MCRP 3-01B Pistol Marksmanship U.S. Marine Corps DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unli ited! To Readers Unless ot"er#ise stated$ #"enever t"e included! DE&ARTMENT O' T(E NA)*: (ead+uarters United States Marine ,orps -as"in%ton$ D!,! ./01/23445 .5 Nove ber .//0 FORE OR!" asculine %ender is used$ bot" en and #o en are Marines ust "ave t"e versatilit6$ fle7ibilit6$ and s8ills to deal #it" an6 situation at an6 level of intensit6 across t"e entire ran%e of ilitar6 operations! -"enever t"e situation #arrants t"e application of deadl6 force$ a Marine ust be able to deliver #ell2ai ed s"ots to eli inate t"e t"reat! A Marine #"o is proficient in pistol ar8s ans"ip "andles t"is c"allen%e #it"out escalatin% t"e level of violence or causin% unnecessar6 collateral da a%e! It is not enou%" to si pl6 provide Marines #it" t"e best available firear s; #e ust also ensure t"at t"eir trainin% prepares t"e to deliver accurate fire a%ainst t"e ene 6 under t"e ost adverse conditions #it"out "esitanc6$ fear$ or uncertaint6 of action! A #ell2trained Marine is confident t"at "e can protect "i self$ acco plis" t"e ission$ and protect "is fello# Marines! To be co bat read6$ a Marine ust be s8illed in t"e tactics$ tec"ni+ues$ and procedures of pistol ar8s ans"ip and dili%ent in t"e proper care and aintenance of t"e M9$ 92 service pistol! Marine ,orps Reference &ublication :M,R&; 02/3B$ Pistol Marksmanship$ is t"e source docu ent for pistol ar8s ans"ip and provides t"e doctrinal basis for Marine ,orps pistol ar8s ans"ip trainin%! T"is publication provides all Marines ar ed #it" a pistol #it" t"e tactics$ tec"ni+ues$ and procedures for ran%e and field firin% t"e M9$ 92 service pistol! M,R& 02/3B supersedes t"e discussion of pistol :'M'M; /21$ Basic Marksmanship! Revie#ed and approved t"is date! B* DIRE,TION O' T(E ,OMMANDANT O' T(E MARINE ,OR&S ED-ARD (ANeneral$ U!S! Marine ,orps ,o ,orps ,o bat Develop ent ,o and &ublication ,ontrol Nu ber: 3?? ///301 // Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution is unli ited! #ote" T"is boo8 contains t"e aterial found in t"e ,"apters of t"e ori%inal docu ent! T"e inde7 #as refor atted$ and lin8s to t"e ,"apters #ere added! Minor for attin% c"an%es #ere ade as needed$ and t"e font face @arial@ #as used to en"ance readabilit6 on <,D screens! $#!E% T"ese are lin8s to t"e 3/ ,"apters in t"e of t"eir contents follo#s t"ese lin8s! Chapter 1. The M& Ser'i(e Pistol Chapter ). eapons *andlin+ anual! A duplicate set of ,"apter lin8s alon% #it" listin% andin% >eneral Marine ar8s ans"ip in 'leet Marine 'orce Manual Chapter 3. F,ndamentals o- Pistol Marksmanship Chapter .. Pistol Firin+ Positions and /rip Chapter 0. Use o- Co'er and Con(ealment Chapter 1. Presentation o- the M& Ser'i(e Pistol Chapter 2. Pistol En+a+ement Te(hni3,es Chapter 4. One-*anded Te(hni3,es Chapter &. 5d'an(ed Te(hni3,es Chapter 10. 6o7 6i+ht and !arkness Te(hni3,es (ere are t"e sa e lin8s plus a list of t"e contents of eac" ,"apter! Chapter 1. The M& Ser'i(e Pistol 'unctional ,apabilities! ! ! ! Sin%le2Action Mode ! ! ! ! Double2Action Mode ! ! ! ! No enclature ! ! ! ! MaAor ,o ponents ! ! ! ! Slide Asse bl6! ! ! ! Safet6 'eatures ! ! ! ! Decoc8in%BSafet6 ear! ! ! ! M3. (olster ! ! ! ! M3 A unition &oc8et ! ! ! ! M4 S"oulder (olster ! ! ! ! Assault (olster ! ! ! ! ,oncealed &istol (olster ! ! ! ! loves! ! ! ! &reventive Maintenance ! ! ! ! &istol Disasse bl6 ! ! ! ! Disasse bl6 of t"e Ma%aCine! ! ! ! Inspection of t"e &istol ! ! ! ! ,leanin% and rip ! ! ! ! Tri%%er 'in%er &lace ent ! ! ! ! T6pes of Tri%%er ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Breat" ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Application of Mar8s ans"ip 'unda entals in 'ield 'irin% ! ! ! ! ,o pression of 'unda entals ! ! ! ! Ai in% ! ! ! ! Tri%%er ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Breat" ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Chapter .. Pistol Firin+ Positions and /rip &istol 'irin% &osition ! ! ! ! Mobilit6 ! ! ! ! Observation of t"e Ene 6 ! ! ! ! Stabilit6 ! ! ! ! &istol 'irin% >rip ! ! ! ! Before 'irin%: StabiliCe t"e Si%"ts ! ! ! ! Durin% 'irin%: Allo# Tri%%er ,ontrol ! ! ! ! After 'irin%: Mana%e Recoil ! ! ! ! -it"dra#in% t"e &istol 'ro t"e (olster ! ! ! ! -eaver and Isosceles )ariations ! ! ! ! Standin% &osition ! ! ! ! -eaver Standin% &osition ! ! ! ! Isosceles Standin% &osition ! ! ! ! Eneelin% &osition ! ! ! ! -eaver Eneelin% &osition ! ! ! ! Isosceles Eneelin% &osition ! ! ! ! &rone &osition ! ! ! ! -eaver &rone &osition ! ! ! ! Isosceles &rone &osition ! ! ! ! Natural Bod6 Ali%n ent ! ! ! ! Chapter 0. Use o- Co'er and Con(ealment ,over Materials ! ! ! ! Dirt ! ! ! ! ,inder Bloc8s ! ! ! ! Trees$ lide Tec"ni+ue ! ! ! ! En%a%in% Tar%ets: Usin% t"e &istol Si%"ts ! ! ! ! ,ontinuin% to Move ! ! ! ! Reloadin% and Stoppa%es ! ! ! ! Turn and 'ire ! ! ! ! En%a%in% Tar%ets 9/ De%rees to t"e Ri%"t and ear! ! ! ! M3. (olster ! ! ! ! M3 A unition &oc8et ! ! ! ! M4 S"oulder (olster ! ! ! ! Assault (olster ! ! ! ! ,oncealed &istol (olster ! ! ! ! loves! ! ! ! &reventive Maintenance ! ! ! ! &istol Disasse bl6 ! ! ! ! Disasse bl6 of t"e Ma%aCine! ! ! ! Inspection of t"e &istol ! ! ! ! ,leanin% and s /ear T"e proper place ent of pistol %ear "elps ensure safet6 and aids t"e Marine in effectivel6 "andlin% and e plo6in% t"e pistol! M1) *olster T"e M3. "olster consists of t"e "olster$ re ovable "olster flap$ and etal retainin% clip! To c"ec8 for proper place ent of t"e "olster$ allo# t"e ri%"t ar to "an% freel6! T"e "olster s"ould be sli%"tl6 in front of t"e ar to per it eas6 access to t"e pistol upon presentation fro t"e "olster! See fi%ure 323?! Note: In ost cases$ t"e "olster is issued #it" t"e "olster flap installed for a ri%"t"anded Marine! To convert t"e "olster for a left2"anded Marine$ re ove t"e etal retainin% clip and install t"e clip on t"e opposite side of t"e "olster! Fi+,re 1-1.. The M1) *olster and M1 5mm,nition Po(ket. M1 5mm,nition Po(ket T"e a unition poc8et attac"es to t"e cartrid%e belt on t"e side opposite t"e "olster in a position t"at best per its read6 access for reloads! T"e a%aCine is stored in t"e a unition poc8et #it" t"e rounds do#n and pointed inboard! M2 Sho,lder *olster T"e M4 s"oulder "olster consists of a "olster #it" a t"u b snap closure$ s"oulder strap$ c"est strap$ and a belt retainin% loop! T"e "olster is positioned on t"e left side of t"e c"est to provide eas6 and +uic8 access #it" t"e ri%"t "and! See fi%ure 3235! T"e M4 "olster co es full6 asse bled and "as adAustable straps to acco odate eac" MarineGs bod6 siCe! T"e "olster is available for ri%"t2"anded Marines onl6$ t"erefore$ a left2"anded Marine "as to #it"dra# t"e pistol fro t"e "olster #it" t"e ri%"t "and and t"en transfer t"e pistol to t"e left "and before firin%! :See c"ap! 1 for transferrin% t"e pistol fro one "and to t"e ot"er!; -"en t"e s"oulder "olster is #orn properl6I T"e s"oulder strap la6s flat across t"e left s"oulder #it" t"e s"oulder pad directl6 on top of t"e s"oulder! T"e c"est strap attac"es to t"e D2rin% at t"e top of t"e "olster and runs dia%onall6 across t"e c"est$ underneat" t"e ri%"t ar $ and around t"e bac8 #"ere it attac"es to t"e end of t"e s"oulder strap! T"e belt retainin% loop is at t"e botto "olsterGs position! T"e a of t"e "olster and attac"es to t"e belt to stabiliCe t"e unition poc8et attac"es to t"e c"est strap directl6 underneat" t"e ri%"t ar ! Fi+,re 1-10. M2 Sho,lder *olster. 5ssa,lt *olster So e Marines :i!e!$ Marine securit6 force$ direct action platoon$ and ilitar6 police; are re+uired to carr6 t"e assault "olster! T"is "olster "as a retention strap t"at fastens over t"e top of t"e "olster to retain t"e pistol! T"is t6pe of "olster %enerall6 "as a t"u b brea8 on t"e retention strap t"at is disen%a%ed to access t"e pistol! See fi%ure 323H! Fi+,re 1-11. 5ssa,lt *olster. Con(ealed Pistol *olster So e Marines are re+uired to carr6 a concealed pistol as part of t"eir official duties! T"e pri ar6 consideration for place ent of a concealed pistol "olster is to ensure t"e pistol cannot be seen; t"erefore$ t"e Marine ust consider t"e t6pe of clot"in% to be #orn! A secondar6 consideration is to place t"e "olster so t"e pistol can be presented easil6! T6picall6$ t"e best position for a concealed "olster is Aust be"ind t"e stron% side "ip! T"is position best conceals t"e pistol #"ile allo#in% it to be presented +uic8l6! Anot"er place ent c"oice is in a s"oulder "olster$ placin% t"e pistol Aust under t"e #ea8 side ar ! See fi%ures 3234 t"rou%" 32./ belo#! Fi+,re 1-12. earin+ o- the Con(ealed Pistol *olster?Utilities. Fi+,re 1-14. earin+ o- the Con(ealed Pistol?S7eater. Fi+,re 1-1&. earin+ o- the Con(ealed Pistol *olster?@a(ket. Fi+,re 1-)0. 6an;ard earin+ o- the Con(ealed Pistol *olster?Ci'ilian 5ttire. T"e lan6ard aids in pistol retention! It is issued in t"ree siCes and is adAustable! T"e lan6ard consists of a fabric cord$ t#o c6lindrical slip rin%s$ and a etal clip t"at attac"es t"e lan6ard to t"e pistolGs lan6ard loop! See fi%ure 32.3! Fi+,re 1-)1. M& Ser'i(e Pistol A ith 6an;ardB. To don t"e lan6ardI AdAust t"e slip rin%s so t"e6 are positioned flus" #it" t"e lan6ardGs base :clip end;! &lace t"e ri%"t ar Attac" t"rou%" t"e loop and place t"e loop over t"e "ead$ restin% on t"e left s"oulder! etal clip to t"e pistolGs lan6ard loop! &lace t"e pistol in t"e "olster! Use t"e left "and to "old t"e botto slip rin% a%ainst t"e base of t"e lan6ard! Use t"e ri%"t "and to slide t"e top slip rin% up#ard to position t"e loop of t"e lan6ard under t"e ar ! T"e lan6ard s"ould fit snu%l6 a%ainst t"e bod6$ but not restrict t"e MarineGs ove ents! Tuc8 an6 e7cess cord be"ind t"e "olster! Ensure t"at t"e lan6ard is adAusted properl6 b6 re ovin% t"e pistol fro t"e "olster and full6 e7tendin% t"e ri%"t ar ! T"e lan6ard s"ould be taut! AdAust as necessar6! Note: Re2adAust t"e lan6ard if an6 e+uip ent c"an%es are Firin+ the M& Ser'i(e Pistol hile earin+ /lo'es ade :e!%!$ fla8 Aac8et;! Not all co bat en%a%e ents occur durin% ideal #eat"er conditions! Durin% cold #eat"er$ t"e Marine a6 find it necessar6 to #ear %loves to protect t"e fin%ers fro frostbite and "elp prevent stiffenin% of t"e "ands! >loves a6 also be #orn in ission2oriented protective posture conditions! >loves provide protection to t"e "ands$ "o#ever$ t"e6 also a6 interfere #it" t"e MarineGs abilit6 to en%a%e tar%ets effectivel6! T"e added bul8 of t"e %loves a6 affect t"e MarineGs abilit6 to anipulate t"e safet6$ a%aCine release button$ a%aCine$ "a er$ and slide stopBrelease! 'or e7a ple$ t"e Marine a6 need to e7ert ore pressure to en%a%e t"e a%aCine release or slide release buttons to co pensate for t"e t"ic8ness of t"e %loves! T"e principles of tar%et en%a%e ent :see c"ap! 4; do not c"an%e #"ile #earin% %loves$ "o#ever$ t"e specific abilit6 to anipulate and control t"e tri%%er is %reatl6 affected b6 t"e t"ic8ness of t"e %loves around t"e fin%ers! -earin% %loves reduce t"e MarineGs abilit6 to feel$ #"ic" a8es it difficult to appl6 tri%%er control #"en firin%! T"e Marine a6 find t"at ore pressure t"an nor al ust be applied #it" t"e tri%%er fin%er Aust to establis" initial contact #it" t"e tri%%er! Once t"e Marine can JfeelK t"e tri%%er t"rou%" t"e %loves$ t"en t"e pressure re+uired to fire a s"ot can be applied! T"is action a6 increase t"e c"ances of firin% t"e pistol pre aturel6 due to e7cessive pressure on t"e tri%%er! Dr6 firin% #"ile #earin% %loves allo#s t"e Marine to learn "o# to appl6 tri%%er control consistentl6 and deter ines "o# uc" pressure is needed to effectivel6 fire a s"ot! -"ile #earin% %loves$ t"e Marine a6 find it difficult to fire t"e pistol in t"e double2action ode due to t"e position of t"e tri%%er and t"e li ited a ount of space bet#een t"e tri%%er and t"e tri%%er %uard! T"erefore$ if t"e situation per its$ t"e Marine a6 #is" to t"u bcoc8 t"e pistol to fire in sin%le2action ode! In sin%le2action ode$ t"ere is ore space bet#een t"e tri%%er %uard and t"e tri%%er$ a8in% it easier to position t"e fin%er on t"e tri%%er! (o#ever$ t"e MarineGs abilit6 to t"u bcoc8 t"e pistol a6 also be "indered b6 t"e %lovesG bul8! T"erefore$ to t"u bcoc8 t"e pistol #"ile #earin% %loves$ t"e Marine a6 perfor one of t"e follo#in% et"ods: 'or et"od one$ loop a section of 55/ cord :appro7i atel6 . inc"es; t"rou%" t"e loop located on t"e top rear portion of t"e "a er! T"e len%t" of t"e cord s"ould not interfere #it" t"e pistolGs c6cle of operation or #it" t"e MarineGs abilit6 to establis" si%"t ali%n ent! Once t"e cord is attac"ed to t"e "a er$ ta8e t"e pistol off safe and pull do#n#ard on t"e cord to coc8 t"e "a er! See fi%ure 32..! Fi+,re 1-)). Co(kin+ the Pistol 7ith 000 Cord. 'or et"od t#o$ ta8e t"e pistol off safe$ rotate t"e pistol inboard$ and place t"e top of t"e "a er a%ainst a secure surface :e!%!$ cartrid%e belt$ table top$ "eel of boot;! Appl6 pressure on t"e pistol to 8eep t"e "a er in place and pus" do#n#ard on t"e pistol in one continuous otion to coc8 t"e "a er! See fi%ure 32.0! Fi+,re 1-)3. Co(kin+ the Pistol on a Se(,re S,r-a(e. Pre'enti'e Maintenan(e If t"e M9 service pistol is to be effective$ it ust be aintained in a state of operational readiness at all ti es; t"erefore$ aintenance of t"e M9 service pistol is a continuous effort! A clean$ properl6 lubricated$ #ell2 aintained pistol #ill fire #"en needed! Pistol !isassem9l; Before disasse blin% t"e M9 service pistol$ ensure t"at t"e pistol is in ,ondition ?! T"e pistol is in ,ondition ? #"en t"e a%aCine is re oved$ t"e c"a ber is e pt6$ t"e slide is for#ard$ and t"e safet6 is on! To disasse ble t"e pistol$ perfor t"e follo#in% steps in se+uence: (old t"e pistol in t"e ri%"t "and #it" t"e uCCle sli%"tl6 elevated! Reac" over t"e slide #it" t"e left "and and place t"e left inde7 fin%er on t"e disasse bl6 button and t"e left t"u b on t"e disasse bl6 lever! &ress t"e disasse bl6 button and "old it in place #"ile rotatin% t"e disasse bl6 lever do#n#ard until it stops! Note: A left2"anded Marine places t"e ri%"t t"u b on t"e disasse bl6 button and t"e ri%"t inde7 fin%er on t"e disasse bl6 lever! &ull t"e slide and barrel asse bl6 for#ard and re ove it #"ile #rappin% t"e fin%ers around t"e slide to "old t"e recoil sprin% and recoil sprin% %uide in place! Turn t"e slide asse bl6 over in t"e left "and until t"e recoil sprin% and recoil sprin% %uide face up! &lace t"e ri%"t t"u b on t"e end of t"e recoil sprin% %uide ne7t to t"e loc8in% bloc8 and co press t"e recoil sprin% and sprin% %uide #"ile liftin% and re ovin% t"e fro t"e slide and barrel asse bl6! See fi%ure 32.?! Allo# t"e recoil sprin% to deco press slo#l6! Fi+,re 1-).. Remo'in+ the Re(oil Sprin+ and Re(oil Sprin+ /,ide. Separate t"e recoil sprin% fro t"e recoil sprin% %uide! &us" in on t"e loc8in% bloc8 plun%er #it" t"e ri%"t inde7 fin%er #"ile pus"in% t"e barrel for#ard sli%"tl6! rip t"e a%aCine fir l6 in t"e left "and #it" t"e floorplate up and t"e t"u b restin% a%ainst t"e flat end of t"e floorplate! Release t"e floorplate b6 pus"in% do#n :#it" a blunt obAect; e!%!$ an in8 pen; on t"e floorplate retainer stud in t"e center of t"e floorplate! At t"e sa e ti e$ slide t"e floorplate a s"ort distance for#ard #it" t"e t"u b! Maintain t"e a%aCine! a%aCine sprin% pressure #it" t"e t"u b and re ove t"e floorplate fro t"e Re ove t"e floorplate retainer and fi%ure 32.H! a%aCine sprin% and follo#er fro t"e a%aCine tube! See Fi+,re 1-)1. !isassem9led Ma+aCine. $nspe(tion o- the Pistol Once t"e pistol "as been disasse bled$ it ust be t"orou%"l6 inspected to ensure it is in a serviceable condition! &istol inspection is continuous durin% t"e pistolGs cleanin% and reasse bl6: Slide 5ssem9l; ,"ec8 for free ove ent of t"e safet6! Ensure t"e rear si%"t is secure! Barrel 5ssem9l; Inspect t"e bore and c"a ber for pittin% or obstructions! ,"ec8 t"e loc8in% bloc8 plun%er for free ove ent of t"e loc8in% bloc8! Inspect t"e loc8in% lu%s for crac8s and burrs! Re(oil Sprin+ and Re(oil Sprin+ /,ide ,"ec8 t"e recoil sprin% for da a%e! ,"ec8 t"at it is not bent! ,"ec8 t"e recoil sprin% %uide for strai%"tness and s oot"ness! ,"ec8 to be sure it is free of crac8s and burrs! Re(ei'er 5ssem9l; ,"ec8 for bends$ c"ips$ and crac8s! ,"ec8 for free ove ent of t"e slide stop and a%aCine catc" asse bl6! ,"ec8 t"e %uide rails for e7cessive #ear$ burrs$ crac8s$ or c"ips! Ma+aCine 5ssem9l; ,"ec8 t"e sprin% and follo#er for da a%e! Ensure t"e lips of t"e a%aCine are not e7cessivel6 bent and are free of crac8s and burrs! T"e a%aCine tube s"ould not be bent or dirt6! Cleanin+ and 6,9ri(atin+ the Pistol Onl6 aut"oriCed cleanin% aterials s"ould be used to clean and lubricate t"e pistol! If t"ese ite s are not issued #it" t"e pistol$ t"e6 a6 be obtained fro t"e ar or6! T"e follo#in% procedures are used to clean and lubricate t"e pistolI Slide Asse bl6 ,lean t"e slide asse bl6 #it" a clot"! A %eneral purpose brus" and cleanin% lubricant protectant :,<&; can also assist in t"e re oval of e7cess dirt and carbon buildup! Ensure t"e safet6$ bolt face$ slide %uides$ and e7tractor are free of dirt and residue! -ipe dr6 #it" a clot" and appl6 a li%"t coat of ,<&! Barrel 5ssem9l; Insert a bore brus" #it" ,<& into t"e c"a ber end of t"e barrel$ ensurin% t"at it co pletel6 clears t"e uCCle before it is pulled bac8 t"rou%" t"e bore! Ca,tion Insert t"e bore brus" t"rou%" t"e c"a ber to prevent da a%e to t"e cro#n of t"e barrel! Repeat several ti es to loosen carbon deposits! Dr6 t"e barrel b6 pus"in% a s#ab t"rou%" t"e bore! Repeat until a clean s#ab can be observed! ,lean t"e loc8in% bloc8 #it" a %eneral purpose brus"! Use t"e barrel brus" to appl6 a li%"t coat of ,<& to t"e bore and c"a ber area and lubricate t"e e7terior surfaces of t"e barrel and loc8in% bloc8! Re(oil Sprin+ and Re(oil Sprin+ /,ide ,lean t"e recoil sprin% and recoil sprin% %uide usin% ,<& and a %eneral purpose brus" or clot"! Appl6 a li%"t coat of ,<& after #ipin% t"e recoil sprin% and recoil sprin% %uide clean! Re(ei'er -ipe t"e receiver asse bl6 clean #it" a clot"! Use a %eneral purpose brus" for areas t"at are "ard to reac"$ pa6in% special attention to t"e disasse bl6 lever$ tri%%er$ slide stop$ "a er$ and a%aCine release button! Appl6 a li%"t coat of ,<&! Ca,tion Do not allo# t"e "a er to fall #it" full force b6 pullin% t"e tri%%er #"en t"e slide is re oved! T"is can da a%e t"e receiver and "a er! Ma+aCine ,lean t"e t"e a%aCine tube and follo#er #it" ,<& and a %eneral purpose brus"! a%aCine sprin%$ floorplate retainer$ and floorplate clean #it" a clot"! Appl6 a li%"t coat of ,<&! Pistol Re-assem9l; After t"e M9 service pistol "as been cleaned and lubricated$ it ust be properl6 re2asse bled to ensure its serviceabilit6! To re2asse ble t"e M9 service pistolI Use t"e left "and to %rasp t"e slide #it" t"e botto facin% up and t"e uCCle pointin% to#ard t"e bod6! Use t"e ri%"t "and to %rasp t"e barrel asse bl6 #it" t"e loc8in% bloc8 facin% up! Use t"e inde7 fin%er to pus" in t"e loc8in% bloc8 plun%er #"ile placin% t"e t"u b on t"e base of t"e loc8in% bloc8! Insert t"e uCCle of t"e barrel asse bl6 into t"e for#ard open end of t"e slide! At t"e sa e ti e$ lo#er t"e rear of t"e barrel asse bl6 b6 sli%"tl6 ovin% t"e barrel do#n#ard! T"e loc8in% bloc8 s"ould fall into t"e notc"es of t"e slide asse bl6! Slip t"e recoil sprin% %uide into t"e recoil sprin%! Insert t"e end of t"e recoil sprin% and recoil sprin% %uide into t"e slide recoil sprin% "ousin%! At t"e sa e ti e$ co press t"e recoil sprin% and lo#er t"e sprin% %uide until it is full6 seated onto t"e loc8in% bloc8 cuta#a6! Use t"e left "and to %rasp t"e slide and barrel asse bl6$ si%"ts up$ and #rap t"e fin%ers around t"e slide asse bl6 to "old t"e recoil sprin% and %uide in place! Ali%n t"e slide asse bl6 %uide rails onto t"e receiver asse bl6 %uide rails! &us" t"e slide rear#ard #"ile pus"in% up on t"e slide stop #it" t"e t"u b! rip t"e a%aCine fir l6 in t"e left "and #it" t"e floorplate end up and t"e countin% "oles facin% t"e Marine! Insert t"e follo#er into t"e a%aCine so t"e flat end of t"e follo#er is a%ainst t"e flat end of t"e a%aCine! Ensure t"e floorplate retainer is attac"ed to t"e first curve of t"e botto (old t"e sprin% upri%"t #it" t"e ri%"t "and and insert t"e sprin% into t"e coil! a%aCine tube so t"at t"e flat end of t"e floorplate retainer is a%ainst t"e flat end of t"e a%aCine! &us" t"e a%aCine sprin% and floorplate retainer do#n #it" t"e ri%"t "and and "old it in place #it" t"e t"u b of t"e left "and! Use t"e ri%"t "and to slide t"e floorplate over t"e side #alls of t"e a%aCine until full6 seated$ #"ic" is indicated b6 an audible clic8! Sa-et;enerousl6 lubricate internal and e7ternal surfaces of t"e pistol #it" ,<&! 5mphi9io,s Conditions If t"e pistol co es into contact #it" salt #ater$ clean t"e pistol as soon as possible! If ti e does not per it cleanin% in accordance #it" Tec"nical Manual :TM; 3//5A23/B3$ Operator’s Manual, Pistol Semiautomatic, 9mm, M9$ t"en #as" t"e pistol #it" fres" #ater! Return to: Top !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Main Menu !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Sub Menu C*5PTER ) E5PO#S *5#!6$#/ CO#TE#TS" Safet6 Rules ! ! ! ! -eapons ,onditions ! ! ! ! Deter inin% a -eaponDs ,ondition ! ! ! ! ,"ec8in% t"e Round Indicator ! ! ! ! ,onductin% a ,"a ber ,"ec8 ! ! ! ! -eapons ,o ands ! ! ! ! s Condition T"ere are t#o et"ods for deter inin% t"e pistolGs condition: c"ec8in% t"e round indicator on t"e ri%"t side of t"e pistol and conductin% a c"a ber c"ec8! Che(kin+ the Ro,nd $ndi(ator -"en t"ere is a round in t"e c"a ber$ t"e upper surface of t"e e7tractor protrudes fro t"e ri%"t side of t"e slide! T"e protrusion can be felt b6 slidin% eit"er t"e t"u b or t"e inde7 fin%er of t"e left "and over t"e top of t"e slide and across t"e e7tractor! See fi%ure .23! Cond,(tin+ a Cham9er Che(k To conduct a c"a ber c"ec8I &oint t"e pistol in a safe direction and %rasp t"e pistol %rip #it" t"e ri%"t "and! Fi+,re )-1. Che(kin+ the Ro,nd $ndi(ator. &lace t"e tri%%er %uard in t"e pal of t"e left "and! Use t"e t"u b and inde7 fin%er to %rasp t"e for#ard end of t"e slide at t"e indentations under t"e front si%"t$ be"ind t"e uCCle! See fi%ure .2.! Fi+,re )-). Pla(ement o- the 6e-t *and. Ca,tion Ensure t"e uCCle does not cover t"e "and or fin%ers! Eeep t"u b in place around t"e pistolGs bac8 strap and rotate fin%ers of t"e ri%"t "and over t"e top of t"e slide in front of t"e rear si%"t! &ull t"e slide to t"e rear b6 pus"in% for#ard #it" t"e ri%"t t"u b and pullin% bac8 on t"e rear si%"t #it" t"e fin%ers! Use t"e left "and to stead6 t"e pistol and to assist in pullin% t"e slide to t"e rear! Use t"e ri%"t "and to "old t"e slide to t"e rear :Aust enou%" to visuall6 inspect t"e c"a ber for a round;! &"6sicall6 c"ec8 for a round b6 insertin% a fin%er of t"e ri%"t "and into t"e c"a ber area! See fi%ure .20 ! Fi+,re )-3. Cham9er Che(k. Note: At ni%"t or in lo# li%"t conditions$ t"e MarineGs visibilit6 is reduced; t"erefore$ t"e Marine #ill "ave to rel6 on t"e p"6sical c"ec8 #it" t"e fin%er to deter ine if a round is in t"e c"a ber! Ca,tion &ullin% t"e slide too far to t"e rear #"ile inspectin% t"e c"a ber eAection of a round! a6 cause a double feed or t"e Re ove t"e fin%er fro t"e c"a ber and release tension on bot" "ands to allo# t"e slide to %o for#ard! Ensure t"at t"e slide is all t"e #a6 for#ard! eapons Commands -eapons co ands direct t"e Marine to safel6 load$ unload$ and e plo6 t"e M9 service pistol! Si7 co ands are used in #eapons "andlin%: J LoadK T"is co and is used to ta8e a #eapon fro ,ondition ? to ,ondition 0! ,ondition 0 to ,ondition 3! J Make ReadyK T"is co and is used to ta8e a #eapon fro JFireK T"is co and is used to en%a%e tar%ets! J ease FireK T"is co and is used to cease tar%et en%a%e ent! J !nloadK T"is co and is used to ta8e a #eapon fro an6 condition to ,ondition ?! J !nload, Sho" learK T"is co and is used to re+uire a second individual to c"ec8 t"e #eapon to verif6 t"at no a unition is present before t"e #eapon is put into ,ondition ?! 6oadin+ the Pistol &erfor t"e follo#in% steps to load t"e pistol :ta8e t"e pistol fro ,ondition ? to ,ondition 0;: Ensure t"e pistol is on safe! Use t"e ri%"t "and to %rip t"e pistol %rip fir l6! Ensure t"at t"e pistol is pointed in a safe direction$ brin% t"e tri%%er %uard to t"e ri%"t of e6e level and cant t"e pistol so t"e a%aCine #ell faces inboard at appro7i atel6 a ?52de%ree an%le to t"e dec8! Dra# t"e ri%"t elbo# in to facilitate control of t"e pistol! Use t"e left "and to re ove a filled a%aCine fro t"e a unition poc8et! Inde7 t"e slidin% t"e inde7 fin%er alon% t"e for#ard ed%e of t"e a%aCine! See fi%ure .2?! a%aCine b6 Fi+,re )-.. $nde=in+ the Ma+aCine. Insert t"e filled a%aCine into t"e a%aCine #ell b6 %uidin% it #it" t"e inde7 fin%er and$ #it" t"e fin%ers e7tended$ pus"in% it in #it" t"e "eel of t"e "and until it is full6 seated! Do not relin+uis" contact #it" t"e a%aCine until it is full6 seated! See fi%ure .25! Fi+,re )-0. Seatin+ the Ma+aCine. Makin+ the Pistol Read; &erfor t"e follo#in% steps to ta8e t"e pistol fro ,ondition 0 to ,ondition 3: 'ir l6 %rip t"e pistol %rip #it" t"e ri%"t "and! Ensure t"at t"e pistol is pointed in a safe direction and t"e slide is in its for#ard position! Rotate t"e a%aCine #ell outboard to facilitate pullin% t"e slide to t"e rear! -it" t"e fin%ers and t"u b of t"e left "and$ %rasp t"e serrated sides of t"e slide Aust for#ard of t"e safet6! See fi%ure .2 H! Ca,tion Ensure t"e uCCle does not cover t"e "and or fin%ers! &ull t"e slide to its rear ost position b6 pus"in% for#ard #it" t"e ri%"t "and #"ile pullin% bac8 on t"e slide #it" t"e left "and! Fi+,re )-1. /raspin+ the Slide to Make Read;. Release t"e slide$ t"is strips a round fro for#ard! Ensure t"e pistol re ains on safe! ,onduct a c"a ber c"ec8 to ensure a round is in t"e c"a ber! t"e a%aCine and c"a bers it as t"e slide oves Note: A c"a ber c"ec8 Fire &erfor a6 be conducted at an6 ti e to c"ec8 t"e pistolGs condition! t"e follo#in% steps to fire t"e pistol: Eeep tri%%er fin%er strai%"t and use t"e ri%"t t"u b to ta8e t"e pistol off safe! &lace t"e tri%%er fin%er on t"e tri%%er and appl6 pressure to t"e tri%%er until t"e s"ot is fired! Cease Fire &erfor t"e follo#in% steps to e7ecute a cease fire of t"e pistol: t"e tri%%er and place it strai%"t alon% t"e receiver! Re ove t"e fin%er fro &lace t"e pistol on safe #it"out brea8in% t"e %rip of t"e ri%"t "and! Assu e a carr6 or transport position! Unloadin+ the Pistol &erfor t"e follo#in% steps to ta8e t"e pistol fro an6 condition to ,ondition ?: Use t"e ri%"t "and to %rip t"e pistol fir l6! Ensure t"at t"e pistol is on safe! Rotate t"e pistol so t"e a%aCine #ell is pointed inboard and an%led do#n! ust allo# t"e a%aCine to fall freel6 fro a%aCine fro t"e #ell once t"e a%aCine Note: T"e an%le of t"e a%aCine #ell a%aCine release button is en%a%ed! Depress t"e a%aCine release button to re ove t"e #it" t"e left "and and retain it! t"e pistol! ,atc" t"e &us" up#ard on t"e slide stop #it" t"e ri%"t t"u b and t"e c"a ber is outboard! aintain pressure! Rotate t"e #eapon so Note: A left2"anded Marine pus"es up#ard on t"e slide stop #it" t"e left inde7 fin%er! Reac" over t"e top of t"e pistol #it" t"e left "and and %rasp t"e slide serrations #it" t"e t"u b and inde7 fin%er! T"e left "and s"ould partiall6 cover t"e eAection port so it is positioned to catc" an eAected round! &oint t"e pistol in a safe direction and full6 retract t"e slide and loc8 it to t"e rear! At t"e sa e ti e$ catc" t"e eAected round #it" t"e left "and! See fi%ure .24! Fi+,re )-2. Cat(hin+ the E:e(ted Ro,nd. Rotate t"e pistol so t"e inside of t"e c"a ber can be seen! )isuall6 inspect t"e c"a ber to ensure it is e pt6! &ress t"e slide stop to release t"e slide and observe it %oin% for#ard on an e pt6 c"a ber! Unloadin+ and Sho7in+ the Pistol Clear &erfor t"e follo#in% steps to ta8e t"e pistol fro an6 condition to ,ondition ?! See fi%ure .21! Fi+,re )-4. UnloadD Sho7 Clear. Use t"e ri%"t "and to %rip t"e pistol fir l6! Ensure t"at t"e pistol is on safe! Rotate t"e pistol so t"e a%aCine #ell is pointed inboard and an%led do#n! Note: T"e an%le of t"e a%aCine #ell a%aCine release button is en%a%ed! ust allo# t"e a%aCine to fall freel6 fro a%aCine fro t"e #ell once t"e a%aCine Depress t"e a%aCine release button to re ove t"e #it" t"e left "and and retain it! t"e pistol! ,atc" t"e &us" up#ard on t"e slide stop #it" t"e ri%"t t"u b and t"e c"a ber is outboard! aintain pressure! Rotate t"e #eapon so Note: A left2"anded Marine pus"es up#ard on t"e slide stop #it" t"e left inde7 fin%er! Reac" over t"e top of t"e pistol #it" t"e left "and and %rasp t"e slide serrations #it" t"e t"u b and inde7 fin%er! T"e left "and s"ould partiall6 cover t"e eAection port so it is positioned to catc" an eAected round! &oint t"e pistol in a safe direction and full6 retract slide and loc8 it to t"e rear! At t"e sa e ti e$ catc" t"e eAected round #it" t"e left "and! Rotate t"e pistol so t"e inside of t"e c"a ber can be seen! )isuall6 inspect t"e c"a ber to ensure it is e pt6! Brin% t"e pistol to t"e ad inistrative transport and "ave anot"er Marine visuall6 inspect t"e c"a ber to ensure t"atI T"e c"a ber is e pt6$ no a T"e pistol is on safe! Ac8no#led%e t"at t"e pistol is clear! &ress t"e slide stop to release t"e slide and observe it %oin% for#ard on an e pt6 c"a ber! Empt;in+ the Ma+aCine Once t"e pistol is unloaded$ t"e pistol a%aCine can be e ptied of a a%aCine$ perfor t"e follo#in% steps: (old t"e a%aCine upri%"t #it" t"e bac8 of t"e unition! To e pt6 t"e of t"e "and! unition is present$ and t"e a%aCine is re oved! a%aCine tube a%ainst t"e pal &us" t"e top round for#ard #it" t"e t"u b and catc" it #it" t"e ot"er "and as it is re oved! Repeat until t"e a%aCine is e pt6! Fillin+ the Ma+aCine &rior to loadin% t"e pistol$ t"e pistol a%aCine ust be filled #it" t"e prescribed nu ber of rounds of a unition! See fi%ure .29! To fill t"e a%aCine$ perfor t"e follo#in% steps: Fi+,re )-&. Fillin+ the Ma+aCine. (old t"e a%aCine #it" t"e bac8 of t"e a%aCine a%ainst t"e pal of t"e "and and t"e follo#er up! a%aCine lips! Use t"e ot"er "and to place a round :pri er end first; on t"e follo#er in front of t"e &ress do#n on t"e round and slide t"e round co pletel6 bac8 under t"e lips! T"e t"u b or fin%er a6 pus" do#n on t"e bac8 of t"e round to assist ove ent! T"e base of t"e round s"ould be flus" #it" t"e bac8 of t"e a%aCine! Repeat t"is procedure until t"e a%aCine is filled #it" t"e appropriate nu ber of rounds! (oles on t"e bac8 of t"e a%aCine allo# t"e visual countin% of rounds in five2round incre ents! Reloadin+ the Pistol T"e MarineGs abilit6 to reload t"e pistol +uic8l6 i proves "is c"ance for success on t"e battlefield! !r; Reload A dr6 reload is conducted #"en t"e pistol runs out of a unition durin% en%a%e ent and t"e slide loc8s to t"e rear! See fi%ure .23/! &erfor t"e follo#in% steps to conduct a dr6 reload #it" t"e slide loc8ed to t"e rear: Note: T"e pistol is not placed on safe durin% a dr6 reload; t"e tri%%er fin%er is ta8en out of t"e tri%%er %uard and placed strai%"t alon% t"e side of t"e receiver! Fi+,re )-10. Pistol Ran !r; o- 5mm,nition. See8 cover if t"e situation per its! Retain t"e firin% %rip #it" t"e ri%"t "and and pull t"e pistol in close to t"e bod6 to facilitate control! Brin% t"e tri%%er %uard to t"e ri%"t of e6e level and cant t"e pistol so t"e a%aCine #ell is facin% inboard at appro7i atel6 a ?5de%ree an%le to t"e dec8! See fi%ure .233! Fi+,re )-11. Brin+ the Pistol To7ard the Bod;. &ress t"e a%aCine release button and let t"e e pt6 a%aCine fall to t"e dec8! At t"e sa e ti e$ unfasten t"e a unition poc8et to #it"dra# a filled a%aCine! See fi%ure .23.! Note: T"e pri ar6 obAective durin% a dr6 reload is to %et t"e pistol bac8 in action as +uic8l6 as possible! 'ollo#in% en%a%e ent$ retrieve t"e a%aCine before ovin%! Fi+,re )-1). Release Ma+aCine and Un-asten 5mm,nition Po(ket. >rasp t"e a%aCine b6 curlin% t"e iddle fin%er and t"u b of t"e left "and around t"e base of t"e a%aCine$ #it" t"e inde7 fin%er strai%"t alon% t"e a unition poc8et! See fi%ure .230! Fi+,re )-13. /raspin+ the Ma+aCine. Inde7 t"e a%aCine: as t"e a%aCine is bein% #it"dra#n fro be alon% t"e front of t"e a%aCine! See fi%ure .23?! t"e poc8et$ t"e inde7 fin%er s"ould Fi+,re )-1.. $nde=in+ the Ma+aCine. Rotate t"e "and up so t"e >lance +uic8l6 at t"e a%aCine is ali%ned #it" t"e a%aCine #ell! a%aCine #ell :see fi%! .235;! a%aCine #ell$ insert t"e a%aCine into t"e Fi+,re )-10. /lan(e at the Ma+aCine ell. a%aCine$ do Brin% t"e e6es bac8 on tar%et at t"e sa e ti e as t"e "eel of t"e left "and seats t"e not relin+uis" contact #it" t"e a%aCine! See fi%ure .23H! Fi+,re )-11. Seatin+ the Ma+aCine. Roll bot" "ands in#ard to establis" a t#o "anded %rip and press t"e slide release #it" t"e left t"u b to allo# t"e slide to ove for#ard$ c"a berin% t"e first round$ and present t"e pistol to t"e tar%et! See fi%ure .234! Note: A left2"anded Marine presses t"e slide release #it" "is tri%%er fin%er! Fi+,re )-12. Present Pistol Ba(k to Tar+et. Condition 1 Reload In a ,ondition 3 reload$ a partiall62filled a%aCine is re oved fro t"e pistol and replaced #it" a full6 filled a%aCine! A ,ondition 3 reload is perfor ed #"en t"ere is a lull in t"e action or #"enever dee ed necessar6 b6 t"e Marine! To perfor a ,ondition 3 reloadI Retain t"e firin% %rip #it" t"e ri%"t "and and pull t"e pistol in close to t"e bod6 to facilitate control! Eeep t"e pistol pointed in t"e direction of t"e li8el6 t"reat! See fi%ure .231! Fi+,re )-14. Fa(ilitatin+ Control o- Pistol. -it"dra# a filled a%aCine fro t"e a unition poc8et #it" t"e left "and! Inde7 t"e brin% it up to t"e left of e6e level! See fi%ure .239! a%aCine and Fi+,re )-1&. ithdra7in+ and $nde=in+ a Filled Ma+aCine. Slide t"e inde7 fin%er to t"e side of t"e iddle fin%ers! See fi%ure .2./! a%aCine to %rasp t"e a%aCine bet#een t"e inde7 and Fi+,re )-)0. /raspin+ a Filled Ma+aCine. Raise t"e pistol and brin% t"e tri%%er %uard to t"e ri%"t of e6e level and cant t"e pistol so t"at t"e a%aCine #ell is facin% inboard at appro7i atel6 a ?52de%ree an%le to t"e dec8! Note: T"e an%le of t"e a%aCine #ell a%aCine release button is en%a%ed! ust allo# t"e a%aCine to fall freel6 fro t"e #ell once t"e &ress t"e a%aCine release button #it" t"e ri%"t t"u b to eAect t"e partiall62filled a%aCine fro t"e a%aCine #ell! >rasp t"e a%aCine bet#een t"e inde7 fin%er and t"u b! See fi%ure .2.3! Fi+,re )-)1. Remo'in+ a Partiall;-Filled Ma+aCine. Insert t"e filled a%aCine into t"e a%aCine #ell :see fi%! .2..;! Fi+,re )-)). $nsertin+ a Filled Ma+aCine. Use t"e "eel of t"e "and to ensure it is full6 seated :see fi%! .2.0;! Fi+,re )-)3. Seatin+ a Filled Ma+aCine. rasp t"e pistol %rip fir l6 #it" t#o "ands! T"e tri%%er fin%er is strai%"t and t"e ri%"t t"u b is on t"e safet6 and in a position to operate it! E7tend t"e ar s do#n at appro7i atel6 a ?5de%ree an%le to t"e bod6 or bend t"e elbo#s! See fi%ure .2.9! T"e uCCle of t"e pistol is pointed in t"e li8el6 direction of t"e t"reat! Fi+,re )-)&. 5lert?Close F,arters. Read; T"e Read6 is used #"en t"ere is no tar%et$ but contact #it" t"e ene 6 is i perfor s t"e follo#in% steps to assu e t"e Read6 :see fi%! .20/;: inent! T"e Marine Ensure t"e pistol is on safe! >rasp t"e pistol fir l6 #it" t#o "ands! T"e tri%%er fin%er is strai%"t and t"e ri%"t t"u b is on t"e safet6 and in a position to operate it! E7tend ar s and raise t"e pistol to Aust belo# e6e level so a clear field of vie# is &oint t"e uCCle of t"e pistol in t"e direction of ene 6 contact! aintained! Fi+,re )-30. Read;. eapons Transports T"e M9 service pistol is transported in eit"er t"e "olster transport or t"e ad inistrative transport! *olster Transport T"e "olster transport is t"e ost co on et"od of carr6in% t"e pistol because it can be transported safel6 in t"e "olster! T"is transport is used #"en t"ere is no i ediate t"reat :ene 6 contact is re ote;! See fi%ure .203! To transport t"e pistol in t"e "olster: &oint t"e pistol in a safe direction! 5R#$#/ Ens,re the pistol is pointed in a sa-e dire(tion at all times and does not (o'er an; part othe 9od; 7hile holsterin+. Fi+,re )-31. *olster Transport. Ensure t"at t"e safet6 is on$ t"e slide is for #ard$ and t"e tri%%er fin%er is strai%"t! Use t"e ri%"t "and to fir l6 %rip t"e pistol %rip and place t"e pistol in t"e "olster: rasp t"e pistol fir l6 in t"e ri%"t "and #"ile ensurin% t"at t"e pistol is on safe! Re ove and retain t"e a%aCine! rasps t"e pistol %rip #it" t"e tri%%er fin%er strai%"t alon% t"e receiver! Inspects t"e c"a ber visuall6 to ensure it is e pt6! Ensures t"e pistol is on safe! Condition Unkno7n Trans-er To transfer t"e pistolI >rasp t"e pistol fir l6 in t"e ri%"t "and #"ile ensurin% t"at t"e pistol is on safe! To transfer t"e pistolI If t"e receivin% Marine is to t"e ri%"t: ,radle t"e tri%%er %uard in t"e pal of t"e left "and and #rap t"e fin%ers around t"e top of t"e pistol! Release t"e firin% %rip! See fi%ure .20?! Fi+,re )-3.. Condition Unkno7n Trans-er to the Ri+ht. If t"e receivin% Marine is to t"e left: -it" t"e left "and$ %rasp t"e slide of t"e pistol #it" t"e t"u b over t"e slide and t"e fin%ers underneat"! Release t"e firin% %rip! See fi%ure .205! Fi+,re )-30. Condition Unkno7n Trans-er to the 6e-t. Ensure t"at t"e uCCle points up at a ?52de%ree an%le in a safe direction! (and t"e pistol to t"e receivin% Marine$ %rip first! T"e receivin% MarineI >rasps t"e pistol %rip #it" t"e tri%%er fin%er strai%"t alon% t"e receiver! Ensures t"e pistol is on safe! ,onducts a c"a ber c"ec8 to deter ine t"e condition of t"e pistol! Re ove t"e a%aCine and count t"e nu ber of rounds in t"e a%aCine b6 usin% t"e countin% "oles$ if ti e per its! Re2insert t"e a%aCine into t"e a%aCine #ell ensurin% it is full6 seated! Return to: Top !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Main Menu !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Sub Menu C*5PTER 3 FU#!5ME#T56S OF P$STO6 M5RESM5#S*$P CO#TE#TS" Ai in% ! ! ! ! Si%"t Ali%n ent ! ! ! ! Establis"in% Si%"t Ali%n ent ! ! ! ! Si%"t &icture ! ! ! ! Relations"ip Bet#een t"e E6e and t"e Si%"ts ! ! ! ! Tri%%er ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Si%"t Ali%n ent and Tri%%er ,ontrol ! ! ! ! >rip ! ! ! ! Tri%%er 'in%er &lace ent ! ! ! ! T6pes of Tri%%er ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Breat" ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Application of Mar8s ans"ip 'unda entals in 'ield 'irin% ! ! ! ! ,o pression of 'unda entals ! ! ! ! Ai in% ! ! ! ! Tri%%er ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Breat" ,ontrol ! ! ! ! Chapter 3. F,ndamentals o- Pistol Marksmanship T"e funda entals of pistol ar8s ans"ip are ai in%$ tri%%er control$ and breat" control! Understandin% and appl6in% t"e basic pistol ar8s ans"ip funda entals ensures t"e MarineGs effectiveness in tar%et en%a%e ent! T"e funda entals ust be continuall6 studied and practiced because t"e6 are t"e eans b6 #"ic" accurate s"ots are placed on tar%et! A Marine #it" a solid foundation in t"e funda entals of ar8s ans"ip #ill be successful in t"e application of t"ese funda entals durin% co bat! 5imin+ Maintainin% t"e correct relations"ip bet#een t"e pistol si%"ts is essential for accurate tar%et en%a%e ent! Because of t"e s"ort distance bet#een t"e pistol si%"ts$ a s all error in t"eir ali%n ent causes a considerable error at t"e tar%et! Si+ht 5li+nment Si%"t ali%n ent is t"e relations"ip bet#een t"e front si%"t and rear si%"t #it" respect to t"e ai in% e6e! ,orrect si%"t ali%n ent is t"e front si%"t centered in t"e rear si%"t notc" #it" t"e top ed%e of t"e front si%"t level ali+ned #it" t"e top ed%e of t"e rear si%"t! T"ere s"ould be e+ual space on eit"er side of t"e front si%"t! See fi%ure 023! Fi+,re 3-1. Si+ht 5li+nment < Si+ht Pi(t,re. Esta9lishin+ Si+ht 5li+nment T"e pistol is fired #it"out benefit of bone support; t"erefore$ t"e pistol is in constant otion! T"e Marine ust understand t"is$ 6et continuall6 strive to ali%n t"e si%"ts! To fire accuratel6$ t"e si%"ts ust be ali%ned #"en t"e s"ot brea8s! 'rip T"e %rip is 8e6 to ac+uirin% si%"t ali%n ent! If t"e %rip is correct$ t"e front and rear si%"ts s"ould ali%n naturall6! Dr6 fire durin% presentation of t"e M9 service pistol aids in obtainin% a %rip t"at allo#s si%"t ali%n ent to be ac+uired consistentl6! Controlled Muscular #ension T"ere ust be enou%" controlled uscular tension in t"e %rip$ #rists$ and forear s to "old t"e pistol stead6 and level t"e barrel to aintain si%"t ali%n ent! ,onsistent tension stabiliCes t"e si%"ts and aintains si%"t ali%n ent! Si+ht Pi(t,re Si%"t picture is t"e place ent of t"e front si%"t in relation to t"e tar%et #"ile ali%n ent! See fi%ure 02. belo#! aintainin% si%"t Because t"e pistol is constantl6 ovin%$ si%"t picture is ac+uired #it"in an ai in% area t"at is located center ass on t"e tar%et! T"e ai in% area allo#s for ove ent of t"e si%"ts on t"e tar%et #"ile aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent! Eac" Marine defines an acceptable ai in% area #it"in "is o#n abilit6 to stabiliCe t"e si%"ts! Ti e$ distance to t"e tar%et$ and personal abilit6 affect dictate t"e ai in% area! As t"e Marine beco es ore proficient #it" t"e pistol$ t"e ai in% area beco es ore precise! Fi+,re 3-). Si+ht Pi(t,re. T"e ai in% area is deter ined b6 t"e MarineGs stabilit6 of "old! T"e proper %rip stabiliCes t"e si%"ts so si%"t ali%n ent can be aintained$ but t"e si%"ts ove continuousl6 #it"in t"e ai in% area of t"e tar%et! T"e Marine understands t"e pistolGs ove ent and learns to appl6 tri%%er control as "e is obtainin% si%"t ali%n entBsi%"t picture #it"in t"e ai in% area so t"e s"ot brea8s t"e o ent si%"t picture is establis"ed! Relationship Bet7een the E;e and the Si+hts T"e "u an e6e can focus clearl6 on onl6 one obAect at a ti e! T"e Marine ust focus on t"e top ed%e of t"e front si%"t and fire t"e s"ot #"ile aintainin% t"e relations"ip bet#een t"e front and rear si%"ts #it"in t"e ai in% area! 'ocusin% on t"e top ed%e of t"e front si%"t rat"er t"an t"e tar%et 8eeps t"e front si%"t clear and distinct$ #"ic" allo#s t"e Marine to detect inor variations in si%"t ali%n ent! Secondar6 vision allo#s t"e Marine to see t"e tar%et :alt"ou%" sli%"tl6 blurred; and aintain si%"t picture #it"in "is ai in% area! Tri++er Control Tri%%er control is t"e MarineGs s8illful anipulation of t"e tri%%er t"at causes t"e pistol to fire #"ile aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent and si%"t picture! &roper tri%%er control aids in aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent #"ile t"e s"ot is fired! Si+ht 5li+nment and Tri++er Control Ai in% and tri%%er control are utuall6 support iveIone cannot be perfor ed #it"out t"e ot"er! Si%"t ali%n ent and tri%%er control ust be perfor ed si ultaneousl6 to fire an accurate s"ot! As pressure is applied to t"e tri%%er$ t"e si%"ts a6 ove$ causin% t"e to be isali%ned! To fire accurate s"ots$ t"e si%"ts ust be ali%ned #"en t"e s"ot brea8s! Tri%%er control can actuall6 assist in ali%nin% t"e si%"ts! -it" proper tri%%er fin%er place ent and consistent uscular tension applied to t"e %rip$ t"e si%"ts can be controlled as t"e tri%%er is oved to t"e rear! If t"e si%"ts ove e7tensivel6 #"ile pressin% t"e tri%%er$ t"is can indicate an i proper %rip or inconsistenc6 in t"e uscular tension bein% applied to t"e %rip! /rip A fir %rip is essential for %ood tri%%er control! T"e %rip is establis"ed before appl6in% tri%%er control and is aintained t"rou%"out t"e firin% process! To establis" t"e %rip$ t"e "and is placed around t"e pistol %rip in a location t"at allo#s t"e tri%%er fin%er to ove t"e tri%%er strai%"t to t"e rear #"ile aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent! Once t"e %rip is establis"ed$ it s"ould be fir enou%" to allo# anipulation of t"e tri%%er #"ile aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent! T"e pressure applied to t"e %rip ust be e+ual to or ore t"an t"e pressure re+uired to ove t"e tri%%er to t"e rear! If t"e pressure is not applied correctl6$ t"e si%"ts ove as t"e tri%%er is pressed to t"e rear and si%"t ali%n ent is disturbed! Tri++er Fin+er Pla(ement Once t"e %rip is establis"ed$ t"e fin%er is placed on t"e tri%%er! &lace ent of t"e fin%er s"ould be natural and allo# free ove ent of t"e tri%%er fin%er! A natural tri%%er fin%er place ent allo#s t"e tri%%er to be oved strai%"t to t"e rear #"ile aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent! If t"e fin%er presses t"e tri%%er to t"e side$ it can cause an error in si%"t ali%n ent and s"ot place ent! Eac" Marine ust e7peri ent #it" fin%er place ent in order to deter ine effective place ent on t"e tri%%er! Once establis"ed$ effective tri%%er fin%er place ent allo#s t"e tri%%er to be consistentl6 oved strai%"t to t"e rear #"ile aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent! T;pes o- Tri++er Control (ninterrupted #rigger Control Durin% uninterrupted tri%%er control$ t"e Marine applies a stead6$ unc"an%in% pressure to t"e tri%%er until t"e s"ot is fired! Uninterrupted tri%%er control is particularl6 effective at close ran%e$ #"en t"e tar%et area is lar%e$ and #"en stabilit6 of "old is not critical for accurac6! To appl6 uninterrupted tri%%er control$ appl6 pressure on t"e tri%%er #"ile aintainin% focus on t"e top ed%e of t"e front si%"t! ,ontinue pressure on t"e tri%%er to be%in ovin% t"e tri%%er strai%"t to t"e rear #"ile obtainin% si%"t ali%n ent and si%"t picture! Move t"e tri%%er strai%"t to t"e rear in a sin%le$ s oot" otion #it" no "esitation! Interrupted #rigger Control Interrupted tri%%er control is particularl6 effective at lon%er ran%es$ #"en t"e tar%et is s all$ and #"en stabilit6 of "old is critical to aintainin% si%"t picture in t"e ai in% area! T"is et"od is also used if t"e pistol si%"ts ove outside t"e ai in% area #"en appl6in% tri%%er control! If t"e si%"t picture is outside t"e ai in% area$ t"e Marine stops and "olds t"e rear#ard ove ent on t"e tri%%er until si%"t picture is re2establis"ed! -"en si%"t picture is re2establis"ed$ t"e rear#ard ove ent of t"e tri%%er is continued until t"e s"ot is fired! Breath Control Breat"in% causes ove ent of t"e c"est$ abdo en$ and s"oulders$ #"ic" causes t"e pistol si%"ts to ove verticall6 #"ile atte ptin% to ai and fire! T"erefore$ it is necessar6 to stop breat"in% for a period of ti e #"ile firin% a s"ot or a series of s"ots! T"e obAect of breat" control is to stop breat"in% Aust lon% enou%" to fire t"e s"ot #"ile aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent$ stabiliCin% t"e si%"ts$ and establis"in% t"e si%"t picture! To be consistent$ t"e breat" s"ould be "eld at t"e sa e point in t"e breat"in% c6cle; i!e!$ t"e natural respirator6 pause! Breat"in% s"ould not be stopped for too lon% because it "as adverse visual and p"6sical effects! (oldin% t"e breat" lon%er t"an is co fortable results in a lac8 of o76%en t"at causes vision to deteriorate and t"en affects t"e abilit6 to focus on t"e si%"ts! 5ppli(ation o- Marksmanship F,ndamentals in Field Firin+ Compression o- the F,ndamentals &istol en%a%e ents t6picall6 occur over close distances and are s"ort in duration! Because an i ediate response to t"e t"reat is re+uired$ t"e application of t"e funda entals ust be a conditioned response t"at is e7ecutable in a co pressed ti e! T"e %oal of successful$ +uic8 tar%et en%a%e ent is t"e application of t"e funda entals of ar8s ans"ip #"ile firin% t"e s"ot t"e o ent #eapon presentation is co plete! T"e ti e re+uired to ove t"e tri%%er to t"e rear#"ile ac+uirin% and aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent and si%"t picture is uni+ue to eac" Marine and is based on "is capabilities! Eac" Marine s"ould 8no# "is abilities and fire onl6 as +uic8l6 as "e is capable of firin% accuratel6! T"e Marine ust not e7ceed "is s"ootin% s8ills in an effort to %et rounds off +uic8l6! 5imin+ In field firin%$ t"e funda entals are applied in a co pressed ti e so si%"t ali%n ent and si%"t picture are ac"ieved as t"e s"ot is fired! Alt"ou%" t"e tar%et ust be +uic8l6 en%a%ed in co bat$ si%"t ali%n ent is still t"e first priorit6: strive for a clear front si%"t! Distance to t"e tar%et and t"e siCe of t"e tar%et affects si%"t ali%n ent as follo#s: As t"e distance to t"e tar%et increases and t"e siCe of t"e tar%et decreases$ si%"t ali%n ent beco es ore critical to tar%et en%a%e ent! Accurate si%"t pictureBsi%"t ali%n ent cannot be co pro ised for speed! Si%"t ali%n ent is critical to t"e effective en%a%e ent of s aller tar%ets suc" as partiall6 e7posed tar%ets! As t"e distance to t"e tar%et decreases$ perfect si%"t ali%n ent is not as critical$ but t"ere ust be a relations"ip bet#een t"e si%"ts and t"eir place ent on t"e tar%et #it"in t"e ai in% area to ensure accurac6! Tri++er Control &roper tri%%er control aids in aintainin% si%"t ali%n ent #"ile t"e s"ot is fired! As pressure is applied to t"e tri%%er$ t"e si%"ts a6 ove$ causin% t"e to be isali%ned! T"erefore$ t"e Marine is constantl6 re2ali%nin% t"e si%"ts as pressure is applied to t"e tri%%er! Si%"t ali%n ent and tri%%er control ust be perfor ed si ultaneousl6 to fire an accurate s"ot! Breath Control Durin% co bat$ t"e MarineGs breat"in% and "eart rate often increase due to p"6sical e7ertion or t"e stress of battle! T"e 8e6 to breat" control in field firin% is to stop breat"in% Aust lon% enou%" to fire an accurate s"ot or a series of s"ots! Return to: Top !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Main Menu !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Sub Menu C*5PTER . P$STO6 F$R$#/ POS$T$O#S 5#! /R$P G........................................................ T"is #"ole e2boo8 is available via ###!points"ootin%!co for under L5!// Dollars US!
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