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TRANSPORTATION A CENTRALIZED INFORMATION
ARRIVAL SYSTEM PROVIDES UP -TO -DATE AND ACCURATE INFORMATION TO
PASSENGERS REGARDING ARRIVAL/ DEPARTURE OF PASSENGER TRAINS INCLUDING EXPECTED TIME OF
OF TRAINS THROUGHOUT
AND IS AVAILABLE THROUGH DISPLAY BOARDS,
INTERACTIVE VOICE RESPONSE SYSTEM, PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM, FACE -TO -FACE ENQUIRY, AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET IS TARGETED FOR
APRIL 2005. 
National Train Enquiry System (NTES) is a centralized information system that provides up-to-date and accurate information to passengers regarding arrival/ departure of passenger trains including expected time of arrival (ETA) of trains. This information is made available through display boards, interactive voice response system, public address system, face-to-face enquiry, CCTV and it is proposed to make it available on the Internet in the next phase, beginning in April 2005. The information is collected from stations, control offices and other database administrators. The project has been working successfully since 1998. The software has networked all 5 servers running the NTES application. It now runs on Alpha server machine and under UNIX using Sybase as the RDBMS. It has also been Web-enabled so as to provide the arrival/ departure of trains on the Internet. (www.trainenquiry.com).
Robert Carrigan, Chairmen of the Chairmen's Committee Ron Milton, Vice -Chairman of the Chairmen's Committee Dan Morrow, Chief Historian
About – Indian Railways Indian Railways (IR) is the largest rail network in Asia and the world’s second largest under one management. Criss-crossing the country, Indian Railways is a multi-gauge, multi-traction system. Indian Railways has registered an impressive growth in the last four decades. Increases in the last few years have been particularly striking. In 2000 an increase of 63% in freight and 60% in passenger traffic was achieved. Harnessing the potential of these vast and widespread assets to meet the growing traffic needs of a developing economy is no easy task and makes IR a complex cybernetic system. Over the years, IR has built up an elaborate and well established manual information system to help them monitortheir moving assets. Supported by a dedicated voice communications network, it collects and transmits information from the remotest corners of the country to control centers, at the highest level. About - CRIS In 1986, Ministry of Railways established the Center for Railway Info0rmationSystems (CRIS),to be an umbrella for all computer activities on Indian Railways. They also entrusted it with the task of design, development and implementation of the FOIS, along with its associated communications infrastructure. CRIS started functioning from July,1987. It is an autonomous organization headed by a managing director. CRIS is mainly a project oriented organization engaged in development of major computer systems on the railways. CRIS has acquired special knowledge and expertise in the field of informatics. With such a rich practical experience a dedicated team of professionals and its own R&D effort, CRIS aims to be a leader in this fast developing field. What is National Train Enquiry System (NTES) ?
IR has to provide the following information to passengers: • Arrival and departure of passenger trains • Platform berthing of passenger trains • Facilities available at various stations ( e.g. retiring rooms) • Railway Rules The above information is made available to the public through: • Display Boards • Interactive Voice Response System ( telephone enquiry)
Reports & MIS RDBMS • Control all database updates and queries. EXTERNAL AGENTS 5. Database Administration 6.Stations • Other Data . Hence we have to keep low network load between sites. This would typically be a shared serial link at <= 4800 BPS ? Internet ready ? Text based user interface should be available through serial terminals using existing links. The NTES application consists of four layers and three other functions namely 1. SERVERS • Handle client requests • Multiplex database sessions • No application logic will be coded in the servers.Control Offices • Platform Berthing . RDBMS 2. ? Capability to handle high volume of enquiries. SERVERS 3. ? To provide updated information on railway rules and facilities available through enquiry counters ? To make above information available on internet Key Requirements for NTES ? Open solution ? Scalable system ? Reliable ? Round the clock operations ? Online backup ? Low response time (typically < 1 sec) ? NTES will have to share the existing 64kbps/2mbps lines used by PRS. CLIENTS These have been defined as of two types • Interactive • Application gateways The interactive client runs on a dumb terminal based client and is used by users directly connected to NTES server. ? Use of existing communication infrastructure for connecting to external devices.5 and 7. Application Management & Console Operations 7. ? To provide updated information of arrival departure of trains and platform berthing to external devices. . • It is possible for client to directly access all services without any change in code. • For services provided by the server a request function has been written. • Direct access to RDBMS will be only to 2.Designated Database Operators The NATIONAL TRAIN ENQUIRY SYSTEM (NTES) has the following aims ? To collect train arrival departure information from control offices ? To collect platform berthing of trains from station. CLIENTS/APPLICATION GATEWAYS 4. These functions form the part of the SERVER API • The SERVER API has been designed such that: • The client is able to use the service without knowing any TP monitor data structures.• Automatic Announcement System • Face to Face Enquiry counters • TV display The above information is available at:: • Arrival Departure Information . • Populate the results of SQL into data structures used by the client. • Application logic resides in RDBMS in form of triggers and stored procedures.
They are:Phase–I : Scheduled and actual arrival and departure information of trains over Interactive Voice Response System and across the counter using C++.g. Web Server and RDBMS. clock room and other facilities • Can easily know about catering services. Application Server Web Sphere and Browser based thin clients. • How long did it take to develop the new system? About one year. Implementation Phases The entire implementation of the pilot project is divided into 3 phases.g. Phase – III : Build complete data base of all trains. Middle ware Reliable Transaction Router and Adaptive Server Enterprise Sybase RDBMS. EXTERNAL AGENTS These reside outside the NTES server. for Web • Serial gateways e. Phase-II : Disseminate Tourist Information. Railway’s Facilities and Scheduled and actual arrival and departure information to spot trains over Internet and SMS using HA. circular journey tickets and fares • Can find out about refund rules for unused tickets. • Don’t have to waste time in locating platform of train. the kind of repair and maintenance they are undergoing using J2EE. Special Trains. their coaches. These are of two types: • TCP/IP gateways e. They don’t not access to any memory resident database cache directly. Provide actual train running position to Minister Of Railway’s special Cell constituted to monitor the punctuality of special trains. Services is provided for bulk transfer of data for local storage in the External Interface API. special trains and holiday special trains • Can monitor the movement of trains in real time and punctuality of trains • Can know about various concessions and their percentages • Can know about reservation rules • Can find out about break journey rules • Can know about offences and penalties • Can enquire about scheduled arrival and departure time of trains • Can know about train fares .Application gateways uses the External Interface Server API and gives a set of services to clients who reside outside the NTES server and are connected to it. They use the External Interface Client API for accessing NTES services These agents are free to access cache data in their local database. for IVRS The clients l use the SERVER API for accessing database They have no database connectivity. retiring room. • When did you implement the new system? Phase 1 in January 2001 Phase 2 in June 2003 Phase 3 wll be launched in April 2005 BENEFITS How will passengers be benefited by NTES? The passengers • Can Plan their Journey well in advance as complete tourist information is available • Don’t have to wait at railway stations when either they come to board train or to receive their kith ad kin.
Regional Manager/CRIS/Delhi. It provides clients using databases in the replication system with local database access. thereby reducing load on the network.Jha. The user creates a publication of the data that is to be replicated to the other sites and the other sites subscribe to that publication for the delivery of data. INDIA DIFFICULTY . India. ORIGINALITY SUCCESS In reality. The Replication Server uses a basic publish and subscribe model for replicating the data across the network. Each site has its own replication server. CCM/PM. The user creates a replication definition at the primary Replication Server which specifies the information (like columns) to be replicated . These replication servers communicate to the local database via connection. Verma. everyone from railway passenger. The following are just a few quotes from those who have been touched by the NTES technology. Currently.IMPORTANCE Replication Server implementation using Sybase The data at all the five sites is replicated to all the other sites. The replication servers communicate amongst themselves via user defined routes. that is updates to data at the primary are transferred to replicate databases in transactions separate from the update itself. “NTES has been a good system to keep track on the arrival/ departure of the trains for more than 5 years now” --Sh. Northern Railway. our reach has increased beyond the national boundries to serve the humaity at large! ” --P. The Sybase Replication Server maintains replicated data in multiple databases. “ With Web-enabling of NTES. railway management benefit from the innovative NTES technology. The primary Replication Server sends data to the replicate replication server through one or more user defined routes. S. The replication of data occurs asynchronously. the technology’s planned reach is more than 10 million passengers per day. Changes in data as well as stored procedures can be replicated across the network. There are two types of replication servers namely the primary replication server and the replicate replication server.
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