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High Temperature Properties

In many industrial, as well as public and domestic applications, the construction material is exposed to elevated
temperatures, sometimes in connection with a more or less aggressive environment.

Depending on the operating conditions, the demands on high temperature alloys may be as follows:
· High creep strength (and/or ductility)
· Stability of internal microstructure
· High resistance to oxidation and HT corrosion
· Good resistance to erosion-corrosion

All materials selection must be determined by the application and operating conditions in each individual case.
Outokumpu Stainless can offer a number of special HT stainless steels:

Austenitic High Temperture Grades

Outokumpu C% N% Cr% Ni% Si% Other EN ASTM
Steel Grade

4984 0.05 - 18.3 8.7 0.5 1.4984 304H

4878 0.05 - 17.5 9.5 0.5 Ti 1.4878 321H

153 MA™ 0.05 0.15 18.5 9.5 1.3 REM 1.4818 S30415

4828 0.04 - 20 12 2.0 1.4828

4833 0.06 - 22.5 12.5 0.5 1.4833 309S

253 MA™ 0.09 0.17 21 11 1.7 REM 1.4835 S30815

4845 0.05 - 25 20 1.0 1.4845 310S

4841 0.12 - 25 20 2.0 1.4841 314

353 MA™ 0.05 0.15 25 35 1.5 REM 1.4854 S35315

Besides the common Austenitic High Temperature Alloys above (i.e., 4948, 4878, 4828, 4833, and 4845), there are three proprietary
Outokumpu Stainless alloys: 153 MA, 253 MA, and 353 MA.
These three alloys are based on the same concept:
Improved oxidation (and thus also HT corrosion) resistance by an increased silicon content and addition of very small quantities of rare
earth metals (micro-alloying => MA).
Enhanced creep strength due to increased contents of nitrogen (and carbon for 253 MA).

In many cases, the properties of these steels have proved to be equivalent or even superior to those of grades with higher contents of
alloying elements. 153 MA is normally intended for use at somewhat lower service temperatures than the other two grades.

Ferritic High Temparature Grades

Outokumpu C% Mn% Cr% Si% Al% EN
Steel Grade

4713 0.08 0.7 6.5 0.8 0.8 1.4713

4724 0.08 0.7 13.5 1.0 1.0 1.4724

4742 0.08 0.7 18 1.3 1.0 1.4742

4762 0.08 0.7 24 1.4 1.5 1.4762

For information about our ferritic high temperature grades use this link.

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