[38] Batman Forever received six nominations at the 1996 MTV Movie Awards. it's great bubblegum for the eyes.Batman Forever 162 Release Box office Batman Forever opened in 2.53 million. brighter. Sound and Sound Editing. Batman Forever was nominated with Cinematography.[1] The film earned more money than its predecessor Batman Returns. faster-paced. Ebert wrote: "Is the movie better entertainment? Well. and a whole lot more colorful than before. making $52.[39] . while serviceable. The script misses the pain Tim Burton caught in a man tormented by the long-ago murder of his parents. 1995. 43% of reviewers enjoyed the film.[23] The film was more balanced with 14 critics in Rotten Tomatoes's "Top Critics" poll.[35] but was also nominated for the Worst Song Golden Raspberry Award. receiving a 71% approval rating. Whose idea was that supposed to be anyway. also isn't as stirring as Danny Elfman's work in the first two films. "It's lighter.5 million in international countries. Make-up.[1] This was the highest opening weekend of 1995. based on 23 reviews. Younger children will be able to process it more easily.03 million in North America.[24] Metacritic collected an average score of 51. Special Effects and Costume Design. totaling $336.[21] Critical reaction Batman Forever was released to mixed reviews.[31] In his written review. Elliot Goldenthal's score."[28] Scott Beatty felt "Tommy Lee Jones played Harvey Dent as a Joker knock-off rather than a multi-layered rogue. Based on 54 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes. and $152."[27] James Berardinelli enjoyed the film.[30] Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert both gave the film mixed reviews.[34] "Hold Me."[26] Brian Lowry of Variety believed "One does have to question the logic behind adding nipples to the hard-rubber batsuit. but commented that "Batman Forever still gets in its licks.[36] At the Saturn Awards.78 million in its opening weekend. Thrill Me. Kill Me" by U2 was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song."[29] Lee Bermejo called Batman Forever "unbearable". the film was nominated for Best Fantasy Film."[33] Awards At the 68th Academy Awards. in North America. There's no fun machine this summer that packs more surprises. concluding "a shot of Kilmer's rubber buns at one point is guaranteed to bring squeals from the audience. Kiss Me. some kids were led bawling from Batman Returns where the PG-13 rating was a joke.[21] The film went on to gross $184. Alfred's? Some of the computer-generated Gotham cityscapes appear too obviously fake. but with the former giving it a thumbs up and the latter a thumbs down.[37] Composer Elliot Goldenthal was given a Grammy Award nomination. Batman Forever was declared a huge financial success.

"Next at Batman" (http:/ / www. [25] "Batman Forever (1995): Reviews" (http:/ / www. [12] Cindy Pearlman (1993-12-17). Metacritic. Retrieved 2008-08-16.302503.. htm). Retrieved 2008-08-16. . . "Flashes: No Joker" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-12-10. ew. 2005. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Understanding motion capture for computer animation and video games (http:/ / books. com/ ew/ article/ 0. [15] (DVD) Out of the Shadows: The Production Design of Batman Forever. "Holy Happy Set!" (http:/ / www.. Ian (August 1995). [21] "1995 Domestic Grosses" (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes.[40] [41] Dennis O'Neil authored a comic book adaptation. com/ article/ VR1117862593). [27] Brian Lowry (1995-06-14).00.V. com/ books?id=9njZ482OYfwC). .293237. html). com/ reviews/ movie/ 5948895/ review/ 5948896/ batman_forever).. with art by Michal Dutkiewicz. php?identifier=287). thrill me. .00. . com/ movies/ ?id=batmanforever. Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly. 2009-12-10. variety. html). Club.. ReelViews. com/ m/ batman_forever/ ?critic=creamcrop). . Retrieved 2008-08-16. [22] "Batman Battle" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-08-16. com/ dccomics-on-film_JL-CRISIS-ON-TWO-EARTHS_William-Baldwin-talks-Batman_12-16-09.. Retrieved 2008-08-16.303022. Box Office Mojo. com/ content/ node/ 23240). Box Office Mojo. com/ opinion_scissorpuppy_forever. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ fansites/ CookiepussProduction/ news/ ?a=12646). variety. ISBN 0124906303. [13] Mike Thomas (2003-03-31). rollingstone. Batman-on-Film. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 2005. Empire. .00. . Entertainment Weekly. . 108–117. Morgan Kaufmann. [20] "Batman Forever . Variety. Retrieved 2008-08-16. "The Good Son" (http:/ / www.com. . html). html). Retrieved 2009-07-19. . boxofficemojo. google. 2005. [5] Army Archerd (1994-12-01). "Hey. com/ showdowns/ chart/ ?id=batmanvs. .00. Retrieved 2008-08-16. boxofficemojo. [4] Jeff Gordinier (1994-07-15). . Entertainment Weekly. [24] "Batman Forever: Top Critics" (http:/ / www. comicbookmovie. Batman Special Edition: Warner Bros. Warner Bros. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2008-08-16. htm). Peter David and Alan Grant wrote separate novelizations of the film. pp. ComicBookMovie. Variety. "Batman Forever" (http:/ / www. [28] James Berardinelli (1995-06-16).00. . [14] Nathan Rabin (1998-02-25). [19] (DVD) Scoring Forever: The Music of Batman Forever. html). Batman-On-Film. batman-on-film.. net/ php_review_template. Retrieved 2008-08-16. com/ ew/ article/ 0. "Culkin kids ink with WMA" (http:/ / www.What Could Be: A Guide to the Batman Forever Cutting Room Floor" (http:/ / www. "Batman Forever" (http:/ / www. [6] Nathan. . [16] Benjamin Svetkey (1996-07-12). p. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2008-08-16. "Wayans World" (http:/ / www. html). [29] Bill "Jett" Ramey (2005-11-28). rottentomatoes. . . Warner Bros. . the McDonald's food chain released several collectibles and mugs to coincide with the release of the film. htm). . The A. "William Baldwin Talks Batman And "JUSTICE LEAGUE: CRISIS ON TWO EARTHS"" (http:/ / www. Batman-on-Film. Batman Forever: Special Edition: Warner Bros. Retrieved 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-16. kiss me. rottentomatoes.[42] See also • Batman Forever (video game) • Batman Forever: The Arcade Game References [1] "Batman Forever" (http:/ / www. [7] Jett (2009-12-16). Chicago Sun-Times. [8] "Johnny Depp Was Almost Batman In Batman Forever" (http:/ / www. [26] Peter Travers (2000-12-08). ew. "Batman Forever" (http:/ / www. html). [10] (DVD) Batman Heroes Profile: Harvey Dent. ew. com/ m/ batman_forever/ ). 2005. html).. [23] "Batman Forever" (http:/ / www..Batman Forever 163 Merchandising In addition to a large line of toys and action figures from Kenner. Alberto (1999). [18] (DVD) The Many Faces of Gotham City. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=releasedate& view=opening& yr=1995& p=.302969. metacritic. . avclub. html). Box Office Mojo.308195. reelviews. . Home Video. "BOF Interview: Scott Beatty" (http:/ / batman-on-film. batman-on-film. [3] (DVD) Shadows of the Bat: The Cinematic Saga of the Dark Knight-Reinventing a Hero. ew. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 49. ew. boxofficemojo. [2] "Batman 3" (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes. Entertainment Weekly. [17] Menache. [9] Judy Brennan (1994-06-03).00.. "Hold me. 2005. Warner Bros. 1993-10-01. Retrieved 2008-08-16. html). Retrieved 2008-12-18. Entertainment Weekly. "Batman Battles New Bat Villains" (http:/ / www. com/ video/ titles/ batmanforever?q=Batman Forever). com/ ew/ article/ 0.308987. . ew. com/ review/ VE1117904172. Retrieved 2009-12-16. what about that man in the glass booth?". . com/ sbeattyinterview. Kilmer". [11] Cindy Pearlman. Retrieved 2008-08-17.

"Interview: Lee Bermejo" (http:/ / batman-on-film. com/ Batman-Forever-Novelization-Peter-David/ dp/ 0446602175/ ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8& s=books& qid=1219011309& sr=1-1). com/ Sections/ Awards/ Academy_of_Science_Fiction_Fantasy_And_Horror_Films_USA/ 1996).rottentomatoes. [36] "1996 Razzie Awards" (http:/ / www. [35] "53rd Golden Globe Awards" (http:/ / www. Roger Ebert.imdb. go. . Retrieved 2008-08-17. Internet Movie Database.com/movies/?id=batmanforever. Internet Movie Database. [41] "Batman Forever: The Novelization" (http:/ / www. html?sec=1& subsec=1357). 164 External links • • • • • Official website (http://www. [32] "Batman Forever" (http:/ / rogerebert. Retrieved 2008-08-17. . Retrieved 2008-08-16. com/ Sections/ Awards/ Grammy_Awards/ 1996). com/ cgi-bin/ article.Batman Forever [30] Bill "Jett" Ramey (2005-10-13). imdb. dll/ article?AID=/ 19950616/ REVIEWS/ 506160301/ 1023).com/work/134815) at Allmovie Batman Forever (http://www.com/batmanmoviesondvd/) Batman Forever (http://www. .allmovie.boxofficemojo. Internet Movie Database. Internet Movie Database. . [34] "68th Academy Awards" (http:/ / www. sfgate. Amazon.warnervideo.com/m/batman_forever/) at Rotten Tomatoes . amazon. . [33] Mick LaSalle (1995-06-16). imdb. Retrieved 2008-08-16.htm) at Box Office Mojo Batman Forever (http://www. [39] "1996 MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www. . "Batman Forever Goes On and On" (http:/ / www. imdb. San Francisco Chronicle. Internet Movie Database. imdb. html). Amazon. Retrieved 2008-08-17. Retrieved 2008-08-17. imdb. Retrieved 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-17. Amazon. Retrieved 2008-08-16. . amazon. Amazon. com/ Sections/ Awards/ Golden_Globes_USA/ 1996). com/ Sections/ Awards/ Academy_Awards_USA/ 1996). com/ leebermejointerview. . com/ Batman-Forever-Alan-Grant/ dp/ 0316324183/ ref=sr_1_3?ie=UTF8& s=books& qid=1219011309& sr=1-3). Retrieved 2008-08-16. [37] "22nd Saturn Awards" (http:/ / www. com/ tv/ buenavista/ atm/ reviews. . com/ Sections/ Awards/ Razzie_Awards/ 1996). . com/ Sections/ Awards/ MTV_Movie_Awards/ 1996). . amazon. [38] "37th Grammy Awards" (http:/ / www.com. suntimes. [40] "Batman Forever (Paperback)" (http:/ / www. com/ Batman-Forever-Official-Adaptation-Picture/ dp/ 1563891999/ ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8& s=books& qid=1219011309& sr=1-2).com/title/tt0112462/) at the Internet Movie Database Batman Forever (http://www. com/ apps/ pbcs. imdb. Batman-on-Film. [42] "Batman Forever: The Official Comic Adaptation of Motion Picture" (http:/ / www. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-08-16. . cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1995/ 06/ 16/ DD8003. [31] At the Movies (http:/ / bventertainment. DTL). Retrieved 2008-08-16.

To Die For 165 To Die For To Die For Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Gus Van Sant Laura Ziskin Joyce Maynard Buck Henry Nicole Kidman Joaquin Phoenix Alison Folland Matt Dillon Casey Affleck Illeana Douglas Dan Hedaya Danny Elfman Music by Cinematography Eric Alan Edwards Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Curtiss Clayton Columbia Pictures (USA) Rank Organisation (International) October 6. Matt Dillon and Joaquin Phoenix.3 million To Die For is a 1995 American dark comedy film. It stars Nicole Kidman. based on the novel of the same name by Joyce Maynard. which in turn was based on the Pamela Smart story. Casey Affleck. Wayne Knight. directed by Gus Van Sant and written by Buck Henry. Dan Hedaya and Alison Folland. 1995 106 minutes United States English $20 million $21. made in a mockumentary format. Kidman was nominated for a BAFTA and . Major supporting roles feature Illeana Douglas.

166 Plot Suzanne Stone (Nicole Kidman) is a young. she immediately plots to get rid of him. Larry's father. and starts attempting to climb the network news ladder. The police begin investigating when they stumble across a "Teens Speak Out" video of Suzanne at Jimmy's school in which Jimmy discreetly hints a relationship (albeit a deteriorating one. because she believes his Mafia connections will keep her financially comfortable.To Die For won a Golden Globe Award for her performance. gains national attention by telling her side of the story in a television interview. Suzanne gets her comeuppance when she fabricates a story about Larry becoming addicted to drugs. hears this on the television. Russell Heines (Casey Affleck) and Lydia Mertz (Alison Folland). while Lydia goes free for her cooperation. With his best friends. becoming a celebrity. whom Suzanne always dismissed as "trailer trash". Jimmy and Russell are sentenced to life in prison and sixteen years. her favorite spot. she is acquitted in court. where she once skated. beautiful. but Lydia makes a deal with the police to converse with Suzanne with a tape recorder taped to her stomach. she begins a high school project called "Teens Speak Out. murders her quietly. however. on the basis that the police had resorted to entrapment. The film includes cameos by George Segal. author Maynard. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Suzanne Stone-Maretto Joaquin Phoenix as Jimmy Emmett Matt Dillon as Larry Maretto Casey Affleck as Russell Hines Illeana Douglas as Janice Maretto Alison Folland as Lydia Mertz Dan Hedaya as Joe Maretto Wayne Knight as Ed Grant Kurtwood Smith as Earl Stone Holland Taylor as Carol Stone Susan Traylor as Fay Stone . and ruthless woman who dreams of being a world famous news anchor. In the end. Joe (Dan Hedaya). and walks free (although it is also possible that Suzanne bribed her way out of trouble). who truly loves Suzanne." and during a dancing project at her house while Larry is away. and strong-arms him and his friends into killing Larry. who wanted to keep him silent. Russell and Lydia are arrested. and Suzanne unwittingly reveals her hand in the murder. practicing her figure skating on the frozen lake where Suzanne's corpse is hidden. she seduces a student. then buries her under a frozen lake. she marries Larry Maretto (Matt Dillon). Jimmy Emmett (Joaquin Phoenix). thereby literally dancing on her grave. David Cronenberg. The hitman (director David Cronenberg in a cameo) lures Suzanne away from her home by pretending to be interested in publishing her life story. however. To that end. but complies when Suzanne threatens to leave him if he does not. When Larry. and screenwriter Henry. Jimmy ultimately commits the murder. since Suzanne no longer needs Jimmy) with Suzanne. beginning as a weather girl at a local cable station. Jimmy is reluctant at first. Jimmy. and consequently uses his mafia connections to have her murdered. To this end. It features original music by Danny Elfman. desiring to turn over a new leaf and subsequently getting killed by the drug suppliers. starts asking her to take time off from her career to start a family. and realizes that Suzanne was behind his son's murder. The final scene shows Larry's sister Janice (Illeana Douglas). Lydia. In a final irony. Despite this undeniable proof of Suzanne's guilt. respectively.

with certain of the other characters in the film. Ramsland describes Suzanne as a "manipulator extraordinaire" who harms people through third parties. who turned down the part and the $5 million salary offered.To Die For • • • • • David Cronenberg as Man at Lake George Segal as Conference Speaker Joyce Maynard as Lawyer Buck Henry as Mr. "[it] takes aim at tabloid ethics and hits a solid bull's-eye. Finlaysson Rain Phoenix 167 Production To Die For is a mixture of styles. The role of Suzanne Stone was originally offered to Meg Ryan."[6] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle said of Kidman. a commentary or both. Janet Maslin called the film "an irresistible black comedy and a wicked delight" and added. with Ms.[3] Jodie Foster. However. H. instead. which brings out the best in all concerned. was paid $2 million. The trial was the first fully televised case in the United States. some tragic.[5] In her review in the New York Times.Kidman lets you see the calculation. combining a traditional drama with darkly comic direct-to-camera monologues by Kidman's character. Mary-Louise Parker. Telling her story in close-up . Kidman have reinvented themselves miraculously for this occasion. her beauty and magnetism are electric. a school media services coordinator who was imprisoned for seducing a 16 year old student and convincing him to kill [1] her husband. Michelle Pfeiffer. That in itself is an irony. Uma Thurman and Bridget Fonda were all at one point considered to replace Meg Ryan. intention and impulse.as she does throughout the film . Kidman's teasingly beautiful Suzanne as the most alluring of media-mad monsters. Critical reception The film was screened out of competition at the 1995 Cannes Film Festival. the transparent efforts to charm that succeed in charming all the same . The film and the novel it is based on were both inspired by the facts that emerged during the trial of Pamela Smart. Both Mr. but Gus Van Sant's film is too expertly sharp and funny for that to matter. High school scenes were filmed in 1994 at King City Secondary School in King City Ontario featured as "Little Hope High" and cast some of the actual students of the school as extras.[2] Kidman. The target is broad. . . . "[she] brings to the role layers of meaning. the film is considerably more satirical and arch than Maynard's comparatively straightforward treatment of the story. it shows off this director's slyness better than any of his work since Drugstore Cowboy .[4] Katherine Ramsland of Crime Library describes the film as an example of a work displaying women with antisocial personalities. Undeniably she belongs on camera. ."[7] . which means it's equally undeniable that Suzanne belongs on camera. Van Sant and Ms. the wheels turning. who was later cast in the role. and mockumentary interviews.

External links • • • • To Die For (http://www. [5] Ramsland. sfgate. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1995/ 10/ 06/ DD13291. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 3361/ year/ 1995.com" (http:/ / movies. . movies. Mike (1995-10-06). Retrieved 2009-09-08. Part Two . "Women Who Kill. time. . Retrieved 2009-04-29. nydailynews. festival-cannes. "NYDailyNews.com. html).133222.To Die For.Kidman Monstrously Good in `To Die For'" (http:/ / www.00. . Katherine. "Film Review-.com" (http:/ / www. com/ cgi-bin/ article. sfgate.com/movies/?id=todiefor. html). html). com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. [7] LaSalle.trutv. "Time.com" [2] "An Actress To Die For’ (http:/ / www. nytimes.nytimes. [6] Maslin. www. festival-cannes.allmovie. "Movie Review .9171.com" [3] Thomson.imdb. David (2006).com/m/1066712-to_die_for/) at Rotten Tomatoes .rottentomatoes. trutv. DTL).com.htm) at Box Office Mojo To Die For (http://www. com/ news/ 2008/ 10/ 03/ 2008-10-03_to_die_for_killer_teacher_pamela_smart_m-1.boxofficemojo.com/work/134789) at Allmovie To Die For (http://www.com. com/ library/ crime/ notorious_murders/ women/ women_killers2/ 4.To Die For 168 References [1] "'To Die For’ killer teacher Pamela Smart may get payday in lawsuit" (http:/ / www. html). Janet. Retrieved 2009-04-29.com. Bloomsbury. [4] "Festival de Cannes: To Die For" (http:/ / www.Crime Library on truTV.NYTimes. Nicole Kidman. Retrieved 2009-04-29.com/title/tt0114681/) at the Internet Movie Database To Die For (http://www. . com/ movie/ review?res=990CEFDC103BF934A1575AC0A963958260). She Trusts in TV's Redeeming Power .

484. this film's domestic box office gross was $28 million.My Life (film) 169 My Life (film) My Life Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Bruce Joel Rubin Hunt Lowry Bruce Joel Rubin Jerry Zucker Bruce Joel Rubin Michael Keaton Nicole Kidman Queen Latifah Haing S. . Ngor John Barry Peter James Richard Chew Columbia Pictures November 13. With a PG-13 rating.  United States Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue English Unknown $27. 1993 117 min.464 (USA) My Life is a neo-noir 1993 film starring Michael Keaton and Nicole Kidman and directed by Bruce Joel Rubin.

) He rides toward a beautiful. To his disappointment. his son and wife watch him on video. Bob visits his childhood home. and how to start a car by jumper cable. The movie now moves to thirty years later. Ho (Dr. supportive bosom of his family. to immortalize himself. After school the next day. Ho. etc. they fly to his hometown of Detroit to attend the wedding of his brother Paul (Whitford). During the ride. play basketball. this time letting go of the railing. and that life is always giving him invitations if he would but listen. "This is my last trip home. Seuss's Green Eggs and Ham to his son. Bob is horrified to learn that he has been diagnosed with a terminal illness (kidney cancer) and might not live to see their baby born.) He is living on borrowed time—beyond the date the doctors gave him. who prays one night for a circus in his backyard the next day after school. now that the cancer has reached his brain. how to drive.My Life (film) 170 Plot summary The film begins in Detroit. moves in to help. and his father resents Bob moving thousands of miles away and changing his name. I was supposed to be dead by today. Next is shown Bob on a metaphysical roller coaster. At his wife's urging. "Today is D-Day. Angrily. Bob's condition worsens. showing him how to cook spaghetti. Bob criticizes his brother for not moving to California like he did. to give birth to their baby. Bob's childhood wish is finally granted by a circus in the backyard. Bob Ivanovich is a young boy. Bob returns to California with a heavy heart. Hospice care is arranged for Bob. ethereal light. they attempt to mend fences with his estranged family. reading Dr. Ho. Bob's family comes west for the first time to visit. to be shown after his death to his son. Theresa (Queen Latifah). Bob begins to make home movies. While in the area. surrounded by the loving. Mr. he runs home eagerly. and asks him what the light is he keeps seeing. his personal retreat space. a young companion urges him to let go of the railing as the descent begins. which does not go well. Bob finally comes to terms with his life as he dies peacefully. "soon. (Both a metaphor for letting go of life. He also confronts a childhood fear by finally riding a formidable rollercoaster. (Presumably heaven. Bob retreats to his closet in his room. but Bob firmly holds on. Bob and Gail have a happy time with their newborn but soon. which is calling him to forgive. Haing S. Michigan in 1963. Bob makes a final visit to Mr. As his father shaves him. He also begins to visit a Chinese healer named Mr. and enjoying the ride of life finally. and soon she is in the hospital. raising his arms freely in the air this time.") During a visit with Mr." Bob teaches his son by camera how to shave. no circus awaits. Death Day. who is pregnant with their first child. followed by his friends. so he'll know who his father was. shining.) A year later." A hospice nurse. who urges him to listen to his heart. he advises Bob to go into his heart. Bob and Gail finally call his family to inform them of what's going on." Gail's contractions increase. but Bob is sinking fast. He is happily married to Gail (Kidman). Bob Jones (Keaton) runs a Los Angeles public relations firm. Ho replies it is "the life of the self" and urges him to get his "house in order (life and personal affairs). Bob makes peace with his family at last. Ngor). as he says to his wife after getting off the coaster. Also while there. Bob shows that he has at last made peace by telling his father he loves him. (As he sadly says to his wife. (A metaphor of his fear of letting go of life. .

My Life (film) 171 Cast • • • • • • Michael Keaton as Bob Jones Nicole Kidman as Gail Bradley Whitford as Paul Ivanovich Michael Constantine as Bill Ivanovich Queen Latifah as Theresa Haing S. Ho External links • My Life [1] at the Internet Movie Database • My Life [2] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. com/ work/ 119913 . Ngor as Mr. com/ title/ tt0107630/ [2] http:/ / www. imdb. allmovie.

Malice (film) 172 Malice (film) Malice Original poster Directed by Produced by Harold Becker Harold Becker Charles Mulvehill Rachel Pfeffer Aaron Sorkin Scott Frank Based on a story by Jonas McCord Alec Baldwin Nicole Kidman Bill Pullman Peter Gallagher Bebe Neuwirth Josef Sommer with Anne Bancroft and George C. 1993 106 minutes United States Canada English $20 million (estimated) Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget . Scott Jerry Goldsmith Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Gordon Willis Editing by Studio David Bretherton Nelvana Limited Castle Rock Entertainment New Line Cinema Columbia Pictures October 1.

He learns an excess amount of the drug can cause the pain. and she leaves Andy. The screenplay by Aaron Sorkin and Scott Frank is based on a story by Jonas McCord. His case is not helped when Jed. then breaks in and tries to smother the boy. Andy learns his wife has been hospitalized. whom she blames for the loss of her ovaries. he quickly proves himself to be a less than ideal tenant. watched everything. He implies that there was a witness to her trysts with Jed. rather than bury the report. and accuses him of having impregnated Tracy and colluded with her. Andy confronts Tracy's lawyer. When a student is attacked in her home by what appears to be a serial rapist. Her mother also confirms Andy's suspicion that Tracy was pregnant by a Dr. When Jed later is told the ovaries were healthy. Mrs. Dana reports Andy's semen sample indicated he is sterile and couldn't have fathered Tracy's child. She refuses and says that she earned that money and that there was no way she was splitting it three ways. whom Andy had been told was dead. Jed discovers Tracy is pregnant and notices her ovaries are torsed and appear necrotic. waits until the nurse next door leaves. David Lilianfield. His insurance company settles with Tracy for $20 million. He states that the young boy next door. He is the Associate Dean at the local college. With his propensity to bring home sexual partners and to party late into the night. Andy discovers a hypodermic needle containing the fertility drug Perganol. Plot Andy (Bill Pullman) and Tracy Safian (Nicole Kidman) are a happily married couple living in a Victorian house they are restoring in the Boston suburbs. While at the police station delivering a semen sample. Jed attempts to walk away. and he realizes she deliberately created her illness with Jed's help. he will face the consequences of his actions. he decides that. Andy accidentally discovers that the serial rapist is Earl Leemus (Tobin Bell). whom they never met but who they frequently saw sitting at his bedroom window. Andy recognizes Jed from their high school days and invites him to rent the third floor of their home in order to finance the new plumbing. When she wraps the cellophane around his face from behind she realizes that its a dummy. Back at home. Over the protests of the other doctors. a newly arrived doctor at the area hospital. At a deposition. Dennis Riley (Peter Gallagher). Andy surprises her . while his wife teaches art to children. but Tracy kept the money and had it done illegally. who ultimately proves to be Jed. and Andy tracks them to a house where the two are living together.405. Andy finds her body in the garden behind her home. grandiosely compares himself to God. the college handyman. He also tells her that if he should meet with an unexpected death a letter will immediately be sent to the police department notifying them of the existing witness. She attempts to pressure him into it by reminding him of his removing her ovaries. He refuses. Tracy lures Andy away from his house. Tracy tells Jed about Andy's demands and he tells her to give him what he wants. but Tracy pulls a gun and shoots him. might be able to offer him some insight. during his testimony. prompting detective Dana Harris (Bebe Neuwirth) to view him as a possible suspect. Kennsinger (Anne Bancroft) tells Andy the truth about her supposedly sweet daughter: the woman is a con artist.Malice (film) Gross revenue Domestic: $46. and apprehends him. Riley denies everything and reveals Tracy’s mother. Tracy tells Jed that they have to get rid of the witness because that is the only bargaining chip that Andy has on them. An angry Andy confronts Tracy and tells her he wants half the money from the settlement. Jed Hill (Alec Baldwin). She tells him she had a relationship with a wealthy man who paid her to have an abortion. When student Paula Bell (Gwyneth Paltrow) is attacked and killed.336 173 Malice is a 1993 American thriller film directed by Harold Becker. During the surgery. and also to Jed injecting her with Perganol which in high dosages can cause ovarian cysts. Jed's attorney Lester Adams (Josef Sommer) learns his client had been drinking prior to the surgery. he opts not to wait for test results and advises Andy to agree to the removal of Tracy's ovaries. the fetus aborts. her life is saved by Dr.

proves her strengths as an actress..232. and he milks this material for a great deal more than it is worth. . Michael Hirsh and Patrick Loubert. It is revealed that the boy is. Kennsinger Peter Gallagher . Aussie Kidman.. Becker gets so intent on confusing us.405. Lester Adams George C. blind. this is the only movie I can recall in which an entire subplot about a serial killer is thrown in simply for atmosphere. .. sex and humor in another terrific performance. on October 1. returns and arrests Tracy..336 in the US.... Offhand.... .. Dana Harris Anne Bancroft . neither should you . Earl Leemus Debrah Farentino . Nurse Tanya Gwyneth Paltrow . 174 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • Alec Baldwin . ...Malice (film) and they fight until Detective Harris. you get into really deep molasses .. ranking #1 at the box office... After listless performances in such pics as Days of Thunder and Far and Away. .... worked as executive producers on the film.. he forgets to give us [4] characters to care about ..... and if the filmmakers didn't worry about these things. Tracy Safian Bill Pullman ..." [5] . a film jampacked with characters and incidents and blind alleys and red herrings.. No one shows any shame about going over the top. especially Anne Bancroft in an Oscar-begging cameo as Tracy's mother. the actors work to keep you guessing long after you've caught on.... Paula Bell Production Malice was shot on location in Boston. the script does what it set out to do.. and Northampton in Massachusetts.[1] Malice opened on 1." [3] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone observed. who was disguised as the nurse.." Timothy M.. Dr. Perhaps director Harold Becker thought flashy acting could distract us from the gaping plot holes. who here uses a flawless American accent.650 on its opening weekend. Martin Kessler Tobin Bell ..431 screens in the U.. It's got suspense but no staying power. . in fact.. two of the co-founders of Canadian animation studio Nelvana. Some of the plotting gets plodding . "I can't go into detail without revealing vital secrets. but no less enjoyable for being so familiar. It eventually earned a total of $46.S.. Yet after the movie is over and you try to think through those secrets. 1993 and grossed $9. Amherst.. "The immaculately crafted Malice is a virtual scrapbook of elements borrowed from other suspense pix. Jed Hill Nicole Kidman . Gray of Variety said. Andy Safian Bebe Neuwirth . [2] Critical reception Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times called the film "one of the busiest movies I've ever seen. Malice was directed by Harold Becker." He added.... Scott .. who could run a red-herring factory. Mrs. . . Holyoke. "Goaded on by writer Aaron Sorkin.. whose credits include the splendid films The Onion Field and Sea of Love. As Tracy is led away she sees the boy and his mother return. . but on the whole. Dennis Riley Josef Sommer . . [It] should tickle audiences who want to be entertained without being challenged .. Smith College was the setting used for Andy's college. and Baldwin mixes menace.

Box Office Mojo. Valentine's Day". 2009-02-12. Jack Donaghy. portrayed by Baldwin. Don Scardino. Baldwin's character in this film. com/ movies/ ?id=malice. director. Retrieved 2010-08-15. D. pqarchiver. Retrieved 2010-08-15. p.imdb. Jack Burditt. [2] "Box office information for Malice" (http:/ / www. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& p=0) [6] "St. This is a reference to a famous line by Jed Hill. 11. . com/ thestar/ access/ 518990621. . "Toronto producers share movie gravy" (http:/ / pqasb. No. confesses to a priest that he once said "I am God" during a deposition. htm). season 3. 30 Rock.[6] References [1] Adilman.+ 1993& author=Sid+ Adilman+ Toronto+ Star& pub=Toronto+ Star& desc=Toronto+ producers+ share+ movie+ gravy& pqatl=google) (Registration required to read article). Torstar Corporation.com/title/tt0107497/) at the Internet Movie Database . dll/ article?AID=/ 19931001/ REVIEWS/ 310010306/ 1023) [4] Rolling Stone review (http:/ / www. variety. html?dids=518990621:518990621& FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT& type=current& date=Oct+ 06. com/ review/ VE1117901312. Sid (1993-10-06).2. Valentine's Day". NBC. suntimes. boxofficemojo. External links • Malice (http://www. com/ reviews/ movie/ 5948919/ review/ 5948920/ malice) [5] Variety review (http:/ / www. Tina Fey. writers.Malice (film) 175 Cultural references In the 30 Rock episode "St. [3] Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert. com/ apps/ pbcs. Toronto Star. rollingstone.

It was screened out of competition at the 1992 Cannes Film .840 Country Language Budget Gross revenue Far and Away is a 1992 adventure-drama-romance film directed by Ron Howard from a script by Howard and Bob Dolman. It was photographed in Panavision System 65 by Mikael Salomon. 1992 Theatrical cut 140 min. TV cut 176 min.Far and Away 176 Far and Away Far and Away Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Ron Howard Ron Howard Brian Grazer Bob Dolman Ron Howard Bob Dolman Tom Cruise Nicole Kidman John Williams Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Mikael Salomon Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Daniel P. Hanley Mike Hill Imagine Entertainment Universal Pictures May 22. United States English $30 million $137. and stars Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman. with a music score by John Williams.783.

she explains to him that she has no money. Concerned with the expense of travel. a hot-headed young Irishman facing property eviction after his father's death. The spoons are scattered in the street and stolen by passersby. McGuire about the promise of land and her money issues. Held captive while they treat his wounds (planning to subsequently have him hanged for attempted murder). Taking charge of their situation. to save her from being exiled or hurt. Stephen challenges Joseph to a duel of pistols at dawn. Daniel's arrogant manager. they find a room to live in and jobs in a chicken processing plant. Joseph finds himself sexually frustrated and rushes out and joins in a barehanded boxing match. Joseph lies and tells everyone that she is in fact his sister. disgraced. who had earlier burned the Donnelly house. Joseph (whom Shannon had previously talked to proposing that he came with her to America . Shannon meets and talks to a kindly man in appearance on the ship named Mr. Through him.[1] Cruise and Kidman play Irish immigrants seeking their fortune in 1890s America. He tells her he will help her find a shop to whom she can sell her silver. but his weapon malfunctions due to rust. He informs her that to claim the free land. she must travel to Oklahoma and race for it along with others. Joseph spits on Stephen in anger and. he is discovered by Daniel's daughter. Shannon pays for Joseph's passage and he pretends to be her servant. decide to go to America to find their daughter. Time passes and it becomes obvious that Joseph and Shannon have become attracted to each other. a single young woman is able to travel without question. Winning the match provides Joseph with newfound wealth and he becomes somewhat of a local celebrity. In his attempt to kill him however.Far and Away Festival. Upon arriving in Boston. now aware of the reality of the free land. 177 Cast • • • • • • • • • Tom Cruise as Joseph Donnelly Nicole Kidman as Shannon Christie Thomas Gibson as Stephen Chase Robert Prosky as Daniel Christie Barbara Babcock as Nora Christie Cyril Cusack as Danty Duff Eileen Pollock as Molly Kay Colm Meaney as Kelly Clint Howard as Flynn Plot Joseph Donnelly (Tom Cruise). Shannon is rescued by Joseph. Daniel Christie (Robert Prosky). . and Joseph. One night. the Christie house is burned down by unhappy taxpayers. is growing dissatisfied with the traditional views of her parents' generation and longs to be modern. Shannon. Shannon Christie (Nicole Kidman) and is injured by her when he tries to escape. eventually taking part in the Land Run of 1893. Joseph tries to escape the house and is caught by Stephen Chase (Thomas Gibson). Meanwhile. after peeking at Shannon undress. She makes plans to leave for America to claim land that's being given away for free. with Stephen. McGuire steals her spoons and is shot by men who seem to have had previous trouble with him. but both keep up a front of hostility. Calling for help. This way. Joseph is led to the community of Irish living in the area and speaks to the man in charge. so the Christies.an offer which Joseph had refused at first) is able to escape. even going as far as to accidentally disgust her mother and their friends by playing American music on the piano. and with her help. only expensive silver spoons. also Stephen's love interest. which is hated by the lower class Irish they find themselves surrounded by. can reach America to claim land. Meanwhile back in Ireland. decides to take revenge on his landlord. Due to Shannon's wealthy background. who manages to save her bag and get her out of the streets. While injured he continues his plans to kill his landlord.

shooting Shannon in the back in the process. in a thinly veiled attempt to impress Shannon. He chooses the broken horse. the land. He attempts to ignore the men pushing him towards the ring and covers Shannon with his jacket. instead of his goal. the pair have a spat and it becomes obvious that Joseph is extremely upset that he's not managed to gain Shannon's approval or admiration. Before he can finish with her. riding the very rails he built. They take the money and throw Joseph and Shannon out into the snow covered street. the men around plead with him to fight. She retorts that she could earn just as much and disappears into their room. Later. Joseph is confronted one day by his father in a dream. signaling he is ready to begin fighting. Angered by this. which will enable him to finally reach his goal. Shannon rushes to his side and finally 178 . At that moment the owners of the house return and chase them away from the property. Joseph chases after Shannon and Stephen. Joseph. warns Joseph that he will kill him if he goes near Shannon. urges him to do it. continues her work at the plant and mocks Joseph's prized hats. demanding that she stop dancing. Completely forgetting the fight. but begs him to join her instead. Joseph then runs to his room to find the backers searching the room for any money Joseph and Shannon have saved. Rushing to the site. punches it and is able to ride it. Joseph is forced to choose between two horses: the unruly stallion and the broken but slow horse. and pretend with her. Because Joseph lost the fight he is then thrown out of the club. During the tender moment. he hesitates despite Shannon's encouragements. then tell the owner of the "whorehouse" that if she let them stay even one night. and is reminded of his desire to own land. it will be shut down. seemingly abandoning his dream of owning land after many months. All goes well until Joseph witnesses one of his backers (a member of the city council) forcing Shannon into his lap and groping her. the Italian then beats Joseph. that they are married and the house is theirs. Shannon begins to question Joseph about his plans to get land and his lack of money the night before the largest fight of his career. Joseph agrees and begins to fight a large Italian fighter. since it would be enough money for them to leave and fulfill their wish of traveling to get land. They have a brief fight but Joseph manages to knock the gun from him and throw him from his horse. The Irish men backing Joseph offer him a small fortune ($200) for this one last. they declare that they 'pretend' to love each other and kiss. and attempts to shoot him. He replies angrily that he easily earns money and will continue to do so. Arriving late to the event. She's moved by this. He's directed to his fight. now healthy and obviously well taken care of. Joseph shows signs of sadness at the sight of their rich surroundings. Joseph decides to join the wagon trains and arrives in Oklahoma Territory just in time for the Land Run of 1893. right before the big fight. Shannon encourages Joseph to continue the race. he discovers she has become a dancer at the social club to earn more money. Joseph searches for Shannon. Joseph seems to forget about his goals of obtaining land and spends his money on suits and hats. knowing that Stephen has broken the law and has already found a very rich spot of land to claim. Joseph leaves Shannon despite his obvious feelings for her. but it falls over and dies of old age later that night. When Joseph wakes up he runs out of the alley he woke up in and runs into Stephen Chase asking drunkards if they've seen Shannon. As he is pushed back into the ring his foot crosses the line. Cold and famished. quickly ushered away by an unhappy Stephen. The day of the Run. Joseph brings Shannon to the Christies for help after she is shot. While trying to get down a hill Shannon falls off her horse and Joseph rushes to her aid. Shannon however.Far and Away Temporarily. Stephen. knowing Shannon has suffered and deserves a better life than she currently has. Shannon gives him some advice. great fight. During the race. Shannon. who previously scorned boxing. who witnesses the exchange. he then is forced to ride the unruly horse. He spitefully tells her that he earns more money than she could ever dream to. Joseph pushes his way through the crowd to free her. As Joseph is ready to plant his flag into the ground. but is unable to find her. frustrated that the horse won't listen. Stephen scolds him for the state Shannon is in and ridicules him for thinking he could climb to her station and be with her. is also there. he discovers she arrived on train. She offers him luck and they part. they become desperate enough to enter a seemingly abandoned house of luxury. Stephen races back towards them. He encourages her to pretend the house is hers and offers to serve her. as Joseph struggles to stay on his horse and is ridiculed by Stephen. At one point. Stephen rushes over and they have another fight in which Joseph falls to the ground and is crushed by a horse. Deciding Shannon will be better cared for with her family and wealth. Upon talking to her. Through chance he discovers Shannon. told by others that she is there. He then heads west to work on the Transcontinental Railroad.

[2] The film altogether made $166.com/title/tt0104231/) at the Internet Movie Database Far and Away (http://www. festival-cannes. crying over his body. but was received well by audiences. the land that was so important to him means nothing.rottentomatoes.840 for worldwide and home video rentals. imdb.imdb. 179 Reaction The movie received generally mixed reviews. References [1] "Festival de Cannes: Far and Away" (http:/ / www. festival-cannes.com. and together they happily drive their flag into the ground and claim their prized land.com Far and Away (http://www.com/movies/?id=farandaway.boxofficemojo. html). from the first moment she saw him. with almost $79 million).htm) at Box Office Mojo Far and Away (http://www. earned roughly $13 million on its first weekend and made a total of $59 million domestically (it also fared solidly abroad.allmovie. and without her. and Shannon mourns. Retrieved 2009-08-17. which cost US $30 million to make. com/ title/ tt0104231/ business) External links • • • • • Far and Away (http://www. [2] Far and Away (1992) . similar to an earlier scene involving his father. Joseph finally confesses that he loves her. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 5/ year/ 1992. Stephen leaves and Shannon is left to try to keep Joseph alive.tomcruise.html) at TomCruise.com/tom-cruise-far-and-away-movie. He seems to die.Box office / business (http:/ / www. She tells him that she had always loved him.Far and Away rejects Stephen when he questions her actions. This suddenly revives him. The movie. .com/m/far_and_away/) at Rotten Tomatoes .694.com/work/16782) at Allmovie Far and Away (http://www.

000 $15. Doctorow Screenplay: Tom Stoppard Dustin Hoffman Nicole Kidman Loren Dean Steven Hill Steve Buscemi and Bruce Willis Mark Isham Néstor Almendros Alan Heim David Ray Robert M.565. starring Loren Dean as the titular character and Dustin Hoffman as gangster Dutch Schultz. United States English $48. It is based on the novel of the same name by E. Steven Hill. . 1991 106 min. Doctorow. and Bruce Willis. Steve Buscemi.363 Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Billy Bathgate is a 1991 American crime film directed by Robert Benton.000.L. Reitano Touchstone Pictures November 1. The film co-stars Nicole Kidman. The screenplay is by Tom Stoppard.L.Billy Bathgate (film) 180 Billy Bathgate (film) Billy Bathgate Original Theatrical Poster Directed by Written by Robert Benton Novel: E.

North Carolina and Saratoga Springs. the best Billy can do in the end is try to save Drew's life and his own. 181 Plot Billy Behan is a poor 15-year-old kid in the 1930s Bronx. Dutch and his thugs take Bo captive and prepare to send him to a watery grave. Dutch brings along his "protege" Billy and the sophisticated lady Drew to put up a front of respectability. dangerous men. ingratiating himself to the locals with good manners and money. but ultimately did not get the part. New York. meanwhile. Dutch proceeds to claim the attentions of beautiful Drew Preston. is busy trying to beat a rap in court and also determine whether his partner Bo Weinberg has been betraying him. Facing a court case in an upstate New York rural community. Billy falls for her and admires his new boss. Billy is taught the ropes by Dutch's business associate Otto Berman and given menial chores. Dutch. Even though he likes Bo. In an episode of VH1 television's Confessions of a Teen Idol. Billy adopts the name of a neighborhood street and begins to work for the organization. a married young socialite Bo has been seeing who clearly has a weakness for powerful. • Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture (Nicole Kidman) . While his boss Dutch stands trial. Unable to intervene on Bo's behalf. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Dustin Hoffman as Arthur "Dutch" Schultz Nicole Kidman as Drew Preston Loren Dean as Billy Bathgate Bruce Willis as Bo Weinberg Steven Hill as Otto Berman Stanley Tucci as Lucky Luciano Mike Starr as Julie Martin Steve Buscemi as Irving Frances Conroy as Mary Behan Moira Kelly as Becky Production The film was shot in Hamlet. Jamie Walters claimed he was up for a part in Billy Bathgate and even went to Dustin Hoffman's house to audition. Awards and nominations The film received one Golden Globe nomination. a free spirit who likes having Billy's eye on her as she bathes nude in the woods. at least until witnessing first-hand exactly how ruthless a criminal Dutch really is.Billy Bathgate (film) Doctorow distanced himself from the film for the extensive manner in which it deviated from the book in style and content. it is Billy who eventually helps prove that Bo lied about his whereabouts. Billy's job is to keep an eye on Drew. After the wealthy gangster Dutch Schultz takes him under his wing.

boxofficemojo. com/ title/ tt0101453/ [2] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ movies/ ?id=billybathgate.Billy Bathgate (film) 182 External links • Billy Bathgate [1] at the Internet Movie Database • Billy Bathgate [2] at Box Office Mojo References [1] http:/ / www. htm .

. who appears again as Danny Embling. It also stars Thandie Newton and Nicole Kidman. It stars Noah Taylor. a character from Duigan's 1987 film The Year My Voice Broke. It was also produced by Kennedy-Miller who made the Mad Max trilogy. Flirting is the second in a planned trilogy of autobiographical films by Duigan. written and directed by John Duigan.Flirting (film) 183 Flirting (film) Flirting Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by John Duigan Terry Hayes George Miller Doug Mitchell Barbara Gibbs John Duigan Noah Taylor Thandie Newton Nicole Kidman Naomi Watts James D'Arcy Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Geoff Burton Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Robert Gibson The Samuel Goldwyn Company (USA) Warner Bros. Pictures (International) 21 March 1991 6 November 1992 (New York City) 14 November (rest of US) 99 minutes Australia English Running time Country Language Flirting is a 1991 Australian coming of age film about a romance between two teenagers.

ew. He slowly becomes interested in Thandiwe Adjewa.nfsa. Entertainment Weekly.imdb.aspx?view=title&title=FLIRTI) on the Australian Film Commission website • Flirting (http://www.page=0.querytype=.resCount=10) . attends an all-male boarding school in New South Wales.com/work/17861) at Allmovie • Flirting at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch.com/title/tt0101898/) at the Internet Movie Database • Flirting (http://www. they foster a budding romance.au/filmsandawards/filmdbsearch.gov. left him at a crucial point in his sexual/romantic development). the movie was widely critically acclaimed. and sumptuous cinematography. html). 184 Plot Danny Embling.[1] The film features one of the last appearances by Nicole Kidman in an Australian-produced film before she made her transition to Hollywood. External links • Entry for the film (http://www. Freya.au/nfsa/search/display/ display. The year is 1965 and it has been some time since Danny has had any romantic relationship with a girl (his former love.rec=0.gov.adv=yes. The film won the 1990 Australian Film Institute Award for Best Film. Retrieved 2010-04-15.groupequals=.specifically racial politics (as the couple is interracial) and social conventions (Thandiwe is often regarded by the religiously-influenced authority figures as rebellious and overtly sexual). it also examines the properties of the "Australian character": existential isolation (brought on by both geographical and environmental conditions) and strong cultural ties to Great Britain. a Ugandan-Kenyan-British girl (Father Ugandan. References [1] "The 50 Best High School Movies" (http:/ / www.group=.20215654_5. com/ ew/ gallery/ 0.afc. w3p.parentid=.00. low-key atmosphere. Australia. Mother Kenyan-British) attending the all-girls school across the lake.Flirting (film) With its complex characters. This movie ranked number 46 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the 50 Best High School Movies." Parts of the film were filmed on location at St Stanislaus College. It was featured on Roger Ebert's Top 10 Best Films List of 1992.holdingType=. Throughout the course of the school year.allmovie. underdeveloped teen suffering from occasional bouts of stuttering. Although the story evokes universal themes of romance and love.. despite the overbearing regulations inflicted upon them . Kidman had previously met and worked with director Duigan on the Australian miniseries "Vietnam. Bathurst.afc. . from The Year My Voice Broke.query=Number:316583. an awkward.

such as Rusty Wallace.Days of Thunder 185 Days of Thunder Days of Thunder Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Tony Scott Don Simpson Jerry Bruckheimer Robert Towne Tom Cruise Tom Cruise Robert Duvall Nicole Kidman Randy Quaid Cary Elwes Michael Rooker John C. The film also features appearances by real life NASCAR racers. and Harry Gant. Randy Quaid. produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer and directed by Tony Scott.733 [1] Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Days of Thunder is an 1990 American romantic drama film released by Paramount Pictures. Nicole Kidman. Jerry Punch. The cast includes Tom Cruise. 1990 108 minutes United States English US$60. Cary Elwes and Michael Rooker.000.000 $157. Reilly Hans Zimmer Ward Russell Chris Lebenzon Billy Weber Paramount Pictures June 27.920. Commentator Dr. has a cameo . of ESPN. Robert Duvall. Neil Bonnett.

overtaking him from the inside to win his first Daytona 500. . His character is patterned after real-life crew chief Harry Hyde. 186 Plot Cole Trickle (Tom Cruise) is a young racer with years of experience in open-wheel racing. On the final lap. Daland hires hot shot rookie Russ Wheeler (Cary Elwes) to take over his spot. Daland also convinces former crew chief Harry Hogge (Robert Duvall) to come out of retirement and lead Cole's pit crew. Cole reluctantly agrees and convinces Harry to be his crew chief again. This is the first of three films to star both Cruise and Kidman (the other two being Far and Away and Eyes Wide Shut). Though Cole shows signs of his old self. Hours prior to the race. The rivalry between Cole and Rowdy intensifies throughout the season until tragedy strikes. In retaliation. Cast • Tom Cruise as Cole Trickle. Weeks later. While recovering from his injuries. he asks Cole to drive his car at the Daytona 500. Russ spins Cole out to win the race. As Cole is still undergoing therapy. Cole returns to active duty. • Fred Dalton Thompson as Big John.the second car driven by Russ.[4] • Randy Quaid as Tim Daland. During the race. Cole develops a romantic relationship with Dr. a wealthy car dealership and race team owner who first recruits Cole into NASCAR. Cole has difficulty adjusting to the larger NASCAR stock cars and communicating with his crew while being intimidated on the track by Winston Cup Champion Rowdy Burns (Michael Rooker). • Michael Rooker as Rowdy Burns. but Cole tricks him with a reverse variation of it. Cole walks up to Harry and challenges him to a foot race to victory lane. Cole crashes his car on Russ's car during the victory lap. both drivers are seriously injured after their cars are destroyed by "The Big One". he finds himself intimidated by his own teammate. when Cole uses a slingshot maneuver from the outside line to overtake Rowdy and win his first race. Russ predicts that Cole will attempt his signature slingshot maneuver from outside. He is recruited by car dealership tycoon Tim Daland (Randy Quaid) to race for his team in the NASCAR Winston Cup Series. the neurosurgeon attending to his health. Cole's crew chief. a neurosurgeon who develops a relationship with Cole. at North Wilkesboro. with Daland now fielding two teams . manage to fix the problem and get him back on the lead lap. Harry discovers that the car is leaking oil. This sets the tone for a final showdown between Cole and Russ. he spots him sitting alone on a concrete barrier near the pit stop. but the combined efforts of his pit crew. Claire Lewicki (Nicole Kidman). Claire Lewicki. so he manages to have Daland provide him a new engine. • Robert Duvall as Harry Hogge. • Cary Elwes as Russ Wheeler. as well as those working for Daland. Rick Hendrick. At the same time. mostly due to crashes or engine blowouts. Harry puts him in a series of rigorous training. where he celebrates with Claire and his pit crew. the current Winston Cup Champion and Cole's first rival. while his name is a nod to veteran racer Dick Trickle. resulting in Cole and Harry's team being fired by Daland. but later on becomes his bitter rival. this results in Cole not finishing the races. Cole's car suffers a malfunctioning gear shifter after being spun out by Russ. When Rowdy discovers that he has to undergo brain surgery to stop an internal bleeding. a young race car driver out to make a name of himself in NASCAR. This pays off at the Southern 500 in Darlington.[2] [3] • Nicole Kidman as Dr. After discovering that Cole does not understand the common termimology used by NASCAR teams.Days of Thunder appearance. The character was patterned after the late Tim Richmond. a rookie driver who fills in for Cole. Then. as does co-producer Don Simpson. At the Firecracker 400 in Daytona. Cole and Rowdy change from bitter rivals to close friends. president of NASCAR. Cole drives into victory lane. As he looks around to see where Harry is. His character is patterened after real-life car owner. During his first few races.

Scott and Cruise vehicle Top Gun (some calling it "Top Gun on wheels" or "Top Gun in Race Cars!"). Cole's car chief. . These cars actually raced during the 1990 Winston Cup season at Daytona. who is actually a stripper hired by Harry as a prank on Cole.[7] The film was considered a financial disappointment domestically. Reilly as Buck Bretherton. owned by Rick Hendrick. North Carolina. Rowdy's wife. Jerry Punch 187 Production The cars used as those of Cole Trickle. which had been a huge success four years earlier. • Chris Ellis as Harlem Hoogerhyde • Don Simpson in a cameo as Aldo Bennedetti. but were not officially scored. C. A score album was never released.[6] Reception The film received mixed reviews from critics who mostly shrugged off the sometimes over-the-top special effects and plot in many ways resembling the earlier Bruckheimer. A Game Boy version was released in 1992. The game is currently available for the PlayStation Network and iPhone OS. a racer patterned after Mario Andretti. Mindscape released a video game adaptation of the film for multiple platforms such as the PC. Quinn as Waddell • Caroline Williams as Jeannie Burns. another NASCAR-related film. NES and Amiga.[11] Video games Days of Thunder (1990) In 1990. with racers Greg Sacks. Rowdy Burns and Russ Wheeler were provided by Hendrick Motorsports. Darlington and Phoenix.Days of Thunder • John C. Cameos as themselves • • • • • Richard Petty Rusty Wallace Neil Bonnett Harry Gant Dr.[10] Music The score for Days of Thunder was composed by Hans Zimmer with Jeff Beck making a guest appearance on guitar. • J. • Leilani Sarelle as a Female Highway Patrol Officer.[5] Cole's first car in the film is sponsored by City Chevrolet. a real-life car dealership in Charlotte.[8] [9] It currently holds a rating of 40% on Rotten Tomatoes. although a bootleg was later available. Reilly went on to star in Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby. Simpson. Bobby Hamilton and Hut Stricklin as the stunt drivers.

Retrieved 2010-10-24.including Daytona International Speedway and Talladega Superspeedway . latimes. The Los Angeles Times. php?id=22) at Hans-Zimmer. Retrieved 2010-10-24. Images On pit road. com/ 1990-07-02/ entertainment/ ca-445_1_top-gun). [4] "Going for the 'Glory'" (http:/ / articles. html). [9] "Thunder Sputters in Box-Office Race" (http:/ / articles. [5] "Motor Racing Daytona 500" (http:/ / articles.and more than 14 select NASCAR Sprint Cup drivers. latimes. . Retrieved 2010-10-24. The Los Angeles Times. [2] "Alan Kulwicki's View From the Cockpit" (http:/ / articles. nytimes. Retrieved 2010-10-24. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-10-24. com/ 1990-11-16/ business/ fi-4799_1_top-gun). The Los Angeles Times. . com/ 1990-07-07/ entertainment/ ca-293_1_stock-car-racing). Tom Cruise and Cars. [6] "Lumina Hopes to Hitch a Ride With Tom Cruise" (http:/ / articles. Retrieved 2010-10-24. . [3] "Hollywood Knows Fakin'. and Russ Wheeler. Days of Thunder: NASCAR Edition will include 12 NASCAR sanctioned tracks . com/ 1990/ 06/ 27/ movies/ review-film-tom-cruise-and-cars-and-a-lot-of-them. com/ fr/ disco_detail. Retrieved 2010-10-24. and a Lot of Them" (http:/ / www. Not Racin'" (http:/ / articles.Days of Thunder (http:/ / www. com/ 1990-07-17/ business/ fi-228_1_chevrolet-lumina). latimes.Days of Thunder 188 Days of Thunder: NASCAR Edition (2010) Paramount Digital Entertainment will release a new NASCAR simulation game based on the film for the PlayStation 3 on the PlayStation Network in 2010. Rowdy Burns. rottentomatoes. The Los Angeles Times. This filming took place during the 1989 Autoworks 500 at Phoenix International Raceway. latimes. [7] "Review/Film. Retrieved 2010-10-24.com . com/ 1990-07-10/ entertainment/ ca-258_1_bruce-willis). The safety car is the actual track safety car used for the race. latimes. [8] "Die Hard 2 Mows Down the Competition" (http:/ / articles. The Los Angeles Times. [10] Rotten Tomatoes . Retrieved 2010-10-24. . . Tom Cruise during filming Camera vehicle leads the cars around the track References [1] "2 of Paramount's Costliest Top Guns Lose Their Jobs" (http:/ / articles. . com/ 1990-01-06/ entertainment/ ca-372_1). latimes. latimes. hans-zimmer. com/ 1990-06-27/ entertainment/ ca-511_1_alan-kulwicki). com/ m/ days_of_thunder/ ) [11] Days of Thunder (1990) (http:/ / www. The Los Angeles Times. latimes. . com/ 1990-02-17/ sports/ sp-563_1_stock-car-racing). . The Los Angeles Times. including past champions and Days of Thunder characters such as Cole Trickle. . The New York Times.

imdb.com/m/days_of_thunder/) at Rotten Tomatoes Days of Thunder (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Days of Thunder (http://www.rottentomatoes.allmovie.com/work/12662) at Allmovie Days of Thunder (http://www.virtual-history.php?filmid=195) .metacritic.com/film.Days of Thunder 189 External links • • • • • • Days of Thunder (http://www.com/movies/?id=daysofthunder.boxofficemojo.com/title/tt0099371/) at the Internet Movie Database Days of Thunder (http://www.com/film/titles/daysofthunder) at Metacritic Movie stills (http://film.

During the war he notoriously betrayed a group of his own men. the lovely but sheltered daughter of a wealthy family who live in a huge. Hugo Weaving. but Hal's secret identity is soon exposed. He explains that he has been traveling for years. Terry Hayes (screenplay) Nicole Kidman. made in 1989 by Kennedy Miller Productions and directed by Ken Cameron. (Elliott was also a POW in the war himself). The title of the mini-series is. who were planning an escape. and was later court-martialled for it. the nickname of a fictional Bangkok prison in which the protagonist is imprisoned. He then takes us to 1960s Sydney. Joy Smithers 5 October 1989 270 minutes Australia English Starring Release date(s) Running time Country Language Bangkok Hilton is a three-part Australian mini-series. Terry Hayes (story). He falls in love with Katherine Faulkner (Judy Morris). isolated mansion in the outback. The fact that he did so to protect the rest of his men from reprisals was considered irrelevant.Bangkok Hilton 190 Bangkok Hilton Bangkok Hilton Directed by Written by Ken Cameron Ken Cameron (story). Plot Bangkok Hilton begins as Hal Stanton (Denholm Elliott) leaves Bangkok by ship in the present day. Tony Morphett (story). He visits the estate and woos Katherine and they fall passionately in love. Denholm Elliott. and he has lived with the shame ever since. to their Japanese captors. . since a shameful incident when he was a prisoner of the Japanese right there in Bangkok in WWII. in the story. where he was working as a lawyer under the assumed name of Graham Greene.

Bangkok Hilton Katherine's family break up the relationship and Hal moves. with three episodes on each of two discs. the opening and closing credits had to be completely redone and the final shot of the film. Hal finds it especially difficult to visit Katrina in the "Bangkok Hilton. for a complete running time of four-and-a-half hours. released in Australia in 2005. Some news reports have claimed that Bangkwang prison itself carries the real-life nickname "Bangkok Hilton". now grown and played by Nicole Kidman. Arkie suggests they go by way of Goa. When the trail leads Katrina to Bangkok. only a third of its original length. Katrina is imprisoned in a squalid. There she meets another Australian woman. with Mandy teaching Katrina the ropes of prison life.was titled "The Real Bangkok Hilton" [2] . After the series aired. the name Bangkok Hilton has regularly been used in the media to refer to any and all Bangkok prisons as if those prisons were actually nicknamed Bangkok Hilton in real life. overcoming their initial reluctance to meet with her. While planning her return to Australia. Eventually. Some news reports state that the Lard Yao women's prison carries the nickname Bangkok Hilton [1] A 2004 BBC documentary about Bangkwang prison . treated as a shameful product of the illicit affair. Mandy Engels (Joy Smithers). This version was also broadcast in the US on TBS in 1991. In London. Katrina is arrested at the airport when drug sniffing dogs detect her suitcase. Richard Carlisle (Hugo Weaving). While enjoying a romantic weekend there. 191 Impact Later productions with similar stories include Return to Paradise and Brokedown Palace. reuniting with his family as he tracks down the elusive Arkie. and soon gives birth to Katrina. This version mistakenly left the subtitles off a number of scenes which occur in Thai. Having never ventured off the estate. he secretly picks up a shipment of heroin and loads it into Katrina's suitcase. The bootleg version. Katherine is pregnant. and to retrace Katrina's footsteps to London and Goa. cuts the series down to ninety minutes.[3] Versions The miniseries was originally broadcast in Australia in 1989 as three episodes. Hal and Katrina will be forced to rely only on their own strength to save her life. Mandy had used her mentally retarded brother Billy (Noah Taylor) to carry her drugs as they passed through airport customs but the drugs were detected and both were sentenced to death for trafficking. however. but find the family lawyer. A few years later. Richard Carlisle convinces Hal to take an active part in the case. he finds the will to do so. As Katrina's case works its way through the courts they become friends. unwilling to help. The young girl is raised on her own at the estate. commonly available from Russia and other countries. she makes contact with the uncle and cousin she has never met before. Reluctantly returning to Australia. hoping his daughter can be saved this way. Meanwhile. Katrina and Arkie attempt to find Hal in Bangkok. pretending to be a lawyer from Carlisle's firm. Because of this. where his family lived. Arkie disappears. away. The most recent DVD version. a heroin addict also imprisoned for drug trafficking. In 2000 it was released on DVD in the United Kingdom. Each episode was cut in half. though. Katrina is befriended by Arkie Ragan. each running two hours with commercials. Nonetheless. she travels to Sydney.a male only prison . . to track him down. has thus been omitted. which played under the closing credits of episode 3. despondently. where she learns that her father is not dead. again presents the series in three parts. but it has been cropped enormously for widescreen televisions. loses her mother to cancer and inherits the family fortune. cutting off the top and bottom of the film." because it is the same prison where he was kept by the Japanese forty years earlier. overcrowded Bangkok prison nicknamed the "Bangkok Hilton". Katrina. as she was always told. a young American photojournalist who becomes her lover and traveling companion. She decides to go to London.

. Retrieved 2008-01-05.Bangkok Hilton 192 Characters • • • • • • • • • • • • Nicole Kidman as Katrina Stanton Denholm Elliott as Hal Stanton Hugo Weaving as Richard Carlisle Joy Smithers as Mandy Engels Norman Kaye as George McNair Jerome Ehlers as Arkie Ragan Pauline Chan as Pretty Warden Noah Taylor as Billy Engels Richard Carter as Detective King Gerda Nicolson as Lady Faulkner Judy Morris as Catherine Faulkner Clarissa Kaye as Mrs Cameron Bangkok Hilton hotels At the time the miniseries was made. bbc.holdingType=. com.query=589108. The series carried a disclaimer that it had no connection to that hotel. uk/ article/ 2005/ oct/ 23/ thailand. stm) [3] James Hopkirk (23 October 2005). The Age. darktourism.au/nfsa/search/ display/display. observerescapesection). co.page=0. au/ articles/ 2002/ 09/ 26/ 1032734276050. The Observer. Retrieved 2008-02-08. References [1] Mark Baker (27 September 2002). uk/ 1/ hi/ programmes/ this_world/ 3899549.nfsa. html). "Checking in to the Bangkok Hilton" (http:/ / travel.resCount=10) . w3p.group=.imdb.com/title/tt0096540/) at the Internet Movie Database • Bangkok Hilton at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch. guardian.rec=0.gov.adv=yes.parentid=. co.groupequals=. was in operation. . theage. the Hilton International Bangkok at Nai Lert Park (opened in 1983). External links • Bangkok Hilton (http://www.afc. [2] BBC Program on Bangkwang Prison (http:/ / news.querytype=. "That one bad trip to Bangkok" (http:/ / www. The hotel is now operated by Raffles International under the name Swissotel Nai Lert Park Bangkok and is still owned by the Sampatisiri family.

. release) Running time Country Language 96 minutes Australia English Gross revenue $7. Roadshow Entertainment (Australia. It was based on the 1963 novel of the same name by Charles Williams.Dead Calm (film) 193 Dead Calm (film) Dead Calm Dead Calm poster Directed by Produced by Phillip Noyce Terry Hayes George Miller Doug Mitchell Charles Williams (novel) Terry Hayes Sam Neill Nicole Kidman Billy Zane Graeme Revell Richard Francis-Bruce Written by Starring Music by Editing by Distributed by Warner Bros. Nicole Kidman and Billy Zane.S. theatrical) Release date(s) 7 April 1989 (U.009 (USA)[1] Dead Calm is a 1989 thriller film starring Sam Neill. The film was directed by Australian filmmaker Phillip Noyce and filmed in the Great Barrier Reef.825.

Their holiday turns into a nightmare after they rescue Hughie Warriner (Zane) from a damaged wood-hulled schooner on the open seas. Meanwhile. In an attempt to shoot him with a harpoon Rae accidentally kills her dog. a man who claims his shipmates died from food poisoning. John attempts to repair the sinking black schooner and make sail to catch up. John is unable to to make it to his boat in time and watches as Hughie escapes knocking Rae unconscious. Later she finds the situation dire when she contacts her husband by radio and discovers he has only six hours until the boat sinks completely. She comes back down to the cabin telling Hughie that the cigarettes are for after they have sex. Rae begins to cry in helplessness as Hughie heads down to the cabin to check on her. Although reluctant at first. before she has a chance to load it the dog comes up and draws attention to Rae by barking at her hoping that she'll play. Rae loses control of the gun and located a harpoon nearby. John tells Rae to arm herself with the ship's shotgun as he takes the schooner's dinghy back to the sinking ship while Hughie is resting. Breaking out from his room. Meanwhile Rae awakens to discover that Hughie has taken command has left John for dead. After their passionate coupling. Hughie takes the opportunity to lure an emotionally vulnerable Rae into temptation. Rae manages to reverse her course to rendezvous with John. While refusing to go back for John he allows Rae to roam freely around the yacht taking a liking to her. While engaging in foreplay she formulates a plan to get back control of the ship. but Hughie refuses to go back. In a panic John rushes back after his wife. Hughie overpowers Rae and steals the Ingram yacht with her on board. Hughie discovers that John is investigating the schooner. When he awakes. . Suspicious of Hughie's story. Seeing her in such a fragile state. Rae manages to rescue John as the schooner fills with water. Hughie gets up to look for her as Rae tries to silence her dog. Before Hughie has a chance to kill her he finally passes out from the drugs she gave him. Rae tries to stall the boat long enough for her husband to catch up.Dead Calm (film) 194 Main cast Actor Sam Neill Role John Ingram Nicole Kidman Rae Ingram Billy Zane Hughie Warriner Plot summary A troubled couple. John uses his naval skills to plot the course and direction of the yacht while struggling to keep the schooner afloat. However. Put on the spot. To distract him away from the shotgun Rae kisses Hughie and leads him to her bed where she undresses and continues where they left off. As they fight. Hughie manages to catch her armed and a struggle between them ensues. who was trapped in the transom cabin by a piece of debris. take a vacation on their yacht to recover over the death of their son from an automobile accident which Rae was involved in. Not knowing what she can do to help Rae assures him that she'll save him by sunset. Rae goes against the notion of equipping the gun sympathizing with what Hughie has been through. Rae leaves the shotgun behind and grabs the nearby cigarettes as an excuse for being up on deck. Before Rae has the chance to tell her husband she loves him they are cut off when the radio on John's end shorts out. Australian naval officer John Ingram (Neill) and his wife Rae (Kidman). Saying she has to go to the bathroom Rae slips on a robe and heads up onto the deck to assemble the shotgun. Seeing his sailboat departing. In a panic. Rae drugs Hughie with her sedatives and goes back for the shotgun. John hopes that this will help Rae cope with the loss. John tries to convince the panicked Hughie to return with him to his sinking ship so they can confirm the deaths and salvage anything of use. Suspicious. but fails when her dog ends up befriending Hughie and helping him to reclaim the keys to the yacht. Rae passionately kisses Hughie and goes along with the seduction allowing him to remove her clothes and caress her body. However when John arrives on board Hughie's ship he finds through video footage and mangled corpses evidence that suggests Hughie murdered them. Rae gradually gives in and makes love to Hughie.

htm http:/ / www.page=0.imdb.[2] Reception The film Dead Calm received a 7.[4] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote that the film "generates genuine tension". html?categoryid=31& cs=1) Variety.resCount=10) • Dead Calm (1989) (http://noeltanti. com/ review/ VE1117790280. sees the struggle.5/10 "fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes and a critical rating of 95%. w3p.afc. See also • Cinema of Australia References [1] [2] [3] [4] http:/ / boxofficemojo. Australia.com/title/tt0097162/) at the Internet Movie Database • Dead Calm (http://www.[5] The film is listed on the New York Times Top 1000 Movies list. com/ m/ dead_calm/ ) Rotten Tomatoes Dead Calm review (http:/ / www. Rae and John watch as Hughie's body floats away. rottentomatoes.query=143083.group=.au/nfsa/search/display/ display. It was filmed over a 14 week span in Whitsunday Passage. and fires a flare gun into Hughie's mouth. com/ movies/ ?id=deadcalm. The next day.com/2010/09/10/alone-on-a-wide-wide-sea-dead-calm-1989/) review by Noel Tanti .rottentomatoes. suntimes. ibiblio.parentid=.gov.[3] According to Variety. 195 Production The movie is based on the novel Dead Calm by Charles Williams. dll/ article?AID=/ 19890407/ REVIEWS/ 904070302/ 1023) Chicago Sun-Times.rec=0. Kidman is "excellent throughout" and the picture is "handsomely produced and inventively directed". txt Dead Calm (http:/ / uk.groupequals=.nfsa.Dead Calm (film) Rae and John later find the empty rescue raft. after Rae returns to the yacht from a swim and John is preparing a meal. org/ samneill/ films/ dcpn. 1 January 1989 [5] Dead Calm (http:/ / rogerebert. Northeast of Sydney. Hughie suddenly appears behind her and attempts to strangle her. com/ apps/ pbcs. variety.holdingType=.adv=yes. 7 April 1989 External links • Dead Calm (http://www.com/m/dead_calm/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Dead Calm at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch.querytype=. John returns.

. a satire about two entertainment industries: film and publishing. Colin teams with a womanising hack writer named Mike McCord to work on Coastwatchers. but ultimately draws the line in the friendship and avoids cheating on his wife. is a book editor and wants to publish a novel by Aboriginal writer Kath Mitchell titled Black Rage." They have three children. Kath Mitchell is nominated for the Booker Prize. and Sam. His wife. At one point. Henry Handel Richardson's The Fortunes of Richard Mahony. Ian Wall. Penny. and Kate accompanies her and Ian Wall to the awards ceremony. he simply dismisses it as a "downer". because his uncle was one. but currently down on his luck. They have recently moved from Melbourne to Sydney. Coastwatchers proves a ratings disaster." Colin responds. Elaine Ross. loosely modelled on Williamson's own. whose teachers say she is depressed." The difference is that the writers of Miami Vice are writing at the best of their abilities. Kate. advises him to get back with Elaine because his project is "shit". who usually finances Colin's productions. Everyone comes here along their yellow brick roads looking for the answers to their problems and all they find are the demons within themselves. Story The plays centers around the Rogers family. which one character jokes will be made into a film in which the Jews are rescued by space aliens. to which Kate says "I don't think your synopsis quite does the book justice". During this time. but her publisher. Mike sums up the "great Australian novel". he goes to the goldfields. A disillusioned Colin returns to Elaine Ross and accepts the project she offered him. gets gangrene and dies". When he hears of Kate's problem. "this is absolute shit. Malcolm Bennett. Ultimately. says "Blacks don't sell books. whom Colin fears Kate is encouraging to be gay. Elaine calls Sydney "The Emerald city of Oz. as "Doctor's marriage goes bad. and it was Australia's great contribution to the war. but a story about the coastwatchers of World War II." The play takes many swipes at contemporary occurrences in the entertainment industry. while the fact that Colin is writing below his level is painfully obvious. who hates the idea. accuses him of racism. "So is Miami Vice. He doesn't want to make what he perceives as a "movie of the week" about Tony Sanzari and an amusement park hijacking that is offered to him by his agent. he prank calls Ian Wall. so Mike latches onto Colin for another project. but wants his name on the film as co-writer because it's an instant status boost in the industry. Although Kate tells Colin that Ian looks like a "garden gnome" she admits to the audience (the play contains a great deal of direct to audience monologues) that she was unfaithful. such as Steven Spielberg's purchase of Australian writer Thomas Keneally's novel Schindler's Ark. Hannah. a rip-off of Miami Vice set in Australia and loaded with Australianisms. Colin is Australia's most successful screenwriter (like Williamson). who has been frequenting a disco called Downmarket. "That's classy shit. even though he is primarily just typing dictation. Helen Davey." Malcolm tells him. though she does not win. To that. Colin becomes attracted to Mike's girlfriend. and threatens that a group of militants will mob the publishing house if he doesn't publish Black Rage.Emerald City (film) 196 Emerald City (film) Emerald City is a 1987 play by Australian playwright David Williamson.

though discussion of off-stage characters is usually replaced with their appearance and a more conventionally cinematic level and speed of dialogue. The principal cast includes: • • • • • • Colin: John Hargreaves Kate: Robyn Nevin Mike: Chris Haywood Helen: Nicole Kidman Elaine: Ruth Cracknell Malcolm: Dennis Miller . Film Emerald City David Williamson's Emerald City Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Michael Jenkins Joan Long David Williamson John Hargreaves Robyn Nevin Nicole Kidman Chris Neal Music by Cinematography Paul Murphy Editing by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Neil Thumpston 1988 (Australia) 9 February 1992 (USA) 93 min. Much of the play's dialogue is retained. the younger daughter Hannah was omitted. The cast was as follows: Colin: Daniel Gerroll Elaine: Doris Black Kate: Gates McFadden Mike: Dan Butler Helen: Alice Haining Malcolm: Jerry Manning The other characters do not appear on-stage. It premirered in the United States off-Broadway by the New York Theatre Workshop at the Perry Street Theatre in Greenwich Village in 1988.  Australia English Also in 1988. Also. but not in this film).Emerald City (film) 197 Major Performances The play was first performed in Australia in 1987. Michael Jenkins directed a very fast-paced film version (Australian speech is conventionally relatively slow.

com. and Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Chris Haywood). UPC: 5 017633 41002 >) sometimes given online as "Hollywood Classics". for which it won. The fictional Land of Oz rarely comes up in Australian conversation. External links • Teacher's Notes [1] on David Williamson's plays including Emerald City • Emerald City [2] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. which ran on Network Ten. au/ whatiwrote/ notes. Best Achievement in Cinematography (Paul Murphy). an Australian rock musical film that retold The Wizard of Oz (1939 film) on the streets of Melbourne.Emerald City (film) • • • • Penny: Ella Scott Sam: Haydon Samuels Ian: Nicholas Hammond Kath: Michelle Torres 198 The Australian Film Institute nominated it for five awards: Best Actor (John Hargreaves). snodger. The film has never been released on home video in the United States. Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Nicole Kidman). it happens in exactly the same place on all copies. on Oz. Chris Löfvén. (Academy Home Entertainment released a version that ran only 160 minutes to U. though it has been shown on the cable channel Romance Classics. home video). imdb. com/ title/ tt0101808/ . Also. This edition was pressed with a ten-second jump in the master early in the film. Although this jump is noted in the counter. The miniseries was much ballyhooed but was not well rated. html [2] http:/ / www. Possible Inspirations Williamson and Denis Whitburn worked on a World War II miniseries with director Chris Thomson titled The Last Bastion. Williamson assisted his brother-in-law. the term is used almost exclusively as the nickname for one's own country. A region-free PAL DVD was released in the United Kingdom by an anomnymous company in Herts (VFC31962 NL041.S. The running time was 360 minutes. Best Adapted Screenplay (David Williamson).

24. It’s inevitable that I’ll grow up. Filmed in Perth.[1] It features Kidman in her first 'adult' role and includes a few nude scenes. It’s hard for a casting director to know where I fit in – I can play 22. People do still remember me as being 15. 23. Western Australia. Australia English Windrider (also know as Wind Rider (Making Waves)) is a 1986 Australian romantic comedy film directed by Vincent Monton. if not physically then mentally.Windrider 199 Windrider Windrider Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Vincent Monton Paul D.[2] In a interview Kidman stated was attracted to the role of Jade because the character was older. —Nicole Kidman[2] . but it’s slowly changing. Barron Everett De Roche Bonnie Harris Tom Burlinson Nicole Kidman Bud Tingwell Kevin Peek Music by Cinematography Joseph Pickering Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language John Scott Hoyts Distribution 26 December 1986 (Australia) 92 min. Australia.

"The art of growing up as an actress" (http:/ / www.C. html). [2] Kruger. Retrieved 9 August 2010. The West Australian. . Retrieved 9 August 2010. friends and the upcoming championship become secondary. indulging his passion for windsurfing on a daily basis. com/ work/ windrider-54756).C Simpson Nicole Kidman as Jade Bud Tingwell as Miss Dodge Jill Perryman as Stewart Simpson Senior Simon Chilvers as Howard Kim Bullad as Coyote Stig Wemyss as Ratso Mark Williams as Mangles Alastair Cummings as Rabbit Robin Miller as Wally Matt Parkinson as Lurch Lorraine Webster as Mud John Ryan as McBride Lance Karapetcoff as King Ric Whittle as Ross Penny Brown as Kate Alistair Browning as Cram See also • Cinema of Australia References [1] Harvey. but he can appreciate his son's remarkable abilities on the waves.. debbiekruger. news. . but as their romance blooms sport. .C. Jade (Kidman) is a rock singer. With the help of his father's company's engineer Howard (Chilvers) he develops a high tech surf board for the coming world windsurfing championship. "Turkey and swans" (http:/ / au. His father (Tingwell) may fault him for not working at a regular job. Allmovie. com/ writer/ freelance/ nic. who starts an romance with P. Eleanor.' Simpson (Burlinson) lives in a magnificent beachfront home with his wealthy father and is an enthusiastic windsurfer. The Australian. com/ thewest/ entertainment/ a/ -/ entertainment/ 7719221/ turkeys-and-swans/ ). allmovie.Windrider 200 Plot Stewart 'P. [3] Mannikka. Retrieved 9 August 2010. . yahoo. "Windrider" (http:/ / www. Shannon (6 August 2010). Debbie (1 December 1986).[3] Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tom Burlinson as Stewart P.

holdingType=.nfsa.afc.adv=no.) (1994).parentid=.au/nfsa/search/display/ display. w3p. .groupequals=.group=.page=0. 252.rec=0. Australian Cinema. ISBN 1863733116.querytype=. NSW. (ed.gov.com/title/tt0092220/) at the Internet Movie Database • Windrider at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch.Leonards.query=windrider.Windrider 201 External links • Windrider (http://www.: Allen & Unwin/AFC. p.resCount=10) • Murray. St. Scott.imdb.

One of the longest-running of its kind. sometimes considered a soap opera. many storylines were developed as sub plots for several episodes before becoming the focus of a particular week's narrative block. Victoria. It was produced in ATN-7's production facility at Epping. of seasons No. The storylines were meant to have a primary appeal to adult and older youthful audiences. 1981 – November 22. It also ran from April to November 1994 for 30 episodes on Network Ten. Overall.[1] As it did not have the open ended narrative of a traditional soap opera.[2] . and in particular they had greater appeal to children from middle class backgrounds. it ran on the Seven Network for 1. it was technically a series. The Channel Seven series was also filmed on location in Pitt Town (outskirts of Northwest Sydney). while. the Channel Ten series was filmed on location in Emerald. Soap opera James Davern Shane Porteous Helen Scott Brian Wenzel Joyce Jacobs Gordon Piper Syd Heylen Lorrae Desmond Joan Sydney Penny Cook Grant Dodwell Shane Withington Anne Tenney Wendy Strehlow Josephine Mitchell Maureen Edwards Kym Wilson Claudia Black Judith McGrath Georgie Parker Country of origin Australia No. of episodes 14 1058 Production Running time 48 minutes Broadcast Original channel Seven Network (1981-1993) Network Ten (1994) Original run November 18. the storylines of the show's two one-hour episodes screened over any one week formed a self-contained narrative block. 1993 A Country Practice is an Australian television drama series.058 episodes from 18 November 1981 to 22 November 1993.[2] Nevertheless. Sydney.A Country Practice 202 A Country Practice A Country Practice Format Created by Starring Drama. the programme "so emphasised the ongoing storylines of its major characters as to make the distinction between series and serial more or less meaningless". Though.

suicide. Nicole Kidman.Grant Dodwell (1981-1986) Vicky Dean/Bowen . Brian Wenzel was the first actor to win such an Honour for his role as Sergeant Frank Gilroy. as well as Aborigines and their place in modern Australian society.various social and medical problems were explored.Lorrae Desmond (1981-1992) Robert "Bob" Hatfield . drug addiction.Caroline Johansson (1986-1988) Cathy Hayden . Alex Fraser .Kate Raison (1987-1990) Michael Langley . mainly among the younger personnel. A Country Practice also had a cast of semi-regulars who would make appearances as the storylines permitted.Gordon Piper (1981-1992) Esme Watson . The show followed a medical practice in the small fictional New South Wales country town of Wandin Valley. HIV/AIDS and terminal illness. John Meillon.Shane Withington (1981-1985) Molly Jones .Syd Heylen (1982-1993) Judy Loveday .Brian Wenzel (Original 1981-1993) Shirley Dean/Gilroy . (1993-1994. 203 Cast list Seven Network series • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Dr.Nicholas Bufalo (1985-1988) Kelly Shanahan .Helen Scott (1981-1983) Vernon "Cookie" Locke . Ten Network) Brendan Jones . including Baz Luhrmann.A Country Practice In addition to being broadcast in Australia.Penny Cook (1981-1985) Frank Gilroy .Brett Climo (1987-1989) Emily Leiding .Joyce Jacobs (1982-1993). The show's stories focused on the staff of the practice and the hospital and their families.Shane Porteous (Original 1981-1993) Dr. It was also carried on a variety of Canadian stations. the show received a worldwide audience of five to six million each week.Joan Sydney (1983-1990).Penny Richards (1986-1988) Matthew Tyler .Josephine Mitchell (1985-1989) Ben Green . Ten Network) Jo Loveday . both during the show's lifetime and after. Terence Elliott .Annie Davies (1985-1986) Dr. (1993-1994. Smokey Dawson.Emily Nicol (1983-1986) Matron Margaret " Maggie" Sloan .Diane Smith (1986-1989) Peter Manning .Wendy Strehlow (1982-1986) Chloe Jones . It was estimated that at its height. The series is also the third most successful series in the history of the Logie Awards having won 29 times. By the end of the series Brian Wenzel and Shane Porteous were the only original cast members. as well as in many European countries and Hong Kong. Sir Robert Helpmann and even the Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke made a cameo appearance in 1986. The series examined such topical issues as youth unemployment.Anne Tenney (1981-1985) Matron Marta Kurtesz . A Country Practice has also become well-known for its number of guest stars appearances. Apart from its regular rotating cast of characters.Mark Owen-Taylor (1986-1988) Donna Manning . Simon Bowen . it also ran on the ITV network in the United Kingdom. Toni Collette and Simon Baker also had guest-roles in the series before going on to international fame.frequently patients served by the practice .John Tarrant (1988-1992) . and through weekly guest characters .

A Country Practice • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Lucy Gardiner .Judith McGrath (1992-1993) Tom Newman . Seven Network) Best Supporting Actress In A Series: Wendy Strehlow (A Country Practice.Kym Wilson (1991-1993) Hugo Strzelecki .Wombats used from Featherdale Wildlife Park in Doonside.Maureen Edwards (1991-1993) Dr.Mrs Lillian Coote Ted Howell .Sophie Heathcote (1990-1991) Matron Ann Brennan . Seven Network) • 1986 . Cris Kouros . Seven Network) 1985 Most Popular Lead Actor: Grant Dodwell (A Country Practice. Ten Network) Kate Bryant . Seven Network) Most Popular Lead Actress: Anne Tenney (A Country Practice.Georgie Parker (1989-1992) Dr.Allan Penney (1991-1993) Darcy Hudson .Anne Looby (1992-1993) Billy Moss . in Western Sydney.Michelle Pettigrove (1991-1993) Percy Hudson .Paul Gleeson (1993) Claire Bonacci . Seven Network) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1984 Most Popular Actor: Grant Dodwell (Seven Network) NSW Most Popular Female: Penny Cook (Seven Network) NSW Most Popular Show: A Country Practice (Seven Network) Most Popular Drama Series: A Country Practice (Seven Network) Best Supporting Actress In A Series: Lorrae Desmond (A Country Practice. Harry Morrison .Jon Concannon (1992-1993) Ian McIntyre . Seven Network) NSW Most Popular Male: Grant Dodwell (Seven Network) NSW Most Popular Female: Penny Cook (Seven Network) NSW Most Popular Show: A Country Practice (Seven Network) Most Popular Drama Program: A Country Practice (Seven Network) Best Lead Actor In A Series: Shane Withington (A Country Practice.Counseller Alfred Muldoon (Recurring) Vincent Ball .Mary Regan (1990-1991) Matron Rosemary Prior . (1993-1994.Georgina Fisher (1989-1991) Luke Ross .Michael Muntz (1989-1991) Jessie Kouros .Jamie Croft (1992-1993) Bernice Hudson .Bert Griffiths 204 Logie Awards A Country Practice is the third most successful television program in the history of the Logie Awards having won 29 awards during it's twelve years of production. Seven Network) • Best Juvenile Performance: Jeremy Shadlow (A Country Practice.Matt Day (1989-1991) Stephanie "Steve" Brennan .[3] • 1983 • Best Supporting Actor In A Series: Brian Wenzel (A Country Practice.Ted Campbell Queenie Ashton .Claudia Black (1993) Fatso the Wombat .Andrew Blackman (1991-1993). Brian Moll .Gavin Harrison (1992-1993) Anna Lacey .

Season 6: Part 1 (11 Disc Box Set) was released on April 7. Two 12-disc box sets featuring the remainder of the 1982 episodes and the first part of the 1983 episodes were released 11 April 2007.A Country Practice • • • • • Most Popular Australian Actor: Grant Dodwell (A Country Practice. which bought out MRA Entertainment in 2008. Seven Network) NSW Most Popular Female: Anne Tenney (Seven Network) NSW Most Popular Program: A Country Practice (Seven Network) Most Popular Australian Drama: A Country Practice (Seven Network) 205 • 1987 • NSW Most Popular Program: A Country Practice (Seven Network) • 1988 • NSW Most Popular Program: A Country Practice (Seven Network) • 1989 • Most Outstanding Actress: Joan Sydney (A Country Practice. Seven Network) • 1993 • Most Popular Actress: Georgie Parker (A Country Practice. Seven Network) • Most Popular New Talent: Georgie Parker (A Country Practice. Seven Network) DVD releases A Country Practice is available on DVD (Region 4. Seven Network) • 1992 • Most Popular Actress: Georgie Parker (A Country Practice. 2010. There is a best of seasons 1-5 'Unforgetable Moments' DVD Set which was released on the 9th December 2009. A Country Practice . 2010 with Series 6: Part 2 (11 Disc Box Set) released on June 9. the second part of Series Three was released in a 12-disc set featuring the remaining episodes 149–190. Series 4 was released on 8 November 2007 in a two-part set each containing 12 discs for all 1984 episodes 191–280. DVD rights for the series are now held by Brisbane-based independent DVD distributor Magna Pacific Pty Ltd. Seven Network) • 1991 • Most Popular Actress: Georgie Parker (A Country Practice. Seven Network) Most Popular Australian Actress: Anne Tenney (A Country Practice. Later. . entitled "Series One" (containing all 14 1981 episodes) and "Series Two" (containing only the first 30 1982 episodes) were released on 3 April 2006 by MRA Entertainment. Seven Network) • NSW Most Popular Program: A Country Practice (Seven Network) • 1990 • Most Outstanding Actor: Shane Porteous (A Country Practice. Series 5 was released on 23 April 2008 and comprised two 12-disc sets containing 1985 episodes. Two box sets. Australia).

Anglia. 11:10. This continued throughout 1989 and Central were therefore considerably behind the rest of the Network. and over 7 years behind episodes being broadcast in Australia: in September 1993. and other regions. From episode 491 screened five mornings a week at 10:55 for the duration of the summer school holidays (around 6 weeks) until 2 September. Over time. From January 1990. Yorkshire also transmitted the incorrect episode on one occasion due a fire alarm and evacuation in their building meaning that their feed from Thames Television for the preceding programme over-ran into Yorkshire's local programming meaning that the Yorkshire viewers saw a Thames episode which was considerably ahead (1991) of where Yorkshire were up to. Five years later in October 1988. never to return. it was re-launched and shown in its original hourly format on Thursdays and Fridays at 14:00. rarely aired full closing credits. it was dropped from the schedules for about 4 months until June. Central Television first broadcast A Country Practice on Tuesdays. Carlton and Central for example. The final repeat was broadcast on 30th June 2010. even though it was the last region to start showing it. (This included the short lived channel 10 series. Central aired episodes 400-401 . This led to confusion for viewers who thought that Central had missed several episodes. It reverted back to its old weekly Tuesday slot the following week. Border. This led to Part one of an episode starting on a Tuesday with viewers having to wait until the following Monday to conclude it. and immediately commenced the shortlived Network 10 series of A Country Practice. This would lead them into difficulties with the screening of the series as whenever a public holiday occurred (usually on Mondays). became the first region to conclude the series followed by Anglia Television in their daily 13:50 half-hour slot in 1996. Carlton Television. and the series could mostly be seen stripped Monday to Friday in a lunchtime slot across the UK. In January 1994 after (episode #486). all 14 of the ITV regions screened the show at their own pace after breaking from the initial Networked Thames Television pattern.) The series was shown in blocks of episodes which were then repeated once. Granada. considerably less than the rest of the ITV network. Central decided to follow Yorkshire Television's example and A Country Practice was stripped into edited half-hour editions. Scottish Television always aired A Country Practice as hour-long episodes once a week. The network had shown the entire 12 year series in 10 years. Yorkshire Television chose to break away from the main Network transmission in 1984 and were the first television station in the world to break the programme into two half-hour episodes screening on Mondays and Tuesday at 15:30. Dropped completely after episode #588.originally broadcast in Australia during 1986. during summer 1983. Throughout the 1980's the programme moved about in time and day but was generally broadcast between 13:30 to 16:00. All regions (except Scottish Television) eventually adopted the Yorkshire Television method of editing the episodes into two half-hour editions. International broadcasts Europe UK Broadcast History A Country Practice was shown regionally on the ITV Network with some regions (Thames. Anglia Television then commenced a short repeat of the .A Country Practice 206 Current repeat broadcasts From 2002 to 2010. usually before or after the lunchtime showing of Home and Away. the series had been shelved. such as Granada Television and HTV showed later episodes in an early evening timeslot of 17:10. but by September. the 15:30 slot would be unavailable for A Country Practice. It was replaced by Blue Heelers. TVS and Yorkshire) starting to screen the series weekly from 22 October 1982 on Wednesdays at 14:45 and 15:45 in the original hour-long format. Some regions. who superseded Thames Television. Foxtel's Hallmark channel showed the complete series twice. Unusually. Central concluded the original series in circa 1999. airing Monday to Friday.

In the mid-1980s. Detroit. Because they are part of the same advertising market. until they were caught up to contemporary episodes in the early 1990s. under which Detroit television stations cannot carry programming licensed for broadcast in Windsor. airing twice a week at 9.so. The channel also screened The Sullivans and The Young Doctors. it moved to Network 2's sister channel RTÉ One until its end in the mid-1990s weekdays at 17:30. Norway A Country Practice (no: Hverdagsliv) was broadcasted on TV 2 during the 1990s. and Windsor stations cannot carry programming licensed for broadcast in Detroit.[4] RTE re-ran the series in 1998 commencing with season 8 (1988) in a morning slot. Due to the content of the episodes. later episodes were shown in 1997 on the cable channel Carlton Select. Only so much programming can be repeated. During August 1985. they are subject to the North American Border Protection Rule.A Country Practice first 40 episodes shortly after reaching the end. Ireland A Country Practice was broadcast on RTÉ Two until 1988 weekdays at 18:00 when it was replaced with the youth ordinated Home and Away as RTÉ Two re-branded to Network 2. which serves the Metropolitan Detroit-Windsor-Toledo area. When the Sky Channel was launched on the new Astra 1A satellite in January 1989. In 1988. A Country Practice among them. it became Sky One and A Country Practice was dropped from the schedule. none of which could be broadcast in Windsor. the series was screened at 19:20 and 20:10 on Tuesday and Thursday evenings in hour-long episodes. a substantial amount of episodes were withdrawn from transmission by certain regions as the content was considered unsuitable for daytime viewing. while they otherwise remain unknown in North America. starting in the late 1980s. Channel 9. Ontario. 207 North American broadcasts CBET The entire series was broadcast. by the CBC Television affiliate in Windsor. A Country Practice also became a prime-time series on Sky Channel. Many Australian soap operas. 40% of Canadian network programming has been American content. For a brief period.and no network produces programming to air on only one station .00pm from at least 1985. and only so many times . most of the American programming that cannot be broadcast in Windsor is replaced by programming imported from Britain and Australia. Historically. Monday through Friday. Michigan in the United States and Windsor. have thus found loyal audiences in the Metro Detroit area. Two episodes were broadcast daily. Ontario in Canada are twin cities on the north and south banks of the strait called the Detroit River.[5] . This led to various regions skipping considerable chunks of the story. from start to finish. CBET.

208 Africa Kenya A Country Practice was also transmitted on Kenyan Television (VoK now KBC) during the 1980s. Showcase changed their format to favour a less family-oriented and more adult-oriented viewership. the decision was based on "declining viewership and a demand by viewers for more current programming". Allen & Unwin. According to the station's email autoresponse at the time. tv.1996" (http:/ / tvlistings. Kate. with promises that the entire series would be broadcast for those who missed the first airing. com/ the-logie-awards/ winners/ ). It began rebroadcasting the entire series on June 28. [4] "RTÉ TV Listings 1981 . However. Yahoo!7 TV. Helen Wilson. and started airing the show from the start again. 1995. . Graeme Turner and Stuart Cunningham). episode announced that the show would be removed from the Showcase lineup as of Monday. . Zimbabwe A Country Practice was broadcast on ZBC state television in the 1980s. See also • List of A Country Practice cast members • List of longest-serving soap opera actors References [1] Jacinta Burke. and completed the entire series run (including the 30-episode Network Ten series) in June 1999. htm . from Monday to Friday. Soap opera: 'No end of story.Past Winners" (http:/ / au. Oceania New Zealand The show was transmitted on TV2 on Sunday afternoons in the late 1980s and early 1990s.A Country Practice ASN From 1991 to 1994. yahoo. 2000. museum. St Leonards. Susanna Agardy (1983). a single line of text scrolling across the bottom of the screen during the August 21. It broadcast one episode daily. (Eds. Australian Broadcasting Tribunal. Sometime after that. "A Country Practice" and the child audience: a case study. ISBN 064287073X [2] Bowles. Four hour-long episodes aired each week. 2000. Melbourne. The station aired the show from episode 1 to somewhere in the early 700s. the show also aired on ASN in the Canadian Atlantic provinces. stopping when Showcase Television launched on January 1. com/ ?id=6:ca). August 28. ever' in The Australian TV Book. 1999. thetvroomplus. Showcase Showcase Television began airing the show from episode 1 starting in January 1995. 2000. ISBN 1-86508-014-4 p 127 [3] "TV Week Logie Awards . tv/ archives/ etv/ C/ htmlC/ countrypract/ countrypract. from Monday to Thursday with Monday's and Tuesday's episodes repeated on Saturday and Wednesday's and Thursday's episodes on Sunday. NSW. Retrieved 23 April 2010. [5] http:/ / www.

com/title/tt0086689/) at the Internet Movie Database A Country Practice (http://www.nfsa.resCount=10) .museum.com/acp.imdb.group=.afc.query=Number:138112.parentid=.html) at TV.adv=yes.htm) A Country Practice (Seven Network) (http://www.rec=0.gov.com A Country Practice (Network Ten) (http://www.imdb.querytype=.tv.holdingType=.groupequals=.page=0.A Country Practice 209 External links • • • • • • Wandin Valley Bush Nursing Hospital (http://acountrypractice.com/show/2482/summary.tv/archives/etv/C/htmlC/countrypract/countrypract.com/title/tt0208071/) at the Internet Movie Database A Country Practice at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch.au/nfsa/search/ display/display.html) Encyclopedia of Television (http://www. w3p.

Gus Mercurio. The series starred Liz Burch. Jay Kerr. of seasons No. Rod Mullinar. It also guest starred Jonathan Frakes as Maggie's estranged husband Adam Scott. Priscilla Weems and a young Nicole Kidman. Louise Caire Clark. Martin Lewis.[1] .Five Mile Creek 210 Five Mile Creek Five Mile Creek Genre Written by Directed by Starring Drama David Boutland Tom Hegarty Frank Arnold Gary Conway Louise Caire Clark Liz Burch Jay Kerr Rod Mullinar Michael Caton Gus Mercurio Priscilla Weems Martin Lewis Nicole Kidman Country of origin Australia Language(s) No. of episodes English 3 39 Production Running time 46 minutes Broadcast Original channel Seven Network Original run Status 4 November 1983 – 7 August 1985 Ended Five Mile Creek is an Australian western series. Michael Caton. The series aired on the Disney Channel in the US in the 1980s. Peter Carroll.

.[2] References [1] Disney Channel Magazine (1980s-multiple months) [2] Five Mile Creek . Charles Withers Scott McGregor ..imdb. Kate Wallace Jay Kerr .. Sam Sawyer Nicole Kidman . tvshowsondvd...net) .com/title/tt0086714/) at the Internet Movie Database • Fan website (http://www... Ben Jones Priscilla Weems ..fivemilecreek.Five Mile Creek 211 Main cast • • • • • • • • • • • Louise Caire Clark . Jack Taylor Michael Caton .. Edward Armstrong DVD releases Only Season One of Five Mile Creek has been released on DVD..... Paddy Malone Gus Mercurio ..The Complete First Season (http:/ / www... Maggie Scott Liz Burch . Con Madigan Rod Mullinar . Annie Peter Carroll ..... com/ releases/ Mile-Creek-Complete-Season/ 5249) External links • Five Mile Creek (TV series) (http://www.. No release information is known for Seasons Two and Three on DVD.. Hannah Scott Martin Lewis .

It was filmed on location on the Lamington Plateau.Bush Christmas 212 Bush Christmas Bush Christmas (image from the original film) Directed by Written by Starring Henri Safran Ted Roberts John Ewart John Howard Nicole Kidman Mark Spain James Wingrove The Bushwackers Barron Films 1983 91 minutes Australia English Music by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Bush Christmas is an Australian drama film released in 1983. It is a remake of a 1947 Australian film of the same name. It is also notable for music by The Bushwackers. which was based on a novel by Ralph Smart and Mary Cathcart Borer. the Christmas-themed film is most notable for being one of the first theatrical releases to star Nicole Kidman. Queensland. . Also known by the title Prince and the Great Race (which is the title under which the film has been released to video in some parts of the world).

querytype=. They are assisted by Manalpuy.parentid=. au/ resources/ documents/ AA4_Aust_Box_office_report.imdb.com/title/tt0085282/) at the Internet Movie Database • Bush Christmas at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch. pdf) External links • Bush Christmas (http://www. a local Aboriginal who works on the farm. gov. See also • List of Australian films • Cinema of Australia References [1] Film Victoria .query=8008.au/nfsa/search/ display/display. vic. Box Office Bush Christmas grossed $122.resCount=10) .nfsa.holdingType=.group=.rec=0.gov.afc. The family is placing its hopes on their horse.[1] which is equivalent to $322.Australian Films at the Australian Box Office (http:/ / film. With the father off droving cattle and all forms of transportation and communication made inoperable by Bill and Sly before their escape.page=0.172 in 2009 dollars. Two struggling lowlifes Bill and Sly (John Ewart and John Howard) find out about the horse and steal it. Prince. and their English cousin Michael (James Wingrove).Bush Christmas 213 Plot summary In rural Australia the Thompson family struggle to keep their farm from foreclosure. the Thompson children Helen (Nicole Kidman) and John (Mark Spain).adv=yes.035 at the box office in Australia. winning the New Year's Cup and using the winnings to pay off the debt. saddle up their own horses and go after the crooks on their own.groupequals=. w3p. escaping into the nearby mountain range.

A small group of incompetent bank robbers were hoping to use the walkie talkies to snoop on police traffic and they will now do anything to get them back. (Angelo D'Angelo) and Goose (James Lugton). The film follows the exploits of two young BMX experts.BMX Bandits (film) 214 BMX Bandits (film) BMX Bandits Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Brian Trenchard-Smith Tom Broadbridge Patrick Edgeworth Russell Hagg Nicole Kidman Colin Stead Frank Strangio Cinematography John Seale Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Alan Lake Filmways Australasian Distributor 22 December 1983 88 minutes Australia English BMX Bandits is a 1983 Australian children's adventure film featuring one of Nicole Kidman's earliest appearances. The film was also known as Short Wave for American bootleg distribution. The film boils down to a cartoonish chase across opportunistic sites around Sydney. complete with BMX bikes. including a memorable escape down the Manly Waterworks water slides. P. and their friend Judy (Nicole Kidman) after stumbling upon a box of police-band walkie talkies. [1] .J.

klubretro.rec=0.au/nfsa/search/display/ display. vic. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.com/index. au/ news/ arts/ articulate/ 200602/ s1576298.discogs. gov. pdf) External links • BMX Bandits (http://www.allmovie.adv=yes. Box Office BMX Bandits grossed $124. Retrieved 2010-04-12.parentid=. net.Australian Films at the Australian Box Office (http:/ / film.com/work/3515) at Allmovie • BMX Bandits at the National Film and Sound Archive (http://colsearch.resCount=10) • BMX Bandits fan gear (http://www.com/Papers-Bmx/release/ 1730591) .querytype=. Gary (24 February 2006). abc. .nfsa.gov.group=.imdb.afc.[2] See also • Cinema of Australia References [1] Kemble. w3p.php?page=products&id=82) • link to record info of "BMX" title song by The Papers (http://www. "Movie Minutiae: BMX Bandits (1983)" (http:/ / www. film was nominated for four awards by the Australian Film Institute.BMX Bandits (film) 215 Awards In 1983.com/title/tt0085204/) at the Internet Movie Database • BMX Bandits (http://www. [2] Film Victoria .page=0.groupequals=. htm).holdingType=.query=571105.649 at the box office in Australia. au/ resources/ documents/ AA4_Aust_Box_office_report.

TheMovieBuff. Towaway20. Oleg Alexandrov. Withlove. Lizzyb376. Portia1780. Geekboy6. Djbj16. ArglebargleIV. Mrblondnyc. Iluvcutestuf.Jalil. Adolphus79. CIreland. Luna Santin. Sarah. D Monack. Stifle. Koolisfool. Lilchen. Ialsoagree. Falcon9x5. E. Rhinostampede. Ulric1313. Harry5792. Polluks. Orderinchaos. Avicennasis. Riana. Quoth. DVD R W. The Merciful. 23skidoo. Ayla. Dan6hell66. Kingbk. Vishnava. Master Deusoma. Griffinofwales. Sliat 1981. Dr. Tide rolls. Theburn77. Paul August. Backslash Forwardslash. Romtobbi. Postdlf. Billcosby. Crumbsucker. Woohookitty. Hu. Irmgard. Rjwilmsi. Owen. John. Jzummak. Mboverload. SunCreator. IceUnshattered. Kookyunii. SqueakBox. Grant65. Spyketh. Elipongo. Danorton. Wiki alf. ChazBeckett. Redspork02. CrazyLegsKC. Duk. Kikkokalabud. Ritto Revolto. Flowanda. Melaen. Exxolon. Tkynerd. Chrysaor. Xxsnowprncessxx. Levibep92. 18haziran27. Ladida. Pegship. Dina. Bryce2. Xezbeth. Teatreez. Greekboy. Trident13. Rossrs. DarkVirtue. Hobartimus. Nice Mittens.. 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Royalbroil.kt. Eduardoporcher. Edison. Gardener of Geda. Varlaam. Wool Mintons. Superstooge. Stevenrasnick. Lugnuts. Folksong.. Haon 2. 88 anonymous edits My Life (film)  Source: http://en. Erik.benko. Leyasu. 50%quick. AdamSmithee. Cartoon Boy. MinorEdit. Whysper. Sergei y. Gurch. Cnwb. Sreejithk2000. Marcus Brute. NorthernThunder. Al95521. Darrenhusted. D6. 20 anonymous edits Batman Forever  Source: http://en. CrashBandicooter. Eric82oslo. Xiong Chiamiov. Cnwb. Dispenser. Feitclub. KramarDanIkabu. Andrzejbanas. Kernunrex. D6. Not a dog. Paradiso.org/w/index. 404jessetaylor404. Igordebraga. Rlquall. Eric82oslo. Suisui. Charles Gaudette. Kozuch. Bluebear9. JForget. Xezbeth. Eraserhead1. Thefourdotelipsis. Doniago. G4RAWZone. Grandpallama. Ebyabe. Steve0717. Eric82oslo. Johnbelden. UberMan5000. LGagnon. Easchiff.wikipedia. Assureus. TheMovieBuff. SISLEY. Tomasboij. Wildroot. BD2412. Esprit15d. Anetode.org/w/index. Bentley4. 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Philip Baird Shearer. LFaraone. Wonchop. Clarkk.php?oldid=392397452  Contributors: AKGhetto. Sawblade5. Zanimum. Firestorm566. Utcursch. TMC1982. JohnnyB256. WhisperToMe. Orffen. Magioladitis. Pethan. Tertiary7. @pple. Easchiff. Kappa. Rhindle The Red. Wintersmith. Ichbineinezigeunerin. SilkTork. TFNorman. Noirish. Ryanvanvliet. Attilios. Jevon Tompkins. BlueStar. Bantosh. Thefourdotelipsis.wikipedia. PamD. Shoaib Meenai. Daev. Zero no Kamen. Wisekwai.wikipedia. SkyWalker.php?oldid=386128268  Contributors: ASmallPatchOfShadow. Fuhghettaboutit. Ixfd64. Zepheus.wilton. Daydream believer2. Unint. Jennifer500. Teddylayne. AtticusGray. CurlyGirl93.Nut. SISLEY.org/w/index. Cliff1911.0. Vanished User 1004. Krash. Sisyph. RealityTelevisionFan. Tarquin. G33klvr. Darrenhusted. Darrenhusted. Wknight94. Kwah-LeBaire. Dr. Natl1. Jabberwockgee. Magnificator. Rollosmokes. AKeen. Azucar. Regulus. Kusma. AKGhetto. Goblin. WhisperToMe. PrestonH. TubularWorld. CurlyGirl93. Zap Rowsdower. JB82. Easchiff. ThunderE6. Lugnuts. SISLEY. Caster23. Freshh. Merlinsorca. DuoDeathscyther 02. JackofOz. Warpozio. Bwmodular. ARGOU. JP3101978. Synergy. Bovineboy2008. Anderson. Kbdank71. MaxSem. R'n'B.V. Pegship. DMacks. Oswald Cobblepot. BelzerBall. BenTenPen. CastAStone. Hugbybear 876543. Sreejithk2000. Michaelspinelli. Rhino131. David Fuchs. Liftarn. Enter Movie. Werdna. Davidor7. Cnwb.s. Teiladnam. Itsmeiam. Kusma. Arx Fortis. Phil Bordelon.xxx. 30 anonymous edits Malice (film)  Source: http://en. Permafour. Anonymous Dissident.php?oldid=390847522  Contributors: AKGhetto. Christopher P. Sojournerjake. UpdArch. Moondyne. Megaman en m. Pd THOR. Minimac93. Kylegtr3. Andrzejbanas. Greg the White Falcon. Ilikeeggs1. Martarius. Tavilis.9. OOODDD. Lugnuts. Radosław10. Mcdav. Robocoder. Mrblondnyc. IKato. D6. Bad Night. Eragon fan. RoyBoy. Runefurb.iss. Pseudomonas. Lacrimosus. PBP.Nut. Films addicted. Clueless. Tkubach. FMAFan1990. Films addicted. TheHYPO. Cop 663. AN(Ger). Leilabar. EVula. M. BD2412. Bsroiaadn. Eric82oslo. AnmaFinotera. Zer0431. UpdArch.org/w/index. Colonies Chris. Dpaymas. Matt Crypto. Yamla. DocWatson42. Colliric. Steve. Orderinchaos. Fhockey22992. Viridae. M1chaelKeat0n111. Films addicted. Hiphats. Lightmouse. Merovingian. Dangelo82. The Filmaker. J. Notheruser. David Gerard. Cayla. Doctorindy. Trevor MacInnis. Treybien. Pinkville. David Pro. Peter4Truth. Willi Gers07. SISLEY. Tonynose. Generica. KathrynLybarger. WillDarlock. Jerry. Sidewinder468. Meisterkoch.E. Auntof6. AbsoluteGleek92. Pmeisel. Granpuff. Gaius Cornelius. Powerofjuju. All Hallow's Wraith.---. Nixeagle. Sander123. Tim!. Nightrunner. Arnie587. TinyMark. Zzuuzz. JonathanFreed.php?oldid=381724424  Contributors: Andrzejbanas. Wmk0. Deanh. Terrasidius. Copperchair. Towpilot. Mike65535. PeeJay2K3. Msridhar. Carfan01. Beano. Mistat94. Lucky 6. Ajshm. Silent Tom. Yohan euan o4. AlbertSM. Plasticspork. Arsonal. StephenBuxton. Levineps. Wool Mintons. Kuxu. FuriousFreddy. Rjwilmsi. Jienum. 784 anonymous edits To Die For  Source: http://en. Theatheistgerm. Dreish. Feeeshboy. Lugnuts. Dingdongalistic. DearPrudence. David Humphreys. Zepp900. Dane 1981. Martytholath22. Tilman. Mr. Boxclocke.php?oldid=381237937  Contributors: AN(Ger). JHunterJ. Petadeo. NICHOLAS LAMINACK. IrishPete. Skarebo.Nobody. Emitchell9. Agustinaldo. Robert Merkel. Epbr123. Treybien. NFAN3. 777sms. Darkness2005.php?oldid=392948712  Contributors: 4-409r-0. Dincher. Whataboutbob. Easchiff. Kachyna. MartinUK. Dputig07. Asa01. Lowellian. Ted87. DoubleCross. Sir Nicholas de Mimsy-Porpington. Blacwainwright. RepublicanJacobite. Smetanahue. All Hallow's Wraith. ThuranX. Yashman18. Paulinho28.wikipedia.org/w/index. Bacteria. Danny Ng. Rhickey1986. WillC. Imrek. WhisperToMe. SXT103. OwenBlacker. SmartGuy. Ianblair23. Joho777. The Haunted Angel. Betty Logan. Manuel Anastácio.243. Salamurai. Duh Svemira. Darrenhusted. Sxu03pas. AN(Ger). Ktalon. Yas. Stile4aly. FrankRizzo2006. Tooto. CelticJobber. Soetermans. Sven Erixon. SonicAD. Nalvage. Shadowolf. Treybien. Zargulon. Ellsworth. Willirennen. Format. Garion96. BillboardChart. Blackjanedavey. AKGhetto. Evanreyes. Aitias. TracyLinkEdnaVelmaPenny. TheListUpdater. Batman tas. Samazon. IcebergKun. Elliottsmith001. AN(Ger). Varese Sarabande. Drdisque. Zwatkins. Graham87. Andrzejbanas. Quadzilla99. Fatal exception. Paul A. Al Pereira. Harley Quinn hyenaholic. TheMovieBuff. CmdrClow. Rjwilmsi. Meatwod. Big Merl. Dysepsion. Mel Etitis. Opensong. Inliten. Ashlux. Bearcat. Alan McBeth. Uvaduck. Chris the speller. Sreejithk2000. Sjyglm. Anicomicgeek. AskFranz. Ferdinand Pienaar. Firsfron. Levineps. StAnselm. Bleujayone. DearPrudence. Kusma. Nehrams2020.wikipedia. J Greb. LGagnon. Cplakidas. The Clawed One. Thefourdotelipsis. Yeldarb68. Welsh. Sam. Lord Voldemort. RobertCMWV1974. Nehrams2020. Artichoke-Boy.wikipedia. Markalex. Jedd the Jedi. Square87. David Gerard. Athaenara. Pinktulip. Sn0wflake. 220 . Smylere Snape. Muéro. Hoverfish. Phoenixrod. Mxengel. Alientraveller. Anakinjmt. Tbhotch. Hegria66. Logoboy95forever. Aussiepete. Richardcavell. Spongesquid. Firsfron. Xezbeth. Carlsez. Limetolime. Filmcritik. Bovineboy2008. Set theorist. Filx. Justin The Claw. Mild Bill Hiccup. Okki. Films addicted. Uhashuasashu. Sonam8311. MaplePorter. Biblbroks. Art1991. Millahnna. Ghewgill. Altzinn. Doniago. Kintetsubuffalo. King Cobb. Cartoonbook. Glen. 45g. CanisRufus. Leithp. Garion96. Georgeslegloupier. DoubleCross.SOS. John Pannozzi. Fatal exception. MusiCitizen. Crazyhorse1989. Ecnal. LiteraryMaven. 6afraidof7. Sbpat21. Opwrf. Grandpafootsoldier. 4twenty42o. Mchesnut. RicJac. Spaceflower. Scog. DonEd. Александър. Suslovans. DeWaine. Discospinster. Chowbok. Madmardigan53. Caswin. Steam5.. John K. Epolk. Ron bond 007. Dcvdickens. Yopohari. Fx21av. HADRIANVS. Dwanyewest. Darkness2005. ToddC4176. The JPS. Maciste. Eclecticology. Kitch. Gravidef. Mild Bill Hiccup. Kelly Martin. SpNeo. AKGhetto. Lessofthat. DeadEyeArrow. RedSkull499. Whitepaw. Kintup. Adam the Alien. Esaborio. Davey4. Kchishol1970. Alientraveller. Sp0. Lady Aleena. Furrykef. RickK. Roadrunner3000. TheLastAmigo. LedgerJoker. TeenyWeeLance. Xezbeth. Drmies. SimonP. Coder Dan. Creativity-II. Dgilmour. ThinkBlue. Tjwells. Yamla. Cartoon Boy.nelson. Zoe. -5-. Ross Nolan. Crotchety Old Man. RexNL. Andrzejbanas. Arnie587. Rosalbissima.wikipedia. Y2kcrazyjoker4. Gh87. David Shankbone. Miwanya. Lightdarkness. RabidWolf. Kariteh. 21 anonymous edits Flirting (film)  Source: http://en. Armsgravy. Dl2000. Donmike10. ExpressingYourself. Wsloand. John Nevard. Jmannn93. Paulreilly86. Lugnuts. Raymondluxuryacht. Supernumerary. Levineps. USAFAAres. Longhair. Erik9. Dina. Delldot. Bignole. Paranoia Warden. Simon12. Fractalchez. Keithd16.org/w/index. TubularWorld. Rich Farmbrough. Ward3001. Jienum. Gaius Cornelius. Jpmck03. Nevermore27. L. Polkapunk. Gator607600.. FrozenPurpleCube. Lots42. Dominicbillings. Conversion script. Horkana.. Jaxl.. Oytun 73. Gm1121983.wikipedia. Radosław10. Telementeh. Petruchi41. Zanter. Colonies Chris. Bagel7.php?oldid=393109828  Contributors: (jarbarf). Kekkomereq4. I'mMe!!. Vmrgrsergr. Maciste. Maqsarian. Grandpafootsoldier. Professor2789. PhilipC. Spiffy sperry. LeonMcNichol. Pearle. Lugnuts. CovenantD. Yankees10. Erik. WhiteArcticWolf. Folajimi. Teenwriter. Kidlittle. Ling. Eyweaver. Eastlaw. Sunil060902. Teatreez. Dorftrottel. Cribcage. Jamdav86. NeoBatfreak. Vianello. Pja1981. Slgrandson. DESiegel. Maximus Rex. Sponge1987. Dainichijess. Tavilis. NcSchu. Sidious1701. TFOWR. NoelCT. JPG-GR. Philip Cross. Bbx. Cliff1911. UpdArch. Mallanox. Evercat. Darrenhusted. Barek. Thanos6. Steven J. Doczilla.wikipedia. Sivazh. Gillean666. Foulmouthedjerkoff. Woohookitty. TheMadBaron. Liftarn. Nissanguy24. AdamDeanHall. Cacktisjack. Warbird96. Greg Godwin. Kanemileyundertaker. TheManWhoLaughs. 153 anonymous edits Billy Bathgate (film)  Source: http://en. Bwithh. Someone else. Jamesluckard. Schwenkstar. Martarius. Quentin X. Ward3001. Masaruemoto.wankier. Sannse. Gazimoff. DaffyDuck619. Vecter. Kbdank71. Ultraviolet scissor flame. Modor. Vlmastra. Mboverload. David Gerard. Msr69er. OlEnglish. After Midnight. SteveFoerster. Rossrs. Eric82oslo. Crad0010. Joie de Vivre. Caladonia.org/w/index. Loodog. 80 anonymous edits The Portrait of a Lady (film)  Source: http://en. Nice poa. Rhfactor28. Beland. Bakesinto. RoyBoy. Spinerod. XYZ. Enguerrand. Thernlund. SacredJuggler. LVC. MementoVivere. Tony1. Wx5uuh. Ecco1983. Pegship. Yacht.wikipedia. The wub. Yuuufh. SpongeBob SquareShirt. WBardwin. AikiHawkeye. Martytholath2. Tavilis. °. Biminikid.org/w/index. Oda Mari. Mallanox. Jason One. Scrivere. Osaboramirez. Kwah-LeBaire. Marc Shepherd. JesusFreak89. Ward3001.org/w/index. Jamesofur. Su. Big Bird. Teatreez. Randomstranger. Nehrams2020. Aussiepete. Mr. Darrenhusted. Roygbiv666. Bobo192. Tommyt. Malcontent. NP Chilla. Deanmacy. Erik. MikeDockery. TrafficBenBoy. Irishguy. TheLeopard. Avjoska. Serpiente negra. MisfitToys. Calvero2. Irishguy. Alxeedo. Frecklefoot. LigaDue. Sergay. Llorando. Ace Class Shadow. SE7. Supernumerary. Alansohn.97.Article Sources and Contributors MachoCarioca.. Teatreez. Radosław10. Sander Moholi. Longhair. Becky Sayles. NapoliRoma. Qwerty Binary. Kurykh. 3idiot. Taestell. Akumiszcza. Gogo Dodo. Harryboyles. A. Yamla. Ziva 89. Hullaballoo Wolfowitz. Dantesque1. 72 anonymous edits Far and Away  Source: http://en.php?oldid=391603839  Contributors: AKGhetto. Pegship. Jdogno5. Nalvage. Saruhon. Kbdank71. Rjfost. Mattisse. Pufferfish101. Bomkia. Nightrider 83. Buckboard. Dangerous-Boy. Maurice45. Grandpafootsoldier. BGMG. Zer0431. Jimd. ClonedPickle. Nightkey. JudgePat. Ramsquire. Dohtem. Levin. Kvasir. Cyrius. Loren. Briaboru. Watto the jazzman. Andrzejbanas. Ohconfucius. Tassedethe. Jonathan. Teatreez. Zsinj. L. Chrisch. Migospia. FrankRizzo2006. Sm8900. GoingBatty. Bensin. Shaunthered. Schmiteye. Freshh. Paydenmac34. Longhair. Quadell. Blood sliver. Tassedethe. Lenin and McCarthy. Rich Farmbrough. Drilnoth. Jikybebna. Thefourdotelipsis. Bobet. Apostrophe. Garik. AN(Ger). VanishingPoint1971. SpNeo. Dl2000. Eric82oslo. Graham87.delanoy. Darth Goku. Meelar. Michael Hardy. NWill. Treybien.org/w/index. MontyPython504. Dismas. Guroadrunner. Quentin X. 130. DennisDaniels. Cat's Tuxedo. Trekphiler. Easchiff. Cafzal. AaronPaige. Garion96. TheScarecrowAA. Marcg106. Darrenhusted. Xezbeth. Ryn2me. Dustinwayne. Mboverload. Longduckdong. Woohookitty. Gcbrown1956. PTSE. Fat. Squids and Chips.php?oldid=392994851  Contributors: AKGhetto. AdamDeanHall. Matilda. Love1988. Schmiteye.

Clam0p. Nzd. Dmol. Eric82oslo. Anna Lincoln.wikipedia. Varlaam. Old Moonraker. KathrynLybarger. Bender235. Dirkbb. MarkS. Motsa. Darrenhusted. VMS Mosaic. Qqtqq. Drahreg01. Dippit.php?oldid=391823423  Contributors: AKGhetto. IrishTV. Evil Monkey. Tobes00. Pk Myth0. Weetjesman. Pegship. Rettetast.. Mushroom. The JPS. Austvclassics. Dr. Eric82oslo. Binary TSO. Scotty78. Shirleymullet. Radagast83. Saikokira. Okki. Clarkk. Jeff G. Rjwilmsi. Dl2000. Brettcakes. Timbomb.Article Sources and Contributors Nymf. Discospinster. 195 anonymous edits Five Mile Creek  Source: http://en. Lainagier. Asa01. DanDud88. CSWarren. Poopyjones. Molz9280. Format. KatCassidy. Darrenhusted. UpdArch. Cayla. Profoss. Irishguy. Format. Kwah-LeBaire. Rjwilmsi. Longhair. David Gerard. Aussiepete. Will Beback. Satbuff. Pinkcat2. Thecurran.org/w/index. Timc. GSPT1. Dyslexicbudgie. Lugnuts. Me myself & er. TheMovieBuff.wikipedia. Seifip. Ooh. AKGhetto.org/w/index. Foolestroupe.org/w/index. Scottschmidt. Ozzieboy.org/w/index. Lionelvinyl. Tim1357. LilHelpa. Blofeld. Dugwiki.php?oldid=382905592  Contributors: Dan arndt. The Wild West guy. Donmike10. Figaro. Cnwb. Canley. Eugene-elgato. Youcannevergohome. UpdArch. Skier Dude. Plasticspork. SchmuckyTheCat. Wikid77. Lingsrobin. Mindmatrix. GSinghB. Sidewaysgaze.wikipedia. Supernumerary. Lugnuts. 27 anonymous edits 221 . Longhair. Panyd. Hagerman. Thiseye. Frankster1. Tonio09. Malcolmxl5. David Gerard. Tuzapicabit. Whocares22. Orderinchaos. Jmartinsson. Dankru. Severo. Longhair. Robertvan1. Scottandrewhutchins. Actuarial disco boy. Quaidy. Franko1212. Superior1. Sreejithk2000. Firsfron.wikipedia. Bazzbee. Spagbog. SISLEY.wikipedia. ChrisCork. Sarilox. Moondyne. Cayla. Ben King. Erianna.php?oldid=87279109  Contributors: Btball. Paul Benjamin Austin. Caitcatt. Kwah-LeBaire. SamNeill TreCool. Rivertown. Mild Bill Hiccup. Melbn. Maynotlast. Lots42. SilkTork. Ulric1313. Rossrs. Hoverfish. Andrzejbanas. 5 anonymous edits BMX Bandits (film)  Source: http://en. Numen. Maelnuneb. Ianblair23. Feydey. Stextc. Oatmeal batman. Teatreez. Sarah. Siroxo. MinorEdit. Format. TheCustomOfLife. Angusmclellan. PDH. UpdArch. Xezbeth. Grandpafootsoldier. Hoverfish. YoLoL. Thejesterx. Soniaromanoff. Donaldd23. AJDLib56.org/w/index. Dieselgav. Tabletop. Mordemur. Clarkk.wikipedia. Msw1002. WOSlinker A Country Practice  Source: http://en. Alansmith17. Trevor MacInnis.wright5. Pegship. Aussiepete. 3 anonymous edits Bush Christmas  Source: http://en. Mark.php?oldid=392554629  Contributors: 23skidoo. The JPS. Fruity. Kwah-LeBaire.php?oldid=389073270  Contributors: 623danger. Aspects. EoGuy. Ianblair23. Michael Glass. Mattbr. Oldboy88.org/w/index. Darrenhusted. Dudesleeper. Valermos. BillyH. 110 anonymous edits Emerald City (film)  Source: http://en. Kathleen. Dthomsen8. Spaceflower. Johnsp1. Longhair. Cablehorn. UpdArch. 4 anonymous edits Windrider  Source: http://en.php?oldid=392417764  Contributors: Am4men.

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Quentin X.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: MovieMadness File:Dogville poster.wikipedia.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Fuzzy510. J Greb.5  Contributors: Tony Rotondas.org/w/index.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Scottandrewhutchins File:Peacemaker_imp.php?title=File:Flirtingposter.svg  Source: http://en.org/w/index.wikipedia.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.jpg  Source: http://en. Colds7ream.php?title=File:RabbitHolefilmposter.php?title=File:Eyes_Wide_Shut.org/w/index.svg  Source: http://en.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en.jpg  Source: http://en. Rossrs File:Eyes Wide Shut. 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Nehrams2020 File:TGCfilmending.org/w/index.php?title=File:TomCruiseDaysofThunder.wikipedia.jpg  Source: http://en.php?title=File:Moulin_rouge_poster.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en. Quentin X File:Mentmore Towers from angle.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Byoudou.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en.jpg  Source: http://en.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: InfamousPrince File:HumanStainPoster.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Quentin X. Jagarin.jpg  Source: http://en. 3 anonymous edits File:Fur movie.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: King of the North East.jpg  Source: http://en. Nv8200p.org/w/index.wikipedia.wikipedia. Quentin X. Skier Dude File:Bewitchedmovieposter.wikipedia.wikipedia.wikipedia.php?title=File:NicoleKidmanApr10.org/w/index.org/w/index.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Msw1002 File:Bush_Christmas.Cantabria.wikipedia.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Quentin X File:Hoursposter.0  Contributors: User:Bidgee Image:Australia-filming-darwin.org/w/index. 2 anonymous edits File:Windrider. Films addicted.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Brandon T.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia. 1 anonymous edits Image:Greenfairy.jpg  Source: http://en.org/w/index. User:Technion.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Clamticore.jpg  License: Attribution  Contributors: Erik File:Happy Feet. Videmus Omnia. Skier Dude File:Birth movie.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: *drew. Skier Dude File:Bmxbanditsposter83. Quentin X.php?title=File:Practical_magicposter. Winxrockswitchsux.wikipedia.0  Contributors: BlueAzure.php?title=File:To_die_for_imp.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Andrzejbanas.org/w/index.php?title=File:Australia-filming-darwin..php?title=File:Malice.JPG  License: unknown  Contributors: Fastilysock.jpg  Source: http://en.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.wikipedia.org/w/index.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en. Nathanporter.jpg  Source: http://en.php?title=File:Dogville_poster.jpg  Source: http://en.php?title=File:TGCfilm.php?title=File:BothLyras.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.com/photos/burningkarma/ File:Nicole kidman3cropped.org/w/index.php?title=File:Bush_Christmas. Mr.jpg  Source: http://en. Geni.wikipedia. 1 anonymous edits File:Moulin_rouge_poster.jpg  Source: http://en.0  Contributors: File:Bangkok-Hilton DVDCover.org/w/index.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Ian Fieggen File:Days of thunder. Sfan00 IMG.php?title=File:Birthday_Girl.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.php?title=File:Australia_(Movie). Sfan00 IMG File:Deadcalmposter.org/w/index. Skier Dude File:The Invasion film poster. User:Jacobolus.wikipedia.org/w/index.org/w/index.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en. Finlay McWalter. Martyman.jpg  Source: http://en.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Teatreez. User:Zscout370 File:Malice. Melesse.jpg  License: Attribution  Contributors: POV File:Billy Bathgate.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: BlueStar.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/w/index.Image Sources.php?title=File:Mentmore_Towers_from_angle. Quentin X.jpg  Source: http://en. Dr Fell.jpg  License: unknown  Contributors: Films addicted.php?title=File:FilmingDaysofThunder.php?title=File:NineA_ver4.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_United_States.wikipedia.jpg  Source: http://en. Skier Dude File:My life poster.wikipedia. 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