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The Amy Ryan Handbook - Everything you need to know about Amy Ryan

The Amy Ryan Handbook - Everything you need to know about Amy Ryan

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Amy Ryan Fan this is your ultimate resource for the talented Amy Ryan. Here you'll find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career, Personal life, TV- and Filmography right away: You Can Count on Me, A Pork Chop for Larry, The Wire, Beadie Russell, Keane (film), War of the Worlds (2005 film), Capote (film), Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World, Marvelous (film), Gone Baby Gone, Neal Cassady, Before the Devil Knows You're Dead, Dan in Real Life, Changeling (film), The Office (U.S. TV series), Holly Flax, The Missing Person (film), Green Zone (film), Jack Goes Boating

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Amy Ryan Fan this is your ultimate resource for the talented Amy Ryan. Here you'll find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career, Personal life, TV- and Filmography right away: You Can Count on Me, A Pork Chop for Larry, The Wire, Beadie Russell, Keane (film), War of the Worlds (2005 film), Capote (film), Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World, Marvelous (film), Gone Baby Gone, Neal Cassady, Before the Devil Knows You're Dead, Dan in Real Life, Changeling (film), The Office (U.S. TV series), Holly Flax, The Missing Person (film), Green Zone (film), Jack Goes Boating

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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Published by: Emereo Publishing on Nov 24, 2010
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  • Amy Ryan
  • You Can Count on Me
  • A Pork Chop for Larry
  • The Wire
  • Beadie Russell
  • Keane (film)
  • War of the Worlds (2005 film)
  • Capote (film)
  • Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World
  • Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World
  • Marvelous (film)
  • Gone Baby Gone
  • Neal Cassady
  • Before the Devil Knows You're Dead
  • Dan in Real Life
  • Changeling (film)
  • The Office (U.S. TV series)
  • Holly Flax
  • The Missing Person (film)
  • Green Zone (film)
  • Jack Goes Boating
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Amy Ryan Fan this is your ultimate resource for the talented Amy Ryan.

Here you’ll find the most upto-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about her Early life, Career, Personal life, TV- and Filmography right away: You Can Count on Me, A Pork Chop for Larry, The Wire, Beadie Russell, Keane (film), War of the Worlds (2005 film), Capote (film), Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World, Marvelous (film), Gone Baby Gone, Neal Cassady, Before the Devil Knows You’re Dead, Dan in Real Life, Changeling (film), The Office (U.S. TV series), Holly Flax, The Missing Person (film), Green Zone (film), Jack Goes Boating The Amy Ryan Handbook Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.


Amy Ryan


Everything you need to know about

Amy Ryan

Amy Ryan

Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. legal. typeset. accurate or reliable information. . printed and shipped. or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled "References". A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain. medical. financial. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License" All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Sources. If you need specific advice (for example. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books.

S.Contents Articles Amy Ryan You Can Count on Me A Pork Chop for Larry The Wire Beadie Russell Keane (film) War of the Worlds (2005 film) Capote (film) Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World Marvelous (film) Gone Baby Gone Neal Cassady Before the Devil Knows You're Dead Dan in Real Life Changeling (film) The Office (U. TV series) Holly Flax The Missing Person (film) Green Zone (film) Jack Goes Boating 1 6 9 10 31 33 37 47 53 55 57 63 70 75 79 103 126 129 131 138 References Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources. Licenses and Contributors 139 142 Article Licenses License 143 .

[6] [7] [8] . Crimes of the Heart and Saved. in 2000 for her portrayal of Sonya Alexandrovna in Uncle Vanya and in 2005 for her performance as Stella Kowalski opposite John C. Ryan Theatre Ryan made her off-Broadway debut in the Westside Theatre's 1987 production of A Shayna Maidel. Hired for the national tour of Biloxi Blues right out of high school. Irish. [6] Ryan has been nominated for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play twice.Amy Ryan 1 Amy Ryan Amy Ryan Amy Ryan. Actress 1987–present Amy Ryan (born November 30. 1969) is an American actress. Early life Born in Queens. At a young age. [2] [1] Ryan is her mother's maiden name. New York City. Reilly in A Streetcar Named Desire.S. she At 17. She also worked in regional theater. descent. 2007 Born Occupation Years active November 30. playing the role of Hanna. she graduated from New [3] [1] attended the Stagedoor Manor Performing Arts Center in upstate New York. and Peggy in the 2001–2002 revival of The Women. New York. She has been nominated for an Academy Award as Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Gone Baby Gone (2007) and is also known for her role in HBO's The Wire. playing Port Authority Officer Beadie Russell. Arthur Miller and Neil Simon. and Polish [1] Ryan and her sister delivered the Daily News by bike growing up in the 1970s. where she originated roles in new plays by Neil LaBute. [1] She is of English. The following year she was seen in the Second Stage Theatre Company's revival of The Rimers of Eldritch. York's High School of Performing Arts. Natasha in the 1997 revival of The Three Sisters. U. worked steadily Off-Broadway for the next decade. 1969 Queens. [4] [5] Additional off-Broadway credits include As Bees In Honey Drown. On Broadway she has appeared as Tess in The Sisters Rosensweig.

Georgia Gracie was born on October 15. she made her first appearance on NBC's Law & Order. a Screen Actors Guild Award Actress in a Supporting role at the 80th Academy Awards. She [9] reprised her role on The Office in the Season 5 finale. In 1993. [9] appearing in several episodes over the years. but it was playing a hardened welfare mom in [3] Ben Affleck's Gone Baby Gone that finally brought her national attention. After roles on ER and Chicago Hope. She will play the therapist of Dr. Paul [13] Weston. Jack Goes [20] Boating." [11] for the seventh season with a much larger role. "She‘s definitely coming back." return for at least eight episodes of season 7. Ryan's performance was also and an Oscar for Best Performance by an Ryan appeared in Changeling (2008). Filmography . Boston. Los Angeles. DC. [18] [9] [17] [16] [1] as well as the critics circles in New York. Ryan [9] made her 1999 movie debut in Roberta. Albert Brooks chose her to play his wife in Looking for Comedy in the [9] Muslim World in 2005. She recently completed a role in Philip Seymour Hoffman's directorial film debut. Daughter. [21] [1] She is best friends with actress Patricia Clarkson. She then appeared in You Can Count on Me with Laura Linney and Mark [14] [15] Ruffalo and the mystery/thriller Keane. She appeared for a six-episode arc on The Office as dorky HR rep Holly Flax. so it would be the biggest [cop-out] of all time if we didn‘t [follow through] on it. director Sidney Lumet cast her in 100 Centre Street playing three different roles (Ellen. San Francisco and Washington. Her role [9] as a star-struck sheriff's wife in Capote earned her positive reviews. In reference to the season 6 finale. Ryan was cast in television series such as I'll Fly [9] Away. and opposite Matt Damon in Paul Greengrass's [19] Green Zone (2010). Film Due to the deletion of the scene wherein she played Eric Stoltz's wife in Allison Anders' Grace of my Heart . Ryan became a series regular on The Naked [9] Truth as Téa Leoni's spoiled stepdaughter. directed by Clint Eastwood. and Brooklyn Bridge. playing Port Authority [9] Officer Beadie Russell . where she played Marion Ross' character in flashbacks. By 2001. According to Mindy Kaling. [1] [10] Ryan went on to feature prominently in the second season of HBO's The Wire. [12] She is set to Ryan will be joining the cast of HBO's In Treatment for its 3rd season. After being voted Best Supporting Actress for Gone Baby Gone by the National Board of Review nominated for a Golden Globe Award. Personal life Ryan gave birth to her first child with fiancé Eric Slovin. 2009.Amy Ryan 2 Television Following a brief stint playing a runaway on As the World Turns. Paris and Rebecca). and 2007 brought both Dan in Real Life and Before the Devil Knows You're Dead. in which she played a high school temptress. Kaling stated ―We set her return up in the finale.

Season 1 Episode 11 A Pork Chop for Larry Law and Order: SVU 2002–2008 The Wire 2004 2005 Keane War of the Worlds Capote Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World 2006 Shiner Marvelous Mom Queenie .Amy Ryan 3 Year 1999 2000 Roberta Film Judy Role Notes You Can Count on Me Rachel Louise Prescott Beth Lorraine Hansen Beadie Russell Lynn Bedik Neighbor with Toddler Marie Dewey Emily Brooks Bad Blood .

Amy Ryan 2007 Gone Baby Gone Helene McCready Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Supporting Actress Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress Houston Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress also for Before the Devil Knows You're Dead National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress . 2010.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress also for Before the Devil Knows You're Dead Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated — Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated — Detroit Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Nominated — Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Forward Neal Cassady Before the Devil Knows You're Dead Carolyn Cassady Martha Hanson Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress also for Gone Baby Gone Washington D.Motion Picture Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Utah Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Washington D. Wright Miss Charley Lawrie Dayne Connie The film was released in USA on September 23. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress also for Gone Baby Gone 4 Dan in Real Life 2008 Changeling Eileen Burns Carol Dexter Holly Flax Ms. scheduled to appear in 8 more episodes 2008–2011 The Office 2009 Bob Funk The Missing Person Green Zone 2010 Jack Goes Boating .C. Six episodes.

. ibdb.com.com/person.imdb. . [11] http://ausiellofiles. answers.imdb. .com/News/Amy-Ryan-Office-1020664. .com .com/topic/amy-ryan). [9] "Amy Ryan filmography" (http://www.imdb.imdb. [3] "Who2 Biographies: Amy Ryan" (http://www.Actress Supporting rôle Nominee) [19] http://www. Studio 54" (http://www.com/name/nm0752407/bio). NPR.imdb. .com/ gossip/2009/10/21/2009-10-21_amy_ryan_and_fiance_eric_slovin_welcome_a_baby_girl.asp?ID=76336) at the Internet Broadway Database • Amy Ryan (http://www. [2] Gross. ibdb. [14] http://www.imdb.org/14_female_supp) [18] Amy Ryan.com/title/tt0101055/).com/production.com/title/tt0947810/ [20] http://www.com/title/tt0420291/ [16] . Cristina (Octo.ew.com/title/tt0203230/ [15] http://www.com/awardperson.ibdb. Lortel Archives--the Internet off-Broadway database.com. Retrieved 2009-11-04.com/title/tt1278379/ [21] Everett.com/2008/02/06/ interview-with-gone-baby-gones-amy-ryan/) from filmplosion. [5] "Amy Ryan" (http://www.com • The Wire biography (http://www.aspx).com/thewire/cast/actors/port/amy_ryan.org/LLA_archive/index.com. imdb.hbo. .answers. "Amy Ryan and fiance Eric Slovin welcome baby girl.asp?id=76336).imdb. 21. National Board of Review.cfm?search_by=people&first=Amy&last=Ryan& middle=) at the Internet Off-Broadway Database • Amy Ryan (http://www. imdb. Retrieved 2009-11-04. http://www.ibdb.cfm.Amy Ryan 5 References [1] "Amy Ryan" (http://www. .com/2010/07/14/ask-ausiello-spoilers-office-bones-supernatural/ [12] http://www.sagawards. [4] [http:http://www. Terry (2010).com/person.tvguide.ibdb. php?storyId=124526441). Retrieved 2009-11-04.nbrmp. Retrieved 2010-03-12.html) at TV.lortel. [17] Amy Ryan.shtml) from the HBO website • Interview with Amy Ryan on her rôle in Gone Baby Gone (http://filmplosion.html).com/name/nm0752407/). .org/LLA_archive/index. Georgia Gracie" (http://www.aspx [13] "Amy Ryan Books Role on In Treatment" (http://www.tvguide.com/nominees/?pn=detail&nominee=RyanAmy . Retrieved 2009-11-04. .cfm?id=1797&search_by=show "The Rimers of Eldritch"]. Screen Actors Guild Award nominee (http://www. .php?id=76336). [8] "IBDB Person Awards" (http://www. http:.oscar.ibdb.cfm?search_by=people&first=Amy&middle=&last=Ryan).Retrieved 2009-11-05.org/templates/transcript/transcript.nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2009-11-04.com.lortel.imdb.ibdb. Retrieved 2009-11-04. Retrieved 2009-11-05. imdb. Retrieved 2009-11-04. Retrieved 2009-11-04.org/LLA_archive/index. . External links • Amy Ryan (http://www. New York Daily News.lortel. 2009). [6] "Amy Ryan" (http://www.org/awards/past. "Amy Ryan: From 'The Office' To The 'Green Zone'" (http://www. [10] "Brooklyn Bridge" (http://www. TVGuide. Oscar nominee for Best Supporting Actress (http://www.com/person/14804/summary. Retrieved 2009-11-04.php?id=381031). [7] "A Streetcar Named Desire.com/name/nm0752407/) at the Internet Movie Database • Amy Ryan (http://www.Lortel Archives--the Internet off-Broadway database.com/News/Amy-Ryan-Treatment-1019204.tv.npr.

The film was nominated for two Academy Awards at the 73rd Academy Awards.000 (estimated) $11. The story takes place in the fictionalized Catskill communities of Scottsville and Auburn. a single mother living in a small town and her complicated relationships with family and friends. Rory Culkin. was primarily shot in and around Margaretville. New York. Best Actress for Laura Linney and Best Original Screenplay.079 You Can Count on Me is a 2000 movie. English $1. Written and directed by Kenneth Lonergan. Mark Ruffalo. 2000 111 min. New York. and Matthew Broderick. [1] [2] The film .009.200. starring Laura Linney.You Can Count on Me 6 You Can Count on Me You Can Count on Me Directed by Produced by Kenneth Lonergan Martin Scorsese Barbara De Fina Larry Meistrich Jeff Sharp Kenneth Lonergan Laura Linney Mark Ruffalo Matthew Broderick Jon Tenney Rory Culkin Lesley Barber Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Stephen Kazmierski Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue Anne McCabe Paramount Classics November 17. it tells the story of Sammy.

's abandonment. Terry and Rudy decide to visit Rudy Sr. However. a single mother and lending officer at the local bank. Rudy imagines his unknown father as a fantastic hero. Smith-Cameron as Mabel • Josh Lucas as Rudy (Kolinsky) Sr. but they reconcile before Terry leaves. which she welcomes. He resists his sister's advice but stays on good terms with his nephew. Upset with Terry's situation. requesting that she make arrangements for someone else to pick up her son from the school bus rather than leaving work. coming to terms with their individual life styles. Years later. He is particularly tough on Sammy. leading Terry to assault him and get arrested. At the bank. scraping by and getting in and out of trouble. New York. which he does the next day. despite Brian's wife being six months pregnant. She turns to her minister (Kenneth Lonergan) to counsel Terry about his outlook on life. Sammy (Laura Linney). while Terry (Mark Ruffalo) has drifted around the country. For a school writing assignment. Sammy rekindles a relationship with an old boyfriend. After some minor arguments they end up having an affair. Yet he pushes the limits of Sammy's parental control during a late night game of pool at a bar. in Auburn. Meanwhile Terry grows close to Rudy during the time they spend together. (Josh Lucas) is incensed. Realizing her own questionable decisions. Rudy Sr. Brian (Matthew Broderick) is the new manager who tries to make his mark with unusual demands about computer color schemes and daily timesheets.You Can Count on Me 7 Plot As children. Sammy brings her brother and son home the next morning and asks Terry to move out. but is surprised when he proposes to her after a short time. Confronted by his past. it appears the separation will be another heartache. Cast • Laura Linney as Samantha 'Sammy' Prescott • Mark Ruffalo as Terry Prescott • Matthew Broderick as Brian Everett • Jon Tenney as Bob Steegerson • Rory Culkin as Rudy Prescott • J. She responds that she needs time to consider it. Sammy and Terry Prescott lost their parents to a car accident. after his girlfriend attempts suicide he decides to extend his stay with his sister. • Gaby Hoffmann as Sheila Seidleman (Terry's girlfriend) • Adam LeFevre as Sheriff Darryl • Kenneth Lonergan as Ron (the priest) • Nina Garbiras as Nancy Everett • Kim Parker as Rudy Sr. After months of no communication with his sister. He plans to go back to Alaska and scoffs at Sammy's suggestion to remain in town and get his life back on track. still lives in her childhood home in Scottsville. After a day of fishing together. and comes to visit her and her son Rudy (Rory Culkin) who are excited about reuniting with their estranged loved one. Sammy lends him the money which he mails back to his girlfriend. At first.'s girlfriend . Terry is desperate for money. Sammy only gives him vague descriptions of the truth while Terry lets his feelings be known about Rudy Sr. Sammy turns down her boyfriend's marriage proposal and breaks off her relationship with Brian.

walks home in the rain were filmed with the assistance of the Margaretville Fire Many outdoor scenes away from the Village—most notably the fishing trip—were filmed in Phoenicia. the interiors were filmed in another bank closer to New York City since NBT considered interior filming a security risk. [3] [3] [2] The scenes where Rudy Jr. New York.Special Mention • Best Actor: Mark Ruffalo National Board of Review of Motion Pictures (2000) • Special Achievement Award National Society of Film Critics Awards (2001) • Best Screenplay • Best Actress: Laura Linney New York Film Critics Circle Awards (2000) • Best Screenplay • Best Actress: Laura Linney Satellite Awards (2001) • Best Screenplay. New York in the Catskill Mountains circa June 1999 (posters for Margaretville's 4th of July "Field Days" can be seen in shop windows). The cemetery seen in the film is not the village's—which cannot be seen from the road—rather it is a smaller Awards AFI Fest (2000) • Best New Writer • New Directions Award Boston Society of Film Critics Award (2000) • Best New Filmmaker Humanitas Prize (2001) • Feature Film Category Independent Spirit Awards (2001) • Best First Feature • Best Screenplay Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards (2000) • Best Screenplay • New Generation Award: Mark Ruffalo Montreal World Film Festival (2000) • Prize of the Ecumenical Jury . While the bank exteriors were filmed at Margaretville's NBT bank. cemetery four miles outside the village on Route 30. Original Sundance Film Festival (2000) • Grand Jury Prize. Department which used their trucks and hoses to create the rain. Dramatic • Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award .You Can Count on Me 8 Production The film was primarily shot in and around Margaretville.

. The film was shot entirely in Wilmington.and Counting: NBT Bank" (http://www. Her only recourse is to kill him. [3] You Can Count on Me – DVD Extras: Director Commentary External links • You Can Count on Me (http://www. It was produced by David Diliberto. her car gets stolen. North Carolina. New York and Auburn.com/title/tt0203230/) at the Internet Movie Database A Pork Chop for Larry A Pork Chop for Larry is an American short film directed by David Diliberto. Diana Weymar and James Shaughnessy. Cast • Amy Ryan • Jonathan Wilson • Tammy Arnold • Warren Hendon • Alex Halpern Production The film was written and directed by David Diliberto. She decides to poison him.imdb. [2] "150 Years. Every time she tries to leave him.You Can Count on Me Toronto Film Critics Association Awards (2000) • Best Actress: Laura Linney • Best Screenplay Writers Guild of America Award (2001) • Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen 9 References [1] You Can Count on Me – DVD Extras: Cast Interviews While there is an actual Scottsville. ..nbtbank. Summary The movie revolves around a carnival worker who wants to leave her husband.. Mark Gilmer was the cinematographer and Louise Byrne was the music composer. 43. they are further west in the Finger Lakes region. New York. It premiered at the Santa Barbara Film Festival in 2000.com/pdfs/NBTBank150Years. p.pdf) (PDF).

Theme music composer Tom Waits . Williams Michael K.The Wire 10 The Wire The Wire Title screen of season 2 Genre Created by Starring Drama David Simon Dominic West John Doman Idris Elba Frankie Faison Larry Gilliard. Williams Corey Parker Robinson Reg E. D. Jr. Wood Harris Deirdre Lovejoy Wendell Pierce Lance Reddick Andre Royo Sonja Sohn Chris Bauer Paul Ben-Victor Clarke Peters Amy Ryan Aidan Gillen Jim True-Frost Robert Wisdom Seth Gilliam Domenick Lombardozzi J. Coleman Jamie Hector Glynn Turman Clark Johnson Tom McCarthy Gbenga Akinnagbe Neal Huff Jermaine Crawford Tristan Wilds Michael Kostroff Michelle Paress Isiah Whitlock. Cathey Chad L. Jr.

2002 – March 9. The Wire premiered on June 2. produced. and about how we live together. Created. the school system. the port system. 2008 External links Official website [1] 11 Ending theme Country of origin No." [2] Despite never seeing a large commercial success or winning major television awards. Simon has said that despite its presentation as a crime drama. 2002 and ended on March 9. The large cast consists mainly of character actors who are little known for their other roles. The Wire has been described by many critics as the greatest television series ever made. They are. the city government and bureaucracy. Each season of The Wire focuses on a different facet of the city of Baltimore. its literary ambitions. Maryland Single-camera 55–60 minutes Broadcast Original channel Picture format Audio format Original run HBO 480i SDTV Dolby Digital 5. you are ultimately compromised and must contend with whatever institution you've committed to. in order: the illegal drug trade. Sixty episodes comprise its five seasons. of seasons No. a longshoreman. and the print news media. a judge or a lawyer. the show is "really about the American city. and its uncommonly deep exploration of sociopolitical themes. a drug dealer.The Wire Opening theme "Way Down in the Hole" Season 1: The Blind Boys of Alabama Season 2: Tom Waits Season 3: The Neville Brothers Season 4: DoMaJe Season 5: Steve Earle "The Fall" by Blake Leyh United States 5 60 (List of episodes) Production Executive producer(s) David Simon Robert F. Colesberry (Seasons 1–3) Nina Kostroff Noble (Seasons 3–5) Baltimore. Maryland. and primarily written by author and former police reporter David Simon. and how whether you're a cop. 2008. a politician. of episodes Location(s) Camera setup Running time The Wire is an American television drama series set and produced in Baltimore.1 June 2. the series was broadcast by the premium cable network HBO in the United States. . [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] The show is recognized for its realistic portrayal of urban life. It's about how institutions have an effect on individuals.

He chose to take The Wire to HBO because of their existing working relationship from the 2000 miniseries The Corner. also . During his time as a writer and producer for the NBC program Homicide: Life on the Street. and radio personality Ed Norris. Burns. but eventually agreed to produce the pilot episode. a Baltimore drug lord arrested in the 1980s by an [17] investigation that Ed Burns had been part of. when working on protracted investigations of violent drug dealers using surveillance technology. Lance Reddick. including former Maryland Governor Robert L. J. as well as crew members.The Wire 12 Production Conception Simon has stated that he originally set out to create a police drama loosely based on the experiences of his writing partner Ed Burns. including Wood Harris. [12] The initial cast was assembled through a process of auditions and readings. Jay Landsman. creator of The Wire NBC network executives who were displeased by the show's pessimism. had a recurring role as a deacon beginning in the third season. [18] played Lieutenant Dennis Baltimore police commander Gary D'Addario served as the series technical advisor for the first two and has a recurring role as prosecutor Gary DiPasquale. Peter Gerety. Michael K. a former homicide detective. [19] [20] Simon shadowed D'Addario's shift when researching his book Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets and both D'Addario and Landsman are subjects of the [22] More than a dozen cast members previously appeared on HBO's first hour long drama. Simon hoped that the show would change the opinions of some viewers but said that it was unlikely to have an impact on the issues it portrays. telling him that he wanted to give a bleak portrayal of certain aspects of the city. convicted felon. Williams got the part of Omar Little after [14] only a single audition. he was welcomed to work there again. Lewis appeared on Oz as well. had often been frustrated by the bureaucracy of the Baltimore police department. Clarke Peters. former police chief. Cathey were featured in very prominent roles in Oz. [21] seasons book. The looks of the cast as a whole have been described as defying TV expectations by presenting a true range of humanity on screen. A number of cast members. Clark Johnson. Simon had come into conflict with David Simon. while a number of other notable stars of The Wire. [9] Casting The casting of the show has been praised for avoiding big-name stars and providing character actors who appear [11] natural in their roles. a longtime police officer who inspired the character of the same name. Williams. Frankie Faison. John Doman. Simon saw similarities with his own ordeals as a police reporter for The Baltimore Sun. Simon chose to set the show in Baltimore because of his intimate familiarity with the city. Howard County Executive Ken Ulman. Rev. D. Owing to its reputation for exploring new areas. and former mayor Kurt Schmoke have appeared in minor roles despite not being professional actors. Michael Hyatt and Method Man appeared in at least one episode of Oz. and Reg E. Virginia Delegate Rob Bell. Toni Lewis and Callie Thorne also appeared on Homicide: Life on the Street. Ehrlich Jr. [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [23] Cast members Erik Dellums. [9] [10] He approached the mayor of Baltimore. Oz. Mello. based on his book Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets and also set in Baltimore. Several prominent real-life Baltimore figures. Simon wanted to avoid a repeat of these conflicts. Lance Reddick received the role of [13] Cedric Daniels after auditioning for several other parts. Domenick Lombardozzi. Frank M. HBO was initially doubtful about including a police drama in its lineup. Reid III. [15] [16] "Little Melvin" Williams.. Seth Gilliam.

The two exceptions were the fourth season's finale which uses words written on boarded up vacant homes attributed to "Baltimore. and Simon credits him for achieving the show's realistic visual feel. Directors include Homicide alumnus Clark Johnson. [30] [19] [29] [2] He also had a small [19] Colesberry's wife Karen L. Mencken that is shown on a wall at The Baltimore Sun in one . traditional" and the series finale. head writer. Alvarez is a colleague of Simon's from The Sun and a Baltimore native with working experience in the port area. Chew and Delaney Williams. and consist only of actors' names without identifying which actors play which roles. Corey Parker Robinson. as well as the series guidebook The Wire: Truth Be Told. [34] Staff writer Rafael Alvarez [35] penned several episodes' scripts. Boston. Emmy-award winner. separated by fast cutting (a technique rarely used in the show itself). Colesberry. using clips from previous episodes. Robert F. a former Baltimore homicide detective and public school teacher who had worked with Simon on other projects including The Corner. Robert F. concerning the show's subject matter that changes from season to season. The opening credits are superimposed on the sequence. 13 Crew Alongside Simon. Thorson joined him on the production staff. Cathey. Nina Kostroff Noble also stayed with the production staff for The Wire rounding Following Colesberry's death she became the show's second executive producer Stories for the show were often co-written by Ed Burns. showrunner and executive producer. Overmyer was brought into the [37] full-time production staff to replace Pelecanos who scaled back his involvement to concentrate on his next book and worked on the fourth season solely as a writer. out the initial four-person team. Pelecanos has commented that he was attracted to the project because of the opportunity to work with Simon. the episodes are preceded by a recap of events that have a bearing upon the upcoming narrative. recurring role as Detective Ray Cole. an Emmy winner who has worked on every season of The Sopranos. The directing has been Following the death of Colesberry. was executive producer for the first two seasons and directed the season 2 finale before dying from complications from heart surgery in 2004. joined. L. director Joe Chappelle joined [40] the production staff as a co-executive producer and continued to regularly direct episodes. Episode structure When broadcast on HBO and on some international networks. A third producer on The Corner. Zorzi joined the writing staff in the third season and brought a wealth of Playwright and television writer/producer Eric Overmyer joined the crew of The Wire in the show's fourth season as He had also previously worked on Homicide. a quotation is shown on-screen that is spoken by a character during the episode. a consulting producer and writer. The Corner veteran. Joy Lusco. the show's creator. actors' faces are rarely seen in the title sequence. Lance Reddick.The Wire appeared in the preceding HBO mini-series The Corner including Clarke Peters. and Tim Van Patten. alongside Simon. Burns also became a producer on The Wire in the show's fourth season. [11] [38] who directed several acclaimed episodes of The Shield. a series of shots. Another city native and Baltimore Sun writer independent filmmaker. Richard Price from the Bronx and Dennis Lehane from Reviewers drew comparisons between Price's works (particularly Clockers) and The Wire even before he [34] [33] In addition to writing. much of the creative team behind The Wire are alumni of Homicide and Emmy-winning miniseries The Corner. Pelecanos served as a producer for the third season. Each episode begins with a cold open that seldom contains a dramatic juncture. Reg E. [31] [35] [36] and political journalist William F. experience to the show's examination of Baltimore politics. [32] [31] Other writers for The Wire include three acclaimed crime fiction writers from outside of Baltimore: George Pelecanos from Washington. The show's opening title sequence then plays. which started with a quote from H. He is credited by the rest of the creative team as having a large creative role for a producer. praised for its uncomplicated and subtle style. mainly close-ups. Homicide and The Corner writer and [31] [39] college friend of Simon David Mills also joined the writing staff in the fourth season. The screen then fades or cuts to black while the intro music fades in. At the end of the sequence. In addition. also wrote for the show in each of its first three seasons.

many are trapped in their existence and all have human qualities.The Wire scene. 2008 on Nonesuch Records. and Avery Bargasse. in order. 14 Music The Wire primarily utilizes source cues rather than overlaying songs on the soundtrack. The closing theme is "The Fall". Progressive story arcs often unfold in different locations at the same time. Season four's version of "Way Down in the Hole" was arranged and recorded specifically for the show. the second "I Feel Alright" by Steve Earle. enhance the immersive viewing experience. with the theme being performed. Themes Realism The writers strove to create a realistic vision of an American city based on their own experiences. However. This practice is rarely but occasionally breached. the third "Fast Train" written by Van Morrison and performed by Solomon Burke. Even so. John and performed by Paul Weller. While the songs reflect the mood of the sequence. It has to glance at what you're trying to say. Tariq Al-Sabir. The former features music from [44] all five seasons of the series and the latter includes local Baltimore artists exclusively. "Mission Accomplished".. [46] The writing also uses contemporary slang to In distinguishing the police characters from other television detectives. brutal. [45] The show often casts non-professional actors in minor roles. notably for the end of season montages and occasionally with a brief overlap of the closing theme and the final shot. composed by Blake Leyh. or employing a score. but by the intellectual vanity of believing they are smarter than the criminals they are chasing. by The Blind Boys of Alabama. Episodes rarely end with a cliffhanger.Five Years of Music from The Wire and [44] Beyond Hamsterdam. called The Wire: And All the Pieces Matter -. were released on January 8. or hamstrung by bureaucracy and politics. [2] . Two soundtrack albums. playing the recovering drug addict Walon. self-aggrandizing. Yet at the same time it can't be totally off point. In the commentary track to episode 37. . Central to this aim is the creation of truthful characters. Simon makes the point that even the best police of The Wire are motivated not by a desire to protect and serve. who is also the show's music supervisor. Each season uses a different recording of it against a different opening sequence. executive producer David Simon said: "I hate it when somebody purposely tries to have the lyrics match the visual. the same version of the song used as the opening theme for the first season. many officers portrayed on the show are incompetent. The first season montage is played over "Step by Step" by Jesse Winchester. DoMaJe and Steve Earle. Markel Steele. The criminals are not always motivated by profit or a desire to harm others. Source cues are pieces of music that emanate from an element within the scene. a gospel. Simon has stated that most of them are composites of real-life Baltimore figures. while many of the police do exhibit altruistic qualities. their lyrics are usually only loosely tied to the visual shots. Waits himself. distinguishing itself from other television [46] series by showing the "faces and voices of the real city" it depicts.and blues-inspired song originally written by Tom Waits for his 1987 album Franks Wild Years. neither quote being spoken by a character." [33] [42] Earle. such as a jukebox or car radio. and close with a fade or cut to black with the closing music fading in. [41] The opening theme is "Way Down in the Hole".. a song is played before the closing scene in a montage showing the major characters' lives continuing in the aftermath of the narrative. is also a member of [43] the cast. and is performed by five Baltimore teenagers: Ivan Ashford. During season finales. The Wire does not minimize or gloss over the horrific effects of their actions. and the fifth uses an extended version of "Way Down In The Hole" by the Blind Boys of Alabama. the fourth "I Walk on Gilded Splinters" written by Dr. who performed the fifth season's version. Cameron Brown. It brutalizes the visual in a way to have the lyrics dead on point. The Neville Brothers.

Surveillance Central to the structure and plot of the show is the use of electronic surveillance and wiretap technologies by the police—hence the title The Wire.The Wire The show is realistic in depicting the processes of both police work and criminal activity. Simon chose this structure with an eye towards long story arcs that draw a viewer in and then result in a more satisfying payoff. the Baltimore public school system. He uses the metaphor of a visual novel in several interviews. and the stevedores' union — as comparable institutions. [9] [51] describing each episode as a chapter. or gang member D'Angelo Barksdale accepting 20 years in prison contrary to his strong desire to turn in his uncle Avon and take a plea. this type of conflict is pervasive in all aspects of the show. [48] A central theme developed throughout the show is the struggle between individual desires and subordination to the group's goals. In December 2006.com has described the show as novelistic in structure.com described the title as a metaphor for the viewer's experience: the wiretaps provide the police with access to a secret world. All are dysfunctional in some way. [2] Visual novel Many important events occur off-camera and there is no artificial exposition in the form of voice-over or flashbacks. Simon described the show as "cynical about [its] institutions" [48] while taking a humanistic approach toward its characters. [32] Each season of The Wire consists of 10–13 full-hour episodes. to emphasize the volume of surveillance in modern life and the characters' need to sift through this information. which form several multi-layered narratives. with a greater depth of writing and plotting than other crime shows. Thus. the Barksdale drug trafficking operation. and has also commented [2] that this allows a fuller exploration of the show's themes in time not spent on plot development. and even this brief use of the flashback technique is actually replaying a momentary footage clip from earlier in the same episode. or shots that appear to be taken from the equipment itself. The fifth season portrays a working newsroom [49] and has been hailed as the most realistic portrayal of the media in film and television. will attempt to use subordinates as scapegoats for any major scandals. just as the show does for the viewer. . [50] [47] [48] 15 Institutional dysfunction Simon has identified the organizations featured in the show — the Baltimore Police Department. The Washington Post carried an article in which local African-American students stated that the show had "hit a nerve" with the black community. [2] There is also a sentiment echoed by a detective in "Narcotics"—"Shit rolls downhill"—which describes how superiors. and the characters are typically betrayed by the institutions that they accept in their lives. Whether it is Officer Jimmy McNulty using all his cards to pursue a high-profile case despite resistance from his own department. Many of the plot points were based on the experiences of Simon and Burns. especially in the higher tiers of the police department in the series. Salon. City Hall. the viewer needs to follow every conversation closely to understand who's who and what's going on. The Baltimore Sun. The article expressed great sadness at the toll drugs and violence are taking on the black community. There have even been reports of real-life criminals watching the show to learn how to counter police investigation techniques. Salon. [32] Simon has discussed the use of camera shots of surveillance equipment. with the sole exception of one flashback at the end of the pilot episode. and that they themselves knew real-life counterparts of many of the characters.

so that viewers cannot assume that a given character will survive simply because of a starring role or popularity among fans.The Wire 16 Social commentary Simon described the second season as "a meditation on the death of work and the betrayal of the American working class … it is a deliberate argument is not that a unencumbered capitalism substitute for social policy. and Kima Greggs characters. The Wire became the second-longest running dramatic series with a predominantly African-American cast in the history of American prime-time television. [54] [53] Burns and Simon see the theme as an opportunity to explore how individuals end up like the show's criminal characters. imparting to Carver his view that policing has been allowed to become a war and thus will never succeed in its aims. Cedric Daniels. and whether there is any possibility that political processes. dramatize the notion that hard work is not always justly rewarded. become a war against America's underclass. Jimmy McNulty. with the airing of its 55th episode. Writer Ed Burns." The third season is also an allegory that draws explicit parallels between the Iraq War and the national drug prohibition. and to Cast and characters The Wire employs a broad ensemble cast. the fourth season looks at schools as a porous part of the community that are affected by problems outside of their boundaries." [45] He added that season 3 "reflects on the nature of reform and reformers. which accurately reflects the demographics of Baltimore. seated: Lester Freamon. Burns states that education comes from many sources other than schools and that children can be educated by other means. Rhonda Pearlman. has called education the theme of the fourth season. from left. On February 3. . [52] [45] "Murderland Alley" is both realistically and bleakly portrayed. who worked as a public school teacher after retiring from the Baltimore police force shortly before going to work with Simon. Only Soul Food has aired more episodes. that on its own. can mitigate against the forces currently arrayed against individuals. The majority of the cast is African American. Roland "Prez" Pryzbylewski. without a social compact. which in Simon's view has failed in its aims [48] and has This is portrayed by Major Colvin. Rather than focusing solely on the school system. David Simon said. raw capitalism is destined to serve the few at the expense of the many. including contact with the drug dealers they work for. supplemented by many recurring guest stars who populate the institutions featured in the show. long calcified. However. In response to a question on why a certain character had to die. 2008. The show's creators are also willing to kill off major The police. this is a rarity in American television drama.

from left. Nick Sobotka. Kima Greggs (Sonja Sohn) was a capable lead detective who faced jealousy from colleagues and worry about the dangers of her job from her domestic partner. I'm afraid. It is. Bunk Moreland (Wendell Pierce) was a gifted. The detail was led by Lieutenant Cedric Daniels (Lance Reddick) who faced challenges balancing his career aspirations with his desire to produce a good case. the cultures of addiction. [55] 17 Principal cast The major characters of the first season were divided between those on the side of the law and those involved in drug-related crime. In the homicide division. and Bodie Broadus The docks. The Greek.The Wire We are not selling hope. Poot Carr. partners Thomas "Herc" Hauk (Domenick Lombardozzi) and Ellis Carver (Seth Gilliam) were reassigned to the detail from the narcotics unit. from left. dry-witted detective partnered with McNulty . Her investigative work was greatly helped by her criminal informant. D'Angelo Barksdale. from left. raw capitalism even— do to individuals. The duo's initially violent nature was eventually subdued as they proved useful in grunt work. criminal enterprises. It is not designed purely as an entertainment. [32] The Barksdale crew. and Norman Wilson These investigators were overseen by two commanding officers more concerned with politics and their own careers than the case. and Prez turned out to be a natural at following paper trails. Wee-Bey Brice. a somewhat angry show. and sometimes served as comic relief for the audience. Tommy Carcetti. Major William Rawls (John Doman) and Deputy Commissioner Ervin Burrell (Frankie Faison). or audience gratification. a drug addict known as Bubbles (Andre Royo). The politicians. Stringer Bell. Assistant state's attorney Rhonda Pearlman (Deirdre Lovejoy) acted as the legal liaison between the detail and the courthouse and also had a casual relationship with McNulty. Like Greggs. Freamon proved a quietly capable investigator with a knack for noticing tiny but important details. Clay Davis. whose insubordinate tendencies and personal problems played counterpoint to his ability. or cheap victories with this show. and Frank Sobotka Rounding out the temporary unit were detectives Lester Freamon (Clarke Peters) and Roland "Prez" Pryzbylewski (Jim True-Frost). The investigating detail was launched by the actions of Detective Jimmy McNulty (Dominic West). The Wire is making an argument about what institutions—bureaucracies. Though not initially important players in the operation.

from left. Ziggy Sobotka (James Ransone). Cathey). Frank's troubled son. Williams). D. Chew). leaving the new characters behind. the official who started the case moving. Colvin commanded the Western district where the Barksdale organization operated. Duquan "Dukie" Weems. returned to the cast as part of the major crimes unit. [32] 18 On the other side of the investigation was Avon Barksdale's drug empire. ruthless Barksdale (Wood Harris) was aided by business-minded Stringer Bell (Idris Elba). he was born to their trade and showed a fierce aptitude for it. As the second season ended. and Dennis "Cutty" Wise (Chad Coleman). from left. Chris Partlow. the East Side's cautious drug kingpin. Proposition Joe. and nearing retirement. Williams). an ambitious city councilman. Working under D'Angelo were Poot (Tray Chaney). the focus shifted away from the ports. Omar Little (Michael K. The driven. Bodie had been seen gradually rising in the Barksdale organization since the first episode. Vondas's mysterious boss. and Sobotka a union leader who turned to crime to raise funds to save his union. Proposition Joe (Robert F. and Poot a randy young man happy to follow rather than lead. Also joining the show in season 2 were Nick Sobotka (Pablo Schreiber). four young actors joined the cast: Jermaine Crawford as Duquan "Dukie" Weems. Another newcomer was Norman Wilson (Reg E. Jr. Williams). the jovial squad commander. Michael Lee and Namond Brice inexperienced Port authority officer and single mother thrown in at the deep end of a multiple homicide investigation. became more cooperative with the Barksdale Organization. Russell an The schools. O-Dog. and Tristan Wilds as Michael Lee. including Spiros "Vondas" Vondopoulos (Paul Ben-Victor). . Williams). The characters are friends from a West Baltimore middle school. In the fourth season. The third season saw several previously recurring characters assuming larger starring roles. the incumbent whom Carcetti planned to unseat. Omar (Michael K.The Wire under Sergeant Jay Landsman (Delaney Williams). Beadie Russell (Amy Ryan). Snoop. New additions in the third season included Tommy Carcetti (Aidan Gillen). a rising young star in the police department in season 1. [32] The Stanfield crew.D. and Wallace (Michael B. Marlo Stanfield (Jamie Hector). Omar had a vendetta against the Barksdale organization and gave them all of his lethal attention. Vondas was the underboss of a global smuggling operation. The second season introduced a new group of characters working in the Baltimore port area. Bodie (J. a newly released convict uncertain of his future. but also possessed a guilty conscience. and Cheese Wagstaff Wallace was an intelligent but [32] naive youth trapped in the drug trade.) ran some of his uncle's territory. Sydnor. Bodie (J. Jordan). including Detective Leander Sydnor (Corey Parker Robinson). while loyal Wee-Bey Brice (Hassan Johnson) was responsible for multiple homicides carried out on Avon's orders. and "The Greek" (Bill Raymond). Marlo Stanfield. he came up with a radical new method of dealing with the drug problem. Julito McCullum as Namond Brice. and Frank Sobotka (Chris Bauer). a renowned Baltimore stick-up man robbing drug dealers for a living. and Major Howard "Bunny" Colvin (Robert Wisdom). Frank's nephew. Maestro Harrell as Randy Wagstaff. was a frequent thorn in the side of the Barksdale clan. Avon's nephew D'Angelo Barksdale (Larry Gilliard. all street-level drug dealers. Mayor Clarence Royce (Glynn Turman). Randy Wagstaff. Peter Gerety had a recurring role as Judge Phelan. leader of an upstart gang seeking to challenge Avon's dominance.

This causes the detail's targets to suspect that they are under investigation. D'Angelo struggles with his conscience over his life of crime and the people it affects. However. The organization is antagonized by a stick-up crew led by Omar Little. triggering an overzealous response from the rest of the department.The Wire Carcetti's deputy campaign manager. Avon Barksdale. owing to the department's dysfunctionality. Cedric Daniels. on orders from Stringer Bell. with Daniels passed over for promotion and McNulty assigned out of homicide. acts as mediator between the two opposing groups of police. Wallace is murdered by his childhood friends Bodie and Poot. chief enforcer of the now dominant Stanfield Organization. Stringer Bell. 19 Plot synopses and episode list Season 1 The first season introduces two major groups of characters: the Baltimore police department and a drug dealing organization run by the Barksdale family. Stringer escapes prosecution and is left running the Barksdale empire. He is joined in the newsroom by two other new stars. a young low-level dealer and friend of D'Angelo. having recognized several faces at the trial. Eventually the investigation takes the direction of electronic surveillance. the organized and cautious Barksdale gang is explored through characters at various levels within it. However. . embarrassing them into creating a detail dedicated to investigating Barksdale. The police have little success with street-level arrests or with securing informants beyond Wallace. Two other actors also join the starring cast having previously portrayed their corrupt characters as guest stars – Michael Kostroff as defense attorney Maurice Levy and Isiah Whitlock. Michelle Paress and Tom McCarthy play young reporters Alma Gutierrez and Scott Templeton. the consequences of antagonizing their superiors are severe. D'Angelo's mother convinces him to rescind the deal and take the charges for his family. Throughout. The investigation is triggered when detective Jimmy McNulty meets privately with judge Daniel Phelan following the acquittal of D'Angelo Barksdale for murder after a key witness changes her story. Wee-Bey. He also tells Phelan that nobody is investigating Barksdale's criminal activity. to confess to most of the murders. the commanding officers order the detail to undertake a sting operation to wrap up the case. and the feud leads to several deaths. Meanwhile. Crew member Clark Johnson appeared in front of the camera for the first time to play Augustus Haynes. McNulty tells Phelan that the witness has probably been intimidated by members of a drug trafficking empire run by D'Angelo's uncle. some of which he did not commit. with wiretaps and pager clones to infiltrate the security measures taken by the Barksdale organization. The detail manages to arrest Avon on a minor charge and gets one of his soldiers. as senator Clay Davis. after leaving his "secure" placement with relatives and returning to Baltimore. Neal Huff reprises his role as Mayoral chief of staff Michael Steintorf having previously appeared as a guest star at the end of the fourth season. The fifth season saw several actors join the starring cast. Gbenga Akinnagbe returns as the previously recurring Chris Partlow. notably Avon's second-in-command. Jr. The detail's commander. the principled editor of the city desk of The Baltimore Sun. When an associate of Avon Barksdale's is arrested by State Police and offers to cooperate. For the officers. the investigation is intended as a façade to appease the judge. The season follows the investigation of the latter over its 13 episodes. D'Angelo Barksdale is eventually arrested with a large quantity of drugs. is ready to turn in his uncle and Stringer. This leads the investigation to areas the commanding officers had hoped to avoid. An interdepartmental struggle between the more motivated officers on the detail and their superiors spans the whole season. including political contributions. which includes a significant portion of the city's drug trade and several unsolved homicides. Phelan takes issue with this and complains to senior Police Department figures. with interference by the higher-ups often threatening to ruin the investigation. Detective Kima Greggs is seriously hurt in the operation. and learning of Wallace's murder.

upset that their focus has moved beyond Sobotka. McNulty harbors a vendetta against his former commanders for reassigning him to the marine unit. having been praised by Prez. over competing donations to their old neighborhood church. a leader of the International Brotherhood of Stevedores. He again goes behind Avon's back. As union leader. Stringer also struggles with the loss of his drug suppliers and bad quality product. with . Mouzone recovers and leaves Baltimore. the Greek learns about this through the FBI and has Sobotka killed. faking it as a suicide. Sobotka's son Ziggy is charged with the murder of one of the Greek's underlings. finally seeing his actions as a mistake. Stringer deals with this by tricking his old adversary Omar into believing that Mouzone was responsible for the vicious killing of his partner in their feud in season one. Lacking the funds needed for this kind of influence. unaware of the arrangement. Seeking revenge. He contracts a feared assassin named Brother Mouzone. the mysterious man in charge. examines the plight of the blue-collar urban working class as exemplified by stevedores in the city port. Life for the blue-collar men of the port is increasingly hard and work is scarce. Sobotka has become involved with a smuggling ring. along with its ongoing examination of the drug problem and its effect on the urban poor. D'Angelo decides to cut ties to his family after his uncle organizes the deaths of several inmates and blames it on a corrupt guard to shave time from his sentence. the Barksdale organization continues its drug trafficking despite Avon's imprisonment.The Wire 20 Season 2 The second season. the Barksdale organization continues its business under Stringer while Avon and D'Angelo Barksdale serve prison time. police Major Stan Valchek gets into a feud with Frank Sobotka. The Greek has contacts inside the FBI and starts severing his ties to Baltimore when he learns about the investigation. but is viewed as a failure by the detail. Several drug dealers and mid-level smuggling figures tied to the Greek are arrested. Cedric Daniels is interviewed. the case is seen as a success by the commanding officers. as some of them get caught up in smuggling drugs and other contraband inside the containers that their port receives. McNulty makes a spiteful effort to stick the murders within the jurisdiction of his former commander. Major Valcheck's son-in-law. he agrees to work with the detail to help his son. Avon is unaware of Stringer's duplicity and mourns the loss of his nephew. his son and nephew also turn to crime. It becomes clear to the Sobotka detail that the dead girls are related to their investigation. After a dispute over stolen goods turns violent. but realizes Stringer has lied and calls 9-1-1. and due to his work on the Barksdale case. Meanwhile. The Major is pleased that Sobotka was arrested. Sobotka himself is arrested for smuggling. Stringer Bell assuming greater power. When fourteen unidentified young women are found dead in a container at the docks. Valchek demands a detail to investigate Sobotka. Avon. and Stringer is free to continue his business with Proposition Joe with new consent from Avon Barksdale. but he and his second-in-command escape uncharged and unidentified. But Valchek. when the investigation is concluded Daniels is assured he will move up to head a special case unit with personnel of his choosing. Across town. The investigation ends with the fourteen homicides solved but the perpetrator already dead. [45] In a season-long subplot. a fictional dockers' union. However. gets the FBI involved. assumes that Joe and other dealers are moving into his territory simply because the Barksdale organization has too few enforcers. Sobotka has taken it on himself to reinvigorate the port by convincing politicians to support much-needed initiatives. They again use wiretaps to infiltrate the crime ring and slowly work their way up the chain towards The Greek. as they have few other opportunities to earn money. Omar shoots Mouzone. giving up half of Avon's most prized territory to a rival named Proposition Joe in exchange for a share of his supply. He is eventually selected to lead the detail assigned just to investigate Sobotka. as they were in a container that was supposed to be smuggled through the port. Around him. Eventually Stringer covertly orders D'Angelo killed.

going to work for Avon. Stringer gives Major Colvin information on Avon's weapons stash. and Marlo's young crew simply moves into their territory. Thus the drug trade in West Baltimore continues with little change. and the two gangs become embroiled in a bitter turf war with multiple deaths. Colvin is forced to cease his actions. informs Mouzone of Stringer's upcoming visit to his construction site. city-wide. as in Amsterdam and other European cities. Stringer's proposal is met with a curt refusal from Marlo Stanfield. Avon. the action focused back on the street and the Barksdale organization but expanded the scope to include the political scene. he assumes the task of containing the problem. growing crew. Without the knowledge of central command. he sets up areas where drug trade would go unpunished and cracks down on any traffic elsewhere. Councilman Tommy Carcetti begins to prepare himself for a mayoral race. leader of a new. But Stringer is himself being betrayed by Avon: Brother Mouzone had returned to Baltimore and tracked down Omar to join forces. These were continuations of storylines hinted at earlier. and two women. The violence related to the drug trade makes it an obvious choice of investigation for Cedric Daniels' now-permanent Major Crimes Unit. and starts making headlines for himself. Finding he no longer has the heart for murder. were reduced street crime. and increased outreach of health and social services to at-risk populations. including Carcetti who uses the scandal to make a grandstanding speech. remembering how Stringer disregarded his order which resulted in Stringer attempting to have Brother Mouzone killed. once a drug dealer's enforcer. Stringer Bell continues his reform of the organization by cooperating with other drug lords. Dennis "Cutty" Wise. Colvin tells McNulty about Avon's hideout. The demolition of the towers that had served as the Barksdale organization's prime territory pushes their dealers back out onto the streets of Baltimore. With top brass outraged. Dante. Working with his new boyfriend. possibly still furious over D'Angelo's murder (Stringer having finally confessed the truth). the detail stages a raid. His struggles to adapt to life as a free man show an attempt at personal reform. is released from prison alongside Avon. product. Mouzone and Omar corner him and shoot him to death. Major Howard "Bunny" Colvin decides to achieve some real change in the neighborhoods he has long been responsible for. The posited benefits.The Wire 21 Season 3 In the third season. His scheme achieves his aims and reduces crime in his district. Barksdale's criminal empire lies in ruins. Avon decides to take Marlo's territory by force. and retire from the department on a lower-grade pension. but is eventually exposed to his superiors and city politicians. and armed with the information gleaned from selling the Barksdale crew pre-wiretapped disposable cell phones. Omar Little continues to rob the Barksdale organization wherever possible. Mouzone tells Avon that his shooting must be avenged. . sharing with one another territory. Against Stringer's advice. Seeing the spread of drug dealing into previously unscathed areas following the destruction of the towers. and fearing Mouzone's ability to harm his reputation outside of Baltimore. and profits. arresting Avon and most of his underlings. He manipulates a colleague into running against the mayor to split the black vote. A new subplot was introduced to explore the potential positive effects of de facto "legalizing" the illegal drug trade. The Major Crimes Unit learns that Stringer has been buying real estate and developing it to fulfill his dream of being a successful legitimate businessman. he eventually uses funding from Avon to purchase new equipment for his nascent boxing gym. Coming to the end of his career. within the limited boundaries of a few uninhabited city blocks — referred to as Hamsterdam. and incidentally prostitution. secures a capable campaign manager. accept a demotion. he is once more a serious problem. Believing that the bloody turf war with Marlo is poised to destroy everything the Barksdale crew had worked for. Cutty tries to work as a manual laborer and then flirts with his former life. There.

are furious at Joe for allowing the shipment to be stolen. Royce initially has a seemingly insurmountable lead over challengers Tommy Carcetti and Tony Gray. Joe sets up a meet between him and Spiros Vondas. with Dukie leaving high school to work there. the co-op members. His enforcers Chris Partlow and Snoop conceal their numerous victims in boarded-up row houses where the bodies will not be readily discovered. The major crimes unit from earlier seasons is . Marlo frames Omar for a murder and attempts to have him murdered in jail. however. Prez has begun a new career as a math teacher. unbeknownst to him. Disruptive Namond is removed from class and placed in the research group. Randy's house is firebombed by school bullies for his cooperation with the police. Namond. Royce's lead begins to fray. The disappearances of so many known criminals come to mystify both the major crimes unit investigating Marlo and the homicide unit assigned to solve the presumed murders. and a closer look at Marlo Stanfield's drug gang. using murder and intimidation to make up for his weak-quality drugs and lack of business acumen. work as drug runners for Bodie. Detectives Kima Greggs and Lester Freamon. He encourages the boy to attend class. At the same school. but some of them start to slip away. leaving his caring foster mother hospitalized and sending him back to a group home. which has grown to control most of western Baltimore's trafficking. Randy reveals to the assistant principal knowledge of a murder in a moment of desperation. but Omar manages to beat the charge with the help of Bunk. Marlo demands satisfaction. Bubbles turns himself in to the police and tries to hang himself. Bubbles had prepared for their tormentor. Namond is taken in by Colvin. Dennis "Cutty" Wise continues to work with boys in his boxing gym. but he survives and is taken to a detox facility. leading to his being interrogated by police. Their work is shut down by Commissioner Ervin Burrell at Mayor Clarence Royce's request. Howard "Bunny" Colvin joins a research group attempting to study potential future criminals while they are still young. including Marlo. Michael has now joined the ranks of Marlo's killers and runs one of his corners. Freamon discovers the bodies Chris and Snoop had hidden. and as a result. Bubbles takes a homeless teenager named Sherrod under his wing. as they enter the eighth grade. Other major plots include the mayoral race that continues the political storyline begun in season three. and later Michael. Marlo coerces Bodie into working under him. now a Major commanding the Western District. Proposition Joe engineers a conflict between Omar Little and Marlo to convince Marlo to join the New Day Co-Op. with a big war chest and major endorsements. investigate Avon Barksdale's political donations and serve several key figures with subpoenas. which he fails to do. The show introduces Dukie. Despite mentorship from the more seasoned faculty.The Wire 22 Season 4 The fourth season expanded its scope again to include an examination of the school system. Omar learns Marlo set him up. Namond. Marlo begins investigating them to learn more about their role in bringing narcotics into Baltimore. and after being placed under stricter supervision within their unit. who has had middling success selling Proposition Joe's product independently. Meanwhile. Michael. the city's mayoral primary race enters its closing weeks. both Greggs and Freamon request and receive transfer to the homicide division. and gets revenge on him and Proposition Joe by robbing the entire shipment of the Co-Op. where he gradually develops affection and respect for Colvin. and refuses promotions from Daniels. Sherrod dies after injecting a poisoned vial of heroin that. but is shot dead on his corner by O-Dog. Randy. McNulty has found peace working as a patrolman and living with Beadie Russell. Meanwhile. as his own political machinations turn against him and Carcetti starts to highlight the city's crime problem. as part of the major crimes unit. This propels Carcetti to victory in the primary. Prez has a few successes with his students. four boys from West Baltimore. Having gotten a lead on Joe's connection to the Greeks. and accepts a job at the school rounding up truants. who assuages Marlo's concerns. Bodie offers McNulty testimony against Marlo and his crew. who recognized the good in him. The cold-blooded Marlo has come to dominate the streets of the west side. After Omar robs Marlo.

who positions Daniels to replace him. Bubbles is recovering from his drug addiction while living in his sister's basement. City Editor Gus Haynes becomes suspicious. The Baltimore Sun also faces budget cuts and the newsroom struggles to adequately cover the city. A wanted man. Detective McNulty returns to the Homicide unit. according to David Simon. Templeton claims to have been contacted by McNulty's fake serial killer. Commissioner Burrell continues to falsify crime statistics and is fired by Carcetti. leading to a murder warrant against Partlow for killing Michael's stepfather." Issues such as the quest for profit. The story gains momentum and Carcetti spins the resulting attention on homelessness into a key issue in his imminent campaign for Governor and restores funding to the police department. and in fact elements of the plot are taken from accounts of real-life events (such as the Jayson Blair NY Times The season. Instead. providing a home for his friend Dukie and younger brother Bug. Omar returns to Baltimore seeking revenge. alongside the theme of homelessness. Bunk resumes working the vacant house murders. Davis reveals Levy has a mole in the courthouse from whom he illegally purchases copies of sealed indictments. something which would jeopardize the entire case. Herc tells Levy that the Stanfield case was probably based on an illegal wiretap. Bunk is disgusted with McNulty's serial killer scheme and tries to have Lester Freamon reason with McNulty. but his superiors are enamored of Templeton. Stanfield suspects that Michael is an informant. and begins a career as a stick-up man. he is eventually shot and killed by Kenard. and orders him killed. Greggs tells Daniels. Michael realizes he is being set up and kills Snoop instead. a young Stanfield dealer. who orders a cover-up because of the issue's importance to his campaign. along with Rhonda Pearlman. Cedric Daniels secures a detail to refocus on the prosecution of Senator Davis for corruption. targeting Stanfield's organization.The Wire largely reunited. and the end of aspiration for news quality would all be addressed. After Levy reveals this to Pearlman. Freamon and Leander Sydnor gather enough evidence to arrest Stanfield and most of his top lieutenants. omitting many important stories. Freamon helps McNulty to perpetuate the lie and uses the funds for an illegal wiretap on Stanfield. and they resume their investigation of Marlo Stanfield. who eventually writes a profile of Bubbles. who. scandal) and people at the Sun. He is befriended by Sun reporter Mike Fletcher. takes this news to Carcetti. With his support system gone Dukie lives with drug addicts. while his . [57] [56] The show depicts the newspaper The Baltimore Sun. Stanfield lures his enemy Omar Little out of retirement by having Omar's mentor Butchie murdered. Fifteen months after the fourth season concludes. McNulty decides to divert resources back to the police department by faking evidence to make it appear that a serial killer is murdering homeless men. he leaves Bug with an Aunt. However. stealing and destroying money and drugs and killing Stanfield enforcers in an attempt to force Stanfield into the open. Once Joe is no longer useful to him. deals with "what stories get told and what [56] don't and why it is that things stay the same. Mayor Carcetti's cuts in the police budget to redress the education deficit force the investigation of Marlo Stanfield to shut down. Michael Lee continues working as a Stanfield enforcer. she uses Levy's espionage to blackmail him into agreeing to a plea bargain for his defendants. Levy ensures Stanfield's release on the condition that he permanently retires. the decrease in the number of reporters. Stanfield has Joe killed and usurps his position with the Greeks and the New Day Co-Op. but Freamon uses the threat of federal prosecution to blackmail him for information. seizing a large quantity of drugs. 23 Season 5 The fifth season focuses on the media and media consumption. Davis is acquitted. McNulty tells Kima Greggs about his fabrications to prevent her wasting time on the case. Proposition Joe teaches Marlo Stanfield how to launder money and evade investigation.

Proposition Joe as a slick business kid. Carcetti pressures Daniels to falsify crime statistics to aid his campaign. Haynes is sidelined to the copy desk and replaced by Fletcher. including strong characterization. first season on DVD was high at Entertainment Weekly. [58] [59] some even calling it superior to HBO's better-known [60] [61] [62] "flagship" drama series such as The Sopranos and Six Feet Under. and its unique status as "broadcast literature. heavy use of esoteric slang. The Wire received poor Nielsen ratings. Dukie injects heroin. . In a final montage. Stanfield sells the connection to The Greeks back to the Co-Op. Pearlman tells McNulty and Freamon that they can no longer be allowed to do investigative work and warns of criminal charges if the scandal becomes public. McNulty gazes over the city. [39] One reviewer with the Boston Phoenix felt [66] that the subculture of the docks was not as absorbing as that of the housing projects. but ultimately he cannot resist the lure of the corner. the drug trade continues. and the people of Baltimore go on with their lives. Chris serves his life sentence alongside Wee-Bey. Michael becomes a stickup boy. a poor time slot. [64] Critics felt the show was testing the attention span of its audience and felt that it was mistimed in the [63] wake of the launch of the successful crime drama The Shield on FX. Entertainment Weekly named The Wire the best show of 2004. Bubbles is allowed upstairs where he enjoys a family dinner. Freamon enjoys retirement. Reception Critical response The first season received positive reviews from critics. describing it as "the smartest. 24 Prequel shorts The Season 5 DVD contains three short prequels depicting short moments in the history of characters in The Wire." They credited the complexity of the show for its poor ratings. Carcetti becomes Governor. but was largely positive about the show's characters and intrigue. Pearlman becomes a judge and Daniels a defense attorney. but McNulty quickly identifies and arrests the culprit. after which he plans to become a businessman." It also worried that the loss of the show would have a negative impact on Baltimore's economy. The three prequels depict the first meeting between McNulty and Bunk. Campbell appoints Valchek as commissioner. One reviewer felt that the show was [63] partially a retread of themes from HBO and David Simon's earlier works but still valuable viewing and described the series as particularly resonant because it parallels the war on terror through the chronicling of the war on drugs. Templeton wins a Pulitzer. [68] At the close of the third season. They opt to retire. [67] The Baltimore City Paper was so concerned that the show might be cancelled that it published a list of ten reasons to keep it on the air. The critical response to the third season remained positive. anticipation for a release of the The Guardian described the second season as even more powerful than the first and praised it for deconstructing the show's central foundations with a willingness to explore new areas.The Wire subordinates will have to accept long sentences. particularly among the gangster characters. Omar Little. As the cover-up begins. and a predominantly black cast. deepest and most resonant drama on TV. Daniels refuses and then quietly resigns rather than have his FBI file leaked. The Wire still struggled to maintain its ratings and the show faced possible [69] cancellation. Creator David Simon blamed the show's low ratings in part on its competition against Desperate [70] Housewives and worried that expectations for HBO dramas had changed following the success of The Sopranos. Haynes attempts to expose Templeton but the managing editors ignore the fabrications and demote anyone critical of their star reporter. and young Omar. which Simon attributed to the complexity of the plot. However. Despite the critical acclaim. the review continued to praise the writers for creating a realistic world and populating it with an array of interesting characters. an unabashedly honest representation of real world problems. [65] However. [38] Another review postulated that the series might suffer because of its reliance on profanity and slowly drawn-out plot. a copy-cat killing occurs.

respectively. the highest for any television show since Metacritic began tracking them in 2005. and the education system are deeply intertwined. stating that "no [75] other TV show has ever loved a city so well. an online collection of articles published in darkmatter Journal critically analyzes The Wire's Entertainment Weekly put it on its end-of-the-decade. or sung it so searingly. stating that "even in what is generally acknowledged to be something of a golden era for thoughtful and entertaining dramas—both on cable channels and on network TV—The Wire stands out." The website Metacritic. . [79] [80] [67] the the San Francisco Chronicle. and 2008. American basic cable network BET also airs the show. in disciplines ranging from law to sociology to film studies. they must often give focused attention to just one subject in relative isolation. calling it possibly the greatest show of the last 20 years. at the expense of others. 2003. has assigned to The Wire's fourth season a weighted average score of 98%. Much of the waterfront storyline from the second season is edited out from the BET On April 13. "The Wire" can be more creative. calling it the "most The ambitious" show on television. 2010. occasionally skipping one or two weeks in favor of other programming. Slate. With the freedom of artistic expression. poverty and 'the death of the American working class. [77] [4] [75] [76] Several reviewers have called it the best show on television. [90] [89] [88] BET adds commercial breaks. It can weave together the range of forces that shape the lives of the urban poor. several colleges and universities have begun offering classes on The Wire. in which he often speaks highly of it. New episodes were shown once a week. American cable provider DirecTV announced that it would air all five seasons of The Wire in high-definition beginning July 18.The Wire As the fourth season was poised to begin. Chicago Tribune.' the failure of political systems to help the people they serve and the tyranny of lost hope. including TIME. saying. and mutes some profanity. [39] [78] the Philadelphia Daily News and the British newspaper The Guardian a book. The Wire Re-up. broadcasts. [91] [91] This would be the first time the show has ever been shown in Considering The Wire was not originally aired in high-definition. crime and prison. "The deft writing—which used the cop-genre format to give shape to creator David Simon's scathing social critiques—was matched by one of the deepest benches of acting talent in TV history. Anmol Chaddha and William Julius Wilson explain why Harvard has chosen The Wire as curriculum material for their course on urban inequality. Los Angeles Times took the rare step of devoting an editorial to the show. [81] [56] Entertainment Weekly." [87] Broadcasters HBO aired the five seasons of the show in 2002. "best-of" [85] [86] list. also collected in Charlie Brooker. has been particularly copious in his [82] [83] praise of the show. high-definition format. almost two years after the previous season's end. Tim Goodman of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote that The Wire "has tackled the drug war in this country as it simultaneously explores race. Academia In recent years. but faulting it for its complexity and the slow development of the plotline. In an article published in The Washington Post. racialized politics and aesthetics of representation. [84] 'The Wire Files'. 2006. blurs some nudity. which ran a week-by-week blog following every episode. 2004." [74] TIME magazine especially praised the fourth season." [72] [71] 25 The New York Times called the fourth season of The Wire [73] Doug Elfman of the Chicago Sun-Times was more reserved in his praise. "Though scholars know that deindustrialization. Few series in the history of television have explored the plight of inner-city African Americans and none—not one—has done it as well. it remains unclear whether the DirecTV broadcast will be a 'true' high-definition transfer from the original 35mm film stock or an . subscribers to the HBO On Demand service were able to see each episode of the season six days earlier. a columnist for The Guardian. in both his column "Screen Burn" and his BBC Four television series Screenwipe. damned it so passionately. 2010." President of the United States Barack Obama has said that The Wire is his favorite television series. which gathers reviews from published news sources and translates them into a percentage score. Starting with the fourth season." "its best season yet.

though some critics have faulted them for a lack of special features. but dubbed into German. Since September 2008 the series is broadcast in Germany (Foxchannel. Two. [97] 2005 October 10. In France it airs under the title Sur écoute ("wiretapped") on the pay channel Jimmy. [98] 2005 May 3. all episodes were aired on public service channel TG4 approximately 6 months after the original air dates on HBO. [96] 2004 January 25. The show has been broadcast in Hungary on Duna TV since March 2007 under the name Drót ("Wire"). 2009 on the NBC Universal cable channel 13th Street. It commenced screening on September 1.. NRK aired the first season of the show in the autumn of 2007. under the name HaSmuya (‫ – הסמויה‬The Covert Unit). [111] 2008 December 8. In Finland the series is shown on Subtv and MTV3 channels under the name Langalla ("On the wire"). [105] 2007 March 10.. [112] 2008 February 2. [102] 2006 Release dates Region 2 April 18. [109] 2008 February 2. 2009. The show is also broadcast in Asia on Cinemax since May 2009. [107] 2008 13 • • • • • • • • 4 5 August 12. In Israel. MBC Max airs the show routinely. In the Netherlands and Belgium the show has started its first run on June 1. [12] [114] [115] [11] . courtesy of the Museum of Television & Radio Conversation with David Simon at Eugene Lang [33] College. [110] 2010 10 4 All December 9. In the Middle East. [101] 2006 August 13. The show airs in Canada on The Movie Network and Movie Central. [104] 2008 13 • Three audio commentaries by crew members 5 Episodes Special features Discs 2 12 • Two audio commentaries by cast and crew members 5 3 12 • • • Five audio commentaries by crew members Q&A with David Simon and Creative Team. the Australian Broadcasting Corporation has purchased the rights to show the entire series on its digital station. [99] 2005 August 8. [100] 2005 February 5. Collects the previously released box-sets 5 4 December 4. British newspaper The Guardian made the first episode of the first season available to stream on its website for a brief period.The Wire upconverted version of the standard-definition broadcast. The Polish channel TVN shows the series under the name Prawo ulicy ("law of the street"). ABC2. [94] In a world first. [106] 2008 August 13. In Norway. Pay-TV) under its original name. the show has been broadcast on FX. [103] 2007 Region 4 May 11. and recently aired on terrestrial television on BBC Although controversially it was broadcast at 23:20 [95] [93] and had no BBC iPlayer catchup available. The Swedish public service network SVT has shown the first four seasons of the series. [92] [91] 26 In the United Kingdom. [113] 2010 60 • 23 The DVD sets have been favorably received. Season 1 was aired on 3e in late 2008 but there are no plans to show any further seasons. In Australia. The New School for Liberal Arts Six audio commentaries by cast and crew members "It's All Connected" featurette "The Game is Real" featurette Six audio commentaries by cast and crew members "The Wire: The Last Word" – A documentary exploring the role of the media "The Wire Odyssey" – A retrospective of the first four seasons The Wire Prequels From the Wrap Party Gag Reels. [108] 2008 September 22. DVD releases Season Region 1 1 October 12. In Ireland. the show is broadcast on the Xtra Hot channel.

HBO. Retrieved 2007-10-14.shtml). Retrieved 2007-09-27.uk/culture/tvandradioblog/2007/jul/21/ thewireisunmissabletelevis). 2006). .com/ wp-dyn/content/article/2008/02/13/AR2008021301620.hbo. The Washington Post.php?storyId=4512945). "The Wire is unmissable television" (http://www. Homicide: A Year on the Killing Streets. . Jon (2007-07-21).Series.com/interviews/birnbaum100. "Local figures.identitytheory. "Despite Past With Bill Clinton.html). [12] Bill Wyman. [23] "The Wire + Oz" (http://cosmodromemag. HBO. "The Wire season 3 crew" (http://www.com/ TheWireHBO/exclusive-16. . Hobo Trashcan. [7] Wilde. 2008. The Season 5" (http://www.www. . Lance Reddick" (http://www. "Org Chart – The Law" (http://www.the. [17] "Character profile – Jay Landsman" (http://www.com/story/ent/feature/2004/10/01/the_wire/ index.shtml). [24] Erik Dellums filmography (http://www.archive.IGN.html).. Williams" (http://www.salon.html). New York: Pocket Books. [16] David Zurawik (2006-07-12). Salon.com/story/ent/tv/int/2002/06/29/ simon/index. Telegraph (London).ign. 2007. 35–39. . . HBO. Kevin (2007-02-13). . [19] "The Wire season 1 crew" (http://www. p. [3] Traister. HBO. .hbo. the war on them has"" (http://dir. .html). Susan (February 14. Retrieved 2007-10-14.com/articles/742/742350p1. [11] Chris Barsanti (2004).shtml). Retrieved 2009-09-07.com/content/the-wire-oz-clusterfuck). . 2002).Into.telegraph.borderline-productions. Archived from the original (http://www. New York: Owl Books.salon. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 2006.com/film/95/Clark-Johnson.London: guardian.metacritic.co.Identity Theory. HBO. 2008. . 2004.uk. "IGN Exclusive Interview: The Wire's David Simon" (http://tv. .Retrieved 2009-12-24.com/2005/10/25/one-on-one-with-lance-reddick-2/ ). The Season 4" (http://www.html?pn=4). .metacritic. "The Wire season 4 crew" (http://www. [20] "The Wire season 2 crew" (http://www.html). [10] Alvarez. Metacritic. Ulman Switches Allegiance" (http://www. 2006. . Cosmodrome Magazine. [6] "The Wire: arguably the greatest television programme ever made" (http://www.filmreference. Robert. .. [DVD].hobotrashcan. [22] Simon. Retrieved 2007-12-19. "One on one with. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 18–19.com/thewire/cast/crew/season_3.Retrieved 2009-11-11. [27] Toni Lewis filmography (http://www.com/name/nm0861361/). Rebbeca (2007-09-15). ASIN B000FTCLSU [34] Birnbaum. Salon. 1E.uk/news/uknews/5095500/ The-Wire-arguably-the-greatest-television-programme-ever-made. .imdb.shtml). 2008-01-26. Retrieved 2007-10-14.shtml). Rafael (2004).uk.com. Retrieved 13 May 2010.com/entertainment/tv/feature/2007/09/15/ best_show). The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2009-11-11. Hobo Trashcan. The Wire: Truth Be Told. .Programming-1411494.com/the-wire [2] David Simon.imdb.com/ . .com/thewire/cast/characters/dennis_mello. . [8] Carey.com/2005/08/23/ one-on-one-with-michael-k-williams/). Salon. 2007. HBO. [9] Ian Rothkirch (2002). Retrieved 2008-03-07.org/templates/story/story. .guardian.com/name/nm0217529/).com/thewire/cast/crew/season_4. "New HBO series The Wire taps into summer programming" (http://web. "One on One With Michael K. London: guardian.com/thewire/cast/crew/season_2.michigandaily. Taps.com/thewire/cast/characters/jay_landsman.npr. "The best TV show of all time" (http://www.hbo.co.html). HBO. [26] Clark Johnson filmography (http://www.imdb. NPR. [14] Joel Murphy (2005). Retrieved 2009-09-07. David (1991.com. . Retrieved 2007-10-16. "The Wire The Complete Second Season" (http://www. . HBO. [28] [29] [30] [31] Callie Thorne filmography (http://www.co.com/thewire/cast/crew/season_1. Retrieved 2009-02-11. "Totally Wired" (http://www.shtml).com/tv/the-wire/season-5).com/thewire/orgchart/law. "The Target" commentary track.michigandaily. [21] "Character profile – Grand Jury Prosecutor Gary DiPasquale" (http://www.hbo.shtml). [4] "Wire.co.co.hbo. [25] Peter Gerety filmography (http://www. Slant Magazine. HBO. Retrieved 2007-10-16.com/dvd/review/the-wire-the-complete-first-season/477). Retrieved 2008-03-07.washingtonpost. [37] ""The Wire" on HBO: Play Or Get Played.hobotrashcan. [15] Deford.hbo.com/thewire/cast/characters/gary_dipasquale.com/tv/the-wire/season-4).hbo.org/web/ 20080526114945rn_1/media. 2009-04-02. Retrieved 2008-01-15.com/name/nm0314253/).salon.shtml).com/name/nm0507839/).html).uk/commentisfree/2007/feb/13/thewire). The Michigan Daily.shtml). "Everything you were afraid to ask about The Wire" (http://dir. (2005). "Interview: George Pelecanos" (http://www. [32] Dan Kois (2004). riveting drama put The Wire in a class by itself". [38] Todd Weiser (June 17. . [13] Joel Murphy (2005). ""What drugs have not destroyed. Metacritic. Retrieved 2009-04-02.Wire. 2007. pp. [18] "Character profile – Dennis Mello" (http://www.slantmagazine. .imdb.guardian.hbo.com/media/storage/paper851/news/2002/06/17/Arts/New-Hbo. Retrieved 2007-10-14.com. Eric. . 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Rotten Tomatoes.hbo. New York Daily News.com/tvbarn/2006/09/ the_wire_aims_h.washingtonpost.com/reporting/2007/10/22/071022fa_fact_talbot?currentPage=1).London: The Guardian Unlimited.com/m/wire_the_complete_first_season/?show=all).nonesuch. [42] ""The Wire" on HBO: Play Or Get Played. 28 . .asp?id=9538).html). . "Taut 'Wire' has real strength. [50] Carol D. 12 2008 [58] "Television Critics Association Introduces 2003 Award Nominees" (http://web. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 2003. [45] Richard Vine (2005). Television Critics Association. .hbo. . The Guardian Unlimited (London). [53] "Interviews—Ed Burns" (http://www..html). Television Week. HBO.asp?id=12203).com/article/VR1117978111.borderline-productions. Newark Star-Ledger.465300. [63] Robert David Sullivan (2002).archive. .htm). HBO." (http://www. . Exclusive Q&A With David Simon (page 16)" (http://www.html). 2006.com/boston/arts/tv/documents/02394694. Baltimore City Paper. 1.shtml).guardian.guardian. [55] David Simon (2003). .html). San Francisco Chronicle. [51] Alvarez 28. .newyorker. Van Smith (2005). 2008.. "Call The Cops" (http://www. . [46] Margaret Talbot (2007). 2007-11-12. [48] Jesse Walker (2004).citypaper. [65] "DVD Request of the Week" (http://www.com/boston/arts/tv/ documents/04139983. [43] "Character profile – Walon" (http://www. The Washington Post. [41] "On The Corner: After Three Seasons Shaping The Wire's Background Music. Retrieved 2008-03-12.com/ew/article/0. . .Wire. HBO. p. "David Simon Says" (http://reason. "'The Wire' aims higher: TV's finest hour is back" (http://blogs.html). . [39] Jim Shelley (2005-08-06). HBO.Programming-1411494.com/thewire/cast/crew/joe_chappelle. .kansascity.html?ex=1154664000&en=c6b05200199da2db&ei=5070) (Subscription required). ""A man must have a code"—listening in on The Wire. . html?categoryid=1682&cs=1#TheWireHBO). but HBO had better not retire The Wire. HBO Police Drama Tops Television Week's Semiannual Critics Poll List" (http://www. 2006. p. Leoning (2006-12-11).asp). .com/thewire/ interviews/index.bostonphoenix.org/web/20031204070427/www.com/archives/entertainment/2004/12/15/ 2004-12-15 the_wire fears_hbo_may_sni.hbo.html). [69] Dana Stevens (2004).com/id/2149566/).org/ press/2003/06/television-critics-association. Retrieved 2007-03-17. "The Wire fears HBO may snip it" (http://www.The Wire media/storage/paper851/news/2002/06/17/Arts/New-Hbo.uk/media/2005/aug/06/tvandradio.the. . "Stealing Life" (http://www.rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2007-10-17. "Yes. . 2006. "David Simon Answers Fans' Questions" (http://web. . . "Tapping The Wire.html). [68] Brent McCabe.slate.com/cgi-bin/article. Retrieved 2010-09-10. [49] Brian Lowry (2007-12-21). . .shtml).com/thewire/interviews/ed_burns.com/ TheWireHBO/exclusive-16.Summer. Rashbaum (2005-01-15). "'The Wire': Young Adults See Bits of Their Past" (http://www. cgi?file=/c/a/2006/09/06/DDG7BKV7HK26. allbusiness.html). Retrieved 2010-04-09." (http://cpgo.shtml)on 2008-05-26. Kansas City Star. Blake Leyh Mines Homegrown Sounds For Season Four" (http://www. Entertainment Weekly. p.org/web/20061013052704/http://tvcritics. Retrieved 2010-04-09.com/click. [54] "Behind The Scenes Part 1—A New Chapter Begins" (http://www. [71] Tim Goodman (2010-08-25).guide2). [64] David Simon (2004).com/thewire/cast/characters/walon.com/archives/2004/10/01/david-simon-says). .1009257.org/press/ 2003/06/television-critics-association.html) on 2006-10-13. [40] "Joe Chappelle biography" (http://www.com/id/2111014/). [70] Marisa Guthrie (2010-09-01). . Slate magazine.Taps. 1. Slate.archive. Retrieved 2007-10-14.00. [66] Jon Garelick (2004).jspa?searchID=-1&messageID=100296266).".bostonphoenix.hbo. .com/music/story. .." (http://www. .shtml). The New Yorker. Baltimore City Paper.slate. . [56] Jacob Weisberg (2006-09-13). [44] "Nonesuch to Release Music from Five Years of "The Wire"" (http://www.com/2005/ 01/15/nyregion/15drug. [47] William K. [60] Alan Sepinwall (2006-08-06). Retrieved 2007-12-22.com/wp-dyn/content/ article/2006/12/10/AR2006121001034. "Down To The Wire: Top 10 Reasons Not To Cancel The Wire.00.hbo. Entertainment Weekly. [67] Gillian Flynn (2004). . "Police Say a Queens Drug Ring Watched Too Much Television" (http://www.co. "The Wire on Fire: Analyzing the best show on television" (http://www. 2006.Into. Archived from the original (http://tvcritics. "Ask The Wire: David Simon" (http://boards.nydailynews. "The Best of 2004" (http://www. [57] NPR interview with Simon broadcast the week of Jan.com/crime-law-enforcement-corrections/law-police-forces/8801850-1. "Totally Wired" (http://blogs. .citypaper.uk/theguide/archives/tv_and_radio/2005/01/totally_wired.com/film/ story. [61] Aaron Barnhart (2006).nytimes. "Moyers Says "Ciao" to Now. Boston Phoenix.html).hbo.ew.com/ew/article/0.co.com/thewire/behindthescenes/ontheset/part1. HBO's 'Wire' is challenging. [52] Alvarez 12." (http://www. It's also a masterpiece. Variety. HBO.shtml). 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archive. Retrieved 2009-12-05.htm). TIME. Adam.nytimes.ezydvd.darkmatter101.co. Def Comedy Jam Set For On-Demand Premieres" (http://web.com/2006/09/ 09/arts/television/09wire.com. ..guardian. London: The Guardian. . [81] "The Wire re-up" (http://www.com. 2006. . Chicago Tribune. The Guardian.com/wp-dyn/content/article/ 2010/09/10/AR2010091002676. . Retrieved September 11. Rice.} [90] "BET's editing butchers 'The Wire' story line" (http://www. 184.tvpredictions. Retrieved 21 September 2010.archive. "The best show. 2010. Jeff. Philadelphia Daily News. [80] "The Wire re-up" (http://www. The . . Anmol (2010-09-12). Slezak.stm). [91] "Will DIRECTV Air The Wire In HD?" (http://www. . BET. Lyons.The New York Times.com/dp/B0002ERXC2). Markovitz.co.co.com/news/opinion/editorials/la-ed-wire02sep02.uk/media/2007/jul/20/theguardian. [96] "The Wire: The Complete First Season (2002)" (http://www. [77] Steve Johnson (2003-06-01). Vozick-Levinson. Kate (December 11. BOOKS. Stephen (2007-07-20). DRESSES. "THE 100 Greatest MOVIES. it's the best show on TV" (http://web. Whitney.The Wire [72] Virginia Heffernan (2006-09-09).com/entertainment_tv/2008/01/barack-obama-on. Michael. CHARACTERS.guardian. Kate. [75] James Poniewozik. p.co.sfgate. . 2009.philly. of the last twenty years is another HBO show—not as well known—called The Wire. ALBUMS. The Guardian (London). [93] "BBC – BBC Two Programmes – The Wire – Episodes from 2009" (http://www.php?filename=hbo71206.co." (http://www. Amazon. Retrieved 2009-04-23.org/site/category/journal/issues/4-the-wire/). p.htm) on 2006-11-30.amazon.php?filename=hbo71206.uk. Missy.html). Dan. Stack. [82] "Charlie Brooker: The Wire" (http://www. Stroup. "Why HBO's 'The Wire' is the best show on TV".uk/dp/B0007IK5Z0).co.uk/programmes/b00jnwlc/episodes/2009). Tim.com/dp/B0006IUD9Y).com. [89] "Catch "The Wire" on BET" (http://www. 2009-04-23.zml/778991). Lynette. EzyDVD.htm).co.uk/media/series/the-wire-re-up). story?coll=la-news-comment-editorials). The Washington Post. Ken. Retrieved 2010-09-10. htm??Referrer={F538EA1D-1840-40AB-81F4-05B7066C33A8). . 2009-08-18. Snierson. 2008. Thom. Retrieved 2009-04-23. Nashawaty. 2010. [99] "The Wire: The Complete Second Season (2003)" (http://www. [83] "Unknown". [100] "The Wire: Complete HBO Season 2" (http://www. [74] Los Angeles Times (2006). Simon. 2010. ..dailybruin. MUSIC VIDEOS. 1.com/mld/dailynews/ living/15467592. [97] "The Wire: Complete HBO Season 1" (http://www. Retrieved September 11.html). BBC Four. because anyone who uses it sounds like an absolute tosser. May 29. The Wire is quite simply a stunning piece of work. . Amazon.guide). Schwartz. . [88] "The Wire. Retrieved September 11. Amazon. World Screen News. [92] "BBC Two to show US TV's The Wire" (http://news. The Daily Bruin. it is just fucking brilliant. Retrieved September 11.. Retrieved 2010-09-10. Retrieved 2007-07-20. [98] "Wire.uk/media/2007/jul/21/tvandradio. digitalmedia).bbc.0.amazon.worldscreen. "HBO scores again with a stellar second season of 'The Wire'" (http://www.au/item.com/ mld/dailynews/living/15467592.co.com.co. Jordan. . "10 Best TV Shows".4994849.html). Archived from the original (http://www.time.. EPISODES.chicagotribune.com/ newscurrent. Archived from the original (http://www.DTL).uk/2/hi/entertainment/7940061.html?ex=1315454400&en=678cccd2cfd5056f&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss).do?ISBN=9780852652213). Tucker.com.au. "It's not easy to tap into 'The Wire'.worldscreen.html). (1079/1080):74-84 [86] "Barack Obama on his favorite TV show" (http://featuresblogs. Ward.htm) on 2008-06-17. it actually physically pains me to use this phrase.guardianbookshop. Adam B. .uk. 29 .org/web/20061130235642/http://www. Chicago Tribune. but it is.guardian.amazon. .. 2007. Charlie Brooker's Screenwipe.bbc. AND TRENDS THAT ENTERTAINED US OVER THE PAST 10 YEARS". SCENES.htm). . . Josh.co. January 14. 2009). 2009-03-12. Amazon. 2006. BBC News.com/output/elfman/sho-sunday-elf03. [76] "TIME: Best and Worst of Television in 2002" (http://www.co. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-10.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2009/03/why_no_wire.com/OnTV/BETShows/thewire/default. truly. Retrieved 2010-04-14. July 21. Retrieved 2009-04-01. Chris.com/wire041310.bet. multilayered. "Higher Learning in the Drug Trade for Four Baltimore Students" (http://www. BBC. San Francisco Chronicle. TV SHOWS. Los Angeles Times.suntimes. .washingtonpost.org/web/20080617150101/http://www. Vary. [95] Brook.uk/dp/B000A529ZE). . . 2010. Retrieved 2009-03-12. . Retrieved 2010-04-09.The Complete 1st Season (5 Disc Box Set)" (http://www. SONGS. [87] Chaddha. Jensen. 2010.bbc. Entertainment Weekly. [79] "It's time to get 'Wire'-d – after all. 2010. . Pastorek. Retrieved September 5. [73] Doug Elfman (2006).html). BBC. Margaret. . . Rottenberg. "Guardian website to stream The Wire" (http://www. 2009-04-23.com/time/bestandworst/2002/tv. Chicago Sun-Times. . Retrieved September 11. TVPredictions. [94] "Why no Wire?" (http://www.com/cgi-bin/article.amazon. cgi?f=/c/a/2003/05/30/DD157653. [78] Tim Goodman (2003-05-30). TIME. "Why we're teaching 'The Wire' at Harvard" (http://www.uk/BerteShopWeb/viewProduct. com/newscurrent.latimes." —Charlie Brooker [84] "The Wire Files – darkmatter Journal" (http://www.philly. [85] Geier.com/articles/2007/4/16/ibets_editing_butchers_wire_story_linei/ ). "High 'Wire' Act" (http://www. . 2007. Tina.

[109] "The Wire: Complete HBO Season 5" (http://www.au.newyorker.amazon.com. 2010.com. The . Isiah Whitlock Jr.au/item.The Complete 3rd Season (5 Disc Set)" (http://www. 2010.co.html). EzyDVD.citypages.uk.co. Retrieved September 11. .html) — Ed Burns discusses some of the investigations and individuals which inspired The Wire. pulp fiction (http://blogs. Retrieved September 11. 2010.au/item. . Williams.co. EzyDVD. Amazon.uk/dp/B000XPC4ZG). [108] "The Wire: The Complete Fifth Season (2008)" (http://www. • Play or Get Played (http://www.com/the-wire) • The Wire (http://www. 2010. 2010.html) at TV.uk.com/archives/2008/05/23/30-years-of-failure) — The Wire co-creator talks about how Baltimore inspires and informs The Wire. [114] Jason Clark (2006).php) — Interviews include Michael K.com.EzyDVD.tv. Retrieved September 11. The . Amazon.uk/dp/B0016OZ9Y6). . Amazon. .ncjrs.co.ezydvd. "5 stellar series to catch up with on DVD".uk.com.zml/810534).amazon. • The Faroe Islands Podcast (http://cdn4. TIME. . [106] "The Wire: Complete HBO Season 4" (http://www. 2010. . [107] "Wire. [105] "The Wire: The Complete Fourth Season (2005)" (http://www. . . Retrieved September 11.com/show/8800/summary. .C.com.amazon.ezydvd. [103] "The Wire: Complete HBO Season 3" (http://www. [102] "The Wire: The Complete Third Season (2004)" (http://www.php) — A supplement to "Ten Thousand Bullets.amazon. Lance Reddick.EzyDVD. • Reason Magazine Interview with Ed Burns (http://reason. .. and opinions on the "War on Drugs" from his and other co-creators experiences.com/ew/article/0.darkmatter101. and more. Retrieved September 11.com/interviews/thewire.com/2006-07-19/news/ten-thousand-bullets) — An interview with George Pelecanos. 2010. [113] "Wire.com. 2010.co." • The Wire Files – darkmatter Journal Special Issue (http://www. • George Pelecanos on The Wire and D.The Wire [101] "Wire. p.com. Retrieved September 11.hobotrashcan.The Complete 2nd Season (5 Disc Box Set)" (http://www. Robert Wisdom.amazon.gov/html/ bja/gang/pfv.com/dp/B00123BY6S).com/TheWireHBO/exclusive.amazon.zml/785925).au.ezydvd. Amazon. Retrieved September 11. Amazon.hbo.com • Gang and Drug-Related Homicide: Baltimore's Successful Enforcement Strategy (http://www. EzyDVD.borderline-productions.au.com. 2010. • Ten Thousand Bullets (http://www.uk/dp/B000KGGP0S). Retrieved September 11.com.zml/800432).au/item. .com/title/tt0306414/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Wire (http://www. 30 External links • Official website (http://www. .zml/810535). Retrieved September 11.au/item. [112] "The Wire: Complete HBO Season 1-5" (http://www. [111] "The Wire: The Complete Series (2008)" (http://www.citypages.com/dp/B001FA1P1W).au.html) — Exclusive interviews with David Simon and cast members. 2010.mp3?nvb=20100911135730& nva=20100912140730&t=0dd9c2a94a70d823a287f) — A podcast featuring an interview with Chad Coleman. The . .ezydvd.1219875.com. [104] "Wire.uk. Retrieved September 11.uk/dp/B001BBHG1S).zml/800431).ezydvd.The Complete 4th Season (5 Disc Set)" (http://www. Gbenga Akinnagbe.org/site/category/journal/ issues/4-the-wire/) – A collection of articles critically examining the politics of race of The Wire. 72.The Complete 5th Season (4 Disc Set)" (http://www.amazon. The .imdb. .ew.com/dp/B000FTCLSU).com. Retrieved September 11. Retrieved September 11. "The Wire: The Complete Third Season" (http://www.au/item. .co.co. Amazon.libsyn. 2010. [115] James Poniewozik (2006-08-14). Amazon.com/pscholtes/2006/07/ george_pelecano.au. 2010. [110] "Wire. • The New Yorker Profiles David Simon (http://www. Amazon. • A collection of interviews with Wire cast members (http://www. Entertainment Weekly.00.com/dp/B000QXDJLI).amazon.com.com.co. The .The Complete Series (24 Disc Box Set)" (http://www.com. Retrieved September 11.com/faroepodcast/Podcast_25. 2010.com/reporting/2007/10/22/ 071022fa_fact_talbot?printable=true) — A long profile article about David Simon with info about season five as well as his next project.

She was featured prominently in the second season. Russell moves into Lieutenant Daniels' detail after he agrees to investigate the bodies.ac.01) Last appearance "–30–" (episode 5. She developed a friendly working relationship with many of the stevedores. after she discovered thirteen corpses in a container on the Baltimore docks. Jimmy McNulty (boyfriend) son Jack. She is briefly the primary investigator until Officer Jimmy McNulty intervened (for his own reasons). Her home life makes it difficult for her to work the long hours necessary for the investigation.guardian. Character storyline Russell started working as a port authority officer because she needed the pay to support her two young children after her husband abandoned them. but she develops some latent talent for police work while working alongside veteran homicide detectives Bunk Moreland and Lester Freamon. • "The Rhetoric of The Wire" (http://www2. including Frank Sobotka. daughter Cary Beatrice "Beadie" Russell is a fictional character on the HBO drama The Wire. finding a hidden compartment filled with thirteen dead bodies.uk/media/series/the-wire-re-up) — An episode-by-episode review of the series by guardian.co. Russell notices a broken customs seal on a container while on patrol and searches the container. Russell is subsequently detailed to Homicide to aid in the investigation.warwick. Initially she shows her lack of experience and street knowledge.10) Created by Portrayed by Aliases Gender Occupation Spouse(s) Children David Simon Amy Ryan Beadie Female Port Authority police officer Divorced. She connects with detective Kima Greggs while discussing the balance of a . played by actress Amy Ryan.co. getting the case reassigned to the city Homicide Unit.1. where she soon fends off an awkward advance from Herc.The Wire • The Wire re-up (http://www.uk/fac/arts/film/movie/contents/ rhetoric_of_the_wire. She found the job unchallenging and spent most of her time patrolling the docks and checking shipping manifests. but she perseveres. 2010 31 Beadie Russell First appearance "Ebb Tide" (episode 2. No.pdf) Movie: A Journal of Film Criticism. Season 2 In season two.uk writers.

Beadie Russell mother's responsibilities and the dangers inherent in their work. and enables the surveillance crew to get a photograph of Vondas and his lawyer. McNulty visits Beadie's house one night. Frank later checks with other port officers who tell him she is still working with the detail. By season four. Although Maui does not directly give her any information. and confirming his suspicions that he is being investigated. At the end of their investigation. and enjoys flirting with McNulty both during work and while drinking after hours. he reinitiates their relationship and returns to beat police work. Season 5 By the first episode of season 5. Russell's familiarity with the people and organization of the port proves invaluable to the investigation. Russell inadvertently tips the investigation's hand by having her colleagues in the port authority stop it. Beadie's children Jack and Cary have become fond of McNulty. contrary to what she previously told him. with her head on his shoulder. even referring to him as just "McNulty". 32 Season 3 / Season 4 In Season three. his suggestion that all the information the Police need is on the port's computer leads the detail to clone the port's container traffic computer system. the two are living together and McNulty has overcome many of his personal demons (which he credits to Beadie's influence). She taps Maui. Her emotional offer of a deal has Frank ready to give up everything he knows in order to help his family. the two are reconciled by the end of the season: she is last seen sitting with McNulty on her doorstep watching the moon. She comes through. an old boyfriend in Frank Sobotka's union. When a suspicious Sobotka sends out a truck carrying normal goods to test the waters. Beadie returns to her work at the Port. to find out more about illegal activity in the port. Frank is murdered before he can make an official statement and the Sobotka case is forced to end prematurely. References . Despite these mis-steps. McNulty is reminded of Russell and. feeling his life is missing something. Russell is able to convince Frank Sobotka to inform on The Greek once a strong case is built against him. Despite leaving him briefly. Beadie has now dyed her hair blonde. Jimmy McNulty is lying about late nights at work to cover his drinking and womanising. Russell is entrusted with following Spiros "Vondas" Vondopoulos to a key meeting with The Greek. With several arrests made and the murder of the girls solved. delivering the location of the meeting. when the focus shifts past Sobotka. Russell gains the respect of the officers in the Sobotka detail. and leaves before a more intimate relationship develops. but he feels uncomfortable with the presence of family photos and children's toys. allowing them to monitor all traffic on and off of ships. However.

it focuses on a mentally disturbed man trying to come to terms with the abduction of his daughter several months earlier and the relationship he develops with a young girl and her mother. and the Deauville Film Festival. . Set in New York City.000 [1] [1] $394. the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. The film premiered at the 2004 Telluride Film Festival and was shown at the Toronto International Film Festival.390 (Worldwide) Keane is a 2004 American drama film written and directed by Lodge Kerrigan. 2005. the New York Film Festival.Keane (film) 33 Keane (film) Keane Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Lodge Kerrigan Andrew Fierberg Lodge Kerrigan Damian Lewis Abigail Breslin Amy Ryan Cinematography John Foster Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Andrew Hafitz Magnolia Pictures (US) Soda Pictures (UK) September 9. 2005 100 minutes United States English $850. before it went into limited theatrical release in New York City on September 9. where it won both the Critics Award and the Jury Special Prize.

produced by Steven Soderbergh and starring Maggie [3] Gyllenhaal and Peter Sarsgaard. She asks Keane to watch Kira for a few hours. Back at his motel. working with that kind of energy. and he insists she take the $100 he offers her. four minutes! your child could be abducted. "I realized. he returns to the cheap hotel where he is living and finds he is unable to get into his room. Keane takes Kira to a local indoor skating rink and teaches her how to ice skate. perhaps expecting the abductor to show up again and try this time to abduct Kira to -as he was expecting him to show up every time he was visiting the station for all those months. as his daughter had done several months earlier. He makes contact with a drug dealer and purchases cocaine. the abduction of his daughter.. then calls the motel and leaves a message she will not be returning that night as planned. It all goes back to location. The following day. allegedly to meet her mother there and board a bus to Albany. who is close in age to his missing child. trying to get a feel for the main character and their surroundings. and he reads the clippings about another abducted New Jersey girl who was found and reunited with her parents he keeps in an envelope. where he has found a job. by recreating. unfamiliar streets and . Keane reassures a despondent Kira." With nothing left of his film to salvage. beat by beat. Production A film about child abduction was prompted by Lodge Kerrigan's fear of his own daughter disappearing during a shopping excursion. It contains long periods of little or no dialogue and has no musical score. Shooting was completed within 32 days. [5] and many of the Manhattan and North Bergen. After spending the night wandering the streets and sleeping along the side of the highway. you can answer all of the questions that would arise with much more immediacy. imagining his plan and his schedule. but no one recalls seeing the little girl. Keane drinks beer and talks to himself about his ex-wife and the birth of their daughter. his mindset. and Keane covers the cost of another week's stay with a disability check. Your life could be changed forever and there would be no way to recover from it. then has sex in a toilet cubicle with her. and the more he ingests the more paranoid he becomes. when you are working in the actual area. William Keane confronts ticket agents and random passersby with a newspaper account of her disappearance. Keane meets Lynn Bedik and her daughter Kira.. to some degree try to find the emotions. Desperate not to lose Kira because she reminds him so much of Sophia. While they are playing skee ball in the adjacent arcade. He goes to a nightclub and snorts coke with a woman named Michelle. just minutes before she was abducted. Lynn clearly is having financial difficulties. which centered on the disintegration of a family after a child had been abducted. New Jersey locations Kerrigan selected were remote.. who has arranged for them to move to Albany. This doesnt happen. He cries for his losses and decides to really get her to her mother." [2] The film was shot with a handheld camera with single takes lasting up to four minutes with no cutaways. she explains she was with Kira's father Eric. Keane believes he is being watched by another patron and becomes agitated. how in just four minutes. I would go and play out a scene and try to act it out. Kira tells him she loves him and he says he loves her too.Keane (film) 34 Plot Searching for his missing daughter Sophia in the Port Authority Bus Terminal. The desk clerk tells him his payment is in arrears. who fears Lynn has abandoned her. Kira manages to calm him and they return to the motel. [4] Kerrigan began researching and writing a new project that became Keane. and brings her with him to the Port Authority. There he sends her to buy candies. "It was exhilarating. It seems as if Keane is reviving the tragic loss of his daughter. takes her without permission. The film never was released due to "irreversible negative damage. certain he is being followed and watched. and he wrote much of the script while walking around New York City. that her mother loves her and will be back. Kerrigan knew the location of the film would be a key plot element. I knew that kind of visceral feeling would be a good starting point. Alone in his hotel room. from which she was abducted several months earlier.. I also wrote a lot of the film there as well." [2] The result was In God's Hands. Keane goes to her school. When Lynn arrives later.

. ." [9] [8] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone rated the film three out of four stars and commented.and that place. Easier said than done. Aided by a most resourceful and empathetic cinematographer. . or even existed .. William Keane • Abigail Breslin . powerful and highly nuanced performance . By the end.. and he does so without a hint of sentimentality. with all the confusion. and does... the complete discomfort that Mr. Kerrigan eschews conventional exposition. but most annoy..one that may have been a rewarding challenge to create. Motel Clerk • Tina Holmes . [He] amazingly manages to find nuances of character while running his engine above the emotional red line throughout..." [6] Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times stated. people who suffer from mental illness are marginalized. . Kerrigan ... Ticket Agent • Chris Bauer . He seems crazy when it makes for a compellingly awkward scene..like whether his daughter was abducted. Tantalizing as this may sound. His focus naturally is primarily on Keane. closer to asphyxiation than entertainment..it is really an appropriate location.. Kira Bedik • Amy Ryan . "Watching Lewis so thoroughly inhabit the demented Keane. Bartender Critical reception Todd McCarthy of Variety observed. Keane is emotionally involving right from the beginning through its final frame ... Kerrigan has created seems like a forced experiment . John Foster.. . which raises the possibility that William may be sufficiently deranged to have imagined his daughter's presumed abduction.like companionship or anonymous sex .." [2] 35 Cast • Damian Lewis .. the surrounding area. but is difficult to watch. yet he captures the relentlessly drab and impersonal urban landscapes in a way that reinforces the terrible isolation of William's anguished odyssey. "Damian Lewis delivers a convincing. Lynn Bedik • Christopher Evan Welch ..." [10] . and Keane's recollections of the last moments leading up to his daughter's disappearance seem too vivid to be anything but excruciatingly real.Keane (film) backdrops used to help emphasise the downward spiral of the central character. seems to be trusting an intuition that never fails him. . "In a wholly unexpected and ultimately gratifying experience from writer-director Lodge Kerrigan.... haunting performance.. "Some uncertainties ... and mentally competent when he wants something ... "Kerrigan is without peer at Meghan Keane of the New York Sun stated." plumbing the violence of the mind." [7] John McMurtrie of the San Francisco Chronicle called the film "taut and suspenseful" and said.are provoking.. Michelle • Liza Colón-Zayas . Kerrigan doesn't seem to be the kind of filmmaker who's playing with a tricky ambiguity. It's a resonant.. one can only wonder how an actor can live with such a character for weeks and weeks and maintain a semblance of sanity and contact with real life. Keane's mental instability seems to wax and wane as is convenient for the narrative... the buses and people coming in and out.. perhaps even the child's existence. . "Poverty is part of it. Keane means to shake us.. He lets the audience feel compassion for Keane.. As a rigorous filmmaker. .

imdb.co. in case it jogged anything (it didn't).htm) Keane at IndieWire. The DVD includes an alternate version of the film edited by executive producer Steven Soderbergh.html) [6] Variety review (http://www. It is in anamorphic widescreen format with an English audio track and Spanish subtitles.com/title/tt0420291/) at the Internet Movie Database . but I also sent him this version to look at. Fifteen minutes shorter than the original. DVD release The film was released on Region 1 DVD on March 21.00.com/archives/online_features/presumed_missing.boxofficemojo.htm) Filmmaker Magazine.nysun.com/cgi-bin/article.html) [5] The Guardian.php) Film Freak Central interview with Kerrigan. "While I was away on location. Lodge sent me a copy of Keane to look at before he locked picture. we agreed it was an interesting (to us) example of how editing affects intent.Keane (film) 36 Awards and nominations John Foster was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for Best Cinematography but lost to Robert Elswit for Good Night. 2005 (http://www.guardian.uk/filmandmusic/story/0." References [1] [2] [3] [4] BoxOfficeMojo.com (http://www.. 2006 (http://arts.net/notes/lkerriganinterview.com (http://www.com/arts/keane/19796/) External links • Keane (film) (http://www. September 1.com/reviews/movie/6824412/review/7636516/keane) [10] New York Sun review (http://www. 2006. I loved the film and told him so.variety. Gotham Award nominations went to Lodge Kerrigan for Best Film and Damian Lewis for the Breakthrough Award. September 18.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/09/30/DDGHOEVICB1.com/people/2005/09/on_the_edge_lod.sfgate.filmmakermagazine. In any case.html?categoryid=1929&cs=1&p=0) [7] Los Angeles Times review (http://www. and Good Luck.com/movies/?id=keane.1861818. November 27.indiewire. it is preceded by a message from Soderbergh that reads.story) [8] San Francisco Chronicle review (http://www.calendarlive.rollingstone.7481507.DTL) [9] Rolling Stone review (http://www.0. 2005 (http://www.filmfreakcentral. Or something.com/review/VE1117924790.com/movies/reviews/cl-et-keane16sep16.

War of the Worlds (2005 film) 37 War of the Worlds (2005 film) War of the Worlds Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Steven Spielberg Kathleen Kennedy Colin Wilson Executive: Damian Collier Paula Wagner Josh Friedman David Koepp H.745. 2005 (Kuwait) June 29.550 .G. 2005 116 minutes United States English $132 million [1] [1] Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue $591. Wells (novel) Morgan Freeman Tom Cruise Dakota Fanning Justin Chatwin Tim Robbins Miranda Otto John Williams Written by Narrated by Starring Music by Cinematography Janusz Kamiński Editing by Studio Distributed by Michael Kahn Amblin Entertainment Cruise/Wagner Productions United States: Paramount Pictures (theatrical) DreamWorks Pictures (DVD) Non-United States: Paramount Pictures (all rights) June 28.

Ray drives to Mary Ann and her new husband's house to take refuge that night. with $591 million overall. He then manages to steal the vehicle Manny repaired. Earth is invaded by aliens riding Tripod vehicles. They are then forced to leave their car after a mob attacks them in order to take the vehicle. and also that aliens apparently "rode" down the lightning into the ground where the Tripods were located. obsessed with joining the fight against the hostile aliens. The film was released in United States on 29 June and in United Kingdom on 1 July. which starts to send out electromagnetic pulses in the form of lightning in the nearby area. It is one of three film adaptations of War of the Worlds released that year. Mary Ann (Miranda Otto). New Jersey. the local mechanic. military preparing to mount an attack on the Tripods on a hill top. One day. including cars. which disables all working electronic devices in the area. a sign of the high casualties. drops off their children. California. As his ex-wife drops their children off for him to look after for a few days. Ray and other numerous people are then attracted to a small hole in the ground caused by the lightning strikes. his ex-wife. Ray and Rachel are offered shelter and protection by a stranger. Plot The film begins with the novel's narration (provided by Morgan Freeman) which reflects on how mankind was too busy with their own concerns that they had not noticed they were being watched by aliens with superior intellects and sinister intentions. and along with Robbie and Rachel leave as the tripod destroys the town around them. leaves with the military after Ray goes to stop a couple who were carrying Rachel away. and attained a 73 percent "fresh" rating on the film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes.S. directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Josh Friedman and David Koepp. and notices a strange wall cloud. War of the Worlds was also a box office success. The film generally received positive reviews. the tripods overwhelm the military and begin to open fire on the refugees. who show him footage of Tripods destroying other cities. The next morning he discovers that the electromagnetic lightning storms have caused a Boeing 747 to crash into the houses. alongside The Asylum's version and Pendragon Pictures' version. As Ray retrieves Rachel. flee to join with Mary in Boston. Ray meets a small news team searching the wreckage. The family then encounters the U. and then opens fire with its Heat-Ray and begins vaporizing bystanders and destroying everything in its path. Wells' novel of the same name. War of the Worlds marks Spielberg and Cruise's second collaboration. Knowing it is no longer safe. It stars Tom Cruise as Ray Ferrier. Tie-in promotions were made with several companies. based on 240 reviews. at his house as she is going to Boston to meet with her parents. When Ray wakes up. using five different sound stages as well as locations at Connecticut. Robbie. The film was shot in 73 days. While driving along NY 385. the news crew leaves. and worldwide. to replace the solenoid on a dead car. The film was surrounded by a secrecy campaign so few details would be leaked before its release. and survive a Tripod attack while navigating the Hudson River on a ferry. The tripods are protected by some kind of energy shield which makes them completely invulnerable to all forms of attack. G. The film was nominated for the Razzie Awards. and was 2005's fourth most successful film both domestically. and Ray. and New Jersey. New York. he goes out to search for his son. Ray Ferrier (Tom Cruise) is a dock worker residing in Bayonne. Rachel (Dakota Fanning) and Robbie (Justin Chatwin). along with his children. along the way telling Manny. While Ray sleeps. a divorced dock worker estranged from his children and living separately from them. Robbie takes Ray's car out of the house without his permission. After hearing the siren of an approaching Tripod. the Tripod makes a loud blaring sound. including with Hitachi. after the 2002 film Minority Report.War of the Worlds (2005 film) 38 War of the Worlds is a 2005 American science fiction film adaptation of H. they are witnesses to a slew of bodies being carried in a river. Ray then leaves to investigate. and Ray tries to protect his children and flee to Boston to rejoin his ex-wife. with $234 million in North America. While escaping from the tripods. Ray packs up his kids and leaves. . Virginia. The ground then starts to rip open and a massive machine standing on three long legs appears. Ray manages to escape and return to his house. After emerging.

the aliens try to pull Ray inside the Tripod. Ray cripples the probe using an axe. the narrator reveals that the aliens were dying because they were suffering from terrestrial microbial diseases. eventually being caught by a Tripod. After Ray is captured and put into a basket with Rachel and several other prisoners. to their surprise. The grenades left by Ray inside the Tripod's cabin then detonate. Ray and Rachel's hideout is exposed however when another probe catches them while they sleep. Ray notices a cluster of birds are circling and landing on the hood of the machine. leaving it crashing through a warehouse and onto the ground. causing the Tripod to collapse and freeing the captives. believing that more and more waves of Tripods are on their way. Soon afterward. They witness a Tripod acting strangely. He plans to begin a resistance against the aliens. Approaching the downed Tripod. but Rachel is so scared she flees the house. and the Tripods appear to be dying also. Ray kills Harlan to silence him. who has somehow survived the attack on the hilltop. Ray alerts nearby soldiers. Ray finds several hand grenades in a destroyed Humvee and detonates one of them to attract the Tripod's attention. which they contracted from consuming Earth's air and resources. Ray and Rachel reach Mary Ann's parent's house and find her and. revealing an alien pilot which lets out a final growl and dies. and avoid detection by both a metallic snake-like probe and four aliens who arrive to explore the basement. but the other prisoners manage to pull him out. The following morning. who vows revenge on the aliens after his family was killed upon their arrival. they witness the Tripods spreading a strange red weed substance over the ground. • David Alan Basche as Tim • Roz Abrams as Herself • Camillia Sanes as News Producer • Morgan Freeman as the Narrator . Harlan suffers a mental breakdown after witnessing a Tripod harvesting blood and tissue from a human to fertilize the weed. As the camera zooms back to overview the wrecked city and downed Tripods. Concerned that Harlan's yelling and ranting will attract the Tripods. to be used as fertilizer for the red vine. 39 Cast • Tom Cruise as Ray Ferrier • Dakota Fanning as Rachel Ferrier • Justin Chatwin as Robbie Ferrier • Miranda Otto as Mary Ann Davis • Tim Robbins as Harlan Ogilvy • Rick Gonzalez as Vincent • Lenny Venito as Manny the Mechanic • Lisa Ann Walter as Cheryl • Ann Robinson as Grandmother • Gene Barry as Grandfather • Robinson and Barry played the lead roles in the 1953 film. who attack and destroy the Tripod with a FGM-148 Javelin. a hatch opens. struggling to keep balance and taking little notice of the soldiers and refugees. Ray and Rachel arrive in Boston. indicating the Tripod's force fields are no longer functioning. where they notice the red weeds are starting to dry up and die. While pursuing the Tripod.War of the Worlds (2005 film) Harlan Ogilvy (Tim Robbins). While hiding in Harlan's basement. Robbie. and for which they had no immunity.

but depicted in a hyper-realistic way. "We looked at each other [2] and the lights went on.T. I love working with Tom Cruise.absolutely. [4] [6] [6] The original Martian cylinders were [6] discarded. Spielberg was intent on telling a contemporary [2] story. and created a list of elements he would not use due to being "cliché". along with Close Encounters of the Third Kind and E. it was a much edgier. one of them being an Spielberg chose The War of the Worlds and stated. and because the plight of the fictional survivors reflects his own uncertainty after the devastation of the September 11 attacks. creative partner. which was then rewritten by David Koepp. Spielberg had been against the idea of the aliens arriving in spaceships.War of the Worlds (2005 film) 40 Production Development After collaborating in 2002's Minority Report. Steven Spielberg and Tom Cruise were interested in working together again. Earth long ago. with the characters being devoid of electricity and modern techniques of communication. with that movie featuring a man leaving family to travel with aliens. with the name borrowed from a third. the Extra-Terrestrial. while Although accepting the script. Koepp also tried to "take the modern world back to the 1800s". with Kennedy stating the story was created as a fantasy.' That was it." — Steven Spielberg [4] [5] [6] Josh Friedman delivered a screenplay. darker story and it actually evolved into something that was more benign." The film is Spielberg's third on the subject of alien visitation. darker story has always been somewhere inside him. As soon as I heard it. [3] Spielberg described War of the Worlds as "a polar opposite" to Close Encounters. something which he had never done before.T. [2] [2] Cruise met with Spielberg during the filming of Spielberg's Catch Me If You Can (2002) and gave three options of films to create together. [7] Spielberg accepted the script after finding it had several similarities to his personal life. Spielberg asked for several changes. and brings such great ideas to the set that we just spark each other. I think that the edgier. and Close Encounters of the Third Kind. "For the first time in my life I'm making an alien picture where there is no love and no attempt at communication.T. . such as the destruction of landmark buildings. While changing of the setting from 19th century to present day. Now. "When we first started developing E. the characters' stories of survival needed to be the [3] main focus. Koepp decided to do the script following a single narrator. as they featured the American mindset of never giving up. After re-reading the novel." [2] Spielberg stated that he just thought it would be fun to make a "really scary film with [2] [3] really scary aliens". War of the Worlds focused on keeping the family together. Spielberg had the opportunity to explore the antithesis of the characters brought to life in E. Producer and longtime collaborator Kathleen Kennedy notes that with War of the Worlds. including the divorce of his parents (Ray and Mary Ann's divorce). he's telling that story.. Some aspects of the book were heavily adapted and condensed: Tim Robbins' character was an amalgalm of two characters in the book. where Spielberg replaced the origins of the Tripods with stating they were buried underground in the Koepp fitted in an homage to the cylinders and the unscrewing of the lid." adaptation of The War of the Worlds. "He's such an intelligent. "a very limited point of view. since every alien invasion movie used such a vehicle. I said `Oh my God! War of the Worlds . from someone on the very periphery of events rather than someone involved in events". Spielberg stated about Cruise. [3] For Spielberg.

In 2004. [15] [16] [15] Visual effects supervisor Pablo Helman considered depicting the scale of the Tripod as challenging. the production crews quickly were set up on both coasts to prepare for the start date. 150 feet tall". but Tom Cruise liked David Koepp's script so much that he suggested Spielberg to postpone that project. New Jersey. "This is the first film I really tackled He decided to employ the technique extensively after a visit to In order to keep the realism. using the computer to animate all the storyboards. So the effects crew came up with the vaporization of the bodies. the destroyed airliner is used as a memory in Universal Studios's back-lot-tour. Virginia and Mystery Mesa in California. [13] [2] The film used six sound stages. The visual effects crew tried to blend organic and mechanical elements in the Tripods depiction." his friend George Lucas. spread over three studio lots. The film shooting lasted an estimated 72 days. New Jersey. essentially half the amount of time normally allotted for a film of similar size and scope. This was my longest schedule in about 12 years." with artist Doug Chiang replicating aquatic lifeforms. so they added different kinds of lights.War of the Worlds (2005 film) 41 Filming Filming locations were mainly inside the United States. The scene where the tripod is shot down and crashes through a factory was filmed in Naugatuck. We took our time. [10] [11] several scenes in Virginia. scouting locations up and down the Eastern Seaboard and preparing stages and sets which would be used when the company returned to Los Angeles after the winter holiday. considering the tight schedule. while he would do the same with Mission: Impossible III. and considering it could not be fully digital due to both the complexity of the effect and the schedule." [2] Spielberg collaborated with crews at the [8] [9] beginning of pre-production with the use of previsualization. however. The design of the Tripods was described by Spielberg as "graceful. Connecticut. Spielberg would shoot War of the Worlds after Munich. Janusz Kaminski and Spielberg wanted a lot of interactive lights. and Mary Ann's parents house was located in Brooklyn For the scene involving a crashed Boeing 747. Spielberg notes. live-action dust was used alongside the CGI ray assimilation and particles. Spielberg filmed The ferry scene was filmed in the New York town of Athens. broke it into pieces and built houses around [12] The destroyed plane was kept for the Universal Studios back-lot tour. Currently. oil lanterns. [16] During the scene where Ray's minivan is attacked by a mob. [4] Destroyed Boeing 747 used on the War of the Worlds set. in the words of Helma. the usage of computer-generated imagery shots and bluescreen was limited. with transportation costs of $2 million. them. Most of Munich's crew was brought in to work on War of the Worlds as well. flashlights and Maglights. [8] Originally. The continuous scene was filmed in California. meanwhile the valley war sequence was filmed in Lexington. [2] Design and visual effects Industrial Light & Magic was the main special effects company for the movie. the production crew [12] bought an out-of-use airplane. with movements inspired by red-eyed tree Spielberg did not want any blood or gore during the Heat-Ray deaths. Spielberg said. with most of the digital effects being blended with miniature and live-action footage. frogs. (but was featured in the film in Boston). including Coleman lamps. The scene depicting the first appearance of the Tripods was filmed in Newark. [2] The IL&M crew admitted that the destruction of the Bayonne Bridge was the toughest scene to be . and made extensive studies for the movements of the vehicle to be believable. "this was going to be a horror movie for kids". [2] [14] [2] [14] While Spielberg had used computers to help visualize sequences in pre-production before. considering "Steven wanted to make sure that these creatures were The aliens themselves had designs based on jellyfish. "This wasn't a cram course for War of the Worlds. Pre-production took place in only three months. Ray's house was filmed in Bayonne (with a soundstage doubling the interior). considering the "contradiction" of having a large tank-like head being carried by thin and flexible legs. [2] [2] Later.

908 theaters across [1] America. The songs "Little Deuce Coupe" and "Hushabye [22] [23] Mountain" are also featured in the movie. David Koepp answered. everything's so secret. and the latter by Dakota Fanning. Themes The film was described as an anti-war film. You don't want to blow all of your cards beforehand. Saunders of San Francisco Chronicle described the film as "If aliens Many reviewers considered the film tried the recreate the atmosphere of the [25] invade. Over 500 CGI effects were used in the film.War of the Worlds (2005 film) made with heavy usage mix of CGI effects and live action elements. wake-up call to face our fears as we confront a force intent on destroying our way of life. that featured the film's music [20] [21] and Morgan Freeman's opening and closing narration. [28] When asked about the secrecy of the screenplay. One piece of Dakota Fanning's costume that takes on a special importance is her lavender horse purse: "I wanted her to have something that made her feel safe. so it was with her at all times. Miranda Otto thought of not even discussing the story with her family and friends. some little thing that she could sleep with and put over her face." which had to combine "necessary frightening atmosphere" with "propulsively rhythmic drive for the action scenes. the film was released in approximately 3." [29] . the former sung by Tom Cruise. Six days later. Koepp explained he would e-mail it to him. The scene originally had only a gas station exploding. to illustrate the degrees to which he is weathered from the beginning of the journey to the end. in June 29. but then Spielberg [16] suggested blowing up the bridge as well. they support the military efforts." Johnston notes. a hoodie. Tom Cruise revealed his relationship [27] with Katie Holmes. and a four-week deadline so the shot could [16] be used in a Super Bowl trailer. In the old days people didn't get to know much about movies before they came out and nowadays there's just so much information. and two t-shirts. 'Oh. Run. I think a bit of mystery is always really good. The scene involved Tripods shooting a Heat-Ray towards the minivan [18] and minivan escapes from it involved a lot of CGI layers to work out." explains Johnston. don't fight back. 2005. He considered the score "a very serious piece." [26] Spielberg declared to Reader's Digest that beside the work being a fantasy. as civilians run and only try to save themselves and their family instead of fighting back the alien Tripods. Secrecy Spielberg kept most of the parts secret in the filmmaking. whether that‘s a good idea or not. Costume designer Joanna Johnston created 60 different versions of Ray's leather jacket. [2] [17] 42 Music Longtime Spielberg collaborator John Williams composed the music score of War of the Worlds. and he would give a section of the script that was relating to whatever somebody was doing.' I think it's good." [19] A soundtrack album was released by Decca Records. with bystanders struggling to survive and the usage of missing-persons displays. Otto said." [7] Release War of the Worlds premiered at the Ziegfeld Theatre on June 23." Johnston dressed Robbie for an unconscious emulation of his father. "That was the lavender horse purse."when you‘re that age you don‘t fully consider the ramifications of what you‘re doing and you‘re very much caught up in the moment and passion. "I know some people who always say. as the casts and crews were left confused about how the aliens look. the threat represented was real: "They are a Screenwriter David Koepp stated that he tried not to put explicit references to September 11 or the Iraq War. but [24] September 11 attacks. "[Spielberg] wouldn't give [28] [the screenplay] to anybody". but said that the inspiration for the scene where Robbie joins the army were teenagers fighting at the Gaza Strip ." Saunders compared the film to Independence Day." Johnston says. There. [24] Debra J. with great tension on the surface. "He begins with the jacket. where the civilians do run. We tied it up on a ribbon and Dakota hung it on her body. "They're more alike than they realize.

War of the Worlds (2005 film) Spielberg admitted that after keeping things secret for so long. The film has grossed an [1] estimated $592 million worldwide. Paramount released the film on Blu-Ray on June 1." [35] The DVD was released on November 22.com. giving an average of [40] [41] $16.000 in DVD sales. 2010. the film grossed approximately US$21 million worldwide. The film earned $200 million in [42] 24 days. Because of the Paramount/DreamWorks merger. there is in the end the temptation to reveal too much to the detriment of the story at the press conference of War of the Worlds. websites. On another website. British Board of Film Classification refused to reveal the identities of War of the Worlds censors. [37] Although Paramount had the worldwide theatrical rights.601. the film's reception was more ambivalent with a score of 68% based on 41 reviews. Rotten Tomatoes.764 in 3. Review aggregator website Metacritic gave it an average [45] score of 73 based on 40 reviews. [46] Among Rotten Tomatoes' Top Critics. War of the Worlds currently garners an 73% "fresh" rating based on 244 reviews. [38] and earned the thirty-eight biggest [39] opening week gross with grossing $98. [33] [30] 43 Marketing and home media releases Paramount Pictures Interactive Marketing debuted a human survival online game on its official website. War of the Worlds was one of the last DreamWorks DVD releases to be distributed by Universal Studios Home Entertainment. even though Spielberg "does the best he can to make .745. currently fortieth most expensive film ever made.908 theatres. the US DVD rights were with DreamWorks. Meanwhile on the biggest opening weekend. which consists of popular and [47] notable critics from the top newspapers. television and radio programs.878. bringing its total film gross to $704. who gave the film a controversial 12A rating. ranking tenth place in the 2005 DVD sales chart.000. making it the fourth highest grossing film of 2005. The actual [1] [32] budget of the film was US$132 million.725 in 3908 theatres also. under the title of “The Ultimate Visual Experience”. but described the ending as weak. where Ray tries to stop his son from leaving. and the fifty-first highest [43] [44] grossing film worldwide.540. War of the Worlds grossed $64. Paramount now has inherited the rights originally with DreamWorks. stating "to say more would reveal too much. since Paramount would announce its acquisition of DreamWorks a mere few weeks after the DVD release (it was completed in February 2006. averaging $25. with both a single-disc edition and a two-disc special edition [36] featured production featurettes. The film grossed $113. on April 14 to promote the film. "Our ‗The Ultimate Visual Experience‘ campaign is a perfect match between Spielberg and Cruise‘s pursuit of the world‘s best in film entertainment and Hitachi‘s commitment to the highest picture quality through its digital consumer electronic products. and future re-releases on any media will be distributed by Paramount (which had produced the 1953 version alone). 2005." The secrecy caused [31] The Sun to claim the film would surpass Titanic's 200 million budget as the most expensive film ever. while Paramount had international DVD rights. Kazuhiro stated. Reception Box office On June 29. The agreement was announced by Kazuhiro Tachibana. ranking thirty-seventh place in the list of fastest films to gross $200 million. though DreamWorks would later become independent again).288 in each theater. Spielberg only revealed the hill scene. waroftheworlds. [34] Hitachi collaborated with Paramount Pictures for a [35] worldwide promotional campaign. 2005. general manager of Hitachi‘s Consumer Business Group. James Berardinelli praised the acting and considered that focusing the narrative on the struggle of one character made the film more effective. So.826. ranking third-biggest film opening on Independence Day weekend. documentaries and trailers. Reviews The film received largely positive reviews from critics.

htm). "Universal Studios Picture .com/war_of_the_worlds_43613. "Spielberg [53] almost succeeds in creating the perfect alien movie". who felt the special effects were unusual. [52] About. Retrieved 20 December 2009.The. Rachel (2004-10-20). Frank Rose. stage. [11] Mark Schatzker (20 June 2005). Retrieved 2010-01-17. VFXWorld. . USA Today. Ian.usatoday. [9] James Wray (9 October 2004).Out. showing how fragile the world is. .Lexington-776593. . [2] "War of the Worlds Production Notes (2005)" (http://www. [12] Malloy. Broomfield Enterprise's Dan Marcucci and Nancy Serougi did not share [51] Berardinelli and Turan's opinion. .thetrident.empireonline.wired.Worlds. Michael Wilmington of the Chicago Tribune gave the film three and a half stars (out of four).about. radio and record". comparing the first Tripod attack to the Omaha Beach landing from Saving Private Ryan. "More on War of the Worlds Filing in New Jersey" (http://www.06/war.War of the Worlds Set:" (http://gocalifornia. and describing the film as having many "startling images".monstersandcritics.empireonline. . and tainted by Tim Robbins". 29 November 2004.usatoday. [3] Anthony Breznican (23 June 2005).War of the Worlds (2005 film) it cinematically dramatic".com/travel/destinations/2004-11-29-war-of-worlds_x. riddled with holes. Turan claimed Spielberg raised a most provocative question: "Is the ultimate fantasy an invasion from outer space.html). ." Wilmington stated the film brought the viewers on a wild journey through two sides of Spielberg: the dark and the light. . [4] "Steven Spielberg Goes To War" (http://www. Retrieved 2010-01-17. with criticism only for the ending. "Spielberg's family values" (http://www. The Trident. Davy (2004-03-16). . Retrieved 2009-12-07.www.com/movies/news/ article_1954.htm). Retrieved 12 September 2009.Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Box Office Mojo.ca/arts/film/warofworlds. Retrieved 14 September 2009.war-ofthe-worlds.com/life/movies/news/2005-06-23-spielberg_x. [54] Jonathan Rosenbaum of Roger Ebert criticized the "retro design" and considered that despite the big budget. Retrieved 13 September 2009.htm). Wired. They felt the Morgan Freeman's narration was unnecessary. Betsy (27 May 2007).html). [49] Los Angeles Times' Kenneth Turan.htm). [48] 44 Total Film's review gave War of the Worlds 4 out of 4 stars. but not the war.asp?IID=378).frankrose. [14] "War of the Worlds" (http://www. . regarding the best scenes as Ray walking among the airliner wreckage and a train running in flames. Retrieved 11 September 2009. "'War' meets its maker" (http://www. the Extra-Terrestrial. Monsters and Critics.co. [8] "Close Encounters of the Worst Kind" (http://www.com's Rebecca Murray gave a positive review. saying "War of the Worlds definitely wins its battle. [5] Fleming. "David Koepp on War of the Worlds" (http://www. Retrieved 13 September 2009.html). and that the first half was "great" but the second half "became filled with clichés.shtml). Retrieved 13 September 2009. He also said the film contained a core sentiment similar to that of Spielberg's E. [10] "Spielberg to film in Shenandoah Valley" (http://www. . . .T.uk/war_worlds_shooting. References [1] "War of the Worlds (2005)" (http://boxofficemojo. [13] Turner. [7] Freer. [6] "War Of The Worlds: Script by David Koepp & Josh Friedman (2005)" (http://www. TV.com/interviews/interview. . Variety." [55] [56] The French film magazine Cahiers du cinéma ranked the film as 8th place in its list of best films of the 2000s.com/wired/archive/13. The War of the Worlds. the alien invasion was "rudimentary" and "not very interesting". stated that Spielberg may actually have done his job in War of the Worlds "better than he realizes". .waroftheworlds.Empire. Retrieved 2010-01-17. McNary.html). considering that "Spielberg finds fresh juice in a tale already adapted for film.Scouts.com/productionnotes/index. Retrieved 11 September 2009. ""War of the Worlds" scouts out Lexington" (http://media.org/media/storage/paper467/ news/2004/10/20/News/war-Of. Bill (2005-07-07).cbc. Retrieved 7 December 2009. Retrieved 12 September 2009. Michael.awn. June 2005. or is it the survival of the human race?" [50] However.php).com/od/calahollywood/ig/ Universal-Studios/ush-war-us. stating. Chicago Reader praised the special effects and Cruise's performance. "Worlds Collide" (http://www.com/movies/?id=waroftheworlds.com/interviews/interview. htm). Official Site. [15] Desowitz. USA Today.com. "War of the Worlds: A Post 9/11 Digital Attack" (http://www. War of the Worlds.asp?IID=239).com/articles/production/ iwar-worldsi-post-911-digital-attack-0). June 2005. declaring that "such scenes seem to come from a kind of reality different from that of the tripods.htm). Empire. About.com/article/VR1117901831. .variety. Retrieved 13 September 2009. .

Decent Films. Retrieved 20 December 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2009.ece).. Box Office Mojo.rd. [47] "War of the Worlds: Rotten Tomatoes' Cream of the Crop" (http://www. "Cruise. Retrieved 2010-01-17.com/interviews/interview. [23] "War of the Worlds" (http://www.co. .htm). p. Autodesk.com/articles/628/628781p1. 45 .boxofficemojo. Retrieved 17 September 2009. . 28 June 2005. The Numbers. Retrieved 04 October 2010.Empire.thespinningimage.com/alltime/weekends/). "DW has big War plans" (http://www. Retrieved 17 September 2009.co. [25] Steven D. [42] "Fastest Movies to Hit $200 million at the Box Office" (http://www.IGN. [37] "DVD Sales Chart (2005)" (http://www.com/movies/records/allbudgets. "Spielberg's anti-war 'War of the Worlds'" (http://www. [35] "Hitachi goes global for "War of the Worlds"" (http://www. Retrieved 28 September 2009. "War of the Worlds (2005)" (http://www. Retrieved 25 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-07.DTL). Retrieved 28 September 2009. 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Retrieved 28 September 2009.com/m/war_of_the_worlds/?critic=creamcrop).htm). [31] "The costliest film ever" (http://www.html?trkid=rdcom_ntscp_artcl14&wtid=rdcom_artcl14& wtgroup=rdcom_ntscp).html). .com/sections/reviews/waroftheworlds2005.com/cgi-bin/stories. Retrieved 16 September 2009. [44] "All Time Worldwide Box Office Grosses" (http://boxofficemojo. [24] Saunders. [22] Jason Cook.asp?IID=379). .the-numbers. . Box Office Mojo. Premiere.empireonline. . . [29] Steve Head (24 June 2005). .html). Lee's Movie Info. Retrieved 16 September 2009.com/New/cnews/050421. Tom Cruise. [34] "Paramount Pictures Interactive Marketing to Place Online Gamers Into the Action With 'War of the Worlds' Online Game" (http://www2. . [36] Netherby. San Francisco Chronicle.com/yearly/chart/?yr=2005&p=. .com/m/war_of_the_worlds/).com/articles/628/628781p2. [32] "Movie Budgets" (http://www. "Headgame 7: War of the Worlds" (http://movies. John Williams Fan Network. Families Link. 22 July 2005. Box Office Mojo. .rottentomatoes. .pl?ACCT=109&STORY=/www/story/04-12-2005/0003386837&EDATE=). p. Retrieved 28 September 2009.com/Review/Movies/War-of-the-Worlds).asp).rottentomatoes. [33] "A deeply insidious culture of secrecy. Holmes step out" (http://www.com/ the-truth-behind-spielbergs-war-of-the-worlds/article14939. Box Office Mojo.soundtrackinfo.com/awardcentral_article/VR1117933729. 6 June 2007. . . prnewswire.htm). 17 August 2004.html?nav=news& categoryid=2008). Retrieved 27 September 2009.Video Business." (http://www. "Headgame 7: War of the Worlds" (http://movies.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=812).html). Box Office Mojo.co. [30] Press Conference of War of the Worlds. "Industrial Light & Magic" (http://www. Hitachi. "War of the Worlds Review (2005)" (http://www.com/life/people/ 2005-06-23-war-of-the-worlds-premiere_x.com/alltime/weekends/july-4th.com/title/waroftheworlds. Retrieved 26 September 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2009. Ian. . 20 April 2005.variety. "Pablo Helman On War of the Worlds" (http://www. . Steven Spielberg.sfgate.boxofficemojo. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 18 January 2010. The Movie Mark. .leesmovieinfo.htm). Befan. Retrieved 28 September 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2009. Rotten Tomatoes. Variety. .html).Prnewswire. Reader's Digest. USA Today.usatoday. [17] Claudia Kienzle.themoviemark. Retrieved 14 September 2009. . [40] "Biggest Opening Weekends" (http://www.autodesk..htm?page=200&p=. June 2005. [41] "Independence Day Weekends" (http://www.IGN.videobusiness. Jon (2005-11-29). The Sun. Ricard L. 1.hitachi.com/moviereviews/waroftheworlds.Odds & Ends" (http://www.com/alltime/days/?page=open&p. .War of the Worlds (2005 film) [16] Freer.boxofficemojo. [45] "War of the Worlds" (http://www.com/xnab2006/pdf/ILM.com/alltime/openingweeks. Metacritic.com/alltime/world/). Retrieved 28 September 2009.net/Video-Sales. Soundtrack Info. 23 June 2005. Retrieved 16 September 2009. 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. [51] Marcucci. . James. Retrieved 2010-01-17. Reel Views.0.com/reviews/cinema/war-of-the-worlds).chicagoreader." (http:// www. Chicago Tribune.com/scripts/War-of-the-Worlds. . Los Angeles Times.rottentomatoes.War of the Worlds (2005 film) [48] Berardinelli.com/shop?d=hv&cf=info&id=1808412033&intl=us) at Yahoo! • War of the Worlds (http://www.com/movies/reviews/cl-et-world29jun29. Roger.yahoo.com/m/war_of_the_worlds/articles/1449910/ a_basic_rule_of_thumb_is_if_you_see_tim_robbins_youve_stayed_too_long).abc.imsdb.4382960. Chicago Sun-Times.metacritic.com/m/war_of_the_worlds/) at Rotten Tomatoes • War of the Worlds (http://www. Retrieved 28 September 2009.totalfilm.rottentomatoes. Kenneth (29 June 2005).com/apps/pbcs. "A basic rule of thumb is . "War of the Worlds" (http://www.jsp?stid=581118) at the TCM Movie Database • War of the Worlds (http://www.html) at the Internet Movie Database • Archived ABC Feature Page for War of the Worlds (http://a. About. Retrieved 30 September 2009. Nancy (27 October 2005). Broomfield Enterprise (in Rotten Tomatoes).if you see Tim Robbins. Cahiers du cinéma. [50] Turan. [54] Rosenbaum.about. ""War of the Worlds" Movie Review" (http://movies. . Rebecca. Retrieved 30 September 2009.reelviews. Chicago Reader. .waroftheworlds.htm).php?identifier=1172).htm) at Box Office Mojo • War of the Worlds (http://www. "War of the Worlds" (http://rogerebert.com/) • Trailers (http://www. Retrieved 28 September 2009.apple. Michael (24 August 2007). 46 External links • Official website (http://www. .com/trailers/paramount/waroftheworlds/) • War of the Worlds (http://www. . [53] Murray.dll/article?AID=/20050628/REVIEWS/50606007).com/movies/?id=waroftheworlds. Retrieved 30 September 2009. you‘ve stayed too long. Retrieved 28 September 2009.com/title/tt0407304/) at the Internet Movie Database • War of the Worlds (http://www. [56] "PALMARES 2000" (http://www. Serougi. . [49] "War Of The Worlds (12A)" (http://www.com/title/title.com/work/312948) at Allmovie • War of the Worlds (http://tcmdb.calendarlive. Dan.metromix. Total Film.com/chicago/war-of-the-worlds/Film?oid=1068991). Retrieved 30 September 2009. . "Movie review: 'War of the Worlds'" (http://chicago.imdb. [55] Ebert.com. 1 July 2005.cahiersducinema. [52] Wilmington. Retrieved 30 September 2009.net/php_review_template.boxofficemojo.com/article1926.html) (in French).suntimes.allmovie. story?coll=cl-mreview).com/od/waroftheworlds/a/warworlds062805. "War of the Worlds" (http://www. "War of the Worlds" (http://www. Jonathan.com/film/titles/waroftheworlds) at Metacritic • War of the Worlds (http://movies.com/specials/waroftheworlds/) .com/movies/review/ movie-review-war-of/160311/content).

2005 (Canada) 114 minutes Canada United States Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country . Bruce Greenwood Mark Pellegrino Amy Ryan and Chris Cooper Mychael Danna Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Adam Kimmel Editing by Studio Christopher Tellefsen A-Line Pictures Copper's Town Productions Infinity Media Eagle Vision United Artists Sony Pictures Classics September 22. 2005 (Telluride) September 30. 2005 (United States) October 28.Capote (film) 47 Capote (film) Capote Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Bennett Miller Caroline Baron William Vince Michael Ohoven Dan Futterman Gerald Clarke (Biography) Philip Seymour Hoffman Catherine Keener Clifton Collins Jr.

Dewey's wife. When the murderers are apprehended. however. The story becomes a meditation upon the need for redemption even in very grave circumstances.233. and was released on Plot The film opens in Kansas with the discovery of the dead bodies of four of the members of the Clutter family by a family friend. including the Academy Award for Best Actor. "maybe not. Dewey warms up to Capote. Hoffman portrays Capote's conflict between personal literary ambitions and trying to maintain his role as a confidant to Perry. Capote became an international figure upon the release of the book In Cold Blood. the fact is you didn't want to. The film showcases Philip Seymour Hoffman's portrayal of the openly gay Southern author with his weaknesses for fame. Capote is able to gain access to the murderers by bribing the warden. Dewey is starstruck by Capote's stories of being on movie sets with film stars. The last appeal is rejected and Perry and Dick are hanged. Philip Seymour Hoffman won several awards. excepting a year long stint where Capote abandons Perry and writes the "first three parts" of the book with Jack Dunphy in Morocco and Spain. Perry refuses to tell Capote what happened on the night of the murders. with Lee as his go-between and interpreter of rural life. [2] in the autumn of 2004. He tells her of the horrifying experience and laments that he couldn't have done anything to stop it. one of the two condemned killers. which greatly angers the writer. The movie itself was based on the biography called Capote by Gerald Clarke. Perry's hanging is explicitly shown. Following their trial and conviction. to announce that he will personally document the tragedy. Capote begins to form an attachment to Perry. Capote spends the following years regularly visiting Perry and learning about his life. is a fan of Capote's writing and persuades him to invite Capote and Lee to their house for dinner. his upset and remorseful manner. Mrs. which he would publish after Smith and Hickock were executed. Capote is initially brushed off by the Kansas Bureau of Investigation's lead detective on the case." This is the last line of the film. alcohol. In the next scene Truman is talking to Harper Lee. Truman Capote is riveted by the story of the Clutters and calls William Shawn. not withstanding his involvement in the murders. The story of Perry's life. She replies. Capote sets about interviewing those involved with the victims. 2005.161 Capote is a 2005 biographical film about Truman Capote.Capote (film) Language Budget Gross revenue English $7 million [1] [1] 48 $49. st September 30. Perry tells him in great detail. which facilitates Capote's visits to the prison where the suspects (Perry Smith and Dick Hickock) are being held. to coincide with Truman Capote's 81 birthday. Alvin Dewey. Eventually. . The writer becomes emotionally attached to Perry and feels sympathy for him. and his emotional sincerity impress Capote. He travels to Kansas with his childhood friend Harper Lee. the Clutter family. and attention. for his critically acclaimed portrayal of the title role. The movie was filmed mostly in Manitoba. The next and last scene shows Truman looking at photos and some of the writings and drawings that Perry gave him. Lee was then in the process of getting To Kill a Mockingbird written and published. then the editor of The New Yorker. While reading The New York Times. following the events during the writing of Capote's non-fiction book In Cold Blood. which the film references several times.

2004.Capote (film) 49 Cast • Philip Seymour Hoffman as Truman Capote • Catherine Keener as Nelle Harper Lee • Clifton Collins Jr. Reviews • Allmovie • Arizona Republic • Chicago Reader • Chicago Tribune • Empire • Film critic • Houston Chronicle • Orlando Sentinel • Premiere • Roger Ebert • Rolling Stone • Toronto Star link [12] [13] [14] link [4] link link link [8] [9] [6] [7] [5] link link link link link [10] [11] link [15] link . from October 25. Ernst Harth as Lowell Lee Andrews • George Dangerfield as Jury foreman [3] Production Capote was in principal photography for 36 days. Reid as Roy Church • Rob McLaughlin as Harold Nye • Harry Nelken as Sheriff Walter Sanderson • C. as Perry Smith • Chris Cooper as Alvin Dewey • Bob Balaban as William Shawn • Bruce Greenwood as Jack Dunphy • Amy Ryan as Marie Dewey • Mark Pellegrino as Richard Hickock • Allie Mickelson as Laura Kinney • Marshall Bell as Warden Marshall Krutch • Araby Lockhart as Dorothy Sanderson • Robert Huculak as New York Reporter • R. 2004 to December 1.D.

Best Supporting Actress — Catherine Keener • National Board of Review: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman • National Society of Film Critics: Best Film. Best Supporting Actress — Catherine Keener • Chicago Film Critics Association: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman.Philip Seymour Hoffman — Won • Best Supporting Actress . Female — Catherine Keener Nominations • 78th Academy Awards: • Best Picture • Best Director — Bennett Miller • Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman — Won • Best Supporting Actress — Catherine Keener • Best Adapted Screenplay — Dan Futterman • ' 59th BAFTA Awards:' • Best Picture • Best Actor . Best Supporting Performance. Best Screenplay — Dan Futterman.Catherine Keener • Best Director — Bennett Miller • Best Adapted Screenplay — Dan Futterman • Berlin Film Festival: Golden Bear • Broadcast Film Critics Association:Best Picture. Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman • New York Film Critics Circle: Best First Film — Bennett Miller • Online Film Critics Society: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman • Southeastern Film Critics Association: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman • Toronto Film Critics Association: Best First Feature — Bennett Miller.Capote (film) 50 Awards Acting awards for Philip Seymour Hoffman • 2006 Academy Award for Best Actor • 2006 Golden Globe for Best Actor in a Drama • 2005 Satellite Award for Best Actor in a Drama • 2005 Screen Actors Guild Awards for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role • 2005 BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Critics' awards • Broadcast Film Critics Association: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman • Boston Society of Film Critics: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman. Best Supporting Actress — Catherine Keener • Independent Spirit Awards: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman. Best Performance. Best Screenplay — Dan Futterman • Directors Guild of America: Best Director — Bennett Miller . Male — Philip Seymour Hoffman. Best Screenplay — Dan Futterman • Kansas City Film Critics Circle: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman • Los Angeles Film Critics Association: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman. Best Screenplay — Dan Futterman. Best Supporting Actress — Catherine Keener. Most Promising Filmmaker — Bennett Miller • Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association: Best Actor — Philip Seymour Hoffman.

com/movies/?page=main&id=capote. Best Screenplay — Dan Futterman • Producers Guild of America Awards: Best Theatrical Motion Picture • Screen Actors Guild Awards: Best Supporting Actress — Catherine Keener.com/apps/pbcs. seegest.rollingstone. and more • Capote (http://www.metromix.boxofficemojo.com/m/1151898-capote/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Capote (http://www.mpl/ae/movies/reviews/3421447.nsf/84dbbfa4d710144986256c290016f76e/ 6c95cf4a001e4525882570890073b51c?OpenDocument&Highlight=0.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Capote (http://www.com/disp/story.0.Capote (film) • Independent Spirit Awards: Best Picture. Retrieved 16 November 2006.chicagoreader.com/movie/more-detail/B000E33VWW-capote) at Seegest (http://www.asp?DVDID=117328 http://filmcritic.com/chicago/movies/Section?oid=846987archives/2005/1005/051021.The 1967 film based upon the book.rottentomatoes.orlandosentinel.html?&wired http://www. .seegest.chron.com/article.thestar. [2] Capote (2005) .com/title/tt0379725/locations) [3] Source: the fifth estate. • Truman Capote • Lowell Lee Andrews References [1] "Capote (2005)" (http://www.htm).ljworld.azcentral.metacritic.dll?p=avg&sql=1:319184~T0 [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] http://www.com) • Lawrence Journal-World (November 28.4903946. Best Breakthrough Filmmaker — Bennett Miller.com/title/tt0379725/) at the Internet Movie Database • Capote (http://www.html [11] http://articles.premiere. segment "The Wrong Man".boxofficemojo.Filming locations (http://www.com/ news/2005/nov/28/crime_all_time/?ku_news) .com/reviews/movie/7380561/capote [15] http://www.allmovie.com/movies/mmx-0501021-movies-review-capote.com/misc/emporium.com/ent/movies/articles/1028capote1028.com/reviews/review.com/film/titles/capote) at Metacritic Reviews.com/classics/capote/) • Capote (http://www.com/movies/?id=Capote. [4] http://www. Producers Award — Caroline Baron • Online Film Critics Society: Best Supporting Actress — Catherine Keener.capote [10] http://www.sonypictures.com/NASApp/cs/ContentServer?pagename=thestar/Layout/Article_Type1&c=Article&cid=1130494346965& call_pageid=1022183557980&col=1022183560753 External links Databases • Official website (http://www.com/2005-10-28/news/CAPOTEPHIL_1_truman-capote-hoffman-philip-seymour [12] http://www.empireonline.imdb.com/work/319184) at Allmovie • Capote (film) (http://www.allmovie. 2005): "A crime for all time" by Mike Belt (http://www2.story http://www. about controversial Manitoba Crown prosecutor George Dangerfield.html http://chicago.com/cg/avg.suntimes. Best Ensemble Cast • Writers Guild of America Awards: Best Adapted Screenplay — Dan Futterman • Cinema Brazil Grand Prize (Brazil): Best Foreign-Language Film 51 See also • Infamous • In Cold Blood: A True Account of a Multiple Murder and Its Consequences (book) • In Cold Blood .dll/article?AID=/20051020/REVIEWS/50928006/1023 [14] http://www.asp?section_id=2&article_id=2306 [13] http://rogerebert. 9 March 2010. boxofficemojo. interviews.imdb.com.

ljworld.com/?projects=73) 52 .com/film.concrete. 2005): "Actor portrays KU student in „Capote‟" by J-W Staff Reports (http://www2.php?filmid=16649) • Opening titles designed by Trollbäck + Company (http://www.org.au/inourtimes/archives/2006/02/capote.html) • Capote Mottled review (http://arthedains.com/webs/02005/showArticle.virtual-history.com/news/2005/dec/07/actor_portrays_ku_student_capote/) • London Magazine's Entertainment Movie Review (http://www.trollback.com/blog/2006/02/22/capote/) • Movie stills (http://film. cfm?id=423) • Capote review (http://journals.Capote (film) • Lawrence Journal-World (December 7.020magazine.

2005 98 minutes United States English $10. Ackerman Editing by Studio Anita Brandt-Burgoyne Seventh Picture Production Kintop Pictures Shangri-La Entertainment THINKFilm Warner Independent Pictures December 15.000 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget .000.Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World 53 Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Albert Brooks Steve Bing Herb Nanas JoAnn Perittano Albert Brooks Penny Marshall Victoria Burrows Paul Jerome Albert Brooks Emma Lockhart Amy Ryan Michael Giacchino Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Thomas E.

975. According to Rotten Tomatoes.com/work/331951) at Allmovie . who responds with security measures of their own. This action causes alarm to Pakistan.com/title/tt0433116/business) External links • Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World (http://www.Movie Reviews. budget of $10 million.com/title/tt0433116/) at the Internet Movie Database • Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World (http://www. It was shown at the Dubai International Film Festival. a Jewish-American comedian.Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World is a 2006 film starring and directed by Albert Brooks. the American government orders Brooks to leave the country and return to America.com/m/ looking_for_comedy_in_the_muslim_world/) [2] Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World (2005) .imdb. Upon reaching India.rottentomatoes. increasing border control.imdb. Reviews and box-office The film received mixed reviews from critics." References are made to Brooks's earlier films. It is later said that the tension between Pakistan and India is resolved after they learn that everything was Brooks's fault. the Indian government becomes even more paranoid. Brooks begins interviewing Indians and gathering material for the 500-page essay expected of him from the government. When Brooks. considerably less than its References [1] Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World . including Finding Nemo.allmovie. illegally enters Pakistan for four hours to interview several fledgling Pakistani comedians. He is aided by two agents (who actually help very little) and an Indian woman named Maya who was hired as his assistant. [2] [1] It opened in limited release (in only 161 theatres) and earned a total gross of $888. but it received no recognition. who fear he is a spy of some sort. As tension between the countries grows. sent by the United States government into India and Pakistan to find out "what makes Muslims laugh. Lost In America and Defending Your Life along with his earlier stand-up comedy material. unable to get a visa. It is also revealed that Maya sent what was written of the report to Washington.Rotten Tomatoes (http://www. Pictures . it received 42% positive reviews. Brooks' interviews and a failed stand-up performance begin to attract the attention of the Indian government. 54 Synopsis The plot follows Albert Brooks.Box office / business (http://www. Trailers.

is living with her sister Queenie after getting divorced. New York Magazine found the script "uneven" and praised only the work of Ewen Bremner and referred to the work of the other actors as "overacting. What there was. Ronnie Scheib of Variety praised the "marvelously peculiar dialogue" and the good work of the actors. Marvelous did not have a great deal of critical focus. Gwen. it is revealed that Gwen has the ability to magically fix broken machinery and heal sick and injured people. The film explores the effect that celebrity has on Gwen and her family and friends. was mixed. United States English Marvelous is a 2006 American drama/comedy written and directed by Síofra Campbell.com calls it "a memorable satire. . Soon after the movie begins. Cast Actor / Actress Martha Plimpton Ewen Bremner Amy Ryan Character Gwen Lars Queenie Annabella Sciorra Lara Critical reception As an independent film. Plot Martha Plimpton's character. The reviewer at Moviefone.Marvelous (film) 55 Marvelous (film) Marvelous Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Síofra Campbell Síofra Campbell Ian Moore Síofra Campbell Martha Plimpton Release date(s) 2006 Running time Country Language 90 min." However." MSN movies gives it three stars out of five.

truveo.yahoo.com/title/tt0800347/maindetails • http://www.variety.com/Marvelous-Trailer/id/4063822694# clip from the movie • http://movies.com/review/VE1117930624.com/movies/reviews/16813/index4.html?categoryid=31&cs=1&p=0 • http://nymag.com/movie/1809426122/details • http://www.msn.com/movies/movie-synopsis/%27marvelous%27/ .imdb.html • http://www.Marvelous (film) 56 External links • http://movies.

S. 2008 (UK) 114 minutes United States English $19.000.) June 6. Danton Rissner Novel: Dennis Lehane Screenplay: Ben Affleck Aaron Stockard Casey Affleck Michelle Monaghan Morgan Freeman Ed Harris Amy Ryan John Ashton Harry Gregson-Williams Written by Starring Music by Cinematography John Toll Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget William Goldenberg The Ladd Company Miramax Films October 19. 2007 (U.Gone Baby Gone 57 Gone Baby Gone Gone Baby Gone Promotional film poster Directed by Produced by Ben Affleck Ben Affleck Sean Bailey Alan Ladd. Jr.000 .

The exchange at a nearby quarry in Quincy is botched and Amanda is believed to have drowned. takes responsibility for the death and goes into early retirement. the police arrive. Trying to alleviate Patrick's guilt over the events at the house.Gone Baby Gone Gross revenue $34. Remy (trying to cover for his earlier mistake) enters the bar. whose own daughter was killed years before. who was abducted with her favorite doll "Mirabelle". Nick Poole and Remy Bressant (who inform Patrick and Angie that they did not know Ray). who says she will leave him if he calls the police. a seven-year-old boy is abducted in Everett and Patrick receives information that the boy was taken by a known child molester.209. author of Mystic River and Shutter Island. she tells Patrick that Dottie (Helene's friend) will watch her. Remy's lie about not knowing Ray during the investigation puzzles Patrick. to arrange a trade of the money for Amanda. and Patrick and Angie break up. Patrick later visits Amanda as Helene is about to leave on a date with someone she met during the publicity over her daughter's disappearance. Patrick threatens to call the authorities. Patrick is questioned by the police about Remy's death and learns that the police never had a phone transcript like the one that Captain Doyle had shown him prior to the botched exchange. The officer says that Remy had been asking about the drug lord's stolen money before the drug lord knew it was missing. Amanda is returned to her mother amidst heavy publicity. Patrick and Angie drive to Captain Doyle's home. Doyle. even though she has yet to ask Dottie . Remy flees and is pursued by Patrick to the rooftop of a nearby building. who then speaks to a police officer after Nick's funeral. since Amanda is much better off with the Doyles. where Patrick finds Amanda living happily with Doyle and his wife. at the same time. where he dies. Two months later. Patrick and Angie join the police detectives investigating the case. In the next scene. The plot centers on two private investigators. a local drug lord. Patrick returns with Nick and Remy to rescue him. Helene has no babysitter for Amanda and when asked. After entering his house and finding evidence of the abducted boy. At that point. Patrick leaves and discusses the choices with Angie. as her doll is found in the quarry and returned to Helene. Helene informs Patrick that Beatrice has been forbidden to visit and is upset about her husband's arrest. Patrick and Angie are then hired by the child's Aunt Beatrice to find Amanda and discover that Helene and her boyfriend "Skinny Ray" had recently stolen money from Cheese. Plot Private investigator Patrick Kenzie and his partner and girlfriend Angie Gennaro witness a televised plea by a woman named Helene McCready for the return of her missing daughter Amanda. The screenplay by Ben Affleck and Aaron Stockard is based on the novel of the same name by Dennis Lehane. Police Captain Jack Doyle shows Patrick a telephone transcript of the drug lord setting up an exchange for Amanda. Doyle is arrested. A flashback reveals that Doyle was part of the phony kidnapping all along.788 (worldwide) 58 Gone Baby Gone is a 2007 American crime drama/mystery film directed by Ben Affleck and starring his brother Casey Affleck. while wearing a latex mask and holding a shotgun. Patrick Kenzie and Angela Gennaro. but the bartender shoots Remy twice in the chest. careless mother. and he deliberately kills the child molester by shooting him in the back of the head. Patrick enters the house during the shootout and finds one of the residents dead. Patrick then questions Beatrice's husband Lionel in a bar and pieces together that Lionel and Remy had conspired to stage a fake kidnapping in order to take the drug money for themselves and to save Amanda from her mother's neglectful parenting. and stages a robbery. He retreats into the child molester's room. He points the shotgun at Lionel's head. After Ray is murdered. Remy unthinkingly confides that he once planted evidence on someone with the help of "Skinny Ray". Nick later dies in a hospital. They are seen by the residents and Nick is shot. hunting for an abducted four-year-old girl from the Boston neighborhood of Dorchester. where he finds the child molester (in the room) and the boy's dead body (in the bathroom). she makes a play for Patrick himself. but Doyle attempts to convince him that Amanda is better off living with them than with her drug-addicted.

aggregator Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 72 out of 100. due to the kidnapping and murder of eight-year-old Nurin Jazlin." Patrick Radden Keefe criticized the film for overstating the case in an otherwise laudable attempt to "capture Boston in all its sordid glory. 2009. Gone Baby Gone received extremely positive reviews. including a five-star rating from [7] Chris Tookey of the Daily Mail. only to hear Amanda inform him that her doll's name is "Annabelle" -. The movie won an assortment of awards." writing that "The result is not so much what Mean Streets did for New York as what Deliverance did for Appalachia.300.218 domestically and $13. Williams as Detective Devin Amronklin Affleck directing on set at Meaney Park.909. but was postponed to March 27. the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported 94% of critics gave the film positive reviews. but the movie better. Release Released on October 19. Dorchester in May 2006." [5] [3] [4] [2] The review Peter Travers of Rolling Stone raved "The brothers Affleck both emerge triumphant in this mesmerizing thriller. In an issue of Vrij Nederland. morally ambiguous and satisfying neo-noir. As of March 22. Patrick asks Amanda about Mirabelle. Dutch critic and writer Arnon Grunberg called the book good. saying "Gone Baby Gone might not be a perfect film. Critical reception The film was a favorite among critics and audiences alike. [1] The UK release was originally set for December 28. while the New York Post called it "a twisty. based on 163 reviews.570 in other territories for a worldwide total of $34. but was pushed back to June 6.Gone Baby Gone herself. The Malaysian release was originally set for September 20. Jack Doyle • Ed Harris as Detective Sergeant Remy Bressant • Amy Ryan as Helene McCready • John Ashton as Detective Nick Poole • Amy Madigan as Beatrice McCready • Titus Welliver as Lionel McCready • Mark Margolis as Leon Trett • Slaine as Bubba Rogowski • Edi Gathegi as Cheese • Michael K. 2008. who is holding her old doll and watching television.implying that Helene did not even know the name of her daughter's favorite toy.209. [8] . 2007. 2007. based on 34 reviews. 2008. the film has grossed an estimated $20. but it's definitely an important one. 2007. Patrick volunteers to watch Amanda. 59 Cast • Casey Affleck as Patrick Kenzie • Michelle Monaghan as Angie Gennaro • Morgan Freeman as Capt. if only to raise the question: 'What is home?'".788." [6] In the UK. including Best First Film for Ben Affleck from the Austin Film Critics Association. due to the disappearance of Madeleine McCann.

Gone Baby Gone 60 Top ten lists The film appeared on 65 critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2007.Michael Medved.James Berardinelli.Richard Roeper.V. The Best and Worst of 2007 • 7th . ReelViews • 8th . Associated Press • 4th . Club • 9th . At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper • 6th . Club [11] [9] [10] Awards Wins • Alliance of Women Film Journalists Association • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Austin Film Critics Association • Best First Film (Ben Affleck) • Boston Society of Film Critics • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Broadcast Film Critics Association • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Florida Film Critics Circle • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Houston Film Critics Associaton • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Los Angeles Film Critics Association • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • National Board of Review • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Best Directorial Debut (Ben Affleck) • New York Film Critics Circle • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Oklahoma Film Critics Circle • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Best First Feature (Ben Affleck) • Phoenix Film Critics Society • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • San Diego Film Critics Circle • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • San Francisco Film Critics Circle • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) .V.Keith Phipps. The A.Ben Lyons.Noel Murray. • 2nd .Christy Lemire. The Daily 10 • 6th . The A.

Area Film Critics Association • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) Nominated • Academy Awards • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Chicago Film Critics Association • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Detroit Film Critics Society • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Golden Globe Awards • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • National Society of Film Critics • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Online Film Critics Association • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Screen Actors Guild Awards • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Toronto Film Critics Association • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) 61 .C. Drama (Amy Ryan) • Southeastern Film Critics • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • St. Louis Gateway Critics • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Utah Film Critics • Best Supporting Actress (Amy Ryan) • Washington D.Gone Baby Gone • Satellite Awards • Best Supporting Actress.

shtml). . Archived from the original (http://www. Retrieved 2008-01-05.Gone Baby Gone 62 Home media The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on February 12.nypost.co. 2008.com/m/gone_baby_gone/). Rotten Tomatoes. "Ben Affleck filmed Gone Baby Gone.movies.com/reviews/movie/14705447/review/16970882/ gone_baby_gone). [4] "Gone Baby Gone: Review: Rolling Stone" (http://www.asp). via Columbia Daily Tribune.rollingstone. [3] "Gone Baby Gone (2007): Reviews" (http://www. based on the book by thriller author Dennis Lehane about the kidnapping of a child.com/2007/Dec/20071227Go!013.com/film/titles/gonebabygone) at Metacritic • Gone Baby Gone (http://www. The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray in Australia on September 10.columbiatribune.columbiatribune. Retrieved 2007-12-31. "'No Country for Old Men' earns nod from AP critics" (http://web.shtml)on 2008-01-02. External links • Gone Baby Gone DVD and Blu-ray Disc Official Site (http://video. Metacritic. . .html) [8] Grunberg. Lou (2007-10-19).archive. Metacritic. Associated Press.metacritic.slate.archive.com [11] David Germain.htm). 2007-10-19. Vrij Nederland: pp. .metacritic.boxofficemojo.metacritic. Christy Lemire (2007-12-27).org/web/20080102102034/http://www. [10] www.com/id/2176404/nav/tap3/). Done That" (http://www. 2008.com/movies/?id=gonebabygone.com/film/awards/ 2007/toptens.imdb. "Ben Flair.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Gone Baby Gone (http://www. Retrieved 2007-12-31. [7] DailyMail. [5] Lumenick.com/2007/Dec/20071227Go!013. References [1] BoxOffice Mojo [2] "Gone Baby Gone . but the movie is better.dailymail.com/m/gone_baby_gone/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Gone Baby Gone (http://www. [6] Keefe.asp) on 2008-01-03.criticstop10. Retrieved 2007-10-19. Extras include commentary by Ben Affleck and Aaron Stockard. 68–71.com/seven/10192007/entertainment/movies/ ben_flair done_that. .com/title/tt0452623/) at the Internet Movie Database • Gone Baby Gone (http://www.com.org/web/ 20080103000750/http://www. .metacritic. Slate.go. Retrieved 2007-10-19. Patrick Radden (2007-10-23). Archived from the original (http://www.rottentomatoes.allmovie.uk/tvshowbiz/reviews/article-1024543/Gone-Baby-Gone-No-Maddie-masterpiece. and two behind-the-scenes featurettes.com/film/awards/2007/toptens. The Book is good.com/film/titles/gonebabygone).rottentomatoes. New York Post. "Ben Affleck's Boston: His portrait of the city is far from perfect — but at least it's not wicked bad" (http://www. "Home is where they'd kill for you" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2007-12-31. deleted scenes. Arnon (2008-01-12).com/gonebabygone/) • Gone Baby Gone (http://www.Rotten Tomatoes" (http://www. ." [9] "Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists" (http://web.com/work/348172) at Allmovie .uk (http://www.

He was arrested for car theft when he was 14. impressed by Cassady's high IQ. Born Died Occupation Nationality Genres Literary movement Notable work(s) February 8. and found employment for him. 1926 – February 4. he was released by law enforcement into Brierly's [2] [1] . Photograph by Carolyn Cassady. Utah February 4. Utah. and was repeatedly arrested from 1942 to 1944. After his mother died when he was ten. Guanajuato. Brierly took an active role in Cassady's life over the next few years. left. poet American Beat poet Beat The First Third Neal Leon Cassady (February 8. the 15-year old Cassady met Justin W. As a youth. and. Early years Cassady was born to Maude Jean Scheuer and Neal Marshall Cassady in Salt Lake City. He helped admit Cassady to East High School where he taught. and for car theft and fencing when he was 16. a prominent Denver educator. In 1941. Cassady continued his criminal activities. however. 1968 (aged 41) San Miguel de Allende. Colorado. encouraged and supervised his reading. perhaps best known for being characterized as Dean Moriarty in Jack Kerouac's novel On the Road.Neal Cassady 63 Neal Cassady Neal Cassady Neal Cassady. with Jack Kerouac in 1952. Brierly. Cassady spent much of his youth living on the streets of skid row with his father. he was raised by his alcoholic father in Denver. or spending time in reform school. for shoplifting and car theft when he was 15. on at least one of these occasions. 1968) was a major figure of the Beat Generation of the 1950s and the psychedelic movement of the 1960s. Mexico Author. 1926 Salt Lake City. Cassady was repeatedly involved in petty crime. Brierly was well known as a mentor of promising young men.

Brierly's. He later played a prominent role in the California psychedelic scene of the 1960s. eventually becoming one of the Merry Pranksters. During this period. In the surviving first draft of On the Road. Cassady shared an apartment with Allen Ginsberg and Charles Plymell in 1963 at 1403 Gough Street. The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. Cassady married Carolyn Robinson on April 1. .C. a stream of consciousness prose form. During 1964. where they met Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg at Columbia University through Hal Chase. Cassady and his wife moved to New York City. later traveled cross-country with Kerouac. he struggled to meet family obligations. The couple eventually had three children and settled down in a ranch house in Monte Sereno. he married the fifteen-year-old LuAnne Henderson. Brierly. [5] and he As a character Cassady was the model for the character Dean Moriarty in Kerouac's On the Road. San Francisco. and Carolyn divorced him when his parole period expired in 1963. Second marriage and bigamy After Cassady's marriage to LuAnne Henderson was annulled. which was immortalized by Tom Wolfe's book. and served eleven months of a one-year prison sentence. where Kerouac and Ginsberg sometimes visited. these represent Cassady's earliest surviving letters. Cassady worked for the Southern Pacific Railroad and kept in touch with his "Beat" acquaintances even as they became increasingly different philosophically. "Howl" as "N. Cassady served a sentence at San Quentin State Prison. another protégé of Justin W.. He and Brierly actively exchanged letters during this period even through Cassady's intermittent incarcerations... 50 miles south of San Francisco. [3] 64 Marriage In October 1945. a group who formed around Kesey in 1964 and were proponents of the use of psychedelic drugs. he soon became friends with them and their acquaintances. After his release in June 1960. secret hero of these poems. he is commonly credited with helping Kerouac break with his Thomas Wolfe-influenced sentimental style (as seen in The Town and the City) and Kerouac's discovery of a unique style of his own he called "spontaneous prose". Cassady committed bigamy by briefly marrying a woman named Diane Hansen two years after he married Carolyn Cassady. after being released from prison. Although Cassady did not attend Columbia. and Cody Pomeray in many of Kerouac's other novels. which Kerouac typed on a 120 foot roll of paper specially constructed for that purpose. California. Dean Moriarty is named "Neal". Cassady first met author Ken Kesey during the summer of 1962. In June 1944." Additionally. Cassady was arrested for receipt of stolen property. some of whom later became members of the Beat Generation. he served as the main driver of the bus Further. In 1947. is also believed to have been responsible for Cassady's first homosexual experience. He had a sexual relationship with Ginsberg that lasted off and on for the next twenty years. Ginsberg mentioned Cassady in his ground-breaking poem. apparently a closeted [4] homosexual.Neal Cassady safekeeping. 1948. first used in On the Road. Cannabis Following an arrest during 1958 for offering to share a small amount of marijuana with an undercover agent at a San Francisco nightclub.

Colorado. Cassady's life became less stable and the pace of his travels became more frenetic. Finally. Cassady is described as "the worldly inspiration for the protagonist of two recent novels. At one point Cassady took Cox. 1968. Don't do what I have done. Those who attended the wedding party confirm that he took an unknown quantity of Secobarbital. New York and points in between: then returned to Mexico in September and October (stopping in San Antonio. then 19. Cassady traveled to Mexico with fellow prankster George "Barely Visible" Walker and longtime girlfriend Anne Murphy. Cassady attended a wedding party in San Miguel de Allende. Cassady returned to Mexico once again. Cassady was not a heavy drinker. "Twenty years of fast living – there's just not much left. though he may have participated in a toast to the bride and groom. Thompson's book Hell's Angels. After the party he went walking along a railroad track to reach the next town." drunkenly yelling at police at the famed Hells Angels parties at Ken Kesey's residence in La Honda. Thompson In Hunter S. that can easily lead to overdose. where he died a few hours later on February 4. California. during late January. and spent the New Year with Carolyn at a friend's house near San Francisco. Yet at rare times he was known to express regret over his wild life. Although his name was removed at the insistence of Thompson's publisher. His name appears explicitly in the 50th anniversary edition of the original scroll of On the Road (On the Road: The Original Scroll. 1968. He left Mexico in May. especially as it affected his family. Guanajuato. although his widow disputes this and believes he may have died of renal failure. All-night storytelling. they were joined by Barbara Wilson and Walter Cox. speed drives in Walker's Lotus Elan and the use of LSD made for a classic Cassady performance – "like a trained bear. a powerful barbiturate sold under the brand name of Seconal." During the next year. The physician who performed the autopsy wrote simply "general congestion in all systems. [6] . but passed out in the cold and rainy night wearing nothing but a T-shirt and jeans. Viking 2007)." when interviewed later he stated that he was unable to give an accurate report. the description is clearly a reference to the character based on Cassady in Jack Kerouac's works. four days short of his forty-second birthday. In the morning. an event also chronicled in The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. he was found in a coma by the track and taken to the closest hospital. Cassady was beloved for his ability to inspire others to love life. Cassady also appears in Ken Kesey's book Demon Box as "Superman" in the chapter "The Day After Superman Died". Denver.Neal Cassady 65 Hunter S." Carolyn Cassady once said. and my kids are all screwed up. Mexico. On February 3. aside and told him. traveling to San Francisco. Jalisco. In a beachside house just south of Puerto Vallarta. The exact cause of Cassady's death remains uncertain. because Cassady was a foreigner and there were drugs involved. visited Ken Kesey's Oregon farm in December. Texas on the way to visit his oldest daughter who had just given birth to his first grandchild). On the Road and Visions of Cody. New York City. Travels and death In January 1967. 'Exposure' is commonly cited as his cause of death.

The Doobie Brothers guitarist and songwriter Patrick Simmons refers to Cassady in his song "Neal's Fandango" as his incentive for taking to the road. A New York City-based folk duo. Cassady's autobiographical novel The First Third was published posthumously in 1971. and Glenn Fitzgerald as Kerouac. was also released in 2007. was released in 1997 and is based on the "Joan Anderson letter" written by Cassady to Jack Kerouac in December 1950. The Cassady family criticized this film as highly inaccurate. Aztec Two Step. [11] This film focuses more on the Prankster years and stars Tate Donovan as Neal. Howl. [13] [12] [14] which chronicles the creation of the poem "Howl" by Allen Ginsberg and the obscenity trial surrounding its publication. Although much of this letter had been lost. with Neal Cassady driving in the company of Jack Kerouac. in their 1972 debut album memorialized Cassady in the song "The Persecution & Restoration of Dean Moriarty (On The Road)"." by John Perry Barlow. starring Nick Nolte as Cassady. . The film The Last Time I Committed Suicide. The ending of the film depicts him as misunderstood by his more youthful Merry Pranksters cohorts. 1944-1967 (Penguin. Amy Ryan as Carolyn Cassady. Another film. in fact the song primarily celebrates the 1970 birth of baby girl Cassidy Law into the Grateful Dead family. though the lyrics also include references to Neal Cassady himself. Noah Buschel wrote and directed the film. Dean Moriarty. "Cassidy. where Cassady is quoted mumbling the number of railroad ties he had counted on the line (sixty-four thousand nine-hundred and twenty-eight) as his last words before dying. Heart Beat. A 2007 short film. Cassady is [10] played by Austin Nichols and Kerouac is played by Will Estes. Luz Del Mundo. It was published as a part of Kesey's 1986 collection Demon Box. In music Cassady lived briefly with The Grateful Dead and is immortalized in their song "The Other One" as the bus driver "Cowboy Neal. the biopic Neal Cassady. In film Cassady and his life and friendships were portrayed in the 1980 film. deals with Cassady's friendship and adventures with Jack Kerouac. Cassady is portrayed by Jon Prescott in the film. 2007). North Jersey-based progressive rock band Children of Dust pay tribute to Cassady in their song "Neal Cassady. His complete surviving letters are published in Grace Beats Karma: Letters from Prison (Blast.Neal Cassady 66 Legacy and influence In literature Ken Kesey wrote a fictional account of Cassady's death in a short story named "The Day After Superman Died". a surviving remnant was originally published in an early 1964 edition of John Bryan's magazine Notes from Underground. 1993) and Neal Cassady: Collected Letters. The film was based on Carolyn Cassady's memoir of the same name. Chris Bauer as Kesey. three years after his death. with Thomas Jane as Cassady. The Beat-inspired folk revival band the Washington Squares released a song named "Neal Cassady" on their 1989 album Fair and Square." [7] [8] A second Grateful Dead song." The progressive rock band King Crimson released a song named "Neal and Jack and Me" on their 1982 album Beat. Tom Waits composed and recorded a song named "Jack & Neal" (included in his 1977 Foreign Affairs album) about a travel to California. [9] might seem to be a misspelling of Cassady's name. The film deals primarily with how Neal became trapped by his fictional alter-ego.

1941-1946. as Neal Cassady [16] • Jack Kerouac — The Subterraneans (1958) as "Leroy" • Jack Kerouac — The Dharma Bums (1958) as "Cody" • John Clellon Holmes — The Horn (1958) as "the driver" • Jack Kerouac — Visions of Cody (1960. Kerouac. by William Plummer (1981) • Neal Cassady. who administered amphetamine injections to The Factory scene and many others in the day. 2007) Literary studies • Friendly and Flowing Savage: The Literary Legend of Neal Cassady. Robert. particulary his messianic West Coast persona at a Warholesqueue party and psychedelic school bus as preferred mode of transportation. first revision Black Spring Press.C. Volume Two. letters and essays) Published biographies • The Holy Goof: A Biography of Neal Cassady. played by Bono. by Gregory Stephenson (1987). by David Sandison & Graham Vickers (2006) • Off the Road: Twenty Years with Cassady. and Ginsberg. Rober was a real MD in NYC in the late 60s. Thompson — Hell's Angels: The Strange and Terrible Saga of the Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs (1966) • Tom Wolfe — The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test (1968) • Allen Ginsberg — "On Neal's Ashes" (1968) • Charles Bukowski — Notes of a Dirty Old Man (1969) as "Kerouac's boy Neal C. Amazon." • Allen Ginsberg — "Many Loves" (1956) • Jack Kerouac — On the Road (1957) as "Dean Moriarty" • On the Road — The Original Scroll.uk .co. is said to have been inspired by Neal Cassady There are also striking parallels between the character and Jim Morrison of the The Doors.Neal Cassady In the film "Across the Universe" (2007). by Tom Christopher (1995) • Neal Cassady. collection of poetry and letters) • Neal Cassady: Collected Letters. [15] 67 Published works • "Pull My Daisy" (1951. Dr. published 1973) as "Cody Pomeray" • Jack Kerouac — Book of Dreams (1960) as "Cody Pomeray" • Jack Kerouac — Big Sur (1962) as "Cody Pomeray" • Jack Kerouac — Desolation Angels (novel) (1965) as "Cody Pomeray" • Hunter S. 1926-1940. Incorporated in The Daybreak Boys: Essays on the Literature of the Beat Generation by Gregory Stephenson (1990) Appearances in literature • John Clellon Holmes — Go (1952) as "Hart Kennedy" • Allen Ginsberg — "The Green Automobile" (1953) as "my old companion" • Allen Ginsberg — "Howl" (1956) as "N. autobiographical novel) • Grace Beats Karma (1993. 1944-1967 (2004." . poetry) written with Jack Kerouac • "Genesis West: Volume Seven" (1965. Robert character in the film Ciao Manhattan. 1990. The matter is further complicated by the Dr. the chracter Dr.sole distributor. by Tom Christopher (1998) • Neal Cassady: The Fast Life of a Beat Hero. Volume One. magazine article) • The First Third (1971. by Carolyn Cassady (Original version-Penguin.

OFFBEAT: Collaborating with Kerouac (2002) • Nick Mamatas — Move Under Ground (2004) • Phil Lesh — Searching for the Sound: My Life with the Grateful Dead (2005) • Robert Stone — Prime Green: Remembering the Sixties (2007) 68 Appearances in film • Neal Cassady (2008) played by Tate Donovan • Heart Beat (1980) played by Nick Nolte • What Happened to Kerouac (1986) • The Last Time I Committed Suicide (1997) played by Thomas Jane References Notes [1] Sandison.com/coms2/gi_0199-5075349/Everybody-knows-nobody-cares-or. and managed to entice him into his first homosexual experience. .html. Barnes (December 2.co.ucsc. retrieved 26 January 2009 [7] http://www. 1973) [6] http://www. John (June 22. Sandison & Vickers 2006. Paul. Andrew (2007-07-29). David. The New York Times. Graham (2006-11-19). Retrieved 2010-05-20.uk/ books/news/article2814743. The Independent (London). Porque Le Falta" as "Willie Wings" (1969) • Ken Kesey — "Over the Border" as "Houlihan" (1973) • Robert Stone — Dog Soldiers as "Ray Hicks" (1974) • Ken Kesey — The Day After Superman Died as "Houlihan" (1979) • Chuck Rosenthal — Jack Kerouac's Avatar Angel: His Last Novel as "Cody Pomeray" (2001) • David Amram . California: Grey Fox Press. 1.com/carolyn. p. [5] Young. pp. [4] Turner 1996.dead.nealcassadyestate.com/2009/12/03/movies/ 03sundance. Brierly's sexual orientation was an open secret. TriQuarterly. nobody cares.com.spinner. ecnext. and it was probably through him that Neal Cassady would first discover and explore gay sex and serve as a hustler in Denver's gay community. pp. or: Neal Cassady's Penis" (http://goliath.com.com/2006/11/19/books/chapters/ 1119-1st-sandi.nytimes. 1.nytimes. BlackBookMag. 79 ("Brierly had been sexually attracted to Neal. Discovered: Kerouac 'cuts'" (http://arts.imdb. Retrieved 2010-05-20. retrieved 4 August 2007 [8] http://arts. . . Sandison & Vickers 2006. 2009).com/2007/09/13/bono-plays-doctor-in-across-the-universe/) [16] Bignell.nealcassadyestate. "‗Neal Cassady'" (http://www. Vickers.html. [2] Cassady & Moore 2004. Allen: "Allen Ginsberg: the Gay Sunshine interview.com/carolyn.Neal Cassady • Robert Stone — "Porque No Tiene.html).html) [10] IMDB title (http://www. . 41-42 ("Brierly was most likely also a closet homosexual. 2005).").com/title/tt0808392/) [12] http://www." page 1 (Bolinas.edu/GDead/AGDL/other1. . newyorktimes. "Sundance Tries to Hone Its Artsy Edge" (http://www. p.imdb. however. [15] (http://www. "On the Road (uncensored). See Weir. Retrieved 2009-09-22.independent.litkicks. Johnson.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print&oref=slogin). "Everybody knows. According to some reports. retrieved 28 August 2007 [13] Brooks. . retrieved 23 August 2007 [9] Cassidy's Tale (http://www.net/song/other-one.").com/article/ alessandro-nivola-is-hotter-than-audrey-tautou/11028).html.blackbookmag. [3] Cassady & Moore 2004. [14] ""Alessandro Nivola is hotter than Audrey Tautou"" (http://www. p.com/title/tt1092602/) [11] IMDB entry (http://www. 42-46.html).ece).com/Topics/BarlowOnNeal.

com • Neal Cassady (http://www. Vickers. Neal Cassady Sr.pbase.com/library/bio/authors/beats/neal-cassady/) at rotten. Neal Cassady. Cassady Haunts and Homes. findagrave. Neal Cassady: The Fast Life of a Beat Hero.com/BeatPages/page.com/letter.Neal Cassady directory (http://kerouacalley.utexas.intrepidtrips.imdb.com/pzo/beat_tour) • A gallery of Neal Cassady and related book covers (http://www.com/title/tt0119502/) at the Internet Movie Database • Heart Beat (http://www. Neal Cassady: Collected Letters.nealcassadyestate. ISBN 0-7475-2480-7 External links • Neal Cassady (http://www.com/cassady. Neal.com/2007/09/13/ bono-plays-doctor-in-across-the-universe/) . Graham (2006).rotten.com/?op=home/Beat Generation/Denver Colorado.com/title/tt0080854/) at the Internet Movie Database • Kerouac Alley .litkicks. Chicago Review Press.com/cassady) • Neal Cassady Collection (http://research.html) • Neal's Gravesite.com/category/interviews/ carolyn-cassady-interviews/) • Bono Plays Doctor in 'Across the Universe' (http://www. with stories and photos contributed by the family.com (http://www.com/Denver/index. 1944-1967.Neal Cassady 69 Bibliography • Cassady.jsp?what=NealCassady) at Literary Kicks • Cassady Pages (http://tomchristopher.beatbookcovers.litkicks. and the Beat Generation) • Neal's Denver (http://www.org/identities/lccn-n50-34114) in libraries (WorldCat catalog) • Neal Cassady letter to Allen Ginsberg (http://kerouacalley.pbase. ISBN 978-0142002179 • Sandison.xml& query=cassady&query-join=and) at the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin • Works by or about Neal Cassady (http://worldcat. ISBN 978-1-55652-615-6.com/) Official site of Neal Cassady's estate. Moore.com/pranksters/neal/) at IntrepidTrips.com/cgi-bin/fg. Cathy Cassady Sylvia.com • The Last Time I Committed Suicide (http://www. Neal Cassady.edu:8080/hrcxtf/view?docId=ead/00188.com/pzo/ncgravesite) • Denver Colorado.hrc.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7567150) • Victoria Mixon's Interviews with Carolyn Cassady (http://victoriamixon.html) at Literary Kicks • Neal Cassady (http://www. Steve (1996). Gravesite (http://www. David.findagrave. and the Beat Generation (http://tomchristopher.] • Photos.html) • Denver Beat Photo Tour. Penguin Books. More (http://www.com/?op=home/Beat Generation) at Art and Leisure • Neal Cassady (http://www.spinner.imdb. Jami Cassady Ratto and John Allen Cassady. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. Dave (2004). Angelheaded Hipster: A Life of Jack Kerouac. • Turner. Carolyn Cassady.

The title comes from the .Before the Devil Knows You're Dead 70 Before the Devil Knows You're Dead Before the Devil Knows You're Dead Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Sidney Lumet Michael Cerenzie Brian Linse William S.000 $25.005. United States English $18. Gilmore Paul Parmar Kelly Masterson Philip Seymour Hoffman Ethan Hawke Albert Finney Marisa Tomei Rosemary Harris Amy Ryan Carter Burwell Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Ron Fortunato Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Tom Swartwout THINKFilm October 26. and Albert Finney. Marisa Tomei. Ethan Hawke. 2007 123 min.257 Before the Devil Knows You're Dead is a 2007 crime drama written by Kelly Masterson and directed by Sidney Lumet. It stars Philip Seymour Hoffman.000.

Charles immediately goes looking for Andy. Meanwhile. Afterwards. is in desperate need of money to cover funds he embezzled from his employer. Andy plans to fence the jewelry via a New York City dealer his father knows. and finally to the hospital where the paramedics took his wounded son. visits a jeweler in New York City that he knows fences stolen goods -. Hank hires Bobby Lasorda (Brian F. Hank leaves his brother and guiltily leaves some of the money behind for Chris before fleeing with the money. Some scenes are shown from various points of view. Andy avoids this issue. O'Byrne). because insurance will repay their parents for the stolen items. Charles. causing a shootout. 71 Plot Note: The story is explained here in its chronological order. Hank is confronted by Bobby's brother-in-law Dex (Michael Shannon) who demands financial compensation for Bobby's death to provide for his sister. Chris shoots Andy with her brother's gun. Without consulting Andy. Charles. Hank begs Andy to kill him. and could therefore be recognized. Charles then attaches Andy's heart monitor to himself and apparently suffocates his son to death with a pillow (although paramedics momentarily rush to help Andy and Andy's . followed Andy as he went to Hank's apartment. to Chris'. Andy is too preoccupied with Hank and covering up his involvement in the crime to object. revealing to Charles that Andy came to him looking to fence the jewels. having seen Andy leaving his apartment tower when he went looking for him. Hank just needs to wait in the car. Bobby decides he will commit the robbery himself using a gun. the jeweler hands Andy's business card to Charles. facing an upcoming audit. Chris (Aleksa Palladino). who has been unsatisfied with her relationship with Andy. After an acrimonious exchange that indicates they have known and disliked each other for decades. The brothers then go to pay off Dex. Andy devises a plan to rob their parents' jewelry store. Andy appears ready to kill Chris (Bobby's wife) when Hank objects. an acquaintance who is an experienced thief. revealing that he knows about Hank and Gina's relationship. Andy decides to resolve the blackmail situation with Hank by robbing a heroin dealer that he frequents. Andy and Hank overpower the dealer and steal his money. The robbery goes awry when Nanette pulls a hidden gun on Bobby. At the dealer's apartment. Andy Hanson (Hoffman) is a finance executive who. and he becomes obsessed with finding information about the crime and others involved in it. Charles. decides to investigate on his own. Meanwhile. The brothers' mother Nanette (Rosemary Harris) happens to be in the store filling in for Doris. Andy argues that he cannot go himself because he has been in the neighborhood recently. Andy states that only a toy gun is needed and that it is a victimless crime. while Andy is away from work dealing with his mother's death. Charles seemingly accepts his apology. repeatedly going back and forth in time. Bobby dies on the scene. rather than the way it unfolds in the film." The film is told in non-linear time. while attempting to help Hank deal with Dex's blackmail attempt. When Gina reveals her affair with Hank to Andy as she is leaving him. his superiors at work repeatedly try to contact him regarding irregularities in his department's accounts that have been revealed by the audit. Hank has been having a long-standing affair with Gina (Marisa Tomei). Andy breaks down and he vulnerably apologizes to his estranged father for everything. searching for information about the robbery. Bobby's widow. and expects to net about $120. explaining Nanette's death to be an accident. an elderly woman who works for their parents. will be in the store. unsatisfied with the police's help.000 from the robbery. At this time. to help him in the robbery. Andy turns the gun on Hank. which Hank reluctantly agrees to.Before the Devil Knows You're Dead Irish saying: "May you be in heaven a full half-hour before the devil knows you're dead. drugs and paraphernalia they robbed from the heroin dealer. Hank is shocked when Andy kills the dealer and a client who happened to be present. His brother Hank (Hawke) needs money to pay child support and his daughter's private school tuition. dying a week later in the hospital after her husband Charles (Finney) agrees to take her off life support. As Andy pauses over whether to shoot his brother. They assume that only Doris. but Andy hesitates. but Andy impulsively kills him for fear of blackmailing them further. and Nanette falls into a coma. wounding him.the same one Andy visited earlier.

Before the Devil Knows You're Dead death is not confirmed in the movie). calling it "superb" and its director. Either way you look at it. As medical staff rush to Andy's aid. It was also [3] shown at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 13. it's a coolly controlled examination of increasingly insane criminal ineptitude. the film had an average score of 84 out of 100. Release The film premiered on September 6. [3] [3] 2007. At a press conference at the 2007 New York Film Festival. ranking it at #3. This can be deduced from the location and angle of the Chrysler Building and the Empire State building seen through the window. 2007 at the Deauville Festival of American Cinema in France. photographic film would be rendered obsolete. New York." [7] [6] Roger Ebert gave the film four stars. Lumet called shooting on film "a pain in the ass. based on 135 reviews. a . based on 36 reviews. As of January 18. saying "At one level the movie is a wonderfully intricate exploration of family dysfunction. The climactic scene of the film where Andy Hanson (Hoffman) is shot was filmed on West 45th St. [1] Filming of the primary robbery [2] scene in the film took place at the Bay Terrace Shopping Center in Bayside in Queens. this is a hypnotizing film from one of our great masters. O'Byrne as Bobby Lasorda • Aleksa Palladino as Chris Lasorda • Michael Shannon as Dex • Amy Ryan as Martha Hanson • Sarah Livingston as Danielle Hanson • Jordan Gelber as Agent Production Lumet made the decision to shoot Before the Devil Knows You're Dead on high definition video after experimenting with the format on the television series 100 Centre Street. [5] Time magazine's Richard Schickel named the film one of the top 10 films of 2007. It opened in France on September 26. The film made its American debut on October 12. At another." "living treasure. between 9th and 10th avenues. 88% of critics gave the film positive reviews." and predicted that as soon as distributors and exhibitors could agree on a digital projection format. On Metacritic. The scenes where Andy Hanson (Philip Seymour Hoffman) uses heroin were filmed in an apartment on a high floor on the southwest corner of Trump World Tower. New York. Sidney Lumet. 72 Cast • Philip Seymour Hoffman as Andy Hanson • Ethan Hawke as Hank Hanson • Albert Finney as Charles Hanson • Marisa Tomei as Gina Hanson • Rosemary Harris as Nanette Hanson • Brian F. Charles leaves. The scenes where Hank Hanson (Ethan Hawke) is changing in the gas station and using the payphone to call Andy (Hoffman) were filmed on South Broadway in Yonkers. 2007. 2007 at the New York Film Festival. [3] Critical reception The film received very positive reviews from critics. Andy cries out to his father to stop but in his weakened condition he is over-powered. 2008 on the review aggregator Rotten [4] Tomatoes.

Rolling Stone 8th . Retrieved 2009-09-24. 2007 in two theaters.time.com/film/titles/beforethedevilknowsyou'redead).Richard Schickel.Weekend Box Office Results" (http://www.Stephen Hunter. Metacritic.Rotten Tomatoes" (http://www.com/title/tt0292963/releaseinfoRetrieved 2007-10-30 [4] "Before the Devil Knows You're Dead . The Hollywood Reporter • • • • • • • • [8] 73 6th . Retrieved 2007-10-30.com/apps/pbcs.html) [7] "Before the Devil Knows You're Dead" (http://rogerebert.htm).Stephen Farber. [9] In total.com/movies/?id=beforethedevilknowsyouredead. 2008 [3] http://www.1686204_1686244_1692268. 2008.metacritic.boxofficemojo.shtml). [10] "Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (2007)" (http://www.Owen Gleiberman. The Austin Chronicle 6th .Carina Chocano. the film grossed over $25 million worldwide. New York Daily News 8th . Box Office Mojo. [10] Home media The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on April 15.Ty Burr. The Miami Herald 5th .suntimes.Manohla Dargis. New York Post 8th .837 in its opening weekend. Retrieved 2007-12-31.com/index. LA Weekly (tied with Eastern Promises) 8th .Jack Mathews.V. [5] "Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (2007): Reviews" (http://www.dll/article?AID=/20071101/REVIEWS/711010302/ 1023).com/time/specials/2007/top10/article/ 0. Entertainment Weekly • Box office The film opened in limited release in the United States on October 26. The Hollywood Reporter • 1st . Metacritic. Film Threat 10th . . The Washington Post 2nd .metacritic. The Oregonian 3rd . Chicago Sun-Times.Roger Ebert. grossing $73.imdb.Before the Devil Knows You're Dead Top 10 lists The film appeared on many critics' top 10 lists of the best films of 2007.Lou Lumenick. Chicago Sun-Times 4th . The Philadelphia Inquirer 2nd .rottentomatoes.Marc Mohan.00. [8] "Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists" (http://www.com/2007/09/20/ nyff-sidney-lumet-joins-the-death-of-celluloid-brigade/) [2] Bay Terrace Shopping Center (http://www. .Marc Savlov. [6] The 10 Best Movies (Richard Schickel) .com/film/awards/2007/toptens.Time (http://www.bayterrace.Scott Foundas.com/m/before_the_devil_knows_youre_dead/).Mick LaSalle. The Boston Globe 9th . .boxofficemojo. San Francisco Chronicle 9th . .com/movies/?page=weekend& id=beforethedevilknowsyouredead. The New York Times 3rd .Peter Travers.spout. [9] "Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (2007) . . TIME magazine 3rd . . • • • • • • • • • • • 1st .Keith Phipps.Steven Rea.Peter Vonder Haar. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette 10th . Box Office Mojo. .Philip Martin. References [1] "NYFF 2007: Sidney Lumet Joins the Death of Celluloid Brigade" (http://blog.Frank Scheck.html)retrieved on May 03.30583. The A.htm). Rotten Tomatoes. Los Angeles Times 6th .Rene Rodriguez. Retrieved 2008-02-25. Retrieved 2007-12-31. Club 7th .

com/movies/ ?id=beforethedevilknowsyouredead.com/view/interview/8815) on The Charlie Rose Show .metacritic.boxofficemojo.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (http://www.com/work/352063) at Allmovie • Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (http://www.Before the Devil Knows You're Dead 74 External links • Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (http://www. charlierose.imdb. actors Philip Seymour Hoffman & Ethan Hawke (http://www.com/film/titles/beforethedevilknowsyou'redead) at Metacritic • Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (http://www.com/title/tt0292963/) at the Internet Movie Database • Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (http://www.rottentomatoes.allmovie.com/m/ before_the_devil_knows_youre_dead/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Interview with director Sidney Lumet.

Dan in Real Life 75 Dan in Real Life Dan in Real Life Theatrical release poster.S.) Icon Film Distribution (UK) October 26. 2007 98 min.000. .000 (estimated) $67. Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Peter Hedges Jonathan Shestack Pierce Garnder Peter Hedges Steve Carell Juliette Binoche Dianne Wiest John Mahoney Dane Cook Jessica Hecht Sondre Lerche Music by Cinematography Lawrence Sher Editing by Distributed by Sarah Flack Focus Features (non-USA) Touchstone Pictures (U. directed by Peter Hedges and starring Steve Carell and French actress Juliette Binoche. United States English $25.938.171 [2] [1] Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Dan in Real Life is a 2007 American comedy-drama film.

second daughter of Dan • Marlene Lawston as Lilly Burns. eldest daughter of Dan • Brittany Robertson as Cara Burns. Cast • Steve Carell as Dan Burns • Juliette Binoche as Marie Diamond • Dane Cook as Mitch Burns • John Mahoney as Poppy Burns • Dianne Wiest as Nana Burns • Norbert Leo Butz as Clay Burns • Jessica Hecht as Amy Burns • Amy Ryan as Eileen Burns • Margot Janson as Olivia • Alison Pill as Jane Burns. and Cara is happily dancing with her boyfriend Marty. Cara chases the car and cries and calls out. youngest daughter of Dan • Jessica Lussier as Jessica Burns . Marie and Dan end up kissing. Cara and Lilly in the New Jersey suburbs. Mitch punches Dan in the face and Marie runs out. His column is in contention to be syndicated nationally.Dan in Real Life 76 Plot Dan Burns (Steve Carell) is a newspaper advice columnist. After spending some time bowling. Dan and Marie have an obvious connection and continue to talk over breakfast. even though he has only known her three days. At this point. a childhood friend of Dan and Mitch's who comes to visit and is now a surgeon. Surprised and infuriated at Dan for his betrayal. a personal trainer—for an annual family get together. indicating that he was chosen by the newspaper media company to have his column nationally syndicated. Encouraged by his parents and the three girls. he goes after Marie. and she breaks up with Mitch. Mitch. her boyfriend being Dan's brother. to a voiceover in which Dan narrates his column to the readers. she calls Dan. Mitch is seen happily dancing with Ruthie Draper. Dan visits a bookstore and a customer named Marie (Juliette Binoche) mistakes him for an employee. Cara's boyfriend shows up despite the long journey but is sent home by Dan. serenading Marie in front of his brother. Dan's family shows up at the bowling alley. Dan's mother encourages him to go into town for a bit to give his daughters some space. Lost at what he has experienced. The morning after his arrival. and they meet at a bowling alley. "You are a murderer of love!" to Dan when Marty is out of sight. But Dan insists that it is not possible to fall in love in three days and makes her go. Dan even starts dating Ruthie Draper. and a controlling father to his children Jane. and Dan steps in. Marie agrees to meet with Dan again before leaving but tells Dan that she has a boyfriend. as she does not want to leave her boyfriend Marty (Felipe Dieppa) whom she claims to have fallen in love with in just three days. Dan finally meets with a father and daughter who run the newspaper media company. The family takes a trip to the Rhode Island home of his parents (Dianne Wiest and John Mahoney) to visit his family—including his New York City-based brother. Dan and Marie spend the majority of their time trying to deny their attraction to each other. only to find that Marie is there. Before leaving town. Dan plays guitar while Mitch sings Pete Townshend's "Let My Love Open the Door. a widower. Mitch (Dane Cook). The film ends with Dan and his three daughters in New York City where they find Marie at her gym and the two make eye contact. Dan talks to his daughters and admits he is in love with Marie. His family sits in on the meeting." But Mitch forgets the words. the meeting turns awkward but unresolved. During a family talent show. Marie is unable to continue to deny her feelings for Dan. which makes him distraught. A short time later. The ending scene in the film shows Dan and Marie descending the steps of his parents' home and dancing following their marriage. Cara does not want to go. Dan returns to his parents' house and happily announces he has met someone new.

the film had an average score of 65 out of 100. "Dan and Marie Picking Hum" . In scenes filmed in Jamestown. and Providence in November and December 2006.Sondre Lerche 7. "My Hands Are Shaking" .217. while the exterior shots were filmed at Misquamicut Beach. However. and received a "fresh" rating.A Fine Frenzy 10. calling it a ―sweet. 2007 in the United States and Canada and grossed $11. the film received positive reviews from 64% of its critics based on 154 reviews. Time magazine's Richard Schickel named the film one of the Top 10 Movies of 2007. "To Be Surprised" . "Fever" . [3] As of July 6. [4] On Metacritic. The opening scene was filmed at Seven Stars Bakery in Providence. Jamestown.Sondre Lerche and Regina Spektor 8. The inside shots were filmed at Alley Katz Bowling center. "Dan in Real Life" . "I'll Be OK" . 2008. [6] Production The opening scene was in New Jersey and then Rhode Island in the cities of Newport. West Greenwich. 2008. When Dan is pulled over by the Rhode Island State Police.745. ranking #2 at the box office. indicating generally [5] favorable reviews. in Newport. "Family Theme Waltz" .Sondre Lerche and The Faces Down Quartet . "Family Theme" .Sondre Lerche 2. Westerly. "Hell No" . Ruthie Draper • Felipe Dieppa as Marty (Cara's boyfriend) • Matthew Morrison as Policeman • Stephen Mellor as Bookstore Clerk 77 Box office performance The film opened October 26. Full soundtrack listing: 1.Sondre Lerche 6.Sondre Lerche 9. and has a cameo appearance in a scene at the end.921 theaters its opening weekend. ranking it at #10. As of May 1. Soundtrack Norwegian singer-songwriter Sondre Lerche composed the majority of the music in the film. based on 34 reviews. East Greenwich. It was released on DVD and Blu-Ray on March 11.8 million in 1.Sondre Lerche 4.Sondre Lerche 3. 2008 on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. What is now the Windjammer was dressed to look like the outside of the bowling center. the facade of the building and the interior are altered. "Airport Taxi Reception" .Dan in Real Life • Seth Deantoni as the cousin • Emily Blunt as Dr. Demolition of the Jamestown Bridge was initiated on April 18. The date scene was filmed in two different places in Westerly. yet tangy dessert‖ and Steve Carell‘s performance ―wonderful‖. he is on Ocean Ave. The film also cast local residents of Aquidneck Island as Dan's nieces and nephews. two bridges are clearly visible: the Jamestown Bridge and its replacement. it has grossed $62. 2006. the Jamestown-Verrazzano Bridge.Sondre Lerche 5. Critical reception The film received generally positive reaction from film critics.

Dan in Real Life" (http://www.com/title/tt0480242/business). Retrieved 2009-04-16. [6] Schickel. Box Office Mojo. "Dan and Marie Finale Theme" . Retrieved 2009-04-16. as well as "Let My Love Open the Door" by Pete Townshend and "Henrietta" by The Fratellis.htm).com/work/335738) at Allmovie • Dan in Real Life DVD and Blu-ray Official Site (http://video. "Human Hands" .movies. External links • Official site (http://daninreallife. Retrieved 2007-10-29.boxofficemojo. . Box Office Mojo.Sondre Lerche and The Faces Down Quartet 13.00.com/m/dan_in_real_life/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Dan in Real Life (http://www.Dane Cook and Norbert Leo Butz. . The Internet Movie Database.metacritic.com/daninreallife/) .Rotten Tomatoes" (http://www.imdb.Dan in Real Life 11.1686204_1686244_1692275. Richard (December 9. [5] "Dan in Real Life (2007): Reviews" (http://www. "Modern Nature" .Sondre Lerche and Lillian Samdal 17.boxofficemojo. . [2] "Dan in Real Life (2007)" (http://www.metacritic.com/film/titles/daninreallife). taken from a scene in the movie "Mr. Blue Sky" by the Electric Light Orchestra is featured in the TV and radio advertisements for the movie.com/) • Dan in Real Life (http://www.Pete Townshend 15. Retrieved 2009-04-16.30583.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Dan in Real Life (http://www.com.com/title/tt0480242/) at the Internet Movie Database • Dan in Real Life (http://www. "I'll Be OK" (Instrumental Reprise) .allmovie.com/time/specials/2007/top10/ article/0. . . Metacritic.Weekend Box Office" (http://www. "Ruthie Pigface Draper" (bonus track) . 2007).rottentomatoes.com/movies/?id=daninreallife.movies. Time. "Let My Love Open The Door" .com/movies/?id=daninreallife. The club mix of Inaya Day's "Nasty Girl" is also featured in one scene in the movie but is not on the soundtrack.com/film/titles/daninreallife) at Metacritic • Dan in Real Life (http://www.htm). "Dan and Marie Melody" .imdb.Sondre Lerche 12. . Retrieved 2007-10-30.com/m/dan_in_real_life/).go. "The 10 Best Movies: #10. 78 References [1] "Box office / business for Dan in Real Life (2007)" (http://www.go. "Human Hands" written by Elvis Costello (original version appears on his album Imperial Bedroom).html).time.com/movies/?page=weekend&id=daninreallife. Retrieved 2007-10-29. Rotten Tomatoes. [4] "Dan in Real Life .boxofficemojo.Sondre Lerche 16.rottentomatoes.Sondre Lerche 14. [3] "Dan in Real Life (2007) .

Michael Straczynski Angelina Jolie Jeffrey Donovan John Malkovich Jason Butler Harner Colm Feore Amy Ryan Geoff Pierson Clint Eastwood Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Tom Stern Editing by Studio Joel Cox Gary D. 2008 (limited) October 31.Changeling (film) 79 Changeling (film) Changeling Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Clint Eastwood Clint Eastwood Brian Grazer Ron Howard Robert Lorenz J. 2008 (wide) 141 minutes United States English Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language . Roach Imagine Entertainment Malpaso Productions Relativity Media Universal Pictures October 24.

alongside Malpaso Productions' Robert Lorenz and Eastwood.Changeling (film) Budget Gross revenue $55 million $113. insists the boy is Walter and pressures Christine into taking him home "on a trial basis". Critical reaction was more mixed than at Cannes. Straczynski spent a year researching the historical record. while some were composites. backgrounds. Most of the characters were based on real life people. She confronts the city authorities. she refuses. He tells Christine that "Walter" is shorter than before his disappearance because trauma has shrunk his spine. 2008. Howard and Imagine Entertainment partner Brian Grazer produced. Several actors campaigned for the lead. 2008. Walter's teacher and dentist give Christine signed letters confirming "Walter" is an impostor. Steele (Denis O'Hare) deems Christine delusional and forces her to take mood-regulating pills. and concluded in December 2007. Changeling received nominations in three Academy Award and eight BAFTA Award categories. Walter (Griffith). 2007. Several months after Walter's disappearance. J. the film stars Angelina Jolie as a woman who is reunited with her missing son—only to realize he is an impostor. who tells Christine she is one of several women who were sent there for challenging police authority. Changeling explores female disempowerment. Changeling premiered at the 61st Cannes Film Festival on May 20.020. Jones (Donovan).256 80 Changeling is a 2008 American drama film directed by Clint Eastwood and written by J. who vilify her as an unfit mother and brand her delusional. Universal Pictures financed and distributed the film. After Christine confronts Jones with physical discrepancies between "Walter" and her son. and that the man who took Walter had him circumcised. earning $113 million worldwide. and in Australia on February 5. It performed better at the international box office than in North America. Dr. to critical acclaim. the head of the LAPD's Juvenile Division. John Malkovich. the LAPD tells Christine that he has been found alive. political corruption. 2008. A newspaper prints a story that implies Christine is an unfit mother. 2008. Eastwood's low-key direction led actors and crew to note the calmness of the set and the short working days. the acting and story were generally praised. is missing. vehicles and people. but scheduling conflicts led to his replacement by Eastwood. Reverend Gustav Briegleb (Malkovich) tells Christine it was planted by police to discredit her. Jones arranges for a medical doctor to visit her. Michael Straczynski.000 pages of documentation. Ron Howard intended to direct. The film opened wide in North America on October 31. In post-production. in the United Kingdom on November 26. Principal photography began on October 15. Plot In 1928 Los Angeles. she says he is not. The dramatized incident was connected to the "Wineville Chicken Coop" kidnapping and murder case. The film also stars Jeffrey Donovan. scenes were supplemented with computer-generated skylines. Steele says he will release Christine if she admits she was mistaken about "Walter". The shooting script was Straczynski's first draft and his first produced film screenplay. Based on real life events in 1928 Los Angeles. child endangerment and the repercussions of violence. She befriends inmate Carol Dexter (Ryan). Eastwood cast Jolie partly because he felt her face fit the period setting. Christine tells her story to the press. Michael Kelly. while criticism focused on the film's conventional staging and lack of nuance. Captain J. After hearing about the case from a contact at Los Angeles City Hall. Believing the positive publicity will negate recent criticism of the department. 2009. he said he drew 95% of the script from around 6. filming took place in Los Angeles and throughout Southern California. Jason Butler Harner. Further festival appearances preceded a limited release in the United States on October 24. and Amy Ryan. as a result. the LAPD organizes a public reunion. making it Eastwood's first film since The Eiger Sanction to be distributed by the company. Jones sends her to Los Angeles County Hospital's "psychopathic ward". Briegleb publicizes Christine's plight and rails against the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) for its . Although "Walter" (Devon Conti) claims he is Christine's son. single mother Christine Collins (Jolie) returns home from work to discover her nine-year-old son.

where he regularly beat and sexually abused the boy—until August 1928. Sarah Louise Northcott. The RCMP capture Northcott in Vancouver. Tom Mix. Canada (with the permission of his mother and reluctant father) by his uncle. [5] Northcott was convicted of the murders of Lewis Winslow (12). [3] including that of Walter Collins. The California State Legislature later made it illegal for the police to commit someone to a psychiatric facility without a warrant. Gordon Stewart Northcott. Gordon. David does not know whether Walter was recaptured. he never did. Nelson [2] Winslow (10) and an unidentified Mexican boy.Changeling (film) incompetence.800. and says the police told him to lie about being Christine's son. Canada. giving Christine hope he is alive. David Clay—one of the boys assumed to have been killed—is found alive. to arrange the deportation of 15-year-old Sanford Clark to Canada. In 1930. Jones tells Briegleb that Christine is in protective custody following a mental breakdown. Walter and two other boys escaped. Christine's attorney (Pierson) secures a court order for the release of the other unfairly imprisoned women. led by Chief James E. did likewise. after his conviction. Sarah Louise [2] was convicted of Walter Collins's murder and served almost 12 years in prison. Clark tells Ybarra that Northcott forced him to help kidnap and murder around 20 boys and identifies Walter as one of them. Jones orders Clark's deportation. Briegleb secures Christine's release by showing Steele a newspaper story about the Wineville killings that names Walter as a possible victim. Northcott was executed by hanging in 1930. winning the second lawsuit. She visits Northcott. California. Davis leave their posts. Northcott is executed the next day. when the police took Clark into Clark revealed that he was forced to help Northcott and his mother. who had confessed to killing five boys. On the day of the city council's hearing into the case. but were arrested and extradited to the United States. blood-stained axes. Sarah Louise initially confessed to the murders. Davis (Colm Feore). custody after a family member informed them of the situation. Riverside County. "Walter" reveals his motive was to secure transport to Los Angeles to see his favorite actor. but he refuses to tell her if he killed her son. corruption and the extrajudicial punishment meted out by its "Gun Squad". Gordon Northcott (Harner). has fled after Ybarra unwittingly alerted him to his visit. In 1935. The Northcotts fled to Canada. but Ybarra makes Clark reveal the murder site. After Christine Collins was released from Los Angeles County Hospital. [4] A city council welfare hearing recommended that Jones and Chief of Police James E. but both were later reinstated. the residents of Wineville [3] changed the town's name to Mira Loma to escape the notoriety brought by the case. and personal effects belonging to missing children. . and that extrajudicial internments by police must be reviewed. molested them. Christine has not given up her search for Walter. Northcott sends her a message saying he is willing to admit to killing Walter on condition that Christine meet him before his execution. Two years later. 13-year-old Sanford Clark was taken from his home in Saskatchewan. where they encounter thousands of protesters demanding answers from the city. though he later denied the claim. The boy's uncle. He reveals that one of the boys with whom he was imprisoned was Walter. The hearing is intercut with scenes from Northcott's trial. Although police captain Jones was ordered to pay Collins $10. Northcott's jury finds him guilty of murder and the judge sentences him to death by hanging. Northcott was reported to have admitted to [2] [5] up to 20 murders. David. She later retracted her statement. [2] [3] [2] [1] Northcott took Clark to a ranch in Wineville. in killing several young boys after Northcott had kidnapped and sexually The police found no bodies at the ranch—Clark said they were dumped in the desert—but [2] discovered body parts. The council concludes that Jones and Davis should be removed from duty. but were separated. Christine and Briegleb arrive at Los Angeles City Hall. Detective Ybarra (Kelly) travels to a ranch in Wineville. 81 Historical context In 1926. she sued the police department twice.

Changeling (film)


Several years before writing Changeling, television screenwriter and former journalist J. Michael Straczynski was contacted by a source at Los Angeles City Hall. The source told him that officials were planning to burn numerous archive documents,

among them "something [Straczynski] should see". The source had discovered a transcript of

the city council welfare hearings concerning Collins and the aftermath of her son's disappearance. became fascinated with the case;


he carried out some research,


and wrote a spec script titled The Strange Case of

Christine Collins. Several studios and independent producers optioned the script, but it never found a buyer. cancellation of his television show Jeremiah in 2004.

Straczynski felt he lacked the time to devote to making the story work and only returned to the project following the After 20 years as a screenwriter and producer for television, so he spent a year researching the Collins case through

Straczynski felt he needed a break from the medium,


archived criminal, county courthouse, city hall and city morgue records. of documentation on Collins and the Wineville murders, wrote the first draft of the new script in 11 days. He forwarded it to Ron Howard,
[11] [9] [6]

He said he collected around 6,000 pages

before learning enough to "figure out how to tell it".


Straczynski's agent passed the script to producer Jim Whitaker.

who optioned it immediately.

In June 2006, Universal Studios and Howard's Imagine Entertainment bought the script for Howard to direct. The film was on a shortlist of projects for Howard after coming off the commercial success of The Da Vinci Code. next two directing projects, it became clear he could not direct Changeling until 2009. Imagine partner Brian Grazer began looking for a new director to helm the project; Eastwood in February 2007,
[6] [13] [12]


March 2007, Universal fast tracked the production. When Howard chose Frost/Nixon and Angels & Demons as his After Howard stepped

down, it looked as if the film would not be made, despite admiration for the script in the industry.

Howard and

they pitched the film to

and he agreed to direct immediately after reading the script.

Eastwood said his

memories of growing up during the Great Depression meant that whenever a project dealing with the era landed in his hands, he "redoubled his attention" upon it. Eastwood also cited the script's focus on Collins—rather than the

"Freddy Krueger" story of Northcott's crimes—as a factor in deciding to make the film.

Straczynski viewed "sitting down and ferreting out [the] story" as a return to his journalistic roots. He also drew on his experience writing crime drama for the procedural elements of the plot.

Straczynski said he had gathered so

much information about the case that it was difficult to work out how to tell it. To let the story develop at its own pace, he put the project aside to allow himself to forget the less essential elements and bring into focus the parts he wanted to tell. He described what he saw as two overlaid triangles: "the first triangle, with the point up, is Collins‘ story. You start with her, and her story gets broader and broader and begins having impact from all kinds of places. The overlay on that was an upside down triangle with the base on top, which is the panorama of Los Angeles at that time—1928. And it begins getting narrower and narrower toward the bottom, bearing down on her." Once Straczynski saw this structure, he felt he could write the story. in the story without a hidden agenda, what Christine Collins did."
[20] [18] [18]

He chose to avoid focusing on the atrocities of the

Wineville murders in favor of telling the story from Collins' perspective;

Straczynski said she was the only person

and it was her tenacity—as well as the legacy the case left throughout

California's legal system—that had attracted him to the project. He said, "My intention was very simple: to honor
"The story is just so bizarre that you need something to remind you that I'm not making this stuff up. So it seemed important to me to put in those clippings because you reach the part of the story where you go, 'Come on he's got to have gone off the rails with this.' Turn the page and there is indeed an article confirming it, which is why, in terms of writing the script, I [hewed] very close to the facts. The story is already extraordinary enough."

Changeling (film)
Screenwriter J. Michael Straczynski placed newspaper clippings into physical copies of the script to remind people it was a true story.


With Collins as the inspiration, Straczynski said he was left with a strong desire "to get it right"; he approached it more like "an article for cinema" than a regular film.
[9] [18]

He stuck close to the historical record because he felt the
[18] [11]

story was bizarre enough that adding too many fictional elements would call into question its integrity. Straczynski claimed that 95% of the script's content came from the historical record;

he said there were only two

moments at which he had to "figure out what happened", due to the lack of information in the records. One was the sequence set in the psychopathic ward, for which there was only limited after-the-fact testimony. Straczynski originally wrote a shorter account of Collins' incarceration. His agent suggested the sequence needed development, so Straczynski extrapolated events based on standard practice in such institutions at the time. It was at this stage he created composite character Carol Dexter, who was intended to symbolize the women of the era who had been unjustly committed. delusional.
[9] [18]

Straczynski cited his academic background, including majors in psychology and sociology,

as beneficial to writing the scenes, specifically one in which Steele distorts Collins' words to make her appear Straczynski worked at making the dialogue authentic, while avoiding an archaic tone. He cited his

experience imagining alien psyches when writing Babylon 5 as good practice for putting himself in the cultural mindset of the 1920s. Straczynski described specific visual cues in the screenplay, such as in Sanford Clark's confession scene. Clark's flashback to a falling axe is juxtaposed with the crumbling ash from Detective Ybarra's cigarette. The image served two purposes: it was an aesthetic correlation between the axe and the cigarette, and it suggested that Ybarra was so shocked by Clark's confession that he had not moved or even smoked in the 10 minutes Clark took to tell his story. As with most of the cues, Eastwood shot the scene as written.

To ensure the veracity of the story, Straczynski

incorporated quotes from the historical record, including court testimony, into the dialogue. He also included photocopies of news clippings every 15–20 pages in the script to remind people the story was a true one. The film as played at Cannes, had the screen credits stating that the film was "based on a true story". After the loss at Cannes, Universal was concerned that this would affect their chances for Oscar consideration (the reasons that they had lost at Cannes), so that the credits could present the film as "a true story" rather than as "based on" one, Universal went to Mr. Straczynski and had him go through the script with Universal's legal department, providing attribution for every scene.

Straczynski believed the only research error he made was in a scene that referenced Scrabble, pre-dating

its appearance on the market by two years. He changed the reference to a crossword puzzle. shooting script any further from his first draft;

He did not alter the

though Straczynski had written two more drafts for Howard,

Eastwood insisted the first draft be filmed as he felt it had the clearest voice of the three.

Straczynski said, "Clint's

funny—if he likes it, he'll do it, that's the end of the discussion. When I met with him to ask, 'Do you want any changes, do you want any things cut, added to, subtracted from, whatever,' he said, 'No. The draft is fine. Let's shoot the draft.'"

Among the changes Straczynski made from the historical record was to omit Northcott's mother—who participated in the murders—from the story. He also depicted Northcott's trial as taking place in Los Angeles, though it was held in Riverside.

The title is derived from Western European folklore and refers to a creature—a "changeling"—left

by fairies in place of a human child.

Due to the word's association with the supernatural, Straczynski intended it

only as a temporary title, believing he would be able to change it later on.

Changeling (film)


The filmmakers retained the names of the real-life protagonists, though several supporting characters were composites of people and types of people from the era. Witherspoon and Hilary Swank. setting.
[25] [27] [20]

Angelina Jolie plays Christine

Collins; five actors campaigned for the role,

including Reese

Howard and Grazer suggested

Jolie; Eastwood agreed, believing that her face fit the period Jolie joined the production in March 2007.


was initially reluctant because, as a mother, she found the subject matter distressing. involvement,

She said she was persuaded by Eastwood's

and the screenplay's depiction of Collins as Jolie found playing Collins very emotional. She
Angelina Jolie was cast partly because Eastwood [25] believed her face evoked the period.

someone who recovered from adversity and had the strength to fight the odds.

said the most difficult part was relating to the character, because Collins was relatively passive. Jolie ultimately based her performance on her own mother, who died in 2007. heels, a documented practice of the period.
[20] [30]

For scenes

at the telephone exchange, Jolie learned to roller skate in high

Jeffrey Donovan portrays Captain J.J. Jones, a character Donovan became fascinated with because of the power Jones wielded in the city. The character quotes the real Jones' public statements throughout the film, including the scene in which he has Collins committed. own.
[6] [20]

Donovan's decision to play Jones with a slight Irish accent was his

John Malkovich joined the production in October 2007 as Reverend Gustav Briegleb.

Eastwood cast

Malkovich against type as he felt this would bring "a different shading" to the character.

Jason Butler Harner He said Northcott

plays Gordon Northcott, whom Harner described as "a horrible, horrible, wonderful person". spirits."


believes he shares a connection with Collins due to their both being in the headlines: "In his eyes, they‘re kindred Harner landed the role after one taped audition. Casting director Ellen Chenoweth explained that

Eastwood chose Harner over more well-known actors who wanted the part because Harner displayed "more depth and variety" and was able to project "a slight craziness" without evoking Charles Manson. in makeup.
[20] [35]

Eastwood was

surprised by the resemblance between Northcott and Harner, saying they looked "very much" alike when Harner was As Harner did for the Northcott role, Amy Ryan auditioned via tape for the role of Carol Dexter. of the production. historical record.

She cited the

filming of a fight scene during which Eastwood showed her "how to throw a movie punch" as her favorite moment Michael Kelly portrays Detective Lester Ybarra, who is a composite of several people from the Kelly was chosen based on a taped audition; he worked around scheduling conflicts with the
[37] [20]

television series Generation Kill, which he was filming in Africa at the same time.

Geoff Pierson plays Sammy

Hahn, a defense attorney known for taking high-profile cases. He represents Collins and in doing so plants the seeds for overturning "Code 12" internments, used by police to jail or commit those deemed difficult or an inconvenience. Code 12 was often used to commit women without due process. Colm Feore portrays Chief of Police James E. Davis, whose backstory was changed from that of his historical counterpart. Reed Birney plays Mayor George E. Cryer; Denis O'Hare plays composite character Doctor Jonathan Steele; Gattlin Griffith plays Walter Collins, and Devon Conti plays his supplanter, Arthur Hutchens. Eddie Alderson plays Northcott's nephew and accomplice, Sanford Clark.

The 1918 Santa Fe Depot in San Bernardino doubled for the site of Collins' reunion with "Walter". and high-school yearbooks to ensure the costumes were historically accurate. they sprayed dust and water onto the bodywork. Steve Lech. fur-trimmed coats and knitted gloves. Jolie's costumes become [44] more shapely and feminine. Filming mainly took place on the Universal Studios The backlot's New York Street and Tenement Street depicted downtown Los Angeles. The production sourced around 150 vintage motor cars. [2] president of the Riverside Historical Society. this was difficult because the fabrics of the period were not resilient. was employed as a consultant and accompanied the crew on its visits. [20] [42] The visual effects team retouched shots of Los Angeles City Hall—on which construction was completed in 1928—to remove weathering and newer surrounding Costume designer Deborah Hopper researched old Sears department store catalogs. the crew decorated the area with a subdued color palette to evoke feelings of comfort. [20] For some exterior shots [39] they renovated derelict properties in neighborhoods of Los Angeles that still possessed 1920s architecture. Suburban areas in San Dimas. [49] Tenement Street also stood in for the exterior of Northcott's sister's Vancouver apartment. so the crew modified them to make the cars appear like they were in everyday use. [20] Jolie said the costumes Collins wore formed an integral part of her approach to the character. wool serge skirts accompanying cotton blouses. from collectors throughout Southern California. including the entire neighborhood where Collins lived. Eastwood had clear childhood memories of 1930s Los Angeles and attempted to recreate several details in the film: the town . backlot in Burbank. The Old Town district of San Dimas stood in for Collins' neighborhood and some adjacent locales. since Absolute Power (1997). backlot in Los Angeles. Murakami supervised the production design.Changeling (film) 85 Filming Locations and design James J. crocheted corsages and Art Deco jewelry. The style for women of all classes was to dress to create a demure silhouette. It was used for interiors and exteriors. city to the background. [47] [48] The film was Eastwood's first for a studio other than Warner Bros. dating from 1918 to 1928. 2007. referencing archive newspaper photographs and visits to the original ranch to get a feel for the topography and layout. Location scouting revealed that many of the older buildings in Los Angeles had been torn down. cloche hats that complemented bob cut hairstyles. 2007. visual effects added the [6] The production also used the Warner Bros. December 14. [43] In the 1930s sequences at the end of the film. The crew recreated the entire ranch. Hopper consulted historians and researched archive footage of Collins to replicate her look. Mary Jane shoes. The visual effects team added further streetcars to [20] background shots.000 people. Hopper dressed Jolie in austere grays and browns with knitted gloves. Hopper sourced 1920s clothing for up to 1. production filmed scenes set at San Quentin in the community. The production used two functioning replica Pacific [38] Electric Railway streetcars for some scenes. Principal photography Principal photography began on October 15. [6] [45] finishing two days ahead of its 45-day schedule on [46] Universal Pictures provided a budget of $55 million. using dropped waist dresses. The crew [40] converted the third floor of the Park Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles into a replica of the 1920s Los Angeles City Council chambers. In some cases the cars were in too good a condition. and to "age" some of the cars they applied a coating that simulated rust and scratches. San Bernardino and Pasadena doubled for 1920s Los Angeles instead. California. back issues of [43] Life magazine. She found sharp wool suits for the police officers. [20] California stood in for the Wineville chicken ranch. [6] [41] The A small farm on the outskirts of Lancaster. architecture. Murakami said Old Town was chosen because very little had changed since the 1920s. with a decorative stitching around the waistline that was popular to the era.

[40] Despite the muted palette. To focus more on Jolie's performance. the city center. [17] Cinematography Changeling was director of photography Tom Stern's sixth film with Eastwood. "You've got to get your stuff together and get ready because he doesn't linger . but he's not there to praise you or make you feel better .. 'That's lunch and that's a wrap. Due to the large number of sets. "Some [directors]—like Clint Eastwood or Woody Allen— don‘t really like to be tortured by a million questions.Changeling (film) hall.m. Eastwood sometimes asked Jolie to play them [51] quietly. At the same time he would ask his camera operator to start filming discreetly. and that Eastwood did not even comment on his decision to play Jones with a slight Irish accent: "Actors are insecure and they want praise. which is usually an 18-hour day. as if just for him. Stern referenced a large book of period images.. Steve Campanelli. near-wordless direction—also featured during Changeling's Eastwood limited rehearsals and takes to garner more authentic performances. [51] [50] his regular camera operator. warm light that was intended to evoke the period through tones close to antique and sepia. The crew segregated the tiles using fire safety fabric Duvatyn to prevent light spilling onto . and you should do it . which was one of the busiest in the world. [20] for streetcars in the background. Stern lit the tiles from above to produce a soft..' . as Eastwood To provide verisimilitude to certain scenes. The crew made several ceilings from bleached muslin tiles. and he hired actors to tell their story. [56] Stern shot Changeling in anamorphic format on 35mm film using Kodak Vision 500T 5279 film stock. Campanelli sometimes had to tell Jolie what Eastwood wanted from a scene.. shoot. To improve the pacing he also cut scenes that focused on Reverend Briegleb. and the "perfectly functioning" Pacific Electric Railway. He said that while some stories aimed to finish at the end of a film.. Eastwood cut material from the first part of the film to get to Collins' story sooner." John Malkovich discusses Eastwood's famously economical directing style. and they figure you know what to do. the film is more colorful than some previous Stern–Eastwood collaborations. He attempted to evoke Conrad Hall's work on Depression-set film The Day of the Locust. as well as match what he called the "leanness" of Mystic River's look." [53] Ryan also noted the calmness of the set. at the time one of the tallest buildings in the city. All he's there to do is tell the story. They hire you. the distinctive red streetcars of which feature closely in two scenes. [54] observing that her Donovan said experiences working with director Sidney Lumet on 100 Centre Street and Before the Devil Knows You're Dead were useful due to his sharing Eastwood's preference for filming a small number of takes. The production used two functioning replica streetcars for these shots. I've made close to 100 films now and that's certainly a phrase I've never heard in my entire life. to hone it to 141 minutes. and then we're executing it. Around 2:30. [52] Jolie said. indicated the [20] rapid pace at which Eastwood films—and his intimate. He said. he preferred to leave it open-ended... [18] Eastwood deliberately left the ending of the film ambiguous to reflect the uncertain fates of several characters in the history. [40] Eastwood did not want the flashbacks to Northcott's ranch to be too much like a horror film—he said the focus of the scene was the effect of the crimes on Sanford Clark—so he avoided graphic imagery in favour of casting the murders in shadow." talked too softly. and it was seven or eight pages... [50] Eastwood is known for his economical film shoots. [Eastwood] goes. We started shooting at 9:30 a. he tended to avoid the use of fill lighting. without [17] Malkovich noted Eastwood's direction as "redefining economical"." about it for a minute or two. Jolie's seeing it. He expects people to come prepared and get on with their work.. [35] [55] Eastwood seldom gave him direction other than to "go ahead". Stern said the challenge was to make Changeling as simple as possible to shoot." [40] [6] Gaffer Ross Dunkerley said he often had to work on a scene without having seen a rehearsal: "Chances are we'll talk The original edit was almost three hours long. [17] [38] 86 with visual effects employed "One day we were shooting a scene where [Collins and Briegleb] talk about her case . the lighting rigs were more extensive than on other Eastwood productions. And that's fine by me. saying Eastwood was quiet and did not use the phrases "action" and "cut". which extended to Changeling's set. The film was shot on Panavision cameras and C-Series lenses.

that way. [57] [48] VICON House of [48] [58] The effects work consisted mainly of CIS peripheral additions: architecture. He was present at the laboratory for the application of the finishing touches. mostly new computer models. CIS' work was headed by Geoff Hancock and Pac Title's by Mark Freund. [48] To maintain the rapid shooting pace Eastwood demanded. He instead used rotoscoping. crowds and furniture. as the blend of tones from the tungsten fixtures. vehicles. easier and more natural". only Jolie. they generated matte paintings in Softimage XSI and Maya. Stern supervised most of the work via e-mailed reference images as he was in Russia shooting another film at the time. but the technique had proved reliable for Eastwood when he made extensive use of it on Flags of Our Fathers (2006) to avoid shooting against bluescreen on a mountaintop. such as at the [58] ends of backlot streets where it would not impact the lighting. Technicolor Digital Intermediates carried out the DI. they referenced historical photographs and data on the urban core's population density. CIS referenced vintage aerial photographs of downtown Los Angeles so shots would better reflect the geography of the city. [58] Rotoscoping is more expensive than bluescreen. as a single light source tended to produce harder shadows. They created set extensions digitally and with matte [58] paintings. Pac Title focused primarily on 2D imagery. as the process can be time-consuming and difficult to light. so some foreground and middle distance buildings were swapped. the post-production digital manipulation of color and lighting. the process whereby effects are drawn directly onto live action shots. the sidewalk.Changeling (film) neighboring clusters. Moves handled the motion capture. used 3D modeling package Maya to animate city scenes before rendering them in mental ray. [58] [20] CIS supplemented exteriors with skylines and detailed backdrops. The key light was generally softer to match the warm tones given off by the toplights. wooden walls and natural daylight made it difficult to illuminate the scenes using HMIs or daylight exclusively. and he considered rotoscoping to be "faster. [48] CIS had to generate Scenes set outside Los Angeles City Hall were retouched by the effects team to [20] make the building appear new. For Owens. Owens chose to mostly avoid using bluescreen technology. textures and motion capture because the company's existing effects catalog consisted primarily of modern era elements. the city could look diverse with a minimum of textural variation. Stern used stronger skypans—more intense than is commonly used for key lighting—to reduce contrasts when applying daytime rain effects. The Universal Studios backlot had been used for so many films that Owens thought it important to disguise familiar architecture as much as possible. [40] Visual effects Overview CIS Vancouver and Pac Title created most of the visual effects. under the overall supervision of Michael Owens. [48] Owens used bluescreen in only a few locations. One of his favorite effects shots was a scene in which Collins exits a taxi in front of the police station. the lighting was better. Each studio created around 90 shots. rearranged and restacked to make buildings of different widths and heights. The scene was filmed almost entirely against bluescreen. as Hancock felt it important to have a consistency that would allow audiences to understand and become immersed in the environment. and used Digital Fusion for some 2D shots. the taxi cab and an extra were real. The completed shot features the full range of effects techniques . Stern said the period setting had little effect overall on his lighting choices because the look was mostly applied in the production design and during digital intermediate (DI). The team's work began with research into 1928 Los Angeles. [40] 87 Stern lit scenes filmed at the Park Plaza Hotel using dimmable HMI and tungsten lights rigged within balloon lights. CIS created city blocks by using shared elements of period architecture that could be combined. This setup allowed him to "dial in" the color he wanted.

Owens said. He could be 10 feet tall. displacement maps in the air shader were linked with the motion [48] capture to animate wrinkles in trousers and jackets. [58] Massive worked well until this stage. such as in height and walking speed. Los Angeles is presented as major character. House of Moves [48] captured twice as much motion data than CIS had used on any other project. Because the digital extras were and to integrate them properly with the live action extras. The bigger the screen is. the perspective slowly lifts to take in the city scene. The use of Massive presented a challenge when it came to blending digital pedestrians with live-action extras who had to move from the foreground into the digital crowd. Hancock explained. the camera tilts up to reveal miles of city blocks. The sequence was introduced to give the audience room for emotional reflection after previous [58] versions of the film ended with a cut to black. The buildings in the [58] distance were created digitally with matte paintings. resulting in motion capture data that required very little editing in Massive. so everything. CIS created nine distinct digital characters. CIS combined the motion data with the Massive software package to generate the interactions of the digital pedestrians. "There is a legend at the end before the credits. Hancock.000-frame shot was Owens' idea. This gave House of Moves time to properly adapt the rigs to its performers. brought to life by unobtrusive peripheral imagery that allows the viewer to focus on the story and the emotional cues. [58] [59] The shot is a two and a half [58] minute sequence showing Collins' walking off to become lost in a crowd." Owens told Eastwood the film should end like Chinatown (1974). In a couple of shots the characters might be 40 feet away from the camera. The legend speaks to what happened after the fact. formal and refined" movements that [48] [58] Owens said reflected the general public's conduct at the time. [48] In the final shot. and computer-generated vehicles. [57] CIS wrote shaders for their clothing. even his hair. . [57] [58] Typically. the bigger the character. CIS supplemented the live-action extras with digital pedestrians created using motion capture. Digital extras For crowd scenes. The sequence is representative of the range of effects that feature throughout the film. and I think you need to just swallow that for a few moments with the visual still with you. In the closing shot. set extensions. CIS sent nine skeleton rigs to House of Moves before work began. [57] [48] [48] 88 House of Moves captured the movements of five men and four women during a two-day shoot supervised by The motion capture performers were coached to make the "small. the scene faded to black as Collins walked away. tracks. cars going by and streetcars running along their The version of the film that screened at Cannes did not include this sequence. power [48] lines and most of the extras were computer generated. about 1/5th screen height. To allow close-ups of individual Massive extras. To eliminate inaccuracies that develop when creating a digital extra of different proportions to the motion capture performer. a limited number of motion performances are captured and Massive is used to create further variety.Changeling (film) used in the film: digital extras in the foreground. Closing sequence Forgoing the closure favored by its contemporaries. [48] [58] pedestrians on the streets. better look good!" required to be close to the foreground. The streetcars. the effects team focused on their faces and walking characteristics. The "hustle and bustle" of the sequence was required to convey that downtown Los Angeles in 1935 was a congested urban center. Changeling's final sequence reflects Collins' renewed hope that Walter is alive. when the effects team had to move the digital pedestrians to [48] avoid taking the live-action extras out of the shot. tracks. The new 4. "We wanted to be able to push Massive right up to the camera and see how well it held up. He felt the abrupt cut to black pulled the viewer out of the film too quickly. and that it left no room for emotional reflection.

Miller surmised that attitudes to independent. The introduction of brass instruments evokes film noir. Featuring lilting guitars and strings. Eastwood introduces voices reminiscent of those in a horror film score during the child murder flashbacks. He quoted the words of the officer who sent Collins to the mental facility: "'Something is wrong with you. the male establishment used mental institutions in an effort to disempower them. it remains largely low-key throughout. The theme shifts from piano to a full orchestra. Sarabande. and as the story develops. who also wondered if she might be insane. "The period could not . tracks and power lines were all computer [48] generated. The film shows that psychiatry became a tool in the gender politics of the era. Live-action extras appear for the first minute of the shot before being replaced by digital ones. women are labeled "hysterical Film critic Prairie Miller said that in its portrayal of female courage the film was "about as feminist as Hollywood can get". the film—like Eastwood's Million Dollar Baby—is "a case of awed respect for a woman who was strong and The portrait of a vulnerable woman whose mental state is manipulated by the authorities was likened [17] [67] [17] to the treatment of Ingrid Bergman's character in Gaslight (1944). As women ceased to be second-class citizens and began to assert their independence. Eastwood said the testimony evidenced how women were prejudged. Like many other women of the period who were deemed disruptive. [66] [24] Rather than "an expression of feminist awareness". It‘s very hopeful and sad at the same time. Eastwood cited photographs that show Collins smiling with the child she knows is not hers. 2008. and unreliable" if they dare to question it. walks away into this mass of people and traffic.'" Eastwood said. the strings become more imposing. playing to the film's setting in a city controlled by corrupt police. [65] [17] [64] The film depicts 1920s Los Angeles as a city in which the judgment of men takes precedence. She compared this with the sexism shown to the women in Changeling and those who vied for high political office in 2008. poignant scene at the end. but largely avoids framing the story as a family drama to concentrate on a portrait of a woman whose desire for independence is seen as a threat to male-dominated society. The shot was made more complicated by the need to add Massive extras. with an increasing number of sustains and rises. [63] [62] [60] [61] The score was orchestrated and conducted by It was released on CD in North America on November 4. [58] The streetcars." [58] 89 Owens did not have time to complete the shot before the Cannes screenings. vehicles and people. and that because of this it had been the subject of sexist disdain. As Collins disappears into the crowd about a minute into the shot. Collins is subjected to medical treatment designed to break her spirit and compel obedience. through record label Varèse Themes Disempowerment of women Changeling begins with an abduction. the live footage is gradually joined with more digital work.Changeling (film) in which the camera lifts to take in the scene: "The camera booms up and she walks away from us from a very emotional. David Denby argues. and that the behavior of the police reflected how women were seen at the time. but afterwards he used cineSync to conduct most of the work from home. career-minded women had not changed significantly in the intervening years: Collins defies male-generated cultural expectations that women are not suited for professional careers and is punished for it. [24] The film quotes the testimony of the psychiatrist who treated Collins. in common with other unmanageable women. You're an independent woman. He then added the background before filling the scene with Music Eastwood composed Changeling's jazz-influenced score. only a few years after women's suffrage in the United States was guaranteed by the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment. The shot includes two blocks of computer-generated buildings that recede into the distance of a downtown set extension. Collins is forced into the secret custody of a mental institution. enduring". [58] Owens constructed the scene by first building the digital foreground around the live action footage. Lennie Niehaus.

[17] . who travels to the city in the hope of meeting his favorite actor. Richard Brody of The New Yorker said this rang as true for 1928 Los Angeles as it did for Poland in 1980 or Pakistan in 2008. It can also be seen as a variation of the Eastwood "revenge movie" ethic. Northcott was an ideal candidate. [59] [69] [20] [65] [68] In addition to being a Kafkaesque drama about the search for a missing [70] the film also focuses on issues relevant to the modern era." featuring Northcott's execution by hanging was "unbearable" due to its attention to detail. in this case. I want them brought in dead. no matter the consequences. Eastwood argued that in putting the guilty party before his victims' families. not alive. manifesting in the egos of a police force that thinks it cannot be wrong and the way in which powerful organizations justify the use of corruption. you question humanity. [17] 90 Corruption in political hierarchies Romantic notions of the 1920s as a more innocent period are put aside in favor of depicting Los Angeles as ruled by a despotic political infrastructure. [17] He said that crimes against children would be at the top of [5] his list for justifications of capital punishment. and that in a perfect world the death penalty might be an appropriate punishment for such a crime. It was Eastwood's intention to make it unbearable to watch. Eastwood noted that for a supporter of capital punishment. Eastwood noted a correlation between the [71] corruption of 1920s Los Angeles and that of the modern era. the "avenging grunt" transforms into a courteous woman who only once makes a foul-mouthed outburst. "When [a crime] comes along quite as big as this one. [56] As a lesson in democratic activism. The film directly quotes Chief of police James E. but after such a spectacle the family would find it hard to find peace. [17] [73] [69] Eastwood dealt with themes of child endangerment in A Perfect World (1993) and Mystic [17] [74] Changeling is a thematic companion piece to Mystic River. In Changeling. and his feet shake. "It's happened even in recent Eastwood said that Los [17] but he believed there had never been a "golden age" in the city. violent act against a child—a comparison with which Eastwood He said that showing a child in danger was "about the highest form of drama you can have".Changeling (film) accept [it]". as crimes [73] against them were to him the most horrible.. but competition. which also depicted a community contaminated by an isolated. so it was nice to comment [on that] by going back to real events in 1928. his body swings. this dissonance manifests in the actions of Arthur Hutchins.. justice may be done. of lives and innocence." It compares police excess to the vigilantism of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s. Eastwood said that given the corruption that the story covers. [24] Children and violence Changeling sits with other late-period Eastwood films in which parenting—and the search for family—is a theme. River (2003). The scene's realism was deliberate: the audience hears Northcott's neck breaking. the film shows what it takes to provoke people to speak against [72] unchecked authority." Angeles had always been seen as "glamorous". years . child. steeped in sadistic. he believed it one of the most convincing pleas against the death penalty imaginable. The pressure from the police hierarchy was a motivator for officers to quickly solve Walter Collins' disappearance. systematic corruption throughout the city government. as the department's "Gun Squad" carries out illegal executions of criminals—not to eliminate crime." he said.or anti-capital punishment. the barbarism of public executions must be recognized. but that whether one were pro. and I will reprimand any officer who shows the least bit of mercy to a criminal. [56] [70] "[The] Los Angeles police department every so often seems to go into a period of corruption. It Samuel Blumenfeld of Le Monde said the scene never ceases to surprise me how cruel humanity can be. Hutchins' naïvete seemed "bizarre". agreed. [20] Davis: "We will hold trial on gunmen in the streets of Los Angeles. police force and medical establishment. It makes literal the parental struggle to communicate with children. and a potential reason why they ignored the fact they had returned the wrong child. [56] Eastwood explained that crimes against children represented a theft [73] He said.

Changeling (film) 91 Release Strategy Changeling premiered in competition at the 61st Cannes Film Festival on May 20. 2008. festival. 2008. [76] [75] The film was Eastwood's fifth to enter competition at the Its appearance was not part of the original release plan. 2008.441 per theater—in Exit polling showed strong commercial [90] potential across a range of audiences. [81] The marketing strategy involved trailers that promoted Eastwood's involvement and the more commercial mystery thriller elements of the story. Mystic River in particular. $7. and had its North American premiere on October 4. Universal hoped the limited release would capitalize on good word-of-mouth support from "serious movie fans" rather than those in the 18–25-year-old demographic. [92] [93] The film surpassed expectations in its second weekend of wide release. day of wide release. 2008. having taken $27. [86] 2009. [94] declining 22% to take [95] By the fourth week.085. weekend. The film was [77] still in post-production one week before the start of the festival. 2008. until Eastwood made arrangements for Changeling's appearance. theaters [80] [26] Changeling was released in 15 in nine markets in the United States on October 24. screening at the Ziegfeld Theatre.850 theaters. more internationally than in North America. [78] It appeared at the 34th Deauville American Film Festival.3M in its first going on to take fourth place in the weekend box office chart with $9.6M . held September 5–14. its first two days.896 theaters by its fourth week. playing at 1. worldwide gross was $113 million. Changeling had dropped to fifth place at the box office. [82] [26] The film was released across North America on October 31. in what the industry calls a "platform release". Eastwood's films generally open in a small number of theaters before opening wide a week later. but they ultimately modeled the release plan after those of other Eastwood-directed films.000—$33. causing it to outperform the national box office by 45% in its opening weekend. [90] the Wineville killings—generated additional local interest. Box office Changeling performed modestly at the box office. [79] Eastwood at a panel for the film at the 61st Cannes Film Festival The producers and Universal considered opening Changeling wide in its first weekend to capitalize on Jolie's perceived box office appeal. [84] Changeling was released in the and in Australia on February 5. 2008. 2008 as the centerpiece of the 46th New York Film Festival. Universal executives had been looking forward to the festival without the worry associated with screening a film. [91] [82] It made $2. [83] [85] expanding to 1. While the usual strategy is to open films by notable directors in every major city in the United States to ensure a large opening gross. [77] He was pleased with the critical and commercial [26] success that followed Mystic River's appearance at the festival in 2003 and wanted to generate the same "positive buzz" for Changeling. United Kingdom on November 26. in Ireland on November 28.3M.4M—a per-theater average of This return surpassed Universal's expectations for the Changeling's link to the Inland Empire—the locale of A movie theater in Edinburgh screening the film. $5. [81] [46] [87] grossing The total [88] [89] The film's limited American release saw it take $502.

2008. Changeling had a slower start in [102] France.4M from 1. the film had dropped out [120] of the top 10. After six weeks. 762.167 theaters in nine markets for an international gross of $19. By January 26.000 units have been sold.000 from 33 screens in Belgium.7M overall. Aided by a positive critical reaction. 2009.1 million. The second week in France saw the box office drop by just 27%. major markets in which the film [114] opened included Germany. 2009. 2009. [104] [100] [96] [97] 92 By November 23. it opened in eighth place with $292. for a total gross of $5.0M from 326 theaters. where it topped [117] the chart in its first week with $2. Changeling placed fourth in the [122] DVD sales chart with 281. but the total was boosted by the film's opening two days earlier to avoid The return marked the best opening of any [100] [107] Its second week of release in the United Kingdom [110] [111] Changeling earned $7. Changeling made its international debut in four European markets on November 12–14. South Korea and Russia.000 units sold for $4. 2009.8M from 74 screens after eight weeks. country to that point.223 in revenue. Reception General response The film's screening at Cannes met with critical acclaim. He said they did not believe the police would treat someone as they had Collins. this included its expansion It into the United Kingdom. the film took $1. significant international release came in Spain on December 19. having earned $10. This figure marked the best opening for an Eastwood-directed film in the after six weeks it had earned $11. The Blu-ray release included two additional features: Archives and Los Angeles: Then and Now. [125] Straczynski claimed that Changeling's loss by two votes was due to the judges' not believing the story was based on fact. South Korea saw a "solid" opening of $450.0M. it opened in ninth place at the box office with $675. [113] [112] By December 8. The film's last major market release was in Mexico on February 27. but improved to post $2. taking $1. Aided by strong word-of-mouth support.3M. prompting speculation it could be awarded the Palme d'Or.1M.2M from [114] 1. In January 2009. [115] In Russia.9M from 349 theaters. the Changeling's next film had opened in 1. it had earned $12.Changeling (film) overall. [106] [105] The weekend of [107] November 28–30 saw Changeling take $4. the film had taken $8.000 from 95 theaters.4M from 301 screens. where it opened in first place at the box office with $2.402).6M in Italy from 299 theaters (a [102] [103] per-location average of $5.1M. [109] [108] took $1. and Changeling dropped out of the [98] [99] national top ten. In its sixth week the number of theaters narrowed to 1.8M in the [118] [117] country. The loss led to Universal's request that Straczynski annotate the script with sources. DVD and Video on Demand in North America on February 17. Changeling's Australian release yielded [116] [100] $3.8M from 417 theaters in its first five days. [100] The international gross was $77. After its first week of release.6 million. though it remained in ninth place on the Inland chart. competition from previews of Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa. Changeling completed its theatrical run [46] in North America on January 8.4M.6 million outside North America.040 theaters internationally. [18] Although the positive critical notices from Cannes generated speculation that the film would . The film opened in Japan on February 20. [18] [124] The award eventually went to Entre les murs (The Class).000 from 155 theaters. where it earned $1. In Germany.4M. the film had taken $47. where it opened in third place at the box office. [121] and in the United Kingdom on March 30. Home media Changeling was released on Blu-ray. Eastwood-directed film in the United Kingdom to that point. 2008.000 from 194 theaters. having earned $35. opening in 727 [101] theaters to strong results.010.6M in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. 2008.638. [111] [112] Changeling's release in other European markets continued throughout December 2008. and $209. by its fourth week of release. saw a drop of 27% to $1. [120] [119] [120] The DVD release included two featurettes: Partners in Crime: Clint Eastwood and [123] Angelina Jolie and The Common Thread: Angelina Jolie Becomes Christine Collins. As of the latest figures. finishing the weekend in second [103] place at the box office. 2009.5M from the three-day weekend. translating to $12.352 international theaters. 2009.

but that Eastwood did not seem inspired by the challenge." Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter [65] Todd McCarthy of Variety said Jolie was more affecting than in A Mighty Heart (2007) because she relied less on artifice. interested in the lurid aspects of the case.3/10. Jolie (53%). He praised the supporting actors and said Jolie's performance was Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter said Jolie shunned her "movie star" persona to appear vulnerable and resolute.. forceful yet understated. writing for The Wall Street Journal Séguret said the film presented a solid recreation of the era. Reviews "Jolie puts on a powerful emotional display as a tenacious woman who gathers strength from the forces that oppose her. [134] [64] Denby and Ansen commented that [74] Eastwood left the worst atrocities to audiences' imaginations. unsensationalized treatment. Michael Kelly's in particular. the well-researched screenplay was "a model of sturdy architecture". "when the tale is this gripping. feel as long as its 141 minutes because the filmmakers were "good at cutting to the chase". 68% were over 30 and 61% were women. the performance and character were uninteresting. 62% of 190 critics listed by review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes had given the film a positive review. but that it seldom burst into flames. shades of gray. concluding. but said that "some stories really are [134] about the good guys and the bad". why resist the moral outrage?" direction—a disheartening [134] "J. . with an average score of 63 [129] based on 38 reviews. calling it ambitious and deceptively simple. [90] [91] Audience evaluations of "excellent" and "definitely recommended" were above average. He said. The site reported that 44% of selected [130] notable critics gave it a positive write-up. she carried the role with restraint and intensity. but that the film did not Ansen said Straczynski's dialogue tended to the obvious. and Clint Eastwood's ponderous departure from his sure touch in 'Letters From Iwo Jima' and 'The Bridges of Madison [137] County'—magnifies the flaws. and in the United Kingdom 83% of critics listed by Rotten Tomatoes gave Changeling a positive review. He likened the experience to being in a luxury car: comfortable yet boring. As of August 14. with an average rating of 6. "The two of them make a very proper and dull pair of collaborators. [132] [128] [126] [127] 93 CinemaScore polls conducted during the opening weekend revealed the average grade cinemagoers gave Changeling was A− on an A+ to F scale. He cited similar problems with Malkovich's Briegleb. and David Denby of The New Yorker said that while Jolie showed skill and selflessness. Eastwood (43%). He said Collins was one-dimensional. but considered the [128] compelling story to have been told too conventionally. Critics generally judged Changeling well-acted and beautifully shot.. Metacritic." Joe Morgenstern. each layer of which built audience disgust into a "fine fury". reported that reviews were "generally favorable". Séguret noted that Eastwood kept the embers of the story alight. the North American theatrical release met with a more mixed response. He said Eastwood respected the script by not playing to the melodramatic aspects and not telegraphing the story's scope from the start. Manohla Dargis of The New York Times felt that Jolie's celebrity was [135] distracting enough to render her unconvincing. echoed the sentiment. based on a sample of 36. 2010.Changeling (film) be a serious contender at the 2009 Academy Awards. She reminds us that there is nothing so fierce as a mother protecting her cub. [65] [64] [74] Oliver Séguret of Libération said the cast was the film's best feature. The main reasons given for seeing the film were its story (65%). The film's reception in several European [102] [131] countries was more favorable. He also noted a surfeit of good supporting performances. writing in Newsweek. He perceived the supporting characters—Amy Ryan's excepted—as having few David Ansen. lacking desires or temperament. but that while the film lacked the moral nuance of Eastwood's others. [65] [74] Honeycutt wrote that due to its close adherence to the history the drama sagged at one point. and that it was based on fact (42%). Ansen said this was because Eastwood was less McCarthy praised the thoughtful. which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics. [133] Audiences were mostly older. Michael Straczynski's disjointed script manages to ring false at almost every significant turn . He said that with the distractions of Jolie's celebrity and beauty put aside." [136] McCarthy admired the "outstanding" script.

and that Eastwood's melodic score contributed to an evocation of a city and a period "undergoing galvanic changes". Awards and honors In addition to the following list of awards and nominations. the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures named Changeling one of the 10 best films of 2008. Honeycutt said. noting Stern's cinematography. [65] Séguret said that while Changeling had few defects. sorrowful saga". [140] [139] as did the International Press Academy. it was mystifying [64] that other critics had such effusive praise for it. [136] 94 Ansen said the classical approach lifted the story to another level. [135] [138] [74] McCarthy said Changeling was one of Eastwood's most vividly realized films. [136] Denby said it was beautifully made. but that it shared the chief fault of other "righteously indignant" films in congratulating the audience for feeling contempt for the Ansen concluded that the story was told in such a sure manner that only a [134] hardened cynic would be left unmoved by the "haunting. Instead.A.Changeling (film) while Denby cited problems with the austere approach. she cited the loss of Eastwood's regular collaborator Henry Bumstead—who died in 2006—as a factor in Damon Wise of Empire called Changeling "flawless". Anthony Lane of [141] Nominee Angelina Jolie Result Nominated The New Yorker named it second best. Satellite Awards. He said Eastwood was presented with the problem of not wanting to exploit the "gruesome" material because this would contrast poorly with the delicate emotions of a woman's longing for her missing son. Changeling sat in the company of films such as Chinatown and L. Empire magazine named it fourth best.. He said that as "a sorrowful critique of the city's political culture". the set and costume design. Denby said Eastwood and Straczynski should have explored more deeply the story's perverse aspects. Confidential. noir" of those films.. and Rene Rodriguez of The Miami Herald named it joint fourth best with Eastwood's Gran Torino. saying the characters and social commentary were brought into the story with an "almost breathtaking deliberation". Changeling's "overly pristine" look. the narrative methodically settled the emotional and dramatic issues—"reverently chronicling Christine‘s apotheosis"—before "[ambling] on for another forty minutes". He stated that Changeling was a more complex and wide-ranging work than Eastwood's Mystic River. which presents the annual Several critics included the film on their lists of the top 10 best films of 2008. saying it left the film "both impressive and monotonous". he said. CGI landscapes that merged seamlessly with location shots. and Dargis was not impressed by the production design. [74] Honeycutt said the film added a "forgotten chapter to the L. "long-discredited" attitudes depicted. Gary Fettis Nominated Best Cinematography Tom Stern Nominated 2008 African American Film Critics Association [143] Awards 2009 Artios Award Nominations for Outstanding [144] [145] Achievement in Casting 2008 Art Directors Guild Awards [146] Best Actress Angelina Jolie Won Nominated Big Budget Feature – Drama Ellen Chenoweth Excellence in Production Design – Period Film James Murakami Nominated .A. Award 81st Academy Awards [142] Category Best Actress in a Leading Role Best Art Direction James Murakami. "[the] small-town feel to the street and sets . and McCarthy said it was "emotionally powerful and stylistically sure-handed". and [134] that it embraced horror film conventions only in the process of transcending them. captures a society resistant to seeing what is really going on".

Gary Fettis Nominated Best Sound Walt Martin. Gary D. Alan Robert Murray. Roach Nominated Best Screenplay J. Michael Straczynski Nominated Best Production Design James Murakami. John Reitz. Gregg Rudloff Angelina Jolie Nominated 2008 Chicago Film Critics Association [148] Awards 60th Christopher Awards [149] [150] Best Actress Nominated Feature Films Excellence in Costume Design – Period Film Best Actress Deborah Hopper Won Nominated 2008 Costume Designers Guild Awards [151] 14th Critics' Choice Awards Angelina Jolie Nominated Best Film Nominated Best Score [152] Clint Eastwood Nominated 2009 Empire Awards Best Actress [153] Angelina Jolie Nominated 66th Golden Globe Awards Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Angelina Jolie Nominated Best Original Score Eastwood Nominated 6th Irish Film and Television Academy [154] Awards [155] [156] 2009 Japan Academy Prize [157] Best International Actress Angelina Jolie Nominated Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film Actress of the Year Angelina Jolie Nominated 2008 London Film Critics' Circle Awards Nominated Director of the Year [158] Clint Eastwood Nominated 2009 Rembrandt Awards Best International Actress Angelina Jolie Nominated 2008 Satellite Awards [159] Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Best Cinematography Angelina Jolie Tom Stern Won Nominated .Changeling (film) [147] Best Actress in a Leading Role Angelina Jolie Nominated 95 62nd British Academy Film Awards Best Cinematography Tom Stern Nominated Best Costume Design Deborah Hopper Nominated Best Direction Clint Eastwood Nominated Best Editing Joel Cox.

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Bauer Media Group.Variety. 2008..php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=64&ei=vGadS6rMJoLosQO4wZF-& usg=AFQjCNGvUkQJXTrXbG8YcGAk9bp6MEhZNQ) (PDF). .' 'Button'" (http://www.asp?id=145). "Art Directors Guild unveils nominees 'Button.ew.chicagofilmcritics.org. Retrieved December 3. 2009. "'Changeling. [135] Manohla Dargis (May 21.html). "NBR names 'Slumdog' best of year" (http://www. Retrieved January 16. "Europe gets in festive mood" (http://www. Retrieved April 6. 2009.google. Retrieved November 2. . 2008. 2008). "2009 Oscar winners list" (http://www.com/hr/content_display/film/news/ e3i59191706a17f2192517ce81e98462a43).00.com/VR1117997072.rottentomatoes. Retrieved January 16.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=62& Itemid=60). [140] Gregg Kilday (November 30. [133] Joshua Rich (November 2. 2009. 2008. . Back Stage.com/hr/ content_display/news/e3i4fc2c2322d54edacf842f3d25fcc0799?pn=2).rottentomatoes.variety.' 'Doubt. [139] Staff (December 4. 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"Int'l Press Academy announces nominations" (http://www. aspx?pid=956). 2009. 2008).com/m/1191742_changeling/?critic=creamcrop).christophers.shtml). Entertainment Weekly. "Broadcast critics favor 'Milk. 2008. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved April 6. 2008. 2009.bafta. 2008. [136] David Denby (October 27. Retrieved April 3. 2008).html).variety. Retrieved November 11. Metacritic. [132] Tom Butler (November 28. [144] Kilday. 2008. . "The Horror Of It All" (http://www.com/article/VR1117998450.metacritic. 2008). Retrieved October 20. December 30. Retrieved September 18. com/article/VR1117998295. 2008. Retrieved April 18. 2009. Christopher Awards. Variety. Retrieved December 09. 2008. ifta. "Casting Directors Feted at Artios Awards" (http://www. .html).htm).hollywoodreporter. Retrieved January 9. .Variety.ifta. 2008).variety.com/article/VR1117997653.com/article/ SB122479914867964509. .variety.com/VR1117996815. bafta. "Troubled Sons" (http://www.org/index. 2008). 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Los Angeles Times. [160] "Nominations for the 35th Annual Saturn Awards" (http://www. Variety. Retrieved March 10.com/title/tt0824747/) at the Internet Movie Database • Changeling (http://www. 2008. 2009. 2008). . com/thedailymirror/changeling/index. 2009.html). "Benjamin Button' and 'Dark Knight' win VES Awards" (http://latimesblogs. Retrieved March 5. Academy of Science Fiction. .net/) • Changeling (http://www.latimes.pressacademy. . 2008). "'Doubt' leads SAG awards race" (http://www. Variety.com/Entertainment_News/2008/12/15/ UPI_NewsTrack_Entertainment_News/UPI-66551229367600/). . [162] Dave McNary (December 18. Retrieved December 24.nl/algemeen/kunst/film/4630875/ Filmwereld-bijeen-voor-Rembrandt-Awards. 2008. 2009.saturnawards. [163] Susan King (February 21.org/nominations. [164] Staff (December 15. .com/satawards/awards2008.com/blog/awards/ japanese-academy-award-nominations-2009-894/). International Press Academy. 2010. [156] "33rd Japan Academy Awards: Results!" (http://wildgrounds.html) . "2009 Japanese Academy Award Nominations" (http://www. Fantasy & Horror Films. [159] "2008 13th Annual Satellite Awards" (http://www.changelingmovie. Retrieved March 14. .brabantsdagblad. Irene (December 23. .com/VR1117997595. Retrieved December 22. 2008). 2009).allmovie. "'Slumdog' tops with London critics" (http://www.com/m/1191742_changeling/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Original Los Angeles Times stories and photos on Walter Collins' disappearance (http://latimesblogs. March 5.saturnawards.ece) (in Dutch).html). 2009. United Press International. . Brabants Dagblad (Wegener NieuwsMedia).latimes. 2008.html).boxofficemojo.php/2010/03/05/33rd-japan-academy-awards-results/).html).htm) at Box Office Mojo • Changeling (http://www.com/movies/?id=changeling08. Fantasy & Horror Films. "Filmwereld bijeen voor Rembrandt Awards" (http://www.com/awards/ 2009/02/the-curious-cas. Retrieved December 18. Alt Film Guide.saturnawards. 10 2 References External links • Official website (http://www.com.com/work/1:391262) at Allmovie • Changeling (http://www.variety. [161] "The Winners of the 35th Annual Saturn Awards" (http://www. 2009). [157] Archie Thomas (December 18. Academy of Science Fiction. saturnawards. 2009).variety. Retrieved December 18.imdb. [158] Staff (March 9.org. "WFCC: 'Changeling' best movie about women" (http://www. Retrieved June 25. Wildgrounds: Treasures of Asian Cinema.pressacademy. 2009. 2009.altfg.com/VR1117997589.org/index. 2010. . Retrieved January 16.html).Changeling (film) [155] Young.shtml).upi. Retrieved February 23.org.com/index.rottentomatoes. .

J.S. of seasons No. TV series) The Office Genre Created by Developed by Starring Mockumentary Comedy Ricky Gervais Stephen Merchant Greg Daniels Steve Carell Rainn Wilson John Krasinski Jenna Fischer B.The Office (U. Novak Ed Helms Melora Hardin David Denman Leslie David Baker Brian Baumgartner Creed Bratton Kate Flannery Mindy Kaling Ellie Kemper Angela Kinsey Paul Lieberstein Oscar Nunez Craig Robinson Phyllis Smith Zach Woods Theme music composer Jay Ferguson Country of origin Language(s) No.S. TV series) 103 The Office (U. of episodes United States English 7 129 (List of episodes) Production Executive producer(s) Greg Daniels Ricky Gervais Stephen Merchant Howard Klein Ben Silverman Paul Lieberstein Jennifer Celotta Single-camera 21 minutes (normal episodes) 28 minutes ("super-sized" episodes) 42 minutes (hour-long episodes) (details) Camera setup Running time .

telling him. in association with Universal Media Studios. King of the Hill and The Simpsons. a veteran writer for Saturday Night Live. The Office was adapted for American audiences by executive producer Greg Daniels. [2] It is co-produced by Daniels's Deedle-Dee Productions. Off-network syndication of The Office began in early 2008. At the time. Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant are executive producers and also co-wrote the pilot episode with Daniels and wrote the season three episode.The Office (U. An adaptation of the BBC series The Office. The creators of the original BBC series. "I hope [the show's developers] don't screw this up. Krasinski had attended school with B. TV series) Broadcast Original channel Picture format Audio format Original run NBC 480i (SDTV) 1080i (HDTV) Dolby Digital March 24. but the series was quickly cancelled. but the actor declined. Martin Short. [5] and Steve Carell confirmed he will be leaving the show when his Background Casting NBC programmer Kevin Reilly originally suggested Paul Giamatti to producer Ben Silverman for the role of Michael Scott. hired him for the role. he was already committed to another NBC mid-season replacement comedy. the central love interests. without a studio audience or a laugh track. The Office was renewed for a seventh season. [7] In January 2004. [3] 2005.S. had watched every episode of the Wilson had originally auditioned for Michael. 2005 – present Chronology Related shows The Office (UK) External links Official website [1] 104 The Office is an American comedy television series broadcast by NBC. The show debuted on NBC as a midseason replacement on March 24. Hank Azaria and Bob Odenkirk were also reported to be interested. series before he auditioned. J. To simulate the look of an actual documentary. He recalled accidentally insulting Greg Daniels while waiting to audition for the series. He did not continue watching for fear that he would start copying Gervais' characterizations. Come to Papa." Daniels then introduced [10] Rainn Wilson. which led to his audition and getting the role of Jim Halpert. it depicts the everyday lives of office employees in the Scranton. Novak and was good friends with him. the casting directors liked his audition as Dwight much more and . however. leaving him fully committed to The [9] Office. who was cast as the power-hungry sycophant Dwight Schrute. notably on TBS and Fox-owned stations in the United [4] States. Carell later stated he had only seen about half of the original pilot episode of the British series before he auditioned. "The Convict". Pennsylvania branch of the fictional Dunder Mifflin Paper Company. it is filmed in a single-camera setup. John Krasinski and Jenna Fischer were virtual unknowns before being cast in their respective roles as Jim and Pam. Variety reported Steve Carell of the popular Comedy Central program The Daily Show [8] with Jon Stewart was in talks to play the role. and Reveille Productions. a performance he described as a "terrible [Ricky] Gervais impersonation". [6] contract expires at the end of its production.

The primary vehicle for the show is that a camera crew has decided to film Dunder Mifflin and its employees. Melora Hardin. B. too. and David Denman. or. While Jones would later leave the cast for a recurring role. Leslie David Baker. Martin. creating the original Pam hairstyle." [23] The kiss Michael planted on Oscar in the third season episode "Gay Witch Hunt" was improvised. in February 2007 NBC announced that Helms was being promoted to a series regular. which she won. Ken Kwapis liked the way Phyllis Smith. When Fischer finished her scene with Krasinski. Plans were made for Mackenzie Crook. [12] [11] 105 Fischer prepared for her audition by looking as boring as possible. and consulting producer [20] [21] Larry Wilmore has played diversity trainer Mr. Sometimes two characters share an Dunder Mifflin company logo interview. This occurs most notably with Jim and Pam." Fischer wrote. to which she reciprocated that he was her favorite Jim. We were all on the edge of our seats wondering what would happen next.The Office (U. Oscar Nunez. Meredith Palmer. Novak was cast as reluctant temp Ryan Howard after Daniels saw his stand-up act. "Our shows are 100 percent scripted. TV series) himself and told Krasinski who he was." Fischer explained. "They put everything down on paper. with the producers partnering the different potential Pams and Jims (four of each) together to gauge their chemistry. are frequently annoyed or uncomfortable at its presence. [22] but those plans were scrapped Improvisation A complete script is written for each episode of The Office. Ed Helms and Rashida Jones joined the cast as members of [19] Dunder Mifflin Stamford. Brian Baumgartner. In an interview on NPR's Fresh Air. actors are given opportunities to improvise during the shooting process. for example Jan Levinson. however. [13] The supporting cast includes actors known for their improv work: Angela Kinsey. J. But we get to play around a little bit." [24] Format The Office is a mockumentary. The main action of the show is supplemented with talking-head interviews or "confessionals". a casting associate. read with other actors auditioning so much that he cast her At the beginning of the third season. It was not planned at all. I can't believe we held it together for as long as we did. "Those looks of shock/giddiness/confusion on our faces are real. Fischer recalled the last stages of the audition process for Pam and Jim. but they called her back for the part of Angela Flannery first auditioned for the part of Jan Levinson-Gould. . as Phyllis. Others. [14] Greg Daniels originally was not sure where to use the Indian American Mindy Kaling on-screen in the series until the opportunity came in the second episode's script where Michael needed to be slapped by a minority. especially Michael Scott. The presence of the camera is acknowledged by the characters. "Steve just went into that bit on the fly. Four of the show's writers have also stepped in front of the camera. before landing the role of [17] Baumgartner originally auditioned for Stanley. [18] [16] [15] [14] Kinsey had originally auditioned for Pam. Martin Freeman. seemingly around the clock. and Lucy Davis from the British version of The Office to appear in the third season. The producers thought she was "too feisty" for the character. who enthusiastically participates in the filming. says Kaling. [18] Michael Schur has also made occasional appearances as Dwight's cousin Mose.S. he told her that she was his favorite Pam. with the characters speaking one on one with the camera crew about the day's events. Brown. due to scheduling conflicts. speaking with each other and the camera at the same time. I'm not sure we've ever laughed so hard on set. but was eventually cast as Kevin. Kate Flannery. I've been on the show" (as Kelly Kapoor). "Since (that slap). Steve and Rainn are brilliant improvisers. Paul Lieberstein was cast as human resources director Toby Flenderson on Novak's suggestion after his cold readings of scripts.

Rainn Wilson. not work-related. In the seventh season premiere episode. Michael and Toby. Novak. J. and the cameras were even allowed into Michael. equivalent. but shies away when she realizes the camera is still there. TV series) occasionally. and even when Jim and Pam left for an overnight getaway to Dwight's beet farm—all arguably personal. For example. Jim. revealed both Dwight and Angela's. and Jim and Pam's personal relationships. with the cast and production credits. In "The Dundies". Vance Refrigeration" to garner publicity for his business. even intrusive persona. and. New Hampshire and Utica. in "Christmas Party". Looking for a suitable U. [25] It is played over the title sequence. The cameras were present at Jim's barbecue and Michael's dinner party. A scene is also featured where Michael and Holly are seen sneaking back into the office to have sex. In other instances. Phyllis's boyfriend Bob Vance introduces himself repeatedly as "Bob Vance. which aired after Super Bowl XLIII. Jim and Dwight. the cameras have taken on an often-omnipresent. New York before settling on Scranton. Starting with the fourth season. The Season 5 episode "Michael Scott Paper Company" features an altered title sequence that focuses on the titular company. "By definition the town we picked wouldn't have a lot of glitzy stuff going on. which previously rolled in silence. [26] Originally. Some characters use the camera's presence to their advantage. the sequence only appeared in the aforementioned episode. However. Pam asks the crew to help her look for evidence of Dwight and Angela's secret relationship. included new footage and added the rest of the starring cast." he said later. as he is often standing off-screen next to Michael as the interview begins. In "E-mail Surveillance". The cameras have caught Jan kissing Michael on "Valentine's Day". Season seven's first episode featured new clips during the cast titles with the same clips from around Scranton. starting early in the second season with the episode "Office Olympics"." [26] It was just far enough away from New York to be credible as a location for a regional branch office.S. Ed Helms is added to the opening sequence and is credited after B. Starting with the Season 6 episode "Sabre". the theme song is played over the closing credits. J. The title sequence for the Season 5 episode "Stress Relief". the title sequence was updated with new scenes. Oscar and Kevin or Kelly and Ryan. Behind-doors conversations are often filmed through a window or crack in the door. and Karen's job interviews for a corporate position. a drunken Pam nearly confesses something to Jim. their conversation and interactions with each other are still heard due to a microphone that Michael is wearing (he accidentally increases the volume on it instead of turning it off). which they later provide. In early episodes.S. and were shot by cast member John Krasinski. The exteriors of buildings in the title sequence are actual buildings in Scranton. only the five principal cast members were credited in the title sequence–Steve Carell. "Nepotism". "It just seemed like a real place. Dwight frequently interrupts Michael's interviews. the camera crews seemed confined primarily to the office setting. which could explain why the cameras are often able to hear closed-door conversations. Novak. and although they had previously tricked the cameras into being stuck outside. Executive Producer Greg Daniels considered Nashua. Setting The British version had been set in Slough. much to Jan's chagrin. Multiple covers and remixes have been performed and created by various artists. Originally the theme song began each episode. Daniels also recalled that the Paper Magic line of greeting cards was made in .The Office (U. and once. Characters are often followed out of the office and sometimes even to their homes. a commuter town on the outskirts of London. events. Pennsylvania. Some episodes of the series use a shortened version of the theme song. John Krasinski. Jenna Fischer and B. as mentioned above. Pennsylvania. most episodes have begun with a cold open followed by the theme. 106 Theme song and title sequence The theme song for The Office was written by Jay Ferguson and performed by The Scrantones. however. Non-primary characters or extras who encounter the camera crew are usually unsurprised or unaffected by it. which features some Scranton scenes and everyday office tasks being performed by the cast. the camera seemingly has affected plot lines. but as the show has expanded to include more about the characters' personal lives. It is shown in "The Injury" that Michael is wearing a wireless lavalier microphone.

[26] Scranton welcome sign from opening credits. 5" and later "My Humps" as his cell phone ringtone. Dwight's "Froggy 101" bumper sticker is from local country station WGGY. California. and most of the music is diegetic. Nashua. Dwight will often play loud music when driving or to get himself psyched up before making a sale. and Lake Wallenpaupack. a sign can be seen with a phone number bearing area code 818—the primary area code in the San Fernando Valley.The Office (U. and Utica were later adopted as the locations of other Dunder-Mifflin branches. which lies almost entirely within the city of Los Angeles. such as the Mall at Steamtown. such as "Tiny Dancer" by Elton John ("The Dundies"). computers or other devices. All filming is done in the Greater Los Angeles area. now displayed in the food court of the Mall at Steamtown. [27] 107 Despite this. Featured music tends to be well known. such as Michael's attempt to seem hip by using "Mambo No. with songs either sung or played by the characters or heard on radios. which is a local chain of gas stations." said Daniels. in the episode "Fun Run". Jan is seen with a water bottle with the label "Joe‘s Kwik Mart". and during scenes set it in the winter in which LA's lush foliage is still visible. in homage to the British version of the show. TV series) the city. and often songs reflect the character. the address for the Scranton Branch was revealed to be 1725 Slough Avenue. [28] . Also. "We went toward embracing the whole Scranton-ness of the setting. "Islands in the Stream" by Kenny Rogers and Dolly Parton ("E-mail Surveillance") and "With or Without You" by U2 ("Valentine's Day"). However. Music The mockumentary format of the show contains no laugh track. specifically in the Van Nuys district of Los Angeles. songs have been played during montages or the closing credits. but the show makes many references to actual places and businesses in and near Scranton. In another episode. Los Angeles. Rochester. such as listening to "Wild Side" and "Kickstart My Heart" by Mötley Crüe.S. The building they shoot in is at 13928 Saticoy Street. Also. some Los Angeles references are still visible. the actual Anthracite Museum in Scranton is referenced in Michael Scott's video presentation to David Wallace in another episode. The set‘s Los Angeles location is most apparent during outdoors scenes in which LA-area mountains (much larger than the more modest hills near Scranton) are frequently seen in the background of the office park. for example. Stamford.

the depressed. Toby is rehired shortly after Holly's transfer. Rounding out the office are the stern salesman Stanley Hudson. Dunder Mifflin Scranton warehouse supervisor Darryl Philbin is a key secondary character who has gained increased prominence throughout the run of the show. Jim dressed up like Dwight and mocked him in which Dwight called this "identity theft. However. eccentric quality assurance representative Creed Bratton. ending up again as the temporary worker at the Scranton branch. The accounting department features the uptight Angela Martin. regional manager of the Scranton branch of the Dunder Mifflin Paper Company. Holly is transferred away after corporate discovers that Michael and Holly are involved. Michael Scott. Kevin Malone. Dwight Schrute. alcoholic single mother supply relations representative Meredith Palmer.The Office (U. Cornell alumnus. In one episode. feels he is the life of the office. the assistant to the regional manager. A story arc at the start of the fifth season has Holly Flax transferred to the office as Toby's replacement. Much to Michael's dismay. his employees feel otherwise. as they share very similar personalities. former Their The Office cast in the third season receptionist turned sales representative. Ryan Howard. Connecticut branch office. who barely stands for Michael's constant references to his Black-American heritage (he also doesn't like to take part in Michael's time wasting meetings and sometimes sleeps in them or works on one of his crossword puzzles). is newly married to the Beesly). is introduced as Pam's replacement. Ryan was later rehired as a salesman by Dunder Mifflin in season five as part of the buyout of the Michael Scott Paper Company. There is an ongoing rivalry between Jim and Dwight. usually called just Erin to differentiate herself from Kelly Kapoor. who started out as a temporary worker in the Scranton office. At the end of the fifth season. was later promoted to Dunder Mifflin's Vice President for Regional Sales. human resources representative Toby Flenderson. sales representative Jim Halpert. resulting in their breakup. Andy finally asks Erin out in "The Delivery"." Jim. However. anger-management grad and Angela's former fiancé Andy Bernard. A significant number of the main and minor characters are based on characters from the British version of The Office. and the patient Oscar Martinez. Pam Halpert (née relationship comes after three seasons of friendship laced with romantic tension. overweight man who revels in juvenile humor and is addicted to gambling and M&Ms. . which would make him Michael's boss. and frequent target of Michael's abuse. Angela Martin. whose homosexuality and Mexican American heritage make him a favorite target for Michael's off-hand comments. until his treachery was exposed for corporate fraud and he was fired.S. TV series) 108 Characters The Office employs an ensemble cast. She acts as a love interest for Michael. he was demoted back to temp as there was only room for one new salesperson and Michael chose Pam for the position. A budding storyline features the awkward crush between Andy and Erin. formerly of the Stamford. is an award-winning salesman and former Lackawanna County volunteer reserve deputy sheriff known for his authoritarian personality and science fiction fandom. the bubbly and talkative customer service representative Kelly Kapoor. new receptionist Kelly Erin Hannon. showed considerable kindness to Dwight after he lost his girlfriend. who wishes to keep things orderly and make sure situations remain as serious as possible. His former co-manager. a sardonic. whose differing personalities often cause them to be at odds with each other. the kind and caring saleswoman Phyllis Lapin-Vance. however.

Kevin Malone uses a Staples-branded shredding machine to shred a Staples-branded CD-R and many other non-paper items. which can be seen on close-up shots of the Cisco IP Telephones. and Activision's Call of Duty video game. Honda. Stanley driving a Chrysler 300C. Swiss Miss Cream and Cola. Many products featured are not part of product placement agreements.Jan Levinson. Roy Anderson. The Office has had product placement deals with Staples baler. In "The Merger". they are seen drinking the store's brand of soda and on top of the refrigerator in the breakroom is a box of the store's brand of popcorn. Chrysler. in "Michael's Birthday" and "Drug Testing". Some products have additional branding labels attached. Toby". TV series) In June 2010. and Toyota vehicles are also constantly featured on the show with Ryan driving a Honda Civic. Deleted scenes On The Office. [31] As with The Pennsylvania Paper & Supply Company tower. NY. respectively). a grocery store chain in the northeast and mid-Atlantic regions which began in Rochester. Angela refers to Hooters as a strip club.The Office (U. a deleted scene from "The Return" was made available over NBC. Hooters is also identified as the company's caterer in "Casino Night". pays for product placement. Most food and drinks are supplied from Wegmans. and Michael's former love interest—and former Vice President for Regional Sales for Dunder Mifflin -. who left the show in the third season after nearly assaulting Jim in the workplace. Oscar driving a Lexus RX400h and Andy driving a Toyota Prius. a supplier of networking and telephone equipment. [29] 109 Former main characters no longer part of the show include Pam's ex-fiancé.S. deleted scenes are considered part of the show's canon and story line. HP. but neither was seen in the sixth. who plays Gabe Lewis. In an experiment. In "The Merger". Various cans of Crystal Club's product have been displayed such as their Birchola. was promoted to a series regular. Apple. including a salad. HP. Daniels hoped that word of mouth among fans would spread the information. but rather inserted by writers as products the [35] characters would use to create realism under the guise of a documentary. Both characters returned for brief appearances in season five. and Gateway computers. In "The Secret" Michael takes Jim to Hooters to discuss Jim's feelings for Pam. among other placement. Kevin driving a Honda CR-V. though it is unclear whether they paid for this placement. and inform the camera of how many chains there are worldwide. DRAFT. Cisco Systems. this can be clearly seen with the HP photo printer on Toby's desk in season 6.com and iTunes that explained the absence of a character over the next several episodes. shown during the opening credits. [32] [31] and the Olympic as well as mentioning in dialogue or displaying clear logos for products such as Sandals Resorts. Zach Woods. who broke up with Michael in season four and subsequently became pregnant via sperm donation. Chili's restaurants were used for filming [33] [34] . Pam driving a Toyota Yaris. and is less noticeable with the Cisco phones. but eventually considered the experiment a failure. The tech help-desk Geek Squad's logo has also appeared (logo on the wall of Toby's cubicle and a toy of the Geek Squad Volkswagen car atop a filing cabinet. Michael driving a Chrysler Sebring. and have sometimes been restored in repeats to make episodes longer or draw people who have seen the episode before back to see the bonus footage. During "Goodbye. [30] Product placement The original soda machine in the break room used to say "COLD DRINKS" but has been replaced by local Scranton Beverage company "Crystal Club". causing Michael to defend Hooters as a family place.

and Wikipedia are often mentioned. The third season introduced the first of occasional hour-long episodes (approximately 42-minute running time. MacBook Pro. The appearance of Second Life in the episode "Local Ad" was rated eighth in the top ten most effective product placements of 2007. even though she is engaged to Roy (who works in the building's lower-level warehouse). They are also used by Jo Bennett and Gabe Lewis while chatting with each other. and Second Life was the only product on the list that did not pay for its placement. Romantic relationships begin to develop between some of the characters. [43] but keep the relationship a secret from everyone else. even though Pam still insists she will marry Roy. [40] Season one The first season had six episodes. The two kiss. but [45] tells Pam in the season finale that he loves her. and shortened in repeats and syndication). Many workers seen in the background of the first season were developed into secondary characters. The series begins by introducing the office's workers via a tour given by branch manager Michael Scott for both the camera crew and a first-day temp (Ryan Howard). When Roy sets a date Jim grows depressed and considers transferring to the Stamford. received over four minutes of publicity for the iPod when it was [38] used as a much-desired gift in "Christmas Party".S. but Jim transfers to the Stamford branch soon after. and they start dating. the first of what would be several "super-sized" episodes (approximately 28-minute running time for a 40-minute time slot.The Office (U. eMac. leading to general anxiety. In "Sabre". though the company did not pay for the placement. The Apple laptop MacBook Pro is also used in "Weight Loss" where Jim uses one to video chat with Pam while in the office. Apple computers are also featured during Pam's first class at Pratt. [36] [37] 110 Though not an explicit product placement. for his wedding to Pam. six Apple products are shown: iPod Classic. while the general threat of downsizing continued. [44] [42] Dwight and Angela become romantically involved. News spreads throughout the office that Dunder Mifflin's corporate headquarters is planning to downsize an entire branch. iBook. causing a scene of "The Dundies" to be hastily rewritten when the chain objected to the original version. Pam also discusses with Jim that she can't learn and doesn't understand Flash. Web sites such as Craigslist. in the wake of the latter's divorce. Connecticut branch. as the writers believed they were realistic choices for a company party and business lunch. [39] Season synopses 1 The final episode of the second season introduced A typical episode for a half-hour time slot runs 20 ⁄2 minutes. Apple Inc. Kelly develops a crush on Ryan. The Office was the only non-reality show to make the list. Season two The second season was the series' first full (twenty-two episode) season. Other Adobe programs such as Photoshop and Premiere have also been mentioned or shown. the producers of the show had to allow Chili's to [36] have final approval of the script before filming. Michael has a one-night stand with his boss Jan. suitable for being shown as two separate normal episodes). . a popular animation program by Adobe Systems. [41] The audience learns salesman Jim Halpert has a crush on receptionist Pam Beesly (who helps him play pranks on co-worker Dwight Schrute). but Michael chooses to deny or downplay the realities of the situation in order to maintain employee morale. and had its first 40-minute "super-sized" episode. TV series) in "The Dundies" and "The Client". TripAdvisor. iMac. iPhone.

Dwight and Angela continue their secret relationship. who reluctantly agrees. When Dwight attempts to euthanize Angela's ailing cat without her permission. TV series) 111 Season three The third season consisted of 25 half-hours of material. she Ryan. Kelly moves on from her relationship with Ryan and briefly starts dating Darryl. performance. we learn Ryan has been awarded Jan's job due to Season four NBC ordered a full fourth season of 30 half-hour episodes. Karen has left the Scranton branch after her breakup with Jim. Meanwhile. He is soon arrested and fired for committing fraud related to the website's sales numbers. in a brief reunion with Pam. This culminates when Roy. [58] . Roy is summarily dismissed from Dunder Mifflin. the Scranton branch inherits all of Stamford's clients. four 40-minute "super-sized" episodes. [48] [49] [47] eventually becoming the most successful and eliminating the fear of further downsizing. and the anger-prone Andy Bernard. Jim briefly transfers to the Stamford branch after Pam confirmed her commitment to Roy. who is fired that day for poor opting instead to return to Scranton without Karen and asks Pam to a date. and confesses to Jim he was the reason she called off her wedding. In the season finale Andy proposes to Angela. David Wallace. [47] [52] In the season's finale. Ryan has been hired as a full-time sales representative but fails to make a single sale. from Jan. Jim.S. his business school credentials. which she joyfully accepts. [56] An unemployed Jan moves in with Michael. and put-upon or ignored by her various co-workers. in his new corporate life in New York City. divided into 17 half-hour episodes. [50] but he later returns as a much calmer and approachable co-worker. and Pam leaves him once again. and thus Ryan attempts to sabotage Jim's career. attempts to assault Jim after learning of his and Pam's kiss. until the dissolution of their relationship [57] midway through the season. [53] [54] The season consisted of 9 half-hour episodes. Meanwhile. and Jim's unresolved feelings for her and new relationship with Karen lead to shifting tensions amongst the four. but ended with only 14 due to a halt in production caused by the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. Karen. leaves him for Andy. and 5 [55] hour-long episodes to comprise the 19 total episodes of material created. Pam and Jim date happily. Toby. due to an outburst where he punched a hole in the wall. and two one-hour episodes. Feeling confident in her life. Andy is missing for much of the season as he is sent to anger management training. Oscar is inadvertently outed as a homosexual by Michael. which causes her to behave erratically on the job. Pam decides to follow her artistic interests and attend a three-month graphic design course at the Pratt Institute in New York City. branch. leading Dwight into depression. and Michael interview for a corporate position that turns out to be Jan's. with whom Jim has developed a relationship. announces he is moving to Costa Rica. Jim wins and rejects the offer off-screen. and becomes regional manager at the Utica branch. embarrassed after accidentally revealing an affection for Pam. before corporate is forced to merge the Stamford branch and staff into the Scranton branch. who quickly shows fondness towards Michael. Michael and Jan begin a relationship. Pam is newly single after calling off her marriage and relationship to Roy prior to the merger. while Jim plans to propose. ruining Jim's proposal plans and leaving Pam disappointed. all other former Stamford employees quit in frustration with Michael's managerial style. and is replaced by Holly Flax. Phyllis becomes [51] engaged to and marries Bob Vance. owner of neighboring business Vance Refrigeration.The Office (U. Phyllis then catches Dwight and Angela having sex in the office. [46] Included in the transfer to Scranton are Karen Filippelli. In the final scene. Pam builds the courage to make a speech which reveals her true feelings towards each of them. he also learns that his boss. favors Jim. but accepts an offer. develops a drug problem and attempts to modernize Dunder Mifflin with a new website for online sales. for a three-month paid vacation and use of a company car in exchange for not suing.

Dunder Mifflin's profits are immediately threatened. Jim and Pam become engaged. but then leaves for Thailand. After Jo suggests he invest in property. they find their own challenges in adapting to new corporate rules and the spirited style of Sabre's CEO. He is eventually revealed to be working at a bowling alley. where Jim has bought his parents' house for the two of them. By Christmas. but dumps her on her birthday after realizing she's too old for him. Jo Bennett (Kathy Bates). where she gains a long-term boyfriend. but Erin decides they need a break when Michael tells her about Andy's previous relationship with Angela. which is later confirmed in season 6. the three are rehired (with Pam promoted to saleswoman and Ryan returning as a temp). During the chaos. Michael initiates a romance with Holly. it is hinted that Pam is pregnant. When the local news discovers that Sabre printers have been catching on fire. Helene (Linda Purl). Dwight buys the office park.S. and she ultimately returns from New York to Scranton. Ryan returns to Dunder Mifflin as a temp. enticing Pam and Ryan to join as salespeople. but find their inherent awkwardness inhibits his attempts to ask her out on a date. she orders one of them to return to sales. Andy and Erin finally date. Holly is transferred to the Nashua. and Michael to Jan's old job. as Sabre policy means he can earn more money as a salesman anyway. Michael dates Pam's mom. despite her claims not to be sleeping with Andy. who allies with Ryan in attempts to sabotage the new boss. Wallace announces to the branch that Dunder Mifflin has accepted a buyout from Sabre Corporation. but Andy is ultimately blamed after Nick (Nelson Franklin) reveals he was the first to contact the press. while Miner is banished from overseeing the branch. Jim.The Office (U. to get even. among his problems is a furious Dwight. tries to convince David Wallace to promote him to Regional Manager. and though his business model is ultimately unsustainable. Rumors of bankruptcy begin to surround Dunder Mifflin. Jim's job is jeopardized when Miner catches him playing a prank and his reputation suffers from there. divided into 24 half-hour episodes and two hour-long [59] episodes. Jim and Pam marry. Jo again visits the Scranton branch demanding to know the source of the leak. [48] Newly hired Vice President Charles Miner implements a rigid managerial style over the branch that causes Michael to resign in protest. new receptionist Erin is hired to fill the vacancy originally left by Pam. Toby returns from Costa Rica and resumes his duties as Scranton's HR representative. When she discovers that there are two Co-Regional Managers. Jim and Pam have a girl named Cecelia Marie Halpert. a printer company. In a buyout of the Michael Scott Paper Company. TV series) 112 Season five The fifth season consisted of 28 half-hours of material. Darryl. Jim struggles to assert his authority. Dwight once he learns that she has been sleeping with both of them. Jim volunteers. Pam. . one of which aired after Super Bowl XLIII. Season six The sixth season consisted of 26 half-hours of material. Andy and Erin develop mutual interest in one another. Michael opens the Michael Scott Paper Company. In the season's finale. While Wallace and other executives are let go. Having avoided jail and only been sentenced to community service. additionally. New Hampshire branch. the Scranton office survives due to their relative success within the company. divided into 22 half-hour episodes and two hour-long episodes. Michael allows Pam to hit him in the face. However. For a short time after the wedding. in part because of Jan's choice to exclude Michael from the birth of her daughter. Jim is promoted to Co-Regional Manager alongside Michael. both men leave her—Andy because of her infidelity. When Andy is made aware of Dwight and Angela's continued affair. After Michael refuses. looking to ensure security for his future family. to Michael's sadness. and Kelly confess to Michael. When David Wallace learns of their relationship.

" [65] [64] [63] Oscar is overheard angrily yelling at someone on the phone. while Timothy Olyphant will portray a new character. "Subtle Sexuality" During the sixth season. whom he'd hired as an assistant. much to Andy's chagrin. as Carell wants to move on after his contract expires after this season. in weekly episodes. and Kathy Bates as Jo Bennett. Zach Woods. . Guest appearances in the season include the return of Melora Hardin as Jan Levinson. Erin and Gabe have begun a relationship. Oscar. Beginning with this season. which features Ryan as a guest rapper and Andy singing the bridge. which he intends to say is for starting an ice cream business. TV series) 113 Season seven The seventh season will consist of 25 half-hours of material. [62] The webisodes follow Kevin. even with Darryl's help. was promoted to a series regular. 2008. the winter webisode series "The Mentor" aired in its entirety on March 4. Erin's relationship with Kelly turns bad when she spends too much time with Angela. who portrays Gabe Lewis. Kevin attempts to repay his gambling debts by taking out a loan. 2006. "Blackmail" At the conclusion of the fifth season. Meredith. Phyllis. The webisodes earned The Office a 2010 Streamy Award for "Best Companion Web "The Mentor" During the sixth season. But. the first premiering on July 13.The Office (U. the winter webisode series "The Outburst" was released in weekly episodes. and Darryl. 2010. the summer webisode series "The Accountants" was released. The webisodes follow the accountants Angela. the summer webisode series "Kevin's Loan" was released in four weekly episodes. in the office. 2008. Amy Ryan as Holly Flax. "Kevin's Loan" Between the fourth and fifth seasons.000 from the books.S. In the story. Creed enlists the help of some office workers but the office fights back. Kelly. 2010. The first episode was released on May 7. Creed. This season will be the final season for Steve Carell as the lead character Michael Scott. The webisodes look at a plot by Creed to get money from his fellow employees by trying to blackmail them with secrets. and Toby all investigate the mysterious call. and Kevin as they try to find out who stole $3. Kevin. Kelly and Ryan then interfere in Angela and Erin's relationship. Series. The season premiered on September 23. Erin wants to be an accountant so Angela decides to train her. 2009. Kevin goes through with his plan which inevitably fails. while the third and final webisode is the music video itself. [60] [61] Webisodes "The Accountants" Between the second and third seasons. Andy. the summer webisode series "Blackmail" was released similarly to the previous two. The series focuses on Kelly and Erin forming their own girl group called Subtle Sexuality. Angela. Michael is ordered to attend counseling with Toby after spanking his nephew. the first premiering on July 10. The first two webisodes document the behind-the-scenes aspects and troubles of shooting the music video for their first single "Male Prima Donna". the fall webisode series "Subtle Sexuality" aired in its entirety on October 29. "The Outburst" During the fifth season. Oscar. the first premiering on November 20. and he attempts to win her affection back with his performance in a community theater production of Sweeney Todd. Although Oscar attempts to dissuade him. 2009.

The third season of The Office got a 85/100 score on Metacritic.0 million viewers with a 10/10 rating. an ever-stronger supporting cast.. 2005. March 24. it lost nearly half its audience with only 5.9 million viewers.S. and no amount of training can fix it. [66] Reception Before the show aired. Maybe in later episodes when it deviates from Gervais and Merchant's script. with a pilot episode expected to debut as the Super Bowl lead-out [67] program in 2009.S. and that's fine by me. The casting of Steve Carell in the Gervais role proved to be a masterstroke. after an episode of The Apprentice on NBC. [85] .. "Thanks to the fearless Steve Carell. John Spector. [79] while the sixth season of The Office got a 78/100 Ratings Premiering on Thursday. [76] [75] [74] Time magazine's James Poniewozik named it He also included it on his "The 100 Best TV Shows of The show has some superficial similarities to the comic-strip Dilbert. stating. The program averaged 5. Dilbert creator Scott Adams also touts the similarities: "The lesson from The Office and from Dilbert is that people are often dysfunctional.4 million viewers. "Producer Greg Daniels created not a copy but an interpretation that sends up distinctly American work conventions .. the lowest rating in the show's history. By the 2005–2006 season. "(Steve Carell) just seems to be trying too hard . for good or bad.S. the success of Carell's hit summer movie The 40-Year-Old Virgin and online sales of episodes at iTunes helped the show. stating. and USA Today called it a "passable imitation of a miles-better BBC original. CEO of The Conference Board. this undervalued remake does the near impossible—it honors Ricky Gervais' original and works on its own terms. When NBC moved the series to its intended Tuesday night [81] slot. The Office brought in 11. Episodes were also rerun on CNBC.. The Office's creative team instead decided to develop Parks and Recreation as a [68] separate series. sharpest shows. where ratings continued to grow.. [80] score. television season.V. The American Office is that rarest of anomalies: a remake of a classic show that both does right by its source and carves out its own strong identity. Time magazine remarked. [84] [70] The increase in viewership led NBC to move the series to the "Must See TV" Thursday night in January 2006. instantly becoming one of TV's funniest. ." [72] Entertainment Weekly echoed these sentiments a week later." [70] A Guardian Unlimited review panned its [71] lack of originality. the first season's finale." [73] The Onion's A.. "Hot Girl". says that both show the impact a leader can have." Reviews became more positive in the second season. which also features employees coping with an inept superior. rated a 2. Gervais acknowledged that there were feelings of hesitation from certain viewers. All-TIME" list. with a tone that's more satiric and less mordant.2 million viewers in the U. However. Club expressed its views on the show's progression: "After a rocky start. TV series) 114 Proposed spin-off series A spin-off to the series was proposed in 2008. The new boss is different from the old boss. But right now he's a pale imitation. [82] ranking it #102 for the 2004–2005 U. he'll come into his own." one of the top 10 returning series of 2007. and scripts that spew American corporate absurdist vernacular with perfect pitch. it placed #67 (tied with 20/20). The Office improved immeasurably. [69] Critical reviews and commentary Before its first airing.." [77] A labor-affiliated group praised the episode "Boys and Girls" for what it considered an unusually frank depiction of [78] union busting on American television. the New York Daily News called it "so diluted there's little left but muddy water".The Office (U. winning its time slot. and was up 80% in viewers from the year before and up 60% in viewers ages 18–49. It averaged 8. ranking it at #6. As the second season started.2 with a [83] 10 audience measurement share.

It averaged 8. Patrick's Day speech in its suburb of Dickson City. [89] placing 3rd for viewership during its timeslot and 2nd in 18-49 demo. 2007 received higher ratings with 9. 2010 2009–2010 #52[96] September 23. 2006) Thursday 8:30 PM Thursday 9:00 PM March 24. and The Office increased 48 percent from its fourth season debut. [97] Newspapers in Dunder Mifflin banner in front of Scranton City Hall other Northeastern cities have published travel guides to Scranton locations for tourists interested in visiting places mentioned in the [27] [97] [98] show. 2005 2005 #102 [91] 5. as well as the pedestrian bridge to the Mall at Steamtown. By the end of the 2006–2007 season.5 million viewers in playback. [99] . [88] [87] 115 The fourth-season premiere on September 27. 2008 2007–2008 #77[94] September 25. 2008 May 14.3 million viewers in that age group. In a 2008 St.4 2 September 20. plans to add it to the tower as well.9 8.3 million viewers with a 11/11 rating.9 and made a large increase in total viewers and viewers 18–49 over My [86] Name Is Earl.5 (to date) (#28) (#24) (#14) (#17) 2010–2011 Cultural effects The city of Scranton. The Pennsylvania Paper & Supply Company. [90] averaging 5. 2007 May 15. and ultimately has been redefined by the show. 2009 2008–2009 #53[95] September 17.1 in the The season five premiere received was on par with the previous season's premiere. Scranton has become identified with the show outside the United States as well. 2005 April 26. TV series) The third-season premiere received a 9. 2006 2005–2006 #67[92] 8. Seasonal ratings Season Timeslot (ET) Season premiere Season finale TV season Rank Viewers (in millions) 18–49 Rating/Share (rank) (#82) 1 Thursday 9:30 PM ("Pilot") Tuesday 9:30 PM Tuesday 9:30 PM (September 20 – December 6." says the mayor's assistant. 2005) Thursday 9:30 PM (January 5 – May 11. 2010 May 2011 8. whose tower is shown in the opening credits. a large improvement from the previous season. long known mainly for its industrial past as a [27] coal mining and rail center. key 18–49 demographic. 2007 2006–2007 #68[93] September 27. adding 2. has eagerly embraced.67 million viewers and a series-high of a 5.8 (#34) 3 4 5 6 7 September 21. [26] The Dunder Mifflin logo is on a lamppost banner in front of Scranton City Hall. 2006 May 17.The Office (U.S. 2009 May 20. it placed #68 (tied with The Biggest Loser 3). Nielsen Media Research released figures for delayed viewing. "We're really hip now. Season 5 ranked #14 for Adults 18-49.1 9.2 7.8 7. former Taoiseach (Irish prime minister) Bertie Ahern identified the city as the home of Dunder Mifflin. 2005 May 11.

Craig Robinson. besides Novak and Kaling. were made by Greg Daniels. viewer-friendly timeslot. Anthony Ferrell. Lester Lewis. In Brazil FX began airing the show on 9 April 2006 at 08:30 pm [102] . and Andy Buckley. it airs on Jack TV. Phyllis Smith. the broadcaster was petitioned to reschedule it to a more [105] In Russia Channel One began airing the show on 14 July 2008 at 00:20 am. [104] Foxtel in Australia began airing The Office every Thursday night at 8:45. In Belgium 2BE aired the first season in 2010. FOXlife TV. Republican presidential candidate John McCain. some of which have been settings for the show. Mindy Kaling. In Austria ORF 1 began airing the show on 6 March 2008 at 11:10 pm. Notable landmarks. In the Netherlands the show began airing on Comedy Central under the title The Office US in April 2007. Rainn Wilson. Latvia and Lithuania. Ed Helms. Kate Flannery. [106] the show is broadcast on TVI. . in the early morning. the show was named in listings magazines (but not onscreen) as The Office: An American Workplace when it was originally aired on ITV2. the show will be broadcast on Universal Channel. Michael Schur. Leslie David Baker. Creed Bratton. and Jason Kessler.J. the show has been airing on Global since its original debut. and Jenna Fischer. Not present were writer-actor Paul Lieberstein (who was originally going to make an appearance). Jennifer Celotta. In Denmark the show ran on DR2 for some months in 2008 before being cancelled. In Canada. The show is in the air on TV6 since spring 2008 in Estonia. The show's first season ran on the Norwegian channel TV2 in 2007/2008. Paramount Comedy (Spain) and La Sexta [103] are airing the show. As of December 1. Novak. starting from 2010 May 29 Monday to Friday at 11:00 pm. In the Philippines. reportedly a devoted fan of the show. In Spain TNT. Writer appearances. In Portugal In France the show is broadcast late nights on Canal+. that served as venues include the University of Scranton. Season 5 of The Office will air on Network Ten in Australia on Tuesdays and Thursday at 8:00pm. This was done to differentiate this version of the show from the original British series. Lee Eisenberg. The show is now being broadcast on ITV4 and Comedy Central. In Greece.S. International broadcast In the United Kingdom. TV series) The inaugural The Office convention was held downtown in October 2007. Angela Kinsey. Bobby Ray Shafer.The Office (U. jokingly told Jon Stewart he might take Dwight Schrute as his running mate. Ryan Koh. Justin Spitzer. South Korea will be broadcasting the first and second seasons on a minor channel. Gene Stupnitsky. Oscar Nunez. John Krasinski. The Office has been broadcasting on the TNT since 2008. [100] 116 Atrium of the Mall at Steamtown during convention [101] On an episode of The Daily Show. Cast appearances were made by B. In Hungary the series is broadcast by Viasat 3. Brian Baumgartner. the Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel and Steamtown Mall. Steve Carell. In Germany Super RTL began airing the show on 5 January 2008 at 11:10 pm. In Turkey. Rainn Wilson later accepted on Dwight's behalf while on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. Melora Hardin.

"We're supposed to get 11 cents for every two trillion downloads. In 2006.7 million. "Producer's Cuts" (containing approximately ten additional minutes of material) of the episodes "Branch Closing" and "The Return" were also made available on NBC. Jenna Fischer and Angela Kinsey are the most active. The show's Internet success became an issue in the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. such as Rainn Wilson.com's Unbox video downloads in 2006. Erin Hannon. [111] [112] In 2008 two games were [113] introduced via Pressman Toy Corp: The Office Trivia Board Game and The Office DVD Board Game." It was particularly popular with online viewers. Of the 12. Sales of new The Office episodes on iTunes ceased in 2007 due to a dispute between NBC and Apple ostensibly over pricing." Schur said. [109] 25-50% of the show's viewers watch it after its scheduled airtime. Ryan Howard. Thoughts"." The writers were particularly upset that they weren't compensated for the Daytime Emmy Award winning summer webisodes "The Accountants".4 million total viewings of "Fun Run". and The Office Monopoly was released in 2010. Daniels and many of the cast members who double as writers posted a video to YouTube shortly after the strike began. is available. [110] [108] Promotional The show's success has resulted in expansion outside of television. [121] It is unknown whether Creed Bratton authors "Creed Some cast members also have Twitter accounts. The Office Clue was released.com. Cast blogs Several members of the cast maintain blogs. he stopped writing the blog himself. [107] As of September 9. which is updated [120] periodically. Dunder Mifflin has two websites. an NBC researcher said. because as an episode-driven sitcom without special effects it was easy to watch on smaller monitors such as those found on laptops and iPods. TV series) 117 Other media Online releases Episodes from The Office were among the first shows available for download from the iTunes Store beginning in December 2005. a thing that pays us zero dollars.com. Some of the characters have Twitter accounts as well. However. Other merchandise. if any. and a licensed video game—The Office—was released in 2007. Between the online viewings and those who use digital video recorders. a bobblehead doll of Dwight Schrute [114] In 2009. Characters have appeared in promotional materials for NBC. they received in residuals from online and DVD viewing. which NBC considered promotional material despite the embedded commercials. "The Office". The Office also became available for download from Amazon. and Creed Bratton.com. from T-shirts and to more office-specific items such as parodies of the Successories [115] motivational poster series featuring the cast. ten internet-exclusive webisodes featuring some of the characters on The Office aired on NBC. The Office is also available on Microsofts Zune Marketplace. including Kelly Kapoor.The Office (U. . Ed Helms. [116] and the cast members maintain blogs both as themselves and in character. or 22%. "is on the leading edge of a sharp shift in entertainment viewing that was thought to be years away: watching television episodes on a computer screen is now a common activity for millions of consumers. "You're watching this on the Internet. 2008 The Office was put back on the iTunes store. in addition to traditional DVD rental. and can be bought in HD and Regular format. Brian Baumgartner and Mindy Kaling. Netflix also offers the show for online viewing by subscribers. pointing out how little. 2. posting regularly during the season. were on a computer via online streaming.S. the blog attributed to his character. said The New York Times. the fourth season's premiere. [117] [118] [119] Rainn Wilson wrote in character on "Schrute Space" on NBC.

Deleted scenes from every episode. "Subtle Sexuality" Music Video. and a 58th Annual Emmy Awards excerpt. 'The Office. 2006 Region 2 Release Date Region 4 Release Date Episodes Discs Bonus Features 1 April 10. four commentary tracks by cast and crew on select [123] episodes 2 22 4 3 September 4. June 6. Deleted scenes. TV series) 118 DVD releases Season Region 1 Release Date August 16. "Kevin Cooks Stuff in The Office". outtakes. Lazy Scranton video. The Outburst. The Office Convention: Writer‘s Block Panel. minisode "Podcast". "Blackmail" Video Commentary with Creed Bratton. 10 commentary tracks by cast and crew on select episodes. Second Life footage. Awards . promos. and Ellie Kemper. 2006 NBC Primetime Preview. The Office Convention: Cast Q&A. 2010 (Part 1) TBA (Part 2) November 5. "Lazy Scranton" Video. 2007 July 21. Toby wraparound promos. 6 September 7. blooper reel. Dwight Schrute Music Video. 2009 (Part 1) December 1. Deleted scenes. "Kevin's Loans" webisodes. Blooper Reel. The Podcast minisode. 2008 April 4. and "The [124] Outburst" webisodes. cast and crew commentaries. "Goodbye. 2009 (Part 2) 14 4 5 September 8. Olympics promos and "Steve on Steve" promos.S. September 2010 2. ten commentaries by the cast and crew. 2008 June 14. Dwight Schrute music video. outtakes. gag reel. Subtle Sexuality and The Mentor Webisodes. Super Bowl promos. 2010 TBA TBA N/A 1 The Accountants. Toby" music video. 2005 September 12. 2009 (Part 2) 23 4 4 September 2. 2008 August 20. 17 fake public service announcements. 2006 2006 January 28. 8 commentary tracks by cast and crew on select [122] episodes. "Subtle Sexuality" Commentary with Mindy Kaling. The Office Convention invitation. J. two extended episodes. Joss Whedon interview. outtakes. Michael [126] Scott's Dunder Mifflin Ad and Fake PSAs. "Welcome to Sabre" corporate [125] welcome video. 2007 6 1 Deleted scenes from all episodes. Overtime November 16. Faces of Scranton video. B. The Accountants webisodes. Novak. "The Academy of Art and Science presents. 2010 TBA 26 5 Deleted scenes.The Office (U. Paley: Inside The Writer's Room. Blackmail. 2008 (Part 1) April 22.' Summer Olympic promos. five commentary tracks by cast and crew on select episodes. 2009 TBA October 6. 2010 26 5 Deleted scenes. Kevin's Loan. A special edition for Target called the "Nifty Gifty" set also contains footage from the Museum of TV festival and script facsimile.

S. TV series) 119 Year Result Award Category [127] Steve Carell Recipient(s) 2006 Winner Golden Globe Awards Best Performance by an Actor in a Television Series – Musical or Comedy Outstanding Achievement in [128] Comedy Individual Achievement in Comedy Winner Television Critics Association Awards Winner [128] Steve Carell Winner Emmy Awards Outstanding Comedy [129] Series Outstanding Comedy [130] Series Outstanding Female Actress [131] Best Sitcom [130] Jenna Fischer Winner Women's Image Network Awards Winner Nominee Rose d'Or Awards .The Office (U.

Emily Nussbaum (2006-12-01). . "Steve Carell on 'Office' exit: 'It's a good time to move on'" (http://ausiellofiles. . Best Television [139] Website The Accountants [138] Winner Winner Winner Daytime Emmy Awards Outstanding Broadband Program – Comedy producers Vivi Zigler.271|93084|1|. Brian Baumgartner. 2007). 2010).The Office (U.ew.com. TV series) 2007 Winner Screen Actors Guild Awards 120 Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy [132] Series Best Edited Half Hour Series for Television [133] Dean Holland and David Rogers for "Casino Night" Winner American Cinema Editors – Eddie Award Writers Guild of America Awards Comedy Writing Winner Best Comedy Series [134] Winner Steve Carell for "Casino [134] Night" Episodic Television Comedy Outstanding Director in Comedy Series Greg Daniels & Kent Zbornak [135] [136] Winner Winner Guild Awards NAACP Image Awards Peabody [137] Awards Webby Awards Ken Whittingham for "Michael's Birthday" Honored Winner Webby Award. 2006-09-17. [4] "The Office: Syndication Rights Secured in Top 50 Markets" (http://www. Bill. But Is It Any Different?" (http://nymag. New York Magazine.org/web/20070808093923/http://tv.com/2010/06/28/ steve-carell-office-exit/). Best Comedy: Individual Short or Episode People's Voice. Jury Report for NBC Duty in March.com/tveditorial/tve_main/ 1.html) at the Wayback Machine (archived August 8.com/news/2010/03/05/ nbc-gives-pickups-to-thursday-night-comedies-30-rock-the-office-and-community-for-2010-11/). [5] "NBC Gives Pickups To Thursday-Night Comedies '30 Rock. and Ben Silverman Is Watching Back. 2010. Angela Kinsey.com/2006/09/17/arts/ television/17cart. April 3.aspx). (http://web. Comedy: Individual Short or Episode People's Voice. [6] Michael Ausiello (June 28. Retrieved June 28. [3] Office.nytimes. [7] Carter. Adam.com/The_Office/ [2] Sternberg.com/articles/the-office/ the-office-syndication-rights-27489. Retrieved 2010-03-06.buddytv. . Mike Sweeney. (http://www. 2010.html?pagewanted=2&_r=1&ref=arts)" The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-02.1002. and Robert Angelo and performers Paul Lieberstein. .00.com/daily/ intel/2006/12/ricky_gervais_writes_the_offic_1.S.zap2it. 2010-03-05. EW.com. 2009.nbc.archive. Retrieved March 5. BuddyTV. Jordon Schlansky. Michael Schur. "Ricky Gervais Writes The Office. " The Whole World Is Watching. Retrieved on 2008-04-12. . Jeff Ross. NBC.' 'The Office' and 'Community'" (http://www.html). and Oscar Nunez for The [140] Accountants Dean Holland and David Rogers for "The Job" [141] Winner Emmy Awards Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing For A Comedy Series Outstanding Writing For A Comedy Series Winner [142] Greg Daniels for "Gay Witch Hunt" 2008 Winner Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy [143] Series References [1] http://www.nbc.

com. . 2007. 121 Mitovich.org.npr.The Office (U.archive.com/p/articles/mi_pwwi/is_200704/ai_n18800065). Los Angeles.nytimes.org/web/20060821171304/http://community./NBC Version) [DVD]. (http://blog. Anna. Novak and thus scored an audition leading to the role of Jim Halpert. John was also a highs school buddy of B. The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-04-15. " The Office Presents: "Valentine's Day".cisco. Josh. "Office Songs in the Unhip Keys of Life and Karaoke" (http://www. "The B.view&friendID=27753303&blogID=171880351 MySpace. .timesunion. Steve (Actor). Wing. Retrieved 2008-08-23. Los Angeles.com/index. a new life for deleted scenes" (http://www.myspace.com. 2006-02-16.com. John (2007-10-21).com/theoffice/2006/11/british_cast.html)". (http://www.org/templates/story/story. Alan (2007-02-25).com. (http://web. The Official Cisco Blog.com/News-Views/Interviews-Features/Article/default.J. html). Retrieved 2008-09-01. Joel.7081235.televisionwithoutpity. .com/2008/ five-questions-with-the-offices-kate-flannery). [17] Hot Fun in the Summer. .NBC.K. in our minds. July 10. BIG Ratings and BIG New York Wrap-Up with Pictures!.xml&coll=1). Retrieved 2008-01-02.. The Office Season One (U. Mark (2007-01-25). Retrieved 2008-04-02.php?storyId=91105876). Findarticles.. . "On the Web.S. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2007-04-14. which led to the character of Darryl Philben taking his name. One on one with. tvguide.timesunion. [20] Michael lSchur is the son-in-law of Regis Philbin. com/ thread.S.com/2007/01/25/arts/ television/25song.ssf?/ base/columns-0/1172381932166670.archive. "Pilot" [Commentary track]. (http://www.com/hr/content_display/television/news/ e3id5a106d37939221678e4d42c875f2e3b) The Hollywood Reporter Retrieved February 1. jspa?threadID=800004078) at the Wayback Machine (archived August 21. "Pilot" [Commentary track].com/News-Views/Interviews-Features/Article/default. We wrote them.com/ AspStories/story. "Pilot" [Commentary track]. Retrieved 2007-04-14.tvsquad.org/web/ 20071029162339/http://blogs.imdb. Archived from the original (http://www. "Five Questions with The Office‘s Kate Flannery" (http://conversationalball. 4–5. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.) . Jenna. ." [31] Rosanthal. Archived from the original (http://www.org/web/20080411100833/http://www. Gary.com/2006/07/11/ british-cast-to-appear-on-american-version-of-the-office/). . we shot them.com/news/columnists/chi-0612100083dec10. 2004-01-29.com/2007/10/21/arts/television/21marc. The Office Season One (U. but we're relying on them anyway for the mythology of the show. Retrieved on 2008-04-12./NBC Version) [DVD]. jspa?threadID=700003748).archive.com/title/tt0386676/soundtrack). 2006). [29] "The Office Boosts Zach Woods to Series Regular" (http://www. Novak Interview" (http://web.tvguide. [26] Marchese. those scenes have happened. 24.S.org/web/20070227214720rn_1/www. "Grey's Anatomy. 2006-09-24. Retrieved on 2008-04-12. I cut them in the editing room. .column?coll=chi-news-col&ctrack=1&cset=true). 2006-02-09.com. " Daily Show's Carell may star in Office remake (http://www. . TV series) [8] Susman. [16] Armstrong. CA: Universal.tvguide.584652_3_0_.6115. cgi?show=56&story=8897) on 2006-03-02. February 24. column?coll=chi-news-col&ctrack=1&cset=true) on 2007-01-01. Archived from the original (http://www. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.. April 2007. Times Union.nj. 2006. CA: Universal [12] Fischer./NBC Version) [DVD]. "Scranton Embraces The Office Infamy" (http://www.00. Helms gets promotion at Office.1. Kimberly. Retrieved 2007-02-27. pp. Retrieved 2008-04-08.nbc. aspx?posting={9CDABE55-09C0-4C43-93AB-834097C3B1A7}) TVGuide. Keeping It Real at 'The Office'" (http://www.com/news/columnists/chi-0612100083dec10. 2006. [9] Carell. [24] Fischer. Market Wire.com (http://www.com/AspStories/story. Retrieved on 2008-04-12. J.Soundtracks" (http://www. [10] Wilson.com.com/ew/report/0." Entertainment Weekly. July 11. TVGuide.tvguide.npr.tvguide. . The Office's U. [18] Wolk. TVGuide. Greg.php)Blog. 2006: 24–25. John (Actor).aspx). Josh E.chicagotribune. Retrieved on 2008-04-12. blog. [19] Nordyke. . "The Drudge Report: A Visit With 7 More Office Mates. [27] Wildermuth. [33] Mersereau.televisionwithoutpity.Televisionwithoutpity. 2005. and at the last minute. The New York Times. British cast to appear on American version of The Office (http://www.com/interviews/angelakinsey.archive. The Office Season One (U.hobotrashcan.org/web/20070101213614/http:// www.1. The Newark Star-Ledger. BIG Winners.archive. Renate (2007-10-07). [23] Fischer.Chicago Tribune. "For the writers.com/story.hollywoodreporter. Phil (2006-12-06).chicagotribune. [13] "Jenna Fischer. Los Angeles.S. asp?storyID=627600) on April 11.html?ex=1327381200&en=f3a542d14c9a9bc1&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss).The Office and Cisco's Human Network" (http://web.Myspace.php)Hobotrashcan. Matt. Mates to Cross Over (http:/ / community.com/News/Office-Zach-Woods-1019682.7081235.com. [32] "NBC's The Office Warehouse Features Vertical Baler From Olympic Wire and Equipment in "Safety Training" Episode on April 12" (http:/ /findarticles.com/news/2007/10/greys_anatomy_24_the_office_an. Angela Kinsey. Marilyn (2007-10-18). IMDb.cfm?fuseaction=blog. [22] Daniels. Jenna. The Office: Live Blog.com.asp?storyID=627600). Conversational Ball.html). aspx?posting={27C47577-57E5-4FA1-A178-293B686A3E1B})" TVGuide. Retrieved on 2008-04-12. [28] Blankenship.com/columns/ledger/sepinwall/index. "[Daniels] hired people who he knew were improv people who could bring their own ideas to the role" [15] Murphy. Retrieved 2008-04-06. The Office: Your Questions Answered! (http://www. 2008. 2005. CA: Universal.com/thread. Jenna. TVSquad.com. "Office makes pitch to viewers: Watch and buy" (http://web.com/articles/ content/a1037/). Rainn (Actor). "Office Visit" (http://web.com. Archived . 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2005-11-12.ew. [60] "The Office Season 7 spoilers and news" (http://www. 2007-01-18.thefutoncritic.The Office (U. Press release. [62] "The Office punches in early -. Robert (August 4.com/node/407)] in The Office"]. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.html). written by Michael Schur and directed by Craig Zisk.com/blog-entry/TVGuide-News-Blog/Todays-News/ Office-Post-Super/800044866)" TV Guide.S. (http://www. .. "Apple Gets a Big Slice Of Product-Placement Pie" (http://www. NBC. Bill. No.cisco.streamys. No. directed by Tucker Gates. NBC.com/ew/report/0. The Office. 2006. 2010. [67] "Spinoff of The Office coming next season on NBC" (http://www. season 2. Sara (2006-04-15). Vanessa (April 2. [63] "The Office Webisodes the Outburst" (http://www. Lee Eisenberg and Gene Stupnitsky. . No. The Office. Retrieved August 27.officetally.aspx?id=870). directed by Greg Daniels. [56] "Dunder Mifflin Infinity". .cbc. 2010. "Winners of the 2nd Annual Streamy Awards" (http://www. directed by Ken Whittingham.aspx?id=894). 53. written and directed by Greg Daniels. 41. Brandspotters.00. 2005.nbc. 2009-01-15. . . directed by Ken Kwapis. story by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant. The Office. season 3. season 4. "NBC's new lineup: 'The Office' gets a spinoff. B. season 3.com/news/article/index.co. NBC. season 4.com).com.html?ref=business)" The New York Times.officetally. [40] Novak. 2008). Retrieved on 2008-04-12. No. directed by Ken Kwapis. 58/59.tvguide. [51] "Phyllis' Wedding"./NBC Version) [DVD].CBC News. NBC. The Office Season One (U. No. directed by Ken Whittingham. 2007-10-04. NBC. [61] NBC (July 15. 2007-02-08. "'Parks' is like a bad day at 'The Office. NBC. written by Paul Lieberstein & Michael Schur. The Office. [54] Carter. directed by Ken Kwapis. The Office.htm?csp=34). . . Los Angeles. written by Mindy Kaling. version of The Office scores ratings victory. jsp?uuid=79292a07-9222-4d40-9c9f-1952520277d3&sid=fd-news) E! News. Dominic. Los Angeles. "The Alliance" [Commentary track]. Retrieved 2009-02-13. National TV Reviews & News. clearnightsky. No. The Office.com. season 1.com/2008/04/02/nbcs-new-lineup/). season 2.com/news/2007/10/greys_anatomy_24_the_office_an. directed by Joss Whedon.with four new "webisodes" (http://www. . NBC.html) on 2007-10-29.org/2010/04/12/ winners-of-the-2nd-annual-streamy-awards/). Strike Support: Office.6115. [58] "Goodbye Toby Episode Recap" (http://www. Retrieved on 2008-04-12. USA Today. 2008-07-09. 'Friday Night Lights' and 'ER' return" (http:// hollywoodinsider. . The Office. (http://community. No. 2005-03-24. 2007-11-01. The Office Season Two (US/NBC Version) [DVD]. The Office. 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Retrieved on 2008-08-11. OfficeTally.html). No. written by Jennifer Celotta and directed by Dean Holland. 28. "NBC Announces Series Premiere Dates for Fall 2010 Schedule" (http://www. written by Greg Daniels. The Office.html). Retrieved August 27. [49] "Secret Santa".' even with likable Poehler" (http://www. [69] Wolk. Retrieved 2008-07-11. No. NBC. season 4. [46] "Branch Closing". [42] "The Client". NBC.Brandspotters.00. 13. [41] "Pilot".NBC. season 5.com (http://www. NBC.uk/broadcast/story/0.unclebarky. " The Office bosses on bringing the Brit hit to NBC (http://www. written by Michael Schur. No.com/2008/02/13/arts/ television/13tube. U.com/The_Office/recaps/#cat=4&mea=4018&ima=44258).com/the-office-webisodes-the-outburst).com/brand. The Office. 43. Gina.eonline. [52] "Launch Party". . The Office. 2005-03-14. [68] Bianco. 2008-02-13 Retrieved on 2008-04-12. [48] "The Duel". . NBC. 53. CA: Universal [38] Kehaulani Goo. directed by Paul Feig. 2009-12-10. Josh. 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zap2it. The lesson learned is that people would much rather follow someone who is passionate and dedicated than someone who may be perfect on paper but otherwise uncommitted to achieving success as a group.html)"Time Magazine. 2006-05-26.medialifemagazine. [76] Poniewozik. " 2005's 10 Best Shows. [89] "Prime-Time Ratings for 9/29/08" (http://www. (http://www. " Best of 2005: Television. USA Today (Gannett).00.1141640. American Rights At Work. president of NBC Universal Television Studio.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/63310451/m/ 76510537). an organization that tries to improve business effectiveness.americanrightsatwork.com/thr/television/ feature_display.story).hollywoodreporter.com/2010/06/16/ final-2009-10-broadcast-primetime-show-average-viewership/54336).ew.html). Retrieved on 2008-04-12. 2010). [88] Berman. Del (2007-09-26).time. The Programming Insider. the production company behind The Office.hollywoodreporter.avclub.com/News2005/april05/apr25/3_wed/news2wednesday..metacritic. 2006-03-29. The Morning Call (Pop Matters). 2005-05-27. The New York Times. U. Retrieved June 19. "Prime-Time Ratings: Thursday 9/27/07" (http://pifeedback. [90] Carter.The Office (U.co. . Retrieved 2008-04-07. .htm).guardian. Aaron (2007-10-24).jsp?vnu_content_id=1002576393). Retrieved on 2008-04-12.com/time/arts/article/0. 2005-04-27.time.com/hr/search/article_display.com (http://www. where most people feel uncomfortably vulnerable. [94] Season Program Rankings (http://web.'" [85] 2005–06 primetime wrap. Maureen (2006-02-23). Top 10 Returning TV Series. 'Michael puts himself in a position of responsibility. CEO of Los Angeles software company Iolo Technologies.org/web/20070528062839/http://www.usatoday. Retrieved 2008-05-06. (http://www. 2006-05-26.hollywoodreporter. (http://www. 2005-12-06. 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Hence the second-season pickup of the show. TV series) [71] Wollaston. "Jon Spector. Media Life Magazine. 2008).jsp?vnu_content_id=1000937471).archive.00.com/hr/search/article_display.com/tv/shows/officeseason3dvd?q=The Office) [80] Metacritic.00.pdf) at the Wayback Machine (archived June 24. You just can't get the staff. [96] Gorman. James (2008-05-06). "Final 2009-10 Broadcast Primetime Show Average Viewership" (http://tvbythenumbers. (http://www. 2007-05-25.html). story?coll=zap-news-headlines) Zap2it. "The Office (American)" (http://www.1651341_1659196_1652621.' says Noah Rowles.0.com/2008/10/14/business/media/14ratings. 2007).1142725_3_0_. 2005-03-31. Time (Time Warner). . The Hollywood Reporter. 2005-06-15.hollywoodreporter.. remake of The Office loses half its audience. Retrieved 2007-01-30.S. Bill (June 16.'" [78] "Unionbusting at The Office?" (http://www. .com/pm/news/article/ 50236/pennsylvania-city-relishes-attention-from-hit-tv-series/). Marc (2007-09-28). [91] "Primetime series" (http://www.com/tv/ratings/zap-ratings092106. Chicago Tribune. [86] ABC Changes 'Anatomy' of Thursday.1686204_1686244_1691406.aspx?id=051909_05). James.. (http://www. 2006-09-22.uk/tv_and_radio/story/0. [77] Jones..co. Retrieved 2010-03-31. Club.1506758. . [95] "D Season Program Rankings (through 5/17)" (http://www.popmatters.2646665. Retrieved 2008-03-20. [84] Ryan.nytimes.org/the-anti-union-network/for-profit-union-busters/ unionbusting-at-the-office. "Pennsylvania city relishes attention from hit TV series" (http://www. "'Because of the relationship we have with [the feature-film division of NBC Universal].html). within the company we knew that Steve had been identified as a big star and we'd be crazy to let him go. Nathan. (http://www.6115.abcmedianet.uk/broadcast/story/0.html) Guardian Unlimited.com/money/companies/ management/2007-09-26-the-office_N. " Inventory: Eight Sure-Fire Fiascoes That Unexpectedly Succeeded.. Hollywood Reporter.html) Time. Retrieved 2007-10-28.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000937471).jsp?vnu_content_id=1002576393).archive. [79] Metacritic. Mark.com/ew/article/commentary/0. James.hollywoodreporter.html) Guardian Unlimited. [97] Sagers. . .org/web/20080624195320/http://abcmedianet. Jason.hollywoodreporter. (http://media. TV by the Numbers.com/content/node/46807)" The Onion A. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.com/hr/content_display/television/features/ e3ifbfdd1bcb53266ad8d9a71cad261604f).S. Retrieved 2008-05-08. Retrieved 2008-04-12. "Uneven Gains in Delayed TV Viewing" (http://www. .com/web/dnr/dispDNR.com. [93] 2006-07 primetime wrap (http://web.V. .00. 2005-12-22. "Taking Office lessons from the world's greatest (inept) boss" (http://www. hollywoodreporter. 2010..zap2it. Retrieved on 2008-04-12. [87] 2006–07 primetime wrap.time.html)"Entertainment Weekly. Both The Office and Dilbert show how leaders have enormous impact for good — and how they can 'screw things up.0.com/time/specials/2007/article/ 0.30583. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.html). Retrieved on 2008-04-12.' said Angela Bromstad. [75] Poniewozik.com/hr/content_display/ television/features/e3ifbfdd1bcb53266ad8d9a71cad261604f) at the Wayback Machine (archived May 28. html?_r=1&ref=media&oref=slogin).chicagotribune. [92] "Series" (http://www.

Retrieved 2008-08-23. McCain seemed to set himself up again last Wednesday when. Books.com/forum.tvguide.com/topic/the-office-tv-series). Pressman Toy Corporation. [123] "The Office . The next day he seemed slightly star-struck upon meeting B. dundermifflininfinity. "Office sets videogame deal" (http://www.html) Canal+. 2008-08-03.com/programa/the/office/40 [104] "TV Series: The Office" (http://www.dundermifflinpaper.lasexta.com/article/VR1117967257. (http://web. . Brian (2008-05-12).com/). NBC. Retrieved 2008-04-03. Times-Herald Record.com/apps/pbcs. (6 November 2007). August 31. jspa?threadID=700006649) at the Wayback Machine. [113] "Games & Puzzles" (http://www. . Republican & Herald. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.html?categoryid=14&cs=1).com. Mugs and Caps" (http://www. Times-Shamrock Communications.Season 4 DVD" (http://www." [102] (http://seriesonline. .nytimes.htm?code=11380143). MSN Games.terra.com/The_Office/justforfun/posters/).liveworld.jspa?forumID= 700005916) at the Wayback Machine. . "He identified Scranton as the birthplace of senators Robert Casey Jr. Retrieved 2008-04-08.eonline.org/web/20080405120856/http://jn.tvshowsondvd. [126] "The Office DVD news: Announcement for The Office .. (http://web. 2006). [119] Kate's Blog — The Season 3 Premiere.jspa?forumID=700000656)at the Wayback Machine (archived April 22. cfm?newsid=19398154&BRD=2626&PAG=461&dept_id=532624&rfi=6). and Dunder Mifflin Infinity (http://www.com/2008/03/10/technology/10online. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. and Joseph Biden and the branch office of Dunder Mifflin. Brian (2008-03-10). [114] "NBC's The Office: T-Shirts. Retrieved 2008-05-12. [109] Stelter.archive. "The Office fanatic's guide to Scranton" (http://www.com/2008/05/12/ business/media/12ratings. .com/ news/Office-Season-6/13856).org/web/20080508011113rn_1/http://community. including The Office and another NBC sitcom.com." [100] "The Office Convention. . TV series) exactly the same as it does on TV. [online video]. the main website. (http://web.com/news/article/index. html).archive.php?v=nbunbcnowoff).com/news/ Office-Overtime-Digital-Shorts-Collection/14346). the gains are even greater. . Not Soap" (http://www. 2008). 30 Rock.com. jsp?uuid=61e81767-e886-4dee-b540-f35918e7961a) Eonline.html).org/web/20080426154553rn_1/http://community. Retrieved 2008-08-23. NBC.Overtime: Digital Shorts Collection" (http://tvshowsondvd." [98] Lussier. Retrieved 2008-04-04. "Mr. Retrieved 2009-10-20. (http://www. at a gala sponsored by Time magazine. Ben (2007-06-19). . [122] "Traveling Salesmen" and "The Return". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). . .nbc. 2008).nbc. [112] "The Office" (http://zone.com/thread.sapo. as his running mate . The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. [108] Stelter. "McCain‘s TV Preferences Emerge: Office Farce.S. [118] Brian's Office Blog. Retrieved 2008-04-10.com/2008/05/12/ business/media/12novak. (http://blog.com/en/root/deluxe. Mindy Kaling. happens on a time-shifted basis. Retrieved 2008-04-06.to 49-year-old viewership for some shows. tvshowsondvd. 2007.com. [124] "The Office Season 5 DVD Buying Guide" (http://www. McCain‘s fondness for The Office seems sincere. Novak and Paul Lieberstein.recordonline. share one commentary track.Universal's Formal Season 6 Press Release Reveals DVD and Blu-ray Bonus Material" (http://www. the intranet. B. [111] Fritz..pt/2007/10/31/ televisao/peticao_online_contraexibicao_tardia. Fink adds that the attention from the show has led to a greater awareness of his business. J.A look at the 'Rental-Ready' Disc Case Art for The Office .canalplus." [110] Greg Daniels. retrieved June 30.fr/c-series/pid3567-c-the-office. 2008 [107] Grossberg. Event occurs at 00:36.asp). a sycophantic character on the NBC sitcom The Office. Retrieved 2008-04-04. a reference to the NBC sitcom based in the city. "Many of the top-rated broadcast shows now have 20 percent to 25 percent ratings gains when DVR viewing is calculated.br/theoffice/index.biz/).archive. [121] Creed Thoughts.officetally. [99] Falchek.com/catalog.com/site/news.com. NBC. YouTube.org/web/20080422071908/http://cc. .dll/article?AID=/ 20070921/ENTERTAIN/709210348). Scranton PA" (http://www. "In the Age of TiVo and Web Video. Novak.nbcuniversalstore.com/news/ Office-Season-4/10232).html). . In Los Angeles.html) [103] http://www. [116] Dunder Mifflin Paper (http://www. NBC Universal Ditches iTunes.OfficeTally. [101] Stelter..com/watch?v=b6hqP0c0_gw). 124 . .com/CreedThoughts/) NBC.com/forum. Retrieved 2008-04-11.com/index. although company President Douglas Fink says there are plans to add a Dunder Mifflin logo to one of the tower's black circular insets .com/the-office-season-5-dvd-buying-guide/3). . Germain (2007-09-21). [106] The Office (http://www. Josh. McCain started rattling off the details of 'Dinner Party.theofficeconvention. TVShowsonDVD. . The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Mr. Brian (2008-05-12). [125] "The Office .com. a writer and actor on the show.TVShowsonDVD. [120] Interview: Rainn Wilson (March 14. Michael Schur.J.' a recent episode that he apparently enjoyed and remembered. [105] Petição online contraexibição tardia das séries (http://web. What Is Prime Time?" (http://www. The New York Times. Variety. The Office is Closed (http://www. youtube. Retrieved 2008-08-23. Retrieved 2010-06-04. fully half the 18.archive. . In urban areas.pressmantoy.com. [115] "Motivational Posters" (http://www. ask. But Mr. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.answers. [117] Jenna's Blog. "Prime minister of Ireland attends Lackawanna event" (http://www. Retrieved 2008-05-12..variety. Retrieved 2008-04-09. in an appearance on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. David (2008-03-17).tvguide.The Office (U. Retrieved 2008-04-06.msn.html) at the Wayback Machine (archived April 5. Retrieved 2010-09-13. .nytimes. he jokingly proposed Dwight Schrute.com. originally aired as separate half-hour episodes.tvguide.republicanherald. "Serving Up Television Without the TV Set" (http://www.com/).nytimes.tvshowsondvd.

org/web/20071226204113/http://www. Press release. . BBC News. [133] "American Cinema Editors. .com/ tca/?q=node/3) at the Wayback Machine (archived May 16. Women's Image Network.com/The_Office/) • The Office (http://www.sagawards.html). USA: 2007" (http://us. The Webby Awards.pdf) (PDF). . . .org/ news_archive/id/26). . .html) at TV.org/PR_070128).asp) on April 26. Press release.net/ PDFs/38th_NAACP_Image_Awards_Winners_Release.emmys. [129] "58th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards: Outstanding Comedy Series" (http://www. TV series) [127] Hollywood Foreign Press Association (2006-01-16).archive.com/title/tt0386676/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Office (http://www.com/show/22343/summary. 125 External links • Official website (http://www. [143] Screen Actors Guild Awards (2008-01-27).org/mediacenter/daytime_34th_creative_winners_data.producersguild. University of Georgia.emmys.com/2006winners. [142] "59th Primetime Emmy Awards" (http://www.aspx?id=1517) at the Wayback Machine (archived December 26. Retrieved 2008-06-15. Retrieved 2008-06-16.wga. [134] "Writers Guild Awards (http://web. [131] "Rose d'Or Awards: Main nominees" (http://news.tv.webbyawards. 2007-01-20. Retrieved 2008-06-16. [141] "59th Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards" (http://www. 2006-02-23.bbc. Retrieved 2008-06-16. Retrieved 2007-10-16.html).The Office (U.com/webbys/current.com/webbys/current. [136] NAACP Image Awards (2007-03-02).asp).stm). . [137] "George Foster Peabody Award Winners Book (page 83)" (http://www. [132] Screen Actors Guild Awards (2007-01-28). Retrieved 2008-06-16. [128] Proud as a Peacock: NBC Leads in 2006 TCA Awards (http://web. Retrieved 2008-06-16.dundermifflin. . "38th NAACP Image Awards Winners Release (page 8)" (http://www. .emmys. Retrieved 2008-06-16. Press release.tv/awards/2007pt/nominations_pt. Press release. Archived from the original (http://www.webbyawards.org/web/20080426001410/http://www.tv/awards/2007pt/nominations_crtv.tv/awards/2006pt/awards/comedy. [139] "11th Annual Webby Awards Nominees" (http://www. .nbc. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 2007-02-18.imdb.org/awards/awardssub.php).archive. Retrieved 2008-06-16.Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. "63rd Golden Globe Award Winners" (http://www. .com/) .php?action=search_db#1). Retrieved 2008-06-16.S. "34th Annual Creative Arts & Entertainment Emmy Awards" (http:// www.org/web/20080516153237/http://tvcriticsassociation. Retrieved 2008-06-16.edu/winners/PeabodyWinnersBook.peabody. . Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.org/media-pr/press-releases/ screen-actors-guild-honors-outstanding-film-and-television-performances-13--2).uk/2/low/entertainment/4742926. 2008.com/Sections/Awards/American_Cinema_Editors_USA/2007). Producers Guild of America. Retrieved 2008-04-11. "Screen Actors Guild Honors Outstanding Film and Television Performances in 13 Categories at the 13th Annual SAG Awards" (http://www. Retrieved 2008-06-16. Retrieved 2008-06-16. The Webby Awards. Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. 2007).imdb. [135] "Producers Guild Awards 2007" (http://web.php?action=search_db#1). "Screen Actors Guild Honors Outstanding Film and Television Performances at the 14th Annual SAG Awards" (http://www.uga.naacpimageawards.org/pg/awards_a/ awards2007.goldenglobes.producersguild. . [140] National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (2007-06-14). [138] "11th Annual Webby Awards Nominees" (http://www.org/pg/awards_a/ awards2007.php?media_id=97& season=11#film_comedy_short). . Press release.archive.pdf).com • Dunder Mifflin Paper Company website (http://www.php?media_id=96& season=11#webby_entry_tv). [130] "The 2006 WIN Awards" (http://www. Internet Movie Database.co.emmyonline.sagawards.thewinawards. 2008).

but later develops into a friend and key romantic interest for Michael Scott. Dunder Mifflin. and is not based on a character from the British version of the show. a Toyota Camry Solara convertible. though Michael desires to turn their friendship into a romance. she has a sense of humor much like that of Michael Scott. She also appears to show interest in him as well. Season 4 Holly arrives at Dunder Mifflin to serve as Toby's replacement. opting instead to go with Jan Levinson. who takes Holly's side and loudly proclaims that she is the "Best thing that has happened to [the] company since World War II". which eventually takes place. (Jan was artificially inseminated by a sperm bank). Initially she serves as a replacement HR Representative for the Scranton branch of Dunder Mifflin when Toby leaves for Costa Rica. who convinces her that Kevin Malone is mentally challenged. Michael calls her the love of his life. Michael falls in love with her. Nashua Hollis "Holly" Partridge Flax is a fictional character from the US television series The Office played by Amy Ryan. Michael initially dislikes her because she is part of Human Resources. During an attempt to put a raccoon in Holly's car. a belief she continued to harbor until season five when it was embarrasingly pointed out to her that he wasn't. Toby" Portrayed by Gender Occupation Amy Ryan Female • Former Human Resources Representative. As a result. She is an original character. [1] . the two become good friends in the office. however. Dwight is berated by Michael. whom he described as "a female Michael Scott". Scranton • Human Resources Representative. Holly invites Michael to go out for dessert after Toby's going away party. but Michael gently turns her down. She is subjected to hazing by Dwight Schrute.Holly Flax 126 Holly Flax The Office character First appearance "Goodbye. Executive producer Greg Daniels has repeatedly stated that the inspiration for Flax's character stems from a shopgirl who served him on a vacation to Canada. and realize they have a lot of things in common. but the two eventually get to know each other better. Overview Holly Flax arrives as a replacement for Toby Flenderson as the human resources representative for the Scranton branch of Dunder Mifflin. Dunder Mifflin. Unlike Toby. who is pregnant and asks Michael to be there as if he were the child's father.

Michael finds a file on her computer titled "Dear Michael" and copies it to his flash drive. she is shown to be uncomfortable with Michael's attitude toward her. she is transferred back to Nashua. don't respond to it. Nevertheless. Holly leaves with A. she ultimately considers him to be her best friend in the office. Holly continues to be a "major dork" (in the words of Jim Halpert) just like Michael. Doing so he hits her mouse and her computer awakens from sleep mode. She helps Michael organize a fundraiser (offering yoga lessons) and displeases CFO David Wallace. but the yoga instructor goes back on his word.J. Holly and A.J. Holly agrees to a date with him.Holly Flax 127 Season 5 Michael had been courting Holly in the first episode of the season. Pam volunteers to read it herself and deletes it afterward. . she is not there because she is on an HR retreat. telling Michael it said she still has feelings for him and that it isn't over. much to Michael's dismay. visibly moved. but she arrives with the baby already born. but restrains himself. cutting a sleeve off to take with him. after he promised he would. [4] Holly and Michael date. It is also revealed that she was picked on as a child just like Michael. though Michael holds himself together. Michael still treats Holly poorly. Michael tells Holly he will treat her poorly in front of Jan during her baby shower because he has a vested interest in Jan's baby. The presentation goes horribly and gets worse when they reveal that the Buffalo branch is closing down.. chastises him on the phone before hanging up. Michael wants to find a time to talk about a possible reconciliation. Jan notices the two of them have a lot in common after Holly makes jokes in front of her. but later admits this is not true. Holly practices yoga. This. Holly learns that Kevin is not actually mentally challenged. as she had been duped into believing during season 4 by Dwight. purchases the tickets from her and rips them to pieces.. He goes to her desk and smells her sweater.J. who arrives with her. Thus.J. so Oscar refers Holly to a yoga class (with an attractive teacher). However. in addition to feeling no connection with Jan's baby. Michael tells everyone that they are engaged upon his return. which deeply upsets Michael and makes him unable to do his presentation. [8] Holly and Michael reunite at the Dunder Mifflin company picnic for the first time since she was transferred. In a deleted scene. It is also revealed that she is dating one of the salesmen there. have apparently started living together. She is still seeing A. Michael. Michael makes a number of tongue-in-cheek jabs at A. David is called out on the transfer by Michael. much to everyone's surprise. she tells the camera crew she sees what life was like in the office for Toby. and the two spend time in the woods by themselves trying to think of ideas.J. She and Michael plan to continue dating. who When Michael comes to Nashua with Pam Beesly to give his lecture and find closure with Holly. A. though Holly and A. [2] While Holly appears to have a higher sense of morality than Michael (and [3] has shown disapproval toward some of his ideas and schemes). David Wallace lets Holly and Michael do a skit about the history of Dunder Mifflin. [5] In response. The two decide to do a skit that spoofs Slumdog Millionaire. Jan then orders Michael not to date Holly before driving away. and Pam claims it wasn't a good idea and that he shouldn't read it because it is a violation of her trust. prompts Michael to hug Holly for treating her poorly and ask her out on a date. who sees them kissing. despite witnessing Michael's treatment of Holly throughout the day.. [7] [6] Later. who is on speakerphone agreeing with her. and doesn't call her.J. thus noticing a relationship. which is not his (Sperm Donor). sharing one last embrace before saying goodbye. who does not pick up on several hints that Holly has given him (about attending the concert with her). with Michael noting that it wasn't the right time to talk to her and that they will eventually find each other again someday. when Michael is treating her poorly. which makes Michael happy. Holly buys tickets for Counting Crows. Despite being told of this. He expected Jan to still be pregnant. which she accepts. but realize on the trip that the distance is insurmountable.. He tells Pam about it. He makes an attempt to but he ultimately breaks down and asks her boyfriend about Holly in front of everyone before leaving. It is unclear whether Pam was telling the truth. Michael and Holly reminisce about the presentation and talk about one in the future. they are forced to end their relationship. and on their third date have sexual relations in the office (inadvertently leading to the break-in at the office).

Season 7 According to Mindy Kaling. Toby [2] Weight Loss [3] Business Ethics [4] Baby Shower [5] Crime Aid [6] Employee Transfer [7] Business Trip [8] Lecture Circuit: Part 2 [9] http://ausiellofiles.Holly Flax 128 Season 6 In the season finale.tvguide. Kaling stated ―We set her return up in the finale." Holly's return is hinted at when Jo says she will see what she can do to grant Michael's request of transferring Holly to Scranton after Michael takes the fall for Sabre and their defective printers. "She‘s definitely coming back." [9] [10] She is set to return for at least 8 episodes.com/2010/07/14/ask-ausiello-spoilers-office-bones-supernatural/ [10] http://www. "Whistleblower. References [1] Goodbye." for the seventh season with a much larger role.aspx . In reference to the season 6 finale.ew. so it would be the biggest [cop-out] of all time if we didn‘t [follow through] on it.com/News/Amy-Ryan-Office-1020664.

which released it to a limited number of theaters on November 20. It was first released at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival and distribution rights were secured by Strand Releasing. 2008 (TIFF) November 20. 2009 .The Missing Person (film) 129 The Missing Person (film) The Missing Person Directed by Written by Starring Noah Buschel Noah Buschel Michael Shannon Amy Ryan Frank Wood Linda Emond Margaret Colin John Ventimiglia Merritt Wever Paul Adelstein Liza Weil Daniel Franzese Strand Releasing September 8. 2009 (United States) 101 minutes United States English Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language The Missing Person is a 2009 dramedy-mystery film written and directed by American independent filmmaker Noah Buschel and starring Academy Award-nominees Michael Shannon and Amy Ryan.

com/title/tt1105512/ [2] http://www. San Francisco Bay Guardian's Top Three Films of 2009.missingpersonmovie. Buschel has been nominated for the 2009 Gotham Award for Best Breakthrough Director for his work on the film. As the film progresses.com/m/10010944/ [3] http://www. Cast • Michael Shannon as John Rosow • Frank Wood as John Fullmer • Amy Ryan as Miss Charley • Linda Emond as Megan Fullmer • Paul Sparks as Gus • Margaret Colin as Lana Cobb • Paul Adelstein as Drexler Hewitt Reception and Release The film has received mostly positive reviews and holds a 67% rating on Rotten Tomatoes as of December 30th 2009.imdb. Suddenly Rosow is given the case of his life when he is hired to tail a man named John Fullmer (Frank Wood) on a train.The Missing Person (film) 130 Plot John Rosow (Michael Shannon) is an alcoholic private investigator. External links • The Missing Person at the Internet Movie Database [2] • The Missing Person at Rotten Tomatoes • The Missing Person official site [3] [1] References [1] http://www. back to his wife in New York.rottentomatoes. it has grossed $17.com's ten best films of 2009. 2010. unwilling. Rosow faces the moral decision to take Fullmer. and Variety critic Dennis Harvey's Top 25 films of the year. and that the Fullmer has fashioned a new life for himself.896 so far as of March 2. It appeared on IFC. Rosow soon discovers that Fullmer is one of the thousands presumed missing after 9/11.com/ . or if he will let Fullmer remain in his fabricated life. According to Box Office Mojo.

2010 115 minutes United States English $100 million [1] .Green Zone (film) 131 Green Zone (film) Green Zone Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Paul Greengrass • • • • • • Tim Bevan Eric Fellner Lloyd Levin Paul Greengrass Brian Helgeland Rajiv Chandrasekaran Written by Story by (book) Starring • • • • • • • Matt Damon Greg Kinnear Brendan Gleeson Amy Ryan Khalid Abdalla Jason Isaacs Yigal Naor Music by John Powell Cinematography Barry Ackroyd Editing by Studio Christopher Rouse • • • StudioCanal Relativity Media Working Title Films Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Universal Pictures March 12.

2010.712. which documented life in the Green Zone. At a debriefing. To Miller's surprise the warehouse is not secure with looters making their way in and out as soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division sporadically fight the Iraqis. who tells Miller that he saw some Ba'thist VIPs meeting in a nearby house. Meanwhile. the man is taken by special forces. he is kidnapped by Al-Rawi's men because Poundstone announced the decision to disband the entire Iraqi army. She asks if she could speak to "Magellan. sent by Poundstone. Miller's suspicions are confirmed that Al-Rawi met with Poundstone in February in Jordan as Poundstone's inside man. Al-Rawi suggests that they wait until the Americans arrive and perhaps make his army an offer to join their forces. Miller brings up the point that the majority of the intel given to him is inaccurate and anonymous. as a UN team had already searched there two months ago. Poundstone apparently lied to his superiors in Washington – so that Iraq would be invaded. and the general flees. is meeting with his aides talking about the invasion of Iraq early in the morning of March 19th. Clark Poundstone (Greg Kinnear) is welcoming Ahmed Zubaidi (Raad Rawi) an Iraqi politician at Baghdad International Airport. Production began in January 2008 in Spain and moved on to Morocco. Amy Ryan. Miller goes to Brown's hotel in the green zone and tells him what happened. Poundstone then rejoins the Iraqi meeting. Then Miller violently grabs Poundstone. The film was inspired by the non-fiction 2006 book Imperial Life in the Emerald City by journalist Rajiv Chandrasekaran. When Miller tries to meet with Al-Rawi to encourage him to turn himself in before he is killed by Poundstone's men. Al-Rawi narrowly escapes. Four weeks later. saying "the reason we go to war always matters. stating that on his last three attempts to find WMDs." but they are broken up.958 Green Zone is a 2010 war thriller film written by Brian Helgeland and directed by Paul Greengrass. where he is interrogated by Wall Street Journal correspondent Lawrie Dayne (Amy Ryan). believed to be holding Weapons of Mass Destruction. Before Miller can extract any more information. but one of his henchmen is taken into custody. Al-Rawi tells Miller that he told Poundstone there had been no WMD program since the First Persian Gulf War. Miller has by now realised that Poundstone probably wants to prevent Al-Rawi disclosing the fact that he had confirmed no WMDs. The film was released on DVD and Blu-Ray on June 22. 2003. When he finally manages to catch up with him." to which Poundstone says that he is heavily "locked up. Baghdad. High-ranking officials quickly dismiss Miller's theory about the intelligence being false. Miller kills his captor and races to capture Al-Rawi. a CIA officer based in the Middle East who tells Miller that the next place he is going to investigate for WMDs is also empty. Miller and his men swiftly burst into the house. only to see the Iraqi factional leaders yelling at each other and . [3] Plot Iraqi General Mohammed Al-Rawi (Yigal Naor). Khalid Abdalla and Brendan Gleeson. Miller meets Martin Brown (Brendan Gleeson). Greg Kinnear. the man responds to Miller's question with one word: "Jordan". After the debriefing. Poundstone tells Miller that WMDs do not matter. Miller is approached by the Iraqi who calls himself "Freddie" (Khalid Abdalla). Miller soon finds the Iraqi informant in prison. hiding in Baghdad. Brown gets permission for Miller to visit the man taken by special forces. 2010." While investigating another site. Before leaving. his team had come up with nothing. he is approached by Dayne. The film was released in Australia and Russia on March 11." Later in his hotel room. [2] The film stars Matt Damon. 2010. and in the USA and some other countries on March 12. Miller confronts Poundstone in a meeting and gives him the report. Miller writes a report of everything that happened. Chief Warrant Officer Roy Miller (Matt Damon) and his squad investigate a warehouse. Meanwhile. With Brown's help. Now severely wounded.Green Zone (film) Gross revenue [1] 132 $94. saying to Miller. Freddie suddenly appears and kills Al-Rawi. "It is not for you to decide what happens here. American forces commence an attack on Al-Rawi's positions. But they find that the warehouse is empty.

In the movie he becomes Miller's translator. loosely based on Jay Garner. Paul Bremer [sic]. Damon joined the film with the assurance that production would conclude by April 14. fictitious . [17] [18] [19] [13] • Sean Huze portrays U.Green Zone (film) leaving the meeting. the character is presumably based on Delta Force operators such as those in Task Force 88... 2008 so he could start working on the Steven Soderbergh film The Informant! on April 15. a member of Roy Miller's MET team." [8] • Brendan Gleeson portrays Martin Brown." Coalition Provisional Authority • Yigal Naor portrays General Mohammed Al-Rawi. • Nicoye Banks portrays Perry. • Said Faraj portrays Seyyed Hamza • Abdul Henderson portrays Marshall. [2] One reviewer noted that. busy. loosely based on the [10] real-life informant Rafid Ahmed Alwan aka "Curveball". head in 2003-4. whose mission is the elimination of "deck of cards" high value targets. The actor prepared for his role by learning the Iraqi Arabic dialect and reading Iraqi blogs like Riverbend and Alive in Baghdad. in the Poundstone character. [4] a foreign correspondent for The Wall Street Journal who investigates the [5] Bush administration's claims of the existence of weapons of mass destruction.. .S. Pentagon Special Intelligence and the film's main antagonist. [12] [11] • Khalid Abdalla portrays Freddy. The camera then pans out to show Miller and his squad driving off on the Iraqi highway. which is now used by Coalition vehicles..Dayne is former New York Times reporter Judith Miller. • Martin McDougall portrays Mr.. Greengrass wrote a script based on the book. amid scheduling difficulties caused by the [6] 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. Afterwards. [5] [4] a US Army Chief Warrant Officer on the hunt for WMDs in Iraq and the Roy Miller is based on real-life Army chief warrant officer Richard "Monty" Gonzales. after completing The Bourne Ultimatum. [5] . • Robert Harrison O'Neil portrays a TV Journalist. Although his specific unit is not named in the film. [21] [20] Screenwriter Tom Stoppard was originally requested to write the script for Greengrass.. 133 Cast • Matt Damon portrays Roy Miller. Production In January 2007. CIA Baghdad assistant bureau chief. Briggs. who is an informant called 'Magellan'. Freddie is an Iraqi Army veteran who lost his leg in 1987 during the Iran-Iraq War. • Jason Isaacs portrays Maj. an injured Iraqi who has a "penchant for Bryan Adams". it's crystal-clear that. [2] [9] [4] [5] One reviewer saw. Miller sent it to all major news agencies around the world. working with researchers Kate Solomon and Michael Bronner. director Paul Greengrass announced his intent to adapt a film of the 2006 non-fiction book Imperial Life in the Emerald City by Rajiv Chandrasekaran. Dayne receives an e-mailed copy of Miller's report. • Amy Ryan [7] portrays Lawrie Dayne. Army Sergeant Conway. a special forces commander on the hunt for HVT. Sheen. but because Stoppard was too screenwriter Brian Helgeland instead collaborated with the director to shape the film's premise.. • Greg Kinnear portrays Clark Poundstone. who helped the director research for United 93 (2006). [14] • Michael O'Neill portrays Colonel Bethel [15] [5] • Antoni Corone portrays Colonel Lyons [16] • Tommy Campbell portrays the Chopper Comms Commander. disclaimer. • Paul McIntosh portrays a CIA officer. the CIA Baghdad bureau chief. with the Iraqi oil fields in the background. Abdalla was cast in the role after impressing Greengrass with his performance in United 93. "while the usual disclaimer insists that all the characters herein are fictitious. a member of Roy Miller's MET team. The script was reported to be developed more in advance than the script for The Bourne Ultimatum. which had undergone changes during production. a journalist for The Washington Post.. despite the "usual . film's main protagonist.

he eventually decided a bigger budget production would expose more people to the ideas in the film. he became disillusioned over time. writing for The New York Times.Green Zone (film) Greengrass expressed interest in casting in the lead actor Matt Damon. Director's motivation Director Paul Greengrass. gave the film a "generally favorable" score of 61% based on 35 reviews. James Risen. Thomas Ricks." Another review aggregator. whose book he optioned. with whom he had worked on The Bourne Supremacy and The Bourne Ultimatum. although embodied by a single character. He has even compiled a document." [31] James Berardinelli of ReelView gave the film 3. Metacritic. From Bloody Sunday through the second and third Bourne movies (which turned Mr. with an average score of 6/10. Although Greengrass initially wanted to make a smaller film. Scott. Greengrass said of the project's contemporary relevance. detailing what he learned. [5] moved to Morocco. Greengrass has said that the arguments about disbanding the Iraqi army portrayed in the film represent debates that actually took place for US policy makers. and Antoni Corone were later cast in January 2008. in addition to Rajiv Chandrasekaran. which assigns a normalized rating of 0–100 on top reviews from mainstream critics. "Film shouldn't be disenfranchised from the national conversation. 2008. praised Greengrass' direction. and Ron Suskind. most of it executed with the hurtling hand-held camerawork and staccato editing that are hallmarks of Mr. Although he initially supported Tony Blair's justifications of the war. [29] [30] Roger Ebert of Chicago Sun-Times awarded the film 4 stars and wrote that Green Zone is "one hell of a thriller. [25] Greengrass has said that both the Bourne films and Green Zone reflect a widespread popular mistrust of authority that was engendered by governments that have not told the truth and have let their citizens down over the Iraq war. Seymour Hersh.e. Greg [5] Kinnear. Greengrass's style. has said that he first thought about making a movie about the subject of the war in Iraq. Rotten Tomatoes reports that 55% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 163 reviews. writing in his review that "There is plenty of fighting in Green Zone. and finished filming in the UK in December 2008. reading journalists such as Bob Woodward. the news media.5 stars. [28] Its consensus states that "Matt Damon and Paul Greengrass return to the propulsive action and visceral editing of the Bourne films – but a cliched script and stock characters keep those methods from being as effective this time around. It is never too soon for cinema to [22] engage with events that shape our lives. [26] The confusion surrounding the absence of WMD in Iraq also provided an ideal scenario for a thriller. represents a broad based failing in both the USA and UK. (Spain) [24] [20] [22] [23] 134 Instead." Production of Green Zone was originally slated to begin in late 2007. it began in Los Alcázares Air Base on January 10. i. stating that the "most rewarding aspect of Green Zone is the A. this director has honed his skill at balancing chaos with clarity. Reception Critical response The film has received generally mixed reviews from critics. in [27] which the protagonist battles for the truth. [10] Addressing some of the contentions in the film.O." [32] . rather than telling a particular story. in taking intelligence at face value. How Did We Get It So Wrong?. but for Greengrass the fault ultimately lay with those trying to manipulate them. Actors Amy Ryan. The issue of the culpability of the Fourth Estate." manner in which it interweaves fact and fiction into an engaging whole. Greengrass carried out extensive research into the background to the conflict. Damon into a minimalist movie star). and the actor joined the project in June 2007.

Green Zone (film) 135 Political controversy The film has received political criticism. The Daily Mail called the film "a preachy political thriller disguised as an action flick". He nevertheless maintains that a reading of the film that reflects a genuine conspiracy by sections of the American government is incorrect." [40] James Denselow. and it does so in a way that is dramatically brilliant. Gonzales wrote that. "seems to epitomize the ability of mainstream commercial cinema to streamline the complexities of the real world without becoming overly simplistic. He sees the film solely as an exciting "Bourne-in-Baghdad thriller". [39] More enthusiastically." [43] [42] [33] Matt Damon also defended the film. the film's politics met with a mixed reception. for me is that something about that event strained all the bonds and sinews that connect us all together. Indeed Miller's vision of exposing the WMD conspiracy and the CIA's plan to keep the Iraqi army is undermined by the film's wildcard – a nationalist Shia war veteran who turns the plot on its head before delivering the killer line to the Americans when he tells them: 'It is not for you to decide what happens here [in this country]. The paper acknowledged that. the film captures the critical intelligence blunders prior to the war and de-Baathification program that ensured that the conflict was costly and complicated." is the most HONEST film about the Iraq War made by Hollywood." [38] Tim Robey in The Daily Telegraph conceded that "with all we retrospectively know about the wool-pulling to make the case for war. telling MTV News. and any political controversy is unwarranted.'" [41] Greengrass defended his film in an interview with Charlie Rose. government statements and public inquiries have failed to do when it comes to the war in Iraq: expose the terrible lies that stood behind the decision of the US and Britain to prosecute the war. Andrew O'Hagan in The Evening Standard called Green Zone "one of the best war films ever made" because "it does what countless newspaper articles. and then it emerged later that they did not. It . "Given this set-up.com states." against the government. to fictionalize without falsifying. saying "ultimately what gives the film its credibility is that it avoids any simplistic idea that Iraq could have simply been 'got right'. represented in the film by a corrupt Pentagon chief played by Greg Kinnear. the person on whom the character of Roy Miller was loosely based. memoirs. while addressing timely concerns." The New York Times designated the film a Critic's Pick and said that the movie. "The problem. Movie reviewer and US military veteran Kyle Smith went so far as to label the film "slander" and "appallingly anti-American. I think that's a On March 13." In the UK. it's a kick to follow a main character on the ground who smells a rat". the film overreaches itself as these points have "the air of being aimed at ignorant American teenagers. It's been stupidly marketed as an action film. Michael Moore posted on his Twitter page: "I can't believe this film got made. I think. morally complex and relentlessly thrilling. For me it's to do with the fact that they said they had the intelligence. writing for The Guardian. Some have called it "anti-American" or "anti-war". he nevertheless criticized the film for lacking credibility in its portrayal of a a rogue hero who never faces a reprimand and never suffers paranoia. [35] Matt Damon cites Gonzales' motives for working on the film as being [37] "because we need to regain our moral authority. on the one hand. [35] Gonzales worked as one of the film's military advisors over two years on the [36] condition that the film would be faithful to the experience of American soldiers in Iraq. praises the film's portrayal of the conflict. saying. audiences are encouraged to root for Miller's rogue activities and Richard "Monty" Gonzales. commented that both sides of the political spectrum have reacted disproportionately to a work of fiction." journey that we all went on and a fundamental question we all asked and it's not partisan." [33] [33] [34] An article on Fox News. while important political truths do emerge over the course of the film. "I don't think that's a particularly incendiary thing to say.

ynetnews. cfm?uuid=4BDD252F-3048-5C12-005680D7EA50430D) [19] Sean Huze (http://www.htm). [5] Michael Fleming (2008-01-09).variety.com/name/nm1011341/#actor) [20] Adam Dawtrey (2007-01-21). Retrieved 2008-03-12. [8] Fleming.com/name/nm0752407/bio).L-3534980. 8 March 2010 [11] Adam Dawtrey (2008-03-11). selling £1. Retrieved 2008-01-22. Working Title Films.com Print View (http://dyn. Retrieved 2008-01-22.com/filmCastCrew. Retrieved 2009-11-04.Variety. "My acts of defiance".guardian.com/character/ch0183329/) [15] Colonel Lyons (Character) (http://www. Retrieved June 14. the film opened at No.712.com/name/nm0568246/) [13] Arifa Akbar (2008-01-16). html?categoryid=13&cs=1).variety.com/name/nm1035174/) [17] Green Zone (2010) – Full cast and crew (http://www.958 in total worldwide ($35. [12] Martin McDougall (http://www. "Damon. "Brendan Gleeson Enters Green Zone" (http://www. averaging $4. $59. The Sunday Times. . Retrieved 2008-03-08.Green Zone (film) 136 Box office According to Box Office Mojo.php?filmID=118).com/article/VR1117981756. .com/movies/?id=greenzone. Greengrass re-teaming" (http://www. [3] References [1] "Green Zone (2010) – Box Office Mojo" (http://www. Variety. . [6] Michael Fleming (2007-08-10).variety. [23] Diane Garrett (2007-06-06). . Comparing the relative opening weekend results of Green Zone and Shutter Island between the USA and UK. Mar.com).workingtitlefilms. "Amy Ryan set for Greengrass thriller" (http://www. . .com/noticias/matt-damon-y-paul-greengrass-en-green-zone-distrito-protegido).com/2010/06/15/blu-review-green-zone/). The Independent.html?categoryid=13&cs=1).com/articles/0. 2010. . Retrieved 2008-01-22.55 million worth of tickets (or £2.295 in 3. [9] Yigal goes to Hollywood (http://www.html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Michael (2008-03-12). [1] [45] Green Zone has grossed $94.variety.298 elsewhere). [22] Ali Jaafar (2007-12-04). . "Paul Greengrass" (http://www.imdb.variety.imdb. html?categoryid=13&cs=1&nid=2562). 2010.660 in the United States and Canada plus Home media Green Zone was released on Blu-ray on June 20.com/article/VR1117966380. Retrieved 2008-03-12.imdb.boxofficemojo. Steve Paul Greengrass: the betrayal behind Green Zone (http://www. Variety.imdb. imdb. [7] "Amy Ryan" (http://www.politico.sobrecine.053.com/article/VR1117978765. 2 in the United States with $14.com/article/VR1117957772.html?categoryid=31&cs=1) by Todd McCarthy.uk/film/2010/mar/08/ paul-greengrass-betrayal-green-zone) The Guardian. . .com/character/ch0185420/) [16] Tommy Campbell (http://www.Variety.com" (http://www. "Rush to judgment" (http://www.asp?layout=awardcentral&jump=features& id=eoodirectors08&articleid=VR1117977018). 2010.00.imdb.html) [10] Rose.imdb. [3] "Green Zone Blu Ray Review" (http://thefilmstage. in addition to its $40 million in marketing. Retrieved 2008-01-22.com/title/tt0947810/fullcredits#cast) [18] Hollywood supports troops.com/article/VR1117982240.com/index.003 theaters. The Guardian stated that the film would be unlikely to recoup its production costs. [44] Green Zone has been referred to as a flop for its production company Universal Studios. "Gleeson takes final lead in 'Zone'" (http://www. Variety.com/review/VE1117942351. thefilmstage. "The Bourne Ultimatum – Biteback". Variety.Box Office Mojo.309.variety.com/article/VR1117970086.html?categoryid=19& cs=1). [24] Sobre Cine. The Film Stage (http://www.com/printstory.7340. Variety.variety.659. [2] Green Zone review (http://www.765 per theater. 2010.variety.imdb. [21] Richard Brooks (2007-08-12). [4] "Green Zone" (http://www.co. [1] Given its budget of roughly $100 million. "sobrecine. June 14. [14] Colonel Bethel (Character) (http://www.07 million including previews). In the UK the film was the third most popular film of its opening weekend. Green Zone did twice as well in the UK as on the other side of the Atlantic. html?categoryid=13&cs=1&nid=2562). . . Retrieved 2010-08-20. "Greengrass lines up Iraq movie" (http://www. Retrieved 2010-03-09. if not the war – POLITICO. . 4. Retrieved 2008-01-22. Early Blu Ray reviews have been positive so far calling the film an engaging political thriller with a better than average transfer. Variety.

.uk/tvshowbiz/reviews/article-1257298/ Green-Zone-Matt-Damons-Bourne-Baghdad.com/MMFlint/status/10436619971) [44] Corliss.com/movies/?id=greenzone.co.html?scp=1&sq=green zone& st=cse) The New York Times.uk.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Green Zone (http://www.co. [43] (http://twitter.guardian. review (http://www.nytimes. [34] Smith. Retrieved 2010-03-12.lovefilm.php?option=com_content&task=view& id=162&Itemid=9) . London: guardian. Richard "Monty" The Truth About "Green Zone" (http://www. Charles Alice. Jan 16. 2010-03-12.co. James (2010-03-10).reelviews.uk/film/filmblog/2010/ mar/16/shutter-island-green-zone) guardian.metacritic. It will go down in history as one of the most egregiously anti-American movies ever released by a major studio.Green Zone (film) [25] Faraci.com/index.sky.com/m/1202804-green_zone/). Time. ReelViews.com/work/386264) at Allmovie • Green Zone (http://www. Retrieved 2010-03-12. 2010 [41] Denselow. New York Times. 2010 [38] Matt Damon's Bourne again in Baghdad (http://www.co.html) [28] "Green Zone Movie Reviews. [30] Roger Ebert (2010-03-10).com/2010/03/12/movies/12green. [29] "Green Zone (2010): Reviews" (http://www.net.suntimes. .net/php_review_template. A.boxofficemojo.O. Devin The CHUD Interview: Paul Greengrass (Green Zone) (http://www. Retrieved 2010-03-12.perthnow.greenzonemovie.metacritic.rottentomatoes.com/p/news/opinion/opedcolumnists/ new_damon_flick_slanders_america_FGv1evpniBqZyEfmFpP4yO).jhtml).telegraph. Kyle (2010-03-12). Retrieved 2010-03-12. Metacritic. Tim Green Zone.mtv.au/entertainment/matt-damon-chats-about-new-role/ story-e6frg3gl-1225839319080?from=public_rss) Perth Now."" [35] Gonzales. Shutter Island and Green Zone shut out rivals at UK box office (http://www. "Green Zone" (http://rogerebert.nytimes. 16 March 2010 137 External links • Official website (http://www.imdb. James (2010-03-14). 2009 [37] Matt Damon chats about new role (http://www. Truth" (http://movies.' Calling It 'Anti-American'" (http://www.com. [42] Ditzian.movie-sat.com [26] Paul Greengrass interview (http://www.military. Chicago Sun-Times.dailymail.uk/culture/film/filmreviews/7421521/Green-Zone-review.php?identifier=2034).com/articles/articles/22932/1/ THE-CHUD-INTERVIEW-PAUL-GREENGRASS-GREEN-ZONE/Page1. March 12.com/2010/03/12/movies/12green.com/m/1202804/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Green Zone (http://www. Retrieved 2010-03-12.chud. "Matt Damon Addresses Political Criticism Of 'Green Zone'" (http://www. Devin The CHUD Interview: Paul Greengrass (Green Zone) (http://www. Richard (2010-03-14).com.1971941.guardian.com/opinion/2010/03/13/ richard-monty-gonzales-green-zone-iraq-adviser-baghdad-bourne-judith-miller/). Rotten Tomatoes.foxnews.allmovie. Pictures" (http://au. A Search for That Casualty. Retrieved 2010-03-12.com/film/titles/greenzone).00.html?section_name=interview&editorial_id=2370) Lovefilm. "Bourne in Baghdad" (http://www.com/features/detail. [32] "Movie Review – Green Zone – A Search for That Casualty. [33] Piazzo. .dll/article?AID=/20100310/REVIEWS/ 100319990). CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2010-03-12.hd-report.html) The Daily Mail. 11th March 2010 [39] Robey.com/entertainment/movies/movie-news/ from-army-officer-to-movie-consultant) Military. . ""Green Zone" isn't cinema.co.nypost.foxnews.co. "Critics Decry Matt Damon Movie 'The Green Zone.FOXNews.com/qa-we-talk-green-zone-with-matt-damon) • Movie locations on Google Earth (http://www. March 13.com) • Green Zone (http://www.uk/commentisfree/2010/mar/14/ bourne-baghdad-green-zone). . ""New Matt Damon movie slanders America" (http://www. IGN Entertainment.com/ movies/news/articles/1633634/story.time. .com. March 10. Retrieved 2010-03-14. Retrieved 2010-03-12. Jo (2010-03-11). . 11 Mar 2010 [40] Scott.html) The Daily Telegraph. . "Green Zone" (http://www. It's slander.com [27] Faraci. New York Post. Melissa From Army Officer to Movie Consultant (http://www.8599. Truth (http://movies.com/articles/articles/22932/1/ THE-CHUD-INTERVIEW-PAUL-GREENGRASS-GREEN-ZONE/Page1.rottentomatoes.com/film/titles/greenzone) at Metacritic • Green Zone Blu-ray Disc review (http://www. "Alice turns Damon a sickly Green" (http://www. Retrieved 2010-03-15.com.html) Chud. . FoxNews. [31] Berardinelli.chud. html?ref=movies). Eric and Josh Horowitz (2010-3-10). MTV.com/time/arts/article/0.com/2010/06/21/blurayreview-green-zone/) at HD Report • Matt Damon interview on Green Zone (http://movies.com/apps/pbcs.uk.com/ entertainment/2010/03/11/new-matt-damon-movie-green-zone-called-appallingly-anti-american/?utm_source=feedburner& utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+foxnews%2Fentertainment+%28Text+-+Entertainment%29). . [45] Gant. 2010 [36] Davlin.com/title/tt0947810/) at the Internet Movie Database • Green Zone (http://www.com.html).

org/LLA_archive/index. References [1] Internet off-Broadway Database. and Beth Cole as Connie.com/2007/03/19/ theater/reviews/19bran. The show played in Martinson Hall at the Joseph Papp Public Theater [2] particularly from the New York Times. An unconventional romantic comedy set in the midst of working-class New York City life.The Zen Art of Life Maintenance (Pass the Bong.nytimes. John Ortiz as Clyde.Jack Goes Boating 138 Jack Goes Boating Jack Goes Boating is a 2007 play by Bob Glaudini. Jack Goes Boating's original production was directed by Peter Dubois and starred Phillip Seymour Hoffman as Jack. 19 March 2007 (http://theater2. 12 August 2009 (http://www.html) .lortel. and received positive reviews.cfm?search_by=show&title=Jack Goes Boating) [2] New York Times . Daphne Rubin-Vega as Lucy. Please). [1] for six weeks.

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